(19)
(11)EP 0 004 348 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
03.10.1979 Bulletin 1979/20

(21)Application number: 79100795.8

(22)Date of filing:  15.03.1979
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC)2H01C 7/12, H01T 1/16, H01T 1/00
(84)Designated Contracting States:
CH DE FR GB IT SE

(30)Priority: 18.03.1978 JP 31462/78

(71)Applicant: MITSUBISHI DENKI KABUSHIKI KAISHA
Tokyo 100 (JP)

(72)Inventor:
  • Nobuo, Nagai
    Nishinomiya-shi Hyogo-ken (JP)

(74)Representative: Wächtershäuser, Günter, Prof. Dr. 
Patentanwalt, Tal 29
80331 München
80331 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
  
      


    (54)Lightning arrester device for power transmission line


    (57) A lightning arrester (2a, 2b) device comprises a serial connection of a non-linear resistor and linear resistor as a lightning arrester and a pair of electrodes (11) disposed with a gap at both ends of the lightning arrester thereby preventing a damage of the lightning arrester caused by direct lightning to a power transmission line (10).




    Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION:



    [0001] The present invention relates to a lightning arrester device for power transmission line which is disposed on a steel tower for protection of an AC aerial power transmission cable.

    [0002] Usually , a lightning arrester is disposed on a steel tower in order to protect an aerial power transmission cable from lightning. It is preferable to use a compact size of a lightning arrester, because of space problem.

    [0003] A non-dynamic current type lightning arrester can be formed by using a sintered element having excellent non-linear resistive characteristic which is made of a main component of zinc oxide as a lightning arrester element, and a serial gapless compact lightning arrester can be obtained as disclosed in United States Patent No. 3,806,765.

    [0004] It has been considered that a zinc oxide type lightning arrester is optimum for protection of a power transmission line.

    [0005] On the other hand, a shielding from lightning has been attained by using an aerial ground wire laid at a top of the steel tower in an aerial power transmission line system,

    [0006] When the aerial ground wire is struck by lightning, a potential at the steel tower is instantaneously raised whereby a reverse flashover is applied to the power transmission cable in a case of no lightning arrester. When a lightning arrester is connected, the voltage applied to the supporting insulator for supporting the power transmission cable can be controlled to prevent the reverse flashover.

    [0007] A lightning current passing through a lightning arrester is about 5 KA when a lightning having a peak value of 100 KA is struck to an aerial ground wire near the steel tower in two circuits of 275 KV.

    [0008] .. In the case of the zinc oxide type lightning arrester, the lightning arrester is non-dynamic current type whereby it is enough to treat only the impulse current of about 5 KA and the duty for the operation is lower than the duty for the spark current of 10 KA as a lightning arrester for a substation. Therefore, if the lightning can be completely shielded by the aerial ground wire, only the duty of the lightning arrester is required. However, in practice, a failure of shielding is caused. For example, when the power transmission line is struck by the lightning of 100 KA near the steel tower, a lightning current of about 90 KA is passed through the lightning arrester in the phase of the cable on the steel tower. According to statistic data, in about 5% of lightnings, the lightning current of more than 100 KA is given.

    [0009] In the conventional lightning arrester, about 90% of the direct lightning current should be arrested by the lightning arrester, whereby the operation duty is too heavy and sometimes, the lightning arrester is disadvantageously damaged,

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION:



    [0010] It is an object of the present invention to overcome the above- mentioned disadvantages.

    [0011] It is another object of the present invention to provide a lightning arrester device for power transmission line which comprises a serial connection of a non-linear resistor and a linear resistor as a lightning arrester which is connected between a power transmission cable and a steel tower and a pair of electrodes disposed with a specific gap at both ends of the lightning arrester whereby a lightning is treated by the lightning arrester when an operation duty is light as lightning to the aerial ground wire and an arcing is formed between the electrodes through the linear resistor by suddenly raising the voltage between both ends of the lightning arrester element to prevent damage of the lightning arrester.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS;



    [0012] 

    Figure 1 shows a connection of lightning arrester device as one embodiment of the present invention.

    Figure 2 is a partially enlarged sectional view of a lightning arrester used in the lightning arrester device of the present invention.

    Figure 3 shows characteristic curves for voltage-current characteristics of the lightning arrester device of the present invention.


    DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS;



    [0013] In Figure 1, a power transmission cable (10) for one phase among the three phase transmission line is shown, The power transmission cable (10) is supported on a steel tower (1) by a two serial insulator-lightning arresters (2a), (2b), A pair of electrodes (11) are disposed with a gap (lla) at both ends of the lightning arresters (2a), (2b). A lightning arrester device for power transmission line is formed by the pair of the electrodes (11) and the lightning arresters (2a), (2b). The lightning arresters (2a), (2b) are respectively formed by each hollow long insulator holding a lightning arrester element of a serial connection of a zinc oxide sintered type non-linear resistor and a linear resistor. The detail of the structure is shown in Figure 2 wherein the reference numeral (3) designates a hollow long trunk insulator; (4a) and (4b) designate respectively flanges bonded on both ends of the insulator (3) with cement (5); (5a) and (5b) designate respectively terminals mounted on the flange (4a), (4b); (6) designates 0-ring disposed between the insulator (3) and each terminal (5a), (5b) and the 0-ring is used for shielding the non-linear resistor and the linear resistor; (7a), (7b) designate fitting bolts for fitting the lightning arrester on the steel tower (1) and the power transmission cable (10); (8) designates a non- linear resistor made of zinc oxide sintered product as a part of the lightning arrester element which is held in the insulator (3) and is connected to the terminal (5a) at one end thereof; (9) designates a linear resistor as a part of the lightning arrester element which is held in the insulator (3) and is connected to the nonlinear resistor (8) at one end and to the terminal (5b) at the other end.

    [0014] A pair of the electrodes (11) shown in Figure 1 are respectively mounted on the terminals (5a), (5b) or the fitting bolts (7a), (7b) as the connecting parts of the terminals (5a), (5b) as shown in Figure 2.

    [0015] In the embodiment of Figure 2, the non-linear resistor (8) and the linear resistor (9) are held in one insulator (3). Thus, it is also possible that the non-linear resistor (8) and the linear resistor (9) are separately held in each different insulator and the two insulators are connected in series.

    [0016] In the embodiment of Figure 1, two insulator-lightning arresters (2a), (2b) shown in Figure 2 are connected in series to support the power transmission cable (10) on the steel tower (1). Thus, it is also possible to support the power transmission cable (10) on the steel tower by one insulator-lightning arrester (2a) if the operation duty can be performed by only one insulator-lightning arrester. In the latter case, the pair of the electrodes (11) is connected at both ends of one lightning arrester (2a).

    [0017] The operation of the lightning arrester device will be illustrated.

    [0018] In the embodiment of Figure 1, the aerial ground wire or the steel tower (1) is directly struck by lightning of 100 KA, and two circuit power transmission lines are supported on the steel tower (1), a current of about 5 KA is passed through lightning arresters (2a), (2b) in the upper phase. When the power transmission cable (10) near the steel tower (1) is directly struck by lightning of 100 KA because of failure of the shielding by the aerial ground wire, a current of 90 KA is passed through the nearest lightning arrester (2a), (2b).

    [0019] When a current of 90 KA is passed through the lightning arresters (2a), (2b), the terminal voltage of the lightning arresters (2a), (2b) increase to Vs as shown in Figure 3 whereby grounding fault is caused by sparking in the gap (lla) between the electrodes (11). However, the lightning arresters (2a), (2b) need not treat such large energy and a damage of the lightning arresters can be prevented.

    [0020] In Figure 3, the characteristic curve (I) is the voltage-current characteristic curve of the conventional zinc oxide type lightning arrester and the characteristic curve (II) is the voltage-current characteristic curve of the linear resistor; the characteristic curve (III) is the voltage-current characteristic curve of the lightning arresters (2a), (2b) which is composite of the characteristic curve (I) and the characteristic curve (II). In Figure 3, V1 designates a normal voltage to ground; V2 and V3 designate respectively the terminal voltage of the non-linear resistor (8) and the terminal voltage of the lightning arresters (2a), (2b), when a current i1 of about 5 to 10 KA is passed; and V4 and V5 designate respectively the terminal voltage of the non-linear resistor (8) and the terminal voltage of the lightning arresters (2a), (2b) when a current i2 of about 90 KA is passed.

    [0021] In Figure 3, when the current i1 of about 5 to 10 KA is passed by applying the normal voltage to ground V,, the effect of the connection of the linear resistor (9) is negligible.

    [0022] However, when the large current i2 of about 90 KA is passed, the terminal voltage is suddenly raised as the voltages V4 and V5 because of the effect of the linear resistor (9),

    [0023] It is easy to set the condition that the spark is formed in the gap (lla) without failure when the voltage is raised to about Vs whereas the spark is not formed in the gap when the voltage is raised to about V3 under the condition of V3<<V5.

    [0024] In accordance with the present invention, the lightning arrester comprising a serial connection of the non-linear resistor and the linear resistor is connected between the power transmission line and the steel tower and a pair of the electrodes are disposed with a gap at both ends of the lightning arrester whereby the lightning is treated by the lightning arrester when the operation duty is light as the case of lightning to the aerial ground wire whereas the sparking is caused between the electrodes by utilizing the sudden increase of the voltage caused by the linear resistor at both ends of the lightning arrester when the operation duty is heavy as direct lightning to the power transmission line and the damage of the lightning arrester can be prevented. Moreover, the large current can be discharged through the gap between the electrodes whereby the lightning arrester can be a compact size because it can be for light operation duty.


    Claims

    1) A lightning arrester device for power transmission line, characterized by a lightning arrester (2a,26) of a serial connection of a non-linear resistor (8) and a linear resistor (9); and a pair of electrodes (11) disposed with a gap (11a) at both ends of said lightning arrester(2a,2b).
     
    2) A lightning arrester device according to claim 1, characterized in that non-linear resistor (8) is made of a sintered product comprising a main component of zinc oxide sintered at high temperature.
     
    3) A lightning arrester device according to one of claims 1 or 2, characterized in that said non-linear resistor (8) and said linear resistor (9) are held in an insulator (3).
     
    4) A lightning arrester device according to claim 3, characterized in that each one terminal (5a,5b) is connected to said non-linear resistor (8) and said linear resistor (9) at each end of said insulator (3) and a pair of the electrodes (11) are respectively connected to said terminals (5a,5b).
     
    5) A lightning arrester device according to claim 4 characterized in that said terminals (5a,5b) at both ends of said insulator (3) are respectively connected to a steel tower (1) and a power transmission cable (10).
     




    Drawing










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