(19)
(11)EP 0 287 984 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
13.10.1993 Bulletin 1993/41

(21)Application number: 88106126.1

(22)Date of filing:  18.04.1988
(51)Int. Cl.5F04D 13/06, F04D 29/20

(54)

Improved centrifugal pump for electric household appliances such as washing machines, dishwashers and the like

Kreiselpumpe für elektrische Haushaltsgeräte, wie Waschmaschinen, Geschirrspülmaschinen und ähnliches

Pompe centrifuge pour appareils ménagers électriques tels que machine à laver, machine à faire la vaisselle et machines similaires


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE CH DE ES FR GB GR IT LI LU NL SE

(30)Priority: 22.04.1987 IT 4158587

(43)Date of publication of application:
26.10.1988 Bulletin 1988/43

(73)Proprietor: ASKOLL S.p.A.
I-36031 Dueville (Province of Vicenza) (IT)

(72)Inventors:
  • Marioni, Elio
    I-36031 Dueville (Province of Vicenza) (IT)
  • Cavalcante, Vittorio
    I-36031 Dueville (Province of Vicenza) (IT)

(74)Representative: Modiano, Guido, Dr.-Ing. et al
Modiano & Associati S.r.l. Via Meravigli, 16
20123 Milano
20123 Milano (IT)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A- 0 027 077
GB-A- 2 024 528
EP-A- 0 207 430
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention relates to an improved centrifugal pump for household appliances such as washing machines, dishwashers and the like.

    [0002] More in particular, the present invention relates to an improved pump to be used in an electric household appliance, of the type comprising a pump body having a cylindrical chamber containing a permanent magnet rotor.

    [0003] The electric part of the motor is entirely external to this structure, not being affected in any instance by the liquid. EP-A-0 207 430 shows a pump of this kind, which includes the technical features as included in the precharacterizing portion of the appended claim 1.

    [0004] Known types of pumps thus structured have problems related in particular to the fact that the permanent magnet rotor attracts, and becomes covered with, any metallic dust carried by the pumped liquid.

    [0005] This dust, once caught by the permanent magnet of the rotor, can no longer detach therefrom, constituting therefore a dangerous jamming and wear element.

    [0006] Besides this, a permanent magnet pump can start indifferently in one direction or the other, for this reason it is provided that the impeller be not rigidly associated with the motor shaft and the connection be, for a first angle, free and therefore with no mechanical resistance.

    [0007] This may entail knockings and noises due to the interference of the impeller driving element which, after a certain angle, interferes with said impeller, causing its movement.

    [0008] The aim of the present invention is therefore to eliminate the disadvantages observed in this type of pump particularly to ensure a safe operation.

    [0009] A main object is therefore to provide the pump with improvements suitable to prevent the pumped liquid from affecting the rotor chamber.

    [0010] A further object is to provide means for coupling the impeller and the rotor such as to prevent the onset of disturbing noises, vibrations or knockings.

    [0011] Not least object is to provide all these improvements with simple and inexpensive means.

    [0012] The proposed aim and objects are achieved by an improved centrifugal pump for electric household appliances such as washing machines, dishwashers and the like, as defined in the appended claim 1.

    [0013] Further characteristics and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the detailed description of some embodiments given by way of non-limitative example and illustrated in the accompanying drawings tables, wherein:

    figure 1 is a sectional view of a pump according to the invention;

    figure 2 is a sectional view of the pump region with the partition separating the two chambers and the coupling between the motor shaft and the impeller;

    figure 3 is an exploded section view of the various parts contained within the two chambers of the pump of the type illustrated in figure 1;

    figure 4 is a view similar to the preceding one of the pump according to another aspect of the invention;

    figure 5 is a sectional view of the impeller of figure 1;

    figure 6 is a perspective view of the means for the mechanical coupling between the rotor and the impeller.



    [0014] With reference to the above described figures, the pump according to the invention is composed of a cylindrical body 1 defining a cylindrical chamber 2 termed rotor chamber, perpendicularly associated with a plate 3 which is completed by a volute, not illustrated in the figure, determining a chamber within which there is contained an impeller 4 with symmetrical configuration, since it has to operate in both directions of rotation.

    [0015] The chamber 2 contains a permanent magnet rotor 5 rigidly associated with a motor shaft 6 frontally supported by a perforated sector 7 and more internally by a second perforated cylindrical body 8.

    [0016] The perforated sector 7 is composed of an external cylindrical body 9 associated by means of a deformable circular crown 10 with a central sleeve 11 provided with a hole through which there passes the motor shaft.

    [0017] The outer wall of said cylindrical body 7 has a knurled surface 12 adapted to engage in an equivalent knurling present in the inner wall of the rotor chamber 2.

    [0018] The deformability of the circular crown 10 and of the cylindrical body 8, on which the motor shaft 6 is supported, allows a self-alignment of the supporting points.

    [0019] With the outer end 13 of the motor shaft 6 there is associated a metallic cylindrical body 14 provided with a frontal non-axial tab 15, the entire assembly being contained in an axial cavity of the impeller 4 which comprises a first cylindrical section 16 extending with a deeper toroidal cavity 17 which extends for an angle smaller than 360 degrees.

    [0020] The front tab 15 of the cylindrical body 14 has a much smaller angular extension than the toroidal cavity 17 within which it is contained.

    [0021] Said metallic cylindrical body 14 also has a groove 18 within which an O-Ring 19 is inserted which interferes with the cylindrical region 15 of the cavity of the impeller.

    [0022] To prevent the detachment of the impeller 4 from the cylindrical body 14 there is provided a locking disk 20 elastically locked on the inner wall of the cavity of the impeller 4 so as to lock the cylindrical body 14 though allowing the free rotation of the impeller 4 with respect to the motor shaft 6.

    [0023] Within the toroidal cavity 17 there is inserted a viscous liquid such as for example an oil or a grease which dampens the motion of the tab 15 within the toroidal cavity 17 avoiding noise in the interference between the tab 15 and the sector 21 which interrupts the continuity of the toroidal cavity 17.

    [0024] Figure 4 illustrates a variated aspect of the impeller/motor shaft coupling.

    [0025] In this solution, the impeller 22 has an inner cylindrical cavity 23 wherein there is contained a cylindrical metallic body 24 associated with the motor shaft 25 and provided with a non-axial frontal tab 26. The tab 26 inserts in a toroidal chamber with an extension smaller than 360 degrees, indicated at 27 and provided in a cylindrical body of plastic material which inserts, locking itself, into the chamber 23 of the impeller 22.

    [0026] Also in this case the tab 26, made to rotate by the motor shaft 25 with which it is rigidly associated, after an angle of free motion interferes with the sector 28 which limits the continuity of the toroidal chamber 27, causing the actuation of the impeller 22.

    [0027] The operation of the pump according to the invention is apparent from what has been illustrated and described.

    [0028] The perforated sector 7 provides a complete separation between the rotor chamber and and the impeller chamber.

    [0029] This prevents any body carried by the water from affecting the rotor.

    [0030] The possibility of metallic particles carried by the water may be attracted by the permanent magnet from which they could then no longer detach is thus prevented.

    [0031] The impeller is associated with the motor shaft so that it is initially practically free in at least one direction of rotation.

    [0032] The motor, which can start in any one of the two directions, starts in the direction of nil resistance and in a first angle of rotation, smaller than 360 degrees, does not determine the actuation of the impeller.

    [0033] The actuation of the impeller occurs when the tab which is free to move within the toroidal cavity does not interfere with the inner sector of said cavity.

    [0034] The cavity contains a viscous fluid which acts as dampener for the motion of the tab and eliminates the noise of the contact between said tab and the inner sector of the toroidal cavity.

    [0035] From what has been described and illustrated it can thus be observed that all the proposed aims and objects have been achieved and that in particular improvements have been introduced which allow a safe and long-lasting operation of the pump and furthermore allow to eliminate noise, vibrations and knockings during operation.

    [0036] Naturally, starting from the same inventive concept, the embodiments may also be different from those illustrated and described, within the scope of the claims.

    [0037] The materials may also be chosen in any way according to the requirements and to the dimensions of the pump.

    [0038] Where technical features mentioned in any claim are followed by reference signs, those reference signs have been included for the sole purpose of increasing the intelligibility of the claims and accordingly, such reference signs do not have any limiting effect on the scope of each element identified by way of example by such reference signs.


    Claims

    1. Centrifugal pump for electric household appliances such as washing machines, dishwashers and the like, of the type having a pump body (1) and a volute forming a waterproof container, said container enclosing a permanent magnet rotor (5) having a shaft (6) and an impeller (4;22) in a first (2) and in a second chamber respectively, said first and second chambers being separated by a perforated partition (7) traversed by the shaft (6), said shaft (6) being connected to said impeller (4;22) by connection means comprising a tab (15;26) which is contained in a toroidal cavity (17;27) of said impeller (4;22), said connection means further comprising a second cylindrical body (14;24) associated with the end (13) of the shaft (6) protruding from the rotor chamber (2), said cylindrical body (14;24) having, frontally, said non-axial tab (15;26) extending for a reduced angle of approximately 90 degrees, characterized in that said impeller (4;22) has an axial cavity, which defines a substantially cylindrical first portion (16;23) and a second portion which is said toroidal cavity (17;27), said toroidal cavity (17;27) extending for less than 360 degrees and for more than the angular extension of said tab (15;26) of said second cylindrical body (14;24) and thereby, said tab (15;26) of said cylindrical body (14;24) is freely movable within said toroidal cavity (17;27) of the impeller (4;22) until it interferes with the sector which interrupts its extension, within said toroidal cavity (17;27) of the impeller (4;22) there being sealingly provided a viscous fluid for damping and absorbing knockings and noise.
     
    2. Centrifugal pump according to claim 1, characterized in that said perforated partition (7) comprises an external cylindrical body (9) sealingly fitted within said rotor chamber (2) and associated by means of a deformable circular crown (10) with a central sleeve (11) having an axial hole adapted to contain said shaft (6), allowing its rotation.
     
    3. Centrifugal pump according to claim 2, characterized in that said perforated partition (7) has an outer knurled surface (12) adapted to engage in an equal knurling provided on the inner wall of said rotor chamber (2).
     
    4. Centrifugal pump according to claim 1, characterized in that a second cylindrical body (8) associated, by means of a deformable circular crown, with a perforated sleeve is provided in the innermost part of said rotor chamber (2), arranged axially and constituting the second support and rotation point of the motor shaft (6).
     
    5. Centrifugal pump according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that said second cylindrical body (14) associated with the motor shaft (6) has a peripheral groove (18) adapted to partially contain an O-Ring (19), elastically interfering with the inner wall of said cavity of the impeller (4) in the region in which it is cylindrical (16).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Kreiselpumpe für elektrische Haushaltsgeräte, wie Waschmaschinen, Geschirrspülmaschinen und ähnliches, enthaltend ein Pumpengehäuse (1) und eine Volute, die einen wasserdichten Behälter bildet, enthaltend einen Permanentmagnet-Rotor (5) mit einer Welle (6) und ein Flügelrad (4;22), die jeweils in einer ersten (2) und in einer zweiten Kammer angeordnet sind, wobei die erste und zweite Kammer durch einen durchbrochenen Abschnitt (7) voneinander getrennt sind, wobei die Welle (6) durch den durchbrochenen Abschnitt (7) hindurchgeführt ist und mit dem Flügelrad (4;22) durch einen Zapfen (15;26) umfassende Verbindungsmittel verbunden ist, wobei der Zapfen in einem ringförmigen Hohlraum (17;27) des Flügelrades (4;22) enthalten ist, und wobei die Verbindungsmittel einen zweiten zylindrischen Körper (14;24) umfassen, der mit dem sich aus der Rotorkammer 2 erstreckenden Ende 13 der Welle 6 verbunden ist, wobei der zylindrische Körper (14;24) stirnseitig den nicht axial angeordneten Zapfen (15;26) aufweist, der sich über einen kleineren Winkel von ungefähr 90° erstreckt, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Flügelrad (4;22) einen axialen Hohlraum aufweist, der einen im wesentlichen zylindrischen ersten Teil (16;23) und einen zweiten, den ringförmigen Hohlraum (17;22), bildenden Teil aufweist, wobei sich der ringförmige Hohlraum (17;27) über weniger als 360° und mehr als die winkelmäßige Ausdehnung des Zapfens (15;26) des zweiten zylindrischen Körpers (14;24) erstreckt und wobei der Zapfen (15;26) des zylindrischen Körpers (14;24) innerhalb des ringförmigen Hohlraums (17;27) des Flügelrades (4;22) solange frei beweglich ist, bis er mit dem Abschnitt in Berührung kommt, der die Ausdehnung des ringförmigen Hohlraums unterbricht, wobei abgedichtet innerhalb des ringförmigen Hohlraums (17;27) des Flügelrades (4;22) eine viskose Flüssigkeit zur Dämpfung und Absorption von Klopfen und Geräuschen vorgesehen.
     
    2. Kreiselpumpe nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der durchbrochene Abschnitt (7) einen äußeren zylindrischen Körper (9) enthält, der abgedichtet in die Rotorkammer (2) eingepaßt ist und durch eine deformierbare, kreisförmige Krone (10) mit einer zentralen Hülse (11) verbunden ist, die ein axiales Loch zur Aufnahme der Welle (6) aufweist und ihre Rotation erlaubt.
     
    3. Kreiselpumpe nach Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der durchbrochene Abschnitt (7) eine äußere, gerändelte Oberfläche (12) aufweist, die zum Eingriff mit einer entsprechenden an der inneren Wandung der Rotorkammer (2) vorgesehenen Rändelung zusammenwirkt.
     
    4. Kreiselpumpe nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß im innersten Teil der Rotorkammer (2) ein zweiter zylindrischer Körper (8) vorgesehen ist, der mittels einer deformierbaren, kreisförmigen Krone mit einer durchbrochenen Hülse verbunden ist, und der axial angeordnet ist und den zweiten Lager und Rotationspunkt der Motorwelle (6) bildet.
     
    5. Kreiselpumpe nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der zweite, mit der Motorwelle (6) verbundene zylindrische Körper (14) eine peripher angeordnete Nut (18) aufweist, die zur teilweisen Aufnahme eines O-Rings (19) angepaßt ist, wobei der O-Ring elastisch mit der inneren Wandung des Hohlraums des Flügelrads (4) im Bereich des zylindrischen Abschnitts (16) zusammenwirkt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Pompe centrifuge pour appareils électrodomestiques tels que machines à laver le linge, machines à laver la vaisselle et machines analogues, du type ayant un corps (1) et une volute formant un récipient imperméable, ce récipient renfermant, dans une première chambre (2), un rotor à aimant permanent (5) ayant un arbre (6) et, dans une seconde chambre, une roue à aubes (4 ; 22), ces chambres étant séparées par une cloison perforée (7) traversée par l'arbre (6), l'arbre (6) étant accouplé à la roue à aubes (4 ; 22) par des moyens d'accouplement comprenant une patte (15 ; 26) qui est logée dans une cavité torique (17 ; 27) de la roue à aubes (4 ; 22), ces moyens d'accouplement comprenant en outre un second corps cylindrique (14 ; 24) associé à l'extrémité (13) de l'arbre (6) saillant de la chambre à rotor (2), ce corps cylindrique (14 ; 24) ayant frontalement la patte non axiale (15 ; 26) s'étendant sur un angle réduit et d'environ 90 degrés, caractérisée par le fait que la roue à aubes (4 ; 22) a une cavité axiale qui forme une première partie sensiblement cylindrique (16 ; 23) et une seconde partie qui est la cavité torique (17 ; 27), la cavité torique (17 ; 27) s'étendant sur moins de 360 degrés et sur plus que l'étendue angulaire de la patte (15 ; 26) du second corps cylindrique (14 ; 24) et par là, la patte (15 ; 26) de ce corps cylindrique (14 ; 24) est mobile librement dans la cavité torique (17 ; 27) de la roue à aubes (4 ; 22) jusqu'à ce qu'elle rencontre le secteur qui interrompt son étendue, dans la cavité torique (17 ; 27) de la roue à aubes (4 ; 22) étant enfermé un fluide visqueux pour l'amortissement et l'absorption du cognement et du bruit.
     
    2. Pompe centrifuge selon la revendication 1, caractérisée par le fait que la cloison perforée (7) comprend un corps cylindrique extérieur (9) monté de manière étanche dans la chambre à rotor (2) et associé au moyen d'une couronne circulaire déformable (10) à une douille centrale (11) ayant un trou axial fait pour recevoir l'arbre (6), permettant la rotation de celui-ci.
     
    3. Pompe centrifuge selon la revendication 2, caractérisée par le fait que la cloison perforée (7) a une surface extérieure moletée (12) faite pour s'engager dans un moletage égal prévu sur la paroi intérieure de la chambre à rotor (2).
     
    4. Pompe centrifuge selon la revendication 1, caractérisée par le fait qu'un second corps cylindrique (8) associé au moyen d'une couronne circulaire déformable à une douille perforée est prévu dans la partie intérieure de la chambre à rotor (2), placé axialement et constituant les seconds support et point de rotation de l'arbre de moteur (6).
     
    5. Pompe centrifuge selon l'une des revendications précédentes, caractérisée par le fait que le second corps cylindrique (14) associé à l'arbre de moteur (6) a une gorge périphérique (18) faite pour contenir en partie un joint torique (19) coopérant élastiquement avec la paroi intérieure de la cavité de la roue à aubes (4) dans la région où elle est cylindrique (16).
     




    Drawing