(19)
(11)EP 0 610 014 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
24.07.1996 Bulletin 1996/30

(21)Application number: 94300540.5

(22)Date of filing:  25.01.1994
(51)Int. Cl.6A61K 7/48

(54)

Silicone compositions for skin care

Silikon enthaltende Hautpflegezusammensetzungen

Compositions pour le soin de la peau à base de silicone


(84)Designated Contracting States:
DE ES FR GB IT

(30)Priority: 05.02.1993 US 13877

(43)Date of publication of application:
10.08.1994 Bulletin 1994/32

(73)Proprietor: DOW CORNING CORPORATION
Midland Michigan 48686-0994 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • Legrow, Gary Edward
    Midland, Michigan (US)
  • Smith, John Cyrus, Jr.
    Midland, Michigan (US)

(74)Representative: Kyle, Diana 
Elkington and Fife Prospect House 8 Pembroke Road
Sevenoaks, Kent TN13 1XR
Sevenoaks, Kent TN13 1XR (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A- 0 133 964
EP-A- 0 268 950
EP-A- 0 435 483
EP-A- 0 549 223
EP-A- 0 197 485
EP-A- 0 310 252
EP-A- 0 495 596
GB-A- 2 064 363
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] This invention is directed to a composition for conditioning the skin which includes a silicone gum, a volatile methylsilicone fluid and a volatile alkylmethylsiloxane.

    [0002] Aging of the human skin results from a loss of elasticity. Less elasticity means that the epidermis has a reduced ability to absorb water. In order to maintain the natural functioning of the skin, it is necessary to ensure that transepidermal water loss does not exceed certain levels resulting in dry skin.

    [0003] Normally adjusted skin surfaces are characterized by smoothness and suppleness. These characteristics are highly dependent upon the water content of the stratum corneum. If moisture falls below a level of about fifteen percent, skin flexibility suffers, resulting in dry, raw and chapped skin surfaces. Fats can restore smoothness but not elasticity and flexibility. Drying out of the skin surface is a disturbance of the physiological balance between the production and use of water and fats in the epidermis and stratum corneum.

    [0004] In cases where the skin has become dry, it is common to recover the natural balance with the help of external skin care preparations. These skin conditioning preparations typically are applied topically to the skin in the form of a film, in an effort to cause skin softening and relieve dryness. The film retards water loss and allows the skin to rehydrate. Thus, dry skin is prevented by protection and moisture retention.

    [0005] In addition to providing the benefits noted above, the compositions of the present invention offer the additional advantages in that (i) when they are applied to the human skin, they adsorb about twenty percent faster than comparative products; (ii) they possess a less greasy feel than comparative products during their application to the skin; and (iii) they provide a coating on the skin which is smoother than comparative products.

    [0006] Sensory testing revealed that comparative products were more sticky, required more rubbing in their application to the skin and lacked the smoothness following rub in, than was possessed by the compositions of the present invention. EP-A-0 495 596 discloses the utilization of a formulation comprising dimethyl polysiloxane and alkylmethyl polysiloxane in the treatment of human skin to decrease transepidermal water loss.

    [0007] The present invention contains three silicone components as ingredients. Two of these are volatile fluids, while the third is a high molecular weight silicone gum.

    [0008] One of the volatile fluids is a low viscosity methylsilicone fluid. This methylsilicone fluid corresponds to the average unit formula (CH3)aSiO(4-a)/2 wherein a is an integer having an average value of from two to three. The methylsilicone fluid contains siloxane units joined by Si-O-Si bonds. Representative units are (CH3)3SiO1/2, (CH3)2SiO2/2, (CH3)SiO3/2 and SiO4/2. These units are present in molar amounts such that there is an average of from two to three methyl groups per silicon atom in the methylsilicone fluid and the fluid has a viscosity of less than one hundred mm2/s (centistokes) measured at 25°C.

    [0009] The methylsilicone fluid contains dimethylsiloxane units and optionally trimethylsiloxane units. Preferably, the methylsilicone fluid has a viscosity of less than ten mm2/s (centistokes) such as cyclopolysiloxanes of the general formula [(CH3)2SiO]x and linear siloxanes of the general formula (CH3)3SiO[(CH3)2SiO]ySi(CH3)3, in which x is an integer having a value of from three to ten and y is an integer having a value of from zero to four.

    [0010] Such volatile methylsilicone fluids have boiling points generally less than 250°C. and viscosities preferably generally less than ten mm2/s (centistokes) measured at 25°C., most preferably, 0.65 to 5.0 mm2/s (centistokes).

    [0011] The cyclopolysiloxanes have been assigned the adopted name "CYCLOMETHICONE" by The Cosmetics, Toiletries and Fragrance Association, Inc., Washington, D.C. (CTFA). Both the cyclopolysiloxanes and the linear siloxanes are clear fluids and are essentially odorless, nontoxic, nongreasy and nonstinging. Cosmetically, these methylsilicone fluids are nonirritating to skin and exhibit enhanced spreadability and ease of rub-out when applied. Once applied, the materials evaporate leaving behind no residue.

    [0012] Methylsilicone fluids which are operable in accordance with the present invention leave substantially no residue after thirty minutes at room temperature when one gram of fluid is placed at the center of a No. 1 circular filter paper having a diameter of 185 mm supported at its perimeter in an open room atmosphere. By methylsilicone fluid is meant a composition containing two or more silicon atoms, all of which are bonded by way of at least one oxygen atom to at least one other silicon atom and at least one methyl radical, each silicon valence not satisfied by oxygen being satisfied by a methyl radical.

    [0013] Representative methylsilicone fluids found to be especially useful in the present invention are hexamethyldisiloxane which has a boiling point of 99.5°C. and the formula Me3SiOSiMe3; octamethyltrisiloxane which has a boiling point of 152°C. and the formula Me3SiOMe2SiOSiMe3; hexamethylcyclotrisiloxane which has a boiling point of 133°C. and the formula [(Me2)SiO]3; octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane which has a boiling point of 171°C. and the formula [(Me2)SiO]4; and decamethylcyclopentasiloxane which has a boiling point of 205°C. and the formula [(Me2)SiO]5. These methylsilicone fluids may be used alone or as mixtures with one another in combinations of two or more. Mixtures of more than one of the methylsilicone fluids will result in a volatile material having an evaporating behavior different from any one of the individual methylsilicone fluids. The methylsilicone fluids and their methods of preparation are known in the art and such fluids are commercially available.

    [0014] In some instances, it may be desirable to replace one or more of the methyl groups in the methylsilicone fluid with other groups. Thus, there may be substituted groups such as alkyl radicals having two to twelve carbon atoms; aryl radicals having six to ten carbon atoms; amine groups; vinyl; hydroxy; haloalkyl groups; aralkyl groups; and acrylate groups, for example.

    [0015] Preferably, the volatile methylsilicone fluid is a cyclopolysiloxane and, most preferably, a mixture of octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane [(Me2)SiO]4 and decamethylcyclopentasiloxane [(Me2)SiO]5.

    [0016] The other volatile silicone fluid used as a component in the compostions according to the present invention is an alkylmethylsiloxane having a formula selected from


    and



       In Formulas (I) and (II) for the alkylmethyl-siloxanes, the sum of the integers x and y is four, five or six, with the proviso that x and y cannot be zero; and z is an integer having a value of one to twelve. Preferred compounds include alkylmethylsiloxanes in which (i) x is one; y is three, four or five; and z is 5-7; in which (ii) x is two; y is two, three or four; and z is 5-7; in which (iii) x is three; y is one, two or three; and z is 5-7; in which (iv) x is four; y is one or two; and z is 5-7; and in which (v) x is five; y is one; and z is 5-7. Most preferably, the alkylmethylsiloxane is the compound 3-hexyl heptamethyltrisiloxane. This compound has Formula (I) set forth above in which z is five. It is particularly preferred that the alkylmethylsiloxane have a vapor pressure greater than 0.005 mm at a temperature of 20-25°C. A compound of Formula I in which z has a value of five has a vapor pressure of 0.10 mm, while a compound of Formula I in which z has a value of eleven has a vapor pressure of 0.01 mm, for example.

    [0017] The third silicone component of the composition of the present invention is a high molecular weight silicone gum selected from (i) silanol endblocked polydimethylsiloxane gums having the formula HO(CH3)2SiO[(CH3)2SiO]nSi(CH3)2OH and (ii) polydimethylsiloxane gums having the formula (CH3)3SiO[(CH3)2SiO]nSi(CH3)3. In both formulas for the silicone gums, n is an integer having a value of from five thousand to fifty thousand. Most preferably, the value of n is ten thousand to fifty thousand.

    [0018] The composition containing the three silicone components includes from 30.0 to 97.8 percent by weight of the alkylmethylsiloxane, from 0.2 to fifty percent by weight of the cyclopolysiloxane and from two to twenty percent by weight of the silicone gum. Most preferably, the composition includes from 83.5 to 94.5 percent by weight of the alkylmethylsiloxane, from 0.5 to 1.5 percent by weight of the cyclopolysiloxane and from five to fifteen percent by weight of the silicone gum.

    [0019] As a composition for the conditioning of human skin, the composition is applied in an effective amount necessary to form a coating on the skin and the coating is rubbed into the skin. If desired, the composition may be applied to the skin in the form of a lotion. The lotion should include from one to ten percent by weight of the silicone composition. The lotion may additionally contain other adjuvants which are beneficial to the skin such as emollients, sunscreens, preservatives, perfumes and fragrances. In addition to lotions, the composition can be incorporated into skin creams, facial cosmetics and suntan oils or lotions.

    [0020] Sunscreens are evaluated according to their ability to slow the erythema or sunburn resulting from the exposure of skin to ultraviolet light between 290-320 nanometers (the UV-B region). This is accomplished by absorbing damaging radiation before the radiation contacts the skin surface. Para-aminonbenzoic acid derivitives and cinnamates such as octyl methoxycinnamate are examples of preferable and commercially employed categories of sunscreen active compounds. UV-A region agents capable of absorbing ultraviolet light in the range of 320-400 nanometers are also useful in accordance with the present invention including benzophenes and materials such as butylmethoxy dibenzoylmethane. Some additional examples of sunscreen chemicals which may be employed in accordance with the present invention are 2-ethoxyethyl p-methoxycinnamate; menthyl anthranilate; homomenthyl salicylate; glyceryl p-aminobenzoate; isobutyl p-aminobenzoate; isoamyl p-dimethylaminobenzoate; 2-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone-5-sulfonic acid; 2,2'-dihydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone; 2-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone; 4-mono and 4-bis(3-hydroxypropyl)amino isomers of ethyl benzoate; and 2-ethylhexyl p-dimethylaminobenzoate.

    [0021] If it is desired to include a minor amount of additional materials for the purpose of facilitating the emolliency characteristics of the compositions of the invention, some appropriate materials are straight, branched or cyclic hydroxy compounds such as alcohols containing 1-30 carbon atoms; straight, branched or cyclic carboxylic acids containing 1-30 carbon atoms; acid esters containing C1 to C30 caboxylic acids esterified with C1 to C30 alcohols; alcohol ethers containing 1-30 carbon atoms; and alkanes of the formula H-(CH2)n-H where n is 5-30. Specific examples of some of these materials are 2-ethylhexyl oxystearate; arachidyl propionate; 2-ethylhexyl adipate; isopropyl myristate; stearyl alcohol; propionic acid; stearic acid; mineral oil; aliphatic hydrocarbons such as mineral spirits; and lanolin and lanolin derivatives such as acetylated lanolin and isopropyl lanolate. Humectants such as glycerin may also be employed.

    [0022] The alkylmethyl polysiloxanes of this invention can be produced by the reaction of a linear siloxane having Si-H functionality in the chain such as (Me3SiO1/2)2(OSiMeH)x in which Me is methyl and x is forty to one hundred and a cyclic siloxane having (Me2SiO) units of the formula (Me2SiO)x in which Me is methyl and x is an integer of three to six, preferably four or five. The reaction product is then contacted with a slight stoichiometric excess of an alkene CH2=CHR in the presence of a platinum on carbon catalyst and an alkylmethylsiloxane having the structure shown above is produced.

    [0023] The alkylmethyl polysiloxanes of this invention can also be produced by the direct hydrolysis of methylhydrogen dichlorosilane to form cyclomethylhydrogen polysiloxanes or by the direct cohydrolysis of methylhydrogen dichlorosilane and dimethyl dichlorosilane to form cyclomethylhydrogensiloxy dimethylsiloxy copolymers. The reaction product is then contacted with a slight stoichiometric excess of an alkene CH2=CHR in the presence of a platinum on carbon catalyst and an alkylmethylsiloxane having the structure shown above is produced.

    [0024] Batch production of the alkylmethyl polysiloxanes is conducted by adding the reaction product to a non-agitated suspension of the catalyst in the alkene at 60°C. Continuous production of the alkylmethyl polysiloxanes is conducted by pumping a preheated solution of a five percent stoichiometric excess of an alkene CH2=CHR and the reaction product through a packed column containing platinum on carbon catalyst chips. The column will require provision for the removal of heat because of the exothermic nature of the reaction.

    [0025] The materials are further processed in accordance with the present invention in order to provide a more cosmetically acceptable product by removing from the product any remaining cyclic siloxane and any residual methylhydrogendimethylsiloxane cocyclics present as (MeHSiO)(Me2SiO)3. The alkylmethyl polysiloxanes produced in accordance with the present invention have been found to contain at most 0.5 percent residual alkene and 99.5 percent alkylmethyl polysiloxane product. No measurable residual amount of platinum has been detected. The products are otherwise colorless, odorless, clear and stable materials. The products are particularly adapted to skin care in that the materials have been found to form films on the skin which possess a very low water vapor permeability enabling the materials to form a barrier on the skin which will reduce moisture loss from the stratum corneum.

    [0026] The following examples illustrate the method of making cyclic alkylmethylsiloxanes.

    EXAMPLE I



    [0027] A suspension of 1.2 grams of 0.5% Pt/C in 120 grams of dry hexene-1 was stirred and heated to reflux. To this suspension was slowly added 80 grams of (MeHSiO)4. After complete addition, the mixture was heated at 100°C. for 1 hour, then cooled and filtered to remove the Pt/C catalyst. The mixture was then heated and evacuated, removing 10 grams of excess hexene-1. The remaining material was distilled to produce 185 grams (95%) of (C6H13MeSiO)4, having a boiling point of 350°C., a refractive index of 1.4374, a density of 0.90 g/ml and a viscosity of 14 mm2/s (centistokes).

    EXAMPLE II



    [0028] A suspension of 1.2 grams of 0.5% Pt/C in 80 grams of dry hexene-1 was stirred and heated to reflux. To this suspension was slowly added 120 grams of a mixture of cyclic (HMeSiO)x(Me2SiO)y having a boiling point of 145-165°C., wherein x=1:y=3, x=2:y=2 and x=3:y=1. After complete addition, the mixture was heated to 100°C. for 1 hour, then cooled and filtered to remove the Pt/C catalyst. The mixture was heated and evacuated, removing 6 grams of excess hexene-1. The remaining 190 grams of material was a liquid mixture of cyclic (C6H13MeSiO)x(Me2SiO)y, wherein x=1:y=3, x=2:y=2 and x=3:y=1 having a refractive index of 1.4170, a density of 0.93 g/ml and a viscosity of 6 mm2/s (centistokes).

    [0029] The following examples are set forth for the purpose of illustrating the inventive concepts of the present invention.

    EXAMPLE III



    [0030] A blend was prepared by combining 13.5 grams of a high molecular weight silicone gum which was a silanol endblocked polydimethylsiloxane gum having the formula HO(CH3)2SiO[(CH3)2SiO]nSi(CH3)2OH, in which n had a value of ten thousand; 1.5 grams of a cyclopolysiloxane which was a mixture of octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane [(Me2)SiO]4 and decamethylcyclopentasiloxane [(Me2)SiO]5; and eighty-five grams of an alkylmethylsiloxane having Formula I shown previously in which the value of z was five. These ingredients were mixed together at 100°C. with high shear. The resulting composition was a clear blend "A" having a viscosity of two thousand mm2/s (centistokes) measured at 25°C.

    EXAMPLE IV



    [0031] For purposes of comparison, Example III was repeated and a blend "B" was prepared containing 13.5 grams of the silicone gum and 86.5 grams of the cyclopolysiloxane. Blend "B" did not contain the alkylmethylsiloxane. The viscosity of blend "B" was six thousand mm2/s (centistokes) measured at 25°C.

    EXAMPLE V



    [0032] A standard sensory test was conducted with blend "A" which is representative of the invention and with the comparison blend "B". Five volunteers were selected to conduct the test. The test consisted of rubbing one drop of a blend onto the inside of the forearm in a circular motion for up to 120 revolutions, at a rate of one revolution per second in response to a metronome, while measuring the spreadability and stickiness of the blend. The number of rubs required to reach resistance was recorded. Following rub in, comparisons were recorded for slipperiness, residue, gloss and smoothness, of each skin treatment. The results of these observations indicated that (i) blend "B" was more sticky than blend "A" during rub in; (ii) blend "B" required twenty more revolutions to rub in than blend "A"; and (iii) blend "A" was smoother after rub in than blend "B".

    [0033] It is surprising and unexpected that the alkylmethylsiloxanes of the present invention would solvate and dissolve the high molecular weight silicone gums and produce a lower viscosity mixture. Thus, as noted above, blend "A" included the alkylmethylsiloxane and had a viscosity of two thousand mm2/s (centistokes), while blend "B" which contained only the silicone gum and the cyclopolysiloxane, had a viscosity of six thousand mm2/s (centistokes). It would be expected that a cyclopolysiloxane such as [(CH3)2SiO]x would solvate and dissolve a silicone gum containing the units -[(CH3)2SiO]x- since these two silicone materials are elementally similar. However, an alkylmethylsiloxane is a silicone-hydrocarbon hybrid rather than a dimethylsiloxane. The presence in the alkylmethylsiloxane of a hydrocarbon constituent such as the hexyl group C6H13 renders these alkylmethylsiloxanes elementally different from silicone gums. Thus, the solvating capability of the alkylmethylsiloxanes in the compositions of the present invention is an added and unexpected advantage and benefit, in that compositions containing these silicone-hydrocarbon hybrids possess a lower viscosity which makes them easier to apply to the skin.


    Claims

    1. A composition comprising (i) from 30.0 to 97.8 percent by weight of an alkylmethylsiloxane having a formula selected from

    and

    in which the sum of the integers x and y is four, five or six, with the proviso that x and y cannot be zero; and z is an integer having a value of one to twelve; (ii) from 0.2 to fifty percent by weight of a cyclopolysiloxane having the formula [(CH3)2SiO]a in which a is an integer having a value of three to ten; and (iii) two to twenty percent by weight of a silicone gum selected from silanol endblocked polydimethylsiloxane gums having the formula
    HO(CH3)2SiO[(CH3)2SiO]nSi(CH3)2OH and polydimethylsiloxane gums having the formula (CH3)3SiO[(CH3)2SiO]nSi(CH3)3, in which n is an integer having a value of from five thousand to fifty thousand.
     
    2. The composition of claim 1 in which the alkylmethylsiloxane has a vapor pressure greater than 0.005 mm at a temperature of 20-25°C.
     
    3. The composition of claim 2 in which the alkylmethylsiloxane is the compound 3-hexyl heptamethyltrisiloxane.
     
    4. The composition of claim 2 including from 83.5 to 94.5 percent by weight of the alkylmethylsiloxane, from 0.5 to 1.5 percent by weight of the cyclopolysiloxane and from five to fifteen percent by weight of the silicone gum.
     
    5. The composition of claim 4 in which n has a value of ten thousand to fifty thousand.
     
    6. The composition of claim 1 in which the cyclopolysiloxane is a mixture of octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane [(Me2)SiO]4 and decamethylcyclopentasiloxane [(Me2)SiO]5.
     
    7. Non-therapeutic use of the composition of claim 1 comprising applying an effective amount of said composition to the skin as a coating and rubbing the composition into the skin.
     
    8. The use according to claim 7 in which the coating is applied in the form of a lotion and the lotion includes from one to ten percent by weight of the composition of claim 1.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Zusammensetzung, enthaltend

    (i) 30-97,8 Gew.-% eines Alkylethylsiloxans mit einer Formel, ausgewählt aus

    und

    in denen die Summe der ganzen Zahlen x und y 4, 5 oder 6 ist, unter der Voraussetzung, daß x und y nicht 0 sein können, und z eine ganze Zahl mit einem Wert von 1-12 ist;

    (ii) 0,2-50 Gew.-% eines Cyclopolysiloxans der Formel [(CH3)2SiO]a, in der a eine ganze Zahl mit einem Wert von 3-10 ist, und

    (iii) 2-20 Gew.-% eines Siliconharzes, ausgewählt aus Polydimethylsiloxanharzen der Formel
    HO(CH3)2SiO[(CH3)2SiO]nSi(CH3)2OH mit endständigen Silanolgruppen und Polydimethylsiloxanharzen der Formel
    (CH3)3SiO[(CH3)2SiO]nSi(CH3)3, in denen n eine ganze Zahl mit einem Wert von 5,000-50,000 ist.


     
    2. Zusammensetzung nach Anspruch 1, in der das Alkylmethylsiloxan einen Dampfdruck von größer als 0,005 mm bei einer Temperatur von 20-25°C aufweist.
     
    3. Zusammensetzung nach Anspruch 2, in der das Alkylmethylsiloxan die Verbindung 3-Hexylheptamethyltrisiloxan ist.
     
    4. Zusammensetzung nach Anspruch 2, die 83,5-94,5 Gew.-% des Alkylmethylsiloxans, 0,5-1,5 Gew.-% des Cyclopolysiloxans und 5-15 Gew.-% des Siliconharzes enthält.
     
    5. Zusammensetzung nach Anspruch 4, in der n einen Wert von 10,000-50,000 aufweist.
     
    6. Zusammensetzung nach Anspruch 1, in der das Cyclopolysiloxan eine Mischung aus Octamethylcvclotetrasiloxan [(Me2)SiO]4 und Decamethylcyclopentasiloxan [(Me2)SiO]5 ist.
     
    7. Nichttherapeutische Verwendung der Zusammensetzung nach Anspruch 1, die das Aufbringen einer effektiven Menge dieser Zusammensetzung als Auftrag auf die Haut und Einreiben der Zusammensetzung in die Haut umfaßt.
     
    8. Verwendung nach Anspruch 7, nach der der Auftrag in Form einer Lotion aufgebracht wird und die Lotion 1-10 Gew.-% der Zusammensetzung nach Anspruch 1 enthält.
     


    Revendications

    1. Composition comprenant (i) de 30,0 à 97,8 % en poids d'un alkylméthylsiloxane ayant une formule choisie parmi

    et

    dans lesquelles la somme des nombres entiers x et y est quatre, cinq ou six, avec la condition que x et y ne peuvent pas être zero ; et z est un nombre entier ayant une valeur de un à douze ; (ii) de 0,2 à 50 % en poids d'un cyclopolysiloxane ayant la formule [(CH3)2SiO]aa est un nombre entier ayant une valeur de trois à dix ; et (iii) 2 à 20 % en poids d'une gomme de silicone choisie parmi les gommes polydiméthylsiloxanes bloquées terminalement par des groupes silanols, ayant la formule

            HO(CH3)2SiO[(CH3)2SiO]nSi(CH3)2OH

    et les gommes polydiméthylsiloxanes ayant la formule

            (CH3)3SiO[(CH3)2SiO]nSi(CH3)3,

    dans lesquelles n est un nombre entier ayant une valeur de cinq mille à cinquante mille.
     
    2. Composition selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle l'alkylméthylsiloxane a une pression de vapeur supérieure à 0,005 mm à une température de 20 à 25 °C.
     
    3. Composition selon la revendication 2, dans laquelle l'alkylméthylsiloxane est le composé 3-hexylheptaméthyltrisiloxane.
     
    4. Composition selon la revendication 2, incluant de 83,5 à 94,5 % en poids de l'alkylméthylsiloxane, de 0,5 à 1,5 % en poids du cyclopolysiloxane et de 5 à 15 % en poids de la gomme de silicone.
     
    5. Composition selon la revendication 4, dans laquelle n a une valeur de dix mille à cinquante mille.
     
    6. Composition selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le cyclopolysiloxane est un mélange d'octaméthylcyclotétrasiloxane [(Me2)SiO]4 et de décaméthylcyclopentasiloxane [(Me2)SiO]5.
     
    7. Utilisation non thérapeutique de la composition selon la revendication 1, comprenant l'application d'une quantité efficace de ladite composition sur la peau en tant que revêtement et la pénétration de la composition dans la peau par frottement.
     
    8. Utilisation selon la revendication 7, dans laquelle le revêtement est appliqué sous la forme d'une lotion et la lotion inclut de 1 à 10 % en poids de la composition de la revendication 1.