(19)
(11)EP 0 731 529 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
21.12.2005 Bulletin 2005/51

(21)Application number: 96301535.9

(22)Date of filing:  06.03.1996
(51)Int. Cl.7H01R 13/436

(54)

Retainer type connector

Verbinder mit Kontaktverriegelung

Connecteur avec verrouillage


(84)Designated Contracting States:
DE FR GB

(30)Priority: 07.03.1995 JP 7736595

(43)Date of publication of application:
11.09.1996 Bulletin 1996/37

(73)Proprietor: Sumitomo Wiring Systems, Ltd.
Yokkaichi-shi Mie-ken (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • Saba, Toshikazu, c/o Sumitomo Wiring Sys., Ltd.
    Yokkaichi-shi, Mie-ken (JP)
  • Toyoda, Masami, c/o Sumitomo Wiring Sys., Ltd.
    Yokkaichi-shi, Mie-ken (JP)
  • Kishi, Takafumi
    Fujisawa-shi, Kanagawa-ken (JP)

(74)Representative: Spall, Christopher John et al
Barker Brettell, 138 Hagley Road
Edgbaston, Birmingham B16 9PW
Edgbaston, Birmingham B16 9PW (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A- 0 251 518
US-A- 5 066 252
US-A- 4 867 711
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] This invention relates to a retainer type connector including a retainer which retains terminals in a housing and more particularly relates to a retainer type connector provided with an interlocking mechanism which interconnects the housing and the retainer.

    [0002] Heretofore, a known retainer type connector comprises: a housing which includes a plurality of terminal-containing chambers, a plurality of retainer-mounting holes, and fixed protrusions on the inner peripheral walls in the retainer-mounting holes; and a plurality of retainers each of which is adapted to be received in each retainer-mounting hole and is provided on its outer peripheral walls with an arm-like flexible locking piece adapted to retain the terminals in the terminal-containing chambers.

    [0003] When the retainer is inserted into a given position in the retainer-mounting hole, the flexible locking piece on the retainer passes over the fixed protrusion on the housing so they interlock each other, thereby preventing the retainer from coming out of the housing.

    [0004] For convenience of explanation, a conventional retainer type connector will be explained below by referring to FIGS. 8 through 10. FIG. 8 is a longitudinal sectional view of a conventional retainer type connector, illustrating a state in which retainers are interlocked to a housing. FIG. 9 is a longitudinal sectional view of the retainer type connector, illustrating another state in which the retainers are interlocked to the housing. FIG. 10 is a partially enlarged view of the conventional retainer type connector, illustrating a state in which the retainer is interlocked to the housing.

    [0005] In the conventional retainer type connector, as shown in FIGS. 8 and 9, a housing 1 and a retainer 2 are provided with fixed protrusions 1a and 2a, respectively.
    The retainer 2 is forced to be inserted into the housing 1.

    [0006] In the conventional retainer type connector, there were the following problems:

    [0007] The retainer is provided with a flexible locking piece (not shown) which is exposed outwardly. The piece happens to strike and hook on foreign substances during carriage and results in breakage. Although the retainer has to be hard in order to lock terminals, the flexible locking piece has to be elastical. The foregoing depends on the choice of the material. On the other hand, although the housing has to be resilient so as to make the lance resilient, the fixed locking piece has to be hard so as to receive the flexible locking piece on the retainer. This again depends on the choice of the material.

    [0008] In the case of the forced engagement type structure, the fixed protrusions 1a and 2a will be broken and be in an unlocked state as shown in FIG. 10, if the attaching and detaching operations are repeated every time maintenance work is carried out.

    [0009] A retainer type connector is known from US-A-5066252 in which a terminal retainer is movable in at least two different directions within a connector housing for moving the retainer from a temporary position for insertion of a terminal to a locked position for retaining the terminal. The retainer is located in the temporary position by engagement with stoppers on the housing that prevent upward or downward movement of the retainer so that the retainer cannot be forced further into the housing by applying an insertion force in the same direction. In order to move the retainer to the locked position, the retainer must be shifted perpendicular to the insertion direction to disengage the stoppers and allow the retainer to be inserted further into the housing. The retainer is held in the locked condition by engagement of a resilient locking arm on the housing with the retainer. The locking arm is manually released when it is desired to remove the retainer.

    [0010] Another retainer type connector is disclosed in US-A-4867711 in which a terminal retainer is inserted into a connector housing by first moving the retainer to a temporary position for inserting terminals and then to a locking position for retaining the terminals. The retainer is located in each position by applying an insertion force to the retainer in the same direction. An interlocking mechanism is provided for interlocking the retainer with the housing in both the temporary and locking positions. The interlocking mechanism comprises a pair of flexible locking members on the exterior side walls of the housing and a pair of toothed locking members on the sides of the retainer.

    [0011] An object of the present invention is to provide a retainer type connector in which a flexible locking piece can be prevented from being broken and properties of a housing and a retainer can be enhanced satisfactorily.

    [0012] In order to achieve the above object there is provided in accordance with the present invention a retainer type connector as defined in claim 1.

    [0013] According to the retainer type connector of the present invention, the interlocking mechanism for coupling the retainer to the housing includes the flexible locking piece provided in the interior of the retainer-mounting hole in the housing so as to give the resin lance and flexible locking piece satisfactory elastic properties and the fixed locking piece a satisfactory degree of hardness. The flexible locking piece is disposed in the interior of the retainer-mounting hole not to be exposed outside.

    [0014] According to the present invention, since the housing and retainer can be chosen from a range of suitable materials, respectively, it is possible to provide the retainer type connector in which the basic performance can be enhanced and the flexible locking piece, which is obliged to be comprised of very few parts, can be prevented from being broken. In the forced engagement type structure, the flexible locking piece will not be also broken either.

    FIG. 1 is an exploded perspective view of a panel-mounted connector assembly to which an embodiment of a retainer type connector in accordance with the present invention is applied;

    FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective view of the panel-mounted connector assembly shown in FIG. 1, illustrating how retainers are coupled to housings;

    FIG. 3 is a longitudinal sectional view of the retainer type connector in which retainers are temporarily interlocked to a base body;

    FIG. 4 is a longitudinal sectional view of the retainer type connector shown in FIG. 3 in which terminals are temporarily contained in the housing;

    FIG. 5 is a longitudinal sectional view of the retainer type connector shown in FIG. 3 in which the retainers are regularly interlocked to the base body;

    FIG. 6 is a longitudinal sectional view of the retainer type connector shown in FIG. 5 in which the terminals are regularly contained in the housing;

    FIG. 7 is a longitudinal sectional view of the retainer type connector shown in FIG. 3 in which the retainers are interlocked to the base body;

    FIG. 8 is a longitudinal sectional view of a conventional retainer type connector, illustrating a state in which retainers are interlocked to a housing;

    FIG. 9 is a longitudinal sectional view of the retainer type connector, illustrating another state in which the retainers are interlocked to the housing; and

    FIG. 10 is a partially enlarged view of the conventional retainer type connector, illustrating a state in which the retainer is interlocked to the housing.



    [0015] Referring now to the drawings an embodiment of the present invention will be described below.

    [0016] FIG. 1 shows an exploded perspective views of a panel-mounted connector assembly which utilizes an embodiment of a retainer type connector of the present invention. FIG. 2 shows the panel-mounted connector assembly shown in FIG. 1 in which a retainer is inserted in the retainer type connector. The panel-mounted connector assembly includes an inner connector 20 which is attached to the inside of a through hole 11 in a panel 10 and an outer connector 30 which is attached to the outside of the through hole 30. The outer connector 30 comprises a connector housing 40 which contains terminals, a grommet 50 which comes into contact with the panel 10 on the periphery to cover the outside of the housing 40, and a grommet cover 60 which pushes the periphery of the grommet 50 to the panel 10 to cover the outside of the grommet 50. A bolt 70 is inserted from the outside of the outer connector 30 through the hole 11 to the inner connector 20 and is screwed to the connector 20 to interconnect both connectors 20 and 30. A surface of each connector which confronts the panel 10 is hereinafter referred to a front side.

    [0017] As shown in FIG. 1, the inner connector 20 includes a box-like housing 21 with a bottom wall, which is provided with a plurality of terminal-containing chambers arranged in a grid manner and passed therethrough. Male terminals are contained in the chambers. The inner connector 20 is provided on its upper and lower walls with retainer-mounting holes 21a1 and 21a2 (hereinafter referred to as retainer-mounting holes 21a when both holes are indicated), which extend across the terminal-containing chambers. Retainers 22a1 and 22a2 (hereinafter referred to as retainers 22a when both retainers are indicated) are inserted into the retainer-mounting holes 21a1 and 21a2 to carry out a double lock of terminals.

    [0018] On the other hand, the housing 40 of the outer connector 30 includes a plurality of terminal-containing chambers 41a arranged in a grid manner and adapted to accommodate female terminals, a base body 41 having a configuration adapted to be inserted in the inner connector 20, and a cap unit 42 having upper and lower caps 42a and 42b which cover the rear side of the base body 41. The base body 41 is adapted to receive at the rear side a sleeve 41b which is made of a hard resin material and permits the bolt 70 to pass therethrough. The base body 41 is provided on its upper and lower walls with retainer-mounting holes 41c1 and 41c2 (hereinafter referred to as retainer-mounting holes 41c when both holes are indicated), which extend across the terminal-containing chambers 41a. Retainer 43a1 and 43a2 (hereinafter referred to retainers 43a when both retainers are indicated) are inserted into the retainer-mounting holes 41c1 and 41c2 to effect a double lock of terminals. The base body 41 is provided with the terminal-containing chambers 41a each of which has a resin lance made of a resilient resin material.

    [0019] The respective retainers 22a and 43a are made of a relatively hard resin material, are formed into box-like shapes, and are provided with grid-like through holes in association with the terminal-containing chambers. A protrusion is formed in each through hole so as to lock the terminal. By way of example, in the outer connector 30, the base body 41 is provided in the retainer-mounting holes 41c1 and 41c2 with lock arms 41e1 and 41e2, as shown in FIGS. 3 and 5. The retainers 43a1 and 43a2 are provided on their opposite side walls with projections 43b1 and 43b2 which are adapted to engage with the lock arms 41e1 and 41e2, respectively. The lock arms 41e1 and 41e2 extend from the inner part towards the open port in the retainer-mounting holes 41c1 and 41c2 to display flexibility and are provided with protrusions 41e1a and 41e2a which project in a direction perpendicular to an axial direction, thereby forming the flexible locking pieces. The projections 41e1a and 41e2a are formed into wedge-like shapes. On the other hand, the projections 43b1 and 43b2 confront the wedge-like projections 41e1a and 41e2a and are provided on their upper surfaces with two sets of depressions 43b1a, 43b1b and 43b2a, 43b2b. When the retainers 43a1 and 43a2 are inserted into the retainer-mounting holes 41c1 and 41c2, respectively, the projections 41e1a and 41e2a on the flexible arms 41e1 and 41e2 enter the depressions 43b1a, 43b1b and 43b2a, 43b2b in the projections 43b1 and 43b2 in order, thereby locking the retainers 43a1 and 43a2. This structure defines the fixed locking piece.

    [0020] Although the box-like retainers 22a and 43a are inserted in the retainer-mounting holes 21a and 41c1 in the housing 21 and base body 41 in this embodiment, the configurations of the retainers are not limited to the box-like shapes. The retainers may be formed into any shapes so long as the retainers have the interlocking mechanism. Also, the lock arms 41e1, 41e2 and projections 43b1, 43b2 which constitute the interlocking mechanism are not limited to the above embodiment so long as the lock arms 41e1, 41e2 and the projections 43b1, 43b2 serve as the flexible locking pieces on the housing and as the fixed locking pieces on the retainer. The flexible locking piece does not have to be the arm-like configuration but any spring member so long as the locking piece is elastical and is disposed in the retainer-mounting hole to protect it against any foreign substances. Further, the fixed locking piece on the retainer may be a little flexible so long as the piece is not broken when the piece strikes any foreign substances.

    [0021] Next, an operation of the above embodiment of the present invention will be explained below by referring to the base body 41 of the outer connector 30.

    [0022] FIGS. 3 and 5 show the sectional views of the base body 41, illustrating the two steps of engaging positions between the lock arms 41e1, 41e2 and the projections 43b1, 43b2. FIGS. 4 and 6 show the sectional views of the base body 41, illustrating the primary and secondary locking positions of the terminals in association with the engaging positions shown in FIGS. 3 and 5.

    [0023] When the retainers 43a1 and 43a2 are inserted into the retainer-mounting holes 41c1 and 41c2 in the base body 41, the projections 43b1 and 43b2 are moved towards the lock arms 41e1 and 41e2. Although the projections 41e1a and 41e2a on the lock arms 41e1 and 41e2 come into contact with a distal end wall of the projections 43b1 and 43b2, the lock arms 41e1 and 41e2 are deflected down since the lock arms 41e1 and 41e2 are formed into the arm-like configurations and are made of a suitable flexible resin and then the projections 41e1a and 41e2a on the lock arms 41e1 and 41e2 ride on the projections 43b1 and 43b2. When the retainers 43a1 and 43a2 move further forward, the projections 41e1a and 41e2a enter and engage with the depressions 43b1a and 43b2a in the projections 43b1 and 43b2. This position is called a temporary position. At this time, the grid of the terminal-containing chambers 41a accords with those of the retainers 43a1 and 43a2, so that the female terminals crimped on electrical wires can be inserted into the chambers 41a from the rear side. FIG. 4 shows each female terminal 80 locked on the resin lance 45 on the base body 41.

    [0024] After all terminals are inserted in the terminal-containing chambers 41a, the retainers 43a1 and 43a2 are further pushed into the retainer-mounting holes 41c1 and 41c2. Then, the projections 41e1a and 41e2a on the lock arms 41e1 and 41e2 ride over the hills between the depressions 43b1a and 43b1b and between the depressions 43b2a and 43b2b and enter and engage with the inner depressions 43b1b and 43b2b. This position is called as a regular locking position. Since the lock arms 41e1 and 41e2 are easily deflected down when the wedge-shaped projections 41e1a and 41e2a ride over the hills, the projections 41e1a, 41e2a and projections 43b1, 43b2 will not be broken or sharpened.

    [0025] Thus, when the retainers 43a1 and 43a2 are pushed, the protrusions on the grid-like through holes engage with the female terminals 80, thereby bringing the terminals into the double lock state, as shown in FIG. 6. Since the retainers 43a1 and 43a2 are made of a relatively hard resin material, it is possible to make the protrusions, which engage with the female terminals 80, hard, thereby ensuring a firm hold with the female terminals.

    [0026] On the other hand, in the case of drawing the retainers 43a1 and 43a2 out of the retainer-mounting holes 41c1 and 41c2, the projections 41e1a and 41e2a on the lock arms 41e1 and 41e2 come into contact with the projections 43b1 and 43b2 and are deflected down due to their flexibility, so that the retainers 43a1 and 43a2 can be readily drawn out without breaking the hills of the projections.

    [0027] Although the base body 41 of the outer connector 30 is explained above by way of example, the same explanation will be applied to the inner connector 20. Since the lock arms 41e1 and 41e2 are formed in the interiors of the retainer-mounting holes 41c1 and 41c2, the lock arms 41e1 and 41e2 are not exposed even if the retainers 22a and 43a are not inserted in the holes 41c1 and 41c2 and will not be broken even if any foreign substances strike the base body 41.

    [0028] Thus, the lock arms 41e1 and 41e2, as the flexible locking pieces, are easily deflected when the retainers 43a are inserted into the retainer-mounting holes 41c and engage with the projections 43b1 and 43b2 on the retainers 43a as the fixed locking pieces. Consequently, the lock arms will not be broken by repeated attachment and detachment of the retainers. It is also possible to make the base body 41 as the housing and the retainer 43a from the elastic resin material and the hard resin material.


    Claims

    1. A retainer type connector comprising:

    a housing (40) including a plurality of terminal-containing chambers (41a) and at least one retainer-mounting hole (41c);

    at least one retainer (43a) adapted to be received in the retainer-mounting hole (41c) to retain terminals (80) in the terminal-containing chambers (41a); and

    at least one interlocking mechanism for interlocking the retainer (43a) to the housing (40) in a temporary position for inserting the terminals (80) and in a locking position for retaining the terminals (80), the interlocking mechanism including at least one flexible locking piece (41e1;41e2) provided on the housing (40) and at least one fixed locking piece (43b1; 43b2) provided on the retainer (43a) and adapted to be engaged with the flexible locking piece (41e1; 41e2), wherein the retainer (43a) is located in the temporary position and the locking position by applying an insertion force in a direction substantially perpendicular to the insertion direction of the terminals (80), characterised in that at least one flexible locking piece (41e1;41e2) is provided in the interior of the retainer-mounting hole (41c1;41c2) in the housing (40).


     
    2. A retainer type connector according to Claim 1, characterised in that the housing (40) is made of a relatively resilient resin material and the retainer (43a) is made of a relatively hard resin material.
     
    3. A retainer type connector according to claim 1 or claim 2 characterised in that the flexible locking piece (41e1;41e2) is engageable with the fixed locking piece (43b1;43b2) to hold the retainer (43a) in both the temporary position and the locking position.
     
    4. A retainer type connector according to claim 3 characterised in that the fixed locking piece (43b1;43b2) has a depression (43b1a;43b2a) engaged by a projection (41e1a;41e2a) of the flexible locking piece (41e1;41e2) to hold the retainer (43a) in the temporary position.
     
    5. A retainer type connector according to claim 4 characterised in that the fixed locking piece (43b1;43b2) has a further depression (43blb;43b2b) engaged by the projection (41e1a;41e2a) of the flexible locking piece (41e1;41e2) to hold the retainer (43a) in the locking position.
     
    6. A retainer type connector according to claim 4 or claim 5 characterised in that the retainer mounting hole (41c) has an open port for insertion of the retainer (43a) and the flexible locking piece (41e1;41e2) comprises a lock arm (41e1;41e2) arranged to extend from an inner part of the retainer mounting hole (41c) towards the open port.
     
    7. A retainer type connector according to claim 6 characterised in that the lock arm (41e1;41e2) is provided with the projection (41e1a;41e2a) arranged to extend in a direction perpendicular to an axial direction..
     
    8. A retainer type connector according to any one of claims 4 to 7 characterised in that the projection (41e1a;41e2a) is wedge-shaped.
     
    9. A retainer type connector according to any one of the proceeding claims characterised in that the terminal containing chambers (41a) of the housing (40) are aligned with through holes in the retainer (43a) for insertion of the terminal (80) in the temporary position of the retainer (43a).
     
    10. A retainer type connector according to claim 9 characterised in that the terminal containing chambers (41a) of the housing (40) are offset relative to through holes in the retainer (43a) to engage protrusions on the through holes with the terminals (80) to retain the terminals (80) in the locking position of the retainer (43a).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verbinder mit Kontaktverriegelung bzw. des Rückhalteeinrichtungstyps, umfassend:

    ein Gehäuse (40), welches eine Vielzahl von einen Anschluß enthaltenden Kammern (41a) und wenigstens ein eine Kontaktverriegelung bzw. Rückhalteeinrichtung montierendes Loch (41 c) aufweist;

    wenigstens eine Kontaktverriegelung bzw. Rückhalteeinrichtung (43a), welche adaptiert ist, um in dem die Kontaktverriegelung montierenden Loch (41c) aufgenommen zu sein, um Anschlüsse (80) in den einen Anschluß enthaltenden Kammern (41 a) zurückzuhalten; und

    wenigstens einen ineinander bzw. gegenseitig verriegelnden Mechanismus zum gegenseitigen Verriegeln bzw. ineinander Verriegeln der Kontaktverriegelung (43a) an dem Gehäuse (40) in einer vorübergehenden Position für ein Einsetzen der Anschlüsse (80) und in einer verriegelnden Position zum Zurückhalten der Anschlüsse (80), wobei der ineinander verriegelnde Mechanismus wenigstens ein flexibles verriegelndes Stück (41e1; 41e2), welches an dem Gehäuse (40) vorgesehen ist, und wenigstens ein festgelegtes verriegelndes Stück (43b1; 43b2) beinhaltet, welches an der Kontaktverriegelung (43a) vorgesehen ist und adaptiert ist, um mit dem flexiblen verriegelnden Stück (41e1; 41e2) in Eingriff gebracht zu werden, wobei die Kontaktverriegelung (43a) in der vorübergehenden Position und der verriegelnden Position durch ein Ausüben bzw. Anwenden einer Einsetzkraft in einer Richtung im wesentlichen normal auf die Einsetzrichtung der Anschlüsse (80) angeordnet ist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß wenigstens ein flexibles verriegelndes Stück (41e1; 41e2) in dem Inneren des die Kontaktverriegelung montierenden Lochs (41c1; 41c2) in dem Gehäuse (40) vorgesehen ist.


     
    2. Verbinder mit Kontaktverriegelung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Gehäuse (40) aus einem relativ rückstellfähigen Harzmaterial hergestellt ist und die Kontaktverriegelung (43a) aus einem relativ harten Harzmaterial hergestellt ist.
     
    3. Verbinder mit Kontaktverriegelung nach Anspruch 1 oder Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das flexible verriegelnde Stück (41e1; 41e2) mit dem festgelegten verriegelnden Stück (43b1; 43b2) in Eingriff bringbar ist, um die Kontaktverriegelung (43a) sowohl in der vorübergehenden Position als auch der verriegelnden Position zu halten.
     
    4. Verbinder mit Kontaktverriegelung nach Anspruch 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das festgelegte verriegelnde Stück (43b1; 43b2) eine Vertiefung (43b1 a; 43b2a) aufweist, welche durch einen Vorsprung (41e1a; 41e2a) des flexiblen verriegelnden Stücks (41e1; 41e2) ergriffen ist, um die Kontaktverriegelung (43a) in der vorübergehenden Position zu halten.
     
    5. Verbinder mit Kontaktverriegelung nach Anspruch 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das festgelegte verriegelnde Stück (43b1; 43b2) eine weitere Vertiefung (43b1 b; 43b2b) aufweist, welche durch den Vorsprung (41e1a; 41e2a) des flexiblen verriegelnden Stücks (41e1; 41e2) ergriffen ist, um die Kontaktverriegelung (43a) in der verriegelnden Position zu halten.
     
    6. Verbinder mit Kontaktverriegelung nach Anspruch 4 oder Anspruch 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das die Kontaktverriegelung montierende Loch (41c) eine obere Öffnung für ein Einsetzen der Kontaktverriegetung (43a) aufweist und das flexible verriegelnde Stück (41e1; 41e2) einen Verriegelungsarm (41e1; 41e2) umfaßt, welcher angeordnet ist, um sich von einem inneren Teil des die Kontaktverriegelung montierenden Lochs (41c) zu der offenen Öffnung zu erstrecken.
     
    7. Verbinder mit Kontaktverriegelung nach Anspruch 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Verriegelungsarm (41e1; 41e2) mit dem Vorsprung (41 e1 a; 41e2a) versehen ist, welcher angeordnet ist, um sich in einer Richtung normal zu einer axialen Richtung zu erstrecken.
     
    8. Verbinder mit Kontaktverriegelung nach einem der Ansprüche 4 bis 7, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Vorsprung (41e1a; 41e2a) keilförmig ist.
     
    9. Verbinder mit Kontaktverriegelung nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die einen Anschluß enthaltenden Kammern (41a) des Gehäuses (40) mit Durchtrittslöchern in der Kontaktverriegelung (43a) für ein Einsetzen des Anschlusses (80) in der vorübergehenden Position der Kontaktverriegelung (43a) ausgerichtet sind.
     
    10. Verbinder mit Kontaktverriegelung nach Anspruch 9, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die einen Anschluß enthaltenden- Kammern (41 a) des Gehäuses (40) relativ zu Durchtrittslöchern in der Rückhalteeinrichtung (43a) versetzt sind, um Erhebungen an den Durchtrittslöchern mit den Anschlüssen (80) zu ergreifen, um die Anschlüsse (80) in der verriegelnden Position der Kontaktverriegelung (43a) zurückzuhalten.
     


    Revendications

    1. Connecteur du type à pièce de retenue comprenant :

    un boîtier (40) comportant une pluralité de chambres de réception de borne (41a) et au moins un trou de montage de pièce de retenue (41c) ;

    au moins une pièce de retenue (43a) prévue pour être reçue dans le trou de montage de pièce de retenue (41c) afin de retenir les bornes (80) dans les chambres de réception de borne (41 a) ; et

    au moins un mécanisme de verrouillage pour verrouiller la pièce de retenue (43a) au boîtier (40) dans une position temporaire d'insertion des bornes (80) et dans une position de verrouillage pour retenir les bornes (80), le mécanisme de verrouillage comprenant au moins un élément de verrouillage flexible (41e1 ; 41e2) prévu sur le boîtier (40) et au moins un élément de verrouillage fixe (43b1 ; 43b2) prévu sur la pièce de retenue (43a) et qui peut venir en prise avec l'élément de verrouillage flexible (41e1 ; 41e2), dans lequel la pièce de retenue (43a) est placée dans la position temporaire et dans la position de verrouillage par application d'une force d'insertion dans une direction sensiblement perpendiculaire à la direction d'insertion des bornes (80) ;

    caractérisé en ce qu'au moins un élément de verrouillage flexible (41e1 ; 41e2) est prévu à l'intérieur du trou de montage de pièce de retenue (41c1 ; 41c2) dans le boîtier (40).
     
    2. Connecteur du type à pièce de retenue selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que le boîtier (40) est fabriqué en une résine relativement élastique et la pièce de retenue (43a) est fabriquée en une résine relativement dure.
     
    3. Connecteur du type à pièce de retenue selon la revendication 1 ou 2, caractérisé en ce que l'élément de verrouillage flexible (41e1 ; 41e2) peut venir en prise avec l'élément de verrouillage fixe (43b1 ; 43b2) pour tenir la pièce de retenue (43a) à la fois dans la position temporaire et la position de verrouillage.
     
    4. Connecteur du type à pièce de retenue selon la revendication 3, caractérisé en ce que l'élément de verrouillage fixe (43b1 ; 43b2) présentent un creux (43b1a ; 43b2a) dans lequel s'enclenche une saillie (41e1a : 41 e2a) de l'élément de verrouillage flexible (41e1 ; 41e2) pour retenir la pièce de retenue (43a) dans la position temporaire.
     
    5. Connecteur du type à pièce de retenue selon la revendication 4, caractérisé en ce que l'élément de verrouillage fixe (43b1 ; 43b2) comporte un autre creux (43b1b ; 43b2b) dans lequel s'enclenche la saillie (41e1a ; 41e2a) de l'élément de verrouillage flexible (41e1 ; 41e2) pour retenir la pièce de retenue (43a) dans la position de verrouillage.
     
    6. Connecteur du type à pièce de retenue selon la revendication 4 ou 5, caractérisé en ce que le trou de montage de pièce de retenue (41c) présente un orifice ouvert pour insertion de la pièce de retenue (43a), et l'élément de verrouillage flexible (41e1 ; 41e2) comprend un bras de verrouillage (41e1 ; 41e2) agencé de manière à s'étendre d'une partie intérieure du trou de montage de pièce de retenue (41c) vers l'orifice ouvert.
     
    7. Connecteur du type à pièce de retenue selon la revendication 6, caractérisé en ce que le bras de verrouillage (41e1 ; 41e2) comporte la saillie (41e1a ; 41e2a) agencée de manière à s'étendre dans une direction perpendiculaire à une direction axiale.
     
    8. Connecteur du type à pièce de retenue selon une quelconque des revendications 4 à 7, caractérisé en ce que la saillie (41e1a ; 41e2a) est en forme de coin.
     
    9. Connecteur du type à pièce de retenue selon une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que les chambres de réception de borne (41a) du boîtier (40) sont alignées avec des trous traversants dans la pièce de retenue (43a) pour insertion de la borne (80) dans la position temporaire de la pièce de retenue (43a).
     
    10. Connecteur du type à pièce de retenue selon la revendication 9, caractérisé en ce que les chambres de réception de borne (41a) du boîtier (40) sont décalées par rapport aux trous traversants dans la pièce de retenue (43a) de manière à amener des saillies prévues sur les trous traversants en prise avec les bornes (80) afin de retenir les bornes (80) dans la position de verrouillage de la pièce de retenue (43a).
     




    Drawing