(19)
(11)EP 0 870 716 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
23.10.2002 Bulletin 2002/43

(21)Application number: 98302881.2

(22)Date of filing:  14.04.1998
(51)Int. Cl.7B66B 1/14, B66B 1/42

(54)

Adjustable double deck elevator

Aufzug mit verstellbarem Doppeldeck

Ascenseur à double plateforme ajustable


(84)Designated Contracting States:
DE FR GB

(30)Priority: 11.04.1997 JP 9375097

(43)Date of publication of application:
14.10.1998 Bulletin 1998/42

(73)Proprietor: OTIS ELEVATOR COMPANY
Farmington, CT 06032 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • Hongo, Masahuro, 272-9 Shimoturoma
    Post No. 242-0001 (JP)
  • Shibasaki, Shusaku
    Saitama Pref., Post No. 240-0822 (JP)
  • Tada, Yuzo
    Saitama Pref., Post No. 336-0012 (JP)
  • Kawarasaki, Masashi
    Chiba Pref., Post No. 275-0025 (JP)
  • Soekawa, Mitsuo
    Tokyo, Post No. 191-0022 (JP)
  • Hayashida, Seiichi
    Tokyo, Post No. 156-0052 (JP)

(74)Representative: Tomlinson, Kerry John 
Frank B. Dehn & Co., European Patent Attorneys, 179 Queen Victoria Street
London EC4V 4EL
London EC4V 4EL (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
US-A- 5 220 981
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention relates a double deck elevator formed such that the vertical spacing between the upper car chamber and lower car chamber, superimposed vertically into two stories, is adjustable.

    [0002] Such an elevator is known from US-A-5,220,981.

    [0003] Conventionally, a double deck elevator is made into two stories by vertically superimposing car chambers, as, for example, shown in Figures 8 and 9. A double deck elevator has the merits of the transport capacity being large since there are two car chambers at the top and bottom, and being able to economize on the area occupied in the building.

    [0004] In Figure 8, two car chambers (102) and (103) are vertically superimposed in one car frame (101) and this car frame (101) is moved vertically by a hoist (not shown in the figure) via a rope. Lower car chamber (103) is formed to move along car frame (101) and is provided with pantograph (104), oil pressure jack (105), oil pressure unit (106), etc., as shown in Figure 9.

    [0005] The floor height (space between the floors) of all floors in a building installed with an elevator is not always fixed and may differ depending on the floor. On a particular floor, the floor height differs, with lower car chamber (103) being moved by pressure feeding an operation fluid to oil pressure jack (105) from oil pressure unit (106) so that the space between car chambers (102) and (103) is coordinated with said floor height.

    [0006] However, in said conventional double deck elevator, one car chamber (102) is not moved, with only the other car chamber (103) being moved in order to match the spacing between vertical two-story car chambers (102) and (103) with the floors of different floor heights, so there was a problem of not being able to quickly execute the adjustment in the positioning of the car chambers (102) and (103).

    [0007] Also, in order to move the lower car chamber (103), it was necessary to lift the total weight which combined the weight of car chamber (103) and the weight of the passengers riding in this car chamber (103), with oil pressure unit (106). Consequently, oil pressure unit (106) with a great drive force was necessary, so there was a problem of the cost of oil pressure unit (106) as the driving means becoming high. In addition, the overall weight of the car, including car frame (101) and car chambers (102) and (103), became heavy due to the large oil pressure unit (106), so there was the problem of the running cost of the elevator also becoming high.

    [0008] The present invention aims to make it possible to quickly execute the adjustment in the spacing between the upper and lower car chambers. Also, the aim is to achieve reduction in the cost of the driving means that executes adjustment of the car spacing and to reduce the running cost of the elevator.

    [0009] The present invention provides a linking mechanism, preferably a pantograph mechanism, linking upper and lower car chambers collectively supported in a single car frame. The weight of the car chambers balance the forces on the linking mechanism, which is positioned, as required, by a relatively small driving mechanism, as compared to the prior art.

    [0010] The foregoing and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent in light of the following detailed description of exemplary embodiments thereof, given by way of example only, as illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

    [0011] Figure 1 is a frontal view showing an application example of a variable double deck elevator according to the present invention.

    [0012] Figure 2 is a frontal view of the upper and lower car chambers.

    [0013] Figure 3 is a side view of the linking mechanism.

    [0014] Figure 4 is a frontal view of the driving means.

    [0015] Figure 5 is a block diagram of said variable double deck elevator.

    [0016] Figure 6 is a flow chart of said variable double deck elevator.

    [0017] Figure 7 is a frontal view of another application example.

    [0018] Figure 8 is a perspective view of a conventional double deck elevator.

    [0019] Figure 9 is a frontal view of a conventional lower car chamber.

    [0020] The preferred embodiment is structured by providing a car frame that moves vertically by being guided by a main guide rail, secondary guide rails provided in said car frame, an upper car chamber and a lower car chamber that are engaged with said secondary guide rails to move vertically, a driving means that moves either of said upper car chamber and lower car chamber vertically, and a linking mechanism interposed between said upper car chamber and said lower car chamber, which moves said upper car chamber and lower car chamber simultaneously. Also, said linking mechanism may be comprised of a first link and a second link of which approximately the center parts are rotatably coupled to the car frame, a third link and a fourth link respectively coupled to the top ends of said first link and second link, and a fifth link and a sixth link respectively coupled to the bottom ends of said first link and second link, with the top ends of said third link and fourth link being coupled to the upper car chamber and with the bottom ends of said fifth link and sixth link being coupled to the lower car chamber.

    [0021] Below, embodiments of the present invention will be explained based on the figures. Figures 1-6 show an application example of a variable double deck elevator according to the present invention.

    [0022] In Figure 1, (1) represents one car frame; upper car chamber (2) and lower car chamber (3) are vertically arranged in two stories with respect to this car frame (1), one end of rope,(4) is fastened to car frame (1), and the other end of this rope (4) is fastened to balancing weight (6) after passing over drive sheave (5a) of hoist (5). Main guide rails (7a) and (7b) are erected on both sides of car frame (1) and guide a car comprised of upper and lower car chambers (2) and (3) and said car frame (1) in the vertical direction.

    [0023] As shown in Figure 2, car frame (1) is comprised of plank channel (8) on the lower side of car chambers (2) and (3), upright channels (9) and (10) on both the left and right sides, and crosshead channel (11) on the upper side. Secondary guide rails (12a) and (12b) are provided to upright channels (9) and (10) so that car chambers (2) and (3) can be vertically moved with respect to car frame (1). Guide shoes (2a), (2b), and (3a), (3b) attached to upper and lower car chambers (2) and (3) are slidably engaged with secondary guide rails (12a) and (12b).

    [0024] Car frame (1) has support frame (1a) at approximately the center part and linking mechanism (14) is carried by this support frame (1a). Linking mechanism (14) is comprised of long first and second links (15) and (16) of which approximately the center parts are rotatably mounted on support frame (1a), short third and fourth links (17) and (18) coupled to the top ends of said first and second links (15) and (16), and short fifth and sixth links (19) and (20) coupled to the bottom ends of first and second links (15) and (16) as shown in Figure 3. The top half of first and second links (15) and (16) as well as third and fourth links (17) and (18) lie in a generally rhomboidal shape. Also, the bottom half of first and second links (15) and (16) and fifth and sixth links (19) and (20) lie in a generally rhomboidal shape. The top ends of third and fourth links (17) and (18) are coupled to upper car chamber (2), with the bottom ends of fifth and sixth links (19) and (20) being coupled to lower car chamber (3).

    [0025] Upper car chamber (2) attempts to expand the upper half of first and second links (15) and (16) with its weight and at the same time also attempts to expand the lower half. Therefore, a pull-up force acts upwards on lower car chamber (3) via linking mechanism (14) with the weight of upper car chamber (2). As a result, upper car chamber (2) and lower car chamber (3) are balanced due to the weight of upper car chamber (2) and the weight of the lower car chamber (3) being the same.

    [0026] Here, as shown in Figure 3, two links are made into a set as a buckling countermeasure since first and second links (15) and (16) as well as third and fourth links (17) and (18) are compressed by the weight of upper car chamber (2), but fifth and sixth links (19) and (20) are tensioned by lower car chamber (3), so that there need be only one link.

    [0027] Driving means (21) for vertically moving upper car chamber (2) as shown in Figure 4 is provided to crosshead channel (11) of car frame (1). Driving means (21) has drive shaft (22) threaded with a screw that penetrates crosshead channel (11), with the bottom end of this drive shaft (22) being coupled to upper car chamber (2). Drive shaft (22) is engaged with threaded center hole (23a) of worm wheel (23). This worm wheel (23) is made of plastic and has a lubricating function and abrasion resistance. Also, worm wheel (23) engages with worm shaft (24) and this worm shaft (24) is rotated by motor (25) via a reduction gear mechanism.

    [0028] When motor (25) is driven, worm wheel (23) is rotated and upper car chamber (2) is vertically moved via drive shaft (22) according to the rotation of worm wheel (23). At this time, lower car chamber (3) is simultaneously moved vertically in the opposite direction from upper car chamber (2) via linking mechanism (14), and the spacing between upper and lower car chambers (2) and (3) expands or narrows. The drive force of motor (25) needs to drive only the difference between the weight of the passengers riding in upper car chamber (2) and the weight of the passengers riding in lower car chamber (3) since upper and lower car chambers (2) and (3) are balanced, so that the drive force of said motor (25) can be minimal.

    [0029] As schematically shown in Figure 5, up and down destination floor buttons (26) and (27) are provided to upper and lower car chambers (2) and (3), with signals being output to controller (28) provided in the machine room, etc., from up and down destination floor buttons (26) and (27). In the car-spacing memory part within controller (28), suitable spacings for upper and lower car chambers (2) and (3) complying with the height of each floor are recorded. Photoelectric car-chamber spacing detector (29) for detecting said spacing is provided to upper and lower car chambers (2) and (3) and a signal is output to controller (28) from this car-chamber spacing detector (29). Also, a signal is input to controller (28) from car position detector (30) composed of a rotary encoder provided in connection with a speed governor, etc. A signal is output from controller (28) to motor (25) of driving means (21) and to hoist (5).

    [0030] When the destination floor buttons (26) and (27) are pressed by the passengers riding in upper and lower car chambers (2) and (3), signals are output to controller (28) from said destination floor buttons (26) and (27) (Step S1). A signal is output to hoist (5) from controller (28), with upper and lower car chambers (2) and (3) travelling towards the destination floor (Step S2).

    [0031] Controller (28) calculates the suitable spacing between upper and lower car chambers (2) and (3) at the destination floor (Step S3). Motor (25) is driven according to said calculated suitable spacing (Step S4). At this time, upper and lower car chambers (2) and (3) can be moved simultaneously via linking mechanism (14), so an adjustment in the spacing of said car chambers (2) and (3) can be quickly executed. Whether upper and lower car chambers (2) and (3) are in a suitable spacing is detected with car spacing detector (29) (Step S5). If the spacing of upper and lower car chambers (2) and (3) is suitable, motor (25) is stopped (Step S6).

    [0032] Whether upper and lower car chambers (2) and (3) have reached the destination floor is detected with car position detector (30) (Step S7); if it has been reached, the driving of hoist (5) is stopped (Step S8).

    [0033] Next, another application example of the present invention is shown in Figure 7. In this application example, the driving means for vertically moving the upper car chamber is composed of oil pressure cylinders (31) and (32), oil pressure unit (33), etc. In addition, the driving means can be composed of a linear motor, etc.

    [0034] As explained above, according to the present invention, a linking mechanism is interposed between the upper car chamber and the lower car chamber, so adjustment in the spacing between the upper and lower car chambers can be quickly executed. Also, the upper car chamber and lower car chamber are balanced so the drive force of the driving means can be minimal and reduction in the cost can be achieved. In addition, the driving means can be made compact and light; as a result, it is possible to reduce the running cost of the elevator.


    Claims

    1. A variable double deck elevator comprising:

    a first car (2)

    a second car (3)

    a car frame (1) aligning the first and second cars in a vertically superimposed relationship,

    a linking mechanism (14) linking the first and second cars for positioning each car vertically relative to the other car, wherein

    the first car exerts a first downward force on the linking mechanism, and

    the second car exerts a second downward force on the linking mechanism, and

    the linking mechanism balances the first and second forces each against the other.


     
    2. The elevator as recited in claim 1, wherein the linking mechanism comprises, a first link (15) and a second link (16) in which approximately the center parts are rotatably coupled to the car frame (1), a third link (17) and a fourth link (18) respectively coupled to the top ends of said first link and second link, and a fifth link (19) and a sixth link (20) respectively coupled to the bottom ends of said first link and second link, with the top ends of said third link and fourth link being coupled to the upper car (2) and with the bottom ends of said fifth link and sixth link being coupled to the lower car (3).
     
    3. The elevator as recited in claim 1 or 2, further comprising: driving means (21) for vertically moving one of the cars vertically with respect to the car frame.
     
    4. The elevator as recited in claim 3, wherein the driving means includes

    a drive shaft (22), including a threaded screw, extending between the one car and the car frame,

    a threaded portion (23a), disposed in a worm wheel (23), for receiving the threaded screw,

    a worm shaft (24), engaged with the worm wheel, and a drive motor (25) for selectively rotating the worm shaft.


     
    5. The elevator as recited in claim 3, wherein the driving means includes an hydraulic cylinder (31,32).
     
    6. The elevator as recited in claim 3, wherein the driving means includes a linear electric motor.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Variabler Doppeideck-Aufzug, der folgendes aufweist:

    eine erste Kabine (2),

    eine zweite Kabine (3),

    einen Kabinenrahmen (1), der die erste und die zweite Kabine in vertikal übereinander angeordneter Beziehung ausrichtet,

    einen Gestängemechanismus (14), der eine Verbindung mit der ersten und der zweiten Kabine herstellt, um jede Kabine in Vertikalrichtung relativ zu der anderen Kabine zu positionieren,

    wobei die erste Kabine eine erste, nach unten gehende Kraft auf den Gestängemechanismus ausübt und
    die zweite Kabine eine zweite, nach unten gehende Kraft auf den Gestängemechanismus ausübt, und
    wobei der Gestängemechanismus die erste und die zweite Kraft gegeneinander ausgleicht.
     
    2. Aufzug nach Anspruch 1,
    wobei der Gestängemechanismus ein erstes Verbindungsglied (15) und ein zweites Verbindungsglied (16), bei denen in etwa die zentralen Teile drehbar mit dem Kabinenrahmen (1) gekoppelt sind, und ein drittes Verbindungsglied (17) und ein viertes Verbindungsglied (18), die mit dem oberen Ende des ersten Verbindungsglieds bzw. des zweiten Verbindungsglieds gekoppelt sind, sowie ein fünftes Verbindungsglied (19) und ein sechstes Verbindungsglied (20) aufweist, die mit dem unteren Ende des ersten Verbindungsglieds bzw. des zweiten Verbindungsglieds gekoppelt sind, wobei die oberen Enden des dritten Verbindungsglieds und des vierten Verbindungsglieds mit der oberen Kabine (2) gekoppelt sind und die unteren Enden des fünften Verbindungsglieds und des sechsten Verbindungsglieds mit der unteren Kabine (3) gekoppelt sind.
     
    3. Aufzug nach Anspruch 1 oder 2,
    weiterhin mit einer Antriebseinrichtung (21) zum vertikalen Bewegen von einer der Kabinen in Vertikalrichtung in Bezug auf den Kabinenrahmen.
     
    4. Aufzug nach Anspruch 3,
    wobei die Antriebseinrichtung folgendes aufweist:

    eine Antriebswelle (22), die eine Gewindespindel beinhaltet und sich zwischen der einen Kabine und dem Kabinenrahmen erstreckt,

    einen Gewindebereich (23a), der in einem Schneckenrad (23) angeordnet ist, zum Aufnehmen der Gewindespindel,

    eine Schnecken-Welle (24), die mit dem Schneckenrad in Eingriff steht, und

    einen Antriebsmotor (25) zum selektiven Drehen der Schnecken-Welle.


     
    5. Aufzug nach Anspruch 3,
    wobei die Antriebseinrichtung einen Hydraulikzylinder (31, 32) beinhaltet.
     
    6. Aufzug nach Anspruch 3,
    wobei die Antriebseinrichtung einen Linear-Elektromotor beinhaltet.
     


    Revendications

    1. Ascenseur à double plate-forme variable, comprenant :

    une première cabine (2),

    une deuxième cabine (3),

    un cadre de cabines (1), alignant les première et deuxième cabines selon une relation de superposition verticale,

    un mécanisme de liaison (14), qui relie les première et deuxième cabines pour positionner verticalement chaque cabine par rapport à l'autre cabine, dans lequel

    la première cabine exerce une première force descendante sur le mécanisme de liaison, et

    la deuxième cabine exerce une deuxième force descendante sur le mécanisme de liaison, et

    le mécanisme de liaison équilibre les première et deuxième forces l'une par rapport à l'autre.


     
    2. Ascenseur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le mécanisme de liaison comprend une première bielle (15) et une deuxième bielle (16), dont les parties approximativement centrales sont reliées, de manière à pouvoir tourner, au cadre de cabines (1), une troisième bielle (17) et une quatrième bielle (18) respectivement reliées aux extrémités supérieures desdites première bielle et deuxième bielle, et une cinquième bielle (19) ainsi qu'une sixième bielle (20), respectivement reliées aux extrémités inférieures desdites première bielle et deuxième bielle, tandis que les extrémités supérieures desdites troisième bielle et quatrième bielle sont reliées à la cabine supérieure (2) et que les extrémités inférieures desdites cinquième bielle et sixième bielle sont reliées à la cabine inférieure (3).
     
    3. Ascenseur selon la revendication 1 ou 2, comprenant en outre :

    un moyen d'entraînement (21) pour le déplacement vertical de l'une des cabines, dans le sens vertical par rapport au cadre de cabines.


     
    4. Ascenseur selon la revendication 3, dans lequel le moyen d'entraînement comprend :

    un arbre de commande (22), comportant une vis filetée, s'étendant entre ladite une cabine et le cadre de cabines,

    une partie taraudée (23a), située dans une roue à vis sans fin (23), afin de recevoir la vis filetée,

    un arbre à vis sans fin (24), en prise avec la roue à vis sans fin, et un moteur de commande (25), pour entraîner en rotation, de manière sélective, l'arbre à vis sans fin.


     
    5. Ascenseur selon la revendication 3, dans lequel le moyen d'entraînement comprend un cylindre hydraulique (31, 32).
     
    6. Ascenseur selon la revendication 3, dans lequel le moyen d'entraînement comprend un moteur électrique linéaire.
     




    Drawing