(19)
(11)EP 1 158 675 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
21.06.2006 Bulletin 2006/25

(21)Application number: 01303392.3

(22)Date of filing:  11.04.2001
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H03J 5/24  (2006.01)

(54)

Television tuner's intermediate frequency tuning circuit capable of receiving FM Broadcast signals

Zwischenfrequenzabstimmschaltung eines Fernsehtuners, wobei FM-Empfang möglich ist

Circuit d'accord à fréquence intermédiaire d'un circuit d'accord de télévision, permettant la réception FM


(84)Designated Contracting States:
DE FR GB

(30)Priority: 26.05.2000 JP 2000161160

(43)Date of publication of application:
28.11.2001 Bulletin 2001/48

(73)Proprietor: ALPS ELECTRIC CO., LTD.
Ota-ku Tokyo 145 (JP)

(72)Inventor:
  • Yamamoto, Masaki, c/o Alps Electric Co. Ltd
    Tokyo 145 (JP)

(74)Representative: Kensett, John Hinton 
Saunders & Dolleymore, 9 Rickmansworth Road
Watford, Hertfordshire WD18 0JU
Watford, Hertfordshire WD18 0JU (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A- 0 470 480
US-A- 4 363 135
  
  • PATENT ABSTRACTS OF JAPAN vol. 1999, no. 11, 30 September 1999 (1999-09-30) & JP 11 164218 A (HITACHI LTD), 18 June 1999 (1999-06-18)
  • PATENT ABSTRACTS OF JAPAN vol. 1999, no. 03, 31 March 1999 (1999-03-31) & JP 10 341382 A (ALPS ELECTRIC CO LTD), 22 December 1998 (1998-12-22)
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description


[0001] The present invention relates to an intermediate frequency tuning circuit for a television tuner and more particularly to an intermediate frequency tuning circuit for a television tuner capable of receiving FM broadcast signals.

[0002] JP 1034132 discloses a tuning circuit for reception of intermediate frequency television signals and FM broadcast signals in which switching diodes alter the frequency characteristics of trap circuits.

[0003] Referring to FIG. 8, another intermediate frequency tuning circuit of a prior art television tuner is described. A mixing circuit 21 outputs a television intermediate frequency signal or an FM broadcast signal frequency-converted to 10.7 MHz. A first filter 22 and a second filter 23 are connected to the mixing circuit 21. The first filter 22 is constituted by a parallel tuning circuit whose tuning frequency is set to the frequency of a television intermediate frequency signal (center frequency in the U.S. specifications: 43.5 MHz). The second filter 23 is constituted by a ceramic filter whose tuning frequency is set to an intermediate frequency (10.7 MHz) of common FM receivers.

[0004] When a television signal is received, a television intermediate frequency signal outputted from the mixing circuit 21 passes through the first filter 22 and is inputted to a circuit (intermediate frequency amplifier, etc.) at the next stage not shown.

[0005] When an FM broadcast signal is received, the FM broadcast signal of 10.7 MHz outputted from the mixing circuit 21 passes through the second filter 23 and is inputted to an FM demodulator or the like not shown.

[0006] As has been described above, an intermediate frequency tuning circuit of a prior art television tuner has been large in size and expensive because it has two filters, of which one is the second filter 23 for FM intermediate frequency signals that is constituted by a ceramic filter.

[0007] Accordingly, the present invention provides a small-size and inexpensive television tuner's intermediate frequency tuning circuit that can be used for both television intermediate frequency signals and FM broadcast signals frequency-converted to 10.7 MHz.

[0008] To solve the above-described problems, the present invention provides a television tuner's intermediate frequency tuning circuit, comprising: a parallel tuning circuit, consisting of a first inductance element and a first capacitive element, between both ends of which a television intermediate frequency signal or an FM broadcast signal frequency-converted to 10.7 MHz is inputted, the both ends being connected to respective ends of a load; a series tuning circuit, consisting of a second inductance element and a second capacitive element, connected in parallel to the parallel tuning circuit; and switch means, connected in parallel to the second capacitive element, that is closed when the intermediate frequency signal is inputted, and opened when an FM broadcast signal is inputted, wherein the respective resonant frequencies of the parallel tuning circuit and the series tuning circuit are set to 10.7 MHz or more; when the switch means is closed, a parallel tuning frequency produced by the parallel tuning circuit and the series tuning circuit is set to the frequency of the intermediate frequency signal; and when the switch means is opened, the parallel tuning frequency produced by the parallel tuning circuit and the series tuning circuit is set to 10.7 MHz.

[0009] The first inductance element is constituted of two first small inductance elements connected in series, and a first voltage is applied to a connection point between the two first small inductance elements; the second inductance element is constituted of two split second small inductance elements, and the second capacitive element is connected between the two second small inductance elements; the switch means is constituted of first and second switch diodes the cathodes of which are connected with each other; when the intermediate frequency signal is inputted, the voltages of the cathodes are dropped below the first voltage, and the first and second switch diodes are turned on; and when the FM broadcast signal is inputted, the voltages of the cathodes are raised above the first voltage, and the first and second switch diodes are turned off.

[0010] There are provided a first varactor diode for coupling one end of the parallel tuning circuit to one end of the load, and a second varactor diode for coupling the other end of the parallel tuning circuit to the other end of the load; the anode of the first varactor diode is connected to one end of the parallel tuning circuit, and the anode of the second varactor diode is connected to the other end of the parallel tuning circuit; when the intermediate frequency signal is inputted, the voltages of the cathodes of the first and second varactor diodes are dropped below the first voltage, and the first and second varactor diodes are turned on; and when the FM broadcast signal is inputted, the voltages of the cathodes are raised above the first voltage, and the first and second varactor diodes are turned off such that they provide a capacitance.

[0011] An embodiment of the invention will now be described, by way of example only, with reference to the accompanying diagrammatic drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram showing the configuration of a television tuner's intermediate frequency tuning circuit of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a drawing showing an equivalent circuit at the reception of television signals of a television tuner's intermediate frequency tuning circuit of the present invention;

FIG. 3 is a drawing showing tuning characteristics at the reception of a television signal in a television tuner's intermediate frequency tuning circuit of the present invention;

FIG. 4 is a drawing showing an equivalent circuit at the reception of an FM broadcast signal in a television tuner's intermediate frequency tuning circuit of the present invention;

FIG. 5 is a drawing showing admittance characteristics at the reception of an FM broadcast signal in a television tuner's intermediate frequency tuning circuit of the present invention;

FIG. 6 is a drawing showing tuning characteristics at the reception of an FM broadcast signal in a television tuner's intermediate frequency tuning circuit of the present invention;

FIG. 7 is a drawing showing tuning characteristics at the reception of an FM broadcast signal in a television tuner's intermediate frequency tuning circuit of the present invention; and

FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram showing the configuration of an intermediate frequency tuning circuit of a prior art television tuner.



[0012] A television tuner's intermediate frequency tuning circuit of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS. 1 to 7. In FIG. 1, a mixing circuit 3 is connected to input terminals 1 and 2. The mixing circuit 3 outputs a television intermediate frequency signal (TV intermediate frequency signal) or an FM broadcast signal (FM intermediate frequency signal) frequency-converted to 10.7 MHz. The TV intermediate frequency signal and the FM intermediate frequency signal are balance-outputted and inputted between the input terminals 1 and 2.

[0013] A parallel tuning circuit 4 and a series tuning circuit 5 are placed in parallel between the input terminals 1 and 2. The parallel tuning circuit 4, which has a first inductance element 4a and a first capacitive element 4b, has a tuning frequency set higher (about 20 MHz) than 10.7 MHz. The first inductance element 4a consists of two first small inductance elements 4a1 and 4a2 connected in series which have a same mutual inductance. A first voltage V1 is applied to a connection point of the first small inductance elements 4a1 and 4a2.

[0014] The series tuning circuit 5 consists of two split second small inductance elements 5a1 and 5a2 constituting a second inductance element 5a, and a second capacitive element 5b, and a second capacitive element 5b is connected between the two second small inductance elements 5a1 and 5a2. The series tuning circuit 5 also has a tuning frequency set higher (about 30 MHz) than 10.7 MHz.

[0015] A first switch diode 6a and a second switch diode 6b of switch means 6 are connected in series across the second capacitive element 5b. The anode of the first switch diode 6a is connected to one end of the second capacitive element 5b and the anode of the second switch diode 6b is connected to another end of the second capacitive element 5b. As a result, the anodes of the first and second switch diodes 6a and 6b are DC connected to the connection point of the first small inductance elements 4a1 and 4a2 connected in series.

[0016] The cathode of the first switch diode 6a and the cathode of the second switch diode 6b are connected to each other and connected to a moving contact 8a of switching means 8 through a resistor 7. A second voltage V2 higher than a first voltage is supplied to one fixed contact 8b of the switching means 8 and another fixed contact 8c is grounded. The moving contact 8a is connected to the fixed contact 8b when a television signal is received, that is, when a TV intermediate frequency signal is outputted from the mixing circuit 3; when an FM broadcast signal is received, that is, when an FM intermediate frequency signal is outputted from the mixing circuit 3, the moving contact 8a is connected to the fixed contact 8c.

[0017] The anode of a first varactor diode 9 is connected to one end of the parallel tuning circuit 4 and the anode of a second varactor diode 10 is connected to another end thereof. As a result, the anodes of the first and second varactor diodes 9 and 10 are DC connected to the connection point of the first small inductance elements 4a1 and 4a2 connected in series. The cathode of the first varactor diode 9 is connected to an output terminal 11 and connected to the moving contact 8a of the switching means 8 through a resistor 12. The cathode of the second varactor diode 10 is connected to an output terminal 13 and connected to the moving contact 8a through a resistor 14.

[0018] In the above-described configuration, when a television signal is received, the first and second switch diodes 6a and 6b go on, and both ends of the second capacitive element 5b are short-circuited, while the varactor diodes of the first and second varactor diodes 9 and 10 go on. As a result, an equivalent circuit of FIG. 2 is a parallel tuning circuit 16 with the first capacitive element 4b and an inductance element 15 connected in parallel. A load circuit (not shown) is connected between the output terminals 11 and 13.

[0019] The inductance element 15 is equivalent to a parallel circuit consisting of the first inductance element 4a and the second inductance element 5a. A parallel tuning frequency at this time is set to the frequency of a TV intermediate frequency signal. For example, the U.S. specifications define 43.5 MHz as the parallel tuning frequency.

[0020] Tuning characteristics indicating Q of the parallel tuning circuit 16, which depend on the output impedance of the mixing circuit 3 and the input impedance of the load circuit connected to the next stage, indicate a band width of 7 MHz (band width at a point 3 dB below a peak) suitable for transmission of a TV intermediate frequency signal, as shown in FIG. 3.

[0021] On the other hand, when an FM broadcast signal is received, the first and second switch diodes 6a and 6b go off and the first and second varactor diodes 9 and 10 go off. As a result, there is obtained an equivalent circuit of FIG. 1 as shown in FIG. 4 in which the first and second varactor diodes 9 and 10 deliver proper capacitance values determined by the first and second voltages.

[0022] Herein, if the tuning frequency of the parallel tuning circuit 4 is F1 and the tuning frequency of the series tuning circuit 5 is F2, their admittance characteristics are shown as a solid line Y1 and a dotted line Y2 of FIG. 5, respectively.

[0023] Accordingly, if the admittances Y1 and Y2 are added in FIG. 5, a total admittance Y is obtained and shown as a solid line Y of FIG. 5B, which shows that an admittance of 0 appears at the point of a frequency F0 lower than the tuning frequencies F1 and F2. This position represents a parallel tuning frequency produced by the parallel tuning circuit 4 and the series tuning circuit 5; the parallel tuning frequency is set to 10.7 MHz.

[0024] Since, at 10.7 MHz, the series tuning circuit 5 becomes equivalently capacitive, it is added to the first capacitive element 4b, so that a tuning capacitance increases. Furthermore, since the first and second varactor diodes 9 and 10 deliver proper capacitance values, the influence of input impedance of the load circuit of the next stage becomes small, tuning characteristics indicating Q becomes steep as shown in FIG. 6, and a band width becomes about 370 KHz. Consequently, immunity can be increased to interference from other FM broadcast signals having adjacent frequencies.

[0025] In FIG. 1, the first varactor diodes 9 and 10 may be deleted to directly couple the input terminal 1 and the output terminal 11 and likewise the input terminal 2 and the output terminal 13. In this case, since the load circuit at the next stage is directly coupled to the parallel tuning circuit 4 and the series tuning circuit 5, the circuit Q becomes slightly small, and as shown in FIG. 7, tuning characteristics having a band width of about 2.9 MHz are obtained. Also in this case, the narrowed band width is suitable for receiving FM broadcast signals.

[0026] Furthermore, grounding one input terminal 2 and one output terminal 13 constitutes an unbalanced IF tuning circuit. In this case, not only the second switch diode and the second varactor diode 10 become unnecessary, but also the first inductance element 4a and the second inductance element need not be split to two second small inductance elements. However, the wiring for applying voltage to the first switch diode and the first varactor diode must be changed.

[0027] As has been described above, a television tuner's intermediate frequency tuning circuit of the present invention comprises the features of claim 1. With this construction, by opening or closing the switch means, the circuit can be tuned to an FM intermediate frequency signal frequency or a normal television intermediate frequency signal frequency of 10.7 MHz. Hence, the circuit can be simplified and constructed at a low cost. Where the circuit is tuned to an FM intermediate frequency signal frequency, since the series tuning circuit becomes capacitive, tuning characteristics become steep, increasing immunity to interference from other FM broadcast signals having adjacent frequencies.

[0028] The tuning circuit of the invention may also comprise the features of claim 2.

[0029] With this construction, tuning frequencies are easily switched and a balanced circuit can be formed.

[0030] There may be provided a first varactor diode and a second varactor diode as claimed in claim 3.

[0031] With this construction, when the FM broadcast signal is received, the first and second varactor diodes have proper capacitance values and the coupling with the load circuit becomes loose so that the tuning characteristics become steeper.


Claims

1. An intermediate frequency tuning circuit for a television tuner, comprising:

a parallel tuning circuit (4), consisting of a first inductance element (4a,4a1,4a2) and a first capacitive element (4b) between both ends of which a television intermediate frequency signal or an FM broadcast signal frequency-converted to 10.7 MHz is inputted, the both ends being connected to respective ends of a load;

a series tuning circuit (5), consisting of a second inductance element (5a,5a1, 5a2) and a second capacitive element (5b), connected in parallel to the parallel tuning circuit; and

switch means (6a, 6b), connected in parallel to the second capacitive element, that is closed when the intermediate frequency signal is inputted, and opened when an FM broadcast signal is inputted, wherein:

the respective resonant frequencies of the parallel tuning circuit and the series tuning circuit are set to 10.7 MHz or more;

when the switch means is closed, a parallel tuning frequency produced by the parallel tuning circuit and the series tuning circuit is set to the frequency of the intermediate frequency signal; and

when the switch means is opened, the parallel tuning frequency produced by the parallel tuning circuit and the series tuning circuit is set to 10.7 MHz.


 
2. The intermediate frequency tuning circuit according to claim 1, wherein:

the first inductance element is constituted of two first small inductance elements (4a1, 4a2) connected in series, and a first voltage (V1) is applied to a connection point between the two first small inductance elements;

the second inductance element is constituted of two split second small inductance elements (5a1, 5a2), and the second capacitive element is connected between the two second small inductance elements;

the switch means is constituted of first and second switch diodes (6a, 6b) the cathodes of which are connected with each other;

when the intermediate frequency signal is inputted, the voltages of the cathodes are dropped below the first voltage, and the first and second switch diodes are turned on; and

when the FM broadcast signal is inputted, the voltages of the cathodes are raised above the first voltage, and the first and second switch diodes are turned off.


 
3. The intermediate frequency tuning circuit according to claim 2, wherein:

there are provided a first varactor diode (9,10) for coupling one end of the parallel tuning circuit to one end of the load, and a second varactor diode (9,10) for coupling the other end of the parallel tuning circuit to the other end of the load;

the anode of the first varactor diode is connected to one end of the parallel tuning circuit, and the anode of the second varactor diode is connected to the other end of the parallel tuning circuit;

when the intermediate frequency signal is inputted, the voltages of the cathodes of the first and second varactor diodes are dropped below the first voltage, and the first and second varactor diodes are turned on; and

when the FM broadcast signal is inputted, the voltages of the cathodes are raised above the first voltage, and the first and second varactor diodes are turned off, such that they provide a capacitance.


 


Ansprüche

1. Zwischenfrequenzabstimmschaltung für einen Fernsehtuner, aufweisend:

eine Parallelabstimmschaltung (4), bestehend aus einem ersten Induktivitätselement (4a, 4a1, 4a2) und einem ersten kapazitiven Element (4b), zwischen deren beiden Enden ein Fernsehzwischenfrequenzsignal oder ein FM-Rundfunksignal zugeführt wird, das auf 10,7 MHz frequenzgewandelt ist, wobei die beiden Enden mit den entsprechenden Enden einer Last verbunden sind;

eine Reihenabstimmschaltung (5), bestehend aus einem zweiten Induktivitätselement (5a, 5a1, 5a2) und einem zweiten kapazitiven Element (5b), die parallel zu der Parallelabstimmschaltung geschaltet ist; und

eine Schalteinrichtung (6a, 6b), die parallel zu dem zweiten kapazitiven Element geschaltet ist, die geschlossen ist, wenn das Zwischenfrequenzsignal zugeführt wird, und geöffnet ist, wenn ein FM-Rundfunksignal zugeführt wird, wobei:

die jeweiligen Resonanzfrequenzen der Parallelabstimmschaltung und der Reihenabstimmschaltung auf 10,7 MHz oder mehr eingestellt sind;

wenn die Schalteinrichtung geschlossen ist, eine von der Parallelabstimmschaltung und der Reihenabstimmschaltung erzeugte Parallelabstimmfrequenz auf die Frequenz des Zwischenfrequenzsignals eingestellt ist; und

wenn die Schalteinrichtung geöffnet ist, die von der Parallelabstimmschaltung und der Reihenabstimmschaltung erzeugte Parallelabstimmfrequenz auf 10,7 MHz eingestellt ist.


 
2. Zwischenfrequenzabstimmschaltung nach Anspruch 1, wobei:

das erste Induktivitätselement aus zwei ersten kleinen in Reihe geschalteten Induktivitätselementen (4a1, 4a2) besteht und eine erste Spannung (V1) an einen Verbindungspunkt zwischen den zwei ersten kleinen Induktivitätselementen angelegt wird;

das zweite Induktivitätselement aus zwei gesplitteten zweiten kleinen Induktivitätselementen (5a1, 5a2) besteht und das zweite kapazitive Element zwischen die zwei zweiten kleinen Induktivitätselemente geschaltet ist;

die Schalteinrichtung aus einer ersten Schaltdiode (6a) und einer zweiten Schaltdiode (6b) besteht, deren Kathoden miteinander verbunden sind;

wenn das Zwischenfrequenzsignal zugeführt wird, die Spannungen der Kathoden unter die erste Spannung gesenkt werden und die erste und die zweite Schaltdiode eingeschaltet sind; und

wenn das FM-Rundfunksignal zugeführt wird, die Spannungen der Kathoden über die erste Spannung erhöht werden und die erste und die zweite Schaltdiode ausgeschaltet sind.


 
3. Zwischenfrequenzabstimmschaltung nach Anspruch 2, wobei:

eine erste Varaktordiode (9, 10) zur Kopplung von einem Ende der Parallelabstimmschaltung mit einem Ende der Last und eine zweite Varaktordiode (9, 10) zur Kopplung von dem anderen Ende der Parallelabstimmschaltung mit dem anderen Ende der Last vorgesehen ist;

die Anode der ersten Varaktordiode mit einem Ende der Parallelabstimmschaltung verbunden ist und die Anode der zweiten Varaktordiode mit dem anderen Ende der Parallelabstimmschaltung verbunden ist;

wenn das Zwischenfrequenzsignal zugeführt wird, die Spannungen der Kathoden der ersten und der zweiten Varaktordiode unter die erste Spannung gesenkt werden und die erste und die zweite Varaktordiode eingeschaltet sind; und

wenn das FM-Rundfunksignal zugeführt wird, die Spannungen der Kathoden über die erste Spannung erhöht werden und die erste und die zweite Varaktordiode ausgeschaltet sind, so dass sie eine Kapazität bilden.


 


Revendications

1. Circuit d'accord à fréquence intermédiaire pour un syntoniseur de télévision comprenant:

un circuit d'accord parallèle (4), consistant en un premier élément d'inductance (4a, 4a1, 4a2) et un deuxième élément capacitif (4b), entre les deux extrémités duquel est entré un signal de fréquence intermédiaire de télévision ou un signal de diffusion FM converti en fréquence à 10,7 MHz, les deux extrémités étant connectées à des extrémités respectives d'une charge;

un circuit d'accord (5) en série, consistant en un deuxième élément d'inductance (5a, 5a1, 5a2) et un deuxième élément capacitif (5b), connecté en parallèle avec le circuit d'accord parallèle; et

un moyen commutateur (6a, 6b), connecté en parallèle au deuxième élément capacitif, qui est fermé lorsque le signal de fréquence intermédiaire est entré, et ouvert lorsqu'un signal de diffusion FM est entré, dans lequel:

les fréquences résonantes respectives du circuit d'accord parallèle et du circuit d'accord en série sont réglées à 10,7 MHz ou davantage;

lorsque le moyen commutateur est fermé, une fréquence d'accord parallèle produite par le circuit d'accord parallèle et le circuit d'accord en série est réglée à la fréquence du signal de fréquence intermédiaire; et

lorsque le moyen commutateur est ouvert, la fréquence d'accord parallèle produite par le circuit d'accord parallèle et le circuit d'accord en série est réglée à 10,7 MHz.


 
2. Circuit d'accord à fréquence intermédiaire selon la revendication 1, dans lequel:

le premier élément d'inductance est constitué de deux premiers petits éléments d'inductance (4a1, 4a2) connectés en série, et une première tension (V1) est appliquée à un point de connexion entre les deux premiers petits éléments d'inductance;

le deuxième élément d'inductance est constitué de deux deuxièmes petits éléments d'inductance divisés, (5a1, 5a2), et le deuxième élément capacitif est connecté entre les deux deuxièmes petits éléments d'inductance;

le moyen commutateur est constitué d'une première et d'une deuxième diodes de commutation (6a, 6b), dont les cathodes sont connectées entre elles ; et

lorsque le signal de fréquence intermédiaire est entré, les tensions des cathodes sont abaissées au-dessous de la première tension, et les première et deuxième diodes de commutation sont activées ; et

lorsque le signal de diffusion FM est entré, les tensions des cathodes sont élevées au-dessus de la première tension, et les première et deuxième diodes de commutation sont inactivées.


 
3. Circuit d'accord à fréquence intermédiaire selon la revendication 2 dans lequel:

il est prévu une premier diode varactor (9, 10) pour coupler une extrémité du circuit d'accord parallèle à une extrémité de la charge, et une deuxième diode varactor (9, 10) pour coupler l'autre extrémité du circuit parallèle à l'autre extrémité de la charge;

l'anode de la première diode varactor est connectée à une extrémité du circuit d'accord parallèle et l'anode de la deuxième diode varactor est connectée à l'autre extrémité du circuit d'accord parallèle;

lorsque le signal de fréquence intermédiaire est entré, les tensions des cathodes de la première et la deuxième diodes varactor sont abaissées au-dessous de la première tension, et les première et deuxième diodes varactor sont activées; et

lorsque le signal de diffusion FM est entré, les tensions des cathodes sont élevées au-dessus de la première tension, et les première et deuxième diodes varactor sont désactivées, de sorte qu'elles fournissent une capacité.


 




Drawing