(19)
(11)EP 1 187 722 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
25.11.2009 Bulletin 2009/48

(21)Application number: 00936558.6

(22)Date of filing:  21.06.2000
(51)Int. Cl.: 
G06F 3/023  (2006.01)
G06F 3/02  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/AU2000/000691
(87)International publication number:
WO 2000/078551 (28.12.2000 Gazette  2000/52)

(54)

A LOCATING KEY FOR A KEYBOARD OR KEYPAD

REFERENZTASTE FÜR TASTATUR

TOUCHE REPERE POUR CLAVIER OU POUR PAVE NUMERIQUE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE CH CY DE DK ES FI FR GB GR IE IT LI LU MC NL PT SE

(30)Priority: 21.06.1999 AU PQ111599
08.12.1999 AU PQ452599

(43)Date of publication of application:
20.03.2002 Bulletin 2002/12

(73)Proprietor: Sabato, Alberto B.
Mosman, NSW 2088 (AU)

(72)Inventor:
  • Sabato, Alberto B.
    Mosman, NSW 2088 (AU)

(74)Representative: Davies, Gregory Mark et al
Urquhart-Dykes & Lord LLP Churchill House Churchill Way
Cardiff CF10 2HH
Cardiff CF10 2HH (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A-81/02272
GB-A- 2 087 313
GB-A- 2 265 440
US-A- 5 583 497
FR-A- 2 435 353
GB-A- 2 134 042
US-A- 4 180 336
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Field of the Invention



    [0001] The present invention relates to keys on a keyboard or keypad. More particularly, though not exclusively, the invention relates to locating keys for a computer or electronic keyboard or keypad which improves keyboard/keypad operating skills.

    Background of the Invention



    [0002] A substantial number of modem electronic devices are equipped with a keyboard or keypad of some sort for manually inputting commands into the devices. The most common form of keyboard is that of the common household and business PC keyboard and the most common form of keypad is that of a mobile phone.

    [0003] Referring to the keyboard, the most widely recommended method of input using one of the common keyboards is the "touch typing" method. This method simply trains a user to memorise the keyboard layout so thoroughly that they may type using all their fingers without looking at the keyboard. This method is achieved by constant practice and assigning each finger to a particular group of keys.

    [0004] In particular, the "touch typing" method places each respective finger lightly on a "home" key, for example, in the "qwerty" keyboard these home keys are "asdf" and "jkl;" from left to right. The thumbs are then placed over the space bar. Each finger rests lightly on its home key and does not move unless it reaches to strike keys immediately above or below the home key or in the case of each of the index fingers, the keys immediately to the side of the home key, then the finger quickly returns to its home key. Thus, each finger has only certain keys that it should strike.

    [0005] Untrained keyboard operators use what is called the "hunt and peck" system. Usually they use only their two forefingers or at most their four best fingers, the forefingers and middle fingers. This method requires that the typist keeps their eyes on the keyboard-and this affects productivity. Although some of these typists can type about as fast as touch typists, very fast hunt and peck typing is more tiring than for the touch typist because the hands have to leap all around the keyboard to reach all the keys with only two or four fingers. In summary, to "keyboard" correctly, the typist must use the touch typing method described above. There is no middle ground in proper typing; if the typist is not typing correctly, he is typing incorrectly. Similar problems arise in the use of keypads.

    [0006] In an attempt to overcome the shortcomings of some of the prior art, many alternate shaped keyboards have been developed. One such keyboard is the KINESIS keyboard (for example, US 6,005,496 to Hargreaves, et al) which describes a keyboard having two wells for the receipt of the right and left hands of a user. The advantage of such a keyboard is that the location of the wells allows a user's arms to extend straight out in front of the user thereby reducing the need for the user to move his or her hands along the keyboard. However, these types of keyboards are complicated to operate and rely on the user to memorise key combinations and macros.

    [0007] Many other patents such as US 1,823,130; US 3,396,827; US 3,848,723; US 5,515,763 and US 4,180,336, for example, describe keys for keyboards having top surfaces including longitudinal ridges, slots, rows of ridges, knobs, craters and texturing. Various combinations of texturing are also known. Patent FR-A-2,435,353 describes a keyboard or a pedalboard characterised by the fact that each key has an edge that juts out, on the sections of its periphery adjacent to other keys. The principal objective of the edges is to avoid that the finger does not slip from the desired key onto another key. However, neither this patent or any of the abovementioned patents or any of the prior art provides a method designed specifically to guide the fingers of the typist who uses a QWERTY keyboard or a numerical keypad to the correct keys in order to reduce typing inaccuracies and so minimise strain and effort.

    [0008] Therefore, there still remains a need in the art for a keyboard and keypad with keys designed in such a way that they guide the fingers of the typist to the correct keys.

    Object of the Invention



    [0009] It is an object of the present invention to overcome or ameliorate some of the disadvantages of the prior art, or at least to provide a useful alternative.

    Summary of the Invention



    [0010] The present invention proposes to achieve the above-mentioned object by means of apparatus as defined by the appended claims.

    Brief Description of the Drawings



    [0011] A preferred form of the present invention will now be described by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein:

    Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a typical standard QWERTY keyboard.

    Fig. 2A through 2H are schematic diagrams showing how certain keys of the QWERTY keyboard are modified in order to provide a positive feedback according to the present invention.

    FIG. 3 is a perspective view of an improved QWERTY keyboard made in accordance with the present invention.


    Description of an Embodiment of the Preferred Invention



    [0012] The improved keyboard is the result of specific modifications to an original standard keyboard. This original keyboard 10 is in common use, and an example is illustrated in FIG. 1. For clarity, the generally accepted geometrical design of the standard keyboard will first be described in order to provide a foundation for understanding the geometry of the improved keyboard. However, while the modifications of the present invention are most likely to be applied to the standard keyboard, it must be noted that these same modifications may be applied to many other keyboard designs as well.

    [0013] The keys of the standard keyboard 10 are generally identical in shape and size, except for the outer function and modifier keys which are usually horizontally elongated in order to give the complete standard keyboard a generally rectangular appearance. A normal key includes an upper surface 2 which is engaged by the finger of a generally square or rectangular configuration having a top edge portion 3 remote from a user, a bottom edge portion 4 adjacent a user, a left edge portion 5 and a right edge portion 6.

    [0014] The standard keyboard generally consists of a main alphanumeric body of at least three, but usually five, parallel, horizontal rows of keys (FIG. 1). At least three rows could consist of a top row remote from a user, a middle row and a bottom row adjacent a user, the rows generally consisting of a series of alphanumeric keys followed by a series of function keys. For example, in Figure 1, each of the three middle rows 12, 13, 14 include a sequence of alphabetical and grammatical characters (such as the QWERTY or Dvorak sequence), bordered on the end of each row by modifier or function keys of some sort. That is, row 12 remote from the user has its alphanumeric keys starting with Q on the far left edge and finishing with P on the far right edge. Row 13 is an intermediate row and has its alphanumeric keys starting with A on the far left edge and finishing with L on the far right edge. Similarly, row 14 being adjacent a user has its alphanumeric keys starting with Z on the far left edge and finishing with M on the far right.

    [0015] The lowest row of keys 24, positioned closest to the typist (i.e., adjacent the user) and immediately under the lower of the middle three main rows 14, is generally made up of modifier or function keys on either end of a long spacebar 15. The second highest row of keys 16, positioned above the upper of the middle three main rows 12, is generally made up mainly of numerical keys. The highest row 11 (remote from the user) is normally made up of function keys.

    [0016] While the horizontal rows 16, 12, 13, 14, 24 of the standard keyboard are usually aligned without deviation, the vertical alignment of the keys is usually staggered, and it is this specific juxtaposition of horizontal and vertical key relationships which make up the geometry of the standard keyboard 10 (FIG. 1). In particular, the reference for the vertical alignment shift is generally the home row, or middle row 13. The row 14 immediately beneath the home row, generally the lower alphabetical row, is usually organised in such a way that the keys of this row have their midpoints oriented in vertical alignment with or near the space between the keys of the home row 13. The row 12 immediately above the home row 13, generally the upper alphabetical row, is usually organised in such a way that the keys of this row have their midpoints oriented in vertical alignment with or near the left one-third vertical divider of the keys of the home row 13. Finally, the row 16 immediately above the upper alphabetical row 12, which is the row above the home row 13, is usually organised in such a way that the keys of this row 16 have their midpoints oriented in vertical alignment with or near the space between the keys of the row 12 immediately beneath them.

    [0017] This general key relationship is the essence of what is usually referred to as the standard keyboard geometry (FIG. 1). While the specific organisation of the alphanumeric characters assigned to the keys of such a keyboard may vary, this does not affect the geometrical description of the keyboard 10, or its applicability to the modifications of the improved keyboard.

    [0018] The foundation of the improved keyboard 20 the subject of at least a preferred embodiment of this invention, one variation of which is shown in FIG. 3, is the idea of providing certain keys with the means of generating a specific feedback. The feedback differs according to the position of the key and is such that the feedback of certain keys together, creates a virtual "box" within which the fingers can travel. In other words, the keys are so modified that a "wall" is created, which wall the fingers sense and within which wall they are guided (and almost forced) to operate. Therefore, not only the specific design of the keys gives the typist the exact feel for where the finger is, but also the keys are so modified that they almost "force" the typist to stay within the "walls" that the modifications have created.

    [0019] This in turn facilitates (and almost forces) the use of specific fingers on specific keys and eventually makes a typist proficient in the use of the correct fingers and thus proficient in touch typing.

    [0020] In the embodiment described here, the following keys of the standard QWERTY keyboard have been modified:
    1. 1. The key "Q" 21 has a generally "L" shaped ridge 22 applied to the top border and to the left border (FIG. 2A). The ridge 22 is designed so that it will provide a finger with the feedback information that it has reached a specific position on the keyboard 20 namely, the upper left corner of an imaginary rectangular box 23 formed by the keys Q, W, E, R, F, V, C, X, Z, A. It should be noted, however, that the "L" shaped ridge could be formed by two separate ridges, one on the top border and one on the left border.
    2. 2. The key "R" 24 has a generally "L" shaped ridge 25 applied to the top border and to the right border (FIG. 2B). The ridge 25 is designed so that it will provide a finger with the feedback information that it has reached a specific position on the keyboard 20 namely, the upper right corner of the same imaginary rectangular box 23 described in 1 above. It should be noted, however, that the "L" shaped ridge could be formed by two separate ridges, one on the top border and one on the right border.
    3. 3. The key "V" 26 has a generally "L" shaped ridge 27 applied to the bottom border and to the right border (FIG. 2C). The ridge 27 is designed so that it will provide a finger with the feedback information that it has reached a specific position on the keyboard 20 namely, the lower right corner of the same imaginary rectangular box 23 described in 1 above. It should be noted, however, that the "L" shaped ridge could be formed by two separate ridges, one on the bottom border and one on the right border.
    4. 4. The key "Z" 28 has a generally "L" shaped ridge 29 applied to the bottom border and to the left border (FIG. 2D). The ridge 29 is designed so that it will provide a finger with the feedback information that it has reached a specific position on the keyboard 20 narnely, the lower left corner of the same imaginary rectangular box 23 described in 1 above. It should be noted, however, that the "L" shaped ridge could be formed by two separate ridges, one on the bottom border and one on the left border.
    5. 5. The keys "A" 30 and "F" 31 each have one ridge 32, 33 applied to the left border in the case of the key "A" 30 and to the right border in the case of the home key "F" 31 (FIG. 2E and FIG. 2F). These ridges 32, 33 are designed so that they provide the two fingers designated to use these keys with the feedback information that the fingers are in a "middle" row since the feedback is that of a lateral ridge without a
    6. 6. The key "U" 34 has a generally "L" shaped ridge applied to the top border and to the left border (similar to as shown in FIG. 2A). The ridge is designed so that it will provide a finger with the feedback information that it has reached a specific position on the keyboard namely, the upper left corner of an imaginary rectangular box 35 formed by the keys U, I, O, P, ;, /, >, <, M, J. It should be noted, however, that the "L" shaped ridge could be formed by two separate ridges, one on the top border and one on the left border.
    7. 7. The key "P" 36 has a generally "L" shaped ridge applied to the top border and to the right border (similar to as shown in FIG. 2B). The ridge is designed so that it will provide a finger with the feedback information that it has reached a specific position on the keyboard namely, the upper right corner of the same imaginary rectangular box 35 described in 6 above. It should be noted, however, that the "L" shaped ridge could be formed by two separate ridges, one on the top border and one on the right border.
    8. 8. The key "M" 37 has a generally "L" shaped ridge applied to the bottom border and to the left border (similar to as shown in FIG. 2D). The ridge is designed so that it will provide a finger with the feedback information that it has reached a specific position on the keyboard namely, the lower left corner of the same imaginary rectangular box 35 described in 6 above. It should be noted, however, that the "L" shaped ridge could be formed by two separate ridges, one on the bottom border and one on the left border.
    9. 9. The key "/" 38 has a generally "L" shaped ridge applied to the bottom border and to the right border (similar to as shown in FIG. 2C). The ridge is designed so that it will provide a finger with the feedback information that it has reached a specific position on the keyboard namely, the lower right corner of the same imaginary rectangular box 35 described in 6 above. It should be noted, however, that the "L" shaped ridge could be formed by two separate ridges, one on the bottom border and one on the right border.
    10. 10. The keys "J" 39 and ";" 40 each have one ridge applied to the left border in the case of the home key "J" 39 and to the right border in the case of the key ";" 40 (similar to as shown in FIG. 2E and FIG. 2F). These ridges are designed so that they provide the two fingers designated to use these keys with the feedback information that the fingers are in the middle row of the same imaginary rectangular box 35 described in 6 above.


    [0021] In the same manner the numerical keys QWERTY keyboard 10 shown in FIG. 1, have been modified so that they provide the same positive feedback information and the fingers can operate within a "box" 41 formed by "walls" applied to the keys "7", "8", "9", "4", "6", "1", "2 and 3". It can be seen that the modifications are identical to those for similarly positioned keys of the alphabetical portion of the keyboard 20, except for keys "8" 42 and "2" 43, thus:
    1. 1. The key "7" has a generally "L" shaped ridge applied to the top and to the left border (similar to as shown in FIG. 2A). The ridge is designed so that it will provide a finger with the feedback information that it has reached a specific position on the keyboard 20 namely, the upper left corner of an imaginary rectangular box 41 formed by the keys 7, 8, 9, 6, 3, 2, 1, 4.
    2. 2. The key "9" has a generally "L" shaped ridge applied to the top border and to the right border (similar to as shown in FIG. 2B). The ridge is designed so that it will provide a finger with the feedback information that it has reached a specific position on the keyboard 20 namely, the upper right corner of the same imaginary rectangular box 41 described in 1 above.
    3. 3. The key "3" has a generally "L" shaped ridge applied to the bottom border and to the right border (similar to as shown in FIG. 2C). The ridge is designed so that it will provide a finger with the feedback information that it has reached a specific position on the keyboard 20 namely, the lower right corner of the same imaginary rectangular box 41 described in 1 above.
    4. 4. The key "1" has a generally "L" shaped ridge applied to the bottom border and to the left border (similar to as shown in FIG. 2D). The ridge is designed so that it will provide a finger with the feedback information that it has reached a specific position on the keyboard 20 namely, the lower left corner of the same imaginary rectangular box 41 described in 1 above.
    5. 5. The key "4" has one ridge applied to the left border (similar as shown in FIG. 2E) which ridge is so designed so that it provides the finger with the feedback information that it has reached a specific position on the keyboard 20 namely, the left middle edge of the same imaginary rectangular box 41 described in 1 above.
    6. 6. The key "6" has one ridge applied to the right border (similar as shown in FIG. 2F) which ridge is so designed so that it provides the finger with the feedback information that it has reached a specific position on the keyboard 20 namely, the right middle edge of the same imaginary rectangular box 41 described in I above.
    7. 7. The key "8" 42 has one ridge 44 applied to the top border (similar as shown in FIG. 2G) which ridge is so designed so that it provides the finger with the feedback information that it has reached a specific position on the keyboard 20 namely, the top middle edge of the same imaginary rectangular box 41 described in 1 above.
    8. 8. The key "2" 43 has one ridge 45 applied to the bottom border (similar as shown in FIG 2H) which ridge is so designed so that it provides the finger with the feedback information that it has reached a specific position on the keyboard 20 namely, the bottom middle edge of the same imaginary rectangular box 41 described in I above.


    [0022] It can be seen that the identical modifications described above can be used if desired to modify the directional keys 46 used to move the cursor around the screen of a computer and which are known as the "inverted T", or similarly the functional keys 47 ("Insert", "Home", "PageUp", "Delete", "End", "PageDown"), to obtain similar locational feel and feedback.

    [0023] It can also be seen that the modifications described in number 5 and 6 above, can be used, if desired, to modify the keys "1", "4", "7", "0" 48 of the row 16 of the QWERTY keyboard 10 of FIG.1 one obtains similar locational feel and feedback.

    [0024] Further keys of the QWERTY keyboard or similar keyboards could be modified such that the keys corresponding to "W", "E", "I", "O", all have a ridge applied to the top of the respective key similar to the ridge of the key "8" as described in number 7 above. Similarly, keys "X", "C", "<", ">", could also each respectively have a ridge applied to the bottom of each respective key similar to the ridges of key "2" as described in number 8 above. In this way, a more defined "box" is obtained within which the fingers of the left or right hand are obliged to move.

    [0025] It can therefore also be seen that a key having a ridge on a top or bottom border provides a geometric indicator stimulating the user as to the location of the finger within the respective box. This also indicates whether the user's finger is parallel or normal to a particular row.

    [0026] While the above description contains many specificities, these should not be construed as limitations on the scope of the invention, but rather as an exemplification of one preferred embodiment thereof. For example, different standard keyboards can be similarly modified. Additionally, the "walls" on the keys can be of different height, thickness, shape and appearance and still activate the feedback which is the subject of this invention. Additionally, this invention may be applied to keyboards or keypads molded to curved surfaces such as the "Microsoft Natural Keyboard" and equivalent keyboards, or using non-alphanumeric keys or designations, chording capabilities, single or multiple-hand designs, or miniaturization. Additionally, the invention may be applied to keypads used on telephones, calculators, cash registers, electrical appliances and other electronic devices. The keys may be integral with the keypad or the ridges can be formed of plastic material with a self-adhesive backing for attachment to keys of a "normal" keyboard or keypad.

    [0027] Although the invention has been described with reference to specific examples, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that the invention may be embodied in many other forms.


    Claims

    1. A keyboard or keypad (10) including at least three rows (12, 13, 14) of keys including a top row (12) which is remote from a user, a middle row (13), and a bottom row (14) which is adjacent the user, each row having at least three keys including a left and a right end key (21, 24), each key having a surface (2) which is engaged by the finger in use, said surface (2) being of generally square or rectangular configuration so as to have top and bottom edge portions (3, 4) extending generally parallel to the rows, and left and right edge portions (5, 6) extending generally normal to the rows, and wherein the keys have ridges on specific edge portions, characterised by the ridges being placed in specific positions of specific keys of the keyboard or keypad (10) in such a manner that they form an imaginary rectangular box (23), as follows:

    a ridge (22) on the top left end key (21) adjacent the top edge portion thereof extending generally parallel to the rows;

    a ridge (22) on the top left end key (21) adjacent the left edge portion thereof extending generally normal to the rows;

    a ridge (29) on the bottom left end key (28) adjacent the left edge portion thereof extending generally normal to the rows;

    a ridge (29) on the bottom left end key (28) adjacent the bottom edge portion thereof extending generally parallel to the rows;

    a ridge (27) on the bottom right end key (26) adjacent the bottom edge portion thereof extending generally parallel to the rows;

    a ridge (27) on the bottom right end key (26) adjacent the right edge portion thereof extending generally normal to the rows;

    a ridge (25) on the top right end key (24) adjacent the right edge portion thereof extending generally normal to the rows; and

    a ridge (25) on the top right end key (24) adjacent the top edge portion thereof extending generally parallel to the rows.


     
    2. A Qwerty keyboard (10) having a plurality of alphanumeric keys arranged in three linear rows including a top row (12) which is remote from a user, a middle row (13), and a bottom row (14) which is adjacent the user, each row having a left and a right end key, each key having a surface (2) which is engaged by the finger in use, said surface (2) being of generally square or rectangular configuration so as to have top and bottom edge portions (3, 4) extending generally parallel to the rows, and left and right edge portions (5, 6) extending generally normal to the rows, characterised by the keys being positioned in a left first set (23) and a right second set (35), the first set (23) including the three left end keys (21, 30, 28) and at least the next two or three adjacent keys of each row, the second set (35) including the three right end keys (36, 40, 38) and the next adjacent two or three keys spaced toward the first set so that the two sets are spaced by two, three of four keys, and wherein the keys of said first set have ridges on specific edge portions, the ridges being placed in specific positions of specific keys of the keys of said first set in such a manner that they form two imaginary rectangular boxes (23, 35), as follows:

    a ridge (22) on the top left end key (21) adjacent to the top edge portion thereof extending generally parallel to the rows;

    a ridge (22) on the top left end key (21) adjacent to the left edge portion thereof extending generally normal to the rows;

    a ridge (32) on the middle left end key (30) adjacent to the left edge portion thereof extending generally normal to the rows;

    a ridge (29) on the bottom left end key (28) adjacent to the left edge portion thereof extending generally normal to the rows;

    a ridge (29) on the bottom left end key (28) adjacent to the bottom edge portion thereof extending generally parallel to the rows;

    a ridge on the next adjacent or next two adjacent keys to said bottom left end key of the bottom row adjacent to the bottom edge portion thereof extending generally parallel to the rows;

    a ridge on the next adjacent bottom key adjacent to the bottom edge portion thereof extending generally parallel to the rows;

    a ridge on said last mentioned key adjacent to the right edge portion thereof extending generally normal to the rows;

    a ridge on the middle key next adjacent to said last mentioned key adjacent to the right edge portion thereof extending generally normal to the rows;

    a ridge on the top key next adjacent to said last mentioned key adjacent to the right edge portion thereof extending generally normal to the rows;

    a ridge on said last mentioned key adjacent to the top edge portion thereof extending generally parallel to the rows;

    a ridge on the or each top key between said last mentioned key and said top left end key adjacent to the top edge portion thereof extending generally parallel to the rows; and

    the ridges being placed on the keys of said second set as follows:

    a ridge on the top right end key (36) adjacent to the upper edge portion thereof extending generally parallel to the rows;

    a ridge on the top right end key (36) adjacent to the right edge portion thereof extending generally normal to the rows;

    a ridge on the middle key (40) adjacent to said top right key adjacent to the right edge portion thereof extending generally normal to the rows;

    a ridge on the bottom right end key (38) adjacent to the right edge portion thereof extending generally normal to the rows;

    a ridge on the bottom right end key (38) adjacent to the bottom edge portion thereof extending generally parallel to the rows;

    a ridge on the next adjacent or next two adjacent keys to said bottom right end key of the bottom row adjacent to the bottom edge portion thereof extending generally parallel to the rows;

    a ridge on the next adjacent bottom key adjacent to the bottom edge portion thereof extending generally parallel to the rows;

    a ridge on said last mentioned key adjacent to the left edge portion thereof extending generally normal to the rows;

    a ridge on the middle key next adjacent to said last mentioned key adjacent the left edge portion thereof extending generally normal to the rows;

    a ridge on the top key next adjacent said last mentioned key adjacent the left edge portion thereof extending generally normal to the rows;

    a ridge on said last mentioned key adjacent the top edge portion thereof extending generally parallel to the rows,

    a ridge on the or each top key between said last mentioned key and said top right end key adjacent the top edge portion thereof extending generally parallel to the rows.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Eine Tastatur oder ein Tastenfeld (10) umfassend wenigstens drei Reihen (12, 13, 14) von Tasten mit einer oberen Reihe (12), die von einem Benutzer entfernt ist, einer mittleren Reihe (13), und einer unteren Reihe (14), die zu dem Benutzer benachbart ist, wobei jede Reihe wenigstens drei Tasten mit einer linken und einer rechten Endtaste (21, 24) umfasst, wobei jede Taste eine Oberfläche (2) aufweist, die von einem in Benutzung befindlichen Finger betätigbar ist, wobei diese Oberfläche (2) im Wesentlichen eine quadratische oder rechteckige Konfiguration aufweist, sodass dieselbe obere und untere Randbereiche (3, 4), die sich im Wesentlichen parallel zu den Reihen erstrecken, und weiterhin linke und rechte Randbereiche (5, 6), die sich im Wesentlichen senkrecht zu den Reihen erstrecken, aufweist, und wobei die Tasten an spezifischen Randbereichen Erhebungen aufweisen, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Erhebungen an spezifischen Positionen von spezifischen Tasten der Tastatur oder des Tastenfelds (10) in einer solchen Art positioniert sind, dass dieselben einen imaginären, rechteckigen Kasten (23) definieren, nämlich wie folgt:

    eine Erhebung (22) auf der oberen, linken Endtaste (21) benachbart zu dem oberen Randbereich derselben, die sich im Wesentlichen parallel zu den Reihen erstreckt;

    eine Erhebung (22) an der oberen, linken Endtaste (21) benachbart zu dem linken Randbereich derselben, die sich im Wesentlichen senkrecht zu den Reihen erstreckt;

    eine Erhebung (29) auf der unteren, linken Endtaste (28) benachbart zu dem linken Randbereich derselben, die sich im Wesentlichen senkrecht zu den Reihen erstreckt;

    eine Erhebung (29) auf der unteren, linken Endtaste (28) benachbart zu dem unteren Randbereich derselben, die sich im Wesentlichen parallel zu den Reihen erstreckt;

    eine Erhebung (27) auf der unteren, rechten Endtaste (26) benachbart zu dem unteren Randbereich derselben, die sich im Wesentlichen parallel zu den Reihen erstreckt;

    eine Erhebung (27) auf der unteren, rechten Endtaste (26) benachbart zu dem rechten Randbereich derselben, die sich im Wesentlichen senkrecht zu den Reihen erstreckt;

    eine Erhebung (25) auf der oberen, rechten Endtaste (24) benachbart zu dem rechten Randbereich derselben, die sich im Wesentlichen senkrecht zu den Reihen erstreckt; und

    eine Erhebung (25) auf der oberen, rechten Endtaste (24) benachbart zu dem oberen Randbereicht derselben, die sich im Wesentlichen parallel zu den Reihen erstreckt.


     
    2. Eine Qwerty-Tastatur (10) mit einer Vielzahl von alphanumerischen Tasten, die in drei linearen Reihen umfassend eine vom Benutzer entfernte, obere Reihe (12), eine mittlere Reihe (13) und eine zu dem Benutzer benachbarte, untere Reihe (14) angeordnet sind, wobei jede Reihe eine linke und eine rechte Endtaste umfasst, wobei jede Taste eine von einem in Benutzung befindlichen Finger betätigbare Oberfläche (2) umfasst, wobei die Oberfläche (2) eine im Wesentlichen quadratische oder rechteckige Konfiguration aufweist, sodass dieselbe obere und untere Randbereiche (3, 4), die sich im Wesentlichen parallel zu den Reihen erstrecken, und weiterhin linke und rechte Randbereiche (5, 6), die sich im Wesentlichen senkrecht zu den Reihen erstrecken, aufweist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Tasten in einem linken ersten Satz (23) und einem rechten zweiten Satz (35) angeordnet sind, wobei der erste Satz (23) die drei linken Endtasten (21, 30, 28) und wenigstens die nächsten zwei oder drei benachbarten Tasten einer jeden Reihe umfasst, wobei der zweite Satz (35) die drei rechten Endtasten (36, 40, 38) und die nächsten zwei oder drei benachbarten, zum ersten Satz hin beabstandeten Tasten umfasst, sodass die zwei Sätze durch zwei, drei oder vier Tasten voneinander beabstandet sind, und wobei die Tasten des ersten Satzes Erhebungen an spezifischen Randbereichen aufweisen, wobei die Erhebungen an spezifischen Positionen von spezifischen Tasten der Tasten des ersten Satzes in einer solchen Art angeordnet sind, dass dieselben zwei imaginäre, rechteckige Kästen (23, 25) bilden, nämlich wie folgt:

    eine Erhebung (22) auf der oberen, linken Endtaste (21) benachbart zu dem oberen Randbereich derselben, die sich im Wesentlichen parallel zu den Reihen erstreckt;

    eine Erhebung (22) auf der oberen, linken Endtaste (21) benachbart zu dem linken Randbereich derselben, die sich im Wesentlichen senkrecht zu den Reihen erstreckt,

    eine Erhebung (32) auf der mittleren, linken Endtaste (30) benachbart zu dem linken Randbereich derselben, die sich im Wesentlichen senkrecht zu den Reihen erstreckt;

    eine Erhebung (29) auf der unteren, linken Endtaste (28) benachbart zu dem linken Randbereich derselben, die sich im Wesentlichen senkrecht zu den Reihen erstreckt;

    eine Erhebung (29) auf der unteren, linken Endtaste (28) benachbart zu dem unteren Randbereich derselben, die sich im Wesentlichen parallel zu den Reihen erstreckt;

    eine Erhebung auf dem nächstbenachbarten oder den zwei nächstbenachbarten Tasten zu der unteren, linken Endtaste der unteren Reihe benachbart zu dem unteren Randbereich derselben, die sich jeweils im Wesentlichen parallel zu den Reihen erstreckt;

    eine Erhebung auf der nächsten benachbarten, unteren Taste benachbart zu dem unteren Randbereich derselben, die sich im Wesentlichen parallel zu den Reihen erstreckt;

    eine Erhebung auf der zuletzt erwähnten Taste benachbart zu dem rechten Randbereich derselben, die sich im Wesentlichen senkrecht zu den Reihen erstreckt;

    eine Erhebung auf der mittleren Taste nächstbenachbart zu der zuletzt erwähnten Taste benachbart zu dem rechten Randbereich derselben, die sich im Wesentlichen senkrecht zu den Reihen erstreckt;

    eine Erhebung auf der oberen Taste nächstbenachbart zu der zuletzt erwähnten Taste benachbart zu dem rechten Randbereich derselben, die sich im Wesentlichen senkrecht zu den Reihen erstreckt;

    eine Erhebung auf der zuletzt erwähnten Taste benachbart zu dem oberen Randbereich derselben, die sich im Wesentlichen parallel zu den Reihen erstreckt;

    eine Erhebung auf der oder jeder oberen Taste zwischen der zuletzt erwähnten Taste und der oberen, linken Endtaste benachbart zu dem oberen Randbereich derselben, die sich im Wesentlichen parallel zu den Reihen erstreckt; und

    wobei die Erhebungen auf den Tasten des zweiten Satzes wie folgt angeordnet sind:

    eine Erhebung auf der oberen, rechten Endtaste (36) benachbart zu dem oberen Randbereich derselben, die sich im Wesentlichen parallel zu den Reihen erstreckt;

    eine Erhebung auf der oberen, rechten Endtaste (36) benachbart zu dem rechten Randbereich derselben, die sich im Wesentlichen senkrecht zu den Reihen erstreckt;

    eine Erhebung auf der mittleren Taste (40) benachbart zu der oberen, rechten Taste benachbart zu dem rechten Randbereich derselben, die sich im Wesentlichen senkrecht zu den Reihen erstreckt;

    eine Erhebung auf der unteren, rechten Endtaste (38) benachbart zu dem rechten Randbereich der selben, die sich im Wesentlichen senkrecht zu den Reihen erstreckt;

    eine Erhebung auf der unteren, rechten Endtaste (38) benachbart zu dem unteren Randbereich derselben, die sich im Wesentlichen parallel zu den Reihen erstreckt;

    eine Erhebung auf der nächsten benachbarten oder den beiden nächstbenachbarten Tasten zu der unteren, rechten Endtaste der unteren Reihe benachbart zu dem unteren Randbereich derselben, die sich im Wesentlichen parallel zu den Reihen erstreckt;

    eine Erhebung auf der nächstbenachbarten, unteren Taste benachbart zu dem unteren Randbereich derselben, die sich im Wesentlichen parallel zu den Reihen erstreckt;

    eine Erhebung auf der zuletzt erwähnten Taste benachbart zu dem linken Randbereich derselben, die sich im Wesentlichen senkrecht zu den Reihen erstreckt;

    eine Erhebung auf der mittleren Taste nächstbenachbart zu der zuletzt erwähnten Taste benachbart zu dem linken Randbereich derselben, die sich im Wesentlichen senkrecht zu den Reihen erstreckt;

    eine Erhebung auf der oberen Taste nächstbenachbart zu der zuletzt erwähnte Taste benachbart zum linken Randbereich derselben, die sich im Wesentlichen senkrecht zu den Reihen erstreckt;

    eine Erhebung auf der zuletzt erwähnten Taste benachbart zum oberen Randbereich derselben, die sich im Wesentlichen parallel zu den Reihen erstreckt;

    eine Erhebung auf der oder jeder oberen Taste zwischen der zuletzt erwähnten Taste und der oberen, rechten Endtaste benachbart zu dem oberen Randbereich derselben, die sich im Wesentlichen parallel zu den Reihen erstreckt.


     


    Revendications

    1. Clavier ou pavé numérique (10) comprenant au moins trois rangées de touches (12, 13, 14) comprenant une rangée supérieure (12) éloignée de l'utilisateur, une rangée centrale (13) et une rangée inférieure (14) proche de l'utilisateur, chaque rangée ayant au moins trois touches comprenant une touche d'extrémité gauche et une touche d'extrémité droite (21, 24), chaque touche ayant une surface (2) qui est en contact avec le doigt de l'utilisateur lors de l'utilisation, laquelle surface (2) est de forme générale carrée ou rectangulaire de sorte à avoir des portions d'arête supérieure et inférieure (3, 4) s'étendant sensiblement parallèlement aux rangées et des portions d'arête gauche et droite (5, 6) s'étendant sensiblement normalement aux rangées, et dans lequel les touches ont des saillies sur des portions d'arête spécifiques, caractérisé en ce que les saillies sont placées dans des positions spécifiques de touches spécifiques du clavier ou du pavé numérique (10) de telle sorte qu'elles forment une boîte rectangulaire (23) imaginaire de la manière suivante :

    une saillie (22) sur la touche supérieure d'extrémité gauche (21), à proximité de la portion d'arête supérieure de cette dernière et s'étendant sensiblement parallèlement aux rangées ;

    une saillie (22) sur la touche supérieure d'extrémité gauche (21), à proximité de la portion d'arête gauche de cette dernière et s'étendant sensiblement normalement aux rangées ;

    une saillie (29) sur la touche inférieure d'extrémité gauche (28), à proximité de la portion d'arête gauche de cette dernière et s'étendant sensiblement normalement aux rangées ;

    une saillie (29) sur la touche inférieure d'extrémité gauche (28), à proximité de la portion d'arête inférieure de cette dernière et s'étendant sensiblement parallèlement aux rangées ;

    une saillie (27) sur la touche inférieure d'extrémité droite (26), à proximité de la portion d'arête inférieure de cette dernière et s'étendant sensiblement parallèlement aux rangées ;

    une saillie (27) sur la touche inférieure d'extrémité droite (26), à proximité de la portion d'arête droite de cette dernière et s'étendant sensiblement normalement aux rangées ;

    une saillie (25) sur la touche supérieure d'extrémité droite (24), à proximité de la portion d'arête droite de cette dernière et s'étendant sensiblement normalement aux rangées ; et

    une saillie (25) sur la touche supérieure d'extrémité droite (24), à proximité de la portion d'arête supérieure de cette dernière et s'étendant sensiblement parallèlement aux rangées.


     
    2. Clavier QWERTY (10) ayant une pluralité de touches alphanumériques disposées dans trois rangées linéaires comprenant une rangée supérieure (12) éloignée de l'utilisateur, une rangée centrale (13) et une rangée inférieure (14) proche de l'utilisateur, chaque rangée ayant une touche d'extrémité gauche et une touche d'extrémité droite, chaque touche ayant une surface (2) qui est en contact avec le doigt de l'utilisateur lors de l'utilisation, ladite surface (2) ayant une forme générale carrée ou rectangulaire de sorte a avoir des portions d'arête supérieure et inférieure (3, 4) s'étendant sensiblement parallèlement aux rangées, et des portions d'arête gauche et droite (5, 6) s'étendant sensiblement normalement aux rangées, caractérisé en ce que les touches sont positionnées dans un premier jeu gauche (23) et dans un second jeu droit (35), le premier jeu (23) incluant les trois touches d'extrémité gauche (21, 30, 28) et au moins les deux ou trois touches adjacentes suivantes de chaque rangée, le second jeu (35) incluant les trois touches d'extrémité droite (36, 40, 38) et les deux ou trois touches adjacentes suivantes espacées du premier jeu de sorte que les deux jeux sont espacés par deux, trois ou quatre touches, et dans lequel les touches du premier jeu ont des saillies sur des portions d'arête spécifiques, les saillies étant placées dans des positions spécifiques de touches spécifiques des touches du premier jeu de telle sorte qu'elles forment deux boîtes rectangulaires imaginaires (23, 35) de la manière suivante :

    une saillie (22) sur la touche supérieure d'extrémité gauche (21), à proximité de la portion d'arête supérieure de cette dernière et s'étendant sensiblement parallèlement aux rangées ;

    une saillie (22) sur la touche supérieure d'extrémité gauche (21), à proximité de la portion d'arête gauche de cette dernière et s'étendant sensiblement normalement aux rangées ;

    une saillie (32) sur la touche centrale d'extrémité gauche (30), à proximité de la portion d'arête gauche de cette dernière et s'étendant sensiblement normalement aux rangées ;

    une saillie (29) sur la touche inférieure d'extrémité gauche (28), à proximité de la portion d'arête gauche de cette dernière et s'étendant sensiblement normalement aux rangées ;

    une saillie (29) sur la touche inférieure d'extrémité gauche (28), à proximité de la portion d'arête inférieure de cette dernière et s'étendant sensiblement parallèlement aux rangées ;

    une saillie sur la touche suivante adjacente ou sur les deux touches suivantes adjacentes à ladite touche inférieure d'extrémité gauche de la rangée inférieure, à proximité de la portion d'arête inférieure de cette ou ces touche(s) et s'étendant sensiblement parallèlement aux rangées ;

    une saillie sur la touche inférieure adjacente suivante, à proximité de la portion d'arête inférieure de cette dernière et s'étendant sensiblement parallèlement aux rangées ;

    une saillie sur ladite dernière touche mentionnée, à proximité de la portion d'arête droite de cette dernière et s'étendant sensiblement normalement aux rangées ;

    une saillie sur la touche centrale adjacente suivante à ladite dernière touche mentionnée, à proximité de la portion d'arête droite de cette dernière et s'étendant sensiblement normalement aux rangées ;

    une saillie sur la touche supérieure suivante adjacente à ladite dernière touche mentionnée, à proximité de la portion d'arête droite de cette touche et s'étendant sensiblement normalement aux rangées ;

    une saillie sur ladite dernière touche mentionnée, à proximité de la portion d'arête supérieure de cette dernière et s'étendant sensiblement parallèlement aux rangées ;

    une saillie sur la touche supérieure ou sur chaque touche supérieure située(s) entre ladite dernière touche mentionnée et ladite touche supérieure d'extrémité gauche, à proximité de la portion d'arête supérieure de cette ou ces touches et

    s'étendant sensiblement parallèlement aux rangées ; et

    les saillies étant placées sur le deuxième jeu de la manière suivante :

    une saillie sur la touche supérieure d'extrémité droite (36), à proximité de la portion d'arête supérieure de cette dernière et s'étendant sensiblement parallèlement aux rangées ;

    une saillie sur la touche supérieure d'extrémité droite (36), à proximité de la portion d'arête droite de cette dernière et s'étendant sensiblement normalement aux rangées ;

    une saillie sur la touche centrale (40) adjacente à la ladite touche supérieure d'extrémité droite, à proximité de la portion d'arête droite de cette dernière et s'étendant sensiblement normalement aux rangées ;

    une saillie sur la touche inférieure d'extrémité droite (38), à proximité de la portion d'arête droite de cette dernière et s'étendant sensiblement normalement aux rangées ;

    une saillie sur la touche inférieure d'extrémité droite (38), à proximité de la portion d'arête inférieure de cette dernière et s'étendant sensiblement parallèlement aux rangées ;

    une saillie sur la touche suivante adjacente ou sur les deux touches suivantes adjacentes à ladite touche inférieure d'extrémité droite de la rangée inférieure, à proximité de la portion d'arête inférieure de cette ou ces touche(s) et s'étendant sensiblement parallèlement aux rangées ;

    une saillie sur la touche inférieure adjacente suivante, à proximité de la portion d'arête inférieure de cette dernière et s'étendant sensiblement parallèlement aux rangées ;

    une saillie sur ladite dernière touche mentionnée, à proximité de la portion d'arête gauche de cette dernière et s'étendant sensiblement normalement aux rangées ;

    une saillie sur la touche centrale suivante adjacente à ladite dernière touche mentionnée, à proximité de la portion d'arête gauche de cette dernière et s'étendant sensiblement normalement aux rangées ;

    une saillie sur la touche supérieure suivante adjacente à ladite dernière touche mentionnée, à proximité de la portion d'arête gauche de cette touche et s'étendant sensiblement normalement aux rangées ;

    une saillie sur ladite dernière touche mentionnée, à proximité de la portion d'arête supérieure de cette dernière et s'étendant sensiblement parallèlement aux rangées ;

    une saillie sur la touche supérieure ou sur chaque touche supérieure située(s) entre ladite dernière touche mentionnée et ladite touche supérieure d'extrémité droite, à proximité de la portion d'arête supérieure de cette ou ces touches et s'étendant sensiblement parallèlement aux rangées.


     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description