(19)
(11)EP 1 201 448 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
25.02.2009 Bulletin 2009/09

(21)Application number: 01125872.0

(22)Date of filing:  30.10.2001
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B41J 19/00  (2006.01)
B41J 25/308  (2006.01)

(54)

Recording apparatus

Aufzeichnungsgerät

Appareil d'enregistrement


(84)Designated Contracting States:
DE FR GB IT

(30)Priority: 31.10.2000 JP 2000332381

(43)Date of publication of application:
02.05.2002 Bulletin 2002/18

(73)Proprietor: CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA
Ohta-ku, Tokyo (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • Ikeda, Yasuhiko
    Ohta-ku, Tokyo (JP)
  • Kida, Akira
    Ohta-ku, Tokyo (JP)
  • Sato, Noriko
    Ohta-ku, Tokyo (JP)

(74)Representative: TBK-Patent 
Bavariaring 4-6
80336 München
80336 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A- 0 864 426
EP-A- 1 013 457
EP-A- 0 983 862
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


    Field of the Invention



    [0001] The present invention relates to a recording apparatus structured to enable the carriage that holds a recording head to perform main scanning in the direction intersecting the conveying direction of a recording medium (sub-scanning direction). Related Background Art

    [0002] Conventionally, the recording apparatus provided with such function as a printer, a copying machine, and a facsimile equipment, among some others, or used as an output device of a complex electronics apparatus including a computer, a word processor, or the like or used as that of a work station, has been structured to record images on a recording material (recording medium) such as a recording sheet or a thin plastic sheet in accordance with image information. An apparatus of the kind is classified into that of ink jet type, wire-dot type, thermal type, and laser beam type, among some others, by the recording method adopted for each of them.

    [0003] With the serial type recording apparatus which adopts the serial scanning type that scans in the direction (main scanning direction) intersecting the conveying direction of a recording material (sub-scanning direction), images of one line portion are recorded by recording means mounted on the carriage that reciprocates in the main scanning direction. After the one line portion is completely recorded, the recording material is conveyed by a designated amount in the sub-scanning direction. Then, images of one line portion are further recorded by the aforesaid recording means. With the repetition of these operations, recording is made entirely on the recording material.

    [0004] Of the above recording apparatuses, the ink jet type recording apparatus (ink jet recording apparatus) that uses the serial scanning method performs recording by discharging ink from the recording head serving as recording means to a recording material to facilitate making recording means compact for a highly precise recording of images at a high speed. There are also advantages that it can record on an ordinary paper without any particular treatment given thereto, thus making the running costs lower, and that being non-impact type, it can operate recording in a lesser amount of noise, and recording images in colors with ease using multiple color ink as well.

    [0005] Particularly, recording means (ink jet recording head) of ink jet type that discharges ink by utilization of thermal energy can be manufactured easily with liquid paths arranged in high density (discharge port arrangement) by structuring on a base plate the electrothermal converting elements, electrodes, liquid flow path walls, a ceiling plate, and some others, through the semiconductor manufacturing process, such as etching, vapor deposition, sputtering, hence enabling recording means to be made compact still more.

    [0006] For the recording apparatus of serial scanning type described above, it is necessary to move the recording head stably in order to obtain a clear and high quality result of recording. Therefore, the cylindrical bearing portion of the carriage must slide in a state of maintaining a specific precision with respect to the columnar guide shaft that guides the carriage. Thus, the guide shaft and the bearing portion of the carriage should be controlled to make the dimensional tolerance between them as small as possible. Particularly, for the ink jet recording method, non-contact recording should be performed with a clearance of approximately 1 mm between the recording head and recording medium, it is required to stabilize the traveling of the carriage more reliably in order to obtain recorded images in higher precision.

    [0007] However, even if it is attempted to make a structure so that the dimensional tolerance is minimized between the guide shaft and the bearing portion of the carriage, there is still a need for the provision of certain clearance between them in order to enable the bearing portion of the carriage to slide on the guide shaft smoothly. Furthermore, the possible dimensional variation due to the temperature changes should also be taken into account. Then, it becomes necessary to provide a greater clearance here. Now, even when the guide shaft and the bearing portion are formed by the material that may present a smaller dimensional variation resulting from the temperature changes, the clearance should become approximately 50 µm at the maximum including the processing tolerance. As a result, for the recording apparatus of 600 dpi (600 pixels per inch (2.54 cm)), there is a possibility that deviation of one pixel or more occurs in the impact positions of ink droplets on a recording medium.

    [0008] A recording apparatus according to the preamble of claim 1 is known from EP-A-1013457.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0009] The present invention aims to provide the recording apparatus that enables the carriage to travel without generating vibration in a state of maintaining a specific precision with respect to the guide shaft even if a certain clearance is given between the guide shaft and the bearing portion of the carriage.

    [0010] Another object of the invention is to provide an ink jet recording apparatus capable of recording images in high precision quietly with the bearing portion of the carriage being made not to float from the guide shaft when the carriage is accelerated so as to suppress the noise and vibration at the time of acceleration.

    [0011] The above objects are solved with a recording apparatus according to claim 1.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0012] 

    Fig. 1 is a perspective view which shows the entire structure of a recording apparatus in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 2 is a front view which shows the recording apparatus represented in Fig. 1.

    Fig. 3 is a side sectional view which shows the recording apparatus represented in Fig. 1.

    Fig. 4 is a view which schematically shows the positional relations between the guide shaft, the guide rail, the center of gravity of the guide shaft, and the like in the carriage portion of the recording apparatus represented in Fig. 1, which is represented in a state of being observed from the side end of the recording apparatus.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFRRED EMBODIMENTS



    [0013] Now, with reference to the accompanying drawings, the description will be made of the embodiments in accordance with the present invention.

    [0014] At first, Fig. 1 to Fig. 3 are views which illustrate schematically the structure of a recording apparatus in accordance with the present invention. Fig. 1 is a perspective view which shows the entire structure of the recording apparatus embodying the present invention. Fig. 2 is a front view of the recording apparatus. Fig. 3 is a side sectional view of the recording apparatus.

    [0015] The recording apparatus 1 of the present embodiment comprises a sheet feeding portion 2 that automatically feeds a recording sheet P serving as a recording medium to the interior of the recording apparatus 1; a sheet conveying portion 3 that further conveys the recording sheet P fed to the interior of the recording apparatus 1; and a sheet expelling portion 4 that expels the recording sheet P conveyed by the sheet conveying portion 3 to the outside of the recording apparatus 1. The recording apparatus 1 comprises a carriage portion 5 that includes a carriage 50 reciprocating along a guide shaft 81 in the direction (main scanning direction) intersecting the conveying direction of the recording sheet P (sub-scanning direction) , and a cleaning portion 6 that cleans the ink discharge surface of an ink jet recording head 7 (see Fig. 2) mounted on the carriage 50.

    [0016] Hereunder, the description will be made of the outlines of these structures one by one.

    (A) Sheet feeding portion 2



    [0017] The sheet feeding portion 2 is structured by fixing to a base 20 the pressure plate 21 that stacks recording sheets P thereon, and the feed rotation member 22 that feeds a recording sheet P. For the pressure plate 21, a movable side guide 23 is arranged movably. The movable side guide 23 regulates the stacking position of the recording sheets P on the pressure plate 21. The pressure plate 21 is rotational around the shaft coupled with the base 20, and biased by a pressure plate spring 24 to the feed rotation member 22. The portion of the pressure plate 21 that faces the feed rotation member 22 is provided with a separation pad 25 formed by a material having a large friction coefficient, such as an artificial leather, to prevent the double feed of recording sheets P. Further, for the base 20, there are provided a separation nail 26 covering the corner of the recording sheet P in one direction in order to separate the recording sheets P one by one; a bank portion 27 formed integrally with the base 20 to separate cardboards or the like that cannot be separated by use of the separation nail 26; a switching lever 28 for switching the separation nail 26 to enable it to act in the ordinary sheet position, but to disable the separation nail 26 to act in the cardboard position; and a release cam 29 to release the contact between the pressure plate 21 and the feed rotation member 22.

    [0018] With the structure thus arranged, the release cam 29 presses the pressure plate 21 to a designated position on standby. In this state, the contact between the pressure plate 21 and the feed rotation member 22 is released. Then, in such state, the driving power of a conveying roller 36 to be described later is transmitted to the feed rotation member 22 and the release cam 29 through gears or the like. Then, the release cam 29 is caused to part from the pressure plate 21 to enable the pressure plate 21 to rise. The feed rotation member 22 abuts against the recording sheet P to begin feeding sheet by picking up the recording sheet P along the rotation of the feed rotation member 22. The recording sheets P is separated one by one by use of the separation nail 26 and fed to the sheet conveying portion 3. The feed rotation member 22 and the release cam 29 rotate until the recording sheet P is fed into the sheet conveying portion 3, and then, to be on standby where the contact between the recording sheet P and the feed rotation member 22 is again released. The transmission of the driving power from the conveying roller 36 is cut off.

    (B) Sheet conveying portion



    [0019] The sheet conveying portion 3 comprises the conveying roller 36 that conveys the recording sheet P, and a PE sensor 32 for detecting the leading end of the recording sheet P and the passage of the trailing end thereof. The pinch roller 37, which follows the rotation of the conveying roller 36, is arranged in a state of being in contact with the conveying roller 36. The pinch roller 37 is held by a pinch roller guide 30 and biased by a pinch roller spring 31 to be pressed to the conveying roller 36, thus generating force to convey the recording sheet P. Further, at the entrance of the sheet conveying portion 3 to which the recording sheet P is fed, an upper guide 33 and a platen 34 are arranged to guide the recording sheet P. Also, for the upper guide 33, a PE sensor lever 35 is provided to get the detection of the leading end or trailing end of the recording sheet P across to the PE sensor 32. Further, on the downstream side of the conveying roller 36 in the conveying direction of the recording sheet, there is arranged a head cartridge 7 provided with an ink jet recording head (not shown) to form images by discharging onto the recording sheet P in accordance with image information, and an ink tank (not shown) to contain ink to be supplied thereto.

    [0020] With the structure described above, the recording sheet P fed to the sheet conveying portion 3 is guided by means of the platen 34, the pinch roller guide 30, and the upper guide 33 to be conveyed to the roller pair formed by the conveying roller 36 and pinch roller 37. At this time, the PE sensor lever 35 detects the leading end of the recording sheet P thus fed, and the printing position of the recording sheet P is obtained accordingly. Also, the recording sheet P is conveyed on the platen 34 by the roller pair 36 and 37, which rotate by use of an LF motor (not shown).

    [0021] Here, in this case, the ink jet recording head, which is integrally structured with an ink tank and made easily exchangeable, is used for the head cartridge 7. The head cartridge 7 is arranged to be able to give heat to ink by use of heater or the like installed in the nozzle of the recording head. Then, film boiling is generated in ink by heat thus given, and ink liquid droplet is discharged from the nozzle of the recording head by means of the pressure changes caused by the growth and shrinkage of the bubble generated by such film boiling, thus forming images on the recording sheet P.

    (C) Carriage portion



    [0022] The carriage portion 5 is provided with a carriage 50 having the head cartridge 7 mounted thereon. The carriage 50 is supported by the guide shaft 81 which enables the carriage 50 to reciprocate for scanning in the directions at right angles to the conveying direction of the recording sheet P, and also, by the guide rail 82 which regulates the rotation of the carriage 50 around the guide shaft 81, while holding the upper rear end of the carriage 50 to maintain the clearance between the head cartridge 7 and the recording sheet P. The guide shaft 81 and the guide rail 82 are fixed to a chassis 8. In this respect, the guide shaft 81 has a shape of laterally circular section. Also, for the carriage 50, a bearing portion (not shown) that slides on the guide shaft 81 is arranged, respectively, in the vicinity of both sides in the direction of reciprocal traveling thereof.

    [0023] The carriage 50 is driven a carriage motor 80 fixed to the chassis 8 though a timing belt 83. The timing belt 83 is tensioned and supported by an idle pulley 84. Further, carriage 50 is provided with a flexible cable 56 for transmitting recording signals from an electric base plate 9 to the head cartridge 7. Also, on the carriage 50, a linear encoder 101 is mounted to detect the carriage position. The linear encoder 101 reads line numbers of a linear scale 102 installed on the chassis 8 to detect the position of the carriage 50. The positional signal of the carriage 50 thus read by the linear encoder 101 is transmitted to the electric base plate 9 for processing through the flexible cable 56.

    [0024] With the structure arranged as described above, the recording sheet P is conveyed by use of the roller pair 36 and 37 to the line position (the position of the recording sheet P in the conveying direction) to form images when an image formation is executed on the recording sheet P, while the carriage 50 is moved to the column position (the position perpendicular to the conveying direction of the recording sheet P) to form images by means of feedback control using the carriage motor 80 and the linear encoder 101, thus enabling the head cartridge 7 to face the position of the image formation. After that, in accordance with signals from the electric base plate 9, the head cartridge 7 forms imaged by discharging ink onto the recording sheet P.

    (D) Sheet expelling portion



    [0025] The sheet expelling portion 4 is arranged so that a transmitting roller 40 abuts against the conveying roller 36, and, further, the transfer roller 40 abuts against a sheet expelling roller 41. As a result, the driving power of the conveying roller 36 is transmitted to the sheet expelling roller 41 through the transmitting roller 40. Also, a spur 42 is in contact with the sheet expelling roller 41 to be rotational following the rotation of the sheet expelling roller 41. With the structure thus arranged, the recording sheet P having images formed thereon by use of the carriage portion 5 is nipped between the sheet expelling roller 41 and the spur 42 to be conveyed and expelled onto a tray or the like (not shown) to receive the expelled sheet.

    (E) Cleaning portion



    [0026] The cleaning portion 6 is formed by a pump 60 for cleaning the ink discharge surface (nozzle opening surface) of the head cartridge 7; a cap 61 for preventing the head cartridge 7 from being dried; and a drive switching arm 62 for switching the driving power from the conveying roller 36 to the sheet feeding portion 2 and the pump 60. The drive switching arm 62 fixes a planet gear (not shown) that rotates around the axial center of the conveying roller 36 at the time other than the sheet feeding operation or the cleaning operation. As a result, the driving power from the conveying roller 36 is not transmitted to the sheet feeding portion 2 and the pump 60. With the movement of the carriage 50, the drive switching arm 62 shifts in the direction indicated by an arrow A in Fig. 1. Then the planet gear becomes free, thus enabling the planet gear to move in accordance with the regular/reverse rotations of the conveying roller 36. When the conveying roller 36 rotates regularly, the driving power is transmitted to the sheet feeding portion 2. When its rotation is reversed, the driving power is transmitted to the pump 60.

    [0027] Next, the carriage portion 5 will be described in detail in accordance with the present invention.

    [0028] As shown at 3 in Fig. 1, each component is fixed to the carriage 50 to form a portion. The carriage portion 5 can reciprocate for scanning along the guide shaft 81 and the guide rail 82 by arranging the bearing portion of the carriage 50 of the carriage portion 5 that passes the guide shaft 81 to be fixed to the chassis 8 and slide it on the guide rail 82 which is also fixed to the chassis 8. On the backside of the carriage 50, a timing belt 83 is fixed. The portion of the carriage 50 where the timing belt 83 is fixed becomes the drive transmitting portion to which driving power is transmitted from driving means formed by a carriage motor 80 and the timing belt 83.

    [0029] The timing belt 83 is tensioned around the pulley 801 fixed to the shaft of the carriage motor 80 fixed to the chassis 8 and the idle pulley 84 fixed to the chassis 8 for giving tension to the timing belt 83. As a result, with the regular and reverse driving of the carriage motor 80, driving power is transmitted to the carriage portion 5 through the timing belt 83 for the reciprocal scanning along the guide shaft 81 and the guide rail 82.

    [0030] The position of the carriage 50 can be grasped exactly even during its operation when the linear encoder 101 reads the line numbers of the linear scale 102. In the initial setting operation of the recording apparatus, the carriage 5 moves toward the right side end of the chassis 8 in Fig. 1. Then, the carriage 5 abuts against a certain position and does not move any more, where changes are no longer observable in the signals from the linear encoder 101. This position is the referential position (home position) thereof. Also, when the carriage 5 moves toward the left end side in Fig. 1, which is opposite to the referential position, the carriage 5 abuts against a certain position likewise and does not move any more, where changes are no longer observable in the signals from the linear encoder 101.

    [0031] Fig. 4 is a view which schematically shows the positional relations between the guide shaft 81, the guide rail 82 and the center of gravity or the like of the carriage portion 5 in the carriage portion 5 of the aforesaid recording apparatus in a state of being observed from the side end of the recording apparatus. In this respect, each reference mark used in Fig. 4 means the following, respectively:
    m:
    carriage mass
    g:
    gravitational acceleration
    Lm:
    distance from the center of the guide shaft 81 to the gravity of the carriage 5
    θm:
    angle formed by the horizontal axis and the line segment Lm
    Lc:
    distance from the center of the guide shaft 81 to the guiding surface of the guide rail 82 of the carriage 50
    RQ:
    reaction received by the carriage 50 from the guide rail 82
    θ'c:
    angle formed by the horizontal axis and the line segment Lm
    θc:
    angle formed by the horizontal axis and the guide surface of the guide rail 82
    θd:
    angle formed by the guiding surface of the guide rail 82 and the line segment Lc



    [0032] Also, the points A and B indicate each of the contacts of the bearing portion with the guide shaft 81, respectively, and the contact point A is arranged on the downstream side of a recording sheet P in the conveying direction thereof with respect to the line in the vertical direction that runs through the center of the guide shaft 81.
    The contact point B is arranged on the upstream side in the conveying direction with respect to the line in the vertical direction.

    [0033] At this juncture, with the carriage 50 being at rest, each of reactions RA, RB, and RQ received by each of the contact points A and B, and guiding surface Q of the guide rail 82 is expressed by the following formula, respectively:







    [0034] Here, acting force on each of the aforesaid contact points is caused to change if the carriage 50 is accelerated during its traveling. When accelerated, force is exerted by the driving force of the timing belt 83 to cause the bearing portion of the carriage 50 to slide in the circumferential direction (direction B in Fig. 4) of the guide shaft 81. Also, there exists friction force between the bearing portion and the guide shaft 81. At the time of acceleration, if the aforesaid driving force becomes greater than the friction force with respect to the contact point A on the side nearer to the gravity of the bearing portion of the carriage 50 on the side in the advancing direction and the contact point B on the side farther away from the gravity of the bearing portion on the opposite side in the advancing direction, the bearing portion is caused to slide in the circumferential direction of the guide shaft 81, and the carriage 50 floats by the amount of clearance between the guide shaft 81 and the bearing portion. As a result, not only the noise is generated during the traveling of the carriage 50, but also, vibration is not attenuated even when the carriage 50 is conditioned to run at the constant speed, leading to the degradation of recorded images.

    [0035] On the other hand, if each of the angles θa and θb at each of the contact points A and B of the bearing portion, which is formed on the circumference of the guide shaft 81 in the directions of the tangential line and vertical line, should be set to be too acute in order to prevent the carriage 50 from floating at the time of acceleration, the sliding load generated between the guide shaft 81 and each of the bearing portions become larger, hence necessitating the torque required for the carriage motor 80 to be made larger accordingly. Also, in this case, the amount of frictional wear on each of the bearing portions becomes greater. Thus, when the recording apparatus is used for a long time in this condition, the clearance between the ink discharge surface of the recording head and a recording sheet P is caused to become smaller eventually.

    [0036] Under such circumstances, there is a need for setting each of the angles θa and θb such as to avoid the floating of the carriage 50 at the time of acceleration, but not to allow the bearing portion to be affected easily by loads or friction wear. These angles must be determined in consideration of the distance between each of the bearing portions arranged on each side of the carriage 50 in the directions of reciprocal traveling; the distance between the timing belt 83 and the bearing portion; the weight of the carriage 50; the gravitational position G of the carriage 50; the friction coefficient µ between the guide shaft 81 and the bearing portion; the positional relations between the guide shaft 81 and the guide rail 82; and the accelerating/decelerating speed of the carriage 50.

    [0037] For example, if the positional relations between the positions of the contact points between each bearing portion of the carriage 50 and the guide shaft 81, and the center of gravity G or the like of the carriage 50 are as shown in Fig. 4, it should be good enough to set each of the aforesaid angles θa and θb so that given the reaction of the force added to the drive transmitting portion of the carriage 50 at the time of acceleration as Fa, the value, which is arrived at by multiplying the sum of resistance to the contact point A on the side nearer to the gravitational center of the bearing portion in the advancing direction of the carriage 50 and Fa · cos θa by friction coefficient µ, becomes larger than Fa · Sin θa, and also, the value, which is arrived at by multiplying the sum of resistance to the contact point B on the side farther away from the gravitational center of the bearing portion on the opposite side in the advancing direction and Fa · cosθb by friction coefficient µ becomes larger than Fa · sinθb. Also, in the positional relations shown in Fig. 4, it is possible to set the angel θa with respect to the contact point A to be smaller than the angle θb with respect to the contact point B, that is, to be set at (θa > θb). With the relations between the angles θa and θb being defined in this manner, the sliding load between the guide shaft 81 and each of the bearing portions becomes smaller to make it possible to suppress the floating of the carriage 50 at the time of acceleration, while to minimize the amount of frictional wear of bearing portions each at the contact point A and B.

    [0038] Also, as the mode of the recording apparatus of the present invention, it is possible to adopt that of a copying machine combined with reader or the like or further that of a facsimile equipment provided with the function of transmission and reception, beside the one functioning as the image output terminal of information processing equipment, such as word process or computer, irrespective of being formed integrally therewith or separately therefrom.

    [0039] As described above, for the recording apparatus embodying the present invention, each of the angles at the two contact points between the bearing portion and the guide shaft, which is formed in the directions of tangential line on the outer circumference of the guide shaft and the vertical line, is set so as to make the frictional force generated between the guide shaft and the bearing portion larger than the force that may cause the bearing portion to slide in the circumferential direction of the guide shaft when the carriage is accelerated. Therefore, even if a structure is arranged to provide a certain clearance between the guide shaft and the bearing portion, it becomes possible to enable the carriage to travel on the guide shaft in a state of maintaining a specific precision with respect to the guide shaft, and to perform recording images in better condition.

    [0040] Also, in accordance with the present embodiment, the recording apparatus regulates the carriage to rotate around the guide shaft, while it further provides the guide rail that guides the carriage so that it can reciprocates in the aforesaid intersecting direction. Then, each of the aforesaid angles is set in accordance with the weight of carriage, the gravitational center of the carriage with respect to the guide shaft, the distance between the bearing portions themselves each of which is installed substantially on each side end of the carriage, the frictional coefficient between each bearing portion and the guide shaft, the position of the drive transmitting portion of the carriage in relation to the guide shaft, the position of the guide rail in relation to the guide shaft, and the acceleration given to the carriage. Thus, it is made possible to prevent the bearing portion of the carriage from floating from the guide shaft when the carriage is accelerated, and to suppress the amount of noise, as well as vibration, at the time of acceleration, and then, to quietly record images in high precision.

    [0041] Further, in accordance with the present embodiment, the recording apparatus is structured so that the angle of each of said angles, which is formed in the directions of tangential line on the outer circumference of the guide shaft and vertical line at the contact point on the downstream side in the conveying direction of a recording medium, is made smaller than the angle formed in the direction of tangential line on the outer circumference of the guide shaft and vertical line at the contact point on the upstream side in the aforesaid conveying direction. In this way, the sliding load between the guide shaft and the bearing portion can be made smaller to minimize the amount of frictional wear, hence making it possible to enhance the durability of the recording apparatus.

    [0042] An ink jet recording apparatus is provided with a conveying roller for conveying a recording sheet, and a carriage that enables a recording head for recording on the recording sheet by discharging ink droplets to the recording sheet to reciprocate in the direction intersecting the conveying direction of the recording medium along a guide shaft having a substantially circular lateral section. The bearing portion of the carriage is structured to be in contact with the guide shaft at two points A and B on the upstream side and downstream side in the aforesaid conveying direction with respect to the vertical line running through the center of the guide shaft. Each of angles θa and θb formed in the directions of tangential line and vertical line on the outer circumference of the guide shaft at the contact points A and B is set to make the frictional force generated between the guide shaft and the bearing portion larger than the force generated at the time of the carriage being accelerated to cause the bearing portion to slide in the circumferential direction of the guide shaft.


    Claims

    1. A recording apparatus (1) comprising:

    a carriage (50) for enabling a recording head (7) for recording on a recording medium (P) to reciprocate in the direction intersecting the conveying direction of said recording medium (P), said carriage (50) adapted to reciprocate by driving power transmitted from driving means (83) to the drive transmitting portion of said carriage (50);

    a guide shaft (81) having a substantially circular lateral section for guiding said carriage (50) to reciprocate in said intersecting direction;

    two bearing portions provided for said carriage (50) to slide along said guide shaft (81), said bearing portions being installed substantially on either side of the carriage (50) in the direction of said reciprocal travelling, respectively, and wherein

    each of said bearing portions is structured to be in contact with said guide shaft (81) at two points (A, B) on the upstream side and downstream side in the conveying direction of said recording medium with respect to the direction of the vertical line perpendicularly intersecting the center line of said guide shaft (81),

    characterized in that

    said contact points (A, B) are positioned on the upper half of the circular lateral section of the guide shaft (81), and

    each angle defined between the tangential line on the outer circumference of said guide shaft (81) at each of said contact points (A, B) and the vertical line is set to make the friction force generated between said guide shaft (81) and said bearing portions larger than the force generated at the time of said carriage (50) being accelerated and causing said bearing portions to slide in the circumferential direction of said guide shaft (81).


     
    2. A recording apparatus according to Claim 1, further comprising:

    a guide rail (82) for regulating the rotation of said carriage around said guide shaft (81), while guiding said carriage (50) to reciprocate in said intersecting direction, wherein

    each of said angles (θa, θb) is set in accordance with the weight of said carriage (50), the gravitational position of said carriage (50) with respect to said guide shaft (81), the distance between said bearing portions themselves installed substantially on either side of said carriage (50), respectively, the friction coefficient between said bearing portions and said guide shaft (81), the position of said drive transmitting portion with respect to said guide shaft (81), and the acceleration and deceleration given to said carriage.


     
    3. A recording apparatus according to Claim 1 or 2, wherein of each of said angles (θa, θb), the angle (θa) defined between said vertical line and said tangential line on the outer circumference of said guide shaft (81) at said contact point (A) on the downstream side in said conveying direction is made smaller than the angle (θb) defined between said vertical line and said tangential line on the outer circumference of said guide shaft (81) at said contact point (B) on the upstream side in said conveying direction.
     
    4. A recording apparatus according to either one of Claim 1 to Claim 3, wherein said recording head is an ink jet recording head (5) for forming images on said recording medium by discharging ink liquid droplets from nozzles of said recording head (7).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Aufzeichnungsgerät (1) mit:

    einem Schlitten (50), der es ermöglicht, dass sich ein Aufzeichnungskopf (7) zum Aufzeichnen auf einem Aufzeichnungsmedium (P) in die Richtung hin- und herbewegt, die die Förderrichtung des Aufzeichnungsmediums (P) schneidet, wobei der Schlitten (50) angepasst ist, um sich durch eine Antriebskraft hin- und herzubewegen, die von einer Antriebseinrichtung (83) zu dem Antriebsübertragungsabschnitt des Schlittens (50) übertragen wird;

    einer Führungswelle (81) mit einem im Wesentlichen kreisförmigen Querschnitt zum Führen des Schlittens (50), um sich in der Schnittrichtung hin- und herzubewegen;

    zwei Lagerabschnitten, die für den Schlitten (50) vorgesehen sind, um entlang der Führungswelle (81) zu gleiten, wobei die Lagerabschnitte im Wesentlichen jeweils an einer Seite des Schlittens (50) in der Richtung der Hin- und Herbewegung installiert sind, und wobei

    jeder der Lagerabschnitte strukturiert ist, um mit der Führungswelle (81) an zwei Punkten (A, B) an der bahnaufwärtigen Seite und der bahnabwärtigen Seite in der Förderrichtung des Aufzeichnungsmediums in Bezug auf die Richtung der senkrechten Linie in Kontakt zu sein, die die Mittellinie der Führungswelle (81) senkrecht schneidet,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    die Kontaktpunkte (A, B) an der oberen Hälfte des kreisförmigen Querschnitts der Führungswelle (81) positioniert sind, und

    jeder Winkel, der zwischen der Tangentenlinie an dem Außenumfang der Führungswelle (81) an jedem der Kontaktpunkte (A, B) und der senkrechten Linie definiert ist, festgelegt ist, um die Reibungskraft, die zwischen der Führungswelle (81) und den Lagerabschnitten erzeugt wird, größer als die Kraft auszuführen, die zu der Zeit einer Beschleunigung des Schlittens (50) erzeugt wird und bewirkt, dass die Lagerabschnitte in der Umfangsrichtung der Führungswelle (81) gleiten.


     
    2. Aufzeichnungsgerät nach Anspruch 1, das des Weiteren Folgendes aufweist:

    eine Führungsschiene (82) zum Regulieren der Drehung des Schlittens um die Führungswelle (81), während der Schlitten (50) geführt wird, um sich in die Schnittrichtung hin- und herzubewegen, wobei

    jeder der Winkel (θa, θb) in Übereinstimmung mit dem Gewicht des Schlittens (50), dem Schwerpunkt des Schlittens (50) in Bezug auf die Führungswelle (81), dem Abstand zwischen den Lagerabschnitten, die im Wesentlichen jeweils an einer Seite des Schlittens (50) installiert sind, dem Reibungskoeffizienten zwischen den Lagerabschnitten und der Führungswelle (81), der Position des Antriebsübertragungsabschnitts in Bezug auf die Führungswelle (81), und der Beschleunigung und der Verzögerung, die der Schlitten erfährt, festgelegt ist.


     
    3. Aufzeichnungsgerät nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei für jeden der Winkel (θa, θb) der Winkel (θa), der zwischen der senkrechten Linie und der Tangentenlinie an dem Außenumfang der Führungswelle (81) an dem Kontaktpunkt (A) an der bahnabwärtigen Seite in der Förderrichtung definiert ist, kleiner als der Winkel (θb) ausgeführt ist, der zwischen der senkrechten Linie und der Tangentenlinie an dem Außenumfang der Führungswelle (81) an dem Kontaktpunkt (B) an der bahnaufwärtigen Seite in der Förderrichtung definiert ist.
     
    4. Aufzeichnungsgerät nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei der Aufzeichnungskopf ein Tintenstrahlaufzeichnungskopf (5) zum Ausbilden von Bildern auf dem Aufzeichnungsmedium durch Ausstoßen von Tintenflüssigkeitstropfen aus Düsen des Aufzeichnungskopfs (7) ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Appareil d'enregistrement (1) comportant :

    un chariot (50) destiné à permettre à une tête d'enregistrement (7) destinée à enregistrer sur un support d'enregistrement (P) d'effectuer un mouvement alternatif dans la direction croisant la direction de transport dudit support d'enregistrement (P), ledit chariot (50) étant conçu pour exécuter un mouvement alternatif sous l'effet d'une force d'entraînement transmise depuis un moyen d'entraînement (83) à la partie de transmission d'entraînement dudit chariot (50) ;

    une barre de guidage (81) ayant une section transversale sensiblement circulaire pour guider ledit chariot (50) dans son mouvement alternatif dans ladite direction de croisement ;

    deux parties d'appui permettant audit chariot (50) de glisser le long de ladite barre de guidage (81), lesdites parties d'appui étant mises en place sensiblement de part et d'autre du chariot (50) dans la direction dudit dépassement alternatif, respectivement, et dans lequel

    chacune desdites parties d'appui est structurée de façon à être en contact avec ladite barre de guidage (81) en deux points (A, B) sur le côté d'amont et le côté d'aval dans la direction de transport dudit support d'enregistrement par rapport à la direction de la ligne verticale croisant perpendiculairement l'axe central de ladite barre de guidage (81),

    caractérisé en ce que

    lesdits points de contact (A, B) sont positionnés sur la moitié supérieure de la section transversale circulaire de la barre de guidage (81), et

    chaque angle défini entre la ligne tangente sur la circonférence extérieure de ladite barre de guidage (81) en chacun desdits points de contact (A, B) et la ligne verticale est établi pour rendre la force de frottement générée entre ladite barre de guidage (81) et lesdites parties d'appui plus grande que la force générée au moment où ledit chariot (50) est accéléré et fait glisser lesdites parties d'appui dans la direction circonférentielle de ladite barre de guidage (81).


     
    2. Appareil d'enregistrement selon la revendication 1, comportant en outre :

    un rail de guidage (82) destiné à réguler la rotation dudit chariot autour de ladite barre de guidage (81), tout en guidant le mouvement alternatif dudit chariot (50) dans ladite direction de croisement, dans lequel

    chacun desdits angles (θa, θb) est établi en fonction du poids dudit chariot (50), de la position par gravité dudit chariot (50) par rapport à ladite barre de guidage (81), de la distance entre lesdites parties d'appui elles-mêmes, installées sensiblement de part et d'autre dudit chariot (50), respectivement, du coefficient de frottement entre lesdites parties d'appui et ladite barre de guidage (81), de la position de ladite partie de transmission d'entraînement par rapport à ladite barre de guidage (81), et de l'accélération et du ralentissement appliqués audit chariot.


     
    3. Appareil d'enregistrement selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel, de chacun desdits angles (θa, θb), l'angle (θa) défini entre ladite ligne verticale et ladite ligne tangente sur la conférence extérieure de ladite barre de guidage (81), audit point de contact (A) sur le côté d'aval dans ladite direction de transport, est rendu plus petit que l'angle (θb) défini entre ladite ligne verticale et ladite ligne tangente sur la circonférence extérieure de ladite barre de guidage (81) audit point de contact (B) sur le côté d'amont dans ladite direction de transport.
     
    4. Appareil d'enregistrement selon chacune de la revendication 1 à la revendication 3, dans lequel ladite tête d'enregistrement est une tête d'enregistrement (5) à jet d'encre destinée à former des images sur ledit support d'enregistrement en déchargeant des gouttelettes d'encre liquide depuis des gicleurs de ladite tête d'enregistrement (7).
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description