(19)
(11)EP 1 307 620 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
14.10.2015 Bulletin 2015/42

(21)Application number: 01974973.8

(22)Date of filing:  06.08.2001
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
E03F 5/22(2006.01)
E01F 1/00(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/NL2001/000591
(87)International publication number:
WO 2002/020909 (14.03.2002 Gazette  2002/11)

(54)

LIQUID RESERVOIR, PUMPING DEVICE FOR IT, AND METHOD OF EMPTYING THE LIQUID RESERVOIR

FLÜSSIGKEITSBEHÄLTER, PUMPVORRICHTUNG DAFÜR UND VERFAHREN ZUR ENTLEERUNG DES BEHÄLTERS

RESERVOIR DE LIQUIDE, DISPOSITIF DE POMPAGE POUR UN TEL RESERVOIR, ET PROCEDE DE VIDANGE DE RESERVOIR DE LIQUIDE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE CH CY DE DK ES FI FR GB GR IE IT LI LU MC NL PT SE TR

(30)Priority: 07.08.2000 NL 1015884

(43)Date of publication of application:
07.05.2003 Bulletin 2003/19

(73)Proprietor: Intelligent Environmental Systems B.V.
1822 BW Alkmaar (NL)

(72)Inventor:
  • VAN BAAR, Jacobus, Eldert, Maria
    NL-1862 VD Bergen (NL)

(74)Representative: Metman, Karel Johannes et al
De Vries & Metman Overschiestraat 180
1062 XK Amsterdam
1062 XK Amsterdam (NL)


(56)References cited: : 
DE-A- 3 542 529
FR-A- 2 517 719
FR-A- 2 300 181
GB-A- 1 350 936
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention relates to a liquid reservoir according to the preamble of claim 1.

    [0002] Such liquid reservoir is known from DE-A-35 42 529. The reservoir contains as a cistern a first container collecting liquid supplied through a supply pipe and being connected to the pump housing through a pipe having a return valve.

    [0003] The object of the invention is to further improve such a liquid reservoir.

    [0004] In order to accomplish that objective, the liquid reservoir according to the invention has the features according to the characterizing portion of claim 1.

    [0005] The liquid reservoir according to the invention has the advantage that the housing can form an independent unit within the cistern. In the case of a catch pit being used as a liquid reservoir, the housing, in addition to being used in new catch pits, can also function as a unit which is subsequently built into an existing cistern of the catch pit. In that case an existing catch pit fitted with an electromechanical submersible pump can for example be converted into a catch pit according to the invention, wherein the water is pumped by means of gas pressure. Thus a great many applications of the liquid reservoir according to the invention are possible.

    [0006] A further advantage is that the pump is readily accessible, which makes it possible to carry out maintenance work and repairs on the pump in a simple manner, whereas furthermore the pump is not exposed to the liquid that is present in the cistern of the liquid reservoir and is possibly corrosive.

    [0007] An improved filling of the space within the housing can be achieved if the pump is a vacuum pressure pump having a suction side and a delivery side, which are both connected to the housing, whereas the pump is arranged for alternately drawing gas into the housing and forcing gas out of the housing.

    [0008] The invention will now be explained in more detail with reference to the drawing, which very schematically shows an exemplary embodiment of the catch pit according to the invention.

    Fig. 1 is a very schematic vertical sectional view of the exemplary embodiment of the catch pit according to the invention.

    Figs. 2, 3 and 4 are vertical sectional views of the pump housing of the catch pit according to Fig. 1, showing three different stages thereof when the catch pit is being drained.



    [0009] Fig. 1 shows a catch pit which is incorporated in a sewer system, in which sewage water from one or more sources can collect. The catch pit includes a cistern 1, which may be made of concrete, for example, and which will usually be disposed underground. Cistern 1 comprises an inlet 2 for letting in sewage water, which flows into the cistern 1 of the catch pit via a natural drop. Cistern 1 furthermore includes an outlet 3, which is located at a low level in the catch pit and which is led to a higher level via an outlet pipe 4 fitted with an outlet valve 5, and which exits the cistern at said higher level.

    [0010] Connected to outlet 3, at the bottom end of outlet pipe which, in addition to pump housing 6, comprises a vacuum pressure pump 7 and one or more connecting hoses 8 between pump 7 and housing 6. As already said before, said housing includes an outlet 9, which is connected to the coupling of outlet 3. Housing 6 furthermore includes an inlet 10, which is in communication with the cistern 1 of the catch pit and which can be closed by means of an inlet valve 11, in this embodiment in the form of a non-return valve, which is mounted in the interior of housing 6 and which closes inlet 10 when the pressure in housing 6 is larger than the pressure in cistern 1. Valve 11 opens automatically when the pressure in cistern 1 is sufficiently higher than the pressure in housing 6. Present in the upper wall of housing 6 is the pump connection 12 to which the connecting hose 8 of pump 7 is connected.

    [0011] Pump 7 is housed in a control box 13, which control box 13 is disposed at a higher level than cistern 1, in particular above ground level, so that the interior of the control box 13 is readily accessible from outside. The control box comprises the control units which are required for the functioning of catch pit 1. Thus, a level sensor 15, which is disposed in cistern 1 of the catch pit, is connected to control unit 14, in response to the signals from which sensor the control unit 14 can control pump 7.

    [0012] Vacuum pressure pump 7 is so arranged that it can alternately function as a vacuum pump and as a pressure pump, to which end hose 8 is switched between the suction side and the delivery side of the pump. In the suction position, air is drawn from the interior of housing 6, and consequently a sub-atmospheric pressure will be generated in housing 6, which makes it possible for housing 6 to be completely filled with sewage water. In the pressure position, air is pumped into housing 6 via hose 8 for the forced discharge of sewage water from housing 6.

    [0013] Figs. 2, 3 and 4 illustrate the operation of the pumping device in the catch pit according to Fig. 1.

    [0014] In Fig. 2, pump housing 6 is in the inoperative position.

    [0015] When pump connection 12 is connected to the suction side of vacuum pressure pump 7 via connecting hose 8, as shown in Fig. 3, a sub-atmospheric pressure will be generated in housing 6 and non-return valve 11 will open, as a result of which water from cistern 1 of the catch pit will fill the interior of the housing completely or to a large extent. Housing 6 may have partially filled with sewage water previously already, which sewage water had entered the housing due to the water pressure in the pit. Once the housing is filled to a sufficient degree, vacuum pressure pump 7 will be reversed and the connecting hose 8 will be placed in communication with the pressure side of the pump 7, as a result of which air is pumped into housing 6 from the pump 7 and the sewage water that is present in the housing will be placed under pressure. Non-return valve 11 will close, as a result of which inlet 10 will be closed, so that the sewage water cannot flow back to cistern 1. When outlet valve 5 is opened either automatically or in response to a control signal, the sewage water from housing 6 will be forced upwards through outlet pipe 4 via outlet 3, thus exiting cistern 1, from where the sewage water can be further discharged. Pump 1 will continue to operate until housing 6 has been emptied, after which pump housing 6 is ready for a new cycle.

    [0016] From the foregoing it will be apparent that the invention provides a liquid reservoir and a pump therefor which are remarkable for their universal applicability, as well as for the simplicity of construction and reliable operation, because the pump is disposed outside cistern 1, so as to enable easy access thereto, in a protected environment, with only the housing being accommodated in the cistern of the pit. The pumping device is very suitable for use in existing catch pits, where it can replace the electromechanical submersible pumps that are used therein. The connections of the housing can be configured such that the existing pump can simply be disconnected and the housing can be fitted instead.

    [0017] In addition to being used in catch pits, the invention can also be used in all kinds of other liquid reservoirs for collecting in particular corrosive liquids, such as liquids in the refinery industry, developers and waste water from various production processes.

    [0018] The invention is not restricted to the exemplary embodiment as described above and shown in the drawing, which can be varied in several ways without departing from the scope of the invention as defined in the annexed claims. Thus, the pump may be configured as a gas pressure pump only, in which case the housing will be filled as a result of the pressure from the water in cistern 1. Furthermore, the pump may also be mounted on the housing while being disposed outside the cistern. Also further variations are conceivable, of course.


    Claims

    1. A liquid reservoir comprising a cistern (1) including an inlet (2), which is connected to the cistern (1) for a free inflow of liquid into the cistern, a pump housing (6), and having a housing inlet (10) with an inlet valve (11) to allow liquid from the cistern (1) into the housing when the inlet valve (11) is open, and a pump (7) disposed outside the cistern (1) and operating by means of gas pressure, in particular air pressure, the delivery side of the pump (7) being connected tothe housing (6) via at least one conduit, such as a hose (8), an outlet (3) connected to the pump housing (6) and fitted with a valve (5) for a forced discharge of liquid from the housing by means of the gas pressure from the pump, characterized in that, the pump housing (6) is accommodated in the cistern (1).
     
    2. A liquid reservoir according to claim 1, wherein the pump (7) is a vacuum pressure pump having a suction side and a delivery side, both connected to the housing (6), whereas the pump is arranged for alternately drawing gas into the housing and forcing gas out of the housing.
     
    3. A liquid reservoir according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the housing (6) is a unit which is adapted for being built into an existing cistern (1) of the liquid reservoir.
     
    4. A liquid reservoir according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the liquid reservoir includes a separate control box (13), which is positioned at a higher level than the cistern (1) and in which the pump (7) is housed.
     
    5. A liquid reservoir according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the inlet valve (11) of the housing (6) is a non-return valve.
     
    6. A liquid reservoir according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the liquid reservoir is in the form of a catch pit for collecting and discharging sewage water.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Ein Flüssigkeitsreservoir, welches eine Zisterne (1) aufweist, aufweisend einen Einlass (2), der für ein freies Einströmen von Flüssigkeit in die Zisterne mit der Zisterne (1) verbunden ist, ein Pumpgehäuse (6), welches einen Gehäuseeinlass (10) mit einem Einlassventil (11) aufweist, um Flüssigkeit aus der Zisterne (1) in das Gehäuse hineinzulassen, wenn das Einlassventil (11) offen ist, und eine Pumpe (7), welche außerhalb der Zisterne (1) angeordnet ist und durch Gasdruck, insbesondere Luftdruck, arbeitet, wobei die Förderseite der Pumpe (7) mit dem Gehäuse durch zumindest eine Leitung, wie beispielsweise einem Schlauch (8), verbunden ist, und einen Auslass (3), welcher mit dem Pumpgehäuse (6) verbunden ist und mit einem Ventil (5) für eine Zwangsausgabe von Flüssigkeit aus dem Gehäuse durch den Gasdruck der Pumpe ausgerüstet ist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Pumpgehäuse (6) in der Zisterne (1) untergebracht ist.
     
    2. Ein Flüssigkeitsreservoir gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei die Pumpe (7) eine Vakuumdruckpumpe ist, die eine Saugseite und eine Förderseite hat, wobei beide mit dem Gehäuse (6) verbunden sind, wobei die Pumpe angeordnet ist zum alternierenden Saugen von Gas in das Gehäuse hinein und zum Zwingen von Gas aus dem Gehäuse heraus.
     
    3. Ein Flüssigkeitsreservoir gemäß Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei das Gehäuse (6) eine Einheit ist, welche angepasst ist, um in eine vorhandene Zisterne (1) des Flüssigkeitsreservoirs eingebaut zu sein.
     
    4. Ein Flüssigkeitsreservoir gemäß irgendeinem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Flüssigkeitsreservoir eine separate Steuerungsbox (13) aufweist, welche auf einem höheren Niveau als die Zisterne (1) positioniert ist und in welcher die Pumpe (7) untergebracht ist.
     
    5. Ein Flüssigkeitsreservoir gemäß irgendeinem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Einlassventil (11) des Gehäuses (6) ein Rückschlagventil ist.
     
    6. Ein Flüssigkeitsreservoir gemäß irgendeinem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Flüssigkeitsreservoir in Form einer Sammelgrube zum Sammeln und Ausgeben von Abwasser vorliegt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Réservoir de liquide comprenant une citerne (1) incluant une entrée (2), qui est reliée à la citerne (1) pour un afflux libre de liquide dans la citerne, un carter de pompe (6), et ayant une entrée de carter (10) avec une soupape d'entrée (11) pour permettre que le liquide s'écoule de la citerne (1) dans le carter lorsque la soupape d'entrée (11) est ouverte, et une pompe (7) agencée en dehors de la citerne (1) et fonctionnant par la pression de gaz, en particulier la pression d'air, le côté refoulement de la pompe (7) étant relié au carter (6) via au moins un conduit tel qu'un tuyau (8), une sortie (3) reliée au carter de pompe (6) et dotée d'une soupape (5) pour l'évacuation forcée de liquide du carter à l'aide de la pression de gaz provenant de la pompe, caractérisé en ce que le carter de pompe (6) est logé dans la citerne (1).
     
    2. Réservoir de liquide selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la pompe (7) est une pompe de pression à vide avec un côté aspiration et un côté refoulement, les deux reliés au carter (6), alors que la pompe est agencée pour aspirer en alternance du gaz dans le carter et forcer le gaz à sortir du carter.
     
    3. Réservoir de liquide selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel le carter (6) est une unité qui est adaptée pour être construite dans une citerne existante (1) du réservoir de liquide.
     
    4. Réservoir de liquide selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le réservoir de liquide inclut une boîte de commande séparée (13) qui est positionnée sur un niveau plus élevé que la citerne (1) et dans laquelle la pompe (7) est logée.
     
    5. Réservoir de liquide selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la soupape d'entrée (11) du carter (6) est un clapet de non-retour.
     
    6. Réservoir de liquide selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le réservoir de liquide se présente sous la forme d'une fosse de décantation pour la collecte et l'évacuation des eaux d'égout.
     




    Drawing











    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description