|(11)||EP 1 310 670 A3|
|(12)||EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION|
|(54)||Setting minimum spark advance for best torque in an internal combustion engine|
|(57) An internal combustion engine (1) causes an air-fuel mixture produced in a combustion chamber (23) to burn by means of ignition using a spark plug (24). A programmable controller (20) calculates a reaction probability expressing the combustibility of the air-fuel mixture inside the combustion chamber (23) and the combustion rate of the air-fuel mixture on the basis of the operating conditions of the engine 1 (S13, S27, S32). An air-fuel mixture combustion period is calculated on the basis of the volume of the combustion chamber at the combustion start timing, the reaction probability, and the combustion rate (S29, S34). On the basis of this combustion period, a target ignition timing of the spark plug (24) can be accurately set under a small calculation load.