(19)
(11)EP 1 512 841 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
19.03.2014 Bulletin 2014/12

(21)Application number: 04255281.0

(22)Date of filing:  01.09.2004
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F01D 11/02(2006.01)
F01D 11/00(2006.01)
F01D 5/06(2006.01)

(54)

Seal assembly for gas turbine engine

Dichtungsanordnung für eine Turbomaschine

Ensemble d'étanchéité pour turbomachine


(84)Designated Contracting States:
DE FR GB

(30)Priority: 02.09.2003 US 653337

(43)Date of publication of application:
09.03.2005 Bulletin 2005/10

(73)Proprietor: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
Schenectady, NY 12345 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • Habedank, Mark Steven
    Hamilton Ohio 45011 (US)
  • League, Christopher James
    Raleigh NC 27615 (US)
  • Whitaker, George Edwin
    Sharonville Ohio 45241-1134 (US)
  • Wines, Daniel Edward
    Cincinnati Ohio 45236 (US)
  • Dziech, Michael Aaron
    Cincinnati Ohio 45209 (US)

(74)Representative: Williams, Andrew Richard et al
GE International Inc. Global Patent Operation-Europe 15 John Adam Street
London WC2N 6LU
London WC2N 6LU (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 0 202 188
US-A- 4 582 467
US-A- 5 288 210
US-B1- 6 267 553
US-A- 3 842 595
US-A- 5 217 348
US-A1- 2002 187 046
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] This invention relates generally to gas turbine engines, and more specifically to seal assemblies used with gas turbine engine rotor assemblies.

    [0002] At least some known gas turbine engines include a core engine having, in serial flow arrangement, a fan assembly and a high pressure compressor which compress airflow entering the engine, a combustor ignites a fuel-air mixture which is then channeled towards low and high pressure turbines which each include a plurality of rotor blades that extract rotational energy from airflow exiting the combustor. The high pressure compressor is coupled by a shaft to the high pressure turbine.

    [0003] At least some known high pressure turbines include a first stage disk and a second stage disk that is coupled to the first stage disk by a bolted connection. More specifically, the rotor shaft extends between a last stage of the multi-staged compressor and the web portions of the turbine first stage disk. The first and second stage turbine disks are isolated by a forward faceplate that is coupled to a forward face of the first stage disk, and an aft seal that is coupled to a rearward face of the second stage disk web. An interstage seal assembly extends between the first and second stage disks to facilitate sealing flow around a second stage turbine nozzle.

    [0004] At least some known interstage seal assemblies include an interstage seal and a separate blade retainer. The interstage seal is coupled to the first and second stage disks with a plurality of bolts. The blade retainer includes a split ring that is coupled to an axisymmetric hook assembly extending from the turbine stage disk. However, because the seal assemblies are complex, such interstage seal assemblies may be difficult to assemble. To facilitate reducing the assembly time and costs of such seal assemblies, other known interstage seal assemblies include an integrally-formed interstage seal and blade retainer. More specifically, such seal assemblies use radial and axial interference to transmit torque from the stage two disk to the stage one disk. However, because such seal assemblies are coupled between the turbine stage disks with radial and axial interference fits, such seal assemblies may be susceptible to low cycle fatigue (LCF) stresses induced from one or both turbine stage disks.

    [0005] Prior art seal assemblies are disclosed in documents US 4582467 and US 6267553.

    [0006] In one aspect of the invention, a seal assembly according to claim 1 for a gas turbine engine including a first stage disk and a second stage disk is provided.

    [0007] In a further aspect, a gas turbine engine according to claim 6 comprises a rotor assembly comprising a first stage disk, a second stage disk, and a seal assembly extending therebetween. The seal assembly comprises a disk retainer and an interstage seal assembly. The interstage seal assembly comprises a radially outer shell and a web portion. The outer shell extends radially outward from the web portion and comprises an upstream arm and a downstream arm. The disk retainer is coupled between the outer shell upstream arm and the first stage disk. The downstream arm is coupled to the second stage disk.

    [0008] Embodiments of the invention will now be described, by way of example, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

    Figure 1 is a schematic illustration of a gas turbine engine; and

    Figure 2 is an enlarged partial cross-sectional view of a portion of the gas turbine engine shown in Figure 1.



    [0009] Figure 1 is a schematic illustration of a gas turbine engine 10 including a low pressure compressor 12, a high pressure compressor 14, and a combustor 16. Engine 10 also includes a high pressure turbine 18 and a low pressure turbine 20. Compressor 12 and turbine 20 are coupled by a first shaft 24, and compressor 14 and turbine 18 are coupled by a second shaft 26. In one embodiment, the gas turbine engine is a GE90 available from General Electric Company, Cincinnati, Ohio.

    [0010] In operation, air flows through low pressure compressor 12 and compressed air is supplied from low pressure compressor 12 to high pressure compressor 14. The highly compressed air is delivered to combustor 16. Airflow from combustor 16 drives turbines 18 and 20 before exiting gas turbine engine 10.

    [0011] Figure 2 is an enlarged partial cross-sectional view of a portion of gas turbine engine 10. Specifically, Figure 2 illustrates an enlarged partial cross-sectional view of high pressure turbine 18. High pressure turbine 18 includes first and second stage disks 30 and 32, respectively. Each stage disk 30 and 32 includes a respective web portion 34 that extends radially outward from a bore (not shown) to a respective blade dovetail slot 38 and 40.

    [0012] An interstage seal assembly 50 extends axially between turbine stage disks 30 and 32. More specifically, seal assembly 50 includes an interstage seal member 52 and a disk or blade retainer 53. Interstage seal member 52 includes an outer shell 54 and a central disk 56 which has a web portion 58 and a bore (not shown). Shell 54 is generally cylindrical and includes an upstream or forward arm 60 and a downstream or aft arm 62.

    [0013] Each arm 60 and 62 is arcuate and extends in an axial direction with an inwardly convex shape. More specifically, each arm 60 and 62 extends with a catenary curve from a mid portion 80 of outer shell 54 to each respective disk 30 and 32. Mid portion 80 includes a plurality of seal teeth 82 which contact a seal member 84 coupled to a radially inner side 86 of a second stage nozzle assembly 88.

    [0014] A flange 90 and 92 is formed integrally at an upstream and downstream end 94 and 96, respectively, of each arm 60 and 62. Flanges 90 and 92 enable interstage seal member 52 to couple between first and second stage disks 30 and 32, respectively. More specifically, aft flange 92 enables interstage seal arm 62 to couple to second stage disk 32 with an interference fit, rather than with the use of any fasteners. In addition, as described in more detail below, forward flange 90 enables interstage seal arm 60 to couple to first stage disk 30 with an interference fit, rather than with the use of any fasteners.

    [0015] Disk retainer 53 extends along a downstream side 100 of first stage disk dovetail slot 38 to facilitate retaining first stage rotor blades 102 within dovetail slot 38. More specifically, retainer 53 has a radially outer end 110, a radially inner end 112, and a body 114 extending therebetween. Radially inner end 112 extends generally perpendicularly upstream from body 114 such that an elbow 116 is formed between body 114 and end 112. Elbow 116 facilitates maintaining disk retainer 53 in a proper position relative to first stage disk 30, and also facilitates coupling disk retainer 53 to interstage seal member 52 in a boltless connection.

    [0016] Disk retainer 53 is coupled to first stage disk 30 with a radial interference fit. Specifically, disk retainer 53 is retained in position relative to first stage disk 30 and to interstage seal assembly 50 by interstage seal member 60, such that disk retainer elbow 116 is received within interstage seal arm flange 90. More specifically, as interstage seal assembly 50 is coupled to disk retainer 53, as described below, interstage seal assembly 50 orients disk retainer 53 such that retainer 53 is substantially centered with respect to first stage disk 30. Moreover, the radial interference fit between disk retainer 53 and interstage seal member 52 facilitates centering seal member 52 with respect to turbine 18.

    [0017] During assembly, initially blade retainer 53 is inserted in position within rotor assembly 18 such that blade retainer 53 engages first stage disk 30. Interstage seal member 52 is then axially squeezed or compressed and coupled within rotor assembly 18 such that interstage seal member arm 60 is coupled against blade retainer 53 in a radial interference fit, and such that seal member arm 62 is coupled against second stage disk 32 in an interference fit. Accordingly, when assembled, because seal member 52 is in compression, seal member 52, and more specifically, the catenary curvature of arms 60 and 62, causes an axial load to be induced to blade retainer 53. The axial loading facilitates maintaining blade retainer 53 in position relative to first stage disk 30 and interstage seal assembly 50. Moreover, the radial interference fit between blade retainer 53 and first stage disk 30, and the radial interference fit between blade retainer 53 and interstage seal member 52 facilitate centering blade retainer 53 with respect to first stage disk 30 and with respect to interstage seal assembly 50.

    [0018] The above-described interstage seal assemblies are cost-effective and highly reliable. The interstage seal assembly includes an interstage seal member and a separate disk retainer. The disk retainer is maintained in an interference fit with the first stage disk by the interstage seal member. The interstage seal member is coupled to both the disk retainer and the rotor assembly by interference fits. Accordingly, assembly times are facilitated to be reduced, as no fasteners are needed to couple the interstage seal assembly within the rotor assembly. Moreover, the interference fit between the interstage seal member and the disk retainer facilitates increasing the low cycle fatigue life of the interstage seal assembly, while enabling the differential torque generated between the turbine stage disks to be frictionally transferred through the interstage seal assembly. As a result, the interstage seal assembly facilitates extending a useful life of the turbine rotor assembly in a cost-effective and reliable manner.

    [0019] Exemplary embodiments of rotor assemblies are described above in detail. The rotor assemblies are not limited to the specific embodiments described herein, but rather, components of each assembly may be utilized independently and separately from other components described herein. For example, each interstage seal assembly component can also be used in combination with other interstage seal assembly components and with other rotor assemblies.


    Claims

    1. A seal assembly for a gas turbine engine (10) including a first stage disk (30) and a second stage disk (32), said seal assembly comprising:

    a disk retainer (53); and

    an interstage seal assembly (50) extending between the first and second stage disks when said seal assembly is coupled between the first and second stage disks, said interstage seal assembly comprising a radially outer shell (54) extending radially outward from a web portion (58), said outer shell comprising an upstream arm (60) and a downstream arm (62) extending outwardly from said outer shell, wherein, when said seal assembly is coupled between the first and second stage disks, said disk retainer is coupled between said outer shell upstream arm and the first stage disk and said downstream arm is coupled to said second stage disk, characterized in that said upstream arm (60) is coupled to said disk retainer (53) with an interference fit and said downstream arm (62) is coupled to the second stage disk (32) with a interference fit when said seal assembly is coupled between the first and second stage disks.


     
    2. A seal assembly in accordance with Claim 1 wherein when said seal assembly is coupled between the first and second stage disks said disk retainer (53) is secured in position by axial loading induced from said interstage seal assembly (50).
     
    3. A seal assembly in accordance with Claim 1 wherein said upstream and downstream arms (60 and 62) each extend arcuately in a catenary contour from said outer shell (54).
     
    4. A seal assembly in accordance with Claim 3 wherein said outer shell (54) is in compression when said seal assembly (50) is coupled between the first and second stage disks (30 and 32).
     
    5. A seal assembly in accordance with Claim 1 wherein said seal assembly (50) facilitates extending a useful life of the turbine engine.
     
    6. A gas turbine engine (10) comprising a rotor assembly (18) comprising a first stage disk (30), a second stage disk (32), and a seal assembly as claimed in claim 1.
     
    7. A gas turbine engine (10) in accordance with Claim 6 wherein said seal assembly disk retainer (53) is secured in position by axial loading induced from said interstage seal (50).
     
    8. A gas turbine engine (10) in accordance with Claim 6 wherein at least one of said interstage seal assembly upstream and downstream arms (60 and 62) extends arcuately in a catenary contour from said outer shell (54).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Dichtungsbaugruppe für eine Gasturbine (10) mit einer Scheibe (30) einer ersten Stufe und einer Scheibe (32) einer zweiten Stufe, die Dichtungsbaugruppe umfassend:

    einen Scheibenhalter (53); und

    eine Zwischenstufendichtungsbaugruppe (50), die zwischen den Scheiben der ersten und zweiten Stufe verläuft, wobei die Dichtungsbaugruppe zwischen die Scheiben der ersten und zweiten Stufe gekuppelt ist, wobei die Zwischenstufendichtungsbaugruppe eine radial äußere Schale (54) umfasst, die von einem Stegabschnitt (58) radial nach außen verläuft, wobei die äußere Schale einen vorgeschalteten Arm (60) und einen nachgeschalteten Arm (62) umfasst, die von der Schale nach außen verlaufen, wobei der Scheibenhalter, wenn die Dichtungsbaugruppe zwischen die Scheiben der ersten und zweiten Stufe gekuppelt ist, zwischen den nachgeschalteten Arm der äußeren Schale und die Scheibe der ersten Stufe gekuppelt ist und der nachgeschaltete Arm an die Scheibe der zweiten Stufe gekuppelt ist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der vorgeschaltete Arm (60) mit Presspassung an den Scheibenhalter (53) gekuppelt ist und der nachgeschaltete Arm (62) mit Presspassung an die Scheibe (32) der zweiten Stufe gekuppelt ist, wenn die Dichtungsbaugruppe zwischen die Scheiben der ersten und zweiten Stufe gekuppelt ist.


     
    2. Dichtungsbaugruppe nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Scheibenhalter (53), wenn die Dichtungsbaugruppe (50) zwischen die Scheiben der ersten und zweiten Stufe gekuppelt ist, durch Axiallast festgehalten ist, die durch die Zwischenstufendichtungsbaugruppe hervorgerufen ist.
     
    3. Dichtungsbaugruppe nach Anspruch 1, wobei der vorgeschaltete und nachgeschaltete Arm (60 und 62) jeder bogenförmig in einer Kettenlinienkontur von der äußeren Schale (54) verläuft.
     
    4. Dichtungsbaugruppe nach Anspruch 3, wobei die äußere Schale (54) zusammengedrückt ist, wenn die Dichtungsbaugruppe (50) zwischen die Scheiben (30 und 32) der ersten und zweiten Stufe gekuppelt ist.
     
    5. Dichtungsbaugruppe nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Dichtungsbaugruppe (50) das Ausdehnen einer Nutzungsdauer des Turbinentriebwerks ermöglicht.
     
    6. Gasturbinentriebwerk (10), umfassend eine Rotorbaugruppe (18), umfassend eine Scheibe (30) einer ersten Stufe, eine Scheibe (32) einer zweiten Stufe und eine Dichtungsbaugruppe nach Anspruch 1,
     
    7. Gasturbinentriebwerk (10) nach Anspruch 6, wobei der Scheibenhalter (53) durch Axiallast festgehalten ist, die durch die Zwischenstufendichtung (50) hervorgerufen ist.
     
    8. Gasturbinentriebwerk (10) nach Anspruch 6, wobei zumindest einer des vorgeschalteten und nachgeschalteten Arms (60 und 62) der Zwischenstufendichtungsbaugruppe bogenförmig in einer Kettenlinienkontur von der äußeren Schale (54) verläuft.
     


    Revendications

    1. Ensemble d'étanchéité pour un moteur à turbine à gaz (10) comprenant un disque de premier étage (30) et un disque de second étage (32), ledit ensemble d'étanchéité comprenant :

    un élément de retenue de disques (53) ; et

    un ensemble d'étanchéité inter-étages (50) s'étendant entre le disque de premier étage et le disque de second étage lorsque ledit ensemble d'étanchéité est couplé entre les disques de premier et second étages, ledit ensemble d'étanchéité inter-étages comprenant une coque radialement externe (54) s'étendant radialement vers l'extérieur d'une portion d'âme (58), ladite coque externe comprenant un bras amont (60) et un bras aval (62) s'étendant vers l'extérieur de ladite coque externe, dans lequel, lorsque ledit ensemble d'étanchéité est couplé entre les disques de premier et second étages, ledit élément de retenue de disques est couplé entre ledit bras amont de la coque externe et le disque de premier étage et ledit bras aval est couplé audit disque de second étage, caractérisé en ce que ledit bras amont (60) est couplé audit élément de retenue de disques (53) avec un joint à ajustement serré et ledit bras aval (62) est couplé au disque de second étage (32) avec un joint à ajustement serré lorsque ledit ensemble d'étanchéité est couplé entre les disques de premier et second étages.


     
    2. Ensemble d'étanchéité selon la revendication 1, dans lequel, lorsque ledit ensemble d'étanchéité est couplé entre les disques de premier et second étages, ledit élément de retenue de disques (53) est fixé en place par chargement axial induit par ledit ensemble d'étanchéité inter-étages (50).
     
    3. Ensemble d'étanchéité selon la revendication 1, dans lequel lesdits bras amont et aval (60 et 62) s'étendent chacun en arc dans un contour en chaînette depuis ladite coque externe (54).
     
    4. Ensemble d'étanchéité selon la revendication 3, dans lequel ladite cloque externe (54) est en compression lorsque ledit ensemble d'étanchéité (50) est couplé entre les disques de premier et second étages (30 et 32).
     
    5. Ensemble d'étanchéité selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit ensemble d'étanchéité (50) facilite l'extension d'une vie utile du moteur à turbine.
     
    6. Moteur à turbine à gaz (10) comprenant un ensemble de rotor (18) comprenant un disque de premier étage (30), un disque de second étage (32) et un ensemble d'étanchéité selon la revendication 1.
     
    7. Moteur à turbine à gaz (10) selon la revendication 6, dans lequel ledit élément de retenue de disques (53) de l'ensemble d'étanchéité est fixé en place par chargement axial induit par ledit joint d'étanchéité inter-étages (50).
     
    8. Moteur à turbine à gaz (10) selon la revendication 6, dans lequel au moins l'un desdits bras amont et aval (60 et 62) de l'ensemble d'étanchéité inter-étages s'étend en arc dans un contour en chaînette depuis ladite coque externe (54).
     




    Drawing











    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description