(19)
(11)EP 1 604 582 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
31.10.2007 Bulletin 2007/44

(21)Application number: 05253575.4

(22)Date of filing:  10.06.2005
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A43C 15/09  (2006.01)

(54)

Improvements in mountaineering footwear

Verbesserung für Bergsteigerschuhwerk

Perfectionnement pour chaussure d'alpinisme


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU MC NL PL PT RO SE SI SK TR

(30)Priority: 10.06.2004 AU 2004903158

(43)Date of publication of application:
14.12.2005 Bulletin 2005/50

(73)Proprietor: Spataro, Salvator
Victoria 3840 (AU)

(72)Inventor:
  • Spataro, Salvator
    Victoria 3840 (AU)

(74)Representative: Robinson, Ian Michael et al
Appleyard Lees 15 Clare Road
Halifax HX1 2HY
Halifax HX1 2HY (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
FR-A- 555 195
FR-A- 2 584 277
  
  • PATENT ABSTRACTS OF JAPAN vol. 2002, no. 12, 12 December 2002 (2002-12-12) & JP 2002 238618 A (YOSHIMURA ITSUO), 27 August 2002 (2002-08-27)
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

FIELD OF THE INVENTION



[0001] This invention concerns special purpose footwear for ascending and descending inclines.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



[0002] Climbers, rangers, soldiers and shepherds operate on sloping terrain. Tradesmen who repair roofs or attend to roof apparatus, such as aerials, operate on sloping structures.

[0003] Ascending and descending an incline works the muscles joints and tendons over ranges of movement which are different from those needed just for walking and such persons find their operations tiring. Descending may produce a variety of injuries.

[0004] Japanese Patent Application No. 2001000091307 describes a device for increasing the comfort of climbing a roof. The device has two steel bars hinged together at the toe end. The step bar has a heel sling and a foot strap. A height adjuster in the form of a triangular double walled bracket projects downwards at the heel end of the step bar. The walls both have a scalloped edge providing a series of lodgements for a link hinged to the adjacent end of the tread bar. The wearer can diverge the bars by selecting a suitable scallop for engagement by the cross pin of the link. As the bars allow the wearer to walk up a sloping roof with ankle, foot and calf at normal walking dispositions, the comfort is substantially greater than without such footwear.

[0005] The maintenance of the selected angle in such footwear is important. If the device were in use to collapse flat, the wearer may suffer an injury or a fall or both.

[0006] The document FR 555195 discloses a footwear as disclosed in the preamble of claim 1.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



[0007] The apparatus aspect of this invention provides footwear for ascending and descending inclines comprising a step member for attachment to a boot or shoe and a tread member for contacting the incline, the members being hinged together and diverged by an adjuster to suit the incline characterised in that the adjuster is a nut connected by links to the members and a screw which reacts at the hinge end of either member.

[0008] Preferably one of the members has a pair of supports for a pivoting, intermediate thrust member against which the screw reacts, whereby the thrust member tilts to align with the direction of the screw.

[0009] The thrust members may have a bore to accommodate the screw and a thrust face for the head of the screw. The nut may have a quick release in order to make rapid adjustment of the divergence. The screw may have a buttress thread. The screw may have a half thread and the nut has a half thread, whereby unthreaded surfaces of the screw and nut can be aligned in apposition to permit slide motion and thereafter re-aligned to give screw feed.

[0010] When the footwear is required for scaling ice or slippery rock, the tread member may have spikes such as form part of a conventional crampon. The step member may support a superimposed rotatable plate to which the boot is attachable. Before descending the rotatable plate is rotated through 180° and locked in position for the descent.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0011] One embodiment of the invention is now described with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure 1 is a side view with the device ready to be adjusted.

Figure 2 is a side view with the device partially diverged.

Figure 3 is a plan of the device shown in Figure 1.

Figure 4 is a perspective of a fragment of the screw.

Figure 5 is an end view of the nut.

Figure 6 is a side view of the bridge and winder.

Figure 7 is the same view as Figure 2 with the device more fully diverged.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION WITH RESPECT TO THE DRAWINGS



[0012] Referring now to the drawings, tread frame 2 is rectangular. The two longer sides have projecting spikes 4. The end of the tread frame has a pair of hinges 6 which connect the frame to rectangular step frame 8. Step frame 8 has a pair of loops 10, both of which are connected to hinges 6, enabling the step frame and tread frame to articulate.

[0013] The loops are separated by a U-shaped screw bridge 12 which pivots on the ends of bridge pins 14 which are supported by the loops. Rat trap springs 16 threaded at the pins act between the tread frame and the step frame to diverge the frames. The frames are bent Dumlumin strip. The step frame is spanned by mesh 18 or boot bars. Boss 20 is fixed to the bridge.

[0014] The longer sides of the step frame have eyes 22 for straps (not shown) protected by roller 24. The ends of the frames have link hinges 26, 28. A pair of flat links 30 made of Duralumin plate extend from the hinges 26. A like pair of flat links 32 extend from hinges 28. The opposite ends of the links are hinged to hinge pins 34, 36 which extend from nut 38.

[0015] Screw 40 has a head 42 which abuts bridge 12 and a stop 44 at the opposite end. Screw 40 causes nut 38 to travel toward and away from the bridge causing the frames to converge and diverge against the rat trap spring. Winder 46 turns screw 36 and four dogs 48 which project from the head engage bores 50 in boss 20. When the screw is to be turned, the head is retracted in order to disengage the boss 20.

[0016] Referring now to Figures 4 and 5, the screw 40 has a pair of flats 52 and nut 38 has a corresponding pair of flats 54. For rapid movement, the flats are aligned and the screw slides through the nut For final adjustment the winder is rotated and the threads engage. The winder is protected from accidental operation by the dogs.

[0017] As the screw rotates, the angle between the frames changes but the bridge is free to pivot and maintain full contact between the bridge surface and the screw head. When descending ice or rock, the wearer releases the straps, reverses the footwear and resecures the straps.

[0018] When the footwear is used for roof work, the spikes are not appropriate and a ribbed rubber sole is fixed to the tread frame instead. The wearer does not reverse the footwear to descend the roof but walks backwards.

[0019] I have found the advantages of the above invention to be:
  1. 1. Ease of adjustment
  2. 2. Considerable angle of adjustment.


[0020] It is to be understood that the word "comprising" as used throughout the specification is to be interpreted in its inclusive form, ie. use of the word "comprising" does not exclude the addition of other elements.


Claims

1. Footwear for ascending and descending inclines comprising a step member for attachment to a boot or shoe and a tread member for contacting the incline, the members being hinged together and diverged by an adjuster to suit the incline characterised in that the adjuster is a nut connected by links to the members and a screw which reacts at the hinge end of either member.
 
2. Footwear as claimed in Claim 1, characterised in that one of the members has a pair of supports for a pivoting, intermediate thrust member against which the screw reacts, whereby the thrust member tilts to align with the direction of the screw.
 
3. Footwear as claimed in Claim 2, characterised in that the thrust member has a bore to accommodate the screw and a thrust face for the head of the screw.
 
4. Footwear as claimed in Claim 2 or 3, characterised in that the nut has a quick release in order to make rapid adjustment of the divergence.
 
5. Footwear as claimed in Claim 4, characterised in that the screw has a half thread and the nut has a half thread, whereby unthreaded surfaces of the screw and nut can be aligned in apposition to permit slide motion and thereafter aligned to give screw feed.
 
6. Footwear as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, characterised in that the tread member has multiple protrusions to increase grip and means to reverse the direction of gripping.
 
7. Footwear as claimed in Claim 6, characterised in that the protrusions extend from a plate which is reversibly attached to the tread member.
 
8. Footwear as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, characterised in that a rat trap spring biases the tread member and the step member to mutually diverge.
 
9. Footwear as claimed in any one of Claims 4-8, characterised in that the screw has an arrester which prevents accidental quick release.
 
10. Footwear as claimed in any one of Claims 1-5 or 8 or 9, characterised in that the tread member has a rubber face.
 


Ansprüche

1. Schuhwerk, um Schrägen hinauf und hinunter zu steigen, welches ein Trittelement zur Befestigung an einem Stiefel oder Schuh und ein Laufflächenelement zum Aufsetzen auf die Schräge aufweist, wobei zur Anpassung an die Schräge die Elemente gelenkig miteinander verbunden sind und durch ein Einstellelement aufgeklappt werden, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Einstellelement aus einer Mutter, die durch Verbinder mit den Elementen verbunden ist, und einer Schraube besteht, welche sich auf das Gelenkende eines der beiden Elemente abstützt.
 
2. Schuhwerk nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass eines der Elemente ein Paar von Halterungen für ein schwenkbares dazwischenliegendes Druckelement aufweist, gegen welches sich die Schraube abstützt, wodurch das Druckelement zu kippen vermag, um sich in Richtung der Schraube auszurichten.
 
3. Schuhwerk nach Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Druckelement eine Bohrung zur Aufnahme der Schraube und eine Anlagefläche für den Kopf der Schraube aufweist.
 
4. Schuhwerk nach Anspruch 2 oder 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Mutter eine Schnellöffnung aufweist, um eine schnelle Einstellung des Klappwinkels durchzuführen.
 
5. Schuhwerk nach Anspruch 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Schraube ein halbes Gewinde aufweist und die Mutter ein halbes Gewinde aufweist, wodurch gewindelose Flächen der Schraube und der Mutter versetzt ausgerichtet werden können, um eine Gleitbewegung zu ermöglichen, und danach so ausgerichtet werden können, dass die Schraube in Eingriff genommen werden kann.
 
6. Schuhwerk nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Laufflächenelement mehrere Vorsprünge zum Verbessern der Griffigkeit und Mittel zum Umkehren der Griffrichtung aufweist.
 
7. Schuhwerk nach Anspruch 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sich die Vorsprünge von einer Platte erstrecken, welche am Laufflächenelement umkehrbar befestigt ist.
 
8. Schuhwerk nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass eine Schenkelfeder das Laufflächenelement und das Trittelement in Aufklapprichtung vorspannt.
 
9. Schuhwerk nach einem der Ansprüche 4 bis 8, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Schraube eine Sperreinrichtung aufweist, welche eine unbeabsichtigte Schnellöffnung verhindert.
 
10. Schuhwerk nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5 oder 8 oder 9, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Laufflächenelement eine Gummifläche aufweist.
 


Revendications

1. Chaussure pour monter et descendre des pentes comprenant un élément formant marche pour une fixation à une botte ou à une chaussure et un élément formant semelle pour un contact avec la pente, les éléments étant fixés ensemble et inclinés par un organe de réglage pour s'adapter à la pente caractérisée en ce que l'organe de réglage est un écrou relié par des liens aux éléments et une vis qui agit au niveau de l'extrémité de l'articulation de l'un ou l'autre élément.
 
2. Chaussure selon la revendication 1, caractérisée en ce que l'un des éléments dispose d'une paire de supports pour un élément de poussée pivotant intermédiaire contre lequel la vis agit, de sorte que l'élément de poussée s'incline pour s'aligner avec la direction de la vis.
 
3. Chaussure selon la revendication 2, caractérisée en ce que l'élément de poussée dispose d'un alésage pour recevoir la vis et une surface de poussée pour la tête de la vis.
 
4. Chaussure selon la revendication 2 ou 3, caractérisée en ce que l'écrou présente une libération rapide afin de réaliser un ajustement rapide de l'inclinaison.
 
5. Chaussure selon la revendication 4, caractérisée en ce que la vis présente un demi-filetage et en ce que l'écrou présente un demi-filetage, de sorte que les surfaces non filetées de la vis et de l'écrou peuvent être alignées en apposition afin de permettre un mouvement de coulissement et par la suite être alignées afin de fournir à la vis une certaine liberté.
 
6. Chaussure selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce que l'élément formant semelle dispose de multiples saillies pour augmenter la prise et de moyens pour inverser la direction de la prise.
 
7. Chaussure selon la revendication 6, caractérisée en ce que les saillies s'étendent à partir d'une plaque qui est fixée de manière réversible à l'élément formant semelle.
 
8. Chaussure selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce qu'un ressort denté agit sur l'élément formant semelle et sur l'élément formant marche pour qu'ils s'inclinent l'un par rapport à l'autre.
 
9. Chaussure selon l'une quelconque des revendications 4 à 8, caractérisée en ce que la vis dispose d'un organe d'arrêt qui empêche toute libération rapide accidentelle.
 
10. Chaussure selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5 ou 8 ou 9, caractérisée en ce que l'élément formant semelle présente une surface en caoutchouc.
 




Drawing












REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description