(19)
(11)EP 1 639 249 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
10.03.2010 Bulletin 2010/10

(21)Application number: 04736286.8

(22)Date of filing:  07.06.2004
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F02D 13/02  (2006.01)
F01L 13/00  (2006.01)
F02D 21/08  (2006.01)
F01L 9/04  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/SE2004/000881
(87)International publication number:
WO 2004/111415 (23.12.2004 Gazette  2004/52)

(54)

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE ADJUSTMENT OF THE VALVES IN A COMBUSTION ENGINE WITH VARIABLE VALVES AND A VEHICLE WITH SUCH AN ENGINE WITH ELECTRONIC CONTROLLING DEVICE FOR THE VALVE CONTROL

VERFAHREN ZUR STEUERUNG DER EINSTELLUNG DER VENTILE IN EINEM VERBRENNUNGSMOTOR MIT VERSTELLBAREN VENTILEN UND FAHRZEUG MIT SOLCH EINEM MOTOR MIT ELEKTRONISCHER STEUERVORRICHTUNG FÜR DIE VENTILSTEUERUNG

PROCEDE PERMETTANT DE COMMANDER LE REGLAGE DES SOUPAPES DANS UN MOTEUR A COMBUSTION A DISTRIBUTION A PROGRAMME VARIABLE ET VEHICULE EQUIPE D'UN MOTEUR A COMBUSTION COMPRENANT UN DISPOSITIF DE COMMANDE ELECTRONIQUE PERMETTANT DE COMMANDER LES SOUPAPES


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HU IE IT LI LU MC NL PL PT RO SE SI SK TR

(30)Priority: 12.06.2003 SE 0301714

(43)Date of publication of application:
29.03.2006 Bulletin 2006/13

(73)Proprietor: VOLVO LASTVAGNAR AB
405 08 Göteborg (SE)

(72)Inventors:
  • BERGLUND, Sixten
    S-423 53 Torslanda (SE)
  • ERIKSSON, Anders
    S-413 20 Göteborg (SE)
  • STEEN, Marcus
    S-424 33 Angered (SE)
  • UDD, Sören
    S-440 45 Nödinge (SE)

(74)Representative: Fröhling, Werner Otto 
Volvo Technology Corporation Corporate Patents 06820, M1.7
405 08 Göteborg
405 08 Göteborg (SE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 0 397 360
EP-A2- 1 178 199
US-A- 6 098 005
EP-A1- 0 420 443
WO-A1-03/024736
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention relates to a method, in a vehicle with a combustion engine, that has at least an inlet valve and at least an exhaust valve on each combustion chamber, at least one of which has variable valve timing and/or valve lift height, for regulating said valve timing and/or valve lift height while the vehicle is being driven.

    [0002] The invention also relates to a vehicle with a combustion engine, that has at least an inlet valve and at least an exhaust valve on each combustion chamber, at least one of which has operating devices for varying the opening time and/or lift height of the valves, and electronic controlling devices that control said operating devices.

    [0003] The present invention also relates to a computer program for carrying out such a control method using a computer.

    [0004] The equipping of combustion engines with mechanisms that make it possible to vary the opening and closing of the valves both with regard the length of the period of opening and its position in relation to the crankshaft angle and that also make it possible to vary the lift height of the valves is already known. A mechanism can be arranged to vary the valve timing and the lift heights for all the inlet valves simultaneously, while another can be arranged to vary the valve timing and the lift heights for all the exhaust valves simultaneously. Recently, however, mechanisms have been developed that make it possible to regulate each valve individually with regard to valve timing and lift height. By continually regulating the valve timing and the valve lift height to suit the engine's operating conditions while the vehicle is being driven, better efficiency, increased life of components, better performance (for example with regard to emissions), better response (power performance), and better handling can be attained than for a comparable engine with non-variable valve timing and/or valve lift heights.

    [0005] It is common to all such previously-known regulation that the adjustment of the valves is instantaneous and internal in the engine, which means that it can not predict and take into account future transients in the engine's operating condition. Such transients are, for example, gear changes in the vehicle's gearbox or in association with a general increase/reduction in torque or in association with connection/disconnection of engine braking when going downhill. Even though the actual valve adjustment for matching a new operating condition can be carried out very quickly with modern equipment, the large volumes, particularly in the pipe systems of turbocharged engines on the inlet side, and the inertia in the turbo unit have meant that, to date, delays in the adjustment to the operating condition have not been able to be avoided. For example, delays of up to three to four seconds have not been uncommon, which has a negative effect on the engine's emissions, response, efficiency and handling.

    [0006] The aim of the present invention is to achieve a method for controlling the adjustment of the valves in an engine with variable valves, so that changes in the valve timing and/or lift height of the valves can be matched in advance to a future course of events instead of, as at present, only being controlled instantaneously and internally in the engine.

    [0007] This is achieved according to the invention by the vehicle's future resistance to forward motion being calculated, by the period of time until a future transient in the engine's operating condition being calculated and by requisite adjustments of said valve timing and/or valve lift heights being carried out during this period of time for optimization of the engine's performance, when the transient arises.

    [0008] With variable valve timing, there is the ability to operate the engine in different operating modes in different driving conditions, for example Miller cycle (see for example US 2670595) and normal Diesel cycle. During the changeover from one operating mode to a second operating mode, unwanted delays arise. From the time that the changeover from one mode commences, there is a delay of a certain period of time until the changeover to the second mode is completed. The delay is caused, as mentioned above, primarily by the gas volumes in the engine's pipe system on the inlet side, but also by the inertia in the turbo unit, if the engine is equipped with such a unit. By controlling the valve setting in advance, according to the invention, so that, for example, before going up a steep hill, there is a changeover from the engine operating according to the Miller cycle to the engine operating according to normal Diesel cycle, the changeover to the Diesel cycle can be completed before the vehicle starts to go up the hill. In this way, any disturbances in the operation of the engine can be avoided, which disturbances can arise when there is a simultaneous change of mode and greater increase in torque in association with the vehicle starting to climb up the hill. By means of the engine being changed to the Diesel cycle before the vehicle starts to go up the hill, the driver experiences a better response once the vehicle has started to climb the hill and when the torque is increased in order to cope with the gradient of the hill and maintain the vehicle's speed.

    [0009] In addition, in the event of an increase in torque, low internal exhaust recirculation is required. This can be achieved by a small overlap between the inlet valves and the exhaust valves. By controlling the valve adjustment in advance, according to the invention, so that, for example, when changing gear, a valve adjustment to a smaller valve overlap is carried out in the event of an increase in torque after the gear change, negative pressure ratio across the engine can be avoided, that is higher pressure on the exhaust side than on the inlet side, which arises in a turbocharged engine in the event of an increase in torque in association with the gear change, does not result in an unwanted internal exhaust-recirculation.

    [0010] A matching of valve timing in good time before a transient also has a positive effect on the engine compression braking that can be carried out in association with changing up a gear in an engine with compression braking device.

    [0011] The invention is based on electronic controlling devices which control said valve adjustment, and have information about when a future transient, for example change of gear and/or change in engine operating mode, will take place. The basis for this information is information about future changes in the vehicle's resistance to forward motion. The invention is based accordingly on the technology that is described in patent application SE 0103629-2. Controlling devices are here arranged to select when a future gear change is to take place according to a selected gear change strategy, utilizing input parameters and hence knowledge of at least the gradient of the road and the vehicle's throttle position, and possibly also comprising engine, turbo and transmission characteristics. Information about future resistance to forward motion for this purpose can be obtained using GPS-equipment and electronic maps with stored information about the topography of the surroundings. For a more detailed description of the technology for the vehicle's identification of its surroundings, refer to the abovementioned patent application.

    [0012] A motor vehicle of the type mentioned in the introduction is characterized according to the invention in that the controlling devices are arranged to calculate future resistance to forward motion and the period of time to a future transient in the engine's operating condition while the vehicle is being driven, with the aid of information about at least the gradient of the road and throttle position, and to control said operating devices during said period of time for increased level of optimization of the engine's performance, once the transient has arisen.

    [0013] The invention is described in greater detail with reference to embodiments shown in the attached drawings, in which Figure 1 shows a schematic illustration of a drive unit in a motor vehicle, Figure 2 shows a diagram of a simulation of the vehicle's driving characteristics in association with an upward gear change and Figure 3 shows an apparatus that is used according to an embodiment of the invention.

    [0014] In Figure 1, 1 represents a combustion engine in a vehicle A, to which a transmission 2 is connected in such a way that it is driven by the engine. The engine 1 and the transmission 2 are controlled by an electronic control unit 3, comprising an engine control part 4 and a transmission control part 5, which communicate with each other. The control can be carried out according to the model that is described in the abovementioned SE 0103629-2 and is symbolized by the arrows "a" and "b" for the engine control and by "c" and "d" for the transmission control.

    [0015] The engine 1 can be a multi-cylinder, for example six-cylinder, Otto cycle or diesel engine with or without supercharging system (turbo unit) and with single or double inlet and exhaust valves for each cylinder. In Figure 1, 7 represents schematically an inlet valve and 8 represents an exhaust valve for a cylinder. Each valve 7 and 8 is provided with electronically controlled individual operating devices 9 and 10 respectively, for example electromagnets, by means of which the valves are opened and closed in response to signals from the control unit 3, which is symbolized by the arrow "e". By means of the control unit 3 and the operating devices 9 and 10, the valves can be controlled individually and completely freely, that is the opening and closing of each valve can be varied freely both with regard to the length of the period of opening and the position in relation to the crankshaft angle in order to make possible completely free variation of the valve overlap of the inlet valves and the exhaust valves. When necessary, the maximal lift height of the respective valves can also be varied as required. The control unit 3 can be programmed to carry out opening or closing of a valve in a relatively short time (instantaneous or step-by-step instantaneous) or in a relatively long time (gradually).

    [0016] In the control unit 3, the vehicle's driving characteristics are stored in the form of the increase in engine speed as a function of the time, which is marked in Figure 2 by the solid curve "f". Future resistance to forward motion and the period of time from the current engine speed to an engine speed at which the next gear change in the transmission 2 is calculated to take place, which in Figure 2 is marked by a broken projection "g" of the curve "f", can be simulated utilizing information about the engine torque required by the driver (throttle position or cruise control setting) and information from, for example, GPS-equipment with electronic maps with stored topography. For a more detailed description of how the vehicle's driving characteristics can be simulated on the basis of models, refer to the abovementioned SE 0103629-2.

    [0017] Within the period of time marked in Figure 2, during a change of gear the control unit 3 causes the operating devices 9,10 to regulate the valve control, so that the engine is adjusted to suit its new operating condition, when the gear change procedure is commenced and the engine torque is reduced. Before the gear change procedure is commenced, the control unit 3 commences and possibly completes (depending upon the programming) requisite preparations (adjustment to a smaller valve overlap) for the subsequent increase in torque, so that optimal response is obtained during the increase. By optimal response is meant here and in the following patent claims that a change in the engine torque - decrease or increase in torque - requested by the driver of the vehicle takes place with the smallest possible delay, that is, expressed simply, response means a rapid increase in torque in both a positive (driving) and a negative (braking) direction.

    [0018] If the engine is equipped with a compression braking device, which is arranged to be activated automatically in the event of an upward change of gear in order to rapidly reduce the engine speed, the control unit 3 causes the operating devices 9, 10 to regulate the valve control during said period of time during upward change of the gear in the gearbox for optimizing of the engine braking torque. Such a compression braking device can be of the type that is illustrated and described in EP 0458857 B1, to which reference should be made for a more detailed description and function of a compression brake.

    [0019] A transient can mean that a change of engine operating mode must be carried out in order to optimize the performance of the engine. According to an embodiment of the invention, the vehicle's driving characteristics are stored in the control unit 3 in the form of the increase in engine speed as a function of the time. With information about the engine torque (throttle position or cruise control setting) required by the driver and information from, for example, GPS-equipment with electronic maps with stored topography, future resistance to forward motion and the period of time from the current engine speed to an engine speed at which the next transient with change of engine operating mode is calculated to take place can be simulated. With knowledge of said period of time, said change of engine operating mode can be commenced in good time before the end of the period of time, so that said change of mode can be completed before the end of the period of time and before the transient occurs. Thus the control unit 3 makes the requisite adjustments of the valve control (valve timing and/or valve lift height) for the change of mode during said period of time and in this way the response of the engine in particular is increased.

    [0020] Thus, according to the invention, the control unit 3 commences the adjustment of at least valve timing a certain predetermined time before a certain predicted transient is calculated to occur. The predetermined time is dependent upon the type of transient and the current vehicle conditions and predicted vehicle conditions, that is vehicle conditions in association with the predicted transient.

    [0021] In an alternative embodiment of the invention, the change of mode can at least be commenced before the transient arises. Thus the change of mode can not be completed until during the transient or immediately after the transient. Requisite adjustments of the valve control can be completed before said period of time is completed. The actual change of mode is, however, delayed on account of the abovementioned inertia in the engine 1, for example in the engine's inlet system. However, the change of mode is commenced earlier than according to known technology. In an additional alternative embodiment, the requisite adjustments for the change of mode can be commenced during said period of time and can be completed immediately after said period of time, that is, if necessary, during the transient. Thus the control of the opening/closing of the valves can be carried out gradually over a relatively long period of time or instantaneously, that is in a relatively short period of time.

    [0022] Figure 3 shows an apparatus 500, according to an embodiment of the invention, comprising a non-volatile memory 520, a processor 510 and a read and write memory 560. The memory 520 has a first memory part 530, in which a computer program for controlling the apparatus 500 is stored. The computer program in the memory part 530 for controlling the apparatus 500 can be an operating system.

    [0023] The apparatus 500 can be comprised in, for example, a control unit, such as the control unit 3. The data-processing unit 510 can comprise, for example, a microcomputer.

    [0024] The memory 520 also has a second memory part 540, in which a program for controlling the valve timing according to the invention is stored. In an alternative embodiment, the program for controlling the valve timing is stored in a separate non-volatile data-storage medium 550, such as, for example, a CD or a plug-in semiconductor memory. The program can be stored in an executable form or in a compressed state.

    [0025] When it is described in the following that the data-processing unit 510 executes a special function, it should be clear that the data-processing unit 510 executes a special part of the program which is stored in the memory 540 or a special part of the program which is stored on the non-volatile recording medium 550.

    [0026] The data-processing unit 510 is arranged to communicate with the memory 550 by means of a databus 514. The data-processing unit 510 is also arranged to communicate with the memory 520 by means of a databus 512. In addition, the data-processing unit 510 is arranged to communicate with the memory 560 by means of a databus 511. The data-processing unit 510 is also arranged to communicate with a data port 590 by means of a databus 515.

    [0027] The method according to the present invention can be carried out by the data-processing unit 510 by means of the data-processing unit 510 executing the program which is stored in the memory 540 or the program which is stored on the non-volatile recording medium 550.


    Claims

    1. A method, in a vehicle with a combustion engine (1) that has at least an inlet valve (7) and at least an exhaust valve (8) on each combustion chamber, at least one of which has variable valve timing and/or valve lift height, for regulating said valve timing and/or valve lift height while the vehicle is being driven, characterized in that the vehicle's future resistance to forward motion is calculated, the period of time until a future transient in the engine's operating condition is calculated and requisite adjustments of said valve timing and/or valve lift heights are at least commenced during this period of time for increased level of optimization of the engine's performance, when the transient arises.
     
    2. The method as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the requisite adjustments of said valve timing and/or valve lift heights are also concluded during said period of time.
     
    3. The method as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that said adjustments of valve timing and/or valve lift heights are carried out in order to bring about a change in engine operating mode.
     
    4. The method as claimed in the preceding claim, characterized in that said adjustments for change in engine operating mode are commenced in good time before the end of the period of time, so that said change of engine operating mode is able to be completed before the period of time has ended and before the transient arises.
     
    5. The method as claimed in any one of the preceding claims for regulating said valve timing and/or valve lift height in association with changing gear in an automatic transmission which is connected to an engine with a compression braking device which is arranged to be activated automatically when changing up a gear, characterized in that said adjustments of valve timing and/or valve lift height are carried out at least in order to optimize the changing up a gear with the compression brake as engine speed controller.
     
    6. The method as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that said adjustments of valve timing and/or valve lift height are carried out gradually over a relatively long time within said period of time or instantaneously over a relatively short time within said period of time.
     
    7. A vehicle with a combustion engine (1), that has at least an inlet valve (7) and at least an exhaust valve (8) on each combustion chamber, at least one of which has operating devices (9,10) for controlling the opening time and/or lift height of the valves, and electronic controlling devices (3) that control said operating devices, characterized in that the controlling devices (3) are arranged to calculate future resistance to forward motion and the period of time to a future transient in the engine's operating condition, while the vehicle is being driven, with the aid of entered information about at least the gradient of the road and the throttle position, and to control said operating devices (9,10) during said period of time for increased level of optimization of the engine's performance, when the transient arises.
     
    8. The vehicle as claimed in claim 7 with a supercharged combustion engine (1) and an automatic transmission (2) that is driven by the engine, characterized in that controlling devices (3) have engine and transmission control functions and are arranged to calculate the period of time to a future gear change and to control said operating devices (9,10) during this period, so that said adjustments of valve timing and/or valve lift height are carried out at least in order to optimize the gear changes.
     
    9. A computer program comprising program code for carrying out the control method as claimed in claim 1, when said computer program is executed by a computer.
     
    10. A computer program product comprising program code stored on a medium that can be read by a computer for carrying out the control method as claimed in claim 1, when said computer program is executed by the computer.
     
    11. A computer program product that can be loaded directly into an internal memory in a computer, which computer program product comprises a computer program for carrying out the control method as claimed in claim 1, when said computer program on the computer program product is executed by the computer.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verfahren in einem Fahrzeug mit einem Verbrennungsmotor (1), der wenigstens ein Einlassventil (7) und wenigstens ein Auslassventil (8) an jeder Verbrennungskammer aufweist, von denen wenigstens eines variable Ventilsteuerzeiten und/oder eine variable Ventilhubhöhe aufweist, zur Regelung der Ventilzeitsteuerung und/oder der Ventilhubhöhe, während das Fahrzeug gefahren wird, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der zukünftige Widerstand des Fahrzeugs gegen Vorwärtsbewegung berechnet wird, der Zeitabschnitt bis zu einem zukünftigen Übergang im Betriebszustand des Motors berechnet wird und erforderliche Einstellungen der Ventilsteuerzeiten und/oder der Ventilhubhöhen während dieses Zeitabschnitts für ein erhöhtes Niveau der Optimierung der Motorleistung wenigstens begonnen werden, wenn der Übergang auftritt.
     
    2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die erforderlichen Einstellungen der Ventilsteuerzeiten und/oder der Ventilhubhöhen auch während des Zeitabschnitts beendet werden.
     
    3. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Einstellungen der Ventilsteuerzeiten und/oder der Ventilhubhöhen durchgeführt werden, um eine Veränderung des Motorbetriebsmodus zu veranlassen.
     
    4. Verfahren nach dem vorhergehenden Anspruch, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Einstellungen zur Veränderung des Motorbetriebsmodus rechtzeitig vor dem Ende des Zeitabschnitts begonnen werden, so dass die Veränderung des Motorbetriebsmodus beendet werden kann, bevor der Zeitabschnitt geendet hat und bevor der Übergang auftritt.
     
    5. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche zur Regelung der Ventilsteuerzeiten und/oder der Ventilhubhöhe im Zusammenhang mit einem Gangwechsel in einem Automatikgetriebe, das mit einem Motor mit einer Kompressionsbremsvorrichtung verbunden ist, die so konfiguriert ist, dass sie automatisch aktiviert wird, wenn ein Gangwechsel nach oben stattfindet, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Einstellungen der Ventilsteuerzeiten und/oder der Ventilhubhöhe durchgeführt werden, um wenigstens den Gangwechsel nach oben mit der Kompressionsbremse als Motordrehzahlregler zu optimieren.
     
    6. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Einstellungen der Ventilsteuerzeiten und/oder der Ventilhubhöhe allmählich über einen relativ langen Zeitraum innerhalb des Zeitabschnitts oder unverzüglich in einem relativ kurzen Zeitraum innerhalb des Zeitabschnitts durchgeführt werden.
     
    7. Fahrzeug mit einem Verbrennungsmotor (1), der wenigstens ein Einlassventil (7) und wenigstens ein Auslassventil (8) an jeder Verbrennungskammer aufweist, von denen wenigstens eines Betätigungsvorrichtungen (9, 10) zur Steuerung der Öffnungszeit und/oder der Hubhöhe der Ventile aufweist, und elektronische Steuervorrichtungen (3) aufweist, die die Betätigungsvorrichtungen steuern, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Steuervorrichtungen (3) so konfiguriert sind, dass sie während das Fahrzeug gefahren wird mit Hilfe eingegebener Informationen über wenigstens die Steigung der Straße und die Drosselstellung den zukünftigen Widerstand gegen eine Vorwärtsbewegung und den Zeitabschnitt bis zu einem zukünftigen Übergang in den Betriebszustand des Motors berechnen, und dass sie die Betätigungsvorrichtungen (9, 10) während des Zeitabschnitts für ein erhöhtes Niveau der Optimierung der Motorleistung, wenn der Übergang auftritt, steuern.
     
    8. Fahrzeug nach Anspruch 7 mit einem aufgeladenen Verbrennungsmotor (1) und einem Automatikgetriebe (2), das durch den Motor angetrieben wird, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Steuervorrichtungen (3) Motor- und Getriebesteuerfunktionen aufweisen und so konfiguriert sind, dass sie den Zeitabschnitt bis zu einem zukünftigen Gangwechsel berechnen und die Betätigungsvorrichtungen (9, 10) während dieses Zeitabschnitts so steuern, dass die Einstellungen der Ventilsteuerzeiten und/oder der Ventilhubhöhe wenigstens zur Optimierung der Gangwechsel durchgeführt werden.
     
    9. Computerprogramm mit einem Programmcode zur Ausführung des Steuerverfahrens nach Anspruch 1, wenn das Computerprogramm durch einen Computer ausgeführt wird.
     
    10. Computerprogrammerzeugnis mit einem Programmcode, der auf einem Medium gespeichert ist, das von einem Computer zur Ausführung des Steuerverfahrens nach Anspruch 1 gelesen werden kann, wenn das Computerprogramm durch den Computer ausgeführt wird.
     
    11. Computerprogrammerzeugnis, das direkt in einen internen Speicher in einem Computer geladen werden kann, wobei das Computerprogrammerzeugnis ein Computerprogramm zur Ausführung des Steuerverfahrens nach Anspruch 1 umfasst, wenn das Computerprogramm auf dem Computerprogrammerzeugnis durch den Computer ausgeführt wird.
     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé, dans un véhicule ayant un moteur à combustion (1) qui a au moins une soupape d'admission (7) et au moins une soupape d'échappement (8) sur chaque chambre de combustion, dont au moins une a un cadencement de soupape variable et/ou une hauteur de levée de soupape variable, pour réguler ledit cadencement de soupape et/ou ladite hauteur de levée de soupape tandis que le véhicule est entraîné, caractérisé en ce que la résistance future du véhicule à un déplacement vers l'avant est calculée, la période de temps jusqu'à ce qu'un transitoire futur dans la condition de fonctionnement du moteur est calculée, et des ajustements nécessaires dudit cadencement de soupape et/ou desdites hauteurs de levée de soupape sont au moins commencées pendant cette période de temps pour un niveau d'optimisation accru de la performance du moteur, lorsque le transitoire survient.
     
    2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que les ajustements nécessaires dudit cadencement de soupape et/ou desdites hauteurs de levée de soupape sont également conclus pendant ladite période de temps.
     
    3. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que lesdits ajustements de cadencement de soupape et/ou de hauteurs de levée de soupape sont réalisés pour provoquer un changement de mode de fonctionnement du moteur.
     
    4. Procédé selon la revendication précédente, caractérisé en ce que lesdits ajustements pour un changement de mode de fonctionnement du moteur sont commencés à un moment approprié avant la fin de la période de temps, de sorte que ledit changement de mode de fonctionnement du moteur est capable d'être achevé avant que la période de temps ne soit terminée, et avant que le transitoire ne survienne.
     
    5. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes pour réguler ledit cadencement de soupape et/ou ladite hauteur de levée de soupape en association avec un changement de vitesse dans une transmission automatique qui est reliée à un moteur ayant un dispositif de freinage sur échappement qui est agencé pour être activé automatiquement lors d'un changement de vitesse vers le haut, caractérisé en ce que lesdits ajustements de cadencement de soupape et/ou de hauteur de levée de soupape sont effectués au moins pour optimiser le changement vers le haut d'une vitesse avec le frein sur échappement en tant que commande de vitesse de moteur.
     
    6. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que lesdits ajustements de cadencement de soupape et/ou de hauteurs de levée de soupape sont effectués graduellement sur un temps relativement long dans ladite période de temps, ou instantanément sur un temps relativement court dans ladite période de temps.
     
    7. Véhicule muni d'un moteur à combustion (1), qui a au moins une soupape d'admission (7) et au moins une soupape d'échappement (8) sur chaque chambre de combustion, dont au moins une a des dispositifs d'actionnement (9, 10) pour commander le temps de fonctionnement et/ou la hauteur de levée des soupapes, et des dispositifs de commande électroniques (3) qui commandent lesdits dispositifs d'actionnement, caractérisé en ce que les dispositifs de commande (3) sont agencés pour calculer une résistance future à un mouvement vers l'avant, et la période de temps jusqu'à un transitoire futur dans la condition de fonctionnement du moteur, tandis que le véhicule est entraîné, et à l'aide d'informations entrées concernant au moins le gradient de la route et la position de papillon des gaz, et pour commander lesdits dispositifs d'actionnement (9, 10) pendant ladite période de temps pour un niveau d'optimisation accru de la performance du moteur, lorsque le transitoire survient.
     
    8. Véhicule selon la revendication 7 muni d'un moteur à combustion suralimenté (1) et d'une transmission automatique (2) qui est entraînée par le moteur, caractérisé en ce que des dispositifs de commande (3) ont des fonctions de commande de moteur et de transmission, et sont agencés pour calculer la période de temps jusqu'à un changement de vitesse future, et pour commander lesdits dispositifs d'actionnement (9, 10) durant cette période, de sorte que lesdits ajustements de cadencement de soupape et/ou de hauteurs de levée de soupape sont effectués au moins pour optimiser les changements de vitesse.
     
    9. Programme informatique comprenant un code de programme pour effectuer le procédé de commande selon la revendication 1, lorsque ledit programme informatique est exécuté par un ordinateur.
     
    10. Produit-programme informatique comprenant un code de programme mémorisé sur un support qui peut être lu par un ordinateur pour effectuer le procédé de commande selon la revendication 1, lorsque ledit programme informatique est exécuté par l'ordinateur.
     
    11. Produit-programme informatique qui peut être chargé directement dans une mémoire interne située dans un ordinateur, lequel produit-programme informatique comprend un programme informatique pour effectuer le procédé de commande selon la revendication 1, lorsque ledit programme informatique sur le produit-programme informatique est exécuté par l'ordinateur.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description