(19)
(11)EP 1 703 671 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
29.12.2010 Bulletin 2010/52

(21)Application number: 05016396.3

(22)Date of filing:  28.07.2005
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H04L 12/26  (2006.01)
H04L 12/24  (2006.01)

(54)

Device and method for network monitoring

Verfahren und Vorrichtung zur Netzwerküberwachung

Procédé et dispositif de surveillance de réseau


(84)Designated Contracting States:
DE FR GB

(30)Priority: 15.03.2005 JP 2005073475

(43)Date of publication of application:
20.09.2006 Bulletin 2006/38

(73)Proprietor: FUJITSU LIMITED
Kawasaki-shi, Kanagawa 211-8588 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • Tamura, Nobuyuki c/o Fujitsu Network Technol.Ltd.
    Kohoku-ku,Yokohama-shi Kanagawa 222-0033 (JP)
  • Gotoh, Tomonori c/o Fujitsu Network Technol.Ltd.
    Kohoku-ku,Yokohama-shi Kanagawa 222-0033 (JP)
  • Shiota, Kazunari c/o Fujitsu Network Technol.Ltd.
    Kohoku-ku,Yokohama-shi Kanagawa 222-0033 (JP)
  • Sugitani, Kiichi c/o Fujitsu Network Technol.Ltd.
    Kohoku-ku,Yokohama-shi Kanagawa 222-0033 (JP)
  • Komatsu, Ryota c/o Fujitsu Network Technol.Ltd.
    Kohoku-ku,Yokohama-shi Kanagawa 222-0033 (JP)

(74)Representative: HOFFMANN EITLE 
Patent- und Rechtsanwälte Arabellastraße 4
81925 München
81925 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A-2004/045143
US-A- 5 870 540
US-A1- 2003 012 209
US-A1- 2003 112 749
US-B1- 6 279 037
US-B1- 6 831 893
US-A- 5 341 363
US-A1- 2002 114 272
US-A1- 2003 074 436
US-A1- 2005 021 715
US-B1- 6 587 432
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


    1. Field of the Invention



    [0001] The present invention relates to a device and a method for monitoring a state of a network of communication devices and finding a failure in the network at an early stage, even if specifications of the communication devices are different.

    2. Description of the Related Art



    [0002] Recently, due to the development in networking, various kinds of businesses are carried out via a network. Under such circumstances, a network halt for a long time causes a significant damage to the network-dependent businesses. Therefore, a network monitoring system that finds a failure in the network at an early stage, thereby enabling quick response thereto, is of great importance.

    [0003] Generally, the network monitoring system includes a communication device having a simple network management protocol (SNMP) agent built therein, and a network manager (integrated management device) that integrally manages the whole network monitoring system. The SNMP agent stores the state of the owner device and other communication devices in a database referred to as a management information base (MIB), and exchanges the information stored therein with the network manager.

    [0004] Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 2000-151606 and Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 2001-337873 disclose techniques related to a network monitoring system including a communication device having an SNMP agent built therein and a network manager.

    [0005] However, the SNMP agent has a problem of a difference in specifications of vendors. Basic information in the MIB stored in the SNMP agent follows the Request For Comment (RFC) 1213 standard, but equipment-specific information is originally defined by each vendor.

    [0006] Therefore, when the network is formed of communication devices of a plurality of vendors, unless a network administrator is versed in the specifications of the communication devices of the respective vendors, the network can not be monitored appropriately. This increases the burden on the network administrator, and causes a delay in finding a failure in the network.

    [0007] In US-B-6,587,432 there is disclosed a method and system for analyzing traffic on a network by monitoring network traffic and, when a particular network condition is detected, gathering information about the traffic on the network by launching an agent and having the agent iteratively identify which of the links on the node on which the agent operates accepts a type or class of traffic, traverse the identified link to the node across the link, and repeat the process.

    [0008] In US 2003/0112749 A1 faults are detected and recovered from in a multiprotocol label switching (MPLS) network by communicating packets between a first node and a second node in the MPLS network using a set of prioritized label switch paths (LSP) pairs. A failure to receive a relatively constant rate of packets during a predetermined time interval is detected at the first node. Packets are sent from the first node to the second node using a backup LSP pair responsive to detecting the failure. Packets are then sent from the second node to the first node using a backup LSP pair respective to receiving packets at the second node on the backup LSP pair.

    [0009] In WO 2004/045143 A there is disclosed a packet data analyzer on a mobile communications network for analyzing packet data traffic, monitoring services, generating billing information per data service, and monitoring the network based on a protocol analysis, which comprises a packet data separator provided between one of a mobile communication exchange and a packet controller that provide a wireless data service to the subscriber, and the service server, for separating user packet data transmitted between one of the mobile communication exchange and the packet controller and the service server, and receiving the user packet data; a traffic analyzer for separating the user packet data received through the packet data separator according to transmission directions, and analyzing the user packet data; a statistics storage unit for storing and managing result data analyzed by the traffic analyzer; and a statistics reference unit for retrieving data stored in the statistics storage unit, and providing statistical information desired by the user.

    [0010] In US-A-5,870,540 there is disclosed a method for detecting communication failures on a network comprising a server computer connected to multiple client computers, said server and client computers communicating through the transmission of data packets via the network. The method included the step of periodically sending and echo request message from the server computer to the client computers. Each client computer, following receipt of the echo request message, sends an echo reply message back to the server computer.

    [0011] In US-5,341,363 there is disclosed a computer system connected to LAN and provided with a failure detecting section that detects a network failure by checking received packets from the LAN for a particular packet that may cause or be causing a network failure, a logical connecting/disconnecting section for logically disconnecting the computer system from the LAN, in response to the detection of the failure at the failure detecting section, and an informing section for displaying a failure occurrence message on an input/output section.

    [0012] In US 2002/0114272 there is disclosed a method and apparatus to determine the state of a communications link between two nodes in a network. Typically, each node will have an RTT-based value to use, a packet sent counter, and a threshold number to use against the packet sent counter to determine if there is a problem with the communications link.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0013] It is an object of the present invention to at least solve the problems in the conventional technology.

    [0014] According to an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a network monitoring device to be provided between a pair of routers of a multiplicity of routers in a network for monitoring a network state between said pair of routers using a network signal including a packet, the multiplicity of routers being adapted to route packets communicated between two networks in a network system comprising a multiplicity of networks managed by a network manager, the network monitoring device comprising: a controlling unit for controlling the network monitoring device; and a storage unit connected to the controlling unit for storing data for use in operation of the controlling unit; wherein the network monitoring unit is characterized by further comprising: means for extracting a said packet flowing between said pair of routers, and wherein the data includes a first rule for extracting key information used for a monitoring operation from the extracted packet on the basis of the extracted packet type, and a second rule assigned to each piece of key information to associate an extracted piece of key information with a monitoring operation to be executed, and the controlling unit including: a search key extracting unit for extracting the key information from the extracted packet by using at least one first rule associated with the extracted packet type; an event selecting unit for selecting a second rule which matches the extracted key information from respective second rules prepared and stored in the storage unit for each of the at least one first rules; and an event executing unit for executing an event specified in the selected second rule to collect information for network state analysis.

    [0015] According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a network monitoring method for use in a network monitoring device provided between a pair of routers of a multiplicity of routers and for monitoring a network state between said pair of routers, the multiplicity of routers being adapted to route packets communicated between two networks in a network system comprising a multiplicity of networks managed by a network manager, the network monitoring method being characterized by comprising: extracting a said packet flowing between said pair of routers; storing, in a storage unit, a first rule for extracting key information used for a monitoring operation from the extracted packet on the basis of the extracted packet type and a second rule assigned to each piece of key information to associate an extracted piece of key information with a monitoring operation to be executed; extracting the key information from the extracted packet by using at least one first rule associated with the extracted packet type; selecting a second rule which matches the extracted key information from second rules prepared and stored, in the storage unit, for each of the at least one first rules; and executing an event specified in the selected second rule to collect information used for network state analysis; wherein the network system includes a plurality of network monitoring devices, and wherein first set of the first rules of each network monitoring device is identical for all said network monitoring devices, and a second set of second rules for each of the first rules of each network monitoring device is identical in data structure and in default data at a time of introduction of the network monitoring devices.

    [0016] According to a further aspect of the present invention, there is provided a network system comprising: a multiplicity of network; a multiplicity of routers adapted to route packets communicated between two networks in the network system; and a network manager for overall management of the network system, wherein the network system is characterized by a respective network monitoring device provided between each pair of the routers for monitoring a network state between each pair of the routers, each network monitoring device comprising: means for extracting a said packet flowing between the respective pair of routers; a storage unit for storing a first rule for extracting key information used for a monitoring operation from the extracted packet on the basis of the extracted packet type and a second rule assigned to each piece of key information to associate an extracted piece of key information with a monitoring operation to be executed; a controlling unit for overall controlling the network monitoring device, the controlling unit including: a search key extracting unit for extracting the key information from the extracted packet by using at least one first rule associated with the extracted packet type; an event selecting unit for selecting a second rule which matches the extracted key information from respective second rules prepared and stored, in the storage unit, for each of the at least one first rules, and an event executing unit for executing an event specified in the selected second rule to collect information used for network state analysis, wherein a first set of the first rules of each network monitoring device is identical for all said network monitoring devices, and a second set of second rules for each of the first rules of each network monitoring device is identical in data structure and in default data at a time of introduction of the network monitoring devices.

    [0017] The above and other objects, features, advantages and technical and industrial significance of this invention will be better understood by reading the following detailed description of presently preferred embodiments of the invention, when considered in connection with the accompanying drawings.

    [0018] Fig. 3 is a diagram of one example of a search key extraction rule;

    [0019] Fig. 4 is a structural drawing of the format of an IP header;

    [0020] Fig. 5 is a structural drawing of the format of a UDP header;

    [0021] Fig. 6 is a structural drawing of the format of a TCP header;

    [0022] Fig. 7 is a diagram of one example of an event selection rule;

    [0023] Fig. 8 is a diagram of another example of the event selection rule;

    [0024] Fig. 9 is a diagram of still another example of the event selection rule;

    [0025] Fig. 10 is a diagram of still another example of the event selection rule;

    [0026] Fig. 11 is a flowchart of a process procedure executed by the network monitoring device shown in Fig. 2; and

    [0027] Fig. 12 is a diagram to explain a conventional network monitoring method.

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS



    [0028] Exemplary embodiments of the present invention will be explained in detail below, with reference to the accompanying drawings.

    [0029] A conventional network monitoring method will be explained first. Fig. 12 is a diagram to explain the conventional network monitoring method. In the network shown in Fig. 12, a router 100 is connected to an Internet protocol (IP) network 10a, a router 200 is connected to an IP network 10b, a router 300 is connected to an IP network 10c, a router 400 is connected to an IP network 10d, and the routers 100 to 400 are mesh-connected.

    [0030] To monitor the network, the routers 100 to 400 respectively include SNMP agents 110 to 410, and a network manager 500 is connected to the IP network 10a, to integrally manage the SNMP agents 110 to 410. The SNMP agents 110 to 410 obtain the state of the owner apparatus and store the state in an MIB. When the obtained information satisfies a predetermined condition, the SNMP agent notifies this matter to the network manager 500.

    [0031] The network manager 500 stores information obtained by regularly making an inquiry to the SNMP agents 110 to 410 and information notified by the SNMP agents 110 to 410 in the owner MIB. Upon detecting a failure, the network manager 500 notifies a network administrator of the occurrence of the failure by displaying a message on a monitor or the like. On receiving the notification of failure, the network administrator operates the network manager 500 to make an inquiry about the details of the failure to the SNMP agent of the communication device with the failure, and handles the failure based on the result of inquiry.

    [0032] If vendors of the routers 100 to 400 are different, the MIB stored in the SNMP agents 110 to 410 are different except for the basic part. Therefore, when the network administrator makes an inquiry about the details of the failure to the SNMP agents 110 to 410, the network administrator must know the specifications of the respective MIBs in detail. This imposes a huge burden on the network administrator, and may cause a delay in handling the failure, and increase the damage.

    [0033] A network monitoring method according to an embodiment will be explained next. Fig. 1 is diagram to explain the network monitoring method according to the embodiment. According to the network monitoring method of the embodiment, a network device is provided between routers as shown in Fig. 1. The network shown in Fig. 1 includes a network monitoring device 1000a between routers 100 and 200, a network monitoring device 1000b between routers 200 and 300, a network monitoring device 1000c between routers 300 and 400, a network monitoring device-1000d between routers 400 and 100, and a network monitoring device 1000e between routers 100 and 300.

    [0034] The network monitoring devices 1000a to 1000e are connected to a network line via a tap, to read all packets flowing in the network. A tap is an apparatus that branches a network signal to extract the signal. The network monitoring devices 1000a to 1000e then analyze the network state based on a predetermined rule, and if the network state satisfies a certain condition, notify the network manager 500 of occurrence of failure.

    [0035] On receiving the notification of failure, the network administrator makes an inquiry about the details of the failure to the network monitoring device that is connected to the network having the failure, by operating the network manager 500, to handle the failure based on the result of the inquiry. Because the product specification of the network monitoring devices 1000a to 1000e are the same, the network administrator can easily make an inquiry about the details even if vendors of the routers 100 to 400 are different.

    [0036] The configuration of the network monitoring device according to the embodiment will be explained next. Fig. 2 is a functional block diagram of the configuration of the network monitoring device according to the embodiment. Because the network monitoring devices 1000a to 1000e have the same configuration, the network monitoring device 1000a will be explained as an example.

    [0037] As shown in Fig. 2, the network monitoring device 1000a is connected to two-way network lines via a tap 2000. The tap 2000 branches the network line and extracts packets flowing on the network line. In this embodiment, the tap 2000 is independent of the network monitoring device 1000a, but the tap 2000 may be in-built in the network monitoring device 1000a.

    [0038] The network monitoring device 1000a analyzes the network based on the packet extracted by the tap 2000, and includes an interface unit 1100, a controller 1200, and a storage unit 1300. The interface unit 1100 connects to the line branched by the tap 2000 to read the packet.

    [0039] The controller 1200 controls the entire network monitoring device 1000a, and includes a search key extracting unit 1210, an event selecting unit 1220, an event executing unit 1230, a failure determining unit 1240, and a notifying unit 1250.

    [0040] The search key extracting unit 1210 extracts a part of the packet read by the interface unit 1100. Extraction is performed based on a search key extraction rule stored in a search key extraction rule storage unit 1310 of the storage unit 1300, and the extracted data is used as a search key for determining how to process the packet.

    [0041] The search key extraction rule stored in the search key extraction rule storage unit 1300 will be explained next. Fig. 3 is a diagram of one example of the search key extraction rule table. As shown in Fig. 3, the search key extraction rule table includes a plurality of entries, and each of the entries has fields such as type, offset, size, table number, and note. The type indicates the type of packet, which is the subject of the entry, and takes any one value of IP, User Datagram Protocol (UDP), and Transmission Control Protocol (TCP).

    [0042] The offset column indicates a start position of data to be extracted, and the size column indicates a number of bits of the data to be extracted. The table number column indicates an identification number for identifying the rule for selecting how to process the packet. The rule for selecting how to process the read packet is divided into a plurality of numbers, and is stored in an event selection rule storage unit 1320 of the storage unit 1300; the table number shows which rule is to be used. The note column indicates a comment for the entry. The network administrator can edit the search key extraction rule according to need.

    [0043] When the type is IP, the entry is for all IP packets, and the offset indicates a position from the top of the IP header. Fig. 4 is a structural drawing of the format of the IP header, For example, when a source IP address (source address) and a destination IP address (destination address) of the IP header are to be extracted, as in the first entry, the offset is set to 96 , and the size is set to 64. When the protocol number is to be extracted, as in the second entry, the offset is set to 72, and the size is set to 8.

    [0044] When the type is UDP, the entry is only for IP packets in the UDP, and the offset indicates a position from the top of the UDP header. Fig. 5 is a structural drawing of the format of the UDP header. For example, when a destination port number (destination port) is to be extracted, as in the third entry, the offset is set to 16, and the size is set to 16.

    [0045] When the type is TCP, the entry is only for IP packets in the TCP, and the offset indicates a position from the top of the TCP header. Fig. 6 is a structural drawing of the format of the TCP header. For example, when a destination port number (destination port) is to be extracted, as in the fourth entry, the offset is set to 16, and the size is set to 16.

    [0046] Thus, the network monitoring device 1000a according to the embodiment can flexibly set the IP packet to be monitored. For example, when the communication state between particular IP networks is to be monitored, as described above, the type is set to IP, the offset and the size are respectively set to the start portion and the size of the source IP address and the destination IP address. When the state of an IP packet of a particular protocol such as HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is to be monitored, the type is set to UDP or TCP, as described above, and the offset and the size are respectively set to the start portion and the size of the destination port number.

    [0047] The event selecting unit 1220 selects an event to be executed with respect to the packet, by using data extracted by the search key extracting unit 1210 as a search key. The event is for a series of steps for processing the packet. Selection of the event is performed based on the event selection rule stored in the event selection rule storage unit 1320 in the storage unit 1300, and the selected event is executed by the event executing unit 1230.

    [0048] The event selection rule tables stored in the event selection rule storage unit 1320 will be explained next. There is one event selection rule table for each entry in the search key extraction rule table. Figs. 7 to 10 are diagrams of examples of the event selection rule tables.

    [0049] Fig. 7 depicts an event selection rule table corresponding to the first entry in the search key extraction rule table shown in Fig. 3, which is a rule for selecting an event by the search key used for extracting the source IP address and the destination IP address. As shown in Fig. 7, the event selection rule table includes a plurality of entries, and the respective entries have fields such as mask, comparison condition, event name, and last detection time. The network administrator can edit the event selection rule, as required, except the last detection time.

    [0050] The mask is for setting a mask value for clearing a part of the search keys, and the value set here is used for obtaining a logical product with the search key. This value is set only when it is necessary. In the example shown in Fig. 7, the mask is used for clearing the low order bits of the source IP address and the low order bits of the destination IP address. Thus, by clearing the low order bits of the IP address, a portion common to the IP network at the source and a portion common to the IP network at the destination, of the source IP address and the destination IP address, can be extracted.

    [0051] The comparison condition is data to be compared with the search key. The event selecting unit 1220 compares the comparison condition with the search key in order from the first entry. If there is an entry, whose comparison condition matches the search key, the event selecting unit 1220 selects the event set in the entry. The event name indicates a name of an event to be executed. The time when the last match of the comparison condition in the entry with the search key is found is stored as the last detection time.

    [0052] Thus, by storing the last detection time, the time at which the last IP packet to be monitored has passed through the network line in which the network monitoring device 1000a is installed can be known, so that the network state can be understood.

    [0053] For example, when the IP network is mesh-connected as shown in Fig. 1, even if the network manager 500 perceives that all IP networks are operating normally, communication between the IP networks at the terminal may be blocked. In such a case, as in the example shown in Fig. 7, if there is an entry in which the source IP network address and the destination IP address are designated as the comparison condition in the event selection rule, the respective network monitoring devices are compared, so that a section at which the network is shutdown can be known.

    [0054] When the last detection time is not updated for a predetermined period, the entry may:be deleted as being unnecessary. With such a configuration, expansion of the event selection rule can be prevented.

    [0055] In the first and the second entries.in the example shown in Fig. 7, "traffic count" is specified as the event name. This event is for counting the number of IP packets in which the search key agrees with the comparison condition of the entry. This count may be the total number of cases, or the number of cases for each predetermined period.

    [0056] For example, when the quality of a part of the network degrades and the traffic decreases, if there is an entry in which the source IP network address and the destination IP address are designated as the comparison condition in the event selection rule as shown in Fig. 7, a section at which degradation of the network has occurred can be understood, by comparing the counter values in the respective network monitoring devices.

    [0057] In the last entry in the example shown in Fig. 7, as the comparison condition is set to "all". This value matches all search keys. Therefore, when the comparison conditions in other entries do not match a search key, the event in this entry is selected at all times. In this entry, an event name is set to "Warning". This event is for notifying the network manager 500 of detection of a packet, which does not match other entries.

    [0058] Thus, by registering the warning event in the last entry, the network manager 500 is notified when an unexpected IP packet is detected. For example, when a packet from an unexpected IP network is detected, or when a protocol, the use of which is not permitted, is used, this matter can be notified to the network manager 500.

    [0059] Fig. 8 depicts an event selection rule table corresponding to the second entry in the search key extraction rule table shown in Fig. 3, which is a rule for selecting an event by the search key used for extracting the protocol number. The first entry in Fig. 8 indicates that when an IP packet in a path control protocol - referred to as Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) - is detected, an event of monitoring a path change is selected. This event is for recording the frequency of the IP packet in the path control protocol and notifying the network manager 500 when the frequency exceeds a predetermined value.

    [0060] When the network is unstable, though not completely shutdown, a path between routers changes frequently, and the IP packet in the path control protocol is transferred frequently. By detecting this phenomenon, a sign of failure can be found at an early stage.

    [0061] Fig. 9 depicts an event selection rule table corresponding to the third entry in the search key extraction rule table shown in Fig. 3, which is a rule for selecting an event by the search key used for extracting the destination port number of the IP packet in the UDP. The first entry in Fig. 9 indicates that when an IP packet in the path control protocol - referred to as Routing Information Protocol (RIP) - is detected, an event of monitoring a path change is selected. The second entry indicates that when an IP packet in the HTTP is detected, an event of traffic count is selected.

    [0062] Fig. 10 depicts an event selection rule table corresponding to the fourth entry in the search key extraction rule table shown in Fig. 3, which is a rule for selecting an event by the search key used for extracting the destination port number of the IP packet in the TCP. The first entry in Fig. 10 indicates that when an IP packet in a protocol referred to as TELNET is detected, a capture event is selected. This event is for storing the IP packet as it is.

    [0063] By storing the IP packet as it is, the state at the time of occurrence of a failure can be known in detail, thereby enabling quick understanding of the cause and hence, the failure can be dealt with immediately.

    [0064] The second entry in Fig. 10 indicates that when an IP packet in a protocol - referred to as Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) - is detected, an event of detecting fluctuation is selected. This event is for monitoring fluctuation in the transfer rate of the IP packet, and when the fluctuation exceeds a predetermined value, the fact is notified to the network manager 500. The transfer rate of the IP packet can be obtained by comparing the transmission time recorded in the IP packet and the current time.

    [0065] When the network quality degrades and makes the network unstable, the transfer rate of the IP packet fluctuates. By detecting this phenomenon, a sign of a failure can be found at an early stage.

    [0066] Referring back to Fig. 2, the event executing unit 1230 executes the event selected by the event selecting unit 1220. For example, if the event selected by the event selecting unit 1220 is "capture", the event executing unit 1230 stores a packet in a capture buffer 1340 in the storage unit 1300.

    [0067] The failure determining unit 1240 determines whether there is a failure in the network based on the result of the event executed by the event executing unit 1230. For example, when the event executed by the event executing unit 1230 is to record the frequency of a packet in the path control protocol, the failure determining unit 1240 checks if the recorded frequency exceeds a predetermined value, and if the recorded frequency exceeds the predetermined value, the failure determining unit 1240 determines that there is a failure. When the failure determining unit 1240 determines that there is a failure, the notifying unit 1250 notifies the network manager 500 of the occurrence of the failure.

    [0068] In Fig. 2, a unit with which the network monitoring device 1000a and the network manager 500 exchange information is not shown, but this unit can be realized by any method. For example, communication may be performed through a network line to be monitored, or may be performed through another wired or wireless line. When another line is used, communication is possible even when a failure occurs in the network to be monitored. Therefore, it is more preferable to use another line than using the network line to be monitored.

    [0069] The storage unit 1300 is a memory, for example, and includes the search key extraction rule storage unit 1310, the event selection rule storage unit 1320, a counter 1330, the capture buffer 1340, and a setting information storage unit 1350. The search key extraction rule storage unit 1310 stores the search key extraction rule, and the event selection rule storage unit 1320 stores the event selection rule.

    [0070] The counter 1330 records the number of IP packets, when the event "traffic count" is executed. The capture buffer 1340 stores the IP packet when executing the capture event. The setting information storage unit 1350 stores setting information such as a threshold,for determining whether the frequency of the IP packet in the path control protocol is abnormal.

    [0071] The process procedure of the network monitoring device 1000a shown in Fig. 2 will be explained below. Fig. 11 is a flowchart of the process procedure of the network monitoring device 1000a shown in Fig. 2. As shown in Fig. 2, in the network monitoring device 1000a, the interface unit 1100 obtains a packet (step S101), and the search key extracting unit 1210 extracts a search key (step S102).

    [0072] If there no search key is extracted (No at step S103), the process ends. If a search key is extracted (Yes at step S103), the event selecting unit 1220 selects an event corresponding to the search key (step S104). If there is no event corresponding to the search key (No at step S105), the process returns to step S102, to extract another search key from the packet.

    [0073] If there is an event corresponding to the search key (Yes at step S105), the event executing unit 1230 executes the event.. If update of the counter is necessary (Yes at step S106), the counter 1330 is updated (step S107). If capture is necessary (Yes at step S108), the IP packet is stored in the capture buffer 1340 (step S109).

    [0074] The network monitoring device 1000a then executes other types of event-specific processes (step S110). If the failure determining unit 1240 determines that a failure has occurred in the network (Yes at step S111), the notifying unit 1250 notifies the network manager 500 of the occurrence of the failure (step S112). The process returns to step S102, to extract another search key in the packet.

    [0075] In the embodiment, because the network monitoring devices 1000a to 1000e monitor the network autonomously, monitoring of the network can be performed even in a network including communication devices having different specifications, without being affected by the difference in the specifications. When the network monitoring devices 1000a to 1000e detect a failure in the network, it is notified to the network manager 500. Therefore, the failure can be handled at an early stage.

    [0076] According to the present invention, even in a network including communication devices having different specifications, the network monitoring device can monitor the network without being affected by a difference in specifications.

    [0077] Moreover, the failure can be handled at an early stage.

    [0078] Furthermore, the network analysis can be flexibly changed only by changing the rules.

    [0079] Moreover, even when the router or the like seems to be operating normally, a failure can be found at an early stage based on the reception frequency.

    [0080] Although the invention has been described with respect to a specific embodiment for a complete and clear disclosure, the appended claims are not to be thus limited but are to be construed as embodying all modifications and alternative constructions that may occur to one skilled in the art that fairly fall within the basic teaching herein set forth.


    Claims

    1. A network monitoring device (1000a ...1000d) to be provided between a pair of routers of a multiplicity of routers (100-200; 100-300; 100-400; 200-300; 300;400) in a network for monitoring a network state between said pair of routers using a network signal including a packet, the multiplicity of routers being adapted to route packets communicated between two networks in a network system comprising a multiplicity of networks (10a, 10b, 10c, 10d) managed by a network manager (500), the network monitoring device comprising:

    a controlling unit (1200) for controlling the network monitoring device; and

    a storage unit (1300) connected to the controlling unit (1200) for storing data for use in operation of the controlling unit (1200); wherein the network monitoring unit is characterized by further comprising:

    means (2000, 1100) for extracting a said packet flowing between said pair of routers, and wherein the data includes a first rule for extracting key information used for a monitoring operation from the extracted packet on the basis of the extracted packet type, and a second rule assigned to each piece of key information to associate an extracted piece of key information with a monitoring operation to be executed, and the controlling unit (1200) including:

    a search key extracting unit (1210) for extracting the key information from the extracted packet by using at least one first rule associated with the extracted packet type;

    an event selecting unit (1220) for selecting a second rule which matches the extracted key information from respective second rules prepared and stored in the storage unit (1300) for each of the at least one first rules; and

    an event executing unit (1230) for executing an event specified in the selected second rule to collect information for network state analysis.


     
    2. The network monitoring device according to claim 1, wherein the controlling unit (1200) further includes a notifying unit (1240, 1250) responsive to a determination that a failure has occurred in the network, for notifying the network manager of the failure.
     
    3. The network monitoring device according to claim 2, wherein the packet extracting means (2000, 1100) comprises:

    a tap (2000) for extracting the packet flowing between the pair of routers; and

    an interface unit (1100) for passing the extracted packet to the controlling unit (1200).


     
    4. The network monitoring device according to claim 1, wherein the event selecting unit includes a unit, responsive to a selection of a second rule, which matches the extracted key information for recording a current time in a predetermined field of the selected second rule.
     
    5. The network monitoring device according to claim 1, wherein
    the controlling unit (1200) is adapted to, in response to a detection of a packet based on a first path control protocol, monitor a frequency of path changes and to determine that a failure has occurred if the predetermined frequency of path changes reaches or exceeds a predetermined threshold value.
     
    6. The network monitoring device according to claim 1, wherein
    the controlling unit (1200) is adapted to, in response to a detection of a packet based on a first predetermined protocol, store the detected packet in the storage unit (1300).
     
    7. The network monitoring device according to claim 1, wherein
    the controlling unit (1200) is adapted to, in response to a detection of a packet based on a second predetermined protocol, detect fluctuation in transmission rates of the packets which are based on the second predetermined protocol and have been detected so far, and is adapted to determine that a failure has occurred if a magnitude of the fluctuations in the transmission rates reaches or exceeds a predetermined threshold value.
     
    8. The network monitoring device according to claim 1, wherein the controlling unit (1200) is adapted to, in response to a detection of a packet associated with a second rule of a predetermined type, to store a number of packets associated with the second rule of the predetermined type and detected so far in the storage unit (1300).
     
    9. The network monitoring device according to claim 2, wherein
    when the event selecting unit (1220) cannot find the second rule which matches the extracted key information, the notifying unit (1240, 1250) serves to notify the network manager (500) of that effect.
     
    10. A network monitoring method for use in a network monitoring device (1000a...1000d) provided between a pair of routers of a multiplicity of routers (100-200; 100-300; 100-400; 200-300; 300-400) and for monitoring a network state between said pair of routers, the multiplicity of routers being adapted to route packets communicated between two networks in a network system comprising a multiplicity of networks (10a, 10b, 10c, 10d) managed by a network manager (500), the network monitoring method being characterized by comprising:

    extracting a said packet flowing between said pair of routers;

    storing, in a storage unit (1300), a first rule for extracting key information used for a monitoring operation from the extracted packet on the basis of the extracted packet type and a second rule assigned to each piece of key information to associate an extracted piece of key information with a monitoring operation to be executed;

    extracting (S102) the key information from the extracted packet by using at least one first rule associated with the extracted packet type;

    selecting a second rule which matches the extracted key information from second rules prepared and stored, in the storage unit (1300), for each of the at least one first rules; and

    executing an event specified in the selected second rule to collect information used for network state analysis;

    wherein the network system includes a plurality of network monitoring devices, and wherein a first set of the first rules of each network monitoring device is identical for all said network monitoring devices, and a second set of second rules for each of the first rules of each network monitoring device is identical in data structure and in default data at a time of introduction of the network monitoring devices.


     
    11. A network system comprising:

    a multiplicity of networks (10a, 10b, 10c, 10d);

    a multiplicity of routers (100-200; 100-300; 100-400; 200-300; 300-400) adapted to route packets communicated between two networks in the network system; and

    a network manager (500) for overall management of the network system,

    wherein the network system is characterized by a respective network monitoring device (1000a...1000d) provided between each pair of the routers for monitoring a network state between each pair of the routers, each network monitoring device comprising:

    means (2000, 1100) for extracting a said packet flowing between the respective pair of routers;

    a storage unit (1300) for storing a first rule for extracting key information used for a monitoring operation from the extracted packet on the basis of the extracted packet type and a second rule assigned to each piece of key information to associate an extracted piece of key information with a monitoring operation to be executed;

    a controlling unit (1200) for overall controlling the network monitoring device, the controlling unit including:

    a search key extracting unit (1210) for extracting the key information from the extracted packet by using at least one first rule associated with the extracted packet type;

    an event selecting unit (1220) for selecting a second rule which matches the extracted key information from respective second rules prepared and stored, in the storage unit (1300), for each of the at least one first rules, and

    an event executing unit (1230) for executing an event specified in the selected second rule to collect information used for network state analysis,

    wherein a first set of the first rules of each network monitoring device is identical for all said network monitoring devices, and a second set of second rules for each of the first rules of each network monitoring device is identical in data structure and in default data at a time of introduction of the network monitoring devices.


     
    12. The network system of claim 11, wherein all of the network monitoring devices have the same product specification.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Netzwerküberwachungsvorrichtung (1000a ... 1000d), die zwischen einem Paar von Routern einer Mehrzahl von Routern (100-200; 100-300; 100-400; 200-300; 300; 400) in einem Netzwerk zum Überwachen eines Netzwerkszustands zwischen den Paaren von Routern unter Verwendung eines Netzwerksignals, das ein Paket beinhaltet, vorzusehen sind, wobei die Mehrzahl von Routern dafür eingerichtet ist, zwischen zwei Netzwerken in einem Netzwerksystem, das eine Mehrzahl von Netzwerken (10a, 10b, 10c) umfasst, das durch einen Netzwerkverwalter (500) verwaltet ist, kommunizierte Pakete zu routen, wobei die Netzwerküberwachungsvorrichtung umfasst:

    eine Steuerungseinheit (1200) zum Steuern der Netzwerküberwachungsvorrichtung; und

    eine Speichereinheit (1300), die mit der Steuerungseinheit (1200) verbunden ist, zum Speichern von Daten zur Verwendung beim Betrieb der Steuerungseinheit (1200); wobei die Netzwerküberwachungseinheit dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, dass sie weiter umfasst:

    Mittel (2000, 1100) zum Extrahieren eines besagten, zwischen zwei Paaren von Routern fließenden Paketes und wobei die Daten eine erste Regel zum Extrahieren von Schlüsselinformationen, die für einen Überwachungsbetrieb verwendet werden, aus dem extrahierten Paket auf Basis des extrahierten Pakettyps und eine zweite Regel, die jeden Teil von Schlüsselinformationen zugewiesen ist, um ein extrahiertes Teil von Schlüsselinformation mit einem Überwachungsbetrieb, der auszuführen ist, zu assoziieren, beinhalten und die Steuerungseinheit (1200) beinhaltet:

    eine Suchschlüssel-Extraktionseinheit (1210) zum Extrahieren der Schlüsselinformationen aus dem extrahierten Paket unter Verwendung zumindest einer ersten Regel, die mit dem extrahierten Pakettyp assoziiert ist;

    eine Ereignisauswahleinheit (1220) zum Auswählen einer zweiten Regel, die zur extrahierten Schlüsselinformation passt, aus entsprechenden zweiten Regeln, die in der Speichereinheit (1300) für jede der zumindest einen ersten Regeln vorbereitet und gespeichert sind; und

    eine Ereignisausführungseinheit (1230) zum Ausführen eines Ereignisses, das in der ausgewählten zweiten Regel spezifiziert ist, um Informationen für die Netzwerkzustandsanalyse zu sammeln.


     
    2. Netzwerküberwachungsvorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei die Steuerungseinheit (1200) weiter eine Notifizierungseinheit (1240, 1250) beinhaltet, die reagibel auf eine Bestimmung ist, dass eine Störung im Netzwerk aufgetreten ist, um den Netzwerkverwalter über die Störung zu benachrichtigen.
     
    3. Netzwerküberwachungsvorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 2, wobei das Paketextraktionsmittel (2000, 1100) umfasst:

    einen Abgriff (2000) zum Extrahieren des zwischen dem Paar von Routern fließenden Pakets; und

    eine Schnittstelleneinheit (1100), um das extrahierte Paket an die Steuerungseinheit (1200) weiterzuleiten.


     
    4. Netzwerküberwachungsvorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei die Ereignisauswahleinheit beinhaltet: eine Einheit, die auf eine Auswahl einer zweiten Regel reagibel ist, die zu extrahierten Schlüsselinformationen passt, um eine aktuelle Zeit in einem vorgegebenen Feld der ausgewählten zweiten Regel aufzuzeichnen.
     
    5. Netzwerküberwachungsvorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei
    die Steuerungseinheit (1200) dafür ausgelegt ist, in Reaktion auf eine Detektion eines Pakets, basierend auf einem ersten Pfadsteuerprotokoll eine Frequenz von Pfadänderungen zu überwachen und festzustellen, dass ein Versagen aufgetreten ist, falls die vorbestimmte Frequenz an Pfadänderungen einen vorgegebenen Schwellenwert erreicht oder übersteigt.
     
    6. Netzwerküberwachungsvorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei
    die Steuerungseinheit (1200) dafür ausgelegt ist, in Reaktion auf die Detektion eines Pakets, basierend auf einem ersten vorbestimmten Protokoll, das detektierte Paket in der Speichereinheit (1300) zu speichern.
     
    7. Netzwerküberwachungsvorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei
    die Steuerungseinheit (1200) dafür ausgelegt ist, in Reaktion auf eine Detektion eines Pakets, basierend auf einem zweiten vorbestimmten Protokoll, eine Fluktuation bei den Übertragungsraten der Pakete zu detektieren, die auf dem zweiten vorbestimmten Protokoll basieren und bislang detektiert worden sind, und ist dafür ausgelegt, festzustellen, dass ein Versagen aufgetreten ist, falls eine Größenordnung der Fluktuationen bei den Übertragungsraten einen vorbestimmten Schwellenwert erreicht oder übersteigt.
     
    8. Netzwerküberwachungsvorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei die Steuerungseinheit (1200) dafür ausgelegt ist, in Reaktion auf eine Detektion eines Pakets, das mit einer zweiten Regel eines vorbestimmten Typs assoziiert ist, eine Anzahl von Paketen zu speichern, die mit der zweiten Regel des vorbestimmten Typs assoziiert sind und bislang detektiert sind, in der Speichereinheit (1300) zu speichern.
     
    9. Netzwerküberwachungsvorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 2, wobei
    wenn die Ereignisauswahleinheit (1220) die zweite Regel nicht finden kann, die zur extrahierten Schlüsselinformation passt, die Notifizierungseinheit (1240, 1250) dazu dient, den Netzwerkverwalter (500) davon zu notifizieren.
     
    10. Netzwerküberwachungsverfahren zur Verwendung in einer Netzwerküberwachungsvorrichtung (1000a .... 1000d), die zwischen einem Paar von Routern in einer Mehrzahl von Routern (100-200; 100-300; 100-400; 200-300; 300-400) vorgesehen ist, und zum Überwachen eines Netzwerkzustands zwischen dem Paar von Routern, wobei die Mehrzahl von Routern dafür ausgelegt ist, zwischen zwei Netzwerken in einem Netzwerksystem, das eine Mehrzahl von Netzwerken (10a, 10b, 10c, 10d) umfasst, die durch einen Netzwerkverwalter (500) verwaltet werden, kommunizierte Paket zu routen, wobei das Netzwerküberwachungsverfahren dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, dass es umfasst:

    Extrahieren eines zwischen den Paaren von Routern fließenden Pakets;

    Speichern, in einer Speichereinheit (1300), einer ersten Regel zum Extrahieren von Schlüsselinformationen, die für einen Überwachungsbetrieb verwendet werden, aus dem extrahierten Paket auf Basis des extrahierten Pakettyps, und einer zweiten Regel, die jedem Teil von Schlüsselinformationen zugewiesen ist, um den extrahierten Teil von Schlüsselinformationen mit einem Überwachungsbetrieb, der auszuführen ist, zu assoziieren;

    Extrahieren (S102) der Schlüsselinformationen aus dem extrahierten Paket, in dem zumindest eine erste Regel verwendet wird, die mit dem extrahierten Pakettyp assoziiert ist;

    Auswählen einer zweiten Regel, die zur extrahierten Schlüsselinformation passt, aus den zweiten Regeln, die in der Speichereinheit (1300) für jede der zumindest einen ersten Regeln vorbereitet und gespeichert sind; und

    Ausführen eines Ereignisses, das in der ausgewählten zweiten Regel spezifiziert ist, um für Netzwerkzustandsanalyse verwendete Informationen zu sammeln;

    wobei das Netzwerksystem eine Mehrzahl von Netzwerküberwachungsvorrichtungen beinhaltet und wobei ein erster Satz der ersten Regeln jeder Netzwerküberwachungsvorrichtung identisch für alle Netzwerküberwachungsvorrichtungen ist und ein zweiter Satz zweiter Regeln für jede der ersten Regeln jeder Netzwerküberwachungsvorrichtung in Datenstruktur und Standarddaten zu einem Zeitpunkt der Einführung der Netzwerküberwachungsvorrichtungen identisch ist.


     
    11. Netzwerksystem, umfassend:

    eine Mehrzahl von Netzwerken (10a, 10b, 10c, 10d);

    eine Mehrzahl von Routern (100-200; 100-300; 100-400; 200-300; 300-400), die dafür ausgelegt sind, zwischen zwei Netzwerken im Netzwerksystem kommunizierte Pakete zu routen; und

    einen Netzwerkverwalter (500) zum Gesamtmanagement des Netzwerksystems,

    wobei das Netzwerksystem durch eine entsprechende Netzwerküberwachungsvorrichtung (1000a ... 1000d) gekennzeichnet ist, die zwischen jedem Paar von Routern vorgesehen ist, zur Überwachung eines Netzwerkzustands zwischen jedem Paar von Routern, wobei jede Netzwerküberwachungsvorrichtung umfasst:

    Mittel (2000, 1100) zum Extrahieren eines besagten Pakets, das zwischen dem entsprechenden Paar von Routern fließt;

    eine Speichereinheit (1300) zum Speichern einer ersten Regel zum Extrahieren von Schlüsselinformationen, die für einen Überwachungsbetrieb verwendet werden, aus dem extrahierten Paket, auf Basis des extrahierten Pakettyps, und einer zweiten Regel, die jedem Teil von Schlüsselinformationen zugewiesen ist, um ein extrahiertes Teil von Schlüsselinformationen mit einem auszuführenden Überwachungsbetrieb zu assoziieren;

    eine Steuerungseinheit (1200) zur Gesamtsteuerung der Netzwerküberwachungsvorrichtung, wobei die Steuerungseinheit beinhaltet:

    eine Suchschlüssel-Extraktionseinheit (1210) zum Extrahieren der Schlüsselinformationen aus dem extrahierten Paket, unter Verwendung zumindest einer ersten Regel, die mit dem extrahierten Pakettyp assoziiert ist;

    eine Ereignisauswahleinheit (1220) zum Auswählen einer zweiten Regel, die zur extrahierten Schlüsselinformation passt, aus entsprechenden zweiten Regeln, die in der Speichereinheit (1300) für jede der zumindest einen der ersten Regeln vorbereitet und gespeichert sind, und

    eine Ereignisausführeinheit (1230) zum Ausführen eines Ereignisses, das in der ausgewählten zweiten Regel spezifiziert ist, um für die Netzwerkzustandsanalyse verwendete Informationen zu sammeln,

    wobei ein erster Satz der ersten Regeln jeder Netzwerküberwachungsvorrichtung identisch für alle Netzwerküberwachungsvorrichtungen ist und ein zweiter Satz von zweiten Regeln für jede der ersten Regeln in der Netzwerküberwachungsvorrichtung identisch in Datenstruktur und Standarddaten zu einem Zeitpunkt der Einführung der Netzwerküberwachungsvorrichtungen ist.


     
    12. Netzwerksystem nach Anspruch 11, wobei alle der Netzwerküberwachungsvorrichtungen dieselbe Produktspezifikation aufweisen.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif de surveillance de réseau (1000a ...1000d) devant être fourni entre une paire de routeurs d'une multiplicité de routeurs (100-200 ; 100-300 ; 100-400 ; 200-300 ; 300-400) dans un réseau pour surveiller un état de réseau entre ladite paire de routeurs en utilisant un signal de réseau incluant un paquet, la multiplicité de routeurs étant adaptée pour router des paquets communiqués entre deux réseaux dans un système de réseau comprenant une multiplicité de réseaux (10a, 10b, 10c, 10d) gérée par un gestionnaire de réseau (500), le dispositif de surveillance de réseau comprenant :

    une unité de contrôle (1200) pour contrôler le dispositif de surveillance de réseau ; et

    une unité de stockage (1300) connectée à l'unité de contrôle (1200) pour stocker des données pour l'utilisation dans l'opération de l'unité de contrôle (1200) ; où l'unité de surveillance de réseau est caractérisée par le fait de comprendre en outre :

    un moyen (2000, 1100) pour extraire un dit paquet circulant entre ladite paire de routeurs, et où les données incluent une première règle pour extraire des informations de clé utilisées pour une opération de surveillance du paquet extrait sur la base du type de paquet extrait, et une seconde règle assignée à chaque élément d'informations de clé afin d'associer un élément d'informations de clé extrait à une opération de surveillance à exécuter, et l'unité de contrôle (1200) incluant :

    une unité d'extraction de clé de recherche (1210) pour extraire les informations de clé du paquet extrait en utilisant au moins une première règle associée au type de paquet extrait ;

    une unité de sélection d'événement (1220) pour sélectionner une seconde règle qui concorde avec les informations de clé extraites parmi des secondes règles respectives préparées et stockées dans l'unité de stockage (1300) pour chacune de la au moins une première règle ; et

    une unité d'exécution d'événement (1230) pour exécuter un événement spécifié dans la seconde règle sélectionnée afin de collecter des informations pour une analyse d'état de réseau.


     
    2. Dispositif de surveillance de réseau selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'unité de contrôle (1200) inclut en outre une unité de notification (1240, 1250) en réponse à une détermination selon laquelle une défaillance s'est produite dans le réseau, pour notifier la défaillance au gestionnaire de réseau.
     
    3. Dispositif de surveillance de réseau selon la revendication 2, dans lequel le moyen d'extraction de paquet (2000, 1100) comprend :

    une prise (2000) pour extraire le paquet circulant entre la paire de routeurs ; et

    une unité d'interface (1100) pour passer le paquet extrait à l'unité de contrôle (1200).


     
    4. Dispositif de surveillance de réseau selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'unité de sélection d'événement inclut une unité, en réponse à une sélection d'une seconde règle, qui concorde avec les informations de clé extraites pour enregistrer un temps actuel dans un champ prédéterminé de la seconde règle sélectionnée.
     
    5. Dispositif de surveillance de réseau selon la revendication 1, dans lequel
    l'unité de contrôle (1200) est adaptée pour, en réponse à une détection d'un paquet sur la base d'un premier protocole de contrôle de trajet, surveiller une fréquence de changements de trajet et pour déterminer qu'une défaillance s'est produite si la fréquence de changements de trajet prédéterminée atteint ou dépasse une valeur de seuil prédéterminée.
     
    6. Dispositif de surveillance de réseau selon la revendication 1, dans lequel
    l'unité de contrôle (1200) est adaptée pour, en réponse à une détection d'un paquet sur la base d'un premier protocole prédéterminé, stocker le paquet détecté dans l'unité de stockage (1300).
     
    7. Dispositif de surveillance de réseau selon la revendication 1, dans lequel
    l'unité de contrôle (1200) est adaptée pour, en réponse à une détection d'un paquet sur la base d'un second protocole prédéterminé, détecter une fluctuation de taux de transmission des paquets qui sont basés sur le second protocole prédéterminé et ont été détectés jusque-là, et est adaptée pour déterminer qu'une défaillance s'est produite si une grandeur des fluctuations des taux de transmission atteint ou dépasse une valeur de seuil prédéterminée.
     
    8. Dispositif de surveillance de réseau selon la revendication 1, dans lequel
    l'unité de contrôle (1200) est adaptée pour, en réponse à une détection d'un paquet associé à une seconde règle d'un type prédéterminé, stocker un nombre de paquets associés à la seconde règle du type prédéterminé et détectés jusque-là dans l'unité de stockage (1300).
     
    9. Dispositif de surveillance de réseau selon la revendication 2, dans lequel
    lorsque l'unité de sélection d'événement (1220) ne peut pas trouver la seconde règle qui concorde avec les informations de clé extraites, l'unité de notification (1240, 1250) sert à notifier cet effet au gestionnaire de réseau (500).
     
    10. Procédé de surveillance de réseau destiné à être utilisé dans un dispositif de surveillance de réseau (1000a ...1000d) fourni entre une paire de routeurs d'une multiplicité de routeurs (100-200 ; 100-300 ; 100-400 ; 200-300 ; 300-400) et pour surveiller un état de réseau entre ladite paire de routeurs, la multiplicité de routeurs étant adaptée pour router des paquets communiqués entre deux réseaux dans un système de réseau comprenant une multiplicité de réseaux (10a, 10b, 10c, 10d) gérée par un gestionnaire de réseau (500), le procédé de surveillance de réseau étant caractérisé par le fait de comprendre :

    l'extraction d'un dit paquet circulant entre ladite paire de routeurs ;

    le stockage, dans une unité de stockage (1300), d'une première règle pour extraire des informations de clé utilisées pour une opération de surveillance du paquet extrait sur la base du type de paquet extrait et d'une seconde règle assignée à chaque élément d'informations de clé afin d'associer un élément d'informations de clé extrait à une opération de surveillance à exécuter ;

    l'extraction (S102) des informations de clé du paquet extrait en utilisant au moins une première règle associée au type de paquet extrait ;

    la sélection d'une seconde règle qui concorde avec les informations de clé extraites parmi des secondes règles préparées et stockées, dans l'unité de stockage (1300), pour chacune de la au moins une première règle ; et

    l'exécution d'un événement spécifié dans la seconde règle sélectionnée afin de collecter des informations utilisées pour une analyse d'état de réseau ;

    dans lequel le système de réseau inclut une pluralité de dispositifs de surveillance de réseau, et dans lequel un premier ensemble des premières règles de chaque dispositif de surveillance de réseau est identique pour tous lesdits dispositifs de surveillance de réseau, et un second ensemble de secondes règles pour chacune des premières règles de chaque dispositif de surveillance de réseau est identique quant à la structure de données et les données par défaut au moment de l'introduction des dispositifs de surveillance de réseau.


     
    11. Système de réseau comprenant :

    une multiplicité de réseaux (10a, 10b, 10c, 10d) ;

    une multiplicité de routeurs (100-200 ; 100-300 ; 100-400 ; 200-300 ; 300-400) adaptée pour router des paquets communiqués entre deux réseaux dans le système de réseau ; et

    un gestionnaire de réseau (500) pour la gestion globale du système de réseau,

    dans lequel le système de réseau est caractérisé par un dispositif de surveillance de réseau respectif (1000a ...1000d) fourni entre chaque paire de routeurs pour surveiller un état de réseau entre chaque paire de routeurs, chaque dispositif de surveillance de réseau comprenant :

    un moyen (2000, 1100) pour extraire un dit paquet circulant entre la paire de routeurs respective ;

    une unité de stockage (1300) pour stocker une première règle pour extraire des informations de clé utilisées pour une opération de surveillance du paquet extrait sur la base du type de paquet extrait et une seconde règle assignée à chaque élément d'informations de clé afin d'associer un élément d'informations de clé extrait à une opération de surveillance à exécuter ;

    une unité de contrôle (1200) pour le contrôle global du dispositif de surveillance de réseau, l'unité de contrôle incluant :

    une unité d'extraction de clé de recherche (1210) pour extraire les informations de clé du paquet extrait en utilisant au moins une première règle associée au type de paquet extrait ;

    une unité de sélection d'événement (1220) pour sélectionner une seconde règle qui concorde avec les informations de clé extraites parmi des secondes règles respectives préparées et stockées, dans l'unité de stockage (1300), pour chacune de la au moins une première règle, et

    une unité d'exécution d'événement (1230) pour exécuter un événement spécifié dans la seconde règle sélectionnée afin de collecter des informations pour une analyse d'état de réseau,

    dans lequel un premier ensemble des premières règles de chaque dispositif de surveillance de réseau est identique pour tous lesdits dispositifs de surveillance de réseau, et un second ensemble de secondes règles pour chacune des premières règles de chaque dispositif de surveillance de réseau est identique quant à la structure de données et les données par défaut au moment de l'introduction des dispositifs de surveillance de réseau.


     
    12. Système de réseau selon la revendication 11, dans lequel tous les dispositifs de surveillance de réseau ont la même spécification de produit.
     




    Drawing



























    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description