(19)
(11)EP 1 736 218 B2

(12)NEW EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION
After opposition procedure

(45)Date of publication and mention of the opposition decision:
19.08.2020 Bulletin 2020/34

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
02.10.2013 Bulletin 2013/40

(21)Application number: 06405227.7

(22)Date of filing:  24.05.2006
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F04D 9/00  (2006.01)
B01D 19/00  (2006.01)

(54)

A gas separation apparatus, a front wall and a separation rotor thereof

Vorrichtung zur Trennung von Gasen, sowie eine Vorderwand und ein Trennrotor dafür

Appareil de séparation de gaz, une paroi avale et un rotor de la séparation pour l'appareil


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC NL PL PT RO SE SI SK TR

(30)Priority: 22.06.2005 FI 20050674
08.07.2005 FI 20050733

(43)Date of publication of application:
27.12.2006 Bulletin 2006/52

(73)Proprietor: Sulzer Management AG
8401 Winterthur (CH)

(72)Inventors:
  • Raussi, Pekka
    48220 Kotka (FI)
  • Koivikko, Matti
    8404 Winterthur (CH)

(74)Representative: Intellectual Property Services GmbH 
Langfeldstrasse 88
8500 Frauenfeld
8500 Frauenfeld (CH)


(56)References cited: : 
US-A- 5 266 160
US-A- 6 071 331
  
  • Wood, G.: "Centrifugal Dynamic Shaft Seals", Mechanical Engineering, 1964, pages 48-55,
  • KSB Aktiengesellschaft: "Betriebsanleitung CPK D Chemie-Normpumpe", , May 2002 (2002-05), pages 1-20,
  


Description


[0001] The present invention relates to a centrifugal pump in combination with a gas separation apparatus. The present invention especially relates to an apparatus capable to separate a liquid or liquid suspension from a mixture containing gas and liquid or gas and liquid suspension and recirculate it as simply as possible back to a process flow at the same time as the gas separated from said liquid or liquid suspension is guided out of the process.

[0002] There are previously known centrifugal pumps that are capable of separating gas, in which pumps the gas accumulates in front of the impeller of the pump forming a bubble from which the gas is discharged through openings in the backplate of the impeller to the cavity behind the impeller. Almost always more or less liquid or suspension to be pumped is entrained with the gas. The aim with the use of the vanes behind the backplate of the impeller is to attempt to separate liquid or suspension entering the rear side of the impeller from the separated gas in such a way that the liquid or suspension is returned around the outer rim of the backplate of the impeller to the liquid or suspension to be pumped and the gas is discharged along the pump shaft out of the pump.

[0003] It has, however, been shown in practice that in very many applications liquid or suspension is still entrained with the gas. So as to prevent the liquid or suspension to be pumped from being entrained with the gas to the suction apparatus, which may be, for example, a vacuum pump, a separate separation chamber has been arranged in connection with the so called rear wall of the pump for a separation rotor. The mixture of gas and liquid or liquid suspension that has entered said cavity is, by means of said separation rotor, brought to such a vigorous rotational movement that practically speaking all liquid and possible solid material in the mixture gathers to the circumference of the separation chamber, from where it may be discharged and returned back to the liquid or suspension pumped or being pumped. A conventional structure comprises a gas separation rotor consisting of a hub of the separation rotor and radial or inclined vanes attached thereto. It is atypical feature of the gas separation rotors of the prior art that the intermediate spaces between the vanes i.e. vane passages are open from the hub to the outer rim so that the gas is allowed to flow from the vane passages substantially axially towards the gas discharge as easily as possible.

[0004] The discharge of liquid or suspension from the separation chamber is arranged along a separate channel arranged most usually outside the pump to take the liquid or suspension to the suction duct of the pump. Said structure is, however, complicated and expensive to carry out.

[0005] On the other hand, there are known dynamic sealing arrangements used, for example, in centrifugal pumps, a substantial part of said sealing arrangements being an internal liquid cycle within the pump from a dynamic sealing chamber in connection with the rear wall of the pump back to the cavity behind the impeller of the pump. A dynamic seal is, as known, of its nature a seal, which is without any mechanical contact able to seal the centrifugal pump during the operation of the pump so that no liquid is allowed to flow along the shaft towards the bearing and the drive (on the right in the drawings). For example, US- A- 5, 344, 163 illustrates the structure and operational principle of the seal as well as the location of a conventional dynamic seal in the pump. The dynamic seal is thus located behind the volute of the pump in front of the pump bearing (seen from the direction of the suction duct) and in an annular chamber arranged in connection with a so called rear wall of the pump, which chamber is in direct flow communication with the volute of the pump, where the impeller of the pump rotates. A rotating disc attached on the shaft of the pump divides said chamber into an impeller side cavity and a pump bearing side cavity. Said disc is provided with vanes on the side facing the bearing side cavity, whereby it may also be called an expeller, while the other side of the disc is smooth. In case said annular chamber contains liquid, the vanes of said expeller tend to pump the liquid, first radially outwards, then around the outer rim of the expeller disc to the impeller side cavity of the chamber. Now, however, when the pump is in operation the pressure generated by the impeller to the volute of the pump effects to the opposite direction, whereby a balance is found where the liquid ring rotated by said expeller vanes neutralizes the pressure generated by the impeller and the pump is sealed in such a way that no liquid enters the shaft space in the bearing side cavity of the chamber when the pump is in operation. However, when the pump is not in operation, the liquid to be pumped has free access around the rim of the expeller disc in the chamber to the shaft space and therethrough to the atmosphere, if it is not prevented in some suitable manner. For this purpose, a so called static seal is used, which at its simplest is a rotary disc arranged round the shaft and pressed by the pressure of the liquid entering the shaft space against the counter surface preventing the flow of the liquid further.

[0006] A disadvantage relating to the dynamic sealing in view of the present problem, i.e. gas separation, is that it can be used neither with a gas-removing centrifugal pump nor with any other gas separating rotary apparatus nor with any other gas separating apparatuses, because there is/are no opening(s) in the expeller disc of a conventional dynamic seal for the gas to be discharged.

[0007] One solution combining, in a way, features of a conventional gas separation chamber, of a gas separation impeller rotating therein and of a expeller of a dynamic seal for the purposes of gas separation, is disclosed in publication WO-A1-90/13344 and in a partially sectional view in Fig. 1. Said publication relates to a gas separator, in which a cage-like rotor 10 is used for generating such a vigorous centrifugal force field in the pulp of wood processing industry entering the apparatus that the gas in the pulp separates to the centre of the apparatus. The separated gas is discharged from the centre of the apparatus through openings 14 in the rotor disc 12 to the rear side of the disc and therefrom further through a gap between the hub 16 and the rear wall of the apparatus. In case pulp is entrained with the gas, a separation chamber 18 is arranged in connection with the rear wall of the apparatus, which chamber again is provided with a separation rotor attached on the shaft of the apparatus. The separation rotor comprises a hub 16, vanes 20 extending outwards therefrom and a solid annular disc 22 attached on the side of the vanes 20 facing the rotor 10, said disc dividing the separation chamber 18 to a front (rotor side) chamber 24 and a rear chamber 26. The operational principle of the separation apparatus is that the vanes 20 of the separation rotor swing the pulp that has entered within their reach to the outer circumference of the separation chamber so that no pulp is able to pass axially the separation apparatus. In other words, this far the principle has been the same as in the previously described gas-separating pump. Now, however, when the annular disc 22 attached to the vanes 20 of the separation rotor divides the separation chamber 18 into two parts, into the chamber 26 of which the vanes 20 pump the pulp, the pumped pulp may flow around the rim of the disc 22 to the front chamber 24. This has been facilitated so that a closing member 30 extends to said disc 22 from the rear wall 28 of the pump, the rear wall 28 of the pump acting as the front wall of the front chamber 24. Said closing member 30 is used for closing the radial flow connection between the front chamber 24 and the shaft space, to which the separated mixture of gas and pulp first arrives. Correspondingly, openings 32 have been arranged, in the radial direction outside the closing member 30, through the rear wall 28 of the pump, the rear wall 28 acting as the front wall of the separation chamber 18, through which openings 32 the pulp entered to the front chamber 24 is returned to the space in front of the rear wall 28, in which rear vanes 34 of the disc 12 of the rotor 10 of the actual gas separation apparatus take care of taking the pulp back to the process. Furthermore, it is worth noting that, in the apparatus in accordance with said publication, there are turbulence-generating vanes 36 on the surface of the disc 22 of the separation chamber 18, the surface facing the front chamber 24, by means of which vanes 36 clogging of the return openings 32 for pulp is prevented.

[0008] There are some disadvantages in the apparatus illustrated in Fig. 1. First of all, it is designed for relatively thick (high consistency) fibre suspensions, the flow dynamics of which considerably deviate from that of liquids and very low consistency suspensions. For example, mere liquid or low consistency suspension rotates very easily in the separation chamber. While high consistency pulp requires rotary vanes generating turbulence to prevent said return openings from being clogged by pulp, the same vanes with mere liquid would intensify the rotation of the liquid in the separation chamber and would substantially harm the return of the liquid back to the volute of the pump.

[0009] The present invention aims at eliminating at least some of the problems and disadvantages of the prior art apparatuses, by presenting an apparatus according to claim 1 by means of which it is possible to remove gas from the liquid to be pumped.

Fig. 1 illustrates an already previously discussed gas separator in accordance with the prior art;

Fig. 2 illustrates an apparatus in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the invention; and

Fig. 3 illustrates an apparatus in accordance with another preferred embodiment of the invention.



[0010] Fig. 2 illustrates an apparatus in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention. In the figure, reference number 40 refers to an impeller of a centrifugal pump, which pumps, from the left along a suction duct (not shown), liquid entering the pump in a conventional manner to a pressure opening (not shown) of the volute of the pump. The impeller is attached to a shaft 42 of the pump, which shaft is mounted at the right with bearings to the bearing housing of the pump already cut away. The impeller 40 consists of working vanes on the front surface of the back plate 44 thereof and so called rear vanes 46 on the rear surface of the back plate, which rear vanes contribute to preventing the flow of the liquid to be pumped from entering the other side of the so called rear wall 50 of the pump. Said rear vanes 46 may extend radially to the shaft 42 of the pump and they may also extend in the direction of the shaft 42 within the vicinity of the shaft further from the back plate 44 to the right towards the bearing of the pump.

[0011] The space in the pump behind the pump impeller extends axially up to the gas separation apparatus in such a way that the front wall 50 of the gas separation apparatus, which at the same time acts as the rear wall of the pump, too, extends at a small clearance to the rear vanes 46 of the impeller. The so-called separation rotor of the gas separation apparatus is attached to the same shaft 42 with the impeller 40 of the pump. Said separation rotor preferably comprises a substantially radial disc 60, which is located in an annular separation chamber 62 arranged in connection with the front wall 50 of the gas separation apparatus. The rotary disc 60 attached on the shaft 42 divides the chamber 62, in this embodiment, into an impeller side cavity, a so called front chamber 64 and a cavity on the pump bearing side of the disc, a so called rear chamber 66 in such a way that there is a flow connection between said chambers from outside the outer rim of the disc 60. Said disc 60 is provided with vanes 68 on its surface facing the rear chamber in the bearing-side cavity, the vanes 68 extending substantially over the radial width of the disc, whereas the opposite side surface of the disc is smooth. The purpose of the vanes 68 is to pump liquid in the rear chamber 66 outwards towards the front chamber 64, which again is affected in this embodiment by the pressure generated by the impeller 40 of the pump minus a counter pressure generated by the rear vanes of the impeller 40. In other words, a pressure affecting from the rear chamber 66 towards the front chamber 64 and towards the impeller 40 of the pump is generated by vanes 68, by means of which pressure the pressure prevailing in the space behind the impeller 40 is balanced. The direction of the vanes 68 is substantially radial, whereby the definition, however, covers the possibly to such an extent inclined or curved vanes that the vanes act as pumping vanes.

[0012] The previously described structure is in principle similar to the prior art dynamic sealings of the centrifugal pumps. In the application concerning centrifugal pump in accordance with Fig. 2, the impeller 40 further comprises a number of gas discharge openings 48, leading through the back plate 44, via which openings gas or gaseous liquid or suspension is allowed to flow from in front of the impeller (from the left) to a space therebehind. Of course, in some cases the structure of the pump is such that said gas discharge openings are not necessary, but gas is allowed to flow behind the impeller through some other route, for example, around the outer rim of the back plate of the impeller. In such a case, the vane passages are advantageously at least partially open, i.e. slots extending from the outer rim of the back plate towards the shaft.

[0013] In an exemplary pump of Fig. 2, the cavity behind the impeller 40 is limited by, as mentioned above, a so called rear wall 50 of the pump, the rear vanes of the impeller 40 leaving a small clearance therebetween. The rear vanes 46 thus function in such a way that when the mixture of gas and liquid or mere gas is discharged via the impeller 40 openings 48 to the cavity behind the impeller, the rear vanes 46 direct a radial force specifically to the liquid component of the mixture, if such exists, by means of which the liquid is tended to be returned to the liquid to be pumped around the outer rim of the back plate 44 of the impeller 40. The gas again tends to flow to the area of lower pressure towards the shaft 42 of the pump.

[0014] In order to be able to remove the separating gas from the pump in an axial direction, one or more holes or openings 70 of any shape has been arranged through the disc 60, through which openings gas or a mixture of gas and liquid is allowed to flow in principle from the front chamber 64 to the rear chamber 66 on the other side of the disc 60. The illustrated hole(s) or opening(s) 70 operate(s) in such a way that the gas-liquid mixture coming therethrough will come within the reach of the vanes 68 on the disc 60 of the separation chamber 62, whereby the vanes 68 pump the liquid fraction into the liquid ring circulating in the chamber 62 while the gas remains within the vicinity of the shaft. Therefrom the gas is allowed to be discharged from the pump, for example, along the channel 72. The excessive liquid that has entered the rear chamber 66 will flow to the liquid ring and in the course of time when the liquid ring grows and extends in the front chamber 64 all the time closer to the shaft 42, is discharged round an inner edge 52 of the front wall 50 of the gas separation apparatus into the reach of the rear vanes 46 of the impeller 40 and further back to the liquid to be pumped. In order to make the return cycle in accordance with the invention operate more effectively, stationary ribs 74 has been positioned on the surface of the front wall 50 facing the front chamber 64 , by means of which ribs the rotation of the liquid (and the generation of the centrifugal force) is prevented in the front chamber 64. The ribs 74 preferably correspond of their radial dimension at least half of the free radial dimension of the chamber and are of their direction substantially radial. In fact, this definition includes that in some cases the direction of the ribs is preferably inclined and the ribs are curved in such a way that the outer end thereof is inclined towards the circulating liquid ring.

[0015] According to a further embodiment of the invention, the location and the size of the openings 70 in the disc 60 of the separation chamber 62 of the separation apparatus must advantageously be defined separately for each application. In order for the disc of the separation chamber 62 to operate in some limited conditions as a dynamic sealing, the size of the openings 70 has to preferably be such that some pressure loss will occur in the openings, but, on the other hand, the openings must not be so small that the solids, such as fibers, possibly entrained with the gas-liquid mixture would be able to clog any of the openings. Further, said pressure loss taking place at the openings 70 must, according to an embodiment of the invention, be greater than the pressure generated by the vanes 68 of the disc of the separation chamber. This kind of a solution ensures that a reasonable pressure difference is obtained in the pump application between the inlet pressure of the pump and the gas separation space behind the disc of the separation chamber. Said pressure difference, on the other hand, ensures that in a number of applications the gas separation apparatus can be used as such, in other words the separated gas may be discharged directly to the atmosphere. Of course, in some more difficult applications it is possible to use some already known auxiliary equipment, such as a vacuum pump or a pressure valve.

[0016] In an exactly corresponding manner, the location of the openings 70 of the disc of the separation chamber 62 relative to the inner edge 52 of the front wall 50 of the gas separation apparatus has to be defined case by case. In a preferred embodiment, the openings 70 are located radially within the inner edge 52, in other words closer to the shaft 42. In an exactly corresponding manner the location of the openings 70 must be considered relative to the inner edge 76 of the rear wall of the rear chamber 66 on the other side of the separation chamber 62, too. Preferably, the inner edge 76 of the rear wall is radially inside the openings 70 so that the gas-liquid mixture flowing through the openings will not easily flow out towards the gas discharge channel, but the liquid remains within the reach of the vanes 68 and the gas will have to search the discharge route by approaching the shaft 42. In any case, the openings 70 are located relatively close to the shaft 42 of the disc 60 and of the impeller 40. In other words, the openings 70 in the disc 60 itself are located close to the central shaft opening of the disc. Of course, it is advantageous, however not necessary, that openings 70 are located within a certain distance outside the shaft 42 of the gas separation apparatus, because then a greater centrifugal force affects the liquid being discharged through the opening(s) 70 than in such a case that the openings were quite on the surface of the shaft 42. Further, said openings 70 are located within the reach of the vanes 68, whereby said vanes are able to transfer liquid fraction being discharged through the openings radially outwards.

[0017] Fig. 3 illustrates a structural solution of a gas separation apparatus in accordance with a second preferred embodiment of the invention. An embodiment illustrated in Fig. 3 deviates from the previous ones in that the central opening in the front wall 50 of the gas separation apparatus has a relatively large diameter. Correspondingly, a projection 80 has been arranged on the disc 60 of the separation chamber 62 substantially cylindrically and concentrically with the shaft of the separation apparatus, said projection being located, relative to the vanes 68 of the disc 60, on the opposite side of the disc and extending from the disc 60 inside the inner edge or rim 82 of the central opening of the front wall 50 of the gas separation apparatus. In the pump application the projection extends up to the rear vanes 46 of the pump impeller 40. When the flow passage, in the gas separation apparatus, for the process liquid, which is now returned, is an annular gap between said inner edge 82 and said projection 80 of the disc 60, one of the limiting surfaces of the gap being rotary, there is no risk of the clogging thereof by fibres or any other solid material in the liquid to be returned. In this embodiment, the rear vanes 46 of the impeller of the pump extend as previously up to the hub of the impeller or the shaft thereof.

[0018] Yet, in accordance with another embodiment of the invention, it is, however, possible to arrange a recess extending either to the whole axial dimension of rear vanes 46 of the pump impeller or to a portion thereof for the cylindrical projection 80 of the disc 60. Thereby, the gap between the projection 80 and the back plate 44 of the impeller 40 is made at least to some extent tighter, i.e. smaller.

[0019] The apparatus illustrated above in connection with different embodiments operates in such a way that when the pump has started and the liquid ring has been formed in the separation chamber in the same way as with the previously known pumps provided with a dynamic seal, gas or gaseous liquid flows through the openings 48 of the impeller to the rear side of the impeller 40. There the gas accumulates to the area of the lowest pressure on the shaft of the pump. In the gas separation chamber, the substantially same liquid circulates from the rear side of the disc of the separation chamber 62 to the front due to the action of the vanes 68 and from the front side to the rear side through the opening(s) 70. When gas has accumulated round the shaft of the pump to such an extent that the outer edge of the gas bubble extends to the opening(s) 70 of the disc 60 of the separation chamber, gas is able to discharge through the opening(s) 70 into the gas discharge space and therethrough, for example, through a conduit 72 out of the pump.

[0020] It must still be noted that when the inlet pressure of the pump varies, it also affects the operation of the liquid ring. When the pump inlet pressure increases, the pressure also increase in front of the opening 70 so that fresh liquid is able to flow through the opening to the rear side of the disc of the separation chamber. This results in the fact that the rotational radius of the liquid ring in the chamber 66 decreases. Quite similarly, when the pump inlet pressure decreases, the pressure in front of the opening 70 decreases, too, whereby the pressure generated by vanes 68 of the disc of the separation chamber is able to push some liquid around the inner edge or rim 52 of the rear wall 50 of the pump to the pump volute.


Claims

1. Apparatus comprising a centrifugal pump and a gas separation apparatus, the centrifugal pump having a rotatable shaft (42), an impeller (40) attached to the shaft, a back wall, and a gas discharge to the gas separation apparatus, wherein the shaft (42) acts simultaneously as shaft of the gas separation apparatus, and wherein the back wall of said centrifugal pump acts as front wall (50) of the gas separation apparatus; the gas separation apparatus having a separation chamber (62), and a disc (60) located in said separation chamber (62) and attached on the shaft (42); the disc dividing the separation chamber (62) to a so called front chamber (64) with the front wall (50) and a so called rear chamber (66) with a gas discharge near the shaft; the disc further allowing flow connection between front and rear chambers around its outer rim and having vanes on a surface facing the rear chamber (66) characterized in at least one opening (70) in the disk for allowing liquid or gas flow to be treated to traverse the disk and enter the rear chamber (66), and in that the disc (60) is provided with a smooth surface facing the front chamber and that the surface of the front wall (50) facing the front chamber (64) is at least partially provided with ribs (74), by means of which the rotation of the liquid in the separation chamber (62) is prevented in the front chamber (64).
 
2. Apparatus in accordance with claim 1, characterized in that the front wall (50) has a central opening extending around the shaft and that said at least one opening (70) in the disc (60) is located close to the shaft (42) substantial to the area of an inner rim (52) of the central opening of the front wall (50) of the gas separation chamber.
 
3. Apparatus in accordance with one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the distance of said at least one opening (70) from the shaft (42) is greater than the corresponding distance of the inner tips of said vanes (68).
 
4. Apparatus in accordance with one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the separation chamber (62) has a rear wall having a central opening; and in that said at least one opening (70) in the disk (60) is located radially outside an inner edge of the rear wall of the separation chamber.
 
5. Apparatus in accordance with one of the preceding claims, characterized in that said at least one opening (70) is flow-constricting and thus capable of generating a pressure difference.
 
6. Apparatus in accordance with one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the disc (60) of the separation chamber (62) is provided with a substantially axially towards the front wall (50) extending cylindrical projection (80), said projection being positioned radially outside said at least one opening (70).
 
7. Apparatus in accordance with claim 6, characterized in that the front wall (50) is provided with a central opening having such a diameter that an annular gap is formed between the inner edge (82) of the front wall (50) and the projection (80) of the disc (60).
 


Ansprüche

1. Vorrichtung, die eine Zentrifugalpumpe und eine Gastrennvorrichtung umfasst, wobei die Zentrifugalpumpe eine drehbare Welle (42), ein an der Welle befestigtes Laufrad (40), eine Rückwand und einen Gasauslass zu der Gastrennvorrichtung aufweist, wobei die Welle (42) gleichzeitig als Welle der Gastrennvorrichtung wirkt, und wobei die Rückwand der Zentrifugalpumpe als Vorderwand (50) der Gastrennvorrichtung wirkt; wobei die Gastrennvorrichtung eine Trennkammer (62) und eine Scheibe (60) aufweist, die in der Trennkammer (62) angeordnet und an der Welle (42) befestigt ist; wobei die Scheibe die Trennkammer (62) in eine so genannte vordere Kammer (64) mit der Vorderwand (50) und eine so genannte hintere Kammer (66) mit einem Gasauslass in der Nähe der Welle unterteilt; wobei die Scheibe ferner eine Strömungsverbindung zwischen vorderer und hinterer Kammer um ihren äusseren Rand herum ermöglicht und auf einer der hinteren Kammer (66) zugewandten Fläche Schaufeln aufweist, gekennzeichnet durch mindestens eine Öffnung (70) in der Scheibe, die es dem zu behandelnden Flüssigkeits- oder Gasstrom ermöglicht, die Scheibe zu durchqueren und in die hintere Kammer (66) einzutreten, und dadurch dass die Scheibe (60) mit einer der vorderen Kammer zugewandten glatten Oberfläche versehen ist und dass die der vorderen Kammer (64) zugewandte Oberfläche der Vorderwand (50) zumindest teilweise mit Rippen (74) versehen ist, durch die die Rotation der Flüssigkeit in der Trennkammer (62) in der vorderen Kammer (64) verhindert wird.
 
2. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Vorderwand (50) eine zentrale Öffnung aufweist, die sich um die Welle herum erstreckt, und dass die mindestens eine Öffnung (70) in der Scheibe (60) nahe der Welle (42) im Wesentlichen im Bereich eines Innenrandes (52) der zentralen Öffnung der Vorderwand (50) der Gastrennkammer angeordnet ist.
 
3. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Abstand der mindestens einen Öffnung (70) von der Welle (42) grösser ist als der entsprechende Abstand der inneren Spitzen der Schaufeln (68).
 
4. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Trennkammer (62) eine Rückwand mit einer zentralen Öffnung aufweist; und dass die mindestens eine Öffnung (70) in der Scheibe (60) radial ausserhalb einer Innenkante der Rückwand der Trennkammer angeordnet ist.
 
5. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die mindestens eine Öffnung (70) strömungseinengend ist und somit in der Lage ist, eine Druckdifferenz zu erzeugen.
 
6. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Scheibe (60) der Trennkammer (62) mit einem sich im Wesentlichen axial zur Vorderwand (50) erstreckenden zylindrischen Vorsprung (80) versehen ist, wobei der Vorsprung radial ausserhalb der mindestens einen Öffnung (70) angeordnet ist.
 
7. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Vorderwand (50) mit einer zentralen Öffnung versehen ist, die einen solchen Durchmesser hat, dass zwischen der Innenkante (82) der Vorderwand (50) und dem Vorsprung (80) der Scheibe (60) ein ringförmiger Spalt gebildet wird.
 


Revendications

1. Un appareil comprenant une pompe centrifuge et un appareil de séparation des gaz, la pompe centrifuge ayant un arbre rotatif (42), une roue à aubes (40) fixée à l'arbre, une paroi arrière et une décharge de gaz vers l'appareil de séparation des gaz, dans lequel l'arbre (42) agit simultanément comme arbre de l'appareil de séparation des gaz, et dans lequel la paroi arrière de ladite pompe centrifuge agit comme paroi avant (50) de l'appareil de séparation des gaz ; l'appareil de séparation des gaz ayant une chambre de séparation (62), et un disque (60) situé dans ladite chambre de séparation (62) et fixé sur l'arbre (42) ; le disque divisant la chambre de séparation (62) en une chambre dite avant (64) avec la paroi avant (50) et une chambre dite arrière (66) avec une décharge de gaz près de l'arbre ; le disque permettant en outre une connexion de flux entre les chambres avant et arrière autour de son bord extérieur et ayant des aubes sur une surface tournée vers la chambre arrière (66), caractérisé par au moins une ouverture (70) dans le disque pour permettre au flux de liquide ou de gaz à traiter de traverser le disque et d'entrer dans la chambre arrière (66), et en ce que le disque (60) est pourvu d'une surface lisse tournée vers la chambre avant et que la surface de la paroi avant (50) tournée vers la chambre avant (64) est au moins partiellement pourvue de nervures (74), au moyen desquelles la rotation du liquide dans la chambre de séparation (62) est empêchée dans la chambre avant (64).
 
2. Un appareil selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que la paroi avant (50) présente une ouverture centrale s'étendant autour de l'arbre et en ce que ladite au moins une ouverture (70) dans le disque (60) est située près de l'arbre (42) sensiblement sur la région d'un bord intérieur (52) de l'ouverture centrale de la paroi avant (50) de la chambre de séparation des gaz.
 
3. Un appareil selon l'une des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que la distance de ladite au moins une ouverture (70) par rapport à l'arbre (42) est supérieure à la distance correspondante des extrémités intérieures desdites aubes (68).
 
4. Un appareil selon l'une des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que la chambre de séparation (62) présente une paroi arrière ayant une ouverture centrale ; et en ce que ladite au moins une ouverture (70) dans le disque (60) est située radialement à l'extérieur d'un bord intérieur de la paroi arrière de la chambre de séparation.
 
5. Un appareil selon l'une des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que ladite au moins une ouverture (70) limite l'écoulement et est donc capable de générer une différence de pression.
 
6. Un appareil selon l'une des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que le disque (60) de la chambre de séparation (62) est pourvue d'une saillie cylindrique (80) s'étendant sensiblement axialement vers la paroi avant (50), ladite saillie étant positionnée radialement à l'extérieur de ladite au moins une ouverture (70).
 
7. Un appareil selon la revendication 6, caractérisé en ce que la paroi avant (50) est pourvue d'une ouverture centrale ayant un diamètre tel qu'un espace annulaire est formé entre le bord intérieur (82) de la paroi avant (50) et la saillie (80) du disque (60).
 




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REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description