(19)
(11)EP 1 737 936 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
25.01.2017 Bulletin 2017/04

(21)Application number: 05724994.8

(22)Date of filing:  08.03.2005
(51)Int. Cl.: 
C10M 141/10  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2005/007584
(87)International publication number:
WO 2005/090530 (29.09.2005 Gazette  2005/39)

(54)

HYDRAULIC COMPOSITION CONTAINING A SUBSTANTIALLY NITROGEN FREE DISPERSANT

HYDRAULIKZUSAMMENSETZUNG MIT EINEM WEITGEHEND STICKSTOFFFREIEN DISPERGIERMITTEL

COMPOSITION HYDRAULIQUE CONTENANT UN DISPERSANT SENSIBLEMENT DEPOURVU D'AZOTE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
DE FR GB

(30)Priority: 16.03.2004 US 802990

(43)Date of publication of application:
03.01.2007 Bulletin 2007/01

(73)Proprietor: The Lubrizol Corporation
Wickliffe, Ohio 44092-2298 (US)

(72)Inventor:
  • CLASON, Donald L.
    Mentor, Ohio 44060 (US)

(74)Representative: dompatent von Kreisler Selting Werner - Partnerschaft von Patent- und Rechtsanwälten mbB 
Deichmannhaus am Dom Bahnhofsvorplatz 1
50667 Köln
50667 Köln (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A- 1 213 341
US-A- 4 029 587
US-A1- 2002 032 127
US-A- 3 381 022
US-A- 4 159 958
  
     
    Remarks:
    The file contains technical information submitted after the application was filed and not included in this specification
     
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD OF INVENTION



    [0001] The present invention relates to a composition containing a dispersant from the reaction product of (i) a polyalkenyl-substituted acylating agent; and (ii) a polyol, wherein the dispersant is substantially nitrogen free. The invention further provides a process for making the composition and a method for lubricating a vehicle hydraulic system.

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



    [0002] It is known to add dispersants with demulsifying and/or emulsifying characteristics to a lubricating composition. Dispersants are known to provide compositions with resistance to rust, prolonged cleanliness, decreased sludge accumulation, demulsification properties and varnish reduction. Dispersants with emulsifying characteristics are disclosed in US-A-3,804,763, 4,031,118 and British Patent Application GB-A-2,111,526.

    [0003] US-A-3,804,763 (Meinhardt) and German Patent DE-A-2,360,117 (Meinhardt) disclose compositions containing a dispersant derived from a carboxylic acylating agent having at least 30 aliphatic carbon atoms per molecule with effective amounts of (a) a hydroxy compound and (b) a polyoxyalkylene polyamine. Optionally the dispersant is further reacted with an alkylene polyamine.
    US-A-2002/032127 relates to hydraulic fluids. It also refers to oxidation and thermal stability aspects.

    [0004] US-A-4,031,118 (Clark) discloses a lubricant containing an ester prepared by reacting (a) a high molecular weight carboxylic acid acylating agent; (b) a polyoxyalkylene alcohol emulsifier for aqueous emulsions and optionally a polyhydric alcohol. The reaction product may be present at 0.1 to 20 weight percent of the composition.

    [0005] British Patent Application GB-A-2,111,526 (LeSuer) discloses a composition containing a hydroxyamine and a carboxyl containing dispersant. The carboxyl containing dispersant may be prepared from a succinic acid and an alcohol such as pentaerythritol.

    [0006] Conventional hydraulic fluids do not entrain water or emulsify water to enable separation of water an oil in hydraulic equipment which allows for removal. Dispersants are capable of providing fluids with the ability to entrain water or to create emulsions thereby by allowing for water to be removed. Once the water is entrained it is possible to remove water by evaporation or by other means. However, dispersants containing amino groups are known to be susceptible to aggressively react with the polymers used in seals used in original equipment manufacturer (OEM) hardware such as hydraulic equipment such as hydraulic launch assist equipment fitted to vehicles or hydrostatic transmissions and the like. Often the aggressive reaction between the amino group and the seal results in the seals becoming brittle and/or heavily corroded, which is undesirable due to potential damage to OEM hardware including a hydraulic system or significant down time for repairs.

    [0007] Furthermore, hydraulic equipment such as hydraulic launch assist or a hydrostatic transmission prefers a hydraulic fluid which is capable of providing a fill for life (often referred to as a long life) fluid. Such hydraulic fluids therefore be able to have good low temperature viscometrics, good high temperature viscometrics and decrease wear.

    [0008] US-A-4,466,894 (Grover) discloses a composition containing (a) a metal salt of a phosphorodithioic acid; (b) an aliphatic or alicyclic acid; (c) a sulphurised metal phenate; and (d) a triazole. The composition also contains an emulsifying dispersant derived from a pentaerythritol ester with polybutenyl succinic acid reacted with alkylene polyamine. The emulsifying dispersant contains more than one succinic group per polybutenyl group. However, the composition disclosed is thermally unstable and as a result does not have a long life.

    [0009] It is desirable to have a composition with good low temperature viscometrics and good high temperature viscometrics. The present invention provides a composition with good low temperature viscometrics and good high temperature viscometrics.

    [0010] It is desirable to have a composition that is thermally stable and with a long life. The present invention provides a composition that is thermally stable and with a long life.

    SUMMERY OF THE INVENTION



    [0011] The present invention provides a composition comprising:
    1. (a) a substantially nitrogen free dispersant derived from the reaction product of:

      (i) a polyalkenyl-substituted acylating agent; and

      (II) a polyol selected from a polyoxyalkylene glycol, a polyhydric alcohol or mixtures thereof,

      wherein the substantially nitrogen free dispersant is present on an oil free basis from 0.01 wt % to 30 wt % of the composition;
    2. (b) a primary metal hydrocarbyl dithiophosphate selected from zinc di-(heptyl) dithiophosphate, zinc di-(octyl) dithiophosphate, zinc di-(2-ethylhexyl) dithiophosphate, zinc di-(nonyl) dithiophosphate, zinc dl-(decyl) dithlophosphate, zinc di-(dodecyl) dithiophosphate or mixtures thereof, wherein the primary metal hydrocarbyl dithiophosphate is present on an oil free basis from 0.01 wt % to 30 wt % of the composition;
    3. (c) an oil of lubricating viscosity, wherein the oil of lubricating viscosity is present from 50 wt % to 99.9 wt % of the composition;
    4. (d) a metal deactivator selected from benzotriazoles having hydrocarbyl substituent(s) on at least one ring position, wherein the hydrocarbyl group contains 1 to 30 carbon atoms, wherein the metal deactivator is present on an oil free basis from 0,01 wt % to 5 wt % of the composition; and
    5. (e) optionally a viscosity modifier,
    wherein the composition contains 35 ppm or less of nitrogen derived from a substantially nitrogen free dispersant.

    [0012] The invention further provides a method for lubricating a vehicle hydraulic system capable of transferring rotational energy into a stored energy reservoir and later reconverting the stored energy to rotational energy to aid propulsion, the method employing the composition of the present invention.

    [0013] The invention further provides a process for the preparation of the composition of the invention comprising mixing the constituents (a) to (e) as mentioned above.

    [0014] The use of the composition of the invention imparts one or more performance characteristics including improved cleanliness, decreased wear, improved shear stability, improved low temperature viscometrics, high temperature viscometrics or long life.
    Preferred embodiments of the invention are apparent from the dependent claims.

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION


    Substantially Nitrogen Free Dispersant



    [0015] As used herein the term "substantially nitrogen free" means the dispersant contributes 35 ppm or less, in one embodiment 25 ppm or less, in another embodiment 15 ppm or less and in another embodiment 5 ppm or less nitrogen to the composition. In one embodiment of the invention substantially nitrogen free dispersant is free of nitrogen.

    [0016] The invention includes a substantially nitrogen free dispersant that exhibits emulsifying properties and is derived from the reaction product of: (i) a polyalkenyl-substituted acylating agent, such as, dicarboxylic acid anhydride or derivatives thereof; and (ii) a polyol. The substantially nitrogen free dispersant are prepared by a process described in US-A-3,804,763, 4,031,118 and British Patent Application GB-A-2,111,526.

    [0017] The polyalkenyl group includes a group derived from an olefin with a number average molecular weight of 350 to 10,000, in one embodiment 400 to 7000, in another embodiment 500 to 5000 and in yet another embodiment 500 to 4000. In one embodiment the long chain polyalkenyl group is a polyisobutylene group, which has a number average molecular weight from 800 to 1600 and in another embodiment from 1601 to 3000.

    [0018] The acylating agent includes an acid group (-COOH)n or derivatives thereof, wherein the acylating agent is bonded through the carbon atom to a polyalkenyl group and n in one embodiment is 1 to 8 and in another embodiment 1 to 3, for instance 2. The acylating agent derivatives include an acid chloride, an anhydride, an ester or mixtures thereof. The number of carbon atoms in the acid group includes in one embodiment 15 or less, in another embodiment 10 or less and in yet another embodiment 6 or less, for instance, 3, 4 or 5.

    [0019] Examples of an acylating agent has an acid group derived from (meth) acrylic acid, maleic acid, maleic anhydride, methyl maleic anhydride, ethyl maleic anhydride, dimethyl maleic anhydride, fumaric acid, itaconic acid itaconic anhydride, citraconic acid, citraconic anhydride, mesaconic acid or mixtures thereof.

    [0020] The polyol includes a polyoxyalkylene glycol, a polyhydric alcohol or mixtures thereof. The polyhydric alcohol includes those defined as R1-(OH)m, wherein m is the number of hydroxyl groups and R1 may be an alkyl group, a phenyl group, a naphthyl group or mixtures thereof. R1 contains in one embodiment 1 to 10, in another embodiment 2 to 8 and in yet another embodiment 2 to 6 carbon atoms, for instance, 2 or 3 or 5 or 6 carbon atoms.

    [0021] Example of suitable polyol compounds include an aliphatic polyol, such as, an alkylene glycol, an alkane polyol, a polyhydric phenol, a polyhydric naphthol or mixtures thereof.

    [0022] Examples of suitable polyol compounds include an ethylene glycol, a propylene glycol, a trimethylene glycol, a butylene glycol, a glycerol, a monomethyl ether of glycerol, a 9,10-dihydroxystearic acid, an ethyl ester of 9,10-dihydroxystearic acid, a 3-chloro-1,2-propanediol, a 1,2-butanediol, a 1,4-butanediol, a 2,3-hexanediol, a 2,3-hexanediol, a pinacol, trimetholpropane (TMP), neopentyl glycol (NPG), a pentaerythritol, an erythritol, an arabitol, a sorbitol, a mannitol, a cresol, a heptylphenol, a dodecylphenol, a dioctylphenol, a triheptylphenol, a resorcinol a pyrogallol or mixtures thereof. In one embodiment the polyol includes an ethylene glycol, a propylene glycol, a butylene glycol, a trimethylene glycol, a glycerol, trimetholpropane (TMP), a pentaerythritol, an erythritol, an arabitol, a sorbitol, a mannitol or mixtures thereof.

    [0023] Other suitable polyol compounds include a polyglycol such as a diethylene glycol, a triethylene glycol, a tetraethylene glycol, a dipropylene glycol, a tripropylene glycol, a dibutylene glycol, a tributylene glycol, a 1,2-cyclohexanediol, a 1,4-cyclohexanediol, a 1,4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-cyclohexane, a 1,4-di(2-hydroxyethyl)-benzene, a dipentaerythritol, a glucose, an arabitose, a ramnose, a mannose, a galactose or mixtures thereof.

    [0024] The polyoxyalkylene alcohol includes those prepared by reacting a polyhydric alcohol with an alkylene oxide forming a "block" polymer. The alkylene oxide contains in one embodiment 2 to 8, in another embodiment 2 to 6 and in yet another embodiment 2 to 4 carbon atoms. The polyoxyalkylene alcohol includes those with a number average molecular weight in one embodiment of 1000 to 10,000, in another embodiment 1500 to 8000 and in yet another embodiment 2000 to 7000.

    [0025] The substantially nitrogen free dispersant is present on an oil free basis from 0.01 wt % to 30 wt %, in one embodiment 0.1 wt % to 5 wt %, in another embodiment 0.15 wt % to 2.5 wt % and in yet another embodiment, 0.2 wt % to 1 wt % of the composition. In one embodiment the substantially nitrogen free dispersant is present on an oil free basins at 16 wt %,

    Primary Metal Hydrocarbyl Dithiophosphate



    [0026] The composition contains a primary metal hydrocarbyl dithiophosphate that may be neutral and/or basic. The metal hydrocarbyl dithiophosphate includes those represented by the formula:

    wherein R1 and R2 are independently hydrogen, hydrocarbyl groups or mixtures thereof, provided that at least one of R1 and R3 is a hydrocarbyl group, with the proviso that the hydrocarbyl group contains a carbon atom with a C-H bonded directly to the oxygen of a dithiophosphate group. This forms on the dithiophosphate a -CH-O-P structural unit.

    [0027] M' is a metal, and n is an integer equal to the available valence of M'. M' is zinc.

    [0028] The hydrocarbyl group includes alkyl and may be linear or branched. Examples of a suitable hydrocarbyl group include heptyl, octyl, 2-ethylhexyl, nonyl, decyl, undecyl, dodecyl or mixtures thereof.

    [0029] The primary metal hydrocarbyl dithiophosphate is a primary zinc dihydrocarbyl dithiophosphate (often referred to as ZDDP, ZDP or ZDTP), selected from zinc di-(heptyl) dithiophosphate, zinc di-(octyl) dithiophosphate. zinc di-(2-ethylhexyl) dithiophosphate, zinc di-(nonyl) dithiophosphate, zinc di-(decyl) dithiophosphate, zinc di-(dodecyl) dithiophosphate or mixtures thereof.

    [0030] The primary metal hydrocarbyl dithiophosphate is present on an oil free basis from 0.01 wt % to 30 wt %, in one embodiment 0.1 wt % to 5 wt %, in another embodiment, 0.2 wt % to 4 wt % and in yet another embodiment 0.4 wt % to 2 wt % of the composition.

    Viscosity Modifiers



    [0031] As used herein the term "(meth)acrylate" includes a methacrylate and/or an acrylate.

    [0032] Viscosity modifiers (often referred to as viscosity index improvers) of the invention are known and include polymeric materials including a styrene-butadiene rubber, an olefin copolymer, a hydrogenated styrene-isoprene polymer, a hydrogenated radical isoprene polymer, a poly(meth)acrylate acid ester, a polyalkylstyrene, an alkenylaryl conjugated-diene copolymer, an ester of maleic anhydride-styrene copolymer or mixtures thereof.

    [0033] The viscosity modifiers include poly(meth)acrylate acid ester, an olefin copolymer or mixtures thereof.

    [0034] Poly(meth)acrylate acid ester viscosity modifiers include copolymers of (a) a (meth)acrylic acid ester containing 9 to 30 carbons in the ester group, (b) a (meth)acrylic acid ester containing 7 to 12 carbons in the ester group wherein the ester group contains a 2-(C1-4 alkyl)-substituents and optionally (c) at least one monomer including a (meth)acrylic acid ester containing from 2 to 8 carbon atoms in the ester group and which are different from (meth)acrylate acid esters used in (a) and (b) above. In one embodiment the (meth)acrylate is a methacrylate.

    [0035] Viscosity modifiers derived from an olefin copolymer. The olefin copolymer includes those with a backbone containing 2 to 4 different olefin monomers, in one embodiment 2 to 3 different olefin monomers and in yet another embodiment 2 different olefin monomers. The olefin monomers include 2 to 20, in one embodiment 2 to 10, in another embodiment 2 to 6 and in yet another embodiment 2 to 4 carbon atoms.

    [0036] The olefin copolymer includes an ethylene monomer and at least one other comonomer derived from an alpha-olefin having the formula H2C=CHR3, wherein R3 is a hydrocarbyl group, in one embodiment an alkyl radical containing 1 to 18, in one embodiment 1 to 10, in another embodiment 1 to 6 and in yet another embodiment 1 to 3 carbon atoms. The hydrocarbyl group includes an alkyl radical that has a straight chain, a branched chain or mixtures thereof.

    [0037] Examples of a suitable comonomer include propylene, 1-butene, 1-hexene, 1-octene, 4-methylpentene-1, 1-decene, 1-dodecene, 1-tridecene, 1-tetradecene, 1-pentadecene, 1-hexadecene, 1-heptadecene, 1-octadecene, 1-nonadecene or mixtures thereof. The comonomer includes 1-butene, propylene or mixtures thereof. Examples of the olefin copolymers include ethylene-propylene copolymers, ethylenebutene-1 copolymers or mixtures thereof.

    [0038] The viscosity modifiers are present on an oil free basis at of 0 wt % to 30 wt %, in one embodiment 0.1 wt % to 30 wt %, in another embodiment 1 wt % to 25 wt %, in another embodiment 3 wt % to 20 wt % and in yet another embodiment 5 wt % to 12 wt % of the composition. In one embodiment the viscosity modifier is present. In one embodiment the viscosity modifier is absent.

    Oils of Lubricating Viscosity



    [0039] The lubricating oil composition includes natural or synthetic oils of lubricating viscosity, oil derived from hydrocracking, hydrogenation, hydrofinishing, unrefined, refined and re-refined oils or mixtures thereof.

    [0040] Natural oils include animal oils, vegetable oils, mineral oils or mixtures thereof. Synthetic oils include a hydrocarbon oil, a silicon-based oil, a liquid esters of phosphorus-containing acid. Synthetic oils may be produced by Fischer-Tropsch reactions and typically may be hydroisomerised Fischer-Tropsch hydrocarbons or waxes

    [0041] Oils of lubricating viscosity may also be defined as specified in the American Petroleum Institute (API) Base Oil Interchangeability Guidelines. In one embodiment the oil of lubricating viscosity comprises an API Group I, II, III, IV, V or mixtures thereof, and preferably API Group I, II, III or mixtures thereof. If the oil of lubricating viscosity is an API Group II, III, IV or V oil there may be up to 40 wt % and most preferably up to a maximum of 5 wt % of the lubricating oil an API Group I oil.

    [0042] The oil of lubricating viscosity is present from 50 wt % to 99.9 wt %, in one embodiment 60 wt % to 98.9 wt %, in another embodiment 70 wt % to 97 wt % and in yet another embodiment 80 wt % to 95 wt % of the composition.

    [0043] If the present invention is in the form of a concentrate (which can be combined with additional oil to form, in whole or in part, a finished lubricant), the ratio of each of the above-mentioned dispersant, as well as other components, to diluent oil include 80:20 to 10:90 by weight.

    Other Performance Additive



    [0044] The composition of the invention optionally further includes at least one other performance additive. The other performance additive compounds include a detergent, an antioxidant, a corrosion inhibitor, an antiscuffing agent, a foam inhibitor, a demulsifier, a pour point depressant, a seal swelling agent or mixtures thereof. In one embodiment the composition further includes at least one compound including the group consisting of a metal deactivator, a detergent and an antioxidant. In one embodiment the composition further includes at least two compounds including a metal deactivator, a detergent or an antioxidant. In one embodiment the composition further includes a metal deactivator, a detergent and an antioxidant.

    [0045] The total combined amount of the other performance additive compounds present on an oil free basis is from 0 wt % to 25 wt %, in one embodiment 0.01 wt % to 20 wt %, in another embodiment 0.04 wt % to 15 wt % and in yet another embodiment 0.06 wt % to 10 wt % of the composition. Although one or more of the other performance additives may be present, it is common for the other performance additives to be present in different amounts relative to each other.

    Metal Deactivator



    [0046] The composition of the invention includes a metal deactivator. The metal deactivator is used to neutralise the catalytic effect of metal for promoting oxidation in lubricating oil. The metal deactivator is selected from benzotriazoles. The metal deactivator may be used alone or in combination with other metal deartivators.

    [0047] The benzotriazole is selected from those with hydrocarbyl group with substitutions on at least one ring position, such as, position 1- or 2-or 4- or 5- or 6- or 7- or mixtures thereof. The hydrocarbyl group includes 1 to 30 carbon atoms, in one embodiment 1 to 15 carbon atoms, in another embodiment 1 to 7 carbon atoms. In one embodiment the benzotriazole is 5-methylbenzotriazole (tolyltriazole) or mixtures thereof. In one embodiment hydrocarbyl benzotriazole may be substituted at positions 4-or 5- or 6- or 7- and further reacted with an aldehyde and a secondary amine to form a Mannich product such as N,N-bis(heptyl)-ar-methyl-1H-benzotriazole-1-methanamine; N,N-bis(nonyl)-ar-methyl-1H-benzotriazole-1-methanamine.

    [0048] The metal deactivator is present on an oil free basis from 0.01 wt % to 5 wt %, in one embodiment 0.01 wt % to 2 wt %, in another embodiment, 0.02 wt % to 0.5 wt % and in yet another embodiment 0.03 wt % to 0.1 wt % of the composition.

    Detergent



    [0049] The composition of the invention may further include a detergent. Detergent compounds are known and include neutral or overbased, Newtonian or non-Newtonian, basic salts of alkali, alkaline earth and transition metals with one or more of a phenate, a sulphurised phenate, a sulphonate, a carboxylic acid, a phosphorus acid, a mono- and/or a di- thiophosphoric acid, a saligenin, a salixarate, an alkylsalicylate or mixtures thereof. Commonly used metals include sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium lithium or mixtures thereof. Most commonly used metals include sodium, magnesium and calcium. In one embodiment the detergent include a phenate, a sulphurised phenate or mixtures thereof. In one embodiment the detergent is a sulphurised phenate.

    [0050] The detergent is present on an oil free basis from 0 wt % to 10 wt %, in one embodiment 0.01 wt % to 2 wt %, in another embodiment, 0.02 wt % to 0.5 wt % and in yet another embodiment 0.03 wt % to 0.2 wt % of the composition.

    Antioxidant



    [0051] The composition of the invention may further include an antioxidant. The antioxidant compounds are known and include a molybdenum dithiocarbamate, a sulphurised olefin, a hindered phenol, a diphenylamine or mixtures thereof. The antioxidant can be used alone or in combination. In one embodiment the antioxidants include a hindered phenol, a diphenylamine or mixtures thereof.

    [0052] The diphenylamine antioxidant includes those with a mono- or a dialkylated phenyl ring. Examples of suitable diphenylamine antioxidant include bis-nonylated diphenylamine, nonyl diphenylamine, octyl diphenylamine, bis-octylated diphenylamine, bis-decylated diphenylamine, decyl diphenylamine or mixtures thereof.

    [0053] The hindered phenol antioxidant includes a secondary butyl and/or a tertiary butyl group as a sterically hindering group. The phenol group is further substituted with a hydrocarbyl group and/or a bridging group linking to a second aromatic group. Examples of suitable hindered phenol antioxidant include 2,6-di-tert-butylphenol, 4-methyl-2,6-di-tert-butylphenol, 4-ethyl-2,6-di-tert-butylphenol, 4-propyl-2,6-di-tert-butylphenol, 4-butyl-2,6-di-tert-butylphenol 2,6-di-tert-butylphenol, 4-pentyl-2,6-di-tert-butylphenol, 4-hexyl-2,6-di-tert-butylphenol, 4-heptyl-2,6-di-tert-butylphenol, 4-(2-ethylhexyl)-2,6-di-tert-butylphenol, 4-octyl-2,6-di-tert-butylphenol, 4-nonyl-2,6-di-tert-butylphenol, 4-decyl-2,6-di-tert-butylphenol, 4-undecyl-2,6-di-tert-butylphenol, 4-dodecyl-2,6-di-tert-butylphenol, 4-tridecyl-2,6-di-tert-butylphenol, 4-tetradecyl-2,6-di-tert-butylphenol, 4,4-methylene-bis-(6-tert-butyl-o-cresol), 4,4-methylene-bis-(2-tert-amyl-o-cresol), 4,4-methylene-bis-(2,6-di-tertbutylphenol), 2,2-methylene-bis-(4-methyl-6-tert-butylphenol), 2,2'-methylene-bis-(4-ethyl-6-tert-butylphenol), 2,2'-methylene-bis-(4-propyl-6-tert-butylphenol) or mixtures thereof.

    [0054] Suitable examples of molybdenum dithiocarboamate include commercial materials sold under the trade names such as Vanlube 822™ and Molyvan™ A from R. T. Vanderbilt Co., Ltd., and Adeka Sakura-Lube™ S-100 and S-165 and S-600 from Asahi Denka Kogyo K. K.

    [0055] The antioxidant is present on an oil free basis from 0 wt % to 30 wt %, in one embodiment 0.1 wt % to 5 wt %, in another embodiment, 0.2 wt % to 4 wt % and in yet another embodiment 0.3 wt % to 2 wt % of the composition.

    [0056] The other performance additive compounds such as a corrosion inhibitor include octylamine octanoate, condensation products of dodecenyl succinic acid or anhydride and a fatty acid such as oleic acid with a polyamine; a foam inhibitor include poly ethyl acrylate, poly 2-ethylhexylacrylate, and poly vinyl acetate; a demulsifier include trialkyl phosphates, polyethylene glycols, polyethylene oxides, polypropylene oxides and (ethylene oxide-propylene oxide) polymers; a pour point depressant include esters of maleic anhydride-styrene, polymethacrylates, polyacrylates or polyacrylamides; and a seal swell agent include Exxon Necton-37™ (FN 1380) and Exxon Mineral Seal Oil (FN 3200); may also be used in the composition of the invention.

    [0057] The invention further provides a method for lubricating a vehicle hydraulic system capable of transferring rotational energy into a stored energy reservoir and later reconverting the stored energy to rotational energy to aid propulsion, the method employing the composition of the invention.

    [0058] In one embodiment the composition of the method further includes a viscosity modifier.

    [0059] Examples of vehicle hydraulic system capable of transferring rotational energy into a stored energy reservoir and later reconverting the stored energy to rotational energy to aid propulsion include a Hydraulic Launch Assist® (HLA), a hydrostatic transmission or mixtures thereof.

    [0060] Hydraulic Launch Assist apparatus are known in the art and commercially available from Eaton Corporation. The system includes a hybrid hydraulic braking system that recovers heat energy generated during braking. The heat energy is stored and later used to partially or wholly replace power generated by an engine to generate rotational energy to aid propulsion. A more detailed description of the Hydraulic Launch Assist apparatus is disclosed in SAE International Topical Technical Symposium on "Emerging Transmission Technologies TOPTEC® Symposium, August 12-13, 2003, Michigan State University, Troy, Michigan, ID#2003TT14.

    [0061] A hydrostatic transmission is known in the art and include a variable displacement pump and a fixed or variable displacement motor. The displacement pump and motor operate together in one embodiment in a closed circuit and in another embodiment in an open circuit. In a closed circuit, a hydraulic fluid from the motor flows to a pump inlet without returning to a tank. The transmission equipment pressurises a fluid during braking by recovering heat energy and later reuses the energy to partially or wholly replace power generated by an engine to generate rotational energy to aid propulsion.

    Process



    [0062] The invention further provides the above-mentioned process for the preparation of the composition of the invention.

    [0063] Components (a)-(d) are mixed sequentially and/or separately to form the composition of the invention. The mixing conditions include a temperature of 15°C to 130°C, in one embodiment 20°C to 120°C and in anther embodiment 25°C to 110°C; and for a period of time in the range 30 seconds to 48 hours, in one embodiment 2 minutes to 24 hours, in another embodiment 5 minutes to 16 hours and in yet another embodiment 10 minutes to 5 hours; and at pressures in the range 86 kPa to 266 kPa (650 mm Hg to 2000 mm Hg), in one embodiment 91 kPa to 200 kPa ( 690 mm Hg to 1500 mm Hg), and in another embodiment 95 kPa to 133 kPa (715 mm Hg to 1000 mm Hg).

    [0064] The process optionally includes mixing other optional performance additives as described above. The optional performance additives may be added sequentially, separately or as a concentrate.

    Industrial Application



    [0065] The composition of the present invention is useful in a hydraulic fluid. In one embodiment the hydraulic fluid is suitable for hydraulic launch assist apparatus. In one embodiment the hydraulic fluid is for a hydrostatic transmission.

    [0066] The use of the composition of the invention imparts one or more performance characteristics including improved cleanliness, decreased wear, improved shear stability, improved low temperature viscometrics, high temperature viscometrics or long life. Increased long life is defined to mean no refill is necessary during the working life of the vehicles fitted with the hydraulic apparatus.

    [0067] The following examples provide an illustration of the invention. These examples are non exhaustive and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention.

    EXAMPLES


    Example 1



    [0068] Example 1 was prepared by mixing about 1 wt % of antioxidant; about 1 wt % of a primary zinc dithiophosphate; about 1 wt % of a substantially nitrogen free dispersant free prepared by the reaction product of a polyisobutenyl succinic anhydride and pentaerythritol; about 0.06 wt % of metal deactivator; about 0.1 wt % of detergent; and about 8.3 wt % of a polymethacrylate viscosity modifier into an oil of lubricating viscosity containing about 52 wt % of PetroCanada™ 6 cSt, about 34 wt % of PetroCanada™ 6 cSt and about 3.5 wt % of diluent oil.

    Example 2 (not according to the invention)



    [0069] Example 2 was prepared in the same way as Example 1, except the amount of antioxidant is about 0.2 wt % and a polymethacrylate viscosity modifier present at about 9 wt % in an oil of lubricating viscosity containing about 70 wt % of an Exxon Mobil 160N API Group II base oil and about 30 wt % of an Exxon Mobile 100N-120N API Group II base oil. Furthermore no metal deactivator is present.

    Example 3



    [0070] Example 3 was prepared in the same way as Example 1, except the amount of polymethacrylate viscosity modifier is about 10 wt %.

    Example 4



    [0071] Example 4 was prepared in the same way as Example 1, except the composition contains about 0.06 wt % of metal deactivator; is free of viscosity modifier; about 0.2 wt% of a polymethacrylate pour point depressant; and 100 wt % the oil of lubricating viscosity is an API Group II 160N, Exxon Mobil (EHC60) base oil.

    Reference Example 1



    [0072] Reference Example 1 was prepared by mixing about 0.2 wt % of antioxidant; about 0.5 wt % of a primary zinc dithiophosphate; 0.01 wt % corrosion inhibitor into an oil of lubricating viscosity containing about 100 wt % a Chevron RLOP 220N oil.

    Reference Example 2



    [0073] Reference Example 2 was prepared in a similar manner to Reference Example 1, except about 0.0015 wt % of tolyltriazole was added and the oil of lubricating viscosity is about 63 wt % of 150N Exxon oil and about 37 wt % of 600N Exxon oil.

    Test 1: Foaming Test



    [0074] The foaming Test was carried out according to the ASTM method D892-03, subsection 10 which measures foaming at 3 different sequences. The foaming of the first sequence is determined by decanting without mechanical shaking or stirring about 200 ml of sample into a beaker. The sample is then heated to about 49°C and then allowed to cool to about 24°C. The sample is then poured into beaker with about 1 litre of volume until about 190 ml of sample have been added. The beaker is then immersed in a bath with a constant temperature of about 24°C. When the oil reaches the bath temperature a gas diffuser and gas inlet tube were inserted. A gas flow of about 94 ml min-1 is then flowed through the sample for about 5 minutes after the first sign of bubbles then the gas supply is closed of. The volume of foam created is then measured. The results obtained from this test indicate that no foam is produced.

    [0075] The second sequence uses a similar process to the first sequence except, a fresh sample of about 180 ml is added to a clean beaker and then bath is heated to about 93°C. The results obtained from this test indicate that no foam is produced.

    [0076] The third sequence uses the sample of sequence 2 and cools it to below about 43.5°C and then further cooling to about 24°C. The same experimental procedure used in sequence 1 was then used to evaluate the amount of foaming. The results obtained from this test indicate that no foam is produced.

    Test 2: Water Separability Test



    [0077] The separability test was carried out according to the ASTM method D1401-02. A sample containing about 40ml of the composition of the invention and about 40 ml of distilled water are stirred for about 5 minutes at about 54°C in a graduated cylinder. The sample is this then left to stand for about 30 minutes to allow a degree of separation of water and the composition of the invention to occur. The amount degree of separation is measured after every 5 minutes of the test. The results reported are based on X-Y-Z, where X indicates the amount of oil separated out, Y indicates the amount of water separated out and Z indicates the amount of oil and water still in an emulsion. The results obtained from the separability test at about 54°C are presented in Table 1:
    Time (mins)051015202530
    Example 1 0-0-80 0-8-72 0-8-72 0-8-72 0-8-72 0-8-72 0-8-72
    Example 4 0-0-80 0-1-79 0-1-79 0-2-78 0-2-78 0-2-78 0-2-78

    Test 3: Oxidation Lifetime Test



    [0078] The oxidation lifetime test was carried out according to the ASTM method D943-02. About 300 ml of sample was added into an oxidation cell and contacted with oxygen in the presence of water and an iron-copper catalyst at about 95°C. The test continues until the measured acid number of the sample increased by about 2.0 mg KOH g-1 or above. The oxidation lifetime of the sample is determined to be equivalent to the total number of hours the test is run. The results obtained for the oxidation lifetime were:
    ExampleOxidation Lifetime (Hours)
    Example 2* 7392
    Example 3 12096
    Reference Example 1 5376
    Reference Example 2 2352
    * not according to the invention


    [0079] Overall the results indicate that the composition of the invention is useful for a hydraulic fluid, especially a vehicle hydraulic system capable of transferring rotational energy into a stored energy reservoir and later reconverting the stored energy to rotational energy to aid propulsion.


    Claims

    1. A composition comprising:

    (a) a substantially nitrogen free dispersant derived from the reaction product of:

    (i) a polyalkenyl-substituted acylating agent; and

    (ii) a polyol selected from a polyoxyalkylene glycol, a polyhydric alcohol or mixtures thereof,

    wherein the substantially nitrogen free dispersant is present on an oil free basis from 0.01 wt % to 30 wt % of the composition;

    (b) a primary metal hydrocarbyl dithiophosphate selected from zinc di-(heptyl) dithiophosphate, zinc di-(octyl) dithiophosphate, zinc di-(2-ethylhexyl) dithiophosphate, zinc di-(nonyl) dithiophosphate, zinc di-(decyl) dithiophosphate, zinc di-(dodecyl) dithiophosphate or mixtures thereof, wherein the primary metal hydrocarbyl dithiophosphate is present on an oil free basis from 0.01 wt % to 30 wt % of the composition;

    (c) an oil of lubricating viscosity, wherein the oil of lubricating viscosity is present from 50 wt % to 99.9 wt % of the composition;

    (d) a metal deactivator selected from benzotriazoles having hydrocarbyl substituent(s) on at least one ring position, wherein the hydrocarbyl group contains 1 to 30 carbon atoms, wherein the metal deactivator is present on an oil free basis from 0.01 wt % to 5 wt % of the composition; and

    (e) optionally a viscosity modifier,

    wherein the composition contains 35 ppm or less of nitrogen derived from a substantially nitrogen free dispersant.
     
    2. The composition of claim 1, wherein component (a) is free of nitrogen.
     
    3. The composition of claim 1 further comprising a viscosity modifier and further comprising at least one other performance additive including a detergent and an antioxidant.
     
    4. The composition of claim 1, wherein the substantially nitrogen free dispersant (a) is derived from the reaction product of (i) a polyalkenyl-substituted dicarboxylic acid anhydride or derivatives thereof; and (ii) the polyol.
     
    5. The composition of claim 4, wherein the substantially nitrogen free dispersant contains a polyalkenyl group with a number average molecular weight of 500 to 5000.
     
    6. The composition of claim 1, wherein the viscosity modifier includes a poly(meth)acrylate acid ester, an olefin copolymer or mixtures thereof; and
    wherein the oil of lubricating viscosity includes an API Group II, III or IV oil or mixtures thereof.
     
    7. The composition of claim 6, wherein the polyol includes an ethylene glycol, a propylene glycol, a butylene glycol, a trimethylene glycol, a glycerol, trimetholpropane, a pentaerythritol, an erythritol, an arabitol, a sorbitol, a mannitol or mixtures thereof.
     
    8. The composition of claim 3,wherein the detergent is a phenate, a sulphurised phenate or mixtures thereof; and
    wherein the antioxidant includes a hindered phenol, a diphenylamine or mixtures thereof.
     
    9. The composition of claim 1, wherein:

    (e) the viscosity modifier is present on an oil free basis at up to 30 wt % of the composition;

    (f) an antioxidant is present on an oil free basis at up to 30 wt %; and

    (g) a detergent is present on an oil free basis at up to 10 wt % of the composition.


     
    10. A process for the preparation of a composition comprising mixing:

    (a) from 0.01 wt% to 30 wt%, on an oil free basis, of a substantially nitrogen free dispersant derived from the reaction product of:

    (i) a polyalkenyl-substituted acylating agent; and

    (ii) a polyol selected from a polyoxyalkylene glycol, a polyhydric alcohol or mixtures thereof;

    (b) from 0.01 wt% to 30 wt%, on an oil free basis, of a primary metal hydrocarbyl dithiophosphate selected from zinc di-(heptyl) dithiophosphate, zinc di-(octyl) dithiophosphate, zinc di-(2-ethylhexyl) dithiophosphate, zinc di-(nonyl) dithiophosphate, zinc di-(decyl) dithiophosphate, zinc di-(dodecyl) dithiophosphate or mixtures thereof;

    (c) from 50 wt% to 99.9 wt% of an oil of lubricating viscosity;

    (d) from 0.01 wt% to 5 wt%, on an oil free basis, of a metal deactivator selected from benzotriazoles having hydrocarbyl substituent(s) on at least one ring position, wherein the hydrocarbyl group contains 1 to 30 carbon atoms; and

    (e) optionally a viscosity modifier,

    wherein the composition contains 35 ppm or less of nitrogen derived from a substantially nitrogen free dispersant.
     
    11. A method for lubricating a vehicle hydraulic system capable of transferring rotational energy into a stored energy reservoir and later reconverting the stored energy to rotational energy to aid propulsion, the method employing the composition of any of claims 1 to 9.
     
    12. The method of claim 11, wherein the vehicle hydraulic system is a hydraulic launch assist, a hydrostatic transmission or mixtures thereof.
     
    13. The use of the composition of any of claims 1 to 9 for imparting into a hydraulic fluid one or more performance characteristics including improved cleanliness, decreased wear, improved shear stability, improved low temperature viscometrics, high temperature viscometrics or long life.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Zusammensetzung, umfassend:

    (a) ein im Wesentlichen stickstofffreies Dispergiermittel, das abgeleitet ist von dem Reaktionsprodukt von:

    (i) einem Polyalkenyl-substituierten Acylierungsmittel; und

    (ii) einem Polyol, das aus einem Polyoxyalkylenglycol, einem mehrwertigen Alkohol oder Gemischen davon ausgewählt ist;

    wobei das im Wesentlichen stickstofffreie Dispergiermittel auf ölfreier Basis in einer Menge von 0,01 Gew.-% bis 30 Gew.-% der Zusammensetzung vorhanden ist;

    (b) ein primäres Metallhydrocarbyldithiophosphat, das aus Zinkdiheptyldithiophosphat, Zinkdioctyldithiophosphat, Zinkdi(2-ethyl-hexyl)dithiophosphat, Zinkdinonyldithiophosphat, Zinkdidecyldithiophosphat, Zinkdidodecyldithiophosphat oder Gemischen davon ausgewählt ist, wobei das primäre Metallhydrocarbyldithiophosphat auf ölfreier Basis in einer Menge von 0,01 Gew.-% bis 30 Gew.-% der Zusammensetzung vorhanden ist;

    (c) ein Öl mit Schmierviskosität, wobei das Öl mit Schmierviskosität in einer Menge von 50 Gew.-% bis 99,9 Gew.-% der Zusammensetzung vorhanden ist;

    (d) einen Metaildeaktivator, der aus Benzotriazolen mit einem oder mehreren Hydrocarbylsubstituenten auf wenigstens einer Ringposi-tion ausgewählt ist, wobei die Hydrocarbylgruppe 1 bis 30 Kohlenstoffatome enthält, wobei der Metalldeaktivator auf ölfreier Basis in einer Menge von 0,01 Gew.-% bis 5 Gew.-% der Zusammensetzung vorhanden ist; und

    (e) gegebenenfalls einen Viskositätsmodifikator;

    wobei die Zusammensetzung 35 ppm oder weniger Stickstoff, der von einem im Wesentlichen stickstofffreien Dispergiermittel abgeleitet ist, enthält.
     
    2. Zusammensetzung gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei Komponente (a) stickstofffrei ist.
     
    3. Zusammensetzung gemäß Anspruch 1, die weiterhin einen Viskositätsmodifikator umfasst und weiterhin wenigstens ein weiteres Leistungsadditiv einschließlich eines Tensids und eines Antioxidans umfasst.
     
    4. Zusammensetzung gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei das im Wesentlichen stickstofffreie Dispergiermittel (a) abgeleitet ist von dem Reaktionspro-dukt von (i) einem Polyalkenyl-substituierten Dicarbonsäureanhydrid oder Derivaten davon und (ii) dem Polyol.
     
    5. Zusammensetzung gemäß Anspruch 4, wobei das im Wesentlichen stickstofffreie Dispergiermittel eine Polyalkenylgruppe mit einem Zahlenmittel des Molekulargewichts von 500 bis 5000 enthält.
     
    6. Zusammensetzung gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei der Viskositätsmodifikator einen Poly(meth)acrylsäureester, ein Olefincopolymer oder Gemische da-von umfasst; und
    wobei das Öl mit Schmierviskosität ein Öl der API-Gruppe II, III oder IV oder Gemische davon umfasst.
     
    7. Zusammensetzung gemäß Anspruch 6, wobei das Polyol ein Ethylenglycol, ein Propylenglycol, ein Butylenglycol, ein Trimethylenglycol, ein Glycerin, Trimethylolpropan, ein Pentaerythrit, ein Erythrit, ein Arabit, ein Sorbit, ein Mannit oder Gemische davon umfasst.
     
    8. Zusammensetzung gemäß Anspruch 3, wobei es sich bei dem Tensid um ein Phenat, ein sulfurisiertes Phenat oder Gemische davon handelt; und wobei das Antioxidans ein gehindertes Phenol, ein Diphenylamin oder Gemische davon umfasst.
     
    9. Zusammensetzung gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei

    (e) der Viskositätsmodifikator auf ölfreier Basis in einer Menge von bis zu 30 Gew.-% der Zusammensetzung vorhanden ist;

    (f) ein Antioxidans auf ölfreier Basis in einer Menge von bis zu 30 Gew.-% vorhanden ist; und

    (g) ein Tensid auf ölfreier Basis in einer Menge von bis zu 10 Gew.-% der Zusammensetzung vorhanden ist.


     
    10. Verfahren zur Herstellung einer Zusammensetzung, umfassend das Mischen von:

    (a) 0,01 Gew.-% bis 30 Gew.-% auf ölfreier Basis eines im Wesentlichen stickstofffreien Dispergiermittels, das abgeleitet ist von dem Reaktionsprodukt von:

    (i) einem Polyalkenyl-substituierten Acylierungsmittel; und

    (ii) einem Polyol, das aus einem Polyoxyalkylenglycol, einem mehrwertigen Alkohol oder Gemischen davon ausgewählt ist;

    (b) 0,01 Gew.-% bis 30 Gew.-% auf ölfreier Basis eines primären Metallhydrocarbyldithiophosphats, das aus Zinkdiheptyldithiophosphat, Zinkdioctyldithiophosphat, Zinkdi(2-ethylhexyl)dithiophosphat, Zinkdinonyldithiophosphat, Zinkdidecyldithiophosphat, Zinkdidodecyldithiophosphat oder Gemischen davon ausgewählt ist;

    (c) 50 Gew.-% bis 99,9 Gew.-% eines Öls mit Schmierviskosität;

    (d) 0,01 Gew.-% bis 5 Gew.-% auf ölfreier Basis eines Metalldeaktivators, der aus Benzotriazolen mit einem oder mehreren Hydrocarbylsubstituenten auf wenigstens einer Ringposition ausgewählt ist, wobei die Hydrocarbylgruppe 1 bis 30 Kohlenstoffatome enthält; und

    (e) gegebenenfalls einem Viskositätsmodifikator;

    wobei die Zusammensetzung 35 ppm oder weniger Stickstoff, der von einem im Wesentlichen stickstofffreien Dispergiermittel abgeleitet ist, enthält.
     
    11. Verfahren zum Schmieren eines hydraulischen Fahrzeugsystems, das Rotationsenergie auf ein Reservoir für gespeicherte Energie übertragen und später die gespeicherte Energie in Rotationsenergie rückverwandeln kann, um den Antrieb zu unterstützen, wobei in dem Verfahren die Zusammensetzung gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 9 verwendet wird.
     
    12. Verfahren gemäß Anspruch 11, wobei es sich bei dem hydraulischen Fahrzeugsystem um einen hydraulischen Beschleunigungsassistenten, ein hydrostatisches Getriebe oder Gemische davon handelt.
     
    13. Verwendung der Zusammensetzung gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 9, um einer Hydraulikflüssigkeit ein oder mehrere Leistungsmerkmale einschließlich einer verbesserten Sauberkeit, eines gesenkten Verschleißes, einer verbesserten Scherstabilität, einer verbesserten Niedertemperaturviskometrie, Hochtemperaturviskometrie oder einer langen Lebensdauer zu verleihen.
     


    Revendications

    1. Composition comprenant :

    (a) un dispersant sensiblement dépourvu d'azote dérivé du produit issu de la réaction entre :

    (i) un agent d'acylation à substitution polyalcényle ; et

    (ii) un polyol choisi parmi un polyoxyalkylène glycol, un alcool polyhydrique ou leurs mélanges,

    dans laquelle le dispersant sensiblement dépourvu d'azote est présent sur une base sans huile de 0,01 % en poids à 30 % en poids de la composition ;

    (b) un hydrocarbyl dithiophosphate de métal primaire choisi parmi le di(heptyl)dithiophosphate de zinc, le di(octyl)dithiophosphate de zinc, di(2-éthylhexyl)dithiophosphate de zinc, di(nonyl)dithiophosphate de zinc, le di(décyl)-dithiophosphate de zinc, le di(dodécyl)dithiophosphate de zinc ou leurs mélanges, dans lequel l'hydrocarbyl dithiophosphate de métal primaire est présent sur une base sans huile de 0,01 % en poids à 30 % en poids de la composition ;

    (c) une huile à viscosité lubrifiante, dans laquelle l'huile à viscosité lubrifiante est présente de 50 % en poids à 99,9 % en poids de la composition ;

    (d) un désactivateur de métal choisi parmi les benzotriazoles présentant un ou plusieurs substituants hydrocarbyle sur au moins une position du cycle, dans lequel le groupe hydrocarbyle contient 1 à 30 atomes de carbone, dans lequel le désactivateur de métal est présent sur une base sans huile de 0,01 % en poids à 5 % en poids de la composition ; et

    (e) facultativement un modificateur de viscosité,

    dans laquelle la composition contient 35 ppm ou moins d'azote dérivé d'un dispersant sensiblement dépourvu d'azote.
     
    2. Composition selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le composant (a) est dépourvu d'azote.
     
    3. Composition selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre un modificateur de viscosité et comprenant en outre au moins un autre additif de performance comprenant un détergent et un antioxydant.
     
    4. Composition selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le dispersant sensiblement dépourvu d'azote (a) est dérivé du produit issu de la réaction entre (i) un anhydride d'acide dicarboxylique à substitution polyalcényle ou un dérivé de celui-ci ; et (ii) le polyol.
     
    5. Composition selon la revendication 4, dans laquelle le dispersant sensiblement dépourvu d'azote contient un groupe polyacényle ayant un poids moléculaire moyen en nombre de 500 à 5000.
     
    6. Composition selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le modificateur de viscosité comprend un ester d'acide de poly(méth)acrylate, un copolymère d'oléfine ou leurs mélanges ; et
    dans laquelle l'huile à viscosité lubrifiante comprend une huile API du groupe II, III ou IV ou un mélange de celles-ci.
     
    7. Composition selon la revendication 6, dans laquelle le polyol comprend un éthylène glycol, un propylène glycol, un butylène glycol, un triméthylène glycol, un glycérol, un trimétholpropane, un pentaérythritol, un érythritol, un arabitol, un sorbitol, un mannitol ou leurs mélanges.
     
    8. Composition selon la revendication 3, dans laquelle le détergent est un phénate, un phénate sulfuré ou leurs mélanges ; et
    dans laquelle l'antioxydant comprend un phénol encombré, une diphénylamine ou leurs mélanges.
     
    9. Composition selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle :

    (e) le modificateur de viscosité est présent sur une base sans huile jusqu'à 30 % en poids de la composition ;

    (f) un antioxydant est présent sur une base sans huile jusqu'à 30 % en poids ; et

    (g) un détergent est présent sur une base sans huile jusqu'à 10 % en poids de la composition.


     
    10. Procédé de préparation d'une composition comprenant le mélange :

    (a) de 0,01 % en poids à 30 % en poids, sur une base sans huile, d'un dispersant sensiblement dépourvu d'azote dérivé du produit issu de la réaction entre :

    (i) un agent d'acylation à substitution polyalcényle ; et

    (ii) un polyol choisi parmi un polyoxyalkylène glycol, un alcool polyhydrique ou leurs mélanges ;

    (b) de 0,01 % en poids à 30 % en poids, sur une base sans huile, d'un hydrocarbyl dithiophosphate de métal primaire choisi parmi le di(heptyl)dithiophosphate de zinc, le di(octyl)dithiophosphate de zinc, di(2-éthyl-hexyl)dithiophosphate de zinc, le di(nonyl)dithiophosphate de zinc, le di(décyl)dithiophosphate de zinc, le di(dodécyl)dithiophosphate de zinc ou leurs mélanges ;

    (c) de 50 % en poids à 99,9 % en poids d'une huile à viscosité lubrifiante ;

    (d) de 0,01 % en poids à 5 % en poids, sur une base sans huile, d'un désactivateur de métal choisi parmi les benzotriazoles présentant un ou plusieurs substituants hydrocarbyle sur au moins une position du cycle, dans lequel le groupe hydrocarbyle contient 1 à 30 atomes de carbone ; et

    (e) facultativement d'un modificateur de viscosité,

    dans laquelle la composition contient 35 ppm ou moins d'azote dérivé d'un dispersant sensiblement dépourvu d'azote.
     
    11. Procédé de lubrification d'un système hydraulique de véhicule capable de transférer une énergie rotationnelle dans un réservoir d'énergie stockée et de reconvertir plus tard l'énergie stockée en énergie rotationnelle pour faciliter la propulsion, le procédé utilisant la composition selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 9.
     
    12. Procédé selon la revendication 11, dans lequel le système hydraulique de véhicule est un système d'aide au démarrage hydraulique, une transmission hydrostatique ou leurs mélanges.
     
    13. Utilisation de la composition selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 9 pour conférer à un fluide hydraulique une ou plusieurs caractéristiques de performance comprenant l'amélioration de la propreté, la diminution de l'usure, une meilleure stabilité au cisaillement, de meilleures caractéristiques viscosimétriques à basse température, de meilleures caractéristiques viscosimétriques à haute température et une longue durée de vie.
     




    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description