(19)
(11)EP 1 808 978 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
13.03.2013 Bulletin 2013/11

(21)Application number: 06705589.7

(22)Date of filing:  26.01.2006
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H04L 9/08  (2006.01)
H04L 29/06  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2006/000168
(87)International publication number:
WO 2006/081765 (10.08.2006 Gazette  2006/32)

(54)

A method and system for distributing the session key across Gatekeeper zones in the direct routing mode

System und Verfahren zum Verteilen des Sitzungsschlüssels über Gatekeeper-Zonen im Direktleitweglenkung Modus

Système et procede de distribution de la clef de session à travers des zones à multiples contrôleurs d'accès selon le mode d'acheminement direct


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC NL PL PT RO SE SI SK TR

(30)Priority: 04.02.2005 CN 200510005397

(43)Date of publication of application:
18.07.2007 Bulletin 2007/29

(73)Proprietor: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Shenzhen, Guangdong Province 518129 (CN)

(72)Inventor:
  • LI, Kun, Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(74)Representative: Körber, Martin Hans et al
Mitscherlich & Partner Patent- und Rechtsanwälte Postfach 33 06 09
80066 München
80066 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A2-2004/107115
US-A1- 2005 008 153
  
  • MARTIN EUCHNER ET AL: "Draft new Recommendation H.235.4" ITU-T DRAFT STUDY PERIOD 2005-2008, INTERNATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATION UNION, GENEVA, CH, vol. STUDY GROUP 16, 16 November 2004 (2004-11-16), pages 1-22, XP017411146
  • YUANWEI LI ET AL: "Proposed Method of Generating a Share Secret Key between the Caller and the Callee in Multiple Administration Domains" ITU-T DRAFT STUDY PERIOD 2005-2008, INTERNATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATION UNION, GENEVA, CH, vol. STUDY GROUP 16, 16 November 2004 (2004-11-16), pages 1-12, XP017407826
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

Field of the Invention



[0001] The present invention relates to authentication technologies between a caller and a callee in a direct-routing mode in a communication system, particularly to a method and a system for distributing a session key across Gatekeeper (GK) zones in a direct-routing mode.

Background of the Invention



[0002] An H.323 system is implemented by a Packet Based Network (PBN) without guarantee on Quality of Service (QoS). Due to its own technical limitation, the PBN is unable to offer QoS or secure services. Therefore in the H.323 system, how to provide real-time and secure services is a problem to be solved.

[0003] Versions prior to H.235 protocol V.3 describe some technical solutions on authentication and encryption for the H.323 system, but all of the technical solutions are based on a GK-routing mode. ANNEX I of the H.235 V.3 provides a security solution based on the direct-routing mode, which mainly utilizes the basic features of ANNEX D and ANNEX F of the H.235 V.3 to offer secure service for the communication in the H.323 system, but the implementation of the solution is limited in one GK zone.

[0004] In a practical network scenario, an H.323 system usually includes two or more GKs. Fig. 1 is a block diagram illustrating a logical network structure of an H.323 system with two GKs.

[0005] As shown in Fig. 1, broken lines denote transmission paths of Registration, Admission and Status (RAS) messages described in the H.225 in the GK-routing mode; real lines denote transmission paths of Q.931 messages in the H.225 in the direct-routing mode. EndPoint a (EPa) and EPb are two H.323 EPs, GKg and GKh are two GKs. Wherein, the GKg is the GK of the calling EPa, and the GKh is the GK of the called EPb.

[0006] When the H.323 system includes two or more GKs, a pre-call appointment mechanism is usually employed to make the calling EPa and the GKg have a shared key Kag, the called EPb and the GKh have another shared key Kbh, and the GKg and the GKh have yet another shared key Kgh, so as to ensure the reliable transmission of the RAS messages.

[0007] If the calling EPa calls the called EPb in the direct-routing mode, reliable transmission of the RAS messages is required by both EPs to acquire a session key Kab, which guarantees the reliable direct transmission of the Q.931 messages in the H.225 between the calling EPa and the called EPb.

[0008] In the prior art, there are two methods for the calling EPa and the called EPb to carry out an authentication with the session key Kab when directly transmitting the Q.931 messages in the H.225.

[0009] Method 1: the GKh generates the session key Kab, the calling EPa and the called EPb carry out an authentication with the session key Kab generated by the GKh when transmitting the Q.931 messages in the H.225.

[0010] A detailed description of this method is given below:

[0011] As show in Fig. 1, the calling EPa sends an Admission Request (ARQ) to the GKg, the request contains a ClearToken with a tokenOID filed set to "10", indicating that the calling EPa is capable of supporting the ANNEX I of the H.235 V.3, in other words, the calling EPa supports the RAS message transmission in GK-routing mode.

[0012] After receiving the ARQ message from the calling EPa, the GKg determines the information of the called EPb based on the value of a destinationInfo field or a destCallSignalAddress field in the ARQ message, and determines that the called EPb is not in the zone of the GKg based on the information of the called EPb. So the GKg sends a Location Request (LRQ) to the GKh, locating the called EPb. An endpointIdentifier field in the LRQ message can convey an Identifier (ID) of the calling EPa, indicating that it is the calling EPa that locate the called EPb.

[0013] When the GKg receives the ARQ message and finds out that the value of the tokenOID field of the ClearToken in the ARQ message is "10", it determines that the calling EPa is capable of supporting the ANNEX I of the H.235 V.3 and then generates a ClearToken with tokenOID set to "I0"in the LRQ message. If the GKg does not support the ANNEX I of the H.235 V.3, the GKg needs not to create the ClearToken with tokenOID set to "10" in the LRQ message, and the subsequent information exchange process of the LRQ message is performed in a normal way as that when the ANNEX I of the H.235 V.3 is not supported, in other words, the messages will not be encrypted or decrypted at GKs during transmission.

[0014] After receiving the LRQ message, the GKh checks whether the value of the tokenOID of the ClearToken in the LRQ message is "I0", if the value is "10", it indicates that the calling EPa is capable of supporting the ANNEX I of the H.235 V.3. If the GKh also supports the ANNEX I of H.235 V.3, the GKh inquire about that the called EPb is capable of supporting the ANNEX I of the H.235 V.3 and obtains the address of the called EPb based on the information of the called EPb in the LRQ message.

[0015] Then the GKh generates a random number "challenge" as well as a session key Kab for the transmission between the EPa and the EPb. The GKh generates an EKgh from a shared key Kgh between the GKh and the GKg and the random number "challenge" using a designated key derivation algorithm, and encrypts the session key Kab with the EKgh to generate an EKab1. Then the GKh sets the EKab1 and the parameters used in the encryption, such as the random number "challenge", to a corresponding sub-field of an independent field ClearToken.h235Key.secureSharedSecret.

[0016] When there is an endpointIdentifier field in the LRQ message, the GKh also needs to set the EKab1 to a ClearToken.h235Key.secureSharedSecret.generalID field, and set the key derivation algorithm designated for the key generation to a ClearToken.h235Key.secureSharedSecret.keyDerivationOID field, set the random number "challenge" used for the key generation to a ClearToken.challenge field. At the same time, the GKh sets a ClearToken.generalID to be the ID of the GKg, and sets a ClearToken.senderID to be the ID of the GKh, and finally sets the value of tokenOID field in the ClearToken to be "13". The ClearToken will be hereinafter referred to as CTg.

[0017] The GKh generates the key EKbh from another random number "challenge" and the shared key Kgh between the GKh and the GKg using the designated key derivation algorithm, then encrypts the session key Kab with the EKbh to obtain an EKab2. After that the GKh sets EKab2 and parameters used in the encryption, such as the designated key derivation algorithm and the second random number "challenge", to the h235Key.secureSharedSecret field of another ClearToken.

[0018] When there is an endpointIdentifier field in the LRQ message, the GKh also needs to set the EKab2 to the ClearToken.h235Key.secureSharedSecret.generalID field and set the second random number "challenge" used for the key generation to the ClearToken.challenge field. And the GKh also sets the ClearToken.generalID field to be the ID of the called EPb, sets the ClearToken.senderID field to be the ID of the GKh, and finally sets the value of tokenOID field in the ClearToken to "12". This ClearToken will be hereinafter referred to as CTb.

[0019] After the above configurations, the GKh sends a Location Confirm (LCF) message carrying the CTb and the CTg to the GKg.

[0020] After receiving the LCF message from the GKh, the GKg extracts the separate ClearToken information, i.e. the two ClearTokens, from the LCF message. The value of the tokenOID of one of the ClearTokens is "13", indicating that the ClearToken is the CTg; and the value of the tokenOID of the other ClearToken is "12", indicating that the ClearToken is the CTb. It is indicated that both the called EPb and the GKh are capable of supporting the ANNEX I of the H.235 V.3 and adopt the H.235 V.3 in security plan.

[0021] The GKg generates an Admission Confirm (ACF) message and creates a ClearToken in the ACF message. The value of the tokenOID of the ClearToken is set to "I1". Then the GKg selects a third random number "challenge" and sets it to the CTa.challenge field, and obtains the parameters that the CTg used in the encryption, such as the random number "challenge" and the designated key derivation algorithm, so as to derive a key Ekgh from the shared key Kgh between the GKg and the called EPb using the key derivation algorithm designated by the random number "challenge", then decrypt the Ekab1 in the CTg.h235Key.secureSharedSecret field of the LCF message with the key Ekgh, and thereby obtaining the session key Kab. The GKg then generates a key EKag with the third random number "challenge" in the CTa.challenge field and a shared key Kag between the calling EPa and the GKg using a designated key derivation algorithm. After that the GKg encrypts the session key Kab with the key EKag, and sets the encrypted data and the parameters used in the encryption, such as the third random number "challenge" and the designated encryption derivation algorithm, to corresponding sub-fields of the CTa.h235Key.secureSharedSecret. The encrypted result of encrypting the Kab with the Ekag and the parameters used in the encryption will be referred to as CTa hereinafter. Finally the GKg copies the CTb.generalID field into the CTa.h235Key.secureSharedSecret.generalID field, copies the CTb into the ACF message, and sends the ACF message carrying the CTb and the CTa to the calling EPa.

[0022] After receiving the ACF message, the calling EPa extracts the CTa and the CTb, and decrypts the encrypted data in the CTa with the key Ekag derived from the shared key Kag between the calling EPa and the GKg and through the designated encryption derivation algorithm and the third random number "challenge" in the CTa, so as to obtain the session key Kab.

[0023] After obtaining the session key Kab, the calling EPa establishes a Setup request with the session key and copies the CTb in the ACF message into the Setup request, then the calling EPa sets authentication information which is described in the ANNEX D of H.235 V.3 in the Setup request with the session key Kab and sends the Setup request via direct route to the called EPb.

[0024] After receiving the Setup request, the called EPb extracts the CTb and deduces the key EKbh based on the CTb.genralID, the CTb.sendersID and the CTb.challenge in the CTb and the shared key Kbh between the called EPb and the GKh. Then the called EPb decrypts the EKab2 in the CTb.h235Key.secureSharedSecret field of the CTb to obtain the session key Kab.

[0025] After obtaining the session key Kab, the called EPb authenticates the authentication information in the Setup request, if the authentication succeeds, process the Q.931 message transmission.

[0026] In the method described above, the session key Kab between the calling EPa and the called EPb is encrypted and decrypted at the GK of every hop, therefore when there are a large number of GKs between the calling EPa and the called EPb, the time delay in the RAS message transmission will increase and since the session key Kab is exposed at the GK of every hop, the information security is poorly maintained.

[0027] Method 2: the GKg and the GKh perform a Diffie-Hellman (DH) key exchange to generate a session key Kab, which is used for authentication in the direct transmission of the Q.931 messages in the H.225 between the calling EPa and the called EPb.

[0028] A detailed description of this method is given below: As showed in Fig. 1, the calling EPa sends an ARQ message to the GKg, in which there is a separate ClearToken with a tokenOID set to "10". The calling EPa generates a public key for a DH negotiation and sets the public key to ClearToken.dhkey field before send the ARQ message.

[0029] The GKg, which is capable of supporting the ANNEX I of the H.235 V.3, receives the ARQ message and determines that the called EPb is not in the zone of the GKg based on the information of the called EPb in the ARQ message. Then the GKg sends an LRQ message to the GKh, in which there are a separate ClearToken with a tokenOID set to "10" and a ClearToken.dhkey field which is identical with the ClearToken.dhkey field in the ARQ message, the ClearToken.dhkey field includes the DH public key generated by the calling EPa for the DH negotiation.

[0030] When there are other GKs between the GKg and the GKh, these intermediate GKs duplicate the LRQ message after receiving the LRQ message and send the duplicated LRQ message to an upper layer GK until the duplicated LRQ message reaches the GKh.

[0031] After receiving the LRQ message, the GKh determines that both the calling EPa and the called EPb support the ANNEX I of the H.235 V.3 based on the ClearToken.tokenOID field and the information of the called EPb in the LRQ message. Then the GKh creates a ClearToken with a tokenOID set to "12". The ClearToken is referred to as CTb hereinafter.

[0032] The GKh generates a private key for the DH negotiation, and further calculates out a session key Kab from the public key just generated and the public key in the received LRQ message using the DH algorithm for the direct transmission of Q.931 messages between the calling EPa and the called EPb.

[0033] The GKh then generates a random number "challenge" and sets it to the CTb.challenge field. After that the GKh deduces a key EKbh and a key KSbh through the designated key derivation algorithm on the basis of the random number "challenge" and the shared key Kbh between the called EPb and the GKh. The GKh generates a random initialization vector IV and sets it to the CTb.h235Key.securitySharedSecret.paramS.IV field. The GKh encrypts the session key Kab with the key EKbh, the key KSbh and the initialization vector IV to obtain an ENCEKbh, KSbh, rv(Kab), and sets the ENCEKbh, KSbh, IV(Kab) to the CTb.h235Key.securitySharedSecret.encryptedSessionKey field. Such method for encrypting the session key Kab is described in the ANNEX I of H.235 V.3.

[0034] The GKh sends an LCF message including the private key and the CTb generated by the GKh to the GKg.

[0035] The GKg receives the LCF message from the GKh, obtains the CTb and the private key generated by the GKh, copies the CTb and the private key into an ACF message, and sends the ACF message to the calling EPa.

[0036] After receiving the ACF message, the calling EPa deduces the session key Kab from the private key generated by the GKh in the ACF message and the public key of the calling EPa using the DH algorithm.

[0037] After obtaining the session key Kab, the calling EPa creates a Setup request containing the session key Kab and copies the CTb in the ACF message into the Setup request, then the calling EPa configures authentication information which is described in the ANNEX D of the H.235 V.3 in the Setup request with the session key Kab, and sends the Setup request to the called EPb.

[0038] The called EPb receives the Setup request and extracts the CTb. Based on the information in the CTb, which are the random number "challenge", the designated key derivation algorithm and the shared key Kbh between the called EPb and the GKh, The called EPb deduces the key EKbh and the key KSbh, then decrypts the ENCEKbh, KSbh, IV(Kab) in the CTb.h235Key.secureSharedSecret.encryptedSessionKey field with the EKbh, the KSbh and the initialization vector IV in the CTb to obtain the session key Kab. Finally the EPb authenticates the Setup request with the session key Kab.

[0039] The second method described above overcomes the time delay in the RAS message transmission and the security problem generated by the exposure of session key Kab at GK of every hop, but the method requires that the calling EPa and all the GKs between the calling EPa and the called EPb support the DH negotiation, which limits its application.

[0040] Although this method has solved the problem of the increased RAS message tramsmission delay, and the poor security performance of the session key Kab incurred by being exposed when passing through the GK of each hop. However, the method needs both the calling EPa and the GKs between the calling EPa and the called EPb to support the DH negotiation process, which limits the application of the method.

[0041] The temporary document TD32 (WP 2/16) "Draft new Recommendation H. 235.4", ITU-T draft study period 2005-2008, Study Group 16, International Telecommunication Union, (2004-11-16); and the contribution "Proposed Method of Generating a Share Secret Key between the Caller and the Callee in Multiple Administration Domains", ITU-T draft study period 2005-2008, Study Group 16, International Telecommunication Union, (2004-11-16) further discuss session key distribution modes for direct-routed calls.

[0042] In summary, the caller's GK and the callee's GK can not select the method for distributing the session key for the calling and the callees, which makes the session key distributing methods lack of flexibility.

Summary of the Invention



[0043] Embodiments of the present invention provides a method and a system for distributing a session key across GateKeeper (GK) zones in a direct-routing mode, which make it possible for a GK of an EndPoint (EP) to select a session key distribution mode, so as to improve flexibility of the GK when distributing the session key.

[0044] According to one aspect of the present invention, the method for distributing a session key across GK zones in the direct-routing mode is provided as set out in claim 1. Preferred features of this aspect are set out in claims 2 to 16.

[0045] According to another aspect of the present invention, a system for distributing a session key across GateKeeper (GK) zones in a direct-routing mode is provided as set out in claim 17.

[0046] From the above scheme, it is clear that, through setting session key distribution modes open to selection at the caller's GK and the callee's GK, some embodiments of the present invention makes it flexible for the caller's GK and the callee's GK to select a session key between the caller and the callee according to practical network situation When both the caller and the callee do not support a DH negotiation, some embodiments of the present invention can implement the distribution of the session key between the caller's GK and the callee's GK, which provides a new end-to-end security service for the caller and callee, and improves security of the session key. Therefore, the technical scheme of embodiments of the present invention may improve the flexibility of the caller's GK and the callee's GK in distributing session keys, and balance security level with delay of message transmission.

Brief Description of the Drawings



[0047] Fig. 1 is a block diagram illustrating a logical network structure of an H.323 system with two GKs.

Detailed Description of the Invention



[0048] The present invention will be described in detail hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawing and embodiments.

[0049] In order to enable a caller's GK and a callee's GK to select a session key distribution mode, the caller's GK and the callee's GK in the embodiment of the present invention determine the session key distribution mode according to information carried in the received message and pre-configured rules for selecting the session key distribution mode, and then distribute the session key for the caller and the callee.

[0050] The method will be described in detail hereinafter.

[0051] The method is applicable to direct-routing mode across GK zones in an H.323 system, in other words, applicable to a situation in which the caller and the callee belong to different GKs and the direct information exchange between the caller and the callee is performed in an insecure network, such as an Internet Protocol (IP) network.

[0052] The premise of the implementation is that a GK authenticates all the RAS messages of the EPs in its zone during the distribution of the session key; the EPs authenticate the RAS messages of the caller's GK and the callee's GK so as to maintain a mutual trust between EPs and the caller's GK and the callee's GK; and the interlinked GKs authenticate each other to avoid hostile attacks and maintain a mutual trust among them. The above authentication processes may guarantee the security of the RAS messages between the network entities in the H.323 system.

[0053] Firstly, rules for the GK to selet the session key distribution mode need to be configured. Wherein, the rules can be configured statically, dynamically or by other modes in the GK.

[0054] The pre-configured rules can be divided into caller pre-configured rules and callee pre-configured rules according to the location of the GK. The contents of pre-configured rules can be set according to requirements of the practical networks. For example, the caller pre-configured rules can include any one or any combination of the following items: available computing resources at the GK, session key distribution modes supported by the caller and security level of the caller, etc. The callee pre-configured rules can include any one or any combination of the following items: available computing resources at the GK, session key distribution modes of the caller and security level of the callee, etc.

[0055] After the above configurations, the caller's GK and the callee's GK can flexibly select the session key distribution modes according to diversified factors.

[0056] The process of the caller's GK and the callee's GK selecing the session key distribution modes will be described in detail with reference to following three kinds of processes.

[0057] The three kinds of session key distribution processes are:

Direct Routed Call (DRC) I: the session key distribution modes of both the caller and the callee are the callee's GK generating the session key.

DRC II: the session key distribution mode of the caller is a DH negotiation between the caller's GK and the callee's GK, and the session key distribution mode of the callee is a DH negotiation.

DRC III: the session key distribution mode of the caller is a DH negotiation between the caller and callee's GK, and the session key distribution mode of the callee is a DH negotiation.



[0058] The EP can indicate whether it supports the ANNEX I of the H.235 V.3 to its home GK during GK discovery or EP registration processes, i.e., indicate whether it supports the method of the present embodiment. For example, the EP may contain a separate ClearToken in a Gatekeeper Request (GRQ) message or a Registration Request (RRQ) message, and set a tokenOID field in the ClearToken to be "10". When the home GK of the EP receives the GRQ message or the RRQ message, it recognizes the value of the tokenOID field in Clear Token being "10", and returns a Gatekeeper Confirm (GCF) message or a Registration Confirm (RCF) message to accept the EP. Wherein, the GCF message or the RCF message carries a ClearToken which is identical with that in the GRQ message or the RRQ message.

[0059] When the caller does not support the DH negotiation, the caller's GK can respectively select the DRCI and the DRCII processes to distribute the session key between the caller and the callee based on the caller pre-configured rules. Similarly, the callee's GK can select the DRCI and the DRCII processes to distribute the session key between the caller and the callee.

[0060] When the caller supports the DH negotiation, the caller's GK can respectively select the DRC I and the DRC III processes to distribute the session key between the caller and the callee. Similarly, the callee's GK can select the DRC I and the DRC III processes to distribute the session key between the caller and the callee.

[0061] The process of the caller's GK and the callee's GK distributing the session key between the caller and the callee through the DRC I, DRC II and DRC III processes will be described in detail hereinafter with reference to Fig. 1.

[0062] Step 1 of the DRCI process, before calling the called EPb in the direct-routing mode, the calling EPa sends an ARQ message to the GKg. Wherein, the message contains a separate ClearToken, and the TokenOID field of the ClearToken is set as "10", which means the calling EPa does not support the DH negotiation, other fields of the ClearToken remain unused.

[0063] Step 2 of the DRCI process, the GKg receives the ARQ message, and determines that the called EPb does not belong to itself according to information of the called EPb carried in the ARQ message. The GKg initiates an LRQ message to inquire about the address of the GKh.

[0064] The GKg generates an LRQ message. When the value of the TokenOID of the ClearToken carrried in ARQ message is "10" and the session key distribution mode of the caller is the callee's GK generating the session key, a ClearToken is contained in the LRQ message, and the tokenOID of the ClearToken is set to "10", indicating that the session key distribution mode of the caller is the callee's GK generating the session key, and other fields of the ClearToken remain unused. After the configurations, the GKg sends the LRQ message to the GKh.

[0065] Step 3 of DRCI process, after receiving the LRQ message, the GKh obtains the TokenOID field of the ClearToken in the message and confirms the value is "10", and selects the session key distribution mode of the callee's GK generating the session key according to the callee pre-configured rules, then the GKh generates a session key Kab using a random number. In order to encrypt the session key Kab, firstly, the GKh generates a random number "challenge", and derives a key EKgh using a shared key Kgh between the GKh and the GKg together with the random number "challenge" by a designated key deriving algorithm. And then, the GKh encrypts the Kab by the EKgh to generate an EKab1, and sets the EKab1 together with an encryption parameter, such as an encryption algorithm and an initialization vector used for encryption, into a separate ClearToken.h235Key.secureSharedSecret field. Wherein, the value of the TokenOID of the ClearToken is "13", refered to as CTg. At the same time, the GKh generates another ClearToken through a similar process, and the value of the TokenOID of this ClearToken is "12", refered to as CTb. Finally, the GKh generates an LCF message which carries the CTg and the CTb. The GKh directly transmits the LCF message to the GKg, or transmits the LCF message to an upper GK of the GKh, until the message reaches the GKg.

[0066] Step 4 of the DRCI process, after receiving the LCF message, when obtaining the value "I3" of the TokenOID field of the ClearToken in the message, the GKh decrypts the CTg and generates a CTa. The detailed process includes the following steps: firstly, the GKg calculates the key EKgh using the random number "challenge" and a parameter IV in the CTg by the designated key deriving algorithm. And then, the GKg obtains the session key Kab by decrypting the EKab1 with the EKgh. In order to generate the CTa, firstly, the GKg derives a key EKag using the shared key Kag between itself and the calling EPa, the random number "challenge" and the designated key deriving algorithm. And then, the GKg encrypts the sssion key Kab with the EKag to get the EKab1, and sets the EKab1 together with an encryption parameter, such as the encryption algorithm and the initialization vector used during the encryption, into a separate ClearToken.h235Key.secureSharedSecret field. Wherein, the value of the TokenOID field of the ClearToken is "I1", and the ClearToken is refered to as CTa. Finally, the GKg generates an ACF message, carrying the CTa and the CTb which is duplicated from the LCF message it received.

[0067] If there is a lower level GK in the management zone of the GKg, the ACF message should contain the CTa and a CTg which is generated by the lower layer GK through encrypting the Kab using a derived key between the GKg and itself.

[0068] After the configurations, the GKg transmits the ACF message to the calling EPa.

[0069] Step 5 of the DRCI process, after receiving the ACF message, the calling EPa extracts the CTa from the message, and derives the key EKag according to the information in the CTa and the shared key Kag between the of GKg and itself. And then, the calling EPa obtains the session key Kab by decrypting the CTa.h235Key. secureSharedSecret. encryptedSessionKey using the EKag.

[0070] The calling EPa creates a Setup message, duplicates the CTb in the ACF message into the Setup message, and then configures the authentication information of the ANNEX D and ANNEX F of the H235. V3. using the Kab. Then the calling EPa directly transmits the Setup message to the called EPb.

[0071] After receiving the Setup message, the called EPb extracts the CTb from the message, derives the key EKbh according to the authentication information in the CTb and the shared key Kbh between itself and the GKh, and then decrypts the CTb .h235Key. secureSharedSecret. encryptedSessionKey using the EKbh to get the session key Kab. At this time, the called EPb can authenticate the Setup message using the session key Kab, if the authentication is passed, the session key Kab is determined to be the session key for the transmission of Q.931 messages between the called EPb and the calling EPa.

[0072] Subsequent call processes can be authenticated by the ANNEX D and ANNEX F of the H235. V3.

[0073] Step 1 of the DRCII process, before calling the called EPb in the direct-routing mode, the calling EPa transmits an ARQ message to the GKg, wherein, the message contains a separate ClearToken, and the TokenOID field of the ClearToken is set as "10", which means the calling EPa does not support the DH negotiation, other fields of the ClearToken remain unused.

[0074] Step 2 of the DRCII process, the GKg receives the ARQ message, and determines that the called EPb does not belong to the GKg according to information of the called EPb carried in the ARQ message. The GKg initiates a LRQ message to locate the GKh.

[0075] The GKg generates the LRQ message, when it determines that the value of the TokenOID of the ClearToken carrried in ARQ message is "10" and the session key distribution mode of the calling EPa is the caller's GK and the callee's GK generating the session key through the DH negotiation, sets a ClearToken in the LRQ message, the TokenOID filed of the ClearToken is set as "14", indicating that the session key distribution mode of the calling EPa is the caller's GK and the callee's GK generating the session key through the DK negotiation. The GKg generates a DH public key of itself, and sets the DH public key in the dhkey field of the ClearToken.

[0076] After the configurations, the GKg transmits the LRQ message to the GKh.

[0077] Step 3 of the DRCII process, after receiving the LRQ message, the GKh confirms that the value of the TokenOID field of the ClearToken in the message is "14", and confirms that the session key distributing mode of the called EPb is the DH negotiation according to the callee pre-configured rules, then it beginns to generate the session key between the calling EPa and the called EPb through the DH negotiation with the GKg. The detailed process includes the following steps: firstly, the GKh generates a DH private key of its own, and calculates the session key Kab using the DH private key of itself and the DH public key obtained from the LRQ message by the DH algorithm. And then, the GKh generates a CTb with tokenOID set to "I2" following the Step 3 of the DRC I process. Finally, the GKh generates an LCF message carrying the CTb, a separate ClearToken wich TokenOID set to "I5", and the DH private key generated by its own. Wherein, the value "15" indicates that the ClearToken contains the DH private key of the callee's GK.

[0078] If the session key distribution mode of the called EPb is determined to be the callee's GK generating the session key due to factors such as the GKh not supporting the DH algorithm or security policies, etc., the GKh generates the LCF message following the step 3 of the DRCI process.

[0079] After the configurations, the GKh transmits the LCF message to the GKg.

[0080] Step 4 of the DRC II process, after receiving the LCF message, the GKg confirms that the value of the tokenOID field of the ClearToken in the message is "I5", and confirms that the calling EPa does not support the DH negotiation, the GKg calculates out the session key and generates a CTa. The detailed process includes the following steps: the GKg obtains the DH public key from the separate ClearToken in the LCF message, and calculates session key Kab using the obtained DH public key and the DH public key generated by itself by the DH algorithm. And then, the GKg generates the CTa following a process similar to the step 4 of the DRCI. Finally, the GKg generates an ACF message carrying the CTa and the CTb which is duplicated from the LCF message.

[0081] If the GKg detects that the value of the tokenOID of the ClearToken in the LCF message is"15", and confirms that the calling EPa supports the DH negotiation, the GKg should generate the ACF message following the step 4 of the DRCIII.

[0082] If the GKg detects that the value of the tokenOID of the ClearToken in the LCF message is"13", it should generate the ACF message following the step 4 of the DRCI.

[0083] After the configurations, the GKg transmites the ACF message to the calling EPa.

[0084] Step 5 of the DRCII process, after receiving the ACF message, if the calling EPa detects that there is no ClearToken with token OID set to "15", the calling EPa extracts the CTa from the message, and derives the key EKag according to the information in the CTa and the shared key Kag between the GKg and itself. And then, the calling EPa obtains the session key Kab by decrypting the CTa.h235Key. secureSharedSecret. encryptedSessionKey using the EKag.

[0085] If the calling EPa detects that the ACF message contains a ClearToken whose tokenOID is of value "I5", it calculates the session key Kab following the Step 5 of the DRCIII process.

[0086] The calling EPa creates a Setup message, duplicates the CTb in the ACF message into the Setup message, and then configures the authentication information of the ANNEX D and ANNEX F of the H235. V3 using the Kab. Then the calling EPa directly transmits the Setup message to the called EPb.

[0087] After receiving the Setup message, the called EPb extracts the CTb from the message, derives the key EKbh according to the authentication information in CTb and the shared key Kbh between itself and the GKh, and then decrypts the CTb .h235Key. secureSharedSecret. encryptedSessionKey using the EKbh to get the session key Kab. At this time, the called EPb can authenticate the Setup message using the session key Kab, if the authentication is passed, the session key Kab is determined to be the session key for the transmission of Q.931 messages between the called EPb and the calling EPa.

[0088] Subsequent call processes can be authenticated by the ANNEX D and ANNEX F of the H235. V3.

[0089] Step 1 of the DRCIII process, the calling EPa supports the DH negotiation process. The calling EPa generates a DH public key before calling the called EPb in the direct-routing mode. And the calling EPa sets the generated DH public key in a dhkey field of a separate ClearToken in an ARQ message, wherein, the value of the TokenOID field of the ClearToken is set to be "14", other fields remain unused.

[0090] Step 2 of the DRCIII process, the GKg receives the ARQ message, and determines that the called EPb does not belong to itself according to information of the called EPb carried in the ARQ message. The GKg initiates an LRQ message to inquire about the address of the GKh.

[0091] The GKg generates an LRQ message, when it determines that the value of the TokenOID-of the ClearToken carrried in ARQ message is "14" and the session key distribution mode of the calling EPa is the caller's GK and the callee's GK generating the session key through the DH negotiation, the GKg copies the ClearToken in the ARQ message to the LRQ message, and transmits the LRQ message to the GKh.

[0092] Step 3 of the DRCIII process, after receiving the LRQ message, the GKh confirms the message contains a separate ClearToken with TokenOID set to "14", and confirms that the session key distribution mode of the called EPb is the DH negotiation according to the callee pre-configured rules, then it begins to negotiate a session key between the calling EPa and the called EPb through the DH negotiation with the GKg. The detailed process includes the following steps: firstly, the GKh generates a DH private key of its own, and calculates the session key Kab using the DH private key of itself and the DH public key obtained from the LRQ message by the DH algorithm. And then, the GKh generates a CTb with tokenOID set to "12" following the Step 3 of the DRC I process. Finally, the GKh generates an LCF message carrying the CTb, a separate ClearToken with TokenOID set to "I5", and the DH private key generated by its own. Wherein, the value "I5" indicates that the ClearToken contains the DH private key of the callee's GK.

[0093] If the session key distribution mode of the called EPb is determined to be the callee's GK generating the session key due to factors such as the GKh not supporting the DH algorithm or security policies, etc., the GKh generates the LCF message following the step 3 of the DRCI process.

[0094] After the configurations, the GKh transmits the LCF message to the GKg.

[0095] Step 4 of the DRC III process, after receiving the LCF message, if the GKg confirms that the LCF message contains the ClearToken with tokenOID set to "I5", and confirms that the DH negotiation is supported by itself, the GKg generates an ACF message. Wherein, the message contains all ClearTokens duplicated from the LCF message. Then the GKg transmits the ACF message to the calling EPa.

[0096] If the GKg detects that the value of the tokenOID of the ClearToken in the LCF message is"13", and confirms that the calling EPa does not support the DH negotiation, the GKg should generate the ACF message following the step 4 of the DRCI.

[0097] Step 5 of the DRCIII process, after receiving the ACF message, if the calling EPa confirms that the message contains a separate ClearToken with tokenOID set to "I5", it calculates out the session key. The detailed process includes the following steps: the calling EPa obtains the DH private key of GKh from the ClearToken, and calculates out the session key Kab by the DH algorithm using the obtained DH private key and the DH public key generated by itself.

[0098] If the calling EPa detects that the ACF message contains a ClearToken with tokenOID set to "13", it calculates out the session key Kab following the Step 5 of the DRCI process.

[0099] The calling EPa creates a Setup message, duplicates the CTb in the ACF message into the Setup message, and then configures the authentication information of the ANNEX D and ANNEX F of the H235. V3 using the Kab in the Setup message. Then the calling EPa transmits the Setup message to the called EPb directly.

[0100] After receiving the Setup message, the called EPb extracts the CTb from the message, derives the key EKbh according to the authentication information in CTb and the shared key Kbh between itself and the GKh, and then decrypts the CTb .h235Key. secureSharedSecret. encryptedSessionKey using the EKbh to get the session key Kab. At this time, the called EPb can authenticate the Setup message using the session key Kab, if the authentication is passed, the session key Kab is determined to be the session key for the transmission of Q.931 messages between the called EPb and the calling EPa.

[0101] Subsequent call processes can be authenticated by the ANNEX D and ANNEX F of the H235. V3.

[0102] Detailed meanings of the tokenOID are shown in table 1:
Table 1
Object Identifier ReferenceObject Identifier ValueDescription
"I0" {itu-t (0) recommendation (0) h (8) 235 version (0) 3 48} Used in separate ClearTokens of GRQ/RRQ, GCF/RCF and ARQ, indicating that an EP does not support the DH negotiation.
  Used in a separate ClearToken of the LRQ, indicating that the ClearToken contains a DH public key of a caller.
"I1" {itu-t (0) recommendation (0) h (8) 235 version (0) 3 49} Used in separate ClearTokens submitted to the caller, indicating that the ClearToken contains a session key.
"I2" {itu-t (0) recommendation (0) h (8) 235 version (0) 3 50} Used in separate ClearTokens submitted to the callee, indicating that the ClearToken contains a session key.
"I3" {itu-t (0) recommendation (0) h (8) 235 version (0) 3 51} Used in a separate ClearToken of the LCF, indicating that the ClearToken contains a session key.
"I4" {itu-t (0) recommendation (0) h (8) 235 version (0) 3 52} Used in separate ClearToken of GRQ/RRQ, GCF/RCF and ARQ, indicating that an EP supports the DH process.
  Used in a separate ClearToken of LRQ, indicating that the ClearToken contains a DH public key of a caller.
"I5" {itu-t (0) recommendation (0) h (8) 235 version (0) 3 53} Used in separate ClearTokens submitted to a caller, indicating that the ClearToken contains a DH public key of a callee.


[0103] Although the present invention is described with reference to the above-mentioned embodiments, those skilled in the art can know that various changes, modifications and variations can be made without departing from the the protection scope of the invention and therefore should be protected by the protection scope as set by the accompanying claims of the present invention.


Claims

1. A method for distributing a session key across GateKeeper, GK, zones in a direct-routing mode, characterised by comprising:

a caller carrying session key distribution modes supported by the caller in an Admission Request, ARQ, message, and sending the ARQ message to a caller's GK;

the caller's GK determining a session key distribution mode of the caller according to the session key distribution modes supported by the caller carried in the ARQ message, carrying the determined session key distribution mode of the caller in a Location Request, LRQ, message, and sending the LRQ message to a callee's GK;

the callee's GK determining a session key distribution mode of the callee according to the information carried in the LRQ message, generating a session key between the caller and the callee, and sending a Location Confirm, LCF, message containing the session key distribution mode of the callee and the generated session key to the caller's GK;

the caller's GK sending a call Admission Confirm, ACF, message containing the determined session key to the caller;

the caller sending a Setup message containing the session key to the callee.


 
2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the step of the caller's GK determining a session key distribution mode of the caller according to the session key distribution modes supported by the caller carried in the ARQ message comprises: the caller's GK dertermining the session key distribution mode of the caller according to the session key distribution modes supported by the caller in the ARQ message and caller pre-configured rules which comprise at least one of available resources of the GK, session key distribution modes supported by the caller, and the security level of the caller.
 
3. The method according to claim 1, wherein the step of the callee's GK determining a session key distribution mode of the callee according to the information carried in the LRQ message comprises : the callee's GK determining the session key distribution mode of the callee according to the information carried in the LRQ message and callee pre-configured rules which comprise at least one of available resources of the GK, session key distribution modes supported by the caller and the security level of the callee.
 
4. The method according to claim 1, wherein the step of a caller carrying session key distribution modes supported by the caller in an ARQ message, and sending the ARQ message to a caller's GK comprises:

when the caller supports a Diffie-Hellman, DH, negotiation, setting a value "14" in a tokenOID of a ClearToken in the ARQ message, and sending the ARQ message to the caller's GK; otherwise,

setting a value "10" in the tokenOID of the ClearToken in the ARQ message, and sending the ARQ message to the caller's GK.


 
5. The method according to claim 1 or 4, wherein the session key distribution mode of the caller determined by the caller's GK is the callee's GK generating the session key; and
the step of carrying the determined session key distribution mode of the caller in an LRQ message and sending the LRQ message to a callee's GK by the caller's GK comprises: the caller's GK setting a value "10" in a tokenOID of a ClearToken in the LRQ message, and sending the LRQ message to the callee's GK.
 
6. The method according to claim 1 or 4, wherein the session key distribution mode of the caller determined by the caller's GK is the caller's GK and the callee's GK performing the DH negotiation, and
the step of carrying the determined session key distribution mode in an LRQ message and sending the LRQ message to a callee's GK by the caller's GK comprises: the caller's GK generating a DH public key, carrying the DH public key in a dhkey field of a ClearToken in the LRQ message, setting a value "I4" in the tokenOID of the ClearToken, and sending the LRQ message to the callee's GK.
 
7. The method according to claim 4, wherein the session key distribution mode of the caller determined by the caller's GK is the caller and the callee's GK performing the DH negotiation, and
the step of carrying the determined session key distribution mode in an LRQ message and sending the LRQ message to a callee's GK by the caller's GK comprises: the caller's GK carrying the ClearToken of the ARQ message in the LRQ message, and sending the LRQ messge to the callee's GK.
 
8. The method according to claim 5, wherein the step of the callee's GK determining the session key distribution mode of the callee according to the information carried in the LRQ message comprises: the callee's GK determining that the session key distribution mode of the callee is the callee's GK generating the session key according to the value "10" in the tokenOID of the ClearToken in the LRQ message; and
the step of sending an LCF message containing the session key distribution mode of the callee and the session key to the caller's GK comprises: the callee's GK encrypting the session key to obtain a first encrypted session key and a second encrypted session key; the callee's GK generating a ClearToken CTb containing the first encrypted session key and having a tokenOID set to "I2", and a ClearToken CTg containing the encrypted session key and having a tokenOID set to "I3", sending the LCF message containing the CTb and the CTg to the caller's GK.
 
9. The method according to claim 6 or 7, wherein the step of the callee' GK determining the session key distribution modes of the callee according to the information carried in the LRQ message comprises: the callee's GK determining that the session key distribution mode of the callee is the DH negotiation according to the value "I4" in the tokenOID of the ClearToken in the LRQ message; and
the step of generating a session key between the caller and the callee comprise: the callee's GK generating a DH private key and calculating out the session key between the caller and the callee from the generated DH private key together with the DH public key obtained from the LRQ message using a DH algorithm; and
the step of sending an LCF message containing the session key distribution mode of the callee and the session key to the caller's GK comprises: the callee's GK encrypting the session key to obtain a first encrypted session key, generating a ClearToken CTb containing the first encrypted session key and having a tokenOID set to "I2", and a ClearToken with tokenOID set to "I5" and the dhkey field of the ClearToken contains a DH private key generated by the callee's GK, and sending the LCF message containing the CTb and the ClearToken to the caller's GK.
 
10. The method according to claim 8, further comprising:

before the caller's GK sends the ACF message containing the session key to the caller, the caller's GK obtaining and judging the session key distribution mode of the callee carried in the LCF message, and determining that the session key distribution mode of the callee is the callee's GK generating the session key, the caller's GK obtaining the session key according to the CTg carried in the LCF message and encrypting the session key to obtain a third encrypted session key, generating a ClearToken CTa containing the third encrypted session key and having a TokenOID set to "I1", and the step of the caller's GK sens the ACF message containing the session key to the caller comprises: sending the ACF message containing the CTa and the CTb in the LCF message to the caller.


 
11. The method according to claim 9, further comprising:

before the caller's GK sens the ACF message containing the session key to the caller,

the caller's GK obtaining and judging the session key distribution mode of the callee carried in the LCF message, and determining that the session key distribution mode of the callee is the DH negotiation and the caller does not support the DH negotiation, calculating out the session key from the DH public key of the caller's GK and the DH private key of the callee's GK carried in the LCF messge using the DH algorithm, encrypting the session key to obtain a second encrypted session key, generating a ClearToken Cta containing the second encrypted session key and having a TokenOID set to "I1", and the step of the caller's GK sens the ACF message containing the session key to the caller comprises: sending the ACF message containing the CTa together with the CTb in the LCF message to the caller.


 
12. The method according to claim 9, wherein the step of the caller's GK sending an ACF message containing the session key to the caller comprises:

the caller's GK obtaining and judging the session key distribution mode of the callee carried in the LCF message, and determining that the session key distribution mode of the callee is the DH negotiation and the caller supports the DH negotiation, obtaining the ClearToken with tokenOID set to "I5" and the CTb in the LCF message, and sending the ACF message carrying the ClearToken with tokenOID set to "I5" and the CTb to the caller.


 
13. The method according to claim 10, further comprising:

after the caller's GK sending an ACF message containing the session key to the caller through the ACF message, the caller determining that the ACF message does not contain a ClearToken with tokenOID set to "15"; calculating out the session key between the caller and the callee according to a shared key between the caller's GK and the caller.


 
14. The method according to claim 11 or 12, further comprising:

after the caller's GK sending the ACF message containing the session key to the caller through the ACF message, the caller determining that the ACF message contains a ClearToken with tokenOID set to "I5", calculating out the session key between the caller and the callee according to the DH public key of the caller and the DH private key of the callee's GK carried in the ACF message.


 
15. The method according to claim 13 or 14, wherein the step of sending a Setup message containing the session key to the callee comprises:

the caller configuring authentication information of the Setup messge according to session key, and transmitting the Setup messge carring the CTb to the callee;

the method further comprising:

the callee obtaining the session key according to the CTb in the Setup message, and authenticating the Setup message according to the session key;

the callee determining the session key as the session key used for sending messages with the caller in the direct-routing mode.


 
16. The method according to claim 1, further comprising:

before the caller sending the ARQ message to the caller's GK, the caller and the callee carrying information of whether they support the DH negotiation in the ClearToken of a Gatekeeper Request, GRQ, message or a Registration Request, RRQ, message, and sending the message to the caller's GK and the callee's GK, respectively.


 
17. A system for distributing a session key across GateKeeper, GK, zones in a direct-routing mode, characterised by comprising:

a caller, configured to carry session key distribution modes supported by the caller in an Admission Request, ARQ, message and send the ARQ message to a caller's GK;

the caller's GK, configured to determine a session key distribution mode for the caller according to the session key distribution modes supported by the caller carried in the ARQ message, carry the determined session key distribution mode in a Location Request, LRQ, message, and send the LRQ message to a callee's GK;

the callee's GK, configured to determine the session key distribution mode of a callee according to the information carried in the LRQ message, generate a session key between the caller and the callee, and send a Location Confirm, LCF, message containing the session key distribution mode of the callee and the generated session key to the caller's GK;

the caller's GK is further configured to send a call Admission Confirm, ACF, message containing the determined session key to the caller;

the caller is further configured to send a Setup message containing the session key to the callee.


 


Ansprüche

1. Verfahren zum Verteilen eines Sitzungsschlüssels über GateKeeper-Zonen, GK-Zonen, in einer Direkt-Routing-Betriebsart, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass es Folgendes umfasst:

Führen der Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsarten, die durch den Anrufer unterstützt werden, in einer Zugangsanforderungs-Nachricht, ARQ-Nachricht, und Senden der ARQ-Nachricht an den GK eines Anrufers durch einen Anrufer;

Bestimmen einer Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsart des Anrufers in Übereinstimmung mit den Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsarten, die durch den Anrufer unterstützt werden und in der ARQ-Nachricht gerührt werden, Führen der bestimmten Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsart des Anrufers in einer Ortsanforderungs-Nachricht, LRQ-Nachricht, und Senden der LRQ-Nachricht an den GK eines Angerufenen durch den GK des Anrufers;

Bestimmen einer Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsart des Angerufenen in Übereinstimmung mit den Informationen, die in der LRQ-Nachricht geführt werden, Erzeugen eines Sitzungsschlüssels zwischen dem Anrufer und dem Angerufenen und Senden einer Ortsbestätigungs-Nachricht, LCF-Nachricht, die die Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsart des Angerufenen und den erzeugten Sitzungsschlüssel enthält, an den GK des Anrufers durch den GK des Angerufenen;

Senden einer Anrufzugangsbestätigungs-Nachricht, ACF-Nachricht, die den bestimmten Sitzungsschlüssel enthält, durch den GK des Anrufers an den Anrufer; Senden einer Aufbaunachricht, die den Sitzungsschlüssel enthält, durch den Anrufer an den Angerufenen.


 
2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Schritt des Bestimmens durch einen GK des Anrufers einer Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsart des Anrufers in Übereinstimmung mit den Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsarten, die durch den Anrufer unterstützt werden und in der ARQ-Nachricht geführt werden, Folgendes umfasst: Bestimmen der Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsart des Anrufers durch den GK des Anrufers in Übereinstimmung mit den durch den Anrufer unterstützten Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsarten in der ARQ-Nachricht und den im Voraus konfigurierten Regeln des Anrufers, die wenigstens eines der verfügbaren Betriebsmittel des GK, die durch den Anrufer unterstützten Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsarten und das Sicherheitsniveau des Anrufers umfassen.
 
3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Schritt des Bestimmens durch den GK des Angerufenen einer Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsart des Angerufenen in Übereinstimmung mit den Informationen, die in der LRQ-Nachricht geführt werden, Folgendes umfasst: Bestimmen der Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsart des Angerufenen durch den GK des Angerufenen in Übereinstimmung mit den in der LRQ-Nachricht geführten Informationen und den im Voraus konfigurierten Regeln des Angerufenen, die wenigstens eines der verfügbaren Betriebsmittel des GK, die durch den Anrufer unterstützten Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsarten und das Sicherheitsniveau des Angerufenen umfassen.
 
4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Schritt des Führens der Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsarten, die durch den Anrufer unterstützt werden, in einer ARQ-Nachricht und des Sendens der ARQ-Nachricht an den GK eines Anrufers durch einen Anrufer Folgendes umfasst:

Setzen eines Wertes "I4" in einer tokenOID eines ClearToken in der ARQ-Nachricht und Senden der ARQ-Nachricht an den GK des Anrufers, wenn der Anrufer eine Diffie-Hellman-Verhandlung, DH-Verhandlung, unterstützt; andernfalls

Setzen eines Wertes "10" in der tokenOID des ClearToken in der ARQ-Nachricht und Senden der ARQ-Nachricht an den GK des Anrufers.


 
5. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1 oder 4, wobei die durch den GK des Anrufers bestimmte Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsart des Anrufers der GK des Angerufenen ist, der den Sitzungsschlüssel erzeugt; und
der Schritt des Führens der bestimmten Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsart des Anrufers in einer LRQ-Nachricht und des Sendens der LRQ-Nachricht an den GK eines Angerufenen durch den GK des Anrufers Folgendes umfasst: Setzen eines Wertes "10" in einer tokenOID eines ClearToken in der LRQ-Nachricht und Senden der LRQ-Nachricht an den GK des Angerufenen durch den GK des Anrufers.
 
6. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1 oder 4, wobei die durch den GK des Anrufers bestimmte Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsart des Anrufers der GK des Anrufers und der GK des Angerufenen, die die DH-Verhandlung ausführen, ist und
der Schritt des Führens der bestimmten Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsart in einer LRQ-Nachricht und des Sendens der LRQ-Nachricht an den GK eines Angerufenen durch den GK des Anrufers Folgendes umfasst: Erzeugen eines öffentlichen DH-Schlüssels, Führen des öffentlichen DH-Schlüssels in einem dhkey-Feld eines ClearToken in der LRQ-Nachricht, Setzen eines Wertes "I4" in der tokenOID des ClearToken und Senden der LRQ-Nachricht an den GK des Angerufenen durch den GK des Anrufers.
 
7. Verfahren nach Anspruch 4, wobei die durch den GK des Anrufers bestimmte Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsart des Anrufers der Anrufer und der GK des Angerufenen, die die DH-Verhandlung ausführen, ist und
der Schritt des Führens der bestimmten Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsart in einer LRQ-Nachricht und des Sendens der LRQ-Nachricht an den GK eines Angerufenen durch den GK des Anrufers Folgendes umfasst: Führen des ClearToken der ARQ-Nachricht in der LRQ-Nachricht und Senden der LRQ-Nachricht an den GK des Angerufenen durch den GK des Anrufers.
 
8. Verfahren nach Anspruch 5, wobei der Schritt des Bestimmens der Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsart des Angerufenen in Übereinstimmung mit den Informationen, die in der LRQ-Nachricht geführt werden, durch den GK des Angerufenen Folgendes umfasst: Bestimmen durch den GK des Angerufenen, dass die Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsart des Angerufenen der GK des Angerufenen ist, der den Sitzungsschlüssel in Übereinstimmung mit dem Wert "I0" in der tokenID des ClearToken in der LRQ-Nachricht erzeugt; und
der Schritt des Sendens einer LCF-Nachricht, die die Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsart des Angerufenen und den Sitzungsschlüssel enthält, an den GK des Anrufers Folgendes umfasst: Verschlüsseln des Sitzungsschlüssels durch den GK des Angerufenen, um einen ersten verschlüsselten Sitzungsschlüssel und einen zweiten verschlüsselten Sitzungsschlüssel zu erhalten; Erzeugen eines ClearToken CTb, der den ersten verschlüsselten Sitzungsschlüssel enthält und eine tokenOID besitzt, die auf "I2" gesetzt ist, und eines ClearToken CTg, der den verschlüsselten Sitzungsschlüssel enthält und eine tokenOID besitzt, die auf "I3" gesetzt ist, und Senden der LCF-Nachricht, die den CTb und den CTg enthält, an den GK des Anrufers durch den GK des Angerufenen.
 
9. Verfahren nach Anspruch 6 oder 7, wobei der Schritt des Bestimmens der Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsarten des Angerufenen in Übereinstimmung mit den Informationen, die in der LRQ-Nachricht geführt werden, durch den GK des Angerufenen Folgendes umfasst: Bestimmen durch den GK des Angerufenen in Übereinstimmung mit dem Wert "14" in der tokenOID des ClearToken in der LRQ-Nachricht, dass die Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsart des Angerufenen die DH-Verhandlung ist; und
der Schritt des Erzeugens eines Sitzungsschlüssels zwischen dem Anrufer und dem Angerufenen Folgendes umfasst: Erzeugen eines privaten DH-Schlüssels und Ausrechnen des Sitzungsschlüssels zwischen dem Anrufer und dem Angerufenen aus dem erzeugten privaten DH-Schlüssel zusammen mit dem öffentlichen DH-Schlüssel, der aus der LRQ-Nachricht erhalten wird, unter Verwendung eines DH-Algorithmus durch den GK des Angerufenen; und
der Schritt des Sendens einer LCF-Nachricht, die die Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsart des Angerufenen und den Sitzungsschlüssel enthält, an den GK des Anrufers Folgendes umfasst: Verschlüsseln des Sitzungsschlüssels, um einen ersten verschlüsselten Sitzungsschlüssel zu erhalten, Erzeugen eines ClearToken CTb, der den ersten verschlüsselten Sitzungsschlüssel enthält und eine tokenOID besitzt, die auf "I2" gesetzt ist, und eines ClearToken mit einer tokenOID, die auf "15" gesetzt ist, wobei ein dhkey-Feld des ClearToken einen durch den GK des Angerufenen erzeugten privaten DH-Schlüssel enthält, und Senden der LCF-Nachricht, die den CTb und den ClearToken enthält, an den GK des Anrufers durch den GK des Angerufenen.
 
10. Verfahren nach Anspruch 8, das ferner Folgendes umfasst:

bevor der GK des Anrufers die ACF-Nachricht, die den Sitzungsschlüssel enthält, an den Anrufer sendet, Erhalten und Beurteilen der Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsart des Angerufenen, die in der LCF-Nachricht geführt wird, und Bestimmen, dass die Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsart des Angerufenen der GK des Angerufenen ist, der den Sitzungsschlüssel erzeugt, durch den GK des Anrufers, Erhalten des Sitzungsschlüssels in Übereinstimmung mit dem in der LCF-Nachricht geführten CTg und Verschlüsseln des Sitzungsschlüssels, um einen dritten verschlüsselten Sitzungsschlüssel zu erhalten, Erzeugen eines ClearToken CTa, der den dritten verschlüsselten Sitzungsschlüssel enthält und eine TokenOID besitzt, die auf "I1 gesetzt ist, durch den GK des Anrufers, wobei der Schritt des Sendens der ACF-Nachricht, die den Sitzungsschlüssel enthält, durch den GK des Anrufers an den Anrufer Folgendes umfasst: Senden der ACF-Nachricht, die den CTa enthält, und des CTb in der LCF-Nachricht an den Anrufer.


 
11. Verfahren nach Anspruch 9, das ferner Folgendes umfasst:

bevor der GK des Anrufers die ACF-Nachricht, die den Sitzungsschlüssel enthält, an den Anrufer sendet,

Erhalten und Beurteilen der Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsart des Angerufenen, die in der LCF-Nachricht geführt wird, und Bestimmen, dass die Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsart des Angerufenen die DH-Verhandlung ist und der Anrufer die DH-Verhandlung nicht unterstützt, Ausrechnen des Sitzungsschlüssels aus dem öffentlichen DH-Schlüssel des GK des Anrufers und dem privaten DH-Schlüssel des GK des Angerufenen, der in der LCF-Nachricht geführt wird, unter Verwendung des DH-Algorithmus, Verschlüsseln des Sitzungsschlüssels, um einen zweiten verschlüsselten Sitzungsschlüssel zu erhalten, Erzeugen eines ClearToken Cta, der den zweiten verschlüsselten Sitzungsschlüssel enthält und eine TokenOID besitzt, die auf "I1" gesetzt ist, durch den GK des Anrufers, wobei der Schritt des Sendens der ACF-Nachricht, die den Sitzungsschlüssel enthält, durch den GK des Anrufers an den Anrufer Folgendes umfasst: Senden der ACF-Nachricht, die den CTa enthält, zusammen mit dem CTb in der LCF-Nachricht an den Anrufer.


 
12. Verfahren nach Anspruch 9, wobei der Schritt des Sendens einer ACF-Nachricht, die den Sitzungsschlüssel enthält, durch den GK des Anrufers an den Anrufer Folgendes umfasst:

Erhalten und Beurteilen der Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsart des Angerufenen, die in der LCF-Nachricht geführt wird, und Bestimmen, dass die Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsart des Angerufenen die DH-Verhandlung ist und der Anrufer die DH-Verhandlung unterstützt, Erhalten des ClearToken mit der tokenOID, die auf "15" gesetzt ist, und des CTb in der LCF-Nachricht, und Senden der ACF-Nachricht, die den ClearToken mit der tokenOID, die auf "15" gesetzt ist, und den CTb führt, an den Anrufer durch den GK des Anrufers.


 
13. Verfahren nach Anspruch 10, das ferner Folgendes umfasst:

Bestimmen, dass die ACF-Nachricht keinen ClearToken mit einer tokenOID, die auf "15" gesetzt ist, enthält; Ausrechnen des Sitzungsschlüssels zwischen dem Anrufer und dem Angerufenen in Übereinstimmung mit einem zwischen dem GK des Anrufers und dem Anrufer gemeinsam benutzten Schlüssel durch den Anrufer, nachdem der GK des Anrufers eine ACF-Nachricht, die den Sitzungsschlüssel enthält, durch die ACF-Nachricht an den Anrufer gesendet hat.


 
14. Verfahren nach Anspruch 11 oder 12, das ferner Folgendes umfasst:

Bestimmen, dass die ACF-Nachricht einen ClearToken mit einer tokenOID, die auf "15" gesetzt ist, enthält, Ausrechnen des Sitzungsschlüssels zwischen dem Anrufer und dem Angerufenen in Übereinstimmung mit dem öffentlichen DH-Schlüssel des Anrufers und dem privaten DH-Schlüssel des GK des Angerufenen, der in der ACF-Nachricht geführt wird, durch den Anrufer, nachdem der GK des Anrufers die ACF-Nachricht, die den Sitzungsschlüssel enthält, durch die ACF-Nachricht an den Anrufer gesendet hat.


 
15. Verfahren nach Anspruch 13 oder 14, wobei der Schritt des Sendens einer Aufbaunachricht, die den Sitzungsschlüssel enthält, an den Angerufenen Folgendes umfasst:

Konfigurieren der Authentifizierungsinformationen der Aufbaunachricht in Übereinstimmung mit dem Sitzungsschlüssel und Übertragen der Aufbaunachricht, die den CTb führt, durch den Anrufer an den Angerufenen;

wobei das Verfahren ferner Folgendes umfasst:

Erhalten des Sitzungsschlüssels in Übereinstimmung mit dem CTb in der Aufbaunachricht und Authentifizieren der Aufbaunachricht in Übereinstimmung mit dem Sitzungsschlüssel durch den Angerufenen;

Bestimmen des Sitzungsschlüssels als den Sitzungsschlüssel, der für das Senden von Nachrichten mit dem Anrufer in der Direkt-Routing-Betriebsart verwendet wird, durch den Angerufenen.


 
16. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, das ferner Folgendes umfasst:

Führen von Informationen, ob der Anrufer und der Angerufene die DH-Verhandlung unterstützen, in dem ClearToken einer Gatekeeper-Anforderungs-Nachricht, GRQ-Nachricht, oder einer Registrierungsanforderungs-Nachricht, RRQ-Nachricht, und Senden der Nachricht an den GK des Anrufers bzw. den GK des Angerufenen, durch den Anrufer und den Angerufenen, bevor der Anrufer die ARQ-Nachricht an den GK des Anrufers sendet.


 
17. System zum Verteilen eines Sitzungsschlüssels über GateKeeper-Zonen, GK-Zonen, in einer Direkt-Routing-Betriebsart, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass es Folgendes umfasst:

einen Anrufer, der konfiguriert ist, Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsarten, die durch den Anrufer unterstützt werden, in einer Zugangsanforderungs-Nachricht, ARQ-Nachricht, zu führen und die ARQ-Nachricht an den GK eines Anrufers zu senden;

den GK des Anrufers, der konfiguriert ist, eine Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsart für den Anrufer in Übereinstimmung mit den Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsarten, die durch den Anrufer unterstützt werden und in der ARQ-Nachricht geführt werden, zu bestimmen, die bestimmte Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsart in einer Ortsanforderungs-Nachricht, LRQ-Nachricht, zu führen und die LRQ-Nachricht an den GK eines Angerufenen zu senden;

den GK des Angerufenen, der konfiguriert ist, eine Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsart eines Angerufenen in Übereinstimmung mit den Informationen, die in der LRQ-Nachricht geführt werden, zu bestimmen, einen Sitzungsschlüssel zwischen dem Anrufer und dem Angerufenen zu erzeugen und eine Ortsbestätigungs-Nachricht, LCF-Nachricht, die die Sitzungsschlüssel-Verteilungsbetriebsart des Angerufenen und den erzeugten Sitzungsschlüssel enthält, an den GK des Anrufers zu senden;

wobei der GK des Anrufers ferner konfiguriert ist, eine Anrufzugangsbestätigungs-Nachricht, ACF-Nachricht, die den bestimmten Sitzungsschlüssel enthält, an den Anrufer zu senden;

wobei der Anrufer ferner konfiguriert ist, eine Aufbaunachricht, die den Sitzungsschlüssel enthält, an den Angerufenen zu senden.


 


Revendications

1. Procédé de distribution d'une clé de session à travers des zones à Gardien d'Accès, GK, dans un mode de routage direct, caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend :

l'inclusion par un appelant de modes de distribution de clé de session supportés par l'appelant dans un message de Requête d'Admission, ARQ, et l'envoi du message ARQ à un GK d'appelant ;

la détermination par le GK d'appelant d'un mode de distribution de clé de session de l'appelant en fonction des modes de distribution de clé de session supportés par l'appelant inclus dans le message ARQ, l'inclusion du mode de distribution de clé de session déterminé de l'appelant dans un message de Requête de Position, LRQ, et l'envoi du message LRQ à un GK d'appelé ;

la détermination par le GK d'appelé d'un mode de distribution de clé de session de l'appelé en fonction des informations incluses dans le message LRQ, la génération d'une clé de session entre l'appelant et l'appelé, et l'envoi d'un message de Confirmation de Position, LCF, contenant le mode de distribution de clé de session de l'appelé et la clé de session générée au GK d'appelant ;

l'envoi par le GK d'appelant d'un message de confirmation d'admission, ACF, contenant la clé de session déterminée à l'appelant ;

l'envoi par l'appelant d'un message d'Etablissement contenant la clé de session à l'appelé.


 
2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'étape de détermination par le GK d'appelant d'un mode de distribution de clé de session de l'appelant en fonction des modes de distribution de clé de session supportés par l'appelant inclus dans le message ARQ comprend : la détermination par le GK d'appelant du mode de distribution de clé de session de l'appelant en fonction des modes de distribution de clé de session supportés par l'appelant dans le message ARQ et de règles préconfigurées d'appelant qui comprennent au moins l'un de ressources disponibles du GK, de modes de distribution de clé de session supportés par l'appelant, et du niveau de sécurité de l'appelant.
 
3. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'étape de détermination par le GK d'appelé d'un mode de distribution de clé de session de l'appelé en fonction des informations incluses dans le message LRQ comprend : la détermination par le GK d'appelé du mode de distribution de clé de session de l'appelé en fonction des informations incluses dans le message LRQ et de règles préconfigurées d'appelé qui comprennent au moins l'un de ressources disponibles du GK, de modes de distribution de clé de session supportés par l'appelant et du niveau de sécurité de l'appelé.
 
4. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'étape d'inclusion par un appelant de modes de distribution de clé de session supportés par l'appelant dans un message ARQ, et d'envoi du message ARQ à un GK d'appelant comprend :

quand l'appelant supporte une négociation Diffie-Hellman, DH, l'établissement d'une valeur "I4" dans un tokenOID d'un ClearToken dans le message ARQ, et l'envoi du message ARQ au GK d'appelant ; sinon,

l'établissement d'une valeur "10" dans le tokenOID du ClearToken dans le message ARQ, et l'envoi du message ARQ au GK d'appelant.


 
5. Procédé selon la revendication 1 ou 4, dans lequel le mode de distribution de clé de session de l'appelant déterminé par le GK d'appelant est la génération par le GK d'appelé de la clé de session ; et
l'étape d'inclusion du mode de distribution de clé de session déterminé de l'appelant dans un message LRQ et d'envoi du message LRQ à un GK d'appelé par le GK d'appelant comprend : l'établissement par le GK d'appelant d'une valeur "10" dans un tokenOID d'un ClearToken dans le message LRQ, et l'envoi du message LRQ au GK d'appelé.
 
6. Procédé selon la revendication 1 ou 4, dans lequel le mode de distribution de clé de session de l'appelant déterminé par le GK d'appelant est l'exécution par le GK d'appelant et le GK d'appelé de la négociation DH, et
l'étape d'inclusion du mode de distribution de clé de session déterminé dans un message LRQ et d'envoi du message LRQ à un GK d'appelé par le GK d'appelant comprend : la génération par le GK d'appelant d'une clé publique DH, l'inclusion de la clé publique DH dans un champ dhkey d'un ClearToken dans le message LRQ, l'établissement d'une valeur "I4" dans le tokenIOD du ClearToken, et l'envoi du message LRQ au GK d'appelé.
 
7. Procédé selon la revendication 4, dans lequel le mode de distribution de clé de session de l'appelant déterminé par le GK d'appelant est l'exécution par le GK d'appelant et d'appelé de la négociation DH, et
l'étape d'inclusion du mode de distribution de clé de session déterminé dans un message LRQ et l'envoi du message LRQ à un GK d'appelé par le GK d'appelant comprend : l'inclusion par le GK d'appelant du ClearToken du message ARQ dans le message LRQ, et l'envoi du message LRQ au GK d'appelé.
 
8. Procédé selon la revendication 5, dans lequel l'étape de détermination par le GK d'appelé du mode de distribution de clé de session de l'appelé en fonction des informations incluses dans le message LRQ comprend : la détermination par le GK d'appelé que le mode de distribution de clé de session de l'appelé est la génération par le GK d'appelé de la clé de session en fonction de la valeur "10" dans le tokenOID du ClearToken dans le message LRQ ; et
l'étape d'envoi d'un message LCF contenant le mode de distribution de clé de session de l'appelé et la clé de session au GK d'appelant comprend : le cryptage par le GK d'appelé de la clé de session pour obtenir une première clé de session cryptée et une deuxième clé de session cryptée ; la génération par le GK d'appelé d'un ClearToken CTb contenant la première clé de session cryptée et ayant un tokenOID établi sur "I2", et un ClearToken CTg contenant la clé de session cryptée et ayant un tokenOID établi sur "13", et l'envoi du message LCF contenant le CTb et le CTg au GK d'appelant.
 
9. Procédé selon la revendication 6 ou 7, dans lequel l'étape de détermination par le GK d'appelé des modes de distribution de clé de session de l'appelé en fonction des informations incluses dans le message LRQ comprend : la détermination par le GK d'appelé que le mode de distribution de clé de session de l'appelé est la négociation DH en fonction de la valeur "14" dans le tokenOID du ClearToken dans le message LRQ ; et
l'étape de génération d'une clé de session entre l'appelant et l'appelé comprend : la génération par le GK d'appelé d'une clé privée DH et le calcul de la clé de session entre l'appelant et l'appelé à partir de la clé privée DH générée ainsi que de la clé publique DH obtenue à partir du message LRQ en utilisant un algorithme DH ; et l'étape d'envoi d'un message LCF contenant le mode de distribution de clé de session de l'appelé et la clé de session au GK d'appelant comprend : par le GK d'appelé le cryptage de la clé de session pour obtenir une première clé de session cryptée, la génération d'un ClearToken CTb contenant la première clé de session cryptée et ayant un tokenOID établi sur "I2", et un ClearToken au tokenOID établi sur "I5" et le champ dhkey du ClearToken contient une clé privée DH générée par le GK d'appelé, et l'envoi du message LCF contenant le CTb et le ClearToken au GK d'appelant.
 
10. Procédé selon la revendication 8, comprenant en outre :

avant que le GK d'appelant envoie le message ACF contenant la clé de session à l'appelant, l'obtention et le jugement par le GK d'appelant du mode de distribution de clé de session de l'appelé inclus dans le message LCF, et la détermination que le mode de distribution de clé de session de l'appelé est la génération par le GK d'appelé de la clé de session, l'obtention par le GK d'appelant de la clé de session en fonction du CTg inclus dans le message LCF et le cryptage de la clé de session afin d'obtenir une troisième clé de session cryptée, la génération d'un ClearToken CTa contenant la troisième clé de session cryptée et ayant un TokenOID établi sur "I1", et l'étape d'envoi par le GK d'appelant du message ACF contenant la clé de session à l'appelant comprend : l'envoi du message ACF contenant le CTa et le CTb dans le message LCF à l'appelant.


 
11. Procédé selon la revendication 9, comprenant en outre :

avant que le GK d'appelant envoie le message ACF contenant la clé de session à l'appelant, l'obtention et le jugement par le GK d'appelant du mode de distribution de clé de session de l'appelé inclus dans le message LCF, et la détermination que le mode de distribution de clé de session de l'appelé est la négociation DH et que l'appelant ne supporte pas la négociation DH, le calcul de la clé de session à partir de la clé publique DH du GK d'appelant et de la clé privée DH du GK d'appelé incluse dans le message LCF au moyen de l'algorithme DH, le cryptage de la clé de session afin d'obtenir une deuxième clé de session cryptée, la génération d'un ClearToken CTa contenant la deuxième clé de session cryptée et ayant un TokenOID établi sur "I1", et l'étape d'envoi par le GK d'appelant du message ACF contenant la clé de session à l'appelant comprend : l'envoi du message ACF contenant le CTa ainsi que le CTb dans le message LCF à l'appelant.


 
12. Procédé selon la revendication 9, dans lequel l'étape d'envoi par le GK d'appelant d'un message ACF contenant la clé de session à l'appelant comprend :

l'obtention et le jugement par le GK d'appelant du mode de distribution de clé de session de l'appelé inclus dans le message LCF, et la détermination que le mode de distribution de clé de session de l'appelé est la négociation DH et que l'appelant supporte la négociation DH, l'obtention du ClearToken au TokenOID établi sur "15" et du CTb dans le message LCF, et l'envoi du message ACF incluant le ClearToken au tokenOID établi sur "15" et le CTb à l'appelant.


 
13. Procédé selon la revendication 10, comprenant en outre :

après l'envoi par le GK d'appelant d'un message ACF contenant la clé de session à l'appelant par le biais du message ACF, la détermination par l'appelant que le message ACF ne contient pas de ClearToken au tokenOID établi sur "15" ; le calcul de la clé de session entre l'appelant et l'appelé en fonction d'une clé partagée entre le GK d'appelant et l'appelant.


 
14. Procédé selon la revendication 11 ou 12, comprenant en outre :

après l'envoi par le GK d'appelant du message ACF contenant la clé de session à l'appelant par le biais du message ACF, la détermination par l'appelant que le message ACF contient un ClearToken au tokenOID établi sur "I5", le calcul de la clé de session entre l'appelant et l'appelé en fonction de la clé publique DH de l'appelant et de la clé privée DH du GK d'appelé incluses dans le message ACF.


 
15. Procédé selon la revendication 13 ou 14, dans lequel l'étape d'envoi d'un message d'Etablissement contenant la clé de session à l'appelé comprend :

la configuration par l'appelant d'informations d'authentification du message d'Etablissement en fonction de la clé de session, et la transmission du message d'Etablissement incluant le CTb à l'appelé ;

le procédé comprenant en outre :

l'obtention par l'appelé de la clé de session en fonction du CTb dans le message d'Etablissement, et l'authentification du message d'Etablissement en fonction de la clé de session ;

la détermination par l'appelé de la clé de session comme clé de session utilisée pour échanger des messages avec l'appelant dans le mode de routage direct.


 
16. Procédé selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre :

avant l'envoi par l'appelant du message ARQ au GK d'appelant, l'inclusion par l'appelant et l'appelé d'informations indiquant qu'ils supportent ou non la négociation DH dans le ClearToken d'un message de Requête de Gardien d'Accès, GRQ, ou d'un message de Requête d'Enregistrement, RRQ, et l'envoi du message au GK d'appelant et au GK d'appelé respectivement.


 
17. Système de distribution d'une clé de session à travers des zones à Gardien d'Accès, GK, dans un mode de routage direct, caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend :

un appelant, configuré pour inclure des modes de distribution de clé de session supportés par l'appelant dans un message de Requête d'Admission, ARQ, et envoyer le message ARQ à un GK d'appelant ;

le GK d'appelant, configuré pour déterminer un mode de distribution de clé de session de l'appelant en fonction des modes de distribution de clé de session supportés par l'appelant inclus dans le message ARQ, inclure le mode de distribution de clé de session déterminé dans un message de Requête de Position, LRQ, et envoyer le message LRQ à un GK d'appelé ;

le GK d'appelé, configuré pour déterminer le mode de distribution de clé de session d'un appelé en fonction des informations incluses dans le message LRQ, générer une clé de session entre l'appelant et l'appelé, et envoyer un message de Confirmation de Position, LCF, contenant le mode de distribution de clé de session de l'appelé et la clé de session générée au GK d'appelant ;

le GK d'appelant est configuré en outre pour envoyer un message de Confirmation d'Admission, ACF, contenant la clé de session déterminée à l'appelant ;

l'appelant est configuré en outre pour envoyer un message d'Etablissement contenant la clé de session à l'appelé.


 




Drawing






REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Non-patent literature cited in the description