(19)
(11)EP 1 851 070 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
08.06.2016 Bulletin 2016/23

(21)Application number: 06728435.6

(22)Date of filing:  17.02.2006
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B44C 1/175(2006.01)
B41M 3/12(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/IT2006/000085
(87)International publication number:
WO 2006/087757 (24.08.2006 Gazette  2006/34)

(54)

A DECALCOMANIA PRODUCT, A RELATED MANUFACTURING PROCESS, AND A DECALCOMANIA PROCESS USING SUCH PRODUCT.

ÜBERTRAGBARES PRODUKT, VERWANDTES HERSTELLUNGSVERFAHREN, UND VERFAHREN ZUM ÜBERTRAGEN DES PRODUKTES

PRODUIT TRANSFÉRABLE PAR DÉCALCOMANIE, PROCÉDÉ DE FABRICATION ASSOCIÉ, ET PROCÉDÉ DANS LEQUEL LEDIT PRODUIT TRANSFÉRABLE EST UTILISÉ


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC NL PL PT RO SE SI SK TR

(30)Priority: 18.02.2005 IT RM20050074

(43)Date of publication of application:
07.11.2007 Bulletin 2007/45

(73)Proprietor: SHOCK LINE s.r.l.
86039 Termoli (CB) (IT)

(72)Inventors:
  • BIONDI, Giuseppe
    86039 Termoli (CB) (IT)
  • RONDINI, Donato
    86039 Termoli (CB) (IT)

(74)Representative: Iannone, Carlo Luigi et al
Barzanò & Zanardo Roma S.p.A. Via Piemonte 26
00187 Roma
00187 Roma (IT)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A- 0 937 584
GB-A- 793 391
US-A- 3 669 704
US-B1- 6 428 647
WO-A-97/42040
GB-A- 2 025 849
US-B1- 6 309 734
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] This invention concerns a decalcomania product transferable by the utilisation of a transfer solvent, the process to produce it and the decalcomania process wherein such transferable product can be used.

    [0002] More particularly, the invention concerns a mixture to be used in the production of a water transferable product for absorbing surfaces. The transferable product includes at least two layers of the mixture according to this invention and can be printed by a digital printing technique by means of a solvent based ink printing plotter. The invention also concerns not only the process for production of the transferable product, but also a process for its application, for instance to walls, natural wood or any absorbing surface, of natural and synthetic material including nap surfaces.

    [0003] The field of the invention is the one of decoration, or more generally, the ones of graphics and communications, in relevant relationship with the field of fine arts.

    [0004] There are many conventional ways to obtain a customised image on a wall (or other kind of surface): in addition to manual painting, such as fresco or other techniques, wall-papers or films exist with various colours and patterns, Greek frets in wall paper and films, decalcomania transferable products as well as pre-printed decorations, all produced by conventional graphic arts techniques and as such unable to be furnished under specific request, but only selectable among an available pattern inventory. Moreover, the application of such papers exhibits a visual effect far away from the one corresponding to fresco.

    [0005] If, on the other hand, we look at traditional digital approaches utilising digital technologies, which appear to be the only way to have exclusive designs on request, the offer today consists in the possibility to print directly on walls by means of a very cumbersome special device so-called "printing plotter" which works vertically (hereinafter such a "printing plotter" will also be simply referred to as a "plotter").

    [0006] Normally this technique is used for the decoration of scaffoldings during restorations of churches or other monuments or in advertising signs. Obviously, the use of this device is very difficult and expensive and the printing resolution is rather low (it is only suitable for long distance communications, for example in the advertising boards).

    [0007] There are also special kinds of wall-papers and wall-films which can be printed by means of a digital device, for example with a water-based ink plotter (scarcely resistant and therefore only suitable for advertising) or with solvent based ink plotters (improved resistance).

    [0008] The result is obviously a paper or a film attached to the wall and, even if beautiful and well camouflaged (there are papers and films with embossed surfaces similar to mural paintings), it remains similar to an adhesive.

    [0009] Moreover, the mostly advertised product nowdays, and with the best aesthetical results, is a 3M® system, based on a printable film for electrostatic plotter, and used by 3M® customer partners with qualified personal. 3M® partners supply the finished decoration, rather than the printed paper to be applied, since the application technique is very complex. Anyway this is the most interesting possibility, since in some aspects it is the closest one to the approach as proposed by the present invention.

    [0010] The 3M® system provides for the use of a special paper printable by an electrostatic plotter, or a paper used for the ceramic transfers. In the proposed method this paper must be printed by means of an electrostatic plotter.

    [0011] The electrostatic plotter is a less common device and more expensive in the management than the ink jet plotter. Moreover this device utilises inks in a powdery form, similar to toners for laser printers, and so walls will hardly absorbe them; anyway, with suitable treatments it is possible to give to the final result an aspect more similar to the fresco than that obtainable with the other above described systems.

    [0012] This result, however, in addition to the fact that it is not optimum as yet, is obtainable only with a considerable technical and economical stress, since the intervention of qualified personnel is absolutely necessary for the application. This makes an autonomous application by the customer impossible.

    [0013] Among the existing patent documents relating to decalcomania products, the following have to be mentioned in this description.

    [0014] Documents US 5,229,201 and US 5,328,535, describe a multilayer decalcomania product including a backing sheet having applied thereon in the quoted order a first water soluble layer, a first coating layer, an image layer including a pigment arranged on said first coating layer, and a second coating layer arranged on the image layer. The second coating layer protects the design during the application on the porous surface. The first water soluble layer can be made of dextrin.

    [0015] During the application, a bonding agent is firstly applied on the porous surface. Preferably this binder includes a fast acting solvent component such as for instance an alcohol, an ether, an aromatic hydrocarbon or an ester; a moderating agent such as for example a polyhydroxy compound; and a thickening agent, such as a polyvinyl alcohol or cellulose. In the next step, the backing layer is removed by applying water to said decalcomania product and then this is applied without the backing layer to the connective agent layer, directly on the side of the first coating layer.

    [0016] It can be observed that the application of such a decalcomania product requires a surface pre-treatment.

    [0017] Document US 3,510,385 describes a decalcomania product such that, after its application, the image can be modified on the substrate surface by means of an in situ treatment.

    [0018] The decalcomania product is made up of a backing layer and several transferable layers. The upper layer is an adhesive layer (preferably a pressure-sensitive adhesive layer) and is not soluble or dispersable in water, while the inner layer, on the contrary, due to its composition, is soluble or dispersable in an aqueous medium. It is important that in the decalcomania product's composition there is at least one layer on which the acqueous medium cannot have any effect. In the case of two layers, the one placed directly on the support is a water soluble layer and the following one is a non water soluble and adhesive layer (preferably a pressure sensitive adhesive layer). The pigment is arranged in some areas of the soluble layer, so that, after the application of the decalcomania product on the substrate, the soluble layer or a portion thereof may be removed by water, making the pigment appear. In the case of a multi-layer version, it is possible to repeat this step several times, so as to obtain every time a different image on the substrate.

    [0019] It is clear that this decalcomania product cannot be printed by the final user, but it is to be decorated before applying the last functional layer, namely the adhesive one, whereby it is to be considered among those decalcomania products that restrict the selection of the image to the ones furnished by the manufacturer.

    [0020] Document WO 97/42040 describes a decalcomania product made up of several layers, these are in order: a water permeable support with a release layer formed of a water releasable adhesive on its surface, eventually a barrier layer and an image layer printable by means of ink jet printer. In a particular application transfer has been applied to wall, after having coated the image layer with a binding agent as in the case of the preceding document.

    [0021] Anyway it is not possible to produce the transfer following the instructions described in the document, so this simply remains a description of a good idea.

    [0022] Document US 3,533,822 describes a transfer particularly for ceramic surfaces, made up of a support on which layers are placed as follows: a release layer, an optional barrier layer, a pattern or image layer and an adhesive layer. After the application of the transfer on a surface, the support is removed by dampening it with water. In the document we can find the composition of the release layer, which is made of at least an ester of polyethylene glycol selected from polyethylene glycol monolaurates, polyethylene glycol stearates, polyethylene glycol oleates.

    [0023] The one described in this last document is a common transfer and needs an adhesive layer on the image layer.

    [0024] Document JP2004004212 introduces a product built of a pad layer and a transfer layer, laminated subsequently on the surface of a base material. A release layer is placed on the back side of the base material.

    [0025] The transfer layer is a coating obtained by spreading a mixture of polyvinyl alcohol, an hydrorepellent resins and a solvent on the base material, and it has a superficial roughness of 1-20 µm. The pad layer includes a soft polymeric resin having shock absorbing properties. The transfer layer can be printed with an electro-photographic device and can transfer the image to a target transfer substrate. The advantage of this kind of transfer is that it is possible to repeatedly print faint images by toner to target transfer substrate. In the preferred embodiment, a soaking layer containing a polymeric resin adapted to prevent the base material from absorbing water is interposed between the pad layer and base material, it is aimed at maintaining the smoothness transfer layer as a result of the strength of the interlayer bond. The preferred polymeric resins contained in the pad layer is a urethane resin having an elasticity figure of 500-1500%, as measurable with JIS K 7127. The release layer is made of a silicone resin. The preferred solvent is a butyl-cellosolve.

    [0026] This decalcomania product needs a pad layer and a further layer arranged on the back of the support base material.

    [0027] Document EP 1457513 describes a mixture, which can be also used to obtain a decalcomania product, comprising one or more isostatic modified polypropylenes (MPP) or a polypropylene-α-olefin copolymer, and one or more polymers or resins, wherein said MPP or MPP copolymer is modified with one or more carboxy, anhydride, hydroxy or epoxy groups.

    [0028] Document GB793,391 discloses a decalcomania or transfer material of the type comprising a water-permeable backing, such as porous water-leaf paper, an adhesive layer, and a sizing layer intermediate the backing and adhesive. A lacquer coating may be applied over the adhesive coating or the printing may be applied directly to the adhesive coating. To transfer the print the paper is soaked in water until the adhesive coating is softened sufficiently to permit the print to be slipped off, after which the print is mounted on the article to be decorated. At least part of the adhesive layer is transferred with the separable layer to stick the transfer to the surface to which it is to be applied.

    [0029] The sizing layer is provided to resist to curling during printing and applying the decalcomania.

    [0030] The adhesive layer comprises a bottom gumming and a top gumming layers. Top gumming, which is the printable layer, is preferably made of dextrin, which may be mixed with animal glue, resin dispersions, wetting agent and a plasticiser such as glycerine and sorbitol.

    [0031] Finally, document EP 1498285 discloses a decalcomania product which consists of a water-permeable and water soaking resistant support, preferably a paper or a fabric sheet with short fibers, which is covered by a first layer or "coat" of a water resistant material at room temperature, made of one or more substances of mineral, animal or vegetable origin and preferably selected from the group comprising gelatins, alginates, starches, dextrin, methylcellulose, ethylcellulose, carboxymethylcellulose, urea resins, phenolic resins, arabic gum and tragacanth gum, a second layer spread on the first layer, made of one or more transparent synthetic and water-permeable resins, which are water or other solvent soluble and are preferably selected from the group comprising vinyl, acrylic, epoxy and polyurethane resins, a waterproof decoration being printed on said second layer which has to be transferred onto a generic surface. The decoration can be printed by exploiting the common technologies, such as offset, rotogravure, serigraphy, flexography, typography print or by computerized print by means of printer or plotter. The support, the coat and the syntethic resin are bonded to one another without any inter-penetration, and the decalcomania product can be micro-punctured before or after printing the decoration onto the second layer.

    [0032] In this decalcomania product, the first layer or "coat" on the support is water resistant at room tamperature, water being needed for releasing the support member after application. This means that the decalcomania product needs a water soluble, syntethic adhesive resin layer to be spread on the surface to be decorated.

    [0033] Some of the transferable products as described in the above cited documents have the same above mentioned problems, namely the need of a pre-treatment of the application surface or the need a special additional layers, all of which make the manufacturing expensive, and in addition they turn out to be technically impossible to realise and complex, and expensive to be manufactured and/or applied.

    [0034] It is an object of this invention to supply a transferable decalcomania product printable with a solvent-based ink plotter.

    [0035] It is a further specific object of the present invention to supply a transfer product that can be used without the problems that affect the prior art decalcomania products.

    [0036] Another specific object of this invention is to suggest a process for production of the transfer product which is the first object of this invention.

    [0037] Another specific object of this invention is to suggest an application process for the transfer product which is the first object of the present invention.

    [0038] Subject matter of the present invention is a decalcomania transfer product according to claim 1- ,i.e. as following.

    [0039] A decalcomania product, transferable by the utilisation of a transfer solvent and printable by a solvent based ink plotter, comprising a support (1) on which two or more layers are applied, said layers including:
    • a release layer (3);
    • a farthest layer from said support, belrlg a printable layer (4), having a solid content that is less soluble in said transfer solvent than the release layer, said printable layer comprising:
    • a z by weight percentage, in the range of 1 to 20, of a dispersant and stabilizer for organic compounds, soluble in the transfer solvent, and
    • a x by weight percentage, in the range of 25 to 80, of a polymer or copolymer which is apt to be printed by a solvent based ink plotter, and has affinity with the solvent contained in the ink,
    • a w by weight percentage, in the range of 1 to 40, of a organic raw material which can become an adhesive if soaked, soluble in said transfer solvent;
    the percentages z, x, w being selected in such a way that z + x + w s 100 and at least 15% of the mixture of the printable layer being soluble in said transfer solvent; characterized in that the release layer is a layer directly contacting the support.

    [0040] In accordance with this invention, the printable layer can also contain the following component:
    • a y by weight percentage, in the range of 3 to 80, of an adhesion promoter,
    the percentages z, x, w, y being selected in such a way that z + x + w + y ≤ 100 and at least 15% of the components being soluble in said transfer solvent.

    [0041] In accordance with this invention, the printable layer can contain both said polymer or copolymer and said organic material which can become adhesive if soaked.

    [0042] In a preferable embodiment of the invention, said dispersant and stabiliser for organic material is a dispersant and stabiliser for polymers or vinyl copolymers.

    [0043] Preferably, in accordance with this invention, said dispersant and stabiliser for organic material is selected from the group comprising polyvinyl alcohols, water-soluble compounds of cellulose, surfactants, polyvinylpyrrolidones.

    [0044] Preferably, in accordance with this invention, said dispersant and stabiliser for organic material is a polyvinyl alcohol.

    [0045] Preferably, in accordance with this invention, said polyvinyl alcohol has a weigth average molecular weight in the range of 31000 to 124000 uma and a hydrolysis figure not higher than 90 percent, more preferably a weigth average molecular weight in the range of 85000 to 124000 uma and a hydrolysis figure in the range of 87 to 89 percent.

    [0046] Preferably in accordance with this invention, said z percentage is more preferably between 1 and 12 percent.

    [0047] Preferably in accordance with this invention, said polymer or copolymer is a vinyl polymer or copolymer.

    [0048] Preferably in accordance with this invention, said vinyl polymer or copolymer is selected among ethylene vinyl acetate, ethylene vinyl chloride, polyvinyl acetate, copolymers of ethylene with vinyl acetate, copolymers of ethylene with vinyl chloride, copolymers of ethylene with the styrene, chlorinated or fluorinated vinyl copolymers.

    [0049] Preferably, in accordance with this invention, said organic raw material which can become adhesive if soaked is selected among the following group of compounds: soluble polysaccharides, casein, albumin, fish glue.

    [0050] Preferably, in accordance with this invention, said adhesion promoter is a polymer, even more preferably a polyvinylacetate.

    [0051] Preferably, in accordance with this invention, said y percentage is between 3 and 50, even more preferably between 10 and 40.

    [0052] Preferably in accordance with this invention, said transfer solvent is selected from the following group of compounds: water, mixture of water and alcohol, mixture of water and acids, alcohols without water, glycols, ester, ethyl acetate.

    [0053] Preferably, the weight percentage w is in the range of 10 to 40, most preferably in the range of 30 to 40.

    [0054] Preferably, in accordance with this invention, the minimum total content of substances soluble with said transfer solvent in said release layer is of 20%.

    [0055] Advantageously, in accordance with this invention, the total thickness of said at least two layers is between 5 and 80 µm.

    [0056] Advantageously, in accordance with this invention, the thickness of the printable layer is between 3 and 40 µm and the thickness of the release layer is between 2 and 40 µm.

    [0057] Advantageously, in accordance with this invention, the total thickness of said at least two layers is between 7 and 40 µm.

    [0058] Advantageously, in accordance with this invention,
    the thickness of the printable layer is between 5 and 20 µm and the thickness of the release layer is between 2 and 20 µm.

    [0059] Advantageously, in accordance with this invention, the total thickness of said at least two layers is between 10 and 24 µm.

    [0060] Advantageously, in accordance with this invention,
    the thickness of the printable layer is between 8 and 16 µm and the thickness of the release layer is in the range between 2 and 12 µm.

    [0061] Preferably, in accordance with this invention, said support is made of a material permeable to said transfer solvent but resistant to disaggregation due to soaking.

    [0062] Preferably, in accordance with this invention, said support is made of paper material.

    [0063] Preferably, according to this invention, said support is made of a filter paper.

    [0064] Preferably, according to this invention, said support is a support of paper material, more preferably a filter paper or a silicone and/or polythene coated paper.

    [0065] Preferably, in accordance with this invention, said support is built of nonwoven fabric suitably modified so as to be permeable to said transfer solvent.

    [0066] Preferably, in accordance with this invention, said nonwoven fabric is made of natural fibers.

    [0067] Preferably, in accordance with this invention, said nonwoven fabric is made of synthetic fibers.

    [0068] Preferably, in accordance with this invention, said nonwoven fabric is made of natural and synthetic fibers in combination.

    [0069] Preferably, in accordance with this invention, said support is made by a nonwoven fabric consisting of polyester, cellulose and viscose fibers combined together by means of a binder.

    [0070] Preferably, in accordance with this invention, said support is built of nonwoven fabric (NWF) suitably modified so as to be permeable to said transfer solvent.

    [0071] Preferably, in accordance with this invention, said nonwoven fabric is permeable to water.

    [0072] Preferably, in accordance with this invention, said nonwoven fabric is selected among those utilised in the production and preservation of foods or for filtering fluids, for instance in depuration of water or air streams, and of liquid foodstuffs, such as milk.

    [0073] Preferably, in accordance with this invention, said nonwoven fabric is selected among those utilised for manufacture of the small bags as used in infusion processes, for example tea bags or as filters for milk.

    [0074] Preferably, in accordance with this invention, the nonwoven fabric has a basic weight between 10 and 100 g/m2.

    [0075] Preferably, in accordance with this invention, the basic weight of this nonwoven fabric is between 10 and 90 g/m2, and even more preferably between 10 and 60 g/m2.

    [0076] Advantageously, in accordance with this invention, the nonwoven fabric is made of mixed polyester, viscose and cellulose fibers combined together by means of a binder and it is not subject to remarkable dimension variation when it is soaked with water. An example of this kind of nonwoven fabric is the Tamlon Nonwoven k 314 29, manufactured by Ahlmstrom.

    [0077] Advantageously, in accordance with this invention, the printable layer is protected by a plasticized removable paper.

    [0078] It is still specific subject-matter of this present invention a process for production of the transfer product according to this invention, characterized from the following successive steps:
    1. A. applying said at least two layers successively, in reverse order with respect to said transferable product, on a temporary support;
    2. B. passing said temporary support bearing said two layers applied according to said step A. through a calender together with the support of said transferable product, so that said release layer adheres to said support of said transferable product; and
    3. C. as soon as the product as obtained in step B. is returned to room temperature or before the printing operation designed to realise the image to be transferred, removing the temporary support simply by mechanical means.


    [0079] Preferably, in accordance with this invention, the application (spreading) of said layers is carried out by using said transfer solvent, in particular water as a carrier.

    [0080] Preferably, in accordance with this invention, the calendering process of step B. is carried out by a hot cylinder or in wet condition.

    [0081] Preferably, in accordance with this invention, during the calendering process the cylinder temperature is in the range of 80 to 115°C.

    [0082] Preferably, in accordance with this invention, during the calendering process, the pressure on the product is in the range of 2·105 to 4·105 Pascal, with a cylinder tangential velocity set between 0,008 and 0,05 m/s, more preferably its temperature is set between 90 and 105°C.

    [0083] Advantageously, in accordance with this invention, during the calendering process the cylinder temperature is set between 20 and 60°C (if in wet conditions). Before this calendering step, it is possible to softly dry the lastly spread coating so as to have a little moisture residual content designed to aid the wet transfer procedure (in the thermal case, it is possible to carry out a complete drying step). Subsequently, the composite consisting of the temporary support, the coatings and the support of the transferable product (in the preferred embodiment the nonwoven fabric) will be dried by warm air.

    [0084] Advantageously, in accordance with this invention, the adhesion surface of said temporary support is a smooth, not absorbent surface which is resistant to the adhesion of thermoplastic polymers.

    [0085] Preferably in accordance with this invention, said temporary support is a paper selected among the silicone treated paper, coated paper, polythene treated paper, coated and silicone treated paper.

    [0086] It is a further specific object of the present invention to provide a decalcomania application procedure wherein the transferable product according to this invention is used, characterized in that it includes the following steps:

    E. printing the desired image on the surface of the transferable product, waiting for the ink to be dry, placing the transferable product with its printable layer against the substrate surface;

    F. substantially uniformly soaking said transferable product (on its back surface, namely on the support side) with said transfer solvent;

    G. waiting for a time at least sufficient to dry the back surface of said transferable product soaked in accordance with the F. step;

    H. again substantially uniformly soaking the transferable product (on its back surface, namely on the support side) with said transfer solvent;

    I. removing the support of said transferable product by simply pulling it away.



    [0087] In accordance with this invention, when the transferable product is a product according to this invention, the application procedure can include a preliminary step Z., to be carried out before step E., consisting in removing the removable plastified paper.

    [0088] Advantageously in accordance with this invention, in the G. step, the waiting time is of at least 2 hours, still more advantageously at least 24 hours.

    [0089] In accordance with this invention, the application procedure can include a further step L., to be carried out after step I., consisting in spreading one or more substances containing a crosslinking agent which can crosslink the row materials forming the layer transferred to the wall, or, more generally, a protective agent on the transferred product.

    [0090] In accordance with this invention, the application procedure can include a further preliminary step M., to be carried out before step E., consisting in the application of an adhesion and absorption promoter on the surface of the substrate to be decorated.

    [0091] This invention will be now described by way of illustration and not by way of limitation by particularly referring to the attached drawings,
    wherein:

    Figure 1 shows an example of a product which is not in accordance with this invention;

    Figure 2 shows a preferred embodimend of the product in accordance with this invention.



    [0092] The present invention concerns a directly printable transferable product, in particular by means of a solvent based ink plotter, preferably operating according to an ink jet technology, which is easily applicable also by a customer without any sectorial knowledge, in order to decorate walls with smooth or rough surfaces or more broadly all kinds of solvent absorbent substrates, in particular water absorbent substrates, including all substrates with nap surfaces.

    [0093] More in detail, the transferable product in accordance with this invention is printable by means of a plotter which utilises a solvent/ecosolvent based ink and the application is carried out by absorption in the substrate of a polymeric coating temporarily supported by a paper or preferably by a nonwoven fabric. The paper should be resistant to soaking and preferably consisting of natural and short fibres, more preferably replaced by a nonwoven fabric, for example those used for making the tea bags.

    [0094] The polymeric coating in accordance to this invention is soluble in said transfer solvent and has been specifically designed to be applicable, thanks to such solubility, on absorbent (porous) substrates without jeopardising the photographic definition of the image printed during the application.

    [0095] The principle used for developing the invention and the related application process is to obtain a coating or "carrier" that can be disaggregated as a consequence of the solubilisation effect by the transfer solvent that cannot attack the pigments of the image. A transfer solvent of this kind can be selected among the following: first of all, water, alcohols, a mixture of water and alcohols or water and acids, glycols, esters (such as ethyl acetate).

    [0096] Among the above listed solvents, water is the most readily available, the least expensive and the most harmless to use, in view of these reasons we will consider hereinafter only water. Nevertheless, it should be understood that it is possible to use any other kind of solvent adapted to fulfill the same requirements.

    [0097] Upon disaggregation of the carrier, its soluble components are absorbed by the substrate together with water and facilitate the diffusion of the unsoluble components and of the ink pigments therein.

    [0098] The use of polymers or copolymers which are soluble or dispersible in water, particularly in the form of resins, in order to apply (to spread) a coating that can be printed by means of a solvent based ink is an essential feature of this invention.

    [0099] Normally this principle is exploited for prints obtained by means of an ink jet plotter where use is made of water based inks. The resin begins dissolving and absorbs the ink.

    [0100] When it is desired to use water for the application of the transferable product, so as to make the application itself extremely easy, effective and quick, a not water resistant ink would be too difficult to be transferred because it would be dispersed in the aqueous solution utilised for the transfer operation.

    [0101] The use of water soluble or dispersible resins in combination with water resistant inks is an important feature of the transferable product according to this invention, that, therefore, can be very easily applied without burrs and defects. With reference to the figure 1, it can be observed that an example not according to the invention includes a transferable product 100 made of a support 1 on which a printable layer 2, or the above mentioned polymeric coating or carrier is applied.

    [0102] The simple filtering support 1 on which the polymeric coating is spread, even if commonly utilised, has already been used to produce decalcomania products for walls, but it has never been used in digital printing. Such support can be replaced for example with simple papers, absorbent papers, soaking resistant papers, silicone based papers, and like, fabrics of various kinds, canvas. It is essential that the chosen support is water-permeable and soaking resistant.

    [0103] As far as the broad composition of the polymeric coating is concerned, for the purposes of this invention, it should be re-wettable, namely re- water-soluble. For instance it is possible to use the same glue as used in stamps suitably mixed with other resins.

    [0104] The transferable product as shown in Figure 1 is printable on the polymeric coating 2 (surface 2"') and it is applicable on wet porous surfaces, for example with a wet roll. Upon drying the polymeric coating 2, a portion 2" thereof penetrates into the porous surface. After a sufficient time delay to ensure such absorption, the product can be wetted again and this will cause the separation of the support 1 (possibly together the layer 2' of the polymeric coating 2) without damaging said absorbed coating 2 (or its layer 2").

    [0105] The polymeric coating, whose composition will be described below, solves per sé the problem unresolved in the prior art, without any special treatment of the wall or of the transferable product itself.

    [0106] However, it is clear that, depending on the circumstances, some of such treatments can be used to merely improve the result, for example the use of an adhesion and imbibition promoter, a solvent for accelerate the penetration in the substrate, catalysts and cross-linking agents, or protective agents used in specific applications described below.

    [0107] It is possible to use the cross-linking agent, for example, to increase the resistance of the fresco to aging, by exploiting the hardening the polymeric coating as obtained by cross-linking the polymeric chains forming its structure.

    [0108] The protective agent, instead, could be replaced by a film forming transparent substance that, upon being spread on the finished fresco, protects it from the damages due to ultraviolet rays, to rain or to other degenerative agents.

    [0109] It is clear, however, that the use of such treatments is different from case to case, and anyway the use of cross-linking and/or protective agents should take place in the right stage during the application of the transferable product according to this invention. In fact, said cross-linking agent increases the resistance of the compound or of the mixture to which it is applied to solvents, and, if it is used before the adhesion of the transferable product to the substrate, it could also at least partially jeopardise the specific properties of the product and it would also be possible to have a bad absorbtion of the layer thereby making its penetration into the substrate worse and/or causing a bad removal of the support.

    [0110] It is also possibile to utilise an adhesion and absorbtion promoter for the coating into the substrate to be decorated.

    [0111] Some broad and not restrictive examples of such treatment are silicate bases for mural varnishes or suspensions of vinyl polymers and silicas in water or other kind of solvent.

    [0112] The printable coating is, for example, preferably made of:
    • a raw material printable with solvent based inks, in concentration between 25 and 80%, which can be a natural or synthetic polymer, such as for example: ethylene-vinyl acetate, ethylene-vinyl chloride and other vinyl polymers and copolymers. In particular ethylene-vinyl acetate has been used with a glass transition temperature of 5°C (DSC) and elongation at break of the 700%;
    • a raw material that becomes adhesive if wetted and completely soluble in water (so-called resoluble material) that leaves no residual in the percentage between 1 and 40%, more preferably between 10 and 40%, still more preferably between 30 and 40%, for example a polysaccharide soluble in water without the aid of enzymes, or a casein selected among those used for gluing stamps and labels, albumin or a fish glue; and
    • a completely resoluble and film forming dispersant/stabilizer for vinyl resins, in a concentration between 1 and 20%, most preferably between 1 and 12%, for example a polyvinyl alcohol, in particular with a weight average molecular weight (hereinafter with the espression "molecular weight" we will intend the weight average molecular weight) of a medium/low value (between 31000 and 124000) and with a hydrolysis rate less than 90%, in particular a polyvinyl alcohol with a molecular weight between 85000 and 124000 and a hydrolysis rate between 87 and 89% has been used; water-soluble compounds derived from cellulose or more generally surfactants or a polyvinylpirrolidone can be alternatively used.


    [0113] In addition, the mixture can include a raw material that becomes adhesive when soaked (hereinafter called adhesion promoter) aimed at ensuring the stickness of the layer after it has been wetted, which is utilised in a percentage between 3 and 80%, more preferably between 5 and 50%, even more preferably between 10 and 40%, and it may be a natural or synthetic polymer, such as for example: vinyl acetate, in particular with a glass transition temperature of 35 °C.

    [0114] The (vinyl) polymer/copolymer is used to improve the printing resolution in view of its affinity with the solvent contained in the ink and it can be replaced for example by chlorinated or fluorinated vinyl copolymers, or with ethylene-styrene copolymer.

    [0115] The adhesion promoter, such as polyvinyl acetate, becomes an adhesive when soaked and during the application of the transferable product it allows adhesion to the substrate, thereby avoiding the risk that the tranferable product is moved due to the effect of the application tool.

    [0116] The dispersant for the organic material, i.e. the polyvinyl alcohol with medium-low molecular weight and with low hydrolysis rate, in the first place, due to its surfactant behaviour, contributes to correctly dispersing the vinyl polymer in water and then, in the application stage, to dragging its molecules into the substrate. In the second place, it allows to obtain a resoluble coating, due to the alternation of its chains with those of the vinyl copolymer in the coating structure.

    [0117] The raw material that becomes adhesive when it is wetted and is completely suluble without leaving residuals, for example a polysaccharide, is used to regulate the solubility of the coating without altering its property to become sticky when moistened.

    [0118] In particular, it is used to make the finished product compatible with many kinds of supports, since its concentration is effectively a key parameter to increase the solubility of the carrier. With reference to the Figure 2, according to the invention, polymeric coating is "layered".

    [0119] In order to get an immediate separation of the support of said transferable product after the application, a polymeric coating has been made comprising two different layers, the release layer 3 and the above described printable layer 4.

    [0120] This solution is preferred, because the different compositions of the two layers allow a faster water solubilization of the release layer 3.

    [0121] After the product has been wet applied and is again dry, this solution allows to dampen the product to remove the support 1 and a portion of the release layer 3 before the absorbed printable layer 4 is solved because of soaking, thus avoiding any damage of the layer 4 and consequently of the image printed on the concerned transferable product 100.

    [0122] The release layer 3, namely the layer nearest to the removable support, is the richest of water soluble compounds. This for instance is preferably composed of
    • a completely solubile raw material, adapted not to leave residuals, in a concentration between 5 and 90 percent, preferably between 10 and 85%, even more preferably between 25 and 80%, in particular a polysaccharide water soluble without the aid of enzymes, or a casein selected among those used in glues for stamps and labels, albumin or a fish glue;
    • a film-forming water soluble raw material in a concentration between 3 and 50%, even more preferably between 15 and 50%, that can be a natural or synthetic polymer, for example a vinyl acetate, with a glass transition temperature of 35°C;
    • a film-forming and completely re-water-soluble dispersant agent for vinyl resins, in a concentration between 3 and 40%, even more preferably between 5 and 20%, like a polyvinyl alcohol, in particular with medium/low molecular weight (between 31000 and 124000) and with a hydrolysis rate less than 90%, or with molecular weight between 85000 and 124000 uma and a hydrolysis rate between 87 and 89%, or a polyvinylpirrolidone.


    [0123] Possibly, as far as this layer is concerned, it is possibile to add to the mixture: a not-soluble, film forming raw material used for improving the water resistance in this layer, in a concentration between 3 and 20%, more preferably between 6 and 15%, which can be a natural or syntethic polymer, such as for instance: a copolymer between ethylene and vinyl acetate, ethylene and vinyl chloride or other vinyl polymers or copolymers, in particular an ethylene-vinyl acetate with a glass transition temperature of 5°C (DSC) and an elongation at break of 700% has been successfully used.

    [0124] It is to be remarked that the mixture of the printable layer and the mixture of the release layer can include the same compounds. In this case, however, it is important to underline that their functions and their concentrations in the layers can be different. As a consequence, even when identical components are utilised the two concerned layers will be different in respect of their functions and their concentrations.

    [0125] The use of the same raw materials with different functions and different concentrations is very important in the multi-layer embodiments of the invention.

    [0126] In the following Table 1, the solid contents of the components of the printable layer and of the release layer are set forth in connection with two application examples:
    Table 1
    ComponentPrintable LayerRelease Layer
    Polyvinyl acetate 0 - 40 % 44 %
    Polyvinyl alcohol 2 % 9 %
    Polyethylene-vinyl acetate 35 % 0 - 10 %
    Polysaccharide 0 - 35 % 47 %


    [0127] In Table 1, the case wherein the Polysaccharide in the printable layer is comprised between 0 and 1 is not part of the present invention.

    [0128] The present invention also provides for the technology permitting to realise in simple manner the carrier stratification.

    [0129] To avoid the blending of the two layers during the transferable product production, so as to form a single layer with intermediate properties, it is suggested to apply them in reverse order on a temporary support and to subsequently transfer them to a final support, f.i. to a paper support as described above.

    [0130] As a matter of fact, the spreading carrier used in the coating process is always water or a solvent which also can maintain the polymers in disperse condition thereby allowing them to be spreadable; therefore, is not possible to directly produce the two layers, otherwise the second layer would be too much blended with the first one.

    [0131] The described temporary support must have a smooth surface (smooth enough to obtain a low adhesiveness between the carrier and the temporary support), as well as not absorbing and not allowing thermoplastic polymer adhesion, even if it is heated. It can be f.i. a polythene treated paper, coated paper, silicone treated paper or coated and silicone treated paper.

    [0132] During the production, the mixture having the less soluble solid content is first spread on the above mentioned paper, then the second mixture having the a more soluble solid content is applied. In this manner minimized blending of the layers is assured.

    [0133] After the second spreading step, the carrier is transferred to the support of the transferable product (in a preferred embodiment of the invention the water-permeable nonwoven fabric) with a heat calender or a wet calender.

    [0134] The first step of the process consists in coupling by a calender the temporary support with the filter paper by utilising the layered coating as an adhesive. This occurs as a consequence of the plasticity of the coating (heat calendering), or due to partial resolubilisation of the coating obtained by the last spreading step (wet calendering).

    [0135] When the wet technique is followed, the calender is aligned with the coating machine and its operation takes place by exploiting the residual tackiness of the soluble coating, which is obtained by less than completely drying it (immediately after the first spreading step) with respect to the printable coating.

    [0136] Subsequently, after calendering or anyway before the image is printed by the user, it is possibile to remove the temporary support for reuse. The separation of the support can be carried out by the end user by mechanical removal.

    [0137] Examples of the various stages during the working cycles for preparation of the transferable products are furnished hereinbelow. Example 1 - preparation of 10000 g of mixture for spreading the release layer.

    [0138] 3000 g of Serigum resoluble AH390 manufactured by Sericol LTD (water based vinyl polymer and polyvinyl alcohol dispersion), 3500 g of Primagum 23-173 manufactured by Sovereign (dispersion of polysaccharides in a polyvinyl alcohol and water solution) and 3500 g of Planatol XMA-75 manufactured by Planatol GmbH (dispersion of polyvinyl acetate in water and polyvinyl alcohol solution) are poured into a mixer having a capacity greater than 10 I and mixed until a homogeneous paste is obtained. The paste will have a viscosity of about 25000 mPa*s, so that the paste will have to be diluted with water until a viscosity is reached which is adapted to the avalaible spreading technique, as it is well known to those skilled in the art.

    [0139] To avoid a too high value of surface tension/viscosity ratio which could cause a bad spreading of the mixture, during the coating it is possible to add, after diluition, 1% by weight of a levelling agent, such as the product 3580 from Efka Additives.

    [0140] When using the screen printing technology, the viscosity value should be between 1000 and 6000 mPa*s, when a Mejer bar coating machine is used, the viscosity should be between 100 and 2500 mPa*s.

    [0141] When preparing the mixture, other less complex materials can be used in stead of the above mentioned ones. In particular, 3000 g of a 5% by weight of water solution of polyvinyl alcohol as described above, i.e. C523 manufactured by Celanese are prepared. The latter is then mixed with 1500 g of a dispersion of polyvinyl acetate in a polyvinyl alcohol water solution having a 50 percent of solid content and a glass transition temperature of 35°C, such as Vinac 50300 manufactured by Air Products, and 2000 g of dispersion of water soluble polysaccharide in a water solution of a polyvinyl alcohol which has a solid content percentage of 50%, such as Primagum 23-173 manufactured by Sovereign Specialty Chemicals Ltd.

    [0142] Also in this case, any technician, using water, will be able to dilute the mixture to adjust its viscosity and to use levelling agents should it be necessary for the coating process.
    Example 2 - preparation of 10000 g of mixture for spreading the printable layer coating.

    [0143] 7000 g of Serigum resoluble AH390 manufactured by Sericol LTD (water based vinyl polymer and polyvinyl alcohol dispersion), 1500 g of Primagum 23-173 manufactured by Sovereign (dispersion of polysaccharides in a polyvinyl alcohol and water solution) and 1500 g of Planatol XMA-75 (dispersion of polyvinyl acetate in water and polyvinyl alcohol solution) are poured into a mixer having a capacity greater than 10 I and mixed until a homogeneous paste is obtained.

    [0144] The paste will have a viscosity of about 15000 mPa*s, so that the paste will have to be diluted with water until a viscosity is reached which is adapted to the avalaible spreading technique.

    [0145] To avoid a too high value of surface tension/viscosity ratio which could cause a bad spreading of the mixture, during the coating it is possible to add, after diluition, 1% by weight of a levelling agent, such as the product 3580 from Efka Additives.

    [0146] In this Example, when using the screen printing technology, the viscosity should be between 1000 and 6000 mPa*s, when a Mejer bar coating machine is used, the viscosity should be between 100 and 2500 mPa*s.

    [0147] Also in this case, when preparing the mixture other less complex raw materials can be used in stead of the above mentioned commercially available ones. In particular, 1000 g of a 5% by weight water solution of polyvinyl alcohol having properties as described above, f.i. C523 manufatured by Celanese are prepared. The latter is then mixed with 1500 g of a dispersion of polyvinyl acetate in a polyvinyl alcohol and water solution having a 50 percent of solid content and a glass transition temperature of 35°C, such as Vinac 50300 manufactured by Air Products, and 1500 g of dispersion of ethylene-vinyl acetate in a water and polyvinyl alcohol solution which has a solid content percentage of 50% and a glass transition temperature of 5°C, such as Airflex EP400 manufactured by Air Products and 1500 g of Primagum 23-173 manufactured by Sovereign.

    [0148] Also in this case, any technician, by using water, will be able to dilute the mixture for adjusting its viscosity and to use levelling agents for the coating process.

    Example 3 - Coating of the temporary support.



    [0149] In the case of screen printing tecnology, assuming to have diluted the mixture up to 25-30% in solid content, it is possible to use a screen with fabric number between 62 and 77 to spread the mixture of the printable layer, in order to obtain a dry coating of 8-10 g/m2.

    [0150] The polythene coated paper sheets will be dried in an hot-air oven, setting the temperature to a value that will not damage the temporary support. In this example, the temperature is 60°C.

    [0151] The next step is to apply another coating, directly on the previous one, by using the mixture for the release layer. In this operation it is possible to use a screen with fabric number between 62 and 77, thereby obtaining a further dry coating of about 8-10 g/m2.

    [0152] After the sheets have been dried in an oven with the same temperature used for the first coating, the product spreading step on the temporary support is completed.
    Example 4 - Transfer (inversion) of the carrier from the polythene coated paper to the nonwoven fabric (final support).

    [0153] The polythene coated paper will be coupled to the nonwoven fabric by a calender, by using the release layer as an adhesive.

    [0154] The calender will be set at a temperature ranging from 90 to 150 °C (this range depends on the compostion of the coating and on the calendar cylinder speed), at a pressure value of 3 bar and a cylinder tangential speed of approximately of 1-2 m/min.

    [0155] The temporary support, namely the polythene coated paper, will be removed after the temperature of product of the previous step reaches room temperature or before the printing step carried out by the user.

    [0156] The result will be a transferable product consisting in a nonwoven fabric bearing two coating layers on its surface; the polythene coated paper can be re-used in the subsequent production cycles.

    [0157] The possibility to use the solvent based ink plotter for printing the images is an important feature of this invention, since, as a matter of fact, this kind of ink is made of pigments with a characteristic particle diameter of 0,1 µm, while the particle size of the powder toner is about 3 µm. This implies a better print definition and a better penetration of the pigment in the substrate to be decorated.

    [0158] Some advantages of the product/system according to this invention are:
    • excellent print definition by using a solvent based ink plotter,
    • easy application on walls,
    • a support with an hig degree of water-permeability,
    • the carrier is designed to be gradually solubilized, thereby promoting its absorbtion in the substrate without loss of print definition,
    • the possibility to permanently fix the ink's pigments and the carrier on the substrate,
    • the resistance to moisture, abrasion, water, and light as well as to a certain number of solvents.


    [0159] The preferred embodiments of the invention and some of its variations have been hereinabove described, but it should be understood that those skilled in the art can make modifications or changes therein without departing from the scope of this invention as defined by the following claims.


    Claims

    1. A decalcomania product, transferable by the utilisation of a transfer solvent and printable by a solvent based ink plotter, comprising a support (1) on which two or more layers are applied, said layers including:

    - a release layer (3);

    - a farthest layer from said support, being a printable layer (4), having a solid

    content that is less soluble in said transfer solvent than the release layer, said printable layer
    comprising:

    • a z by weight percentage, in the range of 1 to 20, of a dispersant and stabilizer for organic compounds, soluble in the transfer solvent, and

    • a x by weight percentage, in the range of 25 to 80, of a polymer or copolymer which is apt to be printed by a solvent based ink plotter, and has affinity with the solvent contained in the ink,

    • a w by weight percentage, in the range of 1 to 40, of a organic raw material which can become an adhesive if soaked, soluble in said transfer solvent;

    the percentages z, x, w being selected in such a way that z + x + w ≤ 100 and at least 15% of the mixture of the printable layer being soluble in said transfer solvent; characterized in that the release layer is a layer directly contacting the support.


     
    2. A decalcomania product according to claim 1, characterised in that the release layer comprises both a z' by weight percentage of a dispersant and stabiliser for organic compounds, soluble in the transfer solvent, and a w' by weight percentage of an organic raw material which can becomes adhesive if soaked and which is soluble in said transfer solvent.
     
    3. A decalcomania product according to claim 2, characterised in that z' is between 3 and 40, preferably between 5 and 20.
     
    4. A decalcomania product according to claim 2 or 3, characterised in that w' is between 5 and 90, preferably between 10 and 85, more preferably between 25 and 80.
     
    5. A decalcomania product according to any claim 1-4, characterised in that said w by weight percentage is in the range of 30 to 40.
     
    6. A decalcomania product according to any claim 1 or 5, characterised in that said polymer or copolymer which is apt to be printed is selected from the group consisting of ethylene vinyl acetate, ethylene vinyl chloride, polyvinyl acetate, copolymers of ethylene with vinyl acetate, copolymers of ethylene with vinyl chloride, copolymers of ethylene with the styrene, chlorinated or fluorinated vinyl copolymers.
     
    7. A decalcomania product according to claim 6, characterised in that said dispersant and stabilizer for organic compounds is a dispersant and stabilizer for vinyl polymers or copolymers.
     
    8. A decalcomania product according to claim 7, characterised in that said dispersant and stabiliser for vinyl polymers or copolymers is selected from the group comprising polyvinyl alcohols, water soluble compounds of cellulose, surfactants, polyvinylpyrrolidones.
     
    9. A decalcomania product according to claim 8, characterised in that said polyvinyl alcohol has a weight average molecular weight in the range of 31000 to 124000 uma and a hydrolysis rate not higher than 90 percent.
     
    10. A decalcomania product according to any one of the preceding claims 1 to 9, characterised in that said organic raw material which can become an adhesive if soaked is selected among the group of compounds consisting of: soluble polysaccharides, in particular soluble without the use of enzymes, casein, albumin, fish glue.
     
    11. A decalcomania product according to any one of the preceding claims 1 to 10, characterised in that the release layer further comprises a y' by weight percentage of an adhesion promoter.
     
    12. A decalcomania product according to any one of the preceding claims 1 to 11, characterised in that the printable layer further comprises a y by weight percentage, in the range of 5 to 50, of an adhesion promoter.
     
    13. A decalcomania product according to claim 11 or 12, characterised in that said adhesion promoter is a polymer.
     
    14. A decalcomania product according to claim 13, characterised in that said adhesion promoter is a polyvinyl acetate.
     
    15. A decalcomania product according to any one of the preceding claims 1 to 14, characterised in that said transfer solvent is selected from the following group of compounds: water, mixture of water and alcohol, mixture of water and acids, alcohols without water, glycols, ester, ethyl acetate.
     
    16. A decalcomania product according to any one of preceding claims 1 to 15, characterised in that the total thickness of said two or more layers is between 5 and 80 µm.
     
    17. A decalcomania product according to claim 16, characterised in that the thickness of the printable layer is between 3 and 40 µm and the thickness of the release layer is between 2 and 40 µm.
     
    18. A decalcomania product according to claim 17, characterised in that the thickness of the printable layer is between 5 and 20 µm and the thickness of the release layer is between 2 and 20 µm.
     
    19. A decalcomania product according to any one of preceding claims 1 to 18, characterised in that said support is made of a material permeable to said transfer solvent but resistant to disaggregation due to soaking.
     
    20. A decalcomania product according to claim 19, characterised in that said support is made of a material selected in the group consisting of paper material, filter paper, silicone coated paper, coated paper, polythene treated paper.
     
    21. A decalcomania product according to claim 19, characterised in that said support is built of non-woven fabric (NWF) suitably modified so as to be permeable to said transfer solvent.
     
    22. A decalcomania product according to claim 21, characterised in that said non-woven fabric is selected from the group consisting of: natural fibres, synthetic fibres, natural and synthetic fibres in combination.
     
    23. A decalcomania product according to claim 22, characterised in that said support is made by a non-woven fabric consisting of polyester, cellulose and viscose fibres combined together by means of a binder.
     
    24. A decalcomania product according to any one of preceding claims 21 to 23, characterised in that said support is built of non-woven fabric having a basic weight between 10 and 100 g/m2.
     
    25. A decalcomania product according to claim 24, characterised in that the basic weight is between 10 and 60 g/m2.
     
    26.  A process for production of the decalcomania product according to claims 1 to 25, including the following successive steps:

    A. applying said at least two layers (3, 4) successively, in reverse order with respect to said transferable product, on a temporary support;

    B. passing said temporary support bearing said two layers applied according to said step A. through a calender together with the support (1) of said transferable product, so that said release layer (3) adheres to said support of said transferable product; and

    C. as soon as the product as obtained in step B. is returned to room temperature or before the printing operation designed to realise the image to be transferred by the user, removing the temporary support simply by mechanical means.


     
    27. A process according to claim 26,
    characterised in that the
    application of said mixture is carried out by using said transfer solvent, in particular water, as a carrier.
     
    28. A process according to claims 26 or 27,
    characterised in
    that the calendering process of step B is carried out by a cylinder having temperature in the range of 80 to 115°C.
     
    29. A process according to claim 28,
    characterised in that,
    during the calendering process, the pressure on the product is in the range of 2·105 to 4·105 Pascal, with a cylinder tangential velocity set between 0,008 and 0,05 m/s.
     
    30. A process according to claim 28 or 29,
    characterised in that
    the calendaring step is carried out at a temperature between 90 and 105°C.
     
    31. A process according to claim 26 or 27,
    characterised in that
    the calendaring process of step B. is carried out in wet conditions.
     
    32. A process according to claim 31,
    characterised in that
    during the calendering process the cylinder temperature is set between 20 and 60 °C.
     
    33. A process according to claim 32,
    characterised in that
    subsequently to said calendering process of step B., the assembly comprising said temporary support, the applied coatings and the support of the transferable product is dried by heated air.
     
    34. A process according to any one of the preceding claims 26 to 33,
    characterised in that the adhesion surface of said temporary support is a smooth, not absorbent surface which is resistant to the adhesion of thermoplastic polymers.
     
    35. A process according to claim 34,
    characterised in that said
    support is a paper selected among the silicone treated paper, coated paper, polythene treated paper, coated and silicone treated paper.
     
    36. A process for decalcomania wherein the decalcomania product according to claims 1 to 25 is used, including the following successive steps:

    E. placing said transferable product with its printable layer (4) against the substrate surface;

    F. substantially uniformly soaking said transferable product with said transfer solvent;

    G. waiting for a time at least sufficient to dry said transferable product soaked in accordance with the step F.;

    H. again substantially uniformly soaking said transferable product with said transfer solvent;

    I. removing the support (1) of said transferable product by simply pulling it away.


     
    37. A process according to claim 36,
    characterised in that in
    the step G., the waiting time is of at least 2 hours.
     
    38. A process according to claim 37,
    characterised in that in
    the step G., the waiting time is at least 24 hours.
     
    39. A process according to any one of the preceding claims 36 to 38,
    characterised in that the application procedure includes a preliminary step M., to be carried out before step E., consisting in the application of an adhesion and absorption promoter on the surface of the substrate to be decorated.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Decalcomanie-Produkt, welches unter Verwendung eines Übertragungslösungsmittels übertragbar und mit einem lösungsmittel-basierten Tintenzeichner druckbar ist, umfassend einen Träger (1), auf dem zwei oder mehr Schichten aufgebracht sind, wobei die Schichten umfassen:

    - eine Freisetzungsschicht (3);

    - eine von dem Träger am weitesten entfernte Schicht, bei der es sich um eine druckbare Schicht (4) handelt, welche einen Gehalt an einem Feststoff, der in dem Übertragungslösungsmittel weniger löslich als die Freisetzungsschicht ist, aufweist, wobei die druckbare Schicht umfasst:

    • einen Gewichtsprozentsatz z, im Bereich von 1 bis 20, eines Dispergier- und Stabilisierungsmittels für organische Verbindungen, welches in dem Übertragungslösungsmittel löslich ist, und

    • einen Gewichtsprozentsatz x, im Bereich von 25 bis 80, eines Polymers oder Copolymers, welches dazu geeignet ist, mit einem lösungsmittel-basierten Tintenzeichner gedruckt zu werden, und eine Affinität zu dem in der Tinte enthaltenen Lösungsmittel aufweist,

    • einen Gewichtsprozentsatz w, im Bereich von 1 bis 40, eines organischen Rohmaterials, das ein Haftmittel werden kann wenn es getränkt wird, welches Rohmaterial in dem Übertragungslösungsmittel löslich ist;

    wobei die Prozentsätze z, x, w so ausgewählt sind, dass z + x + w ≤ 100 und wenigstens 15 % der Mischung der druckbaren Schicht in dem Übertragungslösungsmittel löslich sind; dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Freisetzungsschicht eine Schicht ist, welche in direktem Kontakt mit dem Träger steht.


     
    2. Decalcomanie-Produkt nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Freisetzungsschicht sowohl einen Gewichtsprozentsatz z' eines Dispergier- und Stabilisierungsmittels für organische Verbindungen, welches in dem Übertragungslösungsmittel löslich ist, als auch einen Gewichtsprozentsatz w' eines organischen Rohmaterials, welches ein Haftmittel werden kann wenn es getränkt wird und welches in dem Übertragungslösungsmittel löslich ist, umfasst.
     
    3. Decalcomanie-Produkt nach Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass z' zwischen 3 und 40, vorzugsweise zwischen 5 und 20, liegt.
     
    4. Decalcomanie-Produkt nach Anspruch 2 oder 3,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass w' zwischen 5 und 90, vorzugsweise zwischen 10 und 85, bevorzugter zwischen 25 und 80, liegt.
     
    5. Decalcomanie-Produkt nach irgendeinem der Ansprüche 1-4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Gewichtsprozess w im Bereich von 30 bis 40 liegt.
     
    6. Decalcomanie-Produkt nach Anspruch 1 oder 5,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Polymer oder Copolymer, welches dazu geeignet ist, gedruckt zu werden, aus der Gruppe ausgewählt ist, die aus Ethylenvinylacetat, Ethylenvinylchlorid, Polyvinylacetat, Copolymeren von Ethylen mit Vinylacetat, Copolymeren von Ethylen mit Vinylchlorid, Copolymeren von Ethylen mit Styrol, chlorierten oder fluorierten VinylCopolymeren besteht.
     
    7. Decalcomanie-Produkt nach Anspruch 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Dispergier- und Stabilisierungsmittel für organische Verbindungen ein Dispergier- und Stabilisierungsmittel für Vinyl-Polymere oder -Copolymere ist.
     
    8. Decalcomanie-Produkt nach Anspruch 7, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Dispergier- und Stabilisierungsmittel für Vinyl-Polymere oder -Copolymere aus der Gruppe ausgewählt ist, die Polyvinylalkohole, wasserlösliche Verbindungen von Cellulose, Tenside, Polyvinylpyrrolidone umfasst.
     
    9. Decalcomanie-Produkt nach Anspruch 8, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Polyvinylalkohol ein Gewichtsmittel des Molekulargewichtes im Bereich von 31.000 bis 124.000 Masseeinheiten und eine Hydrolyserate von nicht mehr als 90 Prozent aufweist.
     
    10. Decalcomanie-Produkt nach irgendeinem der vorgehenden Ansprüche 1 bis 9, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das organische Rohmaterial, welches ein Haftmittel werden kann wenn es getränkt wird, aus der Gruppe aus Verbindungen ausgewählt ist, die aus löslichen Polysacchariden, insbesondere ohne Zuhilfenahme von Enzymen löslichen Polysacchariden, Casein, Albumin, Fischleim besteht.
     
    11. Decalcomanie-Produkt nach irgendeinem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche 1 bis 10, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Freisetzungsschicht ferner einen Gewichtsprozentsatz y' eines Haftvermittlers umfasst.
     
    12. Decalcomanie-Produkt nach irgendeinem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche 1 bis 11, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die druckbare Schicht ferner einen Gewichtsprozentsatz y, im Bereich von 5 bis 50, eines Haftvermittlers umfasst.
     
    13. Decalcomanie-Produkt nach Anspruch 11 oder 12,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Haftvermittler ein Polymer ist.
     
    14. Decalcomanie-Produkt nach Anspruch 13, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Haftvermittler ein Polyvinylacetat ist.
     
    15. Decalcomanie-Produkt nach irgendeinem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche 1 bis 14, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Übertragungslösungsmittel aus der folgenden Gruppe von Verbindungen ausgewählt ist: Wasser, eine Mischung von Wasser und Alkohol, eine Mischung von Wasser und Säuren, Alkohole ohne Wasser, Glykole, Ester, Ethylacetat.
     
    16. Decalcomanie-Produkt nach irgendeinem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche 1 bis 15, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Gesamtdicke der zwei oder mehr Schichten zwischen 5 und 80 µm liegt.
     
    17. Decalcomanie-Produkt nach Anspruch 16, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Dicke der druckbaren Schicht zwischen 3 und 40 µm liegt und die Dicke der Freisetzungsschicht zwischen 2 und 40 µm liegt.
     
    18. Decalcomanie-Produkt nach Anspruch 17, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Dicke der druckbaren Schicht zwischen 5 und 20 µm liegt und die Dicke der Freisetzungsschicht zwischen 2 und 20 µm liegt.
     
    19. Decalcomanie-Produkt nach irgendeinem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche 1 bis 18, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Träger aus einem Material hergestelllt ist, welches für das Übertragungslösungsmittel permeabel ist, jedoch resistent gegenüber Zerfall infolge eines Tränkens.
     
    20. Decalcomanie-Produkt nach Anspruch 19, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Träger aus einem Material hergestellt ist, welches aus der Gruppe ausgewählt ist, die aus Papiermaterial, Filterpapier, silikon-beschichtetem Papier, beschichtetem Papier, polythen-behandeltem Papier besteht.
     
    21. Decalcomanie-Produkt nach Anspruch 19, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Träger von einem Vliesgewebe (NWF), welches in geeigneter Weise modifiziert ist, um für das Übertragungslösungsmittel permeabel zu sein, gebildet wird.
     
    22. Decalcomanie-Produkt nach Anspruch 21, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Vliesgewebe aus der Gruppe ausgewählt ist, welche besteht aus: natürlichen Fasern, synthetischen Fasern, natürlichen und synthetischen Fasern in Kombination.
     
    23. Décalcomanie-Produkt nach Anspruch 22, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Träger aus einem Vliesgewebe hergestellt ist, welches aus Polyester-, Cellulose- und Viskosefasern, mit Hilfe eines Bindemittels kombiniert, besteht.
     
    24. Decalcomanie-Produkt nach irgendeinem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche 21 bis 23, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Träger von einem Vliesgewebe mit einem Basisgewicht zwischen 10 und 100 g/m2 gebildet wird.
     
    25. Decalcomanie-Produkt nach Anspruch 24, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Basisgewicht zwischen 10 und 60 g/m2 beträgt.
     
    26. Verfahren zur Herstellung des Decalcomanie-Produkts nach den Ansprüchen 1 bis 25, welches die folgenden aufeinanderfolgenden Schritte einschließt:

    A. Aufbringen der mindestens zwei Schichten (3, 4) nacheinander in umgekehrter Reihenfolge bezüglich des übertragbaren Produkts auf einen temporären Träger;

    B. Führen des temporären Trägers, der die gemäß Schritt A. aufgebrachten zwei Schichten trägt, zusammen mit dem Träger (1) des übertragbaren Produkts durch einen Kalander, so dass die Freisetzungsschicht (3) an dem Träger des übertragbaren Produktes haftet; und

    C. Entfernen des temporären Trägers einfach auf mechanische Weise sobald das in Schritt B. erhaltene Produkt auf Raumtemperatur zurückgebracht ist oder vor dem Druckvorgang, der zur Realisierung des durch den Anwender zu übertragenden Bildes vorgesehen ist.


     
    27. Verfahren nach Anspruch 26, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Aufbringung der Mischung durch Verwendung des Übertragungslösungsmittels, insbesondere Wasser, als Träger erfolgt.
     
    28. Verfahren nach Anspruch 26 oder 27, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Kalandrierprozess von Schritt B. durch einen Zylinder mit einer Temperatur im Bereich von 80 bis 115 °C erfolgt.
     
    29. Verfahren nach Anspruch 28, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass während des Kalandrierprozesses der Druck auf das Produkt im Bereich von 2·105 bis 4·105 Pascal, bei einer Tangentialgeschwindigkeit des Zylinders, die zwischen 0,008 und 0,05 m/s eingestellt ist, liegt.
     
    30. Verfahren nach Anspruch 28 oder 29, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Kalandrierschritt bei einer Temperatur zwischen 90 und 105 °C durchgeführt wird.
     
    31. Verfahren nach Anspruch 26 oder 27, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Kalandrierprozess von Schritt B. unter Nassbedingungen durchgeführt wird.
     
    32. Verfahren nach Anspruch 31, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass während des Kalandrierprozesses die Zylindertemperatur zwischen 20 und 60 °C eingestellt ist.
     
    33. Verfahren nach Anspruch 32, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass nach dem Kalandrierprozess von Schritt B. die Anordnung, welche den temporären Träger, die aufgebrachten Beschichtungen und den Träger des übertragbaren Produktes umfasst, durch erwärmte Luft getrocknet wird.
     
    34. Verfahren nach irgendeinem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche 26 bis 33, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass es sich bei der Haftoberfläche des temporären Trägers um eine glatte, nicht-absorbierende Oberfläche handelt, welche gegenüber der Anhaftung von thermoplastischen Polymeren resistent ist.
     
    35. Verfahren nach Anspruch 34, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Träger ein Papier ist, welches aus silikon-behandeltem Papier, beschichtetem Papier, polythen-behandeltem Papier, beschichtetem und silikon-behandeltem Papier ausgewählt ist.
     
    36. Verfahren für Decalcomanie, wobei das Decalcomanie-Produkt nach den Ansprüchen 1 bis 25 verwendet wird, welches die folgenden aufeinanderfolgenden Schritte einschließt:

    E. Platzieren des übertragbaren Produktes mit seiner druckbaren Schicht (4) gegenüber der Substratoberfläche;

    F. im Wesentlichen gleichmäßiges Tränken des übertragbaren Produkts mit dem Übertragungslösungsmittel;

    G. Warten für eine Zeitspanne, die mindestens ausreicht, um das gemäß dem Schritt F. getränkte übertragbare Produkt zu trocknen;

    H. erneutes, im Wesentlichen gleichmäßiges Tränken des übertragbaren Produktes mit dem Übertragungslösungsmittel;

    I. Entfernen des Trägers (1) des übertragbaren Produktes durch einfaches Abziehen.


     
    37. Verfahren nach Anspruch 36, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass in dem Schritt G. die Wartezeit mindestens 2 Stunden beträgt.
     
    38. Verfahren nach Anspruch 37, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass in dem Schritt G. die Wartezeit mindestens 24 Stunden beträgt.
     
    39. Verfahren nach irgendeinem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche 36 bis 38, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Aufbringungsprozedur einen einleitenden, vor Schritt E. auszuführenden Schritt M. umfasst, welcher in der Aufbringung eines Haft- und Absorptionsvermittlers auf der Oberfläche des zu dekorierenden Substrats besteht.
     


    Revendications

    1. Produit de décalcomanie, transférable par l'utilisation d'un solvant de transfert et imprimable par un traceur à encre à base de solvant, comprenant un support (1) sur lequel deux ou plusieurs couches sont appliquées, lesdites couches incluant :

    - une couche antiadhésive (3),

    - une couche la plus éloignée par rapport audit support, qui est une couche pouvant être imprimée (4), ayant un contenu solide qui est moins soluble dans ledit solvant de transfert que la couche antiadhésive, ladite couche pouvant être imprimée comprenant :

    • un pourcentage massique z, dans la plage de 1 à 20, d'un dispersant et d'un stabilisateur pour des composés organiques, solubles dans le solvant de transfert, et

    • un pourcentage massique x, dans la plage de 25 à 80, d'un polymère ou d'un copolymère qui est apte à être imprimé par un traceur à encre à base de solvant, et a une affinité avec le solvant contenu dans l'encre,

    • un pourcentage massique w, dans la plage de 1 à 40, d'un matériau brut organique qui peut devenir un adhésif s'il est imprégné, soluble dans ledit solvant de transfert,

    les pourcentages z, x, w étant sélectionnés de sorte que z + x + w ≤ 100 et au moins 15 % du mélange de la couche pouvant être imprimée étant solubles dans ledit solvant de transfert, caractérisé en ce que la couche antiadhésive est une couche directement en contact avec le support.


     
    2. Produit de décalcomanie selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que la couche antiadhésive comprend à la fois un pourcentage massique z' d'un dispersant et d'un stabilisateur pour des composés organiques, solubles dans le solvant de transfert, et un pourcentage massique w' d'un matériau brut organique qui peut devenir adhésif s'il est imprégné et qui est soluble dans ledit solvant de transfert.
     
    3. Produit de décalcomanie selon la revendication 2, caractérisé en ce que z' se trouve entre 3 et 40, de préférence entre 5 et 20.
     
    4. Produit de décalcomanie selon la revendication 2 ou 3, caractérisé en ce que w' se trouve entre 5 et 90, de préférence entre 10 et 85, de façon davantage préférée entre 25 et 80.
     
    5. Produit de décalcomanie selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, caractérisé en ce que ledit pourcentage massique w se trouve dans la plage de 30 à 40.
     
    6. Produit de décalcomanie selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 ou 5, caractérisé en ce que ledit polymère ou ledit copolymère qui est apte à être imprimé est sélectionné à partir du groupe constitué de l'éthylène-acétate de vinyle, du chlorure de vinyle-éthylène, du polyacétate de vinyle, de copolymères d'éthylène-acétate de vinyle, de copolymères d'éthylène et de chlorure de vinyle, de copolymères de styrène, de copolymères de vinyle chlorés ou fluorés.
     
    7. Produit de décalcomanie selon la revendication 6, caractérisé en ce que ledit dispersant et ledit stabilisateur pour des composés organiques sont un dispersant et un stabilisateur pour des polymères ou des copolymères de vinyle.
     
    8. Produit de décalcomanie selon la revendication 7, caractérisé en ce que ledit dispersant et ledit stabilisateur pour des polymères ou des copolymères de vinyle sont sélectionnés à partir du groupe comprenant des alcools polyvinyliques, des composés solubles dans l'eau de cellulose, des surfactants, des polyvinylpyrrolidones.
     
    9. Produit de décalcomanie selon la revendication 8, caractérisé en ce que ledit alcool polyvinylique a une masse moléculaire moyenne dans la plage de 31 000 à 124 000 uma et un taux d'hydrolyse pas supérieur à 90 pourcent.
     
    10. Produit de décalcomanie selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes 1 à 9, caractérisé en ce que ledit matériau brut organique qui peut devenir un adhésif s'il est imprégné est sélectionné parmi le groupe de composés constitué : de polysaccharides solubles, en particulier solubles sans l'utilisation d'enzymes, de caséine, d'albumine, de colle de poisson.
     
    11. Produit de décalcomanie selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes 1 à 10, caractérisé en ce que la couche antiadhésive comprend en outre un pourcentage massique y' d'un promoteur d'adhérence.
     
    12. Produit de décalcomanie selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes 1 à 11, caractérisé en ce que la couche pouvant être imprimée comprend en outre un pourcentage massique y, dans la plage de 5 à 50, d'un promoteur d'adhérence.
     
    13. Produit de décalcomanie selon la revendication 11 ou 12, caractérisé en ce que ledit promoteur d'adhérence est un polymère.
     
    14. Produit de décalcomanie selon la revendication 13, caractérisé en ce que ledit promoteur d'adhérence est un polyacétate de vinyle.
     
    15. Produit de décalcomanie selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes 1 à 14, caractérisé en ce que ledit solvant de transfert est sélectionné parmi le groupe suivant de composés : l'eau, un mélange d'eau et d'alcool, un mélange d'eau et d'acides, des alcools sans eau, des glycols, un ester, l'acétate d'éthyle.
     
    16. Produit de décalcomanie selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes 1 à 15, caractérisé en ce que l'épaisseur totale desdites deux ou plusieurs couches se trouve entre 5 et 80 µm.
     
    17. Produit de décalcomanie selon la revendication 16, caractérisé en ce que l'épaisseur de la couche pouvant être imprimée se trouve entre 3 et 40 µm et l'épaisseur de la couche antiadhésive se trouve entre 2 et 40 µm.
     
    18. Produit de décalcomanie selon la revendication 17, caractérisé en ce que l'épaisseur de la couche pouvant être imprimée se trouve entre 5 et 20 µm et l'épaisseur de la couche antiadhésive se trouve entre 2 et 20 µm.
     
    19. Produit de décalcomanie selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes 1 à 18, caractérisé en ce que ledit support est constitué d'un matériau perméable pour ledit solvant de transfert mais résistant à une désagrégation due à une imprégnation.
     
    20. Produit de décalcomanie selon la revendication 19, caractérisé en ce que ledit support est constitué d'un matériau sélectionné dans le groupe constitué d'un matériau de papier, de papier filtre, de papier revêtu de silicone, de papier revêtu, de papier traité avec du polyéthylène.
     
    21. Produit de décalcomanie selon la revendication 19, caractérisé en ce que ledit support est fabriqué avec une étoffe non tissée (NWF) modifiée de façon appropriée de manière à être perméable pour ledit solvant de transfert.
     
    22. Produit de décalcomanie selon la revendication 21, caractérisé en ce que ladite étoffe non tissée est sélectionnée à partir du groupe constitué : de fibres naturelles, de fibres synthétiques, de fibres naturelles et synthétiques en combinaison.
     
    23. Produit de décalcomanie selon la revendication 12, caractérisé en ce que ledit support est réalisé par une étoffe non tissée constituée de polyester, de fibres de cellulose et de viscose combinées au moyen d'un liant.
     
    24. Produit de décalcomanie selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes 21 à 23, caractérisé en ce que ledit support est fabriqué avec une étoffe non tissée ayant une masse de base entre 10 et 100 g/cm2.
     
    25. Produit de décalcomanie selon la revendication 24, caractérisé en ce que la masse de base se trouve entre 10 et 60 g/cm2.
     
    26. Procédé de production du produit de décalcomanie selon les revendications 1 à 25, incluant les étapes successives suivantes :

    A. appliquer lesdites au moins deux couches (3, 4) successivement, dans l'ordre inverse par rapport audit produit transférable, sur un support temporaire,

    B. faire passer ledit support temporaire supportant lesdites deux couches appliquées selon ladite étape A. à travers une calandre en association avec le support (1) dudit produit transférable, de sorte que ladite couche antiadhésive (3) adhère sur ledit support dudit produit transférable, et

    C. dès que le produit tel qu'obtenu à l'étape B. est revenu à la température ambiante ou avant l'opération d'impression conçue pour réaliser l'image devant être transférée par l'utilisateur, retirer le support temporaire simplement par un moyen mécanique.


     
    27. Procédé selon la revendication 26,
    caractérisé en ce que l'application dudit mélange est exécutée en utilisant ledit solvant de transfert, en particulier de l'eau, comme vecteur.
     
    28. Procédé selon les revendications 26 ou 27,
    caractérisé en ce que le procédé de calandrage de l'étape B est exécuté par un cylindre ayant une température dans la plage de 80 à 115 °C.
     
    29. Procédé selon la revendication 28,
    caractérisé en ce que, au cours du procédé de calandrage, la pression sur le produit se trouve dans la plage de 2·105 à 4·105 Pascal, avec une vélocité tangentielle de cylindre réglée entre 0,008 et 0,05 m/s.
     
    30. Procédé selon la revendication 28 ou 29,
    caractérisé en ce que l'étape de calandrage est exécutée à une température entre 90 et 105 °C.
     
    31. Procédé selon la revendication 26 ou 27,
    caractérisé en ce que l'étape de calandrage de l'étape B. est exécutée dans des conditions humides.
     
    32. Procédé selon la revendication 31,
    caractérisé en ce qu'au cours du procédé de calandrage la température de cylindre est réglée entre 20 et 60 °C.
     
    33. Procédé selon la revendication 32,
    caractérisé en ce qu'à la suite dudit procédé de calandrage de l'étape B., l'assemblage comprenant ledit support temporaire, les revêtements appliqués et le support du produit transférable est séché par de l'air chauffé.
     
    34. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes 26 à 33, caractérisé en ce que la surface d'adhérence dudit support temporaire est une surface non absorbante lisse qui est résistante à l'adhérence des polymères thermoplastiques.
     
    35. Procédé selon la revendication 34,
    caractérisé en ce que ledit support est un papier sélectionné parmi le papier traité au silicone, le papier revêtu, le papier traité au polyéthylène, le papier revêtu et traité au silicone.
     
    36. Procédé de décalcomanie dans lequel le produit de décalcomanie selon les revendications 1 à 25 est utilisé, incluant les étapes successives suivantes :

    E. placer ledit produit transférable avec sa couche pouvant être imprimée (4) contre la surface de substrat,

    F. imprégner substantiellement uniformément ledit produit transférable avec ledit solvant de transfert,

    G. attendre un temps au moins suffisant pour sécher ledit produit transférable imprégné selon l'étape F.,

    H. imprégner à nouveau substantiellement uniformément ledit produit transférable avec ledit solvant de transfert,

    I. retirer le support (1) dudit produit transférable en l'enlevant simplement.


     
    37. Procédé selon la revendication 36,
    caractérisé en ce que dans l'étape G. le temps d'attente est d'au moins 2 heures.
     
    38. Procédé selon la revendication 37,
    caractérisé en ce que dans l'étape G. le temps d'attente est d'au moins 24 heures.
     
    39. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes 36 à 38, caractérisé en ce que la procédure d'application inclut une étape préliminaire M., devant être exécutée avant l'étape E., consistant en l'application d'un promoteur d'adhérence et d'absorption sur la surface du substrat devant être décoré.
     




    Drawing








    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description