(19)
(11)EP 1 852 612 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
05.07.2017 Bulletin 2017/27

(21)Application number: 06714031.9

(22)Date of filing:  17.02.2006
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F04C 2/18  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2006/302890
(87)International publication number:
WO 2006/090652 (31.08.2006 Gazette  2006/35)

(54)

GEAR PUMP

ZAHNRADPUMPE

POMPE A ENGRENAGE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
CH DE IT LI

(30)Priority: 24.02.2005 JP 2005048965
29.08.2005 WO PCT/JP2005/015675

(43)Date of publication of application:
07.11.2007 Bulletin 2007/45

(73)Proprietor: Shimadzu Mectem, Inc.
Shiga 520-2152 (JP)

(72)Inventor:
  • OKADA, Motohiro
    shi, Shiga, 5202152 (JP)

(74)Representative: Arth, Hans-Lothar et al
ABK Patent Attorneys Jasminweg 9
14052 Berlin
14052 Berlin (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
DE-A1- 4 012 929
JP-B1- 30 007 809
JP-B1- 35 016 254
JP-U- 56 127 391
JP-A- 50 064 804
JP-B1- 35 013 504
JP-B1- 51 038 922
JP-Y1- 50 001 004
  
  • 'Elicloid gear pump ni Tsuite' NIPPON KUROIDO KOGYO KABUSHIKI KAISHA, [Online] 2002, XP003002252 Retrieved from the Internet: <URL:http://www.cloid.co.jp/whatelli.html>
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


Field of the Invention



[0001] The present invention relates to a gear pump suitable for feeding a high-pressure and high-viscosity fluid such as a molten resin.

Description of Related Art



[0002] The gear pumps suitable for feeding a fluid from the suction port to the discharge port by means of the rotation of meshing gears mostly by adopting an involute tooth profile. The reason lies in that, the involute tooth profile is easy to cut, and the process size of the tooth profile is easy to measure; thus, a high-accuracy gear can be obtained, which is suitable for the operation conditions under a high pressure.

[0003] [Reference 1] Japan Patent Publication No. H11-013642

[0004] The fluid containment phenomenon is taken as an example of the problems of the gear pump having an involute tooth profile. It is a general example for the involute gear to have a meshing rate larger than 1 and have a meshing period of two groups of teeth. Under this circumstance, when the fluid is contained between the above two groups of teeth, the volume of the contained area changes with the rotation of the gear, such that if the pressure of the contained fluid is increased during compression, the power is wasted, and meanwhile, the so-called unsuitable phenomenon of vacuum or air bubbles is generated during expansion. However, the containment phenomenon causes more severe effects during the compression than that during the expansion.

[0005] Additionally, the above containment phenomenon causes more obvious influences especially when the viscosity or suction pressure and discharge pressure of the fed fluid are relatively higher. More particularly, as for the application of feeding the molten resin, the fluid at a high temperature of about 300°C, a high pressure of about 20 MPaG, and a high viscosity of about 300 Pa • s is fed. Since the containment phenomenon causes an excessive load applied on the gear bearing, the lifetime of the bearing is shortened. Now, the process of improving the bearing or providing a sufficient allowance or margin between each unit of the bearings (for example, increasing the bearing diameter, reducing the rotation speed) have been proposed currently, whereas such a process causes an increase in the overall size of the pump external dimension and an increase in the driving force.
From JP 50 064804 A a gear pump having a casing with a suction port and a discharge port is known. Herein, the fluid is transported by two gears in form of a double helix from the suction port to the discharge port by rotation of the gears. Because of the specific tooth profile of this gear pump fluid containment is a severe problem. Therefore this gear pump is prone to cavitation.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



[0006] In view of the above facts, the present invention provides a gear pump suitable for feeding a high-pressure and high-viscosity fluid such as a high molecular polymer or a molten resin.

[0007] As embodied and broadly described herein, the gear pump of the present invention is characterized in including: a casing, having a suction port for guiding in a fluid and a discharge port for discharging the fluid; and a pair of gears, disposed within the casing, wherein the fluid is fed from the suction port to the discharge port by the rotation of the gears meshing with each other. The pair of gears is double-helical gears having a one-point continuous contact tooth profile. The ratio of the gear diameter to the gear width of each gear is set to 1.1 - 1.15.

[0008] That is, a circular-arc tooth profile, an elliptic tooth profile, or a sine-curve tooth profile always has one contact point and they will not cause the fluid containment phenomenon. As for a double-helical gear, the axial thrust is balanced, and the axial thrust will not act on the gear. Therefore, the ratio D/B is set to 1.1 - 1.15, so as to restrain the bearing load and ensure the efficiency. When the ratio D/B is smaller than 1.1, a bearing may be damaged due to the excessively increased bearing load, and the gear pump is unsuitable for feeding the molten resin. On the other hand, when the ratio D/B is larger than 1.15, in accordance with an increase in the overall size of the pump external dimension, the power that can be achieved is decreased. The power loss caused by the friction between the gear and the casing increases rapidly as the gear diameter increases, and with respect to a fixed discharge amount, the gear width is reduced and the diameter is increased. Such facts directly cause an increase in the overall size of the pump external dimension, as well as the decrease of the mechanical efficiency and the overall efficiency. In view of the above reasons, persons skilled in the art intend to set the ratio D/B to be 1.1 - 1.15.

[0009] Furthermore, according to the invention, the number of teeth for the gear is 10 to 12 and a twisting angle of the gear is 28° to 32° when the pair of gears consists of two double-helical gears, and a number of teeth for the gear is 8 to 12 and a twisting angle of the gear is 14° to 18° when the pair of gears consists of two helical gears.

[0010] Furthermore, other gear pumps of the present invention are characterized in including: a casing, having a suction port for guiding in a fluid and a discharge port for discharging the fluid; and a pair of gears, disposed within the casing, wherein the fluid is fed from the suction port to the discharge port by the rotation of the gears meshing with each other. The pair of gears is helical gears having a one-point continuous contact tooth profile. The ratio of the gear diameter to the gear width of each gear is set to 1.1 - 1.15.

[0011] Besides the above effects, the pair of gears made as helical gears also can be integrated with a gear shaft, and due to the simple structure, the processing and productivity are improved.

[0012] In view of the above, the present invention can achieve a gear pump suitable for feeding a high-pressure and high-viscosity fluid such as a high molecular polymer or a molten resin.

[0013] In order to make the aforementioned and other objectives, features and advantages of the present invention comprehensible, embodiments accompanied with figures are described in detail below.

[0014] It is to be understood that both the foregoing general description and the following detailed description are exemplary, and are intended to provide further explanation of the invention as claimed.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0015] The accompanying drawings are included to provide a further understanding of the invention, and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification. The drawings illustrate embodiments of the invention and, together with the description, serve to explain the principles of the invention.

FIG. 1 is a plan sectional view of a gear pump according to a first embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the gear pump shown in FIG 1.

FIG. 3 is a flow chart of a process for manufacturing a molding of a high molecular polymer suitable for the gear pump of the present invention.

FIG. 4 is a plan sectional view of a gear pump according to a second embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of the gear pump shown in FIG 4.


DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



[0016] Hereinafter, the embodiments served as the implementation aspects of the gear pump of the present invention are illustrated with reference to the accompanying drawings.

[Embodiment 1]



[0017] A gear pump 100 of Embodiment 1 shown in FIGs. 1 and 2 is, for example, used in petroleum plant, chemical plant, polymer plant, and molding/fiber spinning apparatus for feeding high-viscosity substances such as molten resin and other high molecular polymers under a high pressure. The high-viscosity substance can be an intermediate or final product. The gear pump 100 is a so-called external gear pump. In the internal space within the casing 1, a drive gear 2 and a driven gear 3 are disposed therein to mesh with each other. By rotating and driving the gears 2 and 3, the pump functions to feed the fluid obtained in the tooth space from the suction side to the discharge side. In fact, the suction side is located at the above part, whereas the discharge side is located at the lower part. A tank is disposed right above the suction port 11 for storing the high molecular polymer or molten resin, and the molten resin in the tank is sucked therein and discharged under a specific discharging pressure.

[0018] The drive gear 2 and the driven gear 3 are respectively set to be double-helical gears having a one-point continuous contact tooth profile. In the example shown in the drawing, the teeth of the two gears 2 and 3 are set to have circular-arc tooth profile. For the gears 2 and 3, the ratio D/B of the gear diameter D to the gear width B is set to 1.1 - 1.15, which is set under the condition that the gear pump 100 is used to feed a high-temperature molten resin of about 300°C under a high pressure of about 20 MpaG. The specific values of the gear diameter D and the gear width B are limited by a gear shaft diameter required for transmitting the rotation driving force to the gear, and a shaft diameter required for restraining the bending deformation of the gear shaft.

[0019] Thereby, the ratio D/B of the gear diameter D to the gear width B is limited in the range of 1.1 to 1.15, and the number of teeth Z and the twisting angle (helical angle) β of the gears 2 and 3 are determined. The module of the gears is set to M, the diameter of the pitch circle is set to A, so the following equations are established:

D=M(Z+2). In this embodiment, the teeth of the gears 2 and 3 have a one-point continuous contact tooth profile. Therefore, the rotation action cannot be performed unless it is twisted for 1 pitch in the direction of the gear shaft. It should be satisfied that:

B/2=πM/tanβ. If it is set to D/B=x, based on the above description, then Z satisfies:



[0020] Furthermore, preferably, in the procedures of processing the teeth, the twisting angle β is set to 32° or smaller. According to the above equations, if the D/B=x is limited in the range of 1.1 - 1.15, when the twisting angle β is set to 28° - 32°, the number of teeth is 10 - 12.

[0021] According to the circular-arc teeth, a circular-arc gear pump with M=20, Z=10, A=200, β=31°, B=209, and the capacity=4189 cc/rev is fabricated and compared with the conventional involute gear pump. In the involute gear pump used for a performance comparison, M=14, Z=14, A=200, β = 2.4°, B = 209, and the capacity=4080 cc/rev. The shaft diameter and the bearing length relevant to the performance are set to be identical in the two gear pumps. When the fluid viscosity is about 300 Pa • s, and the discharge pressure is 20 MpaG, the circular-arc gear pump achieves the same performance as the involute gear pump. Furthermore, theoretically, the circular-arc tooth profile will not generate the containment phenomenon. However, if the containment is evaluated by measuring the discharge pressure pulse, the discharge pressure pulse in the circular-arc gear pump is 0.4 %, and that in the involute gear pump is 4%, and these two values are obtained under the operation conditions of a fluid viscosity of about 300 Pa • s, a discharge pressure of 20 MpaG, and a rotation number of 30 rpm. The discharge pressure pulse changes with the measurement position and other measurement environments, and the discharge pulse of the circular-arc gear pump is reduced to 1/10 of that of the involute gear pump.

[0022] Herein, as described above, the gear pump 100 of this embodiment is mainly used for feeding high-pressure and high-viscosity fluids. Therefore, the inner peripheral profile of the casing 1 must be molded to sufficiently draw-up the high-viscosity fluid into the tooth spaces of the gears 2 and 3, and prevent the high-pressure fluid obtained in the tooth space from leaking from the tooth tip. Hereinafter, detailed illustration is given with reference to FIG. 2. Herein, the positions where the tooth tip of the rotating gears 2 and 3 closely approaches the inner peripheral surface of the casing 1 are set to be P1, P1, the positions where the tooth tip begins to depart from the inner peripheral surface of the casing 1 are set to be P2, P2, the pitch point of the two gears 2 and 3 is set to be P0, and the centers of the gears 2 and 3 are set to be Pc, Pc.

[0023] In order to lead the high-viscosity fluid into the tooth space smoothly, an angle E1 formed between the line passing through the centers Pc and Pc of the two gears 2 and 3 and the line segment connecting the center Pc of the gears 2 and 3 and the slip-start point P1 of the tooth tip must be ensured to be about 0°-6° as seen from the side section (as seen from the section vertical to the surface of the gear shaft). The position of the slip-start point P1 is closer to the discharge side than the line passing through the centers Pc, Pc of the two gears 2 and 3. Moreover, in order to decrease the fluid from leaking from the tooth tip, the circular arc angle E4 formed from the slip-start point P1 to the slip-end point P2 of the tooth tip (taking Pc as the center) is preferably ensured to be 72° or larger than 72° as seen from the side section. The circular arc angle E4 is based on ensuring two or more tooth spaces of the gears 2 and 3. In spite of this, if E4 is increased, the flow path communicating with the discharge port 12 becomes narrowed, which is more likely to affect the discharge process of the fluid, and thus E4 should be restrained to be about 108° as seen from the side section.

[0024] When E1 is set to 0° or larger than 0°, and E4 is set to 72 ° - 108°, an angle E2 formed between the line segment connecting the slip-start point P1 and the pitch point P0 and the line segment connecting the slip-end point P2 and the pitch point P0 is 33° - 66° as seen from the side section. Therefore, an angle E3 formed between two line segments respectively connecting the slip-end point P2, P2 and the pitch point P0 of the two gears 2 and 3 is 48° - 102° as seen from the side section. On the contrary, in order to ensure the required E1, E2 (or E4), the upper limit of E3 must be set to be about 102°. Definitely, the lower limit of E3 is set to be about 48°, so as to allow the transmitted fluid obtained in the gear space to smoothly flow down to the discharge port 12.

[0025] According to this embodiment, in the gear pump 100 for feeding the fluid from the suction side to the discharge side by the rotation of two gears 2 and 3 formed in a pair and meshing with each other, the gears 2 and 3 are double-helical gears having a one-point continuous contact tooth profile, and for the gears 2 and 3, the ratio D/B of the gear diameter D to the gear width B is set to be 1.1 - 1.15; thus the undesirable influence on the bearing caused by the fluid containment phenomenon is avoided. Moreover, the ratio D/B is set to be 1.1 - 1.15, which can restrain the bearing load and ensure the efficiency, and the increased in the overall size of the pump external dimension is avoided. Compared with the conventional involute gear pump, the gear pump 100 of this embodiment is more suitable for feeding the high-pressure, high-viscosity fluid.

[0026] Moreover, the angle E3 is set to be 48° - 102° and the angle E4 is set to be 72° - 108°, such that the fluid can be sufficiently sucked into the gear spaces of the gears 2 and 3, and the fluid obtained in the tooth space is prevented from leaking from the tooth tip.

[0027] The gear pump 100 of the present invention having the above structure is used in the process for manufacturing the high molecular polymer or the molten resin, or the process for manufacturing the molding of the high molecular polymer or the molten resin. Hence, the gear pump 100 is suitable for the applications of manufacturing high molecular polymer, molten resin, or the molding thereof.

[0028] For example, as shown in FIG. 3, the gear pump 100 of the present invention is used to feed the monomer from the monomer tank 110 to the polymerization tank 120, for being used in the process of manufacturing the high molecular polymer; otherwise, the gear pump 100 is used to feed the high molecular polymer into a molding apparatus 300 or a fiber spinning apparatus 400, for being used in the process of manufacturing the molding thereof. Moreover, the process of using the gear pump 100 of the present invention to produce the high molecular polymer can be integrated with the process for manufacturing the molding thereof to constitute a single production line shown in FIG 3. Furthermore, the monomer tank 110 and the polymerization tank 120 shown in FIG. 3 can also be replaced with a resin particle tank and a molten resin tank, so as to form a production line for manufacturing the molten resin and the molding thereof.

[0029] Furthermore, the monomer tank 110, the gear pump 100, and the polymerization tank 120 shown in FIG. 3 can also constitute a polymerization apparatus 200. Moreover, the molding apparatus 300 or the fiber spinning apparatus 400 can be separated from the gear pump 100; otherwise, the gear pump 100 can be integrated into the molding apparatus 300 or the fiber spinning apparatus 400.

[Embodiment 2]



[0030] FIGs. 4 and 5 show a gear pump 500 according to a second embodiment of the present invention. In the same manner as that of Embodiment 1, the gear pump 500 is formed by disposing a drive gear 502 and a driven gear 503 meshing with each other within the internal space of the casing 1. By rotating and driving the gears 502 and 503, a pump functions to feed the fluid obtained in the tooth space from the suction side to the discharge side.

[0031] The drive gear 502 and the driven gear 503 are both helical gears having a one-point continuous contact tooth profile. In the example of the drawings, the teeth of the two gears 502 and 503 are circular-arc teeth.

[0032] Herein, generally speaking, the less the teeth number of the gear pump is, the higher the overall efficiency is; in addition, the smaller the gear diameter is and the larger the gear width is, the higher the overall efficiency is. Furthermore, the factors, such as the necessary shaft diameter required for transferring the drive force and the shaft diameter when the shaft is bent caused by the bearing load, set limits to the gear diameter and the gear width, and the most appropriate number of teeth is determined based upon the above factors.

[0033] Furthermore, when the gear pump 500 is used under a high pressure of 20 Mpa, in the same manner as Embodiment 1, the ratio D/B of the diameter D to the gear width B is 1.1 -1.15.

[0034] Then, in the same manner as Embodiment 1, if the gear diameter is set to D, the gear width is set to B, the modulus of the gears is set to M, the number of teeth is set to Z, the diameter of the pitch circle is A, and the tooth twisting angle of the helical gear is β, then





[0035] The teeth of the gears 502 and 503 have a one-point contact tooth profile. Therefore, the rotation action cannot be performed unless it is twisted for 1 pitch in the direction of the gear shaft,

then B=πM/tanβ. If it is set to D/B=x, based on the above description, then Z satisfies:



[0036] The P of the helical gear is 1/2 of P of the above double-helical gear, and β=14° - 16°. Preferably, the above double-helical gear is set to 32° or less than 32° in the above tooth processing steps. In the helical gear, β is 16° or larger than 16°, which does not affect the tooth processing steps.

[0037] Under the circumstance of β=18°, when D/B=1.1, Z=8, and D/B=1.15, then Z=9.

[0038] Therefore, in the helical gear, when Z=8 - 12 and β=14° - 18°, an effect equivalent to the above effect can be achieved.

[0039] In the circular-arc tooth profile, a helical gear pump with M=32, Z=10, A=320, β=16.75°, B=334.5, and a capacity = 17152 cm3/rev is fabricated and compared with a conventional double-helical gear pump with circular-arc teeth.

[0040] In the performance comparison, in the double-helical gear with a circular-arc tooth profile, M=32, Z=10, A=320, β=31°, B=334.5, and the capacity = 17152 cm3/rev. Certainly, except for the twisting angle, all the others are the same.

[0041] Under the operation conditions of a fluid viscosity of about 300 Pa • s, a discharge pressure of 20 MpaG, a rotation number of 30 rpm, the helical gear with circular-arc tooth profile can also achieve substantially the same performance.

[0042] In the helical gear pump with circular-arc tooth profile, even if the containment is evaluated by measuring the discharge pressure pulse, the effect substantially equaled to 0.4% of the above double-helical gear pump can also be achieved. The above values are obtained under the operation conditions of the fluid viscosity of about 300 Pa • s, a discharge pressure of 20 MpaG, and a rotation number of 30 rpm. Since substantially the same effect as the above is obtained, the difference with the conventional involute gear pump is quite obvious.

[0043] According to Embodiment 2, if the same effect as Embodiment 1 can be obtained, and the drive gear 502 and the driven gear 503 are both helical gears, a gear/shaft can be integrated and produced. Thus, the processing and productivity are improved due to the simple structure.

[0044] The gear pump 500 can be used to replace the gear pump 100 shown in FIG. 3, and can also be incorporated into the molding apparatus 300 or the fiber spinning obtained, and the drive gear 502 and the driven gear 503 are both helical gears, a gear/shaft can be integrated and produced. Thus, the processing and productivity are improved due to the simple structure.

[0045] The gear pump 500 can be used to replace the gear pump 100 shown in FIG 3, and can also be incorporated into the molding apparatus 300 or the fiber spinning apparatus 400.

[0046] Furthermore, the present invention is not limited to the above detailed embodiments. The detailed structure of each portion is not limited to that described in the above embodiments, but can have various alternations without departing from the scope of the present invention.

Industrial Applicability



[0047] The gear pump of the present invention can be, for example, applied in (but not limited to) the petroleum plant or chemical plant, polymerization plant, and molding/fiber spinning apparatus for feeding high-viscosity substances such as molten resin and other high molecular polymers under a high pressure.

[0048] Though the present invention has been disclosed above by the preferred embodiments, they are not intended to limit the present invention. Anybody skilled in the art can make some modifications and variations without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protecting range of the present invention falls in the appended claims and their equivalents.


Claims

1. A gear pump (100, 500), comprising:

a casing (1), having a suction port (11) for guiding in a fluid and a discharge port (12) for discharging the fluid; and

a pair of gears (2, 3, 502, 503), disposed within the casing (1), wherein the fluid is fed from the suction port (11) to the discharge port (12) by a rotation of the gears (2, 3, 502, 503) meshing with each other, and a ratio of a gear diameter to a gear width of each gear is set to 1.1 to 1.15, wherein the pair of gears consists of two double-helical gears (2, 3) or two helical gears (502, 503), and wherein the gear pump (100, 500) is characterized in that the pair of gears (2, 3, 502, 503) consists of two gears having a one-point continuous contact tooth profile and a number of teeth for the gear is 10 to 12 and a twisting angle of the gear is 28° to 32° when the pair of gears consists of two double-helical gears (2, 3), or that a number of teeth for the gear is 8 to 12 and a twisting angle of the gear is 14° to 18° when the pair of gears consists of two helical gears (502, 503).


 
2. The gear pump (100, 500) according to claim 1, wherein in an inner peripheral profile of the casing (1) an angle formed by line segments respectively connected between positions (P2) where each tooth tip of the rotating gear departs from an inner peripheral surface of the casing (1) and a position of a pitch point (P0) of the gear (2, 3, 502, 503) is 48° to 102° as seen from the section of the axis direction.
 
3. The gear pump (100, 500) according to claim 1 or 2, wherein in an inner peripheral profile of the casing, a circular-arc angle formed between a position (P1) where a tooth tip of the rotating gear approaches closely to an inner peripheral surface of the casing (1) and a position (P2) where a tooth tip of the gear (2, 3, 502, 503) departs from the inner peripheral surface of the casing is 72° to 108° as seen from the section of the axis direction.
 
4. A method for manufacturing a high molecular polymer, a molten resin, or a molding thereof, wherein the gear pump (100, 500) as claimed in any of claims 1-3 is used in a process for manufacturing the high molecular polymer or the molten resin, or in a process for manufacturing the molding of the high molecular polymer or the molten resin.
 
5. A polymerization apparatus, using the gear pump (100, 500) as claimed in any of claims 1-3.
 
6. A molding apparatus, using the gear pump (100, 500) as claimed in any of claims 1-3.
 
7. A fiber spinning apparatus, using the gear pump (100, 500) as claimed in any of claims 1-3.
 


Ansprüche

1. Eine Zahnradpumpe (100, 500), umfassend:

ein Gehäuse (1), das eine Saugöffnung (11) zum Einleiten eines Fluids und eine Auslassöffung (12) zum Auslassen des Fluids, und

ein innerhalb des Gehäuses (1) angeordnetes Zahnradpaar (2, 3, 502, 503), wobei das Fluid der Auslassöffnung (12) von der Saugöffnung (11) durch Rotation der ineinander greifenden Zahnräder (2, 3, 502, 503) zuführbar ist, und ein Verhältnis von Zahnraddurchmesser zu Zahnradbreite von jedem Zahnrad zwischen 1,1 und 1,15 eingestellt ist, wobei das Zahnradpaar aus zwei Doppelschrägstirnrädern (2,3) oder zwei Schrägstirnrädern (502, 503) besteht, und wobei die Zahnradpumpe (100, 500) dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, dass das Zahnradpaar (2, 3, 502, 503) aus zwei Zahnrädern besteht, die ein Zahnprofil mit kontinuierlichem Einpunkt-Kontakt aufweisen, und die Anzahl von Zähnen der Zahnräder 10 bis 12 und der Verdrehwinkel der Zahnräder 28° bis 32° beträgt, wenn das Zahnradpaar aus zwei Doppelschrägstirnrädern (2, 3) besteht, oder dass die Anzahl von von Zähnen der Zahnräder 8 bis 12 und der Verdrehwinkel der Zahnräder 14° bis 18° beträgt, wenn das Zahnradpaar aus zwei Schrägstirnrädern (502, 503) besteht.


 
2. Die Zahnradpumpe (100, 500) gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei im inneren peripheren Profil des Gehäuses (1), in Achsrichtung betrachtet, der Winkel, der von den Liniensegmenten, die jeweils zwischen den Positionen (P2), an denen sich jede Zahnspitze der rotierenden Zahnräder von der inneren peripheren Oberfläche des Gehäuses (1) entfernt, und der Position des Wälzpunkts (P0) der Zahnräder (2, 3, 502, 503) gebildet wird, 48° bis 102° beträgt.
 
3. Die Zahnradpumpe (100, 500) gemäß Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei im inneren peripheren Profil des Gehäuses (1), in Achsrichtung betrachtet, der Kreisbogenwinkel, der zwischen der Position (P1), an der sich eine Zahnspitze der rotierenden Zahnräder eng an die innere periphere Oberfläche des Gehäuses (1) annähert, und der Position (P2), an der sich eine Zahnspitze der Zahnräder (2, 3, 502, 503) von der inneren peripheren Oberfläche des Gehäuses entfernt, gebildet wird, 72° bis 108° beträgt.
 
4. Ein Verfahren zur Herstellung eines hochmolekularen Polymers, eines geschmolzenen Harzes oder eines Formkörpers daraus, wobei die Zahnradpumpe (100, 500) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 - 3 in einem Prozess zur Herstellung des hochmolekularen Polymers oder des geschmolzenen Harzes oder in einem Prozess zur Herstellung des Formkörpers des hochmolekularen Polymers oder des geschmolzenen Harzes verwendet wird.
 
5. Eine Polymerisationsvorrichtung, die die Zahnradpumpe (100, 500) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 - 3 verwendet.
 
6. Eine Formkörpervorrichtung, die die Zahnradpumpe (100, 500) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 - 3 verwendet.
 
7. Eine Faserspinnvorrichtung, die die Zahnradpumpe (100, 500) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 - 3 verwendet.
 


Revendications

1. Pompe à engrenages (100, 500), comprenant :

un boîtier (1), ayant un orifice d'aspiration (11) pour introduire le fluide et un orifice de décharge (12) pour évacuer le fluide ; et

une paire de roues dentées (2, 3, 502, 503), disposées à l'intérieur du boîtier (1), dans lequel le fluide est amené depuis l'orifice d'aspiration (11) vers l'orifice de décharge (12) par la rotation des roues dentées (2, 3, 502, 503) s'engrenant l'une dans l'autre, et un rapport entre le diamètre et la largeur de chaque roue dentée se situant entre 1,1 et 1,15, dans lequel la paire de roues dentées consiste en deux roues dentées à denture double-hélicoïdale (2, 3) ou hélicoïdale (502, 503), et dans lequel la pompe à engrenages (100, 500) est caractérisée en ce que la paire de roues dentées (2, 3, 502, 503) consiste en deux roues dentées ayant un profile de dents assurant un contact ponctuel continu, un nombre de dents entre 10 et 12 et un angle de torsion entre 28° et 32° dans le cas des deux roues à denture double-hélicoïdale (2, 3), et un nombre de dents entre 8 et 12 et un angle de torsion entre 14° et 18° dans le cas des deux roues à denture hélicoïdale (502, 503).


 
2. Pompe à engrenages (100, 500) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle dans un profil périphérique interne du boîtier (1), l'angle formé par les segments de ligne reliant respectivement les positions (P2) où chaque pointe de dent de l'engrenage rotatif s'écarte de la surface périphérique interne du boîtier (1), avec le point primitif (P0) des roues dentées (2, 3, 502, 503), se situe entre 48° et 102° comme indiqué dans la section de direction de l'axe.
 
3. Pompe à engrenages (100, 500) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans laquelle dans un profil périphérique interne du boîtier, un angle d'arc de cercle formé entre la position (P1) où la pointe de dent de l'engrenage rotatif s'approche étroitement de la surface périphérique interne du boîtier (1), et la position (P2) où la pointe de dent de la roue dentée (2, 3, 502, 503) s'écarte de la surface périphérique interne du boîtier, se situe entre 72° et 108° comme indiqué dans la section de direction de l'axe.
 
4. Méthode de fabrication d'un polymère de masse moléculaire élevée, d'une résine fondue ou d'un moulage de ceux-ci, dans laquelle la pompe à engrenages (100, 500) selon l'une quelconque des revendications de 1 à 3 est utilisée dans un procédé de fabrication d'un polymère de masse moléculaire élevée ou d'une résine fondue, ou dans un procédé de fabrication de moulage d'un polymère de masse moléculaire élevée ou d'une résine fondue.
 
5. Appareil de polymérisation, utilisant la pompe à engrenages (100, 500) selon l'une quelconque des revendications de 1 à 3.
 
6. Appareil de moulage, utilisant la pompe à engrenages (100, 500) selon l'une quelconque des revendications de 1 à 3.
 
7. Appareil de filage de fibres, utilisant la pompe à engrenages (100, 500), selon l'une quelconque des revendications de 1 à 3.
 




Drawing


















REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description