(19)
(11)EP 1 860 033 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
12.01.2011 Bulletin 2011/02

(21)Application number: 06010820.6

(22)Date of filing:  26.05.2006
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B65B 27/08  (2006.01)

(54)

Banding machine for logs of sheet material

Vorrichtung zur Umhüllung von Bögenstapeln

Dispositif d'envelopper une pile de feuilles


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC NL PL PT RO SE SI SK TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
28.11.2007 Bulletin 2007/48

(73)Proprietor: M T C - Macchine Trasformazione Carta S.r.l.
55016 Porcari (LU) (IT)

(72)Inventor:
  • De Matteis, Alessandro
    55100 Lucca (IT)

(74)Representative: Celestino, Marco 
ABM Agenzia Brevetti & Marchi, Viale Giovanni Pisano, 31
56123 Pisa
56123 Pisa (IT)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 0 685 393
DE-B- 1 221 134
US-A- 4 492 070
DE-A1- 2 060 753
US-A- 4 094 130
US-A- 5 282 716
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Field of the invention



    [0001] The present invention relates to the production of stacks of paper material, and, in particular, it relates to a banding machine for logs of folded, overlapped or interfolded sheet material, for arranging around a log a tubular wrapper of paper and the like.

    Background of the invention



    [0002] As well known, in the paper converting industry a variety of types is used of machines and of processes for making paper tissues, paper towels and similar articles from stacks of folded, overlapped or interfolded sheets of a certain height.

    [0003] The stacks are obtained folding the sheets and simply overlapping them on one another or interfolding them, i.e. at each fold a wing of the previous sheet and a wing of a next sheet of the stack engage with each other. This way, when drawing a sheet from a package, at the moment of the use, also a wing of a next sheet of the stack is dragged up to protruding from the package, with subsequent practical utilization for certain types of users. Among possible interfolding ways the L-type, with 2 folds (single fold), or the Z or W types, respectively with 3 and 4 folds (multi fold), are known.

    [0004] After a step of separation of a pack from the stack, once achieved a measured height of the pack, a step follows of conveying the packs or logs for following treatment and packaging.

    [0005] The stacks of folded or interfolded sheets from which a log is formed have a length that depends on the width of the starting web, normally about 2 metres and more.

    [0006] For example, in case of logs of interfolded products exiting from the head of an interfolding machine, according to the type of interfolded product and then to the final use, said log can be conveyed to a transversal cutting machine forming small packages of predetermined length and then forwarding them to a binder that puts them in wrappers tailored for the users. With this solution, normally, the so-called "facial tissue" products are packaged.

    [0007] Alternatively, the products can be distributed as banded packs or clips, as is the case of "hand towels", which can be put in special fixed distributors with standard shape. In this case, the whole log of interfolded product, normally, is first compressed and then banded by a web that covers it around, creating a tubular wrapper. The banded log is then cut off into single small packages or clips that are already banded by a corresponding cut tubular wrapper portion.

    [0008] In the latter case, for carrying out the banding machine step, banding machines are used located downstream of the interfolding machine. In particular, the log of interfolded sheets produced and exiting from the interfolding machine can be carried directly into the banding machine by means of an appropriate conveying system, such as a conveyor belt.

    [0009] A diagrammatical view of the operation of a known banding machine is described in figures 1-4, respectively a longitudinal sectional view and cross sectional views of three successive operation steps with respect to the log. With reference to Fig. 1, a log 1 of interfolded or folded material is carried by a conveyor belt 2 in a banding machine of prior art. At its inlet into the banding machine log 1 meets a path set between two overlapping conveyor belts 3 and 4 that gradually decrease their relative distance in the vertical direction in order to compress log 1 reaching eventually a compressed configuration 1' between two overlapped conveyor belts 5 and 6. Once compressed the logs are banded by means of a wrapper 11 (figures 2-4) cut from a web, by a pusher 7 operated by an actuator 8 that pushes log 1 into a channel 10 of the machine in order to carry out the packaging. More precisely, log 1' compressed is pushed into channel 10, and a cut sheet of web 11 is arranged stretched in front of the log as an obstacle along all the length of the machine through a passage 12. In a way not shown the cut sheet of web 11 is automatically unwound from a roll and cut at a predetermined length. By the action of a pusher 7, operated by a cylinder piston 8, which pushes the log against the stretched sheet well beyond passage 12, a kind of self-packaging is carried out, i.e. the log is wound by the sheet for ¾ of its side surface. Then, after the withdrawal of pusher 7, a system of plates 9 transversal to channel 10 is actuated, which aligns to log 1' the remaining wings of sheet 11, on one of which glue was previously spread, so that they are closed in turn on the free side of log 1'. Then, further compressed and banded logs are pushed progressively forward against log 1', which moves in channel 10 up to an outlet where it is withdrawn in a way not shown.

    [0010] In other embodiments, instead, there is a movable upper support that compresses the log from the above on a conveyor belt once reached a predetermined position, thus reducing the volume and the height of the log before packaging. For example, a machine of this type is described in EP1636093.

    [0011] During the forward and back strokes of the pusher, the conveyor belt must stop for allowing the return stroke of the pusher. For example, in case of a one meter travel of the pusher, i.e. about half metre of forward stroke and half metre of back stroke, a certain time is necessary, which causes a reduction of productivity, for allowing the back stroke of the pusher.

    [0012] It is therefore desirable for improving productivity to minimize the waiting time.

    [0013] Concerning the step of compressing, a similar system is described in US6865861. In this case, two conveyor belts decrease their relative distance (see also Fig. 1), and there would be an improvement of productivity with respect to the case of a single conveyor belt and pusher. In fact, while in the first case the log is compressed during its inlet in the machine, in the latter case the log must be completely entered in the banding machine for pressing it, increasing the waiting time.

    [0014] In US6865861 there is then the need to feed the web that is used for wrapping the log causing the web to be frictionally dragged by the log same. This has the drawback that the speed, and then the productivity, must to be low, and the compression of the log cannot be excessive, to avoid break of the banding machine web, or to avoid difficulty of introduction and drag of the latter between the conveyor belts and the log same.

    [0015] US4094130 teaches packaging insulating panels, which are stacked in batches with a certain number of panels. To increase the number of panels in the final packaged stack, the single batches are stacked and compressed.

    Summary of the invention



    [0016] It is therefore a feature of the present invention to provide a structure of banding machine that has a high productivity and at the same time it is as compact as possible.

    [0017] In particular, it is a feature of the present invention to provide a structure of banding machine that separates the path of the pusher from that of the conveyor belt of the log, thus increasing productivity.

    [0018] These and other objects are achieved by a banding machine for logs of folded, overlapped or interfolded sheet material according to claim 1.

    [0019] Preferably, when passing from said first height to said second height said lifting means compresses at the same time said log.

    [0020] Advantageously, said lifting means push said log against a fixed wall located at said second height, for compressing said log before the intervention of said second pusher.

    [0021] According to the invention two different means for packaging are provided which are located respectively at said second height and at a third height, wherein said third height is, in particular, less than said first height, said lifting means comprising two lifting platforms adapted to operate independently from each other, initially located respectively at the first and at the third height.

    [0022] This way, while the first plate at the first height receives a log from the conveyor belt and pushes it against the fixed wall located at the second height, the second plate moves at the same time from the third height to the first height for receiving a next log. Furthermore, with reference again to the movement from said first height to said third height, the second plate can work as fixed wall for the log by moving back the second plate from the second height to the first height.

    Brief description of the drawings



    [0023] Further characteristic and the advantages of the banding machine, according to the invention, will be made clearer with the following description of an exemplary embodiment thereof, exemplifying but not limitative, with reference to the attached drawings, in which like reference characters designate the same or similar parts, throughout the figures of which:
    • Figures 5 and 6 show diagrammatically in a longitudinal cross sectional view two successive steps of operation of a banding machine according to the invention;
    • Figures from 7 to 11 show diagrammatically a cross sectional view with respect to the log of five operative successive steps of the banding machine of figures 5 and 6 according to the invention;
    • Figures from 12 to 17 show diagrammatically a cross sectional view with respect to the log of six operative successive steps of an exemplary embodiment of the banding machine according to the invention.

    Description of a preferred exemplary embodiment



    [0024] As shown in figures 5-11, relatively to a first exemplary embodiment of the invention, a log of interfolded material 1, just produced by an interfolding machine, comes on a conveyor belt 2 in the banding machine, for example a machine of prior art, or an improved banding machine as that described in a european patent application filed on the same day in the name of the same applicant.

    [0025] At its inlet in the banding machine log 1 is not compressed and has to be compressed up to reaching a compact shape indicated as 1', for being then fed to a packaging apparatus adapted to band it with a banding web 11 up to form a tubular wrapper around it, in a way similar to that indicated in figures from 2 to 4. The packaging apparatus comprises a pusher 7 operated by an actuator 8, which pushes log 1 in a channel 10 where a packaging sheet 11 is arranged stretched in front of the log, as an obstacle, along all the length of the machine through a passage 12.

    [0026] According to the invention, conveyor belt 2 and the packaging apparatus are arranged at different heights, respectively at a first and a second height H1 and H2.

    [0027] A first pusher 14 is provided, operated by a cylinder piston 15 at first height H1, in addition to pusher 7 at second height H2, independent from each other. Furthermore, a lifting member 13 is provided, which receives log 1 from the first pusher 14 and moves from first height H1 to second height H2.

    [0028] In more detail, as shown in figures 5, 7 and 8, lifting member 13 receives log 1 from conveyor belt 2. When passing from the first height to the second height (Figs. 6 and 9) lifting member 13 compresses at the same time log 1 against a fixed wall 16, up to reaching a compact configuration 1'.

    [0029] Then, second pusher 7 starts moving (Fig. 10), causing packaging sheet 11 to band the log, in a known way. In particular, pusher 7 pushes the compacted log 1' into channel 10 against packaging sheet 11, stretched in front of log 1' through passage 12, so that log 1' is wound for ¾ by sheet 11. Then, after the withdrawal of pusher 7, a system of plates 9 (shown only in Fig. 11) transversal to channel 10, pushes the remaining wings of sheet 11 adjacent to log 1', on which glue was previously spread in a way not shown, causing them to adhere in turn on the free side of log 1'. Logs 1" compressed and previously banded (Fig. 10), are pushed progressively forward up to the outlet of channel 10.

    [0030] The advantage of the invention consists of the fact that, while lifting member 13 is being raised, creating compressed log 1', a next log 1a can arrive on the conveyor belt 2 (Fig. 9), and while pusher 7 is causing log 1' to be banded (Fig. 10), lifting member 13 can lower again for then receiving (Fig. 11) next log 1a.

    [0031] In an exemplary embodiment of the invention, shown in figures from 12 to 17, two different means for packaging are provided which are located respectively at second height H2, consisting of channel 10 and pusher 7, and at a third height H3, consisting of channel 20 and pusher 17, where the third height H3 is, in particular, lower than first height H1. The lifting means comprises two lifting platforms 13, 23 adapted to operate independently from each other, initially located respectively at the first and at the third height H1 and H3.

    [0032] In more detail, as in the previous case, lifting member 13 receives log 1 from conveyor belt 2 (figures 12 and 13). When passing from first height H1 to second height H2 (FIGURE 14) lifting member 13 compresses log 1 against fixed wall 16, up to reaching a compact configuration 1'.

    [0033] Then, second pusher 7 starts moving (Fig. 15), causing packaging sheet 11 to band the log, in a way similar to that described with reference to figures 9 and 10.

    [0034] In the meantime, while lifting member 13 is raising creating compressed log 1', a log 1a is waiting on belt 2 (Fig. 14). Second lifting member 23 is then brought to first height H1 for receiving it and when pusher 7 has started to band log 1', pusher 14 moves log 1a onto second lifting member 23 (Fig. 15). In the meantime, a log 1b is waiting on web 2 (Fig. 16). Second lifting member 23 is at the same time brought to third height H3 along with log 1a and, when pusher 7 has started to band log 1', first lifting member 13 can lower again to first height H1, compressing log 1a that was present on the lifting member 23 at the third height H3, creating a compressed log 1'a (Fig. 16). Finally, while pusher 17 is causing log 1' a to be banded (Fig. 17), lifting member 13 already, which has been lowered back to height H1, can receive next log 1b.

    [0035] This solution is particularly compact and integrates two banding apparatus, allowing to receive logs on the conveyor belt at higher rate and to deliver them immediately.

    [0036] Notwithstanding in the description reference has been made to a step of compression of the log in the passage from the first at the second height, it is not excluded that the log can arrive already compressed on conveyor belt 2. Even in this case, the log is fed to the banding machine at different heights with respect to pusher 7 allowing a higher productivity for the fact that conveyor belt 2 or other conveyor belts must not await the end of the stroke of pusher 7 in the two directions in order to supply a log for banding.

    [0037] The foregoing description of a specific embodiment will so fully reveal the invention according to the conceptual point of view, so that others, by applying current knowledge, will be able to modify and/or adapt for various applications such an embodiment without further research and without parting from the invention, and it is therefore to be understood that such adaptations and modifications will have to be considered as equivalent to the specific embodiment. The means and the materials to realise the different functions described herein could have a different nature without, for this reason, departing from the field of the invention. It is to be understood that the phraseology or terminology employed herein is for the purpose of description and not of limitation.


    Claims

    1. Banding machine for logs of sheet material, comprising:

    - a conveyor belt (2) adapted to carry a log (1) in said banding machine;

    - means for packaging the log (1), said means for packaging being adapted to put a web for banding the log (1) in a position adapted to receive said log (1) and to band it creating a tubular wrapper around it;

    - pushing means adapted to push said log (1) from said conveyor belt (2) towards said means for packaging; wherein

    - said conveyor belt (2) and said means for packaging are arranged at different heights, respectively at a first and a second height (H1,H2);

    - said pushing means have at least a first pusher (14) at said first height (H1) and at least a second pusher (7) at said second height (H2) independent from each other;

    - lifting means (13) are provided adapted to bring a log(1) from said first height (H1) to said second height (H2), at said first height (H1) said first pusher (14) pushing the log (1) from said conveyor belt (2) to said lifting means (13), and at said second height (H2) said second pusher (7) pushing said log (1) from said lifting means (13) against said web in said means for packaging;

    characterised in that

    - two different means for packaging are provided which are located respectively at said second height (H2) and at a third height (H3).


     
    2. Banding machine according to claim 1, wherein when passing from said first height (H1) to said second height (H2) said lifting means (13,23) compresses at the same time said log (1).
     
    3. Banding machine according to claim 1, wherein a fixed wall (16) is provided located at said second height (H2) against which said lifting means (13,23) is adapted to push said log (1) for compressing it before the intervention of said second pusher (7).
     
    4. Banding machine according to claim 1, wherein said third height (H3) is lower than said first height (H1).
     
    5. Banding machine according to claim 1, wherein said lifting means comprises two lifting platforms (13, 23) adapted to operate independently from each other, initially located respectively at said first height (H1) and at said third height (H3).
     
    6. Banding machine according to claim 5, wherein

    - said first lifting platform (13) is adapted to receive a first log (1) from said conveyor belt (2), to pass from said first height (H1) to said second height (H2) while compressing said first log (1) against a fixed wall (16),

    - said second lifting platform (23) is adapted to be brought from said first height (H1) to said third height (H3) along with a second log (1a), and

    - said first lifting platform (13) is adapted to lower to said first height (H1) compressing said second log (1a) that is present on said second lifting platform (23) at said third height (H3).


     
    7. Banding machine according to claim 1, wherein said two different means for packaging which are located respectively at said second height (H2) and at said third height (H3) consist respectively of a channel (10) and pusher (7) at said second height (H2) and of a channel (20) and pusher (17) at said third height (H3).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Eine Vorrichtung zur Umhüllung von Bögenstapeln, mit:

    - einem Förderband (2), das eingerichtet ist, um einen Stapel (1) in der Umhüllungsvorrichtung zu tragen,

    - Mitteln zum Verpacken des Stapels (1), wobei die Mittel zum Verpacken eingerichtet sind, um eine Bahn zum Umhüllen des Stapels (1) in eine Position zu bringen, die eingerichtet ist, um den Stapel (1) aufzunehmen und ihn unter Bildung eines schlauchförmigen Umschlags bzw. Streifbandes um diesen herum zu umhüllen,

    - Drückmitteln, die eingerichtet sind, um den Stapel (1) von dem Förderband (2) zu den Mitteln zum Verpacken zu drücken,

    wobei

    - das Förderband (2) und die Mittel zum Verpacken an unterschiedlichen Höhen angeordnet sind, nämlich an einer ersten und einer zweiten Höhe (H1,H2),

    - die Drückmittel mindestens einen ersten Drücker (14) an der ersten Höhe (H1) und mindestens einen zweiten Drücker (7) an der zweiten Höhe (H2) unabhängig voneinander aufweisen,

    - Anhebemittel (13) vorgesehen sind, die eingerichtet sind, um einen Stapel (1) von der ersten Höhe (H1) zu der zweiten Höhe (H2) zu bringen, wobei an der ersten Höhe (H1) der erste Drücker (14) den Stapel (1) von dem Förderband (2) zu den Anhebemitteln (13) drückt, und an der zweiten Höhe (H2) der zweite Drücker (7) den Stapel (1) von den Anhebemitteln (13) gegen die Bahn in den Mitteln zum Verpacken drückt,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    - zwei unterschiedliche Mittel zum Verpacken vorgesehen sind, die jeweils an der zweiten Höhe (H2) und an einer dritten Höhe (H3) angeordnet sind.


     
    2. Die Vorrichtung zur Umhüllung gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei das Anhebemittel (13,23) den Stapel (1) auf dem Weg von der ersten Höhe (H1) zu der zweiten Höhe (H2) gleichzeitig komprimiert.
     
    3. Die Vorrichtung zur Umhüllung gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei eine feststehende Wand (16) an der zweiten Höhe (H2) befindlich vorgesehen ist, gegen welche das Anhebemittel (13,23) den Stapel (1) zum Komprimieren desselben vor dem Eingreifen des zweiten Drückers (7) drücken kann.
     
    4. Vorrichtung zur Umhüllung gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei die dritte Höhe (H3) niedriger ist als die erste Höhe (H1).
     
    5. Vorrichtung zur Umhüllung gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei das Anhebemittel zwei Anhebeplattformen (13,23) aufweist, die eingerichtet sind, um unabhängig voneinander zu arbeiten, und die zu Anfang jeweils an der ersten Höhe (H1) und an der dritten Höhe (H3) angeordnet sind.
     
    6. Vorrichtung zur Umhüllung gemäß Anspruch 5, wobei

    - die erste Anhebeplattform (13) eingerichtet ist, um einen ersten Stapel (1) von dem Förderband (2) zu empfangen, um von der ersten Höhe (H1) zu der zweiten Höhe (H2) zu gehen, während der erste Stapel (1) gegen eine feststehende Wand (16) komprimiert wird,

    - die zweite Anhebeplattform (23) eingerichtet ist, um von der ersten Höhe (H1) zu der dritten Höhe (H3) zusammen mit einem zweiten Stapel (1a) gebracht zu werden, und

    - die erste Anhebeplattform (13) eingerichtet ist, um sich zu der ersten Höhe (H1) abzusenken und dabei den zweiten Stapel (1a), welcher sich auf der zweiten Anhebeplattform (23) an der dritten Höhe (H3) befindet, zu komprimieren.


     
    7. Vorrichtung zur Umhüllung gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei die zwei unterschiedlichen Mittel zum Verpacken, die jeweils an der zweiten Höhe (H2) und an der dritten Höhe (H3) angeordnet sind, jeweils aus einem Kanal (10) und Drücker (7) an der zweiten Höhe (H2) und einem Kanal (20) und Drücker (17) an der dritten Höhe (H3) bestehen.
     


    Revendications

    1. Une cercleuse pour billes de matériau en feuille, comprenant :

    - une courroie transporteuse (2) adaptée à déplacer une bille (1) dans ladite cercleuse ;

    - des moyens d'emballage de la bille (1), lesdits moyens d'emballage étant adaptés à placer une bande pour cercler la bille (1) dans une position adaptée à recevoir ladite bille (1) et à la cercler créant ainsi une enveloppe tubulaire autour d'elle ;

    - des moyens de poussée adaptés à pousser ladite bille (1) de ladite courroie transporteuse (2) vers lesdits moyens d'emballage ;

    dans laquelle :

    - ladite courroie transporteuse (2) et lesdits moyens d'emballage sont agencés à des hauteurs différentes, respectivement à une première et à une deuxième hauteur (H1,H2) ;

    lesdits moyens de poussée ont au moins un premier poussoir (14) à ladite première hauteur (Hl) et au moins un deuxième poussoir (7) à ladite deuxième hauteur (H2), l'un indépendant de l'autre ;

    - l'on prévoit des moyens de levage (13) adaptés à déplacer une bille (1) de ladite première hauteur (Hl) jusqu'à ladite deuxième hauteur (H2), à ladite première hauteur (Hl) ledit premier poussoir (14) poussant la bille (1) de ladite courroie transporteuse (2) jusqu'auxdits moyens de levage (13), et à ladite deuxième hauteur (H2) ledit deuxième poussoir (7) poussant ladite bille (1) desdits moyens de levage (13) contre ladite bande dans lesdits moyens d'emballage ;

    caractérisée en ce que
    l'on prévoit deux différents moyens d'emballage qui sont situés respectivement à ladite deuxième hauteur (H2) et à une troisième hauteur (H3).
     
    2. Cercleuse selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle en passant de ladite première hauteur (H1) à ladite deuxième hauteur (H2) lesdits moyens de levage (13,23) compriment en même temps ladite bille (1).
     
    3. Cercleuse selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle on prévoit une paroi fixe (16) située à ladite deuxième hauteur (H2) contre laquelle lesdits moyens de levage (13,23) sont adaptés à pousser ladite bille (1) pour la comprimer avant l'action dudit deuxième poussoir (7).
     
    4. Cercleuse selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle ladite troisième hauteur (H3) est inférieure à ladite première hauteur (Hl).
     
    5. Cercleuse selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle lesdits moyens de levage comprennent deux plateformes de levage (13,23) qui sont adaptées à fonctionner indépendamment l'une de l'autre, et qui, au début, sont situées respectivement à ladite première hauteur (H1) et à ladite troisième hauteur (H3).
     
    6. Cercleuse selon la revendication 5, dans laquelle ladite première plateforme de levage (13) est adaptée à recevoir une première bille (1) de ladite courroie transporteuse (2), à se déplacer de ladite première hauteur (Hl) jusqu'à ladite deuxième hauteur (H2) en comprimant ladite première bille (1) contre une paroi fixe (161), ladite deuxième plateforme de levage (23) est adaptée à être déplacée de ladite première hauteur (Hl) jusqu'à ladite troisième hauteur (H3) avec la deuxième bille (1a), et ladite première plateforme de levage (13) est adaptée à descendre jusqu'à ladite première hauteur (Hl) en comprimant ladite deuxième bille (1a) qui se trouve sur ladite deuxième plateforme de levage (23) à ladite troisième hauteur (H3).
     
    7. Cercleuse selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle lesdits deux différents moyens d'emballage qui sont situés respectivement à ladite deuxième hauteur (H2) et à ladite troisième hauteur (H3) son formés respectivement d'un canal (10) et poussoir (7) à ladite deuxième hauteur (H2) et d'un canal (20) et poussoir (17) à ladite troisième hauteur (H3).
     




    Drawing


















    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description