(19)
(11)EP 1 894 588 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
21.10.2015 Bulletin 2015/43

(21)Application number: 06756599.4

(22)Date of filing:  25.05.2006
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A61M 5/158  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2006/310449
(87)International publication number:
WO 2006/126634 (30.11.2006 Gazette  2006/48)

(54)

NEEDLE FOR MEDICAL TREATMENT

NADEL FÜR EINE MEDIZINISCHE BEHANDLUNG

AIGUILLE DE TRAITEMENT MEDICAL


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC NL PL PT RO SE SI SK TR

(30)Priority: 25.05.2005 JP 2005153088
12.09.2005 JP 2005263959
20.03.2006 JP 2006077599

(43)Date of publication of application:
05.03.2008 Bulletin 2008/10

(73)Proprietor: NIPRO CORPORATION
Osaka-shi, Osaka 531-8510 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • Hirota, Tadanobu
    Nasu-Shiobara-shi, Tochigi 3250033 (JP)
  • Higaki, Yoshio
    Meguro-ku, Tokyo 1520003 (JP)

(74)Representative: Bennett, Nicholas et al
Cleveland 10 Fetter Lane
London EC4A 1BR
London EC4A 1BR (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-93/01851
JP-A- 02 001 289
US-A- 5 591 138
WO-A1-03/074117
JP-A- 63 317 160
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention belongs to the technical field of a medical needle unit which is used for medical purposes such as injections, drips, and blood transfusions, etc., and whose needle can be covered and safely disposed of after being used.

    Background Art



    [0002] Generally, such medical needle units include a needle unit like a butterfly needle constructed by supporting the base end of the needle by a support member provided with a pair of wings, and such a needle unit is used by fixing the wings to the human body by an adhesive tape while inserting a needle into the human body. After such a needle is used, if the needle tip is left exposed, it may stick into other persons by mistake.

    [0003] Therefore, there are needle units in which a cylindrical covering member is freely fitted to a tube that communicates and joins the needle and a medical container to each other, and after use, the needle unit is safely disposed of by covering the needle by the covering member (for example, refer to Patent Document 1).

    [0004] Furthermore, there are needle units in which a holding member is movably and externally fitted with a covering member or a covering member is movably fitted to the inner side of the holding member so as to cover the needle after being used (for example, refer to Patent Documents 2 and 3).

    [0005] However, these require a doctor or a nurse to move the covering member to the tip end of the needle to cover the needle, so that the operations are troublesome, and in addition, in a state that the needle is exposed, the covering member is movable toward the needle, so that after the needle is stuck into the human body, the covering member moves toward the tip end of the needle until the wings are fixed by tape. Furthermore, when moving the covering member to cover the needle, if the tape is not completely peeled off and still stuck between the covering member and the holding member, the covering member cannot move.

    [0006] Therefore, a needle unit is proposed in which the holding member is provided while leaving a space between the needle so that the covering member provided movably in the space between the holding member and the needle can automatically move from its housed posture to a covering posture by receiving an urging force of a spring, and the covering member moved to the covering posture is prevented from returning when it is pushed back (for example, refer to Patent Document 4).

    [0007] However, this returning prevention is realized by providing a return preventive guide so as to project in an elastically returnable manner near the terminal of the moving path of a projection provided on the covering member, so that the return preventive guide narrows the moving path of the projection, and the projection is required to forcibly move beyond the return preventive guide against the restoring force near the terminal of the movement of the covering member from the housed posture to the covering posture.

    [0008] When the needle is thus covered by the covering member after the needle is used, in addition to the use in which the needle is pulled out from a patient and the engagement of the covering member in its housed posture is released to cover the needle, use in a slowly moving state so that the covering member in the housed posture is disengaged before pulling-out the needle from a patient and the needle is gradually pulled out while the tip end of the covering member is pressed against the skin of the patient, the needle is covered by the covering member in time with the pulling-out of the needle, and to reliably make the projection to forcibly move beyond the return preventive guide and turn into the covering posture even in such use, the urging force of the spring for moving the covering member to the covering posture sufficient to only move to the covering posture at the movement terminal from the housed posture is not sufficient, and an urging force for forcibly moving the covering member beyond the return preventive guide in the slowly moving state is necessary, and accordingly, the urging force of the spring becomes strong, and as a result, the covering member collides against the movement terminal and stops, and this causes not only a shock but also a loud collision noise and discomfort for the patient, the doctor, and the nurse.
    [Patent Document 1] Japanese Published Unexamined Patent Application No. H11-319086
    [Patent Document 2] Japanese Published Unexamined Patent Application No. H04-180772
    [Patent Document 3] Japanese Published Unexamined Patent Application No. 2001-259029
    [Patent Document 4] WO2003/07411
    [Patent Document 5] Japanese Published Unexamined Patent Application No. H02-1289
    [Patent Document 6] Japanese Published Unexamined Patent Application No. S63-317160 US 5,591,138 describes a protected needle assembly having a spring driven retractable needle covering sheath. As the sheath is deployed a projection on the sheath runs along an axial guide slot to a locked covering position. The axial guide slot is directly in line with the needle. This document does not therefore disclose an assembly which comprises a first guide which is circumferentially inclined to one direction and a second guide slot which is circumferentially inclined to the other direction.

    Existing problems



    [0009] Particularly, patients' blood and body fluids adhere to the needle after use of the medical needle unit, and secondary infection of medical staff such as doctors and nurses or waste disposers who dispose of medical waste caused by touching such a needle by mistake has become a large social issue. Particularly, careful handling to prevent touching of needles is needed for needle units used for patients who suffer from serious diseases such as HIV or hepatitis, so that needle units requiring a strong spring urging force to realize the forcible movement has a possibility that blood or the like adhering to the needles splatter around due to an impact when the projection reaches the movement terminal.

    [0010] On the other hand, in the field of needle units, needle units structured so that needles are covered after use have been proposed (for example, Patent Documents 5 and 6). However, these are not structured so as to automatically move the covering member into a covering posture by receiving a spring urging force, but are structured to manually move it, and this accordingly places a great burden on the medical staff, and some are structured so as to have a return preventive guide as in the case of the Patent Document 5, however, in this type, the covering member reaching its movement terminal must be manually rotated circumferentially and moved to a return preventive position, and if this operation is unrealized, the return preventive function cannot be performed and the needle is easily returned into an exposed state.

    [0011] According to the present invention there is provided a medical needle unit as claimed in claim 1.

    [0012] Further optional features are defined in the dependent claims.

    Effects of the Invention



    [0013] According to the invention of claim 1, when the covering member moves from the housed posture to the covering posture, the projection is led circumferentially at a stage before the guide portion movement terminal, and when the projection reaches the guide portion movement terminal, due to said leading, the projection faces the return preventive guide formed by being folded back from the guide portion movement terminal. As a result, when a force to push-back the covering member in the covering posture is applied, the projection does not return to the guide portion side but moves to the return preventive guide and the needle tip is prevented from being exposed from the covering member, so that the projection is not needed to forcibly move over the elastically restorable return preventive member, and therefore, when the projection reaches the guide portion movement terminal, the spring can be turned into a natural state or made close to this state, whereby the covering member can be moved to the covering posture with less shock and smaller uncomfortable noise. Furthermore, a returning movement limiting portion is formed closer to the first guide side than the movement terminal while being spaced from the projection positioned at the projection movement terminal, and even if the projection positioned at the projection movement terminal returns while rotating circumferentially, the returning movement of the projection is limited by contact of the projection with the returning movement limiting portion, and therefore, the covering member in the covering posture can be effectively prevented from returning to the housed posture side to a degree at which the needle is exposed. As a result, when the medical needle unit after use is disposed of, infection or the like caused by touching the exposed needle can be prevented.

    [0014] With the additional features of claim 2, when the projection moved from the projection movement terminal to the base end side comes into contact with the returning movement limiting portion, the projection is urged to move toward the returning movement terminal side, and the returning movement of the covering member to the base end side can be more effectively prevented, and the needle after use can be more effectively prevented from being exposed.

    [0015] With the additional features of claim 3, the returning movement limiting portion can be provided long circumferentially.

    [0016] With the additional features of claim 4, when the projection moves from the projection movement terminal to the base end side while being in contact with the second guide, the projection enters the return restricting portion and is prevented from returning to the first guide side, whereby the needle after use can be more effectively prevented from being exposed.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0017] Various embodiments of the invention will be described with reference to the drawings, wherein:

    Figs. 1A and 1B are a plan view and a front view, respectively, of a medical needle unit whose covering member is in a housed posture;

    Figs. 2A and B are a plan view and a front view, respectively, of the medical needle unit whose covering member is in a covering posture;

    Fig. 3 is an exploded view of the medical needle unit;

    Figs. 4A and 4B are side views of the medical needle unit;

    Figs. 5A and 5B are a plan view and a front cross-sectional view, respectively, of a needle;

    Figs. 6A, 6B, and 6C are a plan view, a side view, and a front view, respectively, of a holding member;

    Figs. 7A, 7B, and 7C are a plan view, a front cross-sectional view, and a side view, respectively, of the covering member;

    Figs. 8A and 8B are a side view and a front cross-sectional view of a support member, and Figs. 8C and 8D are a side view and a front cross-sectional view of a lid, respectively;

    Figs. 9A and 9B are a partial enlarged views of a side cross-sectional view and a front cross-sectional view, of the medical needle unit;

    Figs. 10A and 10B are partial enlarged view of plan views of the medical needle unit, showing an engaging mechanism and a stopper mechanism of a first embodiment, respectively;

    Figs. 11A and 11B are action explanatory views showing the relationship between the projection and the guide portion, showing the first embodiment and a modified embodiment thereof;

    Figs. 12A, 12B, and 12C are partial enlarged view of plan views showing other examples of the engaging mechanism of the first embodiment, respectively;

    Figs. 13A and 13B are partial enlarged views of a plan view of the covering member and a front cross-sectional view of the covering member incorporated in the holding member, respectively;

    Figs. 14A and 14B are a partial plan view of the covering member and a partial longitudinal sectional view of the covering member incorporated in the holding member, respectively;

    Figs. 15A and 15B are partial enlarged views of a plan cross sectional view showing other examples of the projection;

    Figs. 16A and 16B are partial enlarged views of side cross sectional view and a front cross sectional view of the holding member provided with a thick portion;

    Fig. 17 is a front cross sectional view showing the second embodiment;

    Figs. 18A, 18B, and 18C are partial enlarged views of front cross sectional views of holding members, respectively;

    Figs. 19A and 19B are front cross sectional views showing a housed posture and a covering posture of the third embodiment, respectively;

    Figs. 20A and 20B are front views showing a housed posture and a covering posture of the fourth embodiment, respectively;

    Fig. 21 is an exploded view of the medical needle unit of the fourth embodiment;

    Figs. 22A, 22B, and 22C are a plan view, a side view, and a front view of the holding member of the fourth embodiment, respectively;

    Figs. 23A, 23B, and 23C are a plan view, a front view, and a side view of the covering member of the fourth embodiment, respectively;

    Figs. 24A, 24B, and 25C are a front view, a left side view, and a right side view of the support member of the fourth embodiment, respectively;

    Fig. 25 is a partial longitudinal sectional view of the medical needle unit showing the state that the support member fits in the holding member;

    Figs. 26A and 26B are a partial front view of the covering member, and a partial front view showing a state that the covering member is incorporated in the holding member of the fourth embodiment;

    Fig. 27 is a partial enlarged view of a plan view of the medical needle unit of the fourth embodiment, showing a state that the covering member is positioned in the covering posture;

    Fig. 28 is a partial enlarged view of a plan view showing another example of the engagement portion;

    Fig. 29 is an action explanatory view showing the relationship between the projection and the guide portion of the fourth embodiment; and

    Figs. 30A and 30B are action explanatory views showing the relationship between the projection and the guide portion of the fifth and sixth embodiments.


    Explanation of symbols



    [0018] 

    1: medical needle unit

    2: needle

    2a: exposed portion

    4, 16: holding member

    4a: holding portion

    4c: holding portion main body

    4e, 16e: guide portion

    4h, 16h: projection movement terminal

    4i, 16i: second guide

    4j, 16j: return preventive guide

    41, 161: first guide

    4m, 16m: returning movement limiting portion

    4n: movement limiting portion tip end

    4p, 16p: continuing section

    4w, 16w: returning movement terminal

    6, 17: covering member

    6a, 17a: projection

    7: spring

    16r: speed reducing portion

    16x: movement urging portion

    16y: return restricting portion



    [0019] Next, a first embodiment of the invention will be described based on the drawings of Fig. 1 through Fig. 15. In the drawings, the reference numeral 1 denotes a medical needle unit, and this needle unit 1 is constructed so that a hollow needle 2 having a sharp tip end is held by a holding member 4 via a support member 3 fixed and fitted around the base end of the needle 2. In this embodiment, the support member 3 includes a main body 3a formed into a cylindrical shape in which the base end of the needle 2 is inserted and fixed and a convex portion 3b swelling out to the outer peripheral surface of the main body 3a.

    [0020] On the other hand, the holding member 4 includes a holding portion 4a that holds in a clipping manner the convex portion 3b between the same and a lid 4b, and a holding portion main body 4c extending to the needle tip end side from the holding portion 4a, and a pair of wings 4d that freely open and close are projectedly formed on the outer peripheral surface of the holding portion main body 4c. The needle 2 has, on its tip end side, an exposed portion 2a sticking out from the holding portion main body 4c so as to be stuck into the human body, and around a portion sticking out from the lid 4b of the support member 3, a tube 5 to be connected to a medical solution container is fitted and fixed.

    [0021] The holding portion main body 4c is constructed so as to leave a space between its inner peripheral surface and the outer peripheral surface of the needle 2, and in this space, a cylindrical covering member 6 is interposed freely movably in the lengthwise direction of the needle. The covering member 6 is formed so that a projection 6a is projectedly formed on the base end outer peripheral surface, and in the holding portion main body 4c, a guide portion 4e for guiding the projection 6a that is disengaged as described later to a covering posture so that the covering member 6 covers the needle exposed portion 2a is formed in a slot shape long in the lengthwise direction of the needle 2.

    [0022] To the base end of the guide portion 4e, an engagement portion 4f is joined by folding so as to continue in the circumferential direction of the holding member 4 from the guide portion 4e, and the engagement portion 4f constructs an engaging mechanism that engages with the projection 6a in a manner enabling it to disengage in a state that the projection 6a sticks out from the outer peripheral surface of the holding portion main body 4c, and the covering member 6 is positioned (set) in a housed posture so as not to project from the tip end of the holding portion main body 4c, that is, positioned within the holding portion main body 4c. In addition, the covering member 6 is always urged toward the tip end side, that is, the covering posture side (tip end side) by a coil type spring 7 interposed in a compressed manner between the base end of the covering member 6 and the holding portion 4a. By moving the projection 6a projecting from the holding portion main body 4c toward the guide portion 4e side by a nail or finger, the engagement between the projection 6a and the engagement portion 4f is released, whereby the covering member 6 moves toward the tip end side by receiving an urging force of the spring 7 while the projection 6a is guided by the guide portion 4e.

    [0023] As the engagement portion 4f, as shown in Fig. 12, various shapes such as one folded toward the tip end side in an inclined shape having an angles, one folded back at right angles from the base end of the guide portion 4e, and one bent in a U shape toward the tip end side, are possible. In these cases, a resistant portion 4g that narrows the hole width for restricting unexpected movement of the projection 6a from the engagement portion 4f to the guide portion 4e side can be formed.

    [0024] In this embodiment, a certain portion of the projection 6a of the covering member 6 must be forcibly incorporated and fitted in the guide portion 4e, and for this, it is possible that the covering member 6 is made of a flexible material and forcibly fitted in an elastically deforming manner, however, as shown in Fig. 13 and Fig. 14, by providing a slit 6b in the covering member 6, the projection 6a can be made easier to elastically deform the certain portion.

    [0025] The covering member 6 whose projection 6a has been disengaged from the engagement portion 4f moves in a state that the projection 6a is guided by the guide portion 4e and the projection 6a comes into contact with the projection movement terminal 4h formed on the tip end of the guide portion 4e and is positioned in a covering posture while the projection 6a comes into contact with the projection movement terminal 4h, restricts further movement of the covering member 6, and holds the covering member 6 so as to prevent it from coming off the holding portion main body 4c, and the covering member 6 in this state is positioned in a covering posture for covering the needle exposed portion 2a, however, the projection movement terminal 4h is formed to have a second guide 4i inclined toward the tip end side in the circumferential direction of the guide portion 4e. Incidentally, the guide section of the guide portion 4e on the tip end side joined to the base end side of the second guide 4i is formed long in the lengthwise direction of the needle and becomes a first guide 41 that guides the projection 6a from the engagement portion 4f to the second guide 4i. Then, the guide portion 4e is entirely formed wider than the projection 6a and guides the projection 6a to the second guide 4i with almost no reduction in speed, however, the second guide 4i reduces the speed of the projection 6a while slidingly contacting on the tip end side surface (side surface on the- upper side of Fig. 1) and leads it to the projection movement terminal 4h. The second guide 4i of this embodiment is formed straight, and can reduce the speed of the projection 6a reaching the second guide 4i by coming into contact with it. Incidentally, as a matter of course, the second guide 4i can also be formed in a curved shape. On the stopper portion 4h, a slot-shaped return preventive guide 4j is formed by being folded back toward the base end side so as to prevent the projection 6a from returning to the second guide 4i when the covering member 6 positioned in the covering posture is moved to the base end side (housed posture side), and the covering member 6 is restricted from further moving toward the base end side due to contact of the projection 6a with the base end of the return preventive guide 4j, that is, a returning movement terminal 4w when the covering member 6 receives a load in the returning direction, whereby the tip end of the needle exposed portion 2a is prevented from returning while it is not exposed from the covering member 6. The guide portion 4e side (the second guide 4i side) of the returning movement terminal 4w of the return preventive guide 4j projects toward the tip end while avoiding the guide portion 4e so as not to become resistant when guiding the projection 6a by the guide portion 4e, which urges the projection 6a so as to securely prevent it from returning by the return preventive guide 4j, and prevents the projection 6a engaging with the returning movement terminal 4w from sliding toward the guide portion 4e side and returning to the housed posture.

    [0026] Furthermore, sometimes when pushing-back the covering member 6 in the covering posture to the base end side while receiving a load of rotation to the first guide 41 side, the projection 6a positioned at the projection movement terminal 4h as the terminal of the movement of the projection moves in the returning direction while being displaced to the continuing section 4p between the tip end of the first guide 41 and the base end of the second guide 4i from the projection movement terminal 4h, and in this case, a movement limiting portion 4m is formed which is positioned closer to the base end side than the projection movement terminal 4h, positioned closer to the tip end side than the returning movement terminal 4w of the return preventive guide 4j, and positioned on the first guide 41 side while facing the projection 6a positioned at the projection movement terminal 4h and spaced from the projection 6a toward the base end side, that is, having a space S on the base end side from the projection 6a, that is, positioned (displaced) on the continuing portion 4p side, and when the covering member 6 is pushed back to the base end side while receiving a load of rotation to the first guide 41 side, contacted by the projection 6a lifted from the projection movement terminal 4h and limits the returning movement of the projection 6a to the first guide 41 through the continuing section 4p.

    [0027] Namely, the returning movement limiting portion 4m of this first embodiment is positioned (displaced) adjacent to the continuing section 4p side of the return preventive guide 4j and projectedly formed and sharpened toward the tip end side so as to form the returning movement terminal 4w in an inverted U groove shape, and when the projection 6a is lifted while receiving a load of rotation to the continuing section 4p side and the projection 6a comes into contact with the tip end 4n of the returning movement limiting portion 4m in a rotating state within a range without exceeding the circumferential half from the projection movement terminal 4h, the returning movement limiting portion limits the movement of the projection 6a to the continuing section 4p side and leads it to the returning movement terminal 4w side, and in the rotative movement within this range, the projection 6a is prevented from moving to the first guide 41 side through the continuing section 4p and the needle from being exposed.

    [0028] The returning movement limiting portion 4m of this embodiment is formed so as to have an arc tip end as shown in Fig. 11(A), however, it is not limited to this, and for example, it can also be formed into a pointed shape like the embodiment shown in Fig. 11(B).

    [0029] Furthermore, the projection 6a of this embodiment is formed in a columnar shape. That is, as long as it can be guided by the guide portion 4e, it can be formed in rectangular column, or triangular column, as shown in Fig.15(A). It can also be formed in a half column by forming the chord portion inclined opposite the second guide 4i into a half column facing the movement limiting portion 4m side like the embodiments shown in Fig. 15(B). In this case, the chord portion of the projection 6a in contact with the limiting portion tip end 4n is led to the returning movement terminal 4w side and the returning limit range is broadened, and the return preventive function can be improved.

    [0030] The guide portion 4e of this embodiment is communicated with the engagement portion 4f on the upper side of Fig. 1 and reaches the second guide 4i while inclined to the tip end side of the engagement portion 4f side upward from the communicating position, and the second guide 4i is formed by being folded downward to the tip end side so as to provide a space in which the return preventive guide 4j can be formed on the base end side of the projection movement terminal 4h, so that the vertical width of the entirety of the guide portion 4e becomes almost equal to the vertical width of the engagement portion 4f necessary for engagement and disengagement of the projection, and the hole width of the guide portion 4e is broader than the projection 6a, so that the vertical width of the entire slot consisting of the engagement portion 4f, the guide portion 4e, and the return preventive guide 4j can be made as narrow as possible, and die forming of the cylindrical holding member 4 having this entire slot becomes easier.

    [0031] The reference numeral 8 denotes a cap for covering the needle exposed portion 2a of the unused needle unit 1, and this cap 8 is in a cylindrical shape whose base end is opened and tip end is closed, and is attached by fitting the opening the section closer to the tip end side than the wings 4d of the holding portion main body 4c. The needle unit 1 is used by removing the cap 8, and after use, the cap 8 can be attached again to the tip end of the holding portion main body 4c so as to externally fit to the covering member 6 covering the needle exposed portion 2a.

    [0032] In the first embodiment of the invention constructed as described above, in the medical needle unit 1, the covering member 6 disposed in the space between the needle 2 and the holding portion main body 4c is guided and forcibly moved by the guide portion 4e from the housed posture within the holding portion main body 4c due to engagement of the projection 6a with the engagement portion 4f while being urged by the spring 7 to the covering posture so that the engagement is released and the covering member covers the needle exposed portion 2a. Because the guide portion 4e is entirely formed wider than the projection 6a, the second guide 4i of the guide portion 4e is formed by inclining in the circumferential direction of the holding portion main body 4c so as to lead the projection 6a to the projection movement terminal 4h, and the return preventive guide 4j is formed toward the base end from the projection movement terminal 4h in a communicating manner, and when the covering member 6 is moved from the housed posture to the covering posture, the projection 6a receives almost no resistance until it reaches the second guide 4i of a stage before the projection movement terminal 4h, and when it reaches the second guide 4i, it is led to the projection movement terminal 4h while rubbing on the side surface of the second guide 4i and receiving a resistance, and the projection 6a reaching the projection movement terminal 4h faces the return preventive guide 4j folded back from the projection movement terminal 4h. In this state, when a force of pushing-back the covering member 6 in the covering posture is applied, the projection 6a does not return to the guide portion side but moves to the return preventive guide 4j and the needle tip is prevented from being exposed from the covering member 6. As a result, the spring 7 can be turned into a natural state or close to the natural state when the projection 6a reaches the projection movement terminal 4h, so that the covering member 6 can be moved to the covering posture in a state with less shock and smaller uncomfortable noise.

    [0033] Furthermore, the returning movement limiting portion 4m is formed at the holding portion main body 4c so as to be positioned closer to the base end side than the projection movement terminal 4h, positioned closer to the tip end side than the returning movement terminal 4w of the return preventive guide 4j, and spaced to the base end side so as to face the projection 6a positioned at the projection movement terminal 4h while leaving the space S, and comes into contact with the projection 6a lifted from the projection movement terminal 4h within the range of the space S and limits the returning movement of the projection 6a to the first guide 41 through the continuing section 4p, so that the returning movement of the covering member 6 can be limited when the covering member 6 is pushed back to the base end side while receiving a load of rotation to the first guide 41 side, whereby the exposure of the needle 2 can be prevented.

    [0034] Incidentally, it is also considered that the projection 6a is caught by a finger and returned to the engaging position, however, this can be prevented by forming a section near the engagement portion of the holding portion main body 4c into a thick portion 4k projecting to a degree equivalent to or higher than the projection 6a so as to disable the movement of the projection 6a caught by the finger to the engagement portion 4f.

    [0035] As a matter of course, the invention is not limited to the embodiment described above, and it can be carried out in the following embodiments. First, in a second embodiment shown in Fig. 17 and Fig. 18, the needle 2 is held directly by the holding member 9 without using the support member 3. Namely, in this type, the holding portion 9a formed on the base side of the holding member 9 is sealed (closed), and here, a through hole 9b for penetrating the needle 2 is formed so that the penetrating needle 2 can be directly fixed

    [0036] (for example, fixed by an adhesive agent), and a tube 10 is externally fitted and fixed to the penetrating needle 2. Thereby, the support member 3 and the lid 4b necessary in the first embodiment become unnecessary, and the number of parts can be reduced.

    [0037] In addition, the needle unit of a third embodiment shown in Fig. 19 is an example using the parts of the first and second embodiments. Namely, in this needle unit, an engaging projection 12 is formed which fits and engages in an engaging hole 11b formed in the covering member 11 in a lightly press-fitting manner, and an engaging hole 13a that the engaging projection 12 is fitted and engaged in is formed in the holding member 13, and the base end of the needle 2 is directly penetrated and fixed through the holding portion 13b formed at the base end of the holding member 13 without necessity of the support member 3 of the first embodiment, whereby reducing the number of parts. In this needle unit, a stopper projection 11a projectedly provided on the covering member 11 is guided by a guide portion 13c formed on the holding member 13, and after use, when the engaging projection 12 is extracted from the covering member 11, the covering member 11 automatically moves to the covering posture from the housed posture while the stopper projection 11a is guided by the guide portion 13c, and engages with a stopper portion (not shown) at the tip end of the guide portion 13c and stopped and restricted from further movement.

    [0038] In this needle unit, the stopper projection 11a can be set at a low height so as not to project from the outer peripheral surface of the holding member 13, and thereby, the stopper projection 11a can be prevented from being caught by a finger and forcibly moved to the base end side.

    [0039] The medical needle unit 14 of a fourth embodiment shown in Fig. 20 through Fig. 29 is an example using the parts of the first embodiment. Namely, in this needle unit, a thin portion 16q is formed on the outer peripheral surface of the holding member 6, and a guide portion 16e is formed on the thin portion 16q. The guide portion 16e includes a first guide 161 and a second guide 16i inclined rightward in Fig. 29, and a speed reducing portion 16r for leading a projection 17a formed on the covering member 17 in the circumferential direction in a rubbing manner to reduce its speed is formed at the tip end of the first guide 161 opposite the inclination direction of the second guide 16i, and a continuing section 16p is formed in a folded shape between the speed reducing portion 16r and the second guide 16i so as to communicate these. The projection movement terminal of the second guide 16i, that is, the projection movement terminal 16h which the projection 17a automatically moves to and is stopped at, is formed at the inclination end of the second guide 16i similarly to the first embodiment. In this needle unit, the projection 17a whose engagement has been released shifts from the state that it rubs on a hole edge 16s on the projection movement terminal 16h side in the circumferential direction of the speed reducing portion 16r to a state that it rubs on a hole edge 16t of the second guide 16i on the opposite side and reaches the projection movement terminal 16h, and due to this two-stage sliding resistance, the speed of the projection is reduced, whereby the impact when the projection 17a reaches the projection movement terminal 16h can be relaxed. In this needle unit, the section 16u near the engagement portion of the guide portion 16e is inclined, and this also causes sliding resistance and realizes impact relaxation.

    [0040] In addition, in this needle unit, the speed reducing portion 16r is displaced to the circumferentially opposite side of the side where the projection movement terminal 16h is formed, and according to the displacement to the opposite side, the projection movement terminal 16h can be arranged collectively to the central side, and this makes die forming easier.

    [0041] It is a matter of course that the speed reducing portion 16r is not limited to have a fixed inclination, and it can be folded so as to face circumferentially one side and the other side.

    [0042] In addition, the needle unit of this fourth embodiment includes the following two contrivances. As a first contrivance, the support member 15 to which the needle 2 is fitted and attached is assembled rotatably around the axis, and if the tube 5 attached to the support member 15 is twisted, the twisting is easily eliminated by rotating the support member 15 relatively to the holding member 16 and the needle unit becomes easy to use. The construction of this rotating mechanism is as follows. First, an engagement piece 16z is projectedly provided at a predetermined angle circumferentially on the inner peripheral surface of the base end of the holding member 16, and the engagement piece 16z is formed into a tapered surface whose projecting amount increases toward the tip end side. On the other hand, at the tip end (the side to which the needle 2 sticks out) of the support member 15, a swell-out portion 15a whose diameter becomes smaller toward the tip end side is formed, and this swell-out portion 15a is forcibly fitted in the engagement piece 16z, whereby the support member 15 is fitted and attached rotatably around the axis while being prevented from coming off the holding member 16. Furthermore, a fit-in prohibiting piece 15b is projectedly formed on the outer peripheral surface of the support member 15 so as to prohibit fitting-in of the support member 15 more than necessary.

    [0043] As a second contrivance, incorporation of the covering member 17 from the tip end side of the holding member 16 is made easier. Namely, in the covering member 17, a slit 17b is formed toward the tip end side while including the projection 17a, and thereby, the projection 17a can be pushed-in and deformed in an elastically restorable manner. The covering member 17 can be easily incorporated in the holding member 16 by inserting the projection 17a from the tip end side of the holding member 16 while pushing-in and deforming the projection.

    [0044] Furthermore, in this invention, the shape of the second guide 16i that leads the projection 17a circumferentially is not limited to the shape formed by folding straight the guide 16e, and it can also be formed into an arced shape as shown in, for example, Fig. 28, or can be formed by combining an arced portion and a straight portion.

    [0045] In this fourth embodiment, a returning movement limiting portion 16m and a return preventive guide 16j corresponding to the returning movement limiting portion 4m and the return preventive guide 4j of the first embodiment, respectively, are formed, however, the returning movement limiting portion 16m is spaced from the returning movement terminal 16w greatly displaced upward of Fig. 29 (toward the continuing section 16p side). Namely, the returning movement limiting portion 16m is formed at the tip end of the first guide 161 while leaving a space T circumferentially and in the front and rear direction from the projection 17a positioned at the projection movement terminal 16h, and thereby, the range limiting the returning movement including the circumferential direction of the projection 17a can be formed as a space T having a width circumferentially wider than in the case like the first embodiment where the range is formed immediately adjacent to the returning movement terminal 16w of the return preventive guide 16j, whereby the returning movement of the projection 17a can be widely limited.

    [0046] In this needle unit, on the returning movement limiting portion 16m, a movement urging portion 16x that is inclined to the base end side more toward the returning movement terminal 16w and urges the projection 17a to move to the returning movement terminal 16w side is formed.

    [0047] Furthermore, the invention can be carried out by fifth and sixth embodiments shown in Fig. 30(A) and Fig. 30(B). In these needle units, a return restricting portion 16y is formed on the base end portion of the second guide 16i formed so as to incline straight or in an arc shape, and is provided on the side circumferentially opposite to the circumferential direction in which the second guide 16i guides the projection to the projection movement terminal 16h, and engages with the projection 17a to restrict it from returning to the first guide 161 side when the projection 17a is guided by (rubbed on) the second guide 16i or in a state close to this, whereby the returning movement of the projection 17a to the first guide 161 side can be reduced further.


    Claims

    1. A medical needle unit (1), comprising:

    a hollow needle (2);

    a holding member (4) formed so that its base end holds the needle base end and its main body (4c) covers the needle (2), while having a space between the holding member (4) and the needle, and the needle tip sticks out from the main body;

    a covering member (6) that is provided in the space between the holding member main body (4c) and the needle (2), and is movable with respect to the holding member (4) between a housed position in which the covering member (6) is housed within the holding member main body (4c) while the needle tip sticks out from the holding member main body and a covering position in which the covering member (6) sticks out from the holding member main body and covers the needle tip;

    a guide portion (4e) formed to be slot-shaped that is formed on the holding member main body (4c) so as to guide a projection (6a) formed on an outer peripheral surface of the covering member (6) and enable the covering member (6) to move between the housed position and the covering position;

    an engaging mechanism that disengageably engages with the projection (6a) and holds the covering member (6) in the housed position, and allows the movement of the covering member (6) from the housed position to the covering position on disengagement of the projection (6a); and

    an urging member (7) for forcibly moving the covering member (6), when the projection has been disengaged, towards the covering position until the projection (6a) reaches a projection movement terminal (4h) of the guide portion (4e), wherein

    the projection (6a) is configured to prevent the covering member (6) from moving towards the holding member main body and prevent the needle tip from being exposed from the covering member (6) when a force is applied to push-back the covering member (6) against action of the urging member (7) whilst the projection (6a) is positioned at the projection movement terminal (4h),

    wherein,
    the guide portion (4e) comprises a first guide (41) joined to the engaging mechanism at its proximal end and which extends in the lengthwise direction of the needle (2) and which is inclined along at least part of its length circumferentially to one direction with respect to the lengthwise direction of the needle (2) and the holding member (4) so as to guide the projection (6a) circumferentially to the one direction and a second guide (4i) joined from a tip end of the inclined part of the first guide and inclined or curved circumferentially to the other direction with respect to the lengthwise direction of the needle (2) and the holding member (4) and which guides the projection from the first guide (41) to the projection movement terminal (4h) while leading this projection (6a) along the inclined shape or curved shape circumferentially to the other direction with respect to the lengthwise direction of the needle (2) and the holding member (4), so as to move the covering member (6) circumferentially to the one direction and to the other direction with respect to the lengthwise direction of the needle (2) and the holding member (4) by guiding the projection (6a) along the first guide (41) and the second guide (4i), and
    the holding member main body (4c) is provided with a return preventative guide (4j) that faces the projection movement terminal (4h) while being positioned in the second guide side rather than the tip end of the first guide, and allows the projection (6a) to return in the proximal direction within a range such that the needle tip does not stick out from the covering member (6) when a force is applied to push-back the covering member (6) from a position where the projection (6a) is positioned at the projection movement terminal (4h), and
    a returning movement limiting portion (4m) that is positioned closer to the proximal end than the projection movement terminal (4h) is to the proximal end, the projection movement terminal (4h) is closer to the tip end than a returning movement terminal (4w) of the return preventative guide (4j) is to the tip end, and the returning movement limiting portion (4m) is positioned at the tip end side of the first guide (41) while being spaced toward the proximal end from the projection (6a) when positioned at the projection movement terminal (4h), and restricts the returning movement of the projection (6a) towards the first guide side,
    the returning movement limiting portion (4m) restricting the returning movement of the projection (6a) toward the first guide side by contacting with the projection when a force to push-back the covering member toward the holding member main body is applied and thereby restricting movement of the projection (6a) positioned at the projection movement terminal (4h) toward the tip end of first guide (41).
     
    2. The medical needle unit according to claim 1 in which a movement urging portion (16x) for urging the projection (6a, 17a) to move to the returning movement terminal (4w, 16w) is provided between the returning movement limiting portion (4m, 16m) and a returning movement terminal (4w, 16w) of the return preventative guide (4j, 16j).
     
    3. The medical needle unit according to claim 1 or 2 in which the returning movement limiting portion (4m) is a tip end portion of the first guide (41).
     
    4. The medical needle unit according to any one of claims 1 through 3 in which the second guide (16i) is provided with a return restricting portion (16y) on the opposite side, circumferentially, of the first guide (161) than is the return preventative guide (16j), said return restricting portion (16y) being arranged for restricting the projection (17a) from moving towards said circumferentially opposite direction over the first guide tip end (16m) position and returning to the first guide (161) when the projection is doing returning-back movement while sliding and contacting on the second guide (16i).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Medizinische Nadeleinheit (1), umfassend
    eine Hohlnadel (2);
    ein Halteelement (4), welches so ausgebildet ist, dass das Ende von dessen Basis das Ende der Basis der Nadel aufnimmt und dass dessen Hauptteil (4c) die Nadel (2) abdeckt, während es einen Zwischenraum zwischen dem Halteelement (4) und der Nadel aufweist, und die Nadelspitze aus dem Hauptteil hervorsteht;
    ein in dem Zwischenraum zwischen dem Hauptteil des Halteelements (4c) und der Nadel (2) angeordnetes Abdeckelement (6), welches in Bezug auf das Halteelement (4) zwischen einer eingezogenen Position, in der das Abdeckelement (6) in dem Hauptteil des Halteelements (4c) aufgenommen ist während die Nadelspitze aus dem Hauptteil des Halteelements hervorsteht, und einer Abdeckposition, in der das Abdeckelement (6) aus dem Hauptteil des Halteelements hervorsteht und die Nadelspitze abdeckt;
    einen schlitzförmig ausgebildeten Führungsabschnitt (4e), der auf dem Hauptteil des Halteelements (4c) ausgebildet ist, um einen Vorsprung (6a), der an einer Aussenfläche des Abdeckelements (6) ausgebildet ist, zu führen und dem Abdeckelement (6) eine Bewegung zwischen der eingezogenen und der Abdeckposition ermöglicht;
    einen Einrastmechanismus, der lösbar an dem Vorsprung (6a) eingreift und das Abdeckelement (6) in der eingezogenen Position hält, und die Bewegung des Abdeckelements (6) von der eingezogenen Position zur Abdeckposition beim Lösen des Vorsprungs (6a) erlaubt; und
    ein Ausrückelement (7) zum Herausbewegen des Abdeckelements (6) durch Beaufschlagen mit einer Kraft, wenn der Vorsprung gelöst wurde, in Richtung der Abdeckposition, bis der Vorsprung (6a) einen Stopper (4h) des Führungsabschnitts (4e) erreicht, wobei
    der Vorsprung (6a) zum Vermeiden einer Bewegung des Abdeckelements (6) in Richtung zu dem Hauptteil des Halteelements ausgebildet ist und verhindert, dass die Nadelspitze nicht von dem Abdeckelement (6) abgedeckt ist, wenn eine Kraft zum Zurückschieben des Abdeckelements (6) gegen die Wirkung des Ausrückelements (7) ausgeübt wird, während der Vorsprung (6a) sich am Stopper (4h) befindet, wobei,
    der Führungsabschnitt (4e) eine mit dem proximalen Ende des Einrastmechanismus verbundene erste Führung (4l) umfasst, die sich in Längsrichtung der Nadel (2) erstreckt und die entlang wenigstens eines Teils seiner Länge in Umfangsrichtung mit Bezug auf die Längsrichtung der Nadel (2) und des Halteelements (4) geneigt ist, um den Vorsprung (6a) in Umfangsrichtung in eine Richtung zu führen, und eine von der Spitze des geneigten Teils der ersten Führung verbundene zweite Führung (4i), die geneigt oder in Umfangsrichtung, mit Bezug auf die Längsrichtung der Nadel (2) und des Halteelements (4), in die andere Richtung gebogen ist, und welche den Vorsprung von der ersten Führung (4l) zum Stopper (4h) führt, während der Vorsprung (6a), mit Bezug auf die Längsrichtung der Nadel (2) und des Halteelements (4), entlang der geneigten Form oder der in Umfangsrichtung gebogenen Form geführt wird, um das Abdeckelement (6), mit Bezug auf die Längsrichtung der Nadel (2) und des Halteelements (4), in Umfangsrichtung in eine und in die andere Richtung durch Führen des Vorsprungs (6a) entlang der ersten Führung (4l) und der zweiten Führung (4i) zu bewegen, und
    das Hauptteil des Halteelements (4c) mit einer Rücklaufsperrführung (4j) in Richtung des Stoppers (4h) versehen ist, während es mehr auf der Seite der zweiten Führung als der Spitze der ersten Führung angeordnet ist und eine Rückkehr des Vorsprungs (6a) in proximaler Richtung innerhalb eines Bereichs ermöglicht, dass die Nadelspitze nicht unter dem Abdeckelement (6) hervorsteht, wenn eine Kraft zum Zurückschieben des Abdeckelements (6) von einer Position, in der der Vorsprung (6a) sich bei dem Stopper (4h) befindet, ausgeübt wird, und einen die Rückwärtsbewegung beschränkenden Abschnitt (4m), der näher am proximalen Ende als der Stopper (4h) am proximalen Ende angeordnet ist, der Stopper (4h) näher an der Spitze ist als an einer Rücklaufsperre (4w) der Rücklaufsperrführung (4j), und der die Rückwärtsbewegung beschränkende Abschnitt (4m) an der Seite der Spitze der ersten Führung (4l) angeordnet ist, während er in Richtung des proximalen Endes von dem Vorsprung (6a) beabstandet ist, wenn dieser am Stopper (4h) positioniert ist, und die Bewegung des Vorsprungs (6a) in Richtung der Seite der ersten Führung beschränkt, wobei der die Rückwärtsbewegung beschränkende Abschnitt (4m) den Rücklauf des Vorsprungs (6a) in Richtung der Seite der ersten Führung durch Kontaktieren mit dem Vorsprung beschränkt, wenn eine Kraft zum Zurückschieben des Abdeckelements in Richtung des Hauptteils des Halteelements ausgeübt wird und dadurch die Bewegung des an dem Stopper (4h) befindlichen Vorsprungs (6a) zum Spitzenende der ersten Führung (4l) beschränkt.
     
    2. Medizinische Nadeleinheit nach Anspruch 1, bei der ein Bewegungsauslöserabschnitt (16x) zum Bewegen des Vorsprungs (6a, 17a) zur Rücklaufsperre (4w, 16w) zwischen dem eine Rückwärtsbewegung beschränkenden Abschnitt (4m, 16m) und einer Rücklaufsperre (4w, 16w) der Rücklaufsperrführung (4j, 16j) angeordnet ist.
     
    3. Medizinische Nadeleinheit nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, bei der die Rückwärtsbewegung beschränkende Abschnitt (4m) ein Endabschnitt der ersten Führung (4l) ist.
     
    4. Medizinische Nadeleinheit nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, bei der die zweite Führung (16i), in Umfangsrichtung, auf der gegenüberliegenden Seite der ersten Führung (16l) mit einem die Rückwärtsbewegung beschränkenden Abschnitt (16y) als die Rücklaufsperrführung (16j) versehen ist, wobei der die Rückwärtsbewegung beschränkende Abschnitt (16y) zum Beschränken der Bewegung des Vorsprungs (17a) zur in Umfangsrichtung gegenüberliegenden Richtung über die Position des Spitzenendes der ersten Führung (16m) und Rücklauf zur ersten Führung (16l) angeordnet ist, wenn der Vorsprung eine Rücklaufbewegung während des Gleitens und Kontaktierens der zweiten Führung (16i) ausführt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Unité d'aiguille médicale (1), comprenant :

    une aiguille creuse (2) ;

    un élément de retenue (4) formé de sorte que son extrémité de base retient l'extrémité de base de l'aiguille et son corps principal (4c) couvre l'aiguille (2), tout en laissant subsister un espace entre l'élément de retenue (4) et l'aiguille, la pointe de l'aiguille dépasse du corps principal ;

    un élément de recouvrement (6) qui est réalisé dans l'espace entre le corps principal (4c) de l'élément de retenue et l'aiguille (2) et est déplaçable relativement à l'élément de retenue (4) entre une position logée dans laquelle l'élément de recouvrement (6) est logé dans le corps principal (4c) de l'élément de retenue pendant que la pointe de l'aiguille dépasse du corps principal de l'élément de retenue et une position de recouvrement dans laquelle l'élément de recouvrement (6) dépasse du corps principal de l'élément de retenue et couvre la pointe de l'aiguille ;

    une portion de guidage (4 e) formée pour être en forme de fente qui est formée sur le corps principal (4c) de l'élément de retenue de manière à guider une saillie (6a) formée sur une surface périphérique extérieure de l'élément de recouvrement (6) et pour permettre à l'élément de recouvrement (6) de se déplacer entre la position logée et la position de recouvrement ;

    un mécanisme de mise en prise qui vient de manière dés-engageable en prise avec la saillie (6a) et maintient l'élément de recouvrement (6) dans la position logée, et permet le déplacement de l'élément de recouvrement (6) de la position logée à la position de recouvrement lors de la sortie de prise de la saillie (6a) ; et

    un élément de sollicitation (7) pour déplacer de force l'élément de recouvrement (6), lorsque la saillie a été sortie de prise, vers la position de recouvrement jusqu'à ce que la saillie (6a) atteigne un terminal de mouvement de saillie (4h) de la portion de guidage (4e), où

    la saillie (6a) est configurée pour prévenir que l'élément de recouvrement (6) se déplace vers le corps principal de l'élément de retenue et empêche que la pointe de l'aiguille soit exposée de l'élément de recouvrement (6) lorsqu'une force est appliquée pour repousser l'élément de recouvrement (6) contre l'action de l'élément de sollicitation (7) pendant que la saillie (6a) est positionnée au terminal de mouvement de saillie (4h),

    la portion de guidage (4e) comprend un premier guidage (41) joint au mécanisme de mise en prise à son extrémité proximale et qui s'étend dans la direction de la longueur de l'aiguille (2) et qui est incliné le long d'au moins une partie de sa longueur circonférentiellement vers une direction par rapport à la direction en longueur de l'aiguille (2) et de l'élément de retenue (4) de manière à guider la saillie (6a) circonférentiellement vers la direction précitée et un deuxième guidage (4i) joint d'une extrémité de pointe de la partie inclinée du premier guidage et incliné ou courbé circonférentiellement vers l'autre direction par rapport à la direction dans le sens de la longueur de l'aiguille (2) et de l'élément de retenue (4), et qui guide la saillie du premier guidage (41) au terminal de mouvement de saillie (4h) tout en guidant cette saillie (6a) le long de la forme inclinée ou forme courbée circonférentiellement vers l'autre direction par rapport à la direction dans le sens de la longueur de l'aiguille (2) et de l'élément de retenue (4) de manière à déplacer l'élément de recouvrement (6) circonférentiellement dans une direction précitée et dans l'autre direction relativement à la direction dans le sens de la longueur de l'aiguille (2) et de l'élément de retenue (4) en guidant la saillie (6a) le long du premier guidage (41) et du deuxième guidage (4i), et

    le corps principal (4c) de l'élément de retenue est pourvu d'un guidage de prévention de retour (4j) qui fait face au terminal de mouvement de projection (4h) tout en étant positionné dans le côté du deuxième guidage plutôt qu'à l'extrémité de pointe du premier guidage et permet à la saillie (6a) de retourner dans la direction proximale dans une plage telle que la pointe de l'aiguille ne dépasse pas de l'élément de recouvrement (6) lorsqu'une force est appliquée pour repousser l'élément de recouvrement (6) d'une position où la saillie (6a) est positionnée au terminal de mouvement de saillie (4h), et

    une portion de limitation de mouvement de retour (4m) qui est positionnée plus près de l'extrémité proximale que le terminal de mouvement de saillie (4h) ne l'est à l'extrémité proximale, le terminal de mouvement de saillie (4h) est plus proche de l'extrémité de pointe que ne l'est un terminal de mouvement de retour (4w) du guidage de prévention de retour (4j) à l'extrémité de pointe, et la portion de limitation de mouvement de retour (4m) est positionnée au côté de l'extrémité de pointe du premier guidage (41) tout en espacée vers l'extrémité proximale de la saillie (6a) lorsqu'elle est positionnée au terminal de mouvement de saillie (4h) et restreint le mouvement de retour de la saillie (6a) vers le côté du premier guidage,

    la portion de limitation de mouvement de retour (4m) restreignant le mouvement de retour de la saillie (6a) vers le côté du premier guidage en venant en contact avec la saillie lorsqu'une force pour repousser l'élément de recouvrement vers le corps principal de l'élément de retenue est appliquée et restreignant de ce fait un mouvement de la saillie (6a) positionné au terminal de mouvement de saillie (4h) vers l'extrémité de pointe du premier guidage (41).


     
    2. Unité d'aiguille médicale selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle une portion de sollicitation de mouvement (16x) pour solliciter la saillie (6a, 17a) à se déplacer vers le terminal de mouvement de retour (4w, 16w) est réalisée entre la portion de limitation de mouvement de retour (4m, 16m) et un terminal de mouvement de retour (4w, 16w) du guidage de prévention de retour (4j, 16j).
     
    3. Unité d'aiguille médicale selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans laquelle la portion de limitation de mouvement de retour (4m) est une portion d'extrémité de pointe du premier guidage (41).
     
    4. Unité d'aiguille médicale selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans laquelle le deuxième guidage (16i) est pourvu d'une portion de restriction de retour (16y) sur le côté opposé, circonférentiellement, du premier guidage (161) que ne l'est le guidage de prévention de retour (16j), ladite portion de restriction de retour (16y) étant agencée pour empêcher que la saillie (17a) se déplace dans ladite direction circonférentiellement opposée sur la position de l'extrémité de pointe (16m) du premier guidage et revient au premier guidage (161) lorsque la saillie exécute un mouvement de retour tout en coulissant sur et en étant en contact avec le deuxième guidage (16i).
     




    Drawing





























































































    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description