(19)
(11)EP 1 896 185 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
26.11.2014 Bulletin 2014/48

(21)Application number: 06765821.1

(22)Date of filing:  22.06.2006
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B02C 18/18  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/IB2006/052024
(87)International publication number:
WO 2006/137033 (28.12.2006 Gazette  2006/52)

(54)

COMMINUTION PLANT

ZERKLEINERUNGSANLAGE

INSTALLATION DE BROYAGE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC NL PL PT RO SE SI SK TR
Designated Extension States:
AL BA HR MK RS

(30)Priority: 22.06.2005 DK 200500913

(43)Date of publication of application:
12.03.2008 Bulletin 2008/11

(73)Proprietor: Metso Denmark A/S
8700 Horsens (DK)

(72)Inventor:
  • KJÆRSGAARD, Johannes
    DK-7120 Vejle Ø (DK)

(74)Representative: Giver, Sören Bo 
Awapatent AB P.O. Box 5117
200 71 Malmö
200 71 Malmö (SE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 0 037 036
WO-A-97/10057
DE-A1- 2 831 953
WO-A-91/14501
AU-B2- 519 046
DE-A1- 10 325 368
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The invention relates to a comminution plant of the kind serving for comminution of materials and comprising at least one set of fixed bottom knifes separated by openings, at least two parallel shafts extending crosswise of the bottom knifes, a set of upper knifes attached on each shaft, the knifes are extending partly into the openings between the bottom knives, and at least one drive assembly for rotating the shaft during operation. An example is shown in AU 519046-B.

    [0002] Comminution plants are in some cases large and powerful plants for comminution of relatively large and heavy materials of any kind, such as e.g. discarded household goods, tires, furniture, carpets, waste wood, and demolition timber, but they can in other cases be relatively small plants for comminution of small material, such as e.g. paper.

    [0003] There are comminution plants that only have one shaft. However, the comminution plants employed the most have two shafts and bottom knifes separated by openings, each accommodating a part of an upper knife from each shaft. Thereby, the comminution obtains a relatively short overall length and a relatively high capacity.

    [0004] From the applicant's European Patent No. 0 928 222 is known a comminution plant having two shafts on which are mounted opposite upper knifes overlapping each other. Therefore, the openings between two bottom knifes cannot be narrower than twice the thickness of an upper knife. This means that the openings are relatively wide, and that the comminution of the material therefore is similarly coarse.

    [0005] A finer comminution of material can take place by bending the bottom knifes of the known comminution plant but this is at the expense of the strength of the bottom knife construction. The bent bottom knife will furthermore be difficult and costly to maintain.

    [0006] A higher degree of fineness can also be obtained by arranging a comminution plant with opposite upper knifes that on the contrary do not overlap each other. The openings between the two bottom knifes can then be narrower than the total thickness of two upper knifes, and the comminution of the material will therefore be equally fine. However, it is a disadvantage that a space is left between the two sets of upper knifes, in which space e.g. plate-shaped material is not comminuted, and this material might therefore remain in this space and block the comminution of other material.

    [0007] A comminution plant having two shafts on which opposite upper knifes are mounted that do not overlap each other is known from the applicant's European Patent No. 0 521 081.

    [0008] The disadvantages of the above known comminution plants are remedied according to the invention by

    in a first aspect providing a comminution plant of the kind mentioned in the opening paragraph, that can comminute a material to a relatively high degree of fineness,

    in a second aspect providing a comminution plant of the kind mentioned in the opening paragraph, that has a strong bottom knife construction,

    in a third aspect providing a comminution plant of the kind mentioned in the opening paragraph, that has a bottom knife construction which is easy to maintain,

    in a fourth aspect providing a comminution plant of the kind mentioned in the opening paragraph, that has a bottom knife construction which has a long life,

    in a fifth aspect providing a comminution plant of the kind mentioned in the opening paragraph, that has shafts rotatable at the least possible moment in relation to the capacity of the plant,

    in a sixth aspect providing a comminution plant of the kind mentioned in the opening paragraph, that effectively can comminute the material, and

    in a seventh aspect providing a comminution plant of the kind mentioned in the opening paragraph, that has a relatively high capacity with a shorter overall length than hitherto known.



    [0009] The novel and unique feature according to the invention is the fact that the upper knifes on one of the at least two shafts comprise at least one first upper knife having a first diameter and at least one second upper knife having a second diameter smaller than the first diameter, that the upper knifes on another of the at least two shafts comprise at least a third upper knife having a third diameter and at least a fourth upper knife having a fourth diameter smaller than the third diameter, and that the first and third diameters together are of a size that is larger than twice the spacing between the axis of rotation of the at least two shafts.

    [0010] Thereby, it is obtained that e.g. plate-shaped material is comminuted by the overlapping first and third upper knifes. Thus, there is no through-going spacing between the two sets of upper knifes, in which such material would be able to remain and block the comminution of other material. Still, the first and third upper knifes cannot extend into the same opening if this is to be relatively narrow and the comminution similarly fine.

    [0011] However, a fine comminution can be obtained if the sum of the dimensions of the first - and fourth diameters and the second - and third diameters, respectively, is less than twice the spacing between the axis of rotation of the at least two shafts, and that a first set of upper knifes including first and fourth upper knifes and a second set of upper knifes including second and third upper knifes extend down into respective openings between two bottom knife.

    [0012] Therefore, the two upper knifes extending down into the same opening between two bottom knifes do not overlap each other, and the width of the opening can therefore be smaller than the sum of the thickness of the two upper knifes, whereby the comminution plant according to the invention is able to comminute a material at a relatively high degree of fineness.

    [0013] If the first and second sets of upper knifes alternately extend down into respective openings' between two bottom knifes, it is simultaneously obtained that e.g. plate-shaped material that tends not to be comminuted by the first and/or second sets of upper knifes is comminuted by the first and third sets of upper knifes.

    [0014] If the width of the openings is larger than the thickness of the upper knifes, the two upper knifes in every set of upper knifes extending down into the same opening will furthermore be axially displaced in the opening, whereby the material is comminuted in both a cutting and breaking operation.

    [0015] The comminution operation will be especially effective if the two upper knifes are in contact with or close to their respective bottom knifes of the two bottom knifes defining the respective opening.

    [0016] The term "close to" means a spacing of a size allowing an upper knife and an associated bottom knife to concurrently perform a cutting operation on the material to be comminuted.

    [0017] In this case, both bottom knifes are exposed to wear but primarily in the cutting areas in contact with or close to the respective upper knife. By letting the shafts and their upper knifes change places in the comminution plant, the advantage is obtained in that it is now the still unworn cutting areas that are exposed to wear, whereby the life of the bottom knifes is extended.

    [0018] In an especially simple embodiment of the comminution plant according to the invention, the first and third diameters can be equal, and the second and fourth diameters can also be equal. Thereby, the costs for manufacturing the comminution plant are reduces substantially.

    [0019] The comminution plant according to the invention can furthermore comprise partly a centrally located set of bottom knifes separated by openings into which the first and second sets of upper knifes are extending, partly a peripheral set of bottom knifes separated by openings into which only one upper knife is extending.

    [0020] Thereby, the comminution plant is given a relatively short overall length and at the same time a high capacity, as the peripheral sets of bottom knifes participate in the comminution process to a greater or lesser extent.

    [0021] The openings between the peripheral bottom knifes can advantageously have the same width as the openings between the central bottom knifes so that the material in the range of the peripheral knifes is comminuted to the same degree of fineness as in the range of the central bottom knifes. Alternatively, the peripheral openings can be narrower than the central openings, and comminution will therefore be correspondingly finer.

    [0022] The invention will be explained in greater details below, describing only exemplary embodiments with reference to the drawing, in which

    Fig. 1 is a plan view of a first embodiment of a comminution plant according to the invention,

    Fig. 2 is a diagrammatic sectional view taken along the line I-I of fig. 1.

    Fig. 3 is a plan view of a second embodiment of a comminution plant according to the invention, and

    Fig. 4 is a diagrammatic sectional view taken along the line IV-IV in fig. 3.



    [0023] The comminution plant in figs. 1 and 2, which is generally designated by the reference numeral 1, comprises a preferably funnel-shaped housing 2 defining a central axis 3 and having an upper inlet opening 4 for the material (not shown) to be comminuted and a bottom outlet opening 5 for the comminuted material (not shown).

    [0024] On either side of the central axis 3, two, in this case, mainly identical shafts 6 having axes of rotation 7 parallel to the central axis 3 are mounted in the house 2 rotatably with a mutual spacing a.

    [0025] At one end of the housing, each shaft is journaled in a bearing 8, and at the other end in a drive assembly 9 for rotating the respective shaft in e.g. the way stated in the applicant's patent EP 0 521 081 or in another way.

    [0026] In the case shown, three large, mainly disc-shaped upper knifes 10 and three small, mainly disc-shaped upper knifes 11 are alternately attached on each shaft. In the case shown, all disc-shaped upper knifes have the thickness t. In this connection, the expressions "large" and "small" mean that the upper knifes 10 and 11 do not have equally large diameters D', D". As desired, the difference can be greater or lesser.

    [0027] The given number of three large and three small, respectively, upper knifes on each shaft is only to be taken as an example, as more or less upper knifes than the number given above can be mounted on each shaft within the scope of the invention.

    [0028] Furthermore, all the large upper knifes 10 on both shafts have, in the case shown, the same diameter and all the small upper knifes 11 also have the same diameter, whereby the costs for manufacturing the comminution plant are reduced. The moments for rotating the two shafts with their knifes during operation will furthermore be mainly equally large and therefore smaller than if the respective upper knifes of the two shafts are not of the same size.

    [0029] In the case shown, a total number of seven fixed bottom knifes 12 are also located in the housing for comminuting the material in cooperation with the upper knifes that are rotating in operation. Two adjacent bottom knifes 12 are separated by an opening 13 of a width b.

    [0030] Both the large and the small upper knifes are provided with teeth (not shown) that can be shaped in any appropriate way, for example as stated in the applicant's patents EP 0 521 081 and EP 0 928 222. The shape of the teeth is not a part of the present invention, and the outer outline 14 and 15 of the upper knifes 10 and 11 have therefore only been shown schematically in dotted lines 14 and 15 in fig. 2.

    [0031] As shown in fig. 2, the upper knifes 10 and 11 are extending partly down into the openings 13 between the bottom knifes 12.

    [0032] A first pair of upper knifes 10,11 comprising one large and one small upper knife 10, 11 on the right and left shafts, respectively, seen in fig. 1, and a second pair of upper knifes 11, 10 comprising one small and one large upper knife 11,12 on the left and right shafts, respectively, seen in fig. 1, are extending alternately down into each respective opening 13 between two bottom knifes 12.

    [0033] In an exemplary embodiment, the construction of the comminution plant according to the invention satisfies the following criteria.
    1. 1. D + d < 2a
    2. 2. 2D > 2a
    3. 3. b < 2t


    [0034] The first criterion means that the first and second pairs of upper knifes 10,11 and 11,10 do not overlap each other, whereby the third criterion can be met with the advantageous result that the comminution of a material will be relatively fine.

    [0035] The second criterion means that the large upper knifes 10 of the two shafts overlap each other and therefore comminute e.g. plate-shaped material during operation, the material is thereby effectively kept from remaining between two sets of upper knifes and block the comminution of another material.

    [0036] However, it is noted that the scope of protection of the invention is not limited to comprising the third criterion but can, in a second embodiment, comprise the criterion b > 2t.

    [0037] In fig. 1, it is seen that the upper knifes in a pair of upper knifes 10,11 or 11,10 extending down into an opening 13 between two bottom knifes 12, are contacting or are close to a cutting area on each respective bottom knife. This cutting area will obviously be worn substantially during operation.

    [0038] On replacement of the shafts and their associated upper knifes, the upper knifes are made to contact or be close to the still unworn cutting areas on the bottom knifes. During operation, it is now these cutting areas that are worn. Thereby, the life of the bottom knifes are doubled or at least prolonged significantly.

    [0039] Another of the advantages obtained according to the invention is that e.g. plate-shapes material to be comminuted frequently will not rest on both the large and small upper knifes but only on the large upper knifes. Thereby, the surface pressure between the material and the upper knifes is halved, and the upper knifes will therefore initially be able to process and/or pass through the material more easily.

    [0040] The teeth (not shown) on the large and small upper knifes furthermore cut through the material at different speeds and thereby different force applications and at the same time at different radial distances from the axis of rotation. This has the effect that the material, especially in the working area, is affected by axial torsion moments which advantageously facilitate the comminution of the material.

    [0041] Figs. 3 and 4 show a second exemplary embodiment of a comminution plant according to the invention. This comminution plant mainly corresponds to the comminution plant in figs. 1 and 2 and it mainly functions in the same way. Like parts are therefore designated by the same reference numerals.

    [0042] This comminution plant 16 is mainly constructed in the same way as stated in the applicant's patent EP 0 928 222, that is with a centrally located set of bottom knifes 17 separated by openings 18 into which the first and second sets of upper knifes 10,11 or 11,10 are extending and two sets of peripheral bottom knifes 19 separated by openings 20 into which only one of the upper knifes 10 or 11 is extending.

    [0043] The top face of the bottom knifes extends in a direction intersecting the axis 7 of the respective shaft 8 but can alternatively extend in a direction intersecting an area close to this. Thereby, the teeth (not shown) of the upper knifes will attack the material at an advantageous angle of attack.

    [0044] As shown in fig. 4, the central set of bottom knifes 17 are horizontal in the case shown, whereas the peripheral bottom knifes 19 incline down toward the central bottom knifes 17 to thereby advantageously guide the material (not shown) to be comminuted in towards the central bottom knifes.

    [0045] The upper knifes 10 and 11 extending down into an opening 18 and 20 between two central bottom knifes 17 and two peripheral knifes 19, respectively, contact or are close to a cutting area on one of the two bottom knifes 17 and 19. This cutting area on the two bottom knifes 17 and 19 is exposed to wear during operation.

    [0046] Parallel displacement of the two shafts 6 or the upper knifes 10 and 11 on these will displace the cutting area to the opposite bottom knifes 17 and 19. During operation, it will now be these cutting areas that are worn, whereby the life of the bottom knifes are doubled or at least prolonged significantly.

    [0047] The invention is described above and shown in the drawing on the assumption that each upper knife contact or is close to a bottom knife.

    [0048] Within the scope of the invention, each upper knife can however be located at a distance from each of the bottom knifes that define an opening into which the upper knife in question is extending.

    [0049] The comminution plant according to the invention can furthermore comprise more than two shafts with associated upper knifes.

    [0050] The diameters of the large and small upper knifes on one shaft need not be of the same size as the large and small upper knifes on another shaft either.

    [0051] Furthermore, the large upper knifes on the same shaft need not be of the same size and neither do the small knifes.

    [0052] The upper knifes on each shaft can furthermore be mounted in such a way that their teeth (not shown) describe an axially extending spiral to thereby be able to reduce the energy used to comminute the material.


    Claims

    1. A comminution plant of the kind serving for comminuting material and comprising at least one set of fixed bottom knifes (12; 17, 19) separated by openings (13; 18, 20), at least two parallel shafts (6) extending crosswise of the bottom knifes (12; 17,19), a set of upper knifes (10,11), provided with teeth, attached on each shaft (6), wherein the knifes extending partly into the openings (13; 18, 20) between the bottom knives (12; 17,19), and at least one drive assembly (9) for rotating the shafts (6) during operation, wherein the upper knifes (10, 11) on one of the at least two shafts (6) comprise at least one first upper knife (10) having a first diameter (D') and at least one second upper knife (11) having a second diameter (d') which is smaller than the first diameter (D'), wherein the upper knifes (11, 10) on another of the at least two shafts (6) comprise at least one third upper knife (10) having a third diameter (D") and at least one fourth upper knife (11) having a fourth diameter (d") which is smaller than the third diameter (D"), and wherein the first diameter (D') and third diameter (D") together are of a size which is larger than twice the distance (a) between the axes of rotation (7) of the at least two shafts (6), characterized in that the sum of the sizes of the first diameter (D') and the fourth diameter (d") and of the second diameter (d') and third diameter (D"), respectively, is less than twice the distance (a) between the axes of rotation (7) of the at least two shafts (13).
     
    2. A comminution plant according to claim 1, characterized in that a first set of upper knifes (10, 11) with a first and fourth upper knife and a second set of upper knifes (11, 10) with a second and third upper knife are extending down into respective openings (13; 18, 20) between two bottom knife (12; 17, 19).
     
    3. A comminution plant according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the upper knifes (10, 11) in every set of upper knifes (10, 11) are in contact with or close to their respective bottom knife of the two bottom knifes (12; 17, 19) defining an opening (13; 18, 20) into which the respective set of upper knifes (10, 11) is extending.
     
    4. A comminution plant according to claim 1, 2 or 3, characterized in that the width (b) of at least one opening (13; 18, 20) between two bottom knifes (12; 17, 19) is smaller than the total thickness (t) of a first and fourth upper knife (10, 11) and a second and third upper knife (11, 10), respectively.
     
    5. A comminution plant according to any of the claims 1 - 4, wherein the upper knifes (10, 11) are mainly disc-shaped and of the same thickness t and the openings (13; 18, 20) are of the same width b characterized in that b < 2t.
     
    6. A comminution plant according to any of the claims 1 - 5, characterized in that the first and second sets of upper knifes (10, 11; 11, 10) alternately extend down into respective openings (13; 18, 20) between two bottom knifes (12; 17, 19).
     
    7. A comminution plant according to any of the claims 1 - 6, characterized in that the upper knifes in every set of upper knifes (10, 11; 11, 10) are displaced axially in relation to each other.
     
    8. A comminution plant according to any of the claims 1 - 7, characterized in that the first diameter (D') and third diameter (D") are of the same size, and that the second diameter (d') and fourth diameter (d") are of the same size.
     
    9. A comminution plant according to any of the claims 1 - 8, characterized in that the comminution plant partly comprises a centrally located set of bottom knifes (17) separated by openings (18) into which the first or second sets of upper knifes (10, 11; 11, 10) are extending, partly a peripheral set of bottom knifes (19) separated by openings (20) into which only one upper knife (10; 11) is extending.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Zerkleinerungsanlage der Art, die zum Zerkleinern von Material dient und zumindest einen Satz starrer unterer Messer (12; 17, 19), die durch Öffnungen (13; 18, 20) getrennt sind, zumindest zwei parallele Schäfte (6), die überkreuz zu den unteren Messern (12; 17, 19) verlaufen, einen Satz oberer Messer (10, 11), die mit Zähnen versehen sind und an jedem Schaft (6) angebracht sind, wobei die Messer teilweise in die Öffnungen (13; 18, 20) zwischen den unteren Messern (12; 17, 19) verlaufen, und zumindest eine Antriebsanordnung (9) zum Drehen der Schäfte (6) während des Betriebs umfasst, wobei die oberen Messer (10, 11) an einem der zumindest zwei Schäfte (6) zumindest ein erstes oberes Messer (10) mit einem ersten Durchmesser (D') und zumindest ein zweites oberes Messer (11) mit einem zweiten Durchmesser (d'), der kleiner als der erste Durchmesser (D') ist, umfassen, wobei die oberen Messer (11, 10) an einem anderen der zumindest zwei Schäfte (6) zumindest ein drittes oberes Messer (10) mit einem dritten Durchmesser (D") und zumindest ein viertes oberes Messer (11) mit einem vierten Durchmesser (d"), der kleiner als der dritte Durchmesser (D") ist, umfassen, und wobei der erste Durchmesser (D') und dritte Durchmesser (D") zusammen eine Größe aufweisen, die größer als das Zweifache des Abstands (a) zwischen den Drehachsen (7) der zumindest zwei Schäfte (6) ist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Summe der Größen des ersten Durchmessers (D') und des vierten Durchmessers (d") bzw. des zweiten Durchmessers (d') und dritten Durchmessers (D") kleiner als das Zweifache des Abstands (a) zwischen den Drehachsen (7) der zumindest zwei Schäfte (13) ist.
     
    2. Zerkleinerungsanlage nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass ein erster Satz oberer Messer (10, 11) mit einem ersten und vierten oberen Messer und ein zweiter Satz oberer Messer (11, 10) mit einem zweiten und dritten oberen Messer nach unten in jeweilige Öffnungen (13; 18, 20) zwischen zwei unteren Messern (12; 17, 19) verlaufen.
     
    3. Zerkleinerungsanlage nach einem der Ansprüche 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sich die oberen Messer (10, 11) in jedem Satz oberer Messer (10, 11) in Kontakt mit oder eng an ihrem jeweiligen unteren Messer der zwei unteren Messer (12; 17, 19) befinden, welche eine Öffnung (13; 18, 20) definieren, in die der jeweilige Satz oberer Messer (10, 11) verläuft.
     
    4. Zerkleinerungsanlage nach einem der Ansprüche 1, 2 oder 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Breite (b) von zumindest einer Öffnung (13; 18, 20) zwischen zwei unteren Messern (12; 17, 19) kleiner als die Gesamtstärke (t) eines ersten und vierten Messers (10, 11) bzw. eines zweiten und dritten oberen Messers (11, 10) ist.
     
    5. Zerkleinerungsanlage nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei die oberen Messer (10, 11) hauptsächlich scheibenförmig sind und dieselbe Stärke t aufweisen und die Öffnungen (13; 18, 20) dieselbe Breite b aufweisen, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass b < 2t.
     
    6. Zerkleinerungsanlage nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der erste und zweite Satz oberer Messer (10, 11; 11, 10) abwechselnd nach unten in jeweilige Öffnungen (13; 18, 20) zwischen zwei unteren Messern (12; 17, 19) verlaufen.
     
    7. Zerkleinerungsanlage nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die oberen Messer in jedem Satz oberer Messer (10, 11; 11, 10) axial in Bezug zueinander versetzt sind.
     
    8. Zerkleinerungsanlage nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der erste Durchmesser (D') und dritte Durchmesser (D") dieselbe Größe aufweisen, und dass der zweite Durchmesser (d') und vierte Durchmesser (d") dieselbe Größe aufweisen.
     
    9. Zerkleinerungsanlage nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 8, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Zerkleinerungsanlage teilweise einen mittig angeordneten Satz unterer Messer (17), die durch Öffnungen (18) voneinander getrennt sind, in welche der erste und zweite Satz oberer Messer (10, 11; 11, 10) verlaufen, teilweise einen umfänglichen Satz unterer Messer (19) umfasst, die durch Öffnungen (20) voneinander getrennt sind, in welche nur ein erstes Messer (10; 11) verläuft.
     


    Revendications

    1. Installation de broyage du type servant à broyer du matériau et comprenant au moins un jeu de lames inférieures fixes (12 ; 17, 19) séparées par des ouvertures (13; 18, 20), au moins deux arbres parallèles (6) s'étendant transversalement aux lames inférieures (12 ; 17, 19), un jeu de lames supérieures dotées de dents (10, 11), fixées sur chaque arbre (6), les lames s'étendant partiellement dans les ouvertures (13 ; 18, 20) entre les lames inférieures (12 ; 17, 19), et au moins un ensemble d'entraînement (9) pour faire tourner les arbres (6) pendant le fonctionnement, les lames supérieures (10, 11) sur l'un des aux moins deux arbres (6) comprenant au moins une première lame supérieure (10) présentant un premier diamètre (D') et au moins une deuxième lame supérieure (11) présentant un deuxième diamètre (d') qui est inférieur au premier diamètre (D'), les lames supérieures (11, 10) sur un autre des aux moins deux arbres (6) comprennent au moins une troisième lame supérieure (10) présentant un troisième diamètre (D") et au moins une quatrième lame supérieure (11) présentant un quatrième diamètre (d") qui est inférieur au troisième diamètre (D"), et les premier diamètre (D') et troisième diamètre (D") sont conjointement d'une dimension supérieure à deux fois la distance (a) entre les axes de rotation (7) des aux moins deux arbres (6), caractérisée en ce que la somme des dimensions du premier diamètre (D') et du quatrième diamètre (d") et du second diamètre (d') et du troisième diamètre (D") respectivement, est inférieure à deux fois la distance (a) entre les axes de rotation (7) des aux moins deux arbres (13).
     
    2. Installation de broyage selon la revendication 1, caractérisée en ce qu'un premier jeu de lames supérieures (10, 11) avec des première et ;quatrième lames supérieures et un second jeu de lames supérieures (11, 10) avec des deuxième et ;troisième lames supérieures s'étendent vers le bas dans deux ouvertures respectives (13 ; 18, 20) entre deux lames inférieures (12 ; 17, 19).
     
    3. Installation de broyage selon la revendication 1 ou 2, caractérisée en ce que les lames supérieures (10, 11) dans chaque jeu de lames supérieures (10, 11) sont en contact avec, ou proches de, leur lame inférieure respective des deux lames inférieures respectives (12 ; 17, 19) définissant une ouverture (13 ; 18, 20) dans laquelle le jeu respectif de lames supérieures (10, 11) s'étend.
     
    4. Installation de broyage selon la revendication 1, 2 ou 3, caractérisée en ce que la largeur (b) d'au moins une ouverture (13 ; 18, 20) entre deux lames inférieures (12 ; 17, 19) est inférieure à l'épaisseur totale (t) de première et quatrième lames supérieures (10, 11) et de deuxième et troisième lames supérieures (11, 10) respectivement.
     
    5. Installation de broyage selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans laquelle les lames supérieures (10, 11) sont principalement en forme de disque et de la même épaisseur t et les ouvertures (13 ; 18, 20) sont de la même largeur b, caractérisé en ce que b < 2t.
     
    6. Installation de broyage selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, caractérisée en ce que les premier et second jeux de lames supérieures (10, 11 ; 11, 10) s'étendent alternativement vers le bas dans des ouvertures respectives (13 ; 18 ; 20) entre deux lames inférieures (12 ; 17, 19).
     
    7. Installation de broyage selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, caractérisée en ce que les lames supérieures dans chaque jeu de lames supérieures (10, 11 ; 11, 10) sont déplacées axialement l'une par rapport à l'autre.
     
    8. Installation de broyage selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7, caractérisée en ce que le premier diamètre (D') et le troisième diamètre (D") sont de même dimension, et que le deuxième diamètre (d') et le quatrième diamètre (d") sont de même dimension.
     
    9. Installation de broyage selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 8, caractérisée en ce que l'installation de broyage comprend partiellement un jeu central de lames inférieures (17) séparées par des ouvertures (18) dans lesquelles les premier ou deuxième jeux de lames supérieures (10, 11 ; 11, 10) s'étendent et partiellement un jeu périphérique de lames inférieures (19) séparées par des ouvertures (20) dans lesquelles une seule lame supérieure (10 ; 11) s'étend.
     




    Drawing









    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description