(19)
(11)EP 1 906 550 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
26.11.2014 Bulletin 2014/48

(21)Application number: 07120321.0

(22)Date of filing:  22.12.2005
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H04W 36/28  (2009.01)
H04B 7/04  (2006.01)
H04W 36/30  (2009.01)
H04W 36/02  (2009.01)

(54)

Handover for MIMO radio systems

Weiterreichen (Handover) für MIMO Mobilfunksysteme

Transfert (Handover) pour des systèmes MIMO


(84)Designated Contracting States:
DE FR GB IT

(30)Priority: 09.09.2005 JP 2005262308

(43)Date of publication of application:
02.04.2008 Bulletin 2008/14

(62)Application number of the earlier application in accordance with Art. 76 EPC:
05258005.7 / 1763272

(73)Proprietor: FUJITSU LIMITED
Kawasaki-shi, Kanagawa 211-8588 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • Ode, Takayoshi
    Kawasaki-shi, Kanagawa 211-8588 (JP)
  • Kawabata, Kazuo
    Kawasaki-shi, Kanagawa 211-8588 (JP)

(74)Representative: Ward, James Norman 
Haseltine Lake LLP Lincoln House, 5th Floor 300 High Holborn
London WC1V 7JH
London WC1V 7JH (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A-01/99291
US-A1- 2003 186 698
  
  • "Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS); Physical channels and mapping of transport channels onto physical channels (FDD) (3GPP TS 25.211 version 6.5.0 Release 6); ETSI TS 125 211" ETSI STANDARDS, EUROPEAN TELECOMMUNICATIONS STANDARDS INSTITUTE, SOPHIA-ANTIPO, FR, vol. 3-R1, no. V650, June 2005 (2005-06), XP014030538 ISSN: 0000-0001
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description


[0001] The present invention relates to an MIMO (multiple input multiple output) transmission technology for transmitting a plurality of streams by way of a plurality of antennas.

[0002] In a wireless telecommunication system, mobile terminals (i.e., terminals) are enabled to continue a telecommunication if a received power, et cetera, is reduced by selectively changing a connected base station over to an optimal one based on a received power, a reception quality, et cetera, from surrounding base stations (e.g., refer to patent documents 1, 2, 3 and 4; and a non-patent document 1). An example of a wireless telecommunication system is the recently propagated W-CDMA (Wideband Code Division Multiple Access) system.

[0003] Fig. 1 exemplifies a configuration of a telecommunication system adopting the W-CDMA system. The terminal (i.e., a mobile station, MS) receives signals from a plurality of base transmission stations (BTS) BTSa, BTSb, BTSc through BTSn. The mobile station selects a base transmission station with the largest received power as the optimal base transmission station for the telecommunication from among the plurality thereof to connect to a network via the selected base transmission station. If a received power from a nearby base transmission station (i.e., adjacent base transmission station) becomes larger than that from the connected base transmission station as a result of the mobile station moving for example, a handover, i.e., changing the connected base transmission station to the nearby one, is carried out for a continued telecommunication. A handover is also carried out according to the telecommunication environment in the case of transmitting and receiving a plurality of data streams simultaneously between a base transmission station and mobile station by utilizing the MIMO technique. The following description is of a handover processing utilizing the MIMO technique in a wireless telecommunication system adopting the HSDPA (high speed downlink packet access) as one standard specification of W-CDMA.

[0004] Fig. 2 shows an overview of a handover processing according to the conventional technique; illustrating a handover processing in a downlink transmission under the HSDPA system 100, that is, in a data transmission from the base transmission stations to a mobile station. In the example of Fig. 2, a 2 by 2 antenna configuration is structured between a base transmission station and a mobile station.

[0005] Prior to a handover, a mobile station 102 receives a data stream via a base transmission station 103A as shown by Fig. 2 (a). As the received power from a base transmission station 103B becomes larger than that of the base transmission station 103A at the mobile station 102, a handover processing changes the base transmission station 103A to the base transmission station 103B with a larger received power, as the base transmission station for transmitting a data stream over, as shown by Fig. 2 (b). In this event, the two data streams transmitted from the base transmission station 103A are simultaneously changed over. The handover processing results in the mobile station 102 receiving two data streams via the base transmission station 103B.

[0006] Figs. 3, 4A and 4B exemplify respective configurations of a receiving apparatus and a transmission apparatus according to the conventional technique. Here, the mobile station 102 is a receiving apparatus, while the base transmission station 103 is the transmission apparatus. And in the examples of Figs. 3, 4A and 4B, the mobile station 102 and the base transmission station 103 comprise, respectively, three antennas, for transmission and reception, thereby configured to transmit and receive three data streams simultaneously. Incidentally, antennas (i.e., Tx1 through Tx3; and Rx1 through Rx3), utilized for transmitting the data stream from the base transmission station 103 to the mobile station 102, are delineated separately from antennas (i.e., Tx0 and Rx0) for transmitting a signal from the mobile station 102 to the base transmission station 103, for ease of viewing of Figs. 3, 4A and 4B. But each antenna is used both for transmitting and receiving signals in the actual structure. That is, the antenna Tx0 comprised by the mobile station 102 is achieved by a discretionary one or a plurality of the antennas Rx1 through Rx3, and likewise the antenna Rx0 comprised by the base transmission station 103 is achieved by a discretionary one or a plurality of the antennas Tx1 through Tx3. Note that this also applies to those drawings herein where the transmission and reception antennas are separately delineated in the following descriptions.

[0007] The conventional mobile station 102 as shown by Fig. 3 comprises three antennas Rx1, Rx2 and Rx3, and the corresponding receiver units 111A, 111B and 111C. Received power measurement units 112A, 112B and 112C measure the received power from each base transmission station 103 at the respective receiver units 111A, 111B and 111C. A handover judgment unit 113 calculates the total received power, i.e., a sum of the received power at each base transmission station based on the measurement result at each received power measurement unit 112 and judges whether a handover is to be carried out or not.

[0008] In the conventional base transmission station 103 as shown by Fig. 4A, the antenna Rx0 receives handover control information transmitted from the antenna Tx0 of the mobile station 102. The received information is provided to a handover control signal extraction unit 131 by way of the receiver unit. The handover control signal is transmitted to an upper level control station, that is, a radio network controller (RNC) in the HSDPA system 100.

[0009] Fig. 4B shows a configuration, relating to a handover processing, of an RNC as the upper level station of a base transmission station 103. As a handover signal is transmitted from the base transmission station 103 to the RNC, a handover control unit thereof determines a timing for carrying out a handover. A handover control unit 132 of the base transmission station 103 carries out a handover by receiving a notification from the RNC.

[0010] Fig. 5 shows a process procedure of a handover in the conventional system. The first step is to measure a received power from each base transmission station (S101), compare the total received power from the surrounding base transmission station of the mobile station 102 (S102), judge whether or not a handover is to be carried out based on the comparison result and, if it is judged that a handover is to be carried out, determine which base transmission station is to be handed over to (S103).

[0011] Fig. 6 is a flow chart showing a definite measurement process of a received power as a part of the conventional handover processing. In the example shown by Fig. 6, the n-number of base transmission stations exist in the surrounding area of the mobile station, and each terminal station is equipped by the m-number of antennas respectively. Meanwhile, it is defined that a received power of a signal from the base transmission station of a base transmission station number j is Pj and that the power received by the antenna Ax is Prx.

[0012] In the measurement process of a received power, initialize the antenna number, the base transmission station number and the received power from each base transmission station (S111), increment the base transmission station number j and the antenna number i, by one, respectively (S112 and S113) and add the received power Prx when receiving a signal from each base transmission station via each antenna Ai and acquire the sum of the received power (S114, S115 and S116). The sum of received powers is acquired for the n-number of base transmission stations, respectively (S117).

[0013] In the conventional handover processing, the necessity of a handover is judged based on the sum of the received powers and when the base transmission stations are changed over from the current base transmission station to a target base transmission station for transmitting a data stream, the data stream is transmitted via a different base transmission station pre- and post- the handover, as shown by Figs. 5 and 6.

[0014] Fig. 7 illustrates data transmission pre- and post- a handover according to the conventional technique. The handover is defined as the mobile station 102 moving from under the base transmission station BTS1 to the BTSh. As shown by Fig. 7 (a), the base transmission station BTS1 transmits data prior to a handover and, when the upper level control station, i.e., an RNC, carries out a handover at a prescribed timing, it cuts off the path between the RNC and base transmission station BTS1 and instead establishes a path between the RNC and another base transmission station BTSh. As shown by Fig. 7 (b), the data is then transmitted via the post-handover base transmission station BTSh, leaving data accumulated in the base transmission station BTS1 prior to the handover un-transmitted.

[0015] If the accumulated data in the base transmission station BTS1 as shown by Fig. 7 is left un-transmitted, the mobile station 102 is unable to receive all the data. In order to prevent such a loss of data from occurring, a data transfer or a retransmission has been carried out in the conventional technique.

[0016] Figs. 8 through 11 describe the processing for preventing a data loss at a handover occurrence of the conventional system. In Figs. 8 through 11, definitions for designations are as follows: a current base transmission station (i.e., the station which hands a terminal over) : BTSa, a target base transmission station (i.e., the station which a terminal is handed over to) : BTSb, the data delivered to the BTSa and BTSb are data A and data B, respectively.

[0017] Fig. 8 describes a state of a buffer at each base transmission station prior to a handover. A radio network controller RNC, i.e., the upper level control station of a base transmission station, transmits data to the mobile station via the connected BTSa. The data A is accumulated in the buffer of the BTSa.

[0018] Fig. 9 describes a state of the buffer at each base transmission station immediately after carrying out a handover in the case of retransmitting data after the handover. After carrying out a handover, the mobile station 102 connects itself to a network via the BTSb. The buffer of the BTSb accumulates the data B after carrying out a handover. Meanwhile, the data A which has been delivered to the BTSa before carrying out the handover ends up remaining in the buffer thereof.

[0019] Fig. 10 describes a data retransmission processing by the upper level control station. As shown by Fig. 9, the data A is the data transmitted to the current base transmission station BTSa prior to the handover and accumulated in the buffer. The RNC, i.e., the upper level control station, receiving a request from a mobile station 102, retransmits the data A accumulated in the BTSa to the BTSb, that is, the target base transmission station, while the data A in the BTSa is discarded. In the BTSb, a signal exchange between the mobile station 102 and RNC is conducted for a retransmission control prior to a retransmission processing of the data A, followed by retransmitting the data A. An exchange of a retransmission control signal and the actual retransmission processing are time consuming.

[0020] Fig. 11 describes a state of a buffer at each base transmission station immediately after carrying out a handover in the case of transferring data after the handover. This method transfers, to the BTSb via the RNC, data A accumulated in a buffer of the BTSa, as a result of a handover. Similarly, for such a transfer, an exchange of a control signal and actual transfer processing are time consuming as with the data retransmission processing shown by Fig. 10.

[0021] As described by referring to Figs. 8 through 11, since a plurality of data streams simultaneously transmitted are changed over at the same time in the conventional technique, a data loss occurs in a mobile station 102 unless the data accumulated in the buffer of a current base transmission station is retransmitted or transferred to the mobile station 102. There is a problem of a handover process being time consuming as much as the processing of retransmitting or transferring the data taking time, hence resulting in a decreased transmission speed.

[0022] Meanwhile, in a system for wirelessly and simultaneously transmitting mutually independent data streams respectively from a plurality of transmission systems by using the same frequency, as a MIMO related technique, there is a technique for wirelessly transmitting a transmission data stream simultaneously by using the same frequency, respectively, from a plurality of transmission systems, following changing over from a mutually independent plurality of data streams to a plurality of sub-streams, if a received power of a mobile station (or a reception quality) assumes a prescribed threshold value or less. According to such a technique, a MIMO transmission is carried out if a mobile station exists in the neighborhood of a base transmission station with a relatively large received power, while a diversity transmission is performed if a mobile station exists in an area of a relatively low received power. In the neighborhood of the two areas, a changeover between the MIMO transmission and the diversity transmission is conducted.

[Patent document 1] laid-open Japanese patent application publication No. 2004-72624

[Patent document 2] laid-open Japanese patent application publication No. 2003-338781

[Patent document 3] laid-open Japanese patent application publication No. 2004-229088

[Patent document 4] laid-open Japanese patent application publication No. 2005-509565



[0023] [Non patent document 1] 3GPP Specification: 25.211 Rel-5, Version 5.7.0, [online], August 2, 2005, 3GPP, searched on August 3, 2005, Internet <URL: http://www.3gpp.org/ftp/Specs/html-info/25211.htm>

[0024] US 2003/0186698 discloses a system for providing inter-frequency and intersystem handovers. A user terminal of the system may receive M encoded streams, and further, it may measure a radio indicator of a frequency band not used to receive the M encoded streams, using a radio receiver chain for that frequency band.

[0025] Universal Mobile Telecommunication Systems (UMTS); Physical channels and mapping of transport channels onto physical channels (FDD) (3GPP TS 25.211 version 6.5.0 Release 6), XP-014030538, discloses downlink transmit diversity in downlink physical channels.

[0026] It is desirable to shorten the time required for a hand-over, thereby preventing a decreased transmission speed at the time of carrying out a handover.

[0027] A wireless telecommunication system and a receiver according to the invention are defined in the attached independent claims. Preferred features of the system are defined in the dependent claims.

[0028] According to the present invention, once a handover is carried out for each of the data stream, there is no need for a current transmission apparatus to discard, retransmit or transfer data, and therefore it is possible to shorten the time required for the handover processing. Shortening the time required for the handover processing prevents a reduced transmission speed at the time of carrying out a handover.

[0029] Reference is now made, by way of example only, to the accompanying drawings, in which:

Fig. 1 exemplifies a configuration of a telecommunication system adopting the W-CDMA system;

Fig. 2 shows a summary of a handover processing according to the conventional technique;

Fig. 3 exemplifies a comprisal of a mobile station according to the conventional technique;

Fig. 4A exemplifies a comprisal of a base transmission station according to the conventional technique;

Fig. 4B exemplifies a comprisal of a radio network controller according to the conventional technique;

Fig. 5 shows a process procedure of a handover in a conventional system;

Fig. 6 is a flow chart showing a definite measurement processing of a received power as a part of the conventional handover processing;

Fig. 7 illustrates data transmission pre- and post-handover according to the conventional technique;

Fig. 8 describes a state of a buffer at each base transmission station prior to a handover;

Fig. 9 describes a state of the buffer at each base transmission station immediately after carrying out a handover in the case of retransmitting data after the handover;

Fig. 10 describes a data retransmission processing by an upper level control station;

Fig. 11 describes a state of a buffer at each base transmission station immediately after carrying out a handover in the case of transferring data after the handover;

Fig. 12 is a conceptual diagram of a handover method according to the present invention;

Fig. 13 shows a comprisal of a mobile station carrying out a handover according to a first embodiment;

Fig. 14 illustrates a transmission and reception of a data stream according to the first embodiment;

Fig. 15 shows a comprisal of a base transmission station carrying out a handover method according to the first embodiment;

Fig. 16 illustrates a handover method according to the first embodiment;

Fig. 17 is a flow chart of the processing of judging a necessity of handover;

Fig. 18 is a control sequence chart (part 1) of a handover judgment processing;

Fig. 19 exemplifies a data structure of handover information;

Fig. 20A is an actual example of handover information (part 1);

Fig. 20B is an actual example of handover information (part 2);

Fig. 20C is an actual example of handover information (part 3);

Fig. 20D is an actual example of handover information (part 4);

Fig. 21 is a flow chart of transmission processing for accumulated data in a current base transmission station;

Fig. 22 illustrates a state of accumulated data at the base transmission station after carrying out a handover;

Fig. 23 is a control sequence chart (part 2) of a handover judgment processing;

Fig. 24 shows a comprisal of a mobile station carrying out a handover according to a second embodiment;

Fig. 25 is a flow chart of a handover processing according to the second embodiment;

Fig. 26 is a flow chart of a handover processing according to a third embodiment;

Fig. 27A exemplifies a selected target base transmission station;

Fig. 27B exemplifies a received power from a target base transmission station for each stream;

Fig. 28 is a flow chart of a handover processing according to a fourth embodiment;

Fig. 29 illustrates a handover method according to a fifth embodiment;

Fig. 30 is a conceptual diagram of a system configuration according to a sixth embodiment; and

Fig. 31 is a flow chart of a transmission method changeover processing according to the sixth embodiment.



[0030] The following is a detailed description of the preferred embodiment of the present invention referring to the drawings.

[0031] A handover method according to this embodiment is configured to perform diversity transmission for a data stream from a base transmission station after carrying out either of the handover methods according to the above described embodiments by taking advantage of the fact that the number of data streams is reduced in the aforementioned base transmission station (i.e., a part of the resources for transmitting data (e.g., a part of the plurality of antennas) assuming a state of not being used). The following description of the handover method according to the present embodiment, refers to the accompanying drawing.

[0032] Fig. 29 illustrates a handover method according to the embodiment. As shown by Fig. 29(a), the base transmission station BTS3a transmits three data streams st1, st2 and st3 simultaneously to the mobile station 2 prior to a handover. Assuming that, having carried out a handover by either of the above described handover methods according to the first through fourth embodiments, the data stream st2 is changed over to a transmission via the adjacent base transmission station BTS3b.

[0033] The antenna Tx2 of the base transmission station BTS3a is unused as a result of the change over to the transmission via the adjacent base transmission station BTS3b. As shown by Fig. 29(b), a diversity transmission is performed for a data stream for which a handover is not carried out at the base transmission station BTS3a by using the antenna Tx2 which has become unused as a result of the handover. In the example shown by Fig. 29(b), a diversity transmission is performed for the data stream st1 which used to be transmitted by way of the antenna Tx1. By the diversity transmission, the same data stream st1 is transmitted to the mobile station 2 by way of the antennas Tx1 and Tx2 of the base transmission station BTS3a. This configuration makes it possible to improve the transmission quality of the data stream st1 at the time of a handover according to the above described embodiment, and also increase the transmission speed as a result of improving the transmission quality.

[0034] Meanwhile, as for a selection of a data stream as the subject of the diversity transmission, a configuration may be to select a data stream with a large received power, or with a small received power, at the mobile station 2. Or, if there is an attribute of transmission data, that is, a QoS (quality of service) such as the maximum delay time and the desired transmission quality, for each data stream is different, then the selection may be based on the attribute.

<First Example>



[0035] Fig. 12 is a conceptual diagram of a handover method according to the present invention. A wireless telecommunication system 1 using a MIMO transmission technique which adopts HSDPA (high speed downlink packet access) as one standard specification of W-CDMA comprises base transmission stations BTS 3 (BTS3a and BTS3b) and a mobile station (MS) 2. As shown by Fig. 12 (a), the mobile station 2 receives a plurality of data streams via the base transmission station BTS3a prior to a handover. With regard to a received power for the same data stream, if a received power from another base transmission station, which the own mobile station 2 is not connected to, is larger than that from the connected base transmission station, a handover is carried out for the aforementioned data stream. As shown by Fig. 12 (b), a data stream after the handover being carried out is transmitted to the mobile station 2 via a base transmission station BTS3b. The data streams for which a handover is not carried out are transmitted to the mobile station 2 via the base transmission station BTS3a as before. That is, the mobile station 2 receives one or more data streams from the base transmission station BTS3a and at the same time receives one or more data streams from the base transmission station BTS3b.

[0036] Fig. 13 shows a comprisal of a mobile station 2 carrying out a handover according to the first example. In the example shown by Fig. 13, a comprisal of a three by three (3 x 3) antennas is shown as an example of a wireless telecommunication system of m by n (m x n) antennas (where m and n are integer).

[0037] The mobile station 2 shown by Fig. 13 includes a plurality of antennas Rx (Rx1, Rx2 and Rx3), a plurality of receiver units 21 (21A, 21B and 21C), a signal separation synthesis unit 24, a decode process unit 25, a stream received power measurement unit 22, a handover judgment unit 23 and a transmission unit 26.

[0038] The plurality of receiver units 21 are interfaces for processing signals received by way of the respective antennas Rx. The signal separation synthesis unit 24 reproduces a plurality of data streams from signals received from the base transmission station 3 by way of the receiving units 21 to provide them to the decode process unit 25 and the stream received power measurement unit 22. In this event, only a pilot signal may be transmitted to the stream received power measurement unit 22. The decode process unit 25 decodes the reproduced data streams. The stream received power measurement unit 22 measures a received power of the each stream (i.e., a pilot signal specifically) reproduced by the signal separation synthesis unit 24. In this event, the stream received power measurement unit 22 measures a received power of the each stream received from the currently connected base transmission station and that of each stream from other base transmission stations positioned in the surrounding area of the mobile station 2. The handover judgment unit 23 judges a necessity of a handover based on the measurement result of the stream received power measurement unit 22. The transmission unit 26 is an interface for transmitting a message such as a handover request by way of the antenna Tx0 in the present embodiment.

[0039] In the conventional wireless telecommunication system, a sum of the received power of a plurality of streams (that is, the total received power) is measured for each base transmission station, and a necessity of a handover has been judged according to the total received power as described by referring to Figs. 2A through 6. Comparably, in the wireless telecommunication system 1 according to the present embodiment, the received power is measured for each stream and a necessity of a handover is judged according to the result.

[0040] Fig. 14 illustrates a transmission and reception of a data stream according to the present example. Under the control of the wireless telecommunication system 1, the mobile station 2 receives a data stream from a plurality of base transmission stations 3, that is, from two base transmission stations BTS3a and BTS3b in the system comprisal shown by Fig. 13. In an m by n (m x n) wireless telecommunication system, the base transmission station 3, i.e., the transmitter side apparatus for data, divides data to be transmitted and transmits a data stream by way of the m-number of antennas. The mobile station 2, i.e., the receiving side apparatus for data, comprises the n-number of antennas and receives the data stream by way thereof. A channel response matrix used for separating a received signal received from the base transmission station BTS3a at the mobile station 2 into each data stream is as follows:



[0041] The signal separation synthesis unit 24 separates, by using the matrix shown by the expression (1) the data stream received via the base transmission station BTS3a. The separated signal is provided to the decode process unit 25 to obtain a decoded signal.

[0042] Note here that the mobile station 2 is configured to determine a channel response matrix between the base transmission station BTS3a and mobile station 2 in advance by utilizing a pilot signal transmitted from the base transmission station BTS3a. And that the mobile station 2 is also configured to determine a channel response matrix between a base transmission station in the surrounding area (i.e., BTS3b herein) and mobile station 2 by using a pilot signal transmitted from the base transmission station BTS3b. The channel response matrix between the base transmission station BTS3b and mobile station 2 is shown by the expression (2):



[0043] Here, the assumption is that a received power of the stream transmitted from an antenna A2 of the base transmission station BTS3a is exceeded by that of the stream transmitted from an antenna 2 of the base transmission station BTS3b, resulting in the carrying out of a handover according to the present invention as shown by Fig. 12. In this case, the channel response matrix used for separating into each stream, a signal received from the base transmission stations BTS3a and BTS3b at the mobile station 2 is expressed by:



[0044] In the above expression (3), the matrix elements b21, b22 through b2m in the second column express a propagation characteristic between the second antenna of the base transmission station BTS3b and mobile station 2.

[0045] Thus, replacement of the element, with that of the channel response matrix of a target base transmission station, of the channel response matrix relating to a data stream to be changed over carries out a handover for each data stream according to the present invention.

[0046] Fig. 15 shows a comprisal of a base transmission station 3 carrying out a handover method according to the first embodiment, showing a configuration of three by three (3 x 3) antennas as in the case of Fig. 13.

[0047] The base transmission station 3 shown by Fig. 15 comprises a transmission data unit 33, an S/P unit 34, a pilot generation unit 35, a plurality of transmission units 36 (i.e., 36A, 36B and 36C), a plurality of antennas Tx (i.e., Tx1, Tx2 and Tx3), a receiving unit 37, a control signal decode unit 31 and a stream selection unit 32.

[0048] The transmission data unit 33 includes a memory for accumulating data to be transmitted to the mobile station 2, which is received from an upper level control station (i.e., the RNC in the HSDPA system). The S/P unit 34 parallelizes a serial signal received from the upper level control station to provide it to each of the transmission units 36. The pilot generation unit 35 generates a pilot signal corresponding to each stream. The plurality of transmission units 36, i.e., 36A, 36B and 36C in the example of Fig. 15, are interfaces for transmitting pilot signals and data by way of the antennas Tx1, Tx2 and Tx3, respectively. The receiving unit 37 is an interface for receiving a handover request from the mobile station 2, et cetera, shown by Fig. 13 by way of the antenna Rx0. The control signal decode unit 31 decodes a control signal given by the receiving unit 37. The stream selection unit 32 selects a data stream to be changed over based on the decoded control signal and controls the S/P unit 34 and the pilot generation unit 35.

[0049] Let it be defined for the following description that the base transmission station currently connected to the mobile station 2 is the BTS3a and those base transmission stations positioned in the surrounding area of the mobile station 2, other than the BTS3a, are BTS3b, BTS3c through BTS3n. The stream received power measurement unit 22 comprised by the mobile station 2 measures the received power Pbts3a, Pbts3b through Pbts3n of the respective data streams transmitted from the base transmission station 3. The handover judgment unit 23 compares the values of the received power Pbts3a, Pbts3b through Pbts3n for each data stream, thereby judging a necessity of a handover. Note that a receivedpower to be measured is defined as a received power which is measured based on a pilot signal.

[0050] Fig. 16 illustrates a handover method according to the first embodiment. As shown by Fig. 16(a), all of three data streams, i.e., st1, st2 and st3, are transmitted from the BTS3a to the mobile station 2 prior to a handover. Among the three data streams, if the received power from the BTS3a is exceeded by that from the BTS3b for the data stream st2, resulting in a judgment for carrying out a handover to the BTS3b therefor, then the path for the data stream st2 is changed over. As shown by Fig. 16(b), the remaining two data streams, i.e., st1 and st3, are maintained for transmission from the BTS3a to the mobile station 2.

[0051] Fig. 17 is a flow chart of the processing for judging a necessity of handover. The processing shown by Fig. 17 is carried out only at the time when the mobile station 2 configured as shown by Fig. 13 receives a pilot signal transmitted from the base transmission station 3 at a predetermined time interval.

[0052] First, the step S1 sets a data stream stk as the subject of judging a necessity of a handover, setting any one of the data streams st1, st2 or st3 in this step according to the present embodiment. The step S2 measures the received power Pbts3a_stk of a data stream stk received from the currently connected base transmission station BTS3a. The step S3 measures the received powers Pbts3b_stk, Pbts3c_stk through Pbts3n_stk of the data stream stk relating to the nearby base transmission stations BTS3b, BTS3c through BTS3n. The step S4 calculates the maximum received power Pbts3h_stk from among the received power of the data stream stk calculated in the step S3.

[0053] The step S5 compares the Pbts3a_stk from the currently connected base transmission station BTS3a with the maximum received power Pbts3h_stk calculated in the step S4. If the maximum received power Pbts3h_stk is larger than the received power Pbts3a_stk, the step S6 judges that there is a necessity of carrying out a handover, thus ending the processing. Conversely, if the maximum received power Pbts3h_stk is at the Pbts3a_stk or less, then the step S7 judges that there is no necessity of carrying out a handover, thus ending the processing. As for a data stream stk for which the processing of the step S5 judges that there is a necessity of a handover, then it is carried out so as to transmit to the mobile station 2 via the base transmission station BTS3b with the maximum received power.

[0054] The processing shown by Fig. 17 is carried out for each of all the simultaneously transmitted data streams, that is, each of the three data streams st1, st2 and st3 according to the present embodiment, and thereby the optimal base transmission station (i.e., being defined as BTS3i) is determined for transmitting each data stream. Once it is decided to carry out a handover for a certain data stream, a handover control unit for controlling a handover at the RNC, et cetera, determines a target base transmission station BTS3i, transmits the data transmitted from an upper level station thereto and stops transmitting the data to the current base transmission station BTS3a.

[0055] Note that the present example comprises the handover judgment unit 23 in the mobile station 2 as shown by Fig. 13, but that the mobile station 2 is not the only unit capable of judging a necessity of a handover. The RNC or the base transmission station 3 may judge it based on a measurement result of a received power for each data stream in the mobile station 2. The following describes cases exemplifying the RNC and the mobile station 2 judging a necessity of a handover to describe the control processes for both cases in detail.

[0056] Fig. 18 is a control sequence chart of a handover judgment processing in the case of the mobile station 2 judging a necessity of a handover. The processing shown by Fig. 18 is only carried out at the time when the mobile station 2 receives a pilot signal, transmitted from the base transmission station at a predetermined time interval.

[0057] First in the mobile station 2, a received power is measured for each data stream. The measured received power for each data stream is compared for judging a necessity of a handover. The measurement of a received power for each data stream and the judgment for a necessity of a handover based on the result of the measurement are the same as was described in reference to Fig. 17. Here, if the judgment is to carry out a handover, the mobile station 2 transmits a handover carry-out notification message to the RNC, followed by transmitting handover information to the RNC. Here, the handover information is information about a stream number, a target base transmission station, et cetera, for example, indicating which data stream is to be changed over to which base transmission station.

[0058] Having received the handover carry-out notification and the handover information, the RNC transmits the handover information to the mobile station 2. Here, the handover information transmitted from the RNC to the mobile station 2 includes a stream number, target base transmission station information, current base transmission station information, handover timing information, et cetera, for example. Furthermore, the RNC determines and controls a trigger for carrying out a handover. The RNC notifies the target base transmission station BTS3i, current base transmission station BTS3a and mobile station 2 of the handover timing determined by the RNC. The handover is carried out according to the handover timing notification from the RNC.

[0059] A handover start control processing is performed between the RNC and the base transmission station, and the path of the data stream is changed over. In the handover processing, messages such as "line setup", "line connection", "line disconnection", et cetera, are transmitted as notifications to the target base transmission station BTS3i and the current base transmission station BTS3a. When completing the handover, the mobile station 2 transmits a handover complete control message to the target base transmission station, and the base transmission station, having received the message, transmits a handover complete control message and ends the processing.

[0060] The handover information transmitted from the RNC to the mobile station 2 in the sequence shown by Fig. 18 enables each telecommunication apparatus to recognize information about a data stream or a base transmission station to carry out a handover. The following description is of information transmitted from the RNC to a base transmission station 3 and mobile station 2 which are under the RNC referring to Fig. 19, and Figs. 20A through 20D.

[0061] Fig. 19 exemplifies a data structure of handover information transmitted as a notification by the RNC to a lower level apparatus; and Fig. 20A through 20D is a definite example of handover information. The handover information shown by Fig. 19 includes handover (HO) carry-out information for each data stream, target base transmission station information, current base transmission station information and handover timing information (i.e., handover carry-out time information).

[0062] The handover (HO) carry-out information for example indicates a data stream to be changed over among a plurality of simultaneously transmitted data streams, or a necessity of a changeover for each data stream. Fig. 20A is an actual example of handover carry-out information, storing data indicating a necessity of carrying out a handover for each of a plurality of data streams, i.e., six data streams herein.

[0063] According to the "example 1" of Fig. 20A, the data streams to be changed over are the stream numbers "1", "3", "5" and "6" among the six data streams. According to "example 2" of Fig. 20A, the data stream to be changed over is "3" only. This information can be coded by "1" for data streams to be changed over and "0" for those not to be changed over as exemplified by Fig. 20A, and stored in a predetermined area of Fig. 19 as handover carry-out information. Alternatively, a stream number of a data stream to be changed over may be stored in a predetermined area of Fig. 19 as handover information for example.

[0064] The target station information indicates a base transmission station 3 which becomes the connecting station for the mobile station 2 after carrying out a handover. Fig. 20B is an actual example of target station information. The "example 1" of Fig. 20B shows that the stream numbers 1, 3, 5 and 6 are changed to the base transmission stations with the station numbers "120", "121", "120" and "121", respectively. Incidentally, the example 1 shows that the stream numbers 2 and 4 store zero ("0") as the station numbers, indicating that no handover will be carried out. Likewise for the example 2, the data stream with the stream number 3 is changed over to the base transmission station 3 with the base transmission station number "23", while other data streams store zero ("0"), hence carrying out no handover.

[0065] The current station information indicates the base transmission station 3 to which the mobile station 2 is connected prior to carrying out a handover. Fig. 20C is an actual example of current station information. As shown by Fig. 20C, if a number other than zero ("0") is stored as the number for a current base transmission station corresponding to a stream number, the base transmission station number of the base transmission station to which the mobile station 2 is connected prior to carrying out a handover is indicated. If zero ("0") is stored, it indicates that a handover is not carried out for the data stream of the corresponding stream number. In the example 1, the data shown by Fig. 20C indicate that all four data streams for which a handover processing are about to be carried out are connected to the base transmission station with the base transmission station number "1". Likewise in the example 2, the data shown by Fig. 20C indicate that the number 3 data stream for which a handover is about to be carried out is connected to the base transmission station with the base transmission station number "1".

[0066] The handover timing information stores an absolute time, a relative time or a value in the unit of frames. Fig. 20D is an actual example of handover timing information. The handover timing information shown by Fig. 20D indicates how many frames after a notification of handover information the handover is to be started. A value of zero ("0") stored for the data stream indicates that no handover is to be carried out. In the example 1 of Fig. 20D, handover is started at 20, 20, 18 and 22 frames, respectively, for the data streams with the numbers 1, 3, 5 and 6, respectively which are changed over by handovers. Likewise in the example 2, a handover is started at ten frames for the number 3 data stream.

[0067] Note that the handover carry-out information is not limited to the above described structure shown by Fig. 19, but can be achieved by any structure compiling the above described various pieces of information for each data stream for example. Or handover carry-out information relating only to a data stream for which a handover is to be carried out may be indicated, while information relating to a data stream for which a handover is not to be carried out may be omitted.

[0068] After paths are changed over for a predetermined data stream based on the handover carry-out information, the buffer of the base transmission station (i.e., BTS3a in the above described example), that is, the transmission data unit 33 shown by Fig. 15 is left with un-transmitted data of the changed over data stream stk. According to the handover method according to the present example, the un-transmitted data is transmitted by another data stream. That is, handovers are not carried out for all the data streams at once in the handover method according to the present embodiment, by using a data stream for which a handover is not carried out it is possible to transmit data until the data accumulated in the transmission data unit 33 at the current base transmission station BTS3a is transmitted.

[0069] Fig. 21 is a flow chart of transmission processing for accumulated data in a current base transmission station. The processing shown by Fig. 21 is carried out if the step S6 of the process of judging a necessity of a handover shown by Fig. 17 judges that "there is a necessity of carrying out a handover".

[0070] First, as the processing is started, the step S11 judges whether or not a h'andover is judged to be necessary for each data stream, and the step S12 calculates the number of data streams (i.e., ST_rest) for which no handover has been judged to be necessary. The step S13 judges whether or not there is a data stream (i.e., ST_rest> 0) for which a data transmission continues from the current base transmission station after carrying out a handover.

[0071] If there is no continuation of a data transmission from the current base transmission station after carrying out a handover, that is, if a handover is carried out for all the data streams, the step proceeds to S14 to perform a handover for each data stream. The accumulated data are transmitted to the mobile station 2 while the handovers are carried out for data streams sequentially one after another. Note that the processing of the step S14 may be executed after all the accumulated data in the base transmission station have been transmitted.

[0072] If a data transmission continues from the current base transmission station after carrying out a handover, that is, a data stream for which a handover is not carried out exists, the processing proceeds to the step S15 and calculates a data amount (i.e., Mdata) accumulated in the transmission data unit 33 of the base transmission station. The step S16 judges whether or not an accumulated data amount exists (i.e., is Mdata > 0?).

[0073] If an accumulated data does not exist in the base transmission station, the process proceeds to the step S17 to carry out a handover for the rest of the data streams. If an accumulated data exists, the process proceeds to the step S18 to transmit until the accumulated data in the current base transmission station BTS3a is completely transmitted by using a data stream for which a handover is not carried out.

[0074] Incidentally relating to a sequence of handover in the step S14, for example, carrying out a handover in order of data stream received power from the connecting base transmission station, being of relatively low power, allows a data transmission to be performed securely, thereby making it possible to prevent the overall transmission speed from decreasing.

[0075] Fig. 22 illustrates a state of accumulated data at the base transmission station after carrying out a handover according to the present embodiment. Data (i.e., data A), which has been transmitted from the RNC to the base transmission station BTS3a prior to carrying out the handover and is yet to be transmitted to the mobile station 2, is still accumulated in the buffer of the base transmission station BTS3a at the time of carrying out the handover. The handover method according to the present example makes it possible to transmit the un-transmitted data A to the mobile station 2 by using an antenna with which a handover has not been carried out of the base transmission station BTS3a by the processing shown by Fig. 21, even if the path for a data stream is changed over to being via the base transmission station BTS3b. Incidentally, the data B, which is transmitted from the RNC to the base transmission station BTS3b at the time of changing over the path as a result of the handover, is transmitted from the base transmission station BTS3b to the mobile station 2.

[0076] When the data accumulated in the transmission data unit 33 of the base transmission station BTS3a is all transmitted to the mobile station 2, the RNC cancels the connection with the base transmission station BTS3a. Likewise in the target base transmission station BTS3i, a handover is carried out based on the received power for each data stream according to the present example.

[0077] The above described handover method is configured so that the RNC notifies all the target base transmission station BTS3i, current base transmission station BTS3a and mobile station 2 of the handover carry-out information as shown by Fig. 19, but is not limited as such. Meanwhile, the above described number of data streams, the base transmission station number, et cetera, for which a handover is carried out, are only examples and there is no intention to set an upper limit, et cetera. For example, a handover may be carried out for a target base transmission station selected for each of every data stream or for a specific data stream. Alternatively, a priority may be assigned according to a telecommunication environment for example, such as carrying out a handover first for a specific data stream. The same consideration also applies to the below described examples.

[0078] As for the sequence of data streams for which handover is to be carried out, it is possible to carry out all at once for all the data streams which are judged as the subject of handovers, or for each data stream sequentially one by one. In the case of carrying out a handover per data stream, it is possible to compare a received power from each target base transmission station for each data stream and carry out a handover in a sequence of the data stream with the lowest received power first, which makes it possible to transmit each data stream securely. Alternatively, it is possible to carry out a handover in a sequence of the data stream with the highest received power first.

[0079] Fig. 23 is a control sequence chart of a handover judgment processing in the case of the RNC judging a necessity of a handover. The description is focused on a different point compared to the case of the RNC judging a necessity of a handover, as already described in reference to Fig. 18.

[0080] Having measured a received power of each data stream, the mobile station 2 reports the measurement result by including it in a measurement result message to the RNC. The measurement result message includes a stream number, a transmitting base transmission station, received powers, et cetera, for example.

[0081] Having received the measurement result notification, the RNC judges a necessity of a handover for each data stream based on the information included therein as in the case of the mobile station 2 judging it based on the received power as shown by Fig. 18. For the data stream judged as a handover being necessary in the aforementioned judgment, a notification of handover information is transmitted to the target base transmission station, the current base transmission station and the mobile station 2, and then a handover processing is carried out in the same way as the previously described method in the ensuing process.

[0082] The handover judgment processing carried out by the mobile station 2 and the RNC, respectively, in the process shown by Figs. 18 and 23, may be performed by a base transmission station 3. If the base transmission station 3 judges a necessity of a handover, the sequence thereof is for it to receive information including a received power for each data stream measured at the mobile station 2 therefrom. As the base transmission station 3 judges a necessity of a handover based on the received information, thus judging a handover being necessary, the handover control information shown by Figs. 19 and 20A through 20D is transmitted as a notification to the RNC, the mobile station 2 and the target base transmission station. Then a handover per data stream is carried out based on the notified handover control information.

[0083] Note that the above description utilizes a received power for judging a necessity of a handover, but it is not limited as such. For example, a received field intensity or a received quality such as SIR (i.e., a signal to interference power ratio) may be used instead. The following description also utilizes a received power for judging a necessity of a handover, but it is also possible to carry out the same handover by using a received field intensity or a received quality.

[0084] The above described example exemplifies a transmission from the base transmission station 3 to the mobile station 2, but it is not limited as such. For example, it is possible to apply the above described handover method to a transmission from a mobile station 2 to a base transmission station 3, or that between mobile stations 2. Note that the following description is the same in terms of not being limited to the transmission from the base transmission station 3 to the mobile station 2.

<Second Example>



[0085] Fig. 24 shows a comprisal of the mobile station 2 carrying out a handover according to the second embodiment. The description is of a different point as compared to the comprisal of the mobile station 2 according to the first embodiment shown by Fig. 13. Note that the base transmission station 3 for carrying out a handover according to the present embodiment is the same as that of the base transmission station according to the first embodiment as shown by Fig. 15, and therefore a description thereof is omitted here.

[0086] The mobile station 2 according to the second example shown by Fig. 24 differs from the mobile station 2 according to the first embodiment where the former comprises received power measurement units 27 (27A, 27B and 27C) for measuring a received power of a received pilot signal received by way of each antenna Rx. The received power measurement units 27A, 27B and 27C measure the received powers of signals received by way of respective antennas and provide the measurement results to the handover judgment unit 23 which then calculates a sum of the received power (a total received power) provided by each received power measurement unit 27 and determines a target base transmission station. The process of determining which data stream to carry out a handover for among a plurality thereof is decided based on the measurement result of the stream received power measurement unit 22, which is the same as the first embodiment.

[0087] Fig. 25 is a flow chart of a handover processing according to the present embodiment. The processing shown by Fig. 25 is carried out every time the mobile station 2 receives a pilot signal, transmitted from the base transmission station 3 at a predetermined time interval. The following description is of a handover method according to the present example referring to Fig. 25.

[0088] First, the step S21 is for the received power measurement unit 27 to measure a total received power from the currently connected base transmission station BTS3a and the nearby base transmission stations BTS3b through BTS3n. The step S22 is to determine a base transmission station BTS3h with the maximum received power by comparing the values of each total received power. The step S23 is to compare the total received power Pbts3h from the base transmission station BTS3h with the total received power Pbts3a from the currently connected base transmission station BTS3a and, if the Pbts3h is larger than Pbts3a, the judgment is that it is necessary to carry out a handover.

[0089] In the step S24, the stream received power measurement unit 22 measures a received power for each data stream from the currently connected base transmission station BTS3a and the base transmission station BTS3h which is judged as the target station in the step S23. The step S25 is to compare the received power from the base transmission station BTS3a with that from the base transmission station BTS3h for each data stream; and, if the received power from the base transmission station BTS3h is the largest, then the step S26 is to judge that a handover for the data stream is necessary. The step 27 is to report the handover control information relating to the base transmission station BTS3h and data stream to the RNC via the base transmission station BTS3a, and the step S28 is to carry out a handover based on the report to end the processing.

[0090] In the steps S25 and S26, the process of selecting a data stream to have a handover carried out by comparing the received power is the same as a series of processes according to the first example as shown by Fig. 17. The difference lies in that a target base transmission station that is common to a data stream, for which a handover is carried out, is judged based on the value of the total received power.

[0091] As described above, according to the present example, a handover is carried out for a data stream for which a handover is necessary and for a base transmission station with a larger received power than the currently connected base transmission station. The benefit is that a handover is carried out to the common base transmission station for each data stream instead of carrying out a handover to a different base transmission station therefor, in addition to the benefit of the handover method according to the above described example. That is, there is no possibility of connections between three or more base transmission stations and a mobile station at the time of a handover per stream, and therefore an improved efficiency of data transmission can be expected.

<Third Example>



[0092] A handover method according to this embodiment is the same as in the case of the second example where the path for a data stream to carry out a handover is switched to a common target base transmission station, while the difference from the second embodiment is that a target station is determined based on statistical data of the optimal target base transmission station for each data stream. Since the comprisals of the mobile station 2 and base transmission station 3 according to the present example are the same as in the case of the first example, descriptions of them are omitted in the following description of a handover method according to the present example.

[0093] Fig. 26 is a flow chart of a handover processing according to the third example. The processing shown by Fig. 26 is executed at the time of receiving a pilot signal from the base transmission station 3 as in the case of the processes shown by Figs. 17 and 25. Note that the flow chart shown by Fig. 26 is for the case of the number of simultaneously transmitted data streams being "m".

[0094] First, the step S31 is to initialize, to zero ("0"), a stream number k for identifying each data stream. The step S32 is to increment the stream number k and the step S33 is to measure a received power Pbts3a_stk of the data stream by the stream number k from the currently connected base transmission station BTS3a. The step S34 is to measure the received powers Pbts3b_stk through Pbts3n_stk of the data stream with the stream number k from the nearby base transmission stations BTS3b through BTS3n, and the step S35 is to calculate the maximum received power Pbts3h_stk among the Pbts3a_stk through Pbts3n_stk.

[0095] The step S36 is to compare the maximum received power Pbts3h_stk with the received power Pbts3a_stk from the currently connected base transmission station BTS3a. If the value of the received power Pbts3a_stk exceeds that of the maximum received power Pbts3h_stk, the process proceeds to the step S37 judging that no handover is necessary for the data stream and in the step S38 storing the currently connected base transmission station "BTS3a" as the selected target base transmission station. Having stored it, the process proceeds to the step S41. Here, the selected target base transmission station means a candidate base transmission station for a common target base transmission station for the data stream at the time of carrying out a handover.

[0096] If the maximum received power Pbts3h_stk exceeds the received power Pbts3a_stk from the currently connected BTS3a, then the process proceeds from the step S36 to the step S39, judging that a handover is necessary. The step S40 is to store the base transmission station "BTS3h" with the maximum received power as the selected target base transmission station, and the process proceeds to the step S41.

[0097] The step S41 is to judge whether or not the processes in the steps S33 through the step S38, or through the step S40 are completed for all the data streams and repeat the processes in the step S32 and thereafter until the processes for the data stream with the stream number k is equal to m (k=m).

[0098] Fig. 27A exemplifies a selected target base transmission station stored in the steps S38 and S40. The table stores a base transmission station with the maximum received power, as the selected base transmission station, for each data stream correlated therewith.

[0099] The step S42 is to determine a target base transmission station by referring to the selected target base transmission station for each data stream. The present example is configured to determine the most selected base transmission station as the target base transmission station. For example, the data table shown by Fig. 27A indicates that the base transmission station BTS3b is stored as the most "selected base transmission station", and therefore the base transmission station BTS3b is selected as the target base transmission station.

[0100] The processes in the steps S43 and S44 correspond to, and are the same as, those in the steps S27 and S28 shown by Fig. 25, and therefore descriptions thereof are omitted herein. Fig. 27B exemplifies a received power from the base transmission station determined in the previous step as the target base transmission station for each stream. The step S44 is enabled to carry out a handover in the sequence of the data stream with the highest, or the lowest, received power from among the received powers from those base transmission stations for which handovers are to be actually carried out as shown by Fig. 27B.

[0101] According to the present example as described above, a common target base transmission station is selected instead of the different target base transmission stations for each of the data streams, with the each target base transmission station being selected based on the received power of each data stream. That is, a handover is carried out to the common target base transmission station according to the state of a data stream therefor to be handed over to.

[0102] Incidentally, as to which data stream to carry out a handover for from among those data streams for which a handover is judged to be necessary, the data stream with the highest received power, or the lowest, may be given priority for example. In another method, subtracting the received power Pbts3a_stk, of the currently connected base transmission station, from the received power Pbts3x_stk of a adjacent base transmission station BTS3x, and determining the sequence of carrying out a handover based on the difference of the received powers Pdiff_stk = Pbts3x_stk - Pbts3a_stk may be possible.

<Fourth Example>



[0103] A handover method according to this example differs from the above described example in that the former sets a threshold value for each data stream in advance and judges a handover is necessary when the difference of a received power from the currently connected base transmission station and that from a adjacent base transmission station exceeds the threshold value.

[0104] Fig. 28 is a flow chart of a handover processing according to the fourth example. The above described threshold set for judging a handover is defined as Pth. The timing for starting the processing shown by Fig. 28 is at the time of receiving a pilot signal as with the processes shown by Figs. 17, 25 and 26. The processes in the steps S51 through S55 and S56 correspond to the steps S1 through S5 and S7 shown by Fig. 17, carrying out the same processes, respectively, and therefore descriptions thereof are omitted herein.

[0105] The step S57 is to calculate the difference Pdiff_stk between received powers as noted in the description of the third example. The step S58 is to compare the size of the difference Pdiff_stk and the threshold value Pth. If the threshold value Pth is exceeded by the difference Pdiff_stk, the process proceeds to the step S59, judging that a handover is necessary, while if the difference Pdiff_stk is at the threshold value Pth or less, then the process proceeds to the step S56, judging that a handover is not necessary, followed by ending the processing.

[0106] According to the handover method of the present example, a handover is judged as being un-necessary until the difference between the received power from the currently connected base transmission station and the received powers from the adjacent base transmission stations exceeds a predetermined magnitude. This makes it possible to prevent handovers from being carried out excessively frequently, in addition to the benefit of the handover according to the above described examples.

[0107] Note that the above described example assumes a common threshold value being set, but the same benefit is obtained as the handover method according to the present example if a different threshold value Pth (k) is set for each stream.

<Fifth Example> : corresponds to the embodiment.



[0108] 

<Sixth Example>



[0109] This example changes over the method for a data transmission from a MIMO transmission to a diversity transmission according to a telecommunication environment, et cetera.

[0110] Fig. 30 is a conceptual diagram of a system configuration according to the sixth embodiment. The area A is a cell area relatively close to the base transmission station 3, while the area B is a cell area relatively far from a base transmission station. If the mobile station 2 is in the area A, a received power therein is large, thus good telecommunication quality is anticipated. With the mobile station 2 moving to the area B, the received power at the mobile station 2 decreases, hence a decreased telecommunication quality is anticipated. The present example is configured to change over from a data telecommunication by the MIMO to that by a diversity transmission per stream one after another based on the received powers, et cetera, for example, in an environment where a decreased telecommunication quality is anticipated.

[0111] Fig. 31 is a flow chart of a transmission method changeover processing according to the present example. The processing shown by Fig. 31 is started at the timing of the mobile station 2 receiving a pilot signal from the base transmission station 3 as in the case of the above described examples.

[0112] First, the step S61 is to measure a received power from the currently connected base transmission station (BTS3a), which measures a total (defining Pbts3a) of the power received by each antenna of the mobile station 2. The next step S62 is to compare a predetermined threshold Pbts3a_th which is set for the base transmission station BTS3a with the received power Pbts3a. If the received power Pbts3a is the same as, or greater than, the threshold value Pbts3a_th, the process proceeds to the step S63 and continues the telecommunication by the MIMO, ending the processing. If the received power Pbts3a is smaller than the threshold value Pbts3a_th, the process proceeds to the step S64 and initialize the stream number k to zero ("0"), followed by proceeding to the step S65. The processes in the steps S65 through S67 are repeated until the received powers Pbts3a_stk from the currently connected base transmission station BTS3a for the data stream with the stream number k are measured for all data streams. Fig. 31 exemplifies the case of the m-number of data streams.

[0113] The step S68 is to compare the received powers of data streams, thereby selecting a data stream to be changed from the MIMO telecommunication over to the diversity transmission; and the step S69 is to change the selected data stream to the telecommunication by the diversity transmission, followed by ending the processing.

[0114] Note that the above described example judges which of the MIMO or diversity transmission to select for a transmission based on the magnitude of the received power, however the configuration is not limited as such. For example, the judgment may be made in consideration of both the received power and a reception quality such as SIR.

[0115] Also, in the step S62 the judgment of whether or not the transmission method for the data stream is to be changed from the transmission by the MIMO to that of the diversity transmission is based on the measurement of a received power independent of a stream, but the configuration is not limited as such. For example, a threshold value Pth (k) may be prepared for a data stream with the stream number k and the judgment may be made based on a magnitude relationship with a received power Pbts3a_stk corresponding to the threshold Pth (k).

[0116] As described above, the present example makes it possible to transmit a data stream by a telecommunication method according to the telecommunication environment even in the case of a reduced received power occurring, hence contributing to maintaining a telecommunication quality.


Claims

1. A wireless telecommunication system (1) for transmitting a plurality of streams from a transmission apparatus (3) comprising a plurality of antennas to a receiving apparatus (2), comprising:

a transmission unit (36), being equipped in the transmission apparatus (3), for transmitting a plurality of streams; and

a receiving unit (21), being equipped in the receiving apparatus (2), for receiving each stream transmitted from the transmission unit; characterised by further comprising

a measurement unit (22) for measuring respectively a reception quality or a received power from the transmission unit (36) relating to each stream; and

a handover judgement unit (23) for judging whether a handover is necessary for each stream based on a measurement result by the measurement unit; wherein

when a handover on a single stream is judged to be necessary, a changeover unit changes from a state of each transmission antenna transmitting a mutually different stream to a state of transmitting by diversity transmission one of the plurality of streams, for which the handover is not carried out, by using an antenna which has become unused as a result of the handover.


 
2. A wireless telecommunication system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the changeover unit is operable to change between the state of each transmission antenna (Tx1, Tx2, Tx3) transmitting a mutually different stream (st1, st2, st3) for each of the streams, to a state where one of the streams (st2) is changed-over to be transmitted from an adjacent transmission apparatus and wherein one of the streams (st1) which is not changed-over is transmitted by the diversity transmission by using the transmission antenna (Tx2) previously used for the one of the streams (st2) which has been changed-over.
 
3. A wireless telecommunication system according to claim 1, wherein
the receiving apparatus (2) further includes a transmission unit (26) and the transmission apparatus further includes a receiving unit (37); and wherein
the receiving apparatus is operable to transmit, through its transmission unit (26), a hand-over notification message and hand-over information to the receiving unit (37) of the transmission apparatus, the hand-over information indicating a stream which is to be changed over to another transmission apparatus in accordance with the reception quality or received power measured by the measurement unit (22); and
the transmission apparatus is operable to transmit, through its transmission unit (36), the hand-over information to the receiving unit (21) of the receiving apparatus.
 
4. A receiver (2) for receiving a plurality of data streams, comprising:

a receiving unit (21) for receiving a plurality of streams transmitted from first and second transmitters; characterised by further comprising

a measurement unit (22) for respectively measuring a reception quality or received power from the transmitter relating to each stream;

a handover judgement unit (23) for judging whether a handover is necessary for each stream based on a measurement result by the measurement unit; and

a signal reproduction unit for reproducing a signal from one or more streams transmitted from the first transmitter and one or more streams transmitted from the second transmitter if it is judged as necessary to carry out a handover to the second transmitter for a part of streams among a plurality thereof transmitted from the first transmitter, wherein one of the streams for which the handover is not carried out is transmitted from the first transmitter by diversity transmission by using an antenna which has become unused as a result of the handover.


 


Ansprüche

1. Drahtloses Telekommunikationssystem (1) zum Senden mehrerer Streams von einer Sendeeinrichtung (3), aufweisend mehrere Antennen, an eine Empfangseinrichtung (2), aufweisend:

eine Sendevorrichtung (36), die in der Sendeeinrichtung (3) zum Senden mehrerer Streams eingerichtet ist; und

eine Empfangsvorrichtung (21), die in der Empfangseinrichtung (2) zum Empfangen jedes von der Sendevorrichtung gesendeten Streams eingerichtet ist; dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sie ferner folgendes aufweist:

eine Messvorrichtung (22) zum Messen einer Empfangsqualität beziehungsweise einer empfangenen Leistung von der Sendevorrichtung (36) bezogen auf jeden Stream; und

eine Weiterreichbeurteilungsvorrichtung (23) zum Beurteilen auf Basis eines Messergebnisses von der Messvorrichtung, ob ein Weiterreichen notwendig ist; wobei,

wenn ein Weiterreichen bei einem einzelnen Stream als notwendig beurteilt wird, eine Weiterreichvorrichtung von einem Status jeder Antenne, die einen gegenseitig unterschiedlichen Stream sendet, zu einem Status von Senden durch ein Diversitätssenden eines der mehreren Streams, für den ein Weiterreichen nicht ausgeführt wird, durch Anwenden einer Antenne, die als Resultat des Weiterreichens unbenutzt geworden ist, wechselt.


 
2. Drahtloses Telekommunikationssystem nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Wechselvorrichtung operabel ist für ein Wechseln des Status jeder Sendeantenne (Txl, Tx2, Tx3), die einen gegenseitig verschiedenen Stream (st1, st2, st3) sendet, zu einem Status, wenn einer der Streams (st2) übergewechselt wird, um von einer angrenzenden Sendeeinrichtung gesendet zu werden, und wobei einer der Streams (st1), der nicht übergewechselt wird, durch das Diversitätssenden durch Anwenden der vorher für den einen der Streams (st2) benutzten Sendeantenne (Tx2), der übergewechselt worden ist, gesendet wird.
 
3. Drahtloses Telekommunikationssystem nach Anspruch 1, wobei
die Empfangseinrichtung (2) ferner eine Sendevorrichtung (26) und die Sendeeinrichtung ferner eine Empfangsvorrichtung (37) aufweist; und wobei
die Empfangseinrichtung operabel ist für ein Senden, durch ihre Sendevorrichtung (26), einer Weiterreichbenachrichtigungsmitteilung und einer Weiterreichinformation an die Empfangsvorrichtung (37) der Sendeeinrichtung, der Weiterreichinformation, die in Übereinstimmung mit der von der Messvorrichtung (22) gemessenen Empfangsqualität oder empfangenen Leistung einen auf eine andere Sendeeinrichtung überzuwechselnden Stream angibt; und
die Sendeeinrichtung operabel ist für ein Senden, durch ihre Sendevorrichtung (36), der Weiterreichinformation an die Empfangsvorrichtung (21) der Empfangseinrichtung.
 
4. Empfänger (2) zum Empfangen mehrerer Datenstreams, aufweisend:

eine Empfangseinrichtung (21) zum Empfangen mehrerer von ersten und zweiten Sendern gesendeten Streams; dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass er ferner folgendes aufweist

eine Messvorrichtung (22) zum Messen einer Empfangsqualität beziehungsweise einer empfangenen Leistung von der Sendevorrichtung bezogen auf jeden Stream;

eine Weiterreichbeurteilungsvorrichtung (23) zum Beurteilen auf Basis eines Messergebnisses von der Messvorrichtung, ob ein Weiterreichen notwendig ist; und

eine Signalreproduktionsvorrichtung zur Reproduktion eines Signals von einem oder mehreren vom ersten Sender gesendeten Streams und einem oder mehreren vom zweiten Sender gesendeten Streams, wenn für einen Teil von Streams unter mehreren davon, die vom ersten Sender gesendet worden sind, als notwendig beurteilt wird, ein Weiterreichen an den zweiten Sender durchzuführen, wobei einer der Streams, für den ein Weiterreichen nicht durchgeführt wird, vom ersten Sender durch Diversitätssenden unter Anwenden einer Antenne, die als Resultat des Weiterreichens unbenutzt geworden ist, gesendet wird.


 


Revendications

1. Système de télécommunications sans fil (1) pour transmettre une pluralité de flux depuis un appareil de transmission (3) comportant une pluralité d'antennes à un appareil de réception (2), comportant :

une unité de transmission (36), montée dans l'appareil de transmission (3), pour transmettre une pluralité de flux ; et

une unité de réception (21), montée dans l'appareil de réception (2), pour recevoir chaque flux transmis depuis l'unité de transmission ; caractérisé en ce qu'il comporte en outre

une unité de mesure (22) pour mesurer respectivement une qualité de réception ou une puissance reçue depuis l'unité de transmission (36) ayant trait à chaque flux ; et

une unité d'estimation de transfert (23) pour estimer si un transfert est nécessaire pour chaque flux en fonction d'un résultat de mesure par l'unité de mesure ; dans lequel

lorsqu'un transfert sur un flux unique est estimé nécessaire, une unité de commutation passe d'un état de chaque antenne de transmission transmettant un flux mutuellement différent à un état de transmission grâce à une transmission de diversité d'un de la pluralité de flux, pour lesquels le transfert n'est pas effectué, en utilisant une antenne qui est devenue inutilisée en résultat de transfert.


 
2. Système de télécommunications sans fil selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'unité de commutation peut passer de l'état de chaque antenne de transmission (Txl, Tx2, Tx3) transmettant un flux mutuellement différent (st1, st2, st3) pour chacun des flux, à un état où un des flux (st2) est commuté pour être transmis depuis un appareil de transmission adjacent et dans lequel un des flux (st1) qui n'est pas commuté est transmis grâce à la transmission de diversité en utilisant l'antenne de transmission (Tx2) utilisée précédemment pour l'un des flux (st2) qui a été commuté.
 
3. Système de télécommunications selon la revendication 1, dans lequel
l'appareil de réception (2) comprend en outre une unité de transmission (26) et l'appareil de transmission comprend en outre une unité de réception (37) ; et dans lequel
l'appareil de réception peut transmettre, par l'intermédiaire de son unité de transmission (26), un message de notification de transfert et une information de transfert à l'unité de réception (37) de l'appareil de transmission, l'information de transfert indiquant un flux qui doit être commuté à un autre appareil de transmission conformément à la qualité de réception ou à la puissance reçue mesurée par l'unité de mesure (22) ; et
l'appareil de transmission peut transmettre, par l'intermédiaire de son unité de transmission (36), l'information de transfert à l'unité de réception (21) de l'appareil de réception.
 
4. Récepteur (2) pour recevoir une pluralité de flux de données, comportant :

une unité de réception (21) pour recevoir une pluralité de flux transmis depuis des premier et second transmetteurs ; caractérisé en ce qu'il comporte en outre

une unité de mesure (22) pour mesurer respectivement une qualité de réception ou une puissance reçue depuis le transmetteur ayant trait à chaque flux ;

une unité d'estimation de transfert (23) pour estimer si un transfert est nécessaire pour chaque flux en fonction d'un résultat de mesure par l'unité de mesure ; et

une unité de reproduction de signal pour reproduire un signal depuis un ou plusieurs flux transmis depuis le premier transmetteur et un ou plusieurs flux transmis depuis le second transmetteur s'il est estimé nécessaire d'effectuer un transfert vers le second transmetteur pour une partie des flux parmi une pluralité de ceux-ci transmis depuis le premier transmetteur, dans lequel un des flux pour lesquels le transfert n'est pas effectué est transmis depuis le premier transmetteur grâce à une transmission de diversité en utilisant une antenne qui est devenue inutilisée en résultat du transfert.


 




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REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description