(19)
(11)EP 1 907 025 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
13.04.2016 Bulletin 2016/15

(21)Application number: 06786762.2

(22)Date of filing:  11.07.2006
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A61L 29/06  (2006.01)
A61L 29/14  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2006/026714
(87)International publication number:
WO 2007/008784 (18.01.2007 Gazette  2007/03)

(54)

MEDICAL DEVICE BALLOON

MEDIZINISCHER BALLON

BALLONNET DE DISPOSITIF MEDICAL


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC NL PL PT RO SE SI SK TR

(30)Priority: 12.07.2005 US 698581 P
10.07.2006 US 456487

(43)Date of publication of application:
09.04.2008 Bulletin 2008/15

(73)Proprietor: ABBOTT LABORATORIES
Redwood City, CA 94063 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • VON OEPEN, Randolf
    Los Altos Hills, CA 94024 (US)
  • YRIBARREN, Travis
    San Mateo, CA 94401 (US)

(74)Representative: Boult Wade Tennant 
Verulam Gardens 70 Gray's Inn Road
London WC1X 8BT
London WC1X 8BT (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 0 560 984
WO-A-2005/056078
EP-A1- 0 628 586
WO-A-2005/118045
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



    [0001] The present invention relates to medical devices that can be placed in bodily conduits. More specifically, the invention relates to balloons and catheters using such balloons for administering treatments to widen constricted passages, deliver therapeutic agents, deliver endoprosthesis' or perform other medical procedures.

    [0002] Balloon catheters are well known for their utility in medical procedures. Typically, balloon catheters have a balloon fastened at least at one end around the exterior of a hollow catheter shaft. The hollow interior of the balloon is in fluid flow relation with the hollow interior of the shaft. Fluid under pressure can be supplied to the interior of the balloon through the shaft to expand the balloon against an obstruction.

    [0003] Presently catheter balloons may be classified as compliant, semi-compliant, or non-compliant balloons. Compliance can be defined as the increase in diameter from nominal balloon pressure to rated burst pressure. Non-compliant balloons have less increase in diameter, than semi-compliant balloons, which in turn have less increase in diameter than compliant balloons.

    [0004] Compliant balloons expand and stretch with increasing pressure within the balloon, and are made from such materials as polyethylene or polyolefin copolymers. Non-compliant balloons, made from such materials as polyethylene terephthalate (PET) or polyamides, remain substantially at a preselected diameter as the internal balloon pressure increases beyond that required to fully inflate the balloon.

    [0005] Compliant balloon materials provide a degree of softness to the balloon which aids its passage through, e.g., blood vessels with minimal trauma. Known compliant balloon materials also can display good abrasion and puncture resistance at thicknesses typically used for medical device balloons. However, as mentioned above, they do not remain at the desired diameter with increasing pressure. Such compliant balloons also lack sufficient hoop strength to achieve high dilating forces.

    [0006] A non-compliant balloon, that is one remaining at a preselected diameter regardless of increasing pressure, is often desirable. Typical non-compliant balloon materials do not exhibit the same degrees of softness and abrasion resistance as the compliant balloons.

    [0007] It would be desirable, for many treatment conditions, to have a dilatation balloon exhibiting the combined characteristics of softness, abrasion and puncture resistance, hoop strength, and the ability to maintain a preselected diameter as the internal pressure within the balloon is increased. The balloon described herein was developed to address that need.

    BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0008] In accordance with the present invention there is provided a balloon catheter having the features of claim 1.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0009] To further clarify the above and other advantages and features of the present invention, a more particular description of the invention will be rendered by reference to specific embodiments thereof which are illustrated in the appended drawings. It is appreciated that these drawings depict only typical embodiments of the invention and are therefore not to be considered limiting of its scope. The invention will be described and explained with additional specificity and detail through the use of the accompanying drawings in which:

    Figure 1A is a plan view of an exemplary embodiment of a balloon catheter.

    Figure 1B is a cross-sectional side view of a portion of the balloon catheter of Figure 1A.

    Figure 1C is a cross-section side view of an alternate configuration of a catheter shaft of the balloon catheter of Figure 1A.

    Figure 2 is a flow diagram schematic representation of a manufacturing process associated with the balloon catheter of Figure 1A.

    Figure 3 is a plan view illustrating an endoprosthesis disposed radially about a balloon in accordance with the balloon catheter of Figure 1A.

    Figure 4 is a plan view of an alternative balloon catheter illustrating an alternate mounting of the balloon to the catheter shaft.

    Figure 5 is a plan view illustrating an endoprosthesis disposed radially about an expanded balloon of Figure 4 according to the alternative affixing method.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0010] The present invention generally relates to medical devices, such as balloon catheters usable during a medical procedure. The medical device can include an expandable balloon member which is flexible, yet exhibits desired tensile strength for application of the desired internal pressures. The balloon catheters in accordance with the present invention may be utilized in medical procedures such as administering treatments to widen constricted passages, deliver therapeutic agents or perform other medical procedures.

    [0011] Although reference will be made herein to specific exemplary embodiments of one medical device, the description is illustrative of the invention and is not to be construed as limiting the invention. Various modifications to the present invention can be made to the embodiments by those skilled in the art without departing from the scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims. It will be noted here that for a better understanding, like components are designated by like reference numerals throughout the various figures. Further, the following detailed description should be read with reference to the drawings in which similar elements in different drawings are numbered the same. The drawings, which are not necessarily to scale, depict illustrative embodiments and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention.

    [0012] For purposes of illustration and not limitation, referring now to Figure 1A, there is shown a balloon catheter, identified by reference numeral 10. The balloon catheter 10 can include a proximal end 12 and a distal end 14 and can be sufficiently flexible to be positioned through the tortuous anatomy of a patient's vasculature into any bodily conduit. In the illustrated configuration, the balloon catheter 10 can include an elongated tubular member or catheter shaft 20 having a proximal end 22 and a distal end 24, a hub 30 mounted to the proximal end 12 of the balloon catheter 10 and the elongated tubular member 20, and a balloon 40 mounted toward the distal end 14 of the balloon catheter 10 upon the elongated tubular member 20.

    [0013] Turning first to the elongated tubular member 20, at least one inflation lumen 26 (Fig. 1B) and at least one guidewire lumen 28 (Fig. 1 B) extend from the proximal end 22 toward the distal end 24. The at least one inflation lumen 26 extends from the proximal end 22 and terminates in close proximity to the balloon 40 so that the at least one inflation lumen 26 is in fluid communication with an interior chamber 42 of the balloon 40. In the illustrated configuration, a portion of the elongated tubular member 20 includes at least one port 44 that communicates with both the interior chamber 42 of the balloon 40 and the at least one inflation lumen 26. In this manner, fluid directed into the at least one inflation lumen 26 flows to and through the at least one port 44 to deploy or expand the balloon 40. Similarly, fluids can be drawn from within the interior chamber 42 of the balloon 40 through the at least one port 44 to un-deploy or deflate the balloon 40 or otherwise reduce the pressure of the fluid within the balloon 40.

    [0014] The elongated tubular member 20 may be constructed of biocompatible materials or non-biocompatible materials coated with a biocompatible material. For instance, and not by way of limitation, the elongated tubular member 20 may be at least partially constructed of a material such as a synthetic material, a plastic, a composite, combinations thereof, a medical grade synthetic material or plastic, or the like. Exemplary materials may include, but are not limited to, polyurethane, polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) and other fluoropolymers, nylon, polyvinyl chloride (PVC), and other biocompatible materials. The elongated tubular member 20 may also be at least partially constructed of a metal material, such as, but not limited to, stainless steel, or a shape memory alloy, such as but not limited to Nitinol.

    [0015] The elongated member 20 may be constructed from an extruded tubular member having one or more lumens, such as the at least one inflation lumen 26 and the at least one guidewire lumen 28. These lumens 26 and 28 can be formed during the extrusion process. Alternatively, the lumens 26 and 28 can be constructed of separate tubular members which are then positioned relative to each other to create the at least one inflation lumen 26 and the at least one guidewire lumen 28. The relative orientations and positions of the lumens 26 and 28 can be varied depending upon the particular
    configuration of the elongated member. For instance, in one configuration the at least one guidewire lumen 28 is within the at least one inflation lumen 26. In another configuration, the at least one guidewire lumen 28 may be disposed outside of the at least one inflation lumen 26. In still another configuration, the at least one guidewire lumen 28 extends through the balloon 40, while the at least one inflation lumen 26 terminates at or distal to a proximal end or portion of the balloon 40, while communicating with the interior chamber 42.

    [0016] Although reference is made to the elongated tubular member 20 being a tubular structure, it will be appreciated, and with reference to Fig. 1C, the elongated tubular member 20 may be constructed of more than one layer of material. For example, and with exclusion to identification of the inflation lumen and the guidewire lumen for simplicity, there may be an inner tubular member 20a, a reinforcement member or layer 20b disposed about the inner tubular member 20a and an outer tubular member 20c disposed about the reinforcement member or layer 20b. The reinforcement member or layer 20b can have a lattice structure, a braided configuration, or other structure or configuration to provide strength and desired rigidity to the elongated tubular member. Each of the inner tubular member 20a, the reinforcement member or layer 20b, and the outer tubular member 20c can be constructed of a material similar to those described herein. In addition, the reinforcement member or layer 20b, and other portions of the elongated tubular member 20 can be constructed from a shape memory material, such as a shape memory alloys ("SMA") comprised of metal alloys, shape memory plastics ("SMP") comprised of polymers, or shape memory metals ("SMM").

    [0017] The main types of SMAs include: copper-zinc-aluminum; copper-aluminum-nickel; nickel-titanium ("NiTi") alloys known as Nitinol; and cobalt-chromium-nickel alloys or cobalt-chromium-nickel-molybdenum alloys known as Elgiloy. However, other types of SMAs can be used. Typically, the nitinol and Elgiloy alloys can be more expensive, but have superior mechanical characteristics in comparison with the copper-based SMAs. Examples of SMPs include biodegradable polymers, such as oligo(ε-caprotactone)diol, oligo(ρ-dioxanone)diol, and non-biodegradable polymers such as, polynorborene, polyisoprene, styrene butadiene, polyurethane-based materials, vinyl acetate-polyester-based compounds, and others yet to be determined. As such, any SMP can be used in accordance with the present invention.

    [0018] Returning to Fig. 1A, the hub 30 is disposed adjacent the proximal end 22 of the tubular member 20. The hub 30 can include at least one lumen to communicate with the at least one inflation lumen 26 (Fig. 1 B) and the at least one guidewire lumen 28 (Fig. 1 B). For instance, and illustrated by dotted lines in Fig. 1A, a lumen 32 of the hub 30 is in fluid communication with the inflation lumen 26 (Fig. 1B) of the elongated tubular member 20, while a second lumen 34 is associated with the guidewire lumen 28 (Fig. 1 B) of the tubular member 20. It is contemplated that the hub 30 can have numerous different configurations to enable various medical devices to be releasable and/or sealably mounted thereto. For instance, the hub 30 can include at least one luer lock fitting or other similar structures to facilitate sealed mounting of a medical device, such as a syringe. Various other structures and configurations are possible and known to those skilled in the art in light of the teaching contained herein.

    [0019] With continued reference to Fig. 1A, the balloon 40 is disposed radially about the tubular member 20 and adjacent the distal end 24 of the tubular member 20. The balloon 40 may be constructed in a manner such that it exhibits noncompliant characteristics, compliant characteristics, or any combination thereof. The balloon 40 includes a proximal portion 46, an intermediate portion 48, and a distal portion 50. Disposed between the proximal portion 46 and the intermediate portion 48 is a shoulder 52, while disposed between the intermediate portion 48 and the distal portion 50 is a shoulder 54. The proximal portion 46 and the distal portion 50 function as mounting portions to enable the balloon 40 to be mounted to the outer surface of the tubular member 20 to create the interior chamber 42 of the balloon 40. With the proximal portion 46 and the distal portion 50 mounted to the tubular member 20, the interior chamber 42 is in fluid communication with the inflation lumen 26 (Fig. 1 B) of the elongated tubular member 20.

    [0020] The proximal portion 46 and the distal portion 50 are used to mount the balloon to the elongated tubular member 20. Mounting of the balloon 40 can be achieved through use of an adhesive, welded bond, swaging or other known attachment methods. A band 60, such as a radiopaque marker band, is utilized to attach the proximal portion 46 and/or the distal portion 50 of the balloon 40 to the elongated tubular member 20 or may be used in combination with the above processes. Additional radiopaque markers or marker bands may be secured to the outer surface of the elongated tubular member 20 at any position along its length, including within the interior chamber 42 of the balloon 40.

    [0021] The marker bands are constructed of materials that facilitate or provide radiopacity. These materials may include, but are not limited to, platinum, alloys of platinum, gold, or combinations thereof, metals, alloys, plastic, polymer, synthetic material, combinations thereof, or other materials that provide an appropriate radiopaque signature. Alternatively, portions of the catheter 10, including the balloon 40 and/or the elongated tubular member 20 may be coated with an appropriate radiopaque material, such as, but not limited to, barium sulphate, bismuth subcarbonate, titanium dioxide, or combinations thereof, to provide radiopacity.

    [0022] The balloon 40 may be constructed of various absorbable biomaterials. One such material is biosynthetic polyester which, advantageously, is tissue compatible and is constructed of component molecules that occur naturally in mammals. The biosynthetic polyester exhibits desirable characteristics for medical device balloons. For instance, biosynthetic polyesters are very flexible; yet exhibit tensile strengths that are similar to ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene. These characteristics provide for a balloon that can be tracked through tortuosity easily and has an acceptably high burst pressure.

    [0023] Illustrative biosynthetic polyesters are available from Tepha® under the tradenames of TephaFLEX which is comprised of (4-hydroxybutyrate) and TephELAST which is comprised of (3-hydroxybutyrate). As such, the balloon of the balloon catheter can be constructed from the above-identified polyesters, combinations or blends of these polyesters, whether alone or in combination with other materials, or other bioabsorbable materials. Biosynthetic polyester materials can be constructed in a bioreactor according to the process disclosed in US Patent No. 6,495,152. The materials can be post processed in a number of ways including, for example and not by way of limitation, extrusion, molding, such as by injection or dipping, textile processing such as weaving or braiding, and forming. Forming processes that may be suitable are rolling and welding sheets of material or vacuum forming into tubular shapes, In addition to the above-described materials, the balloon 40 can also be constructed of poly-L-lactide-co-glycolide, poly-dL-lactide-co-glycolide, polyester amide, chitosan, polybutylene terephthalate (PBT), and polyethylene glycol (PEG), to name a few.

    [0024] The above described materials can be formed into the balloon 40 using a balloon blowing process, identified by reference numeral 70 in Fig. 2. For instance, and not by way of limitation, the process 70 can include forming a generally tubular member of the biosynthetic polyester, as represented by block 72. This can be performed though extrusion, rolling, dip molding, or other processing techniques. Once formed, the generally tubular member can be placed or
    inserted within a balloon mold in a balloon forming machine, as represented by block 74. When disposed in the mold of the balloon forming machine and the mold is closed, the inner lumen of the tubular member can be pressurized and force can be applied to the ends of the tubular member to form the balloon 40, as represented by block 76. The mold can be depressurized following balloon formation and balloon 40 removed from the mold. Optionally, the mold can be heated to further conform the material to the mold during the process 70. It is further contemplated that the balloon may be fabricated using other known techniques such as dip molding, spray coating/molding, rotational molding, wrap molding technique where a sheet of material is wrapped around a mandrel wherein the material is either blown to a final diameter or molded to a final diameter thereby fusing the wrapped material together. The fabrication techniques listed above should be considered exemplary. It is contemplated that the balloon may be manufactured through other methods and techniques not described herein without departing from the scope of the invention.

    [0025] With continued reference to Fig. 1A, mounted to the distal end 24 of the elongated tubular member 20 is a tip 16. This tip 16 can form the distal end 14 of the catheter 10 and optionally be constructed of a different material than that of the tubular member 20. The tip 16 can be constructed having more flexible or pliable properties than that of the tubular member 20, thereby providing an atraumatic tip on the medical device 10. For instance, in one configuration the tip 16 can include a core that is surrounded by a flexible coil which terminates at the distal end in an atraumatic portion, such as a solder ball or other mechanism for forming an atraumatic distal end of the tip 16. In another configuration, the at least one guidewire lumen 28 passes through the tip 16 and the tip 16 has flexible or pliable properties. More generally, the atraumatic tip 16 can have a variety of other configurations so long as atraumatic tip is flexible and optionally shapeable. Furthermore, atraumatic tip 16 may be radiopaque to allow steerable positioning of the catheter 10 while allowing a physician or clinician to observe the location of tip 16 using appropriate devices, such as a fluoroscopic device or X-ray device. Tip 16, therefore, can be constructed of the radiopaque materials or coatings described herein or otherwise known to one skilled in the art in light of the teaching contained herein.

    [0026] The balloon catheter 10 described herein can be used either alone or in combination with an endoprosthesis 80 that can be radially disposed about the balloon 40, as shown in Fig. 3. The endoprosthesis 80, such as a stent, may be expanded from a crimped profile to an expanded profile by inflating the balloon 40. As shown in Fig. 3, portions of the intermediate portion 48 can expand outwardly from the peripheral edge of the endoprosthesis 80. The endoprosthesis 80 may include a beneficial agent or drug disposed thereon or therein. For example, therapeutic agents, pharmaceuticals and radiation therapies may be disposed on or in or form part of the endoprosthesis 80.

    [0027] Such drugs or beneficial agents can include, but are not limited to, antithrombotics, anticoagulants, antiplatelet agents, thrombolytics, antiproliferatives, anti-inflammatories, agents that inhibit hyperplasia, inhibitors of smooth muscle proliferation, antibiotics, growth factor inhibitors, or cell adhesion inhibitors, as well as antineoplastics, antimitotics, antifibrins, antioxidants, agents that promote endothelial cell recovery, antiallergic substances, radiopaque agents, viral vectors having beneficial gene, genes, siRNA, antisense compounds, oligionucleotides, cell permeation enhancers, and combinations thereof. Another example of a suitable beneficial agent is described in US Patent No. 6,015,815 and US Patent No. 6,329,386 entitled "Tetrazole-containing rapamycin analogs with shortened half-lives".

    [0028] Referring now to Fig. 4, illustrated is an alternate design of balloon catheter. The balloon catheter 110 is similar to that of balloon catheter 10 described herein, however, balloon 140 differs from the balloon 40 (Fig. 1 A) of the balloon catheter 10 (Fig. 1A). As such, the description of balloon catheter 10 also applies to the description of balloon catheter 110, with like structures being identified with like reference numerals.

    [0029] With continued reference to Fig. 4, the balloon 140 mounts to a tubular member 120. Unlike the balloon 40 (Fig. 1) where the proximal portion 46 and the distal portion 50 function as mounting portions, the balloon 140 is mounted to the tubular member 120 by way of the shoulders 152 and 154, thus eliminating the proximal portion and distal portion described above. The shoulders 152 and 154 are gathered and affixed to the tubular member 120 by crimping a marker band 160 upon a portion of each of the shoulders 152 and 154. Affixing of the shoulders 152 and 154 may also be achieved by crimping alone or through the use of adhesives, lasers treatment, white light, or melting.

    [0030] Although reference is made to mounting the balloon 140 to the tubular member 120, without the balloon 140 having the proximal portion and distal portion, it will be understood that the process of mounting balloon 140 to tubular member 120 can also be practiced with mounting the balloon 40 (Fig. 1A) to the tubular member 20 (Fig. 1A). For instance, once the shoulders 52 and 54 (Fig. 1 A) are used to mount the balloon 40 (Fig. 1 A), the proximal portion 46 and the distal portion 50 may be cut away or otherwise removed from the balloon 40 (Fig. 1 A). It will be understood that the proximal portion 46 and the distal portion 50 can be removed through various other techniques or methods. For example, the proximal portion 46 and the distal portion 50 can be removed using thermal or chemical treatments, slicing, scoring, laser cutting, water jet cutting, combinations thereof, or other techniques for separating a portion of the balloon from the reminder of the balloon.

    [0031] In the illustrated configuration, the ends of the balloon 140 become rounded when in an expanded condition, forming sausage like shoulders 152 and 154 on the balloon 140. This type of feature is desirable in that it reduces the stiffness of the shoulder portion of the balloon 140, thereby increasing the flexibility and conformance of the balloon 140. Additionally, and with reference to Fig. 4, when the endoprosthesis 80 is mounted on the balloon 140, the rounded shoulders 152 of the balloon 140 do not project beyond the endoprosthesis 80, such that the endoprosthesis 80 rests substantially upon an intermediate portion 148 of the balloon 140. This reduces the overall dimensions of the balloon 140 of the balloon catheter 110 and enables the balloon catheter 110 to be more easily steered through the tortuous anatomy of the patient. In addition, contact between a portion of the balloon and the vessel wall during balloon expansion, and stent deployment is eliminated, thereby eliminating or substantially decreasing the possibility of vessel dissection and/or irritation resulting from vessel wall/balloon contact.

    [0032] Although the present invention has been shown and described with reference to specific materials and processes this should not be considered limiting in any manner, it is contemplated that one of ordinary skill in the art may modify the present invention without departing from the scope of the invention. As such, the present invention may be embodied in other specific forms. The described embodiments are to be considered in all respects only as illustrative and not restrictive. The scope of the invention is, therefore, indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description. All changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are to be embraced within their scope.


    Claims

    1. A balloon catheter (10,110) comprising:

    an elongated shaft (20,120) having a proximal end (22) and a distal end (24);

    a bioabsorbable balloon (40,140) having a proximal portion (46,146) and a distal portion (50,150) and being disposed adjacent the distal end (24) of the elongated shaft (20,120); and

    a radiopaque marker band (60,160) attaching the proximal portion (46,146) and/or the distal portion (50,150) of the balloon (40,140) to the elongated shaft (20,120).


     
    2. The balloon catheter (10) according to claim 1, wherein the balloon (40) is constructed of a material chosen from the group consisting of 4-hydroxybutyrate and 3-hydroxybutyrate.
     
    3. The balloon catheter (10) according to claim 1, wherein the balloon (40) is constructed of a blend of 4-hydroxybutyrate and 3-hydroxybutyrate.
     
    4. The balloon catheter (10) according to claim 1, further comprising an inflation lumen (26), the inflation lumen (26) being in fluid communication with an interior of the balloon (40) and the proximal end (22) of the shaft (20).
     
    5. The balloon catheter (10) according to claim 4, further comprising a hub (30) associated with the proximal end (22) of the shaft (20), and including at least one lumen (32) associated with the inflation lumen (26).
     
    6. The balloon catheter (10) according to claim 1, wherein the balloon (40) is semi-compliant.
     
    7. The balloon catheter (10) according to claim 1, wherein the balloon (40) is constructed of a tissue compatible material.
     
    8. The balloon catheter (10) according to claim 1, wherein the balloon (40) is constructed of component molecules that occur naturally in mammals.
     
    9. The balloon catheter (10,110) according to claim 1, wherein
    the elongated shaft (20,120) is an elongated tubular member having a proximal end and a distal end;
    a hub (30) is mounted to a proximal end (22) of the tubular member; and
    the balloon (40,140) is constructed of biosynthetic polyester.
     
    10. The balloon catheter (10) according to claim 9, wherein the balloon (40) is constructed of a material chosen from the group consisting of 4-hydroxybutyrate and 3- hydroxybutyrate.
     
    11. The balloon catheter (10) according to claim 9, wherein the balloon (40) is constructed of a blend of 4-hydroxybutyrate and 3-hydroxybutyrate.
     
    12. The balloon catheter (10) according to claim 9, wherein the balloon (40) is constructed from 4-hydroxybutyrate and is semi-compliant.
     
    13. The balloon catheter (10) according to claim 9, wherein the balloon (40) is constructed from 3-hydroxybutyrate and is semi-compliant.
     
    14. The balloon catheter (10) according to claim 9, wherein the balloon (40) comprises a proximal portion (46) and a distal portion (50), the proximal portion (46) and the distal portion (50) being mounted to the tubular member.
     
    15. The balloon catheter (10,110) according to claim 9, wherein the balloon (40,140) comprises a proximal portion (46,146) and a distal portion (50,150), each of the proximal portion (46,146) and the distal portion (50,150) being gathered together and mounted to the tubular member.
     
    16. The balloon catheter (10,110) according to claim 15, wherein the balloon (40,140) comprises rounded shoulders (152,154).
     
    17. The balloon catheter (10) according to claim 9, wherein
    the elongated tubular member comprises at least one inflation lumen (26) extending from the proximal end toward the distal end;
    the hub (30) is in fluid communication with the at least one inflation lumen (26); and
    the balloon (40) is in fluid communication with the at least one inflation lumen (26).
     
    18. The balloon catheter (10) according to claim 17, wherein the balloon (40) is constructed of a material chosen from the group consisting of 4-hydroxybutyrate, 3-hydroxybutyrate, and a blend of 4-hydroxybutyrate and 3-hydroxybutyrate.
     
    19. The balloon catheter (10) according to claim 17, further comprising at least one guidewire lumen (28) extending from the distal end toward the proximal end of the elongated tubular member.
     
    20. The balloon catheter (10) according to claim 17, further comprising a pliable tip (16) extending from the distal end of the elongated tubular member.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Ballonkatheder (10, 110), der aufweist:

    einen länglichen Schaft (20, 120) mit einem proximalen Ende (22) und einem distalen Ende (24),

    einen bioresorbierbaren Ballon (40, 140), der einen proximalen Abschnitt (46, 146) und einen distalen Abschnitt (50, 150) aufweist und benachbart zum distalen Ende (24) des länglichen Schaftes (20, 120) angeordnet ist, und

    ein röntgenstrahlenundurchlässiges Markierungsband (60, 160), das den proximalen Abschnitt (46, 146) und/oder den distalen Abschnitt (50, 150) des Ballons (40, 140) an dem länglichen Schaft (20, 120) befestigt.


     
    2. Ballonkatheder (10) nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Ballon (40) aus einem unter 4-Hydroxybutyrat und 3-Hydroxybutyrat ausgewählten Material aufgebaut ist.
     
    3. Ballonkatheder (10) nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Ballon (40) aus einem Gemisch von 4-Hydroxybutyrat und 3-Hydroxybutyrat aufgebaut ist.
     
    4. Ballonkatheder (10) nach Anspruch 1, der ferner ein Inflationslumen (26) aufweist, wobei das Inflationslumen (26) in fluider Verbindung mit einem Inneren des Ballons (40) und dem proximalen Ende (22) des Schaftes (20) steht.
     
    5. Ballonkatheder (10) nach Anspruch 4, der ferner einen Verteiler (30) aufweist, die mit dem proximalen Ende (22) des Schaftes (20) verbunden ist und zumindest ein mit dem Inflationslumen (26) verbundenes Lumen (32) aufweist.
     
    6. Ballonkatheder (10) nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Ballon (40) semi-compliant ist.
     
    7. Ballonkatheder (10) nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Ballon (40) aus einem gewebeverträglichen Material aufgebaut ist.
     
    8. Ballonkatheder (10) nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Ballon (40) aus Komponentenmolekülen aufgebaut ist, die in Säugern natürlicherweise vorkommen.
     
    9. Ballonkatheder (10, 100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei der längliche Schaft (20, 120) ein längliches schlauchförmiges Element mit einem proximalen und einem distalen Ende ist,
    an dem proximalen Ende (22) des schlauchförmigen Elements ein Verteiler (30) angebracht ist und
    der Ballon (40, 140) aus biosynthetischem Polyester aufgebaut ist.
     
    10. Ballonkatheder (10) nach Anspruch 9, wobei der Ballon (40) aus einem unter 4-Hydroxybutyrat und 3-Hydroxybutyrat ausgewählten Material aufgebaut ist.
     
    11. Ballonkatheder (10) nach Anspruch 9, wobei der Ballon (40) aus einem Gemisch von 4-Hydroxybutyrat und 3-Hydroxybutyrat aufgebaut ist.
     
    12. Ballonkatheder (10) nach Anspruch 9, wobei der Ballon (40) aus 4-Hydroxybutyrat aufgebaut und semi-compliant ist.
     
    13. Ballonkatheder (10) nach Anspruch 9, wobei der Ballon (40) aus 3-Hydroxybutyrat aufgebaut und semi-compliant ist.
     
    14. Ballonkatheder (10) nach Anspruch 9, wobei der Ballon (40, 140) einen proximalen Abschnitt (46, 146) und einen distalen Abschnitt (50, 150) aufweist und wobei der proximale Abschnitt (46, 146) und der distale Abschnitt (50, 150) an dem schlauchförmigen Element angebracht sind.
     
    15. Ballonkatheder (10, 110) nach Anspruch 9, wobei der Ballon (40) einen proximalen Abschnitt (46) und einen distalen Abschnitt (50) aufweist und wobei sowohl der proximale Abschnitt (46) als auch der distale Abschnitt (50) sich verjüngend ausgeführt und an dem schlauchförmigen Element angebracht sind.
     
    16. Ballonkatheder (10, 110) nach Anspruch 15, wobei der Ballon (40, 140) gerundete Schultern (152, 154) aufweist.
     
    17. Ballonkatheder (10) nach Anspruch 9, wobei
    das längliche schlauchförmige Element zumindest ein Inflationslumen (26) aufweist, das sich vom proximalen Ende zum distalen Ende erstreckt,
    der Verteiler (30) mit dem zumindest einen Inflationslumen (26) in fluider Verbindung steht und
    der Ballon (40) mit dem zumindest einen Inflationslumen (26) in fluider Verbindung steht.
     
    18. Ballonkatheder (10) nach Anspruch 17, wobei der Ballon (40) aus einem Material aufgebaut ist, das unter 4-Hydroxybutyrat, 3-Hydroxybutyrat und einem Gemisch aus 4-Hydroxybutyrat und 3-Hydroxybutyrat ausgewählt ist.
     
    19. Ballonkatheder (10) nach Anspruch 17, der ferner zumindest ein Führungsdrahtlumen (28) aufweist, das sich vom distalen Ende zum proximalen Ende des länglichen schlauchförmigen Elements erstreckt.
     
    20. Ballonkatheder (10) nach Anspruch 17, der ferner eine biegsame Spitze (16) aufweist, die sich vom distalen Ende des länglichen schlauchförmigen Elements weg erstreckt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Cathéter à ballonnet (10, 110) comprenant :

    une tige allongée (20, 120) ayant une extrémité proximale (22) et une extrémité distale (24) ;

    un ballonnet bioabsorbable (40, 140) ayant une partie proximale (46, 146) et une partie distale (50, 150) et étant disposé de manière adjacente à l'extrémité distale (24) de la tige allongée (20, 120) ; et

    une bande de marqueur radio-opaque (60, 160) fixant la partie proximale (46, 146) et/ou la partie distale (50, 150) du ballonnet (40, 140) à la tige allongée (20, 120).


     
    2. Cathéter à ballonnet (10) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le ballonnet (40) est constitué d'un matériau choisi dans le groupe consistant en le 4-hydroxybutyrate et en le 3-hydroxybutyrate.
     
    3. Cathéter à ballonnet (10) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le ballonnet (40) est constitué d'un mélange de 4-hydroxybutyrate et de 3-hydroxybutyrate.
     
    4. Cathéter à ballonnet (10) selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre une lumière de gonflage (26), la lumière de gonflage (26) étant en communication fluidique avec l'intérieur du ballonnet (40) et l'extrémité proximale (22) de la tige (20).
     
    5. Cathéter à ballonnet (10) selon la revendication 4, comprenant en outre un raccord (30) associé à l'extrémité proximale (22) de la tige (20), et comportant au moins une lumière (32) associée à la lumière de gonflage (26).
     
    6. Cathéter à ballonnet (10) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le ballonnet (40) est semi-élastique.
     
    7. Cathéter à ballonnet (10) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le ballonnet (40) est constitué d'un matériau compatible avec les tissus.
     
    8. Cathéter à ballonnet (10) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le ballonnet (40) est constitué de molécules constitutives qui sont naturellement présentes chez les mammifères.
     
    9. Cathéter à ballonnet (10, 110) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel
    la tige allongée (20, 120) est un élément tubulaire allongé ayant une extrémité proximale et une extrémité distale ;
    un raccord (30) est monté sur une extrémité proximale (22) de l'élément tubulaire ; et
    le ballonnet (40, 140) est constitué de polyester biosynthétique.
     
    10. Cathéter à ballonnet (10) selon la revendication 9, dans lequel le ballonnet (40) est constitué d'un matériau choisi dans le groupe consistant en le 4-hydroxybutyrate et en le 3-hydroxybutyrate.
     
    11. Cathéter à ballonnet (10) selon la revendication 9, dans lequel le ballonnet (40) est constitué d'un mélange de 4-hydroxybutyrate et de 3-hydroxybutyrate.
     
    12. Cathéter à ballonnet (10) selon la revendication 9, dans lequel le ballonnet (40) est constitué de 4-hydroxybutyrate et est semi-élastique.
     
    13. Cathéter à ballonnet (10) selon la revendication 9, dans lequel le ballonnet (40) est constitué de 3-hydroxybutyrate et est semi-élastique.
     
    14. Cathéter à ballonnet (10) selon la revendication 9, dans lequel le ballonnet (40) comprend une partie proximale (46) et une partie distale (50), la partie proximale (46) et la partie distale (50) étant montées sur l'élément tubulaire.
     
    15. Cathéter à ballonnet (10, 110) selon la revendication 9, dans lequel le ballonnet (40, 140) comprend une partie proximale (46, 146) et une partie distale (50, 150), chacune de la partie proximale (46, 146) et de la partie distale (50, 150) étant rassemblée avec l'autre et montée sur l'élément tubulaire.
     
    16. Cathéter à ballonnet (10, 110) selon la revendication 15, dans lequel le ballonnet (40, 140) comprend des épaulements arrondis (152, 154).
     
    17. Cathéter à ballonnet (10) selon la revendication 9, dans lequel
    l'élément tubulaire allongé comprend au moins une lumière de gonflage (26) s'étendant à partir de l'extrémité proximale vers l'extrémité distale ;
    le raccord (30) est en communication fluidique avec l'au moins une lumière de gonflage (26) ; et
    le ballonnet (40) est en communication fluidique avec l'au moins une lumière de gonflage (26).
     
    18. Cathéter à ballonnet (10) selon la revendication 17, dans lequel le ballonnet (40) est constitué d'un matériau choisi dans le groupe consistant en le 4-hydroxybutyrate, en le 3-hydroxybutyrate, et en un mélange de 4-hydroxybutyrate et de 3-hydroxybutyrate.
     
    19. Cathéter à ballonnet (10) selon la revendication 17, comprenant en outre au moins une lumière de fil-guide (28) s'étendant à partir de l'extrémité distale vers l'extrémité proximale de l'élément tubulaire allongé.
     
    20. Cathéter à ballonnet (10) selon la revendication 17, comprenant en outre une pointe pliable (16) s'étendant à partir de l'extrémité distale de l'élément tubulaire allongé.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description