(19)
(11)EP 1 915 372 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
20.11.2013 Bulletin 2013/47

(21)Application number: 06775085.1

(22)Date of filing:  07.08.2006
(51)Int. Cl.: 
C07D 471/04  (2006.01)
A61K 31/407  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CA2006/001305
(87)International publication number:
WO 2007/019675 (22.02.2007 Gazette  2007/08)

(54)

INDOLE DERIVATIVES AS CRTH2 RECEPTOR ANTAGONISTS

INDOLDERIVATE ALS CRTH2-REZEPTORANTAGONISTEN

DERIVES D'INDOLE EN TANT QU'ANTAGONISTES DU RECEPTEUR CRTH2


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC NL PL PT RO SE SI SK TR

(30)Priority: 12.08.2005 US 708043 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
30.04.2008 Bulletin 2008/18

(73)Proprietor: Merck Canada Inc.
Kirkland, QC H9H 3L1 (CA)

(72)Inventor:
  • WANG, Zhaoyin
    Kirkland, Québec H9H 3L1 (CA)

(74)Representative: Horgan, James Michael Frederic et al
Merck & Co., Inc. European Patent Department Hertford Road
Hoddesdon EN11 9BU
Hoddesdon EN11 9BU (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 0 384 349
EP-A1- 1 505 061
WO-A1-2005/040114
EP-A1- 1 505 061
WO-A1-2005/040114
  
  • BIT R A ET AL: "Inhibitors of protein kinase C. 3. Potent and highly selective bisindolylmaleimides by conformational restriction." JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY 8 JAN 1993 LNKD- PUBMED:8421286, vol. 36, no. 1, 8 January 1993 (1993-01-08), pages 21-29, XP002583362 ISSN: 0022-2623
  • SHICHIJO M. ET AL.: 'Chemoattractant Receptor-Homologous Molecule Expressed on Th2 Cells Activation in Vivo Increases Blood Leukocyte Counts and Its Blockade Abrogates 13,14-Dihydro-15-keto-prostaglandin D2-Induced Eosinophilia in Rats' J. PHARMACOL. EXP. THER. vol. 307, no. 2, November 2003, pages 518 - 525, XP003008945
  • CHEVALIER E. ET AL.: 'Cutting Edge: Chemoattractant Receptor-Homologous Molecule Expressed on TH2 Cells Play a Restricting Role on IL-5 Production and Eosinophil Recruitment' J. OF IMMUNOL. vol. 175, no. 4, 15 August 2005, pages 2056 - 2060, XP003008946
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



[0001] Prostanglandin D2 (PGD2) is a cyclooxygenase metabolite of arachidonic acid. It is released from mast and TH2 cells in response to an immunological challenge, and has been implicated in playing a role in different physiological events such as sleep and allergic responses.

[0002] Receptors for PGD2 include the "DP" receptor, the chemoattractant receptor-homologous molecule expressed on TH2 cells ("CRTH2"), and the "FP" receptor. These receptors are G-protein coupled receptors activated by PGD2. The CRTH2 receptor and its expression on different cells including human T-helper cells, basophils, and eosinophils are described in Abe, et al., Gene 227:71-77, 1999, Nagata, et al., FEBS Letters 459:195-199, 1999, and Nagata, et al., The Journal of Immunology 162:1278-1286, 1999, describe CRTH2 receptor. Hirai, et al., J. Exp. Med. 193:255-261, 2001, indicates that CRTH2 is a receptor for PGD2.

[0003] Ulven and Kostenis, J. Med. Chem., 2005, 48(4):89-7-900 reports the synthesis of analogs of ramatroban that are selective potent CRTH2 antagonists. CRTH2 antagonists are also reported in PCT Published Application WO2003/097598.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



[0004] The present invention provides novel compounds which are CRTH2 receptor antagonists. Compounds of the present invention are useful for the treatment of various prostaglandin-mediated diseases and disorders; accordingly disclosed is a method for the treatment of prostaglandin-mediated diseases using the novel compounds described herein, as well as pharmaceutical compositions containing them.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION



[0005] The present invention relates to compounds of formula I:

and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein:

n is 2;

Ar is phenyl optionally substituted with 1 to 3 groups independently selected from Rc;

X is -CH2-, -CH=CH- or -CH2CH2-;

R1 is selected from H, Halogen and C1-6alkyl;

R2 is selected from H and C1-6alkyl;

R3 is H and

Rc is selected from halogen, CN, C1-6alkoxy, C1-6alkyl, haloC1-6alkoxy, and haloC1-6alkyl; wherein aryl means a 6-14 membered carbocyclic aromatic carbocyclic ring system comprising 1-3 benzene rings and Heteroaryl represents a 5-10 membered aromatic ring system containing one ring or two fused rings and 1-4 heteroatoms selected from O, S and N.



[0006] In one embodiment Ar is phenyl substituted with 1 to 2 groups independently selected from halogen and C1-6alkoxy.

[0007] In one embodiment X is methylene.

[0008] The invention also pharmaceutical compositions containing a compound of formula I, and discloses methods for treatment or prevention of prostaglandin mediated diseases using compounds of formula I.

[0009] The invention described using the following definitions unless otherwise indicated.

[0010] The term "halogen" or "halo" includes F, Cl, Br, and I.

[0011] The term "alkyl" refers to linear or branched alkyl chains containing the indicated number of carbon atoms. Non-limiting examples of alkyl groups include methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, butyl, s- and t-butyl, pentyl, hexyl, heptyl, and the like.

[0012] "Haloalkyl" means an alkyl group as described above wherein one or more hydrogen atoms have been replaced by haogen atoms, with up to complete substitution of all hydrogen atoms with halo groups. C1-6haloalkyl, example, includes-CF3, -CF2CF3 and the like.

[0013] "Alkoxy" means alkoxy groups of a straight, branched, or cyclic configuration having the indicated number of carbon atoms. C1-6 alkoxy, for example, includes methoxy, ethoxy, propoxy, isopropoxy and the like.

[0014] "Haloalkoxy" means an alkoxy group as described above in which one or more hydrogen atoms have been replaced by halogen atoms, with up to complete substitution of all hydrogen atoms with halo groups. C1-6 haloalkoxy, for example, includes -OCF3, -OCF2CF3 and the like.

[0015] "Aryl" means a 6-14 membered carbocyclic aromatic ring system comprising 1-3 benzene rings. If two or more aromatic rings are present, then the rings are fused together, so that adjacent rings share a common bond. Examples include phenyl and naphthyl.

[0016] The term "heteroaryl" (Het) as used herein represents a 5-10 membered aromatic ring system containing one ring or two fused rings, 1-4 heteroatoms, selected from O, S and N. Het includes, but is not limited to, furanyl, diazinyl, imidazolyl, isooxazolyl, isothiazolyl, oxadiazolyl, oxazolyl, pyrazolyl, pyridyl, pyrrolyl, tetrazinyl, thiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, thienyl, triazinyl, triazolyl, 1H-pyrrole-2,5-dionyl, 2-pyrone, 4-pyrone, pyrrolopyridine, furopyridine and thienopyridine.

[0017] "Therapeutically effective amount" means that amount of a drug or pharmaceutical agent that will elicit the biological or medical response of a tissue, a system, animal or human that is being sought by a researcher, veterinarian, medical doctor or other clinician.

[0018] The term "treatment" or "treating" includes alleviating, ameliorating, relieving or otherwise reducing the signs and symptoms associated with a disease or disorder.

[0019] The term "prophylaxis" means preventing or delaying the onset or the progression of a disease or disorder, or the signs and symptoms associated with such disease or disorder.

[0020] The term "composition", as in pharmaceutical composition, is intended to encompass a product comprising the active ingredient(s), and the inert ingredient(s) (pharmaceutically acceptable excipients) that make up the carrier, as well as any product which results, directly or indirectly, from combination, complexation or aggregation of any two or more of the ingredients, or from dissociation of one or more of the ingredients, or from other types of reactions or interactions of one or more of the ingredients. Accordingly, the pharmaceutical compositions of the present invention encompass any composition made by admixing a compound of Formula I, and pharmaceutically acceptable excipients.

[0021] For purposes of this specification, the following abbreviations have the indicated meanings Ac = acetyl; AcO = acetate; BOC = t-butyloxycarbonyl; CBZ = carbobenzoxy; CDI = carbonyldiimidazole; DCC =1,3-dicyclohexylcarbodiimide; DCE = 1,2-dichloroethane; DIBAL = diisobutyl aluminum hydride; DIEA = N,N-diisoproylethylamine; DMAP = 4-(dimethylamino)pyridine; DMF = dimethylformamide; EDCI = 1-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-3-ethylcarbodiimide HCl; EDTA = ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, tetrasodium salt hydrate; FAB = fast atom bombardment; FMOC = 9-fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl; HMPA = hexamethylphosphoramide; HATU = O-(7-azabenzotriazol-1-yl)-N,N,N',N'-tetramethyluronium hexafluorophosphate; HOBt = 1-hydroxybenzotriazole; HRMS = high resolution mass spectrometry; ICBF = isobutyl chloroformate; KHMDS= potassium hexamethyl-disilazane; LDA = lithium diisopropylamide; MCPBA= metachloroperbenzoic acid; MMPP = magnesium monoperoxyphthlate hexahydrate; Ms = methanesulfonyl = mesyl; MsO = methanefulfonate = mesylate; NBS = N-bromosuccinimide; NMM = 4-methylmorpholine; PCC = pyridinium chlorochromate; PDC = pyridinium dichromate; Ph = phenyl; PPTS = pyridinium p-toluene sulfonate; pTSA = p-toluene sulfonic acid; PyH•Br3 = pyridine hydrobromide perbromide; r.t. = room temperature; rac. = racemic; TFA = trifluoroacetic acid; TfO = trifluoromethanesulfonate = triflate; THF = tetrahydrofuran; TLC = thin layer chromatography. Alkyl group abbreviations include: Me = methyl; Et = ethyl; n-Pr = normal propyl; i-Pr = isopropyl; c-Pr = cyclopropyl; n-Bu = normal butyl; i-Bu = isobutyl; c-Bu = cyclobutyl; s-Bu = secondary butyl; t-Bu = tertiary butyl.

Optical Isomers - Diastereomers - Geometric Isomers - Tautomers



[0022] Compounds of formula I contain one or more asymmetric centers and can thus occur as racemates and racemic mixtures, single enantiomers, diastereomeric mixtures and individual diastereomers. The present invention is meant to comprehend all such isomeric forms of the compounds of formula I.

[0023] Some of the compounds described herein contain olefinic double bonds, and unless specified otherwise, are meant to include both E and Z geometric isomers.

[0024] Some of the compounds described herein may exist with different points of attachment of hydrogen, referred to as tautomers. Such an example may be a ketone and its enol form known as keto-enol tautomers. The individual tautomers as well as mixture thereof are encompassed with compounds of formula I.

[0025] Compounds of the formula I may be separated into diastereoisomeric pairs of enantiomers by, for examples, fractional crystallization from a suitable solvent, for example methanol or ethyl acetate or a mixture thereof. The pair of enantiomers thus obtained may be separated into individual stereoisomers by conventional means, for example by the use of an optically active acid as a resolving agent.

[0026] Alternatively, any enantiomer of a compound of the general formula I may be obtained by stereospecific synthesis using optically pure starting materials or reagents of known configuration.

salts



[0027] The term "pharmaceutically acceptable salts" refers to salts prepared from phamaceutically acceptable non-toxic bases including inorganic bases and organic bases. Salts derived from inorganic bases include aluminum, ammonium, calcium, copper, ferric, ferrous, lithium, magnesium, manganic salts, manganous, potassium, sodium, zinc, and the like. Particularly preferred are the ammonium, calcium, magnesium, potassium, and sodium salts. Salts derived from pharmaceutically acceptable organic non-toxic bases include salts of primary, secondary, and tertiary amines, substituted amines including naturally occurring substituted amines, cyclic amines, and basic ion exchange resins, such as arginine, betaine, caffeine, choline, N,N'-dibenzylethylenediamine, diethylamine, 2-diethyl-aminoethanol, 2-dimethylaminoethanol, ethanolamine, ethylenediamine, N-ethyl-morpholine, N-ethylpiperidine, glucamine, glucosamine, histidine, hydrabamine, isopropylamine, lysine, methylglucamine, morpholine, piperazine, piperidine, polyamine resins, procaine, purines, theobromine, triethylamine, trimethylamine, tripropylamine, tromethamine, and the like.

[0028] When the compound of the present invention is basic, salts may be prepared from pharmaceutically acceptable non-toxic acids, including inorganic and organic acids. Such acids include acetic, benzenesulfonic, benzoic, camphorsulfonic, citric, ethanesulfonic, fumaric, gluconic, glutamic, hydrobromic, hydrochloric, isethionic, lactic, maleic, malic, mandelic, methanesulfonic, mucic, nitric, pamoic, pantothenic, phosphoric, succinic, sulfuric, tartaric, p-toluenesulfonic acid, and the like. Particularly preferred are citric, hydrobromic, hydrochloric, maleic, phosphoric, sulfuric, and tartaric acids.

[0029] If will be understood that, unless otherwise specified, references to the compound of formula I are meant to also include the pharmaceutically acceptable salts.

Utilities



[0030] The ability of compounds of formula I to interact with prostaglandin receptors makes them useful for preventing or reversing undesirable symptoms caused by prostaglandins in a mammalian, especially human subject. This mimicking or antagonism of the actions of prostaglandins indicates that the compounds and pharmaceutical compositions thereof are useful to treat, prevent, or ameliorate in mammals and especially in humans: respiratory conditions, allergic conditions, pain, inflammatory conditions, mucus secretion disorders, bone disorders, sleep disorders, fertility disorders, blood coagulation disorders, trouble of the vision as well as immune and autoimmune diseases. In addition, such a compound may inhibit cellular neoplastic transformations and metastic tumor growth and hence can be used in the treatment of cancer. Compounds of formula I may also be of use in the treatment and/or prevention prostaglandin-mediated proliferation disorders such as may occur in diabetic retinopathy and tumor angiogenesis. Compounds of formula I may also inhibit prostanoid-induced smooth muscle contraction by antagonizing contractile prostanoids or mimicking relaxing prostanoids and hence may be used in the treatment of dysmenorrhea, premature labor and eosinophil related disorders. More particularly compounds of formula I are antagonists of prostaglandin D2 receptor, CRTH2.

[0031] Thus described is a method of treating or preventing a prostaglandin mediated disease comprising administering to a mammalian patient in need of such treatment a compound of formula I in an amount which is effective for treating or preventing said prostaglandin mediated disease. Prostaglandin mediated diseases include, but are not limited to, allergic rhinitis, nasal congestion, rhinorrhea, perennial rhinitis, nasal inflammation, asthma including allergic asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases and other Forms of lung inflammation; sleep disorders and sleep-wake cycle disorders; prostanoid-induced smooth muscle contraction associated with dysmenorrhea and premature labor; eosinophil related disorders; thrombosis; glaucoma and vision disorders; occlusive vascular diseases; congestive heart failure; diseases or conditions requiring a treatment of anti-coagulation such as post-injury or post surgery treatment; inflammation; gangrene; Raynaud's disease; mucus secretion disorders including cytoprotection; pain and migraine; diseases requiring control of bone formation and resorption such as for example osteoporosis; shock; thermal regulation including fever; and immune disorders or conditions in which immunoregulation is desirable. More particularly the disease to be treated is one mediated by prostaglandin D2 such as nasal congestion, pulmonary congestion, and asthma including allergic asthma.

[0032] Also disclosed is a method of treating or preventing a prostaglandin mediated disease comprising administering to a mammalian patient in need of such treatment a compound of formula I in an amount which is effective for treating or preventing a prostaglandin mediated disease, wherein the prostaglandin mediated disease is nasal congestion, rhinitis including allergic and perennial rhinitis, and asthma including allergic asthma.

[0033] Further disclosed is a method of treating or preventing a prostaglandin D2-mediated disease comprising administering to a mammalian patient in need of such treatment a compound of formula I in an amount which is effective for treating or preventing a prostaglandin D2 mediated disease wherein said prostaglandin D2 mediated disease is nasal congestion or asthma.

[0034] Also disclosed is a method for the treatment of nasal congestion in a patient in need of such treatment which comprises administering to said patient a therapeutically effective amount ofa compound of formula I.

[0035] Further disclosed is a method for the treatment of asthma, including allergic asthma, in a patient in need of such treatment which comprises administering to said patient a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of formula I.

Dose Ranges



[0036] The magnitude of prophylactic or therapeutic dose of a compound of formula I will, of course, vary with the nature and the severity of the condition to be treated and with the particular compound of formula I and its route of administration. It will also vary according to a variety of factors including the age, weight, general health, sex, diet, time of administration, rate of excretion, drug combination and response of the individual patient. In general, the daily dose from about 0.001 mg to about 100 mg per kg body weight of a mammal, preferably 0.01 mg to about 10 mg per kg. On the other hand, it may be necessary to use dosages outside these limits in some cases.

[0037] The amount of active ingredient that may be combined with the carrier materials to produce a single dosage form will vary depending upon the host treated and the particular mode of administration. For example, a formulation intended for the oral administration of humans may contain from 0.05 mg to 5 g of active agent compounded with an appropriate and convenient amount of carrier material which may vary from about 5 to about 99.95 percent of the total composition. Dosage unit forms will generally contain between from about 0.1 mg to about 0.4 g of an active ingredient, typically 0.5 mg, 1 mg, 2 mg, 5 mg, 10 mg, 25 mg, 50 mg, 100 mg, 200 mg, or 400 mg.

Pharmaceutical Compositions



[0038] Another aspect of the present invention provides pharmaceutical compositions comprising a compound of formula I with a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier. For the treatment of any of the prostanoid mediated diseases compounds of formula I may be administered orally, by inhalation spray, topically, parenterally or rectally in dosage unit formulations containing conventional non-toxic pharmaceutically acceptable carriers, adjuvants and vehicles. The term parenteral as used herein includes subcutaneous injections, intravenous, intramuscular, intrasternal injection or infusion techniques. In addition to the treatment of warm-blooded animals such as mice, rats, horses, cattle, sheep, dogs, cats, etc., the compound of the invention is effective in the treatment of humans.

[0039] The pharmaceutical compositions containing the active ingredient may be in a form suitable for oral use, for example, as tablets, troches, lozenges, aqueous or oily suspensions, dispersible powders or granules, emulsions, hard or soft capsules, or syrups or elixirs. Compositions intended for oral use may be prepared according to any method known to the art for the manufacture of pharmaceutical compositions and such compositions may contain one or more agents selected from the group consisting of sweetening agents, flavouring agents, colouring agents and preserving agents in order to provide pharmaceutically elegant and palatable preparations. Tablets contain the active ingredient in admixture with non-toxic pharmaceutically acceptable excipients which are suitable for the manufacture of tablets. These excipients may be for example, inert diluents, such as calcium carbonate, sodium carbonate, lactose, calcium phosphate or sodium phosphate; granulating and disintegrating agents, for example, corn starch, or alginic acid; binding agents, for example starch, gelatin or acacia, and lubricating agents, for example, magnesium stearate, stearic acid or talc. The tablets may be uncoated or they may be coated by known techniques to delay disintegration and absorption in the gastrointestinal tract and thereby provide a sustained action over a longer period. For example, a time delay material such as glyceryl monostearate or glyceryl distearate may be employed. They may also be coated by the technique described in the U.S. Patent 4,256,108; 4,166,452; and 4,265,874 to form osmotic therapeutic tablets for control release.

[0040] Formulations for oral use may also be presented as hard gelatin capsules wherein the active ingredient is mixed with an inert solid diluent, for example, calcium carbonate, calcium phosphate or kaolin, or as soft gelatin capsules wherein the active ingredients is mixed with water-miscible solvents such as propylene glycol, PEGs and ethanol, or an oil medium, for example peanut oil, liquid paraffin, or olive oil.

[0041] Aqueous suspensions contain the active material in admixture with excipients suitable for the manufacture of aqueous suspensions. Such excipients are suspending agents, for example sodium carboxymethylcellulose, methylcellulose, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, sodium alginate, polyvinylpyrrolidone, gum tragacanth and gum acacia; dispersing or wetting agents may be a naturally-occurring phosphatide, for example lecithin, or condensation products of an alkylene oxide with fatty acids, for example polyoxyethylene stearate, or condensation products of ethylene oxide with long chain aliphatic alcohols, for example heptadecaethyleneoxycetanol, or condensation products of ethylene oxide with partial esters derived from fatty acids and a hexitol such as polyoxyethylene sorbitol monooleate, or condensation products of ethylene oxide with partial esters derived from fatty acids and hexitol anhydrides, for example polyethylene sorbitan monooleate. The aqueous suspensions may also contain one or more preservatives, for example ethyl, or n-propyl, p-hydroxybenzoate, one or more colouring agents, one or more flavouring agents, and one or more sweetening agents, such as sucrose, saccharin or aspartame.

[0042] Oily suspensions may be formulated by suspending the active ingredient in a vegetable oil, for example arachis oil, olive oil, sesame oil or coconut oil, or in mineral oil such as liquid paraffin. The oily suspensions may contain a thickening agent, for example beeswax, hard paraffin or cetyl alcohol. Sweetening agents such as those set forth above, and flavouring agents may be added to provide a palatable oral preparation. These compositions may be preserved by the addition of an anti-oxidant such as ascorbic acid.

[0043] Dispersible powders and granules suitable for preparation of an aqueous suspension by the addition of water provide the active ingredient in admixture with a dispersing or wetting agent, suspending agent and one or more preservatives. Suitable dispersing or wetting agents and suspending agents are exemplified by those already mentioned above. Additional excipients, for example sweetening, flavouring and colouring agents, may also be present.

[0044] The pharmaceutical compositions of the invention may also be in the form of an oil-in-water emulsion. The oily phase may be a vegetable oil, for example olive oil or arachis oil, or a mineral oil, for example liquid paraffin or mixtures of these. Suitable emulsifying agents may be naturally-occurring phosphatides, for example soy bean, lecithin, and esters or partial esters derived from fatty acids and hexitol anhydrides, for example sorbitan monooleate, and condensation products of the said partial esters with ethylene oxide, for example polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate. The emulsions may also contain sweetening and flavouring agents.

[0045] Syrups and elixirs may be formulated with sweetening agents, for example glycerol, propylene glycol, sorbitol or sucrose. Such formulations may also contain a demulcent, a preservative and flavouring and colouring agents. The pharmaceutical compositions may be in the form of a sterile injectable aqueous or oleagenous suspension. This suspension may be formulated according to the known art using those suitable dispersing or wetting agents and suspending agents which have been mentioned above. The sterile injectable preparation may also be a sterile injectable solution or suspension in a non-toxic parenterally-acceptable diluent or solvent, for example as a solution in 1,3-butane diol. Among the acceptable vehicles and solvents that may be employed are water, Ringer's solution and isotonic sodium chloride solution. Cosolvents such as ethanol, propylene glycol or polyethylene glycols may also be used. In addition, sterile, fixed oils are conventionally employed as a solvent or suspending medium. For this purpose any bland fixed oil may be employed including synthetic mono- or diglycerides. In addition, fatty acids such as oleic acid find use in the preparation of injectables.

[0046] Compounds of formula I may also be administered in the form of suppositories for rectal administration of the drug. These compositions can be prepared by mixing the drug with a suitable nonirritating excipient which is solid at ambient temperatures but liquid at the rectal temperature and will therefore melt in the rectum to release the drug. Such materials are cocoa butter and polyethylene glycols.

[0047] For topical use, creams, ointments, gels, solutions or suspensions, etc., containing the compound of formula I are employed. (For purposes of this application, topical application shall include mouth washes and gargles.) Topical formulations may generally be comprised of a pharmaceutical carrier, cosolvent, emulsifier, penetration enhancer, preservative system, and emollient.

Combinations with Other Drugs



[0048] For the treatment and prevention of prostaglandin mediated diseases, compound of formula I may be co-administered with other therapeutic agents. Thus in another aspect the present invention provides pharmaceutical compositions for treating prostaglandin mediated diseases comprising a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of formula I and one or more other therapeutic agents. Suitable therapeutic agents for combination therapy with a compound of formula I include: (1) a DP receptor antagonist such as S-5751; (2) a corticosteroid such as triamcinolone acetonide; (3) a β-agonist such as salmeterol, formoterol, terbutaline, metaproterenol, albuterol and the like; (4) a leukotriene modifier, including a leukotriene receptor antagonist or a lipooxygenase inhibitor such as montelukast, zafirlukast, pranlukast, or zileuton; (5) an antihistamine such as bromopheniramine, chlorpheniramine, dexchlorpheniramine, triprolidine, clemastine, diphenhydramine, diphenylpyraline, tripelennamine, hydroxyzine, methdilazine, promethazine, trimeprazine, azatadine, cyproheptadine, antazoline, pheniramine pyrilamine, astemizole, terfenadine, loratadine, cetirizine, fexofenadine, descarboethoxy-loratadine, and the like; (6) a decongestant including phenylephrine, phenylpropanolamine, pseudophedrine, oxymetazoline, ephinephrine, naphazoline, xylometazoline, propylhexedrine, or levo-desoxyephedrine; (7) an antiitussive including codeine, hydrocodone, caramiphen, carbetapentane, or dextramethorphan; (8) another prostaglandin ligand including prostaglandin F agonist such as latanoprost; misoprostol, enprostil, rioprostil, ornoprostol or rosaprostol; (9) a diuretic; (10) non-steroidal antiinflammatory agents (NSAIDs) such as propionic acid derivatives (alminoprofen, benoxaprofen, bucloxic acid, carprofen, fenbufen, fenoprofen, fluprofen, flurbiprofen, ibuprofen, indoprofen, ketoprofen, miroprofen, naproxen, oxaprozin, pirprofen, pranoprofen, suprofen, tiaprofenic acid, and tioxaprofen), acetic acid derivatives (indomethacin, acemetacin, alclofenac, clidanac, diclofenac, fenclofenac, fenclozic acid, fentiazac, furofenac, ibufenac, isoxepac, oxpinac, sulindac, tiopinac, tolmetin, zidometacin, and zomepirac), fenamic acid derivatives (flufenamic acid, meclofenamic acid, mefenamic acid, niflumic acid and tolfenamic acid), biphenylcarboxylic acid derivatives (diflunisal and flufenisal), oxicams (isoxicam, piroxicam, sudoxicam and tenoxican), salicylates (acetyl salicylic acid, sulfasalazine) and the pyrazolones (apazone, bezpiperylon, feprazone, mofebutazone, oxyphenbutazone, phenylbutazone); (11) cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors such as celecoxib and rofecoxib; (12) inhibitors of phosphodiesterase type IV (PDE-IV) e.g. Ariflo, roflumilast; (13) antagonists of the chemokine receptors, especially CCR-1, CCR-2, and CCR-3; (14) cholesterol lowering agents such as HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (lovastatin, simvastatin and pravastatin, fluvastatin, atorvastatin, and other statins), sequestrants (cholestyramine and colestipol), nicotinic acid, fenofibric acid derivatives (gemfibrozil, clofibrat, fenofibrate and benzafibrate), and probucol; (15) anti-diabetic agents such as insulin, sulfonylureas, biguanides (metformin), α-glucosidase inhibitors (acarbose) and glitazones (troglitazone, pioglitazone, englitazone, rosiglitazone and the like); (16) preparations of interferon beta (interferon beta-1a, interferon beta-1b); (17) anticholinergic agents such as muscarinic antagonists (ipratropium bromide and tiotropium bromide), as well as selective muscarinic M3 antagonists; (18) steroids such as beclomethasone, methylprednisolone, betamethasone, prednisone, dexamethasone, and hydrocortisone; (19) triptans commonly used for the treatment of migraine such as sumitriptan and rizatriptan; (20) alendronate and other treatments for osteoporosis; (21) other compounds such as 5-aminosalicylic acid and prodrugs thereof, antimetabolites such as azathioprine and 6-mercaptopurine, cytotoxic cancer chemotherapeutic agents, bradykinin (BK2) antagonists such as FK-3657, TP receptor antagonists such as seratrodast, neurokinin antagonists (NK1/NK2), VLA-4 antagonists such as those described in US 5,510,332, WO97/03094, WO97/02289, WO96/4078 WO96/22966, WO96/20216, WO96/01644, WO96/06108, WO95/15973 and WO96/31206. In addition, the invention encompasses a method of treating prostaglandin D2 mediated diseases comprising: administration to a patient in need of such treatment a non-toxic therapeutically effective amount of a compound of formula I, optionally co-administered with one or more of such ingredients as listed immediately above.

METHODS OF SYNTHESIS



[0049] Compounds of Formula I of the present invention can be prepared according to the synthetic routes outlined in Schemes 1 to 8 and by following the methods described herein.

METHOD 1



[0050] Reduction of ethyl indole-2-carboxylate 1 followed by oxidation gives aldehyde 2. Wittig reaction of 2 with a phosphorane provides α,β-unsaturated ester 3, which is alkylated with t-butyl bromoacetate and a base to give diester 4. Hydrogenation of 4 followed by base-promoted cyclization yields the cyclic β-ketoester 5. Decarboxylation of 5 with silica gel in refluxing toluene gives ketone 6. Reduction of 6 with NaBH4 affords alcohol 7, which can be converted to azide 8 by mesylation followed by displacement with sodium azide. Reduction of 8 under hydrogenation conditions provides the corresponding amine, and the amine intermediate can react with a variety of arylsulfonyl chlorides, followed by optionaly alkylation, to give aryl sulfonamide 9. Reaction of 9 with oxalyl chloride, followed by esterification with MeOH, yields α-keto ester 10. Deoxygenation of 10 can be achieved by reduction with NaBH4 followed by Et3SiH in TFA to provide ester 11. Hydrolysis of 11 in aqueous base yields the final product 12.


METHOD 2



[0051] Sulfonamide 9 can react with POCl3 in DMF to give aldehyde 13, which can be oxidized to the final product 15. Wittig reaction of aldehyde 13 provides α,β-unsaturated ester 14, which can be hydrolyzed in aqueous base to give the final product 16. Hydrogenation of α,β-unsaturated ester 14, followed by hydrolysis in aqueous base solution, yields the product 17.


METHOD 3



[0052] Sulfonamide 9 can react with (SCH2CO2Me)2 and sulfuryl chloride in dichloroethane to give sulfide 18, which can be hydrolyzed to the final product 19 in aqueous base solution.


METHOD 4



[0053] Sulfonamide 9 can react with benzoyperoxide to give benzoate 20. Hydrolysis of 20, followed by alkylation with bromoacetate, can provide ester 21, which can be hydrolyzed to the final product 22 in aqueous base solution.


METHOD 5



[0054] 2-Indoleacetic acid 23 can be converted to the corresponding t-Butyl ester 24. Alkylation of 24 with methyl bromoacetate and a base provides diester 25. Base-promoted cyclization of 25 yields the cyclic β-ketoester 26. Decarboxylation of 26 with silica gel in refluxing toluene gives ketone 27. The desired product 28 can be prepared by following the steps described in Method 1.



[0055] The following examples are provided to illustrate the invention and are not to be construed as limiting the scope thereof in any manner.

EXAMPLE 1


(+/-) {7-[[(4-Fluorophenyl)sulfonyl](methyl)amino]-6,7,8,9-tetrahydropyrido[1,2-a]indol-10-yl} acetic acid



[0056] 


Step 1: 1H-indole-2-carbaldehyde



[0057] To a solution of ethyl indole-2-carboxylate (20 g) in 200 mL of THF cooled at -78 °C was added 110 mL of 1 M solution LiAlH4 in THF. The reaction mixture was stirred between -78 °C and 0 °C for 1 h, and then quenched by slow addition of 125 mL of 4N HCl followed by 150 mL of water. The reaction mixture was extracted with 1 L of 1: 1 EtOAc/hexane and the extract was dried over Na2SO4. Filtration and concentration provided the crude alcohol, which was dissoled in 1.2 L of CH2Cl2 and treated with 100 g of MnO2. After stirring for 2 h, the mixture was filtered through celite and the filtrate was used for the next step without further purification.

Step 2: ethyl (2E)-3-(1H-indol-2-yl)acrylate



[0058] To the CH2Cl2solution of the product of Step 1 was added 36 g of Ph3P=CHCO2Et. After stirring for 12 h, the reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was purified by silica gel chromatography eluted with 1:1 EtOAc/hexane to give 20 g of the title compound as a yellow solid.

Step 3: ethyl (2E)-3-[1-(2-tert-butoxy-2-oxoethyl)-1H-indol-2-yl]acrylate



[0059] To a solution of the product of Step 2 (20 g) in 300 mL of DMF was added 30 g of BrCH2CO2-t-Bu and 65 g of Cs2CO3. The reaction mixture was stirred at 60 °C for 24 h, and was then diluted with 300 ml of acetone and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated and the residue was purified by silica gel chromatography eluted with 1:2 EtOAc/hexane to give 30 g of the title compound as a syrup.

Step 4: tert-butyl 7-oxo-6,7,8,9-tetrahydropyrido[1,2-a]indole-6-carboxylate



[0060] 



[0061] A solution of the product from Step 3 (30 g) and Pd/C (10%, 2 g) in 300 mL EtOAc was stirred under a balloon pressure of hydrogen for 12 h. The reaction mixture was then filtered through celite and the filtrate was concentrated to give the diester intermediate. The crude diester (26 g) was dissoled in 200 mL of THF and added through a dropping funnel to a chilled (-10 °C) solution of t-BuOK (82 mL, 1 M in THF) in 1 L of THF. The reaction mixture was warmed to room temperature over a period of 10 min and treated with 100 ml of 1 N HCl. The resulting mixture was extracted with 0.5 L of hexane and the extract was dried over Na2SO4. Filtration and concentration provided the crude title compound which was used for next step without further purification.

Step 5: 8,9-dihydropyrido[1,2-a]indol-7(6H)-one



[0062] A solution of the crude product of Step 4 in 1.2 L of toluene was treated with 100 g of silica gel and the mixture was heated to reflux for 6 h. After cooling, the mixture was filtered and the filtrate was concentrated to give the title compound as a dark solid. 1H NMR (500 MHz, acetone-d6) δ 7.52 (d, 1H), 7.35 (d, 1H), 7.11 (t, 1H), 7.05 (t, 1H), 6.32 (s, 1H), 4.74 (s, 2H), 3.29 (m, 2H), 2.78 (m, 2H).

Step 6: (+/-) 6,7,8,9-tetrahydropyrido[1,2-a]indol-7-ol



[0063] To a cooled (0°C) solution of the product of Step 5 (12 g) in 150 mL of MeOH was added 2 g of NaBH4. After stirring for 30 min at 0 °C, 100 mL of saturated aqueous solution of NH4Cl was added and the mixture was extracted with EtOAc (500 mL). The extract was dried over Na2SO4 and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated to give the crude title compound which was used for next step without further purification. 1H NMR (500 MHz, acetone-d6) δ 7.46 (d, 1H), 7.30 (d, 1H), 7.07 (t, 1H), 7.00 (t, 1H), 6.15 (s, 1H), 4.40 (m, 1H), 4.25 (dd, 1H), 3.91 (dd, 1H), 3.20 (m, 1H), 2.46 (m, 1H), 2.10 (m, 1H).2.00 (m, 1H).

Step 7: (+/-) 7-azido-6,7,8,9-tetrahydropyrido[1,2-a]indole



[0064] To a solution of the crude product (~12 g) of Step 6 in CH2Cl2 (150 mL) THF cooled at -40 °C was added 14 mL of Et3N and 5 mL of MeSO2Cl. The reaction mixture was stirred at -40 °C and then quenched by addition of 200 mL of saturated aqueous Na2CO3 solution. The mixture was extracted with 500 mL of EtOAc and the extract was dried over Na2SO4. After filtration, the filtrate was concentrated to give the crude mesylate, which was dissolved in 150 mL of DMF and treated with 10 g of NaN3. The reaction mixture was stirred at 65 °C for 24 h and then concentrated under vaccum. The residue was portioned between 200 mL brine and 500 mL of 1:1 EtOAc/hexane. The organic layer was separated and dried over Na2SO4. After filtration, the filtrate was concentrated to give the crude title compound as a syrup, which was used for next step without further purification. 1H NMR (500 MHz, acetone-d6) δ 7.48 (d, 1H), 7.35(d, 1H), 7.10 (t, 1H), 7.03 (t, 1H), 6.20 (s, 1H), 4.47 (m, 1H), 4.3 (dd, 1H), 4.06 (dd, 1H), 3.15 (m, 1H), 3.05 (m, 1H), 2.25 (1H), 2.10 (m, 1H).

Step 8: (+/-) 4-fluoro-N-(6,7,8,9-tetrahydropyrido[1,2-a]indol-7-yl)benzenesulfonamide



[0065] A solution of the product from Step 7 (~12 g) and Pd/C (10%, 2 g) in 300 mL MeOH was stirred under a balloon pressure of hydrogen for 24 h. The reaction mixture was then filtered through celite and the filtrate was concentrated to give the amine intermediate. The crude amine (~8 g) was dissoled in 200 mL of CH2Cl2 and treated with 10 mL of Et3N and 5 g of 4-fluorobenzenesulfonyl chloride. The reaction mixture was stirred for 6 h at room temperature and 200 mL of saturated aqueous solution of NaHCO3 was added. The mixture was extracted 400 mL of CH2Cl2 and the extract was over Na2SO4. Filtration, concentration and swishing from 2:1 hexane/EtOAc provided the title compound (6 g). 1H NMR (500 MHz, acetone-d6) δ 8.08 (m, 2H), 7.55 (m, 1H), 7.52 (t, 2H), 7.20 (m, 2H), 7.08 (t, 1H), 7.01 (t, 1H), 6.15 (s, 1H), 4.23 (dd, 1H), 3.98 (m, 1H), 3.85 (dd, 1H), 3.10 (m, 1H), 2.93 (m, 1H), 1.90-2.10 (m, 2H).

Step 9: (+/-) 4-fluoro-N-methyl-N-(6,7,8,9-tetrahydropyrido[1,2-a]indol-7-yl)benzenesulfonamide



[0066] To a solution of the product from Step 8 (3 g) in 100 mL of DMF were added 0.4 g of NaH (60% in mineral oil) and 1.2 mL of MeI. After stirring for Ih at room temperature, 1 mL of AcOH was added and the mixture was concentrated under vaccum and the residue was dissolved in 200 mL of 1:1 hexane/EtOAc and filtered through a pad of silica gel. The filtrate was concentrated and the residue was swished from 2:1 hexane/EtOAc to give 2.5 g of the title product. 1H NMR (500 MHz, acetone-d6) δ 8.10 (m, 2H), 7.47 (m, 3H), 7.28 (d, 1H), 7.09 (dd, 1H), 7.02 (dd, 1H), 6.15 (s, 1H), 4.55 (m, 1H), 4.20 (m, 1H), 3.88 (t, 1H), 3.05-3.12 (m, 1H), 2.92-3.02 (m, 1H), 2.97 (s, 3H), 1.92-2.02 (m, 1H), 1.66 (m, 1H).

Step 10: (+/-) methyl {7-[[(4-fluorophenyl)sulfonyl](methyl)amino]-6,7,8,9-tetrahydropyrido[1,2-a]indol-10-yl}(oxo)acetate



[0067] To a solution of 0.9 g of the product of Step 9 in 50 mL of CH2Cl2 was added 0. 42 mL of oxalyl chloride at 0°C. After stirring for I h at 0°C, 4 mL of MeOH was added and the mixture was stirred for another hour and quenched with 30 mL of saturated aqueous solution of NaHCO3. The mixture was extract with 50 mL of CH2Cl2 and the extract was dried over Na2SO4. After filtration, the filtrated was concentrated to give 1.2 of the title product as a solid. 1H NMR (500 MHz, acetone-d6) d 8.11 (m, 2H), 7.92 (m, 1H), 7.45-7.52 (m, 3H), 7.28-7.34 (m, 2H, 4.70 (m, 1H), 7.32 (m, 1H), 4.12 (t, 1H), 3.97 (s, 3H), 3.48-3.55 (m, 1H), 3.08-3.07 (m, 1H), 3.00 (s, 3H), 2.10 (m, 1H), 1.76 (m, 1H).

Step 11: (+/-) methyl {7-[[(4-fluorophenyl)sulfonyl](methyl)amino]-6,7,8,9-tetrahydropyrido[1,2-a]indol-10-yl}acetate



[0068] To a solution of 0.8 g of the product of Step 10 in 100 mL of MeOH and 20 mL of THF was added 0.3 g of NaBH4. After stirring for 1 h at room temperature, 2 mL of AcOH was added and the reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was portioned between 50 mL of brine and 150 mL of EtOAc. The organic layer was separated and dried over Na2SO4. After filtration, the filtrate was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in 5 mL of CH2Cl2, and treated with 5 mL of Et3SiH and 3 mL of TFA. After stirring for 30 min at room temperature, the reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was purified by Combiflash eluted with a gradient up to 70% EtOAc/hexane to give 0.3 g of the title compound. 1H NMR (500 MHz, acetone-d6) δ 8.10 (m, 2H), 7.45-7.52 (m, 3H), 7.27 (d, 1H), 7.10 (m, 1H), 7.01 (m, 1H), 4.53 (m, 1H), 4.18 (m, 1H), 3.88 (t, 1H), 3.60 (s, 3H), 3.13 (m, 1H), 2.97 (s, 3H), 2.86 (m, 1H), 1.90-2.00 (m, 1H), 1.70 (m, 1H).

Step 12: (+/-) {7-[[(4-fluorophenyl)sulfonyl](methyl)amino]-6,7,8,9-tetrahydropyrido[1,2-a]indol-10-yl}acetic acid



[0069] To a solution of the product of Step 11 (0.38 g) in 10 mL of THF were added 5 mL of MeOH and 5 mL of 1N LiOH. After stirring for 2 h, 2 mL of AcOH was added and the mixture was partitioned between 50 mL of EtOAc and 20 mL of brine. The EtOAc extract was dried over Na2SO4 and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated and the residue was swished from 3:1 EtOAc/hexane to give 0.18 g of the title compound. 1H NMR (500 MHz, acetone-d6) δ 8.11 (m, 2H), 7.53 (d, 1H), 7.47 (t, 2H), 7.28 (d, 1H), 7.10 (dd, 1H), 7.04 (dd, 1H), 4.53 (m, 1H), 4.20 (m, 1H), 3.90 (t, 1H), 3.67 (d, 1H, A of AB), 3.60 (d, 1H, B of AB), 3.15 (m, 1H), 2.97 (3H), 2.85-2.92 (m, 1H), 1.90-2.00 (m, 1H), 1.70 (m, 1H).

EXAMPLE 2


(+/-) (2E)-3-{7-[[(4-Fluorophenyl)sulfonyl](methyl)amino]-6,7,8,9-tetrahydropyrido[1,2-a]indol-10-yl}acrylic acid



[0070] 


Step 1: (+/-) 4-fluoro-N-(10-formyl-6,7,8,9-tetrahydropyrido[1,2-a]indol-7-yl)-N-methylbenzenesulfonamide



[0071] To a solution of the product from Step 9 of Example 1 (15 mg) in 2 mL of DMF was added 15 µL of POCl3. After stirring for 10 min, 2 mL of water was added and the reaction mixture was stirred for 24 h. The solid was collected by filtration to give the title compound (~16 mg). 1H NMR (500 MHz, acetone-d6) δ 10.11 (s, 1H), 8.15 (m, 1H), 8.10 (m, 2H), 7.48 (t, 2H), 7.45 (m, 1H), 7.27 (m, 2H), 4.68 (m, 1H), 4.30 (m, 1H), 4.06 (t, 1H), 3.62-3.68 (m, 1H), 3.18-3.27 (m, 1H), 3.10 (s, 3H), 2.10 (m, 1H), 1.78 (m, 1H).

Step 2: (+/-) ethyl (2E)-3-{7-[[(4-fluorophenyl)sulfonyl](methyl)amino]-6,7,8,9-tetrahydropyrido[1,2-a]indol-10-yl}acrylate



[0072] To a solution of triethyl phosphonoacetate (1.12 g) in 20 mL of DMF was added 0.2 g of NaH (60% in mineral oil). After stirring for 0.5 h, 0.2 g of the product from Step 1 was added and the reaction mixture was stirred for 18 h. AcOH (1 mL) was added and the mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was suspended in 20 mL of EtOAc and filtered through a pad of silica gel. The filtrate was concentrated and the residue was swished from 2:1 EtOAc to give 0.22 g of the title compound. 1H NMR (500 MHz, acetone-d6) δ 8.10 (m, 2H), 7.98 (d, 1H), 7.98 (m, 1H), 7.47 (t, 2H), 7.42 (m, 1H), 7.25 (m, 2H), 6.28 (d, 1H), 4.62 (m, 1H), 4.27 (m, 1H), 4.21 (q, 2H), 4.02 (t, 1H), 3.48 (1H), 3.07 (m, 1H), 3.00 (3H), 2.08 m, 114), 1.77 (m, 1H), 1.27 (t, 3H).

Step 3: (+/-) (2E)-3-{7-[[(4-fluorophenyl)sulfonyl](methyl)amino]-6,7,8,9-tetrahydropyrido[1,2-a]indol-10-yl}acrylic acid



[0073] A solution of 85 mg of the product from Step 2 in 2 mL of THF and 3 mL of MeOH was added 0.5 mL of 2N NaOH. The mixture was heated at 50 °C for 8 h and 1 mL of AcOH was then added, and concentrated. The residue was suspended in 5 mL of water and the solid was collected by filtration, and then purified by Combiflash eluted with a gradient up to 70% EtOAc/hexane containing 5 % of AcOH to give 9 mg of the title compound (eluted first). 1H NMR (500 MHz, acetone-d6) d 8.12 (m, 2H), 7.87 (d, 1H), 7.87 (m, 1H), 7.48 (t, 1H), 7.42 (m, 1H), 7.28 (m, 2H), 6.28 (d, 1H), 4.65 (m, 1H), 4.27 (m, 1H), 4.04 (t, 1H), 3.49 (m, 1H), 3.10 (m, 1H), 3.02 (s, 3H), 2.10 (m, 1H), 1.78 (m, 1H).

EXAMPLE 3


(+/-) (2E)-3-{7-[[(4-Methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl](methyl)amino]-6,7,8,9-tetrahydropyrido[1,2-a]indol-10-yl}acrylic acid



[0074] 



[0075] The slower eluting fraction from Combiflash in Step 3 of Example 2 provided 20 mg of the title compound. 1H NMR (500 MHz, acetone-d6) d 7.94 (d, 2H), 7.48 (d, 1H), 7.48 (m, 1H), 7.41 (m, 1H), 7.25 (m, 2H), 7.20 (d, 2H), 6.28 (d, 1H), 4.58 (m, 1H), 4.23 (m, 1H), 4.00 (t, 1H), 3.96 (s, 3H), 3.36 (m, 1H), 3.05 (m, 1H),2.95 (s, 3H), 2.02 (m, 1H), 1.23 (m, 1H).

BIOLOGICAL ASSAYS



[0076] Radioligand binding assay. Radioligand binding assays were performed at room temperature in 10 mM HEPES/KOH pH 7.4, 1mM EDTA containing 10mM MnCl2 and 0.4 nM [3H]PGD2 (NEN, 172 Ci mmol1), in a final volume of 0.2 ml. Competing ligands were diluted in dimethylsulfoxide (Me2SO) that was kept constant at 1% (v/v) of the final incubation volume. The reaction was initiated by the addition of 23 µg of membrane protein prepared from a HEK-hCRTH2 cell line. Total and non-specific binding were determined in the absence and the presence of 10 µM PGD2, respectively. Under these conditions, specific binding (total minus non-specific) of the radioligand to the receptor reached equilibrium within 50 min and was stable up to 180 min. The reaction was routinely conducted for 60 min at room temperature and terminated by rapid filtration through prewetted Unifilters GF/C (Packard), using a Tomtec MachIII semi-automated harvester (for HEK-hCRTH2). The filters were then washed with 4ml of the same buffer and residual radioligand bound to the filter was determined by liquid scintillation counting following equilibration in 5ml Ultima Gold™ (GF/C) or 50µl Ultima GoldF™ (Unifilter) (Packard).

[0077] i[cAMP] measurements. HEK-hCRTH2 cells were grown to confluency on the day of the assay. The cells were washed with PBS, incubated for 3 min in cell dissociation buffer, harvested by centrifugation at 300g for 6 min at room temperature and resuspended at 106 cells ml-1 in Hanks' balanced salt solution containing 25 mM HEPES pH 7.4 (HBSS/HEPES). The assay was performed in 0.2 ml HBSS/HEPES containing 100 000 cells, 5 µM forskolin (Sigma), 100 µM RO 20-1724 (Biomol) and the test compound at various concentrations. Following a 10 min pre-incubation of the cells with the test compound at 37°C, PGD2 was added at a concentration of 3 µM to initiate the reaction. Following a 10 min incubation at 37°C, the reaction was stopped by a 3 min incubation in a boiling water bath. The samples were centrifuged for 10 min at 500g and the cAMP content in the supernatant was determined using a [125I]-cAMP scintillation proximity assay (Amersham). Maximal inhibition of forskolin stimulated cAMP production by activation of CRTH2 was determined in the presence of 1 µM PGD2. All compounds were prepared in Me2SO kept constant at 1% (v/v) of the final incubation volume.


Claims

1. A compound of the formula I:

and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein:

n is 2;

Ar is phenyl optionally substituted with 1 to 3 groups independently selected from Rc;

X is -CH2-, -CH=CH- or -CH2CH2-;

R1 is selected from H, halogen and C1-6alkyl;

R2 is selected from H and C1-6alkyl;

R3 is H; and

Rc is selected from halogen, CN, C1-6alkoxy, C1-6alkyl, haloC1-6alkoxy, and haloC1-6alkyl;

wherein aryl means a 6-14 membered carbocyclic aromatic carbocyclic ring system comprising 1-3 benzene rings and heteroaryl represents a 5-10 membered aromatic ring system containing one ring or two fused rings and 1-4 heteroatoms selected from O, S and N.


 
2. A compound of Claim 1 wherein Ar is phenyl substituted with 1 to 2 groups independently selected from halogen and C1-6alkoxy.
 
3. A compound of claim 1 which is (+/-){7-[[(4-fluorophenyl)sulfonyl](methyl)amino]-6,7,8,9-tetrahydropyrido[1,2-a]indol-10-yl}acetic acid.
 
4. A compound of claim 1 which is (+/-)(2E)-3-{7-[[(4-fluorophenyl)sulfonyl](methyl)amino]-6,7,8,9-tetrahydropyrido[1,2-a]indol-10-yl}acrylic acid.
 
5. A compound of claim 1 which is (+/-)(2E)-3-{7-[[(4-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl(methyl)amino]-6,7,8,9-tetrahydropyrido[1,2-a]indol-10-yl}acrylic acid.
 
6. A compound of any preceding claim which is a single enantiomcr.
 
7. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of any preceding claim or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.
 
8. Use of a compound of any one of Claims 1 to 6 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof in the manufacture of a medicament for the treatment or prevention of CRTH2-mediated diseases, such as sleep disorders, allergic responses or inflammatory conditions.
 
9. A compound of any one of Claims 1 to 6 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof for use in a method of treatment of the human or animal body by therapy.
 
10. A compound of any one of Claims 1 to 6 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof for use in the treatment or prevention of CRTH2-mediated diseases, such as sleep disorders, allergic responses or inflammatory conditions.
 
11. A combination of a compound of any one of Claims 1 to 6 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof and one or more other therapeutic agents.
 


Ansprüche

1. Eine Verbindung der Formel I:

und pharmazeutisch annehmbare Salze davon, wobei:

n 2 ist,

Ar Phenyl ist, das gegebenenfalls mit 1 bis 3 Gruppen, unabhängig ausgewählt aus Rc,

substituiert ist,

X -CH2-, -CH=CH- oder -CH2CH2- ist,

R1 ausgewählt ist aus H, Halogen und C1-6-Alkyl,

R2 ausgewählt ist aus H und C1-6-Alkyl,

R3 H ist und

Rc ausgewählt ist aus Halogen, CN, C1-6-Alkoxy, C1-6-Alkyl, Halogen-C1-6-alkoxy und Halogen-C1-6-alkyl, wobei Aryl ein 6-14-gliedriges carbocyclisches aromatisches carbocyclisches Ringsystem bedeutet, das 1-3 Benzolringe umfasst, und Heteroaryl ein 5-10-gliedriges aromatisches Ringsystem bedeutet, das einen Ring oder zwei kondensierte Ringe und 1-4 Heteroatome, ausgewählt aus O, S und N, enthält.


 
2. Eine Verbindung nach Anspruch 1, wobei Ar Phenyl ist, substituiert mit 1 bis 2 Gruppen, unabhängig ausgewählt aus Halogen und C1-6-Alkoxy.
 
3. Eine Verbindung nach Anspruch 1, die (+/-){7-[[(4-Fluorphenyl)sulfonyl](methyl)amino]-6,7,8,9-tetrahydropyrido[1,2-a]indol-10-yl}essigsäure ist.
 
4. Eine Verbindung nach Anspruch 1, die (+/-)(2E)-3-{7-[[(4-Fluorphenyl)sulfonyl](methyl)amino]-6,7,8,9-tetrahydropyrido[1,2-a]indol-10-yl}acrylsäure ist.
 
5. Eine Verbindung nach Anspruch 1, die (+/-)(2E)-3-{7-[[(4-Methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl](methyl)amino]-6,7,8,9-tetrahydropyrido[1,2-a]indol-10-yl}acrylsäure ist.
 
6. Eine Verbindung nach einem vorhergehenden Anspruch, die ein einzelnes Enantiomer ist.
 
7. Eine pharmazeutische Zusammensetzung, die eine therapeutisch wirksame Menge einer Verbindung nach einem vorhergehenden Anspruch oder ein pharmazeutisch annehmbares Salz davon und einen pharmazeutisch annehmbaren Träger umfasst.
 
8. Verwendung einer Verbindung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6 oder eines pharmazeutisch annehmbaren Salzes davon bei der Herstellung eines Medikaments zur Behandlung oder Prävention von CRTH2-vermittelten Erkrankungen wie z.B. Schlafstörungen, allergischen Reaktionen oder Entzündungszuständen.
 
9. Eine Verbindung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6 oder ein pharmazeutisch annehmbares Salz davon zur Verwendung bei einem Verfahren zur Behandlung des menschlichen oder Tierkörpers durch Therapie.
 
10. Eine Verbindung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6 oder ein pharmazeutisch annehmbares Salz davon zur Verwendung bei der Behandlung oder Prävention einer CRTH2-vermittelten Erkrankung wie z.B. Schlafstörungen, allergischen Reaktionen oder Entzündungszuständen.
 
11. Eine Kombination aus einer Verbindung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6 oder einem pharmazeutisch annehmbaren Salz davon und einem oder mehreren anderen therapeutischen Mitteln.
 


Revendications

1. Composé de la formule 1:

et des sels pharmaceutiquement acceptables de celui-ci, dans lequel:

n est 2;

Ar est un phényle optionnellement substitué par 1 à 3 groupes sélectionnés indépendamment parmi Rc,

X est -CH2-, -CH=CH- ou -CH2CH2-;

R1 est sélectionné parmi H, halogène et alkyle C1-6;

R2 est sélectionné parmi H et alkyle C1-6;

R3 est H; et

Rc est sélectionné parmi halogène, CN, alcoxy C1-6, alkyle C1-6, haloalcoxy C1-6 et haloalkyle C1-6; où l'aryle signifie un système de cycle carbocyclique aromatique carbocyclique à 6-14 chaînons comprenant 1-3 cycles benzène et l'hétéroaryle représente un système de cycle aromatique à 5-10 chaînons contenant un cycle ou deux cycles fusionnés et 1-4 hétéroatomes sélectionnés parmi O, S et N.


 
2. Composé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel Ar est un phényle substitué par 1 à 2 groupes sélectionnés indépendamment parmi halogène et alcoxy C1-6.
 
3. Composé selon la revendication 1, qui est de l'acide (+/-){7-[[(4-fluorophényl)sulfonyl](méthyl)amino]-6,7,8,9-tétrahydropyrido[1,2-a]indol-10-yl}acétique.
 
4. Composé selon la revendication 1, qui est de l'acide (+/-)(2E)-3-{7-[[(4-fluorophényl)sulfonyl](méthyl)amino]-6,7,8,9-tétrahydropyrido[1,2-a]indol-10-yl} acrylique.
 
5. Composé selon la revendication 1, qui est de l'acide (+/-)(2E)-3-{7-[[(4-méthoxyphényl)sulfonyl](méthyl)amino]-6,7,8,9-tétrahydropyrido[1,2-a]indol-10-yl}acrylique.
 
6. Composé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, qui est un énantiomère simple.
 
7. Composition pharmaceutique comprenant une quantité thérapeutiquement efficace d'un composé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes ou d'un sel pharmaceutiquement acceptable de celui-ci et un véhicule pharmaceutiquement acceptable.
 
8. Utilisation d'un composé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6 ou d'un sel pharmaceutiquement acceptable de celui-ci dans la fabrication d'un médicament pour le traitement ou la prévention de maladies survenant par la médiation de CRTH2, telles que troubles du sommeil, réponses allergiques ou conditions inflammatoires.
 
9. Composé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6 ou un sel pharmaceutiquement acceptable de celui-ci, à utiliser dans une méthode de traitement du corps humain ou animal par thérapie.
 
10. Composé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6 ou un sel pharmaceutiquement acceptable de celui-ci, à utiliser dans le traitement ou la prévention de maladies survenant par la médiation de CRTH2, telles que troubles du sommeil, réponses allergiques ou conditions inflammatoires.
 
11. Combinaison d'un composé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6 ou d'un sel pharmaceutiquement acceptable de celui-ci et d'un ou de plusieurs autres agents thérapeutiques.
 




REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description