(19)
(11)EP 1 960 026 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
15.11.2017 Bulletin 2017/46

(21)Application number: 06844771.3

(22)Date of filing:  04.12.2006
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A61M 16/12  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2006/046201
(87)International publication number:
WO 2007/064986 (07.06.2007 Gazette  2007/23)

(54)

GAS BLENDER WITH AUXILIARY MIXED GAS OUTLET

GASMISCHER MIT HILFSMISCHGASAUSGANG

MELANGEUR DE GAZ À SORTIE AUXILIAIRE DE GAZ MELANGE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC NL PL PT RO SE SI SK TR

(30)Priority: 02.12.2005 US 292641

(43)Date of publication of application:
27.08.2008 Bulletin 2008/35

(73)Proprietor: CareFusion 2200, Inc.
San Diego, CA 92130 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • SMITH, Michael, S.
    Lake Arrowhead, CA 92352 (US)
  • HALPERIN, Scott
    Orange, CA 92865 (US)
  • BLISS, Peter
    Prior Lake, MN 55372 (US)
  • VOSS, Gregory
    Lakeville, MN 55044 (US)

(74)Representative: Richards, John et al
Ladas & Parry LLP
Temple Chambers 3-7 Temple Avenue London EC4Y 0DA
Temple Chambers 3-7 Temple Avenue London EC4Y 0DA (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 0 482 261
US-A- 5 878 771
US-A1- 2004 040 437
US-B1- 6 467 478
US-A- 5 014 694
US-A- 5 878 771
US-A1- 2004 040 437
US-B1- 6 467 478
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention generally relates to a gas mixing and control device, especially for a gas blending device particularly suited for supplying mixed gas to a Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) medical device.

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



    [0002] Oxygen therapy is used to treat patients suffering from a wide variety of ailments and to assist in numerous treatments. One of the most important aspects of such therapy is obtaining the correct oxygen mixture and pressure of the treatment gas. A common form of oxygen therapy is accomplished through the use of a Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) device. As those skilled in oxygen therapy will recognize, numerous other auxiliary therapy devices that require mixed gas are used in conjunction with CPAP therapy. Such auxiliary devices include nebulizers and resuscitation bags.

    [0003] Medical compressed air and oxygen are mixed, or blended, to obtain the correct oxygen mixture and pressure of the treatment, or mixed, gas. While many oxygen therapy devices have the ability to properly mix the medical compressed air and oxygen built into the device, several devices do not, and require connection to an external gas blender so that the device is supplied with pre-mixed gas. The devices that incorporate the gas mixing capability include a gas blender. A gas blender is a device that properly mixes the medical compressed air and the oxygen to obtain a mixed gas with a specific oxygen percentage and pressure. It is desirable to have an integral gas blender that includes an auxiliary mixed gas outlet that can be used to supply mixed gas to equipment that does not have a built-in blender. Incorporation of such an auxiliary mixed gas outlet eliminates the need for an external gas blender for many pieces of equipment.

    [0004] Presently a limited number of commercially available devices incorporate an auxiliary mixed gas outlet, but these devices have a number of drawbacks. First, it is believed that the presently available gas blenders having an auxiliary gas outlet can only supply mixed air via a treatment outlet or the auxiliary outlet, not both outlets at the same time. Secondly, presently available auxiliary gas outlets often can only supply mixed gas at low flow rates, thereby limiting the types of auxiliary equipment that can be supplied with the mixed gas from the auxiliary gas outlet.

    [0005] EP0482261 discloses a ventilator control system for delivery respiratory gas to a patient involves an apparatus which includes a pressure sensor for measuring the pressure within a gas containment vessel, the control of the flow of respiratory gas into the containment vessel responsive to pressure within the containment vessel, and the control of the outflow of respiratory gas responsive to changes in pressure in the containment vessel. Both the inflow of gas to a receiver tank and outflow of respiratory gas are responsive to modes of breathing being provided to a patient.

    [0006] The art needs a gas blender that can supply mixed air to a treatment outlet and an auxiliary gas outlet at the same time. Further, a gas blender that automatically adjusts during use of the auxiliary gas outlet so as not to affect the mixed gas flow from the treatment outlet is desirable. Additionally, an ideal gas blender will not unduly restrict the flow out of the auxiliary gas outlet.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0007] In its most general configuration, the present invention advances the state of the art with a variety of new capabilities and overcomes many of the shortcomings of prior devices in new and novel ways. In its most general sense, the present invention overcomes the shortcomings and limitations of the prior art in any of a number of generally effective configurations. The instant invention demonstrates such capabilities and overcomes many of the shortcomings of prior methods in new and novel ways.

    [0008] The instant invention is a gas blender with auxiliary mixed gas outlet. The gas blender mixes a primary gas and a secondary gas in a particular fashion to obtain a mixed gas having several controlled characteristics. The gas blender of the present invention may be incorporated into a Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) device. In such an embodiment the primary gas is generally medical compressed air and the secondary gas is oxygen.

    [0009] The instant invention provides a gas blender with source pressure auxiliary mixed gas outlet for mixing a primary gas, at a primary gas source pressure, and a secondary gas, at a secondary gas source pressure in a controlled manner to produce a mixed gas having a predetermined mixture setpoint and a predetermined control setpoint, and providing a mixed gas source having a pressure of at least fifty percent of the first gas source pressure for selective use by at least one auxiliary piece of equipment, comprising a primary gas inlet passageway having a primary gas inlet port, for receiving the primary gas from an external source, and a primary gas inlet passageway discharge; a secondary gas inlet passageway having a secondary gas inlet port, for receiving the secondary gas from an external source, and a secondary gas inlet passageway discharge; a gas mixing apparatus in fluid communication with the primary gas inlet passageway, the secondary gas inlet passageway, and a mixed gas distribution passageway, wherein the gas mixing apparatus receives primary gas through the primary gas inlet passageway and receives secondary gas through the secondary gas inlet passageway, wherein the gas mixing apparatus mixes the primary gas with the secondary gas in response to a mixing control signal thereby producing the mixed gas at the predetermined mixture setpoint and a pressure of at least fifty percent of the primary gas source pressure that then exits the gas mixing apparatus via the mixed gas distribution passageway wherein the mixed gas distribution passageway has an auxiliary mixed gas outlet for supplying the mixed gas at the predetermined mixture setpoint and a pressure of at least fifty percent of the primary gas source pressure for use by the auxiliary piece of equipment; a gas sensor in fluid communication with the mixed gas distribution passageway for producing a gas signal; a mixed gas delivery control valve in fluid communication with the mixed gas distribution passageway and a mixed gas controlled passageway, wherein the mixed gas delivery control valve receives the mixed gas at the predetermined mixture setpoint and modulates in response to a delivery control signal thereby fixing the mixed gas at the predetermined mixture setpoint and the predetermined control setpoint that then exits the mixed gas delivery control valve via the mixed gas controlled passageway at a mixed gas controlled passageway discharge separate from the auxiliary mixed gas outlet; a delivery sensor in fluid communication with the mixed gas after it exits the mixed gas delivery control valve for generating a delivery sensing signal; and a controller for comparing the predetermined mixture setpoint and the gas signal, and generating the mixing control signal, and for comparing the predetermined control setpoint and the delivery sensing signal, and generating the delivery control signal.

    [0010] The primary gas enters the gas blender at a primary gas source pressure and the secondary gas enters the gas blender at a secondary gas source pressure. While the gases may be any gases, and the source pressures may be any pressure, in the healthcare industry the gases are most commonly air and oxygen, and the source pressures are most commonly between 40-66 psig. The gas blender controls the mixing to produce the mixed gas having a predetermined mixture setpoint, generally an oxygen percentage, and a predetermined control setpoint, generally a pressure setpoint or flow rate setpoint.

    [0011] The gas blender provides an auxiliary mixed gas source at a pressure of at least fifty percent of either gas for selective use by an auxiliary piece of equipment. With reference again to the healthcare industry, the at least one auxiliary piece of equipment that uses the mixed gas at a pressure of at least fifty percent of the source pressure is most commonly, nebulizers, resuscitation bags, or the like.

    [0012] The gas blender includes a primary gas inlet passageway, a secondary gas inlet passageway, a gas mixing apparatus, a mixed gas distribution passageway with an auxiliary mixed gas outlet, a gas sensor, a delivery sensor, a mixed gas delivery control valve, a mixed gas controlled passageway, and a controller.

    [0013] The primary gas inlet passageway has a primary gas inlet port, for receiving the primary gas from an external source, and a primary gas inlet passageway discharge. The secondary gas inlet passageway has a secondary gas inlet port, for receiving the secondary gas from an external source, and a secondary gas inlet passageway discharge. The mixed gas distribution passageway has the auxiliary mixed gas outlet for supplying the mixed gas at the predetermined mixture setpoint and a pressure of at least fifty percent of the primary gas source pressure for use by the auxiliary piece of equipment. Lastly, the mixed gas controlled passageway has a mixed gas controlled passageway inlet and a mixed gas controlled passageway discharge.

    [0014] The gas mixing apparatus is in fluid communication with the primary gas inlet passageway, the secondary gas inlet passageway, and the mixed gas distribution passageway. The gas mixing apparatus receives primary gas through the primary gas inlet passageway and receives secondary gas through the secondary gas inlet passageway. The gas mixing apparatus mixes the primary gas with the secondary gas in response to a mixing control signal to produce the mixed gas at the predetermined mixture setpoint and a pressure of at least fifty percent of the primary gas source pressure.

    [0015] The predetermined mixture setpoint is a percentage of either the primary gas or the secondary gas that is desired in the mixed gas. The mixed gas then exits the gas mixing apparatus via the mixed gas distribution passageway. The mixed gas distribution passageway of the present invention has an auxiliary mixed gas outlet for supplying mixed gas at the predetermined mixture setpoint and a pressure of at least fifty percent of the primary gas source pressure, for use by the auxiliary piece of equipment. This ability to supply mixed gas at a pressure of at least fifty percent of the source pressure of the primary gas and the secondary gas, while also supplying mixed gas via another outlet at a reduced pressure or flow, is a significant advance.

    [0016] The mixed gas delivery control valve is in fluid communication with the mixed gas distribution passageway and a mixed gas controlled passageway. The mixed gas delivery control valve receives the mixed gas downstream of the gas mixing apparatus and therefore the mixed gas is at the predetermined mixture setpoint. The mixed gas delivery control valve modulates in response to a delivery control signal, thereby fixing the mixed gas at the predetermined control setpoint, in addition to the already obtained predetermined mixture setpoint. The mixed gas, now at the predetermined mixture setpoint and predetermined control setpoint, exits the mixed gas delivery control valve via the mixed gas passageway.

    [0017] The gas sensor is in fluid communication with the mixed gas distribution passageway. The gas sensor produces a gas signal representative of a property of the mixed gas in the mixed gas distribution passageway. The gas sensor generally senses the amount of the first gas or the second gas contained in the mixed gas. The sensed amount is preferably in the form of a percentage of the first gas or the second gas contained in the mixed gas.

    [0018] The delivery sensor is in fluid communication with the mixed gas after it exits the mixed gas delivery control valve for generating a delivery sensing signal. At this point the mixed gas is already at the desired mixture, and the delivery sensor is sensing pressure or flow rate.

    [0019] Finally, the controller (a) compares the predetermined mixture setpoint and the gas signal, and generates the mixing control signal, and (b) compares the predetermined control setpoint and the delivery sensing signal, and generates the delivery control signal. In other words, the controller receives the user input, or preset, predetermined mixture setpoint as well as the gas signal from the gas sensor, compares the signals, and generates a correction signal, or mixing control signal, that modulates the gas mixing apparatus to ensure that the mixed gas in the mixed gas distribution passageway is substantially equal to the mixture amount represented by the predetermined mixture setpoint. Further, the controller receives the user input, or preset, predetermined control setpoint as well as the delivery sensing signal from the delivery sensor, compares the signals, and generates a correction signal, or delivery control signal. The delivery control signal modulates the mixed gas delivery control valve to ensure that a characteristic, typically pressure or flow rate, of the mixed gas in the mixed gas controlled passageway is substantially equal to the characteristic, typically pressure or flow rate, represented by the predetermined control setpoint.

    [0020] The present invention may also incorporate a calibration valve (1500) to control which gas (10, 20, 30) is sensed by the gas sensor (600); a mixed gas vent valve (1600) in fluid communication with the mixed gas controlled passageway (800); a relief valve (1700) in fluid communication with the mixed gas controlled passageway (800); and various inlet and outlet check valves.

    [0021] These variations, modifications, alternatives, and alterations of the various preferred embodiments, arrangements, and configurations may be used alone or in combination with one another as will become more readily apparent to those with skill in the art, with reference to the following detailed description of the preferred embodiments and the accompanying figures and drawings.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0022] Without limiting the scope of the present invention as claimed below and referring now to the drawings and figures:

    FIG. 1 is a schematic of the present invention, not to scale;

    FIG. 2 is a schematic of the present invention, not to scale;

    FIG. 3 is a schematic of the present invention, not to scale;

    FIG. 4 is a schematic of the present invention, not to scale;

    FIG. 5 is a schematic of the present invention, not to scale;

    FIG. 6 is a schematic of the present invention, not to scale;

    FIG. 7 is a schematic of the present invention, not to scale;

    FIG. 8 is an elevated perspective view of the present invention, not to scale;

    FIG. 9 is an exploded assembly view of several components of the embodiment of FIG. 8, not to scale;

    FIG. 10 is an exploded assembly view of several components of the embodiment of FIG. 8, not to scale;

    FIG. 11 is a top plan view of the present invention, not to scale;

    FIG. 12 is a sectional view of the present invention taken along section line 12-12 in FIG. 11, not to scale;

    FIG. 13 is a sectional view of the present invention taken along section line 13-13 in FIG. 11, not to scale;

    FIG. 14 is a sectional view of the present invention taken along section line 14-14 in FIG. 11, not to scale; and

    FIG. 15 is a sectional view of the present invention taken along section line 15-15 in FIG. 11, not to scale.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION



    [0023] The gas blender with auxiliary mixed gas outlet (100) of the instant invention enables a significant advance in the state of the art. The preferred embodiments of the apparatus accomplish this by new and novel arrangements of elements that are configured in unique and novel ways and which demonstrate previously unavailable but preferred and desirable capabilities. The detailed description set forth below in connection with the drawings is intended merely as a description of the presently preferred embodiments of the invention, and is not intended to represent the only form in which the present invention may be constructed or utilized. The description sets forth the designs, functions, means, and methods of implementing the invention in connection with the illustrated embodiments. It is to be understood, however, that the same or equivalent functions and features may be accomplished by different embodiments that are also intended to be encompassed within the spirit and scope of the invention.

    [0024] Referring generally to FIGS. 1 through 15, the instant invention is a gas blender with auxiliary mixed gas outlet (100) for mixing a primary gas (10) and a secondary gas (20) in a particular fashion to obtain a mixed gas (30) having several controlled characteristics. The primary gas (10) enters the gas blender (100) at a primary gas source pressure and the secondary gas (20) enters the gas blender (100) at a secondary gas source pressure. While the gases (10, 20) may be any gases, and the source pressures may be any pressure, in the healthcare industry the gases (10, 20) are most commonly air and oxygen, and the source pressures are most commonly between 40-66 psig (2.75 - 4.55 bar). The gas blender (100) controls the mixing to produce the mixed gas (30) having a predetermined mixture setpoint (32) and a predetermined control setpoint (34). Further, the gas blender (100) provides an auxiliary mixed gas (30) source at a pressure of at least fifty percent of either gas (10, 20) for selective use by at least one auxiliary piece of equipment. With reference again to the healthcare industry, the at least one auxiliary piece of equipment that uses the mixed gas (30) at a pressure of at least fifty percent of the source pressure is most commonly, nebulizers, resuscitation bags, or the like.

    [0025] With reference to FIG. 1, the gas blender (100) includes a primary gas inlet passageway (200), a secondary gas inlet passageway (300), a gas mixing apparatus (400), a mixed gas distribution passageway (500) with an auxiliary mixed gas outlet (510), a gas sensor (600), a delivery sensor (900), a mixed gas delivery control valve (700), a mixed gas controlled passageway (800), and a controller (1000). Each of these elements will be first briefly discussed to provide an overview of the fluid communication among the various elements and how the gas blender (100) functions.

    [0026] First, with respect the passageways (200, 300, 500, 800), as seen in FIG. 2, the primary gas inlet passageway (200) has a primary gas inlet port (210), for receiving the primary gas (10) from an external source, and a primary gas inlet passageway discharge (220). Similarly, the secondary gas inlet passageway (300) has a secondary gas inlet port (310), for receiving the secondary gas (20) from an external source, and a secondary gas inlet passageway discharge (320). Further, the mixed gas distribution passageway (500) has the auxiliary mixed gas outlet (510) for supplying the mixed gas (30) at the predetermined mixture setpoint (32) and a pressure of at least fifty percent of the primary gas source pressure for use by the auxiliary piece of equipment. The mixed gas distribution passageway (500) also has a mixed gas distribution passageway inlet (520) and a mixed gas distribution passageway discharge (530). Lastly, the mixed gas controlled passageway (800) has a mixed gas controlled passageway inlet (810) and a mixed gas controlled passageway discharge (820).

    [0027] Next, with continued reference to FIG. 2, the gas mixing apparatus (400) is in fluid communication with the primary gas inlet passageway (200), the secondary gas inlet passageway (300), and the mixed gas distribution passageway (500). The gas mixing apparatus (400) receives primary gas (10) through the primary gas inlet passageway (200) and receives secondary gas (20) through the secondary gas inlet passageway (300). The gas mixing apparatus (400) mixes the primary gas (10) with the secondary gas (20) in response to a mixing control signal (1010) to produce the mixed gas (30) at the predetermined mixture setpoint (32) and a pressure of at least fifty percent of the primary gas source pressure, as seen in FIG. 3. The predetermined mixture setpoint (32) is a percentage of either the primary gas (10) or the secondary gas (20) that is desired in the mixed gas (30). The mixed gas (30) then exits the gas mixing apparatus (400) via the mixed gas distribution passageway (500). The mixed gas distribution passageway (500) of the present invention has an auxiliary mixed gas outlet (510) for supplying mixed gas (30) at the predetermined mixture setpoint (32) and a pressure of at least fifty percent of the primary gas source pressure for use by the auxiliary piece of equipment. This ability to supply mixed gas (30) at a pressure of at least fifty percent of the source pressure of the primary gas (10) and the secondary gas (20), while also supplying mixed gas (30) via another outlet at a reduced pressure or flow, is a significant advance.

    [0028] Again referring to FIG. 2, the mixed gas delivery control valve (700) is in fluid communication with the mixed gas distribution passageway (500) and a mixed gas controlled passageway (800). The mixed gas delivery control valve (700) receives the mixed gas (30) downstream of the gas mixing apparatus (400) and therefore the mixed gas (30) is at the predetermined mixture setpoint (32). The mixed gas delivery control valve (700) modulates in response to a delivery control signal (1020) thereby fixing the mixed gas (30) at the predetermined control setpoint (34), in addition to the already obtained predetermined mixture setpoint (32). The mixed gas (30), now at the predetermined mixture setpoint (32) and predetermined control setpoint (34), exits the mixed gas delivery control valve (700) via the mixed gas controlled passageway (800).

    [0029] Now, referring again to FIG. 3, with respect to the sensors (600, 900), the gas sensor (600) is in fluid communication with the mixed gas distribution passageway (500). The gas sensor (600) produces a gas signal (610) representative of a property of the mixed gas (30) in the mixed gas distribution passageway (500). The gas sensor (600) generally senses the amount of the first gas (10) or the second gas (20) contained in the mixed gas (30). The sensed amount is preferably in the form of a percentage of the first gas (10) or the second gas (20) contained in the mixed gas (30). For example, in the healthcare industry if the first gas (10) is compressed air and the second gas (20) is substantially pure oxygen, then it is generally desirable to sense the amount of oxygen in the mixed gas (30), often expressed as a percentage of oxygen in the mixed gas (30).

    [0030] The delivery sensor (900) is in fluid communication with the mixed gas (30) after it exits the mixed gas delivery control valve (700) for generating a delivery sensing signal (910). At this point the mixed gas (30) is already at the desired mixture, and the delivery sensor (900) is sensing pressure or flow rate. Thus, the delivery sensor may be a pressure sensor (920) or a flow sensor (930). Further, the delivery sensor (900) is not restricted to locations within the present invention and may be in fluid communication with the mixed gas (30) well downstream of the gas blender (100). For instance, referring again to a healthcare example, in embodiments using the present invention in a Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) device, the mixed gas (30) pressure is preferably measured with the pressure sensor (920) or flow sensor (930) located near a user face mask. In most embodiments the pressure sensor (920) is sensing pressures below 250 centimeters of water, and the flow sensor (930) is sensing flow rates less than 20 liters per minute.

    [0031] Finally, the controller (1000) (a) compares the predetermined mixture setpoint (32) and the gas signal (610), and generates the mixing control signal (1010), and (b) compares the predetermined control setpoint (34) and the delivery sensing signal (910), and generates the delivery control signal (1020). In other words, with respect to the mixing control signal (1010), the controller (1000) receives the user input, or preset, predetermined mixture setpoint (32) as well as the gas signal (610) from the gas sensor (600), compares the signals, and generates a correction signal, or mixing control signal (1010), that modulates the gas mixing apparatus (400) to ensure that the mixed gas (30) in the mixed gas distribution passageway (500) is substantially equal to the mixture amount represented by the predetermined mixture setpoint (32). Further, with respect to the delivery control signal (1020), the controller (1000) receives the user input, or preset, predetermined control setpoint (34) as well as the delivery sensing signal (910) from the delivery sensor (900), compares the signals, and generates a correction signal, or delivery control signal (1020), that modulates the mixed gas delivery control valve (700) to ensure that a characteristic, typically pressure or flow rate, of the mixed gas (30) in the mixed gas controlled passageway (800) is substantially equal to the characteristic, typically pressure or flow rate, represented by the predetermined control setpoint (34).

    [0032] The gas mixing apparatus (400) may be any number of flow control products that can accurately meter the amount of gas passing through the apparatus (400) and mix the primary gas (10) and the secondary gas (20) with a known maximum pressure drop to ensure that the mixed gas (30) in the mixed gas distribution passageway (500) is at a pressure of at least fifty percent of the source pressure of the primary gas (30). In one embodiment, seen in FIG. 1, the gas mixing apparatus (400) includes a primary gas control valve (410) and a secondary gas control valve (460). The term control valve used herein means a valve and compatible actuation device capable of responding to the associated control signal to modulate, or merely direct the flow, as directed by the control signal. In a preferred embodiment, seen in FIG. 2, the primary gas control valve (410) is a primary gas proportional solenoid valve (420) and the secondary gas control valve (460) is a secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (470). The term proportional solenoid valve herein means a solenoid valve capable of modulating through the range of being fully open to fully closed.

    [0033] In one particular embodiment, seen in FIGS. 3 and 4, the primary gas proportional solenoid valve (420) is a 2-way primary gas proportional solenoid valve (430) and the secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (470) is a 2-way secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (480). Here, the 2-way primary gas proportional solenoid valve (430) is in fluid communication with the primary gas inlet passageway (200) and a primary gas controlled passageway (1100) such that the 2-way primary gas proportional solenoid valve (430) received the primary gas (10) from the primary gas inlet passageway (200), modulates in response to the mixing control signal (1010), and discharges the modulated primary gas (10) to the primary gas controlled passageway (1100) that is in fluid communication with the mixed gas distribution passageway (500). Similarly, the 2-way secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (480) is in fluid communication with the secondary gas inlet passageway (300) and a secondary gas controlled passageway (1200) such that the 2-way secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (480) receives the secondary gas (20) from the secondary gas inlet passageway (300), modulates in response to the mixing control signal (1010), and discharges the modulated secondary gas (20) to the secondary gas controlled passageway (1200) that is in fluid communication with the mixed gas distribution passageway (500). The 2-way primary gas proportional solenoid valve (430) and the 2-way secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (480) work together, as directed by the mixing control signal (1010), so that the mixture of the modulated primary gas (10) and the modulated secondary gas (20) in the mixed gas distribution passageway (500) is at the predetermined mixture setpoint (32).

    [0034] In this embodiment incorporated into an illustrative CPAP application example, the predetermined control setpoint (34) is often a preferred treatment pressure of between approximately 5 centimeters of water and approximately 10 centimeters of water, with the source pressure of the first gas (10), compressed air, of approximately 50 psig (3.45 bar) and the source pressure of the second gas (20), oxygen, of approximately 50 psig, when the mixed gas (30) flow out of the auxiliary mixed gas outlet (510) is approximately 7 liters/minute and the mixed gas (30) flow out of the mixed gas controlled passageway (800) is approximately 8 liters/minute. As the mixed gas (30) flow from the auxiliary mixed gas outlet (510) increases to 15 liters/minute the source pressure of the gases (10, 20) drops to approximately 41 psig. The higher flow rate yields a pressure in the mixed gas distribution passageway (500) of approximately 21 psig, while the lower flow rate yields a pressure in the mixed gas distribution passageway (500) of approximately 42 psig. As such, the mixed gas (30) in the mixed gas distribution passageway (500) is at the predetermined mixture setpoint (32) and a pressure of at least fifty percent of the lowest gas source pressure. Similarly, in the CPAP application example above, the predetermined control setpoint (34) is often a preferred treatment flow rate of less than 20 liters per minute.

    [0035] In an alternative embodiment seen in FIG. 5, the primary gas proportional solenoid valve (420) is a 2-way primary gas proportional solenoid valve (430) and the secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (470) is a 3-way secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (490). Here, the 2-way primary gas proportional solenoid valve (430) is in fluid communication with the primary gas inlet passageway (200) and a primary gas controlled passageway (1100) such that the 2-way primary gas proportional solenoid valve (430) receives the primary gas (10) from the primary gas inlet passageway (200) and modulates in response to the mixing control signal (1010) only when the predetermined mixture setpoint (32) is at or above a predetermined high concentration setpoint (36). When the predetermined mixture setpoint (32) is below the predetermined high concentration setpoint (36) the 2-way primary gas proportional solenoid valve (430) is fully open. The discharge from the 2-way primary gas proportional solenoid valve (430) of this embodiment is to the primary gas controlled passageway (1100) that is in fluid communication with the 3-way secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (490). Therefore, the 3-way secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (490) is in fluid communication with the secondary gas inlet passageway (300), the primary gas controlled passageway (1100), and the mixed gas distribution passageway (500) such that the 3-way secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (430) receives the secondary gas (20) from the secondary gas inlet passageway (300) and receives the primary gas (10) from the primary gas controlled passageway (1100). The 3-way secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (490) modulates in response to the mixing control signal (1010), and discharges the mixed gas (30) to the mixed gas distribution passageway (500) at the predetermined mixture setpoint (32).

    [0036] In this embodiment the predetermined high concentration setpoint (36) can be virtually any concentration of the primary gas (10) or the secondary gas (20). With reference again to a healthcare example in which the primary gas (10) is compressed air and the secondary gas (20) is oxygen, the predetermined high concentration setpoint (36) of the mixed gas (30) is substantially sixty percent oxygen. This value is selected because given an equal volume transfer, assuming the same source pressure of each gas (10, 20) and equal orifice sizes of each valve (410, 460), the compressed air, at 21% oxygen, and oxygen, at 100% oxygen, would mix in equal parts. Here, the difference in the percentage of oxygen in the primary gas (10) and the secondary gas (20) is approximately 80%. Thus, with the 2-way primary gas proportional solenoid valve (430) fully open, the 3-way secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (490) can modulate to produced the mixed gas (30) having oxygen concentrations of between 21% and approximately 60% by volume. Then, if an oxygen concentration greater than 60% is desired, the 2-way primary gas proportional solenoid valve (430) starts to close, or throttle back the amount of the secondary gas (20), i.e. compressed air, that it supplies to the 3-way secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (490).

    [0037] One with skill in the art will recognize that an embodiment that is exactly the inverse of the previously described embodiment of FIG. 5 will perform equally as well. In this inverse embodiment, seen in FIG. 6, the primary gas proportional solenoid valve (420) is a 3-way primary gas proportional solenoid valve (440) and the secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (470) is a 2-way secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (480). The 2-way secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (480) is in fluid communication with the secondary gas inlet passageway (300) and a secondary gas controlled passageway (1200). The 2-way secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (480) receives the secondary gas (20) from the secondary gas inlet passageway (300), modulates in response to the mixing control signal (1010) only when the predetermined mixture setpoint (32) is at or above a predetermined high concentration setpoint (36), otherwise the 2-way secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (480) is fully open, and discharges the secondary gas (20) to the secondary gas controlled passageway (1200). The secondary gas controlled passageway (1200) is in fluid communication with the 3-way primary gas proportional solenoid valve (440). The 3-way primary gas proportional solenoid valve (440) is in fluid communication with the primary gas inlet passageway (200), the secondary gas controlled passageway (1200), and the mixed gas distribution passageway (500). The 3-way primary gas proportional solenoid valve (440) receives the primary gas (10) from the primary gas inlet passageway (200) and receives the secondary gas (20) from the secondary gas controlled passageway (1200). The 3-way primary gas proportional solenoid valve (440) modulates in response to the mixing control signal (1010) and discharges the mixed gas (30) to the mixed gas distribution passageway (500) at the predetermined mixture setpoint (32).

    [0038] The present invention may also incorporate a calibration valve (1500) to control which gas (10, 20, 30) is sensed by the gas sensor (600), as seen in FIGS. 5 and 7. Incorporation of the calibration valve (1500) allows the gas blender (100) to verify that the gas sensor (600) is properly functioning. For example, in one of the healthcare examples above, the gas sensor (600) is an oxygen sensor. Here, the gas blender (100) is connected to a source of 100% oxygen. Therefore, by directing 100% oxygen to the gas sensor (600) via the calibration valve (1500), the gas blender (100) can test the gas sensor (600) to see if it produces a reading of 100% oxygen. The calibration valve (1500) is most commonly a 3-way 2-position solenoid valve. In other words, the calibration valve (1500) has two inputs and one output and the valve merely directs which input is blocked-off and which input gets to flow freely to the output.

    [0039] This embodiment incorporates a secondary gas calibration passageway (1300), a mixed gas measurement passageway (1400), and the calibration valve (1500). The secondary gas calibration passageway (1300) is in fluid communication with the secondary gas inlet passageway (300). The mixed gas measurement passageway (1400) is in fluid communication with the mixed gas distribution passageway (500). The calibration valve (1500) directs gas flow from either the secondary gas calibration passageway (1300) or the mixed gas measurement passageway (1400) to the gas sensor (600) at the direction of a calibration signal (1030) generated by the controller (1000). The controller (1000) may generate the calibration signal (1030) upon the occurrence of any number of events. For example, the controller (1000) may generate the calibration signal (1030), and thus test the gas sensor (600), every time operation of the gas blender (100) is initiated, or after a specified period of operation, which could be hours of operation, number of cycles, etc. Further, the controller (1000) may prevent operation of the gas blender (100) if the gas signal (610) generated by the gas sensor (600) does not accurately identify the secondary gas (20).

    [0040] The present invention may also incorporate a mixed gas vent valve (1600) in fluid communication with the mixed gas controlled passageway (800), as seen in FIG. 7. The mixed gas vent valve (1600) vents mixed gas (30) from the mixed gas controlled passageway (800) in response to a vent control signal (1040) generated by the controller (1000). The vent control signal (1040) is generated by comparing a predetermined mixed gas vent setpoint (38) and the delivery sensing signal (910). The predetermined mixed gas vent setpoint (38) is essentially an over pressure safety setting. With reference again to a CPAP application, the predetermined mixed gas vent setpoint (38) is generally around 12 centimeters of water. In one embodiment the mixed gas vent valve (1600) is a 2-way solenoid valve that simply opens when the delivery sensor (900) senses a pressure in the mixed gas controlled passageway (800) that is greater than the predetermined mixed gas vent setpoint (38), thereby venting mixed gas (30) from the mixed gas controlled passageway (800), and simply closes when the pressure in the mixed gas controlled passageway (800) drops below the predetermined mixed gas vent setpoint (38).

    [0041] The present invention may further incorporate a relief valve (1700) in fluid communication with the mixed gas controlled passageway (800). The relief valve (1700) relieves mixed gas (30) from the mixed gas controlled passageway (800) if the pressure of the mixed gas (30) in the mixed gas controlled passageway (800) exceeds a predetermined mixed gas relief setpoint (40). The predetermined mixed gas relief setpoint (40) is generally significantly higher then the predetermined mixed gas vent setpoint (38). In fact, in the CPAP application example used throughout this section the predetermined mixed gas relief setpoint (40) is approximately 210 centimeters of water. In this embodiment the relief valve (1700) is an automatic mechanical relief valve.

    [0042] As one with skill in the art will appreciate, the various inlets and outlets of the gas blender (100) may incorporate check valves to limit the flow of the gas to a particular direction. Such check valves may be in fluid communication with the various inlets and outlets and external to the gas blender (100), or the check valves may be part of the gas blender (100). Therefore, one embodiment of the gas blender (100) includes a primary gas check valve (230) in the primary gas inlet passageway (200), a secondary gas check valve (330) in the secondary gas inlet passageway (300), and an auxiliary mixed gas outlet check valve (512) in the auxiliary mixed gas outlet (510), as seen in FIG. 7. Additionally, one with skill in the art will appreciate that numerous filters may be incorporated into the gas blender (100), such as the primary gas filter (240) and the secondary gas filter (340), also seen in FIG. 7. The filters (240, 340) are generally 5-50 micron filters and may incorporate a water trap, particularly on the primary gas (10) side of the gas blender (100) when the primary gas (10) is compressed air.

    [0043] One particular embodiment is illustrated in FIGS. 8-15. These figures correspond generally to the schematic diagram of FIG. 7. The gas blender (100) seen in FIG. 8, illustrates the location of the various valves of this embodiment, namely the primary gas control valve (410), the secondary gas control valve (460), the mixed gas delivery control valve (700), the calibration valve (1500), and the mixed gas vent valve (1600). The auxiliary mixed gas outlet (510) is also seen in FIG. 8. The gas blender (100) of FIG. 8 is seen in assembly view in FIG. 9. The mixed gas controlled passageway (800), and thus, the mixed gas controlled passageway outlet (820), which is generally considered the outlet that serves the patient, leaves the gas blender (100) from the bottom, as seen in FIGS. 9 and 13. The two inlet connections, namely the primary gas inlet port (210) and the secondary gas inlet port (310) are best illustrated in FIG. 10, as is the gas sensor (600).

    [0044] The gas passageways of the present embodiment are best illustrated by referencing the top plan view of FIG. 11 and the associated sections of FIGS. 12-15. For example, one can follow the primary gas (10) flow route by observing the primary gas inlet port (210) in FIG. 11, and referencing the section of FIG. 14 taken along section line 14-14 in FIG. 11. The primary gas (10) enters the primary gas inlet port (210) and is then directed through the primary gas filter (240), not seen in FIGS. 11-15 but shown in FIGS. 8 and 10. The primary gas (10) is then routed to a chamber that contains the primary gas check valve (230), not shown for clarity, and exits the main body of the gas blender (100) to enter the primary gas control valve (410), shown schematically in FIGS. 14 and 15. The primary gas (10) is then directed back into the main body of the gas blender (100) via the primary gas controlled passageway (1100), seen in FIG. 15, which connects to the mixed gas distribution passageway (500). The mixed gas distribution passageway (500) runs almost the entire length of the gas blender (100), as seen in FIG. 11, and has section line 15-15 cut down the middle of the passageway (500), with the section shown in FIG. 15.

    [0045] Further, one can also follow the secondary gas (20) flow route by first referencing FIG. 11. The secondary gas (20) enters the gas blender (100) via the secondary gas inlet port (310) and flows through the secondary gas inlet passageway (300) that connects to a chamber that contains the secondary gas check valve (330), not shown for clarity. While a section is not cut through the secondary gas inlet passageway (300), as section 14-14 cuts through the primary gas inlet passageway (200), the route is approximately the same, except that the secondary gas inlet passageway (300) does not contain a large water trap filter as seen in the primary gas inlet passageway (200), because in this design the secondary gas (20) is oxygen that has been previously filtered. Similar to the primary gas (10) route, the secondary gas (20) leaves the main body of the gas blender (100) out the top, to enter the secondary gas control valve (460), seen in FIG. 8. The secondary gas (20) then returns the main body of the gas blender (100) through the secondary gas controlled passage (1200), as seen in FIG. 15, which connects to the mixed gas distribution passageway (500).

    [0046] The mixed gas (30) then proceeds down the mixed gas distribution passageway (500) until it reaches the point of section line 13-13 of FIG. 11. Section line 13-13 is the point at which the mixed gas delivery valve (700) connects to the mixed gas distribution passageway (500), as seen in FIG. 13. The mixed gas (30) exits the main body of the gas blender (100), proceeds through the mixed gas delivery valve (700), and returns to the main body of the gas blender (100) via the mixed gas controlled passageway (800), also seen in FIG. 13. The mixed gas (30), now at the predetermined mixture setpoint (32) and the predetermined control setpoint, leaves the gas blender (100) out of the bottom.

    [0047] With reference again to FIG. 11, the mixed gas distribution passageway (500) extends beyond section line 13-13 to the auxiliary mixed gas outlet (510), shown literally in FIG. 9 and schematically in FIG. 15. Along the route of the mixed gas (30) down the mixed gas distribution passageway (500) to the mixed gas delivery control valve (700) at section line 13-13, the mixed gas (30) passes section line 12-12 which is the point at which the calibration valve (1500) communicates with the mixed gas distribution passageway (500). The calibration valve (1500) draws mixed gas (30) from the mixed gas distribution passageway (500) via the mixed gas measurement passageway (1400), and draws secondary gas (20) from the secondary gas inlet passageway (300) via the secondary gas calibration passageway (1300), as seen in FIG. 12. The discharge from the calibration valve (1500) is then routed to the gas sensor (600).

    [0048] Additionally, the mixed gas (30) passes the location of the mixed gas vent valve (1600) along the path out of the mixed gas controlled passageway (800), as seen in FIG. 13. The mixed gas vent valve (1600) is seen on the front of the gas blender (100) in FIG. 8, and the connection to the mixed gas controlled passageway (800) is seen in FIG. 13.

    [0049] Numerous alterations, modifications, and variations of the preferred embodiments disclosed herein will be apparent to those skilled in the art and they are all anticipated and contemplated to be within the spirit and scope of the instant invention. For example, although specific embodiments have been described in detail, those with skill in the art will understand that the preceding embodiments and variations can be modified to incorporate various types of substitute and or additional or alternative materials, relative arrangement of elements, and dimensional configurations. Accordingly, even though only few variations of the present invention are described herein, it is to be understood that the practice of such additional modifications and variations and the equivalents thereof, are within the spirit and scope of the invention as defined in the following claims.

    INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY



    [0050] A gas blender with auxiliary mixed gas outlet answers a long felt need for a Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) device gas blender capable of supplying mixed gas to external, non-CPAP, equipment. The incorporation of an auxiliary mixed gas source outlet capable of supplying mixed gas to auxiliary equipment at a relatively high flow rate and a pressure significantly greater than the final controlled mixed gas pressure permits the elimination of external gas blenders commonly required for auxiliary equipment, such as a nebulizers or resuscitation bags.


    Claims

    1. A gas blender with source pressure auxiliary mixed gas outlet (100) for mixing a primary gas (10), at a primary gas source pressure, and a secondary gas (20), at a secondary gas source pressure, in a controlled manner to produce a mixed gas (30) having a predetermined mixture setpoint (32) and a predetermined control setpoint (34), and providing a mixed gas (30) source having a pressure of at least fifty percent of the first gas source pressure for selective use by at least one auxiliary piece of equipment, comprising:

    a primary gas inlet passageway (200) having a primary gas inlet port (210), for receiving the primary gas (10) from an external source, and a primary gas inlet passageway discharge (220);

    a secondary gas inlet passageway (300) having a secondary gas inlet port (310), for receiving the secondary gas (20) from an external source, and a secondary gas inlet passageway discharge (320);

    a gas mixing apparatus (400) in fluid communication with the primary gas inlet passageway (200), the secondary gas inlet passageway (300), and a mixed gas distribution passageway (500), wherein the gas mixing apparatus (400) receives primary gas (10) through the primary gas inlet passageway (200) and receives secondary gas (20) through the secondary gas inlet passageway (300), wherein the gas mixing apparatus (400) mixes the primary gas (10) with the secondary gas (20) in response to a mixing control signal (1010) thereby producing the mixed gas (30) at the predetermined mixture setpoint (32) and a pressure of at least fifty percent of the primary gas source pressure that then exits the gas mixing apparatus (400) via the mixed gas distribution passageway (500), wherein the mixed gas distribution passageway (500) has an auxiliary mixed gas outlet (510) for supplying the mixed gas (30) at the predetermined mixture setpoint (32) and a pressure of at least fifty percent of the primary gas source pressure for use by the auxiliary piece of equipment;

    a gas sensor (600) in fluid communication with the mixed gas distribution passageway (500) for producing a gas signal (610);

    a mixed gas delivery control valve (700) in fluid communication with the mixed gas distribution passageway (500) and a mixed gas controlled passageway (800), wherein the mixed gas delivery control valve (700) receives the mixed gas (30) at the predetermined mixture setpoint (32) and modulates in response to a delivery control signal (1020) thereby fixing the mixed gas (30) at the predetermined mixture setpoint (32) and the predetermined control setpoint (34) that then exits the mixed gas delivery control valve (700) via the mixed gas controlled passageway (800) at a mixed gas controlled passageway discharge (820) separate from the auxiliary mixed gas outlet (510);

    a delivery sensor (900) in fluid communication with the mixed gas (30) after it exits the mixed gas delivery control valve (700) for generating a delivery sensing signal (910); and

    a controller (1000) for comparing the predetermined mixture setpoint (32) and the gas signal (610), and generating the mixing control signal (1010), and for comparing the predetermined control setpoint (34) and the delivery sensing signal (910), and generating the delivery control signal (1020).


     
    2. The gas blender (100) of claim 1, wherein the gas mixing apparatus (400) includes a primary gas control valve (410) and a secondary gas control valve (460).
     
    3. The gas blender (100) of claim 2, wherein the primary gas control valve (410) is a primary gas proportional solenoid valve (420) and the secondary gas control valve (460) is a secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (470).
     
    4. The gas blender (100) of claim 3, wherein the primary gas proportional solenoid valve (420) is a 2-way primary gas proportional solenoid valve (430) and the secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (470) is a 2-way secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (480), wherein the 2-way primary gas proportional solenoid valve (430) is in fluid communication with the primary gas inlet passageway (200) and a primary gas controlled passageway (1100) such that the 2-way primary gas proportional solenoid valve (430) receives the primary gas (10) from the primary gas inlet passageway (200), modulates in response to the mixing control signal (1010), and discharges the modulated primary gas (10) to the primary gas controlled passageway (1100) that is in fluid communication with the mixed gas distribution passageway (500), and wherein the 2-way secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (480) is in fluid communication with the secondary gas inlet passageway (300) and a secondary gas controlled passageway (1200) such that the 2-way secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (480) receives the secondary gas (20) from the secondary gas inlet passageway (300), modulates in response to the mixing control signal (1010), and discharges the modulated secondary gas (20) to the secondary gas controlled passageway (1200) that is in fluid communication with the mixed gas distribution passageway (500), such that the modulated primary gas (10) and the modulated secondary gas (20) mix in the mixed gas distribution passageway (500) to achieve the predetermined mixture setpoint (32).
     
    5. The gas blender (100) of claim 3, wherein the primary gas proportional solenoid valve (420) is a 2-way primary gas proportional solenoid valve (430) and the secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (470) is a 3-way secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (490), wherein the 2-way primary gas proportional solenoid valve (430) is in fluid communication with the primary gas inlet passageway (200) and a primary gas controlled passageway (1100) such that the 2-way primary gas proportional solenoid valve (430) receives the primary gas (10) from the primary gas inlet passageway (200), modulates in response to the mixing control signal (1010) only when the predetermined mixture setpoint (32) is at or above a predetermined high concentration setpoint (36) otherwise the 2-way primary gas proportional solenoid valve (430) is fully open, and discharges the primary gas (10) to the primary gas controlled passageway (1100) that is in fluid communication with the 3-way secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (490), and wherein the 3-way secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (490) is in fluid communication with the secondary gas inlet passageway (300), the primary gas controlled passageway (1100), and the mixed gas distribution passageway (500) such that the 3-way secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (430) receives the secondary gas (20) from the secondary gas inlet passageway (300) and receives the primary gas (10) from the primary gas controlled passageway (1100), modulates in response to the mixing control signal (1010), and discharges the mixed gas (30) to the mixed gas distribution passageway (500) at the predetermined mixture setpoint (32).
     
    6. The gas blender (100) of claim 3, wherein the primary gas proportional solenoid valve (420) is a 3-way primary gas proportional solenoid valve (440) and the secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (470) is a 2-way secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (480), wherein the 2-way secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (480) is in fluid communication with the secondary gas inlet passageway (300) and a secondary gas controlled passageway (1200) such that the 2-way secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (480) receives the secondary gas (20) from the secondary gas inlet passageway (300), modulates in response to the mixing control signal (1010) only when the predetermined mixture setpoint (32) is at or above a predetermined high concentration setpoint (36), otherwise the 2-way secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (480) is fully open, and discharges the secondary gas (20) to the secondary gas controlled passageway (1200) that is in fluid communication with the 3-way primary gas proportional solenoid valve (440), and wherein the 3-way primary gas proportional solenoid valve (440) is in fluid communication with the primary gas inlet passageway (200), the secondary gas controlled passageway (1200), and the mixed gas distribution passageway (500) such that the 3-way primary gas proportional solenoid valve (440) receives the primary gas (10) from the primary gas inlet passageway (200) and receives the secondary gas (20) from the secondary gas controlled passageway (1200), modulates in response to the mixing control signal (1010), and discharges the mixed gas (30) to the mixed gas distribution passageway (500) at the predetermined mixture setpoint (32).
     
    7. The gas blender (100) of claim 1, wherein the delivery sensor (900) is a pressure sensor (920) and the predetermined control setpoint (34) is an adjustable mixed gas delivery pressure desired in the mixed gas controlled passageway (800).
     
    8. The gas blender (100) of claim 1, wherein the delivery sensor (900) is a flow sensor (930) and the predetermined control setpoint (34) is an adjustable mixed gas flow rate desired in the mixed gas controlled passageway (800).
     
    9. The gas blender (100) of claim 1, further including a mixed gas vent valve (1600) in fluid communication with the mixed gas controlled passageway (800), wherein the mixed gas vent valve (1600) vents mixed gas (30) from the mixed gas controlled passageway (800) in response to a vent control signal (1040) generated by the controller (1000) by comparing a predetermined mixed gas vent setpoint (38) and the delivery sensing signal (910).
     
    10. The gas blender (100) of claim 1, further including a relief valve (1700) in fluid communication with the mixed gas controlled passageway (800), wherein the relief valve (1700) relieves mixed gas (30) from the mixed gas controlled passageway (800) if the pressure of the mixed gas (30) in the mixed gas controlled passageway (800) exceeds a predetermined mixed gas relief setpoint (40).
     
    11. The gas blender (100) of claim 1, further including a primary gas check valve (230) in the primary gas inlet passageway (200), a secondary gas check valve (330) in the secondary gas inlet passageway (300), and an auxiliary mixed gas outlet check valve (512) in the auxiliary mixed gas outlet (510).
     
    12. The gas blender (100) of claim 1,
    wherein the gas mixing apparatus (400) comprises a primary gas control valve (410) and a secondary gas control valve (460), in fluid communication with the primary gas inlet passageway (200), the secondary gas inlet passageway (300), and the mixed gas distribution passageway (500), wherein the primary gas control valve (410) receives primary gas (10) through the primary gas inlet passageway (200) and the secondary gas control valve (460) receives secondary gas (20) through the secondary gas inlet passageway (300), wherein the primary gas control valve (410) is a 2-way primary gas proportional solenoid valve (430) and the secondary gas control valve (460) is a 2-way secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (480), wherein the 2-way primary gas proportional solenoid valve (430) is in fluid communication with the primary gas inlet passageway (200) and a primary gas controlled passageway (100) such that the 2-way primary gas proportional solenoid valve (430) receives the primary gas (10) from the primary gas inlet passageway (200), modulates in response to a mixing control signal (1010), and discharges the modulated primary gas (10) to the primary gas controlled passageway (1100) that is in fluid communication with the mixed gas distribution passageway (500), and wherein the 2-way secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (480) is in fluid communication with the secondary gas inlet passageway (300) and a secondary gas controlled passageway (1200) such that the 2-way secondary gas proportional solenoid valve (480) receives the secondary gas (20) from the secondary gas inlet passageway (300), modulates in response to the mixing control signal (1010), and discharges the modulated secondary gas (20) to the secondary gas controlled passageway (1200) that is in fluid communication with the mixed gas distribution passageway (500), such that the modulated primary gas (10) and the modulated secondary gas (20) mix in the mixed gas distribution passageway (500) to achieve the predetermined mixture setpoint (32), and
    wherein the mixed gas distribution passageway (500) has the auxiliary mixed gas outlet (510) for supplying the mixed gas (30) at the predetermined mixture setpoint (32) and the pressure of at least fifty percent of the primary gas source pressure for use by the auxiliary piece of equipment.
     
    13. The gas blender (100) of claim 12, further including a secondary gas calibration passageway (1300), a mixed gas measurement passageway (1400), and a calibration valve (1500), wherein the secondary gas calibration passageway (1300) is in fluid communication with the secondary gas inlet passageway (300), the mixed gas measurement passageway (1400) is in fluid communication with the mixed gas distribution passageway (500), and the calibration valve (1500) directs gas flow from either the secondary gas calibration passageway (1300) or the mixed gas measurement passageway (1400) to the gas sensor (600) at the direction of a calibration signal (1030) generated by the controller (1000).
     
    14. The gas blender (100) of claim 1, wherein the auxiliary piece of equipment is one of a nebulizer and a resuscitation bag.
     
    15. The gas blender (100) of claim 1, wherein the auxiliary mixed gas outlet (510) is positioned between the mixed gas distribution passageway (500) and the mixed gas delivery control valve (700).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Gasmischer mit einem Quelldruck-Hilfsmischgasauslass (100) zum Mischen eines Primärgases (10) mit einem Primärgasquelldruck und eines Sekundärgases (20) mit einem Sekundärgasquelldruck auf geregelte Art und Weise, um ein Mischgas (30) mit einem vorbestimmten Mischungssollwert (32) und einem vorbestimmten Regelungssollwert (34) zu erzeugen, und zum Bereitstellen einer Quelle für das Mischgas (30) mit einem Druck in Höhe von wenigstens fünfzig Prozent des ersten Gasquelldrucks zur selektiven Verwendung durch wenigstens ein zusätzliches Ausrüstungselement, folgendes umfassend:

    einen Primärgas-Einlassweg (200) mit einem Primärgas-Einlassanschluss (210) für den Empfang des Primärgases (10) von einer externen Quelle, und mit einem Primärgas-Einlasswegausgang (220);

    einen Sekundärgas-Einlassweg (300) mit einem Sekundärgas-Einlassanschluss (310) für den Empfang des Sekundärgases (20) von einer externen Quelle, und mit einem Sekundärgas-Einlasswegausgang (320);

    eine Gasmischvorrichtung (400) in Fluidkommunikation mit dem Primärgas-Einlassweg (200), dem Sekundärgas-Einlassweg (300) und einem Mischgasverteilungsweg (500), wobei die Gasmischvorrichtung (400) Primärgas (10) durch den Primärgas-Einlassweg (200) und Sekundärgas (20) durch den Sekundärgas-Einlassweg (300) empfängt, wobei die Gasmischvorrichtung (400) das Primärgas (10) mit dem Sekundärgas (20) als Reaktion auf ein Mischungsregelungssignal (1010) mischt, wodurch das Mischgas (30) mit dem vorbestimmten Mischungssollwert (32) und mit einem Druck in Höhe von wenigstens fünfzig Prozent des Primärgas-Quelldrucks erzeugt wird, das danach aus der Gasmischvorrichtung (400) über den Mischgasverteilungsweg (500) austritt, wobei der Mischgasverteilungsweg (500) einen Hilfsmischgasauslass (510) für die Zufuhr des Mischgases (30) mit dem vorbestimmten Mischungssollwert (32) und mit einem Druck in Höhe von wenigstens fünfzig Prozent des Primärgas-Quelldrucks zur Verwendung durch das zusätzliche Ausrüstungselement aufweist;

    einen Gassensor (600) in Fluidkommunikation mit dem Mischgasverteilungsweg (500) zur Erzeugung eines Gassignals (610);

    ein Mischgaszufuhrregelventil (700) in Fluidkommunikation mit dem Mischgasverteilungsweg (500) und einem Mischgasregelungsweg (800), wobei das Mischgaszufuhrregelventil (700) das Mischgas (30) mit dem vorbestimmten Mischungssollwert (32) empfängt und es als Reaktion auf ein Zufuhrregelungssignal (1020) moduliert, wodurch das Mischgas (30) auf dem vorbestimmten Mischungssollwert (32) und dem vorbestimmten Regelungssollwert (34) fixiert wird, das danach an einem Mischgasregelungswegausgang (820), der von dem Hilfsmischgasauslass (510) getrennt ist, durch den Mischgasregelungsweg (800) aus dem Mischgaszufuhrregelventil (700) austritt;

    einen Zufuhrsensor (900) in Fluidkommunikation mit dem Mischgas (40), nachdem dieses aus dem Mischgaszufuhrregelventil (700) austritt, um ein Zufuhrmesssignal (910) zu erzeugen; und

    einen Regler (1000) zum Vergleichen des vorbestimmten Mischungssollwerts (32) und des Gassignals (610) und zum Erzeugen des Mischungsregelungssignals (1010) sowie zum Vergleichen des vorbestimmten Regelungssollwerts (34) und des Zufuhrmesssignals (910) und zum Erzeugen des Zufuhrregelungssignals (1020).


     
    2. Gasmischer (100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Gasmischvorrichtung (400) ein Primärgas-Regelventil (410) und ein Sekundärgas-Regelventil (460) aufweist.
     
    3. Gasmischer (100) nach Anspruch 2, wobei das Primärgas-Regelventil (410) ein Primärgas-Proportionalmagnetventil (420) ist, und wobei das Sekundärgas-Regelventil (460) ein Sekundärgas-Proportionalmagnetventil (470) ist.
     
    4. Gasmischer (100) nach Anspruch 3, wobei das Primärgas-Proportionalmagnetventil (420) ein 2-Wege-Primärgas-Proportionalmagnetventil (430) ist, und wobei das Sekundärgas-Proportionalmagnetventil (470) ein 2-Wege-Sekundärgas-Proportionalmagnetventil (480) ist, wobei sich das 2-Wege-Primärgas-Proportionalmagnetventil (430) in Fluidkommunikation mit dem Primärgas-Einlassweg (200) und einem Primärgas-Regelungsweg (1100) befindet, so dass das 2-Wege-Primärgas-Proportionalmagnetventil (430) das Primärgas (10) von dem Primärgas-Einlassweg (200) empfängt, es als Reaktion auf das Mischungsregelungssignal (1010) moduliert und das modulierte Primärgas (10) an den Primärgas-Regelungsweg (1100) ausgibt, der sich in Fluidkommunikation mit dem Mischgasverteilungsweg (500) befindet, und wobei sich das 2-Wege-Sekundärgas-Proportionalmagnetventil (480) in Fluidkommunikation mit dem Sekundärgas-Einlassweg (300) und einem Sekundärgas-Regelungsweg (1200) befindet, so dass das 2-Wege-Sekundärgas-Proportionalmagnetventil (480) das Sekundärgas (20) von dem Sekundärgas-Einlassweg (300) empfängt, es als Reaktion auf das Mischungsregelungssignal (1010) moduliert und das modulierte Sekundärgas (20) an den Sekundärgas-Regelungsweg (1200) ausgibt, der sich in Fluidkommunikation mit dem Mischgasverteilungsweg (500) befindet, so dass sich das modulierte Primärgas (10) und das modulierte Sekundärgas (20) in dem Mischgasverteilungsweg (500) vermischen, so dass der vorbestimmte Mischungssollwert (32) erreicht wird.
     
    5. Gasmischer (100) nach Anspruch 3, wobei das Primärgas-Proportionalmagnetventil (420) ein 2-Wege-Primärgas-Proportionalmagnetventil (430) ist, und wobei das Sekundärgas-Proportionalmagnetventil (470) ein 3-Wege-Sekundärgas-Proportionalmagnetventil (490) ist, wobei sich das 2-Wege-Primärgas-Proportionalmagnetventil (430) in Fluidkommunikation mit dem Primärgas-Einlassweg (200) und einem Primärgas-Regelungsweg (1100) befindet, so dass das 2-Wege-Primärgas-Proportionalmagnetventil (430) das Primärgas (10) von dem Primärgas-Einlassweg (200) empfängt, es als Reaktion auf das Mischungsregelungssignal (1010) nur dann moduliert, wenn der vorbestimmte Mischungssollwert (32) so hoch oder höher ist als ein vorbestimmter Sollwert (36) für eine hohe Konzentration, wobei das 2-Wege-Primärgas-Proportionalmagnetventil (430) ansonsten vollständig offen ist, und das modulierte Primärgas (10) an den Primärgas-Regelungsweg (1100) ausgibt, der sich in Fluidkommunikation mit dem 3-Wege-Sekundärgas-Proportionalmagnetventil (490) befindet, und wobei sich das 3-Wege-Sekundärgas-Proportionalmagnetventil (490) in Fluidkommunikation mit dem Sekundärgas-Einlassweg (300), dem Primärgas-Regelungsweg (1100) und dem Mischgasverteilungsweg (500) befindet, so dass das 3-Wege-Sekundärgas-Proportionalmagnetventil (430) das Sekundärgas (20) von dem Sekundärgas-Einlassweg (300) empfängt und das Primärgas (10) von dem Primärgas-Regelungsweg (1100) empfängt, es als Reaktion auf das Mischregelungssignal (1010) moduliert und das Mischgas (30) mit dem vorbestimmten Mischungssollwert (32) an den Mischgasverteilungsweg (500) ausgibt.
     
    6. Gasmischer (100) nach Anspruch 3, wobei das Primärgas-Proportionalmagnetventil (420) ein 3-Wege-Primärgas-Proportionalmagnetventil (440) ist, und wobei das Sekundärgas-Proportionalmagnetventil (470) ein 2-Wege-Sekundärgas-Proportionalmagnetventil (480) ist, wobei sich das 2-Wege-Sekundärgas-Proportionalmagnetventil (480) in Fluidkommunikation mit dem Sekundärgas-Einlassweg (300) und einem Sekundärgas-Regelungsweg (1200) befindet, so dass das 2-Wege-Sekundärgas-Proportionalmagnetventil (480) das Sekundärgas (20) von dem Sekundärgas-Einlassweg (300) empfängt, es als Reaktion auf das Mischungsregelungssignal (1010) nur dann moduliert, wenn der vorbestimmte Mischungssollwert (32) so hoch oder höher ist als ein vorbestimmter Sollwert (36) für eine hohe Konzentration, wobei das 2-Wege-Sekundärgas-Proportionalmagnetventil (480) ansonsten vollständig offen ist, und das modulierte Sekundärgas (20) an den Sekundärgas-Regelungsweg (1200) ausgibt, der sich in Fluidkommunikation mit dem 3-Wege-Primärgas-Proportionalmagnetventil (440) befindet, und wobei sich das 3-Wege-Primärgas-Proportionalmagnetventil (440) in Fluidkommunikation mit dem Primärgas-Einlassweg (200), dem Sekundärgas-Regelungsweg (1200) und dem Mischgasverteilungsweg (500) befindet, so dass das 3-Wege-Primärgas-Proportionalmagnetventil (440) das Primärgas (10) von dem Primärgas-Einlassweg (200) empfängt und das Sekundärgas (20) von dem Sekundärgas-Regelungsweg (1200) empfängt, es als Reaktion auf das Mischregelungssignal (1010) moduliert und das Mischgas (30) mit dem vorbestimmten Mischungssollwert (32) an den Mischgasverteilungsweg (500) ausgibt.
     
    7. Gasmischer (100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Zufuhrsensor (900) ein Drucksensor (920) ist, und wobei der vorbestimmte Regelungssollwert (34) ein einstellbarer Mischgaszufuhrdruck ist, der in dem Mischgasregelungsweg (800) gewünscht ist.
     
    8. Gasmischer (100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Zufuhrsensor (900) ein Durchflusssensor (920) ist, und wobei der vorbestimmte Regelungssollwert (34) eine einstellbare Mischgasdurchflussrate ist, die in dem Mischgasregelungsweg (800) gewünscht ist.
     
    9. Gasmischer (100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei dieser ferner ein Mischgasentlüftungsventil (1600) in Fluidkommunikation mit dem Mischgasregelungsweg (800) aufweist, wobei das Mischgasentlüftungsventil (1600) Mischgas (30) aus dem Mischgasregelungsweg (800) entlüftet als Reaktion auf ein Entlüftungsregelungssignal (1040), das durch den Regler (1000) erzeugt wird durch einen Vergleich eines vorbestimmten Mischgasentlüftungssollwerts (38) und des Zufuhrmesssignals (910).
     
    10. Gasmischer (100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei dieser ferner Entlastungsventil (1700) in Fluidkommunikation mit dem Mischgasregelungsweg (800) aufweist, wobei das Entlastungsventil (1700) das Mischgas (30) aus dem Mischgasregelungsweg (800) entlastet, wenn der Druck des Mischgases (30) in dem Mischgasregelungsweg (800) einen vorbestimmten Mischgasentlastungssollwert (40) überschreitet.
     
    11. Gasmischer (100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei dieser ferner ein Primärgas-Sperrventil (230) in dem Primärgas-Einlassweg (200), ein Sekundärgas-Sperrventil (330) in dem Sekundärgas-Einlassweg (300) und ein Hilfsmischgasauslass-Sperrventil (512) in dem Hilfsmischgasauslass (510) aufweist.
     
    12. Gasmischer (100) nach Anspruch 1,
    wobei die Gasmischvorrichtung (400) ein Primärgas-Regelventil (410) und ein Sekundärgas-Regelventil (460) aufweist, in Fluidkommunikation mit dem Primärgas-Einlassweg (200), dem Sekundärgas-Einlassweg (300) und dem Mischgasverteilungsweg (500), wobei das Primärgas-Regelventil (410) Primärgas (10) über den Primärgas-Einlassweg (200) empfängt, und wobei das Sekundärgas-Regelventil (460) Sekundärgas (20) über den Sekundärgas-Einlassweg (300) empfängt, wobei das Primärgas-Regelventil (410) ein 2-Wege-Primärgas-Proportionalmagnetventil (430) ist, und wobei das Sekundärgas-Regelventil (460) ein 2-Wege-Sekundärgas-Proportionalmagnetventil (480) ist, wobei sich das 2-Wege-Primärgas-Proportionalmagnetventil (430) in Fluidkommunikation mit dem Primärgas-Einlassweg (200) und einem Primärgas-Regelungsweg (100) befindet, so dass das 2-Wege-Primärgas-Proportionalmagnetventil (430) das Primärgas (10) von dem Primärgas-Einlassweg (200) empfängt, es als Reaktion auf das Mischungsregelungssignal (1010) moduliert und das modulierte Primärgas (10) an den Primärgas-Regelungsweg (1100) ausgibt, der sich in Fluidkommunikation mit dem Mischgasverteilungsweg (500) befindet, und wobei sich das 2-Wege-Sekundärgas-Proportionalmagnetventil (480) in Fluidkommunikation mit dem Sekundärgas-Einlassweg (300) und einem Sekundärgas-Regelungsweg (1200) befindet, so dass das 2-Wege-Sekundärgas-Proportionalmagnetventil (480) das Sekundärgas (20) von dem Sekundärgas-Einlassweg (300) empfängt, es als Reaktion auf das Mischungsregelungssignal (1010) moduliert und das modulierte Sekundärgas (20) an den Sekundärgas-Regelungsweg (1200) ausgibt, der sich in Fluidkommunikation mit dem Mischgasverteilungsweg (500) befindet, so dass sich das modulierte Primärgas (10) und das modulierte Sekundärgas (20) in dem Mischgasverteilungsweg (500) vermischen, so dass der vorbestimmte Mischungssollwert (32) erreicht wird; und
    wobei der Mischgasverteilungsweg (500) einen Hilfsmischgasauslass (510) für die Zufuhr des Mischgases (30) mit dem vorbestimmten Mischungssollwert (32) und mit einem Druck in Höhe von wenigstens fünfzig Prozent des Primärgas-Quelldrucks zur Verwendung durch das zusätzliche Ausrüstungselement aufweist.
     
    13. Gasmischer (100) nach Anspruch 12, wobei dieser ferner einen Sekundärgas-Kalibrierungsweg (1300), einen Mischgasmessweg (1400) und ein Kalibrierungsventil (1500) aufweist, wobei sich der Sekundärgas-Kalibrierungsweg (1300) in Fluidkommunikation mit dem Sekundärgas-Einlassweg (300) befindet, wobei sich der Mischgasmessweg (1400) in Fluidkommunikation mit dem Mischgasverteilungsweg (500) befindet, und wobei das Kalibrierungsventil (1500) die Gasströmung entweder von dem Sekundärgas-Kalibrierungsweg (1300) oder von dem Mischgasmessweg (1400) in Richtung eines durch den Regler (1000) erzeugten Kalibrierungssignals (1030) zu dem Gassensor (600) leitet.
     
    14. Gasmischer (100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei das zusätzliche Ausrüstungselement ein Zerstäuber oder ein Beatmungsbeutel ist.
     
    15. Gasmischer (100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Hilfsmischgasauslass (510) zwischen dem Mischgasverteilungsweg (500) und dem Mischgaszufuhrregelventil (700) positioniert ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Mélangeur de gaz à sortie auxiliaire (100) de gaz mélangé à pression de source destiné à mélanger un gaz primaire (10), à une pression de source de gaz primaire, et un gaz secondaire (20), à une pression de source de gaz secondaire, d'une manière contrôlée pour produire un gaz mélangé (30) ayant un point de consigne de mélange prédéfini (32) et un point de consigne de contrôle prédéfini (34), et fournissant une source de gaz mélangé (30) ayant une pression égale à au moins cinquante pour cent de la première pression de source de gaz pour une utilisation sélective par au moins un équipement auxiliaire, comprenant :

    un passage d'admission de gaz primaire (200) ayant un orifice d'admission de gaz primaire (210), pour recevoir le gaz primaire (10) à partir d'une source externe, et une décharge de passage d'admission de gaz primaire (220) ;

    un passage d'admission de gaz secondaire (300) ayant un orifice d'admission de gaz secondaire (310), pour recevoir le gaz secondaire (20) à partir d'une source externe, et une décharge de passage d'admission de gaz secondaire (320) ;

    un appareil de mélange de gaz (400) en communication fluidique avec le passage d'admission de gaz primaire (200), le passage d'admission de gaz secondaire (300), et un passage de distribution de gaz mélangé (500), l'appareil de mélange de gaz (400) recevant du gaz primaire (10) à travers le passage d'admission de gaz primaire (200) et recevant du gaz secondaire (20) à travers le passage d'admission de gaz secondaire (300), l'appareil de mélange de gaz (400) mélangeant le gaz primaire (10) avec le gaz secondaire (20) en réponse à un signal de commande de mélange (1010) produisant ainsi le gaz mélangé (30) au point de consigne de mélange prédéfini (32) et à une pression égale à au moins cinquante pour cent de la pression de la source de gaz primaire qui quitte ensuite l'appareil de mélange de gaz (400) par l'intermédiaire du passage de distribution de gaz mélangé (500), le passage de distribution de gaz mélangé (500) ayant une sortie auxiliaire (510) de gaz mélangé pour fournir le gaz mélangé (30) au point de consigne de mélange prédéfini (32) et à une pression égale à au moins cinquante pour cent de la pression de la source de gaz primaire à utiliser par l'équipement auxiliaire ;

    un capteur de gaz (600) en communication fluidique avec le passage de distribution de gaz mélangé (500) pour produire un signal de gaz (610) ;

    une vanne de commande de distribution de gaz mélangé (700) en communication fluidique avec le passage de distribution de gaz mélangé (500) et un passage contrôlé de gaz mélangé (800), la vanne de commande de distribution de gaz mélangé (700) recevant le gaz mélangé (30) au point de consigne de mélange prédéfini (32) et modulant en réponse à un signal de commande de distribution (1020) fixant ainsi le gaz mélangé (30) au point de consigne de mélange prédéfini (32) et au point de consigne de contrôle prédéfinis (34) qui quitte ensuite la vanne de commande de distribution de gaz mélangé (700) par l'intermédiaire du passage contrôlé de gaz mélangé (800) au niveau d'une décharge de passage contrôlé de gaz mélangé (820) séparée de la sortie auxiliaire de gaz mélangé (510) ;

    un capteur de distribution (900) en communication fluidique avec le gaz mélangé (30) après qu'il quitte la vanne de commande de distribution de gaz mélangé (700) pour générer un signal de détection de distribution (910) ; et

    un contrôleur (1000) pour comparer le point de consigne de mélange prédéfini (32) et le signal de gaz (610), et générer le signal de commande de mélange (1010), et pour comparer le point de consigne de contrôle prédéfmi (34) et le signal de détection de distribution (910), et générer le signal de commande de distribution (1020).


     
    2. Mélangeur de gaz (100) selon la revendication 1, l'appareil de mélange de gaz (400) comprenant une vanne de commande de gaz primaire (410) et une vanne de commande de gaz secondaire (460).
     
    3. Mélangeur de gaz (100) selon la revendication 2, la vanne de commande de gaz primaire (410) étant une électrovanne proportionnelle de gaz primaire (420) et la vanne de commande de gaz secondaire (460) étant une électrovanne proportionnelle de gaz secondaire (470).
     
    4. Mélangeur de gaz (100) selon la revendication 3, l'électrovanne proportionnelle de gaz primaire (420) étant une électrovanne proportionnelle de gaz primaire à 2 voies (430) et l'électrovanne proportionnelle de gaz secondaire (470) étant une électrovanne proportionnelle de gaz secondaire à 2 voies (480), l'électrovanne proportionnelle de gaz primaire à 2 voies (430) étant en communication fluidique avec le passage d'admission de gaz primaire (200) et un passage contrôlé de gaz primaire (1100) de sorte que l'électrovanne proportionnelle de gaz primaire à 2 voies (430) reçoive le gaz primaire (10) provenant du passage d'admission de gaz primaire (200), module en réponse au signal de commande de mélange (1010), et décharge le gaz primaire (10) modulé vers le passage contrôlé de gaz primaire (1100) qui est en communication fluidique avec le passage de distribution de gaz mélangé (500), et l'électrovanne proportionnelle de gaz secondaire à 2 voies (480) étant en communication fluidique avec le passage d'admission de gaz secondaire (300) et un passage contrôlé de gaz secondaire (1200) de sorte que l'électrovanne proportionnelle de gaz secondaire à 2 voies (480) reçoive le gaz secondaire (20) provenant du passage d'admission de gaz secondaire (300), module en réponse au signal de commande de mélange (1010), et décharge le gaz secondaire (20) modulé vers le passage contrôlé de gaz secondaire (1200) qui est en communication fluidique avec le passage de distribution de gaz mélangé (500), de sorte que le gaz primaire (10) modulé et le gaz secondaire (20) modulé se mélangent dans le passage de distribution de gaz mélangé (500) pour atteindre le point de consigne de mélange prédéfmi (32).
     
    5. Mélangeur de gaz (100) selon la revendication 3, l'électrovanne proportionnelle de gaz primaire (420) étant une électrovanne proportionnelle de gaz primaire à 2 voies (430) et l'électrovanne proportionnelle de gaz secondaire (470) étant une électrovanne proportionnelle de gaz secondaire à 3 voies (490), l'électrovanne proportionnelle de gaz primaire à 2 voies (430) étant en communication fluidique avec le passage d'admission de gaz primaire (200) et un passage contrôlé de gaz primaire (1100) de sorte que l'électrovanne proportionnelle de gaz primaire à 2 voies (430) reçoive le gaz primaire (10) provenant du passage d'admission de gaz primaire (200), module en réponse au signal de commande de mélange (1010) uniquement lorsque le point de consigne de mélange prédéfmi (32) est égal ou supérieur à un point de consigne de concentration élevée prédéfini (36), autrement l'électrovanne proportionnelle de gaz primaire à 2 voies (430) est complètement ouverte, et décharge le gaz primaire (10) vers le passage contrôlé de gaz primaire (1100) qui est en communication fluidique avec l'électrovanne proportionnelle de gaz secondaire à 3 voies (490), et l'électrovanne proportionnelle de gaz secondaire à 3 voies (490) étant en communication fluidique avec le passage d'admission de gaz secondaire (300), le passage contrôlé de gaz primaire (1100), et le passage de distribution de gaz mélangé (500) de sorte que l'électrovanne proportionnelle de gaz secondaire à 3 voies (430) reçoive le gaz secondaire (20) provenant du passage d'admission de gaz secondaire (300) et reçoive le gaz primaire (10) provenant du passage contrôlé de gaz primaire (1100), module en réponse au signal de commande de mélange (1010), et décharge le gaz mélangé (30) vers le passage de distribution de gaz mélangé (500) au point de consigne de mélange prédéfini (32).
     
    6. Mélangeur de gaz (100) selon la revendication 3, l'électrovanne proportionnelle de gaz primaire (420) étant une électrovanne proportionnelle de gaz primaire à 3 voies (440) et l'électrovanne proportionnelle de gaz secondaire (470) étant une électrovanne proportionnelle de gaz secondaire à 2 voies (480), l'électrovanne proportionnelle de gaz secondaire à 2 voies (480) étant en communication fluidique avec le passage d'admission de gaz secondaire (300) et un passage contrôlé de gaz secondaire (1200) de sorte que l'électrovanne proportionnelle de gaz secondaire à 2 voies (480) reçoive le gaz secondaire (20) provenant du passage d'admission de gaz secondaire (300), module en réponse au signal de commande de mélange (1010) uniquement lorsque le point de consigne de mélange prédéfini (32) est égal ou supérieur à un point de consigne de concentration élevée prédéfini (36), autrement l'électrovanne proportionnelle de gaz secondaire à 2 voies (480) est complètement ouverte, et décharge le gaz secondaire (20) vers le passage contrôlé de gaz secondaire (1200) qui est en communication fluidique avec l'électrovanne proportionnelle de gaz primaire à 3 voies (440), et l'électrovanne proportionnelle de gaz primaire à 3 voies (440) étant en communication fluidique avec le passage d'admission de gaz primaire (200), le passage contrôlé de gaz secondaire (1200), et le passage de distribution de gaz mélangé (500) de sorte que l'électrovanne proportionnelle de gaz primaire à 3 voies (440) reçoive le gaz primaire (10) provenant du passage d'admission de gaz primaire (200) et reçoive le gaz secondaire (20) provenant du passage contrôlé de gaz secondaire (1200), module en réponse au signal de commande de mélange (1010), et décharge le gaz mélangé (30) vers le passage de distribution de gaz mélangé (500) au point de consigne de mélange prédéfini (32).
     
    7. Mélangeur de gaz (100) selon la revendication 1, le capteur de distribution (900) étant un capteur de pression (920) et le point de consigne de contrôle prédéfini (34) étant une pression de distribution de gaz mélangé réglable souhaitée dans le passage contrôlé de gaz mélangé (800).
     
    8. Mélangeur de gaz (100) selon la revendication 1, le capteur de distribution (900) étant un capteur de débit (930) et le point de consigne de contrôle prédéfini (34) étant un débit de gaz mélangé réglable souhaité dans le passage contrôlé de gaz mélangé (800).
     
    9. Mélangeur de gaz (100) selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre une soupape de purge de gaz mélangé (1600) en communication fluidique avec le passage contrôlé de gaz mélangé (800), la soupape de purge de gaz mélangé (1600) purgeant le gaz mélangé (30) provenant du passage contrôlé de gaz mélangé (800) en réponse à un signal de commande de purge (1040) généré par le contrôleur (1000) en comparant un point de consigne de purge de gaz mélangé prédéfini (38) et le signal de détection de distribution (910).
     
    10. Mélangeur de gaz (100) selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre une soupape de décharge (1700) en communication fluidique avec le passage contrôlé de gaz mélangé (800), la soupape de décharge (1700) déchargeant le gaz mélangé (30) provenant du passage contrôlé de gaz mélangé (800) si la pression du gaz mélangé (30) dans le passage contrôlé de gaz mélangé (800) dépasse un point de consigne de décharge de gaz mélangé prédéfini (40).
     
    11. Mélangeur de gaz (100) selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre un clapet anti-retour de gaz primaire (230) dans le passage d'admission de gaz primaire (200), un clapet anti-retour de gaz secondaire (330) dans le passage d'admission de gaz secondaire (300), et un clapet anti-retour de sortie auxiliaire de gaz mélangé (512) dans la sortie auxiliaire de gaz mélangé (510).
     
    12. Mélangeur de gaz (100) selon la revendication 1,
    l'appareil de mélange de gaz (400) comprenant une vanne de commande de gaz primaire (410) et une vanne de commande de gaz secondaire (460), en communication fluidique avec le passage d'admission de gaz primaire (200), le passage d'admission de gaz secondaire (300), et le passage de distribution de gaz mélangé (500), la vanne de commande de gaz primaire (410) recevant du gaz primaire (10) par l'intermédiaire du passage d'admission de gaz primaire (200) et la vanne de commande de gaz secondaire (460) recevant du gaz secondaire (20) par l'intermédiaire du passage d'admission de gaz secondaire (300), la vanne de commande de gaz primaire (410) étant une électrovanne proportionnelle de gaz primaire à 2 voies (430) et la vanne de commande de gaz secondaire (460) étant une électrovanne proportionnelle de gaz secondaire à 2 voies (480), l'électrovanne proportionnelle de gaz primaire à 2 voies (430) étant en communication fluidique avec le passage d'admission de gaz primaire (200) et un passage contrôlé de gaz primaire (100) de sorte que l'électrovanne proportionnelle de gaz primaire à 2 voies (430) reçoive le gaz primaire (10) provenant du passage d'admission de gaz primaire (200), module en réponse au signal de commande de mélange (1010), et décharge le gaz primaire (10) modulé vers le passage contrôlé de gaz primaire (1100) qui est en communication fluidique avec le passage de distribution de gaz mélangé (500), et l'électrovanne proportionnelle de gaz secondaire à 2 voies (480) étant en communication fluidique avec le passage d'admission de gaz secondaire (300) et un passage contrôlé de gaz secondaire (1200) de sorte que l'électrovanne proportionnelle de gaz secondaire à 2 voies (480) reçoive le gaz secondaire (20) provenant du passage d'admission de gaz secondaire (300), module en réponse au signal de commande de mélange (1010), et décharge le gaz secondaire (20) modulé vers le passage contrôlé de gaz secondaire (1200) qui est en communication fluidique avec le passage de distribution de gaz mélangé (500), de sorte que le gaz primaire (10) modulé et le gaz secondaire (20) modulé se mélangent dans le passage de distribution de gaz mélangé (500) pour atteindre le point de consigne de mélange prédéfini (32), et le passage de distribution de gaz mélangé (500) ayant la sortie auxiliaire de gaz mélangé (510) pour fournir le gaz mélangé (30) au point de consigne de mélange prédéfini (32) et à la pression égale à au moins cinquante pour cent de la pression de la source de gaz primaire à utiliser par l'équipement auxiliaire.
     
    13. Mélangeur de gaz (100) selon la revendication 12, comprenant en outre un passage de calibrage de gaz secondaire (1300), un passage de mesure de gaz mélangé (1400), et une vanne de calibrage (1500), le passage de calibrage de gaz secondaire (1300) étant en communication fluidique avec le passage d'admission de gaz secondaire (300), le passage de mesure de gaz mélangé (1400) étant en communication fluidique avec le passage de distribution de gaz mélangé (500) et la vanne de calibrage (1500) dirigeant le débit de gaz à partir du passage de calibrage de gaz secondaire (1300) ou du passage de mesure de gaz mélangé (1400) vers le capteur de gaz (600) sur l'ordre d'un signal de calibrage (1030) généré par le contrôleur (1000).
     
    14. Mélangeur de gaz (100) selon la revendication 1, l'équipement auxiliaire étant un nébuliseur et/ou un ballon de réanimation.
     
    15. Mélangeur de gaz (100) selon la revendication 1, la sortie auxiliaire de gaz mélangé (510) étant positionnée entre le passage de distribution de gaz mélangé (500) et la vanne de commande de distribution de gaz mélangé (700).
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description