(19)
(11)EP 1 994 235 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
28.04.2010 Bulletin 2010/17

(21)Application number: 07732026.5

(22)Date of filing:  13.03.2007
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
E03D 9/03(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/GB2007/000885
(87)International publication number:
WO 2007/104977 (20.09.2007 Gazette  2007/38)

(54)

LIQUID DISPENSING DEVICE

FLÜSSIGKEITSABGABEVORRICHTUNG

DISPOSITIF DISTRIBUTEUR DE LIQUIDE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MT NL PL PT RO SE SI SK TR

(30)Priority: 13.03.2006 GB 0605023

(43)Date of publication of application:
26.11.2008 Bulletin 2008/48

(73)Proprietor: Jeyes Group Limited
Norfolk IP24 1HF (GB)

(72)Inventor:
  • VIRICA, Peter
    Newcastle-upon-Tyne NE2 1DP (GB)

(74)Representative: Luckhurst, Anthony Henry William et al
Marks & Clerk LLP 90 Long Acre
London WC2E 9RA
London WC2E 9RA (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A-01/32995
US-A1- 2002 178 493
WO-A-2004/072390
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention relates to a device for dispensing a liquid into a toilet bowl. Typically the liquid includes one or more active substances such as a surfactant, a colorant or a bleach. In Europe and the USA such devices are often clipped over the side of the toilet bowl so that flush water will rinse the liquid from a delivery surface into the toilet bowl. In countries such as Japan, the device may also be carried on top of the toilet cistern, for example, where water from a spout runs over the delivery plate before filling the cistern. Examples of such devices can be seen in EP-A-538957, WO 00/42261, WO 01/32995 and WO 02/36895. Devices delivering two liquids or a combination of a liquid and solid are also known and described, for example, in WO 02/064898, WO 02/40791, WO 02/40792 and WO 02/40787.

    [0002] As will be appreciated from a study of the documents mentioned above that, there has been considerable effort to develop a device which ensures an even dosage of liquid into the toilet bowl over time. For example, it has been found that with some arrangements the liquid in the liquid reservoir becomes diluted by the flush water, reducing the viscosity of the liquid until it flows too rapidly from the reservoir, giving the user an impression of a sudden loss of liquid.

    [0003] In WO 00/42261 we disclose a system in which the outflow of liquid from the reservoir, which is an upturned bottle, is controlled by two closely spaced plates with capillary channels feeding the liquid onto a delivery plate which is exposed to the flush water. In WO 01/32995 we use a construction providing a constant head of liquid in a reservoir below the container outlet and a capillary for ducting the liquid onto the delivery surface.

    [0004] Document WO2004/072390 A discloses a dispenser with a delivery surface. A container for liquid is in use upside down, with its mouth in a cup, which cup has a weir in its wall.

    [0005] In one aspect, the present invention provides a liquid delivery device comprising:

    a container for the liquid, the container having an outlet which, in use, is below the upper level of liquid in the container;

    a cup having a wall surrounding a mouth of the container outlet, the cup being open to the atmosphere whereby, in use, liquid flows into the cup until the mouth is covered by liquid in the cup,

    the cup wall having a weir formed therein whereby, in use, liquid in the cup overflows the weir;

    a delivery surface below the level of the weir, and a capillary fluidly connecting the weir with the delivery surface.



    [0006] In use, liquid from the container fills the cup to a level just above the mouth of the container outlet and overflows the weir in the container wall to be ducted by the capillary onto the delivery surface. Flush water washes the liquid off the delivery surface.

    [0007] The flow of liquid is regulated by the capillary, the level of liquid in the cup rising to cover the mouth of container outlet when flow through the capillary is slower than the rate of filling the cup. As the cup is emptied by the flow through the capillary, the mouth of the container outlet is uncovered and so air can enter the container to allow more liquid to flow into the cup until the mouth is covered again.

    [0008] With many prior art devices, the rate of liquid flow onto the delivery surface varies with the orientation of the device. With a plate-like delivery surface, typically the device is designed on the assumption that the delivery plate is horizontal in use. If the device is mounted so that delivery plate slopes downward, away from the container, liquid flow increases. If the delivery plate slopes upward away from the container, the liquid flow decreases.

    [0009] We have found that by appropriate positioning of the weir in the cup wall, we can provide for a flow rate which is largely independent of the orientation of the device in normal use. In particular, the weir is preferably provided on a side of the cup opposite to the delivery surface. Preferably the weir is in a position diametrically opposite to the delivery surface, which extends away from the cup.

    [0010] With a plate-like delivery surface, when the delivery plate slopes downwards away from the cup, the weir is in a higher position, relative to the mouth of the container outlet, and so the height or flow of liquid over the weir is reduced. Conversely, if the delivery plate slope upwards, the weir is in a lower position relative to the mouth of the container outlet and so there is a higher level of liquid above the weir, to increase the liquid flow into the capillary and so assist the flow of liquid onto the upwardly sloping delivery plate.

    [0011] Preferably the cup is integrally formed on an upper surface of the delivery surface. Channels may be provided on a plate-like delivery surface to duct liquid away from the cup. The channels may extend out onto surface of the delivery plate which is exposed to the flush water.

    [0012] Preferably the weir is formed by cut out or slot in the cup wall.

    [0013] Preferably a capillary is formed, to duct liquid from the weir to the delivery surface, by providing a close fitting collar around the outer surface of the cup wall, the capillary being formed between the collar and cup wall outer surface. The cup wall outer surface and/or the facing surface of the collar may be shaped to form a capillary channel or channels extending away from the weir. Preferably the channels duct liquid around the cup outer surface to adjoining channels in the delivery plate. Preferably the collar is integrally formed with a holder which supports the container.

    [0014] A strap maybe provided for attaching the device to a rim of a toilet bowl.

    [0015] A plurality of containers or a container having a plurality of compartments may be provided, with a respective cup for each container or compartment.

    [0016] The invention will be further described by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

    Figure 1 is a perspective view of a liquid delivery device forming an embodiment of the invention;

    Figure 2 is a front view of a container of the embodiment of Figure 1, having two compartments;

    Figure 3 is a perspective view of a delivery plate and cups of the embodiment of Figure 1;

    Figure 4 is an enlarged perspective view of a cup of the delivery plate of Figure 3;

    Figure 5 is a perspective view from above a holder of the embodiment of Figure 1;

    Figure 6 is an underneath perspective view of the holder of Figure 5;

    Figure 7 is a cross-section along the line VII-VII of Figure 1, and

    Figure 8 shows a modification to the delivery plate of the embodiment of Figures 1 to 7.



    [0017] Figure 1 shows a liquid dispensing device 1 which is particularly suited for attachment to the rim of a toilet bowl. The device 1 comprises a container 3 which has two compartments 5a, 5b each containing a respective liquid. Container 3 is supported in a holder 7 to which is clipped a delivery plate 9 forming a delivery surface. Container 3 includes a flexible strap 11 which is unwound to clip the device onto the rim of the toilet bowl, with the exposed portion 13 of the delivery plate 9 extending under the rim, into the path of the flush water as is well known in the art.

    [0018] For silent flow toilets, such as are common in the USA and in which the flush water flows over the toilet bowl surface, the plate 9 extends to touch the bowl surface or it may be provided with a hinged lip at its free end to touch the bowl surface, as is known in the art.

    [0019] Referring to Figure 2, the container 3 has two compartments 5a, 5b which may contain the same liquid formulation, but preferably different formulations are used.

    [0020] Suitable formulations are well known in the art and are typically water based, containing one or more active ingredients such as a colorant, a surfactant and/or bleach. By having two compartments, ingredients which are not compatible when mixed for long periods, such as some bleaches and colorants, may be used in the respective formulations.

    [0021] Container 3 may be formed with a single compartment, and a single outlet if preferred.

    [0022] Each compartment 5a, 5b has an outlet 15 formed by a cap 17 mounted on a neck 19 which is integral with the compartment body 20a, 20b. Cap 17 includes a frangible seal 21 which is displaced by a pin (vide hereinafter) to open the outlet to release the respective liquid 23a, 23b.

    [0023] Cap 17 is mounted on the neck 19 to close the respective container compartment 5a, 5b, after it is filled. Cap 17 includes a downwardly depending sleeve 24 which defines a mouth 25 of the outlet 15.

    [0024] Referring to Figure 3, the delivery plate 9 has a planar base 27 which has a multitude of capillary like narrow cross - section channels 29 formed on its upper surface 31 in as region 13 which is exposed, in use, to the flush water (cf Figure 1). Sidewalls 33 are formed at the edges of the base 27 in the exposed portion 13 and the base also has an upward lip 35 at its front edge 36 to inhibit dripping from the delivery plate 9.

    [0025] At the other, inner end of the delivery plate 9, two cups 35 are integrally moulded on the base 27. Centrally within each cup 35 is a pin 37 extending up from the base 27 and which, in use, displaces the frangible seal 21 to open the respective container compartment 5a, 5b. Cup 35 has a circular wall 39 which has a cut out or slot 41 extending down from the upper edge of the cup; and adjacent the rear edge 43 of the delivery plate 9. The bottom edge of the slot 41 forms a weir 45. The outer surface 47 of the cup wall 39 has a step 48, the wall 39 being thicker at its lower end 49 adjacent the base. The wall 39 forms part of a capillary channel as will be described hereinafter with reference to Figure 7. Referring to Figure 4, step 48 extends almost fully around the outer surface 47. Channels 51 are formed in the outer surface 47 and extend down through the thicker portion 49 to provide a passage for liquid to flow down to distribution channels 53 formed in the upper surface 31 of the delivery plate 9. In use, liquid 23a, 23b flows into the channels 53 to spread laterally outwards from the cups 35. Channels 53 are defined by ribs 54 formed on the surface 31.

    [0026] Referring to Figures 5 and 6, the holder 7 has a base 55 with a peripheral wall 57 which extends upwards from the base to help support container 3. Wall 57 extends below the base 55 on three sides, as seen in Figure 6, to mate against the rear edge 43 of delivery plate 9. Base 55 has two apertures 59 which are bound by collars 61 extending up from the base 55 and ending in an inwardly expending rim 63. A vent slot 65 is formed in each collar 61.

    [0027] Delivery plate 9 is a snap fit onto the underside 64 of the base 55 of holder 7. A locating pin 68 expends through an aperture 67 in delivery plate 9. The rear edge 43 of delivery plate 9 engages between nibs 69 and the base 55, and dogs 71 snap in to slots 73 to secure the delivery plate 9 in place. In this position, the underside 64 of the base 55 rests on or closely above the ribs 54 defining capillary channels 53 and so forms a capillary channel or space between the underside 64 of the base 55 and the plate 9, in a manner similar to that seen in WO 00/42261.

    [0028] The cups 35 are snugly received in the respective collars 61. As seen in Figure 7, a capillary channel 75 is formed between the outer wall 47 of a cup 35 and the facing surface 77 of the collar 61.

    [0029] In use, the device is supplied to the consumer with the delivery plate 9 and holder 7 assembled together and the container 3 separate, with the frangible seal(s) 21 in place. To use the device, the consumer inverts the container and presses it into the holder 7, the sleeves 24 of the cap 17 entering the cup 35 and the pin 37 breaking the frangible seal 21. The seal floats to the upper surface of the liquid in the container.

    [0030] The shoulder 79 of cap 17 rests on the rim 63 of the collar 61 and the container 3 is held in place in the holder 7 by protrusions 81 in the holder wall 57 (see Figure 5) which engage in recesses 83 in the container body 20. (Figure 2).

    [0031] Liquid 23 flows into the cup 35 until it closes or covers the mouth 25 of the container outlet 15. The liquid will rise slightly above the mouth 25 until the reduced pressure above the liquid in the container prevents further outflow. The vent 65 in the rim 63 ensures that the cup 35 is open to atmosphere. With the device horizontal as shown in Figure 7, the liquid is just above weir 45 and so is ducted into the capillary channel 75 formed between the outer surface 47 of the cup 35 and the inner surface 77 of the collar 61 and flows down into the channels 53 in the capillary space 80 formed between the surface 64 of the holder base 55 and the delivery plate 9.

    [0032] If the device is mounted at an angle, the vertical position of the weir 45 relative to the mouth 25 of the outlet 15 is altered. With the delivery plate sloping upward (arrow A in Figure 7) the level of liquid over the weir 45 will increase as liquid will, in effect, flow to the back of the cup 35 and so there is a greater height of liquid above the weir 45, increasing the flow of liquid into the capillary channel 75. Conversely, if the delivery plate slopes downward (arrow B in Figure 7) the liquid in the cup tends to flow away from the weir 45, reducing the height of liquid above the weir 45 and so reducing the liquid flow into the capillary 75.

    [0033] Referring to Figure 8, this shows two separate plates 9a, 9b which, taken together, correspond to the delivery plate 9 of Figure 3. A space 82 is provided between the plates 9a, 9b when they are attached to the holder 7. Each plate half 9a, 9b will receive liquid from a respective container half 5a, 5b and so the liquids are kept separated until they are washed off the plates 9a, 9b by the flush water. To facilitate manufacture, the two plates 9a, 9b may be moulded as a single unit with a rib (not shown) bridging the space 82. As the plates are attached to the holder 7, the rib can be broken away to form a complete separation of the plates at the space 82.


    Claims

    1. A liquid delivery device comprising:

    a container (3) for the liquid, the container having an outlet (15) which, in use, is below the upper level of liquid in the container;

    a cup (35) having a wall (39) surrounding a mouth (25) of the container outlet (15), the cup being open to the atmosphere whereby, in use, liquid flows into the cup until the mouth is covered by liquid in the cup;

    the cup wall (39) having a weir (45) formed therein whereby in use liquid in the cup overflows the weir;

    a delivery surface (9) below the level of the weir (45), characterised in that a capillary (75) fluidly connects the weir (45) with the delivery surface (9).


     
    2. A device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the delivery surface (9) extends away from one side of the cup (35) in a first direction and the weir (45) is provided in a position on the opposite side of the cup, opposite to the delivery surface.
     
    3. A device as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein the delivery surface (9) is a plate and the cup (35) is integrally formed on an upper surface of the delivery plate.
     
    4. A device as claimed in claim 1, 2 or 3, wherein channels (53) are be provided on the delivery surface (9) to duct liquid away from the cup (35).
     
    5. A device as claimed in claim 4, wherein the channels (53) are provided on a part of the delivery surface (9) which is exposed, in use, to the flush water.
     
    6. A device as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the weir (45) is formed by a slot in the cup wall (39) extending down from an upper edge of the cup wall.
     
    7. A device as claimed in claim 6, wherein the capillary (75) is formed by providing a close fitting a collar (61) around the outer surface of the cup wall (39), the capillary (75) being formed between the collar (61) and cup wall outer surface.
     
    8. A device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the collar (61) is integrally formed with a holder (7) which supports the container (3).
     
    9. A device as claimed in claim 6, 7 or 8, wherein the cup wall outer surface and/or the facing surface of the collar is shaped to form a capillary channel (51) or channels which directs the liquid away from the weir (45).
     
    10. A device as claimed in claim 9, wherein the channel (51) or channels duct liquid around the cup outer surface to adjoining channels (53) provided in the delivery surface (9).
     
    11. A device as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 10, wherein a strap (11) is provided for attaching the device to a rim of a toilet bowl.
     
    12. A device as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 11, wherein a plurality of containers (3) is provided, each container housing a respective liquid.
     
    13. A device as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 11, wherein the container (3) has a plurality of compartments each having a respective outlet and containing a respective liquid.
     
    14. A device as claimed in claim 12 or 13 wherein a respective cup (35) is provided for each container (3) or compartment.
     
    15. A device as claimed in claim 14, wherein a plurality of cups (35) is provided, each on a respective, separate, delivery plate.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Flüssigkeitszuführvorrichtung, die aufweist:

    einen Behälter (3) für die Flüssigkeit, wobei der Behälter einen Auslass (15) aufweist, der sich bei Benutzung unterhalb des oberen Füllstandes der Flüssigkeit im Behälter befindet;

    ein Gefäß (35) mit einer Wand (39), die eine Öffnung (25) des Behälterauslasses (15) umgibt, wobei das Gefäß zur Atmosphäre hin offen ist, wodurch bei Benutzung Flüssigkeit in das Gefäß fließt, bis die Öffnung durch die Flüssigkeit im Gefäß bedeckt wird;

    wobei die Gefäßwand (39) ein darin ausgebildetes Wehr (45) aufweist, wobei bei Benutzung die Flüssigkeit im Gefäß über das Wehr läuft;

    eine Abgabefläche (9) unterhalb des Füllstandes des Wehrs (45), dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass eine Kapillare (75) fluidisch das Wehr (45) mit der Abgabefläche (9) verbindet.


     
    2. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, bei der sich die Abgabefläche (9) von einer Seite des Gefäßes (35) weg in einer ersten Richtung erstreckt und das Wehr (45) in einer Position auf der entgegengesetzten Seite des Gefaßtes vorhanden ist, entgegengesetzt zur Abgabefläche.
     
    3. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, bei der die Abgabefläche (9) eine Platte ist, und bei der das Gefäß (35) zusammenhängend auf einer oberen Fläche der Abgabeplatte gebildet wird.
     
    4. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, 2 oder 3, bei der Kanäle (53) auf der Abgabefläche (9) vorhanden sind, um die Flüssigkeit vom Gefäß (35) wegzuführen.
     
    5. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 4, bei der die Kanäle (53) auf einem Teil der Abgabefläche (9) vorhanden sind, der bei Benutzung dem Spülwasser ausgesetzt ist.
     
    6. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, bei der das Wehr (45) durch einen Schlitz in der Gefäßwand (39) gebildet wird, der sich von einem oberen Rand der Gefäßwand nach unten erstreckt.
     
    7. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 6, bei der die Kapillare (75) durch Bereitstellen eines eng passenden Ringes (61) um die äußere Fläche der Gefäßwand (39) gebildet wird, wobei die Kapillare (75) zwischen dem Ring (61) und der äußeren Fläche der Gefäßwand gebildet wird.
     
    8. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 7, bei der der Ring (61) zusammenhängend mit einer Halterung (7) gebildet wird, die den Behälter (3) hält.
     
    9. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 6, 7 oder 8, bei der die äußere Fläche der Gefäßwand und/oder die Sichtfläche des Ringes ausgebildet sind, um einen kapillaren Kanal (51) oder Kanäle zu bilden, der die Flüssigkeit vom Wehr (45) weglenkt.
     
    10. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 9, bei der der Kanal (51) oder die Kanäle die Flüssigkeit um die äußere Fläche des Gefäßes herum zu angrenzenden Kanälen (53) führen, die in der Abgabefläche (9) vorhanden sind.
     
    11. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 10, bei der eine Schelle (11) für das Befestigen der Vorrichtung an einem Rand einer Toilettenschüssel vorhanden ist.
     
    12. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 11, bei der eine Vielzahl von Behältern (3) vorhanden ist, wobei ein jeder Behälter eine entsprechende Flüssigkeit aufnimmt.
     
    13. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 11, bei der der Behälter (3) eine Vielzahl von Kammern aufweist, die jeweils einen entsprechenden Auslass aufweisen und eine entsprechende Flüssigkeit enthalten.
     
    14. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 12 oder 13, bei der ein jeweiliges Gefäß (35) für jeden Behälter (3) oder Kammer vorhanden ist.
     
    15. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 14, bei der eine Vielzahl von Gefäßen (35) vorhanden ist, ein jedes auf einer jeweiligen separaten Abgabeplatte.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif distributeur de liquide, comprenant :

    un récipient (3) pour le liquide, le récipient comportant une sortie (15), située en service au-dessous du niveau supérieur du liquide dans le récipient ;

    une cuvette (35), comportant une paroi (39) entourant une embouchure (25) de la sortie du récipient (15), la cuvette étant ouverte vers l'atmosphère, le liquide s'écoulant ainsi en service dans la cuvette jusqu'à la couverture de l'embouchure par le liquide dans la cuvette ;

    la paroi de la cuvette (39) comportant un déversoir (45) qui y est formé, le liquide dans la cuvette débordant ainsi en service au-dessus du déversoir ;

    une surface de distribution (9) située au-dessous du niveau du déversoir, caractérisé en ce qu'un tube capillaire assure la connexion fluidique entre le déversoir (45) et la surface de distribution (9).


     
    2. Dispositif selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la surface de distribution (9) s'étend à l'écart d'un côté de la cuvette (35), dans une première direction, le déversoir (45) étant agencé dans une position située sur le côté opposé de la cuvette, opposée à la surface de distribution.
     
    3. Dispositif selon les revendications 1 ou 2, dans lequel la surface de distribution (9) est une plaque, la cuvette (35) étant formée d'une seule pièce sur une surface supérieure de la plaque de distribution.
     
    4. Dispositif selon les revendications 1, 2 ou 3, dans lequel des canaux (53) sont agencés sur la surface de distribution (9) pour guider le liquide à l'écart de la cuvette (35).
     
    5. Dispositif selon la revendication 4, dans lequel les canaux (53) sont agencés sur une partie de la surface de distribution (9) exposée en service à l'eau de rinçage.
     
    6. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dans lequel le déversoir (45) est formé par une fente dans la paroi de la cuvette (39), s'étendant vers le bas à partir d'un bord supérieur de la paroi de la cuvette.
     
    7. Dispositif selon la revendication 6, dans lequel le tube capillaire (75) est formé en ajustant étroitement un collet (61) autour de la surface externe de la paroi de la cuvette (39), le tube capillaire (75) étant formé entre le collet (61) et la surface externe de la paroi de la cuvette.
     
    8. Dispositif selon la revendication 7, dans lequel le collet (61) est formé d'une seule pièce avec un élément de retenue (7) qui supporte le récipient (3).
     
    9. Dispositif selon les revendications 6, 7 ou 8, dans lequel la surface externe de la paroi de la cuvette et/ou la surface opposée du collet est formée de sorte à former un canal capillaire (51) ou des canaux capillaires dirigeant le liquide à l'écart du déversoir (45).
     
    10. Dispositif selon la revendication 9, dans lequel le canal ou les canaux (51) guident le liquide autour de la surface externe de la cuvette vers des canaux adjacents (53) formés dans la surface de distribution (9).
     
    11. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 10, dans lequel une single (11) est prévue pour fixer le dispositif sur un rebord d'une cuvette de WC.
     
    12. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 11, comprenant plusieurs récipients (3), chaque récipient logeant un liquide respectif.
     
    13. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 11, dans lequel le récipient (3) comporte plusieurs compartimentes, colportant chacun une sortie respective et contenant un liquide respectif.
     
    14. Dispositif selon les revendications 12 ou 13, dans lequel une cuvette respective (35) est prévue pour chaque récipient (3) ou compartiment.
     
    15. Dispositif selon la revendication 14, comprenant plusieurs cuvettes (35) agencées chacune sur une plaque de distribution séparée respective.
     




    Drawing




















    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description