(19)
(11)EP 2 067 312 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
26.06.2019 Bulletin 2019/26

(21)Application number: 08712176.0

(22)Date of filing:  23.01.2008
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04L 12/28(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/KR2008/000415
(87)International publication number:
WO 2008/091108 (31.07.2008 Gazette  2008/31)

(54)

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING PACKET

VORRICHTUNG UND VERFAHREN ZUR PAKETÜBERMITTLUNG

DISPOSITIF ET PROCÉDÉ DE TRANSMISSION DE PAQUETS


(84)Designated Contracting States:
DE NL

(30)Priority: 23.01.2007 US 886148 P
22.01.2008 KR 20080006789

(43)Date of publication of application:
10.06.2009 Bulletin 2009/24

(73)Proprietor: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
Suwon-si, Gyeonggi-do, 443-742 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • KWON, Chang-Yeul
    Gyeonggi-do 446-567 (KR)
  • LEE, Jae-Min
    Gyeonggi-do443-780 (KR)
  • FAN, Guoping
    Gyeonggi-do 443-725 (KR)
  • KIM, Seong-Soo
    Seoul 134-822 (KR)

(74)Representative: Appleyard Lees IP LLP 
15 Clare Road
Halifax HX1 2HY
Halifax HX1 2HY (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
US-A1- 2002 034 172
US-A1- 2006 120 341
US-A1- 2006 050 709
  
  • XIN LIU ET AL: "Adaptive delayed acknowledgement algorithm for mpeg-4 traffic in uwb networks", TSINGHUA SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, TSINGHUA UNIVERSITY PRESS, BEIJING, CN, vol. 11, no. 4, 1 August 2006 (2006-08-01) , pages 278-286, XP011375578, ISSN: 1007-0214, DOI: 10.1109/TST.2006.6075910
  • FISHER R. ET AL.: 'Millimeter-wave ad-hoc wireless access system (2) Proposal of system architecture to IEEE 802.15 TG3a' WIRELESS COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY, 2003. IEEE TOPICAL CONFERENCE 15 October 2003 - 17 October 2003, pages 310 - 311, XP010716872
  • XIAO Y., SHEN X., JIANG H.: 'Optimal ACK mechanisms of the IEEE 802.15.3' SELECTED AREAS IN COMMUNICATIONS, IEEE JOURNAL vol. 24, no. 4, PART 1, April 2006, pages 836 - 842, XP008105310
  • IEEE P802.15-05-0493-23-003C, [Online] 18 January 2007, pages 4 - 5 Retrieved from the Internet: <URL:http://www.ieee802.org/15/pub/TG3c.htm l>
  • XIAO Y ET AL: "Optimal ACK mechanisms of the IEEE 802.15.3", IEEE JOURNAL ON SELECTED AREAS IN COMMUNICATI, IEEE SERVICE CENTER, PISCATAWAY, US, vol. 24, no. 4, PART 1, 1 April 2006 (2006-04-01), pages 836-842, XP008105310, ISSN: 0733-8716, DOI: 10.1109/JSAC.2005.863862
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] The present invention relates to an apparatus and method for transmitting a packet, and more particularly, to an apparatus and method which indicate a policy with respect to a packet and transmit the packet, wherein the policy is in regard to an acknowledgement packet and a retransmission packet which correspond to the type of packet to be transmitted.

BACKGROUND ART



[0002] There is an increasing demand for an efficient transmission method in a wireless network environment since the migration to wireless networks, and the need for massive amounts of multimedia data to be transmitted. Furthermore, there is an increasing necessity with respect to wireless transmitting of high quality video, such as digital video disk (DVD) images, high-definition television (HDTV) images, and the like, between various home devices.

[0003] A communication channel in the wireless network environment is easily affected by various external events, and thus, smooth data transmission is not guaranteed. Accordingly, a reception station, which has received data, transmits an acknowledgement packet for indicating that the data has been correctly received. A transmission station transmits next data after receiving the acknowledgement packet.

[0004] However, in the case where corrupted data is received, the reception station transmits the acknowledgement packet including a flag indicating that the data is corrupted, thereby enabling the transmission station to retransmit the corresponding data or to perform separate measures. Here, the acknowledgement packet has to be transferred to the transmission station within a predetermined period of time after the data is transmitted. Thus, if the transmission station does not receive the acknowledgement packet, the transmission station may recognize that a problem has occurred in transmission of the data, and may retransmit the corresponding data.

[0005] Multimedia data, such as video data or audio data, is data which is time-dependent. Thus, it is more important to transmit the data within a time flow rather than to retransmit the data that is corrupted or lost. For example, even if multimedia data 2, from among a plurality of pieces of multimedia data 1 , 2, and 3 which are sequentially transmitted as a successive stream, is corrupted or lost, it may be preferable to transmit the multimedia data 3 at a scheduled time rather than to allocate a time to retransmit the multimedia data 2.

[0006] Also, due to the size of the multimedia data, the multimedia data requires allocation of much network resource. Thus, in the case where the multimedia data is retransmitted, wasteful use of network resource may occur.

[0007] US2006/0050709 describes a method and device for bi-directionally transmitting and receiving data during an allocated time period. The device includes a Physical Layer (PHY) module receiving a Medium Access Control (MAC) frame through a wireless medium, a MAC module reading a value of a first field in the received MAC frame, wherein the first field specifies whether there is more data to be sent, and a transmission rights determining module determining that a transmission right has been passed to the wireless device when the value of the first field is a first bit and a channel is idle during a predetermined threshold time after reception of the MAC frame, wherein the first bit represents that there is no more data to be sent.

[0008] US2002/0034172 describes a MAC protocol that takes into account backward compatibility and conventional layering principles while introducing QoS parameters to describe and transport the QoS traffic. Minislots are also introduced in the protocol in the context of slots to reduce the transmission time of management, control, and data frames, and to facilitate channel bandwidth allocation, in response to increasing PHY rates. A highly efficient piconet joining process for wireless devices (e.g., IEEE 802.15.3 devices, etc.) is also provided by the protocol.

[0009] XIN LIU ET AL: "Adaptive Delayed Acknowledgement Algorithm for MPEG-4 Traffic in UWB Networks"; TSINGHUA SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, TSINGHUA UNIVERSITY PRESS, BEIJING, CN, vol. 11, no. 4; 1 August 2006 (2006-08-01); pages 278-286; XP011375578; ISSN: 1007-0214; DOI: 10.1109/TST.2006.6075910, relates to a bandwidth ultilization efficiency in the medium access control (MAC) layer. The bandwidth utilization efficiency can be improved and the quality of service for delay-sensitive variable bit rate traffic such as high rate motion picture experts group (M PEG)-4 traffic can be guaranteed by a simple and efficient algorithm that dynamically sets the burst size of the delayed-acknowledgement (Dly-ACK) based on the IEEE 802.15.3 standard. The burst size was adjusted in response to the wireless channel quality. Furthermore, the burst size was bounded by a maximum acknowledgement burst size setting and the remaining number of un-received blocks of a current supra-block. Simulation results show that the method achieves significant performance enhancement in the job failure rate and throughput compared to immediate-acknowledgement (Imm-ACK) and other fixed burst size Dly-ACK schemes. This algorithm can also be applied in generalized time division multiple access (TDMA) systems by using the block acknowledgement mechanism for delay sensitive traffic.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION TECHNICAL PROBLEM



[0010] Internet data which has payload corresponding to File Transfer Protocol (FTP) and Hyper Text Transfer Protocol (HTTP), and Media Access Control (MAC) commands are time-independent data due to their importance, thus, lossless transmission is more important.

[0011] In this manner, important matters in transmission of data may vary according to the type of the data, and thus, a method of utilizing a network according to the type of data is required.

TECHNICAL SOLUTION



[0012] An objective of the present invention is to provide an apparatus and method for indicating a policy in a packet, wherein the policy is in regard to an acknowledgement packet and a retransmission packet which correspond to the type of packet to be transmitted.

[0013] Objectives of the present invention are not limited to the above described objective. Other objectives which are not mentioned will be clearly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art by referring to the descriptions below.

[0014] According to an aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus for transmitting a packet, (hereinafter, referred to as 'a packet transmission apparatus') as set out in the accompanying claim 1.

[0015] According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method of transmitting a packet, the method as set out in the accompanying claim 6.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0016] 

FIG. 1 is a diagram for comparing a frequency band between millimeter wave (mmWave) wireless technology and standards of the IEEE 802.11 series;

FIG. 2 is a diagram of a wireless network system according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 3 is a diagram of a communication layer according to another embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 4 is a block diagram of an apparatus for transmitting a packet according to another embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 5 is a diagram for illustrating a structure of a packet according to another embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 6 is a diagram of a case in which an acknowledgement packet is generated according to another embodiment of the present invention; and

FIG. 7 is a diagram of a case in which a bitmap of an acknowledgement packet is generated according to another embodiment of the present invention.


MODE FOR INVENTION



[0017] The present invention will now be described more fully with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which exemplary embodiments of the invention are shown. The invention may, however, be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as being limited to the embodiments set forth herein; rather, these embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will be thorough and complete, and will fully convey the concept of the invention to one of ordinary skill in the art.

[0018] Therefore, the scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims. Like reference numerals in the drawings denote like elements, and thus their description will be omitted.

[0019] The term 'unit' in the embodiments of the present invention means a software component or hardware components such as a field-programmable gate array (FPGA) or an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC), and performs a specific function. However, the term 'unit' is not limited to software or hardware. The 'unit' may be formed so as to be in a addressable storage medium, or may be formed so as to operate one or more processors. Thus, for example, the term 'unit' may refer to components such as software components, object-oriented software components, class components, and task components, and may include processes, functions, attributes, procedures, subroutines, segments of program code, drivers, firmware, micro codes, circuits, data, a database, data structures, tables, arrays, or variables. A function provided by the components and 'units' may be associated with the smaller number of components and 'units', or may be divided into additional components and 'units'.

[0020] Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in detail by explaining exemplary embodiments of the invention with reference to the attached drawings.

[0021] 802.15.3c, which is a task group of The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (The IEEE), is currently attempting to standardize a technology for transmitting massive amounts of data in a wireless home network. This technology, called millimeter wave (mmWave), uses a radio wave which has a length in mm as a physical wavelength to transmit the massive amounts of data, (that is, the radio wave has a frequency range of 30 gigahertz (GHz) through 300GHz). Conventionally, this frequency range was an unlicensed band, and has been limitedly used by telecommunication businesses, radio wave astronomy, prevention of car crashes, or the like.

[0022] FIG. 1 is a diagram for comparing a frequency band between the mmWave and standards of the IEEE 802.11 series. The IEEE 802.11b or IEEE 802.11g uses a carrier frequency of 2.4GHz, and has a channel bandwidth of 20 megahertz (MHz). Similarly, the IEEE 802.11a or IEEE 802.11n uses a carrier frequency of 5GHz, and has a channel bandwidth of 20MHz. On the other hand, the mmWave uses a carrier frequency of 60GHz, and has a channel bandwidth of approximately 0.5 through 2.5GHz. Thus, it is possible to understand that the mmWave has a carrier frequency and channel bandwidth which are much greater than the standards of the IEEE 802.11 series. In this manner, when a high frequency signal (the mmWave) having a wavelength in units of mm is used, a very high transmission rate of gigabits per second (Gbps) may be achieved and a single chip including an antenna may be implemented since the size of the antenna may be reduced to below 1.5mm. Also, an attenuation ratio of the mmWave is very high in air, and thus, it is advantageous in that interference between each of a plurality of devices may be reduced.

[0023] In particular, recently, research with the aim of transmitting uncompressed audio data or uncompressed video data (hereinafter, referred to as 'uncompressed AV data') between each of a plurality of wireless devices by using a high bandwidth of the mmWave has been conducted. Compressed data is lossily compressed by means of removing parts which are less sensitive to human hearing and viewing, via motion compensation, discrete cosine transformation (DCT), quantization, variable length coding, and the like. On the other hand, uncompressed data losslessly includes a digital value (e.g., R, G, B components) indicating a pixel component. In this manner, since the wireless devices mutually transmit and receive original data which is not compressed, a user may be provided with multimedia contents having high quality images and high quality sound.

[0024] FIG. 2 is a diagram of a wireless network system according to an embodiment of the present invention. The wireless network system includes a wireless network coordinator 210 and wireless network stations 221, 222, 223, and 224.

[0025] The wireless network coordinator 210 transmits a beacon, thereby coordinating bandwidth allocation with respect to the wireless network stations 221, 222, 223, and 224 which exist in the network. That is, one or more stations, from among the wireless network stations 221, 222, 223, and 224, which form the network, receive the beacon and wait to be allocated a bandwidth by referring to the received beacon. In the case where the bandwidth is allocated to one of the wireless network stations 221, 222, 223, and 224, that wireless network station which is allocated the bandwidth is enabled to transmit target data to another wireless network station via the allocated bandwidth.

[0026] The wireless network system according to the current embodiment is configured according to a superframe that includes at least one channel time block. The channel time block may be divided into a reserved channel time block and an unreserved channel time block, wherein the reserved channel time block is a reserved time period in which a bandwidth is allocated to a specific station in a network, and the unreserved channel time block is a time period in which the bandwidth is allocated to a station which is selected via a process of contention and which is from among stations in the network. Here, the channel time block means a certain time period in which data is transmitted and received between each of the stations in the network. The reserved channel time block and the unreserved channel time block respectively correspond to a channel time allocation period and a contention access period.

[0027] A station having data to be transmitted may contend against other stations in the unreserved channel time block, thereby enabling transmission of the data, or may transmit the data in the reserved channel time block that is allocated to the station.

[0028] The wireless network coordinator 210 and the wireless network stations 221, 222, 223, and 224 according to the current embodiment may have a plurality of physical means which are separate from each other, thereby enabling transmission and reception of a packet via each of the plurality of physical means which corresponds to the type of packet to be transmitted and received. For example, the plurality of physical means may be divided into a first physical means which transmits and receives data at a high transmission rate, and a second physical means which transmits and receives the data at a low transmission rate. The first physical means may transmit and receive the data via an mmWave communication channel which uses a carrier frequency of 60GHz and has a channel bandwidth of 0.5 through 2.5GHz, and the second physical means may transmit and receive the data via Bluetooth or a wireless local area network (LAN) that is a communication channel which uses a carrier frequency of 2.4GHz or 5GHz and has a channel bandwidth of 20MHz.

[0029] Here, the plurality of physical means according to the present invention are divided into the first physical means and the second physical means. However, the present invention is not limited thereto and may also include three, four, or more pieces of physical means.

[0030] mmWave technology according to the present invention may include a standard of the European Computer Manufacturers Association (ECMA).

[0031] Omni-directional communication may be used to transmit the data by using the carrier frequency of 2.4GHz or 5GHz in the channel bandwidth of 20MHz.

[0032] Meanwhile, according to the mmWave technology which enables the data to be transmitted by using the carrier frequency of 60GHz in the channel bandwidth of 0.5 through 2.5GHz, directional communication may be required. That is, antennas included in a transmission station and a reception station have to face each other so as to perform data communication. Accordingly, beamforming may be performed so as to synchronize direction of a radio wave.

[0033] Here, the beamforming may be performed so as to regulate the direction of the radio wave so that radio wave directions of the antennas included in the transmission and reception stations are synchronized. By doing so, data transmission and data reception may be smoothly performed in a high frequency band.

[0034] For wireless transmission of data, a carrier transmission technique is used, wherein the carrier transmission technique transmits a signal at a carrier frequency. The carrier transmission technique is divided into a single carrier transmission technique and a multicarrier transmission technique. Here, the single carrier transmission technique modulates an analogue signal or a digital baseband signal at a single carrier, and transmits the single carrier to a radio frequency (RF) band.

[0035] Meanwhile, since a communication technology evolves to digital communication, the single carrier transmission technique such as Amplitude Shift Keying (ASK), Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM), and Frequency Shift Keying (FSK), which have been developed in terms of conventional analogue communication, may not simultaneously guarantee the amount of data transmission, and stability. In particular, in a wireless channel environment in which transmission power is limited, spectrum efficiency has become a highly important technical factor.

[0036] Accordingly, the wireless network stations 221, 222, 223, and 224 according to the current embodiment may transmit data by using the multicarrier transmission technique. In particular, the multicarrier transmission technique may include an Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) technique and a Discrete Multi-Tone (DMT) method, wherein the OFDM technique increases the amount of data transmission by modulating and transmitting the data in parallel on a plurality of carriers which are sequentially arrayed. At this time, when an interval between each of the plurality of carriers which are transmitted in parallel is synchronized with a data transmission rate of a symbol and is arrayed, an interference between each of the plurality of carriers may be minimized or removed so that a signal of each of the plurality of carriers can be easily and independently separated.

[0037] FIG. 3 is a diagram of a communication layer 300 according to another embodiment of the present invention. In general, the communication layer 300 is sequentially formed of first and second channel layers 351 and 352, at a bottom, which indicate physical mediums at a predetermined frequency band to which a wireless signal is transmitted, first and second physical layers 341 and 342 which indicate an RF layer (not shown) and a baseband layer (not shown), first and second Media Access Control (MAC) layers 331 and 332, a MAC control layer 320, and a upper layer 310. Here, the upper layer 310 may be a layer above the first and second MAC layers 331 and 332, and may include a Logical Link Control (LLC) layer, a network layer, a transport layer, an application layer, and the like.

[0038] As described above, the wireless network coordinator 210 and the wireless network stations 221, 222, 223, and 224 according to the previous embodiment of the present invention may have the plurality of physical means which are separate from each other. Accordingly, a MAC layer, a physical layer, and a channel layer which correspond to each of the plurality of physical means may separately exist.

[0039] That is, the first MAC layer 331, the first physical layer 341, and the first channel layer 351 which correspond to the first physical means may be included in the wireless network stations 221, 222, 223, and 224, and the second MAC layer 332, the second physical layer 342, and the second channel layer 352 which correspond to the second physical means may be included in the wireless network stations 221, 222, 223, and 224.

[0040] Thus, according to the type of packet, the packet may be processed via a path of the first physical means, or may be processed via a path of the second physical means.

[0041] According to the type of packet, the packet includes packet forming multimedia data such as video data or audio data, a time-dependent packet, and a time-independent packet.

[0042] Here, the time-dependent packet represents a packet that has to be rapidly transferred due to its high priority. The time-independent packet represents a packet that is allowed to be transferred relatively late due to its low priority.

[0043] The time-dependent packet includes at least one of an acknowledgement packet with respect to data transmission and a packet for controlling an application program. The time-independent packet includes at least one of an association request packet for requesting an association with a network, a response packet with respect to the association request packet, a band request packet for requesting a frequency band for transmitting and receiving data in a network, and a response packet with respect to the band request packet.

[0044] FIG. 3 illustrates three data process paths 301, 302, and 303. The first data process path 301 indicates a path for processing the packet forming the multimedia data, the second data process path 302 indicates a path for processing the time-dependent packet, and the third data process path 303 indicates a path for processing the time-independent packet. Here, the packet forming the multimedia data, and the time-dependent packet have a high priority, and thus, these packets are processed via the first and second data process paths 301 and 302 of the first physical means. On the other hand, the time-independent packet has a low priority, and thus, this packet is processed via the third data process path 303 of the second physical means.

[0045] The MAC control layer 320 controls the three data process paths 301, 302, and 303 with respect to the packet. That is, the MAC control layer 320 controls the high priority packet to be processed via the first and second data process paths 301 and 302 of the first physical means, and controls the low priority packet to be processed via the third data process path 303 of the second physical means.

[0046] FIG. 4 is a block diagram of an apparatus for transmitting a packet according to another embodiment of the present invention. The apparatus for transmitting the packet (hereinafter, referred to as 'a packet transmission apparatus 400') includes a central processing unit (CPU) 410, a memory 420, a MAC control unit 440, a first MAC unit 451, a second MAC unit 452, a first physical unit 461, a second physical unit 462, a first antenna unit 491, and a second antenna unit 492.

[0047] In addition, the packet transmission apparatus 400 according to the current embodiment may be an apparatus which serves to be a wireless network coordinator in a network, or an apparatus which operates as a wireless network station in the network.

[0048] The CPU 410 controls other components which are connected to a bus 430, and processes an operation of the upper layer 310 in FIG. 3. Thus, the CPU 410 processes received data (a received MAC Service Data Unit (MSDU)) provided from the first and second MAC units 451 and 452, or generates transmission data (a transmission MSDU), thereby providing the first and second MAC units 451 and 452 with the transmission data.

[0049] The memory 420 stores data. Here, the data includes uncompressed AV data. Examples of the memory 420 are a hard disk drive (HDD), a flash memory, a compact flash (CF) card, a secure digital (SD) card, a smart media (SM) card, a multimedia card (MMC), a memory stick, and the like. The memory 420 is a module which is enabled to input and output information, and may be equipped inside the packet transmission apparatus 400 or may be equipped in a separate device. In the case where the memory 420 is equipped in the separate device, communication units 461 and 462 may communicate with the separate device, thereby enabling transmission and reception of the data.

[0050] The first and second MAC units 451 and 452 add a MAC header to the transmission MSDU, that is, the transmission data provided from the CPU 410, and generate a MAC protocol data unit (MPDU). Here, the high priority multimedia data and time-dependent packet may be generated by the first MAC unit 451, and the low priority time-independent packet may be generated by the second MAC unit 452.

[0051] The communication units 461 and 462 serve to transform the MPDU, which is generated by the first and second MAC units 451 and 452, into a wireless signal, and to transmit the wireless signal via a communication channel. For this, the communication units 461 and 462 respectively include first and second baseband processors 471 and 472, and RF units 481 and 482, and are respectively connected to the first and second antenna units 491 and 492. Here, the first and second antenna units 491 and 492 may include at least one antenna. Examples of the antenna are a directional antenna such as a single antenna, a switch antenna, and a phased array antenna, or an omnidirectional antenna such as a turnstile antenna, a super gain antenna, a helical antenna, or a stacked coaxial antenna.

[0052] The first and second baseband processors 471 and 472 receive the MPDU generated by the first and second MAC units 451 and 452, and add a signal field and a preamble to the MPDU, thereby generating a physical protocol data unit (PPDU). Then, the RF units 481 and 482 transform the generated PPDU into the wireless signal, and transmit the wireless signal via the first and second antenna units 491 and 492.

[0053] According to a packet process path taken by the MAC control unit 440, a first physical unit 461 transmits the packet forming the multimedia data and the time-dependent packet, and a second physical unit 462 transmits the time-independent packet.

[0054] The MAC control unit 440 determines the type of packet to be transmitted, and sets the packet to indicate an acknowledgement policy and a retransmission policy with respect to the packet.

[0055] The packet includes a packet (hereinafter, referred to as 'a first packet') which forms the multimedia data, a packet (hereafter, referred to as 'a second packet') which forms internet data, and a packet (hereinafter, referred to as 'a third packet') which forms a MAC command. Here, the multimedia data includes data only including video, data only including audio, or data including the video and the audio. Also, the MAC command includes a network association request, a response to the network association request, a handover request, a response to the handover request, a network information request, a response to the network information request, a band request, a response to the band request, and the like.

[0056] The first packet is time-dependent data for which it is more important to be transmitted at a scheduled time rather than to be retransmitted with respect to a corrupted or lost packet. Thus, when the MAC control unit 440 sets the packet, the MAC control unit 440 may set the first packet so that generation of the acknowledgement packet with respect to the first packet is restricted. Accordingly, a packet receiving apparatus, which has received the first packet, does not transmit the acknowledgement packet for indicating that the first packet is correctly received, or for indicating that the first packet has an error.

[0057] Also, the MAC control unit 440 may insert a bit, which indicates that retransmission with respect to the first packet is restricted, into the first packet. That is, the first packet is a packet that is not retransmitted, and thus, after a first packet is transmitted, retransmission with respect to the corresponding first packet is not performed but a next first packet is transmitted. Accordingly, the packet receiving apparatus cannot request the retransmission even if the received first packet has an error.

[0058] Meanwhile, the second and third packets are time-independent data due to their importance, thus, lossless transmission is more important. Therefore, when the MAC control unit 440 sets the packet, the MAC control unit 440 may set a second packet or a third packet so that the acknowledgement packet with respect to the second packet or the third packet is generated. Accordingly, the packet receiving apparatus, which has received the second packet or the third packet, transmits the acknowledgement packet when the second packet or the third packet is correctly received and when the second packet or the third packet is received, having an error therein.

[0059] Here, the type of acknowledgement packet which is transmitted by the packet receiving apparatus, may vary according to a policy shown in the second packet or the third packet. That is, the MAC control unit 440 may set the second packet or the third packet so that an immediate acknowledgement packet or a bitmap of the acknowledgement packet is generated according to the number of payloads included in the second packet or the third packet.

[0060] In the case where the second packet or the third packet is set to allow the immediate acknowledgement packet, the packet receiving apparatus transmits the immediate acknowledgement packet as soon as the second packet or the third packet is received. In the case where the second packet or the third packet is set to allow transmission of a bitmap of the acknowledgement packet, the packet receiving apparatus checks a reception status of each payload included in the second packet or the third packet, and forms the bitmap indicating the reception status of each payload, thereby transmitting the bitmap of the acknowledgement packet.

[0061] The MAC control unit 440 may insert a bit, which indicates that retransmission with respect to the second packet or the third packet is performed, into the second packet or the third packet. That is, the second packet or the third packet is a packet to be retransmitted, and thus, when the packet receiving apparatus requests a packet to be retransmitted, the packet transmission apparatus 400 retransmits an original packet corresponding to the packet. Therefore, in the case where the received second packet or the received third packet has the error, the packet receiving apparatus may request the retransmission with respect to the received second packet or the received third packet.

[0062] Also, the MAC control unit 440 may insert the allowed number of times the retransmission may be performed, into the second packet or the third packet. Accordingly, the packet receiving apparatus may request the retransmission within the allowed number of times.

[0063] When the MAC control unit 440 sets the packet, the MAC control unit 440 may set the acknowledgement policy and the retransmission policy in the MAC header of the packet. In this regard, FIG. 5 is a diagram for illustrating a structure of the packet according to another embodiment of the present invention.

[0064] The packet includes a PHY header 510, a MAC header 520, and a payload 530. The MAC header 520 may include an acknowledgement policy field 521 and a retransmission policy field 522.

[0065] The acknowledgement policy field 521 may include information about whether an acknowledgement packet is allowed to be transmitted, and information about the type of acknowledgement packet (an immediate acknowledgement packet and a bitmap of the acknowledgement packet).

[0066] The retransmission policy field 522 shows whether a packet retransmission is performed. For example, when a bit having a value of 0 is inserted in the retransmission policy field 522, this represents that the retransmission packet may not be transmitted. When a bit having a value of 1 is inserted in the retransmission policy field 522, this represents that the retransmission packet may be transmitted.

[0067] FIG. 6 is a diagram of a case in which an acknowledgement packet is generated according to another embodiment of the present invention. That is, FIG. 6 corresponds to the case in which there is one payload, and thus, the MAC control unit 440 of the packet transmission apparatus 400 indicates the fact that transmission of the immediate acknowledgement packet is allowed, in the acknowledgement policy field 521. At this time, when a packet 610 is received, the packet receiving apparatus checks a reception status of the packet 610 and transmits an acknowledgement packet 620 corresponding to the reception status. At this time, in the case where the packet transmission apparatus 400 receives the acknowledgement packet 620 indicating that there was an error during the transmission of the packet 610, the packet transmission apparatus 400 may retransmit an original packet corresponding to the packet 610, according to the retransmission policy.

[0068] Meanwhile, in the case where there are a plurality of payloads included in a packet, the MAC control unit 440 may indicate the fact that transmission of a bitmap of an acknowledgement packet is allowed, in the acknowledgement policy field 521. In this regard, FIG. 7 is a diagram of a case in which the bitmap of the acknowledgement packet is generated according to another embodiment of the present invention.

[0069] In the case where a packet 710 includes a plurality of payloads, the first and second MAC units 451 and 452 may insert separators 711 , 712, 713, and 714 into the packet 710 so that the plurality of payloads may be differentiated. The packet receiving apparatus checks a reception status of each of the plurality of payloads by referring to the separators 711 , 712, 713, and 714, and forms a bitmap 720 showing the reception status of each of the plurality of payloads, and then transmits the bitmap 720 to the packet transmission apparatus 400. At this time, in the case where the bitmap 720 of the acknowledgement packet indicates a corrupted payload, the packet transmission apparatus 400 may retransmit the packet 710 including an original packet, which corresponds to the corrupted payload, according to the retransmission policy.

INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY



[0070] The apparatus and method for transmitting the packet according to the present invention, have one or more effects as described below.

[0071] First, a policy with respect to an acknowledgement packet and a retransmission packet, which correspond to the type of packet to be transmitted, is indicated in the packet so that a reception station can recognize whether the acknowledgement packet is allowed to be transmitted and the packet retransmission is performed. Therefore, it is advantageous in that unnecessary operations by the reception station are prevented.

[0072] Second, transmission and reception with respect to an unnecessary packet is restricted, thus, it is advantageous in that a waste of network resource is prevented.


Claims

1. A packet transmission apparatus for transmitting a packet, the packet transmission apparatus comprising;
a Media Access Control control unit (440), referred to herein as a "MAC control unit" arranged to determine a type of packet to be transmitted, and to set an acknowledgement policy field of the packet and a retransmission policy field of the packet to indicate an acknowledgement policy and a retransmission policy with respect to the packet based on the determined the type of packet to be transmitted; and
a communication unit (461) arranged to transmit the packet; characterised in that the packet comprises one of: a first packet forming multimedia data; a second packet carrying a data payload corresponding to the file transfer protocol FTP and Hyper Text Transfer Protocol HTTP data; and a third packet forming a MAC command;
wherein the MAC control unit (440) is arranged to set the acknowledgement policy field of the first packet and the retransmission policy field of the first packet to indicate the acknowledgement policy and the retransmission policy whereby generation of the acknowledgement packet with respect to the first packet is restricted and retransmission with respect to the first packet is restricted and
the acknowledgement policy field of the second packet or the third packet and the retransmission policy field of the second packet or the third packet to indicate the acknowledgement policy and the retransmission policy whereby the acknowledgement packet with respect to the second packet or the third packet is generated and retransmission with respect to the second packet or the third packet is performed.
 
2. The packet transmission apparatus of claim 1, wherein the communication unit (461) is arranged to transmit the first packet in a carrier frequency band of 60GHz and transmit the second packet or the third packet in a carrier frequency band of 2.4GHz or 5GHz.
 
3. The packet transmission apparatus of claim 1, wherein the MAC control unit (440) is arranged to insert a bit into the first packet, wherein the bit indicates that retransmission with respect to the first packet is restricted.
 
4. The packet transmission apparatus of claim 1, wherein the MAC control unit (440) is arranged to insert a bit into the second packet or the third packet, wherein the bit indicates that retransmission with respect to the second packet or the third packet is performed.
 
5. The packet transmission apparatus of claim 1, wherein the MAC control unit (440) is arranged to set the acknowledgement policy and the retransmission policy in a MAC header of the packet.
 
6. A method of transmitting a packet, the method comprising:

determining a type of packet to be transmitted, and setting an acknowledgement policy field of the packet and a retransmission policy field of the packet to indicate an acknowledgement policy and a retransmission policy with respect to the packet based on the determined the type of packet to be transmitted; and

transmitting the packet; characterised by:

the packet comprising one of: a first packet forming multimedia data; a second packet carrying a payload corresponding to the file transfer protocol FTP and Hyper Text Transfer Protocol HTTP; and a third packet forming a MAC command;

wherein the setting of the packet comprises setting the acknowledgement policy field of the first packet and the retransmission policy field of the first packet to indicate the acknowledgement policy and the retransmission policy whereby generation of the acknowledgment packet with respect to the first packet is restricted and retransmission with respect to the first packet is restricted and

the acknowledgement policy field of the second packet or the third packet and the retransmission policy field of the second packet or the third packet to indicate the acknowledgement policy and the retransmission policy whereby the acknowledgment packet with respect to the second packet or the third packet is generated and retransmission with respect to the second packet or the third packet is performed.


 
7. The method of claim 6, wherein the transmitting of the packet comprises transmitting the first packet in a carrier frequency band of 60GHz and transmitting the second packet or the third packet in a carrier frequency band of 2.4GHz or 5GHz.
 
8. The method of claim 6, wherein the setting of the packet comprises inserting a bit into the first packet, wherein the bit indicates that retransmission with respect to the first packet is restricted.
 
9. The method of claim 6, wherein the setting of the packet comprises setting the acknowledgement policy and the retransmission policy in a MAC header of the packet.
 


Ansprüche

1. Paketübermittlungsvorrichtung zur Übermittlung eines Pakets, die Paketübermittlungsvorrichtung umfassend:

eine Medienzugangssteuerungs (Media Access Control)-Steuereinheit (440), die hierin als "MAC-Steuereinheit" bezeichnet wird, die dazu vorgesehen ist, einen Typ des zu übermittelnden Pakets zu bestimmen und ein Bestätigungsrichtlinien-Feld des Pakets und ein Wiederholungsübermittlungsrichtlinien-Feld des Pakets festzulegen, um eine Bestätigungsrichtlinie und eine Wiederholungsübermittlungsrichtlinie in Bezug auf das Paket basierend auf dem bestimmten Typ des zu übermittelnden Pakets anzugeben; und

eine Kommunikationseinheit (461), die dazu vorgesehen ist, das Paket zu übermitteln; dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Paket eines der Folgenden umfasst: ein erstes Paket, das Multimediadaten bildet; ein zweites Paket, das eine Datennutzlast trägt, die den Dateiübertragungsprotokoll (File Transfer Protocol, FTP)-Daten und den Hypertext-Übertragungsprotokoll (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol, HTTP)-Daten entspricht; und ein drittes Paket, das einen MAC-Befehl bildet;

wobei die MAC-Steuereinheit (440) dazu vorgesehen ist, das Bestätigungsrichtlinien-Feld des ersten Pakets und das Wiederholungsübermittlungsrichtlinien-Feld des ersten Pakets festzulegen, um die Bestätigungsrichtlinie und die Wiederholungsübermittlungsrichtlinie anzugeben, wodurch das Erzeugen des Bestätigungspakets in Bezug auf das erste Paket eingeschränkt wird und die Wiederholungsübermittlung in Bezug auf das erste Paket eingeschränkt wird; und

das Bestätigungsrichtlinien-Feld des zweiten Pakets oder des dritten Pakets und das Wiederholungsübermittlungsrichtlinien-Feld des zweiten Pakets oder des dritten Pakets die Bestätigungsrichtlinie und die Wiederholungsübermittlungsrichtlinie angeben sollen, wodurch das Bestätigungspaket in Bezug auf das zweite Paket oder das dritte Paket erzeugt wird und eine Wiederholungsübermittlung in Bezug auf das zweite Paket oder das dritte Paket durchgeführt wird.


 
2. Paketübermittlungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Kommunikationseinheit (461) dazu vorgesehen ist, das erste Paket in einem Trägerfrequenzband von 60 GHz zu übermitteln und das zweite Paket oder das dritte Paket in einem Trägerfrequenzband von 2,4 GHz oder 5 GHz zu übermitteln.
 
3. Paketübermittlungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die MAC-Steuereinheit (440) dazu vorgesehen ist, ein Bit in das erste Paket einzufügen, wobei das Bit angibt, dass die Wiederholungsübermittlung in Bezug auf das erste Paket eingeschränkt wird.
 
4. Paketübermittlungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die MAC-Steuereinheit (440) dazu vorgesehen ist, ein Bit in das zweite Paket oder das dritte Paket einzufügen, wobei das Bit angibt, dass die Wiederholungsübermittlung in Bezug auf das zweite Paket oder dritte Paket durchgeführt wird.
 
5. Paketübermittlungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die MAC-Steuereinheit (440) dazu vorgesehen ist, die Bestätigungsrichtlinie und die Wiederholungsübermittlungsrichtlinie in einer MAC-Kopfzeile des Pakets festzulegen.
 
6. Verfahren zur Übermittlung eines Pakets, das Verfahren umfassend:

Bestimmen eines Typs eines zu übermittelnden Pakets und Festlegen eines Bestätigungsrichtlinien-Felds des Pakets und eines Wiederholungsübermittlungsrichtlinien-Felds des Pakets, um eine Bestätigungsrichtlinie und eine Wiederholungsübermittlungsrichtlinie in Bezug auf das Paket basierend auf dem bestimmten Typ des zu übermittelnden Pakets anzugeben; und

Übermitteln des Pakets; gekennzeichnet dadurch, dass:

das Paket eines der Folgenden umfasst: ein erstes Paket, das Multimediadaten bildet; ein zweites Paket, das eine Nutzlast trägt, die dem Dateiübertragungsprotokoll (FTP) und dem Hypertext-Übertragungsprotokoll (HTTP) entspricht; und ein drittes Paket, das einen MAC-Befehl bildet;

wobei das Festlegen des Pakets das Festlegen des Bestätigungsrichtlinien-Felds des ersten Pakets und des Wiederholungsübermittlungsrichtlinien-Felds des ersten Pakets umfasst, um die Bestätigungsrichtlinie und die Wiederholungsübermittlungsrichtlinie anzugeben, wodurch das Erzeugen des Bestätigungspakets in Bezug auf das erste Paket eingeschränkt wird und die Wiederholungsübermittlung in Bezug auf das erste Paket eingeschränkt wird; und

das Bestätigungsrichtlinien-Feld des zweiten Pakets oder des dritten Pakets und das Wiederholungsübermittlungsrichtlinien-Feld des zweiten Pakets oder des dritten Pakets die Bestätigungsrichtlinie und die Wiederholungsübermittlungsrichtlinie angeben sollen, wodurch das Bestätigungspaket in Bezug auf das zweite Paket oder das dritte Paket erzeugt wird und eine Wiederholungsübermittlung in Bezug auf das zweite Paket oder das dritte Paket durchgeführt wird.


 
7. Verfahren nach Anspruch 6, wobei das Übermitteln des Pakets das Übermitteln des ersten Pakets in einem Trägerfrequenzband von 60 GHz und das Übermitteln des zweiten Pakets oder des dritten Pakets in einem Trägerfrequenzband von 2,4 GHz oder 5 GHz umfasst.
 
8. Verfahren nach Anspruch 6, wobei das Festlegen des Pakets das Einfügen eines Bits in das erste Paket umfasst, wobei das Bit angibt, dass die Wiederholungsübermittlung in Bezug auf das erste Paket eingeschränkt ist.
 
9. Verfahren nach Anspruch 6, wobei das Festlegen des Pakets das Festlegen der Bestätigungsrichtlinie und der Wiederholungsübermittlungsrichtlinie in einer MAC-Kopfzeile des Pakets umfasst.
 


Revendications

1. Appareil de transmission de paquets pour transmettre un paquet, l'appareil de transmission de paquets comprenant :

une unité de commande de contrôle d'accès au support (440), appelée ici « unité de commande MAC », agencée pour déterminer un type de paquet à transmettre, et pour définir un champ de politique d'accusé de réception du paquet et un champ de politique de retransmission du paquet pour indiquer une politique d'accusé de réception et une politique de retransmission concernant le paquet sur la base du type déterminé du paquet à transmettre ; et

une unité de communication (461) agencée pour transmettre le paquet, caractérisée en ce que le paquet comprend l'un parmi : un premier paquet formant des données multimédia, un deuxième paquet acheminant des données utiles correspondant aux données de protocole de transfert de fichiers FTP et de protocole de transfert hypertexte HTTP, et un troisième paquet formant une commande MAC ;

où l'unité de commande MAC (440) est agencée pour définir le champ de politique d'accusé de réception du premier paquet et le champ de politique de retransmission du premier paquet pour indiquer la politique d'accusé de réception et la politique de retransmission, par lesquelles la génération du paquet d'accusé de réception relative au premier paquet est limitée et la retransmission relative au premier paquet est limitée, et

le champ de politique d'accusé de réception du deuxième paquet ou du troisième paquet et le champ de politique de retransmission du deuxième paquet ou du troisième paquet pour indiquer la politique d'accusé de réception et la politique de retransmission, par lesquelles le paquet d'accusé de réception relatif au deuxième paquet ou au troisième paquet est généré et la retransmission relative au deuxième paquet ou au troisième paquet est effectuée.


 
2. Appareil de transmission de paquets selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'unité de communication (461) est agencée pour transmettre le premier paquet dans une bande de fréquences porteuses de 60 GHz et transmettre le deuxième paquet ou le troisième paquet dans une bande de fréquences porteuses de 2,4 GHz ou 5 GHz.
 
3. Appareil de transmission de paquets selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'unité de commande MAC (440) est agencée pour insérer un bit dans le premier paquet, le bit indiquant que la retransmission relative au premier paquet est limitée.
 
4. Appareil de transmission de paquets selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'unité de commande MAC (440) est agencée pour insérer un bit dans le deuxième paquet ou le troisième paquet, le bit indiquant que la retransmission relative au deuxième paquet ou au troisième paquet est effectuée.
 
5. Appareil de transmission de paquets selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'unité de commande MAC (440) est agencée pour définir la politique d'accusé de réception et la politique de retransmission dans un en-tête MAC du paquet.
 
6. Procédé de transmission d'un paquet, le procédé comprenant les étapes suivantes :

déterminer un type de paquet à transmettre, et établir un champ de politique d'accusé de réception du paquet et un champ de politique de retransmission du paquet pour indiquer une politique d'accusé de réception et une politique de retransmission concernant le paquet sur la base du type déterminé du paquet à transmettre ; et

transmettre le paquet, caractérisé en ce que :

le paquet comprend l'un parmi : un premier paquet formant des données multimédia, un deuxième paquet acheminant des données utiles correspondant aux données de protocole de transfert de fichiers FTP et de protocole de transfert hypertexte HTTP, et un troisième paquet formant une commande MAC ;

où la définition du paquet comprend de définir le champ de politique d'accusé de réception du premier paquet et le champ de politique de retransmission du premier paquet pour indiquer la politique d'accusé de réception et la politique de retransmission, par lesquelles la génération du paquet d'accusé de réception relative au premier paquet est limitée et la retransmission relative au premier paquet est limitée, et

le champ de politique d'accusé de réception du deuxième paquet ou du troisième paquet et le champ de politique de retransmission du deuxième paquet ou du troisième paquet pour indiquer la politique d'accusé de réception et la politique de retransmission, par lesquelles le paquet d'accusé de réception relatif au deuxième paquet ou au troisième paquet est généré et la retransmission relative au deuxième paquet ou au troisième paquet est effectuée.


 
7. Procédé selon la revendication 6, dans lequel la transmission du paquet comprend la transmission du premier paquet dans une bande de fréquences porteuses de 60 GHz et la transmission du deuxième paquet ou du troisième paquet dans une bande de fréquences porteuses de 2,4 GHz ou 5 GHz.
 
8. Procédé selon la revendication 6, dans lequel la définition du paquet comprend d'insérer un bit dans le premier paquet, le bit indiquant que la retransmission relative au premier paquet est limitée.
 
9. Procédé selon la revendication 6, dans lequel la définition du paquet comprend de définir la politique d'accusé de réception et la politique de retransmission dans un en-tête MAC du paquet.
 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description