(19)
(11)EP 2 076 820 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
26.07.2017 Bulletin 2017/30

(21)Application number: 07850450.3

(22)Date of filing:  05.12.2007
(51)Int. Cl.: 
G03G 21/18  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2007/073895
(87)International publication number:
WO 2008/072644 (19.06.2008 Gazette  2008/25)

(54)

CARTRIDGE AND ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KARTUSCHE UND ELEKTROFOTOGRAFISCHE BILDGEBUNGSVORRICHTUNG

CARTOUCHE ET APPAREIL DE FORMATION D'IMAGE ÉLECTROPHOTOGRAPHIQUE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
DE FR GB

(30)Priority: 13.12.2006 JP 2006336008
26.11.2007 JP 2007304501

(43)Date of publication of application:
08.07.2009 Bulletin 2009/28

(73)Proprietor: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
Tokyo 146-8501 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • HOSHI, Nobuharu
    Ohta-ku Tokyo 146-8501 (JP)
  • KARAKAMA, Toshiyuki
    Ohta-ku Tokyo 146-8501 (JP)

(74)Representative: TBK 
Bavariaring 4-6
80336 München
80336 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A- 1 241 535
EP-A- 1 621 942
EP-A- 1 363 169
US-A1- 2004 081 483
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to a cartridge detachably mountable to an electrophotographic image forming apparatus for forming an image on a recording medium, and the electrophotographic image forming apparatus.

    BACKGROUND ART



    [0002] Conventionally, in an electrophotographic image forming apparatus employing an electrophotographic image forming process, employed is the system in which a process cartridge into which an electrophotographic photosensitive member and a process means arranged to act on the electrophotographic photosensitive member are integrally incorporated as a unit is detachably mountable to a main body of the image forming apparatus. Furthermore, in Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. H05-303242, known is the construction in which when mounting a process cartridge to an image forming apparatus main body, a guided portion of the process cartridge is guided by a main body guide, and thus the process cartridge is guided to a positioning portion of the image forming apparatus main body.

    [0003] Conventionally, to improve operability upon mounting the process cartridge in the image forming apparatus main body, a main body guide member needs to be shaped such that a guided portion is smoothly guided.

    [0004] EP1241535 e.g. discloses a cartridge detachably mountable to an image forming apparatus with a mounting or guidance system allowing smooth insertion via a main assembly guide and front guide into the main body of the apparatus. However, there are some cases where downsizing of an electrophotographic image forming apparatus is affected by the shape of the main body guide member.

    DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION



    [0005] Therefore, the present invention provides a cartridge and an electrophotographic image forming apparatus achieving downsizing of an electrophotographic image forming apparatus main body, and further achieving higher operability when dismounting and mounting the cartridge to the electrophotographic image forming apparatus main body. The present invention provides a cartridge according to claim 1 detachably mountable to the electrophotographic image forming apparatus of claim 8. Further features of the present invention will become apparent from the following description of exemplary embodiments with reference to the attached drawings.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0006] 

    FIG. 1 is a schematic sectional view illustrating an overall image forming apparatus in a first embodiment.

    FIG. 2 is a schematic sectional view of a process cartridge in the first embodiment.

    FIG. 3 is a schematic perspective view of the process cartridge in the first embodiment.

    FIG. 4 is a perspective view in the vicinity of a guide groove on the right side in the longitudinal direction of an image forming apparatus main body in the first embodiment.

    FIG. 5 is a schematic perspective view of the process cartridge in the first embodiment.

    FIG. 6 is a perspective view in the vicinity of a guide groove on the left side in the longitudinal direction of the image forming apparatus main body in the first embodiment.

    FIG. 7 is a schematic sectional view when mounting the process cartridge in the image forming apparatus main body in the first embodiment.

    FIG. 8 is a schematic perspective view at the time of mounting the process cartridge in the image forming apparatus main body in the first embodiment.

    FIG. 9 is a schematic sectional view illustrating the construction of a guide portion between the process cartridge and the image forming apparatus main body in the first embodiment.

    FIG. 10 is a schematic sectional view when mounting the process cartridge in the image forming apparatus main body in the first embodiment.

    FIG. 11 is a schematic perspective view in the state in which the process cartridge abuts on an abutted portion of the image forming apparatus main body in the first embodiment.

    FIG. 12 is a schematic view illustrating a retreating mechanism of the abutted portion of the image forming apparatus main body in the first embodiment.

    FIG. 13 is a schematic sectional view in the state in which a moving member of the process cartridge abuts on a releasing member in the first embodiment.

    FIG. 14 is a schematic sectional view in the state in which the moving member of the process cartridge abuts on the releasing member in the first embodiment.

    FIG. 15 is schematic perspective view in the state in which the moving member of the process cartridge abuts on the releasing member in the first embodiment.

    FIG. 16 is a schematic perspective view illustrating the operation of the retreating mechanism of the abutted portion of the image forming apparatus main body in the first embodiment.

    FIG. 17 is a schematic view illustrating the operation of the retreating mechanism of the abutted portion of the image forming apparatus main body in the first embodiment.

    FIG. 18 is a schematic perspective view in the state in which the abutted portion of the image forming apparatus main body is retreated in the first embodiment.

    FIG. 19 is a schematic sectional view in the state in which mounting of the process cartridge in the image forming apparatus main body has completed in the first embodiment.

    FIG. 20 is a schematic sectional view when pulling the process cartridge out of the image forming apparatus main body in the first embodiment.

    FIG. 21 is a schematic perspective view illustrating the side face of a process cartridge in a second embodiment.

    FIG. 22 is a schematic sectional view illustrating the construction of a guide portion between the process cartridge and an image forming apparatus main body in the second embodiment.

    FIG. 23 is a schematic perspective view of a process cartridge in a third embodiment.

    FIG. 24 is a perspective view in the vicinity of a guide groove on the right side of an image forming apparatus main body in the third embodiment.

    FIG. 25 is a schematic perspective view of the process cartridge in the third embodiment.

    FIG. 26 is a perspective view in the vicinity of a guide grove on the left side of the image forming apparatus main body in the third embodiment.

    FIG. 27 is a schematic sectional view when mounting the process cartridge in the main body in the third embodiment.

    FIG. 28 is a schematic perspective view when mounting the process cartridge in the main body in the third embodiment.

    FIG. 29 is a schematic sectional view when mounting the process cartridge in the main body in the third embodiment.

    FIG. 30 is a schematic sectional view when mounting the process cartridge in the main body in the third embodiment.

    FIG. 31 is a schematic perspective view when mounting the process cartridge in the main body in the third embodiment.

    FIG. 32 is a schematic sectional view when mounting the process cartridge in the main body in the third embodiment.

    FIG. 33 is a schematic sectional view when mounting the process cartridge in the main body in the third embodiment.


    BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION


    [Embodiment 1]



    [0007] Hereinafter, a first exemplary embodiment according to the present invention will be described in detail referring to the accompanying drawings. The longitudinal direction of a process cartridge is the direction (a direction of the axis of rotation of a photosensitive drum or a direction substantially orthogonal to) intersecting the direction of mounting the process cartridge into an electrophotographic image forming apparatus main body. Furthermore, the left and right of the process cartridge is the left or the right as viewed along the direction of mounting the process cartridge into the electrophotographic image forming apparatus main body. In addition, the top face of the process cartridge is the face positioned above in the state in which the process cartridge is mounted in the electrophotographic image forming apparatus main body, and the bottom face is the face positioned below in that state.

    [0008] First, the process cartridge and the electrophotograpic image forming apparatus main body into which the process cartridge is detachably mountable will be specifically described with reference to FIGS. 1 and 2. Incidentally, FIG. 1 is a schematic sectional view illustrating the construction of the electrophotographic image forming apparatus main body in which the process cartridge is mounted. FIG. 2 is a schematic sectional view illustrating the construction of the process cartridge.

    (Overall construction)



    [0009] In this electrophotographic image forming apparatus main body (hereinafter referred to as "apparatus main body") A, as illustrated in FIG. 1, information light according to image information is irradiated from an optical system 1 as an optical unit to an electrophotographic photosensitive member (hereinafter referred to as "photosensitive drum") 7 of a drum shape. Whereby, an electrostatic latent image is formed on the photosensitive drum 7. This electrostatic latent image is developed with a developer (hereinafter referred to as "toner") to form a toner image. Then, in synchronism with the formation of the toner image, a recording medium (recording sheet, OHP sheet, cloth and the like) 2 is fed from a sheet feeding portion (cassette) 3a and separated one by one by a pickup roller 3b and a pressure member 3c in pressure contact with the pickup roller 3b. The toner image having been formed on the photosensitive drum 7 of the process cartridge (hereinafter referred to as a cartridge) B is transferred, by the application of a voltage to a transfer roller 4 acting as a transfer unit, on the recording medium 2 having been conveyed along a conveying guide 3f1. Moreover, the recording medium 2 having been transferred with the toner image is conveyed to a fixing means 5 along a conveying guide 3f2. This fixing means 5 includes a drive roller 5a and a fixing rotary member 5d made of a tubular sheet that contains a heater 5b therein and is rotatably supported by a support 5c. Then, the fixing means 5 applies a heat and a pressure to the recording medium 2 being passed to fix the transferred toner image. The recording medium 2 on which the transferred toner image has been fixed is conveyed by a discharge roller 3d and discharged to a discharge portion 6 through a reversing and conveying path. Incidentally, although in this embodiment, the conveying means 3 is formed of the pickup roller 3b, the pressure member 3c, the discharge roller 3d and the like, the present invention is not limited thereto.

    (Process cartridge construction)



    [0010] The cartridge B is the one that includes the photosensitive drum 7 and at least one process means. As a process means, there are, for example, a charging means arranged to charge the photosensitive drum 7, a developing unit developing an electrostatic latent image that is formed on the photosensitive drum 7, and a cleaning member for cleaning a toner remaining on the photosensitive drum 7. In the cartridge B according to this embodiment, as illustrated in FIG. 2, the photosensitive drum 7 as an electrophotographic photosensitive member having a photoconductive layer is driven to rotate, and the charging roller 8 as a charging means is applied with a voltage to uniformly charge the surface of the photosensitive drum 7. The photosensitive drum 7 in this charged state is exposed to information light (light image) based on image information from the optical system 1 through an exposure opening 9b. Then, it is constructed such that an electrostatic latent image is formed on the surface of the photosensitive drum 7, and this electrostatic latent image is developed by the developing unit 10.

    [0011] In the developing unit 10, the toner in a toner containing portion 10a is fed out by a rotatable feed member 10b. Then, a developing roller 10d as a developing rotary member (developer carrying member) containing a stationary magnet 10c therein is rotated, and a toner layer applied with a triboelectrification charge by a developing blade 10e is formed on the surface of the developing roller 10d. Further, the developing roller 10d transfers the toner onto the photosensitive drum 7 based on the electrostatic latent image, thereby forming a toner image to visualize the latent image.

    [0012] Then, the transfer roller 4 is applied with the voltage of a polarity opposite to that of the toner image to transfer the toner image on the recording medium 2. After the transfer, the toner remaining on the photosensitive drum 7 is scraped off by a cleaning blade 11a that is provided at the cleaning member 11, and prevented from being leaked outside a removed toner containing portion 11c with a scooping sheet 11b.

    (Construction of mounting/dismounting a process cartridge from an image forming apparatus main body)



    [0013] A mounting construction for mounting the cartridge B that is assembled as described above in the apparatus main body A will be described referring to the drawings.

    [0014] FIGS. 3 and 5 are schematic perspective views of the cartridge, and FIGS. 4 and 6 are perspective views in the vicinity of a guide groove on the right side and on the left side in the longitudinal direction of the image forming apparatus main body respectively.

    [0015] As illustrated in FIG. 3, at a bearing member 18c attached to a cleaning frame 11d on the right side in the longitudinal direction of the cartridge B, there are provided a first guided portion 18c1 and a second guided portion 18c2. The first guided portion 18c1 is of a cylindrical shape that is formed to protrude coaxially with the axis of rotation of the photosensitive drum 7. In addition, the second guided portion 18c2 is a rotation stopper for determining the posture of the cartridge B about the rotation axis of the photosensitive drum 7. Furthermore, there is provided at a longitudinal direction end portion of the second guided portion 18c2 a moving member 14 that is rotatably provided at the longitudinal end of the second guided portion 18c2.

    [0016] Incidentally, the first guided portion 18c1 and the second guided portion 18c2 are positioned outside of the developing unit 10 in the longitudinal direction. Furthermore, an end face coupling 7b receiving a driving force from the apparatus main body A is disposed inside of the bearing member 18c in the longitudinal direction.

    [0017] In the apparatus main body A, as illustrated in FIG. 4, to guide the first guided portion 18c1 and the second guided portion 18c2 of the cartridge B to the image forming position (mounting portion Ga3, Gc3), there are formed a first guide groove Ga as a first main body guide and a second guide groove Gb as a second main body guide. The guide groove Ga, Gb includes an inclined surface (upstream-side guide surface Ga1, Gb1) directing from above to below toward the downstream side (into the interior) in the mounting direction of the cartridge B. Further, the guide groove Ga, Gb further includes an inclined surface (downstream-side guide surface Ga2, Gb2) at a different angle toward the downstream side (into the interior) in the mounting direction. That is, the first guide groove Ga includes a first bent portion Ga4, and the second guide groove Gb includes a second bent portion Gb4. Incidentally, the purpose of the guide groove Ga, Gb including these two inclined surfaces at different angles is, in order to downsize the apparatus main body A, to make a dead space in the apparatus main body A smaller. That is, as illustrated in FIG. 19, the optical unit 1 can be disposed below the upstream-side guide surface Gb1, thus enabling to efficiently use the space in the apparatus main body A.

    [0018] On the other hand, as illustrated in FIG. 5, on the other longitudinal direction end side (on the left side), there are formed a first guided portion 11e of a cylindrical shape that is provided coaxially with the photosensitive drum 7, and a second guided portion 11f for determining the posture of the cartridge B at the time of mounting. The first guided portion 11e and the second guided portion 11f are parts of the cleaning frame 11d. In addition, as with one end side, there is a moving member 15 that is movably (rotatably) provided coaxially with the second guided portion 11f at the longitudinal direction end portion of the second guided portion 11f. Incidentally, the first guided portion 11e and the second guided portion 11f are positioned outside of the developing unit 10 in the longitudinal direction. Moreover, the first guided portion 11e protrudes outward from the one end side of the cleaning frame 11d in the longitudinal direction. Furthermore, the second guided portion 11f protrudes outward from the other end side of the cleaning frame 11d in the longitudinal direction. In addition, in the apparatus main body A, as illustrated in FIG. 6, there are provided a first guide groove Gc as a first main body guide and a second guide groove Gd as a second main body guide which are formed so as to keep likewise on the other longitudinal direction end side a posture when mounting/dismounting the cartridge B, the posture of the cartridge B being determined on the bearing member 18c side. As with the guide construction on the right side in the longitudinal direction, the guide groove Gc, Gd includes an inclined surface (upstream-side guide portion Gc1, Gd1) directing from above to below toward the downstream side (into the interior) in the mounting direction of the cartridge B. Further, the guide groove Gc, Gd further includes an inclined surface (downstream-side guide portion Gc2, Gd2) at a different angle toward the downstream side (into the interior) in the mounting direction. That is, the first guide groove Gc includes a first bent portion Gc4, and the second guide groove Gd includes a second bent portion Gd4.

    [0019] Now, the mounting/dismounting construction of the cartridge B with respect to the apparatus main body A will be described. Incidentally, in this mounting/dismounting construction, the guide groove Ga, Gb and the guide groove Gc, Gd of the apparatus main body A, and the first guided portion 18c1, 11e and the second guided portion 18c2, 11f and the moving members 14 and 15 of the cartridge B are in respective similar constructions. Accordingly, here, the construction on the left side when viewed in the mounting direction of the cartridge B into the apparatus main body A will be described.

    [0020] FIGS. 7 and 10 are schematic sectional views when mounting the cartridge B into the apparatus main body A. FIG. 8 is a schematic perspective view when mounting the cartridge B into the apparatus main body A. FIG. 9 is a schematic sectional view illustrating the construction of the guide groove. Furthermore, FIG. 11 is a schematic perspective view in the state in which the cartridge B abuts on an abutted member 25 as an element of a restraining means 100 of the apparatus main body A. FIG. 12 is a schematic view illustrating the mechanism of the restraining means 100 of the apparatus main body A.

    [0021] First, as illustrated in FIGS. 7 to 9, an opening/closing door 20 of the apparatus main body A is opened, to expose the guide groove Gc, Gd. The first guided portion 11e is placed on the first guide surface Gc1, which is bent to some extent at the front portion toward the apparatus, of the guide groove Gc and the second guided portion 11f is inserted into the guide groove Gd. In this state, the cartridge B is pushed into the interior of the apparatus main body A.

    [0022] Here, the restraining means 100 includes the abutted member 25, a releasing member 26, a helical torsion coil spring 27, a retreating lever 28, an arm member 29 and an engaging pin 31. In the vicinity of the first bent portion Gc4 of the first guided portion 11e, there is provided the abutted member 25. Here, the abutted member 25 will be described. As illustrated in FIGS. 8 and 12, the abutted member 25 is supported at the apparatus main body A so as to be capable of sliding in the longitudinal direction of the cartridge. Moreover, the abutted member 25 is connected to the retreating lever 28 by the engaging pin 31. Then, due to that the retreating lever 28 is turned about a shaft 28a, as described in detail later, the abutted member 25 moves in a sliding manner in the longitudinal direction of the cartridge. In normal, the abutted member 25 protrudes in the guide groove Gc to be in a restraining position for restraining the first guided portion 11e from moving to the downstream side in the mounting direction.

    [0023] Whereas, the releasing member 26 is provided in the proximity of the abutted member 25. The releasing member 26 can turn about a rotation center 26a, and is biased in a counterclockwise direction by the helical torsion coil spring 27. In addition, the releasing member 26 includes an abutted portion 26c that is inclined in the longitudinal direction of the cartridge.

    [0024] Now, the operation of mounting the cartridge B in the apparatus main body A will be described referring to the drawings.

    [0025] FIG. 13 is a schematic sectional view in the state in which the moving member 15 abuts on the releasing member 26. FIGS. 14 and 15 are a schematic sectional view and a schematic perspective view in the state in which the moving member 15 acts on the releasing member 26. Further, FIGS. 16 and 17 are a schematic perspective view and a schematic sectional view illustrating the operation of a retreating mechanism of the abutted member 25 of the apparatus main body A. FIG. 18 is a schematic perspective view in the state in which the abutted member 25 of the apparatus main body A is retreated in an allowable position.

    [0026] As described above, the first guided portion 11e is placed on the first guide surface Gc1 and the second guided portion 11f is inserted into the guide groove Gd, and thus the cartridge B will be mounted into the interior of the apparatus main body A.

    [0027] Due to that the first guided portion 11e abuts on the abutted member 25, the cartridge B is temporarily stopped on the way the cartridge B is being mounted in the apparatus main body A.

    [0028] With the arrangement, a user can adjust the posture of the cartridge B with the first guided portion 11e of the cartridge B being as a center in the vicinity of the first bent portion Gc4. Then, the posture of the cartridge B can be controlled to follow the guide shape. That is, due to that the first guided portion 11e abuts on the abutted member 25, the user notices that the cartridge B has not been mounted to the mounting portion Ga3, Gc3. Further, by the cartridge B being pushed further to the downstream side in the mounting direction by the user, the cartridge B will be reliably mounted to the mounting portion Ga3, Gc3. In the case where the main body guide is bent as in this embodiment, such construction as to operate as described above is to be an effective arrangement for reliably mounting the cartridge B in the apparatus main body A.

    [0029] As illustrated in FIGS. 8 and 13, the guide portion Ge is provided on the outside in the longitudinal direction of the guide groove Gd. The guide portion Ge is provided in the same position in the longitudinal direction as that of a second abutted portion 15d of the moving member 15. Moreover, a second main body abutting portion Ge1 of the image forming apparatus main body is provided in the guide portion Ge. When the cartridge B is adjusted to be in the posture capable of being mounted, the second abutted portion 15d of the moving member 15 abuts on the second main body abutting portion Ge1 provided in the guide portion Ge so that the second abutted portion 15d is rotated.

    [0030] As illustrated in FIG. 13, when the cartridge B is rotated in the clockwise direction with the first guided portion 11e as the center, the moving member 15 is rotated in the clockwise direction about a rotation center 15a, and thus a first abutted portion 15b of the moving member 15 abuts on the downstream-side guide portion Gd2 of the second guide groove Gd.

    [0031] Then, as illustrated in FIGS. 14 and 15, the cartridge B is further rotated in the clockwise direction with the first guided portion 11e as the center. Thus, the second guided portion 11f of the cartridge B comes to be in the state of abutting on the downstream-side guide portion Gd2 of the guide grove Gd of the apparatus main body A, and thus the cartridge B will be in such posture as to be capable of being mounted further to the downstream side (into the interior) in the mounting direction. At this time, the moving member 15 is rotated in the clockwise direction about the rotation center 15a while the first abutted portion 15b abuts on the downstream-side guide portion Gd2. Whereby, an acting portion 15c of the moving member 15 abuts on an abutting portion 26b of the releasing member 26 to cause the releasing member 26 to rotate in the clockwise direction about the rotation center 26a.

    [0032] As illustrated in FIGS. 16 and 17, when the releasing member 26 is rotated in the direction indicated by an arrow R, the abutted portion 26c abuts on an abutting portion 28b of the retreating lever 28. The abutting portion 28b of the retreating lever 28 moves along an inclined surface of the abutted portion 26c of the releasing member 26, and the retreating lever 28 turns about a shaft 28a (in the direction indicted by an arrow S). According to the rotation of the retreating lever 28, the abutted member 25, which is engaged with the retreating lever 28 via the engaging pin 31, is moved in a sliding manner outward in the longitudinal direction of the cartridge by a linkage mechanism (in the direction indicated by an arrow T). Whereby, the abutted member 25 is retreated from the mounting track of the first guided portion 11e being mounted (FIGS. 17 and 18). That is, the abutted member 25 is moved to the allowable position for allowing the first guided portion 11e to move to the downstream side in the mounting direction.

    [0033] As a result, the first guided portion 11e can move to the downstream-side guide portion Gc2 of the guide groove Gc (in the direction indicated by an arrow V of FIG. 17). The cartridge B, at the same time, is in such a posture that the second guided portion 11f can move further into the interior along the downstream-side guide portion Gd2 of the guide Gd. Therefore, the first guided portion 11e of the cartridge B moves to the downstream-side guide portion Gc2 of the guide groove Gc and the second guided portion 11f thereof moves to the downstream-side guide portion Gd2 of the guide Gd, and thus the cartridge B moves further to the downstream side (into the interior) in the mounting direction of the apparatus main body A. Finally, the first guided portion 11e abuts on the arc-shaped mounting portion Gc3 of the guide Gc and the second guided portion 11f also abuts on the abutting portion Gd3 of the guide Gd, to complete mounting (refer to FIG. 19). During the movement of the second guided portion 11f to the abutting portion Gd3 of the guide Gd, the second guided portion 11f of the cartridge and the first abutting portion 15b of the moving member 15 abut on the downstream-side guide portion Gd2 of the image forming apparatus main body. Moreover, by the movement of the acting portion 15c of the moving member 15 while abutting on the abutting portion 26b of the releasing member 26, the abutted member 25 is kept in the state of being retreated from the first guide groove Gc.

    [0034] When the cartridge B moves to the mounting portion Gc3 (Ga3), the acting portion 15c of the moving member 15 is separated from the abutting portion 26b of the releasing member 26. Then, the releasing member 26 is biased in the counterclockwise direction by the helical torsion coil spring 27, and the abutted member 25 moves to slide inward in the longitudinal direction of the cartridge again to return to the state of blocking the guide groove Gc, that is to the restraining position.

    [0035] Incidentally, the other longitudinal direction end (the right side in the inserting direction) is also in the same construction as mentioned above. The first guided portion 18c1 abuts on the mounting portion Ga3 of the guide Ga, and the second guided portion 18c2 abuts on the abutting portion Gb3 (refer to FIG. 4) of the guide Gb. In this state in which mounting has completed, the transfer roller 4 and the photosensitive drum 7 are brought in the abutted state (refer to FIG. 1).

    [0036] Next, when the opening/closing door 20 that forms the discharge opening 6 of the apparatus main body A is closed, a drive transmission member 30 of the apparatus main body A moves to the cartridge B side, and then is fitted to the end face coupling 7b, thus enabling a rotation driving force to be transmitted from the apparatus main body A to the cartridge B.

    [0037] Now, the operation of pulling the cartridge B out of the apparatus main body A will be described referring to the drawings. FIG. 20 is a schematic sectional view when pulling the cartridge out of the apparatus main body A.

    [0038] As illustrated in FIG. 20, when the cartridge B is pulled out of the apparatus main body A, a second abutted portion 15d of the moving member 15 abuts on the arm member 29. Here, the arm member 29 includes a rotation center 29a at one end portion and pivotally engages with the apparatus main body A, and on the other end side, includes an engaging hole 29b and pivotally engages with an engaging protrusion 26d of the releasing member 26. When the second abutted portion 15d of the moving member 15 abuts on the arm member 29, the arm member 29 is rotated in the counterclockwise direction about the rotation center 29a. When the arm member 29 is rotated, the releasing member 26 is rotated in the clockwise direction about the rotation center 26a. The retreating lever 28 abuts on the abutted portion 26c of the releasing member 26 and moves along the inclined surface of the abutted portion 26c, and the retreating lever 28 is rotated in the longitudinal direction of the cartridge about the shaft 28a. According to the rotation movement of the retreating lever 28, the abutted member 25 moves to slide outward in the longitudinal direction of the cartridge by the linkage mechanism. In addition, before the guided portion 11e reaches the abutted member 25, the abutted member 25 is retreated again from the mounting track of the first guided portion 11e to move to the allowable position. Until the guided portion 11e passes the abutted member 25, the second guided portion 11f of the cartridge and the first abutting portion 15b of the moving member 15 abut on the downstream-side guide portion Gd2 of the image forming apparatus main body. Furthermore, since the acting portion 15c of the moving member 15 moves while abutting on the abutting portion 26b of the releasing member 26, the abutted member 25 is kept in the retreated state. Whereby, the cartridge B can be pulled out of the apparatus main body A.

    [0039] Moreover, after the guided portion 11e passes the abutted member 25, the acting portion 15c of the moving member 15 is separated from the releasing member 26, and the releasing member 26 is biased in the counterclockwise direction by the helical torsion coil spring 27. That is, the abutted member 25 moves to slide and returns to the restraining position of blocking the guide groove Gc again.

    [example 2]



    [0040] Now, a second example will be described referring to the drawings. FIG. 21 is a schematic perspective view illustrating the side face of a cartridge. FIG. 22 is a schematic sectional view illustrating the construction of a guide portion between the cartridge and an image forming apparatus main body.

    [0041] Although in the first embodiment, the second guided portion 11f is provided on the longitudinally outside of the cleaning frame 11d of the cartridge B, a moving member 15 may also serve as a second guided portion.

    [0042] That is, as illustrated in FIGS. 21 and 22, it is constructed such that a cylindrical guided portion 15e is formed coaxially with a rotation center 15a of the moving member 15, and engaged with a guide groove Gd as a second main body guide of the apparatus main body A, to cause the cartridge B to be guided. In addition, a second guided portion on the longitudinally opposite side is of the same construction as well.

    [0043] Due to that in such a manner, the cylindrical guided portion 15e is provided on the moving member 15 and also serves as the second guided portion, the cartridge B can be further downsized in the longitudinal direction.

    [0044] As described heretofore, according to the first embodiment and the second embodiment, the cartridge can be moved on the limited mounting track without being caught in the guide groove of the image forming apparatus main body, and the posture of the cartridge can be smoothly adjusted and controlled. Whereby, high operability of the cartridge can be obtained.

    [0045] Furthermore, due to that as is the first embodiment, the apparatus main body A is in the guide groove construction having the bent portion, an unused space in the apparatus main body A can be effectively utilized. In addition, in the apparatus main body A, due to that the posture of the cartridge B can be controlled, the clearance with respect to the apparatus main body A in the vicinity of the mounting track of the cartridge B can be made smaller, so that the apparatus main body A can be downsized.

    [0046] Moreover, in this construction, the guide construction in the cartridge B and the apparatus main body A is described to be symmetrical. However, even if the above-mentioned construction is provided only on one end side, and only the first guided portion that is coaxial with the photosensitive drum 7 is provided at the other end, the similar effect can be obtained.

    [0047] That is, on the occasion when a user mounts the cartridge B on the apparatus main body A, at the first bent portion Ga4, the posture of the cartridge B can be adjusted with the first guided portion 11e as the center. Therefore, the posture of the cartridge B can be controlled such that the cartridge B is easy to follow the mounting track. Consequently, as is the first embodiment, a high mounting performance of the cartridge B can be achieved.

    [0048] Furthermore, due to that the apparatus main body A includes the guide grove having the bent portion, the space in the apparatus main body A can be effectively used. In addition, due to that the posture of the cartridge B can be controlled in the apparatus main body A, the clearance with respect to the apparatus main body A in the vicinity of the mounting track of the cartridge B can be made smaller, so that the apparatus main body A can be downsized.

    [example 3]



    [0049] Now, a third example will be described with reference to FIGS. 23 to 33.

    [0050] The construction in an internal part of a process cartridge B is the same as that of the first embodiment, so that descriptions thereof will be omitted.

    (Construction of mounting/dismounting a process cartridge from an apparatus main body)



    [0051] A mounting construction of mounting a process cartridge (hereinafter referred to as a cartridge) B on an image forming apparatus main body A will be described with reference to FIGS. 23 to 26.

    [0052] A bearing member 18c is attached to a cleaning frame 11d of the cartridge B. Furthermore, at the bearing member 18c, as a mounting guide onto the apparatus main body A, there are provided a first guided portion 18c1 of a cylindrical shape that is formed to be coaxial with the rotation axis of the photosensitive drum 7 and a second guided portion 18c2 as a rotation stopper. The second guided portion 18c2 determines the posture of the cartridge B about the axis of the photosensitive drum 7.

    [0053] Moreover, at the longitudinal direction end portion of the second guided portion 18c2, there is a moving member 14 that is rotatably provided at the longitudinal end of the second guided portion 18c2. Incidentally, the first guided portion 18c1 and the second guided portion 18c2 are positioned longitudinally outside of the developing unit 10. In addition, an end face coupling 7b that receives a driving force from the apparatus main body A is positioned on the inside side of the bearing member 18c in the longitudinal direction.

    [0054] In the apparatus main body A, as illustrated in FIG. 24, there are formed a guide groove Ga as a first main body guide and a guide groove Gb as a second main body guide for guiding the first guided portion 18c1 and the second guided portion 18c2 of the cartridge B to a mounting portion Ga3, Gc3, being an image forming position. The guide groove Ga, Gb includes an inclined surface (upstream-side guide portion Ga1, Gb1) directing from above to below toward the downstream side (into the interior) in the mounting direction of the cartridge B. Moreover, the guide groove Ga, Gb includes an inclined surface (downstream-side guide portion Ga2, Gb2) at a different angle toward the downstream side (into the interior) in the mounting direction. That is, the guide groove Ga includes a first bent portion Ga4, and the guide groove Gb includes a second bent portion Gb4. Incidentally, the purpose of the guide groove Ga, Gb including these two inclined surfaces at different angles is, in order to downsize the image forming apparatus, to make a dead space in the image forming apparatus smaller.

    [0055] On the other hand, as illustrated in FIG. 25, on the other longitudinal direction end side, there are formed a first guided portion 11e of a cylindrical shape that is provided coaxially with the photosensitive drum 7 and a second guided portion 11f for determining the posture of the cartridge B at the time of mounting. The first and second guided portions 11e, 11f are parts of the cleaning frame 11d. Furthermore, as with the other end, there is a moving member 15 that is rotatably provided at the longitudinal direction end portion of the second guided portion 11f. Incidentally, the first guided portion 11e and the second guided portion 11f are positioned on the outside side of the developing unit 10 in the longitudinal direction.

    [0056] In addition, in the apparatus main body A, as illustrated in FIG. 26, there are provided a guide groove Gc, Gd that is formed so as to likewise keep the posture in mounting/dismounting of the cartridge B having been determined on the bearing member 18c side on the other longitudinal direction end side as well. As with the guide construction on the right side, the guide groove Gc, Gd includes an inclined surface (upstream-side guide portion Gc1, Gd1) directing from above to below toward the downstream side (into the interior) in the mounting direction of the cartridge B. Further, the guide groove Gc, Gd includes an inclined surface (downstream-side guide portion Gc2, Gd2) at a different angle toward the downstream side (into the interior) in the mounting direction.

    [0057] Now, a mounting/dismounting construction of the cartridge B with respect to the apparatus main body A will be described referring to FIGS. 27 to 31. Incidentally, in this mounting/dismounting construction, the guide portion Ga, Gb, Gc, and Gd of the apparatus main body A, and the first guided portion 18c1, 11e, the second guided portion 18c2, 11f, and the moving member 14, 15 of the cartridge B are in respective similar constructions. Therefore, the construction on the left side in the inserting direction of the cartridge B into the apparatus main body A will be described.

    [0058] First, as illustrated in FIGS. 27 and 28, the opening/closing door 20 of the apparatus main body A is opened, and the guide groove Gc, Gd is exposed. The first guided portion 11e is placed on the first guide surface Gc1 of which an upstream side in the mounting direction is bent to some extent, of the guide groove Gc and the second guided portion 11f is placed on the upstream-side guide portion Gd1 of the guide groove Gd. In this state, the cartridge B is mounted into the interior of the apparatus main body A.

    [0059] Next, as illustrated in FIG. 29, in this embodiment, a restraining means 200 includes a shield member 225, a releasing lever 226, a compression spring 227 and a spring 228 biasing the releasing lever 226. The first guided portion 11e abuts on the shield member 225 in the vicinity of the first bent portion Gc4. Here, the shield member 225 will be described. The shield member 225 is supported so as to be capable of vertically sliding, and biased downward by the compression spring 227.

    [0060] Whereas, below the shield member 225, there is provided the releasing lever 226 that can rotate about a rotation center 226a, and is biased in the clockwise direction by the spring 228. A shield member abutting portion 226b of this releasing lever 226 presses the shield member 225 upward. Incidentally, the biasing force of the releasing lever 226 is larger than the biasing force of the shield member 225, and normally, a shield portion 225a of the shield member 225 is positioned in a restraining position of blocking the guide groove Gc.

    [0061] Due to that the first guided portion 11e abuts on the shield member 225, the cartridge B is temporarily stopped on the way the cartridge B is being mounted in the apparatus main body A.

    [0062] Whereby, a user can easily control the posture of the cartridge B with the first guided portion 11e of the cartridge B as the center in the vicinity of the first bent portion Gc4. That is, as with the first embodiment, the cartridge B can be reliably mounted in the apparatus main body A.

    [0063] As illustrated in FIGS. 30 to 32, on the outside in the longitudinal direction of the second guide portion Gd, there is a guide portion Ge guiding the moving member 15. Then, when the cartridge B is postured to be capable of being mounted, a first abutting portion 15a of the moving member 15 abuts on a protrusion Ge1 (main body abutting portion) that is provided at the guide portion Ge. Then, the moving member 15 is rotated in the clockwise direction about a rotation center 15b, and an acting portion 15c of the moving member 15 abuts on the releasing lever 226.

    [0064] Subsequently, the releasing lever 226 is rotated in the counter-clockwise direction about the rotation center 226a so that the shield member 225 is moved downward by the biasing force of the spring 227 to move the shield member 225 to an allowable position in which the shield portion 225a of the shield member 225 is retreated from the mounting track of the first guided portion 11e. Whereby, the first guided portion 11e can move to the downstream-side guide portion Gc2 of the guide groove Gc. At the same time, the cartridge B is postured to be capable of being mounted, so that the second guided portion 11f moves to the downstream-side guide portion Gd2 of the guide Gd as well, and finally the first guided portion 11e abuts on the mounting portion Gc3 of the guide Gc. Furthermore, the second guided portion 11f also abuts on the abutting portion Gd3 of the guide Gd, to complete mounting (refer to FIG. 32).

    [0065] Incidentally, the other longitudinal direction end (right side in the inserting direction) is likewise in the above-mentioned construction, the first guided portion 18c1 abuts on a mounting portion Ga3 of the guide Ga and the second guided portion 18c2 abuts on an abutting portion Gb3 of the guide Gb (as to the mounting portion Ga3 and the abutting portion Gb3, refer to FIG. 24). In this mounting completion state, the transfer roller 4 and the photosensitive drum 7 are in the abutted state.

    [0066] Then, when the opening/closing door 20 that forms the discharge opening 6 of the apparatus main body A is closed, a drive transmission member 30 of a twisted and substantially recessed-triangular shape of the apparatus main body A moves to the cartridge B side. Then, the drive transmission member 30 is fitted to the end face coupling 7b of the cartridge B, and thus a rotation driving force is transmitted to the cartridge B from the apparatus main body A.

    [0067] As illustrated in FIG. 33, when the cartridge B is pulled out of the image forming apparatus A, the first guided portion 11e pushes downward an inclined surface 225b of the shield member 225 and passes through the guide groove Gc. Furthermore, at the same time, the second guided portion 11f passes through the guide portion Gd, and eventually the cartridge B can be pulled out of the apparatus main body A.

    [0068] As described heretofore, the posture of the cartridge B can be controlled such that the cartridge B can easily follow the limited mounting track. Whereby, high operability of the cartridge B can be obtained.

    [0069] Moreover, due to that the apparatus main body A includes the guide groove having the bent portion, an unused space in the image forming apparatus main body A can be effectively utilized. In addition, due to that the posture of the cartridge B can be controlled in the apparatus main body A, the clearance with respect to the apparatus main body A in the vicinity of the mounting track of the cartridge B can be made smaller, so that the apparatus main body A can be downsized.

    [0070] Moreover, in this construction, the guide construction in the cartridge B and the apparatus main body A is described to be symmetrical. However, even if the above-mentioned construction is provided only on one end side, and only the first guided portion that is coaxial with the photosensitive drum 7 is provided on the other end, the similar effect can be obtained.

    [example 4]



    [0071] In the above-described examples 1 to 3, descriptions are made using a process cartridge including a photosensitive drum and a process means. However, it is preferable to be a developing cartridge including a developing unit for developing an electrostatic latent image that is formed on an electrophotographic photosensitive member, the developing cartridge being detachably mountable to an image forming apparatus main body provided with the electrophotographic photosensitive member.

    [0072] Heretofore, according to the present invention, the electrophotographic image forming apparatus main body can be downsized, and further, high operability on the occasion when the cartridge is mounted or dismounted from the electrophotographic image forming apparatus main body can be achieved.


    Claims

    1. A cartridge (B) detachably mountable to an electrophotographic image forming apparatus main body (A) for forming an image on a recording medium (2), the electrophotographic image forming apparatus main body (A) having: a main body guide (Ga, Gc); a restraining means (100; 200) provided movably with respect to the main body guide (Ga, Gc); and a main body abutting portion (Ge1), the cartridge (B) comprising:

    a frame (11d) ;

    a guided portion (18c1, 11e) protruded from the frame (11d) so as to be guidable by the main body guide (Ga, Gc), and abuttable on the restraining means (100; 200) when the cartridge (B) is being mounted to the image forming apparatus main body (A) so as to be restrained from moving to a downstream side in a mounting direction; and

    characterized by a moving member (14, 15) provided movably with respect to the frame (11d) and configured to abut on the main body abutting portion (Ge1) when the cartridge is being mounted so as to be moved to act on the restraining means (100; 200), such as to move the restraining means (100; 200) on which the guided portion (18c1, 11e) is configured to abut, to a position of allowing the guided portion (18c1, 11e) to move to the downstream side in the mounting direction.


     
    2. A cartridge (B) according to claim 1, wherein the cartridge (B) includes a second guided portion (18c2, 11f) to be guided by a second main body guide (Gb, Gd) that is provided at the apparatus main body (A), the second guided portion (18c2, 11f) movably supporting the moving member (14, 15).
     
    3. A cartridge (B) according to claim 2, wherein the moving member (14, 15) is configured to abut on the main body abutting portion (Ge1) so as to be moved to abut on the second main body guide (Gb, Gd), and configured thereafter to act on the restraining means (100; 200).
     
    4. A cartridge (B) according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the moving member (14, 15) is a second guided portion to be guided by a second main body guide (Gb, Gd) provided at the apparatus main body (A).
     
    5. A cartridge (B) according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the moving member (14, 15) is provided rotatably about a rotation center (15a), and includes an abutted portion (15d) to be abutted on the main body abutting portion (Ge1) and an acting portion (15c) to act on the restraining means (100; 200).
     
    6. A cartridge (B) according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the moving member (14, 15) is adapted to abut on the main body abutting portion (Ge1) after the guided portion (18c1, 11e) abuts on the restraining means (100; 200).
     
    7. A cartridge (B) according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the cartridge (B) is a process cartridge (B) including an electrophotographic photosensitive member (7) and a process means (8, 10, 11) arranged to act on the electrophotographic photosensitive member (7).
     
    8. An electrophotographic image forming apparatus to which a cartridge (B) is detachably mountable for forming an image on a recording medium (2), the electrophotographic image forming apparatus comprising:

    (i) a main body guide (Ga, Gc);

    (ii) a restraining means (100; 200) provided movably with respect to the main body guide (Ga, Gc);

    (iii) a main body abutting portion (Ge1);

    (iv) a mounting portion (Ga3, Gc3) to which the cartridge (B) is detachably mountable, the cartridge (B) including:

    a frame (11d);

    a guided portion (18c1, 11e) protruded from the frame (11d) so as to be guidable by the main body guide (Ga, Gc), and abuttable on the restraining means (100; 200) when the cartridge (B) is being mounted to an apparatus main body (A) of the electrophotographic image forming apparatus so as to be restrained from moving to a downstream side in a mounting direction; and

    a moving member (14, 15) provided movably with respect to the frame (11d) and configured to abut on the main body abutting portion (Ge1) so as to be moved to act on the restraining means (100; 200), such as to move the restraining means (100; 200) on which the guided portion (18c1, 11e) abuts to a position of allowing the guided portion (18c1, 11e) to move to the downstream side in the mounting direction; and

    (v) a conveying means (3) arranged to convey the recording medium (2).


     
    9. An electrophotographic image forming apparatus according to claim 8, wherein the main body guide (Ga, Gc) includes a bent portion (Ga4, Gc4) that is bent, and the restraining means (100; 200) is provided in the vicinity of the bent portion (Ga4, Gc4).
     
    10. An electrophotographic image forming apparatus according to claim 8 or 9, further comprising a second main body guide (Gb, Gd) guiding a second guided portion (18c2, 11f) provided at the cartridge (B).
     
    11. An electrophotographic image forming apparatus according to claim 10, wherein the second main body guide (Gb, Gd) includes a second bent portion (Gb4, Gd4) that is bent, and the main body abutting portion (Ge1) is provided in the vicinity of the second bent portion (Gb4, Gd4) .
     
    12. An electrophotographic image forming apparatus according to any one of claims 8 to 11, wherein the restraining means (100; 200) includes an abutted member (25) which is provided movably with respect to the main body guide (Ga, Gc), and on which the guided portion (18c1, 11e) is configured to abut, and a releasing member (26), which is movable by the moving member (14, 15) configured to abut on the releasing member (26) so as to move the abutted member (25) to the position of allowing the guided portion (18c1, 11e) to move to the downstream side.
     
    13. An electrophotographic image forming apparatus according to claim 12, wherein when the guided portion (18c1, 11e) abuts on the abutted member (25), the abutted member (25) is protruded into the guide portion to restrict the guided portion (18c1, 11e) from moving to the downstream side in the mounting direction.
     
    14. An electrophotographic image forming apparatus according to claim 12 or 13, wherein when the cartridge (B) is removed from the mounting portion (Ga3, Gc3), the releasing member (26) is moved by the moving member (14, 15) abutting on the releasing member (26) so as to move the abutted member (25) to the position of allowing the guided portion (18c1, 11e) to move to the downstream side.
     
    15. An electrophotographic image forming apparatus according to any one of claims 12 to 14, wherein the restraining means (100; 200) includes an arm member (29) engaged with the releasing member (26), wherein when the cartridge (B) is removed from the mounting portion (Ga3, Gc3), the arm member (29) is moved by the moving member (14, 15) abutting on the arm member (29) to move the releasing member (26) so as to move the abutted member (25) to the position of allowing the guided portion (18c1, 11e) to move to the downstream side.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Kartusche (B), die abnehmbar an einem elektrofotografischen Bilderzeugungsgerätehauptkörper (A) zum Erzeugen eines Bilds auf einem Aufzeichnungsmedium (2) montierbar ist, wobei der elektrofotografische Bilderzeugungsgerätehauptkörper (A) eine Hauptkörperführung (Ga, Gc); eine Einschränkungseinrichtung (100; 200), die beweglich in Bezug auf die Hauptkörperführung (Ga, Gc) vorgesehen ist; und einen Hauptkörperanlageabschnitt (Ge1) hat, wobei die Kartusche (B) Folgendes aufweist:

    einen Rahmen (11d);

    einen geführten Abschnitt (18c1, 11e), der von dem Rahmen (11d) vorsteht, um durch die Hauptkörperführung (Ga, Gc) führbar zu sein, und an der Einschränkungseinrichtung (100; 200) anliegen kann, wenn die Kartusche (B) an dem Bilderzeugungsgerätehauptkörper (A) montiert wird, um eine Bewegung zu einer bahnabwärtigen Seite in einer Montagerichtung einzuschränken; und

    gekennzeichnet durch

    ein Bewegungsbauteil (14, 15), das in Bezug auf den Rahmen (11d) beweglich vorgesehen ist und gestaltet ist, um an dem Hauptkörperanlageabschnitt (Ge1) anzuliegen, wenn die Kartusche montiert wird, um zum Einwirken auf die Einschränkungseinrichtung (100; 200) bewegt zu werden, derart, um die Einschränkungseinrichtung (100; 200), an der der geführte Abschnitt (18c1, 11e) anliegbar gestaltet ist, zu einer Position zu bewegen, um zuzulassen, dass der geführte Abschnitt (18c1, 11e) zu der bahnabwärtigen Seite in der Montagerichtung bewegt wird.


     
    2. Kartusche (B) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Kartusche (B) einen zweiten geführten Abschnitt (18c2, 11f) aufweist, der durch eine zweite Hauptkörperführung (Gb, Gd) geführt werden kann, der an dem Gerätehauptkörper (A) vorgesehen ist, wobei der zweite geführte Abschnitt (18c2, 11f) das Bewegungsbauteil (14, 15) beweglich stützt.
     
    3. Kartusche (B) nach Anspruch 2, wobei das Bewegungsbauteil (14, 15) gestaltet ist, um an dem Hauptkörperanlageabschnitt (Ge1) anzuliegen, um bewegt zu werden, um an der zweiten Hauptkörperführung (Gb, Gd) anzuliegen, und gestaltet ist, um danach auf die Einschränkungseinrichtung (100; 200) einzuwirken.
     
    4. Kartusche (B) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei das Bewegungsbauteil (14, 15) ein zweiter geführter Abschnitt ist, der durch eine zweite Hauptkörperführung (Gb, Gd) geführt werden kann, die an dem Gerätehauptkörper (A) vorgesehen ist.
     
    5. Kartusche (B) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei das Bewegungsbauteil (14, 15) drehbar um eine Drehmitte (15a) vorgesehen ist und einen anliegenden Abschnitt (15b), der an dem Hauptkörperanlageabschnitt (Ge1) anliegen kann, und einen Einwirkabschnitt (15c) aufweist, um auf die Einschränkungseinrichtung (100; 200) einzuwirken.
     
    6. Kartusche (B) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei das Bewegungsbauteil (14, 15) angepasst ist, um an dem Hauptkörperanlageabschnitt (Ge1) anzuliegen, nachdem der geführte Abschnitt (18c1, 11e) an der Einschränkungseinrichtung (100; 200) anliegt.
     
    7. Kartusche (B) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, wobei die Kartusche (B) eine Prozesskartusche (B) ist, die ein elektrofotografisches lichtempfindliches Bauteil (7) und eine Prozesseinrichtung (8, 10, 11) aufweist, die angeordnet ist, um auf das elektrofotografische lichtempfindliche Bauteil (7) einzuwirken.
     
    8. Elektrofotografisches Bilderzeugungsgerät, an das eine Kartusche (B) abnehmbar montierbar ist, zum Erzeugen eines Bilds auf einem Aufzeichnungsmedium (2), wobei das elektrofotografische Bilderzeugungsgerät Folgendes aufweist:

    (i) eine Hauptkörperführung (Ga, Gc);

    (ii) eine Einschränkungseinrichtung (100; 200), die in Bezug auf die Hauptkörperführung (Ga, Gc) beweglich vorgesehen ist;

    (iii) einen Hauptkörperanlageabschnitt (Ge1);

    (iv) einen Montageabschnitt (Ga3, Gc3), an dem die Kartusche (B) abnehmbar montierbar ist, wobei die Kartusche (B) Folgendes aufweist:

    einen Rahmen (11d);

    einen geführten Abschnitt (18c1, 11e), der von dem Rahmen (11d) vorsteht, um durch die Hauptkörperführung (Ga, Gc) führbar zu sein, und an der Einschränkungseinrichtung (100; 200) anliegen kann, wenn die Kartusche (B) an dem Bilderzeugungsgerätehauptkörper (A) montiert wird, um eine Bewegung zu einer bahnabwärtigen Seite in einer Montagerichtung einzuschränken; und

    ein Bewegungsbauteil (14, 15), das in Bezug auf den Rahmen (11d) beweglich vorgesehen ist und gestaltet ist, um an dem Hauptkörperanlageabschnitt (Ge1) anzuliegen, um zum Einwirken auf die Einschränkungseinrichtung (100; 200) bewegt zu werden, derart, um die Einschränkungseinrichtung (100; 200), an der der geführte Abschnitt (18c1, 11e) anliegt, zu einer Position zu bewegen, um zuzulassen, dass der geführte Abschnitt (18c1, 11e) zu der bahnabwärtigen Seite in der Montagerichtung bewegt wird; und

    (v) eine Fördereinrichtung (3), die angeordnet ist, um das Aufzeichnungsmedium (2) zu fördern.


     
    9. Elektrofotografisches Bilderzeugungsgerät nach Anspruch 8, wobei die Hauptkörperführung (Ga, Gc) einen gebogenen Abschnitt (Ga4, Gc4) aufweist, der gebogen ist, und die Einschränkungseinrichtung (100; 200) in der Nähe des gebogenen Abschnitts (Ga4, Gc4) vorgesehen ist.
     
    10. Elektrofotografisches Bilderzeugungsgerät nach Anspruch 8 oder 9, das des Weiteren eine zweite Hauptkörperführung (Gb, Gd) aufweist, die einen zweiten geführten Abschnitt (18c2, 11f) führt, der an der Kartusche (B) vorgesehen ist.
     
    11. Elektrofotografisches Bilderzeugungsgerät nach Anspruch 10, wobei die zweite Hauptkörperführung (Gb, Gd) einen zweiten gebogenen Abschnitt (Gb4, Gd4) aufweist, der gebogen ist, und der Hauptkörperanlageabschnitt (Ge1) in der Nähe des zweiten gebogenen Abschnitts (Gb4, Gd4) vorgesehen ist.
     
    12. Elektrofotografisches Bilderzeugungsgerät nach einem der Ansprüche 8 bis 11, wobei die Einschränkungseinrichtung (100; 200) ein anliegendes Bauteil (25), das in Bezug auf die Hauptkörperführung (Ga, Gc) beweglich vorgesehen ist und an dem der geführte Abschnitt (18c1, 11e) anliegbar gestaltet ist, und ein Freigabebauteil (26) aufweist, das durch das Bewegungsbauteil (14, 15) beweglich ist, das gestaltet ist, um an dem Freigabebauteil (26) anzuliegen, um das anliegende Bauteil (25) zu der Position zu bewegen, um zuzulassen, dass der geführte Abschnitt (18c1, 11e) zu der bahnabwärtigen Seite bewegt wird.
     
    13. Elektrofotografisches Bilderzeugungsgerät nach Anspruch 12, wobei, wenn der geführte Abschnitt (18c1, 11e) an dem anliegenden Bauteil (25) anliegt, das anliegenden Bauteil (25) in den Führungsabschnitt vorsteht, um eine Bewegung des geführten Abschnitts (18c1, 11e) zu der bahnabwärtigen Seite in der Montagerichtung einzuschränken.
     
    14. Elektrofotografisches Bilderzeugungsgerät nach Anspruch 12 oder 13, wobei, wenn die Kartusche (B) von dem Montageabschnitt (Ga3, Gc3) entfernt wird, das Freigabebauteil (26) durch das Bewegungsbauteil (14, 25), das an dem Freigabebauteil (26) anliegt, bewegt wird, um das anliegende Bauteil (25) zu der Position zu bewegen, um zuzulassen, dass der geführte Abschnitt (18c1, 11e) zu der bahnabwärtigen Seite bewegt wird.
     
    15. Elektrofotografisches Bilderzeugungsgerät nach einem der Ansprüche 12 bis 14, wobei die Einschränkungseinrichtung (100; 200) ein Armbauteil (29) aufweist, das mit dem Freigabebauteil (26) in Eingriff ist, wobei, wenn die Kartusche (B) von dem Montageabschnitt (Ga3, Gc3) entfernt wird, das Armbauteil (29) durch das Bewegungsbauteil (14, 15), das an dem Armbauteil (29) anliegt, bewegt wird, um das Freigabebauteil (26) zu bewegen, um das anliegende Bauteil (25) zu der Position zu bewegen, um zuzulassen, dass der geführte Abschnitt (18c1, 11e) zu der bahnabwärtigen Seite bewegt wird.
     


    Revendications

    1. Cartouche (B) pouvant être montée de manière amovible sur un corps principal d'appareil de formation d'image électrophotographique (A) pour former une image sur un support d'enregistrement (2), le corps principal d'appareil de formation d'image électrophotographique (A) ayant : un guide de corps principal (Ga , Gc) ; un moyen de retenue (100 ; 200) prévu de manière mobile par rapport au guide de corps principal (Ga, Gc) ; et une partie de butée de corps principal (Ge1), la cartouche (B) comprenant :

    un cadre (11d) ;

    une partie guidée (18c1, 11e) faisant saillie à partir du cadre (11d) de manière à pouvoir être guidée par le guide de corps principal (Ga, Gc), et à pouvoir venir en butée contre le moyen de retenue (100 ; 200) lorsque la cartouche (B) est montée sur le corps principal d'appareil de formation d'image (A) de manière à être empêchée de se déplacer vers un côté aval dans une direction de montage ; et

    caractérisée par

    un élément mobile (14, 15) prévu de manière mobile par rapport au cadre (11d) et configuré pour venir en butée contre la partie de butée de corps principal (Ge1) lorsque la cartouche est montée de manière à être déplacé pour agir sur le moyen de retenue (100 ; 200), de façon à déplacer le moyen de retenue (100 ; 200) contre lequel la partie guidée (18c1, 11e) est configurée pour venir en butée vers une position permettant à la partie guidée (18c1, 11e) de se déplacer vers le côté aval dans la direction de montage.


     
    2. Cartouche (B) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la cartouche (B) comporte une deuxième partie guidée (18c2, 11f) devant être guidée par un deuxième guide de corps principal (Gb, Gd) qui est prévu au niveau du corps principal d'appareil (A), la deuxième partie guidée (18c2, 11f) supportant de manière mobile l'élément mobile (14, 15).
     
    3. Cartouche (B) selon la revendication 2, dans laquelle l'élément mobile (14, 15) est configuré pour venir en butée contre la partie de butée de corps principal (Ge1) de manière à être déplacé pour venir en butée contre le deuxième guide de corps principal (Gb, Gd), et configuré par la suite pour agir sur le moyen de retenue (100 ; 200).
     
    4. Cartouche (B) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans laquelle l'élément mobile (14, 15) est une deuxième partie guidée devant être guidée par un deuxième guide de corps principal (Gb, Gd) prévu au niveau du corps principal d'appareil (A).
     
    5. Cartouche (B) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans laquelle l'élément mobile (14, 15) est prévu de manière à pouvoir tourner autour d'un centre de rotation (15a), et comporte une partie en butée (15d) devant venir en butée contre la partie de butée de corps principal (Ge1) et une partie d'action (15c) pour agir sur le moyen de retenue (100 ; 200).
     
    6. Cartouche (B) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dans laquelle l'élément mobile (14, 15) est adapté pour venir en butée contre la partie de butée de corps principal (Ge1) après que la partie guidée (18c1, 11e) vient en butée contre le moyen de retenue (100 ; 200).
     
    7. Cartouche (B) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, dans laquelle la cartouche (B) est une cartouche de traitement (B) comportant un élément photosensible électrophotographique (7) et un moyen de traitement (8, 10, 11) agencé pour agir sur l'élément photosensible électrophotographique (7).
     
    8. Appareil de formation d'image électrophotographique sur lequel une cartouche (B) peut être montée de manière amovible pour former une image sur un support d'enregistrement (2), l'appareil de formation d'image électrophotographique comprenant :

    (i) un guide de corps principal (Ga, Gc) ;

    (ii) un moyen de retenue (100 ; 200) prévu de manière mobile par rapport au guide de corps principal (Ga, Gc) ;

    (iii) une partie de butée de corps principal (Ge1) ;

    (iv) une partie de montage (Ga3, Gc3) sur laquelle la cartouche (B) peut être montée de manière amovible, la cartouche (B) comportant :

    un cadre (11d) ;

    une partie guidée (18c1, 11e) faisant saillie à partir du cadre (11d) de manière à pouvoir être guidée par le guide de corps principal (Ga, Gc), et à pouvoir venir en butée contre le moyen de retenue (100 ; 200) lorsque la cartouche (B) est montée sur un corps principal d'appareil (A) de l'appareil de formation d'image électrophotographique de manière à être empêchée de se déplacer vers un côté aval dans une direction de montage ; et

    un élément mobile (14, 15) prévu de manière mobile par rapport au cadre (11d) et configuré pour venir en butée contre la partie de butée de corps principal (Ge1) de manière à être déplacé pour agir sur le moyen de retenue (100 ; 200), de façon à déplacer le moyen de retenue (100 ; 200) contre lequel la partie guidée (18c1, 11e) vient en butée vers une position permettant à la partie guidée (18c1, 11e) de se déplacer vers le côté aval dans la direction de montage ; et

    (v) un moyen de transport (3) agencé pour transporter le support d'enregistrement (2).


     
    9. Appareil de formation d'image électrophotographique selon la revendication 8, dans lequel le guide de corps principal (Ga, Gc) comporte une partie pliée (Ga4, Gc4) qui est pliée, et le moyen de retenue (100 ; 200) est prévu au voisinage de la partie pliée (Ga4, Gc4).
     
    10. Appareil de formation d'image électrophotographique selon la revendication 8 ou 9, comprenant en outre un deuxième guide de corps principal (Gb, Gd) guidant une deuxième partie guidée (18c2, 11f) prévue au niveau de la cartouche (B).
     
    11. Appareil de formation d'image électrophotographique selon la revendication 10, dans lequel le deuxième guide de corps principal (Gb, Gd) comporte une deuxième partie pliée (Gb4, Gd4) qui est pliée, et la partie de butée de corps principal (Ge1) est prévue au voisinage de la deuxième partie pliée (Gb4, Gd4).
     
    12. Appareil de formation d'image électrophotographique selon l'une quelconque des revendications 8 à 11, dans lequel le moyen de retenue (100 ; 200) comporte un élément en butée (25) qui est prévu de manière mobile par rapport au guide de corps principal (Ga, Gc), et contre lequel la partie guidée (18c1, 11e) est configurée pour venir en butée, et un élément de libération (26), qui peut être déplacé par l'élément mobile (14, 15) configuré pour venir en butée contre l'élément de libération (26) de manière à déplacer l'élément en butée (25) vers la position permettant à la partie guidée (18c1, 11e) de se déplacer vers le côté aval.
     
    13. Appareil de formation d'image électrophotographique selon la revendication 12, dans lequel, lorsque la partie guidée (18c1, 11e) vient en butée contre l'élément en butée (25), l'élément en butée (25) fait saillie dans la partie de guidage pour empêcher la partie guidée (18c1, 11e) de se déplacer vers le côté aval dans la direction de montage.
     
    14. Appareil de formation d'image électrophotographique selon la revendication 12 ou 13, dans lequel, lorsque la cartouche (B) est retirée de la partie de montage (Ga3, Gc3), l'élément de libération (26) est déplacé par l'élément mobile (14, 15) venant en butée contre l'élément de libération (26) de manière à déplacer l'élément en butée (25) vers la position permettant à la partie guidée (18c1, 11e) de se déplacer vers le côté aval.
     
    15. Appareil de formation d'image électrophotographique selon l'une quelconque des revendications 12 à 14, dans lequel le moyen de retenue (100 ; 200) comporte un élément de bras (29) engagé avec l'élément de libération (26), où lorsque la cartouche (B) est retirée de la partie de montage (Ga3, Gc3), l'élément de bras (29) est déplacé par l'élément mobile (14, 15) venant en butée contre l'élément de bras (29) pour déplacer l'élément de libération (26) de manière à déplacer l'élément en butée (25) vers la position permettant à la partie guidée (18c1, 11e) de se déplacer vers le côté aval.
     




    Drawing






































































































    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description