(19)
(11)EP 2 114 724 B2

(12)NEW EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION
After opposition procedure

(45)Date of publication and mention of the opposition decision:
05.04.2017 Bulletin 2017/14

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
26.06.2013 Bulletin 2013/26

(21)Application number: 08713492.0

(22)Date of filing:  04.01.2008
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B60N 2/02(2006.01)
F16H 25/20(2006.01)
B60N 2/06(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2008/050175
(87)International publication number:
WO 2008/086139 (17.07.2008 Gazette  2008/29)

(54)

TRANSMISSION FOR MOTORIZED TRACK SYSTEM

GETRIEBE FÜR EIN MOTORISIERTES SPURSYSTEM

TRANSMISSION POUR UN SYSTÈME À RAIL MOTORISÉ


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK TR

(30)Priority: 04.01.2007 US 878712 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
11.11.2009 Bulletin 2009/46

(73)Proprietor: Johnson Controls Technology Company
Holland, MI 49423 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • PORINSKY, Lucas, P.
    Dexter, MI 48130 (US)
  • TIGHE, William, R.
    Dearborn, MI 48128 (US)
  • HUFFMAN, William, M.
    Jackson, MI 49201 (US)

(74)Representative: Wolff, Felix et al
Kutzenberger Wolff & Partner
Theodor-Heuss-Ring 23 50668 Köln
Theodor-Heuss-Ring 23 50668 Köln (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 103 411
WO-A1-99/51456
DE-A1- 10 308 028
DE-A1-102005 001 333
US-A- 5 909 866
EP-A2- 0 887 223
WO-A1-2006/027066
DE-A1- 19 912 978
US-A- 5 907 199
  
      


    Description

    CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS



    [0001] This Application claims priority to United States Provisional Application No. 60/878,712 filed January 4, 2007.

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


    Field of the Invention



    [0002] This invention relates generally to a motorized track system, and more particularly toward a transmission for a motorized track system of the type used in position adjustors for vehicular seats, windows and the like, as see EP-A-1103411 or WO 99 514 56.

    Related Art



    [0003] Vehicle seat assemblies are often provided with a motorized track system that enable the position of the seat assembly within a motor vehicle to be adjusted in the forward and rearward directions. Similarly, vehicular window assemblies may include a motorized track system of similar construction to enable the position of the window to be adjusted in up and down directions. In each case, the supported element is guided by the motorized track system for back and forth movement to change its position, as desired.

    [0004] In the case of vehicular seat assemblies, for example, such adjustment capability is desired to enable vehicle operators of various body dimensions to be seated comfortably within the motor vehicle. In these systems, an electric motor may be coupled to a lead screw positioned within a sliding track assembly. In such an arrangement, the lead screw may be fixed or may rotate but a drive nut interacts with the lead screw through motor-driven rotation to move the vehicle seat assembly forward or rearward. A motorized window regulator assembly may work in much the same manner.

    [0005] A transmission is generally provided in these types of motorized track systems for transferring power from the motor to the drive nut. In configurations where a pair of sliding tracks are employed, the electric motor may be mounted on a transverse beam bridging each of the tracks, for example in the center of the tracks or at one end of the tracks. Because certain components within the transmission rotate while others are held generally stationary, vibrations may be produced within the transmission when the transmission is operational, thereby causing noise. Another cause of noise is lateral movement of the components within the transmission housing.

    [0006] Various proposals have been advanced for addressing the noise issues in a transmission for a motorized track system. For example, U.S. Patent No. 7,051,986 to Taubmann et. al., granted May 30, 2006, discloses a system wherein a shim disk, identified as item number 96', is used to compensate for axial play. Shim disks are subject to manufacturing variances, however and may not consistently address the noise issues. Accordingly, there is a need for a motorized track system for use in vehicular applications that meets or exceeds the established strength, speed and noise requirements. There is also a need to provide a reliable transmission that includes shock absorbing components to reduce the vibration between those components in the transmission, and to reduce noise and to eliminate lateral movement of certain components. There is a further need to provide a reliable, acceptable motorized track system for providing translational adjustment, which avoids one or more of the above-noted problems.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0007] The invention overcomes the disadvantages and shortcomings of the prior art by providing a transmission assembly for a motorized track system according to claim 1. The assembly comprises an externally threaded lead screw establishing a longitudinal direction along which a supported element is moved back and forth to change its longitudinal position. A drive nut is operatively engaged with the lead screw. Motor-driven rotation of the drive nut causes the supported element to be longitudinally displaceable along the lead screw. A housing generally surrounds the drive nut. The housing includes a mounting bracket for attaching to the supported element so as to translate the supported element together with the drive nut longitudinally along the lead screw. A compressible washer is disposed between the drive nut and the housing. The compressible washer exerts a bias between the drive nut and the housing so as to eliminate lateral movement of the drive nut within the housing and to dampen or otherwise eliminate noise producing vibrations from the transmission.

    [0008] According to another aspect of the subject invention, a motorized track system is provided of the type used to adjust the position of a supported element according to claim 7. The track system comprises a base track, and an externally threaded lead screw. The lead screw establishes a longitudinal direction along which a supported element is moved back and forth to change its longitudinal position. A driven track is interactive with the base track for longitudinal sliding movement there between. A drive nut is operatively engaged with the lead screw. A housing is fixedly connected to the driven track and generally surrounds the drive nut. The housing includes a mounting bracket for attaching to the supported element to translate the supported element together with the drive nut and the driven track longitudinally along the lead screw. A compressible washer is disposed between the drive nut and the housing.

    [0009] According to a further embodiment of the invention, a method is provided for eliminating play between a drive nut mounted in a transmission for use in a motorized track system having a lead screw, the transmission including a housing and a worm gear according to claim 8. The method comprises the steps of locating first and second bushings on opposite sides of the drive nut, placing a wave washer between at least one of the first and second bushings and the drive nut, and capturing the drive nut, worm gear, first and second bushings, and wave washer in a housing so that the wave washer is partially compressed. The wave washer provides an axial biasing force that reduces the tendency for the drive nut to vibrate longitudinally relative to the first and second bushings which might otherwise produce noise.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0010] These and other features and advantages of the present invention will become more readily appreciated when considered in connection with the following detailed description and appended drawings, wherein:

    Figure 1 is a simplified perspective view of an exemplary automobile;

    Figure 2 is a perspective view of vehicular seat including a motorized track system according to the subject invention;

    Figure 3 is a prospective view of a motorized track system according to one embodiment of the subject invention;

    Figure 4 is an end elevation view of the motorized track system of Figure 3;

    Figure 5 is an exploded view of a portion of the motorized track system depicting the base and driven tracks, together with the lead screw and transmission assembly according to the subject invention;

    Figure 6 is an enlarged view of the transmission assembly as circumscribed by broken lines in Figure 5;

    Figure 7 is an exploded view of an alternative embodiment of the transmission assembly;

    Figure 8 is a partially sectioned view as taken longitudinally through the transmission assembly; and

    Figure 9 is a view as in Figure 8 but showing the compression washers deflected in response to reaction forces between drive nut and housing.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT



    [0011] Referring to the Figures, wherein like numerals indicate like or corresponding parts throughout the several views, an exemplary motor vehicle is generally shown at 10 in Figure 1. The vehicle 10 in Figure 1 is merely exemplary, and may instead take the form of a light duty truck, SUV, minivan, bus, train, airplane, boat, or any other such vehicle or stationary application in which a motorized track assembly may be employed. In this specific example, however, the vehicle 10 is depicted including a passenger seat 12 having the customary back rest 14 and seat cushion 16, as illustrated in Figure 2. The seat 12 is supported above a motorized track system, generally indicated at 18, that is configured to allow an occupant to adjust the position of the seat 12 in longitudinally forward and rearward directions relative to the vehicle 10. Although the following description of the subject invention is carried out by reference to vehicular seating application, it will be understood by those of skill in the art that the subject track system 18 is adaptable for other uses, including window regulator systems, and other applications which include a supporting element which is moved back and forth under the influence of a motor to change its longitudinal position.

    [0012] Referring to Figures 2-5, the track system 18 is shown in greater detail including two track sets that are generally parallel to one another. Each track set includes a base rail 20 that is coupled to a structure such as the floor of the vehicular passenger compartment. An upper, driven rail 22 is coupled to the seat 12 and is slidably interconnected to the base rail 20 so that the two can slide relative to one and other in a fore and aft direction, in the case of the vehicular seating application. In the case of a window regulator application, the driven rail 22 would be oriented so as to slide up and down relative to the base rail 20. Those of skill in the art will envision other applications and orientations for the track system 18. A bridge-like transverse rail 24 interconnects the driven rails 22 from each track set so that they are coupled together and move in unison when the seat 12 is adjusted forward or rearward.

    [0013] A transmission assembly, generally indicated at 26, is operatively disposed between the base 20 and driven 22 rails so as to forcibly displace one rail relative to the other during position adjustment of the supported element-- be that a vehicular seat 12, a window, or other component.

    [0014] The transmission assembly 26 interacts with an externally threaded lead screw 28 to produce the desired longitudinal displacement. The particular method by which the transmission assembly 26 interacts with the lead screw 28 can be varied among different mechanically equivalent arrangements, two of which are depicted in the figures. More specifically, as shown in Figures 5 and 6, the transmission assembly 26 is longitudinally fixed relative to the lead screw 28 and translates, as a unit, therewith. However, in an alternative embodiment of the invention which will be described subsequently in connection with Figures 7-9, the transmission assembly 26' interacts with the lead screw 28' by traveling the length of the lead screw 28'. I.e., in this latter example, the transmission assembly 26' translates longitudinally relative to a stationary lead screw 28'.

    [0015] Referring specifically now the embodiment depicted in Figures 5 and 6, the lead screw 28 is rotatably supported at one end by a bearing block 30 which in turn is affixed to the driven rail 22 by a fastener 32. The other end of the lead screw 28 is coupled to the transmission assembly 26, which in turn is attached to the opposite end of the driven rail 22. The transmission assembly 26 receives a rotary input from an electric motor 34 as shown in Figures 2-4. The motor 34 is provided with flexible drive shafts 36 extending from opposite ends. Each drive shaft 36 couples to a worm gear 38 which is a component of the transmission assembly 26. Thus, as each drive shaft 36 is turned by the armature of the motor 34, the worm gear 38 is caused to spin. The transmission assembly 26 includes a housing, generally indicated at 40, that rotatably supports the worm gear 38 via a pair of left and right cover halves 42, 44 as depicted in Figure 6. The cover halves 42, 44 may be made from a lubris polymeric material of the type known to possess inherent dry bearing qualities. Alternatively, bushings 46 may be interposed between the worm gear 38 and cover halves 42, 44 to provide a bearing function. Fasteners (not shown), heat staking, self-locking clips, or other methods may be used to securely join the cover halves 42, 44 together as an integral unit.

    [0016] The left 42 and right 44 cover halves are surrounded at their longitudinally spaced ends by a pair of isolators 48 which serve primarily to dampen vibrations between the left 42 and right 44 cover halves and a rigid, preferably metallic, outer bracket 50. The isolators 48 may be manufactured from a rubber or highly resilient material. The bracket 50 has, in this embodiment, a generally U-shaped configuration with outwardly bent flanges containing mounting holes 52. According to the embodiment of this invention illustrated in Figures 5 and 6, the transmission assembly 26 is affixed to the driven rail 22 via fasteners (not shown) passing through the mounting holes 52 in the bracket 50.

    [0017] The transmission assembly 26 further includes a drive nut 54 having external gear teeth in meshing contact with the threads of the worm gear 38. The drive nut 54 has a rotational axis which is generally transverse to the rotational axis of the worm gear 38. Like the worm gear 38, the drive nut 54 is also rotationally captured between the left 42 and right 44 cover halves of the housing 40. The lead screw 28 is fixedly joined to the drive nut 54 such that they rotate in unison about a common axis. As a result, when the drive nut 54 is forcibly rotated through the interaction of the worm gear 38, the lead screw 28 turns within its bearing block 30.

    [0018] Located along the length of the lead screw 28, between the transmission assembly 26 and the bearing block 30, a fixed nut 56 is threadably disposed on the lead screw 28. The fixed nut 56 is affixed relative to the base rail 20 by a mounting bracket 58 secured through fasteners 60. In this manner, the fixed nut 56 is stationary relative to the base rail 20. As the lead screw 28 is turned through operation of the transmission assembly 26, its screw threads interact with internal threads in the fixed nut 56, propelling the attached driven rail 22, transmission 26 and transverse rail 24 in a longitudinal direction relative to the length of the lead screw 28. By this means, the supported element, be it a seat 12, window or other, is advanced or retracted in a longitudinal direction, as powered by the motor 34.

    [0019] Turning now to Figures 7-9, an embodiment according to the invention is depicted. In this example, the lead screw 28' is fixedly attached to the base rail (not shown) so that it does not rotate. In furthering this example, the drive nut 54' is provided with internal screw threads 62' that threadably interact with the outer turns of the lead screw 28'. The bracket 50' is provided with through holes 64' that allow the lead screw 28' to pass completely through the transmission assembly 26'.

    [0020] When the drive nut 54' is turned by the worm gear 38', its internal threads 62' advance along the lead screw 28', in either longitudinal direction depending upon which way the drive nut 54' is rotated, and thereby propel the entire transmission assembly 26' in either longitudinal direction.

    [0021] A particular issue arising from prior art designs of transmission assemblies used for such motorized track systems results from premature component wear particularly in the area of the drive nut 54, 54' between the cover halves 42, 44, 42', 44'. Similarly, noise of an objectionable level is created whenever the transmission assembly 26, 26' is activated from a rest condition. This is caused by the interaction between the threads of the worm gear 38 and the external teeth on the drive nut 54, which causes a reaction force in the drive nut 54 to move in either longitudinal direction, depending upon the turning direction of the worm gear 38, 38'. This reaction force is borne internally in the housing 40, 40', and in particular on the interior components of the left 42, 42' and right 44, 44' cover halves. The subject invention overcomes this objectionable wear and noise phenomenon by inserting at least one, and preferably two compressible washers 66' as shown in Figures 7-9. It will be understood, however, that the embodiment of the invention depicted in Figures 5-6 includes corresponding features, although they are not visible from the illustrations. The one, or two, compressible washers 66' are disposed between either one or both ends of the drive nut 54' and first and second bushings 68' which are disposed on opposite, longitudinally spaced sides of the drive nut 54' for bearing axial loads between the drive nut 54' and the housing 40'. The first and second bushings 68' include an anti-rotation feature which interacts with the left 42 and right 44 cover halves. The anti-rotation feature is provided as hex flats which engage complementary hex pockets 70 in the left 42 and right 44 cover halves.

    [0022] Figure 8 illustrates a simplified cross-sectional view through the transmission assembly 26', and depicting the compressible washers 66' in a balanced, static condition. This is typical of the transmission assembly 26' at rest. By comparison to Figure 9, however, when the worm gear 38' begins to turn, as suggested by the clockwise directional arrow, reaction forces between the meshing threads and gear teeth urge the drive nut 54' to press against the left side of the cover halves 42', 44', as viewed from Figure 9. The compressible washers 66' react by harmoniously compressing and/or expanding to accommodate the shift. The result is a dampening effect which produces very little noise and prevents the drive nut 54' from bearing harshly against either of the bushings 68'. Although two compressible washers 66' are illustrated in Figures 8 and 9, those of skill in the art will appreciate that similar functionality can be accomplished with but a single compressible washer 66' disposed on either side of the drive nut 54'.

    [0023] Preferably, the compressible washer 66' is of the so-called wave washer type manufactured from a spring steel material. While preferred, however, this is not the only construction for the compressible washer 66' which will produce acceptable results. Other compressible washer designs may be substituted with similar effectiveness, including compressible foam designs, coil spring designs, and the like.

    [0024] Accordingly, a transmission assembly 26, 26' manufactured according to the disclosed construction, wherein a compressible washer 66, 66' or washers is shown to improve functionality, extend service life and reduce objectionable noises in the operation of a track system 18.


    Claims

    1. A transmission assembly (26) for a motorized track system used to adjust the position of a supported element by interaction with an elongated lead screw, said assembly comprising:

    a worm gear (38) supported for rotation;

    a drive nut (54) having external gear teeth in meshing contact with said worm gear (38), said drive nut (54) operatively engaged with the lead screw (28, 28') and being longitudinally displaceable in response to rotation induced by said worm gear (38);

    a housing (40) generally surrounding said drive nut and said worm gear (38), said housing (40) including a mounting bracket (50) for attaching to the supported element to translate the supported element together with said drive nut longitudinally relative to the length of the lead screw, a pair of left and right cover halves (42, 44) disposed on opposite lateral sides of said drive nut, and

    first and second bushings (68') captured between said left and right cover halves (42,44) and disposed on opposite longitudinally-spaced sides of said drive nut (54), wherein said first and second bushings (68') are configured for bearing axial loads between said drive nut (54) and said left and right cover halves (42,44), wherein said first and second bushings (68') include an anti-rotation feature which interacts with the left and right cover halves (42, 44), the anti-rotation feature being hex flats which engage complementary hex pockets (70') in the left and right cover halves (42, 44) and
    a compressible washer (66') disposed between one of said first and second bushings (68') and said drive nut (54).
     
    2. The transmission assembly of Claim 1 wherein said compressible washer (66') comprises a wave washer.
     
    3. The transmission assembly of Claim 1 wherein said housing (40) includes a pair of isolators adjoining longitudinally-spaced ends of said left and right cover halves, said isolators directly abutting said mounting bracket.
     
    4. The transmission assembly of Claim 1 wherein said compressible washer (66') comprises a metallic wave washer.
     
    5. The transmission assembly of Claim 4 wherein said worm gear (38) is rotatably supported in said left and right cover halves (42, 44) of said housing for rotation about an axis skewed relative to the longitudinal direction.
     
    6. The transmission assembly of Claim 5 further including a motor having an output shaft operatively connected to said worm gear (38).
     
    7. A motorized track system used to adjust the position of a supported element, said track system comprising:

    a base rail (22);

    an externally threaded lead screw (28) establishing a longitudinal direction along which a supported element is moved back and forth to change its longitudinal position;

    a driven rail (22) interactive with said base rail for longitudinal sliding movement there between;

    characterized by
    a transmission assembly (26) interactive with said lead screw according to one of the preceding claims.
     
    8. A method for eliminating play between a drive nut mounted in a transmission for use in a motorized track system having a lead screw, the transmission including a housing and a worm gear (38), said housing (40) generally surrounding said drive nut and said worm gear (38), said housing (40) including a mounting bracket (50) for attaching to a supported element to translate the supported element together with said drive nut longitudinally relative to the length of the lead screw, a pair of left and right cover halves (42, 44) disposed on opposite lateral sides of said drive nut, said method comprising the steps of:

    locating first and second bushing (68') on opposite sides of the drive nut (54);

    placing a wave washer (66') between one of the first and second bushings (68') and the drive nut (54);

    capturing the drive nut (54), worm gear (38), first and second bushings (68') and wave washer (66') in a translatable housing so that the wave washer is partially compressed in response to rotation of the drive nut (54); and

    configuring the first and second bushing (68') to prevent rotation of the bushings (68') relative to the housing, wherein said first and second bushings (68') include an anti-rotation feature which interacts with the left and right cover halves (42, 44), the anti-rotation feature being hex flats which engage complementary hex pockets (70') in the left and right cover halves (42, 44).


     
    9. The method of Claim 8 further including the step of manufacturing the wave washer (66') from a spring steel material.
     
    10. The method of Claim 8 further including the step of manufacturing the wave washer (66') from a compliant non-metallic material.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Getriebeanordnung (26) für ein motorisiertes Spursystem, das verwendet wird, um die Position eines abgestützten Elements durch Interaktion mit einer langgestreckten Gewindespindel einzustellen, wobei die Anordnung Folgendes aufweist:

    ein Schneckenrad (38), welches drehbar gelagert ist;

    eine Spindelmutter (54), welche eine Außenverzahnung aufweist, die in kämmendem Kontakt mit dem Schneckenrad (38) steht, wobei die Spindelmutter (54) funktionswirksam mit der Gewindespindel (28, 28') in Eingriff steht und als Reaktion auf eine durch das Schneckenrad (38) hervorgerufene Rotation in Längsrichtung verschiebbar ist;

    ein Gehäuse (40), das allgemein die Spindelmutter und das Schneckenrad (38) umgibt, wobei das Gehäuse (40) einen Befestigungsbügel (50) zum Befestigen an dem abgestützten Element, um das abgestützte Element zusammen mit der Spindelmutter in Längsrichtung bezüglich der Länge der Gewindespindel translatorisch zu bewegen, und ein aus einer linken und einer rechten Abdeckungshälfte bestehendes Paar von Abdeckungshälften (42, 44), die auf einander gegenüberliegenden lateralen Seiten der Spindelmutter angeordnet sind, aufweist, und

    eine erste und eine zweite Buchse (68'), die zwischen der linken und der rechten Abdeckungshälfte (42, 44) aufgenommen sind und auf einander gegenüberliegenden, in Längsrichtung beabstandeten Seiten der Spindelmutter (54) angeordnet sind, wobei die erste und die zweite Buchse (68') dafür ausgebildet sind, axiale Lasten zwischen der Spindelmutter (54) und der linken und der rechten Abdeckungshälfte (42, 44) zu tragen, wobei die erste und die zweite Buchse (68') ein Verdrehmerkmal umfassen, das mit der linken und der rechten Abdeckungshälfte (42, 44) zusammenwirkt, wobei es sich bei dem Verdrehmerkmal um hexagonale Abflachungen handelt, die komplementäre hexagonale Taschen (70') in der linken und der rechten Abdeckungshälfte (42, 44) in Eingriff nehmen und

    eine zusammendrückbare Scheibe (66'), die zwischen einer von der ersten und der zweiten Buchse (68') und der Spindelmutter (54) angeordnet ist.


     
    2. Getriebeanordnung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die zusammendrückbare Scheibe (66') eine Wellenscheibe umfasst.
     
    3. Getriebeanordnung nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Gehäuse (40) ein Paar Isolatoren aufweist, die sich an in Längsrichtung beabstandete Enden der linken und der rechten Abdeckungshälfte anschließen, wobei die Isolatoren direkt an dem Befestigungsbügel anliegen.
     
    4. Getriebeanordnung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die zusammendrückbare Scheibe (66') eine metallische Wellenscheibe umfasst.
     
    5. Getriebeanordnung nach Anspruch 4, wobei das Schneckenrad (38) in der linken und der rechten Abdeckungshälfte (42, 44) des Gehäuses drehbar gelagert ist, um eine Drehung um eine bezüglich der Längsrichtung schräg verlaufende Achse auszuführen.
     
    6. Getriebeanordnung nach Anspruch 5, welche ferner einen Motor mit einer Abtriebswelle aufweist, die mit dem Schneckenrad (38) in Wirkverbindung steht.
     
    7. Motorisiertes Spursystem, das verwendet wird, um die Position eines abgestützten Elements einzustellen, wobei das Spursystem Folgendes aufweist:

    eine Basisschiene (22);

    eine mit einem Außengewinde versehene Gewindespindel (28), die eine Längsrichtung festlegt, entlang welcher ein abgestütztes Element zurück und vor bewegt wird, um seine Längsposition zu verändern;

    eine angetriebene Schiene (22), die mit der Basisschiene interagiert, um eine Gleitbewegung in Längsrichtung zwischen ihnen zu bewirken;

    gekennzeichnet durch
    eine Getriebeanordnung (26), die mit der Gewindespindel interagiert, nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche.
     
    8. Verfahren zum Beseitigen eines Spiels zwischen einer Spindelmutter, die in einem Getriebe zur Verwendung in einem motorisierten Spursystem angebracht ist, das eine Gewindespindel aufweist, wobei das Getriebe ein Gehäuse und ein Schneckenrad (38) aufweist, wobei das Gehäuse (40) allgemein die Spindelmutter und das Schneckenrad (38) umgibt, wobei das Gehäuse (40) einen Befestigungsbügel (50) zum Befestigen an einem abgestützten Element, um das abgestützte Element zusammen mit der Spindelmutter in Längsrichtung bezüglich der Länge der Gewindespindel translatorisch zu bewegen, und ein aus einer linken und einer rechten Abdeckungshälfte (42, 44) bestehendes Paar, die auf einander gegenüberliegenden lateralen Seiten der Spindelmutter angeordnet sind, aufweist, wobei das Verfahren die folgenden Schritte aufweist:

    Positionieren einer ersten und einer zweiten Buchse (68') auf gegenüberliegenden Seiten der Spindelmutter (54);

    Anordnen einer Wellenscheibe (66') zwischen einer von der ersten und der zweiten Buchse (68') und der Spindelmutter (54);

    Aufnehmen der Spindelmutter (54), des Schneckenrades (38), der ersten und der zweiten Buchse (68') und der Wellenscheibe (66') in einem translatorisch bewegbaren Gehäuse, so dass die Wellenscheibe als Reaktion auf eine Drehung der Spindelmutter (54) teilweise zusammengedrückt wird; und

    Konfigurieren der ersten und der zweiten Buchse (68'), um eine Drehung der Buchsen (68') relativ zu dem Gehäuse zu verhindern, wobei die erste und die zweite Buchse (68') ein Verdrehmerkmal umfassen, das mit der linken und der rechten Abdeckungshälfte (42, 44) zusammenwirkt, wobei es sich bei dem Verdrehmerkmal um hexagonale Abflachungen handelt, die komplementäre hexagonale Taschen (70') in der linken und der rechten Abdeckungshälfte (42, 44) in Eingriff nehmen.


     
    9. Verfahren nach Anspruch 8, welches ferner den Schritt des Herstellens der Wellenscheibe (66') aus einem Federstahlmaterial aufweist.
     
    10. Verfahren nach Anspruch 8, welches ferner den Schritt des Herstellens der Wellenscheibe (66') aus einem nachgiebigen nichtmetallischen Material aufweist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Ensemble de transmission (26) pour un système à rail motorisé utilisé pour ajuster la position d'un élément supporté par interaction avec une vis-mère allongée, ledit ensemble comprenant :

    un engrenage à vis sans fin (38) supporté à rotation ;

    un écrou d'entraînement (54) ayant des dents d'engrenage extérieures en contact d'engrènement avec ledit engrenage à vis sans fin (38), ledit écrou d'entraînement (54) étant engagé fonctionnellement avec la vis-mère (28, 28') et étant déplaçable longitudinalement en réponse à la rotation induite par ledit engrenage à vis sans fin (38) ;

    un boîtier (40) généralement entourant ledit écrou d'entraînement et ledit engrenage à vis sans fin (38), ledit boîtier (40) comportant une console de montage (50) pour la fixation à l'élément supporté pour faire se déplacer l'élément supporté en translation avec ledit écrou d'entraînement longitudinalement par rapport à la longueur de la vis-mère, une paire de moitiés gauche et droite de recouvrement (42, 44) disposées sur des côtés latéraux opposés dudit écrou d'entraînement, et des première et deuxième douilles (68') reçues entre lesdites moitiés gauche et droite de recouvrement (42, 44) et disposées sur des côtés opposés espacés longitudinalement dudit écrou d'entraînement (54), lesdites première et deuxième douilles (68') étant configurées pour supporter des charges axiales entre ledit écrou d'entraînement (54) et lesdites moitiés gauche et droite de recouvrement (42, 44), lesdites première et deuxième douilles (68') comportant une fonction antirotation qui coopère avec les moitiés gauche et droite de recouvrement (42, 44), la fonction antirotation étant constituée par des méplats hexagonaux qui s'engagent avec des cavités hexagonales complémentaires (70') dans les moitiés gauche et droite de recouvrement (42, 44) et

    une rondelle compressible (66') disposée entre l'une desdites première et deuxième douilles (68') et ledit écrou d'entraînement (54).


     
    2. Ensemble de transmission selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ladite rondelle compressible (66') comprend une rondelle ondulée.
     
    3. Ensemble de transmission selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit boîtier (40) comporte une paire d'isolateurs adjacents à des extrémités espacées longitudinalement desdites moitiés gauche et droite de recouvrement, lesdits isolateurs venant directement en butée contre ladite console de montage.
     
    4. Ensemble de transmission selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ladite rondelle compressible (66') comprend une rondelle ondulée métallique.
     
    5. Ensemble de transmission selon la revendication 4, dans lequel ledit engrenage à vis sans fin (38) est supporté à rotation dans lesdites moitiés gauche et droite de recouvrement (42, 44) dudit boîtier en vue d'une rotation autour d'un axe oblique par rapport à la direction longitudinale.
     
    6. Ensemble de transmission selon la revendication 5, comportant en outre un moteur ayant un arbre de sortie relié fonctionnellement audit engrenage à vis sans fin (38).
     
    7. Système de rail motorisé utilisé pour ajuster la position d'un élément supporté, ledit système de rail comprenant :

    un rail de base (22) ;

    une vis-mère à filetage extérieur (28) établissant une direction longitudinale le long de laquelle un élément supporté est déplacé d'avant en arrière pour changer sa position longitudinale ;

    un rail entraîné (22) coopérant avec ledit rail de base pour un mouvement de coulissement longitudinal entre eux ;

    caractérisé par
    un ensemble de transmission (26) coopérant avec ladite vis-mère selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes.
     
    8. Procédé pour éliminer le jeu entre un écrou d'entraînement monté dans une transmission pour l'utilisation dans un système de rail motorisé ayant une vis-mère, la transmission comportant un boîtier et un engrenage à vis sans fin (38), ledit boîtier (40) entourant généralement ledit écrou d'entraînement et ledit engrenage à vis sans fin (38), ledit boîtier (40) comportant une console de montage (50) à fixer à un élément supporté pour faire se déplacer l'élément supporté en translation avec ledit écrou d'entraînement longitudinalement par rapport à la longueur de la vis-mère, une paire de moitiés gauche et droite de recouvrement (42, 44) disposées sur des côtés latéraux opposés dudit écrou d'entraînement, ledit procédé comprenant les étapes suivantes :

    positionner des première et deuxième douilles (68') sur des côtés opposés de l'écrou d'entraînement (54) ;

    placer une rondelle ondulée (66') entre l'une des première et deuxième douilles (68') et l'écrou d'entraînement (54) ;

    recevoir l'écrou d'entraînement (54), l'engrenage à vis sans fin (38), les première et deuxième douilles (68') et la rondelle ondulée (66') dans un boîtier déplaçable en translation de telle sorte que la rondelle ondulée soit partiellement comprimée en réponse à la rotation de l'écrou d'entraînement (54) ; et

    configurer les première et deuxième douilles (68') de manière à empêcher la rotation des douilles (68') par rapport au boîtier, lesdites première et deuxième douilles (68') comportant une fonction antirotation qui coopère avec les moitiés gauche et droite de recouvrement (42, 44), la fonction antirotation étant constituée par des méplats hexagonaux qui s'engagent avec des cavités hexagonales complémentaires (70') dans les moitiés gauche et droite de recouvrement (42, 44).


     
    9. Procédé selon la revendication 8, comportant en outre l'étape consistant à fabriquer la rondelle ondulée (66') en matériau en acier à ressort.
     
    10. Procédé selon la revendication 8, comportant en outre l'étape consistant à fabriquer la rondelle ondulée (66') en un matériau souple non métallique.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description