(19)
(11)EP 2 125 317 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
14.12.2011 Bulletin 2011/50

(21)Application number: 08719127.6

(22)Date of filing:  08.02.2008
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B29C 31/04  (2006.01)
B29C 43/08  (2006.01)
B65G 11/16  (2006.01)
B29C 43/34  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/IB2008/000293
(87)International publication number:
WO 2008/102224 (28.08.2008 Gazette  2008/35)

(54)

APPARATUS FOR TRANSFERRING DOSES

VORRICHTUNG ZUR ÜBERTRAGUNG VON DOSEN

APPAREIL DE TRANSFERT DE DOSES


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK TR

(30)Priority: 23.02.2007 IT MO20070057
25.05.2007 IT MO20070181

(43)Date of publication of application:
02.12.2009 Bulletin 2009/49

(73)Proprietor: SACMI Cooperativa Meccanici Imola Società Cooperativa
40026 Imola (BO) (IT)

(72)Inventors:
  • CAVINA, Giambattista
    I-48018 Faenza (RA) (IT)
  • PARRINELLO, Fiorenzo
    I-40059 Medicina (BO) (IT)
  • ZUFFA, Zeno
    I-40021 Borgo Tossignagno (BO) (IT)

(74)Representative: Crugnola, Pietro et al
Luppi Crugnola & Partners S.r.l. Viale Corassori 54
41124 Modena
41124 Modena (IT)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A-2005/102646
WO-A-2006/109108
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The invention relates to an apparatus for transferring a dose of plastics to a forming device for forming a preform from which it is possible to obtain a container, in particular a bottle. Document WO-A-2005/102646 discloses such an apparatus in accordance with the preamble of claim 1. Apparatuses are known for compression-moulding objects made of plastics, for example preforms for bottles, comprising a rotating moulding carousel that carries a plurality of moulds each comprising a die and a punch. During rotation, each dies receives a dose of plastics in a pasty state. The dose is pressed between the die and the corresponding punch along a circumference arc along which the moulding carousel travels. The pressing step is followed by opening of the mould and extraction of the moulded object from the apparatus.

    [0002] Each dose is obtained by cutting plastics into the shape of a continuous extruded product exiting an extruding or plasticisation device. The apparatus further comprises a transferring carousel having a plurality of transferring units that successively remove the doses that have just been cut and transfer the doses to the moulding carousel.

    [0003] Each transferring unit comprises an upper element having a "U" or "C" or "J"-shaped cross section so as to define a channel that is open on a side, i.e. provided with a removal opening, and a lower element of tubular shape, defining a transferring chamber communicating with the open channel and having an openable bottom.

    [0004] The doses removed through the removal opening fall by gravity into the transferring chamber and are deposited by the transferring chamber, when the bottom is opened, inside the die, whilst the die is below the transferring unit. The plastics that constitute the doses tend to adhere to the surfaces with which they come into contact due to the pasty state of the plastics.

    [0005] In particular, as the doses, whilst they pass through the aforesaid components, slide on the interval surface of the transferring unit, the doses may move in a manner that is not easily controllable.

    [0006] In order to control as well as possible the passage of the doses through the transferring unit in particular in order to obtain times for passing through the transferring chamber that are certain and repeatable - the temperature of the transferring unit, particularly of the transferring chamber, is adjusted, and/or the degree of humidity of both the plastics and of the environment (microclimate) in which the transferring carousel is installed is controlled and/or suitable surface finishes are made on the walls that bound the transferring unit internally (in particular obtaining rough walls provided with grooves having a preset' orientation) and/or surface coatings are provided on the aforesaid walls, particularly of self-cleaning material (water-repellent surfaces, i.e. surfaces having great repellence to plastics).

    [0007] A drawback of known transferring carousels consists of the fact that it is very difficult to keep the internal walls of the transferring units clean. Such internal walls, in fact tend to be dirtied by the residues of plastics generated by the sliding of the doses on the internal walls. This drawback is particularly significant if not insignificant quantities of additives such as dyes have been added to the plastics that form the doses, in particular dyes containing, for example waxes, vaseline, etc.

    [0008] The residues deposited on the aforesaid internal walls progressively alter the transferring speed of the doses, until situations are reached that are limiting for the operating process. If this speed does not fall within preset intervals the doses are not inserted, either completely or partially, inside the mould within the correct time and in the correct manner.

    [0009] A further drawback of known transferring carousels is that the roughness of the internal walls of the transferring units may be affected by the interaction with the doses (wear from pitting).

    [0010] As roughness is reduced (i.e. in the case of surfaces that are smoothed and tend to be polished) the doses tend to adhere more to the internal walls, both through the effect of the more extensive contact surfaces between the doses and the internal walls and through the absence of separating air between the doses and the internal walls. In the rough walls, in fact, microchannels are defined inside which there is air that facilitates movement of the doses.

    [0011] Further, the dose can tilt inside the transferring unit in an undesired manner and subsequently not be positioned inside the cavity of the die correctly, for example by adhering to the walls of the cavity before reaching the bottom thereof. This produces a non-uniform distribution of the plastics in the die, which may cause defects in the preform and thus in the bottle.

    [0012] If the dose is tilted inside the transferring unit, blows may occur between the dose and the internal surface of the unit, which slows the dose whilst the dose falls towards the cavity of the die. Further, the blows between the dose and the internal surface of the transferring unit may alter the surface quality of the dose, causing folds and deformations of the most external layers thereof.

    [0013] An object of the invention is to improve the apparatuses for transferring doses of flowable material, particularly in compression-moulding of plastics.

    [0014] A further object of the invention is to provide an apparatus for transferring doses of flowable material that is constructionally simple and reliable.

    [0015] Another object is to provide an apparatus comprising transferring means for transferring doses of flowable material to forming means, in which the doses move easily and fast inside the transferring means and/or the forming means.

    [0016] According to the invention, there is provided an apparatus comprising forming means for forming an object from a dose of flowable material and transferring means for transferring said dose to said forming means, said transferring means having a recess for receiving said dose, characterised in that in said recess there is provided rolling means for guiding said dose inside said transferring means. The rolling means enables the dose that is inside the recess to be guided in a precise manner, which reduces the risk that the dose is tilted considerably whilst it is conveyed by the transferring means. In this way the blows between the dose and the internal surface of the transferring means and the sliding of the dose on the interval surface of the transferring means decrease. The dose is kept almost aligned along a desired direction and can be introduced more easily into the forming means.

    [0017] The contact between the dose and the transferring means occurs on limited areas of the rolling means in which rolling friction develops. Owing to this, the dose can move inside the transferring means at a relatively high speed. In an embodiment, the rolling means is positioned so as to interact successively with an intermediate portion of the dose and with a "tail" portion of the dose, whilst a "head" - portion of the dose starts (and continues) to penetrate inside the forming means. This enables the entry of the dose into the .forming means to be guided and the dose to be positioned correctly with respect to the forming means. The guiding and positioning functions are more effective the shorter the distance of the rolling means from the forming means.

    [0018] The rolling means may comprise a plurality of rolling elements arranged at gradually increasing distances from an outlet opening through which the doses exit the transferring means to enter the forming means so as to improve further the aforesaid guiding and positioning functions.

    [0019] In another embodiment, the rolling means is positioned near an inlet opining through which the doses enter the transferring means. This enables the sliding of the doses with respect to the transferring means to be limited at the moment of the first interaction of the doses with the transferring means.

    [0020] The rolling means may comprise a plurality of rolling elements arranged angularly and axially at the points in which a first contact between the doses and the transferring means is located.

    [0021] The rolling means, for example rollers, are easily procurable, reliable and cheap mechanical components. The rolling means enables the dose to be ejected from a tubular portion of the recess as soon as closing elements, with which the transferring means is provided, is removed by an ejecting opening of the tubular portion of the recess, so as to enable the dose to pass through the ejecting opening, in other words, the dose exits the opening of the tubular portion of the recess with significant reactivity. Owing to the rolling means, therefore, when the closing elements take on an open configuration, the dose is ejected from the tubular portion of the recess much faster than occurs in know apparatuses in which the dose tends to adhere to the internal walls.of the transferring chamber and to exit the transferring chamber after a certain delay. Possible small jets of pressurised fluid, for example compressed air, may further contribute to making faster the ejection of the doses from the tubular portion of the recess.

    [0022] The invention can be better understood and implemented with reference to the attached drawings, which illustrate some embodiments thereof by way of non-limiting example, in which:

    Figure 1 is a schematic plan view of an apparatus comprising a transferring device for transferring doses of plastics to forming means;

    Figure 2 is a section taken along a longitudinal plane of an embodiment of a lower element of a transferring unit included in the transferring device in Figure 1;

    Figure 3 is a detail of Figure 2;

    Figure 4 is a section taken along a plane IV-IV in Figure 3, showing a supporting body with which rolling elements are associated;

    Figure 5 is a perspective view from below of the supporting body in Figure 4;

    Figure 6 is a perspective top view of the supporting body in Figure 4 from which the rolling elements were removed;

    Figure 7 is a perspective top view of a supporting body made according to a version;

    Figure 8 is a section taken along a longitudinal plane of a further embodiment of a lower element of a transferring unit;

    Figure 9 is a section taken along a plane IX-IX in Figure 8;

    Figure 10 is a perspective view of a transferring unit made according to a version;

    Figure 11 is a section taken along a longitudinal plane of the transferring unit in Figure 10;

    Figure 12 is a section taken along a further longitudinal plane of the transferring unit in Figure 10;

    Figure 13 is a partial and sectioned perspective view of a lower element of the transferring unit in Figure 10;

    Figure 14 is a cross section of the lower element in Figure 13;

    Figure 15 is an enlarged detail of Figure 14;

    Figure 16 is a perspective top view of an embodiment of an upper element of a transferring unit included in the transferring device in Figure 1;

    Figure 17 is a perspective bottom view of a supporting structure for supporting the upper element in Figure 16;

    Figures 18 is a schematic perspective view showing cooling means for cooling the upper element in Figure 16;

    Figure 19 is a side view of the upper element in Figure 16;

    Figure 20 is a perspective top view of a further embodiment of an upper element in a transferring unit;

    Figure 21 is a perspective view of a rack element used in the upper element in Figure 20;

    Figure 22 is'a perspective bottom view of another embodiment of an upper element in a transferring unit;

    Figure 23 is a perspective view of cooling means of the upper element in Figure 22;

    Figure 24 is a perspective top view of a further embodiment of an upper element in a transferring unit;

    Figure 25. is a section taken along a longitudinal plane of the upper element in Figure 24;

    Figure 26 is a cross section of the upper element in Figure 24;

    Figure 27 is a plan view of a supporting element with which the upper element in Figure 24. is provided;

    Figure 28 is a front view of rack elements supporting the rolling means of the upper element in Figure 24;

    Figure 29 is a view like the one in Figure 28 that shows the rack elements associated with a corresponding supporting element;

    Figure 30 is a fragmentary section taken along a longitudinal plane of the upper element in Figure 24;

    Figure 31 is a section like the one in Figure 30 that shows a version of the upper element;

    Figure 32 is a cross section of an upper element made according to a further version;

    Figure 33 is a section like the one in Figure 32 in which some parts of the upper element have been eliminated to facilitate comprehension.



    [0023] With reference to Figure 1, there is shown an apparatus 1 comprising a transferring device 7 for transferring doses D of plastics to forming means comprising a moulding device 2 for forming preforms. From the preforms it is possible to obtain containers, for example bottles, by stretch-blowing. The doses D can be made of various types of plastics, for example polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polypropylene (PP), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), high density polyethylene. (HDPE), polyethylene naphthalate (PEN), polystyrene (PS), polylactic acid (PLA).

    [0024] In order to obtain the preforms, the doses D have an elongated shape and normally have an approximately circular cross section. It is nevertheless possible, in principle, to use also doses with a different shape, if it is desired to compression-mould objects other than preforms.

    [0025] The doses D are dispensed by dispensing means 3 comprising an extruder of plastics, provided with a port 4 from which plastics in pasty state exit. The port 4 may face downwards, so that the plastics exit the' extruder along a vertical extrusion direction.

    [0026] Cutting means is provided that is not shown for cutting the plastics leaving the port 4 so as to define the doses D. The moulding device 2 comprises a carousel 5 that is rotatable around a substantially vertical axis, according to the direction V2 shown in Figures 1, and supporting a plurality of moulds each comprising a die 6, i.e. a part of a female mould, and a punch, i.e. a part of a male die, which is not shown. Each die 6 comprises a cavity with a substantially cylindrical shape, suitable for interacting with the corresponding punch for compression-moulding, during a moulding step, the dose D previously received in the cavity of the die.

    [0027] Alternatively, the dies 6 may comprise cavities having shapes other than a cylindrical shape, for example cavities with a conical shape. This is, for example, if the cavities have to form preforms from which containers of the "wide mouth" type have to be obtained to be used, prevalently, for containing foods. The apparatus 1 further comprises an extracting device 8 for removing the preforms from the corresponding moulds and carrying away the preforms from the moulding device 2. In an embodiment that is not shown, the apparatus may be devoid of the extracting device 8 and the preforms may be removed from the moulding device 2 by the same transferring device 7 that delivers the doses D to the dies 6.

    [0028] The transferring device 7 is arranged for transferring the doses D from the port 4 to the cavities of the dies 6. The transferring device 7 comprises a further carousel 9 that is rotatable around a vertical axis, according to the direction V1 shown in Figures 1, and supporting transferring means including a plurality of transferring units 10 that are movable in a substantially continuous manner along a closed-loop path P1.

    [0029] The closed-loop path P1 is at a higher level than a circular path P2 along which the dies 6 and the corresponding punches move. It is possible to define a portion T1 in which the closed-loop path P1 substantially coincides with the circular path P2. Alone the portion T1 the transferring units 10 are moved substantially at the same speed as the dies 6 so that each transferring unit 10 is above a die cavity whilst it is moved along the portion T1. Each transferring unit 10 comprises an upper element 11, for example of the type shown in Figure 16, and a lower element, for example a lower element 301 of the type shown in Figure 2, that is preferably fixed with respect to the upper element 11.

    [0030] The upper element 11 has a "U" or "C" or "J"-shaped cross section so as to define an open channel on a side that extends along a longitudinal axis Z. Inside the upper element 11 there is defined a recess 13. A lateral opening 12, obtained parallel to the longitudinal axis Z, enables the recess 13 to be accessed.

    [0031] The upper element 11 removes, from near the port 4 of the extruder, a dose D that has just been cut by the cutting means: The dose D is housed in the recess 13, inside which the dose D drops by gravity to the lower element.

    [0032] The lower element has a substantially tubular shape, being bound by a continuous surface extending around the longitudinal axis Z. Inside the lower element there is defined a transferring chamber for housing the dose D whilst the corresponding transferring unit 10' moves along the closed path P1. The dose D enters the transferring chamber by an inlet opening that extends on a plane that is transverse to the longitudinal axis Z. At an upper end thereof, the transferring chamber may have a cross section with a shape and dimensions that substantially coincide with those of the open channel. Discontinuity in the passage from the upper element to the transferring chamber is thus avoided.

    [0033] The lower element is further provided with an outlet opening through which the dose D can leave the transferring chamber to be introduced into the cavity of the die 6. With reference to Figures 2 to 7, there is shown an embodiment of a lower element 301 comprising a supporting block 302 that is connectable to the further carousel 9 and provided with a seat 303 inside which there is housed tubular element means 304. The tubular element means 304 is peripherally bounded by continuous wall means 305 that defines a transferring chamber 306 shaped as a tubular recess.

    [0034] Each transferring unit 10 is thus provided with recess means comprising a laterally open portion, i.e. the recess 13, and a tubular portion, i.e. the transferring chamber 306. The transferring chamber 306 is arranged for receiving a dose D, retaining the dose D and delivering the dose D to a die 6. An upper element can be fixed to an end zone 309 of the supporting block 302, for example an upper element of the type shown in Figure 16 to 24 that cooperates with the lower element 301 to define a transferring unit 10.

    [0035] The tubular element means 304 comprises a first tubular element 307 and as second tubular element 308 arranged next to one another along the longitudinal axis Z, the second tubular element 308 being further from the end zone 309 than the first tubular element 307.

    [0036] The continuous wall means 305 comprises a first continuous wall 310 defined in the first tubular element 307 and a second continuous wall 311 defined in the second tubular element 308.

    [0037] The tubular element means 304 has a first portion shaped substantially as an upturned truncated cone, i.e. a first portion having a cross section that decreases further away from the end zone 309, and a .second portion shaped substantially like a cylinder, i.e. a second portion having a substantially constant cross section. In particular, the first tubular element 306 can have a conical shape, so as to define the aforesaid first portion of the tubular element means 304, and the second tubular element 307 may have a cylindrical shape, so as to define the aforesaid second portion of the tubular element means 304.

    [0038] The tubular element means 304 comprises an inlet opening 312 through which a dose D is received in the transferring chamber 306 and an outlet opening 313 through which the dose D exits the transferring chamber 306.

    [0039] The inlet opening 312 is defined in the first tubular - element 307.

    [0040] The outlet opening 313 is defined in the second tubular element 308.

    [0041] The lower element 301 further comprises closing means 314 associated with a further end zone 316 of the supporting block 302.

    [0042] The closing means 314 comprises a first closing element 317 and a second closing element 318 that are movable between a closed configuration X, shown in Figure 2, in which the first closing element 317 and the second closing element 318 prevent the dose D passing through the outlet opening 313 to exit the transferring chamber 306, and an open configuration, that is not shown, in which the first closing element 317 and the second closing element 318 enable the dose D passing through the outlet opening 313 to exit the transferring chamber 306.

    [0043] The lower element 301 further comprises driving means, which is not shown, arranged for moving the first closing element 317 and the second closing element 318 from the closed configuration X to the open configuration, and vice versa. The first closing element 317 and the second closing element 318 comprise internal wall portions 319 having a profile such as to shape a tip zone of a dose D contained in the transferring chamber 306.

    [0044] With the tubular element means 304 there is associated rolling means 315 arranged for interacting with the doses D so as to promote the passage of the doses D through the transferring chamber 306 and the insertion of the doses into the dies 6.

    [0045] Owing to the rolling means 315, during operation, the doses D penetrate inside the tubular element means 304 and exit the tubular element means 304 - after the first closing element 317 and the second closing element 318 have taken on the open configuration- very rapidly.

    [0046] The rolling means 315, in fact, noticeably reduces the risk of the doses D adhering to the tubular element means 304 inasmuch as the external surfaces of the doses are spaced apart from the internal walls of the tubular element means 304.

    [0047] The rolling means 315 comprises a plurality of rollers 327. The rolling means 315 further comprises a supporting element 320 arranged for supporting the rollers 327.

    [0048] The rollers 327 have rotation axes that lie on a plane arranged transversely, in particular arranged substantially perpendicularly - to the longitudinal axis Z. As shown in Figure 2 and 3, the supporting element 320 is interposed between the first tubular element 307 and the second tubular element 308.

    [0049] Figure 2 to 5 show rolling means 315 comprising five rollers 327. The rotation axes of the five rollers 327 define a pentagon, in particular a regular pentagon.

    [0050] Figure 7 shows rolling means 315 comprising four rollers 327. The rotation axes of the four rollers 327 define a quadrilateral, in particular a square.

    [0051] Tests conducted have enabled it to be established that the rolling means 315 comprising five rollers 327 is particularly effective, inasmuch as the pentagonal shape most closely approximates the circular shape of the doses D. Further, the contact points of the rollers 327 with the doses D do not face two by two.

    [0052] Alternatively, rolling means 315 can be provided comprising three rollers 327. The rotation axes of the three rollers 327 define a triangle.

    [0053] As shown in Figures 4 to 7, the supporting element 320 comprises an annular body 321 provided with a side wall 322. The angular body 321 is internally provided with a passage opening 323 arranged for being passed through by the doses D.

    [0054] The seat 303 comprises a widened intermediate portion 331, shaped so as to house the supporting element 320 and, particularly, the overall external dimensions thereof. In this way a gap chamber is defined that is traversed by thermal conditioning fluids.

    [0055] Each roller 327 comprises a roller body 324 from opposite ends 325 of which pins 326 lead away.

    [0056] The annular body 321 is internally provided with a plurality of cavities 328 - arranged peripherally so as to surround the longitudinal axis z -each of which is shaped so as to receive a corresponding roller 327.

    [0057] Each cavity 328 is provided, at opposite end zones 329, with grooves 330 arranged for receiving the pins 326, such that the rollers 327 are rotatably supported by the annular body 321.

    [0058] The cavities 328 are shaped such that a portion of the roller body 324 projects outside a corresponding cavity 328 in which it is housed and extends into the passage opening 323, so as to interact with the doses D to guide the doses D.

    [0059] As the supporting element 320 is made as an element that is distinct from the tubular element means 304, the rolling means 315 is particularly versatile inasmuch as it can be associated with tubular element means 304 of different types.

    [0060] In particular, the rolling means 315 defined by the set of rollers 327 and by the supporting element 320 constitutes a suitable insert to be interposed between a first tubular element 307 and a second tubular element 308 of a plurality of tubular element means 304 having shapes that may also differ significantly from one another.

    [0061] With reference to Figures 8 and 9 there is shown an embodiment of a lower element 301 in which the rolling elements 315 comprise rollers 327 that are rotatably supported directly by the tubular element means 304. In other words, in the lower element 301 embodiment shown in Figures 8 and 9 the supporting element 320 is not provided. The rollers 327 are shaped like those disclosed with reference to Figures 2 to 7.

    [0062] The tubular element means 304 comprises a second tubular element 308 having an annular projection 332 peripherally bounded by a side wall 333.

    [0063] The annular projection 332 is internally provided with a plurality of cavities 428 - arranged peripherally so as to surround the longitudinal axis Z -each of which is shaped so as to receive a corresponding roller 327.

    [0064] Each cavity 428 is provided, at opposite end zones 429, with grooves 430 arranged for receiving the pins 326, such that the rollers 327 are rotatably supported by the second tubular element 308.

    [0065] The cavities 428 are shaped such that a portion of the roller body 324 projects outside a corresponding cavity 428 in which it is housed and extends into the transferring chamber 306, so as to interact with the doses D to guide the doses D.

    [0066] The tubular element means 304 further comprises a first tubular element 307 having a further annular projection 334 peripherally bounded by a further side wall 335. The further side wall 335 is shaped so as to surround the side wall 333, when the first tubular element 307 and the second tubular element 308 are connected together. In this manner, the further annular projection 334 closes the cavities 428, preventing the rollers 327 from disengaging from the cavities 428, and in particular preventing the pins 326 from disengaging from the grooves 430.

    [0067] Figures 8 and 9 show rolling means 315 comprising four rollers.

    [0068] Rolling means 315 can be provided comprising a different number of rollers, in particular rolling means comprising five rollers.

    [0069] Satisfactory experimental results have been obtained with a number of rollers equal to five, and anyway not inferior to three.

    [0070] A flow of cooling fluid can be made to circulate through cooling conduits provided in the tubular element means 304.

    [0071] The flow of cooling fluid penetrates inside the cooling conduits by inlet conduit means 336 and exits the cooling conduits by outlet conduit means 337. The cooling conduits extend near the grooves 430 - and thus near the pins 326 - so as to cool the rollers 327.

    [0072] The rolling means 315 disclosed with reference to Figures 2 to 9 may comprise rollers 327 outwardly convex.

    [0073] In an embodiment, the rollers 327 may be hollow, so that they can be filled with substances that increase the heat-exchange properties thereof. In this manner, the rollers are able to dissipate the heat transmitted by the doses D more easily.

    [0074] In another embodiment, the rollers 327 can be made with a material having great thermal conductivity (for example rollers 327 made of aluminium can be provided). The rollers 327 can be thermally conditioned so as to be maintained cold.

    [0075] The temperature conditioning of the rollers 327 can occur owing to a heat exchange, mainly through conduction, with the parts that contain the rollers 327.

    [0076] In particular, in the supporting block 302 cooling circuits can be provided through which a cooling fluid circulates. The rollers 327 can have a suitably chosen surface finish, so as to ensure that the rollers 327 have a low friction coefficient. In particular, the rollers 327 can have a satinised external surface. This enables the adhesion of the plastics to the rollers 327 to be reduced and the friction between the pins of the rollers 327 and the grooves 330, or the grooves 430 to be reduced.

    [0077] The rolling means 315 disclosed with reference to Figure 2 to 9 may comprise instead of a single group of rollers 327 arranged substantially on the same plane positioned transversely to the longitudinal axis Z, a plurality of groups of rollers 327 arranged in consecutive positions along the longitudinal axis Z.

    [0078] The rollers 327 define rows of rollers arranged substantially parallel to the longitudinal axis Z. This enables the transfer of the doses D to be made even quicker and even more precise.

    [0079] In the case of the rolling means. 315 disclosed with reference to Figure 2 to 7, it is possible to provide a plurality of supporting elements 320 arranged at axially consecutive portions of the tubular element means 304.

    [0080] Owing to the rolling means 315 it is possible to obtain a calibration - and/or at least a partial shaping - of the "head" zone and/or of the "tail" zone of the doses D. This is also possible because the cross section defined by the portions of the rollers nearest the longitudinal axis Z is less than that defined by the tubular portions placed immediately above and below the rollers. The cross section defined by the portions of the rollers nearest the longitudinal axis Z has dimensions that are very similar to the average dimensions of the cross sections of the doses. The doses D, once they have arrived in a lower cylindrical zone of the tubular element means 304 - i.e. in the second tubular element 308 - are supported, in a position centred on the transferring chamber 306, by the first closing element 317 and by the second closing element 318 that are in the closed configuration X.

    [0081] Owing to the rolling elements 315, the doses D are maintained in a configuration that is more vertical than the configuration in which they are maintained in known apparatuses. This occurs both whilst the doses D are waiting inside the tubular element means 304 (which enables direct contact with the walls of the tubular element means 304 to be avoided) and whilst the doses D move towards the dies underneath.

    [0082] After the first closing element 317 and the second closing element 318 have passed from the closed configuration X to the open configuration Y, a contact may occur between a part of dose, arranged near the first closing element 317 and the second closing element 318, and the walls of the tubular element means 304. This contact nevertheless occurs over a much more limited time than is the case with known apparatuses.

    [0083] As shown in Figure 2, 3 and 8, the rolling means 315 is positioned in an intermediate zone of the tubular element means 304. In this manner, the rolling means 315 interacts successively with an intermediate potion of the dose and with a "tail" portion of the dose, whilst a "head" portion of the dose starts (and continues) to penetrate inside the dies 6.

    [0084] As the "tail" portion of the dose is guided by the rolling means 315, the "head" portion of the dose is arranged in a better condition with respect to the die 6. In particular, blows between the dose and the die 6 are avoided that could prevent the dose from entering completely inside the die 6. The rolling means 315 thus performs a guiding and positioning function of the dose.

    [0085] The guiding and positioning function of the dose is the greater the less is the distance of the rolling means 315 from the outlet opening 313 and, therefore, from the dies 6. In order to improve the guiding and positioning function of the dose it is possible to provide a plurality of rows of rollers 327 in the lower zone of the tubular element means 304, in particular in the second tubular element 308. In particular, in the embodiment disclosed with reference to Figures 2 to 7, there can be provided a plurality of supporting elements 320.

    [0086] In another embodiment, the rolling means 315 is positioned near the inlet opening 312. This enable the sliding of the doses with respect to the tubular element means 304 to be limited, when the doses interact with the tubular element means 304 for the first time.

    [0087] The rolling means 315 may comprise a plurality of rolling - elements arranged angularly and axially at the points in which a first contact between the doses and the tubular element means is located.

    [0088] With reference to Figures 10 to 15, there is shown a transferring unit 10 comprising a lower element 601 and an upper element 411 that will be disclosed in greater detail below with reference to Figure 24 to 31. Alternatively, the transferring unit 10 may comprise a lower element 601 and another type of upper element

    [0089] The transferring unit 10 comprises a tubular body 650 arranged for being received in a seat of the lower element 601.

    [0090] On the tubular body 650 rolling means 615 is rotatably supported that is arranged for interacting with a dose D of plastics.

    [0091] The tubular body 650 defines a transferring chamber 606 shaped as a tubular recess and arranged for receiving a dose D and transferring the dose D to a die 6.

    [0092] The rolling means 615 comprises a plurality of rollers 627. The rollers 627 are aligned so as to define rows extending along a longitudinal axis of the tubular body 650. In particular, the rollers 627 define six rows. The rotation axes of six rollers 627 each belonging to a corresponding row and arranged at the same level define a hexagon, in particular as regular hexagon.

    [0093] As shown in Figures 10 to 12, three of the aforesaid rows of rollers 627 are aligned on three further rows of rollers provided in the upper element 411. The rollers 627 substantially occupy the entire internal face of the transferring chamber 606. In other words, the transferring chamber 606 is provided with rollers 627 on the entire internal side wall thereof.

    [0094] The tubular body 650 comprises a plurality of grooves 653 arranged for receiving rack elements 654 that support the rolling means 615. The grooves 653 are arranged substantially parallel to the longitudinal axis of the tubular body 650.

    [0095] The grooves 653 can be arranged at constant angular intervals along an edge zone of the tubular body 650. In the shown embodiment, the tubular body 650 comprises six grooves 653. In embodiments that are not shown, the tubular body may comprise a number of grooves 653 that is greater or less than six.

    [0096] Each roller 627 comprises, at opposite ends 655 thereof, seats 656 arranged for deceiving balls 660 that rotatably connect the rollers 627 to the rack elements 654, as will be disclosed in greater detail below.

    [0097] As shown in Figures 15, each rack element 654 comprises a plurality of first projecting portions 657a that define first cavities 658a each of which is arranged for partially receiving a corresponding first ball 660a and a plurality of second projecting portions 657b that define second cavities 658b each of which is arranged for partially receiving a corresponding second ball 660b. Each first ball 660a, therefore, comprises a portion received inside the corresponding first cavities 658a of the rack element 654 and a further portion received inside the seat 656 of the roller 627.

    [0098] Similarly, each second ball 660b comprises a portion received inside the corresponding second cavities 658b of the rack element 654 and a further portion received inside the seat 656 of the roller 627.

    [0099] The first cavities 658a receive first balls 660a arranged for rotatably connecting a first row 662a of rollers to the rack element 654, whilst the second cavities 658b receive second balls 660b arranged for rotatably connecting a second row 662b of rollers, adjacent to the first row 662a of rollers, to the rack element 654.

    [0100] During mounting, the rollers 627 are positioned between the rack elements to as to be rotatably supported by the rack elements by means of the balls 660. Subsequently, the preassembled unit consisting of the rack elements 654 - and of the rollers 627 and of the balls 660 supported thereby - is inserted inside the lower element 601 such that all the rack elements 654- (in the illustrated case six rack elements 654) are received substantially simultaneously in the grooves 653, each groove 653 housing a corresponding rack element 654.

    [0101] Between the rollers 627 and the balls 660 and between the balls 660 and the rack elements 654 friction of rolling type develops, which enables the transfer of the doses D to be made quicker. Between the rollers 627 and the balls 660 and between the balls 660 and the rack elements 654 clearance of a preset amount is provided that enables friction to be limited as much as possible.

    [0102] Further, the first projecting portions 657a, the second projecting portions 657b and zones 661 of the rollers 627 that bound the seats 656 protect the balls 660 from contact with dirt and deposits of materials of various type that would cause an increase in friction.

    [0103] In addition, the rack elements 654 prevent the plastics penetrating between adjacent rows of rollers. The rollers 627 can be made of the materials with which the rollers 327 are made that are disclosed with reference to Figure 2 to 9.

    [0104] In order to make the rollers, various materials can also be used, for example material the composition and nature of which have great water repellence, i.e. great repellence to plastics.

    [0105] Further, the rollers 627 can have surface shapes and finishes like those of the rollers 327 disclosed with reference to Figure 2 to 9.

    [0106] With the lower elements 301 disclosed with reference to Figure 2 to 9 and with the lower elements 601 disclosed with reference to Figures 10 to 15 there can be associated upper elements of known type, i.e. devoid of rolling means.

    [0107] Alternatively, with the upper elements 301 disclosed with reference to Figure 2 to 9 and with the lower elements 601 disclosed with reference to Figures 10 to 15 there can be associated upper elements provided with rolling means, as disclosed below.

    [0108] Each upper element 11 comprises a supporting structure 14, shown in detail in Figure 17, arranged for supporting rolling means 15. - The supporting structure 14 is provided with a first part 16 comprising a substantially vertical "C", "U" or "J"-shaped side wall 17, and thus defining the lateral opening 12. On the base of the side wall 17 there is arranged a second part 18 of the supporting structure 14, with a substantially flat shape, which enables the upper element 11 to be fixed to a corresponding lower element. The second part 18 is substantially orthogonal to the side wall 17, i.e. extends on a horizontal plane in the illustrated example. The second part 18 has two circular holes 45 suitable for housing screws 46 that, by engaging corresponding threaded holes obtained in the lower element, fix the supporting structure i4 thereto.

    [0109] An internal surface 21 of the side wall 17 bounds an upper portion of the recess 13.

    [0110] The side wall 17 comprises a lateral protrusion 44 arranged on a side of the recess 13 that during movement of the transferring unit 10 is in a position more outside the further carousel 9, as schematically shown in Figures 1.

    [0111] The side wall 17 is provided with housing means 22 arranged for housing the rolling means 15. The housing means. 22 comprises three openings 23 with a substantially rectangular shape in the side wall 17. In an embodiment that is not shown, the openings 23 can also be other than three in number.

    [0112] Each opening 23 is bounded, parallel to the longitudinal axis Z, by a first side surface 24 and by a second side surface 25. The first side surface 24 and the second side surface 25 are arranged in a substantially vertical position and are mutually facing. On the first side surface 24 and on the second side surface 25 there is obtained a plurality of seats 26.

    [0113] The rolling means 15 comprises a plurality of rollers 27 arranged for entering into contact with and guiding the dose D during operation of the apparatus 1. The rollers 27 have respective substantially horizontal axes and can be slightly convex externally.

    [0114] Pins of the rollers 27, which are not visible in the Figures, are housed in the seats 26.

    [0115] The seats 26 are arranged so that the rollers 27 mounted inside the same opening 23 are substantially vertically aligned and partially exit the internal surface 21 of the side wall 17 to come into contact with the dose D when the dose D is contained in the recess 13.

    [0116] In each opening 23 there is housed a row of the rollers 27. In the illustrated example, all the rows contain the same number of rollers 27, for example five. The rollers 27 in corresponding positions of different rows are substantially aligned on one another, i.e. they are at the same height.

    [0117] In an embodiment that is not shown, two or more different rows may comprise numbers of rollers that are different form one another.

    [0118] The rollers 27 are arranged so that, when the dose D is contained in the recess 13, it cannot come into contact with parts 28 of the internal surface 21 defined by two separating portions 29 that mutually separate the openings 23.

    [0119] The rollers 27 are inserted into the respective seats 26 from the outside of the recess 13.

    [0120] More in particular, the roller 27a that occupies a lower position in each opening 23 is introduced into the corresponding seat from below through a.corresponding cavity 30 made in the second part 18 of the supporting element 14. The cavities 30, which have a substantially rectangular shape, are visible in Figures 17.

    [0121] The remaining rollers 27b occupying positions other than the lower position, are inserted laterally into the respective seats from outside the side wall 17.

    [0122] Each transferring unit 10 comprises locking means 31 arranged for preventing the rollers 27 leaving the respective seats 26 during operation.

    [0123] The locking means 31 comprises rack elements 32, visible in Figure 19, arranged for preventing the pins of the rollers 27b occupying positions other than the lower position exiting the respective seats 26.

    [0124] The rack elements 32 are shaped as a plate and are provided with windows 33 inside which the rollers 27 can rotate. The rack elements 32 are inserted inside corresponding openings 23 from below, through the cavities 30.

    [0125] The rack elements 32 are fixed to the supporting structure 14 by further screws 34, which are visible in Figure 19, that engage further threaded holes, which are not visible in the Figures, which holes are made in a projection 35 of the supporting structure 14, shown in Figure 17. The projection 35 projects from the side wall 17 into an upper zone of each opening 23.

    [0126] The locking means 31 further comprises a closing plate 36, visible in Figure 16, arranged for preventing the pins of the rollers 27a occupying a lower position in each opening 23 from exiting.

    [0127] The closing plate 36 is substantially "C" or "U"-shaped, to be inserted and fixed into a housing 37, shown in Figure 17, made on a lower surface of the second part 18 of the supporting structure 14.

    [0128] The supporting element 14 further comprises cooling means 38, shown in Figure 18, arranged for cooling the upper element 11 and the rollers 27' by a low-temperature cooling fluid, for example water, during operation of the apparatus 1.

    [0129] The rollers 27 are made of a material provided with good thermal conductivity so as to eliminate the heat arising from the contact with the doses D.

    [0130] Also the supporting structure 14 is made of a material provided with good thermal conductivity to promote the heat exchange between the cooling fluid and the rollers 27. In an embodiment, the rollers 27 may be hollow, so that they can be filled with substances that increase the heat-exchange properties thereof. In this manner, the rollers are able to dissipate easily the heat that they receive from the dose.

    [0131] The cooling means 38 comprises a conduit 39, shown in Figure 18, obtained inside the supporting structure 14. The conduit 39 is connected to a cooling circuit made inside the lower element by delivery and return holes 40 for the low-temperature cooling fluid.

    [0132] The conduit 39 comprises first substantially horizontal portions 41 obtained inside the second part 18 and communicating with second substantially vertical portions 42 obtained inside the separating portions 29. The conduit 39 further comprises a connecting portion 43 obtained in the side wall 17 above the openings 23, arranged for connecting upper ends of the second portions 42.

    [0133] The conduit 39 is thus defined by a succession of rectilinear portions that can be obtained by drilling at the machine tool. Closing elements are provided that are arranged for closing an end of each portion for defining the conduit 39 as a single conduit through which the cooling fluid can flow. The closing elements may comprise a plurality of caps 48 inserted into the first portions 41 and into the connecting portion 43 and a plate 148, shown in Figure 16, that closes the second portions 42 above. The cooling means 38, by cooling the supporting structure 14, and in particular the separating portions 29, prevent - the rollers 27 and the corresponding pins heating excessively because of the heat transmitted by the dose D. This prevents the plastics forming the dose D adhering to the rollers 27 and thus enables the dose D to fall rapidly into the transferring chamber of the lower element. The rollers 27 have a suitably chosen surface finish, so as to ensure that they have a low friction coefficient. This makes it possible both to reduce the adhesion of the plastics to the rollers 27 and to diminish the friction between the pins of the rollers 27 and the respective seats 26.

    [0134] During operation of the apparatus 1, the further carousel 9 moves along the closed path P1 the transferring units 10, taking the transferring units 10 one after another near the port 4 whilst the cutting means separates the doses D from the extruder.

    [0135] Each dose D, after being cut, enters through the lateral opening 12 into the recess 13 of a transferring unit 10. The lateral protrusion 44 helps to maintain the dose D inside a corresponding recess 13 whilst the transferring unit 10 takes the dose D from the port 4 to the die 6. The transferring unit 10, after receiving the dose D, moves the dose D along the closed path P1 to the' moulding device 2. Simultaneously, the dose D drops by gravity inside recess 13, rotating the rollers 27, so that between the dose D and the rollers 27 a rolling friction is generated. In this manner, the dose D can move downwards inside the recess 13 more easily than would,occur if the dose D had to slide along a continuous surface, possibly bounding the inside of the recess 13.

    [0136] Before the transferring unit 10 reaches the portion T1, the dose D enters the transferring chamber of the lower element completely. The dose D remains in the lower element for sufficient time for it to be able to acquire the desired diameter.

    [0137] From the transferring chamber, the dose D is then transferred along the portion T1 into the cavity of the die 6 for moulding the preform.

    [0138] In an embodiment, the transferring device 7 may comprise dispensing means for dispensing one or more jets of a pressurised fluid, for example compressed air, so as to push downwards the dose D contained inside a transferring unit 10. The dispensing means can be positioned above the upper element 11 and dispense the pressurised fluid to inside the recess 13. In this manner, the dose D descends faster inside the transferring unit 10.

    [0139] The rollers 27 are simple components and are not very subject to faults; the overall reliability of the apparatus 1 compared with known apparatuses is thus increased. Further, the rollers 27 are easily procurable on the market and have a very low cost; consequently, also the cost of making the apparatus 1 is limited.

    [0140] The doses D can slide inside the upper element 11 with a low friction coefficient even after the rolling means, for example the rollers 27, have been used for a long time. This did not occur in known apparatuses, in which, due to wear, the internal surface of the transferring units became very smooth after a relatively short operating time. The doses adhered easily to such a smooth surface, which significantly worsened the operation of the known apparatuses.

    [0141] By suitably dimensioning the shape of the side wall 17 and the position of the rolling means 15 in relation to the dimensions of the dose D, it is possible to insert with precision the dose D inside the transferring chamber, preventing the dose D being able to tilt in an undesired manner whilst it is inside the transferring unit 10.

    [0142] This can be done by mounting the rollers 27 so as to define a recess 13 in which the dose D can move with little clearance. In other words, the recess 13 has a cross section that is hardly greater than the cross section of the dose D. In this manner the dose D is not free to oscillate and tilt whilst it moves inside the recess 13.

    [0143] In an alternative embodiment, shown in Figure 20, each transferring unit 10 comprises art upper element 111 having rolling means 115 supported by rack elements 132 that differ from the rack elements 32 disclosed with reference to Figure 19, as explained below. The rack elements 132 are shaped as a plate and are provided with substantially rectangular windows 133 through which the rollers 127 can project. Unlike the embodiment shown in Figure 16 to 19, the rack elements 132 are fixed to an external surface 49 of the side wall 17. A lower portion 50 of each rack element 132 is housed in a rectilinear guide 51 made in the second part 18 of the upper element 11. The rack elements 132 are mounted by screws 134 that engage threaded holes, not visible in the Figures, made on the external surface 49 of the side wall 17.

    [0144] For guiding the dose D with greater precision inside the transferring unit 10, the rollers 127 used in the embodiment' in Figure 20 have a concave side surface 47. In this embodiment, the rollers 127 are bounded by a side surface 47 having a curvature radius that is substantially similar to the radius of the cross section of the dose D, if the dose D has a substantially circular cross section. In this manner it is possible to increase the contact surface between the dose D and the rollers 127 and thus guide the dose D with greater precision.

    [0145] In a further alternative embodiment, shown in Figures 21 to 23, each transferring unit 10 comprises an upper element 211 provided with rolling means 215, the pins of which are housed in seats 226 obtained on rack elements 232. In particular, the seats 226 are obtained in lateral portions 52 of the rack elements 232.

    [0146] Owning to the seats 226 obtained on the rack elements 232, it is not necessary to make seats on the first part of the supporting structure 214, but it is sufficient to fix the rack elements 232 correctly to the side wall 17.

    [0147] For this purpose, the rack elements 232 are inserted into the supporting structure 214 from below and fixed thereto by fixing screws 53. Each rack element 232 is provided with a protrusion 54 situated to the side of one of the lateral portions 52 and suitable for engaging in a shapingly coupled manner with a corresponding gap obtained in the supporting structure 214.

    [0148] In this manner precision processing such as the creation of the seats 26 on the first part of the supporting structure can be avoided.

    [0149] As the rolling means 215 comprises a plurality of rollers 227 rotatably supported by the rack elements 232 rather than by the supporting structure 214, the latter does not have to be particularly resistant to wear. For this reason, the supporting structure 214 can be suitably made of a composite material, obtained, for example, by combining metal powders with plastic materials. An example of usable composite material is a combination of aluminium and polyamides. The supporting structure 214 made of composite material can be produced by means of a selective laser sintering technology or by means of similar technologies. In this manner it is possible to make inside the supporting structure 214 cooling means having any desired shape, so as to cool the upper element 211 in an optimal manner. For example, the cooling means may comprise conduit means having a curved portion 239 or a variable cross section. The cooling means can also comprise a plurality of parallel conduits 240, that extend in the lateral protrusion 44 parallel to the longitudinal axis of the upper element 211. In an alternative embodiment that is not shown, the rolling means can also comprise cylindrical rollers, i.e. having a surface that is not outwardly convex, or concave.

    [0150] With reference to Figures 24 to 30 there is shown a further embodiment of an upper element 411 comprising a body 450 provided with a substantially vertical "C" or "U" or "J"-shaped side wall 417, and defining a lateral opening 412. The upper element 411 comprises a plurality of supporting elements 451, on each of which is rotatably supported rolling means 415 arranged for interacting with a dose D of plastics. In the illustrated example there are provided three supporting elements 451. In embodiments that are not shown there can be provided supporting elements 451 that are more or less than three in number.

    [0151] The supporting elements 451 are mutually facing along the side wall 417.

    [0152] Each supporting element 451 is hinged on the body 450 so as to oscillate with respect to the body 450.

    [0153] Further, each supporting element 451 is connected to the body 450 so as to be able to move with respect to the body 450. For example, as shown in Figure 30, the supporting element 451 can be connected to the body 450 by means of a first tubular body 464, provided in an upper zone of the supporting element 451, and a second tubular body 465, provided in a lower zone of the supporting element 451. The first tubular body 464 and the second tubular body 465 are made of an elastically deformable material.

    [0154] The first tubular body 464 and the second tubular body 465 are internally provided with conduit portions 473 connected to a hollow internal zone 474 of the supporting element 451 to define conduit means 466 through which a cooling fluid passes.

    [0155] The' first tubular body 464 and the second tubular body 465 enable the supporting element 451 to rotate with respect to the body 450.

    [0156] The first tubular body 464 is provided, at one end, with a head 467 that carries a gasket 468. The second tubular body 465 is provided, at one end, with a further head 469 that carries a further gasket 470. The gasket 468 and the further gasket 470 prevent the cooling fluid exiting the conduit means 466. There are further provided a first tubular element 471 that surrounds, at least partially, the first tubular body 464 and a second tubular element 472 that surrounds, at least partially, the second tubular body 465.

    [0157] The first tubular element 471 and the second tubular element 472 are made of an elastically deformable material. In particular, the material with which the first tubular body 464 and the second tubular body 465 are made is more deformable than the material with which the first tubular element 471 and the second tubular element 472 are made.

    [0158] The first tubular element 471 and the second tubular element 472 connect in a non-stiff manner the supporting elements 451 to the body 450. The first tubular element 471 and the second tubular element 472 - and thus the supporting element 451 - can perform movements of limited amount with respect to the body 450.

    [0159] Each supporting element 451 is movable with respect to the body 450 independently of the other supporting elements 451.

    [0160] During operation, when a dose D interacts with the rolling means 415 rotatably supported by the supporting elements 451, the supporting elements 451 can oscillate and move with respect to the body 450 to enable the blow between the dose D and the rolling means 415 to be cushioned. The possibility of absorbing at least partially the impact between the dose D and the rolling means 415 enables the manner of descent of the dose D along the upper element 411 to be improved and stabilised. If it is not possible to cushion the impact between the dose D and the rolling means 415, in fact, the dose D, especially when the apparatus 1 operates at high speed, i.e. so as to obtain high productivity, tends to tilt in a direction opposite the direction of the impact.

    [0161] Each supporting element 451 comprises a pair with grooves 453 arranged for receiving rack elements 454 that support the rolling means 415.

    [0162] The grooves 453 are arranged substantially parallel to a longitudinal axis of the upper element 411.

    [0163] Alternatively, the grooves 453 can be tilted with respect to the longitudinal axis of the upper element 411, for example by an angle comprised between 15° and 30°. The supporting element 451 has a triangular plan shape, the grooves 453 being positioned at two vertexes of the triangle and a hole 459 - arranged for receiving the first tubular body 464, and the second tubular body 465 - being positioned at a further vertex of the triangle.

    [0164] The rolling means 415 comprises a plurality of rollers 427. The rollers 427 define a plurality of rows aligned along the longitudinal axis of the upper element 411. Each roller 427 comprises, at opposite ends 455 thereof, seats 456 arranged for receiving ball 460 that rotatably connect the rollers 427 to the rack elements 454, as will be disclosed in greater detail below.

    [0165] Each rack element 454 comprises a plurality of projecting portions 457 that define cavities 458 each of which is arranged for partially receiving a corresponding ball 460. The ball 460 thus comprises a portion received inside the cavity 458 of the rack element 454 and a further portion received inside the seat 456 of the roller 427. During mounting, the rollers 427 are positioned between two rack elements 454 so as to be rotatably supported by the rack elements 454 by the balls 460, as shown in Figure 28. Subsequently, the preassembled unit consisting of the two rack elements 454 - and of the rollers 427 and of the balls 460 supported thereby - is inserted into the interior of the body 450 such that the two rack elements 454 are received substantially simultaneously in the grooves 453, each-groove 453 housing a corresponding rack element 454, as shown in Figure 29.

    [0166] The supporting element 451 is so shaped that the grooves 453 are mutually facing and are separated by a distance that is substantially equal to the width of the aforesaid preassembled unit, formed by the two rack elements 454, by the rollers 427 and the balls 460 interposed between the rollers 427 and the rack elements 454.

    [0167] Between the rollers 427 and the balls 460 and between the balls 460 and the rack elements 454 friction of rolling type develops, which enables the transfer of the doses D to be made faster.

    [0168] Further, zones 461 of the rollers 427 that bound the seats 456 and the projecting portions 457 of the rack elements 454 that bound the cavities 458 protect the balls 460 from contact with dirt and deposits of materials of various types that would cause friction to increase.

    [0169] The body 450 is crossed by conduits 463 through which a cooling fluid circulates. The conduits 463 are connected to the conduit means 466 that extend vertically along the supporting elements 451.

    [0170] The conduits 463 cooperate with the conduit means 466 to form a closed temperature conditioning circuit.

    [0171] During operation, when the further carousel 9 is rotated, the transferring units 10 interact with the air in the environment in which the transferring device 7 is installed. The aforesaid air passes through the gaps defined between the rollers 427 and strikes the side wall 417. In an embodiment, as the side wall 17 is continuous - i.e. does not have openings that allow the passage of the aforesaid air - the aforesaid air is induced, after striking the side wall 417 and being cooled by the fluid that flows in the conduits 463 and in the conduit means 466, to return to the rollers 427. In this manner, the rollers 427 are cooled. In addiction, a cushion of air is defined - at low temperature -

    [0172] that limits adhesion of the doses D to the rollers 427. Alternatively, as shown in Figure 26 and 27, the supporting elements 451 can be provided with openings 462 that enable air to be evacuated to a rear zone of the supporting elements 451.

    [0173] The rollers 427 can be made of the materials with which the rollers 27, the rollers 127 and the rollers 227 disclosed with reference to Figure 16 to 23 are made. Further, the rollers 427 may have shapes and surface finishes like those of the rollers 27, of the rollers 127 and of the rollers 227 disclosed with reference to Figure 16 to 23.

    [0174] In order to make the rollers, different materials can also be used, for example materials the composition and nature of which have great water repellence, i.e. great repellence to plastics.

    [0175] With reference to Figure 31, there is shown an upper element 411 made according to a version in which the supporting element 451 is connected to the body 450 by means of a first tubular body 464a, provided in an upper zone of the supporting element 451, and a second tubular body 465a, provided in a lower zone of the supporting element 451.

    [0176] The first tubular body 464a and the second tubular body 465a are internally provided with conduit portions 473a connected to a hollow internal zone 474a of the supporting element 451 to define conduit means 466a through which a cooling fluid passes.

    [0177] Between the first tubular body 464a and the body 450 there is interposed a first sealing element 475 and between the first tubular body 464a and the supporting element 451 there is interposed a second sealing element 476.

    [0178] Similarly, between the second tubular body 465a and the body 450 there is interposed a further first sealing element 477 and between the second tubular body 465a and the supporting element 451 there is interposed a further second sealing element 478.

    [0179] The first sealing element 475, the second sealing element 476, the further first sealing element 477 and the further second sealing element 478 prevent the cooling fluid leaving the conduit means 466a.

    [0180] The first tubular body 464a and the second tubular body 465a are made in a material having great thermal conductivity. The conduit portions 473a obtained in the first tubular body 464a and in the second tubular body 465a have sections that are greater than those of the conduit portions 473 obtained in the first tubular body 464 and in the second tubular body 465 shown in Figures 30, so as to allow the passage of a greater flow rate of cooling fluid.

    [0181] Further, the first tubular body 464a and the second tubular body 465a have shorter lengths than those of the conduit portions 473 obtained in the first tubular body 464 and in the second tubular body 465 shown in Figures 30. In this manner, the hollow internal zone 474a is' larger than the hollow zone 474 shown in Figures 30. Cooling efficacy is thus improved inasmuch as the hollow zone 474a is bounded by a wall 479 intended for interacting with the cooling fluid having a very wide extent.

    [0182] It is possible to use the embodiment of the upper element 411 shown in Figures 31 in cases in which the possibility of having more effective cooling is preferred to the possibility of cushioning the blows of the doses D against the upper element 411.

    [0183] With reference to Figures 32 and 33 there is shown an upper element 711 provided with rolling means 715 that comprises rollers 727 rotatably supported by supporting elements 751 connected to a body 750, similarly to what is described with reference to the upper element 411 shown in Figures 24 to 31.

    [0184] The rollers 727 are made of a porous material. In particular the rollers 727 can be made of porous polytetrafluorethylene (PTFE). The porous polytetrafluorethylene (PTFE) has a low friction coefficient and, therefore, the tendency of the plastics that form the doses D to adhere to the rollers 727 is reduced.

    [0185] The rollers 727 are internally provided with a cavity 780 that communicates with conduits 781 arranged for supplying a cooling fluid. Conduit means 766 that passes through the supporting elements 751 are connected to the conduits 781 by further conduits 782. The conduit means 766 extends longitudinally in the supporting elements 751 and is shaped similarly to the conduit means disclosed with reference to Figure 30 and to the conduit means 466a disclosed with reference to Figure 31.

    [0186] The cooling fluid can be a pressurised fluid, in particular pressurised air.

    [0187] The cooling fluid exits the cavity 780 through the pores of the porous material.

    [0188] The cooling fluid cools the rollers 727 and the plastics that form the doses D, thereby limiting the adhesion of the plastics to the rollers 727.

    [0189] If the cooling fluid is a pressurised cooling fluid, the pressurised cooling fluid, when it exits the pores of the porous material, expands, decreasing the temperature thereof. This enables more effective cooling to be obtained. The cooling fluid that exits the pores of the porous material forms a cushion of fluid that further prevents the adhesion of the plastics to the rollers 727 and cushions the blows between the doses D and the rollers 727.

    [0190] The rollers 727 are rotatably supported on the supporting elements 751 by rotation promoting means 783, each of which comprises a first portion 784 received in a seat 756 with which the rollers 727 are provided and a second portion 785 received in a groove 753 of the supporting elements 751. The groove 753 is arranged substantially parallel to a longitudinal axis of the upper element 711.

    [0191] Alternatively, the groove 753 can be tilted with respect to the longitudinal axis of the upper element 711, for example by an angle comprised between 15° and 30°.

    [0192] The first portion 784 has a substantially spherical shape. In this manner, between the rollers 727 and the rotation promoting means 783 a rolling friction develops. The second portion 785 is received in a shapingly coupled manner in the groove 753.

    [0193] The rotation promoting means 783 is traversed by the conduit means 766.

    [0194] Also the rollers 27, the rollers 127, the rollers 227 and the rollers 427 disclosed with reference to Figure 16 to 31 can be made of porous material.

    [0195] In addition, also the upper element of the transferring units 10 can be provided with rolling means made of porous material.

    [0196] In particular, also the rollers 327 and the rollers 627 disclosed with reference to Figure 2 to 15 can be made of porous material.


    Claims

    1. Apparatus comprising forming means (2, 6) for forming an object from a dose (D) of flowable material and transferring means (10) for transferring said dose (D) to said forming means (2, 6), said transferring means (10) having a recess (306; 606; 13) for receiving said dose (D), characterised in that in said recess (306; 606; 13) there is provided rolling means (315; 615; 15; 115; 215; 415; 715) for guiding said dose (D) inside said transferring means (10).
     
    2. Apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said rolling means (315; 615; 15; 115; 215; 415; 715) comprises a plurality of rolling elements (327; 627; 27; 127; 227; 427; 727) that are rotatable around respective rotation axes arranged transversely to a longitudinal axis (Z) of said recess (306; 606; 13).
     
    3. Apparatus according to claim 2, wherein said longitudinal axis (Z) is substantially vertical, or wherein said rotation axes are substantially parallel to one another, or said rotation axes are substantially orthogonal to said longitudinal axis (Z).
     
    4. Apparatus according to claim 2, or 3, wherein said rolling elements comprise rollers (327; 627; 27; 127; 227; 427; 727); or wherein said rolling elements comprise rollers that are bounded by side convex surfaces, or are bounded by substantially cylindrical side surfaces, or are bounded by respective concave side surfaces (47).
     
    5. Apparatus according to claim 4, wherein said side surfaces (47) have respective curvature radiuses that are substantially the same as the radius of the cross section of said dose (D); or wherein said rolling elements (315; 615; 15; 115; 215; 415; 715) are arranged around said longitudinal axis (Z) so as to form adjacent rows, or wherein corresponding rolling elements (315; 615; 15; 115; 215; 415; 715) of two adjacent rows are at the same level.
     
    6. Apparatus according to any preceding claim, wherein said rolling means is made of a material having great thermal conductivity; or wherein said rolling means is internally hollow; or said rolling means is filled with a cooling substance; or wherein said rolling means is made of porous material; or wherein said rolling means is made of porous material that comprises porous polytetrafluorethylene (PTFE).
     
    7. Apparatus according to claim 6, and further comprising dispensing means arranged for dispensing a fluid through pores of said porous material.
     
    8. Apparatus according to any preceding claim, wherein said recess comprises a tubular portion (306; 606) that defines a transferring chamber; or wherein said recesses comprises a tubular portion and said rolling means (315; 615) is positioned so as to interact with an intermediate portion and/or tail portion of said dose (D), whilst a head portion of said dose (D) penetrates into said forming means (2,6); or wherein said rolling means (315; 615) is positioned at at least a zone in which a first contact occurs between said dose (D) and said tubular portion (306; 606), when said dose (D) enters said transferring means (10); or wherein said rolling means (315; 615) peripherally bounds said tubular portion (306; 606); or wherein said transferring means (10) comprises tubular element means (304) in which there is defined said tubular portion (306).
     
    9. Apparatus according to claim 8, wherein said tubular element means (304) comprises continuous wall means (305) that bounds said tubular portion (306); or wherein said tubular element means (304) comprises a part shaped substantially like an upturned truncated cone and having a cross section that decreases towards said forming means (2, 6); or wherein said tubular element means (304) comprises a further part shaped substantially like a cylinder and having a substantially constant cross section, said further part being nearer said forming means (2, 6) of said part; or wherein said tubular element means (304) comprises an inlet opening (312) through which said dose (D) is received in said tubular portion (306) and an outlet opening (313) through which said dose (D) exits said tubular portion (306), and/or wherein said tubular element means (304) comprises a first tubular element (307) and a second tubular element (308) aligned along longitudinal axis means (Z) of said tubular portion (306).
     
    10. Apparatus according to claim 9, and further comprising supporting means (320) that rotatably supports said rolling means (315); or further comprising supporting means (320) that rotatably supports said rolling means (315) and is interposed between said first tubular element (307) and said second tubular element (308); or further comprising supporting means (320) that rotatably supports said rolling means (315) and comprises cavity means (328) arranged for receiving said rolling means (315); or further comprising supporting means (320) that rotatably supports said rolling means (315) and comprises cavity means (328) arranged for receiving said rolling means (315), said cavity means (328) being shaped so that said rolling means (315) projects partially outside said cavity means (328), or wherein said second tubular element (308) comprises cavity means (428) arranged for receiving said rolling means (315); or wherein said second tubular element (308) comprises cavity means (428) arranged for receiving said rolling means (315), said cavity means (428) is shaped so that said rolling means (315) projects partially outside said cavity means (428); or wherein said second tubular element (308) comprises cavity means (428) arranged for receiving said rolling means (315), said cavity means (428) comprising groove means (430) arranged for receiving pin means (326) of said rolling means (315), such that said rolling means (315) is rotatable with respect to said tubular element (308); or wherein said second tubular element (308) comprises cavity means (428) arranged for receiving said rolling means (315), said first tubular element (307) being shaped so as to close said cavity means (428) to prevent said rolling means (315) from disengaging from said cavity means (428) when said first tubular element (307) and said second tubular element (308) are mutually connected.
     
    11. Apparatus according to any one of claims 8 to 10, wherein said rolling means (315) comprises five rolling elements having rotation axes positioned so as to define a pentagon; or wherein said rolling means (315) comprises four rolling elements having rotation axes positioned so as to define a quadrilateral; or wherein said rolling means (315) comprises three rolling elements having rotation axes positioned so as to define a triangle.
     
    12. Apparatus according to claim 8 and further comprising a tubular body (650) in which there is defined said tubular portion (606); or further comprising a tubular body (650) in which there is defined said tubular portion (606) and rack means (654) that rotatably supports said rolling means (615); or further comprising a tubular body and rack means (654) that rotatably supports said rolling means (615), said tubular body (650) comprising groove means (653) arranged for receiving said rack means (654); or further comprising a tubular body and rack means (654) that rotatably supports said rolling means (615), said tubular body (650) comprising groove means (653) arranged for receiving said rack means (654), said groove means (653) being arranged substantially parallel to a longitudinal axis (Z) of said tubular portion (606).
     
    13. Apparatus according to claim 12, and further comprising ball means (660), said ball means (660) being interposed between said rolling means (615) and said rack means (654) to rotatably connect said rolling means (615) to said rack means (654); or further comprising ball means (660), said ball means (660) being interposed between said rolling means (615) and said rack means (654) to rotatably connect said rolling means (615) to said rack means (654), said rolling means (615) comprising seat means (656) arranged for partially receiving said ball means (660); or further comprising ball means (660), said ball means (660) being interposed between said rolling means (615) and said rack means (654) to rotatably connect said rolling means (615) to said rack means (654), said rack means (654) comprising first cavity means (658a) arranged for partially receiving first balls (660a) of said ball means (660) and second cavity means (658b) arranged for partially receiving second balls (660b) of said ball means (660).
     
    14. Apparatus according to any one of claims 12 or 13, wherein said rolling means (615) entirely occupies an internal wall of said tubular portion (606); or wherein said rolling means comprises six rows of rolling elements (615), the rotation axes of six rolling elements (615) each belonging to a corresponding row and arranged at the same level so as to define a hexagon.
     
    15. Apparatus according to any preceding claim, wherein said recess comprises a laterally open portion (13); or wherein said recess comprises a laterally open portion (13), said laterally open portion (13) being arranged upstream of said tubular portion (306; 606) and being shaped so as to deliver said dose (D) to said tubular portion (306; 606); or wherein said recess comprises a laterally open portion (13) and said rolling means (15; 115; 215; 415; 715) peripherally bounds at least a part of said laterally open portion (13); or wherein said recess comprises a laterally open portion (13) and said laterally open portion (13) is bounded by wall means (17; 417) extending along a longitudinal axis (Z) of said laterally open portion (13); or wherein said recess comprises a laterally open portion (13) and said laterally open portion (13) is bounded by wall means (17; 417) extending along a longitudinal axis (Z) of said laterally open portion (13), said laterally open portion (13) having a "U" or "C" or "J"-shaped cross section so as to define an open channel on a side that extends along said longitudinal axis (Z); or wherein said recess comprises a laterally open portion (13) and said laterally open portion (13) is bounded by wall means (17; 417) extending along a longitudinal axis (Z) of said laterally open portion (13); or wherein said recess comprises a laterally open portion (13) and said laterally open portion (13) is bounded by wall means (17; 417) extending along a longitudinal axis (Z) of said laterally open portion (13), said wall means (17; 417) having a lateral opening (12; 412) through which said dose (D) can enter said laterally open portion (13); or wherein said recess comprises a laterally open portion (13) and said transferring means (10) comprises a supporting structure (14; 214) supporting said rolling means (15; 115; 215); or wherein said recess comprises a laterally open portion (13) and said transferring means (10) comprises a supporting structure (14; 214) supporting said rolling means (15; 115; 215), said supporting structure (14; 214) comprising a concave part (16) inside which there is defined said laterally open portion (13); or wherein said recess comprises a laterally open portion (13) and said transferring means (10) comprises a supporting structure (14; 214) supporting said rolling means (15; 115; 215), said supporting structure (14; 214) comprising a concave part (16) inside which there is defined said laterally open portion (13), said concave part (16) having at least an opening (23) through which rolling elements (27; 127; 227) of said rolling means (15; 115; 215) project towards said laterally open portion (13); or wherein said recess comprises a laterally open portion (13) and said transferring means (10) comprises a supporting structure (14; 214) supporting said rolling means (15; 115; 215), said supporting structure (14; 214) comprising a concave part (16) inside which there is defined said laterally open portion (13), said concave part (16) having at least an opening (23) through which rolling elements (27; 127; 227) of said rolling means (15; 115; 215) project towards said laterally open portion (13), said at least an opening (23) having dimensions such as to house a group of said rolling elements (27; 127; 227); or wherein said recess comprises a laterally open portion (13) and said transferring means (10) comprises a supporting structure (14; 214) supporting said rolling means (15; 115; 215), said supporting structure (14; 214) comprising a concave part (16) inside which there is defined said laterally open portion (13), said concave part (16) having at least an opening (23) through which rolling elements (27; 127; 227) of said rolling means (15; 115; 215) project towards said laterally open portion (13), locking means (31) being provided to prevent said rolling elements (27; 127; 227) disengaging from said at least an opening (23); or wherein said recess comprises a laterally open portion (13) and said transferring means (10) comprises a supporting structure (14; 214) supporting said rolling means (15; 115; 215), said supporting structure (14; 214) comprising a concave part (16) inside which there is defined said laterally open portion (13), said concave part (16) having at least an opening (23) through which rolling elements (27; 127; 227) of said rolling means (15; 115; 215) project towards said laterally open portion (13), locking means (31) being provided to prevent said rolling elements (27; 127; 227) disengaging from said at least an opening (23), said locking means (31) comprising at least a locking element (32; 232) inserted into the thickness of said concave part (16); or wherein said recess comprises a laterally open portion (13) and said transferring means (10) comprises a supporting structure (14; 214) supporting said rolling means (15; 115; 215), said supporting structure (14; 214) comprising a concave part (16) inside which there is defined said laterally open portion (13), said concave part (16) having at least an opening (23) through which rolling elements (27; 127; 227) of said rolling means (15; 115; 215) project towards said laterally open portion (13), locking means (31) being provided to prevent said rolling elements (27; 127; 227) disengaging from said at least an opening (23), said locking means (31) comprising at least a locking element (132) mounted outside said concave part (16); or wherein said recess comprises a laterally open portion (13) and said transferring means (10) comprises a supporting structure (14; 214) supporting said rolling means (15; 115; 215), said supporting structure (14; 214) comprising a concave part (16) inside which there is defined said laterally open portion (13), said concave part (16) having at least an opening (23) through which rolling elements (27; 127; 227) of said rolling means (15; 115; 215) project towards said laterally open portion (13), locking means (31) being provided to prevent said rolling elements (27; 127; 227) disengaging from said at least an opening (23), said at least a locking element (32; 132; 232) being shaped like a rack.
     
    16. Apparatus according to any preceding claims, wherein said recess comprises a laterally open portion (13) and said transferring means (10) comprises a supporting structure (14; 214) supporting said rolling means (15; 115; 215), said rolling means (15; 115; 215) is provided with end pin means suitable for being received in corresponding seat means (26; 226) to enable said rolling means (15; 115; 215) to rotate; or wherein said recess comprises a laterally open portion (13) and said transferring means (10) comprises a supporting structure (14; 214) supporting said rolling means (15; 115; 215), said rolling means (15; 115; 215) being provided with end pin means suitable for being received in corresponding seat means (26; 226) to enable said rolling means (15; 115; 215) to rotate, said seat means (26) being obtained in said concave part (16); or wherein said recess comprises a laterally open portion (13) and said transferring means (10) comprises a supporting structure (14; 214) supporting said rolling means (15; 115; 215), said supporting structure (14; 214) comprising a concave part (16) inside which there is defined said laterally open portion (13), said concave part (16) having at least an opening (23) through which rolling elements (27; 127; 227) of said rolling means (15; 115; 215) project towards said laterally open portion (13), locking means (31) being provided to prevent said rolling elements (27; 127; 227) disengaging from said at least an opening (23), said rolling means (15; 115; 215) being provided with end pin means suitable for being received in corresponding seat means (26; 226) to enable said rolling means (15; 115; 215) to rotate, said seat means (226) being obtained in said locking means (232); or wherein said recess comprises a laterally open portion (13) and said transferring means (10) comprises a supporting structure (14; 214) supporting said rolling means (15; 115; 215), said supporting structure (14; 214) comprising a concave part (16) inside which there is defined said laterally open portion (13), said supporting structure (14; 214) comprising a substantially flat part (18) arranged transversely to said concave part (16); or wherein said recess comprises a laterally open portion (13) and said transferring means (10) comprises a supporting structure (14; 214) supporting said rolling means (15; 115; 215), said supporting structure (14; 214) being made of a material having great thermal conductivity.
     
    17. Apparatus according to any preceding claim, wherein said recess comprises a laterally open portion (13) and further comprising a body (450; 750) in which there is defined said laterally open portion (13); or further comprising a body (450; 750) in which there is defined said laterally open portion (13), to said body (450; 750) there being connected supporting means (451; 751) arranged for rotatably supporting said rolling means (415; 715); or further comprising a body (450; 750) in which there is defined said laterally open portion (13), to said body (450; 750) there being connected supporting means (451; 751) arranged for rotatably supporting said rolling means (415; 715), said supporting means comprising a plurality of supporting elements (451; 751) placed alongside one another; or further comprising a body (450; 750) in which there is defined said laterally open portion (13), to said body (450; 750) there being connected supporting means (451; 751) arranged for rotatably supporting said rolling means (415; 715), said supporting means (451; 751) being rotatably supported by said body (450; 750); or further comprising a body (450; 750) in which there is defined said laterally open portion (13), to said body (450; 750) there being connected supporting means (451; 751) arranged for rotatably supporting said rolling means (415; 715), said supporting means (451; 751) being rotatably supported by said body (450; 750), said supporting means (451; 751) being hinged on said body (450; 750) by tubular means (464, 465; 464a, 465a), said tubular means (464, 465; 464a, 465a) being internally provided with conduit means (466; 466a; 766) arranged for being passed through by a cooling fluid; or further comprising a body (450; 750) in which there is defined said laterally open portion (13), to said body (450; 750) there being connected supporting means (451; 751) arranged for rotatably supporting said rolling means (415; 715), between said supporting means (451; 751) and said body (450; 750) there being interposed a yielding element that enables said supporting means (451; 751) to move with respect to said body (450; 750) so as to cushion blows between said dose (D) and said supporting means (451; 751).
     
    18. Apparatus according to claim 17, and further comprising rack means (454) that rotatably supports said rolling means (415); or further comprising rack means (454) that rotatably supports said rolling means (415), said supporting means (451) comprising groove means (453) arranged for receiving said rack means (454); or further comprising rack means (454) that rotatably supports said rolling means (415), said supporting means (451) comprising groove means (453) arranged for receiving said rack means (454) said groove means (453) being arranged substantially parallel to a longitudinal axis (Z) of said laterally open portion (13) or being tilted with respect to a longitudinal axis (Z) of said laterally open portion (13) by an angle comprised between 15° and 30°; or further comprising rack means (454) that rotatably supports said rolling means (415) and further comprising ball means (460), said ball means being interposed between said rolling means (415) and said rack means (454) to rotatably connect said rolling means (415) to said rack means (454); or further comprising rack means (454) that rotatably supports said rolling means (415) and further comprising ball means (460), said ball means being interposed between said rolling means (415) and said rack means (454) to rotatably connect said rolling means (415) to said rack means (454), said rolling means (415) comprising seat means (456) arranged for partially receiving said ball means (460); or further comprising rack means (454) that rotatably supports said rolling means (415) and further comprising ball means (460), said ball means being interposed between said rolling means (415) and said rack means (454) to rotatably connect said rolling means (415) to said rack means (454), said rack means (454) comprising cavity means (458) arranged for partially receiving said ball means (460).
     
    19. Apparatus according to claim 17, and further comprising rotation promoting means (783) interposed between said rolling means (715) and said supporting means (751) to rotatably connect said rolling means (715) to said supporting means (751); or further comprising rotation promoting means (783) interposed between said rolling means (715) and said supporting means (751) to rotatably connect said rolling means (715) to said supporting means (751), said rotation promoting means (783) comprising a first portion (784) received in seat means (756) of said rolling means (715) and a second portion (785) received in groove means (753) of said supporting means (751); or further comprising rotation promoting means (783) interposed between said rolling means (715) and said supporting means (751) to rotatably connect said rolling means (715) to said supporting means (751), said rotation promoting means (783) comprising a first portion (784) received in seat means (756) of said rolling means (715) and a second portion (785) received in groove means (753) of said supporting means (751), said groove means (753) being arranged substantially parallel to a longitudinal axis (Z) of said laterally open portion (13), or tilted with respect to a longitudinal axis (Z) of said laterally open portion (13) by an angle comprised between 15° and 30°; or further comprising rotation promoting means (783) interposed between said rolling means (715) and said supporting means (751) to rotatably connect said rolling means (715) to said supporting means (751), said rotation promoting means (783) comprising a first portion (784) received in seat means (756) of said rolling means (715) and a second portion (785) received in groove means (753) of said supporting means (751), said first portion (784) having a substantially spherical shape; or further comprising rotation promoting means (783) interposed between said rolling means (715) and said supporting means (751) to rotatably connect said rolling means (715) to said supporting means (751), said rotation promoting means (783) comprising a first portion (784) received in seat means (756) of said rolling means (715) and a second portion (785) received in groove means (753) of said supporting means (751), said second portion (785) being received in a shapingly coupled manner in said groove means (753); or further comprising rotation promoting means (783) interposed between said rolling means (715) and said supporting means (751) to rotatably connect said rolling means (715) to said supporting means (751), said rolling means (415; 715) entirely occupying an internal wall of said laterally open portion (13).
     
    20. Apparatus according to any preceding claim, and further comprising cooling means (38) for cooling said transferring means (10); and/or further comprising dispensing means for dispensing a pressurised fluid at an end of said transferring means (10), so as to push said dose (D) towards a further end of said transferring means (10), said further end being opposite said end; and/or wherein said transferring means comprises a plurality of transferring units (10) that is movable along a closed path (P1); and/or wherein said forming means comprises compression-moulding means (2, 6) for compression-moulding said object from a dose (D) of plastics; and/or wherein said forming means comprises compression-moulding means (2, 6) for compression-moulding said object from a dose (D) of plastics and said compression-moulding means (2, 6) comprises a plurality of moulding units mounted on a rotatable carousel (5); and/or wherein said forming means (2, 6) is shaped so as to obtain from said dose (D) a container preform; and/or comprising an extruding device (3) for extruding said flowable material.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Vorrichtung mit Formmitteln (2, 6) zum Formen eines Objekts aus einer Portion (D) eines fließfähigen Materials und mit Transfermitteln (10) zum Transferieren der Portion (D) zu den Formmitteln (2, 6), wobei die Transfermittel (10) eine Ausnehmung (306; 606; 13) zum Aufnehmen der Portion (D) haben, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Ausnehmung (306; 606; 13) mit Rollenmitteln (315; 615; 15; 115; 215; 415; 715) ausgestattet ist, um die Portion (D) innerhalb der Transfermittel (10) zu führen.
     
    2. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Rollenmittel (315; 615; 15; 115; 215; 415; 715) eine Vielzahl an Rollenelementen (327; 627; 27; 127; 227; 427; 727) aufweisen, die um jeweilige Rotationsachsen drehbar sind, die quer zu einer Längsachse (Z) der Ausnehmung (306; 606; 13) angeordnet sind.
     
    3. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Längsachse (Z) im Wesentlichen vertikal ist, oder wobei die Rotationsachsen im Wesentlichen parallel zueinander sind, oder wobei die Rotationsachsen im Wesentlichen senkrecht zu der Längsachse (Z) sind.
     
    4. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 2 oder 3, wobei die Rollenelemente Rollen (327; 627; 27; 127; 227; 427; 727) aufweisen; oder wobei die Rollenelemente Rollen aufweisen, die durch seitliche konvexe Oberflächen begrenzt sind, oder die durch im Wesentlichen zylindrische seitliche Oberflächen begrenzt sind, oder die durch entsprechende konkave seitliche Oberflächen (47) begrenzt sind.
     
    5. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 4, wobei die seitlichen Oberflächen (47) entsprechende Krümmungsradien haben, die im Wesentlichen dieselben sind, wie der Radius des Querschnitts der Portion (D); oder wobei die Rollenelemente (315; 615; 15; 115; 215; 415; 715) um die Längsachse (Z) herum angeordnet sind, um benachbarte Reihen zu bilden, oder wobei korrespondierende Rollenelemente (315; 615; 15; 115; 215; 415; 715) von zwei benachbarten Reihen auf demselben Niveau angeordnet sind.
     
    6. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Rollenmittel aus einem Material gefertigt sind, das eine große thermische Leitfähigkeit hat; oder wobei die Rollenmittel im Inneren hohl sind; oder wobei die Rollenmittel mit einer kühlenden Substanz gefüllt sind; oder wobei die Rollenmittel aus einem porösen Material gefertigt sind; oder wobei die Rollenmittel aus einem porösen Material gefertigt sind, das poröses Polytetrafluorethylen (PTFE) aufweist.
     
    7. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 6, des Weiteren mit Abgabemitteln, die dafür ausgebildet sind, ein Fluid durch Poren des porösen Materials abzugeben.
     
    8. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Ausnehmung einen röhrenförmigen Abschnitt (306; 606) aufweist, der eine Transferkammer definiert; oder wobei die Ausnehmungen einen röhrenförmigen Abschnitt aufweisen und die Rollenmittel (315; 615) so positioniert sind, um mit einem mittleren Abschnitt und/oder einem Endabschnitt der Portion (D) zusammen zu wirken, während ein Kopfabschnitt der Portion (D) in die Formmittel (2, 6) eindringt; oder wobei die Rollenmittel (315; 615) zumindest in einer Zone positioniert sind, in der ein erster Kontakt zwischen der Portion (D) und dem röhrenförmigen Abschnitt (306; 606) stattfindet, wenn die Portion (D) in die Transfermittel (10) gelangt; oder wobei die Rollenmittel (315; 615) den röhrenförmigen Abschnitt (306; 606) peripher begrenzen; oder wobei die Transfermittel (10) röhrenförmige Elementmittel (304) aufweisen, in denen der röhrenförmigen der Abschnitt (306) definiert ist.
     
    9. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 8, wobei die röhrenförmigen Elementmittel (304) fortlaufende Wandmittel (305) aufweisen, die den röhrenförmigen Abschnitt (306) begrenzen; oder wobei die röhrenförmigen Elementmittel (304) ein Teil aufweisen, das im Wesentlichen wie ein umgedrehter abgeschnittener Kegel geformt ist und einen Querschnitt hat, der auf die Formmittel (2, 6) zu kleiner wird; oder wobei die röhrenförmigen Elementmittel (304) ein weiteres Teil aufweisen, das im Wesentlichen wie ein Zylinder geformt ist und das einen im Wesentlichen konstanten Querschnitt hat, wobei das weitere Teil näher an den Formmitteln (2, 6) des Teils ist; oder wobei die röhrenförmigen Elementmittel (304) eine Einlassöffnung (312) aufweisen, durch die die Portion (D) von dem röhrenförmigen Abschnitt (306) aufgenommen wird, und eine Auslassöffnung (313), durch die die Portion (D) den röhrenförmigen Abschnitt (306) verlässt oder wobei die röhrenförmigen Elementmittel (304) ein erstes röhrenförmiges Element (307) und ein zweites röhrenförmiges Element (208) aufweisen, die entlang der Längsachsenmittel (Z) des röhrenförmigen Abschnitts (306) ausgerichtet sind.
     
    10. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 9, des Weiteren mit Haltemitteln (320) die die Rollenmittel (315) drehbar halten; oder des Weiteren mit Haltemitteln (320), die die Rollenmittel (315) drehbar halten und zwischen dem ersten röhrenförmigen Element (307) und dem zweiten röhrenförmigen Element (308) angeordnet sind; oder des Weiteren mit Haltemitteln (320), die die Rollenmittel (315) drehbar halten ist und Hohlraummittel (328) aufweisen, die dafür ausgebildet sind, die Rollenmittel (315) aufzunehmen; oder des Weiteren mit Haltemitteln (320), die die Rollenmittel (315) drehbar halten und Hohlraummittel (328) aufweisen, die dafür ausgebildet sind, die Rollenmittel (315) aufzunehmen, wobei die Hohlraummittel (328) so geformt sind, dass die Rollenmittel (315) teilweise aus den Hohlraummitteln (328) hervor stehen, oder wobei das zweite röhrenförmige Element (308) Hohlraummittel (428) aufweist, die dafür ausgebildet sind, die Rollenmittel (315) aufzunehmen; oder wobei das zweite röhrenförmige Element (308) Hohlraummittel (428) aufweist, die dafür ausgebildet sind, die Rollenmittel (315) aufzunehmen, wobei die Hohlraummittel (428) so geformt sind, dass die Rollenmittel (315) teilweise aus den Hohlraummitteln (428) hervor stehen; oder wobei das zweite röhrenförmige Element (308) Hohlraummittel (428) aufweist, die dafür ausgebildet sind, die Rollenmittel (315) aufzunehmen, wobei die Hohlraummittel (428) Nutenmittel (430) aufweisen, die dafür ausgebildet sind, Zapfenmittel (326) der Rollenmittel (315) aufzunehmen, so dass die Rollenmittel (315) in Bezug auf das röhrenförmige Element (308) drehbar sind; oder wobei das zweite röhrenförmige Element (308) Hohlraummittel (428) aufweist, die dafür ausgebildet sind, die Rollenmittel (315) aufzunehmen, wobei das erste röhrenförmige Element (307) so geformt ist, um die Hohlraummittel (428) zu verschließen, um die Rollenmittel (315) daran zu hindern, sich von den Hohlraummitteln (428) zu lösen, wenn das erste röhrenförmige Element (307) und das zweite röhrenförmige Element (308) miteinander verbunden sind.
     
    11. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 8 bis 10, wobei die Rollenmittel (315) fünf Rollenelemente aufweisen, die Rotationsachsen haben, die so positioniert sind, um ein Pentagon zu definieren; oder wobei die Rollenmittel (315) vier Rollenelemente aufweisen, die Rotationsachsen haben, die so positioniert sind, um ein Viereck zu definieren; oder wobei die Rollenmittel (315) drei Rollenelemente aufweisen, die Rotationsachsen haben, die so positioniert sind, um ein Dreieck zu definieren.
     
    12. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 8, des Weiteren mit einem röhrenförmigen Körper (650) in dem der röhrenförmige Abschnitt (606) definiert ist; oder des Weiteren mit einem röhrenförmigen Körper (650) in dem der röhrenförmige Abschnitt (606) definiert ist und mit Einbaumitteln (654), die die Rollenmittel (615) drehbar halten; oder des Weiteren mit einem röhrenförmigen Körper und Einbaumitteln (654), die die Rollenmittel (615) drehbar halten, wobei der röhrenförmige Körper (650) Nutenmittel (653) aufweist, die dafür ausgebildet sind, die Einbaumittel (654) aufzunehmen; oder des Weiteren mit einem röhrenförmigen Körper und Einbaumitteln (654), die die Rollenmittel (615) drehbar halten, wobei der röhrenförmige Körper (650) Nutenmittel (653) aufweist, die dafür ausgebildet sind, die Einbaumittel (654) aufzunehmen, wobei die Nutenmittel (653) im Wesentlichen parallel zu einer Längsachse (Z) des röhrenförmigen Abschnitts (606) angeordnet sind.
     
    13. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 12, des Weiteren mit Kugelmitteln (660), wobei die Kugelmittel (660) zwischen den Rollenmitteln (615) und den Einbaumitteln (654) angeordnet sind, um die Rollenmittel (615) mit den Einbaumitteln (654) drehbar zu verbinden; oder des Weiteren mit Kugelmitteln (660), wobei die Kugelmittel (660) zwischen den Rollenmitteln (615) und den Einbaumitteln (654) angeordnet sind, um die Rollenmittel (615) mit den Einbaumitteln (654) drehbar zu verbinden, wobei die Rollenmittel (615) Sitzmittel (656) aufweisen, die dafür ausgebildet sind, die Kugelmittel (660) teilweise aufzunehmen; oder des Weiteren mit Kugelmitteln (660), wobei die Kugelmittel (660) zwischen den Rollenmitteln (615) und den Einbaumitteln (654) angeordnet sind, um die Rollenmittel (615) mit den Einbaumitteln (654) drehbar zu verbinden, wobei die Einbaumittel (654) erste Hohlraummittel (658a) aufweisen, die dafür ausgebildet sind, erste Kugeln (660a) der Kugelmittel (660) teilweise aufzunehmen, und zweite Hohlraummittel (658b), die dafür ausgebildet sind, zweite Kugeln (660b) der Kugelmittel (660) teilweise aufzunehmen.
     
    14. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 12 oder 13, wobei die Rollenmittel (615) eine interne Wand des röhrenförmigen Abschnitts (606) vollständig bedecken; oder wobei die Rollenmittel sechs Reihen von Rollenelementen (615) aufweisen, wobei die Rotationsachsen von sechs Rollenelementen (615) jeweils zu einer korrespondierenden Reihe gehören und auf derselben Höhe angeordnet sind, um ein Hexagon zu definieren.
     
    15. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Ausnehmung einen seitlich offenen Abschnitt (13) aufweist; oder wobei die Ausnehmung einen seitlich offenen Abschnitt (13) aufweist, wobei der seitlich offene Abschnitt (13) stromaufwärts von dem röhrenförmigen Abschnitt (306; 606) angeordnet ist und so geformt ist, um die Portion (D) an den röhrenförmigen Abschnitt (306; 606) zu liefern; oder wobei die Ausnehmung einen seitlich offenen Abschnitt (13) aufweist und die Rollenmittel (15; 115; 215; 415; 715) zumindest einen Teil des seitlich offenen Abschnitts (13) peripher begrenzen; oder wobei die Ausnehmung einen seitlich offenen Abschnitt (13) aufweist und der seitlich offene Abschnitt (13) von Wandmitteln (17; 417) begrenzt ist, die sich entlang einer Längsachse (Z) des seitlich offenen Bereichs (13) erstrecken; oder wobei die Ausnehmung einen seitlich offenen Abschnitt (13) aufweist und der seitlich offene Abschnitt (13) von Wandmitteln (17; 417) begrenzt ist, die sich entlang einer Längsachse (Z) des seitlich offenen Abschnitts (13) erstrecken, wobei der seitlich offene Abschnitt (13) einen "U"- oder "C"- oder "J"-förmigen Querschnitt hat, um einen offenen Kanal an einer Seite zu definieren, die sich entlang der Längsachse (Z) erstreckt; oder wobei die Ausnehmung einen seitlich offenen Abschnitt (13) aufweist und der seitlich offene Abschnitt (13) von Wandmitteln (17; 417) begrenzt ist, die sich entlang einer Längsachse (Z) des seitlich offenen Abschnitts (13) erstrecken; oder wobei die Ausnehmung einen seitlich offenen Abschnitt (13) aufweist und der seitlich offene Abschnitt (13) von Wandmitteln (17; 417) begrenzt ist, die sich entlang einer Längsachse (Z) des seitlich offenen Abschnitts (13) erstrecken, wobei die Wandmittel (17; 417) eine seitliche Öffnung (12; 412) haben, durch die die Portion (D) in den seitlich offenen Abschnitt (13) gelangen kann; oder wobei die Ausnehmung einen seitlich offenen Abschnitt (13) aufweist und die Transfermittel (10) eine Haltestruktur (14; 214) aufweisen, die die Rollenmittel (15; 115; 215) trägt; oder wobei die Ausnehmung einen seitlich offenen Abschnitt (13) aufweist und die Transfermittel (10) eine Haltestruktur (14; 214) aufweisen, die die Rollenmittel (15; 115; 215) trägt, wobei die Haltestruktur (14; 214) einen konkaven Teil (16) aufweist, innerhalb dessen der seitlich offene Abschnitt (13) definiert ist; oder wobei die Ausnehmung einen seitlich offenen Abschnitt (13) aufweist und die Transfermittel (10) eine Haltestruktur (14; 214) aufweisen, die die Rollenmittel (15;115; 215) trägt, wobei die Haltestruktur (14; 214) einen konkaven Teil (16) aufweist, innerhalb dessen der seitlich offene Abschnitt (13) definiert ist, wobei der konkave Teil (16) zumindest eine Öffnung (23) hat, durch welche die Rollenelemente (27; 127; 227) der Rollenmittel (15; 115; 215) auf den seitlich offenen Abschnitt (13) zu hervorstehen; oder wobei die Ausnehmung einen seitlich offenen Abschnitt (13) aufweist und die Transfermittel (10) eine Haltestruktur (14; 214) aufweisen, die die Rollenmittel (15; 115; 215) trägt, wobei die Haltestruktur (14; 214) einen konkaven Teil (16) aufweist, innerhalb dessen der seitlich offene Abschnitt (13) definiert ist, wobei der konkave Teil (16) zumindest eine Öffnung (23) hat, durch die die Rollenelemente (27; 127; 227) der Rollenmittel (15; 115; 215) auf den seitlich offenen Bereich (13) zu hervorstehen, wobei zumindest eine Öffnung (23) solche Dimensionen hat, um eine Gruppe der Rollenelemente (27; 127; 227) aufzunehmen; oder wobei die Ausnehmung einen seitlich offenen Abschnitt (13) aufweist und die Transfermittel (10) eine Haltestruktur (14; 214) aufweisen, die die Rollenmittel (15; 115; 215) hält, wobei die Haltestruktur (14; 214) einen konkaven Teil (16) aufweist, innerhalb dessen der seitlich offene Abschnitt (13) definiert ist, wobei der konkave Teil (16) zumindest eine Öffnung (23) hat, durch die Rollenelemente (27; 127; 227) der Rollenmittel (15;115; 215) auf den seitlich offenen Abschnitt (13) zu hervorstehen, wobei Verriegelungsmittel (31) bereitgestellt sind, um die Rollenelemente (27; 127; 227) daran zu hindern, sich von der zumindest einen Öffnung (23) zu lösen; oder wobei die Ausnehmung einen seitlich offenen Abschnitt (13) aufweist und die Transfermittel (10) eine Haltestruktur (14; 214) aufweisen, die die Rollenmittel (15; 115; 215) hält, wobei die Haltestruktur (14; 214) einen konkaven Teil (16) aufweist, innerhalb dessen der seitlich offene Abschnitt (13) definiert ist, wobei der konkave Teil (16) zumindest eine Öffnung (23) hat, durch die Rollenelemente (27; 127; 227) der Rollenmittel (15;115; 215) auf den seitlich offenen Abschnitt (13) zu hervorstehen, wobei Verriegelungsmittel (31) bereitgestellt sind, um die Rollenelemente (27; 127; 227) daran zu hindern, sich von der zumindest einen Öffnung (23) zu lösen, wobei die Verriegelungsmittel (23) zumindest ein Verriegelungselement (32; 232) aufweisen, das entlang der Stärke des konkaven Teils (16) eingeführt ist; oder wobei die Ausnehmung einen seitlich offenen Abschnitt (13) aufweist und die Transfermittel (10) eine Haltestruktur (14; 214) aufweisen, die die Rollenmittel (15; 115; 215) hält, wobei die Haltestruktur (14; 214) einen konkaven Teil (16) aufweist, innerhalb dessen der seitlich offene Abschnitt (13) definiert ist, wobei der konkave Teil (16) zumindest eine Öffnung (23) hat, durch die Rollenelemente (27; 127; 227) der Rollenmittel (15;115; 215) auf den seitlich offenen Abschnitt (13) zu hervorstehen, wobei Verriegelungsmittel (31) bereitgestellt sind, um die Rollenelemente (27; 127; 227) daran zu hindern, sich von der zumindest einen Öffnung (23) zu lösen, wobei die Verriegelungsmittel (31) zumindest ein Verriegelungselement (132) aufweisen, das außerhalb des konkaven Teils (16) befestigt ist; oder wobei die Ausnehmung einen seitlich offenen Abschnitt (13) aufweist und die Transfermittel (10) eine Haltestruktur (14; 214) aufweisen, die die Rollenmittel (15; 115; 215) hält, wobei die Haltestruktur (14; 214) einen konkaven Teil (16) aufweist, innerhalb dessen der seitlich offene Abschnitt (13) definiert ist, wobei der konkave Teil (16) zumindest eine Öffnung (23) hat, durch die Rollenelemente (27; 127; 227) der Rollenmittel (15;115; 215) auf den seitlich offenen Abschnitt (13) zu hervorstehen, wobei Verriegelungsmittel (31) bereitgestellt sind, um die Rollenelemente (27; 127; 227) daran zu hindern, sich von der zumindest einen Öffnung (23) zu lösen, wobei das zumindest eine Verriegelungselement (32; 132; 232) wie eine Einbauvorrichtung geformt ist.
     
    16. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Ausnehmung einen seitlich offenen Abschnitt (13) aufweist und die Transfermittel (10) eine Haltestruktur (14; 214) aufweisen, die die Rollenmittel (15; 115; 215) trägt, wobei die Rollenmittel (15; 115; 215) mit Endzapfenmitteln ausgestattet sind, die dafür ausgebildet sind, um in korrespondierenden Sitzmitteln (26; 226) aufgenommen zu werden, um es den Rollenmittel (15; 115; 215) zu ermöglichen, sich zu drehen; oder wobei die Ausnehmung einen seitlich offenen Abschnitt (13) aufweist und die Transfermittel (10) eine Haltestruktur (14; 214) aufweisen, die die Rollenmittel (15; 115; 215) trägt, wobei die Rollenmittel (15; 115; 215) mit Endzapfenmitteln ausgestattet sind, die dafür ausgebildet sind, um in korrespondierenden Sitzmitteln (26; 226) aufgenommen zu werden, um es den Rollenmittel (15; 115; 215) zu ermöglichen, sich zu drehen, wobei die Sitzmittel (26) in dem konkaven Teil (16) enthalten sind; oder wobei die Ausnehmung einen seitlich offenen Abschnitt (13) aufweist und die Transfermittel (10) eine Haltestruktur (14; 214) aufweisen, die die Rollenmittel (15; 115; 215) hält, wobei die Haltestruktur (14; 214) einen konkaven Teil (16) aufweist, innerhalb dessen der seitlich offene Abschnitt (13) definiert ist, wobei der konkave Teil (16) zumindest eine Öffnung (23) hat, durch die Rollenelemente (27; 127; 227) der Rollenmittel (15;115; 215) auf den seitlich offenen Abschnitt (13) zu hervorstehen, wobei Verriegelungsmittel (31) bereitgestellt sind, um die Rollenelemente (27; 127; 227) daran zu hindern, sich von der zumindest einen Öffnung (23) zu lösen, wobei die Rollenmittel (15; 115; 215) mit Endzapfenmitteln ausgestattet sind, die dafür ausgebildet sind, um in korrespondierenden Sitzmitteln (26; 226) aufgenommen zu werden, um es den Rollenmitteln (15; 115; 215) zu ermöglichen, sich zu drehen, wobei die Sitzmittel (226) in den Verriegelungsmitteln (232) enthalten sind; oder wobei die Ausnehmung einen seitlich offenen Abschnitt (13) aufweist und die Transfermittel (10) eine Haltestruktur (14; 214) aufweisen, die die Rollenmittel (15; 115; 215) hält, wobei die Haltestruktur (14; 214) einen konkaven Teil (16) aufweist, innerhalb dessen der seitlich offene Abschnitt (13) definiert ist, wobei die Haltestruktur (14; 214) einen im Wesentlichen flachen Teil (18) aufweist, der quer zu dem konkaven Teil (16) angeordnet ist; oder wobei die Ausnehmung einen seitlich offenen Abschnitt (13) aufweist und die Transfermittel (10) eine Haltestruktur (14; 214) aufweisen, die die Rollenmittel (15; 115; 215) hält, wobei die Haltestruktur (14; 214) aus einem Material gefertigt ist, das eine große thermische Leitfähigkeit hat.
     
    17. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Ausnehmung einen seitlich offenen Abschnitt (13) aufweist und des Weiteren mit einem Körper (450; 750), in dem der seitlich offene Abschnitt (13) definiert ist; oder des Weiteren mit einem Körper (450; 750), in dem der seitlich offene Abschnitt (13) definiert ist, wobei mit dem Körper (450; 750) Haltemittel (451; 751) verbunden sind, die dafür ausgebildet sind, um die Rollenmittel (415; 715) drehbar zu halten; oder des Weiteren mit einem Körper (450; 750), in dem der seitlich offene Abschnitt (13) definiert ist, wobei mit dem Körper (450; 750) Haltemittel (451; 751) verbunden sind, die dafür ausgebildet sind, die Rollenmittel (415; 715) drehbar zu halten, wobei die Haltemittel eine Vielzahl von Halteelementen (451; 751) aufweisen, die nebeneinander angeordnet sind; oder des Weiteren mit einem Körper (450; 750), in dem der seitlich offene Abschnitt (13) definiert ist, wobei mit dem Körper (450; 750) Haltemittel (451; 751) verbunden sind, die dafür ausgebildet sind, die Rollenmittel (415; 715) drehbar zu halten, wobei die Haltemittel (451; 751) von dem Körper (450; 750) drehbar gehalten sind; oder des Weiteren mit einem Körper (450; 750), in dem der seitlich offene Abschnitt (13) definiert ist, wobei mit dem Körper (450; 750) Haltemittel (451; 751) verbunden sind, die dafür ausgebildet sind, die Rollenelemente (415; 715) drehbar zu halten, wobei die Haltemittel (451; 751) von dem Körper (450; 750) drehbar gehalten sind, wobei die Haltemittel (451; 751) schwenkbar an dem Körper (450; 750) mittels röhrenförmiger Mittel (464, 465; 464a, 465a) gehalten sind, wobei die röhrenförmigen Mittel (464, 465; 464a, 465a) im Inneren mit Kanalmitteln (466; 466a; 766) ausgestattet sind, die dafür ausgebildet sind, von einem Kühlfluid durchströmt zu werden; oder des Weiteren mit einem Körper (450; 750), in dem der seitlich offene Abschnitt (13) definiert ist, wobei der Körper (450; 750) mit Haltemitteln (451; 751) verbunden ist, die dafür ausgebildet sind, die Rollenmittel (415; 715) drehbar zu halten, wobei zwischen den Haltemitteln (451; 751) und dem Körper (450; 750) ein Nachgebelement angeordnet ist, das es den Haltemitteln (451; 751) ermöglicht, sich in Bezug auf den Körper (450; 750) zu bewegen, um so Stöße zwischen der Portion (D) und den Haltemitteln (451; 751) abzufangen.
     
    18. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 17, des Weiteren mit Einbaumitteln (454), die die Rollenmittel (415) drehbar halten; oder des Weiteren mit Einbaumitteln (454), die die Rollenmittel (415) drehbar halten, wobei die Haltemittel (451) Nutenmittel (453) aufweisen, die dafür ausgebildet sind, die Einbaumittel (454) aufzunehmen; oder des Weiteren mit Einbaumitteln (454), die die Rollenmittel (415) drehbar halten, wobei die Haltemittel (451) Nutenmittel (453) aufweisen, die dafür ausgebildet sind, die Einbaumittel (454) aufzunehmen, wobei die Nutenmittel (453) im Wesentlichen parallel zu einer Längsachse (Z) des seitlich offenen Abschnitts (13) angeordnet sind oder in Bezug auf eine Längsachse (Z) des seitlich offenen Abschnitts (13) um einen Winkel zwischen 15° und 30° geneigt sind; oder des Weiteren mit Einbaumitteln (454), die die Rollenmittel (415) drehbar halten, und des Weiteren mit Kugelmitteln (460), wobei die Kugelmittel zwischen den Rollenmitteln (415) und den Einbaumitteln (454) angeordnet sind, um die Rollenmittel (415) drehbar mit den Einbaumitteln (454) zu verbinden; oder des Weiteren mit Einbaumitteln (454), die die Rollenmittel (415) drehbar halten, und des Weiteren mit Kugelmitteln (460), wobei die Kugelmittel zwischen den Rollenmitteln (415) und den Einbaumitteln (454) angeordnet sind, um die Rollenmittel (415) mit den Einbaumitteln (454) drehbar zu verbinden, wobei die Rollenmittel (415) Sitzmittel (456) aufweisen, die dafür ausgebildet sind, die Kugelmittel (460) teilweise aufzunehmen; oder des Weiteren mit Einbaumitteln (454), die die Rollenmittel (415) drehbar halten, und des Weiteren mit Kugelmitteln (460), wobei die Kugelmittel zwischen den Rollenmitteln (415) und den Einbaumitteln (454) angeordnet sind, um die Rollenmittel (415) drehbar mit den Einbaumitteln (454) zu verbinden, wobei die Einbaumittel (454) Hohlraummittel (458) aufweisen, die dafür ausgebildet sind, die Kugelmittel (460) teilweise aufzunehmen.
     
    19. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 17, und des Weiteren mit Drehverbesserungsmitteln (783), die zwischen den Rollenmitteln (715) und den Haltemitteln (751) angeordnet sind, um die Rollenmittel (715) drehbar mit den Haltemitteln (751) zu verbinden; oder des Weiteren mit Drehverbesserungsmitteln (783), die zwischen den Rollenmitteln (715) und den Haltemitteln (751) angeordnet sind, um die Rollenmittel (715) drehbar mit den Haltemitteln (751) zu verbinden, wobei die Drehverbesserungsmittel (783) einen ersten Abschnitt (784) aufweisen, der in Sitzmitteln (756) der Rollenmittel (715) aufgenommen ist, und mit einem zweiten Abschnitt (785), der in Nutenmitteln (753) der Haltemittel (751) aufgenommen ist; oder des Weiteren mit Drehverbesserungsmitteln (783), die zwischen den Rollenmitteln (715) und den Haltemitteln (751) angeordnet sind, um die Rollenmittel (715) drehbar mit den Haltemitteln (751) zu verbinden, wobei die Drehverbesserungsmittel (783) einen ersten Abschnitt (784) aufweisen, der in Sitzmitteln (756) der Rollenmittel (715) aufgenommen ist, und mit einem zweiten Abschnitt (785), der in Nutenmitteln (753) der Haltemittel (751) aufgenommen ist, wobei die Nutenmittel (753) im Wesentlichen parallel zu einer Längsachse (Z) des seitlich offenen Abschnitts (13) angeordnet sind, oder in Bezug auf eine Längsachse (Z) des seitlich offenen Abschnitts (13) um einen Winkel zwischen 15° und 30° schräg gestellt sind; oder des Weiteren mit Drehverbesserungsmitteln (783), die zwischen den Rollenmitteln (715) und den Haltemitteln (751) angeordnet sind, um die Rollenmittel (715) drehbar mit den Haltemitteln (751) zu verbinden, wobei die Drehverbesserungsmittel (783) einen ersten Abschnitt (784) aufweisen, der in Sitzmitteln (756) der Rollenmittel (715) aufgenommen ist, und einen zweiten Abschnitt (785), der in Nutenmitteln (753) der Haltemittel (751) aufgenommen ist, wobei der erste Abschnitt (784) eine im Wesentlichen kugelförmige Form hat; oder des Weiteren mit Drehverbesserungsmitteln (783), die zwischen den Rollenmitteln (715) und den Haltemitteln (751) angeordnet sind, um die Rollenmittel (715) drehbar mit den Haltemitteln (751) zu verbinden, wobei die Drehverbesserungsmittel (783) einen ersten Abschnitt (784) aufweisen, der in Sitzmitteln (756) der Rollenmittel (715) aufgenommen ist, und einen zweiten Abschnitt (785), der in Nutenmitteln (753) der Haltemittel (751) aufgenommen ist, wobei der zweite Abschnitt (785) in den Nutenmitteln (753) in einer formgekoppelten Art und Weise aufgenommen ist; oder des Weiteren mit Drehverbesserungsmitteln (783), die zwischen den Rollenmitteln (715) und den Haltemitteln (751) angeordnet sind, um die Rollenmittel (715) drehbar mit den Haltemitteln (751) zu verbinden, wobei die Rollenmittel (415; 715) eine innere Wand des seitlich offenen Abschnitts (13) vollständig bedecken.
     
    20. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, des Weiteren mit Kühlmitteln (38) zum Kühlen der Transfermittel (10); und/oder des Weiteren mit Abgabemitteln zum Abgeben eines Fluids unter Druck an einem Ende der Transfermittel (10), um die Portion (D) auf ein weiteres Ende der Transfermittel (10) zu zu drücken, wobei es sich bei dem weiteren Ende um ein gegenüberliegendes Ende handelt; und/oder wobei die Transfermittel eine Vielzahl von Transfereinheiten (10) aufweisen, die entlang eines geschlossenen Pfads (P1) bewegbar sind; und/oder wobei die Formmittel Pressform-Mittel (2, 6) aufweisen, um das Objekt aus einer Portion (D) von Plastik presszuformen; und/oder wobei die Formmittel Pressform-Mittel (2, 6) aufweisen, um das Objekt aus einer Portion (D) von Plastik presszuformen, und wobei die Pressform-Mittel (2, 6) eine Vielzahl von Formeinheiten aufweisen, die auf einem drehbaren Karussell (5) befestigt sind; und/oder wobei die Formmittel (2, 6) so geformt sind, um aus der Portion (D) eine Preform eines Behälters zu erhalten; und/oder mit einer Extrudiereinrichtung (3) zum Extrudieren eines fließfähigen Materials.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif comprenant des moyens de formage (2, 6) pour le formage d'un objet à partir d'une dose (D) de matériau fluide et des moyens de transfert (10) pour transférer ladite dose (D) auxdits moyens de formage (2, 6), lesdits moyens de transfert (10) présentant un évidement (306 ; 606 ; 13) pour recevoir ladite dose (D), caractérisé en ce que, dans ledit évidement (306 ; 606 ; 13), il est prévu des moyens roulants (315 ; 615 ; 15 ; 115 ; 215 ; 415 ; 715) pour guider ladite dose (D) à l'intérieur desdits moyens de transfert (10).
     
    2. Dispositif selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle lesdits moyens roulants (315 ; 615 ; 15 ; 115 ; 215 ; 415 ; 715) comprennent une pluralité d'éléments roulants (327 ; 627 ; 27 ; 127 ; 227 ; 427 ; 727) qui peuvent tourner autour d'axes de rotation respectifs placés transversalement à un axe longitudinal (Z) dudit évidement (306 ; 606 ; 13).
     
    3. Dispositif selon la revendication 2, dans lequel ledit axe longitudinal (Z) est essentiellement vertical, ou dans lequel lesdits axes de rotation sont sensiblement parallèles l'un à l'autre, ou bien lesdits axes de rotation sont sensiblement orthogonaux audit axe longitudinal (Z).
     
    4. Dispositif selon la revendication 2 ou 3, dans lequel lesdits moyens roulants comprennent des rouleaux (327 ; 627 ; 27 ; 127 ; 227 ; 427 ; 727) ; ou dans lequel lesdits éléments roulants comprennent des rouleaux qui sont liés par des surfaces latérales convexes, ou qui sont liés par des surfaces latérales sensiblement cylindriques, ou qui sont liés par des surface latérales concaves respectives (47).
     
    5. Dispositif selon la revendication 4, dans lequel lesdites surfaces latérales (47) ont des rayons de courbure respectifs qui sont sensiblement les mêmes que le rayon de la section transversale de ladite dose (D) ; ou dans lequel lesdits éléments roulants (315 ; 615 ; 15 ; 115 ; 215 ; 415 ; 715) sont disposés autour dudit axe longitudinal (Z) de manière à former des rangées adjacentes, ou dans lequel des éléments roulants correspondants (315 ; 615 ; 15 ; 115 ; 215 ; 415 ; 715) de deux rangées adjacentes sont au même niveau.
     
    6. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel lesdits moyens roulants sont faits d'un matériau possédant une grande conductibilité thermique ; ou dans lequel lesdits moyens roulants sont intérieurement creux ; ou lesdits moyens roulants sont remplis d'une substance réfrigérante ; ou dans lequel lesdits moyens roulants sont faits d'un matériau poreux ; ou dans lequel lesdits moyens roulants sont faits d'un matériau poreux qui comprend du PTFE poreux.
     
    7. Dispositif selon la revendication 6, et comprenant en outre des moyens distributeurs agencés pour distribuer un fluide à travers les pores dudit matériau poreux.
     
    8. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel ledit évidement comprend une portion tubulaire (306 ; 606) qui définit une chambre de transfert ; ou dans lequel ledit évidement comprend une portion tubulaire et lesdits moyens roulants (315 ; 615) sont positionnés de manière à interagir avec une portion intermédiaire et/ou une portion terminale de ladite dose (D), pendant qu'une portion de tête de ladite dose (D) pénètre dans lesdits moyens de formage (2, 6) ; ou dans lequel lesdits moyens roulants (315 ; 615) sont positionnés dans au moins une zone dans laquelle un premier contact se produit entre ladite dose (D) et ladite portion tubulaire (306 ; 606), lorsque ladite dose (D) pénètre dans lesdits moyens de transfert (10) ; ou dans lequel lesdits moyens roulants (315 ; 615) entourent de manière périphérique ladite portion tubulaire (306 ; 606) ; ou dans lequel lesdits moyens de transfert (10) comprennent des moyens (304) d'élément tubulaire dans lesquels est définie ladite portion tubulaire (306).
     
    9. Dispositif selon la revendication 8, dans lequel lesdits moyens (304) d'élément tubulaire comprennent des moyens de paroi continue (305) qui entourent ladite portion tubulaire (306) ; ou dans lequel lesdits moyens (304) d'élément tubulaire comprennent une partie configurée sensiblement comme un cône tronqué inversé et ayant une section transversale qui diminue en direction desdits moyens de formage (2, 6) ; ou dans lequel lesdits moyens (304) d'élément tubulaire comprennent une autre partie configurée sensiblement comme un cylindre et ayant une section transversale sensiblement constante, ladite autre partie étant plus proche desdits moyens de formage (2, 6) de ladite partie ; ou dans lequel lesdits moyens (304) d'élément tubulaire comprennent une ouverture d'entrée (312), à travers laquelle ladite dose (D) est reçue dans ladite portion tubulaire (306), et une ouverture de sortie (313), à travers laquelle ladite dose (D) ressort de ladite portion tubulaire (306), ou lesdits moyens (304) d'élément tubulaire comprennent un premier élément tubulaire (307) et un deuxième élément tubulaire (308) alignés le long de moyens d'axe longitudinal (Z) de ladite portion tubulaire (306).
     
    10. Dispositif selon la revendication 9, et comprenant en outre des moyens de support (320) qui supportent de manière rotative lesdits moyens roulants (315) ; ou comprenant en outre des moyens de support (320) qui supportent de manière rotative lesdits moyens roulants (315) et sont interposés entre ledit premier élément tubulaire (307) et ledit deuxième élément tubulaire (308) ; ou comprenant en outre des moyens de support (320) qui supportent de manière rotative lesdits moyens roulants (315) et comprennent des moyens de cavité (328) agencés pour recevoir lesdits moyens roulants (315) ; ou comprenant en outre des moyens de support (320) qui supportent rotativement lesdits moyens roulants (315) et comprennent des moyens de cavité (328) agencés pour recevoir lesdits moyens roulants (315), lesdits moyens de cavité (328) étant conformés de telle sorte que lesdits moyens roulants (315) fassent saillie partiellement à l'extérieur desdits moyens de cavité (328), ou dans lequel ledit deuxième élément tubulaire (308) comprend des moyens de cavité (428) agencés pour recevoir lesdits moyens roulants (315) ; ou dans lequel ledit deuxième élément tubulaire (308) comprend des moyens de cavité (428) agencés pour recevoir lesdits moyens roulants (315), lesdits moyens de cavité (428) étant conformés de telle sorte que lesdits moyens roulants (315) fassent saillie partiellement à l'extérieur desdits moyens de cavité (428) ; ou dans lequel ledit deuxième élément tubulaire (308) comprend des moyens de cavité (428) agencés pour recevoir lesdits moyens roulants (315), lesdits moyens de cavité (428) comprenant des moyens de rainure (430) agencés pour recevoir des moyens de pivot (326) desdits moyens roulants (315), de telle sorte que lesdits moyens roulants (315) soient rotatifs par rapport audit élément tubulaire (308) ; ou dans lequel ledit deuxième élément tubulaire (308) comprend des moyens de cavité (428) agencés pour recevoir lesdits moyens roulants (315), ledit premier élément tubulaire (307) étant conformé de manière à fermer lesdits moyens de cavité (428) pour empêcher lesdits moyens roulants (315) de se désengager desdits moyens de cavité (428) lorsque ledit premier élément tubulaire (307) et ledit deuxième élément tubulaire (308) sont raccordés l'un à l'autre.
     
    11. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications 8 à 10, dans lequel lesdits moyens roulants (315) comprennent cinq éléments roulants ayant des axes de rotation positionnés de manière à définir un pentagone ; ou dans lequel lesdits moyens roulants (315) comprennent quatre éléments roulants ayant des axes de rotation positionnés de manière à définir un quadrilatère ; ou lesdits moyens roulants (315) comprennent trois éléments roulants ayant des axes de rotation positionnés de manière à définir un triangle.
     
    12. Dispositif selon la revendication 8, et comprenant en outre un corps tubulaire (650) dans lequel est définie ladite portion tubulaire (606) ; ou comprenant en outre un corps tubulaire (650) dans lequel est définie ladite portion tubulaire (606), et des moyens de râtelier (654) qui supportent de manière rotative lesdits moyens roulants (615) ; ou comprenant en outre un corps tubulaire et des moyens de râtelier (654) qui supportent de manière rotative lesdits moyens roulants (615), ledit corps tubulaire (650) comprenant des moyens de rainure (653) prévus pour recevoir lesdits moyens de râtelier (654) ; ou comprenant en outre un corps tubulaire et des moyens de râtelier (654) qui supportent de manière rotative lesdits moyens roulants (615), ledit corps tubulaire (650) comprenant des moyens de rainure (653) prévus pour recevoir lesdits moyens de râtelier (654), lesdits moyens de rainure (653) étant ménagés sensiblement parallèles à un axe longitudinal (Z) de ladite portion tubulaire (606).
     
    13. Dispositif selon la revendication 12, et comprenant en outre des moyens de billes (660), lesdits moyens de billes (660) étant interposés entre lesdits moyens roulants (615) et lesdits moyens de râtelier (654) pour raccorder de manière rotative lesdits moyens roulants (615) auxdits moyens de râtelier (654) ; ou comprenant en outre des moyens de billes (660), lesdits moyens de billes (660) étant interposés entre lesdits moyens roulants (615) et lesdits moyens de râtelier (654) pour raccorder de manière rotative lesdits moyens roulants (615) auxdits moyens de râtelier (654), lesdits moyens roulants (615) comprenant des moyens de siège (656) agencés pour recevoir de manière partielle lesdits moyens de billes (660) ; ou comprenant en outre des moyens de billes (660), lesdits moyens de billes (660) étant interposés entre lesdits moyens roulants (615) et lesdits moyens de râtelier (654) pour raccorder de manière rotative lesdits moyens roulants (615) auxdits moyens de râtelier (654), lesdits moyens de râtelier (654) comprenant des premiers moyens de cavité (658a) agencés pour recevoir partiellement des premières billes (660a) desdits moyens de billes (660) et des deuxièmes moyens de cavité (658b) agencés pour recevoir partiellement des deuxièmes billes (660b) desdits moyens de billes (660).
     
    14. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications 12 ou 13, dans lequel lesdits moyens roulants (615) occupent entièrement une paroi interne de ladite portion tubulaire (606) ; ou dans lequel lesdits moyens roulants comprennent six rangées d'éléments roulants (615), les axes de rotation des six éléments roulants (615) appartenant chacun à une rangée correspondante et placés au même niveau afin de définir un hexagone.
     
    15. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel ledit évidement comprend une portion (13) ouverte latéralement ; ou dans lequel ledit évidement comprend une portion (13) ouverte latéralement, ladite portion (13) ouverte latéralement étant située en amont de ladite portion tubulaire (306 ; 606) et étant conformée de manière à délivrer ladite dose (D) à ladite portion tubulaire (306 ; 606) ; ou dans lequel ledit évidement comprend une portion (13) ouverte latéralement et lesdits moyens roulants (15 ; 115 ; 215 ; 415 ; 715) entourent de manière périphérique au moins une partie de ladite portion (13) ouverte latéralement ; ou dans lequel ledit évidement comprend une portion (13) ouverte latéralement et ladite portion (13) ouverte latéralement est entourée par des moyens de paroi (17 ; 417) s'étendant le long d'un axe longitudinal (Z) de ladite portion (13) ouverte latéralement ; ou dans lequel ledit évidement comprend une portion (13) ouverte latéralement et ladite portion (13) ouverte latéralement est entourée par des moyens de paroi (17 ; 417) s'étendant le long d'un axe longitudinal (Z) de ladite portion (13) ouverte latéralement, ladite portion (13) ouverte latéralement ayant une section transversale en "U", ou en "C" ou en "J" afin de définir une gorge ouverte sur un côté qui s'étend le long dudit axe longitudinal (Z) ; ou dans lequel ledit évidement comprend une portion (13) ouverte latéralement et ladite portion (13) ouverte latéralement est entourée par des moyens de paroi (17 ; 417) s'étendant le long d'un axe longitudinal (Z) de ladite portion (13) ouverte latéralement ; ou dans lequel ledit évidement comprend une portion (13) ouverte latéralement et ladite portion (13) ouverte latéralement est entourée par des moyens de paroi (17 ; 417) s'étendant le long d'un axe longitudinal (Z) de ladite portion (13) ouverte latéralement, lesdits moyens de paroi (17 ; 417) ayant une ouverture latérale (12 ; 412) par laquelle ladite dose (D) peut entrer dans ladite portion (13) ouverte latéralement ; ou dans lequel ledit évidement comprend une portion (13) ouverte latéralement et lesdits moyens de transfert (10) comprennent une structure de support (14 ; 214) supportant lesdits moyens roulants (15 ; 115 ; 215) ; ou dans lequel ledit évidement comprend une portion (13) ouverte latéralement et lesdits moyens de transfert (10) comprennent une structure de support (14 ; 214) supportant lesdits moyens roulants (15 ; 115 ; 215), ladite structure de support (14 ; 214) comprenant une partie concave (16) à l'intérieur de laquelle est définie ladite portion (13) ouverte latéralement ; ou dans lequel ledit évidement comprend une portion (13) ouverte latéralement et lesdits moyens de transfert (10) comprennent une structure de support (14 ; 214) supportant lesdits moyens roulants (15 ; 115 ; 215), ladite structure de support (14 ; 214) comprenant une partie concave (16) à l'intérieur de laquelle est définie ladite portion (13) ouverte latéralement, ladite partie concave (16) présentant au moins une ouverture (23) à travers laquelle des éléments roulants (27 ; 127 ; 227) desdits moyens roulants (15 ; 115 ; 215) font saillie en direction de ladite portion (13) latéralement ouverte ; ou dans lequel ledit évidement comprend une portion (13) ouverte latéralement et lesdits moyens de transfert (10) comprennent une structure de support (14 ; 214) supportant lesdits moyens roulants (15 ; 115 ; 215), ladite structure de support (14 ; 214) comprenant une partie concave (16) à l'intérieur de laquelle est définie ladite portion (13) ouverte latéralement, ladite partie concave (16) présentant au moins une ouverture (23) à travers laquelle des éléments roulants (27 ; 127 ; 227) desdits moyens roulants (15 ; 115 ; 215) font saillie en direction de ladite portion (13) latéralement ouverte, ladite au moins une ouverture (23) ayant des dimensions permettant d'abriter un groupe desdits éléments roulants (27 ; 127 ; 227) ; ou dans lequel ledit évidement comprend une portion (13) ouverte latéralement et lesdits moyens de transfert (10) comprennent une structure de support (14 ; 214) supportant lesdits moyens roulants (15 ; 115 ; 215), ladite structure de support (14 ; 214) comprenant une partie concave (16) à l'intérieur de laquelle est définie ladite portion (13) ouverte latéralement, ladite partie concave (16) présentant au moins une ouverture (23) à travers laquelle des éléments roulants (27 ; 127 ; 227) desdits moyens roulants (15 ; 115 ; 215) font saillie en direction de ladite portion (13) latéralement ouverte, des moyens de verrouillage (31) étant présents pour empêcher lesdits éléments roulants (27 ; 127 ; 227) de se dégager de ladite au moins une ouverture (23) ; ou dans lequel ledit évidement comprend une portion (13) ouverte latéralement et lesdits moyens de transfert (10) comprennent une structure de support (14 ; 214) supportant lesdits moyens roulants (15 ; 115 ; 215), ladite structure de support (14 ; 214) comprenant une partie concave (16) à l'intérieur de laquelle est définie ladite portion (13) ouverte latéralement, ladite partie concave (16) présentant au moins une ouverture (23) à travers laquelle des éléments roulants (27 ; 127 ; 227) desdits moyens roulants (15 ; 115 ; 215) font saillie en direction de ladite portion (13) latéralement ouverte, des moyens de verrouillage (31) étant présents pour empêcher lesdits éléments roulants (27 ; 127 ; 227) de se dégager de ladite au moins une ouverture (23), lesdits moyens de verrouillage (31) comprenant au moins un élément de verrouillage (32 ; 232) inséré dans l'épaisseur de ladite partie concave (16) ; ou dans lequel ledit évidement comprend une portion (13) ouverte latéralement et lesdits moyens de transfert (10) comprennent une structure de support (14 ; 214) supportant lesdits moyens roulants (15 ; 115 ; 215), ladite structure de support (14 ; 214) comprenant une partie concave (16) à l'intérieur de laquelle est définie ladite portion (13) ouverte latéralement, ladite partie concave (16) présentant au moins une ouverture (23) à travers laquelle des éléments roulants (27 ; 127 ; 227) desdits moyens roulants (15 ; 115 ; 215) font saillie en direction de ladite portion (13) latéralement ouverte, des moyens de verrouillage (31) étant présents pour empêcher lesdits éléments roulants (27 ; 127 ; 227) de se dégager de ladite au moins une ouverture (23), lesdits moyens de verrouillage (31) comprenant au moins un élément de verrouillage (132) monté à l'extérieur de ladite partie concave (16) ; ou dans lequel ledit évidement comprend une portion (13) ouverte latéralement et lesdits moyens de transfert (10) comprennent une structure de support (14 ; 214) supportant lesdits moyens roulants (15 ; 115 ; 215), ladite structure de support (14 ; 214) comprenant une partie concave (16) à l'intérieur de laquelle est définie ladite portion (13) ouverte latéralement, ladite partie concave (16) présentant au moins une ouverture (23) à travers laquelle des éléments roulants (27 ; 127 ; 227) desdits moyens roulants (15 ; 115 ; 215) font saillie en direction de ladite portion (13) latéralement ouverte, des moyens de verrouillage (31) étant présents pour empêcher lesdits éléments roulants (27 ; 127 ; 227) de se dégager de ladite au moins une ouverture (23), ledit au moins un élément de verrouillage (32 ; 132 ; 232) étant conformé en râtelier.
     
    16. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel ledit évidement comprend une portion (13) ouverte latéralement et lesdits moyens de transfert (10) comprennent une structure de support (14 ; 214) supportant lesdits moyens roulants (15 ; 115 ; 215), lesdits moyens roulants (15 ; 115 ; 215) étant munis de moyens de pivot d'extrémité aptes à être reçus dans des moyens de siège correspondants (26 ; 226) pour permettre auxdits moyens roulants (15 ; 115 ; 215) de tourner ; ou dans lequel ledit évidement comprend une portion (13) ouverte latéralement et lesdits moyens de transfert (10) comprennent une structure de support (14 ; 214) supportant lesdits moyens roulants (15 ; 115 ; 215), lesdits moyens roulants (15 ; 115 ; 215) étant munis de moyens de pivot d'extrémité aptes à être reçus dans des moyens de siège correspondants (26 ; 226) pour permettre auxdits moyens roulants (15 ; 115 ; 215) de tourner, lesdits moyens de siège (26) étant ménagés dans ladite partie concave (16) ; ou dans lequel ledit évidement comprend une portion (13) ouverte latéralement et lesdits moyens de transfert (10) comprennent une structure de support (14 ; 214) supportant lesdits moyens roulants (15 ; 115 ; 215), ladite structure de support (14 ; 214) comprenant une partie concave (16) à l'intérieur de laquelle est définie ladite portion (13) ouverte latéralement, ladite partie concave (16) possédant au moins une ouverture (23) par laquelle des éléments roulants (27 ; 127 ; 227) desdits moyens roulants (15 ; 115 ; 215) font saillie en direction de ladite portion (13) latéralement ouverte, des moyens de verrouillage (31) étant présents pour empêcher lesdits éléments roulants (27 ; 127 ; 227) de se dégager de ladite au moins une ouverture (23), lesdits moyens roulants (15 ; 115 ; 215) étant pourvus de moyens de pivot d'extrémité aptes à être reçus dans des moyens de siège correspondants (26 ; 226) pour permettre auxdits moyens roulants (15 ; 115 ; 215) de tourner, lesdits moyens de siège (226) étant ménagés dans lesdits moyens de verrouillage (232) ; ou dans lequel ledit évidement comprend une portion (13) ouverte latéralement et lesdits moyens de transfert (10) comprennent une structure de support (14 ; 214) supportant lesdits moyens roulants (15 ; 115 ; 215), ladite structure de support (14 ; 214) comprenant une partie concave (16) à l'intérieur de laquelle est définie ladite portion (13) ouverte latéralement, ladite structure de support (14 ; 214) comprenant une partie sensiblement plate (18) agencée transversalement à ladite partie concave (16) ; ou dans lequel ledit évidement comprend une portion (13) ouverte latéralement et lesdits moyens de transfert (10) comprennent une structure de support (14 ; 214) supportant lesdits moyens roulants (15 ; 115 ; 215), ladite structure de support (14 ; 214) étant faite d'un matériau possédant une grande conductibilité thermique.
     
    17. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel ledit évidement comprend une portion (13) ouverte latéralement, et comprenant en outre un corps (450 ; 750) dans lequel est définie ladite portion (13) ouverte latéralement ; ou comprenant en outre un corps (450 ; 750) dans lequel est définie ladite portion (13) ouverte latéralement, audit corps (450 ; 750) étant raccordés des moyens de support (451 ; 751) prévus pour supporter de manière rotative lesdits moyens roulants (415 ; 715) ; ou comprenant en outre un corps (450 ; 750) dans lequel est définie ladite portion (13) ouverte latéralement, audit corps (450 ; 750) étant raccordés des moyens de support (451 ; 751) prévus pour supporter de manière rotative lesdits moyens roulants (415 ; 715), lesdits moyens de support comprenant une pluralité d'éléments de support (451 ; 751) placés à côté les uns des autres ; ou comprenant en outre un corps (450 ; 750) dans lequel est définie ladite portion (13) ouverte latéralement, audit corps (450 ; 750) étant raccordés des moyens de support (451 ; 751) prévus pour supporter de manière rotative lesdits moyens roulants (415 ; 715), lesdits moyens de support (451 ; 751) étant supportés de manière rotative par ledit corps (450 ; 750) ; ou comprenant en outre un corps (450 ; 750) dans lequel est définie ladite portion (13) ouverte latéralement, audit corps (450 ; 750) étant raccordés des moyens de support (451 ; 751) prévus pour supporter de manière rotative lesdits moyens roulants (415 ; 715), lesdits moyens de support (451 ; 751) étant supportés de manière rotative par ledit corps (450 ; 750), lesdits moyens de support (451 ; 751) étant articulés sur ledit corps (450 ; 750) par des moyens tubulaires (464, 465 ; 464a, 465a), lesdits moyens tubulaires (464, 465 ; 464a, 465a) étant pourvus intérieurement de moyens de conduit (466 ; 466a ; 766) prévus pour être traversés par un fluide de refroidissement ; ou comprenant en outre un corps (450 ; 750) dans lequel est définie ladite portion (13) ouverte latéralement, audit corps (450 ; 750) étant raccordés des moyens de support (451 ; 751) prévus pour supporter de manière rotative lesdits moyens roulants (415 ; 715), entre lesdits moyens de support (451 ; 751) et ledit corps (450 ; 750) étant interposé un élément élastique qui permet auxdits moyens de support (451 ; 751) de se déplacer par rapport audit corps (450 ; 750) afin d'amortir des chocs entre ladite dose (D) et lesdits moyens de support (451 ; 751).
     
    18. Dispositif selon la revendication 17, et comprenant en outre des moyens de râtelier (454) qui supportent de manière rotative lesdits moyens roulants (415) ; ou comprenant en outre des moyens de râtelier (454) qui supportent de manière rotative lesdits moyens roulants (415), lesdits moyens de support (451) comprenant des moyens de rainure (453) prévus pour recevoir lesdits moyens de râtelier (454) ; ou comprenant en outre des moyens de râtelier (454) qui supportent de manière rotative lesdits moyens roulants (415), lesdits moyens de support (451) comprenant des moyens de rainure (453) prévus pour recevoir lesdits moyens de râtelier (454), lesdits moyens de rainure (453) étant ménagés de manière sensiblement parallèle à un axe longitudinal (Z) de ladite portion (13) ouverte latéralement ou étant inclinés par rapport à un axe longitudinal (Z) de ladite portion (13) ouverte latéralement selon un angle compris entre 15° et 30° ; ou comprenant en outre des moyens de râtelier (454) qui supportent de manière rotative lesdits moyens roulants (415), et comprenant en outre des moyens de bille (460), lesdits moyens de billes étant interposés entre lesdits moyens roulants (415) et lesdits moyens de râtelier (454) pour raccorder de manière rotative lesdits moyens roulants (415) auxdits moyens de râtelier (454) ; ou comprenant en outre des moyens de râtelier (454) qui supportent de manière rotative lesdits moyens roulants (415), et comprenant en outre des moyens de bille (460), lesdits moyens de billes étant interposés entre lesdits moyens roulants (415) et lesdits moyens de râtelier (454) pour raccorder de manière rotative lesdits moyens roulants (415) auxdits moyens de râtelier (454), lesdits moyens roulants (415) comprenant des moyens de siège (456) prévus pour recevoir partiellement lesdits moyens de bille (460) ; ou comprenant en outre des moyens de râtelier (454) qui supportent de manière rotative lesdits moyens roulants (415), et comprenant en outre des moyens de bille (460), lesdits moyens de billes étant interposés entre lesdits moyens roulants (415) et lesdits moyens de râtelier (454) pour raccorder de manière rotative lesdits moyens roulants (415) auxdits moyens de râtelier (454), lesdits moyens de râtelier (454) comprenant des moyens de cavité (458) prévus pour recevoir partiellement lesdits moyens de bille (460).
     
    19. Dispositif selon la revendication 17, et comprenant en outre des moyens (783) d'aide à la rotation interposés entre lesdits moyens roulants (715) et lesdits moyens de support (751) pour raccorder de manière rotative lesdits moyens roulants (715) auxdits moyens de support (751) ; ou comprenant en outre des moyens (783) d'aide à la rotation interposés entre lesdits moyens roulants (715) et lesdits moyens de support (751) pour raccorder de manière rotative lesdits moyens roulants (715) auxdits moyens de support (751), lesdits moyens (783) d'aide à la rotation comprenant une première portion (784) reçue dans des moyens de siège (756) desdits moyens roulants (715) et une deuxième portion (785) reçue dans des moyens de rainure (753) desdits moyens de support (751) ; ou comprenant en outre des moyens (783) d'aide à la rotation interposés entre lesdits moyens roulants (715) et lesdits moyens de support (751) pour raccorder de manière rotative lesdits moyens roulants (715) auxdits moyens de support (751), lesdits moyens (783) d'aide à la rotation comprenant une première portion (784) reçue dans des moyens de siège (756) desdits moyens roulants (715) et une deuxième portion (785) reçue dans des moyens de rainure (753) desdits moyens de support (751), lesdits moyens de rainure (753) étant disposés de manière sensiblement parallèle à un axe longitudinal (Z) de ladite portion (13) ouverte latéralement, ou inclinés par rapport à un axe longitudinal (Z) de ladite portion (13) ouverte latéralement selon un angle compris entre 15° et 30° ; ou comprenant en outre des moyens (783) d'aide à la rotation interposés entre lesdits moyens roulants (715) et lesdits moyens de support (751) pour raccorder de manière rotative lesdits moyens roulants (715) auxdits moyens de support (751), lesdits moyens (783) d'aide à la rotation comprenant une première portion (784) reçue dans des moyens de siège (756) desdits moyens roulants (715) et une deuxième portion (785) reçue dans des moyens de rainure (753) desdits moyens de support (751), ladite première portion (784) ayant une forme sensiblement sphérique ; ou comprenant en outre des moyens (783) d'aide à la rotation interposés entre lesdits moyens roulants (715) et lesdits moyens de support (751) pour raccorder de manière rotative lesdits moyens roulants (715) auxdits moyens de support (751), lesdits moyens (783) d'aide à la rotation comprenant une première portion (784) reçue dans des moyens de siège (756) desdits moyens roulants (715) et une deuxième portion (785) reçue dans des moyens de rainure (753) desdits moyens de support (751), ladite deuxième portion (785) étant reçue d'une manière associée par la forme dans lesdits moyens de rainure (753) ; ou comprenant en outre des moyens (783) d'aide à la rotation interposés entre lesdits moyens roulants (715) et lesdits moyens de support (751) pour raccorder de manière rotative lesdits moyens roulants (715) auxdits moyens de support (751), lesdits moyens roulants (415 ; 715) occupant entièrement une paroi intérieure de ladite portion (13) ouverte latéralement.
     
    20. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, et comprenant en outre des moyens de refroidissement (38) pour refroidir lesdits moyens de transfert (10) ; et/ou comprenant en outre des moyens distributeurs pour distribuer un fluide sous pression à une extrémité desdits moyens de transfert (10), de manière à pousser ladite dose (D) en direction d'une autre extrémité desdits moyens de transfert (10), ladite autre extrémité étant opposée à ladite extrémité ; et/ou dans lequel lesdits moyens de transfert comprennent une pluralité d'unités de transfert (10) qui sont mobiles le long d'un trajet en boucle (P1) ; et/ou dans lequel lesdits moyens de formage comprennent des moyens (2, 6) de moulage par compression pour mouler par compression ledit objet à partir d'une dose (D) de matière plastique ; et/ou dans lequel lesdits moyens de formage comprennent des moyens (2, 6) de moulage par compression pour mouler par compression ledit objet à partir d'une dose (D) de matière plastique et lesdits moyens (2, 6) de moulage par compression comprennent une pluralité d'unités de moulage montées sur un carrousel rotatif (5) ; et/ou dans lequel lesdits moyens de formage (2,6) sont conformés de manière à obtenir, à partir de ladite dose (D), une préforme de récipient ; et/ou comprenant un dispositif d'extrusion (3) pour extruder ledit matériau fluide.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description