(19)
(11)EP 2 130 653 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
05.04.2017 Bulletin 2017/14

(21)Application number: 08738980.5

(22)Date of filing:  27.03.2008
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B26B 21/60(2006.01)
B26B 9/00(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2008/055830
(87)International publication number:
WO 2008/123341 (16.10.2008 Gazette  2008/42)

(54)

BLADE MEMBER

KLINGENTEIL

ÉLÉMENT DE LAME


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK TR

(30)Priority: 30.03.2007 JP 2007091252

(43)Date of publication of application:
09.12.2009 Bulletin 2009/50

(73)Proprietor: Kai R & D Center Co., Ltd.
Seki-shi, Gifu 501-3992 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • AKARI, Koichiro
    Takasago-shi Hyogo 676-8670 (JP)
  • OHTSUBO, Hiroshi
    Seki-shi Gifu 501-3992 (JP)

(74)Representative: Novagraaf Technologies 
Bâtiment O2 2, rue Sarah Bernhardt CS90017
92665 Asnières-sur-Seine Cedex
92665 Asnières-sur-Seine Cedex (FR)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 287 953
JP-A- 2001 340 672
JP-A- 2006 518 632
US-A1- 2006 277 767
WO-A1-2005/005110
JP-A- 2003 305 601
JP-A- 2007 061 212
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to a cutting edge having a coating layer of various types of blade members such as razor blades or microtome blades.

    BACKGROUND ART



    [0002] Conventionally, various types of coating processes are performed on surface layers of cutting edges of razor blades or microtome blades. By way of example, in Patent Document 1, a DLC (diamond-like carbon) layer is formed on a base plate with a predetermined intermediate layer in between.
    Patent Document 1: Japanese Laid-Open Patent Publication No. 2001-340672

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0003] According to Patent Document 1, by providing a DLC layer on a base plate with a predetermined intermediate layer in between, cutting performance of the cutting edge is improved.

    [0004] Also, the improved cutting performance is maintained to enhance the durability of the cutting edge. Accordingly, it is an objective of the present invention to further improve the cutting edge.

    [0005] A blade member according to the preamble of independent claim 1 is disclosed in WO-A-2005/005110.

    [0006] In accordance with the present invention, a blade member according to independent claim 1 is provided

    [0007] Neither the non-nitrided layer nor the nitrided layer preferably contains O, B, or C. In this case, the composition of the non-nitrided layer and the composition of the nitrided layer are simplified.

    [0008] The width between surfaces of the base plate forming the cutting edge on opposite sides of the direction of the thickness of the base plate preferably becomes smaller toward a point of the cutting edge. In the coating layer coating the two surfaces of the base plate, a portion the nitrided layer is preferably removed from at least one of both sides of the direction of the thickness such that the nitrided layer has a remaining layer including a surface extending from the point of the cutting edge. In this case, the remaining layer, which is formed by removing a portion of the coating layer to sharpen the cutting edge, improves the cutting edge and enhances the cutting performance of the cutting edge.

    [0009] The nitrided layer preferably has a plurality of remaining layers that are stacked together.

    [0010] In this case, even if the film thickness of the coating layer is increased, the cutting edge is sharpened.

    [0011] At least one of opposite surfaces of the remaining layer of the nitrided layer is formed by a first surface and a second surface, the first surface extending from the point of the cutting edge and the second surface extending from the first surface. A cutting edge angle βa defined by two first surfaces is greater than a cutting edge angle βb defined by two second surfaces. In this case, sharpening of the cutting edge having the coating layer is facilitated.

    [0012] The nitrided layer preferably has a surface layer coating a surface of the remaining layer. In this case, the sharpness of the cutting edge is adjusted by means of the surface layer.

    [0013] The width between surfaces of the base plate forming the cutting edge on both sides of the direction of the thickness of the base plate preferably becomes smaller toward a point of the cutting edge, and a surface extending from the point of the cutting edge is preferably formed by removing a portion of at least one of the two surfaces of the base plate. In this case, sharpening of the cutting edge is facilitated by removing the portion of the base plate. This improves the cutting performance of the cutting edge.

    [0014] In this case, removal of the base plate is facilitated. At least one of the opposite surfaces of the base plate is preferably formed by a first surface and a second surface, the first surface extending from the point of the cutting edge and the second surface extending from the first surface, and a cutting edge angle αa defined by two first surfaces is preferably greater than a cutting edge angle αb defined by two second surfaces.

    [0015] A fluororesin layer is preferably provided on a surface side of the nitrided layer of the coating layer. In this case, the fluororesin layer allows easier sliding of the cutting edge, further improving the cutting performance of the cutting edge.

    [0016] A surface of the nitrided layer is preferably coated with a bonding layer and that the fluororesin layer coats a surface of the bonding layer. In this case, by means of the bonding layer, the roughness of the surface on which the fluororesin layer is formed is adjusted in such a manner as to increase the adhesion between the fluororesin layer and the bonding layer. The fluororesin layer 6 is thus prevented from peeling off from the surface of the nitrided layer.

    [0017] The ratio of numbers of atoms a: b: c (a + b + c = 1) of Ti, Al, and Cr is preferably set in such a manner as to satisfy 0.02 ≤ a ≤ 0.30, 0.55 ≤ b ≤ 0.765, and 0.06 ≤ c. In this case, the hardness is increased.

    [0018] The base plate is preferably a base plate forming a cutting edge of a razor blade or a microtome blade.

    [0019] The formation of the coating layer is preferably performed through at least one of a sputtering method, a vapor deposition method, an ion plating method, and a chemical vapor deposition method. In this case, the coating layer is easily formed.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0020] 

    Fig. 1 is a perspective view showing a razor with a razor blade according to first and second embodiments;

    Figs. 2(a) and 2(b) are schematic views each representing a step of forming a base plate of a cutting edge of a razor blade according to the first embodiment;

    Fig. 2(c) is a schematic view representing a step of forming a non-nitrided layer of a coating layer of the cutting edge of the razor blade of the first embodiment;

    Figs. 3(a) and 3(b) are schematic views each representing a step of forming a nitrided layer (a remaining layer) of the coating layer of the cutting edge of the razor blade of the first embodiment;

    Fig. 4(a) is a schematic view representing a step of forming a nitrided layer (a surface layer) of the coating layer of the cutting edge of the razor blade of the first embodiment;

    Fig. 4(b) is a schematic view representing a step of forming a bonding layer of the cutting edge of the razor blade of the first embodiment;

    Fig. 4(c) is a schematic view representing a step of forming a fluororesin layer of the cutting edge of the razor blade of the first embodiment;

    Figs. 5(a), 5(b), and 5(c) are schematic views each representing a step of forming a base plate of a cutting edge of a razor blade according to the second embodiment;

    Fig. 5(d) is a schematic view representing a step of forming a non-nitrided layer of a coating layer of the cutting edge of the razor blade of the second embodiment;

    Figs. 6(a), 6(b), and 6(c) are schematic views each representing a step of forming a nitrided layer (a remaining layer) of the coating layer of the cutting edge of the razor blade of the second embodiment;

    Fig. 7(a) is a schematic view representing a step of forming a nitrided layer (a surface layer) of the coating layer of the cutting edge of the razor blade of the second embodiment;

    Fig. 7(b) is a schematic view representing a step of forming a bonding layer of the cutting edge of the razor blade of the second embodiment;

    Fig. 7(c) is a schematic view representing a step of forming a fluororesin layer of the cutting edge of the razor blade of the second embodiment;

    Fig. 8(a) is a schematic view showing the coating layer of the cutting edge of the first and second embodiments;

    Figs. 8(b), 8(c), and 8(d) are schematic views each representing a coating layer of a cutting edge of modifications of the first and second embodiments; and

    Fig. 9 is a schematic view corresponding to Figs. 4(c) or 7(c), showing a cutting edge of a microtome blade according to a third embodiment.


    BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION



    [0021] A first embodiment of the present invention illustrated in Figs. 1, 2, 3, 4, and 8(a) and a second embodiment of the invention shown in Figs. 1, 5, 6, 7, and 8(a) will now be described.

    [0022] In a cutting edge 2 of a razor blade 1 shown in Fig. 1, a base plate 3 is coated with a coating layer 4, as illustrated in Figs. 4(c) and 8(a) or Figs. 7(c) and 8(a). A fluororesin layer 6 is formed on the coating layer 4 with a bonding layer 5 in between. The cutting edge 2 is formed through the steps described below.

    [0023] In the first embodiment, as illustrated in Fig. 2(a), the base plate 3 is sharpened through grinding in such a manner that a width 3x between a pair of surfaces 7, 8 located on both sides of a width direction X of the base plate 3 becomes smaller toward a point 2a of the cutting edge 2. In this manner, the surfaces 7, 8 are both inclined with respect to an axis 3a, which extends along the center of the base plate 3 in the width direction X.

    [0024] In the second embodiment illustrated in Fig. 5(a), sharpening through grinding is performed in the same manner as the first embodiment. The base plate 3 is formed of a material suitable for the cutting edge 2 of the razor blade 1, such as metal including carbon steel, stainless steel, or aluminum alloy, fine ceramics including zirconium, and alumina or cemented carbide (WC).

    [0025] In the first embodiment, as illustrated in Fig. 2(b), the surfaces 7, 8 of the base plate 3, which have been sharpened through grinding, are subjected to finish polishing.

    [0026] Although finish polishing is carried out in the second embodiment illustrated in Fig. 5(b) as in the case of the first embodiment, this process may be omitted. It is preferred that a cutting edge angle α defined by the surfaces 7, 8 be 16 to 22 degrees. After the finish polishing, the point 3b of the base plate 3 is formed along an arc having a radius of 20 to 30 nm.

    [0027] In the second embodiment, as illustrated in Fig. 5(c), the surfaces 7, 8 are removed from the base plate 3 after the finish polishing and final sharpening is performed on the base plate 3. For example, a portion of each of the surfaces 7, 8 extending from the point 2a of the cutting edge 2 is removed to form a pair of first surfaces 7a, 8a (surfaces sharpened through the removal). A cutting edge angle αa (> αb) defined by the first surfaces 7a, 8a is greater than a cutting edge angle αb defined by second surfaces 7b, 8b (surfaces remaining after the removal) extending from the corresponding first surfaces 7a, 8b.

    [0028] Although not illustrated, the cutting edge angle αa defined by the first surfaces 7a, 8a and the cutting edge angle αb (= αa) defined by the second surfaces 7b, 8b may be equal so that the first surfaces 7a, 8a and the corresponding second surfaces 7b, 8b are flush with each other. Alternatively, the cutting edge angle αb (> αa) defined by the second surfaces 7b, 8b may be greater than the cutting edge angle αa defined by the first surfaces 7a, 8a. The aforementioned removal is accomplished through a dry etching method such as the sputter etching method. It is preferred that the dimension L1 of the removed portion be 10 to 200 nm. It is also preferred that the cutting edge angle αb be 17 to 25 degrees and the cutting edge angle αa be 17 to 30 degrees.

    [0029] In the first embodiment illustrated in Fig. 2(c) or the second embodiment shown in Fig. 5(d), the surfaces 7, 8 of the base plate 3 is coated with a non-nitrided layer 9 having a film thickness of 30 to 70 nm , which is a portion of the coating layer 4. The non-nitrided layer 9 does not contain O (oxygen), B (boron), or C (carbon), but contains Ti (titanium), Al (aluminum), and Cr (Chromium). Specifically, the composition of the non-nitrided layer 9 is Ti-Al-Cr. The relative proportion of Ti, Al, and Cr varies along a film thickness direction Y. For example, the ratio of numbers of atoms a: b: c (a + b + c = 1) of Ti, Al, and Cr of the non-nitrided layer 9 is set in such a manner as to satisfy 0.25 ≤ a ≤ 0.75, 0.25 ≤ b ≤ 0.75, and c = 0 and preferably to a substantially constant ratio of 0.5:0.5:0 in the range from the surfaces 7, 8 of the base plate 3 to the point corresponding to the film thickness of 5 to 20 nm.

    [0030] In the range corresponding to the film thickness of 30 to 70 nm, the ratio of numbers of atoms a, b, and c are set in such a manner as to satisfy 0.02 ≤ a ≤ 0.30, 0.55 ≤ b ≤ 0.765, and 0.06 ≤ c, respectively, and the ratio of number of atoms a: b: c is set to, preferably, 0.20: 0.70:0.10. Alternatively, the ratio of number of atoms of the non-nitrided layer 9 may be set substantially constant in the range from the surfaces 7, 8 of the base plate 3 to the point corresponding to the film thickness of 30 to 70 nm in the entire film thickness direction Y.

    [0031] In the first embodiment illustrated in Fig. 3(a) or the second embodiment illustrated in Fig. 6(a), opposite surfaces 10, 11 of the non-nitrided layer 9 are coated with a nitrided layer 12 of a film thickness of 50 to 90 nm, which is a portion of the coating layer 4. The nitrided layer 12 does not contain O (oxygen), B (boron), or C (carbon) but contains Ti, Al, Cr, and N (nitrogen). Specifically, the composition of the nitrided layer 12 is Ti-Al-Cr-N. The hardness of the nitrided layer 12 is greater than or equal to approximately Hv 2800 in the entire portion of the nitrided layer 12, particularly, in the vicinity of the surfaces 13, 14 of the nitrided layer 12, and is greater than the hardness of the non-nitrided layer 9. The relative proportion of Ti, Al, Cr, and N is set substantially constant in the entire film thickness direction Y, particularly at a predetermined depth from the surfaces 13, 14. The relative proportion may vary with respect to the film thickness direction Y. For example, the ratio of number of atoms a: b: c (a + b + c = 1) of Ti, Al, and Cr of the nitrided layer 12, except for nitrogen N, is set in such a manner as to satisfy 0.02 ≤ a ≤ 0.30, 0.55 ≤ b ≤ 0.765, 0.06 ≤ c. It is preferred that the ratio of numbers of atoms a: b: c be set to 0.20: 0.70: 0.10. Also, it is preferred that the ratio of numbers of atoms (a + b + c = 1): d between the combination of Ti, Al and Cr, and N (nitrogen) be set in such a manner as to satisfy 0.5 ≤ d ≤ 1.

    [0032] In the first embodiment illustrated in Fig. 3(b), a portion of each of the surfaces 13, 14 of the nitrided layer 12 is removed by the amount corresponding to a film thickness of 20 to 60 nm to form a remaining layer 15. In the second embodiment shown in Fig. 6(b), the remaining layer 15 is formed in the same manner as the first embodiment. It is preferred that a cutting edge angle β defined by opposite surfaces 16, 17 of the remaining layer 15 be 30 to 120 degrees.

    [0033] In the second embodiment, as illustrated in Fig. 6(c), a portion of each surface 16, 17 of the remaining layer 15 extending from the point 2a of the cutting edge 2 is removed to form first surfaces 16a, 17a (surfaces sharpened through such removal). A cutting edge angle βa defined by the first surfaces 16a, 17a is greater than a cutting edge angle βb defined by second surfaces 16b, 17b (surfaces that remain coated after the removal) extending from the corresponding first surfaces 16a, 17a. Although not illustrated, the cutting edge angle βa defined by the first surfaces 16a, 17a and the cutting edge angle βb (= βa) defined by the second surfaces 16b, 17b may be equal so that each one of the first surfaces 16a, 17a and the corresponding one of the second surfaces 16b, 17b are flush with each other. Alternatively, the cutting edge angle βb (> βa) defined by the second surfaces 16b, 17b may be greater than the cutting edge angle βa defined by the first surfaces 16a, 17a.

    [0034] The aforementioned removal is accomplished through a dry etching method such as a sputter etching method. It is preferred that the dimension L2 of the removed portion be 5 to 150 nm. It is also preferred that the cutting edge angle βb be 17 to 30 degrees and the cutting edge angle βa be 30 to 120 degrees.

    [0035] In the first embodiment shown in Fig. 4(a) or the second embodiment illustrated in Fig. 7(a), a surface layer 18 having a film thickness of 10 to 40 nm coats the surfaces 16, 17 of the remaining layer 15 as a portion of the coating layer 4. The surface layer 18 does not contain O (oxygen), B (boron), or C (carbon), but contains Ti, Al, Cr, and N. The surface layer 18 and the remaining layer 15 have the same compositions. The ratio between the film thickness of the nitrided layer 12 formed by the remaining layer 15 and the surface layer 18 and the film thickness of the non-nitrided layer 9 is preferably in the range from 1:1 to 2:1.

    [0036] In the first embodiment illustrated in Fig. 4(b) or the second embodiment shown in Fig. 7(b), opposite surfaces 19, 20 of the surface layer 18 are coated with a bonding layer 5 having a film thickness of 1 to 6 nm. The bonding layer 5 is formed of Cr or Al. The point of the bonding layer 5 is formed along an arc having a radius of 25 to 35 nm.

    [0037] In the first embodiment shown in Fig. 4(c) or the second embodiment illustrated in Fig. 7(c), a fluororesin layer 6 having a film thickness of 200 to 500 nm coats opposite surfaces 21, 22 of the bonding layer 5. As the fluororesin, polytetrafluoroethylene (Teflon (registered trademark)) or the like is employed.

    [0038] The non-nitrided layer 9, the nitrided layer 12, the remaining layer 15, the surface layer 18, and the bonding layer 5, which have been described above, are formed through at least one of various types of conventionally known thin film forming methods including sputtering methods such as high-frequency sputtering, high-speed low-temperature sputtering (magnetron sputtering),and reactive sputtering, various types of vapor deposition methods, various types of ion plating methods, and various types of chemical vapor deposition methods (CVD).

    [0039] For the purpose of consideration about the cutting edge 2 of the razor blade 1 having the coating layer 4, sample A of the cutting edge 2 of the razor blade 1 was manufactured as described below.

    [0040] As shown in Fig. 2(a), a stainless steel base plate 3 was sharpened through grinding using a rough whetstone and the cutting edge angle α between opposite surfaces 7, 8 was set to 16 to 22 degrees. As illustrated in Fig. 2(b), the surfaces 7, 8 of the stainless steel base plate 3, which had been subjected to grinding and sharpening, were finished through stropping. With reference to Fig. 2(c), after the stropping, the surfaces 7, 8 of the stainless steel base plate 3 as a portion of the coating layer 4 was coated with the non-nitrided layer 9 through sputtering. In this case, the film thickness of the non-nitrided layer 9 was approximately 50 nm.

    [0041] Subsequently, as illustrated in Fig. 3(a), the surfaces 10, 11 of the non-nitrided layer 9 were coated with the nitrided layer 12 through sputtering. In this case, the film thickness of the non-nitrided layer 12 was approximately 70 nm. With reference to Fig. 3(b), a portion of the nitrided layer 12 was removed by the amount corresponding to approximately 40 nm through sputter etching to sharpen the remaining layer 15, which was formed as a portion of the coating layer 4. In this case, the cutting edge angle β between the opposite surfaces 16, 17 was approximately 80 degrees.

    [0042] Next, with reference to Fig. 4(a), the surface layer 18 was formed on the surfaces 16, 17 of the remaining layer 15 through sputtering as a portion of the coating layer 4 to coat the remaining layer 15. In this case, the film thickness of the surface layer 18 was approximately 30 nm. As illustrated in Fig. 4(b), the opposite surfaces 19, 20 of the surface layer 18 were coated with the bonding layer 5. In this case, the film thickness of the bonding layer 5 was approximately 4 nm. With reference to Fig. 4(c), the opposite surfaces 21, 22 of the bonding layer 5 were coated with the fluororesin layer 6. In this case, the film thickness of the fluororesin layer 6 was approximately 300 nm.

    [0043] Other samples B, C of the cutting edge 2 of the razor blade 1 were made. In sample B, the entire portion of the layer corresponding to the non-nitrided layer 9 of sample A was 100% Cr and the entire layer corresponding to the nitrided layer 12 (the remaining layer 15 and the surface layer 18) was 100% DLC. In sample C, the entire layer corresponding to the coating layer 4 (the non-nitrided layer 9, the remaining layer 15, and the surface layer 18) was 100% Cr. Table 1 and table 2 represent the results of comparison of properties of samples A, B, and C. The conditions of the cutting edges 2 of the razor blades 1 of samples A, B, and C, such as the film thicknesses of the coating layers or the cutting edge angles, were uniform.

    [0044] A cutting performance test was performed by successively cutting an elongated wool felt piece having a uniform cross section for a certain number of times using the cutting edge 2 of each of the three types of samples (samples A, B, and C). For each sample, the initial cut resistance and the final cut resistance were measured and the increase of the cut resistance was obtained. As a result, samples A and B both exhibited smaller initial cut resistances, smaller final cut resistances, and smaller increase than sample C. Also, the initial cut resistance, the final cut resistance, and the increase of sample A were smaller than the corresponding values of sample B. It was thus demonstrated that, by forming the coating layer 4 in a layered configuration including the non-nitrided layer 9 and the nitrided layer 12 (the remaining layer 15 and the surface layer 18) as in the case of sample A, the cut resistance was reduced and the reduced cut resistance was maintained, thus improving durability.
    [Table 1]
     Initial cutting a (mN)Final cutting b (mN)Increase (mN)
    Sample C 365 × 9.8 700 × 9.8 335 × 9.8
    Sample B 320 × 9.8 650 × 9.8 330 × 9.8
    Sample A 310 × 9.8 610 × 9.8 300 × 9.8


    [0045] After the above-described cutting performance test, the cutting edges 2 of the three types of samples (samples A, B, and C) were observed with an SEM (a scanning electron microscope). Specifically, the number of the portions in which deformation greater than or equal to 1 µm of the extending direction of the cutting edge 2 was counted in the range corresponding to 1 mm of the extending direction at a given position of the cutting edge 2. Table 2 shows the results. As is clear from Table 2, sample A and sample B had smaller numbers of deformed portions than sample C. Also, the number of the deformed portions of sample A was smaller than that of sample B. It was thus demonstrated that sample A had improved toughness.
    [Table 2]
     Number of Deformed Portions
    Sample C 12
    Sample B 8
    Sample A 5


    [0046] Further, use tests were performed on the three types of cutting edges 2 (the cutting edges 2 of samples A, B, and C) by test subjects (ten subjects) who were selected at random. The cutting edges 2 were set in typical T shaped razors having identical configurations. After the test subjects used the T shaped razors, sensory assessment was carried out by scoring the initial cutting performance out of ten points (higher scores for better cutting performance). The averages of these scores were then compared. As a result, higher averages were marked in the order of sample A (average 7. 7 point), sample B (average 7.4 points), and sample C (average 7.3 points).

    [0047] By comprehensively judging from the above-described findings, sample A, which includes the coating layer 4 having the layered structure formed by the non-nitrided layer 9 and the nitrided layer 12 (the remaining layer 15 and the surface layer 18), improved the cutting edge 2 of the razor blade 1, enhanced the cutting performance of the cutting edge 2, and maintained the enhanced cutting performance, This improved durability and toughness of the cutting edge 2.

    [0048] The illustrated embodiments have the following advantages.

    [0049] Since the coating layer 4 of the cutting edge 2 has a double layer structure formed by the non-nitrided layer 9 and the nitrided layer 12, the nitrided layer 12 is bonded with increased adhesion and prevented from peeling off. This improves the cutting edge 2, enhances the cutting performance of the cutting edge, and maintains the improved cutting performance, thus enhances the durability of the cutting edge 2.

    [0050] The hardness of the nitrided layer 12 containing Ti, Al, Cr, and N is greater than the hardness of the non-nitrided layer 9 containing Ti, Al, and Cr. This improves the toughness of the coating layer 4 of the cutting edge 2 and reduces deformation of the cutting edge 2.

    [0051] The remaining layer 15 formed in the nitrided layer 12 improves the sharpness of the cutting edge 2. As a result, the cutting edge 2 is improved and has enhanced cutting performance.

    [0052] The surface layer 18 coating the remaining layer 15 in the nitrided layer 12 adjusts the sharpness of the cutting edge 2.

    [0053] The nitrided layer 12 of the coating layer 4 is coated with the fluororesin layer 6 with the bonding layer 5 in between. The fluororesin layer 6 facilitates sliding of the cutting edge 2 when in use, further improving the cutting performance of the cutting edge 2. Also, the roughness of the surface coated with the fluororesin layer 6 is adjusted by means of the bonding layer 5 so that the fluororesin layer 6 is bonded with improved adhesion and prevented from peeling off.

    [0054] The present invention may be configured in the forms described below other than the illustrated embodiments.

    [0055] Modification 1, which is shown in Fig. 8(b), is different from the first and second embodiments in that the remaining layer 15 is formed by a plurality of (two, inner and outer) of remaining layers 15a, 15b, which are stacked together.

    [0056] In modification 2 illustrated in Fig. 8(c), the remaining layer 15 is formed by a plurality of (two, inner and outer) remaining layers 15a, 15b, which are stacked together, and the surface layer 18 is omitted. That is, the outer remaining layer 15b, which is also the surface layer, is coated with the bonding layer 5. In this manner, the modification is different from the first and second embodiments.

    [0057] Modification 3, as shown in Fig. 8(d), is different from the first and second embodiments in that the bonding layer 5 and the fluororesin layer 6 are omitted.

    [0058] A third embodiment of the present invention, which is illustrated in Fig. 9, is embodied as a cutting edge 2 of a microtome blade (not shown) for forming a microscopic sample and differs from the first embodiment in the following point. Specifically, after a base plate 3 is finished through polishing, a cutting angle α defined by two surfaces 7, 8 is 30 to 40 degrees. A point 3b of the base plate 3 is formed along an arc having a radius of 2 to 3 nm. The film thickness of a non-nitrided layer 9, which is formed on the base plate 3, is 10 to 15 nm. The film thickness of a nitrided layer 12 provided on the non-nitrided layer 9 is 10 to 15 nm. The film thickness of a bonding layer 5 on the nitrided layer 12 is 1 to 4 nm. A fluororesin layer 6 is formed on the bonding layer 5.

    [0059] Although the cutting edges 2 of the razor blade 1 or the microtome blade have been discussed in the illustrated embodiments, the present invention may be used in other blade members such as scalpels, scissors, kitchen knives, nail clippers, special cutters for industrial use, chisels, and pencil sharpeners.


    Claims

    1. A blade member in which a surface of a base plate (3) forming a cutting edge (2) is coated with a coating layer (4), wherein the coating layer (4) includes a non-nitrided layer (9) coating the surface of the base plate (3) and a nitrided layer (12) coating a surface of the non-nitrided layer (9), being characterized in that:

    the non-nitrided layer (9) contains Ti, Al, and Cr,

    the non-nitrided layer (9) has a thickness of 30 to 70 nm, Ti, Al, and Cr in the non-nitrided layer (9) each has the number of atom a, b, and c, the ratio of numbers of atoms a: b: c of Ti, Al, and Cr in the non-nitrided layer (9) is set in such a manner as to satisfy a + b + c =1, 0.25 ≤ a ≤ 0.75, 0.25 ≤ b ≤ 0.75, and c = 0 in the range from the surface of the base plate (3) to a point corresponding to the thickness of 5 to 20 nm, and the ratio of numbers of atoms a: b: c is set in such a manner as to satisfy a + b + c =1, 0.02 ≤ a ≤ 0.30, 0.55 ≤ b ≤ 0.765, and 0.06 ≤ c in the range corresponding to the thickness of 30 to 70 nm,

    the relative proportion of Ti, Al, and Cr of the non-nitrided layer (9) varies along a direction of a thickness of the non-nitrided layer (9),

    the nitrided layer (12) contains Ti, Al, Cr, and N,

    the nitrided layer (12) has a thickness of 50 to 90 nm,

    the ratio of number of atoms a: b: c of Ti, Al, and Cr of the nitrided layer (12), except for nitrogen N, is set in such a manner as to satisfy 0.02 ≤ a ≤ 0.30, 0.55 ≤ b ≤ 0.765, 0.06 ≤ c, the ratio of numbers of atoms (a + b + c = 1) : d between the combination of Ti, Al and Cr, and N is set in such a manner as to satisfy 0.5 ≤ d ≤ 1, wherein d indicates the number of nitrogen atom in the nitrided layer (12),

    the relative proportion of Ti, Al, Cr, and N is set constant at a predetermined depth from the surface of the nitrided layer (12),

    the ratio between the thickness of the nitrided layer (12) and the thickness of the non-nitrided layer (9) is in the range form 1:1 to 2:1, and

    the hardness of the nitrided layer (12) is greater than the hardness of the non-nitrided layer (9).


     
    2. The blade member according to claim 1, characterized in that neither the non-nitrided layer (9) nor the nitrided layer (12) contains O, B, or C.
     
    3. The blade member according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the width between surfaces of the base plate (3) forming the cutting edge (2) on opposite sides of the direction of the thickness of the base plate (3) becomes smaller toward a point (2a) of the cutting edge (2), wherein, in the coating layer (4) coating the two surfaces of the base plate (3), a portion the nitrided layer (12) is removed from at least one of both sides of the direction of the thickness such that the nitrided layer (12) has a remaining layer (15) including a surface extending from the point (2a) of the cutting edge (2).
     
    4. The blade member according to claim 3, characterized in that the nitrided layer (12) has a plurality of remaining layers (15) that are stacked together.
     
    5. The blade member according to claims 3 or 4, characterized in that at least one of opposite surfaces of the remaining layer (15) of the nitrided layer (12) is formed by a first surface (16a, 17a) and a second surface (16b, 17b), the first surface (16a, 17a) extending from the point (2a) of the cutting edge (2) and the second surface (16b, 17b) extending from the first surface (16a, 17a), wherein a cutting edge angle (βa) defined by two first surfaces (16a, 17a) is greater than a cutting edge angle (βb) defined by two second surfaces (16b, 17b).
     
    6. The blade member according to any one of claims 3 to 5, characterized in that the nitrided layer (12) has a surface layer (18) coating a surface of the remaining layer (15).
     
    7. The blade member according to any one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that the width between surfaces of the base plate (3) forming the cutting edge (2) on both sides of the direction of the thickness of the base plate (3) becomes smaller toward a point (2a) of the cutting edge (2), wherein a surface extending from the point (2a) of the cutting edge (2) is formed by removing a portion of at least one of the two surfaces of the base plate (3).
     
    8. The blade member according to claim 7, characterized in that at least one of the opposite surfaces of the base plate (3) is formed by a first surface (7a, 8a) and a second surface (7b, 8b), the first surface (7a, 8a) extending from the point (2a) of the cutting edge (2) and the second surface (7b, 8b) extending from the first surface (7a, 8a), wherein a cutting edge angle (αa) defined by two first surfaces (7a, 8a) is greater than a cutting edge angle (αb) defined by two second surfaces (7b, 8b).
     
    9. The blade member according to any one of claims 1 to 8, characterized in that a fluororesin layer (6) is provided on a surface of the nitrided layer (12) of the coating layer (4).
     
    10. The blade member according to claim 9, characterized in that a surface of the nitrided layer (12) is coated with a bonding layer (5) and that the fluororesin layer (6) coats a surface of the bonding layer (5).
     
    11. The blade member according to any one of claims 1 to 10, characterized in that the base plate is a base plate (3) forming a cutting edge (2) of a razor blade or a microtome blade.
     
    12. The blade member according to any one of claims 1 to 11, characterized in that the formation of the coating layer (4) is performed through at least one of a sputtering method, a vapor deposition method, an ion plating method, and a chemical vapor deposition method.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Klingenelement, bei dem eine Oberfläche eines Basisblatts (3), das eine Schneidkante (2) bildet, mit einer Beschichtungsschicht (4) beschichtet ist, wobei die Beschichtungsschicht (4) eine nicht-nitrierte Schicht (9) einschließt, die die Oberfläche des Basisblatts (3) beschichtet, und eine nitrierte Schicht (12), die eine Oberfläche der nicht-nitrierten Schicht (9) beschichtet, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass:

    die nicht-nitrierte Schicht (9) Ti, Al und Cr enthält,

    die nicht-nitrierte Schicht (9) eine Dicke von 30 bis 70 nm aufweist, Ti, Al und Cr in der nicht-nitrierten Schicht (9) jeweils die Atomanzahl a, b und c besitzen, das Verhältnis der Atomanzahlen a:b:c von Ti, Al und Cr in der nicht-nitrierten Schicht (9) derart eingestellt ist, dass im Bereich von der Oberfläche des Basisblatts (3) bis zu einem Punkt, der der Dicke von 5 bis 20 nm entspricht, a + b + c = 1, 0,25 ≤ a ≤ 0,75, 0,25 ≤ b ≤ 0,75, und c = 0 erfüllt ist, und das Verhältnis der Atomanzahlen a:b:c im Bereich, der der Dicke von 30 bis 70 nm entspricht, derart eingestellt ist, dass a + b + c = 1, 0,02 ≤ a ≤ 0,30, 0,55 ≤ b ≤ 0,765, und 0,06 ≤ c erfüllt ist,

    der relative Anteil von Ti, Al und Cr in der nicht-nitrierten Schicht (9) einer Dickenrichtung der nicht-nitrierten Schicht (9) entlang variiert,

    die nitrierte Schicht (12) Ti, Al, Cr und N enthält,

    die nitrierte Schicht (12) eine Dicke von 50 bis 90 nm besitzt,

    das Verhältnis der Atomanzahlen a:b:c von Ti, Al und Cr der nitrierten Schicht (12), mit Ausnahme von Stickstoff N, derart eingestellt ist, dass 0,02 ≤ a ≤ 0,30, 0,55 ≤ b ≤ 0,765, 0,06 ≤ c erfüllt ist, das Verhältnis der Atomanzahlen (a + b + c = 1):d zwischen der Kombination von Ti, Al und CR, und N derart eingestellt ist, dass 0,5 ≤ d ≤ 1 erfüllt ist, wobei d die Anzahl von Stickstoffatomen in der nitrierten Schicht (12) angibt,

    der relative Anteil von Ti, Al, Cr und N in einer vorbestimmten Tiefe von der Oberfläche der nitrierten Schicht (12) konstant eingestellt ist,

    das Verhältnis zwischen der Dicke der nitrierten Schicht (12) und der Dicke der nicht-nitrierten Schicht (9) im Bereich von 1:1 bis 2:1 liegt, und

    die Härte der nitrierten Schicht (12) größer ist als die Härte der nicht-nitrierten Schicht (9).


     
    2. Klingenelement nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass weder die nicht-nitrierte Schicht (9) noch die nitrierte Schicht (12) O, B, oder C enthält.
     
    3. Klingenelement nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Breite zwischen Oberflächen des Basisblatts (3), das die Schneidkante (2) bildet, auf gegenüberliegenden Seiten der Dickenrichtung des Basisblatts (3) zu einem Punkt (2a) der Schneidkante (2) hin kleiner wird, wobei in der Beschichtungsschicht (4), die die zwei Oberflächen des Basisblatts (3) beschichtet, ein Teil der nitrierten Schicht (12) von mindestens einer der beiden Seiten der Dickenrichtung entfernt ist, so dass die nitrierte Schicht (12) eine verbleibende Schicht (15) mit einer Oberfläche besitzt, die sich von dem Punkt (2a) der Schneidkante (2) erstreckt.
     
    4. Klingenelement nach Anspruch 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die nitrierte Schicht (12) mehrere übereinander gestapelte verbleibende Schichten (15) besitzt.
     
    5. Klingenelement nach Anspruch 3 oder 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass mindestens eine von gegenüberliegenden Oberflächen der verbleibenden Schicht (15) der nitrierten Schicht (12) von einer ersten Oberfläche (16a, 17a) und einer zweiten Oberfläche (16b, 17b) gebildet wird, wobei sich die erste Oberfläche (16a, 17a) von dem Punkt (2a) der Schneidkante (2) erstreckt und sich die zweite Oberfläche (16b, 17b) von der ersten Oberfläche (16a, 17a) erstreckt, wobei ein Schneidkantenwinkel (βa), der von zwei ersten Oberflächen (16a, 17a) definiert wird, größer ist als ein Schneidkantenwinkel (βb), der von zwei zweiten Oberflächen (16b, 17b) definiert wird.
     
    6. Klingenelement nach einem der Ansprüche 3 bis 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die nitrierte Schicht (12) eine Oberflächenschicht (18) besitzt, die eine Oberfläche der verbleibenden Schicht (15) beschichtet.
     
    7. Klingenelement nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Breite zwischen Oberflächen des Basisblatts (3), das die Schneidkante (2) bildet, auf beiden Seiten der Dickenrichtung des Basisblatts (3) zu einem Punkt (2a) der Schneidkante (2) hin kleiner wird, wobei eine Oberfläche, die sich von dem Punkt (2a) der Schneidkante (2) erstreckt, durch Entfernen eines Teils von mindestens einer der zwei Oberflächen des Basisblatts (3) gebildet wird.
     
    8. Klingenelement nach Anspruch 7, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass mindestens eine der gegenüberliegenden Oberflächen des Basisblatts (3) von einer ersten Oberfläche (7a, 8a) und einer zweiten Oberfläche (7b, 8b) gebildet wird, wobei sich die erste Oberfläche (7a, 8a) von dem Punkt (2a) der Schneidkante (2) erstreckt und sich die zweite Oberfläche (7b, 8b) von der ersten Oberfläche (7a, 8a) erstreckt, wobei ein Schneidkantenwinkel (αa), der von zwei ersten Oberflächen (7a, 8a) definiert wird, größer ist als ein Schneidkantenwinkel (αb), der von zwei zweiten Oberflächen (7b, 8b) definiert wird.
     
    9. Klingenelement nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 8, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass auf einer Oberfläche der nitrierten Schicht (12) der Beschichtungsschicht (4) eine Fluorharzschicht (6) bereitgestellt ist.
     
    10. Klingenelement nach Anspruch 9, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass eine Oberfläche der nitrierten Schicht (12) mit einer Bindeschicht (5) beschichtet ist und dass die Fluorharzschicht (6) eine Oberfläche der Bindeschicht (5) beschichtet.
     
    11. Klingenelement nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 10, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass es sich bei dem Basisblatt um ein Basisblatt (3) handelt, das eine Schneidkante (2) einer Rasierklinge oder einer Mikrotomklinge bildet.
     
    12. Klingenelement nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 11, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Bildung der Beschichtungsschicht (4) durch mindestens eines von einem Sputterverfahren, einem Aufdampfungsverfahren, einem Ionenplattierungsverfahren, und einem chemischen Aufdampfungsverfahren erfolgt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Elément de lame dans lequel une surface d'une plaque de base (3) formant un bord tranchant (2) est recouverte d'une couche de revêtement (4), dans lequel la couche de revêtement (4) comprend une couche non nitrurée (9) recouvrant la surface de la plaque de base (3) et une couche nitrurée (12) recouvrant une surface de la couche non nitrurée (9), caractérisé en ce que :

    la couche non nitrurée (9) contient Ti, Al et Cr,

    la couche non nitrurée (9) a une épaisseur de 30 à 70 nm, Ti, Al et Cr dans la couche non nitrurée (9) possèdent chacun un nombre d'atomes a, b et c, le rapport des nombres d'atomes a:b:c de Ti, Al et Cr dans la couche non nitrurée (9) est fixé de manière à satisfaire les critères a + b + c = 1, 0,25 ≤ a ≤ 0,75, 0,25 ≤ b ≤ 0,75 et c = 0 dans la plage allant de la surface de la plaque de base (3) à un point correspondant à une épaisseur de 5 à 20 nm, et le rapport des nombres d'atomes a:b:c est fixé de manière à satisfaire les critères a + b + c = 1, 0,02 ≤ a ≤ 0,30, 0,55 ≤ b ≤ 0,765 et 0,06 ≤ c dans la plage correspondant à une épaisseur de 30 à 70 nm,

    la proportion relative de Ti, Al et Cr de la couche non nitrurée (9) varie dans le sens de l'épaisseur de la couche non nitrurée (9),

    la couche nitrurée (12) contient Ti, Al, Cr et N,

    la couche nitrurée (12) a une épaisseur de 50 à 90 nm,

    le rapport du nombre d'atomes a:b:c de Ti, Al et Cr de la couche nitrurée (12), à l'exception de l'azote N, est fixé de manière à satisfaire les critères 0,02 ≤ a ≤ 0,30, 0,55 ≤ b ≤ 0,765, 0,06 ≤ c, le rapport des nombres d'atomes (a + b + c = 1):d entre le mélange Ti, Al et Cr, et N est fixé de manière à satisfaire le critère 0,5 ≤ d ≤ 1, d indiquant le nombre d'atomes d'azote de la couche nitrurée (12),

    la proportion relative de Ti, Al, Cr et N est fixée comme étant constante à une profondeur prédéterminée depuis la surface de la couche nitrurée (12),

    le rapport entre l'épaisseur de la couche nitrurée (12) et l'épaisseur de la couche non nitrurée (9) est dans la plage de 1:1 à 2:1, et

    la dureté de la couche nitrurée (12) est supérieure à la dureté de la couche non nitrurée (9).


     
    2. Elément de lame selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que ni la couche non nitrurée (9) ni la couche nitrurée (12) ne contiennent O, B ou C.
     
    3. Elément de lame selon la revendication 1 ou 2, caractérisé en ce que l'épaisseur entre les surfaces de la plaque de base (3) formant le bord tranchant (2) sur les côtés opposés du sens de l'épaisseur de la plaque de base (3) diminue en allant vers un point (2a) du bord tranchant (2), dans lequel, dans la couche de revêtement (4) qui recouvre les deux surfaces de la plaque de base (3), une partie de la couche nitrurée (12) est éliminée d'au moins un des deux côtés du sens de l'épaisseur de sorte que la couche nitrurée (12) présente une couche restante (15) comprenant une surface s'étendant à partir du point (2a) du bord tranchant (2).
     
    4. Elément de lame selon la revendication 3, caractérisé en ce que la couche nitrurée (12) possède une pluralité de couches restantes (15) qui sont empilées les unes sur les autres.
     
    5. Elément de lame selon la revendication 3 ou 4, caractérisé en ce qu'au moins une des surfaces opposées de la couche restante (15) de la couche nitrurée (12) est formée d'une première surface (16a, 17a) et d'une seconde surface (16b, 17b), la première surface (16a, 17a) s'étendant à partir du point (2a) du bord tranchant (2) et la seconde surface (16b, 17b) s'étendant à partir de la première surface (16a, 17a), dans lequel un angle de bord tranchant (βa) défini par deux premières surfaces (16a, 17a) est supérieur à un angle de bord tranchant (βb) défini par deux secondes surfaces (16b, 17b).
     
    6. Elément de lame selon l'une quelconque des revendications 3 à 5, caractérisé en ce que la couche nitrurée (12) présente une couche de surface (18) recouvrant une surface de la couche restante (15).
     
    7. Elément de lame selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, caractérisé en ce que l'épaisseur entre les surfaces de la plaque de base (3) formant le bord tranchant (2) des deux côtés du sens de l'épaisseur de la plaque de base (3) diminue en allant vers un point (2a) du bord tranchant (2), dans lequel une surface s'étendant à partir du point (2a) du bord tranchant (2) est formée par élimination d'une partie d'au moins une des deux surfaces de la plaque de base (3).
     
    8. Elément de lame selon la revendication 7, caractérisé en ce qu'au moins une des surfaces opposées de la plaque de base (3) est formée d'une première surface (7a, 8a) et d'une seconde surface (7b, 8b), la première surface (7a, 8a) s'étendant à partir du point (2a) du bord tranchant (2) et la seconde surface (7b, 8b) s'étendant à partir de la première surface (7a, 8a), dans lequel un angle de bord tranchant (αa) défini par deux premières surfaces (7a, 8a) est supérieur à un angle de bord tranchant (αb) défini par deux secondes surfaces (7b, 8b).
     
    9. Elément de lame selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 8, caractérisé en ce qu'une couche de résine fluorée (6) est fournie sur une surface de la couche nitrurée (12) de la couche de revêtement (4).
     
    10. Elément de lame selon la revendication 9, caractérisé en ce qu'une surface de la couche nitrurée (12) est recouverte d'une couche de liaison (5) et en ce que la couche de résine fluorée (6) recouvre une surface de la couche de liaison (5).
     
    11. Elément de lame selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 10, caractérisé en ce que la plaque de base est une plaque de base (3) formant un bord tranchant (2) d'une lame de rasoir ou d'une lame de microtome.
     
    12. Elément de lame selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 11, caractérisé en ce que la formation de la couche de revêtement (4) est réalisée à l'aide d'au moins un procédé parmi un procédé de pulvérisation cathodique, un procédé de dépôt en phase vapeur, un procédé de placage ionique et un procédé de dépôt chimique en phase vapeur.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description