(19)
(11)EP 2 135 473 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
23.12.2020 Bulletin 2020/52

(21)Application number: 08724334.1

(22)Date of filing:  03.04.2008
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04W 4/00(2018.01)
H04L 25/02(2006.01)
H04W 24/02(2009.01)
H04W 72/00(2009.01)
H04L 5/00(2006.01)
H04L 27/26(2006.01)
H04W 48/12(2009.01)
H04W 48/20(2009.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/SE2008/050388
(87)International publication number:
WO 2008/127185 (23.10.2008 Gazette  2008/43)

(54)

INFORMATION ON REFERENCE SIGNAL STRUCTURE FOR NEIGHBOURING CELL MEASUREMENTS

INFORMATION ÜBER REFERENZSIGNALSTRUKTUR FÜR NACHBARZELLENMESSUNGEN

INFORMATIONS SUR UNE STRUCTURE DE SIGNAUX DE RÉFÉRENCE POUR L'OBTENTION DE MESURES RELATIVES À DES CELLULES VOISINES


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK TR

(30)Priority: 11.04.2007 SE 0700900

(43)Date of publication of application:
23.12.2009 Bulletin 2009/52

(73)Proprietor: Optis Wireless Technology, LLC
Plano, TX 75025 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • PARKVALL, Stefan
    S-113 25 Stockholm (SE)
  • ASTELY, David
    S-168 56 Bromma (SE)
  • DAHLMAN, Erik
    S-168 68 Bromma (SE)

(74)Representative: Grünecker Patent- und Rechtsanwälte PartG mbB 
Leopoldstraße 4
80802 München
80802 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 944 994
WO-A1-2008/000914
US-A1- 2005 032 542
US-A1- 2007 004 423
EP-A1- 1 962 535
WO-A2-2008/060236
US-A1- 2006 058 033
US-A1- 2007 117 566
  
  • NEC GROUP: "Some issues related to MBSFN sub-frame structure", 3GPP DRAFT; R1-071821 (REV OF R1-071501), 3RD GENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT (3GPP), MOBILE COMPETENCE CENTRE ; 650, ROUTE DES LUCIOLES ; F-06921 SOPHIA-ANTIPOLIS CEDEX ; FRANCE, vol. RAN WG1, no. St. Julian; 20070403, 3 April 2007 (2007-04-03), XP050105727, [retrieved on 2007-04-03]
  • QUALCOMM EUROPE: "DL RS for Multiplexed Unicast and MBMS Configurations", 3GPP DRAFT; R1-070431, 3RD GENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT (3GPP), MOBILE COMPETENCE CENTRE ; 650, ROUTE DES LUCIOLES ; F-06921 SOPHIA-ANTIPOLIS CEDEX ; FRANCE, vol. RAN WG1, no. Sorrento, Italy; 20070110, 10 January 2007 (2007-01-10), XP050104462, [retrieved on 2007-01-10]
  • ALCATEL-LUCENT: "Reference Signal Structure for Multi-antenna E-MBMS Transmission", 3GPP DRAFT; R1-070526 REFERENCE SIGNAL STRUCTURE FOR MULTI-ANTENNA E-MBMS TRANSMISSION, 3RD GENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT (3GPP), MOBILE COMPETENCE CENTRE ; 650, ROUTE DES LUCIOLES ; F-06921 SOPHIA-ANTIPOLIS CEDEX ; FRANCE, vol. RAN WG1, no. Sorrento, Italy; 20070109, 9 January 2007 (2007-01-09), XP050104552, [retrieved on 2007-01-09]
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

TECHNICAL FIELD OF THE INVENTION



[0001] The present invention relates to cellular radio communication and in particular to provide information to mobile terminals that enable the terminals to carry out measurements on cells neighbouring a cell the terminals camp in. The invention also relates to a radio base station adapted for providing the information, to a mobile terminal and a method for the mobile terminal.

DESCRIPTION OF RELATED ART



[0002] In the forthcoming evolution of the mobile cellular standards like GSM and WCDMA, new transmission techniques like OFDM are likely to occur. Furthermore, in order to have a smooth migration from the existing cellular systems to the new high capacity high data rate system in existing radio spectrum, the new system has to be able to operate in a flexible bandwidth. An example of such a new flexible cellular system is 3G Long Term Evolution (3G LTE) that can be seen as an evolution of the 3G WCDMA standard. This system will use OFDM as the downlink transmission scheme and will be able to operate on bandwidths ranging from 1.25 MHz to 20 MHz. Furthermore, data rates up to 100 Mb/s will be supported on the largest bandwidth. LTE will support both FDD and TDD as uplink/downlink duplexing schemes. Furthermore, LTE will also support multicast/broadcast services (MBSFN) on the same carrier as unicast data.

[0003] An essential part in any cellular system is support of mobility, i.e., the possibility to move the connection between the terminal and the network from one cell to another cell. To support this, neighboring cell measurements are used. While the connection is maintained in a serving cell, the terminal measures on some well defined signal in neighboring cells and reports the measurement result to the network. The network can then take a decision, for example based on a signal-to-noise ratio measurement made by the terminal, whether the connection should be moved from the serving cell to a new cell.

[0004] In order to carry out downlink coherent demodulation, the mobile terminal needs estimates of the downlink channel. A straightforward way to enable channel estimation in case of OFDM transmission is to insert known reference symbols into the OFDM time-frequency grid. In LTE, these reference symbols are jointly referred to as the LTE downlink reference signals.

[0005] Figure 1 is grid in the time frequency domain, with each square in the grid representing one subcarrier of one OFDM symbol. It serves to demonstrate the LTE downlink reference-signal structure assuming normal cyclic prefix, i.e. seven OFDM symbols per slot. As illustrated in figure 1, downlink reference symbols are inserted within the first and the third last OFDM symbol of each slot and with a frequency-domain spacing of six subcarriers. Furthermore, there is a frequency-domain staggering of three subcarriers between the first and second reference symbols. Within each resource block, consisting of twelve subcarriers during one slot, there are thus four reference symbols. This is true for all sub-frames except sub-frames used for MBSFN-based broadcast/multicast, see further below.

[0006] The structure in Figure 1 illustrates the reference-signal structure for the case of a single antenna. For various multi-antenna transmission techniques, there is typically one reference signal transmitted for each antenna (the term 'antenna port' is used in the 3GPP specifications) and the location of the reference signals for the different antennas may be different.

[0007] The reference signals can also be used for other purposes than coherent demodulation. One such example is neighboring cell measurements for mobility, where the terminal measures on the reference signal in neighboring cells to support mobility as described above.

[0008] One important part of the LTE requirements in terms of spectrum flexibility is the possibility to deploy LTE-based radio-access in both paired and unpaired spectrum, i.e., LTE should support both FDD- and TDD-based duplex arrangements. Frequency Division Duplex (FDD) as illustrated in the left part of figure 2, implies that downlink and uplink transmission take place in different, sufficiently separated, frequency bands. Time Division Duplex (TDD), as illustrated in the right part of figure 2, implies that downlink and uplink transmission take place in different, non-overlapping time slots. Thus, TDD can operate in unpaired spectrum, whereas FDD requires paired spectrum.

[0009] To support TDD operation, a guard time between downlink and uplink timeslots is needed. This can be created by omitting one or several OFDM symbols ("puncturing") in the last sub-frame before the downlink-to-uplink switch. In case a long guard time is needed, some of the reference symbols may need to be punctured in the last sub-frame prior to the switchpoint. The non-punctured part of a subframe used for downlink transmission is sometimes referred to as DwPTS.

[0010] In case of TDD operation, uplink and downlink transmission activity should be coordinated between neighboring cells. If this is not done, uplink transmission in one cell may interfere with downlink transmission in the neighboring cell (and vice versa) as illustrated in figure 3. Related to measurements, the terminal should only make neighbouring cell measurements during downlink transmission slots.

[0011] Multi-cell broadcast implies transmission of the same information from multiple cells. By exploiting this at the terminal, effectively using signal power from multiple cell sites at the detection, a substantial improvement in coverage, or in higher broadcast data rates, can be achieved. In LTE, this is implemented by transmitting not only identical signals from multiple cell sites, with identical coding and modulation, but also synchronize the transmission timing between the cells, the signal at the mobile terminal will appear exactly as a signal transmitted from a single cell site and subject to multi-path propagation. Due to the OFDM robustness to multi-path propagation, such multi-cell transmission, also referred to as Multicast-Broadcast Single Frequency Network (MBSFN) transmission, will then not only improve the received signal strength but also eliminate the inter-cell interference. Thus, with OFDM, multi-cell broadcast/multicast capacity may eventually only be limited by noise and can then, in case of small cells, reach extremely high values.

[0012] It should also be noted that the use of MBSFN transmission for multi-cell broadcast/multicast assumes the use of tight synchronization and time alignment of the signals transmitted from different cell sites.

[0013] For MBSFN, a different reference signal structure is used as illustrated in figure 4. This is needed as the effective channel seen by the terminal in case of MBSFN transmission appears as more frequency-selective than a single-cell unicast transmission. Thus, as unicast data and MBSFN transmissions are time multiplexed in different time slots, the reference signal structure will differ between slots in case of a mixed carrier transmitting both unicast and MBSFN services. In MBSFN sub-frames, only part of the cell-specific reference signal is present, it occurs in some the first OFDM symbols of the sub-frame as disclosed in figure 4. The OFDM symbols carrying cell-specific reference symbol in the MBSFN sub-frame is a sub-set of the symbols used in a normal sub-frame for carrying cell-specific reference symbols, as can be concluded by comparing figure 1 and figure 4.

[0014] Typically, the terminal assumes the same configuration in the neighboring cell as the current cell. In case neighboring cells are configured differently, e.g., different guard times are used in neighboring cells or the MBSFN sub-frame are allocated differently in neighboring cells, the measurements made in the terminal would not correctly reflect the situation.

[0015] NEC GROUP: "Some issues related to MBSFN sub-frame structure", 3GPP DRAFT R1-071821 discusses two alternative physical formats of MBSFN sub-frames and that both may be used in different neighbouring cells in the same network.

[0016] QUALCOMM EUROPE: "DL RS for Multiplexed Unicast and MBMS Configurations", 3GPP DRAFT R1-070431 suggests for unicast common reference signal structure when unicast and SFN multicast transmissions present in a slot that the unicast reference signal occupies the same set of tones across all cells in the SFN area.

[0017] ALCATEL-LUCENT: "Reference Signal Structure for Multi-antenna EBMMS Transmission", 3GPP DRAFT R1-070523, presents two candidate signals for multi-antenna E-MBMS transmission based on the cell-common scrambled pilot structure considering time-division multiplex with unicast services.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



[0018] The present invention solves the above problem by the subject-matter of the independent claims.

[0019] Advantageous embodiments of the invention are subject matters of the dependent claims. Further aspects of the invention not covered by the claims are to be understood as examples useful for better understanding of the invention.

[0020] In one embodiment, TDD access mode is used, and not all neighbour cells have the same allocation of uplink and respectively downlink transmissions in various sub-frames. According to the first embodiment of the invention, only sub-frames used for downlink transmissions by all cells neighbouring the first cell are informed of in broadcasting. Alternatively the downlink sub-frames used by respective neighbour cell is indicated by the first cell.

[0021] In a second alternative embodiment, some sub-frame/s is/are used for multi-broadcast transmission in one or more of the neighbouring cells, whereas some other of the neighbour cells or the first cell transmit/s a normal sub-frame structure in the same time window. The multi-broadcast sub-frame has another more restricted allocation of symbols for the cell specific reference signal than for the normal sub-frame reference structure. In the second embodiment, is broadcast a structure of a sub-set of symbols allocated to symbols in common for both the multi-broadcast sub-frame and for the normal sub-frame. Thereby the terminal will use only the subset of symbols for measures on the reference signal in the neighbour cells.

[0022] An advantage of the invention is a terminal will make attempts to detect reference signals only in symbols that are carrying the reference signal. Thereby it is possible to have different regions of cells within which the same multicast information is broadcast, or within which the same allocation of sub-frames for respectively uplink and downlink transmissions is used. The present invention is particular needed in cells bordering the different regions of cells, to enable the terminals to accurately detect the reference signals of all the neighbour cells.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0023] 

Figure 1 is grid in the time frequency domain, with each square in the gri .d representing an OFDM symbol.

Figure 2 is an illustration of FDD mode versus TDD mode, with the respective allocation of time and frequency to the uplink and downlink transmissions

Figure 3 is a view of two cells and a terminal in each cell illustrating a TDD mode interference situation.

Figure 4 is the same type of figure as figure 1, illustrating a different allocation of symbols for carrying the reference signal.

Figure 5 is a view of cells.

Figure 6 is a flowchart of method.

Figure 7 is an illustration of different allocation of sub-frames for respective uplink and downlink transmissions in three cells.

Figure 8 is a block diagram of a radio base station.

Figure 9 is a flowchart of a method for a mobile station.

Figure 10 is a block diagram of a mobile terminal.


DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS



[0024] For neighbour cell measurements the cell specific reference signal shall be used. Informing of the reference signal structure to be used for neighbouring cells measurement separately from the configuration in the serving cell provides several benefits.

[0025] MBSFN transmissions in neighboring cells may use different sub-frames without affecting the possibility to perform accurate neighboring cell measurements. Although using time aligned transmissions for MBSFN is useful in case the full benefits of MBSFN are to be exploited, at the border between different MBSFN regions this is not the case. The invention makes it possible to set up different regions of broadcasting the same MBSFN data. Within a region the same sub-frame allocation is used for broadcasting the MBSFN data. Thereby the broadcasting of information of interest only in a specific geographical area can be restricted to that area. Figure 5 illustrates a number of cells spread in the geography, some of them included in a MBSFN region. A first cell neighbouring the MBSFN region, transmits normal sub-frames in the same time windows as is used in the MBSFN region for MBSFN sub-frames. Also other cells neighbouring the first cell transmit normal sub-frames in the same time window. The physical structure of the normal frame reference signals is disclosed in figure 1. The reference signal structure of MBSFN sub-frames is disclosed in figure 4. The symbols allocated to carry the reference signal in the MBSFN sub-frame overlap in their sequential position and on the frequency sub-carrier with symbols used for carrying reference signals in the normal sub-frames. The first cell broadcast information on the reference signal being carried by the symbols as in the structure of MBSFN broadcasting. Terminals camping in the first cell will then attempt to detect the cell specific reference signals according to the structure of the reference signal physical structure in the MBSFN sub-frame for all neighbouring cells albeit some of them transmit normal sub-frames. The symbols that carry cell specific reference signal in a MBSFN sub-frame are also used in a normal sub-frame for the same purpose.

[0026] Figure 6 is a flowchart of the method of broadcasting in the first cell, according to the two steps:
  • Broadcasting a first reference signal, and that has a first physical structure (S1). In the situation described as an example the first cell is not included in the MBSFN region and the first reference signal structure is the structure of the normal sub-frame.
  • Broadcasting information indicative of a second reference signal structure and that is to be used by terminals for performing neighbour cell measurements.


[0027] An alternative embodiment relates to a TDD access mode system when the first cell is located between two regions applying different allocations of sub-frames for respectively UL and DL transmission. A terminal can measure on a neighbour cell only when DL transmission direction is applied in the neighbour cell. When TDD access mode is applied, coordinating the UL and DL transmissions to the same sub-frames in all the cells of a region, and to synchronize the transmissions in the region is advantageous because interference between base stations and between terminals is mitigated. However, there might be a need to differ the balance of allocation of UL resources versus DL resources in response to different demand in different regions. Different uplink-downlink allocations can be used in different cells, assuming proper planning. This is illustrated in figure 7, with a three cells, wherein cell No. 1 and cell No. 3 belongs to two different regions with cell no. 2 in between. The three cells have different allocations of sub-frames for respective UL and DL transmission directions. Cell No.1 to the left have 8 of its 10 sub-frames dedicated for the DL, and they are have the sequential numbers 0,1,2,3,5,6,7,8, leaving the remaining two sub-frames No. 4 and 9 for the UL direction. A cell No. 2 in the middle of figure 5, has 5 sub-frames allocated for the DL direction, i.e. sub-frames numbered 0,1,2,3,5. Two sub-frames are allocated for the UL direction, they are numbered 4 and 9. Three sub-frames, No. 6-8 are left unused. A cell No. 3, to the right in figure 5, has 5 sub-frames each to the UL and to the DL directions. The DL sub-frames are allocated to sub-frames numbers 0,1,2,3,5 and the remaining sub-frames are allocated to the UL direction. In this case, there is a mechanism to reserve sub-frames to one of the three purposes "uplink", "downlink", or "unused" in contrast to the, in conventional TDD systems, allocation to one of "uplink" or "downlink".

[0028] In cell No. 2, the broadcast information on which sub-frames to use for performing neighbour cell measurements, would, in a first alternative be restricted to sub-frames no. 0,1,2,3,5 because this group is common for both neighbour cell No.1 and neighbour cell No. 3. Also broadcast information in cell No. 1, and cell No. 3 for measurements on respective neighbours should be restricted to the use of sub-frames No. 0,1,2,3,5.

[0029] In an alternative embodiment the information broadcast by is not only sub-frame specific but also neighbour cell specific. Thus, cell No. 2 broadcast that sub-frames No. 0,1,2,3,5,6,7,8 are available for measurements on cell No. 1, whereas for measurements on cell No. 3 only sub-frames 0,1,2,3,5 may be used. This alternative embodiment is also disclosed in the text of figure 7.

[0030] Also in the case of MBSFN transmission, the sub-frame structure is neighbour cell specific. The information on the reference signal structure is alternatively cell specific for the various neighbour cells.

[0031] In the TDD mode, some of the symbols normally used for carrying the reference signals may be punctured for increasing the Guard period between sub-frames for DL to UL transmission. The last reference symbols in the last DL sub-frame may then be lost. The first cell shall then broadcast information of the reference signal physical structure in the same way as is described for the MBSFN embodiment.

[0032] It should further be noted that MBSFN transmission may occur both in FDD mode and in TDD mode. In the case of TDD mode information on what sub-frames to use as well as physical reference signal structure within each used sub-frame need be broadcast.

[0033] The information indicative of the reference signal structure, need not relate to the all the symbols carrying the reference signals or to all sub-frames used in DL, it may be restricted to sub- frames or to symbols that shall be used by the mobile terminal for making neighbour cell measurements. This is in particular relevant to the embodiments when the information is indicative of the smallest subset of sub-frames or of symbols that are used by all neighbour cells.

[0034] Moreover, the broadcast information only need be indicative of a physical structure. For example different classes of physical structures may have been predefined, and the first cell just broadcast the classification of the different sub-frames.

[0035] Figure 8 is a block diagram of a radio base station adapted for performing the invention. The radio base station comprises a radio transceiver including an antenna system, and a data processor controlling the operation of the radio base station according to software. The software is updated to control the broadcasting including an indication of the second reference signal according to the method. The radio base station also comprises an X2 interface for connection to neighbouring radio base station. The signalling information received via the X2 interface is detected by the data processor and the indication of the second reference signal structure as broadcast can be updated autonomously by the radio base station in accordance with information received via the X2 interface.

[0036] Figure 9 is a flowchart of the steps performed by a mobile terminal, or UE (User Equipment) as is the name of the LTE mobile terminal. Initially the mobile is camping in a first cell, either in connected mode with the first cell acting serving cell or in idle mode. The first cell transmits a cell specific reference signal according to a first physical structure. In the first step, 91, the mobile terminal reads indication on a second physical structure for a reference signal. The indication is broadcast in the first cell. In a next step, 92, the terminal measures a reference signal in one or more neighbouring cells, assuming the reference signal is carried by symbols according to the indicated second physical structure.

[0037] The indication of second physical structure typically indicates one in a predefined a set of physical structures. The mobile terminal as manufactured or as including a SIM-card (Subscription Identity Module), possesses information on the set of possible physical structures for the reference signal.

[0038] Figure 10 is a block diagram of the mobile terminal. In comprises a transceiver, including an antenna, and computer including software. The computer and software may be distributed and part of it residing in the SIM-card. The software is adapted for detecting the broadcast indication of a the second physical structure of the reference signal, and to control the measuring of reference signal in neighbouring cells to be made on the symbols that is indicated to carry the reference signal.

[0039] So far the invention has been described in a LTE system applying a single antenna. The LTE is also standardised for alternative multi-antenna transmission techniques and then typically one reference signal is transmitted for each antenna and the physical structure of symbols assigned for carrying the respective reference signal within the sub-frames, is almost the same. The reference signal structure of antenna 1 is the same as the reference signal for antenna 0 with, the exception of the OFDM symbol is shifted 3 sub-carriers in the frequency domain relative to the symbols on carrier 0. The frame timing on the two antennas is synchronized.

[0040] The physical structure of the plural reference signals allocated to multi-antenna cells, is one of the predefined sets of physical structure the mobile terminal possesses information on. Accordingly the multi-antenna system physical structure may be broadcast in a cell, and the mobile terminals assume this physical structure when making neighbour cell measurements.

Abbreviations:



[0041] 

DL downlink

UL uplink

UE User Equipment, i.e. the name of the mobile terminal in the LTE system

MBSFN - a 3GPP specific term used for multibroadcast, i.e. synchronized broadcasting of the same information in a plurality of cells. In some literature this is also referred to as Single-Frequency Network (SFN).




Claims

1. A method of broadcasting downlink in a first cell in a network comprising a plurality of cells organized into two or more Multicast-Broadcast Single Frequency Network, MBSFN, regions with respect to allocation of normal sub-frames and of MBSFN sub-frames, the method comprising the steps of:

broadcasting (S1) a first reference signal, according to a first reference signal physical structure for the normal sub-frames, wherein the first reference signal is carried by predefined OFDM symbols and by predefined sub-carriers within the normal sub-frames according to the first reference signal physical structure, wherein predefined OFDM symbols that carry reference signals differ between the normal sub-frame and the MBSFN sub-frame,

characterised by further broadcasting (S2) information indicative of a second reference signal physical structure for carrying a second reference signal in a neighbouring cell.


 
2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the information indicative of the second reference signal physical structure relates to the allocation of MBSFN sub-frames.
 
3. The method according to claim 1, wherein said information indicative of the second reference signal physical structure is for use by mobile terminals to perform neighbour cell measurements.
 
4. The method according to claim 1, wherein the information on the second reference signal physical structure includes information on which of the sub-frames to use for neighbour cell measurements.
 
5. The method according to claim 1 or 4, wherein the information on the second reference signal physical structure is indicative of which OFDM symbols in each sub-frame to use for neighbour cell measurements.
 
6. The method according to claim 5 wherein the OFDM symbols carrying the second reference signal are allocated to one or more of a set of sub-carriers and to one or more predefined positions in a sequence of OFDM symbols within each sub-frame.
 
7. The method according to claim 5, wherein only OFDM symbols used by all the neighbour cells for carrying reference signals in each sub-frame are informed of for the purpose of reference signal measurements.
 
8. The method according to claim 1, wherein the second reference signal physical structure is indicated by a sub-frame classification.
 
9. The method according to claim 1, wherein the first and the second reference signals are specific for the cell they are broadcasted in.
 
10. A radio base station for a network comprising a plurality of cells organized into two or more Multicast-Broadcast Single Frequency Network, MBSFN, regions with respect to allocation of normal sub-frames and of MBSFN sub-frames, the radio base station comprising:

a transceiver that is arranged for broadcasting (S1) a first reference signal according to a first reference signal physical structure for the normal sub-frames, and wherein the first reference signal is carried by predefined OFDM symbols and by predefined sub-carriers within the normal sub-frames, according to the first reference signal physical structure, wherein predefined OFDM symbols that carry reference signals differ between the normal sub-frame and the MBSFN sub-frame,

characterised in that

the transceiver is further arranged to broadcast (S2) information indicative of a second reference signal physical structure for carrying a second reference signal in a neighbouring cell.


 
11. The radio base station of claim 10, wherein the information indicative of the second reference signal physical structure relates to the allocation of MBSFN sub-frames.
 
12. A method performed by a mobile terminal that is camping in a first cell of a network comprising a plurality of cells organized into two or more Multicast-Broadcast Single Frequency Network, MBSFN, regions with respect to allocation of normal sub-frames and of MBSFN sub-frames, and the first cell is broadcasting a first reference signal according to a first reference signal physical structure for the normal sub-frames, wherein the first reference signal is carried by predefined OFDM symbols and by predefined sub-carriers within the normal sub-frames according to the first reference signal physical structure, wherein predefined OFDM symbols that carry reference signals differ between the normal sub-frame and the MBSFN sub-frame, the method characterised by the steps of:

- detecting (91) as broadcast in the first cell an indication of a second reference signal physical structure that carries a second reference signal in a cell neighbouring the first cell, and,

- measuring (92) the second reference signal in downlink sub-frames according to the detected indication.


 
13. The method of claim 12, wherein the detected indication further relates to OFDM symbols carrying the second reference signal, and wherein the measuring on the second reference signal is made on the OFDM symbols as indicated.
 
14. The method according to claim 12, wherein the detected indication of the second reference signal physical structure relates to the allocation of MBSFN sub-frames
 
15. A mobile terminal, for connecting to a first cell in a network comprising a plurality of cells organized into two or more Multicast-Broadcast Single Frequency Network, MBSFN, regions with respect to allocation of normal sub-frames and of MBSFN sub-frames, wherein the first cell is broadcasting a first reference signal according to a first reference signal physical structure for normal sub-frames, wherein the first reference signal is carried by predefined OFDM symbols and by predefined sub-carriers within the normal sub-frames according to the first reference signal physical structure, wherein predefined OFDM symbols that carry reference signals differ between the normal sub-frame and the MBSFN sub-frame, the mobile terminal comprising:

a transceiver;

and a computer;

characterized by the computer with software and via the transceiver being operable to,

detect (91) an indication that is broadcast in the first cell and that relates to a second reference signal physical structure that carries a second reference signal in a cell neighbouring the first cell,

measure (92) the second reference signal in downlink sub-frames according to the detected indication.


 
16. The mobile terminal of claim 15, wherein the detected indication further relates to OFDM symbols carrying the second reference signal, and wherein the measuring on the second reference signal is made on the OFDM symbols as indicated.
 
17. The mobile terminal of claim 15, wherein the detected indication of the second reference signal physical structure relates to the allocation of MBSFN sub-frames.
 


Ansprüche

1. Verfahren zum Senden eines Downlinks in einer ersten Zelle in einem Netzwerk, umfassend mehrere Zellen, die in zwei oder mehr MBSFN-Regionen (Multicast-Broadcast Single Frequency Network) in Bezug auf die Zuweisung von normalen Subframes und von MBSFN-Subframes organisiert sind, wobei das Verfahren folgende Schritte umfasst:

Senden (S1) eines ersten Referenzsignals gemäß einer physikalischen Struktur eines ersten Referenzsignals für die normalen Subframes, wobei das erste Referenzsignal von vordefinierten OFDM-Symbolen und von vordefinierten Teilträgern innerhalb der normalen Subframes gemäß der physikalischen Struktur des ersten Referenzsignals getragen wird und sich vordefinierte OFDM-Symbole, die Referenzsignale tragen, zwischen dem normalen Subframe und dem MBSFN-Subframe unterscheiden;

weiterhin gekennzeichnet durch Rundsenden (S2) von Informationen, die eine physikalische Struktur eines zweiten Referenzsignals zum Tragen eines zweiten Referenzsignals in einer benachbarten Zelle anzeigen.


 
2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, bei dem sich die Informationen, die die physikalische Struktur des zweiten Referenzsignals anzeigen, auf die Zuordnung von MBSFN-Subframes beziehen.
 
3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, bei dem die Informationen, die die physikalische Struktur des zweiten Referenzsignals anzeigen, von mobilen Endgeräten zur Ausführung von Nachbarzellenmessungen verwendet werden.
 
4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, bei dem die Informationen über die physikalische Struktur des zweiten Referenzsignals Informationen darüber enthalten, welcher der Subframes für Nachbarzellenmessungen verwendet werden soll.
 
5. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1 oder 4, bei dem die Informationen über die physikalische Struktur des zweiten Referenzsignals angibt, welche OFDM-Symbole in jedem Subframe für Nachbarzellenmessungen verwendet werden sollen.
 
6. Verfahren nach Anspruch 5, bei dem die OFDM-Symbole, die das zweite Referenzsignal tragen, einem oder mehreren von einem Satz von Subträgern und einer oder mehreren vordefinierten Positionen in einer Folge von OFDM-Symbolen innerhalb jedes Subframes zugeordnet sind.
 
7. Verfahren nach Anspruch 5, bei dem lediglich über OFDM-Symbole, die von allen Nachbarzellen zum Tragen von Referenzsignalen in jedem Subframe verwendet werden, zum Zweck von Referenzsignalmessungen informiert wird.
 
8. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, bei dem die physikalische Struktur des zweiten Referenzsignals durch eine Subframe-Klassifizierung angegeben wird.
 
9. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, bei dem das erste und das zweite Referenzsignal spezifisch für die Zelle sind, in der sie gesendet werden.
 
10. Funkbasisstation für ein Netzwerk, umfassend mehrere Zellen, die in zwei oder mehr MBSFN-Regionen (Multicast-Broadcast Single Frequency Network) in Bezug auf die Zuordnung von normalen Subframes und von MBSFN-Subframes organisiert sind, wobei die Funkbasisstation umfasst:

einen Sendeempfänger, der zum Senden (S1) eines ersten Referenzsignals gemäß einer physikalischen Struktur eines ersten Referenzsignals für die normalen Subframes eingerichtet ist, wobei das erste Referenzsignal von vordefinierten OFDM-Symbolen und von vordefinierten Subträgern innerhalb der normalen Subframes gemäß der physikalischen Struktur des ersten Referenzsignals getragen wird, wobei vordefinierte OFDM-Symbole, die Referenzsignale tragen, sich zwischen dem normalen Subframe und dem MBSFN-Subframe unterscheiden;

dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

der Sendeempfänger weiterhin dazu eingerichtet ist, dass er Informationen rundsendet (S2), die eine physikalische Struktur eines zweiten Referenzsignals anzeigen, um ein zweites Referenzsignal in einer benachbarten Zelle zu tragen.


 
11. Funkbasisstation nach Anspruch 10, bei der sich die Informationen, die die physikalische Struktur des zweiten Referenzsignals anzeigen, auf die Zuordnung von MBSFN-Subframes beziehen.
 
12. Verfahren, das von einem mobilen Endgerät ausgeführt wird, das sich in einer ersten Zelle eines Netzwerks aufhält, das mehrere Zellen umfasst, die in zwei oder mehr MBSFN-Regionen (Multicast-Broadcast Single Frequency Network) in Bezug auf die Zuweisung normaler Subframes und MBSFN-Subframes organisiert sind, und die erste Zelle ein erstes Referenzsignal gemäß einer physikalischen Struktur des ersten Referenzsignals für die normalen Subframes sendet, wobei das erste Referenzsignal von vordefinierten OFDM-Symbolen und von vordefinierten Subträgern innerhalb der normalen Subframes gemäß der physikalischen Struktur des ersten Referenzsignals getragen wird, sich vordefinierte OFDM-Symbole, die Referenzsignale tragen, zwischen dem normalen Subframe und dem MBSFN-Unterrahmen unterscheiden und das Verfahren durch die folgenden Schritte gekennzeichnet ist:

- Erfassen (91) als Rundsendung in der ersten Zelle eines Hinweises einer physikalischen Struktur eines zweiten Referenzsignals, das ein zweites Referenzsignal in einer der ersten Zelle benachbarten Zelle trägt, und

- Messen (92) des zweiten Referenzsignals in Downlink-Subframes gemäß dem erfassten Hinweis.


 
13. Verfahren nach Anspruch 12, bei dem sich der erfasste Hinweis ferner auf OFDM-Symbole bezieht, die das zweite Referenzsignal tragen, und das Messen des zweiten Referenzsignals an den OFDM-Symbolen wie angegeben ausgeführt wird.
 
14. Verfahren nach Anspruch 12, bei dem sich der erfasste Hinweis der physikalischen Struktur des zweiten Referenzsignals auf die Zuordnung von MBSFN-Subframes bezieht
 
15. Mobiles Endgerät zum Verbinden mit einer ersten Zelle in einem Netzwerk, das mehrere Zellen umfasst, die in zwei oder mehr MBSFN-Regionen (Multicast-Broadcast Single Frequency Network) in Bezug auf die Zuweisung von normalen Subframes und von MBSFN-Subframes organisiert sind, wobei die erste Zelle ein erstes Referenzsignal gemäß einer physikalischen Struktur eines ersten Referenzsignals für normale Subframes rundsendet, das erste Referenzsignal von vordefinierten OFDM-Symbolen und von vordefinierten Subträgern innerhalb der normalen Subframes gemäß der ersten physikalischen Struktur des Referenzsignals getragen wird, sich vordefinierte OFDM-Symbole, die Referenzsignale tragen, zwischen dem normalen Subframe und dem MBSFN-Subframe unterscheiden, und das mobile Endgerät umfasst:

einen Sendeempfänger;

und einen Computer;

dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Computer mit Software und über den Sendeempfänger betätigt werden kann, um

einen Hinweis zu erfassen (91), der in der ersten Zelle gesendet wird und sich auf eine physikalische Struktur eines zweiten Referenzsignals bezieht, das ein zweites Referenzsignal in einer der ersten Zelle benachbarten Zelle trägt, und

das zweite Referenzsignal in den Downlink-Subframes gemäß dem erfassten Hinweis zu messen (92).


 
16. Mobiles Endgerät nach Anspruch 15, bei dem sich der erfasste Hinweis weiterhin auf OFDM-Symbole bezieht, die das zweite Referenzsignal tragen, und das Messen des zweiten Referenzsignals an den OFDM-Symbolen wie angegeben erfolgt.
 
17. Mobiles Endgerät nach Anspruch 15, bei dem sich der erfasste Hinweis der physikalischen Struktur des zweiten Referenzsignals auf die Zuordnung von MBSFN-Subframes bezieht.
 


Revendications

1. Procédé de diffusion en liaison descendante dans une première cellule d'un réseau comprenant une pluralité de cellules organisées en deux ou plusieurs régions de réseau de diffusion/multidiffusion à fréquence unique MBSFN, soit Multicast-Broadcast Single Frequency Network, par rapport à l'attribution de sous-trames normales et de sous-trames MBSFN, le procédé comprenant les étapes suivantes :

diffusion (S1) d'un premier signal de référence, conformément à une première structure physique de signal de référence pour les sous-trames normales, dans lequel le premier signal de référence est porté par des symboles de multiplexage par répartition en fréquences orthogonales OFDM, soit Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiplexing, prédéfinis et par des sous-porteuses prédéfinies dans les sous-trames normales conformément à la première structure physique de signal de référence, dans lequel des symboles OFDM prédéfinis qui portent des signaux de référence diffèrent entre la sous-trame normale et la sous-trame MBSFN,

caractérisé par la diffusion (S2) en outre d'information indicative d'une deuxième structure physique de signal de référence pour porter un deuxième signal de référence dans une cellule voisine.


 
2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'information indicative de la deuxième structure physique de signal de référence a trait à l'attribution de sous-trames MBSFN.
 
3. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ladite information indicative de la deuxième structure physique de signal de référence est destinée à être utilisée par des terminaux mobiles pour mettre en œuvre des mesures de cellule voisine.
 
4. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'information sur la deuxième structure physique de signal de référence comprend de l'information sur la sous-trame à utiliser parmi les sous-trames pour des mesures de cellule voisine.
 
5. Procédé selon la revendication 1 ou 4, dans lequel l'information sur la deuxième structure physique de signal de référence est indicative des symboles OFDM à utiliser dans chaque sous-trame pour des mesures de cellule voisine.
 
6. Procédé selon la revendication 5, dans lequel les symboles OFDM portant le deuxième signal de référence sont attribués à une ou plusieurs sous-porteuses d'un ensemble de sous-porteuses et à une ou plusieurs positions prédéfinies dans une séquence de symboles OFDM dans chaque sous-trame.
 
7. Procédé selon la revendication 5, dans lequel seuls les symboles OFDM utilisés par toutes les cellules voisines pour porter des signaux de référence dans chaque sous-trame sont communiqués pour des mesures de signal de référence.
 
8. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la deuxième structure physique de signal de référence est indiquée par une classification de sous-trame.
 
9. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les premier et deuxième signaux de référence sont spécifiques de la cellule dans laquelle ils sont diffusés.
 
10. Station de base radio pour un réseau comprenant une pluralité de cellules organisées en deux ou plusieurs régions de réseau de diffusion/multidiffusion à fréquence unique, MBSFN, par rapport à l'attribution de sous-trames normales et de sous-trames MBSFN, la station de base radio comprenant :

un émetteur-récepteur qui est agencé pour diffuser (S1) un premier signal de référence conformément à une première structure physique de signal de référence pour les sous-trames normales, et où le premier signal de référence est porté par des symboles OFDM prédéfinis et par des sous-porteuses prédéfinies parmi les sous-trames normales, conformément à la première structure physique de signal de référence, dans laquelle des symboles OFDM prédéfinis qui portent des signaux de référence diffèrent entre la sous-trame normale et la sous-trame MBSFN,

caractérisée en ce que l'émetteur-récepteur est en outre agencé pour diffuser (S2) de l'information indicative d'une deuxième structure physique de signal de référence pour porter un deuxième signal de référence dans une cellule voisine.


 
11. Station de base radio selon la revendication 10, dans laquelle l'information indicative de la deuxième structure physique de signal de référence a trait à l'attribution de sous-trames MBSFN.
 
12. Procédé mis en œuvre par un terminal mobile qui réside dans une première cellule d'un réseau comprenant une pluralité de cellules organisées en deux ou plusieurs régions de réseau de diffusion/multidiffusion à fréquence unique, MBSFN, par rapport à l'attribution de sous-trames normales et de sous-trames MBSFN, dans lequel la première cellule émet un premier signal de référence conformément à une première structure physique de signal de référence pour les sous-trames normales, dans lequel le premier signal de référence est porté par des symboles OFDM prédéfinis et par des sous-porteuses prédéfinies dans les sous-trames normales conformément à la première structure physique de signal de référence, dans lequel des symboles OFDM prédéfinis qui portent des signaux de référence diffèrent entre la sous-trame normale et la sous-trame MBSFN, le procédé étant caractérisé par les étapes suivantes :

- détection (91), comme une diffusion dans la première cellule, d'une indication d'une deuxième structure physique de signal de référence qui porte un deuxième signal de référence dans une cellule voisine de la première cellule, et

- mesure (92) du deuxième signal de référence dans des sous-trames de liaison descendante conformément à l'indication détectée.


 
13. Procédé selon la revendication 12, dans lequel l'indication détectée a trait en outre à des symboles OFDM portant le deuxième signal de référence, et dans lequel la mesure sur le deuxième signal de référence est réalisée sur les symboles OFDM tel qu'indiqué.
 
14. Procédé selon la revendication 12, dans lequel l'indication détectée de la deuxième structure physique de signal de référence a trait à l'attribution de sous-trames MBSFN.
 
15. Terminal mobile pour une connexion à une première cellule dans un réseau comprenant une pluralité de cellules organisées en deux ou plusieurs régions de réseau de diffusion/multidiffusion à fréquence unique, MBSFN, par rapport à l'attribution de sous-trames normales et de sous-trames MBSFN, dans lequel la première cellule diffuse un premier signal de référence conformément à une première structure physique de signal de référence pour les sous-trames normales, dans lequel le premier signal de référence est porté par des symboles OFDM prédéfinis et par des sous-porteuses prédéfinies dans les sous-trames normales conformément à la première structure physique de signal de référence, dans lequel des symboles OFDM prédéfinis qui portent des signaux de référence diffèrent entre la sous-trame normale et la sous-trame MBSFN, le terminal mobile comprenant :

un émetteur-récepteur, et

un ordinateur ;

caractérisé en ce que l'ordinateur, équipé d'un logiciel et de l'émetteur-récepteur, est utilisable pour

- détecter (91) une indication qui est diffusée dans la première cellule et qui a trait à une deuxième structure physique de signal de référence qui porte un deuxième signal de référence dans une cellule voisine de la première cellule,

- mesurer (92) le deuxième signal de référence dans des sous-trames de liaison descendante conformément à l'indication détectée.


 
16. Terminal mobile selon la revendication 15, dans lequel l'indication détectée a trait en outre à des symboles OFDM portant le deuxième signal de référence, et dans lequel la mesure sur le deuxième signal de référence est réalisée sur les symboles OFDM tel qu'indiqué.
 
17. Terminal mobile selon la revendication 15, dans lequel l'indication détectée de la deuxième structure physique de signal de référence a trait à l'attribution de sous-trames MBSFN.
 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Non-patent literature cited in the description