(19)
(11)EP 2 145 279 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
25.03.2020 Bulletin 2020/13

(21)Application number: 08750079.9

(22)Date of filing:  06.05.2008
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04N 21/835(2011.01)
H04N 21/4405(2011.01)
H04N 21/254(2011.01)
H04N 21/436(2011.01)
H04L 29/06(2006.01)
H04N 21/4627(2011.01)
H04N 21/4147(2011.01)
H04N 21/2347(2011.01)
H04N 21/8355(2011.01)
H04N 7/167(2011.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2008/055527
(87)International publication number:
WO 2008/138804 (20.11.2008 Gazette  2008/47)

(54)

PROTECTING LIVE CONTENT IN A NETWORK

SCHUTZ VON LIVE-INHALTEN IN EINEM NETZWERK

PROTECTION D'UN CONTENU INTERACTIF DANS UN RÉSEAU


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK TR

(30)Priority: 11.05.2007 EP 07301033
28.08.2007 EP 07115085

(43)Date of publication of application:
20.01.2010 Bulletin 2010/03

(73)Proprietor: InterDigital CE Patent Holdings
75017 Paris (FR)

(72)Inventor:
  • DURAND, Alain
    35000 Rennes (FR)

(74)Representative: Huchet, Anne et al
InterDigital CE Patent Holdings 20, rue Rouget de Lisle
92130 Issy-les-Moulineaux
92130 Issy-les-Moulineaux (FR)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A- 1 688 944
US-A1- 2004 210 926
WO-A-03/021959
  
  • -DIGITAL VIDEO BROADCASTINGDVB: "Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB); Content Protection & Copy Management" DOCUMENT, XX, XX, vol. A094, 1 November 2005 (2005-11-01), page 103pages, XP007901168
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

FIELD OF THE INVENTION



[0001] The present invention relates generally to digital media systems, and in particular to content protection in digital home networks.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



[0002] This section is intended to introduce the reader to various aspects of art, which may be related to various aspects of the present invention that are described and/or claimed below. This discussion is believed to be helpful in providing the reader with background information to facilitate a better understanding of the various aspects of the present invention. Accordingly, it should be understood that these statements are to be read in this light, and not as admissions of prior art.

[0003] In digital media systems it is sometimes useful to be able to distinguish between live content and recorded content. An exemplary reason for this is that, for example in the requirements defined by the Digital Video Broadcast Copy Protection (DVB) Group, proximity control does not apply to a content forever but will be relaxed when a certain predetermined condition is met. A first possible condition is that proximity control is relaxed as soon as the content is no more live. A second possible condition is that it is relaxed after a fixed amount of time following the live broadcast. A third possible condition is that it is relaxed at a fixed date. It can be seen, however, that the first and the third conditions may be seen as variations on the theme of the second condition: the fixed amount of time is zero for the first condition, and to whatever time it needs to arrive at the date for the third condition. Other exemplary conditions are conditional; proximity control may for example be relaxed if a user has paid extra to access the content, if the user has a certain user profile, or as soon as a certain content is broadcast.

[0004] Another example is the limitation of the number of concurrent consumptions of a content. In the DVB group, this limitation is only required for live content and can be relaxed once the content is no longer live.

[0005] One method of distinguishing between live and recorded content within a home network is to have the rendering device determine whether the content it is receiving comes from a storage device - recorded content - or from an Acquisition Point, which is the device through which the content enters the home network - live content.

[0006] However, a problem may occur when the storage device is capable of so-called trick modes, e.g. replaying live content after a short delay. In this case, the rendering device is led to believe that the content is recorded, while it in fact should be regarded as live content at least for as long as the Acquisition Point is diffusing the content. In this case, trick modes are easy circumvention tools for the proximity control; a user would just have to watch the content with a delay of, say, five seconds to bypass the control.

[0007] "Digital Video Broadcasting Content Protection & Copy Management" (DVB-CPCM) DVB Document A094, November 2005 discloses authorised domain management and restrictions for concurrent usage of live content.

[0008] WO 2006/082130 discloses a solution to the "trick-mode" problem, in which the consumption device broadcasts a message to check whether the content is live or not. If the Acquisition Point answers, content will be considered live, else it will be considered as recorded. A possible circumvention to that solution would be to first record part of the content (e.g. 30 minutes) and then start recording on a second recording device, disconnect the first recording device and the consuming device from the network and play the first part of the content. After 30 minutes, one could disconnect the second recording device and reconnect the first recording device and continue the recording on it. The second recording device would then be used to display the content recorded thereon. As the consuming device is never connected to the Acquisition Point, even using the solution of WO 2006/082130, content would be no more considered as live while a recording device is still recording it.

[0009] It can therefore be appreciated that there is a need for a solution that allows a rendering device to distinguish between live content and recorded content, including when trick mode is used or when content is recorded using multiple recording devices. This invention provides such a solution.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



[0010] The invention is defined by the appended claims.

[0011] In a first aspect, the invention is directed to an Acquisition Point in a digital network adapted to further comprise a consuming device and a storage device. The Acquisition Point comprises a processor adapted to: broadcast protected content in the network; send to the storage device at least one content license comprising an identifier of the Acquisition Point, a key necessary to access the protected content, and an identifier indicating that the content is subject to particular restrictions for its rendering; receive from the consuming device a request to access the content; and send a response to the consuming device, the response being of a first kind if the Acquisition Point is no more receiving the content and of a second kind if the Acquisition Point is still receiving the content.

[0012] In a preferred embodiment, the response of the first kind is a new content license.

[0013] In a further preferred embodiment, the response of the second kind is one of a permission to access the content and a denial that does not permit access to the content.

[0014] It is advantageous that the Acquisition Point further comprises a memory adapted to store identities of consuming devices to which a permission to access the content has been sent, and that the processor is further adapted to send, if the Acquisition Point is still receiving the content, a permission to access the content if the number of devices to which a permission to access the content has been sent is less than a predetermined number. It is beneficial that the processor, if the number of consuming devices to which a permission has been sent equals a predetermined number, is further adapted to: broadcast a message requiring all consuming devices that access the content to respond; receive responses from consuming devices; and if the number of received responses that indicate that originator of the response accesses the content is less that the predetermined number, send a permission to access the content to the requesting consuming device.

[0015] It is also advantageous that the Acquisition Point, if it is still receiving the content, performs a proximity test with the requesting consuming device and sends a permission if the rendering device is local.

[0016] In a second aspect, the invention is directed to a consuming device in a digital network. The consuming device comprises a unit for rendering content or exporting content; and a processor adapted to: send a request for a content to a storage device in the digital network; receive from the storage device the content and a corresponding content license comprising an identifier of an Acquisition Point and an indication that the content is subject to particular restrictions for its consuming; send to the Acquisition Point a request to access the content; and consume the content in case the response from the Acquisition Point indicates that consuming is allowed.

[0017] In a third aspect, the invention is directed to a method of providing access to content in a digital network comprising an Acquisition Point, a consuming device, and a storage device. The Acquisition Point broadcasts protected content in the network; sends to the storage device at least one content license comprising an identifier of the Acquisition Point, a key necessary to access the protected content, and an identifier indicating that the content is subject to particular restrictions for its consuming; receives from the consuming device a request to access the content; and sends a response to the consuming device, the response being of a first kind if the Acquisition Point is no more receiving the content and of a second kind if the Acquisition Point is still receiving the content.

[0018] In a preferred embodiment, the response of the first kind is a new content license.

[0019] In a further preferred embodiment, the response of the second kind is one of a permission to access the content and a denial that does not permit access to the content.

[0020] It is advantageous that the Acquisition Point further stores identities of consuming devices to which a permission has been sent, the method further comprising the step of sending, if the Acquisition Point is still receiving the content, a permission to access the content if the number of consuming devices to which a permission to access the content has been sent is less than a predetermined number. It is beneficial that, if the number of consuming devices to which a permission to access the content has been sent equals a predetermined number, the Acquisition Point broadcasts a message requiring all consuming devices that access the content to respond; receives responses from consuming devices; and if the number of received responses that indicate that originator of the response accesses the content is less that the predetermined number, sends a permission to access the content to the requesting device.

[0021] In a further preferred embodiment, if the Acquisition Point is still receiving the content, it performs a proximity test with the requesting consuming device and sends a permission to access the content if the consuming device is local.

[0022] In a fourth aspect, the invention is directed to a method of consuming content in a digital network. A consuming device sends a request for a content to a storage device in the digital network; receives from the storage device the content and a corresponding content license comprising an identifier of an Acquisition Point and an indication that the content is subject to particular restrictions for its consuming; sends to the Acquisition Point a request to access the content; and consumes the content in case the response from the Acquisition Point indicates that consuming is allowed.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0023] Preferred features of the present invention will now be described, by way of example, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure 1 illustrates an exemplary digital network in which the invention is used;

Figure 2 illustrates a signal flow diagram of a preferred embodiment of the method according to the invention; and

Figure 3 illustrates a signal flow diagram of a further preferred embodiment of the method according to the invention.


PREFERRED EMBODIMENT OF THE INVENTION



[0024] Figure 1 illustrates an exemplary digital network 100 (also called system), advantageously for use in a user's home, in which the invention is used. The network 100 comprises a rendering device (RD) 110, an Acquisition Point (AP) 120 (also called access device), and a storage device (SD) 130, connected through an exemplary connection 140, such as for example an Ethernet connection. The rendering device 110, the Acquisition Point 120, and the storage device 130 each comprise a processor 111, 121, 131 for receiving and sending messages. The rendering device 110 further comprises a unit 112 for rendering content, such as for example a display, and the storage device 130 further comprises a storage medium 132 for storing content. The network 100 further comprises an export point 150, having a processor 151, the export point being adapted to export content to another network (not shown) over a second connection 155. In the description and in the claims, the term "consuming device" may be employed as a generic expression for a rendering device and an export point.

[0025] Simplifying somewhat, the network 100 normally works as follows: the Acquisition Point 120 receives digital content CNT over a third connection 105, protects the content by scrambling it using a scrambling key, creates a corresponding content license comprising the scrambling key for the content, and broadcasts the content over the network 100 to the storage device 130, the export point 150, and the rendering device 110 where it may be made available to the user. It should be noted that the network 100 could comprise further rendering devices, recording devices and export points, but these are not shown in Figure 1 for the sake of clarity.

[0026] When it is desired that the content CNT is only to be viewed "live," i.e. while the content is still being received from e.g. a content provider by the Acquisition Point 120 and delivered over the network 140, and that it should not be possible to overcome this limitation by using "trick play", it is preferred that the content license that accompanies the content is marked accordingly, so that the Acquisition Point 120 may recognize such content, and also that it comprises a content identifier that may be received by the Acquisition Point 120 or, alternatively, may be generated by the Acquisition Point 120. The Acquisition Point 120 also marks the content license with its own identity. The Acquisition Point 120 may still deliver the content CNT to any number of rendering devices and recording devices, but the content is protected and a corresponding content license is needed for these devices to access the content properly, e.g. to play it. Such a content license, indicating that the content CNT is "live protected," i.e. subject to particular restrictions for its rendering, is delivered to each storage device. The Acquisition Point 120 preferably keeps a list of devices to which the content access is delivered in a memory 122, the list preferably also indicating for each device if a permission to access the content CNT has been delivered to it. The permission advantageously takes the form of a, if necessary new, content license. As will be seen hereinafter, a rendering device or an export device may request a permission.

[0027] In a preferred embodiment, when the content CNT is "live", i.e. broadcast in the network 100 by the Acquisition Point 120, the Acquisition Point 120 may limit the number of permissions delivered to consuming devices. In other words, the number of simultaneous viewings is limited. The permissions so delivered preferably indicate that the content is "live protected". The limitation as to the permissions may either be received by the Acquisition Point 120 together with or separate from the content, but the Acquisition Point 120 may also have pre-stored limitations, e.g. for certain kinds of content, content broadcast during specific time intervals, a generic limitation, or a combination that preferably limits the number of simultaneous viewings to the lowest of at least two values.

[0028] When the content CNT is over, i.e. when content bearing the corresponding content identifier (or indicated in any other suitable manner) no longer is received by the Acquisition Point 120, it delivers content licenses that do not enforce "live protection" to each storage device to which it according to the list 122 has delivered the content CNT. Each storage device may then use the content or deliver it to rendering devices that will be able to access it without requesting any further permission.

[0029] As a user may instruct a rendering device 110 or an export point 150 to render or export the content CNT at any time, e.g. if the user changes location to access the content via another rendering device, such a device should in response request a permission from the Acquisition Point 120.

[0030] Upon reception of such a request, the Acquisition Point 120 may react in a number of different ways.

[0031] If the content is over and/or should not be "live protected", the Acquisition Point 120 delivers a content license that does not enforce "live protection" to the requesting device. This may for example occur if the rendering device 110 received the content CNT and the corresponding license from the recording device 130 not using "trick play".

[0032] If the content CNT is still broadcast by the Acquisition Point 120 and the request comes from a recording device, then the request is denied and an error is returned.

[0033] If the content CNT is still broadcast by the Acquisition Point 120 and the maximum number of permissions (not counting to recording devices) has not been delivered, then the Acquisition Point 120 delivers the permission enforcing "live protection" to the requesting device and adds the identity of the requesting device to the list in the memory 122 together with a mention that a permission has been delivered to it. It should be noted that it is also possible that the content CNT has been delivered to the device (in which case it is on the list), but that no permission has been delivered to it; in this case, the list is updated accordingly.

[0034] However, if the content CNT is still broadcast by the Acquisition Point 120 and the maximum number of permissions (not counting to recording devices) has been delivered, then the Acquisition Point 120 preferably sends a message to each consuming device in the list to which a permission was delivered, inquiring whether or not the device is still accessing the content identified in the message. Each device that either renders or exports the content is bound to respond in the positive, while it is preferred that no such obligation exists in the opposite case. If each device returns a positive response, then the request is refused. On the other hand, if at least one device does not respond or returns a negative response, then permission may be granted. To achieve this, the Acquisition Point 120 advantageously picks a new scrambling key, preferably at random, which it uses to protect the content CNT. The scrambling key is included in a new content license that is sent as a permission to all the devices that returned a positive response and to the requesting device. The list is updated accordingly.

[0035] According to a preferred embodiment, if the Acquisition Point 120 is still receiving the content, it performs a proximity test with the requesting consuming device and grants the permission only if the rendering device is local, i.e. considered to be close. The test may be performed using any suitable method in the art, such as for example measuring the return trip time of a message.

[0036] Figure 2 illustrates a signal flow diagram of a preferred embodiment of the method according to the invention. In step 202, an Acquisition Point (AP) 120 delivers to a storage device (SD) 130 content CNT and the corresponding content license CL that comprises an identifier of the Acquisition Point (APID). The content license CL indicates that the content is "live protected". The storage device 130 stores the received content CNT and the content license CL.

[0037] A rendering device (RD) 110 sends 204 a request for the content CNT to the recording device 130 that returns 206 the content CNT and the requisite license CL (comprising the Acquisition Point identifier) to the requesting rendering device 110. Upon reception of the content CNT and the license CL, the rendering device 110 checks if the content CNT is "live protected" (which it is) and therefore uses the Acquisition Point identifier APID in the content license CL to send 208 a request to the Acquisition Point 120.

[0038] How the Acquisition Point 120 responds 210 depends on the situation, as detailed hereinbefore. For example, if the content is live and the maximum number of viewings is not reached, the Acquisition Point 120 permits viewing by the rendering device 110.

[0039] Figure 3 illustrates a signal flow diagram of a further preferred embodiment of the method according to the invention. In step 302, the Acquisition Point 120 delivers the content CNT and the corresponding license CL comprising the Acquisition Point ID (APID) to a first rendering device 110.

[0040] The user then switches off 304 the first rendering device and switches on 306 a second rendering device 160 that requests 308 a content license CL from the broadcasting device, i.e. the Acquisition Point 120. The Acquisition Point 120 then verifies 310 if the maximum number of simultaneous views is reached, which it in this example will be assumed is the case (let's say that it is equal to 1), as the Acquisition Point 120 has listed that it has sent a content license for the content to the first rendering device 110.

[0041] The Acquisition Point 120 then broadcasts 312 a message that requires all devices that are using the content (identified by a content identifier) to respond. As the first rendering device 110 has been switched off, it does not respond at all. It should be noted that in case the first rendering device 110 had been switched to access another content, it may respond in the negative, but it is also possible for it not to respond at all. As the second rendering device does not (yet) access the content, it responds 314 in the negative, or not at all.

[0042] After a short interval intended to give the devices time to respond, the Acquisition Point 120 analyses the responses. In the present example, it has received no positive response and may thus create 314 a new content license CL' (comprising a new scrambling key that is used to scramble the content) that it sends 316 to the second rendering device 160 that then may access the content CNT. The Acquisition Point 120 also updates its list of devices to which a present content license has been delivered.

[0043] It can thus be appreciated that the present invention provides a way to protect live content that should only be accessed live from being accessed through the use of e.g. trick play.

[0044] It will be understood that it is possible for one physical device to accommodate the functions of more than one device described hereinbefore. For example, an Acquisition Point and a storage device may be co-located in a device. In such a case, "Acquisition Point" refers to the part handling Acquisition Point functions in the multifunction device and so on. In some cases, simplifications may be possible: e.g. a device that combines functionalities of an Acquisition Point and a storage device will if possible never answer twice but only provide one relevant answer.

[0045] Each feature disclosed in the description and (where appropriate) the claims and drawings may be provided independently or in any appropriate combination. Features described as being implemented in hardware may also be implemented in software, and vice versa. Connections may, where applicable, be implemented as wireless connections or wired, not necessarily direct or dedicated, connections.

[0046] Reference numerals appearing in the claims are by way of illustration only and shall have no limiting effect on the scope of the claims.


Claims

1. An Acquisition Point (120) for use in a digital network (100) adapted to further comprise a consuming device (110, 150, 160) and a storage device (130), characterised in that the Acquisition Point (120) comprises:

a memory (122) adapted to store identities of consuming devices to which a permission to access the content has been sent; and

a processor (121) adapted to:

broadcast protected content (CNT) in the network (100);

send (202) to the storage device (130) at least one content license (CL) comprising an identifier of the Acquisition Point (120), a key necessary to access the protected content, and an identifier indicating that the content is live protected content subject to particular restrictions for its rendering;

receive from the consuming device (110, 150, 160) a request (208, 308) to access the content received from the storage device (130) by the consuming device; and

send a response (210) to the consuming device, the response (210) being a new content license that does not enforce live protection if the Acquisition Point (120) is no more receiving the content and, if the Acquisition Point (120) is still receiving the content, the response (210) being a permission to access the content only if the number of devices to which a permission to access the content has been sent is less than a predetermined number and otherwise send a denial that does not permit access to the content.


 
2. The Acquisition Point of claim 1, wherein the processor (121), if the number of consuming devices to which a permission has been sent equals a predetermined number, is further adapted to:

broadcast (312) a message requiring all consuming devices that access the content to respond;

receive responses (314) from consuming devices; and

if the number of received responses that indicate that originator of the response accesses the content is less that the predetermined number, send (318) a permission to access the content to the requesting consuming device.


 
3. An Acquisition Point (120) for use in a digital network (100) adapted to further comprise a consuming device (110, 150, 160) and a storage device (130), characterised in that the Acquisition Point (120) comprises a processor (121) adapted to:

broadcast protected content (CNT) in the network (100);

send (202) to the storage device (130) at least one content license (CL) comprising an identifier of the Acquisition Point (120), a key necessary to access the protected content, and an identifier indicating that the content is live protected content subject to particular restrictions for its rendering;

receive from the consuming device (110, 150, 160) a request (208, 308) to access the content received from the storage device (130) by the consuming device; and

if the Acquisition Point (120) is no more receiving the content, send to the consuming device a new content license that does not enforce live protection; and

if the Acquisition Point (120) is still receiving the content:

perform a proximity test with the requesting consuming device; and

send a permission to access the content only if the rendering device is local.


 
4. A consuming device (110, 150, 160) in a digital network (100), the consuming device comprising:

a unit (112) for rendering content or exporting content; and

a processor (111, 151) adapted to:

send (204) a request for a content (CNT) to a storage device (130) in the digital network (100);

receive from the storage device (130) the content (CNT) and a corresponding content license (CL) comprising an identifier of an Acquisition Point (120) and an indication that the content is live protected content subject to particular restrictions for its consuming;

send (208) to the Acquisition Point (120) a request to access the content (CNT) received from the storage device (130); and

consume the content (CNT) in case the response from the Acquisition Point (120) indicates that consuming is allowed or in the case the response is a new content license that does not enforce live protection.


 
5. A method of providing access to content (CNT) in a digital network (100) comprising an Acquisition Point (120), a consuming device (110, 150, 160), and a storage device (130), characterised by the steps, in the Acquisition Point (120) of:

broadcasting protected content (CNT) in the network (100);

sending (202) to the storage device (130) at least one content license (CL) comprising an identifier of the Acquisition Point (120), a key necessary to access the protected content, and an identifier indicating that the content is live protected content subject to particular restrictions for its consuming;

storing identities of consuming devices to which a permission has been sent;

receiving from the consuming device (110, 150, 160) a request (208, 308) to access the content received from the storage device (130) by the consuming device; and

sending a response (210) to the consuming device, the response (210) being a new content license that does not enforce live protection if the Acquisition Point (120) is no more receiving the content and, if the Acquisition Point (120) is still receiving the content, the response (210) being a permission to access the content only if the number of devices to which a permission to access the content has been sent is less than a predetermined number and otherwise send a denial that does not permit access to the content.


 
6. The method of claim 5, further comprising the steps, if the number of consuming devices to which a permission to access the content has been sent equals a predetermined number:

broadcasting (312) a message requiring all consuming devices that access the content to respond;

receiving responses (314) from consuming devices; and

if the number of received responses that indicate that originator of the response accesses the content is less that the predetermined number, sending (318) a permission to access the content to the requesting device.


 
7. A method of providing access to content (CNT) in a digital network (100) comprising an Acquisition Point (120), a consuming device (110, 150, 160), and a storage device (130), characterised by the steps, in the Acquisition Point (120) of:

broadcasting protected content (CNT) in the network (100);

sending (202) to the storage device (130) at least one content license (CL) comprising an identifier of the Acquisition Point (120), a key necessary to access the protected content, and an identifier indicating that the content is live protected content subject to particular restrictions for its consuming;

receiving from the consuming device (110, 150, 160) a request (208, 308) to access the content received from the storage device (130) by the consuming device; and

if the Acquisition Point (120) is no more receiving the content, sending to the consuming device a new content license that does not enforce live protection; and

if the Acquisition Point (120) is still receiving the content:

performing a proximity test with the requesting consuming device; and

sending a permission to access the content only if the rendering device is local.


 
8. A method of consuming content comprising the steps, in a consuming device (110, 150, 160) in a digital network (100) of:

sending (204) a request for a content (CNT) to a storage device (130) in the digital network (100);

receiving from the storage device (130) the content (CNT) and a corresponding content license (CL) comprising an identifier of an Acquisition Point (120) and an indication that the content is live protected content subject to particular restrictions for its consuming;

sending (208) to the Acquisition Point (120) a request to access the content (CNT) received from the storage device (130); and

consuming the content (CNT) in case the response from the Acquisition Point (120) indicates that consuming is allowed or in the case the response is a new content license that does not enforce live protection.


 


Ansprüche

1. Erfassungspunkt (120) zur Verwendung in einem digitalen Netz (100), das dafür ausgelegt ist, ferner eine verbrauchende Vorrichtung (110, 150, 160) und eine Ablagespeichervorrichtung (130) zu umfassen, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Erfassungspunkt (120) umfasst:

einen Speicher (122), der dafür ausgelegt ist, Identitäten verbrauchender Vorrichtungen zu speichern, an die eine Genehmigung zum Zugreifen auf den Inhalt gesendet worden ist; und

einen Prozessor (121), der ausgelegt ist zum:

Rundsenden von geschütztem Inhalt (CNT) in dem Netz (100) ;

Senden (202) mindestens einer Inhaltslizenz (CL), die einen Identifizierer des Erfassungspunkts (120), einen Schlüssel, der notwendig ist, um auf den geschützten Inhalt zuzugreifen, und einen Identifizierer, der angibt, dass der Inhalt geschützter Live-Inhalt ist, der für sein Rendern bestimmten Beschränkungen unterliegt, umfasst, an die Ablagespeichervorrichtung (130);

Empfangen einer Anforderung (208, 308), auf den von der Ablagespeichervorrichtung (130) empfangenen Inhalt durch die verbrauchende Vorrichtung zuzugreifen, von der verbrauchenden Vorrichtung (110, 150, 160); und

Senden einer Antwort (210) an die verbrauchende Vorrichtung, wobei die Antwort (210) eine neue Inhaltslizenz ist, die keinen Live-Schutz erzwingt, falls der Erfassungspunkt (120) den Inhalt nicht mehr empfängt, und wobei die Antwort (210) eine Genehmigung ist, auf den Inhalt nur zuzugreifen, falls die Anzahl der Vorrichtungen, an die eine Genehmigung zum Zugreifen auf den Inhalt gesendet worden ist, kleiner als eine vorgegebene Anzahl ist, und andernfalls Senden einer Ablehnung, die keinen Zugriff auf den Inhalt zulässt, falls der Erfassungspunkt (120) den Inhalt immer noch empfängt.


 
2. Erfassungspunkt nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Prozessor (121) ferner zu Folgendem ausgelegt ist, falls die Anzahl verbrauchender Vorrichtungen, an die eine Genehmigung gesendet worden ist, gleich einer vorgegebenen Anzahl ist:

Rundsenden (312) einer Nachricht, die anfordert, dass alle verbrauchenden Vorrichtungen, die auf den Inhalt zugreifen, antworten;

Empfangen von Antworten (314) von verbrauchenden Vorrichtungen; und

Senden (318) einer Genehmigung, auf den Inhalt zuzugreifen, an die anfordernde verbrauchende Vorrichtung, falls die Anzahl empfangener Antworten, die angeben, dass der Absender der Antwort auf den Inhalt zugreift, kleiner als die vorgegebene Anzahl ist.


 
3. Erfassungspunkt (120) zur Verwendung in einem digitalen Netz (100), das dafür ausgelegt ist, ferner eine verbrauchende Vorrichtung (110, 150, 160) und eine Ablagespeichervorrichtung (130) zu umfassen, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Erfassungspunkt (120) einen Prozessor (121) umfasst, der ausgelegt ist zum:

Rundsenden von geschütztem Inhalt (CNT) in dem Netz (100) ;

Senden (202) mindestens einer Inhaltslizenz (CL), die einen Identifizierer des Erfassungspunkts (120), einen Schlüssel, der notwendig ist, um auf den geschützten Inhalt zuzugreifen, und einen Identifizierer, der angibt, dass der Inhalt geschützter Live-Inhalt ist, der für sein Rendern bestimmten Beschränkungen unterliegt, umfasst, an die Ablagespeichervorrichtung (130);

Empfangen einer Anforderung (208, 308), auf den von der Ablagespeichervorrichtung (130) empfangenen Inhalt durch die verbrauchende Vorrichtung zuzugreifen, von der verbrauchenden Vorrichtung (110, 150, 160); und

falls der Erfassungspunkt (120) den Inhalt nicht mehr empfängt, Senden einer neuen Inhaltslizenz, die keinen Live-Schutz erzwingt, an die verbrauchende Vorrichtung; und

falls der Erfassungspunkt (120) den Inhalt immer noch empfängt:

Ausführen eines Nähetests mit der anfordernden verbrauchenden Vorrichtung; und

Senden einer Genehmigung, auf den Inhalt nur zuzugreifen, falls die Rendervorrichtung lokal ist.


 
4. Verbrauchende Vorrichtung (110, 150, 160) in einem digitalen Netz (100), wobei die verbrauchende Vorrichtung umfasst:

eine Einheit (112) zum Rendern von Inhalt oder zum Exportieren von Inhalt; und

einen Prozessor (111, 151), der ausgelegt ist zum:

Senden (204) einer Anforderung für einen Inhalt (CNT) an eine Ablagespeichervorrichtung (130) in dem digitalen Netz (100);

Empfangen des Inhalts (CNT) und einer entsprechenden Inhaltslizenz (CL), die einen Identifizierer eines Erfassungspunkts (120) und eine Angabe, dass der Inhalt geschützter Live-Inhalt ist, der für sein Verbrauchen bestimmten Beschränkungen unterliegt, umfasst, von der Ablagespeichervorrichtung (130);

Senden (208) einer Anforderung, auf den von der Ablagespeichervorrichtung (130) empfangenen Inhalt (CNT) zuzugreifen, an den Erfassungspunkt (120); und

Verbrauchen des Inhalts (CNT), falls die Antwort von dem Erfassungspunkt (120) angibt, dass das Verbrauchen zugelassen ist, oder falls die Antwort eine neue Inhaltslizenz ist, die den Live-Schutz nicht erzwingt.


 
5. Verfahren zum Bereitstellen eines Zugriffs auf Inhalt (CNT) in einem digitalen Netz (100), das einen Erfassungspunkt (120), eine verbrauchende Vorrichtung (110, 150, 160) und eine Ablagespeichervorrichtung (130) umfasst, gekennzeichnet durch die folgenden Schritte in dem Erfassungspunkt (120):

Rundsenden von geschütztem Inhalt (CNT) in dem Netz (100) ;

Senden (202) mindestens einer Inhaltslizenz (CL), die einen Identifizierer des Erfassungspunkts (120), einen Schlüssel, der notwendig ist, um auf den geschützten Inhalt zuzugreifen, und einen Identifizierer, der angibt, dass der Inhalt geschützter Live-Inhalt ist, der für sein Verbrauchen bestimmten Beschränkungen unterliegt, umfasst, an die Ablagespeichervorrichtung (130);

Speichern der Identitäten verbrauchender Vorrichtungen, an die eine Genehmigung gesendet worden ist;

Empfangen einer Anforderung (208, 308), auf den von der Ablagespeichervorrichtung (130) empfangenen Inhalt durch die verbrauchende Vorrichtung zuzugreifen, von der verbrauchenden Vorrichtung (110, 150, 160); und

Senden einer Antwort (210) an die verbrauchende Vorrichtung, wobei die Antwort (210) eine neue Inhaltslizenz ist, die keinen Live-Schutz erzwingt, falls der Erfassungspunkt (120) den Inhalt nicht mehr empfängt, und wobei die Antwort (210) eine Genehmigung ist, auf den Inhalt nur zuzugreifen, falls die Anzahl der Vorrichtungen, an die eine Genehmigung zum Zugreifen auf den Inhalt gesendet worden ist, kleiner als eine vorgegebene Anzahl ist, und andernfalls Senden einer Ablehnung, die keinen Zugriff auf den Inhalt zulässt, falls der Erfassungspunkt (120) den Inhalt immer noch empfängt.


 
6. Verfahren nach Anspruch 5, das ferner die folgenden Schritte umfasst, falls die Anzahl verbrauchender Vorrichtungen, an die eine Genehmigung, auf den Inhalt zuzugreifen, gesendet worden ist, gleich einer vorgegebenen Anzahl ist:

Rundsenden (312) einer Nachricht, die anfordert, dass alle verbrauchenden Vorrichtungen, die auf den Inhalt zugreifen, antworten;

Empfangen von Antworten (314) von verbrauchenden Vorrichtungen; und

Senden (318) einer Genehmigung, auf den Inhalt zuzugreifen, an die anfordernde Vorrichtung, falls die Anzahl empfangener Antworten, die angeben, dass der Absender der Antwort auf den Inhalt zugreift, kleiner als eine vorgegebene Anzahl ist.


 
7. Verfahren zum Bereitstellen eines Zugriffs auf Inhalt (CNT) in einem digitalen Netz (100), das einen Erfassungspunkt (120), eine verbrauchende Vorrichtung (110, 150, 160) und eine Ablagespeichervorrichtung (130) umfasst, gekennzeichnet durch die folgenden Schritte in dem Erfassungspunkt (120):

Rundsenden von geschütztem Inhalt (CNT) in dem Netz (100) ;

Senden (202) mindestens einer Inhaltslizenz (CL), die einen Identifizierer des Erfassungspunkts (120), einen Schlüssel, der notwendig ist, um auf den geschützten Inhalt zuzugreifen, und einen Identifizierer, der angibt, dass der Inhalt geschützter Live-Inhalt ist, der für sein Verbrauchen bestimmten Beschränkungen unterliegt, umfasst, an die Ablagespeichervorrichtung (130);

Empfangen einer Anforderung (208, 308), auf den von der Ablagespeichervorrichtung (130) empfangenen Inhalt durch die verbrauchende Vorrichtung zuzugreifen, von der verbrauchenden Vorrichtung (110, 150, 160); und

falls der Erfassungspunkt (120) den Inhalt nicht mehr empfängt, Senden einer neuen Inhaltslizenz, die keinen Live-Schutz erzwingt, an die verbrauchende Vorrichtung; und

falls der Erfassungspunkt (120) den Inhalt immer noch empfängt:

Ausführen eines Nähetests mit der anfordernden verbrauchenden Vorrichtung; und

Senden einer Genehmigung, auf den Inhalt nur zuzugreifen, falls die Rendervorrichtung lokal ist.


 
8. Verfahren zum Verbrauchen von Inhalt, das in einer verbrauchenden Vorrichtung (110, 150, 160) in einem digitalen Netz (100) die folgenden Schritte umfasst:

Senden (204) einer Anforderung für einen Inhalt (CNT) an eine Ablagespeichervorrichtung (130) in dem digitalen Netz (100);

Empfangen des Inhalts (CNT) und einer entsprechenden Inhaltslizenz (CL), die einen Identifizierer eines Erfassungspunkts (120) und eine Angabe, dass der Inhalt geschützter Live-Inhalt ist, der für sein Verbrauchen bestimmten Beschränkungen unterliegt, umfasst, von der Ablagespeichervorrichtung (130);

Senden (208) einer Anforderung, auf den von der Ablagespeichervorrichtung (130) empfangenen Inhalt (CNT) zuzugreifen, an den Erfassungspunkt (120); und

Verbrauchen des Inhalts (CNT), falls die Antwort von dem Erfassungspunkt (120) angibt, dass das Verbrauchen zugelassen ist, oder falls die Antwort eine neue Inhaltslizenz ist, die den Live-Schutz nicht erzwingt.


 


Revendications

1. Point d'acquisition (120) à utiliser dans un réseau numérique (100) adapté pour comprendre en outre un dispositif d'utilisation (110, 150, 160) et un dispositif de stockage (130), caractérisé en ce que le point d'acquisition (120) comprend :

une mémoire (122) adaptée pour stocker les identités de dispositifs d'utilisation auxquels une autorisation d'accès au contenu a été envoyée ; et

un processeur (121) adapté pour :

diffuser du contenu protégé (CNT) sur le réseau (100) ;

envoyer (202) au dispositif de stockage (130) au moins une licence de contenu (CL) comprenant un identificateur du point d'acquisition (120), une clé nécessaire pour accéder au contenu protégé, et un identificateur indiquant que le contenu est un contenu protégé en direct soumis à des restrictions particulières pour sa restitution ;

recevoir du dispositif d'utilisation (110, 150, 160) une demande (208, 308) d'accès au contenu reçu depuis le dispositif de stockage (130) par le dispositif d'utilisation ; et

envoyer une réponse (210) au dispositif d'utilisation, la réponse (210) étant une nouvelle licence de contenu qui n'applique pas la protection en direct si le point d'acquisition (120) ne reçoit plus le contenu et, si le point d'acquisition (120) reçoit toujours le contenu, la réponse (210) étant une autorisation d'accès au contenu uniquement si le nombre de dispositifs auxquels une autorisation d'accès au contenu a été envoyée est inférieur à un nombre prédéterminé et sinon envoyer un refus qui n'autorise pas l'accès au contenu.


 
2. Point d'acquisition selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le processeur (121), si le nombre de dispositifs d'utilisation auxquels une autorisation a été envoyée est égal à un nombre prédéterminé, est en outre adapté pour :

diffuser (312) un message demandant à tous les dispositifs d'utilisation qui accèdent au contenu de répondre ;

recevoir des réponses (314) de dispositifs d'utilisation; et si le nombre de réponses reçues indiquant que l'auteur de la réponse accède au contenu est inférieur au nombre prédéterminé, envoyer (318) une autorisation d'accès au contenu au dispositif d'utilisation demandeur.


 
3. Point d'acquisition (120) à utiliser dans un réseau numérique (100) adapté pour comprendre en outre un dispositif d'utilisation (110, 150, 160) et un dispositif de stockage (130), caractérisé en ce que le point d'acquisition (120) comprend un processeur (121) adapté pour :

diffuser du contenu protégé (CNT) sur le réseau (100) ;

envoyer (202) au dispositif de stockage (130) au moins une licence de contenu (CL) comprenant un identificateur du point d'acquisition (120), une clé nécessaire pour accéder au contenu protégé, et un identificateur indiquant que le contenu est un contenu protégé en direct soumis à des restrictions particulières pour sa restitution ;

recevoir du dispositif d'utilisation (110, 150, 160) une demande (208, 308) d'accès au contenu reçu depuis le dispositif de stockage (130) par le dispositif d'utilisation ; et

si le point d'acquisition (120) ne reçoit plus le contenu, envoyer au dispositif d'utilisation une nouvelle licence de contenu qui n'applique pas la protection en direct ; et

si le point d'acquisition (120) reçoit toujours le contenu :

effectuer un test de proximité avec le dispositif d'utilisation demandeur ; et

envoyer une autorisation d'accès au contenu uniquement si le dispositif de restitution est local.


 
4. Dispositif d'utilisation (110, 150, 160) dans un réseau numérique (100), le dispositif d'utilisation comprenant :

une unité (112) pour restituer du contenu ou exporter du contenu ; et

un processeur (111 151) adapté pour :

envoyer (204) une demande de contenu (CNT) à un dispositif de stockage (130) dans le réseau numérique (100) ;

recevoir du dispositif de stockage (130) le contenu (CNT) et une licence de contenu (CL) correspondante comprenant un identificateur d'un point d'acquisition (120) et une indication selon laquelle le contenu est un contenu protégé en direct soumis à des restrictions particulières pour son utilisation ;

envoyer (208) au point d'acquisition (120) une demande d'accès au contenu (CNT) reçu du dispositif de stockage (130) ; et

utiliser le contenu (CNT) lorsque la réponse du point d'acquisition (120) indique que l'utilisation est autorisée ou lorsque la réponse est une nouvelle licence de contenu qui n'applique pas la protection en direct.


 
5. Procédé de fourniture d'accès à du contenu (CNT) dans un réseau numérique (100) comprenant un point d'acquisition (120), un dispositif d'utilisation (110, 150, 160) et un dispositif de stockage (130), caractérisé par les étapes, dans le point d'acquisition (120) :

de diffusion de contenu protégé (CNT) sur le réseau (100) ;

d'envoi (202) au dispositif de stockage (130) d'au moins une licence de contenu (CL) comprenant un identificateur du point d'acquisition (120), une clé nécessaire pour accéder au contenu protégé, et un identificateur indiquant que le contenu est un contenu protégé en direct soumis à des restrictions particulières pour son utilisation ;

de stockage des identités des dispositifs d'utilisation auxquels une autorisation a été envoyée ;

de réception du dispositif d'utilisation (110, 150, 160) d'une demande (208, 308) d'accès au contenu reçu depuis le dispositif de stockage (130) par le dispositif d'utilisation ; et

d'envoi d'une réponse (210) au dispositif d'utilisation, la réponse (210) étant une nouvelle licence de contenu qui n'applique pas la protection en direct si le point d'acquisition (120) ne reçoit plus le contenu et, si le point d'acquisition (120) reçoit toujours le contenu, la réponse (210) étant une autorisation d'accès au contenu uniquement si le nombre de dispositifs auxquels une autorisation d'accès au contenu a été envoyée est inférieur à un nombre prédéterminé et sinon envoyer un refus qui n'autorise pas l'accès au contenu.


 
6. Procédé selon la revendication 5, comprenant en outre les étapes, si le nombre de dispositifs d'utilisation auxquels une autorisation d'accès au contenu a été envoyée est égal à un nombre prédéterminé :

de diffusion (312) d'un message demandant à tous les dispositifs d'utilisation qui accèdent au contenu de répondre ;

de réception de réponses (314) d'appareils d'utilisation ; et

si le nombre de réponses reçues indiquant que l'auteur de la réponse accède au contenu est inférieur au nombre prédéterminé, d'envoi (318) d'une autorisation d'accès au contenu au dispositif demandeur.


 
7. Procédé de fourniture d'accès à du contenu (CNT) dans un réseau numérique (100) comprenant un point d'acquisition (120), un dispositif d'utilisation (110, 150, 160) et un dispositif de stockage (130), caractérisé par les étapes, dans le point d'acquisition (120) :

de diffusion de contenu protégé (CNT) sur le réseau (100) ;

d'envoi (202) au dispositif de stockage (130) d'au moins une licence de contenu (CL) comprenant un identificateur du point d'acquisition (120), une clé nécessaire pour accéder au contenu protégé, et un identificateur indiquant que le contenu est un contenu protégé en direct soumis à des restrictions particulières pour son utilisation ;

de réception du dispositif d'utilisation (110, 150, 160) d'une demande (208, 308) d'accès au contenu reçu depuis le dispositif de stockage (130) par le dispositif d'utilisation ; et

si le point d'acquisition (120) ne reçoit plus le contenu, d'envoi au dispositif d'utilisation d'une nouvelle licence de contenu qui n'applique pas la protection en direct ;

si le point d'acquisition (120) reçoit toujours le contenu :

d'exécution d'un test de proximité avec le dispositif d'utilisation demandeur ; et

d'envoi d'une autorisation d'accès au contenu uniquement si le dispositif de restitution est local.


 
8. Procédé d'utilisation de contenu comprenant les étapes, dans un dispositif d'utilisation (110, 150, 160) dans un réseau numérique (100) :

d'envoi (204) d'une demande de contenu (CNT) à un dispositif de stockage (130) dans le réseau numérique (100) ;

de réception du dispositif de stockage (130) du contenu (CNT) et d'une licence de contenu (CL) correspondante comprenant un identificateur d'un point d'acquisition (120) et une indication selon laquelle le contenu est un contenu protégé en direct soumis à des restrictions particulières pour son utilisation ;

d'envoi (208) au point d'acquisition (120) d'une demande d'accès au contenu (CNT) reçu du dispositif de stockage (130) ; et

d'utilisation du contenu (CNT) lorsque la réponse du point d'acquisition (120) indique que l'utilisation est autorisée ou lorsque la réponse est une nouvelle licence de contenu qui n'applique pas la protection en direct.


 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description