(19)
(11)EP 2 152 692 B9

(12)CORRECTED EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION
Note: Bibliography reflects the latest situation

(15)Correction information:
Corrected version no 1 (W1 B1)
Corrections, see
Description

(48)Corrigendum issued on:
25.03.2020 Bulletin 2020/13

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
15.06.2016 Bulletin 2016/24

(21)Application number: 08829410.3

(22)Date of filing:  11.04.2008
(51)Int. Cl.: 
C07D 401/12  (2006.01)
C07D 403/04  (2006.01)
C07D 417/12  (2006.01)
A61K 31/4439  (2006.01)
A61P 35/00  (2006.01)
C07D 401/14  (2006.01)
C07D 405/14  (2006.01)
C07D 207/452  (2006.01)
A61K 31/4725  (2006.01)
A61K 31/496  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/IB2008/003036
(87)International publication number:
WO 2009/031040 (12.03.2009 Gazette  2009/11)

(54)

COMPOUNDS WITH ANTI-CANCER ACTIVITY

VERBINDUNGEN MIT KREBSHEMMENDER WIRKUNG

COMPOSÉS PRÉSENTANT UNE ACTIVITÉ ANTI-CANCÉREUSE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK TR
Designated Extension States:
AL BA MK RS

(30)Priority: 11.04.2007 US 911258 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
17.02.2010 Bulletin 2010/07

(60)Divisional application:
16165912.3 / 3088397
19167943.0 / 3567035

(73)Proprietor: CanBas Co., Ltd.
Numazu Shizuoka 410-0801 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • KAWABE, Takumi
    Numazu City 410-0011 (JP)
  • ISHIGAKI, Machiyo
    Numazu City 410-0059 (JP)
  • SATO, Takuji
    Numazu City 410-0012 (JP)
  • YAMAMOTO, Sayaka
    Namazu City 410-0822 (JP)
  • HASEGAWA, Yoko
    Numazu City 410-0035 (JP)

(74)Representative: Boult Wade Tennant LLP 
Salisbury Square House 8 Salisbury Square
London EC4Y 8AP
London EC4Y 8AP (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A-00/30445
WO-A-97/09325
WO-A-2006/086255
WO-A-2008/110891
US-A- 4 619 689
US-B1- 6 291 447
WO-A-01/62087
WO-A-2005/024755
WO-A-2007/053765
JP-A- 7 224 032
US-A1- 2004 198 727
  
  • PALANKI M S S ET AL: "Novel inhibitors of AP-1 and NF-kappaB mediated gene expression: structure-activity relationship studies of ethyl 4-[(3-Methyl-2,5-dioxo(3-pyrrolinyl))amino ]-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimi dine-5- carboxylate" BIOORGANIC & MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY LETTERS, PERGAMON, ELSEVIER SCIENCE, GB, vol. 10, no. 15, 7 August 2000 (2000-08-07), pages 1645-1648, XP004213214 ISSN: 0960-894X
  • PALANKI M S S ET AL: "The design and synthesis of novel orally active inhibitors of AP-1 and NF-kB mediated transcriptional activation. SAR of in vitro and in vivo studies" BIOORGANIC & MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY LETTERS, vol. 13, 2003, pages 4077-4080, XP002518652
  • DATABASE BEILSTEIN BEILSTEIN INSTITUTE FOR ORGANIC CHEMISTRY, FRANKFURT-MAIN, DE; XP002518653 Database accession no. BRN:1477866 & CHEMICAL AND PHARMACEUTICAL BULLETIN, vol. 15, 1967, pages 1101-1104,
  • Carmela Yaroslavskym ET AL: "Preparation, proton and carbon-13 structure determination, and fungicidal activity of chlorinated 1-arylamino-1H-pyrrole-2,5-diones", Journal of Heterocyclic Chemistry, vol. 26, no. 6, 1 November 1989 (1989-11-01), pages 1649-1654, XP055084318, ISSN: 0022-152X, DOI: 10.1002/jhet.5570260626
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

FIELD OF THE INVENTION



[0001] The invention relates to novel substituted azole dione compounds having anti-cancer activity and/or activity against proliferating cells, and to methods of making and using these compounds, wherein the substituted azole dione compounds abrogate the cell cycle G2 checkpoint and/or cause adaptation to cell cycle arrest. The invention includes substituted azole dione compounds for use in methods to selectively suppress or kill cancer cells, with or without additional anti-cancer treatment. The invention includes cell cycle G2-checkpoint-abrogating substituted azole dione compounds provided herein for use in methods to selectively sensitize cancer cells to DNA damaging agents, DNA-damaging treatments and/or other types of anti-cancer agents.

BACKGROUND



[0002] The cell cycle comprises S phase (DNA replication), M phase (mitosis), and two gap phases (G1 and G2 phases) between S and M phases. Checkpoints in the cell cycle ensure accurate progression through cell cycle stages, and include monitoring DNA integrity, DNA replication, cell size, and the surrounding environment (Maller (1991) Curr. Opin. Cell Biol., 3:26). Cell cycle checkpoints that monitor the state of genome include the G1 checkpoint prior to onset of DNA replication and the G2 checkpoint prior to onset of mitosis. The G1 checkpoint allows detection and repair of DNA damage before entering S phase, thereby providing a crucial protective function because, when damaged DNA is replicated, it often gives rise to mutations (Hartwell (1992) Cell 71: 543). The G2 checkpoint allows detection and repair of DNA damage before entering mitosis (M phase), thereby providing a crucial function because mitosis without DNA repair may propagate the damage through DNA-damaged daughter cells, or mitosis may fail entirely. Progression through G1 and G2 checkpoints without repairing extensive DNA damage usually results in cell death.

[0003] Inhibition of the cell cycle G2 checkpoint by peptides, peptidomimetics, and "small molecules" has been used to selectively target cancer cells because most cancer cells are defective at one or both of the two major checkpoints of the cell cycle that protect cells from the effects of DNA damage, such that inhibition of the G2 checkpoint allows DNA-damaged cells to re-enter the cell cycle without repairing the DNA damage. (Kawabe T. (2004) "G2 checkpoint abrogators as anti-cancer drugs" Mol Cancer Ther 3: 513-519). Although the molecular mechanism of the cell cycle G2 checkpoint was extensively studied, no single molecular target for the therapeutic G2 checkpoint abrogation was established in earlier studies. A phenotype-based screening protocol has been developed to efficiently identify potential G2 checkpoint inhibitors. (Suganuma M. & Kawabe T., EP Application No. 00964563; Sha et al. (2007) Mol Cancer Ther 6: 147-153), where cell cycle phenotype-based screening of G2 checkpoint abrogating peptides identified CBP501 having a unique mechanism of action at the cell cycle G2 checkpoint. (Sha et al. (2007) Mol Cancer Ther 6: 147-153).

[0004] WO 2006/086255 discloses compounds comprising substituted indolyl indazoles that inhibit CHK1 acitivity and can be administered to treat cancer.

[0005] US 2004/0198727 discloses compositions and methods to inhibit the cell cycle G2 checkpoint, sensitize cells to DNA-damaging agents and for the treatment of cancer.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



[0006] The present invention provides compounds to treat cell proliferation disorders as defined in the claims. In particular, the invention provides compounds including: tert-butyl 3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolin-3-yl) propanoate (interchangeably referred to as S001860, S01860, or S1860, i.e., S001860 = S01860 = S1860); 1-{[6-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S00109 = S0109 = S109); 3-(Butoxymethyl)-1-{[6-chloro- 5-(trifluoromethyl) (2-pyridyl)] amino}- 4-methylazoline- 2,5-dione (S03518); 1-{[6-Chloro- 5-(trifluoromethyl) (2-pyridyl)] amino}- 4-methyl-3-[(3-methylbutoxy) methyl] azoline- 2,5-dione (S03405); 3-[(3,3-Dimethylbutoxy) methyl]- 1-{[6-chloro- 5-(trifluoromethyl) (2-pyridyl)] amino}- 4-methylazoline-2,5-dione (S03747); and related compounds, wherein these compounds, when administered to cells or to a subject, have effects that may include killing or suppressing undesirably proliferating cells associated with a cell proliferation disorder.

[0007] The present invention provides compounds that kill or suppress undesirably proliferating cells associated with a cell proliferation disorder. The present invention provides compounds that abrogate the cell cycle G2 checkpoint and/or cause adaptation to G2 cell cycle arrest. The present invention provides compounds that abrogate the cell cycle G2 checkpoint and/or cause adaptation to cell cycle arrest, leading to death or suppression of undesirably proliferating cells. The present invention provides compounds that abrogate the cell cycle G2 checkpoint and/or cause adaptation to cell cycle arrest, leading to death or suppression of DNA-damaged cells. The present invention provides compounds having cytotoxic activity against cancer cells. The present invention provides compounds having cytotoxic activity against cancer cells, including but not limited to DNA-damaged cancer cells. The present invention provides compounds having cytotoxic activity against cancer cells, including but not limited to cancer cells in G2 cell cycle arrest due to DNA damage. The present invention provides compounds having cytotoxic activity against cancer cells, and little or no cytotoxic activity against normal cells. The present invention provides compounds that can augment the cytotoxic effect of other anti-cancer agents and treatments, especially DNA-damaging anti-cancer agents and DNA-damaging anti-cancer treatments. The present invention provides compounds that can sensitize cells to other anti-cancer agents and treatments, especially DNA-damaging anti-cancer agents and DNA-damaging anti-cancer treatments. The present invention provides methods of making and using the compounds disclosed herein. The present invention provides pharmaceutical compositions containing compounds of the invention.

[0008] The present invention provides compounds for use in treating a cell proliferation disorder. The present invention provides compounds for use in treating cancer, e.g., for treating undesirable cell proliferation associated with benign and malignant tumor cells, leukemia cells, lymphoma cells, or multiple myeloma cells. The present invention provides compounds for use in abrogating the cell cycle G2 checkpoint in undesirably proliferating cells such as cancer cells, e.g., benign and malignant tumor cells, leukemia cells, lymphoma cells, or multiple myeloma cells. The present invention provides compounds for use in causing adaptation to G2 cell cycle arrest in undesirably proliferating cells such as cancer cells, e.g., benign and malignant tumor cells, leukemia cells, lymphoma cells, or multiple myeloma cells.

[0009] The present invention provides ex vivo or in vitro methods of killing or suppressing an undesirably profilerating cell associated with a cell proliferation disorder by administering to the cell an effective amount of a compound of the invention to abrogate the G2 checkpoint and/or cause adaptation to G2 cell cycle arrest. Compounds of the present invention are provided for use in methods for treating a cell proliferation disorder by administering an effective amount of a compound of the invention to a subject, methods for treating a cell proliferation disorder wherein the cell proliferation disorder is cancer, including but not limited to lymphoma, myeloma, or leukemia and methods for treating cancer by administering an effective amount of a compound and administering at least one additional anti-cancer treatment, e.g., a DNA-damaging agent or a DNA-damaging treatment.

[0010] The invention provides in vitro or ex vivo methods for killing or suppressing cells by contacting cells with a compound of the invention or a pharmaceutical composition of the invention, in combination with a DNA-damaging agent or treatment. The invention provides in vitro or ex vivo methods for selectively sensitizing cells to a DNA-damaging agent and/or treatment, by contacting cells with a compound of the invention or a pharmaceutical composition of the invention, in combination with the DNA-damaging agent or treatment. The invention provides in vitro or ex vivo methods for inducing apoptosis, necrosis, and/or mitotic catastrophe in undesirably proliferating cells, comprising an administering a compound of the invention or a pharmaceutical composition of the invention to the cells, in an amount sufficient to kill or suppress the undesirably proliferating cells, with or without administering other treatments. Compounds of the invention are provided for use in methods for inducing apoptosis, necrosis, and/or mitotic catastrophe in undesirably proliferating cells in a subject, comprising an administering a compound of the invention or a pharmaceutical composition of the invention to the subject, in an amount sufficient to kill or suppress the undesirably proliferating cells, with or without administering other treatments.

[0011] Phenotype-based screening was used to measure the ability of compounds of the invention to cause adaptation to G2 cell cycle arrest in G2-arrested cells. Adaptation to G2 cell cycle arrest and re-entry into the cell cycle can result in death of the previously G2-arrested cell, or suppression (inhibition) of further proliferation of the previously G2-arrested cell. In a non-limiting embodiment, the ability to cause adaptation to G2 cell cycle arrest was measured by contacting cells in which G2 arrest had been induced by irradiation (e.g., gamma (γ) radiation or X-ray radiation), with compounds of the invention at various concentrations and, for each compound at each concentration, determining the percentage of cells that escaped G2 arrest and re-entered the cell cycle, by determining the percentage of cells in G1 phase. The IC50 value for each compound was calculated as the dosage (usually in µM) that caused half-maximal increase of the percentage of cells in G1 phase (the G1 increment) measured for that compound. Certain invention compounds were initially identified by phenotype-based screening of small molecule libraries for activity against G2-arrested cells as described above.

[0012] The invention provides compounds having the formula of Structure (II):

wherein R1 and R2 are independently chosen from alkyl, substituted alkyl, optionally substituted alkoxy, optionally substituted alkylthio, optionally substituted aryloxy, optionally substituted arylthio, where when X is not O, R1 and R2 can also be part of a cyclic alkylene chain that form a fused ring structure, X is O, S, or NR3, when X is NR3, Ar is not phenyl, aryl or substituted aryl in the optionally substituted aryloxy or optionally substituted arylthio includes carbocyclic aryl, heterocyclic aryl, monocyclic aryl, polycyclic aryl, and aryl fused with non-aryl (non-aromatic) rings, R3 is H, alkyl, substituted alkyl, optionally substituted acyl, or as part of a ring structure that connects the N to the Ar ring, A is N or CH, B is CR8 and R6, R7, R8, and R9 are independently chosen from H, alkyl, substituted alkyl, halogen, optionally substituted aryl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted alkoxy, optionally substituted aryloxy, cyano, nitro, optionally substituted alkylthio, optionally substituted alkylsulfinyl, optionally substituted alkylsulfonyl, optionally substituted arylthio, optionally substituted acyl, optionally substituted amino, carboxyl, optionally substituted alkoxycarbonyl, optionally substituted carbamoyl, wherein R6 and R7, or R7 and R8, or R8 and R9 can be part of a cyclic alkylene group forming a fused ring structure or a salt of any of these compounds, further wherein the compound does not have the following structure:



[0013] The invention provides compounds for use in methods for treating a cell proliferation disorder comprising administering to a subject an effective amount of the compound, the compounds having the formula of Structure (II):

wherein R1 and R2 are independently chosen from alkyl, substituted alkyl, optionally substituted alkoxy, optionally substituted alkylthio, optionally substituted aryloxy, optionally substituted arylthio, where when X is not O, R1 and R2 can also be part of a cyclic alkylene chain that form a fused ring structure, X is O, S, or NR3, when X is NR3, Ar is not phenyl, aryl or substituted aryl in the optionally substituted aryloxy or optionally substituted arylthio includes carbocyclic aryl, heterocyclic aryl, monocyclic aryl, polycyclic aryl, and aryl fused with non-aryl (non-aromatic) rings, R3 is H, alkyl, substituted alkyl, optionally substituted acyl, or as part of a ring structure that connects the N to the Ar ring, A is N or CH, B is CR8 or N and R6, R7, R8, and R9 are independently chosen from H, alkyl, substituted alkyl, halogen, optionally substituted aryl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted alkoxy, optionally substituted aryloxy, cyano, nitro, optionally substituted alkylthio, optionally substituted alkylsulfinyl, optionally substituted alkylsulfonyl, optionally substituted arylthio, optionally substituted acyl, optionally substituted amino, carboxyl, optionally substituted alkoxycarbonyl, optionally substituted carbamoyl, wherein R6 and R7, or R7 and R8, or R8 and R9 can be part of a cyclic alkylene group forming a fused ring structure or a salt of any of these compounds, further wherein the compound does not have the following structure:



[0014] The invention provides methods for treating a cell proliferation disorder comprising administering an effective amount of with a compound having the formula of Structure (II) ex vivo, or in vitro.

[0015] The present invention provides compounds that abrogate the cell cycle G2 checkpoint and/or cause adaptation to cell cycle G2 arrest, wherein these compounds when administered to cells or to a subject have effects that may include killing or suppress the growth of undesirably proliferating cells, the compounds including:

tert-butyl 3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2,5- dioxoazolin-3-yl) propanoate (S01860);

Ethyl 3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolin-3-yl) propanoate (S01861);

3,4-dimethyl-1-[(4,7,8-trichloro(2-quinolyl))amino]azoline-2,5-dione (S01078);

1-[(8-bromo-4-chloro(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01247);

tert-butyl 4-({2-[(3,4-dimethyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl)amino]-7-bromo-4-quinolyl} methyl) piperazinecarboxylate (S01589);

Methyl 3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolin-3-yl)propanoate (S01648);

3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolin-3-yl)-N-methoxy-N-methylpropanamide (S01796);

1-{[7-bromo-4-({4-[(2-methoxyphenyl)carbonyl]piperazinyl}methyl) (2-quinolyl)] amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01879);

1-{[3-bromo-6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01981);

1-{[6-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S00109);

1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]methylamino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5- dione (S00170);

1-{[6-bromo-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]methylamino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5- dione (S01007);

1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-3-(3-methylbutyl) azoline-2,5-dione (S01554);

1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-(methoxymethyl)-4-methylazoline-2,5-dione (S01599);

1-{[7,8-dichloro-4-(trifluoromethyl)(2-quinolyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01455);

3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino }-4-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolin- 3-yl)-N,N-diethylpropanamide (S01711);

Diethyl 2-[(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolin-3-yl)methyl]propane-1,3-dioate (S017l2);

N-(tert-butyl)-3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl- 2,5-dioxoazolin-3-yl)propanamide (S01758);

1-{[7-bromo-4-({4-[(3-methoxyphenyl)carbonyl]piperazinyl}methyl) (2-quinolyl)] amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01925);

1-{[6-bromo-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S00994);

1-[(4,8-dichloro(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01005);

3,4-dimethyl-1-{[6-phenyl-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino} azoline-2,5-dione (S01266);

1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pylidyl)]amino}-3-(hydroxymethyl)-4-methylazoline-2,5-dione (S01470);

N-(3,4-dimethyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl)-N-[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl) (2-pyridyl)] acetamide (S01473);

1-{[7-bromo-4-({4-[(2-chlorophenyl)carbonyl]piperazinyl}methyl) (2-quinolyl)] amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01878);

3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolin- 3-yl)-N-methylpropanamide (S01883);

1-[(8-chloro(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S00585);

3,4-dimethyl-1-[(3,4,5-trichlorophenyl)amino]azoline-2,5-dione (S00832);

3,4-dimethyl-1-{[4-(trifluoromethyl)(2-quinolyl)]amino}azoline-2,5-dione (S00873);

1-[(7-bromo-4-chloro(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01311);

1-{[6-(3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01313);

3,4-dimethyl-1-{[6-(2-methylpropyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino} azoline- 2,5-dione (S01457);

1-{[6-chloro-4-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-d ione (S01737);

Methyl 3-(1-{[4-({4-[(tert-butyl)oxycarbonyl]piperazinyl}methyl)-7-bromo (2-quinolyl)] amino}-4-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolin-3-yl)propanoate (S01865);

1-({4-[(4-{[4-(dimethylamino)phenyl]carbonyl}piperazinyl)methyl]-7-bromo (2-quinolyl)}amino)-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01880);

1-[(3-chloroisoquinolyl)amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01098);

1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-ethyl-4-methylazoline-2,5-dione (S01553);

1-{[4-chloro-6-phenyl-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline -2,5-dione (S01734);

N-[1-({2-[(3,4-dimethyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl)amino]-7-bromo(4-quinolyl)} methyl) pyrrolidin-3-yl] (tert-butoxy)carboxamide (S01864);

1-{[7-bromo-4-({4-[(4-fluorophenyl)carbonyl]piperazinyl}methyl) (2-quinolyl)] amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01877);

6-[(3,4-dimethyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl)amino]-3-(trifluoromethyl)pyridine-2-carbonitrile (S01475);

2-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridyl]amino}-4,5,6,7-tetrahydroisoindole-1,3-dione (S00186);

1-{[4-bromo-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S00516);

1-[(4-chloronaphthyl)amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S00738);

1-[(4-chloro-6-methyl(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S00935);

1-[(4-bromonaphthyl)amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S00942);

1-{[7-bromo-4-(hydroxymethyl)(2-quinolyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01037);

{2-[(3,4-dimethyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl)amino]-7-bromo-4-quinolyl} methylacetate (S01047);

1-{[8-chloro-4-(4-methoxyphenyl)(2-quinolyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione(S01191);

1-[(4-chlorobenzo[h]quinolin-2-yl)amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01207);

1-[(7-bromo-4-{[4-benzylpiperazinyl]methyl}(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01268);

1-{[6-(4-chlorophenyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline- 2,5-dione (S01371);

3,4-dimethyl-1-{[6-(4-methylphenyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino} azoline-2,5-dione (S01393);

1-{[6-(3-chlorophenyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline- 2,5-dione (S01474);

1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]methylamino}-3-(methoxymethyl)-4- methylazoline-2,5-dione (S01600);

Phenylmethyl4-({2-[(3,4-dimethyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl)amino]-7-bromo-4-quinolyl} methyl)piperazinecarboxylate (S01683);

3,4-dimethyl-1-({6-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl](2-pyridyl)}amino)azoline-2,5-dione (S01691);

1-[(7-bromo-4-{[4-(phenylcarbonyl)piperazinyl]methyl}(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01699);

3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolin- 3-yl)-N-methyl-N-phenylpropanamide (S01759);

3,4-dimethyl-1-{[6-benzyl-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}azoline-2,5-dione (S01762);

1-{[4-({4-[(2,4-dimethylphenyl)carbonyl]piperazinyl}methyl)-7-bromo (2-quinolyl)] ammo}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01800);

1-{[7-bromo-4-({4-[(4-methoxyphenyl)carbonyl]piperazinyl}methyl) (2-quinolyl)] amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01801);

N-[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]-N-[4-(hydroxymethyl)-3-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl]acetamide (S01820);

1-[(7-bromo-4-{[4-(phenylsulfonyl)piperazinyl]methyl}(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01822);

1-[(4-chloro-8-methyl(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S00871);

tert-butyl 4-[({2-[(3,4-dimethyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl)amino]-7-bromo-4-quinolyl} methyl)amino] piperidinecarboxylate (S01862);

tert-butyl 4-[4-({2-[(3,4-dimethyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl)amino]-7-bromo-4-quinolyl}methyl)piperazinyl]pipelidinecarboxylate (S01928);

1-[(4-{[4-(3,3-dimethylbutanoyl)piperazinyl]methyl}-7-bromo(2-quinolyl)) amino] -3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01929);

Methylethyl 3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl) (2-pyridyl)] amino}-4-methyl- 2,5-dioxoazolin- 3-yl) propanoate (S02022);

Methylpropyl 3-(1-{[6-chloro- 5-(trifluoromethyl) (2-pyridyl)] amino}-4-methyl- 2,5-dioxoazolin- 3-yl) propanoate (S02264);

tert-butyl 2-(1-{[6-chloro- 5-(trifluoromethyl) (2-pyridyl)] amino}-4-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolin- 3-yl) acetate (S02225);

1-{[6-chloro- 5-(trifluoromethyl) (2-pyridyl)] amino}-3-(ethoxymethyl)-4-methylazoline- 2,5-dione (S02366);

3-butyl- 1-{[6-chloro- 5-(trifluoromethyl) (2-pyridyl)] amino}-4-methylazoline- 2,5-dione (S03448);

1-{[6-chloro- 5-(trifluoromethyl) (2-pyridyl)] amino}- 4-methyl-3-[2-(2-methyl (1,3-dioxolan-2-yl)) ethyl] azoline-2,5-dione (S03456);

1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-[(2-methoxyethoxy)methyl]-4-methylazoline-2,5-dione (S03742);

1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-(3-hydroxyhexyl)-3-methylazoline-2,5-dione (S03552);

1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-(3-hydroxypentyl)-3-methylazoline-2,5-dione (S03745);

1-[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)] amino}-4-methyl-3-[(3-methylbutoxy)methyl]azoline-2,5-dione (S03405);

3-(butoxymethyl)-1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methylazoline-2,5-dione (S03518);

3-[(3,3-dimethylbutoxy)methyl]-1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl) (2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methylazoline-2,5-dione (S03747);

1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-(2-ethoxyethyl)-4-methylazoline-2,5-dione (S03960);

1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-3-[(2-methylpropoxy)methyl]azoline-2,5-dione (S03963);

3-[(2,2-dimethylpropoxy)methyl]-1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl) (2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methylazoline-2,5-dione (S03962);

4-[(1,3-dimethylbutoxy)methyl]-1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl) (2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-methylazoline-2,5-dione (S03964);

4-[(tert-butoxy)methyl]-1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-methylazoline-2,5-dione (S03873);

1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-3-[2-(2-methylpropoxy)ethyl]azoline-2,5-dione (S03955);

1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-3-[2-(3-methylbutoxy)ethyl]azoline-2,5-dione (S03956);

1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-methyl-4-(2-propoxyethyl)azoline-2,5-dione (S04034);

or a salt of any of these compounds.

[0016] Additional embodiments of the invention have been synthesized and tested, and details are set forth in the description below and in the examples, tables, and figures (drawings) presented herein. Other features, objects, and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the description, examples, tables, drawings, and from the claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0017] 

Figure 1 shows the percentage of cells in G1 phase after Jurkat cells pre-arrested at the G2 phase by X-ray irradiation (10 Gy) are treated with compounds S00109 (unfilled diamonds) and S01860 (solid diamonds), at the indicated dosages, for 24 hours.

Figure 2 shows the level of histone H3 phosphorylation (%) in Jurkat cells pre-arrested at the G2 phase by X-ray irradiation (10 Gy) and treated with compound S00109 at 1 µM (unfilled squares) and 0.3 µM (solid circles) for treatment times up to 24 hours.

Figure 3 is an image of an immunoblot showing levels of phosphorylated γH2AX after sequential treatment of Jurkat cells with X-ray irradiation (total dose 10 Gy) and compound S00109 at 1 µM at and for the times indicated, where phosphorylated γH2AX was detected using anti-phospho-histone H2AX and 10 minute exposure of the immunoblot, from left to right: M shows labelled molecular weight standards; Lane 1 shows cells that received no irradiation and no S00109 treatment (control cells); Lane 2 shows irradiated cells at 24 hours after irradiation and no S00109 treatment; Lane 3 shows irradiated cells at 48 hours after irradiation and no S00109 treatment; Lane 4 shows irradiated cells after 0 hours of S00109 treatment (at 24 hours after irradiation); Lane 5 shows irradiated cells after 3 hours of S00109 treatment (at 27 hours after irradiation); Lane 6 shows irradiated cells after 9 hours of S00109 treatment (at 33 hours after irradiation); Lane 7 shows irradiated cells after 15 hours of S00109 treatment (at 39 hours after irradiation); Lane 8 shows irradiated cells after 21 hours of S00109 treatment (at 45 hours after irradiation); Lane 9 shows irradiated cells after 24 hours of S00109 treatment (at 48 hours after irradiation).

Figure 4 shows colony counts (y-axis) after treatment of HCT 116 cells with compound S00109 at concentrations from 0 to 4 µM (x-axis) for cells treated with compound S00109 alone and no irradiation (0 Gy represented by unfilled circles) and cells treated with compound S00109 in combination with X-ray irradiation (total dose 1 Gy, represented by solid circles; total dose 3 Gy, represented by unfilled squares), where the decrease in colony counts is a measure of cell growth suppression and/or cell death.

Figure 5 shows the percentage of cells in subG1 phase (y-axis) after in vitro treatment of ARH-77 with compound S00109 at concentrations from 0 to 10 µg/ml (x-axis) as follows: ARH-77 cells treated with compound S00109 alone at the concentrations indicated on the x-axis ("S109Only" represented by solid diamonds, solid line); ARH-77 cells treated with compound S00109 at the concentrations indicated on the x-axis, in combination with dexamethasone at 2ng/ml ("Dex2ng/ml" represented by unfilled squares, short-dash line); ARH-77 cells treated with compound S00109 at the concentrations indicated on the x-axis, in combination with dexamethasone at 20ng/ml ("Dex20ng/ml" represented by unfilled triangles, dot-dash line); and ARH-77 cells treated with compound S00109 at the concentrations indicated on the x-axis, in combination with dexamethasone at 200ng/ml ("Dex200ng/ml" represented by unfilled circles, long-dash line); where subG1 phase indicates cell death.

Figure 6 showsa survival analysis for SCID mice intraperitoneally transplanted with 1.9 x 106ARH-77 cells, for up to 80 days after transplantation (x-axis, days after transplantation; y-axis, % of mice surviving) for mice treated by intraperitoneal injection on Day 1, Day 2, and Day 3 after transplantation as follows: control mice treated with vehicle alone ("Control" dashed line); mice treated with 50 mg/kg compound S00109 ("S109" solid line); and mice treated with 2 mg/kg dexamethasone ("Dexa" dot-dash line).

Figure 7 showsa survival analysis for SCID mice intraperitoneally transplanted with 0.8 x 106 ARH-77 cells, for up to 85 days after transplantation (x-axis, days after transplantation; y-axis, % of mice surviving), for mice treated by a single oral administration of compounds on Day 1 after transplantation as follows: control mice orally treated with vehicle alone ("Control" solid line); mice orally treated with 750 mg/kg compound S00109 ("S109" dot line); and mice orally treated with 750 mg/kg compound S001860 ("S1860" dash line).

Figure 8 shows a survival analysis for SCID mice intraperitoneally transplanted with 4.1 x 106 ARH-77 cells, for up to 50 days after transplantation (x-axis, days after transplantation; y-axis, % of mice surviving), for mice treated by once-daily oral administration of compounds on Day 1 and on Day 2 after transplantation as follows: control mice orally treated once daily for two days with vehicle alone ("CONT" solid line); mice orally treated once daily for two days with 250 mg/kg compound S003518 ("S3518" dot line); mice orally treated once daily for two days with 250 mg/kg compound S003405 ("S3405" dash line); and mice orally treated once daily for two days with 250 mg/kg compound S003747 ("S3747" dot-dash line).


DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION


Definitions



[0018] Unless defined otherwise, technical and scientific terms used herein have the meaning commonly understood by a person skilled in the art to which this invention belongs. As used herein, the following terms have the meanings ascribed to them unless specified otherwise.

[0019] The terms "DNA-damaging treatment" and "DNA-damaging agent" refer to any agent or treatment that directly or indirectly damages DNA, including but not limited to, DNA-damaging drugs (agents), irradiation with DNA-damaging levels of X, gamma (γ), or UV radiation, various kinds of environmental shock, and the like. It is understood that a DNA-damaging treatment or DNA-damaging agent may act directly on DNA, e.g., to disrupt DNA structure or interfere with DNA synthesis, or may act indirectly on DNA by its effects on other cellular systems involved in DNA synthesis and replication, e.g., to disrupt or inhibit the functions of microtubules or DNA topoisomerase. Specific examples of DNA-damaging agents include but are not limited to alkylating agents, nitrosoureas, anti-metabolites, plant alkaloids, plant extracts, radioisotopes, steroid hormones. Additional examples of DNA-damaging agents also include but are not limited to agents known as "DNA-damaging drugs" or "anti-cancer drugs" or "anti-cancer agents" or "DNA-damaging anti-cancer agents," e.g., 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), capecitabine, S-1 (Tegafur, 5-chloro-2,4-dihydroxypyridine and oxonic acid), 5-ethynyluracil, arabinosyl cytosine (ara-C), 5-azacytidine (5-AC), 2',2'-difluoro-2'-deoxycytidine (dFdC), purine antimetabolites (mercaptopurine, azathiopurine, thioguanine), gemcitabine (Gemzar®), bortezomib (Velcade®) pentostatin, allopurinol, 2-fluoro-arabinosyl-adenine (2F-ara-A), hydroxyurea, sulfur mustard (bischloroetyhylsulfide), mechlorethamine, melphalan, melpharan, vincristine, chlorambucil, cyclophosphamide, ifosfamide, thiotepa, AZQ, mitomycin C, dianhydrogalactitol, dibromoducitol, alkyl sulfonate (busulfan), nitrosoureas (BCNU, CCNU, 4-methyl CCNU or ACNU), procarbazine, decarbazine, rebeccamycin, anthracyclins such as doxorubicin (adriamycin; ADR), daunorubibcin (Cerubicine), idarubicin (Idamycin) and epirubicin (Ellence), anthracyclin analogues such as mitoxantrone, actinimycin D, non intercalating topoisomerase inhibitors such as epipodophyllotoxins (etoposide=VP16, teniposide=VM-26), podophylotoxin, bleomycin (Bleo), pepleomycin, taxanes, compounds that form adducts with nucleic acid including platinum derivatives, e.g., cisplatin (CDDP), trans analogue of cisplatin, carboplatin, iproplatin, tetraplatin and oxaliplatin, as well as camptothecin, topotecan, irinotecan (CPT-11), and SN-38. Specific examples of DNA-damaging treatments include radiation e.g., ultraviolet (UV), infrared (IR), X-ray, α- (alpha), β- (beta), or γ-(gamma) radiation, as well as environmental shock, e.g., hyperthermia. One of skill in the art can identify and use other DNA-damaging agents and treatments.

[0020] The term "compound of the invention" is intended to refer to a molecule having the structure and activity as disclosed herein and defined in the claims. A compound of the invention can be isolated, pure, substantially pure, or may be in a composition containing a mixture of other components. Purity of a composition containing a compound of the invention can be determined, for example, using analytical chemistry techniques such as high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), or liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) or gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GS-MS), or other analytical techniques known to one of skill in the art. A composition as provided herein may contain one or more compounds of the invention, in a mixture with suitable vehicles, carriers, excipients, inert ingredients, and the like. If desired, a composition as provided herein may contain additional active ingredients including DNA-damaging agents and the like, as well as one or more compounds of the invention, in a mixture with suitable vehicles, carriers, excipients, inert ingredients, and the like.

[0021] The terms "pharmaceutical composition" or "medicament" refer to a composition suitable for pharmaceutical use in a subject, e.g., as a anti-cancer agent. The subject may be any animal wherein compounds of the invention abrogate the cell cycle G2 checkpoint and/or cause adaptation to G2 arrest. In particular, the subject may be a mammal, e.g., a horse, cow, dog, cat, or human. A pharmaceutical composition of the invention is a formulation that can comprise a pharmacologically effective amount of at least one compound of the invention and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

[0022] The terms "cell proliferation disorder" or "proliferative disorder" or "cell proliferative disorder" or "proliferative condition" or "condition characterized by undesirable cell proliferation" or any grammatical equivalent thereof, are understood to refer any pathological or non-pathological physiological condition characterized by aberrant or undesirable proliferation of at least one cell, including but not limited to conditions characterized by undesirable or unwanted or aberrant cell proliferation, conditions characterized by undesirable or unwanted or aberrant cell survival, and conditions characterized by deficient or aberrant apoptosis. The term "cell proliferation" and grammatical equivalents thereof, is understood to encompass both an increase in the number of cells as a result of cell division, as well as an increase in the total mass of cells as a result of cell growth, e.g., by growth of daughter cells after mitosis. One non-limiting example of a "cell proliferation disorder" or "proliferative disorder" or "proliferative condition" or "condition characterized by undesirable cell proliferation" is cancer, e.g., undesirable or unwanted or aberrant proliferation and survival of cancer cells such as cells associated with lymphoma, myeloma, sarcoma, leukemia, or other neoplastic disorders disclosed elsewhere herein and known to one of skill in the art.

[0023] The terms "kill or suppress cells" or "killing or suppressing cells" or "kill or suppress undesirably proliferating cells" or "kill or suppress target cells" or any grammatical equivalent thereof, are understood to refer to results of being contacted with an effective amount of a compound of the invention. The terms "kill" or "killing" are understood to refer to cell death resulting from the effects of a compound of the invention on a cell, in particular death of an undesirably proliferating cell such as a cancer cell, where death may be due to apoptosis, mitotic catastrophe, necrosis, or another cause, depending on the circumstances of the cell. The terms "suppress" or "suppressing" are understood to refer to suppression of cell proliferation resulting from effects of a compound of the invention on a cell, where suppression may be partial or complete. A compound of the invention may cause partial suppression of a cell, such that the cell may cease dividing but continue to grow, or the cell may divide much more slowly, or the cell may grow much more slowly, or a cancer cell may not progress from a pre-metastatic state to a metastatic state, etc. A compound of the invention may cause complete suppression wherein a cell neither divides nor grows, in particular, wherein an undesirably proliferating cell neither divides nor grows.

[0024] The terms "effective amount" or "sufficient amount" or any grammatical equivalent thereof, are understood to refer to an amount of a compound of the invention sufficient to produce at least one desired effect. Effective amounts are determined by any of a variety of measurements including but not limited to: cell death; decreased cell proliferation; decreased numbers of cells; inhibition of cell growth; decreased cell size; decreased cell survival; decreased cell metabolism; apoptosis; mitotic catastrophe; adaptation to cell cycle arrest (i.e., escape from cell cycle arrest, usually leading to re-entry into the cell cycle); markers of cell damage or cytotoxicity; indirect indicators of cell damage or cytotoxicity such as tumor shrinkage; improved survival of a subject; or disappearance of markers associated with undesirable, unwanted, or aberrant cell proliferation. For example, where it is desired to inhibit undesirable proliferation of a particular cell or cell type, an effective amount will be an amount that detectably decreases cell division, or decreases cell metabolism, or increases cell death, or decreases cell survival, of that cell or cell type. A desired effect may be a selective effect, e.g., an "effective amount" is an amount that kills or suppresses target cells while having little or no cytotoxic effect on non-target cells, or an amount that produces a desired therapeutic benefit in a subject having a cell proliferation disorder, while having little or no adverse effect on the subject. The compounds of the invention are for use in methods of treating a cell proliferation disorder by administering an effective amount of at least one compound of the invention, where the effective amount of at least one compound can be administered in vitro or ex vivo to treat cells, or the compound can be administered in vivo to a subject having a cell proliferation disorder.

[0025] The terms "cell cycle G2 checkpoint" or "G2 checkpoint" or any grammatical equivalent thereof, refer to the G2 checkpoint occurring at the end of G2 phase of the cell cycle. During the G2 "gap" phase between DNA synthesis (S phase, DNA replication in preparation for mitosis) and mitosis (M phase, cell division to produce daughter cells), the cell continues to grow and produce new proteins. The G2 checkpoint at the end of the G2 phase is a control checkpoint where a number of factors are checked to ensure the cell is ready to enter mitosis (M phase). Functions of the G2 checkpoint includes detecting DNA damage. If the G2 checkpoint is passed, then entry into M phase is initiated. If the G2 checkpoint detects DNA damage, the G2 checkpoint can generate a signal leading to "cell cycle arrest" or "G2 cell cycle arrest" or G2 arrest," that restricts the onset of mitosis until DNA replication and repair are complete, thereby preventing transmission of DNA damage to daughter cells. It is understood that, because DNA damage can trigger or activate the G2 checkpoint and certain G2 checkpoint-related cellular activities, the term "DNA damage-induced G2 checkpoint" and grammatical equivalents thereof, can also be used in certain contexts. It is further understood that the DNA damage-induced G2 checkpoint can be induced or triggered by DNA-damaging agents or treatments.

[0026] The terms "abrogate the G2 checkpoint" or "abrogate the cell cycle G2 checkpoint" or "abrogation of the G2 checkpoint" or "G2 abrogation" or "G2 checkpoint abrogation" or "disrupt the G2 checkpoint" or "inhibit the G2 checkpoint" or "suppress the G2 checkpoint" or any grammatical equivalent thereof, are intended to refer to the ability of compounds of the invention to abrogate, disrupt, inhibit, repress, or suppress the G2 checkpoint. A cell in which the G2 checkpoint is abrogated may have a complete absence of the activity of the G2 checkpoint (G2 checkpoint arrest, or complete G2 checkpoint abrogation). A cell in which the G2 checkpoint is abrogated may exhibit a decrease in the length of time the cell is in the G2 checkpoint, e.g. a G2 checkpoint having a decrease in duration of minutes, hours, days, weeks or longer under appropriate conditions. For example, a decrease in the length of G2 checkpoint time would mean that a cell which is normally in G2 for a certain time, e.g., 4 hours, when contacted with an invention compound, is in G2 for less than 4 hours, e.g., 3.5, 3, 2.5, 2, 1 or fewer hours. Thus, "G2 checkpoint abrogation" refers to any amount of abrogation of the G2 checkpoint. It is understood that the result of G2 checkpoint abrogation is that the cell will enter mitosis (M phase) without DNA repair, which should have little or no deleterious effect on undamaged (normal) cells, and which should result in severe adverse effects on DNA-damaged cells, often leading to cell death due to apoptosis, mitotic catastrophe, or necrosis.

[0027] "Cell cycle arrest" or "G2 cell cycle arrest" or "G2 arrest" "G2-M cell cycle arrest" or any grammatical equivalent thereof, refers to a state wherein a cell does not exit G2 to enter mitosis (M phase) such that the cell is considered to be 'arrested' at the G2 phase. G2 cell cycle arrest is often observed in DNA-damaged cells such as many cancer cells. G2 cell cycle arrest can result from any of a number of cellular activities, including but not limited to certain activities of the G2 checkpoint. The DNA damage found in many cancer cells can trigger G2 cell cycle arrest. G2 cell cycle arrest can be induced or enhanced by treating a cell with DNA-damaging agents such as adriamycin, doxorubicine, or bendamustine (an alkylating agent), or DNA-damaging treatments such as irradiation with a triggering dose of X, gamma (γ), or UV radiation (sometimes referred to as "radiation-induced G2 arrest").

[0028] "Adaptation" or "adaptation to cell cycle arrest" or "adaptation to G2 cell cycle arrest" or "adaptation to G2 arrest" refers to lifting or abrogation of G2 cell cycle arrest, such that formerly arrested cells re-enter the cell cycle. Adaptation to G2 cell cycle arrest likewise refers to escape from G2 cell cycle arrest. Compounds of the present invention can cause adaptation to G2 cell cycle arrest in G2-arrested cells. In accordance with one aspect of the invention, "adaptation" or "adaptation to cell cycle arrest" or "adaptation to G2 cell cycle arrest" or "adaptation to G2 arrest" can refer to escape from a condition of G2 cell cycle arrest imposed by G2 checkpoint activation, in particular, G2 cell cycle arrest imposed by activation of the DNA-damage-induced G2 checkpoint. It is understood that adaptation to G2 cell cycle arrest results in formerly G2-arrested cells re-entering the cell cycle without repairing the DNA damage that triggered the G2 arrest. Adaptation to G2 cell cycle arrest, wherein DNA-damaged cells re-enter the cycle, often results in cell death due to apoptosis, mitotic catastrophe, or necrosis. Because the mechanism that promotes the cell cycle G2 arrest after DNA damage appears to be conserved among species from yeast to human, it is understood that compounds of the present invention can cause adaptation to G2 cell cycle arrest in numerous species, in particular in all eukaryotic species.

[0029] While the G2 checkpoint-abrogating activity of the compounds of the invention may be related to the ability to cause adaptation to G2 cell cycle arrest, it is also understood that compounds of the invention may cause adaptation to G2 cell cycle arrest by other mechanisms unrelated to abrogation of the G2 checkpoint. Thus, depending on the particular circumstances and without wishing to be limited by this definition, abrogation of the G2 checkpoint can refer, at least in part, to abrogating the ability of a cell to arrest the cell cycle at the G2 checkpoint, leading to adaptation to G2 cell cycle arrest. In particular, abrogation of the DNA damage-induced G2 checkpoint by compounds of the invention, under conditions that would normally trigger G2 cell cycle arrest, can include abrogation of a G2-checkpoint-generated signal involved in triggering G2 cell cycle arrest.

[0030] The term "apoptosis" refers to programmed cell death, and associated changes in cell physiology, including nucleic acid fragmentation, caspase activation, chromosome condensation, etc., as is understood in the art.

[0031] The term "mitotic catastrophe" refers to cell death resulting from one or more errors in the mitotic process.

[0032] The term "necrosis" refers to cell death, often resulting from damage or accident, often characterized by cell swelling, chromatin digestion, disruption of plasma membrane and organelle membranes, DNA hydrolysis, vacuolation of the endoplasmic reticulum, organelle breakdown, and cell lysis.

[0033] The term "subject" is understood to refer to animals, typically mammalian animals, such as primates (humans, apes, gibbons, chimpanzees, orangutans, macaques), domestic animals (dogs and cats), farm animals (horses, cattle, goats, sheep, pigs) and experimental animals (mouse, rat, rabbit, guinea pig). Subjects include animal disease models (e.g., tumor-prone mice, tumor-bearing mice, or mice receiving xenograft tumors).

[0034] As used herein, the singular forms "a," "an," "the," and "is" include plural referents unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. Thus, for example, reference to "a compound" includes a plurality of compounds and reference to "a residue" or "an amino acid" includes reference to one or more residues and amino acids.

Chemical terminology



[0035] "Alkyl" refers to an aliphatic hydrocarbon group. An alkyl group may be optionally substituted. "Substituted alkyl" refers to an alkyl group that is substituted by one or more substituents such as halogen (Cl, Br, F, I), C3 to C7 cycloalkyl, optionally substituted aryl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, C1 to C6 alkoxy, optionally substituted aryloxy, hydroxy, optionally substituted amino, optionally substituted cyclic amino, nitro, thio, cyano, oxo, C1 to C7 acyl, C1 to C7 acyloxy, carboxy, C1 to C6 alkoxycarbonyl, optionally substituted carbamoyl, optionally substituted cyclic aminocarbonyl, β-mercapto, C1 to C4 alkylthio, C1 to C4 alkylsulfinyl, or C1 to C4 alkylsulfonyl groups. Substituted alkyl groups may have one, two, three, four, five, or more substituents, and multiply substituted alkyl groups may be substituted with the same or with different substituents. The alkyl moiety, whether substituted or unsubstituted, may be branched, straight chain, or cyclic. Typical alkyl groups include, but are in no way limited to, methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, butyl, isobutyl, tertiary butyl, pentyl, hexyl, ethenyl, propenyl, butenyl, cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, and the like.

[0036] "Alkoxy" refers to an OR group, wherein R is an alkyl or substituted alkyl. Preferred alkoxy groups are "C1 to C6 alkoxy" such as methoxy, ethoxy, n-propoxy, isopropoxy, n-butoxy, t-butoxy, and like groups.

[0037] The term "alkylthio" refers to sulfide groups such as methylthio, ethylthio, n-propylthio, isopropylthio, n-butylthio, t-butylthio, and like groups. The term "alkylsulfoxide" indicates sulfoxide groups such as methylsulfoxide, ethylsulfoxide, n-propylsulfoxide, isopropylsulfoxide, n-butylsulfoxide, sec-butylsulfoxide, and the like. The term "alkylsulfonyl" encompasses groups such as methylsulfonyl, ethylsulfonyl, n-propylsulfonyl, isopropylsulfonyl, n-butylsulfonyl, t-butylsulfonyl, and the like.

[0038] "Acyl" refers to includes alkyl, heteroalkyl, alkenyl, heteroalkenyl, alkynyl, heteroalkynyl, aryl, or heteroaryl groups coupled to an additional group via a carbonyl group, e.g., -C(O)-alkyl, or -C(O)-aryl. Preferred acyl groups are C1 to C7 acyl such as formyl, acetyl, propionyl, butyryl, pentanoyl, pivaloyl, hexanoyl, heptanoyl, benzoyl, and the like.

[0039] The term "amide" refers to a group with the formula C(O)NHR or NHC(O)R, where R is optionally substituted and is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl, heteroaryl (bonded through a ring carbon) and heteroalicyclic (bonded through a ring carbon). Any amine, hydroxy, or carboxyl side chain on the compounds of the present invention can be amidified.

[0040] "Aryl" or "aromatic" refers to a group with at least one ring structure having a conjugated pi electron system, i.e., having the characteristics of aromaticity in terms of electron distribution through the ring system. An aryl may be optionally substituted. Typically, the ring systems contain 5-12 ring atoms in each ring. An aryl group may be monocyclic or a fused-ring polycyclic aryl. An aryl group may be a carbocyclic aryl wherein all ring atoms are carbon, e.g., phenyl. An aryl group may be a heteroaryl or heterocyclic aryl containing at least one ring heteroatom such as oxygen, sulfur and/or nitrogen. Heterocyclic aryl groups may be monocyclic or polycyclic. Examples of heteroaryl groups include maleimidyl, imidazolyl, indolyl, pyrrolidinyl, pyridinyl, pyrimidinyl, pyrazinyl, pyridazinyl, pyrrolyl, furanyl, oxazolyl, dioxazolyl, isoxazolyl, phthalimidyl, thiazolyl, and the like. Aryl groups can be fused to other aryl groups or to non-aryl (non-aromatic) groups.

[0041] As examples of the substituents of said "optionally substituted amino" and "optionally substituted carbamoyl," there may be mentioned phenyl, substituted phenyl, C1 to C6 alkyl, C1 to C6 substituted alkyl, C2 to C7 alkenyl, C2 to C7 substituted alkenyl, C2 to C7 alkynyl, C2 to C7 substituted alkynyl, C7 to C12 phenylalkyl, C7 to C12 substituted phenylalkyl, heteroaryl, C1 to C6 alkyl, C1 to C6 substituted alkyl, C1 to C7 acyl, C1 to C7 alkoxycarbonyl, optionally substituted carbamoyl, C1 to C4 alkylsulfonyl, and the like. The "optionally substituted amino" and "optionally substituted carbamoyl" are may be mono-substituted or di-substituted, with the same or with different substituents.

[0042] "Alkoxycarbonyl" refers to an "alkoxy" group attached to a carbonyl group.

[0043] "Cycloalkyl" refers to a monocyclic or polycyclic radical which contains only carbon and hydrogen, and may be saturated, partially unsaturated, or fully unsaturated. A cycloalkyl group may be optionally substituted. Preferred cycloalkyl groups include groups having from three to twelve ring atoms, more preferably from 5 to 10 ring atoms.

[0044] "Cyclic amino" as in "optionally substituted cyclic amino," refers to cyclic groups containing at least one ring nitrogen including piperazino, morpholino, piperidino, pyrrolidino, and the like.

[0045] Examples of "cyclic aminocarbonyl" as in "optionally substituted cyclic aminocarbonyl," include piperazinocarbonyl, morpholinocarbonyl, piperidinocarbonyl, pyrrolidinocarbonyl, and the like.

[0046] Substituents of "optionally substituted alkoxy," "optionally substituted alkylthio," "optionally substituted aryl," "optionally substituted aryloxy," "optionally substituted arylthio," "optionally substituted acyl," "optionally substituted heteroaryl," "optionally substituted alkylthio," "optionally substituted alkylsulfinyl" "optionally substituted alkylsulfonyl," "optionally substituted alkoxycarbonyl," "optionally substituted cyclic amino," and "optionally substituted cyclic aminocarbonyl" are defined in the same manner as substituents of "substituted alkyl."

[0047] "Halogen" refers to fluorine, chlorine, bromine, or iodine atoms. One or more halogens can be present in a compound, where the halogens can be the same or different.

[0048] Embodiments of compounds of the present invention may possess one or more chiral centers and each center may exist in the R or S configuration, such that the present invention includes all diastereomeric, enantiomeric, and epimeric forms as well as the appropriate mixtures thereof. Embodiments of the present invention may exist as geometric isomers, such that the present invention includes all cis, trans, syn, anti, entgegen (E), and zusammen (Z) isomers, as well as the appropriate mixtures thereof.

[0049] Compounds of the present invention can exist in unsolvated as well as solvated forms with pharmaceutically acceptable solvents such as water, ethanol, and the like. In general, the solvated forms are considered equivalent to the unsolvated forms for the purposes of the present invention.

[0050] Any salt as disclosed herein can include salts with inorganic bases, salts with organic bases, salts with inorganic acids, salts with organic acids, and salts with basic or acidic amino acids.

[0051] Unless otherwise indicated, when a substituent is deemed to be "optionally substituted," it is meant that the substituent is a group that may be substituted with one or more group(s) as recited herein or as known to one of skill in the art.

[0052] Descriptions of compounds of the invention are in accordance with principles of chemical bonding known to those skilled in the art. Accordingly, where a group may be substituted by one or more of a number of substituents, such substitutions are selected so as to comply with principles of chemical bonding and to give compounds which are not inherently unstable, and/or would be known to one of ordinary skill in the art as likely to be unstable, under ambient conditions such as aqueous, neutral, physiological conditions.

[0053] It is understood that compounds of the invention can be described by one of skill in the art using different terminology than the terms used here, without affecting the accuracy of the description. Compounds, structures, substituents, groups, and the like can be described using any of: IUPAC nomenclature; chemical name' "trivial" or "common" name; trade name; CAS registry number; SMILES notation; or other descriptors. For example, compounds of the invention described herein as "substituted azole diones" or "substituted azoline diones" could alternately be described as "substituted maleimides" or "substituted 2,5-pyrrolediones" or "substituted pyrroles" in combination with other descriptors, preferably according to standardized chemical terminology, to provide a complete description of one or more invention compounds.

Substituted azole dione compounds



[0054] The invention provides substituted azole (azoline) dione compounds for use in methods to kill or suppress DNA-damaged cells, or to treat cell proliferation disorders characterized by undesirable or unwanted cell proliferation, where compounds of the invention can be described by the formula of Structure (II):



[0055] Wherein
Structure (II) contains an azoline dione heterocycle;
R1 and R2 are independently chosen from alkyl, substituted alkyl, optionally substituted alkoxy, optionally substituted alkylthio, optionally substituted aryloxy, optionally substituted arylthio, where when X is not O, R1 and R2 can also be part of a cyclic alkylene chain that form a fused ring structure, X is O, S, or NR3, when X is NR3, Ar is not phenyl, aryl or substituted aryl in the optionally substituted aryloxy or optionally substituted arylthio includes carbocyclic aryl, heterocyclic aryl, monocyclic aryl, polycyclic aryl, and aryl fused with non-aryl (non-aromatic) rings, R3 is H, alkyl, substituted alkyl, optionally substituted acyl, or as part of a ring structure that connects the N to the Ar ring;
A is N or CH;
B is CR8;
R6, R7, R8, and R9 are independently chosen from H, alkyl, substituted alkyl, halogen, optionally substituted aryl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted alkoxy, optionally substituted aryloxy, cyano, nitro, optionally substituted alkylthio, optionally substituted alkylsulfinyl, optionally substituted alkylsulfonyl, optionally substituted arylthio, optionally substituted acyl, optionally substituted amino, carboxyl, optionally substituted alkoxycarbonyl, optionally substituted carbamoyl, wherein two adjacent substitutions (R6 and R7, R7 and R8, R8 and R9) can be part of a cyclic alkylene group that form a fused ring structure; or a salt thereof, further wherein the compound does not have the following structure:



[0056] Also described are compounds having Structure (III):



[0057] Wherein
Structure (III) contains an azoline dione heterocycle;
R1, R2, and X are defined as above;
Y is O, S, or NR12;
R10 and R11 are independently chosen from H, alkyl, substituted alkyl, halogen, optionally substituted aryl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted alkoxy, optionally substituted aryloxy, cyano, nitro, optionally substituted alkylthio, optionally substituted alkylsulfinyl, optionally substituted alkylsulfonyl, optionally substituted arylthio, optionally substituted acyl, optionally substituted amino, carboxyl, optionally substituted alkoxycarbonyl, optionally substituted carbamoyl, etc; R10 and R11 could also be an alkylene group that form a "fused" ring with the heterocycle structure;
R12 is H, alkyl, substituted alkyl, aryl, acyl, or sulfonyl groups; or a salt thereof.

[0058] In certain non-limiting embodiments of compounds having Structure (II), X is NR3, A is N, and B is CR8 and compounds are provided having Structure (IV), wherein R1, R2, R3, R6, R7, R8, and R9 are defined above:



[0059] In certain non-limiting embodiments of compounds having Structure (II), X is NR3, A is N, B is CR8; R8 and R9 form a fused and substituted benzene ring, providing compounds having Structure (V), wherein R1, R2, R3, R6 and R7 are defined above; R13, R14, R15, and R16 are defined as for R6 - R9 above:



[0060] Also described are compounds having Structure (II) where, X is CR4R5, A is N or CH, and B is CR8, providing compounds having Structure (VI), wherein R1, R2, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, and R9 are defined above:



[0061] Also described are compounds having Structure (III), X is NR3, and Y is S; R10 and R11 form a fused substituted benzene ring, providing compounds having Structure (VII), wherein R1, R2, and R3 are defined above; R17, R18, R19, and R20 are defined as for R6 - R11 above:



[0062] In certain non-limiting embodiments of compounds having Structure (II), X is NR3, A is N or CH, and B is CR8; R6 and R7 form a fused and substituted benzene ring, providing compounds having Structure (VIII), wherein R1, R2, R3, R8 and R9 are defined above; R21, R22, R23, and R24 are defined as for R6 - R9 above:



[0063] In certain non-limiting embodiments of compounds having Structure (II), X is NR3, A is N, and B is CR8; R9 is a substituted benzene ring, providing compounds having Structure (IX), wherein R1, R2, R3, R6, R7 and R8 are defined above; R25, R26, R27, R28, and R29 are defined as for R6 - R9 above:



[0064] Also described herein are compounds having Structure (III), X is NR3, and Y is S; R10 is a substituted benzene ring, providing compounds having Structure (X), wherein R1, R2, R3 and R11 are defined above; R30, R31, R32, R33, and R34 are defined as for R6 - R11 above:



[0065] Also described herein are compounds having Structure (II), X is NR3, A is N or CH, and B is N, providing compounds having Structure (IV), wherein R1, R2, R3, R6, R7, and R9 are defined above:



[0066] Representative compounds are shown in Tables 1, 2, and 3 herein. It is generally understood that the compounds disclosed in Tables 1, 2, and 3 are for the purpose of illustration only, and by no means restrict the scope of the invention.

Representative synthesis schemes



[0067] Representative schemes for synthesis of compounds of the invention having any of Structures (I) to (XI) are presented below. The representative schemes presented here do not restrict the scope of the invention in any way. It is understood that one of skill in the art can adapt methods presented herein, and/or different methods known in the art, to synthesize additional compounds within the scope of the present invention, including analogs having different substitutions or substitution patterns. It is further understood that, although certain substitutions have been observed to produce structures with higher activity than other structures, the present invention provides compounds with all substitutions having all levels of activity.

[0068] In Method 1 (Scheme 1), an anhydride (1) is reacted with a substituted hydrazine (2) or a benzylamine (3) to form the compounds having the general structure shown as (4) below, :

The reaction can be carried out in common organic solvents such as THF, chloroform, DMF, acetic acid, etc., at temperatures ranging from ambient to elevated, for times ranging from several hours to a few days. Usually, no other additives are needed. The required anhydrides and hydrazines/benzylamines are either purchased from commercial sources, or synthesized according to procedures known in the literature. In cases where the starting materials are unknown in the literature, synthetic methods are developed, as illustrated by certain syntheses described in the Examples.

[0069] By way of example, in Method 2 (Scheme 2), an imide (5) is reacted with a benzylalcohol (6) under typical Mitsunobu conditions to form compounds having the general structure shown as (7) below:

Typical Mitsunobu conditions include the use of a phosphine (triphenylphosphine, tributyiphosphine etc.), and an azo compound (diethyl azo-dicarboxalate, diisopropyl azo-dicarboxylate, etc.). The reaction can be carried out with an added base, usually triethylamine, or without an added base, in solvents such as THF, at ambient or elevated temperature for several hours. The required imides and benzylalcohols are either purchased from commercial sources, or synthesized according to procedures known in the literature. In cases where the starting materials are unknown in the literature, synthetic methods are developed, as illustrated by certain syntheses described in the Examples.

[0070] By way of example, in Method 3 (Scheme 3), an imide (5) is reacted with a benzylbromide (8) under typical nucleophilic replacement reaction condition to form the compounds having the general structure shown as (9) below:

The typical reaction condition is: refluxing in a suitable solvent (acetone, DMF, etc.) in the presence of an added base (potassium carbonate, cesium carbonate, etc.) for several hours to a few days. The required imides and benzylbromides are either purchased from commercial sources, or synthesized according to procedures known in the literature. In cases where the starting materials are unknown in the literature, synthetic methods are developed, as illustrated by certain syntheses described in the Examples.

[0071] In Method 4 (Scheme 4), an aryl boronic acid (10) is reacted with an N-hydroxyimide (11) under Cu(I) mediated coupling condition to form compounds having the general structure shown as (12) below:

The typical reaction condition is: stirring at room temperature in suitable solvents (DCE, THF, DMF, etc.) in the presence of an added base (pyridine, triethylamine, etc.), with added Cu(I) species such as CuCl, for several hours to overnight. The required aryl boronic acids and N-hydroxyimides are either purchased from commercial sources, or synthesized according to procedures known in the literature. In cases where the starting materials are unknown in the literature, synthetic methods are developed, as illustrated by certain syntheses described in the Examples.

[0072] Syntheses of particular embodiments are disclosed in the Examples. Representative synthesized compounds presented as embodiments in Tables 1 and 2 are presented solely for illustration and by no means restricts the scope of the invention disclosed herein.

Biological activities of compounds of the invention



[0073] The present invention provides compounds to treat cell proliferation disorders. The present invention provides compounds that can be used to kill or suppress undesirably proliferating cells. The present invention provides compounds that can be used to treat cell proliferation disorders by selectively killing or suppressing undesirably proliferating cells. The present invention provides compounds that can be used to treat cell proliferation disorders by selectively killing or suppressing undesirably proliferating cells that have accumulated DNA damage ("DNA-damaged cells"). In mixed populations of normal cells and undesirably proliferating cells, compounds of the invention can be used to selectively kill or suppress undesirably proliferating cells while having little or no cytotoxic effect on the normal cells. In mixed populations of normal cells and undesirably proliferating DNA-damaged cells, compounds of the invention can be used to selectively kill or suppress undesirably proliferating DNA-damaged cells while having little or no cytotoxic effect on the normal cells. In particular, compounds of the invention can be used to selectively kill cancer cells or suppress proliferation of cancer cells, while having little or no cytotoxic effect on "normal" non-cancerous cells. The present invention provides compounds for use in methods for selectively targeting DNA-damaged cells. The present invention provides compounds for use in methods for selectively targeting cells with an impaired G1 cell cycle checkpoint. The present invention provides compounds for use in methods for selectively targeting cancer cells.

[0074] Conventional treatments for cell proliferation disorders often include DNA-damaging agents and treatments as described elsewhere herein. These conventional treatments, often used as anti-cancer treatments, have been selected to kill rapidly cycling (proliferating) cells in hopes of killing the undesirably proliferating cells characteristic of the proliferation disorder. Examples of such conventional treatments include, but are not limited to, cytotoxic agents and/or irradiation with α, β, γ, X- and/or UV radiation. However, conventional treatments often cause patients to suffer adverse effects on normal cells that are also proliferating, e.g., diarrhea due to damage to intestinal epithelial cells, hair loss due to damage to hair follicle cells, and anemia due to damage to blood cell progenitors, all of which are among the most rapidly proliferating cells in the normal body. These adverse effects often hamper treatments. Thus, medicines that specifically target undesirably proliferating cells such as cancer cells, without harming normal cells, have been long awaited in the clinic.

[0075] While the invention is not limited by any particular mechanism of action, and without wishing to be limited by this theory, compounds of the invention may kill or suppress undesirably proliferating cells by abrogating the G2 checkpoint in proliferating cells, and/or by causing adaptation to G2 cell cycle arrest in G2-arrested cells. Thus, the invention provides compounds for use in methods for killing or suppressing undesirably proliferating cells by contacting the cells with at least one compound of the invention in an amount sufficient to abrogate G2 cell cycle checkpoint and/or cause adaptation to G2 cell cycle arrest.

[0076] Without wishing to be limited by this theory, abrogation of the G2 checkpoint in DNA-damaged cells would cause the DNA-damaged cells to progress through the cell cycle with without repairing the DNA damage. Likewise, adaptation to G2 cell cycle arrest in DNA-damaged cells would cause the formerly-arrested DNA-damaged cells to enter mitosis without repairing the DNA damage. It is generally understood that normal cells rely on the G1 checkpoint as the main checkpoint for detecting DNA damage or defects during the cell cycle, and do not appear to use the G2 checkpoint as much for detecting DNA damage or defects, whereas cells having an impaired or defective G1 checkpoint, e.g., most cancer cells, have to depend on the G2 checkpoint to detect DNA damage or defects, and to initiate repair before the cell enters mitosis. Thus, abrogation of the G2 checkpoint in cells with an impaired G1 checkpoint would cause the cells to progress through the cell cycle with without repairing any accumulated DNA damage. Likewise, adaptation to G2 cell cycle arrest in cells with an impaired G1 checkpoint would cause the formerly-arrested cells to enter mitosis without repairing any accumulated DNA damage. The term "DNA damage" is understood to encompass DNA damage unrelated to the G1 checkpoint, as well as DNA damage resulting from an impaired G1 checkpoint, such that cells with an impaired G1 checkpoint can be considered "DNA-damaged cells." In all the situations described above, progressing through the cell cycle without repairing DNA damage is expected to result in suppression or death of the DNA-damaged cells.

[0077] While the invention is not limited to a particular mechanism of action, it has been observed that compounds of the invention can abrogate the G2 checkpoint in proliferating cells, and can cause adaptation to G2 cell cycle arrest. Abrogation of the G2 checkpoint in proliferating DNA-damaged cells allow the DNA-damaged cell to progress through G2 and enter mitosis without sufficient repair of DNA damage. Adaptation to G2 arrest of DNA-damaged cells, resulting in re-entry of the formerly arrested DNA-damaged cells into the cell cycle, allows the DNA-damaged cell to enter mitosis without sufficient repair of DNA damage. It is further understood that if a DNA-damaged cell progresses further into the cell cycle with a impaired G1 checkpoint and enters S phase, additional damage, defects, and errors are expected. In all the situations described above, the accumulation of damage could result in apoptosis, mitotic catastrophe, necrosis, or cell suppression. Because most cancer cells have DNA damage and/or an impaired (defective) G1 checkpoint, compounds of the invention can be used to kill or suppress cancer cells because abrogation of the G2 checkpoint or adaptation to G2 arrest will have cytotoxic effects on the cancer cells, e.g., death or suppression of the cancer cells.

[0078] For normal cells without DNA damage, it is expected that abrogation of the cell cycle G2 checkpoint by compounds of the invention will have little or no cytotoxic effect. Furthermore, as normal cells without DNA damage are not likely to be in G2 arrest, it is expected that the ability of compounds of the invention to cause adaptation to G2 arrest will have little or no cytotoxic effect. Thus, in a population of cells that includes undesirably proliferating DNA-damaged cells and normal cells, compounds of the invention can be used to selectively kill or suppress DNA-damaged cells, while having little or no cytotoxic effect on normal cells. In a population of cells including undesirably proliferating cancer cells and normal cells, compounds of the invention can be used to selectively kill or suppress the cancer cells, while having little or no cytotoxic effect on normal cells.

Use of compounds of the invention to treat cells



[0079] Any cell whose proliferation is undesired can be treated in vitro, ex vivo or in vivo with compounds of the invention. Candidate cells can be identified by contacting a test cell with an invention compound alone, or in combination with a DNA-damaging treatment or other anti-cancer treatment, and determining if the contacted cell exhibits decreased proliferation, increased cell death, or adaptation to cell cycle arrest. Candidate cells can be identified on the basis of features including but not limited to, DNA damage, aberrant growth or proliferation (in vivo or in vitro) cellular morphology, or expression of cancer markers. A clinical diagnosis of a proliferative disorder such as cancer can be relied upon as evidence of cells to be treated in vitro, ex vivo, or in vivo with compounds of the invention.

[0080] Cells can be treated in vitro with compounds of the invention. Cells can be removed from a subject, treated ex vivo using compounds of the invention, and, by way of example, returned to the subject. Compounds of the invention are for use in methods in which cells can be treated in vivo, where compounds of the invention may be administered systemically to a subject, e.g. orally or intravenously, or by a targeted administration method, e.g., injection into a tumor site, intraperitoneal injection, or by associating compounds of the invention with delivery devices such as ligands, antibodies, molecular cages, or liposomes capable of targeting at least one cell to be treated.

Compounds of the invention for use in methods to treat subjects



[0081] Subjects appropriate for treatment using compounds of the invention include subjects currently undergoing treatment for a cell proliferation disorder, or candidates for treatment for a cell proliferation disorder, e.g., subjects currently undergoing, or designated as candidates for, anti-cancer treatment. Subjects appropriate for treatment include those having a cell proliferation disorder, e.g., a diagnosis of cancer. Candidate subjects include subjects at risk of developing a cell proliferation disorder. The compounds of the invention are therefore applicable for use in methods to treat a subject who is at risk of developing a cell proliferation disorder but who has not yet exhibited overt symptoms of the disorder and/or who has not yet received a diagnosis of a cell proliferation disorder.

Compounds of the invention for use in methods to treat cell proliferation disorders.



[0082] Cell proliferation disorders amenable to treatment using compositions provided herein include pathological conditions (diseases), both benign and neoplastic, and non-pathological physiological conditions, characterized by abnormal or undesirable cell numbers, cell growth or cell survival. Pathological disorders or conditions may constitute a disease state, in particular all types of cancer, including cancerous growths, oncogenic processes, metastases, metastatic cells and tissues, and malignantly transformed cells, tissues, or organs. Cell proliferation disorders can be non-pathologic, including some types of fibrotic tissue growth (e.g., during wound repair resulting in scarring), certain blood vessel proliferative disorders, and certain benign hyperplasias. The present disclosure provides sufficient guidance and exemplary embodiments to enable one of skill in the art to identify cell proliferation disorders suitable for treatment using compositions and methods provided herein, and to develop protocols for such treatment.

[0083] Cells comprising the proliferative disorder may be aggregated in a cell mass or may be dispersed. The term "solid tumor" refers to hyperplasias, neoplasias or metastases that typically aggregate together and form a mass. Particular examples include visceral tumors such as gastric or colon cancer, hepatomas, venal carcinomas, lung and brain tumors/cancers. A "liquid tumor" generally refers to neoplasias of the haematopoetic system, such as lymphomas, myelomas and leukemias, or neoplasias that are diffuse in nature, as they do not typically form a solid mass. Particular examples of leukemias include acute and chronic lymphoblastic, myeloblastic and multiple myeloma.

[0084] Such disorders include neoplasms or cancers, which can affect virtually any cell or tissue type, e.g., carcinoma, sarcoma, melanoma, metastatic disorders or haematopoietic neoplastic disorders. A metastatic tumor can arise from a multitude of primary tumor types, including but not limited to breast, lung, thyroid, head and neck, brain, lymphoid, gastrointestinal (mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon, rectum), genito-urinary tract (uterus, ovary, cervix, bladder, testicle, penis, prostate), kidney, pancreas, liver, bone, muscle, skin, etc.

[0085] Carcinomas refer to malignancies of epithelial or endocrine tissue, and include respiratory system carcinomas, gastrointestinal system carcinomas, genitourinary system carcinomas, testicular carcinomas, breast carcinomas, prostatic carcinomas, endocrine system carcinomas, and melanomas. Exemplary carcinomas include those forming from the cervix, lung, prostate, breast, head and neck, colon, liver and ovary. The term also includes carcinosarcomas, e.g., which include malignant tumors composed of carcinomatous and sarcomatous tissues. Adenocarcinoma includes a carcinoma of a glandular tissue, or in which the tumor forms a gland like structure.

[0086] Sarcomas refer to malignant tumors of mesenchymal cell origin. Exemplary sarcomas include for example, lymphosarcoma, liposarcoma, osteosarcoma, and fibrosarcoma.

[0087] As used herein, the term "haematopoietic proliferative disorder" means a disease involving hyperplastic/neoplastic cells of haematopoietic origan, e.g., arising from myeloid, lymphoid or erythroid lineages, or precursor cells thereof. Typically, the diseases arise from poorly differentiated acute leukemias, e.g., erythroblastic leukemia and acute megakaryoblastic leukemia. Additional exemplary myeloid disorders include, but are not limited to, acute promyeloid leukemia (APML), acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) and chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML); lymphoid malignancies include, but are not limited to, acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), which includes B-lineage ALL and T-lineage ALL, chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), prolymphocytic leukemia (PLL), hairy cell leukemia (HLL) and Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia (WM). Additional malignant lymphomas include, but are not limited to, non-Hodgkin lymphoma and variants thereof, peripheral T cell lymphomas, adult T cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL), cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL), large granular lymphocytic leukemia (LGF), Hodgkin's disease and Reed-Sternberg disease.

[0088] The invention provides compositions for use in methods for treating cell proliferation disorders using compounds of the invention. The invention provides compositions for use in methods for treating cancer using compounds of the invention. The invention provides compositions for use in methods for killing or suppressing cancer cells using compounds of the invention. The invention provides compounds of the invention, for use in methods for treating cell proliferation disorders in vivo, in vitro, and ex vivo. The invention provides compounds of the invention, for use in methods of treating cancer in vivo, in vitro, and ex vivo. The invention provides pharmaceutical compounds of the invention, for use in methods of killing or suppressing cancer cells in vivo, in vitro, and ex vivo. The invention provides pharmaceutical compositions (medicaments) containing compounds on the invention, for all uses described herein, including but not limited to, treating cell proliferation disorders, killing or suppressing cancer cells, and treating cancer.

[0089] The invention provides compositions for use in methods that include at least one compound of the invention in combination with at least one additional active ingredient. The invention provides pharmaceutical compositions (medicaments) including at least one compound of the invention in combination with at least one additional active ingredient, for use in methods of treating cell proliferation disorders. In particular, the invention provides compositions for use in methods that include compounds of the invention in combination with at least one anti-cancer treatment. The term "anti-cancer treatment" for use in combination with compounds of the invention includes any anti-cancer, anti-proliferative, DNA-damaging, or anti-tumor treatment as disclosed herein, including the "DNA-damaging treatments" and "DNA-damaging agents" recited above, or any such treatment known in the art. For example, an anti-cancer (anti-cell proliferative, anti-tumor) treatment may comprise radiation treatment or surgical resection, optionally in combination with drug treatment. The treatment may comprise administration of a chemical substance, such as a radioisotope, an anti-cancer drug such as a chemotherapeutic agent, or genetic therapy, such as an anti-oncogene (e.g., Rb, DCC, p53, etc.), a dominant negative oncogene or an antisense to an oncogene. The compounds of the invention are for use in methods wherein the compounds can be administered prior to, contemporaneously with or following other treatment protocols. For example, the compounds of the invention are for use in methods wherein a candidate subject for anti-cell proliferative therapy (e.g., radiation therapy, chemotherapy, gene therapy, surgical resection, etc.) can be administered an invention compound prior to initiating the anti-cell proliferative therapy. Thus, compounds of the invention for use in prophylactic treatment methods are provided.

[0090] As demonstrated in exemplary embodiments described in the Examples and discussed below, compounds of the invention can be used alone or in combination, in vivo, ex vivo, and in vitro, in methods to treat cell proliferation disorders. As demonstrated in exemplary embodiments described in the Examples and discussed below, compound compounds of the invention can be used alone or in combination, in vivo, ex vivo, and in vitro, in methods to treat cancer. As demonstrated in exemplary embodiments described in the Examples and discussed below, compound compounds of the invention can be used alone or in combination, in vivo and in vitro, in methods to kill or suppress cancer cells.

Effects of compounds of the invention



[0091] Typically an "effective amount" or "sufficient amount" of a compound of the invention is administered, where that is an amount (concentration, dose, level) sufficient to produce a desired effect. Effective amounts are determined by any of a variety of measurements including: cell death (e.g., increase in percentage of cells in subG1 phase), decreased cell proliferation, decreased numbers of cells, decreased cell mass, increased apoptosis, decreased survival, or adaptation to cell cycle arrest (escape from cell cycle arrest). For example, where it is desired to inhibit cell proliferation, an effective amount will be an amount that detectably decreases cell proliferation, or increases cell death, or decreases cell survival. The amount can therefore be sufficient to reduce target cell numbers, stabilize target cell numbers or inhibit increases in target cell numbers. An effective amount can be an amount sufficient to increase survival time of a subject having a cell proliferation disorder.

[0092] For example, where the disorder comprises a solid tumor, an effective amount of a compound of the invention could reduce tumor size, stabilize tumor size, or increase the survival time of a subject having the tumor. As shown in the exemplary embodiment in Example 4, five (5) representative compounds of the invention showed selective cytotoxicity in vivo against cancer cells, and no detectable cytotoxicity in vivo against normal cells, as illustrated by dramatic increases in tumor host survival.

[0093] Where the disorder comprises a "liquid tumor" an effective amount of a compound of the invention could reduce numbers of tumor cells, stabilize the number of tumor cells, inhibit further increases in the number of tumor cell, or cause cell-cycle-arrested cancer cells to re-enter the cell cycle (adaptation to cell cycle arrest). In addition, effective amounts of compounds of the invention could prevent or inhibit progression of the proliferative disorder, e.g., reduce, inhibit, or prevent metastasis.

[0094] An effective amount of a compound of the invention may be an amount that produces a desired effect without producing an unacceptable or undesirable effect. An effective amount of a compound of the invention may be an amount that kills or suppresses target cells (e.g., cancer cells) while having little or no cytotoxic effect on non-target cells (e.g., normal cells), or an amount that produces a desired therapeutic benefit in a subject having a cell proliferation disorder, while having little or no adverse effect on the subject. Further, an effective amount of a compound of the invention may be an amount that, in combination another treatment, produces a desired effect without producing an unacceptable undesirable effect. As shown in exemplary embodiments in Example 7 and illustrated in Tables 4-11 below, compound S00109 has little or no cytotoxic effect on normal cells at concentrations can kill or suppress cancer cells. Further as shown in exemplary embodiments in Example 7 and illustrated in Tables 4-11 below, compound S00109 can be used in combination with another anti-cancer treatment to kill or suppress cancer cells, at a concentration of S00109 that has little or no cytotoxic effect on normal cells.

[0095] Effective amounts of compounds of the invention can objectively or subjectively reduce or decrease the severity or frequency of symptoms associated with the disorder or condition. For example, an effective amount of an invention compound could reduce pain, nausea or other discomfort, or increase appetite or subjective well-being.

[0096] Effective amounts of compounds of the invention could reduce the amount (e.g., dosage) or frequency of treatment with another protocol. For example, a cancer patient treated with an invention compound may require less anti-cancer DNA-damaging agent or treatment in order to achieve the desired level of inhibition of cancer cell proliferation, i.e., a desired level of killing or suppression of proliferating cancer cells.

[0097] Methods described herein that lead to an improvement in the subject's condition or a therapeutic benefit that may be permanent, may extend over a longer period of time, e.g., months or years, or may be relatively short in duration, e.g., the improvement may last several hours, days or weeks. An effective amount need not achieve a complete ablation of any or all symptoms of the condition or disorder. An amount effective to provide one or more beneficial effects, as described herein or known in the art, is referred to as an "improvement" of the subject's condition or "therapeutic benefit" to the subject.

[0098] An effective amount of an invention compound can be determined based upon animal studies or optionally in human clinical trials. The skilled artisan will appreciate the various factors that may influence the dosage and timing required to treat a particular subject including, for example, the general health, age, or gender of the subject, the severity or stage of the disorder or condition, previous treatments, susceptibility to undesirable side effects, clinical outcome desired and the presence of other disorders or conditions. Such factors may influence the dosage and timing required to provide an amount sufficient for therapeutic benefit. The dosage regimen also takes into consideration the pharmacokinetics, i.e., the pharmaceutical composition's rate of absorption, bioavailability, metabolism, and clearance. In addition, doses or treatment protocols may be specifically tailored to the subject or modified based on pharmacogenomic data.

Adaptation to DNA-damage-induced G2 cell cycle arrest



[0099] While the invention is not limited to a particular mechanism of action, it has been determined that compounds of the invention can cause adaptation to G2 cell cycle arrest. Thus, the invention provides composition and methods for abrogating or escaping from the G2 cell cycle arrest, in particular G2 cell cycle arrest triggered by DNA damage. In DNA-damaged cells, the functions of the DNA-damage-induced G2 checkpoint are understood to include recognition of DNA damage and generation of a signal that produces cell cycle-arrest, such that the DNA-damaged cells are arrested in G2 phase until repair is completed. Compounds of the invention can cause cells in G2 cell cycle arrest to re-enter the cell cycle, possibly by abrogating the DNA-damage-induced G2 checkpoint in the G2-arrested cells. As demonstrated in embodiments presented in the examples, tables and figures of the present disclosure, compounds of the invention can induce cells in G2 cell cycle arrest (i.e., cells having pre-existing DNA damage) to re-enter the cell cycle, proceeding through the G2 and M phases and entering G1 (DNA doubling) phases with unrepaired DNA damage, leading to cell death or cell suppression, usually by mitotic catastrophe or apoptosis.

[0100] In an exemplary embodiment described in Example 1 and shown in Figure 1, Jurkat cells (a human T-cell lymphoma-derived cell line) were "pre-arrested" at the G2 phase by X-ray irradiation and treated with S00109 or S01860 at various dosages. Adaptation to G2 cell cycle arrest was determined by measuring the percentage of cells in G1 phase, where cells in G1 were identified by having 2N DNA. In these embodiments, cells exposed to S00109 or S01860 showed a dose-dependent increase in the percentage of cells in G1 phase (the "G1 increment"), These results indicated that exposure to S00109 or S01860 at concentrations from 0.019 µM to 0.625 µM caused G2-arrested cells to re-enter the cell cycle and proceed through the M phase and enter the G1 phase. In contrast, only a few percent of cells in the population of untreated G2-arrested cells (i.e., no S00109 or S01860 exposure) entered G1 phase.

[0101] Additional non-limiting exemplary embodiments of adaptation to G2 cell cycle arrest by compounds of the invention, are presented in Examples 5 and 6, and illustrated in Tables 1, 2 and 3, setting forth the structures and IC50 values (the concentration causing half-maximal G1 increment) for approximately 144 compounds of the invention. The extensive data provided in Tables 1, 2 and 3 permitted structure-activity determinations.

[0102] Other measurements of cell cycle activity can also be relied upon to demonstrate the ability of the compounds of the invention to abrogate the G2 cell cycle and/or cause adaptation to DNA-damage-induced cell cycle arrest. In an exemplary embodiment described in Example 1 and illustrated in Figure 2, histone H3 phosphorylation was measured, where increased phosphorylation of histone H3 indicated adaptation to (escape from) DNA-damage-induced cell cycle arrest. G2 cell cycle arrest was induced in Jurkat cells by DNA damage, i.e., by delivering a 10 Gy dose of X rays to produce "pre-arrested" cells. Pre-arrested cells were exposed to compound S00109 (also called S109) at 0.3 µM or 1 µM, and significant increases in histone H3 phosphorylation were observed over a 24-hour treatment period. Without wishing to be limited by this theory, compounds of the invention presumably caused adaptation to (escape from) DNA-damage-induced cell cycle arrest by abrogating the DNA-damage-induced G2 checkpoint.

Compounds on the invention have cytotoxic effects on cancer cells



[0103] Compounds of the invention can have a cytotoxic effect on cancer cells, without any additional treatment. Thus, the invention provides compositions, including for use in methods for killing or suppressing cancer cells without any additional treatment. In an exemplary embodiment described in Example 2 and shown in Figure 4, exposure of human cancer cells to S00109 alone has a dose-dependent cytotoxic effect on the cancer cells as measured by a colony formation assay (Figure 4, "0 Gy" unfilled circles, solid line, indicating no radiation treatment).

[0104] In non-limiting exemplary embodiments described in Example 4 and shown in Figures 6, 7, and 8, compounds of the invention are provided that have a cytotoxic effect on cancer cells, without any additional anti-cancer treatment, and without cytotoxic effects on normal cells. In the exemplary embodiments in Figure 4, mice received xenografts of human myeloma cells by intraperitoneal transplantation, and the effects of compounds of the invention on survival rates were measured. As described in Example 4 and shown in Figures 6, 7, and 8, treatment with S00109, S01860, S03518, S03405 or S03747 alone was sufficient to prolong the survival of mice with xenografts of human myeloma cells, indicating that S00109, S01860, S03518, S03405 or S03747 had cytotoxic effects on the transplanted cancer cells in the xenograft. As shown in the embodiment in Figure 6, treatment with S00109 (by intraperitoneal injection) had a much greater therapeutic effect on survival than the "standard" dexamethasone treatment, or no treatment at all. As shown in Figures 7 and 8, oral administration of various representative compounds of the invention produced dramatic increases in survival rates, where some treatments had 100% survival rates at the end of the experiment. These results demonstrate that compounds of the invention, as illustrated by the five (5) distinct representative compounds tested in Example 4, can have selective cytotoxicity against cancer cells, and no detectable cytotoxicity against normal cells (i.e., the normal cells of the mouse tumor graft host). These in vivo results demonstrate that compounds of the invention, as illustrated by the five (5) distinct representative compounds tested in Example 4, can have selective cytotoxicity in vivo against cancer cells, and no detectable cytotoxicity in vivo against normal cells. These results demonstrate that compounds of the invention, as illustrated by the five (5) distinct representative compounds of the present invention administered by different routes in Example 4, are suitable for use in methods wherein the compounds can be administered to a subject in an effective amount to treat a proliferative disorder in a subject.

Compounds of the invention can sensitize cells to anti-cancer treatments



[0105] Compounds of the invention can increase, or exacerbate, the cytotoxic effects of other treatments. Thus, the invention provides compositions for use in methods for sensitizing cells to anti-cancer treatments, in particular for sensitizing cells to DNA-damaging agents and treatments. In exemplary embodiments described in Example 2 and shown in Figure 4, when human cancer cells that have been "pre-arrested" in G2 by X-ray irradiation are also exposed to S00109, the combination treatment has a higher cytotoxic effect on the cells as measured by a colony formation assay. In Figure 4, the sensitizing effect of compounds of the invention is best illustrated for cells that received a dose of 1 Gy ("1 Gy" solid circles, dashed line) and treatment with various doses of S00109, where S00109 showed a dose-dependent additive effect on cytotoxicity. In an exemplary embodiment described in Example 3 and shown in Figure 5, combination treatments of S00109 and dexamethasone have much greater cytotoxicity than either treatment alone, as measured by the percentage of cells in subG1 phase, i.e., the percentage of dead cells.

[0106] In an exemplary embodiment described in Example 2 and shown in Figure 3, expression of phosphorylated γ-H2AX was measured as an indicator of cytotoxicity. Cells treated with X-ray-irradiation alone showed increased expression of phosphorylated γ-H2AX over a 48-hour period. The sensitizing or "additive' effect of compounds of the invention can be seen in cells treated with X-ray-irradiation followed by exposure to 1 µM S00109 (indicated as "S-109 +" in figure legend) resulted in significantly higher levels of phosphorylated γ-H2AX expression over the same 48 hour period, indicating significantly higher levels of cytotoxicity due to administration of S00109.

Compounds of the invention have selective cytotoxicity toward cancer cells



[0107] In accordance with yet another aspect of the invention, compounds of the invention can selectively kill or suppress target cells, in particular cancer cells, to the with little or no cytotoxic effect on normal (non-target) cells. Most conventional anti-cancer agents target proliferating cells irrespective of whether they are cancer cells or normal cells, with the result that most conventional anti-cancer medicines give rise to side effects such as nausea, diarrhea, or hair loss. In contrast, compounds of the invention selectively target cells having conditions such as an impaired G1 checkpoint, G2 cell cycle arrest, or other types of DNA damage, selectively killing or suppressing the target cells while having little or no cytotoxic effect on normal cells.

[0108] Non-limiting exemplary embodiments of the selectivity of compounds of invention are described in Example 7 and shown in Tables 4 to 11, where compounds of the invention were not cytotoxic for normal cells at concentrations at which compounds of the invention had severe cytotoxic effects on cancer cells and DNA-damaged cells (e.g., irradiated cells). Thus, the invention provides compounds for use in methods for selectively targeting DNA-damaged cells such as cancer cells, with little or no cytotoxic effect on normal (undamaged) cells, by contacting the cells with at least one compound of the invention in an amount sufficient to abrogate the G2 checkpoint. The invention provides pharmaceutical compositions containing at least one compound of the invention, suitable for use in methods for selectively targeting DNA-damaged cells such as cancer cells, with little or no cytotoxic effect on normal (undamaged) cells.

Use of compounds of the invention for screening



[0109] Compounds of the invention can be used in cell cycle phenotype-based screening protocols, e.g., as disclosed by Sha et al. ((2007) Mol Cancer Ther, 6: 147-153) to identify candidate compounds that may interact with the G2 checkpoint and/or with other processes involved in adaptation to G2 cell cycle arrest. Compounds of the invention can be used in screening protocols to identify candidate compounds for therapeutic G2 checkpoint abrogation and/or therapeutic adaption to G2 arrest. This screening protocol can be used to identify compounds having desired biological activity. Compounds thus identified can be further evaluated for selective cytotoxic activity against cancer cells. Compounds can be evaluated in combination treatments with conventional anti-cancer agents such as dexamethasone.

[0110] The following examples are offered to illustrate, but not to limit the claimed invention.

EXAMPLES


Example 1: Effects of test compounds S00109 and S01860 on Jurkat cells arrested at G2 phase.



[0111] Jurkat cells (a human T cell lymphoma-derived cell line) were arrested at the G2 phase by X-ray irradiation at 10 Gy, and cultured for 24 hours in 10% fetal calf serum (FCS)/RPMI1640 at 37°C with 5% CO2/air. (FCS was from Equitech-Bio, Kerrville, TX, and RPMI1640 was from Sigma-Aldrich, St. Louis, MO.) Test compounds were added to the medium at the indicated doses, and the cells were cultured under the conditions described above, for an additional 24 hours before harvesting.

[0112] Harvested cells were stained with Krishan's buffer (0.1% sodium citrate, 50 µg/ml propidium iodide, 20 µg/ml RNase A, 0.5% Nonidet P-40) and analyzed by flow cytometry (BD Biosciences, Franklin Lakes, NJ) to identify the cell stage of each cell in the sample. Cells in G1 phase were identified by having doubled (2N) DNA content. Figure 1 shows the percentage of cells in G1 phase after treatment with each compound at the indicated dosages.

[0113] The IC50 value for each compound was calculated as the dosage showing half maximal activity to induce the increase of the percentage of cells in G1 phase (the G1 increment). IC50 values were used to measure the activity of compounds and to determine structure-activity relationships.

[0114] As shown in Figure 1, populations of pre-arrested Jurkat cells treated with compound S00109 or S01860 for 24 hours showed a significant increase in the number of G1 cells, indicating the cells were able to enter the cell cycle again.

Histone H3 phosphorylation



[0115] Increased numbers of cells in G1 phase ("G1 cells" detected by 2N DNA) after X-ray treatment indicated that the G2 checkpoint had been abrogated and/or cells had adapted to (escaped from) the G2 cell cycle arrest imposed by activation of the G2 checkpoint by the X-ray treatment (i.e., activation of the DNA-damage-induced G2 checkpoint by the X-ray treatment). The level of histone H3 phosphorylation was measured in pre-arrested cells treated with test compounds, to confirm that pre-arrested cells had re-entered the cell cycle and passed through M phase before proceeding to G1 phase. Increased phosphorylation of histone H3 indicated adaptation to (escape from) damage-induced cell cycle arrest or G2/M checkpoint abrogation.

[0116] Jurkat cells were irradiated with 10 Gy X-rays and cultured 24 hour in 10% FCS-RPMI. Test compound S00109 was added to the culture medium at 0.3 or 1 µM and cells were cultured with test compound for treatment times from 0 to 24 hours. The cells were fixed with cold ethanol, treated with 0.1% saponin/PBS, stained with anti-phospho-histone H3 (Ser10) (Upstate Biotechnology, Uppsala, Sweden) and analyzed with flow cytometry (BD Biosciences). In Figure 2, the X-axis indicates treatment time, i.e., time after S00109 addition, and the Y-axis indicates the ratio (%) of cells that were phospho-histone-H3-positive. The level of histone H3 phosphorylation (%) after sequential treatment of Jurkat cells with X-ray irradiation (10 Gy) and compound S00109 at 1 µM (unfilled squares) and 0.3 µM (solid circles) increased with increasing treatment time up to 24 hours.

Example 2: Cytotoxicity of S00109 alone or in combination with radiation


Phosphorylated histone H2AX expression



[0117] Expression of phosphorylated histone H2AX (γH2AX phosphorylated on Ser139) was measured as an indicator of cytotoxicity, in particular, DNA-damaged-related cytotoxicity. Jurkat cells were irradiated with 10 Gy X-rays and cultured 24 hour in 10% FCS-RPMI as described above. Then, S00109 was added to the culture medium at 1 µM for the treatment times up to 24 hours. The cells were lysed in a buffer (100 mM NaCl, 10 mM Tris-HCl (pH 8.0), 1 mM DTT, 0.2% NP-40, 10 mM NaF, 10 mM Na3VO4, 500 nM okadaic acid, and proteinase inhibitors). Aliquots of the lysate (30µg protein) were electrophoresed on a 15% SDS page gel and transferred to a membrane for Western blot analysis. Anti-phospho-histone H2AX (Ser 139) Ab (Cell Signaling Technology, Beverly, MA) was used to detect γ-H2AX on the blotted membrane. As shown in Figure 3, levels of γH2AX increased treatment time with S00109, indicating that S00109 caused DNA, in addition to DNA damage caused by the irradiation.

Colony formation analysis



[0118] The cytotoxic activity of S00109 was further confirmed by colony formation analysis using HCT-116 cells, a human colon cancer cell line, where a decrease in colony counts is a measure of cell growth suppression and/or cell death. HCT-116 human colon cancer cells were cultured in McCoy's 5A (Invitrogen, Carlsbad, CA) with 10% FCS, 5%CO2/air at 37°C. The cells were seeded at 300 cells per 6 well plate in triplicate, irradiated with X rays as shown in the figure legend, and cultured for 24 hours, then treated with S00109 at the indicated dosages and cultured for 8 days. On day 8, colonies were fixed and stained with crystal violet (Sigma-Aldrich), and the number of colonies was counted. Figure 4 shows the effect on S00109 dose (x-axis) on colony numbers (y-axis) counted on day 8.

[0119] Cells that received no radiation ("0 Gy" open circles, solid line in legend of Figure 4) were cultured under the same conditions as the irradiated cells, and were treated with S00109 to show the effects of S00109 alone. Thus, as shown in Figure 4, S00109 alone suppressed colony formation by HCT-116 cells in a dose-dependent manner, indicating that S00109 alone can suppress the growth of cancer cells and/or kill cancer cells at sufficiently high dosage.

[0120] The "normal" colony count for untreated control cells is shown by value for 0 Gy and 0 µM S00109.

[0121] Cells that received a radiation dose of 1 Gy (filled circles, dotted line) showed an inhibition of colony formation due to radiation alone. Cells that received a radiation dose of 1 and were exposed to S00109 showed further inhibition of colony formation, indicating that S00109 can augment the cytotoxicity of the radiation treatment. Under these conditions of radiation and . S00109 treatment, a strong dose-dependent additive effect of S00109 was seen.

[0122] Cells that received a radiation dose of 3 Gy ("3 Gy" open square, solid line) shown strong inhibition of colony formation due to radiation alone. S00109 appears to have a detectable additional inhibitory effect at the highest concentration (4 µM), again indicating that S00109 can augment the cytotoxicity of radiation treatment.

Example 3: Cytotoxicity of S00109 alone and in combination with dexamethasone.



[0123] Cytotoxicity of S00109 alone and in combination with dexamethasone was measured by identifying the number of cells in subG1 phase after treatment, where subG1 phase indicates cell death, such that he number of cells in subG1 phase after treatment indicates cell killing by the treatment. A human multiple-myeloma-derived cell line, ARH-77, was cultured in the presence or absence of S00109, with or without dexamethasone, for 24 hour in 10% fetal calf serum (FCS)/RPMI1640 at 37 °C with 5% CO2/air using materials and conditions described above. Harvested cells were stained with Krishan's buffer (0.1% sodium citrate, 50 µg/ml propidium iodide, 20 µg/ml RNase A, 0.5% Nonidet P-40) and analyzed with flow cytometry (BD Biosciences, Franklin Lakes, NJ).

[0124] Fig. 5 shows the percentage of ARH-77 cells in subG1 phase (y-axis) after treatment with S00109 (x-axis) alone or in combination with dexamethasone. The 'normal' percentage of subG1 cells in a population of untreated control cells is shown by the value for S00109 alone (filled diamonds, solid line, "S109 only" in figure legend) at 0 µg/ml S00109. S00109 treatment alone, at concentrations up to 10 µg/ml, caused cell death in a dose-dependent manner. Dexamethasone treatment alone at 2 ng/ml (open squares, dotted line), 20 ng/ml (open triangles, dot/dash line) and 200 ng/m open circles, dashed line) without S00109 showed slightly increased levels of subG1 cells, i.e., slightly increased cytotoxicity, compared to the control. However, treatment with S00109 in combination with dexamethasone resulted in a dramatic increase in the levels of subG1 cells. The combination effect showed a strong dependence on the S00109 concentration, demonstrating a dose-dependent effect of S00109. The combination of S00109 and dexamethasone resulted in a level of cell death that was significantly higher than the level seen with either compound alone. Thus, S00109 augmented the cytotoxicity of dexamethasone.

Example 4: Effects of representative compounds of the invention, alone and in combination, on survival of mice with xenografts of ARH-77 cells



[0125] Mice with xenografts of ARH-77 (a human multiple-myeloma-derived cell line) were treated with S00109, S01860, S03518, S03405 or S03747 or with dexamethasone, a recognized "standard" treatment, and their survival was measured and compared with survival of vehicle-treated (control) mice with xenografts. The ability of a treatment to prolong survival was considered to be an indicator of the cytotoxicity of the treatment towards the grafted cancer cells, without significant adverse activity on normal (mouse) cells in vivo.

[0126] Male severe combined immune deficiency (SCID) mice at 8 weeks old were transplanted intraperitoneally with 1.9×106 (Fig. 6), 0.8×106 (Fig. 7), 4.1×106 (Fig. 8), cells/animal of ARH-77 cells (n = 10).

[0127] Animals were housed in accordance with guidelines from the Association for the Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care International, and the protocols were approved by institutional animal care committee of CanBas Co. Ltd.

[0128] For the experiment shown in Figure 6, mice received 1.9×106 ARH-77 cells by intraperitoneal transplantation. Mice treated with S00109 ("S109") received an intraperitoneal injection of 50mg/kg S00109. Mice treated with dexamethasone ("Dexa") received an intraperitoneal injection of 2mg/kg dexamethasone. Vehicle treated control animals received intraperitoneal vehicle injection. Each injection was performed on day 1, day 2 and day 3 after transplantation of ARH-77 cells. Survival (y-axis, % of mice surviving) was measured for up to 80 days after transplantation (x-axis) for control mice treated with vehicle alone ("Control" dashed line); mice treated with 50 mg/kg compound S00109 ("S109" solid line); and mice treated with 2 mg/kg dexamethasone ("Dexa" dot-dash line). Mice treated with S00109 had a significantly longer duration of survival than untreated control mice. Although mice treated with dexamethasone had a longer survival duration than untreated control mice, the therapeutic effect of dexamethasone was much smaller than the therapeutic effect of S00109.

[0129] For the experiment shown in Figure 7, mice received 0.8×106 ARH-77 cells by intraperitioneal transplantation. Mice were treated by a single oral administration of compounds on Day 1 after transplantation as follows: control mice orally treated with vehicle alone ("Control" solid line); mice orally treated with 750 mg/kg compound S00109 ("S109" dot line); and mice orally treated with 750 mg/kg compound S01860 ("S1860" dash line). Although mice treated with S00109 initially showed slightly lower survival than the control mice, after about 64 days, mice treated with S00109 showed significantly higher survival than control mice, with almost 70% survival at 85 days, compared with only about 20% of the control mice surviving at 85 days. Mice treated with S01860 showed dramatically higher survival rates than control mice or mice treated with S00109, where the first decrease in survival was not seen until 70 days after transplantation, and almost 90% of the S01860-treated mice survived at 85 days.

[0130] For the experiment shown in Figure 8, mice received 4.1 x 106 ARH-77 cells by intraperitoneal transplantation. Mice were treated by once-daily oral administration of compounds on Day 1 and once-daily oral administration of compounds on Day 2 after transplantation as follows: control mice orally treated once daily for two days with vehicle alone ("CONT" solid line); mice orally treated once daily for two days with 250 mg/kg compound S003518 ("S3518" dot line); mice orally treated once daily for two days with 250 mg/kg compound S003405 ("S3405" dash line); and mice orally treated once daily for two days with 250 mg/kg compound S003747 ("S3747" dot-dash line). Mice treated with S03518, S03405 or S03747 all showed dramatically higher survival rates than control mice. Control mice showed decreased survival beginning at about 29 days after transplantation, and only about 30% survival at 50 days after transplantation. In contrast, mice treated with S03518, S03405 or S03747 showed very little decrease in survival, and still had extremely high survival rates of between 80-100% by 50 days after transplantation.

[0131] These results demonstrated that S00109, S01860, S03518, S03405 or S03747, administered intraperitoneally or orally, had selective cytotoxicity in vivo against cancer cells (ARH 77 cells of the xenograft tumor) while having no detectable cytotoxicity against normal cells (the mouse graft host). These results demonstrated that five different compounds of the present invention were administered to a subject in an effective amount to treat a proliferative disorder in a subject.

Example 5: Ability of representative compounds to cause adaptation to G2 cell cycle arrest and induce G2-arrested cells to re-enter the cell cycle



[0132] Representative compounds were synthesized according to methods provided herein. The structure and other properties of each compound was determined by 1H NMR spectroscopy for each synthesized compound.

[0133] Pre-arrested Jurkat cells were prepared as described in Example 1. Briefly, Jurkat cells were subjected to X-ray irradiation at a dose of 10 Gy, and cultured for 24 hours in 10% fetal calf serum (FCS)/RPMI1640 at 37°C with 5% CO2/air, after which time cells were exposed to various concentrations of test compounds, and cultured under the conditions described above for an additional 24 hours before hamesting. Harvested cells were stained with Krishan's buffer (0.1% sodium citrate, 50 µg/ml propidium iodide, 20 µg/ml RNase A, 0.5% Nonidet P-40) and analyzed by flow cytometry (BD Biosciences, Franklin Lakes, NJ) to identify the cell stage of each cell in the sample. Cells in G1 phase were identified by having doubled (2N) DNA content.

[0134] The IC50 value for each compound was calculated as the dosage (concentration in µM) that caused half-maximal increase of the percentage of cells in G1 phase (the G1 increment) measured for that test compound. Table 1 below presents the structure, mass, 1H NMR values, and IC50 values for representative compounds.
Table 1. Representative Compounds and IC50 values
 SCIDStructureMS (m/e)1H NMRIC50 (µM)
1 S00069

300.5 (M+1) (CDC13, 400 MHz) δ: 6.89 (s, 1H), 6.55 (s, 1H), 6.52 (s, 1H), 2.44 (s, 3H), 2.07 (s, 6H) 5
2 S00073

286.4 (M+1) (CDCl3, 300 MHz) δ: 8.37 (s, 1H), 7.70-7.60 (dd, J= 1.8, 8.7 Hz, 1H), 6.96 (s, 1H), 6.60 (d, J= 8.4 Hz, 1H), 2.05 (s, 6H) 2.5
3 S00084

314.4 (M+1) (CDC13, 400 MHz) δ: 6.79 (s, 1H), 6.51 (s, 1H), 3.42 (s, 3H), 2.41 (s, 3H), 2.06 (s, 6H) 5
4 S00200

  (CDC13, 300 MHz) δ: 8.37-8.39 (m, 1H), 7.64-7.67 (m, 1H), 7.26 (s, 1H), 6.61-6.64 (d, J= 8.6 Hz, 1H), 2.41 (m, 4H), 1.80-1.84 (m, 4H) 5
5 S00109

318.0 (M-1) (CDC13, 300 MHz) δ: 7.70 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 1H), 7.10 (s, 1H), 6.45 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 1H), 2.07 (s, 6H) 0.12
6 S00170

  (CDC13, 300 MHz) δ: 7.70 (d, J= 8.4 Hz, 1H), 6.40 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 1H), 3.44 (s, 3H), 2.08 (s, 6H) 0.12
7 S00186

  (CDCl3, 300 MHz) δ: 7.70 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 1H), 6.45 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 1H), 2.50-2.30 (m, 4H), 1.90-1.75 (m, 4H) 0.63
8 S00257

  (CDCl3, 300 MHz) δ: 7.79 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.65-7.62 (m, 2H), 7.53-7.48 (m, 3H), 7.14 (s, 1H), 6.56 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 2.31 (s, 3H) 10
9 S00333

304.2 (M-1) (CDCl3, 300 MHz) δ: 8.85-8.75 (br, 1H), 7.95-7.85 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.24 (s, 1H), 6.20-6.15 (m, 1H), 2.28 (s, 3H). HPLC-MS (m/e): 304.2 (M-1). 15
10 S00108

319.7 (M+1) (CDCl3, 300 MHz) δ: 7.80-7.70 (dd, J=0.6, 7.8 Hz, 1H), 6.95-6.85 (dd, J =0.6, 7.8 Hz, 1H), 6.82 (s, 1H), 2.07 (s, 6H). HPLC-MS (m/e): 318.0 (M-1, negative mode) 20
11 S00451

314.2 (M-1) (CDCl3, 300 MHz) δ: 7.63 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 6.82 (s, 1H), 6.26 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 3.61(s, 3H), 2.05 (s, 6H). HPLC-MS (m/e): 314.2 (M-1) 60
12 S00145

382.1 (M+1) (CDCl3, 300 MHz) δ: 8.30 (d, J=16.6Hz, 1H), 7.75-7.65 (m, 1H), 7.60-7.50 (m, 2H), 7.50-7.30 (m, 3H), 6.80-6.60 (br, 1H), 6.60-6.45 (dd, J=8.0, 18.4Hz, 1H), 3.70 (d, J=5.6 Hz, 0.5H), 3.20-2.95 (t, J=18.4, 46.4 Hz, 1H), 2.95-2.90 (t, J=5.6, 7.6 Hz, 0.5H), 1.72 (s, 1.5H), 1.55-1.45 (d, J=7.2 Hz, 1.5H). HPLC-MS (m/e): 382.1 (M++1) 30
13 S00110

  (CDC13, 300 MHz) δ: 8.79 (s, 1H), 7.85-7.89 (dd, J=2.2, 8.3 Hz, 1H), 7.33-7.36 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 4.87 (s, 2H), 2.01 (s, 6H) 60
14 S00362

268.2 (M+1) (CDC13, 300 MHz) δ: 7.91 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.69-7.62 (m, 2H), 7.58-7.55 (m, 1H), 7.34-7.29 (m, 1H), 6.79 (d, J=8.7 Hz, 1H), 2.08 (s, 6H) 5
15 S00622

302.15 (M+1) (CDC13, 300 MHz) δ: 7.88 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 1H), 7.62 (m, 2H), 7.51 (d, J= 2.4 Hz, 1H), 6.84 (d, J= 9 Hz, 1H), 5.38 (m, 1H), 2.09 (s, 6H) 5
16 S00585

302.13 (M+1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.90 (d, J=6.9 Hz, 1H), 7.64-7.66 (dd, J=0.8, 5.4 Hz, 1H), 7.53-7.56 (dd, J=0.8, 6.3 Hz, 1H), 7.19-7.23 (dd, J=5.7, 6 Hz, 1H), 6.86 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 1H), 2.10 (s, 6H) 0.45
17 S00295

  (CDCl3, 300 MHz) δ: 7.51 - 7.55 (m, 2H), 7.29 - 7.35 (m, 1H), 7.12 - 7.17 (m, 1H), 2.07(s, 6H) 5
18 S00454

292.2 (M+1) (CDCl3, 300 MHz) δ: 7.50 (dd, J= 4.8, 9.0 Hz, 1H), 7.28 (m, 1H), 7.05 (td, J= 2.1, 9.0, 17.7 Hz, 1H), 2.02 (s, 6H) 4
19 S00590

307.8 (M+1) (CDCl3, 300 MHz) δ: 7.53 (d, J=1.2 Hz, 1H), 7.48 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 1H), 7.30 (d, J=1.5 Hz, 1H), 2.07 (s, 6H) 5
20 S00756

  (CDCl3, 300 MHz) δ: 2.02 (s, 6H), 7.07 (d, J=12 Hz, 1H),7.32 (d, J=6.9 Hz, 1H),7.46(d, J=6.9 Hz, 1H) 1.25
21 S00319

  (CDCl3, 300 MHz) δ: 7.05-6.95 (d, J=7.8 Hz, 1H), 6.90-6.80 (dd, J=2.1, 7.8 Hz, 1H), 6.50-6.45 (d, J=2.1 Hz, 1H), 5.77 (s, 1H), 2.25 (s, 3H), 2.04 (s, 6H) 10
22 S00512

297.1 (M-1) (CDCl3, 300 MHz) δ: 7.18 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.10 (d, J=7.8 Hz, 1H), 6.70 (s, 1H), 5.87 (s, 1H), 2.35 (s, 3H), 2.07 (s, 6H) 5
23 S00623

  (CDCl3, 300 MHz) δ: 7.60 (dd, J=0.3, 6.3 Hz, 1H), 7.04-7.07 (m, 1H), 6.75 (d, J=1.8 Hz, 1H), 6.44 (s, 1H), 2.08 (s, 6H) 10
24 S00649

350.9 (M+1) (CDCl3, 300 MHz) δ: 7.36 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 6.85-6.82 (dd, J=2.4, 8.4 Hz, 1H), 6.54 (d, J=2.4 Hz, 1H), 6.32 (s, 1H), 2.06 (s, 6H), 1.20 (s, 9H) 10
25 S00305

  (CDCl3, 300 MHz) δ: 7.34 (t, J=8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.20 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1H), 6.95 (s, 1H), 6.90 (dd, J=2.4, 8.1 Hz, 1H), 6.02 (s, 1H), 2.06 (s, 6H) 5
26 S00515

292.9 (M+1) (CDCl3, 300 MHz) δ: 7.52-7.37 (m, 6H), 7.39 (d, J=7.2 Hz, 1H), 6.83-6.80 (dd, J=2.1, 6.6 Hz, 2H), 5.98 (s, 1H), 2.05 (s, 6H). HPLC-MS (m/e): 292.9 (M+1). 20
27 S00406

  (CDCl3, 300 MHz) δ: 7.30 (m, 1H), 7.26 (d, J=9.3 Hz, 1H), 7.01 (s, 1H), 6.94 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1H), 6.16 (s, 1H) 80
28 S00294

  (CDCl3, 300 MHz) δ: 6.91 (s, 1H), 6.87 (d, J=7.8 Hz, 1H), 6.44 (d, J=7.8 Hz, 1H), 5.75 (s, 1H), 2.30 (s, 3H), 2.23 (s, 3H), 2.03 (s, 6H) 5
29 S00499

  (CDCl3, 300 MHz) δ: 7.60 (s, 1H), 7.40 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.34 (s, 1H), 6.61 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 3.88 (s, 2H), 2.03 (s, 6H), 1.59(s, 3H) 5
30 S00699

  (CDCl3, 300 MHz) δ: 2.05 (s, 6H), 6.50 (s, 1H),6.62 (d, J=8.7 Hz, 1H), 7.36 (d, J=8.4, 1H), 7.59 (s, 1H) 10
31 S00624

  (CDCl3, 300 MHz) δ: 7.75 (d, J=1.2 Hz, 1H), 7.39-7.42 (m, 1H), 6.59 (d, J=8.7 Hz, 1H), 6.50 (s, 1H), 2.06 (s, 6H) 10
32 S00627

271.1 (M-1) (CDCl3, 300 MHz) δ: 7.16-7.11 (t, J=8.1 Hz, 1H), 6.95 (d, J=7.8 Hz, 1H), 6.84-6.82 (t, J=7.8 Hz, 1H), 6.45 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1H), 5.90 (s, 1H), 2.04 (s, 6H), 1.27 (s, 9H) 2
33 S00452

245.0 (M+1) (CDC13, 300 MHz) δ: 6.95 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 6.56 (d, J=2.4 Hz, 1H), 6.52-6.48 (dd, J=2.4, 7.8 Hz, 1H), 5.81 (s, 1H), 2.18 (s, 3H), 2.15 (s, 3H), 2.03 (s, 6H) 10
34 S00697

  (CDC13, 300 MHz) δ: 7.12 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1H), 6.99 (d, J=2.4 Hz, 1H), 6.79 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 5.93 (s, 1H), 2.37 (s, 3H), 2.05 (s, 6H) 2.5
35 S00405

  (CDCl3, 300 MHz) δ: 7.33 (m, 1H), 7.04 (m, 1H), 6.82 (m, 1H), 6.01 (s, 1H), 2.05 (s, 6H) 2.5
36 S00516

  (CDC13, 300 MHz) δ: 7.50 (d, J=9.0 Hz, 1H), 7.05 (d, J=3.0 Hz, 1H), 6.76-6.72 (dd, J=2.7, 8.4 Hz, 1H), 6.10 (s, 1H), 2.05 (s, 6H) 1.25
37 S00479

273 (M+1) (CDC13, 300 MHz) δ: 7.24 (s, 1H), 7.21 (s, 1H), 6.70 (s, 1H), 6.67 (s, 1H), 5.87 (s, 1H), 2.03 (s, 6H), 1.25 (s, 9H) 2.5
38 S00456

  (CDC13, 300 MHz) δ: 6.90 (s, 1H), 6.59 (s, 2H), 6.05 (s, 1H), 2.05 (s, 6H) 2.5
39 S00587

296.9 (M-1) (CDC13, 300 MHz) δ: 6.86-6.85 (t, J=1.5 Hz, 1H), 6.55 (d, J=1.2 Hz, 2H), 3.24 (s, 3H), 2.03 (s, 6H) 2.5
40 S00474

  (CDC13, 300 MHz) δ: 7.42 (s, 1H), 7.11 (s, 2H), 6.24 (s, 1H), 2.08 (s, 6H) 2.5
41 S00475

267.5 (M+1) (CDC13, 300 MHz) δ: 7.96-7.99 (t, J=4.5, 5.1 Hz, 1H), 7.82-7.85 (m, 1H), 7.46-.752 (m, 3H), 7.27-7.32 (t, J=7.8, 8.1 Hz, 1H), 6.62 (d, J=7.8 Hz, 1H), 6.57 (s, 1H), 2.07 (s, 6H) 3.75
42 S00738

  (CDC13, 300 MHz) δ: 8.24-8.27 (dd, J=0.6, 8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.97-8.00 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.52-7.64 (m, 2H), 7.35-7.38 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 6.60 (s, 1H), 6.54-6.56 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 2.07 (s, 6H) 0.63
43 S00651

  (CDC13, 300 MHz) δ: 7.73 (d, J=8.7 Hz, 1H), 7.63 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.28-7.42 (m, 2H), 7.02-7.07 (dd, J=2.1, 8.7 Hz, 1H), 6.98 (s, 1H), 6.07 (s, 1H), 2.07 (s, 6H) 10
44 S00698

326.9 (M+1) (CDC13, 300 MHz) δ: 7.13 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 6.73 (s, 1H), 6.46 (d, J=7.8 Hz, 1H), 5.82 (s, 1H), 2.03 (s, 6H), 1.63 (s, 4H), 1.20-1.24 (m, 12H) 5
45 S00663

  (CDC13, 300 MHz) δ: 9.96 (s, 1H), 6.84 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 6.33(d, J=8.1 Hz, 1H), 3.80 (m, 2H), 3.09 (m, 2H), 2.25 (s, 3H), 2.02 (s, 6H) 40
46 S00662

  (CDC13, 300 MHz) δ: 7.42 (d, J=0.9 Hz, 1H), 7.04 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 6.95 (d, J=14.7 Hz, 2H), 6.56 (d, J=4.2 Hz, 1H), 2.43 (s, 3H), 2.12 (s, 6H) 60
47 S00412

  (CDC13, 300 MHz) δ: 7.51-7.56 (m, 1H), 7.14-7.21 (m, 2H), 4.66 (s, 2H), 2.00 (s, 6H) 10
48 S00513

  (CDC13, 300 MHz) δ: 7.60 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.46 (s, 1H), 7.30 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1H), 4.64 (s, 2H), 1.98 (s, 6H) 5
49 S00201

  (CDC13, 300 MHz) δ: 7.65 (s, 1H), 7.45 (d, J=3 Hz, 2H), 4.64 (s, 2H), 1.97 (s, 6H) 10
50 S00088

  (CDC13, 300 MHz) δ: 7.50 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 2H), 7.40 (d, J=8.7 Hz, 2H), 4.69 (s, 2H), 1.97 (s, 6H) 10
51 S00408

  (CDCl3, 300 MHz) δ: 7.63 (s, 1H), 7.44-7.46 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.26-7.27 (d, J=6.2 Hz, 2H), 4.82 (s, 2H), 2.01 (s, 6H) 10
52 S00543

  (CDC13, 300 MHz) δ: 7.43 (m, 2H), 7.30 (m, 2H), 5.25 (m, 1H), 1.92 (s, 6H), 1.77 (d, J=5.4 Hz, 3H) 60
53 S00628

230.0 (M-1) (CDC13, 300 MHz) δ: 7.09 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 2H), 7.00 (d, J=9. 0Hz, 2H), 2.30 (s, 3H), 2.02 (s, 6H). HPLC-MS (m/e): 230.0 (M-1). 60
54 S00409

324.1 (M+1) (CDC13, 300 MHz) δ: 7.60 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 2H), 7.48 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 2H), 4.78 (s, 2H) 20
55 S00410

299.3 (M+1) (CDC13, 300 MHz) δ: 7.56 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 2H), 7.44 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 2H), 4.67 (s, 2H), 4.16 (s, 3H), 1.98 (s, 3H) 10

Example 6: Ability of representative compounds to cause adaptation to G2 cell cycle arrest and induce G2-arrested cells to re-enter the cell cycle



[0135] Representative compounds were synthesized according to methods provided herein. The structure and other physicochemical properties of each compound was determined by 1H NMR spectroscopy for each synthesized compound.

[0136] Pre-arrested Jurkat cells were prepared as described in Example 1. Briefly, Jurkat cells were subjected to X-ray irradiation at a dose of 10 Gy, and cultured for 24 hours in 10% fetal calf serum (FCS)/RPMI1640 at 37°C with 5% CO2/air, after which time cells were exposed to various concentrations of test compounds, and cultured under the conditions described above for an additional 24 hours before harvesting. Harvested cells were stained with Krishan's buffer (0.1% sodium citrate, 50 µg/ml propidium iodide, 20 µg/ml RNase A, 0.5% Nonidet P-40) and analyzed by flow cytometry (BD Biosciences, Franklin Lakes, NJ) to identify the cell stage of each cell in the sample. Cells in G1 phase were identified by having doubled (2N) DNA content.

[0137] The IC50 value for each compound was calculated as the dosage (concentration in µM) that caused half-maximal increase of the percentage of cells in G1 phase (the G1 increment) measured for that test compound. Table 2 below presents structures, IUPAC name, molecular formula, ID number ("SCID"), mass, 1H NMR values, and IC50 values for representative compounds. Table 3 presents structures, IUPAC name, molecular formula, ID number ("SCID"), mass, 1H NMR values, and IC50 values for further representative compounds.
Table 2. REPRESENTATIVE COMPOUNDS AND IC50 VALUES
Physicochemical Characters
SCIDStructureIUPAC NameMass (m/e)1H NMRIC50 (µM)
S01860

tert-butyl 3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl) (2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2, 5-dioxoazolin-3-yl)propanoate 432.2(M- -1) (CDCl3 300MHz) δ: 7.79 (d , J = 8.5 Hz , 1H), 6.77 (s, 1H) , 6.50 (d , J = 8.5 Hz , 1H), 2.75 (t , J = 7.4 Hz , 2H), 2.58 (t , J = 7.0 Hz, 2H), 2.11 (s, 3H), 1.43(s, 9H). 0.03
S01861

ethyl 3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethy l)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2, 5-diozoazolin-3-yl)propanoate 404.1(M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.79 (d , J = 8.4 Hz, 1H) , 6.88 (s, 1H) , 6.50 (d , J = 8.4 Hz, 1H) , 4.14 (q, J= 7.2 Hz, 2H), 2.79-2.65 (m, 4H), 2.12 (s, 3H), 1.26 (t, J = 7.1Hz, 3H). 0.05
S01078

3,4-dimethyl-1-[(4,7,8-trichloro( 2-quinolyl))amino]azoline-2,5-di one 370.2(M++1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.88-7.84 (d, J=8.7Hz, 1H), 7.45-7.41(d, J=9.3Hz, 1H), 6.94 (s, 1H), 2.10 (s, 6H) 0.078
S01247

1-[(8-bromo-4-chloro(2-quinolyl) )amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione 380.1(M++1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ : 8.00-7.96 (dd, J=8.4 Hz, 1.2 Hz,1H), 7.92-7.89 (dd, J=7.8 Hz,1.2 Hz, 1H), 7.23-7.20 (d, J=7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.07 (br, 1H), 6.96 (s, 1H), 2.08 (s,6H) 0.078
 
S01589

tert-butyl 4-({2-[(3,4-dimethyl-2,5-dioxoaz olinyl)amino]-7-bromo-4-quinoly 1}methyl)piperazinecarboxylate 544.3(M -1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.86-7.83 (d, J = 8.4Hz, 1H), 7.83 (s, 1H), 7.40-7.37 (dd, J = 8.7Hz, 2.1Hz, 1H), 7.00-6.80 (br, 1H), 6.85 (s, 1H), 3.65 (s, 2H), 3.41-3.38 (m, 4H), 2.40-2.35 (m, 4H), 2.09 (s, 6H), 1.46 (s, 9H) 0.078
S01648

methyl 3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluommethy l)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2, 5-diozoazolin-3-yl)propanoate 390(M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.78 (d, J = 8.8 Hz 1H), 7.11 (s, 1H), 6.50 (d, J = 8.5 Hz, 1H), 2.81-2.66 (m, 4H), 2.11 (s, 3H). 0.078
S01796

3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl (2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2, 5-dioxoazolin-3-yl)-N-methoxy-N-methylpropanamide 419.2(M- -1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.76 (d, J = 8.4 Hz , 1H), 7.27 (s, 1H), 6.51 (d, J = 8.5 Hz , 1H) , 3.67 (s, 3H), 3.17 (s, 3H), 2.81 (s, 4H), 2.11 (s, 3H). 0.078
S01879

1-{[7-bromo-4-({4-[(2-methoxyp henyl)carbonyl]piperazinyl}meth yl)(2-quinolyl)]amino}-3,4-dimet hylazoline-2,5-dione 578(M++1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.89-7.83 (m, 2H), 7.41-7.31 (m, 2H), 7.25-7.22 (m, 1H), 7.01-6.98 (m, 1H), 6.96-9.87 (m, 2H), 3.86-3.72 (m, 7H), 3.26-3.20 (m, 2H), 2.63-2.52 (m, 2H), 2.42-2.31 (m, 2H), 2.10 (s, 6H) 0.078
S01981

1-{[3-bromo-6-chloro-5-(trifluor omethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione 396(M--1) (CDCl3,300MHz) δ: 7.97(s, 1H), 7.07(s, 1H), 2.07(s, 6H) 0.078
S00109

1-{[6-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)( 2-pyridyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethyla zoline-2,5-dione 318.0 (M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.80-7.70(d, J=8.7Hz, 1H), 7.10(s, 1H), 6.55-6.45(d, J=8.7Hz, 1H), 2.07(s, 6H) 0.12
S00170

1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)( 2-pyridyl)]methylamino}1-3,4-di methylazoline-2,5-dione / (CDCl3,300 MHz) δ: 7.70 (d, J= 8.4 Hz, 1H), 6.40 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 1H), 3.44 (s, 3H), 2.08 (s, 6H) 0.12
S01007

1-{[6-bromo-5-(trifluoromethyl)( 2-pyridyl)]methylamino }-3,4-di methylazoline-2,5-dione 375.9(M -1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.70-7.67(d, J=8.7Hz, 1H), 6.48-6.45(d, J=8.7Hz, 1H), 3.44(s, 3H), 2.06(s, 6H) 0.12
S01554

1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)( 2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-3-(3 -methylbutyl)azoline- 2,5-dione 374(M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.81-7.77(d, J=8.7Hz, 1H), 6.73(s, 1H), 6.51-6.47(d, J=8.7Hz, 1H), 2.50-2.44(m, 2H), 2.07(s, 3H), 1.50-1.42(m, 3H), 0.97-0.94 (d, J=6.6Hz, 6H) 0.12
 
S01599

1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)( 2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-(methoxym ethyl)-4-methylazoline-2,5-dione 348(M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.80-7.77(d, J=8.4Hz, 1H), 6.92(s, 1H), 6.53-6.50(d, J=8.7Hz, 1H), 4.38(s, 2H), 3.44(s, 3H), 2.20(s, 3H) 0.12
S01455

1-{[7,8-dichloro-4-(trifluorometh yl)(2-quinolyl)]amino)-3,4-dimet hylazoline-2,5-dione 404(M++1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.78-7.72(m, 1H), 7.47-7.44 (d, J=9.4Hz, 1H), 7.35(br, 1H), 7.16 (s, 1H), 2.12(s, 6H) 0.156
S01711

3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethy l)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2, 5-dioxoazolin-3-yl)-N,N-diethylp ropanamide 431(M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.77(d, 7=8.7Hz, 1H), 7.13(s,1H), 6.52 (d, J=8.4Hz 1H), 3.40-3.26 (m, 4H), 2.84-2.67(m, 4H), 2.13(s, 3H), 1.18-1.08 (m, 6H) 0.156
S01712

diethyl 2-[(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorometh yl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}1-4-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolin-3-yl)methyl]prop ane-1,3-dioate 476(M -1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.79(d, J = 8.6 Hz 1H), 6.94 (s, 1H), 6.50 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1H), 4.25-4.16 (m, 4H) , 3.86 (t, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 3.05 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 2H), 2.11(s, 3H) , 1.27 (t, J = 7.1 Hz, 6H) . 0.156
S01758

N-(tert-butyl)-3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-( trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amin o}-4-methyl-2,5-diozoazolin-3-yl )propanamide 431.3(M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.79 (d, J = 8.6 Hz, 1H), 7.12 (s, 1H), 6.53 (d, J = 8.6 Hz, 1H), 5.33 (s, 1H), 2.79 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 2.43 (t, J = 7.3 Hz, 2H), 2.10 (s, 3H), 1.32 (s, 9H). 0.156
S01925

1-{[7-bromo-4-({4-[(3-methoxyp henyl)carbonyl]piperazinyl}methyl yl)(2-quinolyl)]-amino}-3,4-dimet hylazoline-2,5-dione 576.3(M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.87-7.83 (m,2H), 7.41-7.37(dd, J = 1.2Hz, 1.4Hz, 1H), 7.33-7.27(m, 1H), 6.96-6.93(m, 3H), 6.85(s, 1H), 3.90-3.60(br, 2H), 3.82(s, 3H), 3.69(s, 2H), 3.42(br, 2H), 2.54(br, 2H),2.41(br, 2H), 2.09(s, 6H) 0.156
S00994

1-{[6-bromo-5-(trifluoromethyl)( 2-pyridyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethyla zoline-2,5-dione 362.0(M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.76-7.73(d, J =8.4Hz, 1H), 6.77(br, 1H), 6.53-6.50(d, J=8.7Hz, 1H), 2.08(s, 6H) 0.2
S01005

1-[(4,8-dichloro(2-quinolyl))ami no]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dion e 336.4(M++1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.95-7.91(dd, J=8.4Hz, 1.5Hz, 1H), 7.73-7.69(dd, J=7.8Hz, 1.5Hz, 1H), 7.33-7.29(d, J=8.1Hz, 1H), 6.94(s, 1H), 2.11(s, 6H) 0.2
 
S01266

3,4-dimethyl-1-{[6-phenyl-5-(trif luoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}a zoline-2,5-dione 360.2(M --1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.86-7.82 (d, J=9.0Hz, 1H), 7.45-7.35(m, 5H), 6.48-6.44(d, J=9.0Hz, 1H), 2.02(s, 6H) 0.2
S01470

1-1{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)( 2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-( hydroxyme thyl)-4-methylazoline-2,5-dione 336(M++1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.93-7.90(d, J=8.5Hz, 1H), 7.69(s, 1H), 6.28-6.25(d, J=8.5Hz, 1H), 3.69(s, 2H), 2.90-2.70(br, 1H), 2.14(s, 3H) 0.2
S01473

N-(3,4-dimethyl-2,5-dioxoazolin yl)-N-[6-chloro-5-(trifluorometh yl)(2-pyridyl)]acetamide 360.0(M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 8.28-8.25 (m, 1H), 7.99-7.97(d, J=6.6Hz, 1H), 2.28(s, 3H), 2.11(s, 6H) 0.2
S01878

1-{[7-bromo-4-({4-[(2-chlorophe nyl)carbonyl]piperazinyl}methyl) (2-quinolyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethy lazoline-2,5-dione 582 (M++1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.87-7.83 (m, 2H, 7.41-7.26 (m, 5H), 6.85 (s, 1H), 3.84-3.80 (m, 2H), 3.71 (s, 2H), 3.26-3.18 (m, 2H), 2.61-2.57 (m, 2H), 2.47-2.44 (m, 1H), 2.37-2.34 (m, 1H), 2.10 (s, 6H) 0.234
S01883

3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethy 1)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2, 5-dioxoazolin-3-yl)-N-methylpro panamide 389.1(M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.80-7.77 (d, J=8.4Hz, 1H), 7.08 (s, 1H), 6.56-6.53 (d, J = 8.4Hz, 1H), 5.60-5.50 (br, 1H), 2.90-2.75 (m, 5H), 2.55-2.50(t, J=7.2Hz, 2H), 2.10(s, 3H) 0.234
S00585

1-[(8-chloro(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione 302.1(M ++1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.92-7.89 (d, J=6.9Hz, 1H), 7.66-7.63 (dd, J=8.4Hz, 1.2Hz, 1H), 7.56-7.53 (dd, J=6.3Hz, 1.2Hz, 1H), 7.24-7.19 (m, 1H), 6.87-6.84 (d, J=6.6Hz, 1H), 2.10 (s, 6H) 0.3
S00832

3,4-dimethyl-1-[(3,4,5-trichlorop henyl)amino]azoline-2,5-dione No Mass (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 6.75 (s, 2H), 6.04 (s, 1H), 2.06 (s, 6H) 0.3
S00873

3,4-dimethyl-1-{[4-(trifluoromet hyl)(2-quinolyl)]amino}azoline-2 ,5-dione 336.0(M ++1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.97-7.73 (d, J=8.7Hz, 1H), 7.78-7.74 (m, 1H), 7.67-7.61 (m, 1H), 7.47-7.41 (m, 1H), 7.13 (s, 1H), 6.88 (s, 1H), 2.11 (s, 6H) 0.3
S01311

1-[(7-bromo-4-chloro(2-quinolyl) )amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione 380.2(M++1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.89-7.84 (m, 2H), 7.50-7.48 (m, 1H), 6.90 (s, 1H), 2.11 (s, 6H) 0.3
 
S01313

1-{[6-(3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]a mino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-d ione 414.0 (M++1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.89-7.85 (d, J=8.4Hz, 1H), 7.51-7.47 (dd, J=7.5Hz, 2.1Hz, 1H), 7.40-7.35 (br, 1H), 7.18-7.12 (m, 1H), 6.82 (s, 1H), 6.62-6.58 (d, J=8.7Hz, 1H), 2.05 (s, 6H) 0.3
S01457

3,4-dimethyl-1- {[6-(2-methylpro pyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridy l)]amino}azoline-2,5-dione 340.3(M ++1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.70-7.67 (d, J=6.3Hz, 1H), 6.65 (br, 1H), 6.47-6.44 (d, J=6.6Hz, 1H), 2.61 (d, J=5.4Hz, 2H), 2.07 (s, 6H), 0.85 (s, 3H), 0.84 (s, 3H) 0.3
S01737

1-{[6-chloro-4-(trifluoromethyl)( 2-pyridyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethyla zoline-2,5-dione 320(M++1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.03 (s, 1H), 6.93 (s, 1H), 6.62 (s, 1H), 2.07 (s, 6H) 0.312
S01865

methyl 3-(1-{[4-({4-[(tert-butyl)oxycarb onyl]piperazinyl}methyl)-7-brom o(2-quinolyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2 ,5-dioxoazolin-3-yl)propanoate 616 (M++1) (CDCl3,300MHz) δ: 7.86-7.79 (m,2H), 7.40-7.37 (d*d,J1=8.7Hz,J2=2.1Hz,1H), 6.85 (s,1H), 3.72 (s,3H), 3.65 (s,2H), 3.42-3.39 (m,4H), 2.83-2.81 (t,2H), 2.74-2.72 (t,2H), 2.40 (m,4H), 2.14 (s,3H),1.46 (s,9H) 0.312
S01880

1-({4-[(4-{[4-( dimethylamino)ph enyl]carbonyl} piperazinyl)methy l]-7-bromo(2-quinolyl)} amino)-3 ,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione 591 (M++1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.89-7.84 (m,2H), 7.42-7.33 (m,3H), 6.88 (s,1H), 6.67-6.64 (d*d,J1=7.2Hz,J2=2.1Hz,2H), 3.74 (s,2H), 3.63 (m,4H), 2.99 (s,6H), 2.50 (m,4H), 2.10 (s,6H) 0.312
S01098

1-[(3-chloroisoquinolyl)amino]-3 ,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione 302.2(M ++1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.78-7.74 (m, 2H), 7.56-7.47 (m, 2H), 7.38-7.32 (m, 1H), 7.04 (s, 1H), 2.10 (s, 6H) 0.45
S01553

1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)( 2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-ethyl-4-met hylazoline-2,5-dione 332(M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.79-7.76 (d, J=8.4Hz, 1H), 6.95 (s, 1H), 6.50-6.47 (d, J=8.4Hz, 1H), 2.54-2.46 (m, 2H), 2.07 (s, 3H), 1.27-1.17 (m, 3H) 0.45
S01734

1-{ [4-chloro-6-phenyl-5-(trifluor omethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione 396.3(M++1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: (br, 1H), 7.37-7.33 (m, 5H), 6.49 (s, 1H), 2.02 (s, 6H) 0.45
 
S01864

N-[1-({2-[(3,4-dimethyl-2,5-diox oazolinyl)amino]-7-bromo(4-qui nolyl)}methyl)pyrrolidin-3-yl] (tert-butoxy)carboxamide 542.2 (M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.82-7.70 (m, 3H), 7.40-7.35 (dd, J=9.0Hz, 2.1Hz, 1H), 6.86 (s,1H), 4.90-4.80 (br, 0.5H), 4.20-4.10 (br, 0.5H), 3.80 (s, 2H), 2.90-2.80 (m, 1H), 2.70-2.55 (m, 2H), 2.40-2.20 (m, 2H), 2.00 (s, 6H), 1.70-1.50 (m, 2H), 1.43 (s, 9H) 0.468
S01877

1-{[7-bromo-4-({4-[(4-fluorophe nyl)carbonyl]piperazinyl}methyl) (2-quinolyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethy lazoline-2,5-dione 566 (M++1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.86-7.83 (m, 2H), 7.43-7.37 (m, 3H), 7.11-7.06 (m, 2H), 6.82 (s, 1H), 3.77-3.44 (m, 6H), 2.52-2.11 (m, 4H), 2.10 (s, 6H) 0.468
S01475

6-[(3,4-dimethyl-2,5-dioxoazolin yl)amino]-3-(trifluoromethyl)pyri dine-2-carbonitrile 309.2(M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.83-7.81 (d, J=6.6Hz, 1H), 7.31 (s, 1H), 6.86-6.84 (d, J=6.6Hz, 1H), 2.08 (s, 6H) 0.5
S00186

2-1[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridyl]amino}-4,5,6,7-tetrahy droisoindole-1,3-dione   (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.80-7.70 (d, J=8.7Hz, 1H), 6.55-6.45 (d, J=8.7Hz, 1H), 2.50-2.30 (m, 4H), 1.90-1.75 (m, 4H) 0.625
S00516

1-{[4-bromo-3-(trifluoromethyl)p henyl]amino}-3,4-dimethylazolin e-2,5-dione 360.9(M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.54-7.50 (d, J=9.0Hz, 1H), 7.07-7.05 (d, J=3.0Hz, 1H), 6.76-6.72 (dd, J=8.7Hz, 2.7Hz, 1H), 6.10 (s, 1H), 2.08 (s, 6H) 0.625
S00738

1-[(4-chloronaphthyl)amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione No Mass (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 8.27-8.23 (dd, J=8.7Hz, 1.5Hz, 1H), 8.01-7.97 (d, J=8.7Hz, 1H), 7.65-7.52 (m, 2H), 7.38-7.35 (d, J=8.1Hz, 1H), 6.60 (s, 1H), 6.57-6.53 (d, J=8.4Hz, 1H), 2.09 (s, 6H) 0.625
S00935

1-[(4-chloro-6-methyl(2-quinolyl ))amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5 -dione 315.9(M++1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.79 (s, 1H), 7.61-7.57 (d, J=8.4Hz, 1H), 7.45-7.42 (d, J=8.7Hz, 1H), 6.86 (s, 1H), 2.49 (s, 3H), 2.08 (s, 6H) 0.625
S00942

1-[(4-bromonaphthyl)amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione 342.9(M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 8.25-8.21 (d, J=8.1Hz, 1H), 7.99-7.95 (d, J=8.4Hz, 1H), 7.65-7.52 (m, 3H), 6.56 (s, 1H), 6.52-6.49 (d, J=8.4Hz, 1H), 2.08 (s, 6H) 0.625
 
S01037

1-{[7-bromo-4-(hydroxymethyl)( 2-quinolyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethyl azoline-2,5-dione 376.1(M ++1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.85-7.84 (d, J=1.8Hz, 1H), 7.52-7.49 (d, J=8.7Hz, 1H), 7.40-7.36 (dd, J=8.7Hz, 1.8Hz, 1H), 6.99 (s, 1H), 4.99 (s, 2H), 2.11 (s, 1H), 2.10 (s, 6H) 0.625
S01047

{2-[(3,4-dimethyl-2,5-dioxoazoli nyl)amino]-7-bromo-4-quinolyl} methyl acetate 418.0(M ++1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.86-7.85 (d, J=1.8Hz, 1H), 7.58-7.54 (d, J=8.7Hz, 1H), 7.45-7.41 (dd, J=9.0Hz, 2.1Hz, 1H), 6.85 (s, 1H), 5.27 (s, 2H), 2.13 (s, 3H), 2.02 (s, 6H) 0.625
S01191

1-{[8-chloro-4-(4-methoxypheny l)(2-quinolyl)]amino}-3,4-dimeth ylazoline-2,5-dione 408.2(M ++1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.67-7.60 (m, 2H), 7.37-7.32 (m, 2H), 7.18-7.13 (m, 1H), 7.05-7.01 (m, 2H), 6.84 (br, 1H), 6.78 (s, 1H), 3.88 (s, 1H), 2.10 (s, 6H) 0.625
S01207

1-[(4-chlorobenzo[h]quinolin-2-y l)amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5 -dione 352.2(M ++1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 8.81-8.78 (d, J=8.7Hz, 1H), 7.99-7.96 (d, J=8.7Hz, 1H), 7.87-7.83 (d, 9.0Hz, 1H), 7.73-7.69 (d, J=9.0Hz, 1H), 7.67-7.55 (m, 2H), 7.00 (s, 1H), 6.84 (br, 1H), 2.02 (s, 6H) 0.625
S01268

1-[(7-bromo-4-{[4-benzylpiperaz inyl]methyl}(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione 534.3(M++1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.88-7.82 (m, 2H), 7.40-7.25 (m, 6H), 6.89 (s, 1H), 3.73 (s, 2H), 3.51 (s, 2H), 2.60-2.40 (m, 8H), 2.09 (s, 6H) 0.625
S01371

1-{[6-(4-chlorophenyl)-5-(trifluo romethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino)]-3,4 -dimethylazoline-2,5-dione 394.4(M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.85-7.81 (d, J=8.7Hz, 1H), 7.57 (br, 1H), 7.38-7.31 (m, 4H), 6.47-6.44 (d, J=8.4Hz, 1H), 2.04 (s, 6H) 0.625
S01393

3,4-dimethyl-1-{[6-(4-methylphe nyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridy l)]amino}azoline-2,5-dione 374.3 (M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.87-7.84 (d, J=9.0Hz, 1H), 7.36-7.33 (d, J = 8.1Hz, 2H), 7.21-7.18 (d, J= 8.1Hz, 2H), 6.81 (s, 1H), 6.54-6.51 (d, J=8.7Hz, 1H), 2.39 (s, 3H), 2.04 (s, 6H) 0.625
S01474

1-{[6-(3-chlorophenyl)-5-(trifluo romethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3,4 -dimethylazoline-2,5-dione 394(M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.87-7.84 (d, J=6.6Hz, 1H), 7.41-7.31 (m, 4H), 7.21 (br, 1H), 6.56-6.54 (d, J=6.6Hz, 1H), 2.04 (s, 6H) 0.625
 
S01600

1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)( 2-pyridyl)]methylamino }-3-(met hoxymethyl)-4-methylazoline-2,5 -dione 362(M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.77-7.74 (d, J=8.6Hz, 1H), 6.47-6.44 (d, J=8.4Hz, 1H), 4.37 (s, 2H), 3.45 (s, 3H), 3.44 (s, 3H), 2.20 (s, 3H) 0.625
S01683

phenylmethyl 4-({2-[(3,4-dimethyl-2,5-dioxoaz olinyl)amino]-7-bromo-4-quinoly l}methyl)piperazinecarboxylate 578(M++1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.84 (m, 2H), 7.41 (m, 1H), 7.37-7.30 (m, 5H), 6.86 (s, 1H), 6.76 (br, 1H), 5.14 (s, 2H), 3.70 (s, 2H), 3.50 (m, 4H), 2.44 (m, 4H), 2.09 (s,6H) 0.625
S01688

1-{[6-chloro-2-phenyl-3-(trifluor omethyl)(4-pyridyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione 394.3(M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.39-7.35 (m, 5H), 7.26 (s, 1H), 6.55 (d, J=6.0Hz, 1H), 2.03 (s, 6H) 0.625
S01691

3,4-dimethyl-1-({6-[3-(trifluoro methyl)phenyl](2-pyridyl)}amino )azoline-2,5-dione 362.3(M++1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 8.13 (br, 1H), 8.00-7.97 (d, J=7.8Hz, 1H), 7.65-7.58 (m, 2H), 7.52-7.47 (t, 1H), 7.33-7.31 (d, J = 7.5Hz, 1H), 6.65-6.63 (t, 2H), 2.07 (s, 6H) 0.625
S01699

1-[(7-bromo-4-{[4-(phenylcarbon yl)piperazinyl]methyl} (2-quinoly l))amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2, 5-dione 548(M++1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.88-7.84 (m, 2H), 7.41-7.38 (m, 6H), 6.86 (s, 1H), 3.79-3.73 (m, 4H), 3.42 (m, 2H), 2.54 (m, 4H), 2.09 (s, 6H) 0.625
S01759

3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethy l)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2, 5-dioxoazolin-3-yl)-N-methyl-N-phenylpropanamide 465.3(M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.94 (s, 1H), 7.73 (d, J = 8.6 Hz, 1H ), 7.43-7.33 (m, 3H), 7.19-7.16 (m, 2H), 6.51 (d, J = 8.5 Hz, 1H), 3.24 (s, 3H), 2.70 (t, J= 7.1 Hz, 2H), 2.41 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 2.06 (s, 3H) 0.625
S01762

3,4-dimethyl-1-{[6-benzyl-5-(trif luoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}a zoline-2,5-dione 374.3(M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.67-7.63 (d, J = 8.4Hz, 1H), 7.22-7.12 (m, 5H), 6.84 (s, 1H), 6.45-6.41 (d, J = 8.7Hz, 1H), 4.08 (s, 2H), 2.00 (s, 6H) 0.625
 
S01800

1-{[4-({4-[(2,4-dimethylphenyl)c arbonyl]piperazinyl}methyl)-7-br omo(2-quinolyl)]amino }-3,4-dim ethylazoline-2,5-dione 576 (M ++1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.87-7.83 (m,2H), 7.41-7.37 (d*d,J1=8.7Hz,J2=2.1Hz,1H), 7.05-7.00 (m, 3H), 6.85 (s, 1H), 3.81 (m, 2H), 3.72 (s, 2H),3.22 (m, 2H), 2.58-2.55 (m, 2H), 2.36-2.33 (m, 2H), 2.31 (s, 3H), 2.27 (s, 3H), 2.10 (s, 6H) 0.625
S01801

1-{[7-bromo-4-({4-[(4-methoxyp henyl)carbonyl]piperazinyl}meth yl)(2-quinolyl)]amino }-3,4-dimet hylazoline-2,5-dione 578(M++1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.90-7.82 (m, 2H), 7.41-7.36 (m, 3H), 6.92-6.88 (m, 3H), 3.83 (s, 3H), 3.78 (s, 2H), 3.62 (m, 4H), 2.51 (m, 4H), 2.10 (s, 6H) 0.625
S01820

N-[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)( 2-pyridyl)]-N-[4-(hydroxymethyl )-3-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl]ace tamide 376 (M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 8.27-8.26 (m, 1H), 8.02-7.99 (t, 1H), 4.69-4.67 (d, J=5.1Hz, 2H), 2.31 (s, 3H), 2.28 (s, 3H) 0.625
S01822

1-[(7-bromo-4-{[4-(phenylsulfon yl)piperazinyl]methyl}(2-quinoly 1))amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2, 5-dione 584 (M ++1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.80-7.71 (m, 4H), 7.62-7.52 (m, 3H), 7.34-7.31 (d*d, J1=8.7Hz, J2=2.1Hz, 1H), 6.75 (s, 1H), 3.65 (s, 2H), 3.01 (m, 4H), 2.56-2.53 (m, 4H), 2.07 (s, 6H) 0.625
S00871

1-[(4-chloro-8-methyl(2-quinolyl ))amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione 316.0(M++1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.91-7.88 (d, J=8.4Hz, 1H), 7.47-7.44 (d, J=6.6Hz, 1H), 7.32-7.28 (d, J=8.4Hz, 1H), 6.95 (s, 1H), 6.78 (br, 1H), 2.42 (s, 3H), 2.10 (s, 6H) 0.625
S01862

tert-butyl 4-[({2-[(3,4-dimethyl-2,5-dioxoa zolinyl)amino]-7-bromo-4-quinol yl}methyl)amino]piperidinecarbo xylate 556.2 (M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.81-7.80 (d, J=1.8Hz, 1H), 7.60-7.55 (d, J = 9.0Hz, 1H), 7.40-7.35 (dd, J = 8.7Hz 2.1Hz, 1H), 6.85 (s,1H), 4.10-3.90 (m, 2H),3.76 (s, 2H), 2.90-2.80 (m, 2H), 2.70-2.55 (m, 1H), 2.09 (s, 6H), 1.90-1.80 (m, 2H), 1.46 (s, 9H), 1.40-1.30 (m, 2H) 0.937
 
S01928

tert-butyl 4-[4-({2-[(3,4-dimethyl-2,5-diox oazolinyl)amino]-7-bromo-4-qui nolyl)methyl)piperazinyl]piperid inecarboxylate 627 (M++1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.88-7.83 (m, 2H), 7.40-7.36 (m, 1H), 6.87 (s, 1H), 4.15-4.08 (m, 1H), 3.68 (s, 2H), 2.73-2.65 (m, 2H), 2.54-2.52 (m, 8H), 2.36 (m, 2H), 2.06 (s, 6H), 1.81-1.77 (m, 2H), 1.44 (s, 9H),1.42-1.35 (m, 2H) 0.9375
S01929

1-[(4-{[4-(3,3-dimethylbutanoyl) piperazinyl]methyl}-7-bromo(2-q uinolyl))amino]-3,4-dimethylazol ine-2,5-dione 542 (M++1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.89-7.84 (m, 2H), 7.42-7.38 (m, 1H), 6.87 (s, 1H), 3.72 (s, 2H), 3.67-3.63 (m, 2H), 3.49-3.46 (m, 2H), 2.50-2.41 (m, 4H), 2.25 (s, 2H),2.10 (s, 6H), 1.05 (s, 9H) 0.9375
Table 3. REPRESENTATIVE COMPOUNDS AND IC50 VALUES
SCIDStructureIUPAC NameMass (m/e)1H NMRIC50 (µM)
S03518

3-(Butoxymethyl)-1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]ami no}-4-methylazoline-2,5-dione 390.2(M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 0.90-0.95 (t, J=7.2Hz,3H), 1.35-1.43 (m,2H), 1.54-1.63 (m,2H), 2.20(s,3H), 3.50-3.55(t, J=6.6Hz,2H), 4.41 (s,2H), 6.49-6.52 (d, J=8.4Hz,1H), 6.88 (s,1H), 7.77-7.79 (d, J=8.4Hz, 1H) 0.02
S02225

tert-butyl 2-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethy 1)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2, 5-dioxoazolin-3-yl)acetate 418.0(M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.79-7.76 (d, J=8.4Hz, 1H), 7.04 (s, 1H), 6.51-6.48 (d, J = 8.7Hz, 1H), 3.45 (s, 2H), 2.11 (s, 3H), 1.25 (s, 9H) 0.03
S02264

4-methylphenyl 3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethy 1)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2, 5-dioxoazolin-3-yl)propanoate 433.9(M++1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.78-7.75 (d, J=8.7Hz,1H), 7.08 (s,1H), 6.50-6.47 (d, J=8.4Hz,1H), 4.85-4.83 1m, 1H), 2.79-2.66 (m,4H), 1.59-1.52 (m,2H), 1.21-1.18 (d, J=6.3Hz,3H), 0.90-0.86 (t,3H) 0.04
S02366

1-{[6-Chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)( 2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-(ethoxymet hyl)-4-methylazoline-2,5-dione 364.0(M++1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 1.23-1.28 (t, J=6.9Hz, 3H), 2.21 (t, J=1.2Hz,3H), 3.56-3.63 (q, J=6.9Hz,2H), 4.41 (q, J=1.2Hz,2H), 6.48-6.51 (d, d, J=8.7Hz, 1H), 7.0(s, 1H), 7.75-7.78 (d, J=8.4Hz, 1H) 0.04
S03405

1-{[6-Chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl )(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-3 -[(3-methylbutoxy)methyl]azoli ne-2,5-dione 404.2(M1--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 0.87-0.95 (m,6H), 1.47-1.54 (m,2H), 1.66-1.75 (m,1H), 2.19 (s,3H), 3.53-3.57 (t, J=7.2Hz,2H), 4.41 (s,2H), 6.49-6.52 (d, J=8.4Hz,1H), 6.90 (s,1H), 7.77-7.80(d, J=8.4Hz,1H) <0.019
 
S03448

3-butyl-1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluor omethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methylazoline-2,5-dione 360.0(M++1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.78-7.74 (d, J=9.0Hz, 1H), 7.05 (s, 1H), 6.50-6.46 (d, J = 8.7Hz, 1H), 2.51-2.45 (t, J = 7.5Hz, 2H), 2.07 (s, 3H), 1.60-1.52 (m, 2H), 1.42-1.34 (m, 2H), 0.97-0.92 (t, J = 7.2Hz, 3H) 0.156
S03456

1-{[6-Chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)( 2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-3-[2 -(2-methyl(1,3-dioxolan-2-yl))eth yl]azoline-2,5-dione 418.2(M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 1.35 (s,3H), 1.98-2.03 (t, J = 7.2Hz, 2H), 2.07 (s,3H), 2.56-2.61(t, J = 7.2Hz, 2H), 3.88-4.00 (m, 4H), 6.47-6.50 (d, J = 8.7Hz, 1H), 6.78 (s, 1H), 7.76-7.79 (d, J = 8.7Hz, 1H) 0.156
S03552

1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)( 2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-(3-hydroxyh exyl)-3-methylazoline-2,5-dione 404.2(M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.77-7.74 (d, J=8.7Hz, 1H), 7.21 (br, 1H), 6.51-6.48 (d, J=8.7Hz, 1H), 3.61-3.59 (m, 1H), 2.65-2.60 (t, 2H), 2.09 (s, 3H), 1.77-1.62 (m, 3H), 1.47-1.=5 (m, 4H), 0.94-0.90 (m, 3H) 0.06
S03742

1-{[6-Chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)( 2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-[(2-methoxy ethoxy)methyl]-4-methylazoline-2,5-dione 392.0(M--1) (CCDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.77-7.74 (d, J=8.4Hz, 1H), 7.20 (s, 1H), 6.52-6.49 (d, J=8.4Hz, 1H), 4.48 (s, 1H), 3.7=-3.69 (m, 2H), 3.60-3.56 (m, 2H), 3.39 (s, 3H), 2.20 (s, 3H) 0.12
S03745

1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)( 2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-(3-hydroxyp entyl)-3-methylazoline-2,5-dione 390.0(M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.76-7.73 (d, J=8.7Hz, 1H), 7.36 (br, 1H), 6.51-6.48 (d, J=8.7Hz, 1H), 3.52-3.51 (m, 1H), 2.64-2.59 (t, 2H), 2.09 (s, 3H), 1.83-1.6= (m, 2H), 1.55-1.42 (m, 2H), 0.94-0.90 (m, 3H) 0.06
S03747

3-[(3,3-Dimethylbutoxy)methyl]-1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)( -2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methylazoli ne-2,5-dione 418.1(M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.77-7.80 (d, J=8.7Hz,1H), 6.77 (s,1H), 6.49-6.52 (d, J=8.4Hz,1H), 4.40 (s,2H), 3.55-3.60 (t, J=7.5Hz,2H), 2.20 (s,3H), 1.53-1.58 (t, J=6.9Hz,2H), 0.92-0.96 (s,9H), <0.019
S03873

4-[(tert-Butoxy)methyl]-1-{[6-ch loro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridy l)]amino}-3-methylazoline-2,5-di one 390.2(M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ:7.80-7.77 (d, J=8.4Hz, 1H), 6.85 (br, 1H), 6.51-6.49 (d, J=8.4Hz, 1H), 4.37 (s, 2H), 2.21 (s, 3H), 1.28 (s, 9H) 0.02
S03955

1-{[6-Chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl )(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-3 -[2-(2-methylpropoxy)ethyl]azo line-2,5-dione 401.1(M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 0.86-0.88 (d, J=8.4Hz, 6H), 1.79-1.83 (m, 1H), 2.21 (s, 3H), 2.72-2.76(t, J=6.6Hz, 2H), 3.17-3.19 (d, J=6.6Hz, 2H), 3.60-3.64 (t, J=6.6Hz, 2H), 6.45-6.48 (d, J=8.7Hz, 1H), 7.03 (s, 1H), 7.75-7.78 (d, J=8.4Hz, 1H) 0.06
 
S03956

1-{[6-Chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl )(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-3 -[2-(3-methylbutoxy)ethyl]azoli ne-2,5-dione 418.3M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 0.85-0.92 (d, J=6.6Hz, 6H), 1.39-1.46 (m, 2H), 1.60-1.69 (m, 1H), 2.09 (s, H), 2.72-2.76 (t, J=6.6Hz, 2H), 3.41-3.46 (d, J=6.6Hz, 2H), 3.60-3.64 (t, J=6.6Hz, 2H), 6.45-6.47 (d, J=8.4Hz, 1H), 7.38 (s, 1H), 7.73-7.76 (d, J=8.4Hz,lH) 0.156
S03960

1-{[6-Chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl) )(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-(2-ethox yethyl)-4-methylazoline-2,5-dione ne 376.2(M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.76-7.73 (d, J=8.4Hz, 1H), 7.41 (s, 1H), 6.48-6.45 (d, J=8.4Hz, 1H), 3.65-3.61 (t, 2H), 3.52-3.45 (q, 2H), 2.76-2.72 (t, 2H), 2.09(s, 3H), 1.19-1.14 (t, 3H) 0.04
S03962

3-[(2,2-Dimethylpropoxy)methyl ]-1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl )(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methylazo line-2,5-dione 404.2(M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.80-7.77 (d, J=8.7Hz, 1H), 6.83 (s, 1H), 6.53-6.50 (d, J=8.7Hz, 1H), 4.43 (s, 2H), 3.17 (s, 2H), 2.22 (s, 3H), 0.94 (s, 9H) <0.019
S03963

1-{[6-Chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)( 2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-3-[( 2-methylpropoxy)methyl]azoline -2,5-dione 390.2(M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.78-7.75 (d, J=8.7Hz, 1H), 7.12 (s, 1H), 6.51-6.48 (d, J=8.4Hz, 1H), 4.41 (s, 2H), 3.30-3 =s (d, J=6.6Hz, 2H), 2.21 (s, 3H), 1.95-1.86 (m, 1H), 0.94-0.91 (d, J=6.6Hz ,6H) <0.019
 
S03964

4-[(1,3-Dimethylbutoxy)methyl ]-1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorometh yl)(2-pyridy)]amino}-3-methyl azoline-2,5-dione 418.1(M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.77-7.74 (d, J=8.4Hz, 1H), 7.15 (br, 1H), 6.50-6.47 (d, J=8.4Hz, 1H), 4.51-4.30 (m, 2H), 3.64-3.57 (m, 1H), 2.20 (s, 3H), 1.76-1.69 (m, 1H), 1.56-1.49 (m, 1H), 1.27-1.23 (m, 1H), 1.21-1.18 (m, 3H), 0.92-0.88 (m, 6H) 0.04
S04034

1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)( 2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-methyl-4-(2 -propoxyethyl)azoline-2,5-dione 390.3(M--1) (CDCl3, 300MHz) δ: 7.73 (s, 1H), 7.70 (br, 1H), 6.47-6.44 (d, J=8.7Hz, 1H), 3.64-3.60 (t, 2H), 3.39-3.50 (t, 2H), 2.76-2.72 (t, 2H), 2.09 (s, 3H), 1.61-1.49 (m, 2H), 0.91-0.86 (t, 3H) 0.04

Example7: Effects of S00109 alone, and S00109 in combination with additional anti-cancer treatments, on normal cells and on cancer cells



[0138] The effects of S00109 alone, and S00109 in combination with well-known anti-cancer treatments, was determined for normal human dermal fibroblasts (NHDF), and human umbilical endothelial cells (HUVEC), and for MIAPaCa2 cells (pancreatic cancer-derived cell line), HCT116 cells (colon cancer-derived cell line), IM9 cells (multiple myeloma-derived cell line), ARH-77 cells (multiple myeloma-derived cell line), RPMI-8226 cells (multiple myeloma-derived cell line) and NCI-H929 cells (multiple myeloma-derived cell line).

[0139] Cells were treated as described in Tables 4-11, then harvested, stained with propidium iodide to allow measurement of DNA content, and analyzed by flow cytometry to determine the cell cycle stage of each cell present in each population following treatment. Thus, a "phenotype" or "predominant phenotype" or "cell cycle pattern" is determined on the basis of the percentage of cell in various cell cycle stages (G1, S, G2, M, subG1 (dead), and so on). Tables 4-11 report the predominant cell cycle pattern, or the most relevant change in the cell cycle pattern, corresponding to each treatment combination. For example, the result for one treatment combination may be reported as an increase in the number of cells in G2 phase after exposure to a certain S00109 concentration, compared with the predominant phenotype resulting from exposure to a lower S00109 concentration, for the same anti-cancer treatment. Similar, the result for a anti-cancer treatment, in the absence of S00109 treatment, may be reported as an increase in the number of cells in S phase, compared with the corresponding control (no anti-cancer treatment, no S00109, same culture conditions).

[0140] Normal human cells and human cancer cells were exposed to S00109 (abbreviated S109 in Tables 4-11) at various concentrations from no S00109, up to 100 µM S00109, as shown in the header for each column.

[0141] Normal human cells and human cancer cells were exposed to a variety of anti-cancer treatments including X-ray radiation, and the anti-cancer agents ("anti-cancer drugs") methotrexate, CPT-11 (irinotecan, Camptosar®), 5-FU (5-fluorouracil), CDDP (cisplatin), adriamycin, Gemzar® (gemcitabine), taxol, Velcade® (bortezomib), vincristine, dexamethasone, and melpharan. Treatments included simultaneous treatment with the anti-cancer agent and the indicated dose of S00109, as well as staggered treatment combinations, were cells were treated first with an anti-cancer treatment and then with the indicated dose of S00109. A key to the treatments as described in the legend for each row in Tables 4-11 is presented below.

[0142] Control experiments included experiments in which cells were treated with S109 at the indicated dose, and no additional treatment, indicated as "alone" in Tables 4-11, where "S109 at the indicated dose" includes no S00109, or S00109 at various concentrations up to 100 µM, as indicated in each column heading. Control experiments included experiments designed to test the effects of 24 hr and 48 culture times, as well as the effects of additional steps such as a change of culture media at 3 hours, or the addition of S00109 in a later step.
Key to Treatments in Tables 4-11
alone 24hr Cells were cultured 24 hrs without any additional anti-cancer treatment, in culture media with the indicated dose of S109, where "the indicated dose of S109" includes "No S109" control treatments
X-ray 10Gy 24hr simul.stim. Cells were irradiated with X-rays for a total dose of 10Gy at the beginning of the experiment (requiring about 5-10 min), and cultured in the presence of the indicated dose of S109, for 24 hrs
X-ray 10Gy pre irrad. Cells were irradiated with X-rays for a total dose of 10Gy (about 5-10 min) and cultured in culture media alone for 24 hrs, then at 24 hrs after the irradiation, the indicated dose of S109 was added to culture media and cells were cultured for an additional 24 hrs
MTX 0.4 24hr Cells were cultured in media containing 0.4µg/ml methotrexate and the indicated dose of S109 for 24hrs
MTX 2 24hr Cells were cultured in media containing 2µg/ml methotrexate and the indicated dose of S109 for 24hrs
MTX 10 24hr Cells were cultured in media containing 10µg/ml methotrexate and the indicated dose of S109 for 24hrs
alone 3hr 24hr culture Cells were cultured for 3 hrs in media containing S109 at the indicated dose, then at 3 hrs, the culture media was replaced with fresh media without S109, and cells were cultured in the fresh media for an additional 24 hrs
CPT-11 50 Cells were cultured for 3 hrs in media containing 50µg/ml CPT-11 (irinotecan, Camptosar®) and the indicated dose of S109, then at 3 hrs, the culture media was replaced with fresh media without CPT-11 or S109, and cells were cultured in the fresh media for an additional 24 hrs
5-FU 20 Cells were cultured for 3 hrs in media containing 20µg/ml 5-FU (5-fluorouracil) and the indicated dose of S109, then at 3 hrs, the culture media was replaced with fresh media without 5-FU or S109, and cells were cultured in the fresh media for an additional 24 hrs
alone 3hr 48hr culture Cells were cultured for 3 hrs in media containing the indicated dose of S109, then at 3 hrs, the culture media was replaced with fresh medium without S109, and cells were cultured in the fresh media for an additional 48hrs
CDDP 3 Cells were cultured for 3 hrs in media containing 3µg/ml CDDP (cisplatin) and the indicated dose of S109, then at 3 hrs, the culture media was replaced with fresh media without CDDP or S109, and cells were cultured for an additional 48hrs
CDDP 10 Cells were cultured for 3 hrs in media containing 10µg/ml CDDP and the indicated dose of S109, that at 3 hrs, the culture media was replaced with fresh media without CDDP or S109, and cells were cultured for an additional 48hrs
ADR 1 Cells were cultured for 3 hrs in media containing 1 µg/ml adriamycin and the indicated dose of S109, then at 3 hrs, the culture media was replaced with fresh media without adriamycin or S109, and cells were cultured for an additional 48hrs
Gemzar 0.016 Cells were cultured for 3 hrs in media containing 0.016µg/ml Gemzar® (Gemcitabine) and the indicated dose of S109, then at 3 hrs, the culture+ media was replaced with fresh media without Gemzar® or S109, and cells were cultured for an additional 48hrs
Gemzar 0.08 Cells were cultured for 3 hrs in media containing 0.08µg/ml Gemzar® and the indicated dose of S109, then at 3 hrs, the culture media was replace with fresh media with Gemzar® or S109, and cells were cultured for and additional 48hrs
Gemzar 0.4 Cells were cultured for 3 hrs in media containing 0.04µg/ml Gemzar® and the indicated dose of S109, then at 3 hrs, the culture media was replaced with fresh media without Gemzar® or S109, and cells were cultured for an additional 48hrs
Gemzar 2 Cells were cultured for 3 hrs in media containing 0.2µg/ml Gemzar® and the indicated dose of S109, then at 3 hrs, the culture media was replaced with fresh media without Gemzar® or S109, and cells were cultured for an additional 48hrs
Gemzar 10 Cells were cultured for 3 hrs in media containing 10µg/ml of Gemzar® and the indicated dose of S109, then at 3 hrs, the culture media was replace with fresh media without Gemzar® or S109, and cells were cultured for an additional 48hrs
Gemzar 50 Cells were cultured for 3 hrs in media containing 50µg/ml of Gemzar® and the indicated dose of S109, then at 3 hrs, the culture media was replace with fresh media without Gemzar® or S109, and cells were cultured for an additional 48hrs
Taxol 0.0032 Cells were cultured for 3 hrs in media containing 0.0032µg/ml Taxol and the indicated dose of S109, then at 3 hrs, the culture media was replaced with fresh media without Taxol or S109, and cells were cultured for an additional 48hrs
Taxol 0.016 Cells were cultured for 3 hrs in media containing 0.016µg/ml Taxol and the indicated dose of S109, then at 3 hrs, the culture media was replaced with fresh media without Taxol or S109, and cells were cultured for an additional 48hrs
Taxol 0.08 Cells were cultured for 3 hrs in media containing 0.08µg/ml Taxol and the indicated dose of S109, then at 3 hrs, the culture media was replaced with fresh media without Taxol or S109, and cells were cultured for an additional 48hrs
Taxol 0.4 Cells were cultured for 3 hrs in media containing 0.4µg/ml Taxol and the indicated dose of S109, then at 3 hrs, the culture media was replaced with fresh media without Taxol or S109, and cells were cultured for an additional 48hrs
Taxol 2 Cells were cultured for 3 hrs in media containing 2µg/ml Taxol and the indicated dose of S109, then at 3 hrs, the culture media was replaced with fresh media without Taxol or S109, and cells were cultured for an additional 48hrs
Taxol 10 Cells were cultured for 3 hrs in media containing 10µg/ml Taxol and the indicated dose of S109, then at 3 hrs, the culture media was replaced with fresh media without Taxol or S109, and cells were cultured for an additional 48hrs
24hr Cells were cultured for 24 hrs with no additional anti-cancer treatment (same as "alone, 24 hr" above)
Velcade 3 Cells were cultured for 24hrs in media containing 3µg/ml Velcade® (bortezomib) and S109 at the indicated dose
Velcade 6 Cells were cultured for 24hrs in media containing 6µg/ml Velcade® (bortezomib) and S109 at the indicated dose
Vincristine 2 Cells were cultured for 24hrs in media containing 2µg/ml Vincristine and S109 at the indicated dose
Vincristine 20 Cells were cultured for 24hrs in media containing 20µg/ml Vincristine and S109 at the indicated dose
Dexamethasone 2 Cells were cultured for 24hrs in media containing 2µg/ml Dexamethasone and S109 at the indicated dose
Dexamethasone 20 Cells were cultured for 24hrs in media containing 20µg/ml Vincristine and S109 at the indicated dose
Dexamethasone 200 Cells were cultured for 24hrs in media containing 200µg/ml Vincristine and S109 at the indicated dose
Sim24hr ADR0.1 Cells were cultured for 24hrs in the presence of 0.1µg/ml adriamycin and the indicated dose of S109 (i.e., simultaneously)
Sim24hr ADR0.5 Cells were cultured for 24hrs in the presence of 0.5µg/ml adriamycin and the indicated dose of S109 (i.e., simultaneously)
Sim24hr Melph 1 Cells were cultured for 24hrs in the presence of 1µg/ml melpharan and the indicated dose of S109 (i.e., simultaneously)
Sim24hr Melph 4 Cells were cultured for 24hrs in the presence of 4µg/ml melpharan and the indicated dose of S109 (i.e., simultaneously)
48hr Cells were cultured for 48 hrs without any additional anti-cancer treatment and in the presence of the indicated dose of S109
Sim48hr ADR0.1 Cells were cultured for 48hrs in the presence of 0.1µg/ml adriamycin and the indicated dose of S109 (i.e., simultaneously)
Sim48hr ADR0.5 Cells were cultured for 48hrs in the presence of 0.5µg/ml adriamycin and the indicated dose of S109 (i.e., simultaneously)
Sim48hr Melph 1 Cells were cultured for 48hrs in the presence of 1µg/ml melpharan and the indicated dose of S109 (i.e., simultaneously)
Sim48hr Melph 4 Cells were cultured for 48hrs in the presence of 1µg/ml melpharan and the indicated dose of S109 (i.e., simultaneously)
Add at 24 hr Cells were cultured for 24 hrs in media alone, then at 24 hrs, the indicated dose of S109 was added to the culture media and the cells were cultured for an additional 24hrs
Pre ADR0.1 Add 24hr Cells were cultured for 24 hrs in media containing 0.1µg/ml adriamycin, then at 24 hrs, the indicated dose of S109 was added to the adriamycin-containing media and cells were cultured in the presence of adriamycin and S109 for an additional 24 hrs
Pre ADR0.5 Add 24hr Cells were cultured for 24 hrs in media containing 0.5µg/ml adriamycin, then at 24 hrs, the indicated dose of S109 was added to the adriamycin-containing media and cells were cultured in the presence of adriamycin and S109 for an additional 24 hrs
Pre Mel 1 Add 24hr Cells were cultured for 24 hrs in media containing 1µg/ml melpharan, then at 24 hrs, the indicated dose of S109 was added to the melpharan-containing media and cells were cultured in the presence of melpharan and S109 for an additional 24 hrs
Pre Mel 4 Add 24hr Cells were cultured for 24 hrs in media containing 4µg/ml melpharan, then at 24 hrs, the indicated dose of S109 was added to the melpharan-containing media and cells were cultured in the presence of melpharan and S109 for an additional 24 hrs
Add at 48 hr Cells were cultured in media alone for 48 hrs, then at 48 hrs, the indicated dose of S109 was added and cells were cultured for an additional 24 hrs
Pre ADR0.1 Add 48hr Cells were cultured in media containing 0.1µg/ml adriamycin for 48 hrs, then at 48 hrs, the indicated dose of S109 was added and cells were cultured in the presence of adriamycin and S109 for an additional 24 hrs
Pre ADR0.5 Add 48hr Cells were cultured in media containing 0.5µg/ml adriamycin for 48 hrs, then at 48 hrs, the indicated dose of S109 was added and cells were cultured in the presence of adriamycin and S109 for an additional 24 hrs
Pre Mel 1 Add 48hr Cells were cultured in media containing 1µg/ml melpharan for 48 hrs, then at 48 hrs, the indicated dose of S109 was added and cells were cultured in the presence of melpharan and S109 for an additional 24 hrs
Pre Mel 4 Add 48hr Cells were cultured in media containing 4µg/ml melpharan for 48 hrs, then at 48 hrs, the indicated dose of S109 was added and cells were cultured in the presence of melpharan and S109 for an additional 24 hrs
In Tables 4-11, results were reported as follows.
Key to Results in Tables 4-11
horizontal arrow → The cell cycle pattern (phenotype) seen after this treatment is the same as the pattern seen for control (non-treated) cells under corresponding conditions, OR the pattern for this S00109 dose is the same as the pattern seen at the next lower dose of S00109
slightly G2↑ or slight G2↑ The percentage of cells in the G2 phase (the G2 cell population) is slightly increased, by about 5-10%
slightly dead or slight dead↑ The percentage of cells in the subG1 cell population (where subG1 is the phenotype of a dead cell) is slightly increased, i.e., about a 5-10% increase in the subG1 population
G2↑ The percentage of cells in G2cell population is increased (10%-20%)
Dull G1 When the results of cell sorting by flow cytometry are plotted, the shape of the peak representing the G1 cell population has become "dull" (more rounded, more diffusely distributed, usually with longer tails) compared with a "sharp" peak seen in other cell populations
S delay The percentage of cells in S phase (the S phase population) has increased
G2↑Death↑ The G2 cell population is increased by about 10%-20%, and the subG1 population (i.e., dead cells) is also increased
Freezing or Freezing? The cell cycle pattern observed for this treatment combination was the same as the untreated control (no anti-cancer treatment and no S00109, same culture conditions) even though these cells were subjected to the specified treatment combination.
Dull G1 G2↓ The shape of the peak representing the G1 cell population has become "dull" (see above) and the percentage of cells in G2 phase (the "G2 cell population") is decreased
G2↓ The G2 cell population is decreased
G2 The G2 cell population is slightly increased
S/G2 The percentage of cells in S/G2 phase (the "S/G2 cell population") is slightly increased
S/G2↑ The percentage of cells in S/G2 phase (the "S/G2 cell population") is significantly increased
Death The subG1 cell population (dead cells) is increased
NON or Cycle The cell cycle pattern for this cell population is the same as the pattern of the corresponding non-treated control cells, despite the fact that this cell population was treated as indicated.
Dull When the results of cell sorting by flow cytometry are plotted, the shapes of all the peaks corresponding to cells in different cell cycle phases is "dull" (rounded, diffusely distributed, not "sharp")

Results



[0143] The results show that S00109 had more severe cytotoxic effects on cancer cells and little or no cytotoxic effects on normal cells Alternately expressed, the results show that most cancer cells are more sensitive to S00109 and than are most normal cells These results are in agreement with the results of the ARH-77 xenograft tumor transplant experiments of Example 4, where treatment of xenograft tumor-bearing mice with S00109, S01860, S03518, S03405 or S03747 resulted in dramatic increases in the survival rates of the tumor-bearing mice, indicating that S00109, S01860, S03518, S03405 or S03747 has specifically killed or suppressed the ARH-77 (multiple myeloma) cells in the xenograft tumors without having cytotoxic effects on the normal cells or organs of the mouse host.

A. Normal barman dermal fibroblasts (NHDF)



[0144] Normal human dermal fibroblasts (NHDF) were treated as described in the first cell of each row of Table 4, and exposed to no S00109 (Column 2) or S00109 at the concentrations listed in Columns 3-9. The predominant phenotype for each treatment combination is described in the corresponding cell.
Table 4. Phenotype of normal human dermal fibroblast cells (NHDF) treated with S00109 alone, or in combination with anti-cancer treatments
NHDF TreatmentNo S1090.0064 µM S1090.032 µM S1090.16 µM S1090.8 µM S1094 µM S10920 µM S109100µM S109
alone 24hr   slightly G2↑ slightly G2↑ slightly G2↑ Slightly dead
X-ray 10Gy 24hr simul.stim. G2↑
X-ray 10Gy pre irrad. G2↑
MTX 0.4 24hrs dull G1 slightly G2↑ slightly G2↑ slightly G2↑ slightly G2↑
MTX 2 24hrs dull G1 slightly G2↑ slightly G2↑ slightly G2↑ slightly G2↑
MTX 10 24hrs dull G1 slightly G2↑ slightly G2↑ slightly G2↑ slightly G2↑
alone 3hr 24hr culture   Slightly dead
CPT-11 50 S delay
5-FU 20 Slight G2↑
alone 3hr 48hr culture   G2 ↑Dea th ↑ G2 ↑ Death ↑ G2 ↑Death ↑
CDDP 3 Slight G2↑ G2↑ G2↑ G2 ↑Death ↑ G2 ↑Death ↑
CDDP 10 G2↑ G2↓ Freezing Freezing Freezing
ADR 1 G2↑
Gemzar 0.016 Dull G1 G2↓ Freezing Freezing G2↑
Gemzar 0.08 G2↓ G2↑
Gemzar 0.4 S/G2 G2
Gemzar 2 S/G2↑
Gemzar 10 S/G2↑
Gemzar 50 S/G2↑
Taxol 0.0032 Death M↑ M↑
Taxol 0.016 Death M↑ M↑
Taxol 0.08 Death M↑ M↑
Taxol 0.4 Death Freezing Freezing  
Taxol 2 Death Freezing Freezing  
Taxol 10 Death Freezing Freezing  

B. Normal human umbilical endothelial cells (HUVEC)



[0145] Normal human umbilical endothelial cells (HUVEC) were treated as described in the first cell of each row of Table 5, and exposed to no S00109 (Column 2) or S00109 at the concentrations listed in Columns 3-9. The predominant phenotype for each treatment combination is described in the corresponding cell.
Table 5. Phenotype of normal human umbilical endothelial cells (HUVEC) treated with S00109 alone or in combination with anti-cancer treatments
HUVEC TreatmentNo S1090.0064 µM 81090.032 µM S1090.16 µM S1090.8 µM S1094 µM S10920 µM S109100µM S109
alone 24hr   slightly G2↑ slightly G2↑ slightly G2↑ Slightly dead
X-ray 10Gy 24hrs simul.stim. G2↑
X-ray 10Gy pre irrad. G2↑
MTX 0.4 24hrs S/G2↑ Cycle? Cycle? Cycle? Cycle? Slightly dead
MTX 2 24hrs S/G2↑ Cycle? Cycle? Cycle? Slightly dead
MTX 10 24hrs S/G2↑
alone 3hr 24hr culture  
CPT-11 50 S delay
5-FU 20 Slight G2↑
alone 3hr 48hr culture  
CDDP 3 Slight G2↑ G2↑ G2↑ G2↑
CDDP 10 G2↑ Freezing? Freezing?
ADR 1 Death G2↑ Death
Gemzar 0.016 Death Freezing ? Freezing? Freezing?
Gemzar 0.08 Death Freezing? Freezing?
Gemzar 0.4 Death Freezing? Freezing?
Gemzar 2 Death Freezing? Freezing?
Gemzar 10 Death Freezing? Freezing?
Gemzar 50 Death Freezing? Freezing?
Taxol 0.0032 Death
Taxol 0.016 Death
Taxol 0.08 Death Freezing?
Taxol 0.4 Death Freezing? Freezing?
Taxol 2 Death Freezing? Freezing?
Taxol 10 M arrest Freezing? Freezing?

C. Human pancreatic cancer-derived cell line MIAPaCa2



[0146] Cells of the human pancreatic cancer-derived cell line MIAPaCa2 were treated as described in the first cell of each row of Table 6, and exposed to no S00109 (Column 2) or S00109 at the concentrations listed in Columns 3-7. The predominant phenotype for each treatment combination is described in the corresponding cell.
Table 6. Phenotype of human pancreatic cancer cell line (MIAPaCa2) treated with S00109 alone or in combination with anti-cancer treatments
MIAPaCa2 TreatmentNo S1090.032 µM S1090.16 µM S1090.8 µM S1094 µM S10920 µM S109
alone 24hr NON NON NON SG2↓ SG2↓ SG2↓
X-ray 2Gy 24hr simul.stim. NON NON NON SG2↓ SG2↓ SG2↓
X-ray 10Gy 24hr simul.stim. G2↑ G1↑ G2↓ G1↑ G2↓
X-ray 2Gy pre irrad. G2↑ SG2↓ SG2↓ SG2↓ SG2↓
X-ray 10Gy pre irrad. G2↑ G1↑ G1↑ G2↓ G1↑ G2↓ G1↑ G2↓
MTX 0.12 24hr SG2↓
MTX 0.6 24hr SG2↓
MTX 3 24hr SG2↓
alone 3hr 24hr culture NON NON NON NON NON SG2↓
CPT-11 50 G2↑ G1↑ G2↓
5-FU 20 SG2↓
alone 3hr 48hr culture NON NON NON NON NON NON
CDDP 3 Slight G2↑
CDDP 10 G2↑ G2↓
ADR 1 SG2↑ G2↓Death↑
Gemzar 2 SG2↓ SG2↓
Gemzar 10 G1↓ SG2↓
Gemzar 50 Dull Dead SG2↓
Taxol 0.4 Death G2↑ G2↑
Taxol 2 Death G2↑
Taxol 10 Death G2↑ G2↑ G2↑

D. Barman colon cancer-derived cell line HCT116



[0147] Cells of the human colon cancer-derived cell line HCT116 were treated as described in the first cell of each row of Table 7, and exposed to no S00109 (Column 2) or S00109 at the concentrations listed in Columns 3-8. The predominant phenotype for each treatment combination is described in the corresponding cell.
Table 7. Phenotype of human colon cancer cell line (HCT116) treated with S00109 alone or in combination with anti-cancer treatments
HCT116 TreatmentNo S1090.032 µM S1090.16 µM S1090.8 µM S1094 µM S10920 µM S109100 µM S109
alone 24hr NON NON NON S↓ G2↑ G2↑Death↑ ND
X-ray 2Gy 24hr simul.stim. NON NON NON S↓ G2↑↑ G2↑Death↑  
X-ray 10Gy 24hr simul.stim. G2↑  
X-ray 2Gy pre irrad. NON NON NON Death↑ G2↑Death↑ G2↑Death↑  
X-ray 10Gy pre irrad. G2↑ Death Death  
MTX 0.12 24hr G2↓  
MTX 0.6 24hr G2↓  
MTX 3 24hr G2↓  
alone 3hr 24hr culture NON NON NON G2↑ G2↑ S↓  
CPT-11 50 G2↑ G1 G1↑  
5-FU 20 NON NON NON NON NON NON  
alone 3hr 48hr culture NON NON NON NON NON NON  
CDDP 3 Slight G2↑  
CDDP 10 G2↑ Death  
ADR 1 G2↑     Death↑ G2↓Death↑ G2 ↓Death↑  
Gemzar 2 Death G2 ↓ Death  
Gemzar 10 Death G2↓ Death Death  
Gemzar 50 Death G2↓ Death Death  
Taxol 0.4 Death     Death↑ M↓Death↑ M↓Death↑  
Taxol 2 Death     M↓Death↑ M↓Death ↑ M↓Death ↑  
Taxol 10 Death       M↓Death↑ M↓Death ↑  

E. Human multiple myeloma-derived cell line IM9



[0148] Cells of human multiple myeloma-derived cell line IM9 were treated as described in the first cell of each row of Table 8, and exposed to no S00109 (Column 2, Table 8A) or S00109 at the concentrations listed in Columns 3-7 of Table 8A and Columns 2-7 of Table 8B. The predominant phenotype for each treatment combination is described in the corresponding cell.

Table 8. Phenotype of human multiple myeloma cell line (IM9) treated with S00109 alone or in combination with anti-cancer treatments



[0149] 
Table 8A. Results for no S00109, and 0.02 to 0.3125µM S00109
IM9 TreatmentNo S1090.02 µM S1090.039 µM S1090.078 µM S1090.156 µM S1090.3125 µM S109
X-ray 10Gy pre irrad. G2↑Death
24hr     S/G2↓ S/G2↓ S/G2↓ S/G2↓Death↑
Velcade 3 G1↑S↓
Velcade 6 S/G2↓ S/G2↓ S/G2↓ S/G2↓ S/G2↓
Vincristine 2 G1↑ G1↑S↓ G1↑S↓ G1↑S↓
Vincristine 20 Death S↓ G1↑ G1↑ G1↑ G1↑ G1↑
Dexamethasone 2 S/G2↓Death↑
Dexamethasone 20 G1↑ G1↑S↓ S↓Death ↑
Dexamethasone 200 G1↑S↓ S↓Death ↑
Sim24hr ADR0.1 G2↑   G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓ S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Death↑
Sim24hr ADR0.5 G2↑Death   G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓ S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Death↑
Sim24hr Melph 1 S/G2↑   G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓ S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Death↑
Sim24hr Melph 4 S/G2↑   G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓ S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Death↑
48hr     Death↑ Death↑
Sim48hr ADR0.1 G2↑Death   G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓ S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Death↑
Sim48hr ADR0.5 G2↑Death   G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓
Sim48hr Melph 1   G2↑ G2↑Death↑ G2↑Death↑ S/G2↓Death↑
Sim48hr Melph 4 G2↑Death   S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Death↑
Add at 24 hr     G1↑ G1↑
Pre ADR0.1 Add 24hr G2↑Death  
Pre ADR0.5 Add 24hr Death   G2↓ G2↓
Pre Mel 1 Add 24hr   G2↑ G2↑ G2↑
Pre Mel 4 Add 24hr G2↑Death   S/G2↓Death↑
Pre S109 Add 24hr ADR0.1 G2↑Death  
Pre S109 Add 24hr ADR0.5 Death  
Pre S109 Add 24hr Mel 1  
Pre S109 Add 24hr Mel 4  
Table 8B. Results for 0.625 to 20 µM S00109
IM9 Treatment0.625 µM S1091.25 µM S1092.5 µM S1095 µM S10910 µM S10920 µM S109
X-ray 10Gy pre irrad.
24hr S/G2↓Death ↑ S↓Death↑ S↓Death↑ S↓Death↑ S↓Death↑ S↓Death↑
Velcade 3 G1↑S↓Death ↑ G1↑S↓Death↑ G1 ↑S↓Death ↑ G1↑S↓Death↑ G1↑S↓Death ↑ G1↑S↓Death ↑
Velcade 6 S↓Death↑ S↓Death↑ S↓Death↑ S↓Death↑ S↓Death↑ S↓Death↑
Vincristine 2 S↓Death↑ S↓Death↑ S↓Death↑ S↓Death↑ S↓Death↑ S↓Death↑
Vincristine 20 Death↑ Death↑ Death↑ Death↑ Death↑ Death↑
Dexamethasone 2 S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Death↑
Dexamethasone 20 S↓Death↑ S↓Death↑ S↓Death↑ S↓Death↑ S↓Death ↑ S↓Death↑
Dexamethasone 200 S↓Death↑ S↓Death↑ S↓Death↑ S↓Death↑ S↓Death↑ S↓Death↑
Sim24hr ADR0.1 S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2 ↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Death↑
Sim24hr ADR0.5 S/G2 ↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2 ↓Death ↑ S/G2 ↓Death↑
Sim24hr Melph 1 S/G2 ↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2 ↓Death ↑ S/G2 ↓Death↑
Sim24hr Melph 4 S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Death↑
48hr Death↑ Death↑ Death↑ Death↑ Death↑ Death↑
Sim48hr ADR0.1 S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Death↓
Sim48hr ADR0.5 G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓ S/G2↓Death↑
Sim48hr Melph 1 S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Death↑
Sim48hr Melph 4 S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Death↑
Add at 24 hr G1↑ non non non G1↓G2↑Deat h↑ G1↓G2↑Deat h↑
Pre ADR0.1 Add 24hr G2↓
Pre ADR0.5 Add 24hr Death↑ Death↑ Death↑
Pre Mel 1 Add 24hr G2↑Death↑
Pre Mel 4 Add 24hr
Pre S109 Add 24hr ADR0.1
Pre S109 Add 24hr ADR0.5
Pre S109 Add 24hr Mel 1
Pre S109 Add 24hr Mel 4 Death

F. Human multiple myeloma-derived cell line ARH-77



[0150] Cells of human multiple myeloma-derived cell line ARH-77 were treated as described in the first cell of each row of Table 9 , and exposed to no S00109 (Table 9A, Column 2) or S00109 at the concentrations listed in Columns 3-7 of Table 9A and 2-7 of Table 9B. The predominant phenotype for each treatment combination is described in the corresponding cell.

Table 9. Phenotype of human multiple myeloma cell line (ARH-77) treated with S00109 alone or in combination with anti-cancer treatments.



[0151] 
Table 9A. Results for no S00109, and 0.02 to 0.3125µM S00109
ARH-77 TreatmentNo S1090.02 µM S1090.039 µM S1090.078 µM S1090.156 µM S1090.3125 µM S109
X-ray 10Gy pre irrad. G2↑Death
24hr     G1↑G2↓ G1↑G2↓ G1↑G2↓ Death↑G2↓
Velcade 3 G1↑G2↓ G1↑G2↓ S/G2↓Death ↑
Velcade 6 Death Death↑G2↓
Vincristine 2 Death G1↑ G1↑ G1↑ G1↑ G1↑
Vincristine 20 Death M↑ G1↑ G1↑ G1↑ G1↑ Death↑
Dexamethasone 2 Death Death↑G2 ↓ Death↑G2↓
Dexamethasone 20 Death Death↑G2↓ Death↑G2↓ Death↑G2 ↓ Death↑G2↓
Dexamethasone 200 Death Death↑G2↓ Death↑G2↓ Death↑G2 ↓ Death↑G2↓
Sim24hr ADR0.1 G2↑   G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓ S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Death ↑
Sim24hr ADR0.5 G2↑Death   G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓ S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Death ↑
Sim24hr Melph 1 S/G2↑   G1↑S/G2↓ S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Death ↑
Sim24hr Melph 4 S/G2↑   G1↑S/G2↓ S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Death ↑
48hr     S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Death ↑
Sim48hr ADR0.1 G2↑   S/G2↓Death S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Death ↑
Sim48hr ADR0.5 G2↑Death   G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓
Sim48hr Melph 1     S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Death ↑
Sim48hr Melph 4 G2↑Death   S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Death ↑
Add at 24 hr  
Pre ADR0.1 Add 24hr G2↑Death  
Pre ADR0.5 Add G2↑Death   G2↓
24hr            
Pre Mel 1 Add 24hr   G2↑ G2↑ G2↑Death↑
Pre Mel 4 Add 24hr G2↑Death   G2↑Death↑
Add at 48 hr  
Pre ADR0.1 Add 48hr G2↑Death  
Pre ADR0.5 Add 48hr G2↑Death  
Pre Mel 1 Add 48hr  
Pre Mel 4 Add 48hr G2↑Death  
Table 9B. Results for 0.625 to 20 µM S00109
ARH-77 Treatment0.625 µM S1091.25 µM S1092.5 µM S1095 µM S10910 µM S10920 µM S109
X-ray 10Gy pre irrad. Death Death
24hr Death↑G2↓ Death↑G2 ↓ Death↑G2↓ Death↑G2↓ Death↑G2 ↓ Death↑G2↓
Velcade 3 S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Death ↑
Velcade 6 Death↑G2↓ Death↑G2 ↓ Death↑G2↓ Death↑G2↓ Death↑G2 ↓ Death↑G2↓
Vincristine 2 G1↑ G1↑ G1↑ G1↑ G1↑ G1↑
Vincristine 20 Death↑ Death↑ Death↑ Death↑ Death↑ Death↑
Dexamethasone 2 Death↑G2↓ Death↑G2 ↓ Death↑G2 ↓ Death↑G2↓ Death↑G2 ↓ Death↑G2↓
Dexamethasone 20 Death↑G2↓ Death↑G2 ↓ Death↑G2↓ Death↑G2↓ Death↑G2 ↓ Death↑G2↓
Dexamethasone 200 Death↑G2↓ Death↑G2 ↓ Death↑G2↓ Death↑G2↓ Death↑G2 ↓ Death↑G2↓
Sim24hr ADR0.1 S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Death ↑
Sim24hr ADR0.5 S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Death ↑
Sim24hr Melph 1 S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Death ↑
Sim24hr Melph 4 S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Death ↑
48hr S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Death ↑
Sim48hr ADR0.1 S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Death ↑
Sim48hr ADR0.5 G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2 ↓ G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2 ↓ S/G2↓Death ↑
Sim48hr Melph 1 S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Death ↑
Sim48hr Melph 4 S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Death ↑ S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Death ↑
Add at 24 hr G2↑Death↑ G2↑Death↑ G2↑Death ↑ G2↑Death↑
Pre ADR0.1 Add 24hr G1↓Death ↑
Pre ADR0.5 Add 24hr
Pre Mel 1 Add 24hr
Pre Mel 4 Add 24hr
Add at 48 hr
Pre ADR0.1 Add 48hr
Pre ADR0.5 Add 48hr
Pre Mel 1 Add 48hrs Death↑ Death↑
Pre Mel 4 Add 48hr Death↑

G. Human multiple myeloma-derived cell line RPMI-8226



[0152] Cells from human multiple myeloma-derived cell line RPMI-8226 were treated as described in the first cell of each row of Table 10, and exposed to no S00109 (Column 2, Table 10A) or S00109 at the concentrations listed in Columns 3-7 of Column 10A and Columns 2-7 of Column 10B. The predominant phenotype for each treatment combination is described in the corresponding cell.

Table 10. Phenotype of human multiple myeloma cell line (RPMI-8226) treated with S00109 alone or in combination with anti-cancer treatments



[0153] 
Table 10A. Results for no S00109, and 0.02 to 0.3125µM S00109
RPMI-8226 TreatmentNo S1090.02 µM S1090.039 µM S1090.078 µM S1090.156 µM S1090.3125 µM S109
X-ray 10Gy pre irrad. G2↑Death
24hr     G2↓ G1↑G2↓ G1↑G2↓
Sim24hr ADR0.1   G2↓ G2↓
Sim24hr Melph 1 S arrest   G1↑S/G2↓
Sim24hr Melph 4 S arrest   G1↑
48hr     G1↑S/G2↓ DeathG1↑ S/G2↓ S/G2↓Death ↑
Velcade 3 Death Death Death Death Death Death
Velcade 6 Death Death Death Death Death Death
Vincristine 2 Death Death Death Death Death Death
Vincristine 20 Death Death Death Death Death Death
Dexamethasone 2     Death↑ Death↑ S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Death ↑
Dexamethasone 20 S/G2↓Dea th↑   G1↑ G1↑ G1↑ G1↑
Dexamethasone 200 Death   S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Deat h↑ S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Death ↑
Sim48hr ADR0.1 G2↑   G1↑S/G2↓
Sim48hr Melph 1  
Sim48hr Melph 4 G2↑   G1↑S/G2 ↓ G1↑S/G2↓
Add at 48 hr    
Pre ADR0.1 Add 48hr G2↑  
Pre Mel 1 Add 48hr  
Pre Mel 4 Add G2↑  
48hr            
Table 10B. Results for 0.625 to 20 µM S00109
RPMI-8226 Treatment0.625 µM S1091.25 µM S1092.5 µM S1095 µM S10910 µM S10920 µM S109
X-ray 10Gy pre irrad.
24hr G1↑G2↓ G1↑G2↓ G1↑G2↓ G1↑G2↓ Death↑G2 ↓ Death↑G2↓
Sim24hr ADR0.1 G2↓ G2↓ G2↓ G2↓ Death↑G2 ↓ Death↑G2↓
Sim24hr Melph 1 G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓
Sim24hr Melph 4 G1↑ G1↑ G1↑ G1↑ G1↑ G1↑
48hr S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Death ↑
Velcade 3 Death Death Death Death Death Death
Velcade 6 Death Death Death Death Death Death
Vincristine 2 Death Death Death Death Death Death
Vincristine 20 Death Death Death Death Death Death
Dexamethasone 2 S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Death ↑
Dexamethasone 20 G1↑ G1↑ G1↑Death↑ G1↑Death ↑ G1↑Death ↑ G1↑Death↑
Dexamethasone 200 S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Death↑ S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Dea th↑ S/G2↓Death ↑
Sim48hr ADR0.1 G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓
Sim48hr Melph 1 Death Death Death Death
Sim48hr Melph 4 G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓ Death↑G2 ↓ Death↑G2 ↓
Add at 48 hr
Pre ADR0.1 Add 48hr
Pre Mel 1 Add 48hr
Pre Mel 4 Add 48hr

H. Human myeloma-derived cell line NCI-H929



[0154] Cells of human myeloma-derived cell line NCI-H929were treated as described in the first cell of each row of Table 11, and exposed to no S00109 (Column 2, Table 11A) or S00109 at the concentrations listed in Columns 3-7 of Table 11A and Columns 2-7 of Table 11B. The predominant phenotype for each treatment combination is described in the corresponding cell

Table 11. Phenotype of human multiple myeloma cell line (NCI-H929) treated with S00109 alone or in combination with anti-cancer treatments.



[0155] 
Table 11A. Results for no S00109, and 0.02 to 0.3125 µM S00109
NCI-H929 TreatmentNo S1090.02 µM S1090.039 µM S1090.078 µM S1090.156 µM S1090.3125 µM S109
X-ray 10Gy pre irrad. Slight G2↑Death
24hr    
Sim24hr ADR0.1 G2↑   G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓
Sim24hr ADR0.5 SG2↑  
Sim24hr Melph 0.25  
Sim24hr Melph 1  
Sim24hr Melph 4 SG2↑   G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓
48hr     Death Death
Sim48hr ADR0.1 G2↑   S/G2↓
Sim48hr ADR0.5 Death  
Sim48hr Melph 0.25   Death
Sim48hr Melph 1   Death
Sim48hr Melph 4 G2↑   Death
Add at 48 hr    
Pre ADR0.1 Add 48hr Death G2↑   S/G2↓Death ↑
Pre ADR0.5 Add 48hr Death  
Pre Me10.25 Add 48hr  
Pre Mel 1 Add 48hr  
Pre Mel 4 Add 48hr SG2↑  
Table 11B. Results for Results for 0.625 to 20 µM S00109
NCI-H929 Treatment0.625 µM S1091.25 µM S1092.5 µM S1095 µM S10910 µM S10920 µM S109
X-ray 10Gy pre irrad. Death↑G2↓ Death↑G2 ↓ Death↑G2 ↓ Death↑G2 ↓ Death↑G2 ↓ Death↑G2↓
24hr Death Death Death
Sim24hr ADR0.1 G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓
Sim24hr ADR0.5
Sim24hr Melph 0.25 Death Death Death Death
Sim24hr Melph 1 Death Death
Sim24hr Melph 4 G1↑S/G2↓ G1↑S/G2↓ Death Death Death Death
48hr Death Death Death Death Death Death
Sim48hr ADR0.1 S/G2↓ Death↑G2 ↓ Death↑G2↓ Death↑G2 ↓ Death↑G2 ↓ Death↑G2↓
Sim48hr ADR0.5
Sim48hr Melph 0.25 Death Death Death Death Death Death
Sim48hr Melph 1 Death Death Death Death Death Death
Sim48hr Melph 4 Death Death Death Death Death Death
Add at 48 hr Death Death Death Death Death Death
Pre ADR0.1 Add 48hr
Pre ADR0.5 Add 48hr Death
Pre Mel0.25 Add 48hr Death Death Death Death Death Death
Pre Mel 1 Add 48hr Death Death Death Death Death Death
Pre Mel 4 Add 48hr Death Death

Example 8: Synthesis of Representative Compounds



[0156] The following examples are intended to serve as illustrations, and all compounds of this invention could be synthesized using methods similar to those described in these examples.

General Procedure for the Synthesis of substituted 2-pyridylhydrzines



[0157] 



[0158] The general procedure for the synthesis of substituted 2-pyridylhydrazines is represented here in the synthesis of 4-(trifluoromethyl)-6-methyl-2-pyridylhydrazine (14). One equivalent of 2-chloro-4-(trifluoromethyl)-6-methylpyridine (13) and 1.5 equivalent of hydrazine hydrate were mixed in ethanol. The solution turned yellow after being stirred for several minutes. The reaction mixture was refluxed until TLC analysis showed no starting material left. The solvent was then removed under vacuum, and the resulting slurry was extracted with ether three times. The combined ether solution was dried over anhydrous MgSO4 and evaporated to afford the crude product, which was then re-crystallized from ethanol to give compound 14.

Synthesis of S00069



[0159] 



[0160] The anhydride 15 (1 eq.) was added to a solution of the hydrazine 14 (1.0mmol) in chloroform and stirred under reflux for 4 hr. The reaction was determined to be completed by TLC (petroleum ether : ethyl acetate = 3:1). The solvent was evaporated and the residue was purified by flash chromatography (petroleum ether : ethyl acetate = 2 : 1) to give the product.

Synthesis of S00084



[0161] 



[0162] To a solution of S00069 (35mg, 0.117mmol) in THF (6mL) at 0 °C was added NaH (60% in mineral oil, 8mg, 0.12mmol). The mixture was stirred for 30min, and then MeI (20mg) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred for 2h at room temperature, and then poured into the saturated aqueous NH4Cl. This was extracted with CHCl3. The organic layer was dried over anhydrous Na2SO4. The solvent was removed and the residue was purified by preparative TLC (5:1 petroleum ether/diethyl ether) to afford S00084 (3mg).

Synthesis of S00109



[0163] 


Step1: Synthesis of 2-Chloro-5-trifluoromethyl-pyridine-N-oxide (17):



[0164] 2-Chloro-5-trifluoromethyl-pyridine (16, 10mmol) was dissolved in CH2Cl2 (20mL) and UHP (Urea-hydrogen peroxide addition compound, 21mmol) was added. The mixture was cooled to 0 °C, trifluoroacetic anhydride (20mmol) was then slowly added to the reaction mixture. It was allowed to warm to room temperature and stirred until the reaction was completed judged by TLC. The reaction was quenched with aqueous Na2SO3, stirred for 4h, washed with saturated aqueous NaHCO3, and dried over anhydrous MgSO4. Column chromatography afforded 1.8g of compound 17 as oil.

Step 2: Synthesis of 2,6-Dichloro-5-trifluoromethyl-pyridine (18):



[0165] 2-Chloro-5-trifluoromethyl-pyridine-N-oxide (17, 4mmol) was dissolved in freshly distilled POCl3 (4.5mL). The reaction mixture was heated to 80 °C for 17h. After cooling to room temperature, the solvent was removed under reduced pressure. Ice was added, and the mixture was allowed to stand for 4h. The mixture was partition between CH2Cl2 (50mL) and saturated aqueous NaHCO3. Column chromatography afforded compound 18 as yellow oil (yield: 50%).

Step 3: Synthesis of 6-Chloro-5-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridylhydrazine (19):



[0166] To the solution of 2,6-Dichloro-5-trifluoromethyl-pyridine (18, 2g, 9.26mmol) in ethanol (30mL) was added hydrazine hydrate (2.9g, 46mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred for 4h at room temperature, then concentrated to remove the solvent, and added ethyl acetate, washed with water. The organic layer was dried over anhydrous Na2SO4. Column chromatography (Silica, petroleum ether/ethyl acetate = 4/1∼3/1) afforded compound 19 as white solid (yield: 56%) and another isomer 20 (yield: 18%).

Step 4: Synthesis of S00109:



[0167] 2,3-Dimethylmaleic anhydride (15, 0.126g, 1.0mmol) was added to a solution of 6-chloro-5-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridylhydrazine (19, 0.211g, 1.0mmol) in 5ml of chloroform and the mixture was refluxed for 4 hours. The solvent was removed and the residue was purified by flash chromatography (5:1 to 2:1 petroleum ether/ethyl acetate) to give S00109 (0.21 g).

Synthesis of S00170



[0168] 



[0169] Compound S00109 (40mg, 0.125mmol) and NaH (60 % in mineral oil, 7mg, 0.188mmol) were suspended in 2ml of anhydrous THF and the mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 30min. Methyl iodide (21mg, 0.150mmol) was added slowly to the solution at the same temperature and the mixture was then warmed to 25∼30 °C and stirred for overnight. The solvent was evaporated, and acetic acid was added to make the solution at pH=4. This was extracted with chloroform three times, and the combined organic phase was washed with 1N HCl, and then saturated aqueous NaHCO3. It was then dried over anhydrous Na2SO4. The solvent was removed and the residue was purified by preparative TLC (4:1 petroleum ether/diethyl ether) to give compound S00170 (4.2mg).

Synthesis of S00585



[0170] 



[0171] Compound 21 was converted to Compound 22 using a procedure similar to that described in Example 1. Compound 22 was converted to Compound S00585 using a procedure similar to that described in Example 2.

General Procedure for the Synthesis of substituted phenylhydrazines



[0172] 



[0173] The general procedure for the synthesis of substituted phenylhydrazines is represented here in the synthesis of 3-(trifluoromethyl)-4-bromophenylhydrazine (24). The corresponding benzylamine 23 (0.08mol) was added to conc. HCl (40mL). The mixture was cooled to -5 °C by ice and salt with stirring. Then sodium nitrite (5.52g, 0.08mol) dissolved in water (20mL) was added. Stirring was continued for 1h, and stannous chloride (30g) in conc. HCl (30mL) was added slowly over a period of two hours, while keeping the temperature below 0 °C. The mixture was stirred for another hour after the addition and filtered. The filtered solid was treated with dilute aqueous sodium hydroxide and the then extracted with ether. The ether layer was washed with water, dried over anhydrous Na2SO4. The solvent was removed and the residue was crystallized from hexane to give the Compound 24.

Synthesis of S00516



[0174] 



[0175] Compound S00516 was synthesized from the corresponding hydrazine 24 using a procedure similar to that described in Example 2.

Synthesis of S00756



[0176] 



[0177] Compound 25 was synthesized according to literature procedure (Eur. J. Med. Chem. Chim. Ther. 1997, 32(5), 397-408). It was converted to Compound S00756 using a method similar to that described in Example 2.

Synthesis of S00513



[0178] 


Step 1: 3-Chloro-4-trifluoromethylbenzylbromide 27:



[0179] A mixture of 2-chloro-4-methyl-1-trifluoromethylbenzene 26 (0.20g, 1mmol), N-bromosuccinimide (0.17g, 1mmol) and benzoyl peroxide (7.4mg, 0.03mmol) in carbon tetrachloride (2mL) was heated to reflux for 2 hours. Another portion of benzoyl peroxide (20mg, 0.08mmol) was added. The mixture was heated to reflux for another 0.5 hours. The reaction mixture was further stirred at room temperature for 16 hours. The solid was removed by filtration. The solvent was removed under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography on silica, using petroleum ether as eluent, to give 0.22g (80%) of Compound 27.

Step 2: Compound S00513



[0180] To a solution of 3,4-dimethylmaleimide 28 (43mg, 0.34mmol) in 1.3mL of acetone was added anhydrous potassium carbonate (50mg, 0.37mmol) and Compound 27 (100mg, 0.37mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. Water was added and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic extract was washed with brine, dried (Na2SO4), and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by chromatography on silica, using petroleum ether/ethyl acetate (10:1) as eluent, to give 70mg (60%) of Compound S00513.

Synthesis of S00628



[0181] 



[0182] Into a solution of 1-hydroxy-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione 30 (56mg, 0.39mmol, 1 equiv) in 1,2-dichloroethane (2.5mL), CuCl (39mg, 0.39mmol, 1 equiv), freshly activated 4 Å molecular sieves (∼100 mg), and 4-trifluoromethylphenylboronic acid 29 (150 mg, 0.78mmol, 2 equiv) were added, followed by pyridine (34mg, 0.43mmol, 1.1 equiv). The resulting light brown suspension was stirred for 16h. The reaction mixture was filtered. Chromatography of the filtrate (petroleum ether/ethyl acetate = 7: 1) afforded Compound S00628 as a white solid (65 mg, 59%).

Example 9: Synthetic procedures



[0183] All compounds listed in Tables 1, 2, and 3 were synthesized using methods identical to or similar to those described in the examples below.

General procedure for the synthesis from halide-substituted pyridine analogs to target compounds



[0184] 



[0185] Starting material dissolved in ethanol and hydrazine hydrate(10.0eq) was added to form a mixture, the mixture was stirred at 50-60°C(oil temperature) for several hours (completion was checked by TLC), the solvent was evaporated, water was added and the resulting mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate, dried and concentrated to form a crude preparation that was used without further purification for the next step. The crude preparation was dissolved in chloroform (or toluene, acetic acid, or another suitable solvent), anhydride was added (1.0eq), the mixture was heated at 50-60°C (oil temperature) for several hours (completion checked by TLC), the solvent was evaporated, and the preparation was purified by Prep-TLC to provide the desired compound.



[0186] The starting materials were commercially available, so the synthetic route of compounds S00585, S01098, S01207 was similar to general procedure.

Compound S00109



[0187] 


Intermediate 1



[0188] 2-Chloro-5-trifluoromethyl-pyridine (10mmol) was dissolved in CH2Cl2 (20mL) and UHP (Urea-hydrogen peroxide addition compound, 21mmol) was added. The mixture was cooled to 0 °C, trifluoroacetic anhydride (20mmol) was then slowly added to the reaction mixture. It was allowed to warm to room temperature and stirred until the reaction was completed monitored by TLC. The reaction was quenched with aqueous Na2S2O3, stirred for 4h, washed with saturated aqueous NaHCO3, and dried over anhydrous MgSO4. Column chromatography afforded 1.8g of compound 1 as oil.

Intermediate 2



[0189] 1 (4mmol) was dissolved in freshly distilled POCl3 (4.5mL). The reaction mixture was heated to 80 °C for 17h. After cooling to room temperature, the solvent was removed under reduced pressure. Ice was added, and the mixture was allowed to stand for 4h. The mixture was partition between CH2Cl2 (50mL) and saturated aqueous NaHCO3. Column chromatography afforded compound 2 as yellow oil (yield: 50%).

Intermediate 4



[0190] To the solution of 2 (2g, 9.26mmol) in ethanol (30mL) was added hydrazine hydrate (2.9g, 46mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred for 4h at room temperature, then concentrated to remove the solvent, and added ethyl acetate, washed with water. The organic layer was dried over anhydrous Na2SO4. Column chromatography (Silica, petroleum ether/ethyl acetate = 4/1∼3/1) afforded compound 4 as white solid (yield: 56%) and another isomer 3 (yield: 18%).

Compound S00109



[0191] The synthetic procedure was similar to general procedure.


Compound S00186



[0192] The starting material (anhydride) was commercial available, so the synthetic route of compounds S00186 was similar to general procedure (anhydride react with intermediate 4).

Compound S00994



[0193] 


Intermediate 5



[0194] 1 (4mmol) was dissolved in freshly distilled POBr3 (4.5mL). The reaction mixture was heated to 80 °C for 17h. After cooling to room temperature, the solvent was removed under reduced pressure. Ice was added, and the mixture was allowed to stand for 4h. The mixture was partitioned between CH2Cl2 (50mL) and saturated aqueous NaHCO3. Column chromatography afforded compound 5 as yellow oil (yield: 50%).

Intermediate 6



[0195] Hydrazine hydrate was added to the solution of 5 in ethanol. The reaction mixture was stirred for 4h at room temperature, then concentrated to remove the solvent, ethyl acetate was added, and the mixture was washed with water. The organic layer was dried over anhydrous Na2SO4. Column chromatography (Silica, petroleum ether/ethyl acetate = 4/1∼3/1) afforded compound 6 as a white solid.

Compound S00994



[0196] The synthetic procedure was similar to general procedure.

Compound S01860



[0197] 


Intermediate 7



[0198] A solution of starting material (5.0g, 0.040mol), NBS (10.6g, 0.059mol), BPO(296mg) in 300ml CCl4 was stirred under reflux for 5 hrs. The reaction mixture was then cooled to room temperature, and another portion of BPO (296mg) was added, and the reaction was stirred under reflux for another 5 hrs. The reaction mixtures was then held at room temperature overnight. Then it was filtered and the residue was washed by CCl4 for three (3) times, and the combined organic layer was washed by water and brine, then dried and concentrated and purified by column chromatography (PE:EA=4:1) to give crude product that was then was purified by distillation. The second fraction obtained at 128°C∼135°C (3mmHg) was intermediate 7.

Intermediate 8



[0199] To the slurry of sodium hydride (60mg, 1.5mmol) in benzene (5mL), diethylmalonate (320mg, 2.0mmol) was added dropwise at room temperature. The reaction mixture was stirred for 5 min, then a solution of 7 (210mg, 1.0 mmol) in benzene (5mL) was added. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for another 8 h. Then the mixture was acidified with diluted HCl and extracted with EtOAc(2x15mL). The combined organic layers were washed with water, brine and dried over anhydrous Na2SO4. Concentration of the organic layers in vacuo followed by silica gel column chromatographic purification of the residue (petroleum ether : EtOAc = 4:1) furnished the product as a thick oil. Yield was 200mg,(74.0%).

Intermediate 9



[0200] A solution of 8(80mg, 0.3mmol) in diluted hydrochloride (2mL, 18%) was refluxed with stirring for 12 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature, and saturated by adding solid sodium chloride. The filtered aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc, dried over anhydrous Na2SO4 and concentrated to furnish pure acid. Yield was 50mg (90.6%).

Intermediate 10



[0201] To a stirred solution of 9(0.46g, 2.5mmol) and two drops of DMF in DCM(10ml) was added oxalyl chloride(0.48g, 3.75mmol) dropwise. The mixture stirred at room temperature (oil temperature 20-30°C) for two hours, then the solvent was evaporated. The residue and tert-butanol (0.22g, 3mmol) were dissolved in 10ml of DCM, pyridine(0.3g, 3.75mmol) was added to this solution dropwise at room temperature. The resulting mixture stirred at room temperature. for an hour. Added sat. NH4Cl to quench the reaction, adjusted pH to 2 with 1N HCl and extracted with ethyl acetate, the combined organic layer dried over Na2SO4, filtered and evaporated. The residue purified by flash chromatography to give 10 as white solid (0.42g, 70%).

Compound S01860



[0202] Intermediates 10(119mg, 0.45mmol) and 4(95mg, 0.49mmol) were added to 5ml of DCM and refluxed overnight, then the solvent was evaporated and the residue purified by Prep-TLC to give the product.(Yield =150mg, 77%)

Compound S01861



[0203] 


Intermediate 11



[0204] 9(1.0g, 5.43mmol) and 4(1.15g, 5.43mmol) dissolved in 20ml of chloroform and refluxed for 48h, then evaporated the solvent and the residue recrystallized to give 11 (1.4g, 68.2%).

Compound S01861



[0205] Intermediate 11(15mg, 0.04mmol), EDCI (45mg, 0.24mmol), Et3N (1 drop) and ethanol (1mL) was stirred at room temperature for about 3 h.. Then the solvent was removed under vacuum. The product was separated by Prep-TLC. Yield was 12mg (76.7%).

Compounds S01648, S01796, S01711, S01758, S01883, and S01759



[0206] The synthetic route of compounds S01648, S01796, S01711, S01758, S01883, and S01759 was similar to S01861, i.e., intermediate 11 coupled to different chemicals).

Compound S01589



[0207] 


Intermediate 12



[0208] The mixture of starting material (6.Sg, 28.7mmol), malonic acid (3.3g, 31.7mmol), HOAc (60ml), NaOAc (2.95g, 36mmol) were stirred at RT. After 6-7hrs, NaOAc (2.95g, 36mmol) was added additional, then refluxed overnight. After cooling, the mixture was filtered and the filtrate was washed with water and ethyl acetate, then dried under reduced pressure. 5g thin brown solid was collected (yield =65.4%).

Intermediate 13



[0209] Four (4) ml of SOCl2 was added dropwise to a suspension of compound 12 and EtOH, in an ice bath, and the mixture was stirred for 30min at room temperature, then refluxed for 6hrs. After cooling, the mixture was filtered and washed with chilled EtOH, and dried in vacuo to obtain 5.25g pale grey powder (yield=95%)

Intermediate 14



[0210] A mixture of compound 13 and POCl3 (15ml) was stirred at room temperature for 15 min, then refluxed for 2hrs. The mixture was concentrated in vacuo. The residue was quenched with cooled water and extracted with ethyl acetate, washed with saturated NaHCO3 and brine, dried over MgSO4, concentrated and 4.68g thin brown solid was collected.

Intermediate 15



[0211] To a solution of THF and MeOH, compound 14(4.68g, 14.9mmol) and LiCl was added with ice-salt bath, NaBH4 was added by portions. After addition, the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature, checked by TLC, concentrated in vacuo, and dilute HCl was added slowly to the residue over an ice bath until the mixture reached pH7. The mixture was then extracted with ethyl acetate and washed with saturated NaHCO3, NH4Cl, NaCl solutions (in sequence), dried over MgSO4, concentrated, and 4.15g thin brown solid was collected.

Intermediate 16



[0212] Compound 15(4.15g) was dissolved in SOCl2 and refluxed overnight. The solvent was evaporated, water was added to the residue, the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate, the combined organic layer was dried over anhydrous Na2SO4, the solvent was evaporated, and 4.0g compound 16 was collected.

Intermediate 17



[0213] Compound 16(200mg, 0.69mmol) was dissolved in dioxane, and anhydrous piperazine (177mg, 2.05mmol) was added, and the mixture was stirred overnight. The mixture was filtered, the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo, and 250mg crude product was collected.

Intermediate 18



[0214] A solution of di-tert-butyl dicarbonate (0.246g, 1.13mmol) in MeOH was added dropwise to compound 17 (0.35g, 1.03mmol) in MeOH at room temperature. The reaction mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature. The solvent was evaporated, the residue was extracted in the usual manner as described above, and the extract was purified by chromatography column(EA:PE=1:10). The product was obtained as a white solid.

Compound S01589



[0215] The synthetic procedure from intermediate 18 to compound S01589 was similar to general procedure described herein.

Compounds S01037 and S01047



[0216] 


Compound S01037



[0217] The synthetic procedure from intermediate 15 to compound S01037 is similar to general procedure.

Compound S01047



[0218] Starting material 0.145g, 0.54mmol) was dissolved in 5ml of acetic acid and the mixture was heated with refluxing for 1h, then evaporated and purified by Prep-TLC(petroleum ether: ethyl acetate=1:1) to give the product.

Compound S01879



[0219] 


Intermediate 20



[0220] Starting material (50mg,0.09mmol) was dissolved in 5ml of CH2Cl2 and TFA (5ml) was added dropwise to the stirred mixture over an ice bath. The resulting mixture was stirred for 1h at room temperature and checked by TLC. The solvent was evaporated to give the product as yellow solid which was used without further purification.(40mg).

Compound S01879



[0221] Compound 20 was dissolved in MeCN, and K2CO3(3eq) was added, after which the mixture was stirred for about 30min, and benzoic acid(1eq) and EDCI(2eq) was added and the mixture was stirred overnight, then concentrated and worked up in the usual manner described above. The final preparation was purified by Prep plate TLC and product was obtained as a thin yellow solid.

Compounds S01925, S01878, S01877, S01699, S01800, S01801, S01822, S01880, S01683, S01928, S01929



[0222] The synthetic route of compounds S01925, S01878, S01877, S01699, S01800, S01801, S01822, S01880, S01683, S01928, S01929 was similar to S01879 (intermediate 20 coupled with different chemicals).

Compound S01981



[0223] 



[0224] Starting material (100mg, 0.314mmol) was dissolved in CCl4, NBS (112mg, 0.629mmol) and BPO (1.5mg, 0.0062mmol) were added, and the mixture was refluxed for about 4hrs. The reaction mixture was quenched with water, extracted with ethyl acetate, the organic layer washed with brine, dried over MgSO4 and concentrated in vacuo, then purified by prep plate to obtain product.

Compound S00170



[0225] 



[0226] NaH (8mg, 0.12mmol) was added dropwise to a solution of hydrazine (35mg, 0.117mmol) in THF (6mL), at 0°C. The mixture was stirred for 30min, then added MeI (20mg). The reaction mixture was stirred for 2h at room temperature, then poured into the Sat. NH4Cl aq.; extracted with CHCl3. The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4, then chromatography (PE/AE, 5/1) to obtain the product (3mg).

Compounds S01007, S01473



[0227] The synthetic route of compounds S01007, S01473 was similar to S00170.

Compound S01470



[0228] 


Intermediate 21



[0229] Compound 2(1g, 4.9mmol) was added to an ice cold solution of 4N aq. KOH (5ml), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 5 hrs. The mixture was slowly acidified with 6N H2SO4 (5ml),then saturated with solid NaCl and stirred at room temperature for 30 min. The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate and the organic layer was washed with brine and dried. The organic layer was concentrated in vacuo and the concentrate was applied to silica gel (PE:EA=1:1) to furnish 355mg of product.

Compound S01470



[0230] The synthetic procedure was similar to general procedure.

Compounds S01599 and S01600



[0231] 



[0232] Starting material (80mg, 0.24mmol), MeI (40uL, 0.64mmol), and KOH (30mg, 0.54mmol) in DMSO (5mL) was stirred at room temperature for 1h, then diluted with EtOAc, washed with water, brine, dried over anhydrous Na2SO4. The solvent was removed in vacuum and the residue was purified by Prep-TLC to obtain the two target compounds.

Compound S01712



[0233] 



[0234] The synthetic procedure was similar to general procedure.

Compound S01266



[0235] 



[0236] Pd(PPh3)4 (16mg) was added to a mixture of starting material 50mg, 0.14mmol), benzeneboronic acid(19mg, 0.15mmol), potassium carbonate(59mg, 0.43mmol) in 10ml of toluene under a nitrogen atmosphere. The resulting mixture was refluxed for 16h, after which the solvent was evaporated and the residue purified by preparative TLC to give 4mg of product.

Compounds S01313, S01457, S01691, S01371, S01393, S01474



[0237] The synthetic route of compounds S01313, S01457, S01691, S01371, S01393, S01474 was similar to S01266.

Compound S01737



[0238] 


Intermediate 22



[0239] The pyridine (500mg, 3.4mmol) was dissolved in CH2Cl2 and UHP (700mg, 7.4mmol) was added, which was cooled to 0°C, TFAA (1.43g, 6.8mmol) was then slowly added to the reaction mixture. After TLC indicated starting material was consumed, work up as usual manner to afford 420mg of target compound.

Intermediate 23



[0240] Compound 22(420mg, 2.57mmol) was dissolved in POCl3 (3ml), then heated at 90°C overnight. The reaction mixture was quenched to water carefully, extracted by CH2Cl2, washed with brine and dried over MgSO4, concentrated in vacuo. Purified by chromatography column (CH2Cl2:PE=1:3) then obtained 300mg target compound.

Intermediate 24



[0241] The reaction and work-up procedure was same as for intermediate 22, and 170mg target compound was obtained.

Intermediate 25



[0242] The reaction and work-up procedure was same as for intermediate 23, and 120mg target compound was obtained.

Compound S01737



[0243] The synthetic procedure from intermediate 25 to target compound was similar to the general procedure.

Compound S01865



[0244] 


Intermediate 27



[0245] Two starting materials were dissolved in CHCl3 and refluxed overnight, then concentrated and purified by chromatography column (EA:PE=1:1). The product was obtained as a light yellow solid.

Compound S01865



[0246] Compound 27 was dissolved in anhydrous MeOH, EDCI was added, then stirred overnight. Concentrated in vacuo, work up as usual manner and purified by Prep-TLC to obtain the final product as light yellow solid.

Compounds S01734 and S01688



[0247] 


Intermediate 28



[0248] To a solution of starting material (9.26g, .05mol), UHP(9.9g,0.105mol) was added. With ice-bath, TFAA (21g,0.100mol) was added dropwise. After addition, the reaction was maintained at room temperature. for 4 hrs. Neutralize the reaction with Na2CO3 (aq.).and the mixture was extracted with DCM for 3 times. The organic layer was collected, dried and concentrated and purified by flash chromatography (PE:EA=3:1) to give the pure product 8.1g.

Intermediate 29



[0249] A solution of compound 28(0.8g, 4.07mmol) and in 2ml Na2CO3(aq. 2N) and 3ml toluene was stirred under an atmosphere of N2 and at room temperature. Then Pd(PPh3)4 was added. The mixture was stirred under reflux at an atmosphere of N2 for 3 hrs. Then the solvent was removed under vacuum. The residue was treated with water and extracted with EA, and the organic phase was collected, dried and concentrated to be purified by recrystallization to give.0.75g of pale yellow powder.

Intermediate 31



[0250] A solution of compound 29 (0.75g, 3.15mmol) in 5ml POCl3 and the mixture was stirred under reflux for 5 hrs. Then the reaction mixture was poured into ice and the aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate for 3 times. Then the organic phase was collected, washed with Na2CO3 aqueous solution and then dried, concentrated and to be purified by column chromatography to afford 800mg intermediate 30, which was dissolved in 5ml DCM and UHP, followed by TFAA was added to the above mixture under ice-bath. Then the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature. overnight. Then neutralized the reaction mixture by Na2CO3 aqueous solution and the aqueous phase was extracted by DCM for 3 times. The organic phase was collected, dried, concentrated and purified by column chromatography (PE:EA=5:1) to give 350mg of pure compound 31.

Intermediate 32



[0251] A solution of compound 31(350mg, 1.28mmol) in 5ml POCl3 was stirred under reflux for 4 hrs. Then the mixture was poured into ice water and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with Na2CO3 aqueous solution and dried, concentrated and purified to give 180mg pure compound 32.

Compounds S01734 and S01688



[0252] The synthetic procedure from intermediate 32 to target compounds was similar to the general procedure.

Compound S01864



[0253] 


Intermediate 34



[0254] Starting material and intermediate 15 were dissolved in acetonitrile and stirred at room temperature overnight, then filtered and the solvent was evaporated. The residue was purified by preparative TLC to afford the product.

Compound S01864



[0255] The synthetic procedure from intermediate 34 to target compound is similar to general procedure.

Compounds S01268 and S01862



[0256] The synthetic route for compounds S01268 and S01862 was similar to that for compound S01864

Compound S01475



[0257] 


Intermediate 35



[0258] Trimethylsilyl cyanide (7.44g, 75mmol, 10ml) was added to a stirred solution of intermediate 35 (5.92g, 30mmol) and TEA (4.55g, 45mmol, 6.3ml) in 25ml of acetonitrile at room temperature. The mixture was then heated to 110°C (oil bath temperature) for 12h, cooled down to room temperature, and the solvent was evaporated. DCM and saturate NaHC03 (aq.) were added and the layers were separated. The organic layer was dried over anhydrous Na2SO4 and evaporated. The residue was washed with ether and filtered, then evaporated to give the crude product as a black oil that was then purified by flash chromatography to give the product as a yellow oil. Yield was 4.4g (71%).

Compound S01475



[0259] The synthetic procedure from intermediate 35 to Compound S01475 was similar to the general procedure.

Compound S01762



[0260] 


Intermediate 36



[0261] Sodium hydride (0.264g, 6.6mmol, 60%) was added to a stirred solution of benzyl cyanide (0.645g, 5.5mmol) in 10ml of DMF at room temperature. Starting material (1.0g, 5.5mmol) was added to the mixture after 30min and the resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2h. Brine was added to quench the reaction and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layer was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and evaporated. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (eluted with petroleum ether:ethyl acetate=8:1 to 5:1) to give 0.475g of product (yield = 33%).

Intermediate 37



[0262] Intermediate 36(0.15g, 0.57mmol) mixed with 5ml of concentrated HCl and refluxed overnight. Then the mixture cooled to room temperature, 15ml of water was added, the pH was adjusted to 8-9 with sodium carbonate, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate (10ml). The combined organic layer was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and evaporated to give 0.14g grams of product (yield = 100%), which was used without further purification for the next step.

Intermediate 38



[0263] Intermediate 37(0.14g, 0.57mmol) was dissolved in 5ml of DCM, then UHP(0.17g, 1.77mmol) was added and after that, TFAA(0.36g, 1.71mmol, 0.24ml) was added dropwise with ice-bath cooling. The mixture was then warmed to room temperature and stirred overnight at the same temperature. Five (5) ml of water was added and the mixture was neutralized with sodium carbonate to pH 8-9 and then extracted with DCM. The combined organic layer was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and evaporated to give 0.14g of the crude product (yield = 95%), which was used without further purification for next step.

Intermediate 39



[0264] Intermediate 38(0.14g, 0.55mmol) was dissolved in 5ml of POCl3 and the mixture was heated to 80-90°C for 2h. The mixture was then cooled to room temperature, poured into ice-water, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layer was washed with sat.NaHCO3, dried over Na2SO4 and evaporated. The residue was purified by preparative TLC to afford 0.13g of product (yield = 87%).

Compound S01762



[0265] The synthetic procedure from intermediate 39 to compound S01762 was similar to the general procedure.

Compound S01820



[0266] 



[0267] A solution of S01470 in 3ml DCM was stirred at room temperature and Et3N was added. Then Ac2O was added under ice-bath. The reaction mixture was warmed to room temperature and stirred overnight. The reaction was then quenched and worked-up in the usual manner as described above. The residue was purified by prep-TLC (PE:EA=3:1) to furnish pure compound S01820.

Compound S00935



[0268] 


Intermediate 40



[0269] Starting material(9.08g, 84.4mmol) was added to 19.2ml of diethyl malonate, the mixture was heated to 150°C(oil bath temperature) for 6h, evaporated, filtered and washed with ethyl acetate to give 3.7g of white solid, it was intermediate 41(check it by LC-MS), the filtrate was evaporated, the residue cooled to afford second batch solid, washed with a solution of Petroleum ether: Ethyl acetate equal to 5:1, check it by LC-MS, it was intermediate 40(5.42g).

Intermediate 42



[0270] To a stirred solution of intermediate 40(5.42g, 24.5mmol) in THF, 60ml of 2N LiOH was added and the resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3h. The solvent was evaporated, the residue washed with ethyl acetate, filtered, and the cake was added to 10ml of concentrated HCl and stirred for 30min, then the cake was filtered and dried to give 3.1g of product.

Intermediate 43



[0271] Intermediate 42(3.1g, 16mmol) was added to 20ml of PPA and the mixture was heated to 150°C for 4h. The reaction mixture was poured into ice-water with stirring, then filtered, and the cake was washed with water and dried to give 2.92g of product.

Intermediate 44



[0272] Intermediate 43(0.47g, 2.7mmol) was added to 10ml of POCl3, and the mixture was heated with refluxing for 5h. The resulting mixture was cooled to room temperature and poured into ice-water, then extracted with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layer was dried over Na2SO4, and evaporated to give the crude product (0.45g) which was used without further purification.

Compound S00935



[0273] From intermediate 43 to compound S00935, the synthetic procedure was similar to the general procedure.

Compounds S00871, S01005, S01078, S01247, and S01311



[0274] The synthetic route of compounds S00871, S01005, S01078, S01247, and S01311 is similar to compound S00935.

Compound S00516



[0275] 


Intermediate 45



[0276] Starting material (0.08mol) was added to conc. HCl (40mL). The mixture was cooled to -5 °C by ice and salt with stirring. Then sodium nitrite (5.52g, 0.08mol) dissolved in water (20mL) was added. Stirring was continued for 1h, and stannous chloride (30g) in conc. HCl (30mL) was added slowly over a period of two hours, while keeping the temperature below 0 °C. The mixture was stirred for another hour after the addition and filtered. The filtered solid was treated with dilute aqueous sodium hydroxide and the then extracted with ether. The ether layer was washed with water, dried over anhydrous Na2SO4. The solvent was removed and the residue was crystallized from hexane to give the Compound 45.

Compound S00516



[0277] The synthetic procedure is similar to general procedure.


Compounds S00738, S00832, S00942



[0278] The starting materials are commercially available, so the synthetic route of compounds S00738, S00832, S00942 was similar to S00516.

Compound S01191



[0279] 


Intermediate 46



[0280] A mixture of 2-amino-3-chlorobenzoic acid (500 mg, 2.91 mmol) and acetic anhydride (1.2 mL) was heated with refluxing for 1 hour, and excess acetic anhydride was removed under vacuum. The residue was cooled and treated with diethyl ether to give a bulk precipitate, which was filtered off, washed with cold ether and dried to give 550 mg of the desired product as a pale yellow solid (yield = 97%).

Intermediate 47



[0281] Into a three-necked flask, which had been oven dried and flushed with N2, was added a small amount of I2 to a mixture of magnesium (59 mg, 2.47 mmol) in 0.5 mL of dry THF. When the reaction mixture became colorless, a solution of 4-bromoanisole (440 mg, 2.35 mmol) in 1.5 mL of dry THF was added to the mixture. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature until Mg was eliminated.

[0282] The Grignard reagent from 4-bromoanisole in 2 mL of THF was treated with compound 46 (460 mg, 2.35 mmol) in 4.5 mL dry toluene at 0° C for 1 hour and at 30° C for an additional 1 hour. The solution was carefully acidified with dilute sulphuric acid, and washed with aqueous NaHCO3 and water. The organic layer was dried over anhydrous Na2SO4 and evaporated to give an oil. The residue was purified by silica gel chromatography (petroleum ether/ ethyl acetate = 4:1) to give 450 mg of the desired product as pale brown solid (yield = 63%).

Intermediate 48



[0283] A mixture of compound 47 (400 mg, 1.32 mmol), NaH (60% in oil, 316 mg, 13.20 mmol) in 1 mL of DMSO was heated at 60-70°C overnight. The reaction mixture was poured into ice-water and extracted with ethyl acetate, then washed with water and brine. The organic layer was dried over anhydrous Na2SO4 and evaporated to dryness. The residue was recrystallized from ethanol to give 80 mg of the desired compound 48 as a brown solid (yield = 21%).

Compound S01191



[0284] The synthetic procedure from intermediate 48 to target compound was similar to the general procedure.

Compound S01553



[0285] 


Intermediate 50



[0286] A solution of ethyl 2-(dimethoxyphosphoryl)butanonate (1.0 g, 4.0 mmol) in 1,2-dimethoxyethane (5 mL) was added to a stirred slurry of sodium hydride in 1,2-dimethoxyethane(10 mL). When evolution of hydrogen ceased, ethyl pyruvate (480mg, 4.1mmol) in 1,2-dimethoxyethane (5 mL) was added to solution. The mixture was stirred at 50°C overnight. Then the solution was diluted with EtOAc (100 mL), washed with water and brine, and dried over anhydrous Na2SO4. The solvent was removed in vacuo, and the residue was purified by chromatography to give the product. Yield was 710 mg (87.2%)

Intermediate 51



[0287] A solution of diethyl 2-ethyl-3-methylmaleate (75 mg, 0.35 mmol) in ethanol (0.8 mL) was added dropwise to aqueous NaOH (2M, 0.4mL) dropwise. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 30 min, then diluted with water (10 mL) and washed with ether (5 mL). The aqueous layer was acidified with 5% aq. HCl, then extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine and dried over anhydrous Na2SO4. The solvent was removed in vacuo, and the residue was purified by chromatography on a silica gel column. Yield was 41 mg (83.7%)

Compound S01553



[0288] The synthetic procedure from intermediate 51 to compound S01553 was similar to the general procedure.

Compound S01554



[0289] 


Intermediate 52



[0290] A mixture of citraconimide (200 mg, 1.0 mmol) and PPh3 (320 mg, 1.2 mmol) in glacial AcOH (7mL) was stirred at room temperature for 1 hour. Isovaleraldehyde (160 µl, 1.5 mmol), was added and the reaction mixture was refluxed with stirring for 24 hours. HOAc was distilled off in vacuo, the residue was dissolved in EtOAc (30mL), and the organic layer was washed with H2O, brine and dried over anhydrous NaSO4. The solvent was removed in vacuo and the residue was purified by chromatography on a silica gel column. Yield: (90 mg, 35.0%)

Intermediate 53



[0291] To a stirred solution of 52 (90 mg) in THF (2 mL) was added Et3N (0.4 mL). The reaction mixture was refluxed for 48 hours, and then was concentrated in vacuo. The residue was dissolved in EtOAc and the organic layer washed with water, brine and dried over anhydrous Na2SO4. The solvent was removed in vacuo and the residue was purified by chromatography on a silica gel column. Yield: (85 mg, 94.4%).

Intermediate 54



[0292] To the solution of 53 (50 mg, 0.19 mmol) in THF (0.3 mL) and MeOH (0.6 mL) was added aq. KOH (1mL, 30%) and the reaction mixture was refluxed for 12 hours with stirring. Then the reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo, the obtained residue was acidified with dilute aq. HCl and extracted with EtOAc (20 mL). The organic layer was washed with water, brine and dried over anhydrous Na2SO4. The solvent was removed in vacuo and the residue was purified by chromatography on a silica gel column. Yield: (26 mg, 81.3%).

Compound S01554



[0293] The synthetic procedure from intermediate 54 to compound S01554 was similar to the general procedure.

Compound S00873



[0294] 


Intermediate 55



[0295] To a solution of the ester (5.46 mmol) and triethylamine(101 g, 10.86 mmol) in toluene (5 mL) was added a solution of aniline (6.52mmol) in toluene (2 mL) at room temperature. The reaction mixture was refluxed until the reaction was complete. After workup, compound 56 was obtained, which was pure enough to be used in the next step.

Intermediate 57



[0296] The mixture of 55 and POCl3 (5 mL) was refluxed for 5 h, and then poured into the ice water. The ether extract was washed with brine and dried over anhydrous Na2SO4, and then concentrated to afford the compound 56, which was directly used in next step.

[0297] The mixture of 56 and hydrazine hydrate in 5 mL of ethanol was refluxed for several hours until the starting material disappeared. After workup, compound 57 was obtained.

Compound S00873



[0298] The synthetic procedure from intermediate 57 to compound S00873 was similar to the general procedure.

Compound S01455



[0299] The synthetic route of compound S01455 is similar to compound S00873.


Claims

1. A compound having the formula of

wherein

R1 and R2 are independently chosen from alkyl, substituted alkyl, optionally substituted alkoxy, optionally substituted alkylthio, optionally substituted aryloxy, or optionally substituted arylthio, where when X is not O, R1 and R2 can also be part of a cyclic alkylene chain that form a fused ring structure;

X is O, S, or NR3;

when X is NR3 Ar is not phenyl;

Aryl or substituted aryl in the optionally substituted aryloxy or optionally substituted arylthio includes carbocyclic aryl, heterocyclic aryl, monocyclic aryl, polycyclic aryl, and aryl fused with non-aryl (non-aromatic) rings;

R3 is H, alkyl, substituted alkyl, optionally substituted acyl, or as part of a ring structure that connects the N to the Ar ring;

A is N or CH;

B is CR8; and

R6, R7, R8, and R9 are independently chosen from H, alkyl, substituted alkyl, halogen, optionally substituted aryl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted alkoxy, optionally substituted aryloxy, cyano, nitro, optionally substituted alkylthio, optionally substituted alkylsulfinyl, optionally substituted alkylsulfonyl, optionally substituted arylthio, optionally substituted acyl, optionally substituted amino, carboxyl, optionally substituted alkoxycarbonyl, optionally substituted carbamoyl, wherein R6 and R7, or R7 and R8, or R8 and R9 can be part of a cyclic alkylene group forming a fused ring structure;

or a salt thereof;
further wherein the compound does not have the following structure:


 
2. The compound of Claim 1, wherein one of R1 and R2 is methyl, and the other of R1 and R2 is alkyl or alkyl substituted with alkoxy, hydroxy, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, optionally substituted carbamoyl, or optionally substituted cyclic aminocarbonyl.
 
3. The compound of Claim 1, wherein both R1 and R2 is part of a cyclic alkylene chain that form a fused ring structure.
 
4. The compound of Claim 1, wherein X is NR3, wherein R3 is H, alkyl or acyl.
 
5. The compound of Claim 1, wherein R6, R7, R8 and R9 are independently chosen from H, alkyl, halogen, trifluoromethyl, optionally substituted phenyl, alkoxy, cyano, or alkyl substituted with phenyl, optionally substituted amino, optionally substituted cyclic amino, or acyloxy.
 
6. The compound of Claim 1, wherein two adjacent substitutions R6 and R7, or R8 and R9 form a fused and substituted benzene ring.
 
7. The compound of Claim 1, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of

tert-butyl 3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolin-3-yl) propanoate (S01860);

ethyl 3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl -2,5-dioxoazolin-3-yl) propanoate (S01861),

3,4-dimethyl-1-[(4,7,8-trichloro(2-quinolyl))amino]azoline-2,5-dione (S01078),

1-[(8-bromo-4-chloro(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01247),

tert-butyl 4-({2-[(3,4-dimethyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl)amino]-7-bromo-4-quinolyl} methyl) piperazinecarboxylate (S01589),

methyl 3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolin-3-yl)propanoate (S01648),

3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl]amino}-4-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolin-3-yl)-N-methoxy-N-methylpropanamide (S01796),

1-{[7-bromo-4-({4-[(2-methoxyphenyl)carbonyl]piperazinyl}methyl) (2-quinolyl)] amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01879),

1-{[3-bromo-6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01981),

1-{[6-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline- 2,5-dione (S00109),

1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]methylamino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5- dione (S00170),

1-{[6-bromo-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]methylamino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5- dione (S01007),

1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-3-(3-methylbutyl) azoline-2,5-dione (S01554),

1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-(methoxymethyl)-4-methylazoline-2,5-dione (S01599),

1-{[7,8-dichloro-4-(trifluoromethyl)(2-quinolyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01455),

3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolin- 3-yl)-N,N-diethylpropanamide (S01711),

diethyl 2-[(1-{{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolin-3-yl)methyl]propane-1,3-dioate (S01712),

N-(tert-butyl)-3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}- 4-methyl- 2,5-dioxoazolin-3-yl)propanamide (S01758),

1-{[7-bromo-4-({4-[(3-methoxyphenyl)carbonyl]piperazinyl}methyl) (2-quinolyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01925),

1-{[6-bromo-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S00994),

1-[(4,8-dichloro(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01005),

3,4-dimethyl-1-{[6-phenyl-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}azoline-2,5-dione (S01266),

1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-(hydroxymethyl)-4-methylazoline-2,5-dione (S01470),

N-(3,4-dimethyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl)-N-[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl) (2-pyridyl)]acetamide (S01473),

1-{[7-bromo-4-({4-[(2-chlorophenyl)carbonyl]piperazinyl}methyl) (2-quinolyl)] amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01878),

3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl- 2,5-dioxoazolin- 3-yl)-N-methylpropanamide (S01883),

1-[(8-chloro(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S00585),

3,4-dimethyl-1-[(3,4,5-trichlorophenyl)amino]azoline-2,5-dione (S00832),

3,4-dimethyl-1-{[4-(trifluoromethyl)(2-quinolyl)]amino}azoline-2,5-dione (S00873),

1-[(7-bromo-4-chloro(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01311),

1-{[6-(3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01313),

3,4-dimethyl-1-{[6-(2-methylpropyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)amino} azoline- 2,5-dione (S01457),

1-{[6-chloro-4-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01737),

Methyl 3-(1-{[4-({4-[(tert-butyl)oxycarbonyl]piperazinyl}methyl)-7-bromo (2-quinolyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolin-3-yl)propanoate (S01865),

1-({4-[(4-{[4-(dimethylamino)phenyl]carbonyl}piperazinyl)methyl]-7-bromo (2-quinolyl)}amino)-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01880),

1-[(3-chloroisoquinolyl)amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01098),

1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-ethyl-4-methylazoline-2,5-dione (S01553),

1-{[4-chloro-6-phenyl-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline -2,5-dione (S01734),

N-[1-({2-[(3,4-dimethyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl)amino]-7-bromo(4-quinolyl)} methyl) pyrrolidin-3-yl] (tert-butoxy)carboxamide (S01864),

1-{[7-bromo-4-({4-[(4-fluorophenyl)carbonyl]piperazinyl}methyl) (2-quinolyl)] amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01877),

6-[(3,4-dimethyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl)amino]-3-(trifluoromethyl)pyridine- 2-carbonitrile (S01475),

2-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridyl]amino}-4,5,6,7-tetrahydroisoindole-1,3-dione (S00186),

1-{[4-bromo-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S00516),

1-[(4-chloronaphthyl)amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S00738),

1-[(4-chloro-6-methyl(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S00935),

1-[(4-bromonaphthyl)amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S00942),

1-{[7-bromo-4-(hydroxymethyl)(2-quinolyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01037),

{2-[(3,4-dimethyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl)amino]-7-bromo-4-quinolyl}methyl acetate (S01047),

1-{[8-chloro-4-(4-methoxyphenyl)(2-quinolyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01191),

1-[(4-chlorobenzo[h]quinolin-2-yl)amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01207),

1-[(7-bromo-4-{[4-benzylpiperazinyl]methyl}(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01268),

1-{[6-(4-chlorophenyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline- 2,5-dione (S01371),

3,4-dimethyl-1-{[6-(4-methylphenyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino} azoline- 2,5-dione (S01393),

1-{[6-(3-chlorophenyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline- 2,5-dione (S01474),

1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]methylamino}-3-(methoxymethyl)-4-methylazoline-2,5-dione (S01600),

phenylmethyl4-({2-[(3,4-dimethyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl)amino]-7-bromo-4-quinolyl} methyl)piperazinecarboxylate (S01683),

3,4-dimethyl-1-({6-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl](2-pyridyl)}amino)azoline-2,5-dione (S01691),

1-[(7-bromo-4-{[4-(phenylcarbonyl)piperazinyl]methyl}(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01699),

3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolin- 3-yl)-N-methyl-N-phenylpropanamide (S01759),

3,4-dimethyl-1-{[6-benzyl-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}azoline-2,5-dione (S01762),

1-{[4-({4-[(2,4-dimethylphenyl)carbonyl]piperazinyl}methyl)-7-bromo (2-quinolyl)] amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01800),

1-{[7-bromo-4-({4-[(4-methoxyphenyl)carbonyl]piperazinyl}methyl) (2-quinolyl)] amino}-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01801),

N-[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]-N-[4-(hydroxymethyl)-3-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl]acetamide (S01820),

1-[(7-bromo-4-{[4-(phenylsulfonyl)piperazinyl]methyl}(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01822),

1-[(4-chloro-8-methyl(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S00871),

tert-butyl 4-[({2-[(3,4-dimethyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl)amino]-7-bromo-4-quinolyl}methyl)amino] piperidinecarboxylate (S01862),

tert-butyl 4-[4-({2-[(3,4-dimethyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl)amino]-7-bromo-4-quinolyl} methyl)piperazinyl]piperidinecarboxylate (S01928),

1-[(4-{[4-(3,3-dimethylbutanoyl)piperazinyl]methyl}-7-bromo (2-quinolyl))amino] -3,4-dimethylazoline-2,5-dione (S01929),

Methylethyl 3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolin-3-yl)propanoate (S02022)

Methylpropyl 3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolin-3-yl)propanoate (S02264)

tert-Butyl 2-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolin-3-yl)acetate (S02225)

1-{[6-Chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-(ethoxymethyl)-4-methylazoline-2,5-dione (S02366)

3-Butyl-1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methylazoline-2,5-dione (S03448)

1-{[6-Chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-3-[2-(2-methyl(1,3-dioxolan-2-yl))ethyl]azoline-2,5-dione (S03456)

1-{[6-Chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-[(2-methoxyethoxy)methyl]-4-methylazoline-2,5-dione (S03742)

1-{[6-Chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-(3-hydroxyhexyl)-3-methylazoline-2,5-dione (S03552)

1-{[6-Chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-(3-hydroxypentyl)-3-methylazoline-2,5-dione (S03745)

1-{ [6-Chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)] amino} -4-methyl-3-[(3-methylbutoxy)methyl]azoline-2,5-dione (S03405)

3-(Butoxymethyl)-1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methylazoline-2,5-dione (S03518)

3-[(3,3-Dimethylbutoxyjmethyl]-1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl) (2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methylazoline-2,5-dione (S03747)

1-{[6-Chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-(2-ethoxyethyl)-4-methylazoline-2,5-dione (S03960)

1-{[6-Chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-3-[(2-methylpropoxy)methyl]azoline-2,5-dione (S03963)

3-[(2,2-Dimethylpropoxy)methyl]-1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl) (2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methylazoline-2,5-dione (S03962)

4-[(1,3-Dimethylbutoxy)methyl]-1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl) (2-pyridyl)] amino}-3-methylazoline-2,5-dione (S03964)

4-[(tert-Butoxy)methyl]-1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-methylazoline-2,5-dione (S03873)

1-{[6-Chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-3-[2-(2-methylpropoxy)ethyl]azoline-2,5-dione (S03955)

1-{[6-Chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-3-[2-(3-methylbutoxy)ethyl]azoline-2,5-dione (S03956)

1-{[6-Chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl]amino}-3-methyl-4-(2-propoxyethyl)azoline-2,5-dione (S04034);

and salts thereof.
 
8. A pharmaceutical composition comprising the compound of any of the preceding claims in combination with a pharmaceutically acceptable excipient.
 
9. Use of a compound having the formula of

wherein

R1 and R2 are independently chosen from alkyl, substituted alkyl, optionally substituted alkoxy, optionally substituted alkylthio, optionally substituted aryloxy, or optionally substituted arylthio, where when X is not O, R1 and R2 can also be part of a cyclic alkylene chain that form a fused ring structure;

X is O, S, or NR3;

when X is NR3 Ar is not phenyl;

Aryl or substituted aryl in the optionally substituted aryloxy or optionally substituted arylthio includes carbocyclic aryl, heterocyclic aryl, monocyclic aryl, polycyclic aryl, and aryl fused with non-aryl (non-aromatic) rings;

R3 is H, alkyl, substituted alkyl, optionally substituted acyl, or as part of a ring structure that connects the N to the Ar ring;

A is N or CH;

B is CR8 or N; and

R6, R7, R8, and R9 are independently chosen from H, alkyl, substituted alkyl, halogen, optionally substituted aryl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted alkoxy, optionally substituted aryloxy, cyano, nitro, optionally substituted alkylthio, optionally substituted alkylsulfinyl, optionally substituted alkylsulfonyl, optionally substituted arylthio, optionally substituted acyl, optionally substituted amino, carboxyl, optionally substituted alkoxycarbonyl, optionally substituted carbamoyl, wherein R6 and R7, or R7 and R8, or R8 and R9 can be part of a cyclic alkylene group forming a fused ring structure;

or a salt thereof;
further wherein the compound does not have the following structure:

for the manufacture of a medicament for treating a cell proliferation disorder.
 
10. The use according to claim 9 wherein the compound is as defined in any one of claims 1 to 7.
 
11. A compound having the formula of

wherein

R1 and R2 are independently chosen from alkyl, substituted alkyl, optionally substituted alkoxy, optionally substituted alkylthio, optionally substituted aryloxy, or optionally substituted arylthio, where when X is not O, R1 and R2 can also be part of a cyclic alkylene chain that form a fused ring structure;

X is O, S, or NR3;

when X is NR3 Ar is not phenyl;

Aryl or substituted aryl in the optionally substituted aryloxy or optionally substituted arylthio includes carbocyclic aryl, heterocyclic aryl, monocyclic aryl, polycyclic aryl, and aryl fused with non-aryl (non-aromatic) rings;

R3 is H, alkyl, substituted alkyl, optionally substituted acyl, or as part of a ring structure that connects the N to the Ar ring;

A is N or CH;

B is CR8 or N; and

R6, R7, R8, and R9 are independently chosen from H, alkyl, substituted alkyl, halogen, optionally substituted aryl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted alkoxy, optionally substituted aryloxy, cyano, nitro, optionally substituted alkylthio, optionally substituted alkylsulfinyl, optionally substituted alkylsulfonyl, optionally substituted arylthio, optionally substituted acyl, optionally substituted
amino, carboxyl, optionally substituted alkoxycarbonyl, optionally substituted carbamoyl, wherein R6 and R7, or R7 and R8, or R8 and R9 can be part of a cyclic alkylene group forming a fused ring structure;

or a salt thereof;
further wherein the compound does not have the following structure:

for use in treating a cell proliferation disorder.
 
12. The compound for use of claim 11 wherein the compound is as defined in any one of claims 1 to 7.
 
13. An in vitro or ex vivo method of killing or suppressing an undesirably proliferating cell associated with a cell proliferation disorder comprising administering to the cell in an amount effective to abrogate the G2 checkpoint and/or cause adaption to G2 cell cycle arrest, a compound having the formula of

wherein

R1 and R2 are independently chosen from alkyl, substituted alkyl, optionally substituted alkoxy, optionally substituted alkylthio, optionally substituted aryloxy, or optionally substituted arylthio, where when X is not O, R1 and R2 can also be part of a cyclic alkylene chain that form a fused ring structure;

X is O, S, or NR3;

when X is NR3 Ar is not phenyl;

Aryl or substituted aryl in the optionally substituted aryloxy or optionally substituted arylthio includes carbocyclic aryl, heterocyclic aryl, monocyclic aryl, polycyclic aryl, and aryl fused with non-aryl (non-aromatic) rings;

R3 is H, alkyl, substituted alkyl, optionally substituted acyl, or as part of a ring structure that connects the N to the Ar ring;

A is N or CH;

B is CR8 or N; and

R6, R7, R8, and R9 are independently chosen from H, alkyl, substituted alkyl, halogen, optionally substituted aryl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted alkoxy, optionally substituted aryloxy, cyano, nitro, optionally substituted alkylthio, optionally substituted alkylsulfinyl, optionally substituted alkylsulfonyl, optionally substituted arylthio, optionally substituted acyl, optionally substituted amino, carboxyl, optionally substituted alkoxycarbonyl, optionally substituted carbamoyl, wherein R6 and R7, or R7 and R8, or R8 and R9 can be part of a cyclic alkylene group forming a fused ring structure;

or a salt thereof;
further wherein the compound does not have the following structure:


 
14. The method of claim 13 wherein the compound is as defined in any one of claims 1 to 7.
 
15. The use of claim 9 or 10, compound for use of claim 11 or 12 or method of claim 13 or 14, wherein the cell proliferation disorder is cancer or
further comprising administering at least one additional anti-cancer treatment.
 


Ansprüche

1. Verbindung mit der Formel

wobei

R1 und R2 unabhängig ausgewählt sind aus Alkyl, substituiertem Alkyl, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Alkoxy, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Alkylthio, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Aryloxy oder gegebenenfalls substituiertem Arylthio, wobei R1 und R2 ebenfalls Teil einer cyclischen Alkylen-Kette sein können, die eine fusionierte Ring-Struktur bildet, wenn X kein O ist;

X O, S oder NR3 ist;

Ar kein Phenyl ist, wenn X NR3 ist;

Aryl oder substituiertes Aryl in dem gegebenenfalls substituiertem Aryloxy oder gegebenenfalls substituiertem Arylthio carbocylisches Aryl, heterocyclisches Aryl, monocyclisches Aryl, polycyclisches Aryl und Aryl, das mit nicht-Aryl (nicht aromatischen) -Ringen fusioniert ist, umfasst;

R3 H, Alkyl, substituiertes Alkyl, gegebenenfalls substituiertes Acyl ist oder Teil einer Ring-Struktur, die das N an den Ar-Ring verbindet, ist;

A N oder CH ist;

B CR8 ist; und

R6, R7, R8 und R9 unabhängig ausgewählt sind aus H, Alkyl, substituiertem Alkyl, Halogen, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Aryl, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Heteroaryl, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Alkoxy, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Aryloxy, Cyano, Nitro, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Alkylthio, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Alkylsulfinyl, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Alkylsulfonyl, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Arylthio, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Acyl, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Amino, Carboxyl, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Alkoxycarbonyl, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Carbamoyl, wobei R6 und R7, oder R7 und R8, oder R8 und R9 Teil einer cyclischen Alkylen-Gruppe sein können, die eine fusionierte Ring-Struktur bildet;

oder einem Salz davon;
ferner, wobei die Verbindung nicht die folgende Struktur aufweist:


 
2. Verbindung nach Anspruch 1, wobei eine von R1 und R2 Methyl ist und die andere von R1 und R2 Alkyl oder Alkyl, das mit Alkoxy, Hydroxy, Carboxy, Alkoxycarbonyl, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Carbamoyl oder gegebenenfalls substituiertem cyclischen Aminocarbonyl substituiert ist, ist.
 
3. Verbindung nach Anspruch 1, wobei sowohl R1 als auch R2 Teil einer cyclischen Alkylen-Gruppe sind, die eine fusionierte Ring-Struktur bildet.
 
4. Verbindung nach Anspruch 1, wobei X NR3 ist, wobei R3 H, Alkyl oder Acyl ist.
 
5. Verbindung nach Anspruch 1, wobei R6, R7, R8 und R9 unabhängig ausgewählt sind aus H, Alkyl, Halogen, Trifluormethyl, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Phenyl, Alkoxy, Cyano oder Alkyl, das mit Phenyl, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Amino, gegebenenfalls substituiertem cyclischen Amino oder Acyloxy substituiert ist.
 
6. Verbindung nach Anspruch 1, wobei zwei benachbarte Substitutionen R6 und R7, oder R8 und R9 einen fusionierten und substituierten Benzolring bilden.
 
7. Verbindung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Verbindung ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus:

tert-Butyl 3-(1-{[6-chlor-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolin-3-yl) propanoat (S01860);

Ethyl 3-(1-{[6-chlor-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolin-3-yl) propanoat (S01861),

3,4-Dimethyl-1-[(4,7,8-trichlor(2-quinolyl))amino]azolin-2,5-dion (S01078),

1-[(8-Brom-4-chlor(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-dimethylazolin-2,5-dion (S01247),

tert-Butyl 4-({2-[(3,4-dimethyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl)amino]-7-brom-4-quinolyl} methyl)piperazincarboxylat (S01589),

Methyl 3-(1-{[6-chlor-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolin-3-yl)propanoat (S01648),

3-(1-{[6-Chlor-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolin-3-yl)-N-methoxy-N-methylpropanamid (S01796),

1-{[7-Brom-4-({4-[(2-methoxyphenyl)carbonyl]piperazinyl}methyl) (2-quinolyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazolin-2,5-dion (S01879),

1-{[3-Brom-6-chlor-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazolin-2,5-dion (S01981),

1-{[6-Chlor-3-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazolin-2,5-dion (S00109),

1-{[6-Chlor-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]methylamino}-3,4-dimethylazolin-2,5-dion (S00170),

1-{[6-Brom-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]methylamino}-3,4-dimethylazolin-2,5-dion (S01007),

1-{[6-Chlor-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-3-(3-methylbutyl)azolin-2,5-dion (S01554),

1-{[6-Chlor-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-(methoxymethyl)-4-methylazolin-2,5-dion (S01599),

1-{[7,8-Dichlor-4-(trifluormethyl)(2-quinolyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazolin-2,5-dion (S01455),

3-(1-{[6-Chlor-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolin-3-yl)-N,N-diethylpropanamid (S01711),

Diethyl 2-[(1-{[6-chlor-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolin-3-yl)methyl]propan-1,3-dioat (S01712),

N-(tert-Butyl)-3-(1-{[6-chlor-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolin-3-yl)propanamid (S01758),

1-{[7-Brom-4-({4-[(3-methoxyphenyl)carbonyl]piperazinyl}methyl) (2-quinolyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazolin-2,5-dion (S01925),

1-{[6-Brom-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazolin-2,5-dion (S00994),

1-[(4,8-Dichlor(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-dimethylazolin-2,5-dion (S01005),

3,4-Dimethyl-1-{[6-phenyl-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}azolin-2,5-dion (S01266),

1-{[6-Chlor-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-(hydroxymethyl)-4-methylazolin-2,5-dion (S01470),

N-(3,4-Dimethyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl)-N-[6-chlor-5-(trifluormethyl) (2-pyridyl)]acetamid (S01473),

1-{[7-Brom-4-({4-[(2-chlorphenyl)carbonyl]piperazinyl}methyl) (2-quinolyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazolin-2,5-dion (S01878),

3-(1-{[6-Chlor-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolin-3-yl)-N-methylpropanamid (S01883),

1-[(8-Chlor(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-dimethylazolin-2,5-dion (S00585),

3,4-Dimethyl-1-[(3,4,5-trichlorphenyl)amino]azolin-2,5-dion (S00832),

3,4-Dimethyl-1-{[4-(trifluormethyl)(2-quinolyl)]amino}azolin-2,5-dion (S00873),

1-[(7-Brom-4-chlor(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-dimethylazolin-2,5-dion (S01311),

1-{[6-(3-Chlor-4-fluorphenyl)-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-(3,4-dimethylazolin-2,5-dion (S01313),

3,4-Dimethyl-1-{[6-(2-methylpropyl)-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino} azolin-2,5-dion (S01457),

1-{[6-Chlor-4-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazolin-2,5-dion (S01737),

Methyl 3-(1-{[4-({4-[(tert-butyl)oxycarbonyl]piperazinyl}methyl)-7-brom(2-quinolyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolin-3-yl)propanoat (S01865),

1-({4-[(4-{[4-(Dimethylamino)phenyl]carbonyl}piperazinyl)methyl]-7-brom(2-quinolyl)}amino)-3,4-dimethylazolin-2,5-dion (S01880),

1-[(3-Chlorisoquinolyl)amino]-3,4-dimethylazolin-2,5-dion (S01098),

1-{[6-Chlor-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-ethyl-4-methylazolin-2,5-dion (S01553),

1-{[4-Chlor-6-phenyl-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazolin-2,5-dion (S01734),

N-[1-({2-[(3,4-Dimethyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl)amino]-7-brom(4-quinolyl)} methyl)pyrrolidin-3-yl] (tert-butoxy)carboxamid (S01864),

1-{[7-Brom-4-({4-[(4-fluorphenyl)carbonyl]piperazinyl}methyl) (2-quinolyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazolin-2,5-dion (S01877),

6-[(3,4-Dimethyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl)amino]-3-(trifluormethyl)pyridin-2-carbonitril (S01475),

2-{[6-Chlor-5-(trifluormethyl)-2-pyridyl]amino}-4,5,6,7-tetrahydroisoindol-1,3-dion (S00186),

1-{[4-Brom-3-(trifluormethyl)phenyl]amino}-3,4-dimethylazolin-2,5-dion (S00516),

1-[(4-Chlornaphthyl)amino]-3,4-dimethylazolin-2,5-dion (S00738),

1-[(4-Chlor-6-methyl(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-dimethylazolin-2,5-dion (S00935),

1-[(4-Bromnaphthyl)amino]-3,4-dimethylazolin-2,5-dion (S00942),

1-{[7-Brom-4-(hydroxymethyl)(2-quinolyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazolin-2,5-dion (S01037),

{2-[(3,4-Dimethyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl)amino]-7-brom-4-quinolyl}methyl acetat (S01047),

1-{[8-Chlor-4-(4-methoxyphenyl)(2-quinolyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazolin-2,5-dion(S01191),

1-[(4-Chlorbenzo[h]quinolin-2-yl)amino]-3,4-dimethylazolin-2,5-dion (S01207),

1-[(7-Brom-4-{[4-benzylpiperazinyl]methyl}(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-dimethylazolin-2,5-dion (S01268),

1-{[6-(4-Chlorphenyl)-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazolin-2,5-dion (S01371),

3,4-Dimethyl-1-{[6-(4-methylphenyl)-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino} azolin-2,5-dion (S01393),

1-{[6-(3-Chlorphenyl)-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]-amino}-3,4-dimethylazolin-2,5-dion (S01474),

1-{[6-Chlor-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]methylamino}-3-(methoxymethyl)-4-methylazolin-2,5-dion (S01600),

Phenylmethyl 4-({2-[(3,4-dimethyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl)amino]-7-brom-4-quinolyl} methyl)piperazincarboxylat (S01683),

3,4-Dimethyl-1-({6-[3-(trifluormethyl)phenyl](2-pyridyl)}amino) azolin-2,5-dion (S01691),

1-[(7-Brom-4-{[4-(phenylcarbonyl)piperazinyl]methyl}(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-dimethylazolin-2,5-dion (S01699),

3-(1-{[6-Chlor-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolin-3-yl)-N-methyl-N-phenylpropanamid (S01759),

3,4-Dimethyl-1-{[6-benzyl-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}azolin-2,5-dion (S01762),

1-{[4-({4-[(2,4-Dimethylphenyl)carbonyl]piperazinyl}methyl)-7-brom (2-quinolyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazolin-2,5-dion (S01800),

1-{[7-Brom-4-({4-[(4-methoxyphenyl)carbonyl]piperazinyl}methyl) (2-quinolyl)]amino}-3,4-dimethylazolin-2,5-dion (S01801),

N-[6-Chlor-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]-N-[4-(hydroxymethyl)-3-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl]acetamid (S01820),

1-[(7-Brom-4-{[4-(phenylsulfonyl)piperazinyl]methyl}(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-dimethylazolin-2,5-dion (S01822),

1-[(4-Chlor-8-methyl(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-dimethylazolin-2,5-dion (S00871),

tert-Butyl 4-[({2-[(3,4-dimethyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl)amino]-7-brom-4-quinolyl} methyl)amino]piperidincarboxylat (S01862),

tert-Butyl 4-[4-({2-[(3,4-dimethyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl)amino]-7-brom-4-quinolyl} methyl)piperazinyl]piperidincarboxylat (S01928),

1-[(4-{[4-(3,3-Dimethylbutanoyl)piperazinyl]methyl}-7-brom (2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-dimethylazolin-2,5-dion (S01929),

Methylethyl 3-(1-{[6-chlor-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolin-3-yl)propanoat (S02022)

Methylpropyl 3-(1-{[6-chlor-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolin-3-yl)propanoat (S02264)

tert-Butyl 2-(1-{[6-chlor-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-2,5-dioxoazolin-3-yl)acetat (S02225)

1-{[6-Chlor-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-(ethoxymethyl)-4-methylazolin-2,5-dion (S02366)

3-Butyl-1-{[6-chlor-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methylazolin-2,5-dion (S03448)

1-{[6-Chlor-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-3-[2-(2-methyl(1,3-dioxolan-2-yl))ethyl]azolin-2,5-dion (S03456)

1-{[6-Chlor-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-[(2-methoxyethoxy)methyl]-4-methylazolin-2,5-dion (S03742)

1-{[6-Chlor-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-(3-hydroxyhexyl)-3-methylazolin-2,5-dion (S03552)

1-{[6-Chlor-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-(3-hydroxypentyl)-3-methylazolin-2,5-dion (S03745)

1-{[6-Chlor-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-3-[(3-methylbutoxy)methyl]azolin-2,5-dion (S03405)

3-(Butoxymethyl)-1-{[6-chlor-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methylazolin-2,5-dion (S03518)

3-[(3,3-Dimethylbutoxy)methyl]-1-{[6-chlor-5-(trifluormethyl) (2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methylazolin-2,5-dion (S03747)

1-{[6-Chlor-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-(2-ethoxyethyl)-4-methylazolin-2,5-dion (S03960)

1-{[6-Chlor-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-3-[(2-methylpropoxy)methyl]azolin-2,5-dion (S03963)

3-[(2,2-Dimethylpropoxy)methyl]-1-{[6-chlor-5-(trifluormethyl) (2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methylazolin-2,5-dion (S03962)

4-[(1,3-Dimethylbutoxy)methyl]-1-{[6-chlor-5-(trifluormethyl) (2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-methylazolin-2,5-dion (S03964)

4-[(tert-Butoxy)methyl]-1-{[6-chlor-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-methylazolin-2,5-dion (S03873)

1-{[6-Chlor-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-3-[2-(2-methylpropoxy)ethyl]azolin-2,5-dion (S03955)

1-{[6-Chlor-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-methyl-3-[2-(3-methylbutoxy)ethyl]azolin-2,5-dion (S03956)

1-{[6-Chlor-5-(trifluormethyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-methyl-4-(2-propoxyethyl)azolin-2,5-dion (S04034);

und Salzen davon.
 
8. Pharmazeutische Zusammensetzung, umfassend die Verbindung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche in Kombination mit einem pharmazeutisch annehmbaren Hilfsstoff.
 
9. Verwendung einer Verbindung mit der Formel

wobei

R1 und R2 unabhängig ausgewählt sind aus Alkyl, substituiertem Alkyl, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Alkoxy, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Alkylthio, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Aryloxy oder gegebenenfalls substituiertem Arylthio, wobei R1 und R2 ebenfalls Teil einer cyclischen Alkylen-Kette sein können, die eine fusionierte Ring-Struktur bildet, wenn X kein O ist;

X O, S oder NR3 ist;

Ar kein Phenyl ist, wenn X NR3 ist;

Aryl oder substituiertes Aryl in dem gegebenenfalls substituiertem Aryloxy oder gegebenenfalls substituiertem Arylthio carbocylisches Aryl, heterocyclisches Aryl, monocyclisches Aryl, polycyclisches Aryl und Aryl, das mit nicht-Aryl (nicht aromatischen) -Ringen fusioniert ist, umfasst;

R3 H, Alkyl, substituiertes Alkyl, gegebenenfalls substituiertes Acyl ist oder Teil einer Ring-Struktur, die das N an den Ar-Ring verbindet, ist;

A N oder CH ist;

B CR8 oder N ist; und

R6, R7, R8 und R9 unabhängig ausgewählt sind aus H, Alkyl, substituiertem Alkyl, Halogen, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Aryl, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Heteroaryl, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Alkoxy, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Aryloxy, Cyano, Nitro, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Alkylthio, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Alkylsulfinyl, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Alkylsulfonyl, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Arylthio, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Acyl, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Amino, Carboxyl, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Alkoxycarbonyl, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Carbamoyl, wobei R6 und R7, oder R7 und R8, oder R8 und R9 Teil einer cyclischen Alkylen-Gruppe sein können, die eine fusionierte Ring-Struktur bildet;

oder einem Salz davon;
ferner, wobei die Verbindung nicht die folgende Struktur aufweist:

bei der Herstellung eines Arzneimittels zur Behandlung einer Zellproliferativen Störung.
 
10. Verwendung nach Anspruch 9, wobei die Verbindung wie in einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7 definiert ist.
 
11. Verbindung mit der Formel

wobei

R1 und R2 unabhängig ausgewählt sind aus Alkyl, substituiertem Alkyl, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Alkoxy, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Alkylthio, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Aryloxy oder gegebenenfalls substituiertem Arylthio, wobei R1 und R2 ebenfalls Teil einer cyclischen Alkylen-Kette sein können, die eine fusionierte Ring-Struktur bildet, wenn X kein O ist;

X O, S oder NR3 ist;

Ar kein Phenyl ist, wenn X NR3 ist;

Aryl oder substituiertes Aryl in dem gegebenenfalls substituiertem Aryloxy oder gegebenenfalls substituiertem Arylthio carbocylisches Aryl, heterocyclisches Aryl, monocyclisches Aryl, polycyclisches Aryl und Aryl, das mit nicht-Aryl (nicht aromatischen) -Ringen fusioniert ist, umfasst;

R3 H, Alkyl, substituiertes Alkyl, gegebenenfalls substituiertes Acyl ist oder Teil einer Ring-Struktur, die das N an den Ar-Ring verbindet, ist;

A N oder CH ist;

B CR8 oder N ist; und

R6, R7, R8 und R9 unabhängig ausgewählt sind aus H, Alkyl, substituiertem Alkyl, Halogen, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Aryl, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Heteroaryl, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Alkoxy, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Aryloxy, Cyano, Nitro, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Alkylthio, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Alkylsulfinyl, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Alkylsulfonyl, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Arylthio, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Acyl, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Amino, Carboxyl, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Alkoxycarbonyl, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Carbamoyl, wobei R6 und R7, oder R7 und R8, oder R8 und R9 Teil einer cyclischen Alkylen-Gruppe sein können, die eine fusionierte Ring-Struktur bildet;

oder einem Salz davon;
ferner, wobei die Verbindung nicht die folgende Struktur aufweist:

zur Verwendung in der Behandlung einer Zell-proliferativen Störung.
 
12. Verbindung zur Verwendung nach Anspruch 11, wobei die Verbindung wie in einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7 definiert ist.
 
13. In-vitro- oder ex-vivo-Verfahren zum Töten oder Unterdrücken einer unerwünscht proliferierenden Zelle, die mit einer Zell-proliferierenden Störung assoziiert ist, umfassend Verabreichen einer Zelle in einer Menge, die wirksam ist den G2-Checkpoint auszuschalten und/oder Anpassung an den G2-Zellzyklus-Stillstand zu verursachen, eine Verbindung mit der Formel

wobei

R1 und R2 unabhängig ausgewählt sind aus Alkyl, substituiertem Alkyl, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Alkoxy, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Alkylthio, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Aryloxy oder gegebenenfalls substituiertem Arylthio, wobei R1 und R2 ebenfalls Teil einer cyclischen Alkylen-Kette sein können, die eine fusionierte Ring-Struktur bildet, wenn X kein O ist;

X O, S oder NR3 ist;

Ar kein Phenyl ist, wenn X NR3 ist;

Aryl oder substituiertes Aryl in dem gegebenenfalls substituiertem Aryloxy oder gegebenenfalls substituiertem Arylthio carbocylisches Aryl, heterocyclisches Aryl, monocyclisches Aryl, polycyclisches Aryl und Aryl, das mit nicht-Aryl (nicht aromatischen) -Ringen fusioniert ist, umfasst;

R3 H, Alkyl, substituiertes Alkyl, gegebenenfalls substituiertes Acyl ist oder Teil einer Ring-Struktur, die das N an den Ar-Ring verbindet, ist;

A N oder CH ist;

B CR8 oder N ist; und

R6, R7, R8 und R9 unabhängig ausgewählt sind aus H, Alkyl, substituiertem Alkyl, Halogen, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Aryl, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Heteroaryl, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Alkoxy, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Aryloxy, Cyano, Nitro, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Alkylthio, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Alkylsulfinyl, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Alkylsulfonyl, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Arylthio, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Acyl, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Amino, Carboxyl, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Alkoxycarbonyl, gegebenenfalls substituiertem Carbamoyl, wobei R6 und R7, oder R7 und R8, oder R8 und R9 Teil einer cyclischen Alkylen-Gruppe sein können, die eine fusionierte Ring-Struktur bildet;

oder einem Salz davon;
ferner, wobei die Verbindung nicht die folgende Struktur aufweist:


 
14. Verfahren nach Anspruch 13, wobei die Verbindung wie in einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7 definiert ist.
 
15. Verwendung nach Anspruch 9 oder 10, Verbindung zur Verwendung nach Anspruch 11 oder 12 oder Verfahren nach Anspruch 13 oder 14, wobei die Zell-proliferierende Störung Krebs ist oder
ferner umfassend Verabreichen von mindestens einer zusätzlichen Anti-Krebs-Behandlung.
 


Revendications

1. Composé répondant à la formule

dans laquelle :

R1 et R2 sont choisis indépendamment entre des groupes alkyle, alkyle substitué, alkoxy facultativement substitué, alkylthio facultativement substitué, aryloxy facultativement substitué, ou arylthio facultativement substitué, où, lorsque X ne représente pas 0, R1 et R2 peuvent également faire partie d'une chaîne alkylène cyclique qui forme une structure à noyau condensé ;

X représente 0, S ou un groupe NR3 ;

lorsque X représente un groupe NR3, Ar ne représente pas un groupe phényle ;

le groupe aryle ou aryle substitué dans le groupe aryloxy facultativement substitué ou groupe arylthio facultativement substitué comprend un groupe aryle carbocyclique, un groupe aryle hétérocyclique, un groupe aryle monocyclique, un groupe aryle polycyclique, et un groupe aryle condensé avec des noyaux non aryliques (non aromatiques) ;

R3 représente H, un groupe alkyle, alkyle substitué, acyle facultativement substitué, ou fait partie d'une structure cyclique qui connecte l'atome de N au noyau Ar ;

A représente N ou un groupe CH ;

B représente un groupe CR8 ; et

R6, R7, R8 et R9 sont choisis indépendamment entre H, des groupes alkyle, alkyle substitué, halogéno, aryle facultativement substitué, hétéroaryle facultativement substitué, alkoxy facultativement substitué, aryloxy facultativement substitué, cyano, nitro, alkylthio facultativement substitué, alkylsulfinyle facultativement substitué, alkylsulfonyle facultativement substitué, arylthio facultativement substitué, acyle facultativement substitué, amino facultativement substitué, carboxyle, alkoxycarbonyle facultativement substitué, carbamoyle facultativement substitué, où R6 et R7, ou R7 et R8, ou bien R8 et R9 peuvent faire partie d'un groupe alkylène cyclique formant une structure à noyau condensé ;

ou un de ses sels ;
en outre, le composé n'ayant pas la structure suivante


 
2. Composé suivant la revendication 1, dans lequel un de R1 et R2 représente un groupe méthyle et l'autre de R1 et R2 représente un groupe alkyle ou alkyle substitué avec un substituant alkoxy, hydroxy, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyle, carbamoyle facultativement substitué ou aminocarbonyle cyclique facultativement substitué.
 
3. Composé suivant la revendication 1, dans lequel un de R1 et R2 font l'un et l'autre partie d'une chaîne alkylène cyclique formant une structure à noyau condensé.
 
4. Composé suivant la revendication 1, dans lequel X représente un groupe NR3, dans lequel R3 représente H, un groupe alkyle ou acyle.
 
5. Composé suivant la revendication 1, dans lequel R6, R7, R8 et R9 sont choisis indépendamment entre H, les groupes alkyle, halogéno, trifluorométhyle, phényle facultativement substitué, alkoxy, cyano, ou alkyle substitué avec un substituant phényle, amino facultativement substitué, amino cyclique facultativement substitué, et acyloxy.
 
6. Composé suivant la revendication 1, dans lequel deux substituants adjacents R6 et R7, ou R8 et R9, forment un noyau benzénique condensé et substitué.
 
7. Composé suivant la revendication 1, le composé étant choisi dans le groupe consistant en :

le 3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]-amino}-4-méthyl-2,5-dioxoazoline-3-yl)propanoate de tertiobutyle (S01860) ;

le 3-(1-{[6-clhoro-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]-amino}-4-méthyl-2,5-dioxoazoline-3-yl)propanoate d'éthyle (S0186) ;

la 3,4-diméthyl-1-[(4,7,8-trichloro(2-quinolyl))amino]-azoline-2,5-dione (S01078),

la 1-[(8-bromo-4-chloro(2-quinolyl)amino]-3,4-diméthylazoline-2,5-dione (S01247),

le 4-({2-[(3,4-diméthyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl)amino]-7-bromo-4-quinolyl}méthyl)pipérazinecarboxylate de tertiobutyle (S01589),

le 3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]-amino}-4-méthyl-2,5-dioxoazoline-3-yl)propanoate de méthyle (S01648)

le 3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]-amino}-4-méthyl-2,5-dioxoazoline-3-yl)-N-méthoxy-N-méthyl-propanamide (S01796),

la 1-{[7-bromo-4-({4-[(2-méthoxyphényl)carbonyl}]-pipérazinyl}méthyl)(2-quinolyl)]amino}-3,4-diméthylazoline-2, 5-dione (S01879)

la 1-{[3-bromo-6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl) (2-pyridyl)]-amino}-3,4-diméthylazoline-2,5-dione (S01981),

la 1-{[6-chloro-3-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3,4-diméthylazoline-2,5-dione (S00109),

la 1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]méthyl-amino}-3,4-diméthylazoline-2,5-dione (S00170)

la 1-{[6-bromo-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]méthyl-amino}-3,4-diméthylazoline-2,5-dione (S01007),

la 1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-méthyl-3-(3-méthylbutyl)azoline-2,5-dione (S01554),

la 1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-(méthoxyméthyl)-4-méthylazoline-2,5-dione (S01599),

la 1-{[7,8-dichloro-4-(trifluorométhyl)(2-quinolyl)]-amino}-3,4-diméthylazoline-2,5-dione (S01455),

le 3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]- amino}-4-méthyl-2,5-dioxoazoline-3-yl)-N,N-diéthylpropanamide (S01711),

le 2-[(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]-amino}-4-méthyl-2,5-dioxoazoline-3-yl)méthyl]propane-1,3-dioate de diéthyle (S01712),

le N-(tertiobutyl)-3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-méthyl-2,5-dioxoazoline-3-yl)-propanamide (S01758),

la 1-{[7-bromo-4-({4-[(3-méthoxyphényl)carbonyl]-pipérazinyl}méthyl)(2-quinolyl)]amino}-3,4-diméthylazoline-2,5-dione (S01925)

la 1-{[6-bromo-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3,4-diméthylazoline-2,5-dione (S00994),

la 1-[(4,8-dichloro(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-diméthylazoline-2,5-dione (S01005),

la 3,4-diméthyl-1-{[6-phényl-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}azoline-2,5-dione (S01266),

la 1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-(hydroxyméthyl)-4-méthylazoline-2,5-dione (S01470),

le N-(3,4-diméthyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl)-N-[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]acétamide (S01473),

la 1-{[7-bromo-4-({4-[(2-chlorophényl)carbonyl]-pipérazinyl}méthyl)(2-quinolyl)]amino}-3,4-diméthylazoline-2,5-dione (S01878),

le 3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]-amino}-4-méthyl-2,5-dioxoazoline-3-yl)-N-méthylpropanamide (S01883),

la 1-[(8-chloro(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-diméthylazoline-2,5-dione (S00585),

la 3,4-diméthyl-1-[(3,4-5-trifluorophényl)amino]-azoline-2,5-dione (S00832),

la 3,4-diméthyl-1-{[4-(trifluorométhyl)(2-quinolyl)]-amino}azoline-2,5-dione (S00873),

la 1-[(7-bromo-4-chloro(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-diméthyl-azoline-2,5-dione (S01311),

la 1-{[6-(3-chloro-4-fluorophényl)-5-(trifluorométhyl)-(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3,4-diméthylazoline-2,5-dione (S01313),

la 3,4-diméthyl-1-{[6-(2-méthylpropyl)-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-azoline-2,5-dione (S01457),

la 1-{[6-chloro-4-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3,4-diméthylazoline-2,5-dione (S01737),

le 3-(1-{[4-({4-[(tertiobutyl)oxycarbonyl]pipérazinyl}-méthyl)-7-bromo-(2-quinolyl)]amino}-4-méthyl-2,5-dioxo-azoline-3-yl)propanoate de méthyle (S01865),

la 1-({4-[(4-{[4-(diméthylamino)phényl]carbonyl}-pipérazinyl)méthyl]-7-bromo-(2-quinolyl)}amino)-3,4-diméthylazoline-2,5-dione (S01880),

la 1-[(3-chloroisoquinolyl)amino]-3,4-diméthylazoline-2,5-dione (S01098),

la 1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-éthyl-4-méthylazoline-2,5-dione (S01553),

la 1-{[4-chloro-6-phényl-5-(trifluorométhyl) (2-pyridyl)]-amino}-3,4-diméthylazoline-2,5-dione (S01734),

le N-[1-({2-[(3,4-diméthyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl)amino]-7-bromo(4-quinolyl)}méthyl)pyrrolidine-3-yl](tertiobutoxy)-carboxamide (S01864),

la 1-{[7-bromo-4-({4-[(4-fluorophényl)carbonyl]-pipérazinyl}méthyl)(2-quinolyl)]amino}-3,4-diméthylazoline-2,5-dione (S01877),

le 6-[(3,4-diméthyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl)amino]-3-(trifluorométhyl)pyridine-2-carbonitrile (S01475),

la 2-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl)-2-pyridyl]amino}-4,5,6,7-tétrahydroisoindole-1,3-dione (S00186),

la 1-{[4-bromo-3-(trifluorométhyl)phényl]amino}-3,4-diméthylazoline-2,5-dione (S00516),

la 1-[(4-chloronaphtyl)amino]-3,4-diméthylazoline-2,5-dione (S00738),

la 1-[(4-chloro-6-méthyl(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-diméthylazoline-2,5-dione (S00935),

la 1-[(4-bromonaphtyl)amino]-3,4-diméthylazoline-2,5-dione (S00942),

la 1-{[7-bromo-4-(hydroxyméthyl)(2-quinolyl)]amino}-3,4-diméthylazoline-2,5-dione (S01037),

l'acétate de {2-[(3,4-diméthyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl)-amino]-7-bromo-4-quinolyl}méthyle (S01047),

la 1-{[8-chloro-4-(4-méthoxyphényl)(2-quinolyl)]-amino}-3,4-diméthylazoline-2,5-dione (S01191),

la 1-[(4-chlorobenzo[h]quinoline-2-yl)amino]-3,4-diméthylazoline-2,5-dione (S01207),

la 1-[(7-bromo-4-{[4-benzylpipérazinyl]méthyl}(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-diméthylazoline-2,5-dione (S01268),

la 1-{[6-(4-chlorophényl)-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3,4-diméthylazoline-2,5-dione (S01371),

la 3,4-diméthyl-1-{[6-(4-méthylphényl)-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-azoline-2,5-dione (S01393),

la 1-{[6-(3-chlorophényl)-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3,4-diméthylazoline-2,5-dione (S01474),

la 1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]méthyl-amino}-3-(méthoxyméthyl)-4-méthylazoline-2,5-dione (S01600),

le 4-({2-[(3,4-diméthyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl)amino]-7-bromo-4-quinolyl}méthyl)pipérazinecarboxylate de phénylméthyle (S01683),

la 3,4-diméthyl-1-(6-[3-(trifluorométhyl)phényl](2-pyridyl)}amino)azoline-2,5-dione (S01691),

la 1-[(7-bromo-4-{[4-(phénylcarbonyl)pipérazinyl]-méthyl}(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-diméthylazoline-2,5-dione (S01699),

le 3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]-amino}-4-méthyl-2,5-dioxoazoline-3-yl)-N-méthyl-N-phényl-propanamide (S01759),

la 3,4-diméthyl-1-{[6-benzyl-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}azoline-2,5-dione (S01762),

la 1-{[4-({4-[(2,4-diméthylphényl)carbonyl]-pipérazinyl}méthyl)-7-bromo(2-quinolyl)]amino}-3,4-diméthylazoline-2,5-dione (S01800),

la 1-{[7-bromo-4-({4-[(4-méthoxyphényl)carbonyl]-pipérazinyl}méthyl)(2-quinolyl)]amino}-3,4-diméthylazoline-2,5-dione (S01801),

le N-[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]-N-[4-(hydroxyméthyl)-3-méthyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl]acétamide (S01820),

la 1-[(7-bromo-4-{[4-(phénylsulfonyl)pipérazinyl]-méthyl}(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-diméthylazoline-2,5-dione (S01822),

la 1-[(4-chloro-8-méthyl(2-quinolyl)amino]-3,4-diméthylazoline-2,5-dione (S00871),

le 4-[({2-[(3,4-diméthyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl)amino]-7-bromo-4-quinolyl}méthyl)amino]pipéridinecarboxylate de tertiobutyle (S01862),

la 4-[4-({2-[(3,4-diméthyl-2,5-dioxoazolinyl)amino]-7-bromo-4-quinolyl}méthyl)pipérazinyl]pipéridinecarboxylate de tertiobutyle (S01928),

la 1-[(4-{[4-(3,3-diméthylbutanoyl)pipérazinyl]-méthyl}-7-bromo-(2-quinolyl))amino]-3,4-diméthylazoline-2,5-dione (S01929),

le 3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]-amino}-4-méthyl-2,5-dioxoazoline-3-yl)propanoate de méthyléthyle (S02022),

le 3-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]-amino}-4-méthyl-2,5-dioxoazoline-3-yl)propanoate de méthylpropyle (S02264),

le 2-(1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]-amino}-4-méthyl-2,5-dioxoazoline-3-yl)acétate de tertiobutyle (S02225),

la 1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-(éthoxyméthyl)-4-méthylazoline-2,5-dione (S02366),

la 3-butyl-1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl) (2-pyridyl)]-amino}-4-méthylazoline-2,5-dione (S03448),

la 1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-méthyl-3-[2-(2-méthyl(1,3-dioxolane-2-yl))éthyl]azoline-2, 5-dione (S03456),

la 1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3- [(2-méthoxyéthoxy)méthyl]-4-méthylazoline-2,5-dione (S03742),

la 1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-(3-hydroxyhexyl)-3-méthylazoline-2,5-dione (S03552),

la 1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-(3-hydroxypentyl)-3-méthylazoline-2,5-dione (S03745),

la 1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-méthyl-3- [(3-méthylbutoxy)méthyl]azoline-2,5-dione (S03405),

la 3-(butoxyméthyl)-1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl)-(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-méthylazoline-2,5-dione (S03518),

la 3-[(3,3-diméthylbutoxy)méthyl]-1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-méthylazoline-2,5-dione (S03747),

la 1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-(2-éthoxyéthyl)-4-méthylazoline-2,5-dione (S03960),

la 1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-méthyl-3-[(2-méthylpropoxy)méthyl]azoline-2,5-dione (S03963),

la 3-[(2,2-diméthylpropoxy)méthyl]-1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl)-(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-méthylazoline-2,5-dione (S03962),

la 4-[(1,3-diméthylbutoxy)méthyl]-1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-méthylazoline-2,5-dione (S03964),

la 4-[(tertio-butoxy)méthyl]-1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-méthylazoline-2,5-dione (S03873),

la 1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-méthyl-3-[2-(2-méthylpropoxy)éthyl]azoline-2,5-dione (S03955),

la 1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-4-méthyl-3-[2-(3-méthylbutoxy)éthyl]azoline-2,5-dione (S03956),

la 1-{[6-chloro-5-(trifluorométhyl)(2-pyridyl)]amino}-3-méthyl-4-(2-propoxyéthyl)azoline-2,5-dione (S04034) ;

et ses sels.
 
8. Composition pharmaceutique comprenant le composé de l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes en association avec un excipient pharmaceutiquement acceptable.
 
9. Utilisation d'un composé répondant à la formule

dans laquelle :

R1 et R2 sont choisis indépendamment entre des groupes alkyle, alkyle substitué, alkoxy facultativement substitué, alkylthio facultativement substitué, aryloxy facultativement substitué et arylthio facultativement substitué, où, lorsque X ne représente pas 0, R1 et R2 peuvent également faire partie d'une chaîne alkylène cyclique formant une structure à noyau condensé ;

X représente 0, S ou un groupe NR3 ;

lorsque X représente un groupe NR3, Ar ne représente pas un groupe phényle ;

le groupe aryle ou aryle substitué dans le groupe aryloxy facultativement substitué ou groupe arylthio facultativement substitué comprend un groupe aryle carbocyclique, un groupe aryle hétérocyclique, un groupe aryle monocyclique, un groupe aryle polycyclique, et un groupe aryle condensé avec des noyaux non aryliques (non aromatiques) ;

R3 représente H, un groupe alkyle, alkyle substitué, acyle facultativement substitué, ou fait partie d'une structure cyclique qui connecte l'atome de N au noyau Ar ;

A représente N ou un groupe CH ;

B représente un groupe CR8 ou N ; et

R6 R7, R8 et R9 sont choisis indépendamment entre H, des groupes alkyle, alkyle substitué, halogéno, aryle facultativement substitué, hétéroaryle facultativement substitué, alkoxy facultativement substitué, aryloxy facultativement substitué, cyano, nitro, alkylthio facultativement substitué, alkylsulfinyle facultativement substitué, alkylsulfonyle facultativement substitué, arylthio facultativement substitué, acyle facultativement substitué, amino facultativement substitué, carboxyle, alkoxycarbonyle facultativement substitué, carbamoyle facultativement substitué, où R6 et R7, ou R7 et R8, ou bien R8 et R9 peuvent faire partie d'un groupe alkylène cyclique formant une structure à noyau condensé ;

ou d'un de ses sels ;
en outre, le composé n'ayant pas la structure suivante

pour la production d'un médicament pour le traitement d'un trouble de prolifération cellulaire.
 
10. Utilisation suivant la revendication 9, dans laquelle le composé est tel que défini dans l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7.
 
11. Composé répondant à la formule

dans laquelle :

R1 et R2 sont choisis indépendamment entre des groupes alkyle, alkyle substitué, alkoxy facultativement substitué, alkylthio facultativement substitué, aryloxy facultativement substitué et arylthio facultativement substitué, où, lorsque X ne représente pas 0, R1 et R2 peuvent également faire partie d'une chaîne alkylène cyclique qui forment une structure à noyau condensé ;

X représente 0, S ou un groupe NR3 ;

lorsque X représente un groupe NR3, Ar ne représente pas un groupe phényle ;

le groupe aryle ou aryle substitué dans le groupe aryloxy facultativement substitué ou arylthio facultativement substitué comprend un groupe aryle carbocyclique, un groupe aryle hétérocyclique, un groupe aryle monocyclique, un groupe aryle polycyclique, et un groupe aryle condensé avec des noyaux non aryliques (non aromatiques) ;

R3 représente H, un groupe alkyle, alkyle substitué, acyle facultativement substitué, ou fait partie d'une structure cyclique qui connecte l'atome de N au noyau Ar ;

A représente N ou un groupe CH ;

B représente un groupe CR8 ou N ; et

R6, R7, R8 et R9 sont choisis indépendamment entre H, des groupes alkyle, alkyle substitué, halogéno, aryle facultativement substitué, hétéroaryle facultativement substitué, alkoxy facultativement substitué, aryloxy facultativement substitué, cyano, nitro, alkylthio facultativement substitué, alkylsulfinyle facultativement substitué, alkylsulfonyle facultativement substitué, arylthio facultativement substitué, acyle facultativement substitué, amino facultativement substitué, carboxyle, alkoxycarbonyle facultativement substitué, carbamoyle facultativement substitué, où R6 et R7, ou R7 et R8, ou bien R8 et R9 peuvent faire partie d'un groupe alkylène cyclique formant une structure à noyau condensé ;

ou un de ses sels ;
en outre, le composé n'ayant pas la structure suivante

pour une utilisation dans un trouble de prolifération cellulaire.
 
12. Composé pour une utilisation suivant la revendication 11, le composé étant tel que défini dans l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7.
 
13. Procédé in vivo ou ex vivo pour tuer ou supprimer une cellule proliférant de manière indésirable associée à un trouble de prolifération cellulaire comprenant l'administration à la cellule en une quantité efficace pour l'abrogation du point de contrôle G2 et/ou provoquer l'adaptation à l'arrêt au cycle cellulaire G2, d'un composé répondant à la formule

dans laquelle :

R1 et R2 sont choisis indépendamment entre des groupes alkyle, alkyle substitué, alkoxy facultativement substitué, alkylthio facultativement substitué, aryloxy facultativement substitué et arylthio facultativement substitué, où, lorsque X ne représente pas 0, R1 et R2 peuvent également faire partie d'une chaîne alkylène cyclique qui forme une structure à noyau condensé ;

X représente 0, S ou un groupe NR3 ;

lorsque X représente un groupe NR3, Ar ne représente pas un groupe phényle ;

le groupe aryle ou aryle substitué dans le groupe aryloxy facultativement substitué ou arylthio facultativement substitué comprend un groupe aryle carbocyclique, un groupe aryle hétérocyclique, un groupe aryle monocyclique, un groupe aryle polycyclique, et un groupe aryle condensé avec des noyaux non aryliques (non aromatiques) ;

R3 représente H, un groupe alkyle, alkyle substitué, acyle facultativement substitué, ou fait partie d'une structure cyclique qui connecte l'atome de N au noyau Ar ;

A représente N ou un groupe CH ;

B représente un groupe CR8 ou N ; et

R6, R7, R8 et R9 sont choisis indépendamment entre H, des groupes alkyle, alkyle substitué, halogéno, aryle facultativement substitué, hétéroaryle facultativement substitué, alkoxy facultativement substitué, aryloxy facultativement substitué, cyano, nitro, alkylthio facultativement substitué, alkylsulfinyle facultativement substitué, alkylsulfonyle facultativement substitué, arylthio facultativement substitué, acyle facultativement substitué, amino facultativement substitué, carboxyle, alkoxycarbonyle facultativement substitué, carbamoyle facultativement substitué, où R6 et R7, ou R7 et R8, ou bien R8 et R9 peuvent faire partie d'un groupe alkylène cyclique formant une structure à noyau condensé ;

ou d'un de ses sels ;
en outre, le composé n'ayant pas la structure suivante


 
14. Procédé suivant la revendication 13, dans lequel le composé est tel que défini dans l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7.
 
15. Utilisation suivant la revendication 9 ou 10, composé pour une utilisation suivant la revendication 11 ou 12 ou procédé suivant la revendication 13 ou 14, le trouble de prolifération cellulaire étant un cancer, ou comprenant en outre l'administration d'au moins un traitement anticancéreux supplémentaire.
 




Drawing



























REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description