(19)
(11)EP 2 160 179 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
26.08.2015 Bulletin 2015/35

(21)Application number: 08777859.3

(22)Date of filing:  27.06.2008
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A61K 8/49  (2006.01)
A61Q 5/10  (2006.01)
A61Q 5/06  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2008/062121
(87)International publication number:
WO 2009/005139 (08.01.2009 Gazette  2009/02)

(54)

HAIR DYE COMPOSITION

HAARFÄRBEZUSAMMENSETZUNG

COMPOSITION DE TEINTURE CAPILLAIRE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK TR

(30)Priority: 29.06.2007 JP 2007173495
29.06.2007 JP 2007173496
29.06.2007 JP 2007173497
29.06.2007 JP 2007173498
29.06.2007 JP 2007173499

(43)Date of publication of application:
10.03.2010 Bulletin 2010/10

(73)Proprietors:
  • Kao Corporation
    Chuo-Ku Tokyo 103-8210 (JP)
  • Fujifilm Corporation
    Tokyo 1068620 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • YAMAGUCHI, Masakazu
    Tokyo 131-8501 (JP)
  • TAKIGUCHI, Osamu
    Tokyo 131-8501 (JP)
  • TSUKASE, Masaaki
    Minamiashigara-shi Kanagawa 250-0193 (JP)
  • ISHIWATA, Yasuhiro
    Minamiashigara-shi Kanagawa 250-0193 (JP)

(74)Representative: Hoffmann Eitle 
Patent- und Rechtsanwälte PartmbB Arabellastraße 30
81925 München
81925 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A- 1 366 752
EP-A- 1 832 276
JP-A- 2005 162 855
EP-A- 1 398 020
JP-A- 2001 214 084
JP-A- 2005 171 079
  
  • MOHAREB RM; SHERIF SM; GABER HM; GHABRIAL SS; AZIZ SI: "Thiophenylhydrazonoacetates in heterocyclic synthesis" HETEROATOM CHEMISTRY, vol. 15, no. 1, 2004, pages 15-20, XP002500409 Retrieved from the Internet: URL:http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi -bin/fulltext/107061169/PDFSTART>
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

Field of the Invention



[0001] The present invention relates to a hair dye composition containing an azo dye.

Background of the Invention



[0002] Typical examples of hair dye compositions include two-part permanent hair dyes composed of a first part containing an alkali agent, an oxidation dye and optionally, a direct dye such as nitro dye and a second part containing an oxidizing agent; and one-part semi-permanent hair dyes containing an organic acid or an alkali agent, and at least one direct dye such as acid dye, basic dye or nitro dye.

[0003] Permanent hair dyes however have the drawback that their color tone produced by an oxidation dye is not so vivid. It is the common practice to try to produce vivid color by using a direct dye and an oxidation dye in combination. Direct dyes, particularly nitro dyes, however have the problem that color of the hair dyed with them fades considerably and very vivid color tone of the hair just after dyeing is lost rapidly.

[0004] Direct dyes usable in combination with oxidation dyes are limited because they are required to be stable against peroxides during the hair dyeing process.

[0005] Various acid dyes, basic dyes, and nitro dyes to be added to permanent dyes or semi-permanent dyes are apt to fade in any case because direct dyes on the hair are lost relatively easily by shampooing or exposure to light. Such a tendency is marked in the damaged hair.

[0006] For improving resistance (fastness) to light, shampooing, sweat, friction, or heat, a hair dye using a direct dye having a dissociative proton is proposed (refer to Patent Documents 1 and 2 ). In hair dyes using direct dyes, however, a good balance in dyeing property or fading property between the root and tip of the hair tends to be achieved by mixing a plurality of dyes having the same hue (refer to Non-Patent Document 1) so that there is a demand for the development of dissociative azo dyes different in the structural characteristics.

[0007] Patent Document 3 relates to a hair dye composition comprising as a direct dye a dissociative phenyl azo dye or a naphthyl azo. The dye is said to strongly impart the hair with a vivid colour without decomposition of the dye upon hair dyeing and to have excellent resistance to light, washing, perspiration, friction and heat.

[0008] Patent Document 4 relates to a hair dye composition which contains a direct azo dye including a 2,1,3-benzothiadiazole derivative as an azo moiety.The composition is said to dye hair in a vivid tone without fading out and is said to be stable to alkalizing agents and oxidizing agents.

[0009] Patent Document 5 relates to a hair dye composition comprising a dissociative azo dye. The composition is said to strongly impart the hair with a vivid colour without decomposition of the dye upon hair dyeing and to have excellent resistance to light, washing, perspiration, friction and heat. It is also said to be stable against an alkalising agent and an oxidizing agent, have high hair dyeing power and to show less colour fade over time.

[0010] Patent Document 6 concerns metal chelate colorings to be used for optical recording mediums. Among others, it discloses oxazole, pyrazole, imidazole, isoxazole, thiadiazole and triazole azo compounds.

[0011] Patent Document 7 concerns a colored composition for use in optical recording mediums or ink/toner compositions. Among others, it discloses pyrazin azo compounds.

[0012] Patent Document 8 concerns a colored composition for use in optical recording mediums or ink/toner compositions. Among others, it discloses pyrimidin azo compounds.

[0013] Non-Patent Document 2 concerns the synthesis of tetrahydrobenzo[b]thiophene-3-carboxamide derivatives with a view to study their biological activity. Among others, it discloses thiophene diazo compounds.

[0014] 

[Patent Document 1] JP-A-2004-107343

[Patent Document 2] JP-A-2006-182653

[Patent Document 3] EP-A-1 398 020

[Patent Document 4] EP-A-1 832 276

[Patent Document 5] EP-A-1 366 752

[Patent Document 6] JP2001 214084 A

[Patent Document 7] JP 2005 162855 A

[Patent Document 8] JP 2005 171079 A



[0015] [Non-Patent Document 1] Clarence R. Robbins, Chemical and Physical Behavior of Human Hair, 4th Ed., pp331-334, Springer-Verlag, 2002

[0016] [Non-Patent Document 2] Heteratom Chemistry, Vol. 15, 2004, pages 15:-20

Summary of the Invention



[0017] In the present invention, there is provided a hair dye composition containing a dissociative azo dye represented by the following formula (1):



wherein, R1 represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent selected from the group consisting of halogen atoms, alkyl groups, aryl groups, heterocyclic groups, a cyano group, a hydroxy group, a nitro group, alkoxy groups, aryloxy groups, silyloxy groups, heterocyclic oxy groups, acyloxy groups, carbamoyloxy groups, alkoxycarbonyloxy groups, aryloxycarbonyloxy groups, an amino group, acylamino groups, ureido groups, alkoxycarbonylamino groups, aryloxycarbonylamino groups, sulfamoylamino groups, alkylsulfonylamino groups, arylsulfonylamino groups, alkylthio groups, arylthio groups, heterocyclic thio groups, a sulfamoyl group, alkylsulfinyl groups, arylsulfinyl groups, alkylsulfonyl groups, arylsulfonyl groups, acyl groups, aryloxycarbonyl groups, alkoxycarbonyl groups, a carbamoyl group, and imido groups
and A is a residue of an aromatic heterocycle selected from the group consisting of a pyrrole ring, a furan ring, a thiazole ring, an isothiazole ring, an oxadiazole ring, a benzoxazole ring, a benzisoxazole ring, a benzothiazole ring, a benzisothiazole ring, and a benzimidazole ring which may have a substituent wherein the residue A is bound to the azo group via a carbon atom of the residue,
-with the proviso that R1 and A each contains, in the structure thereof, none of a carboxy group, a sulfo group and a quaternary ammonium group.

[0018] In the present invention, there is also provided a hair dyeing method including applying the above-described hair dye composition to the hair.

Mode for Carrying out the Invention



[0019] The present invention relates to a hair dye composition containing a dissociative azo dye which has high dyeing power, is capable of imparting a vivid color to the hair firmly, has excellent fastness to light, shampooing, sweat, friction, and heat, and fades less with the passage of time because the dye is stable against an alkali agent or an oxidizing agent and does not decompose during hair dyeing; and a hair dyeing method using the hair dye composition.

[0020] The term "hair dye composition" as used herein embraces not only a one-part composition, but also a two-part composition composed of a first part containing an alkali agent and a second part containing an oxidizing agent which are stored separately just before use, and a multi-part composition such as a three-part composition composed of, in addition to the first part and the second part, a third part containing an oxidation aid. The term "whole composition" means a mixture of all the parts which is applied to the hair in practice. The term "substituent" as used herein means a group which can be substituted for a hydrogen atom.

Dissociative azo dyes represented by the formula (1)



[0021] Examples of when R1 in the formula (1) is not a hydrogen atom. R1 includes:

halogen atoms (such as a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, and a bromine atom),

a hydroxy group,

an amino group,

a mercapto group,

alkyl groups (linear, branched, or cyclic alkyl groups having from 1 to 15, preferably from 1 to 6 carbon atoms, such as a methyl group, an ethyl group, an n-propyl group, an isopropyl group, an s-butyl group, a t-butyl group, an n-octyl group, a 2-ethylhexyl group, a cyclopentyl group, and a cyclohexyl group),

alkenyl groups (linear, branched, or cyclic alkenyl groups having from 2 to 10, preferably from 2 to 6 carbon atoms, such as a vinyl group, an allyl group, a prenyl group, and a cyclopenten-1-yl group),

alkynyl groups (alkynyl groups having from 2 to 10, preferably from 2 to 6 carbon atoms, such as an ethynyl group and a propargyl group),

aryl groups (aryl groups having from 6 to 16, preferably from 6 to 10 carbon atoms, such as a phenyl group, an o-tolyl group, a p-tolyl group, and a naphthyl group),

heterocyclic groups (monovalent groups having from 1 to 12, preferably from 2 to 6 carbon atoms, which are available by removing a hydrogen atom from 5- to 10-membered, preferably from 5- or 6-membered aromatic or non-aromatic heterocyclic compounds, such as a 1-pyrazolyl group, a 1-imidazolyl group, a 2-furyl group, a 2-thienyl group, a 4-pyrimidinyl group, a 2-pyridyl group, a 2-benzothiazolyl group, a 2-tetrahydrofuryl group, and a 2-morpholyl group)

a nitro group,

a cyano group,

a carbamoyl group,

a sulfamoyl group,

acyl groups (a formyl group, alkylcarbonyl groups having from 2 to 10, preferably from 2 to 6 carbon atoms, arylcarbonyl groups having from 7 to 12, preferably from 7 to 9 carbon atoms, heterocyclic carbonyl groups having from 2 to 12, preferably from 2 to 6 carbon atoms, such as a formyl group, an acetyl group, a propionyl group, a pivaloyl group, a benzoyl group, and a 2-pyridylcarbonyl group),

alkoxycarbonyl groups (alkoxycarbonyl groups having from 2 to 10, preferably from 2 to 6 carbon atoms, such as a methoxycarbonyl group, an ethoxycarbonyl group, a t-butoxycarbonyl group, and an isobutyloxycarbonyl group),

aryloxycarbonyl groups (aryloxycarbonyl groups having from 7 to 12, preferably from 7 to 9 carbon atoms, such as a phenoxycarbonyl group and a naphthoxycarbonyl group),

heterocyclic oxycarbonyl groups (heterocyclic oxycarbonyl groups having from 1 to 12, preferably from 2 to 6 carbon atoms, such as a 1-pyrazolyloxycarbonyl group, a 1-imidazolyloxycarbonyl group, a 2-furyloxycarbonyl group, a 2-thienyloxycarbonyl group, a 2-tetrahydrofuryloxycarbonyl group, and a 2-morpholyloxycarbonyl group),

imido groups (imido groups having from 2 to 10, preferably from 4 to 8 carbon atoms, such as an N-succinimido group and an N-phthalimido group),

alkylsulfinyl groups (alkylsulfinyl groups having from 1 to 10, preferably from 1 to 6 carbon atoms, such as a methylsulfinyl group and an ethylaulfinyl group),

arylsulfinyl groups (arylsulfinyl groups having from 6 to 12, preferably from 6 to 8 carbon atoms, such as a phenylsulfinyl group),

alkylsulfonyl groups (alkylsulfonyl groups having from 1 to 10, preferably from 1 to 6 carbon atoms, such as a methylsulfonyl group, an ethylsulfonyl group, and a cyclohexylsulfonyl group),

arylsulfonyl groups (arylsulfonyl groups having from 6 to 12, preferably from 6 to 8 carbon atoms, such as a phenylsulfonyl group),

heterocyclic sulfonyl groups (heterocyclic sulfonyl groups having from 1 to 12, preferably from 2 to 6 carbon atoms, such as a 2-tetrahydropyranylsulfonyl group),

a phosphanyl group,

a phosphoryl group, and

a phosphinoyl group.



[0022] The examples also include these substituents having one or more substituents. In this case, preferred examples of the one or more substituents include those described above as the substituents. When the number of the substituents is two or more, these substituents may be the same or different.

[0023]  The following are examples of the substituent having a further substituent. Examples of the alkyl or aryl group having a substituent include:

aralkyl groups (aralkyl groups having from 7 to 18, preferably from 7 to 12 carbon atoms, such as a benzyl group and a phenethyl group),

haloalkyl groups (linear, branched, or cyclic haloalkyl groups having from 1 to 15, preferably from 1 to 6 carbon atoms, such as a chloromethyl group, a 2-chloroethyl group, a 2-bromopropyl group, and a 3-bromopropyl group),

haloaryl groups (haloaryl groups having from 6 to 12, preferably from 6 to 8 carbon atoms, such as a p-chlorophenyl group, a 2,4-dichlorophenyl group, and a 3-fluorophenyl group), and

hydroxyalkyl groups (linear, branched, or cyclic alkyl groups having from 1 to 15, preferably from 1 to 6 carbon atoms, such as a hydroxymethyl group, a 2-hydroxyethyl group, a 2-hydroxypropyl group, and a 3-hydroxypropyl group).



[0024] Examples of the hydroxy group having a substituent include:

alkoxy groups (linear, branched, or cyclic alkoxy groups having from 1 to 10, preferably from 1 to 6 carbon atoms, such as a methoxy group, an ethoxy group, an isopropoxy group, a t-butoxy group, and a cyclopentyloxy group),

alkenyloxy groups (linear, branched, or cyclic alkenyloxy groups having from 2 to 10, preferably from 2 to 6 carbon atoms, such as a 2-buten-1-yloxy group),

aryloxy groups (aryloxy groups having from 6 to 12, preferably from 6 to 10 carbon atoms, such as a phenoxy group, a 2-methylphenoxy group, and a 4-t-butylphenoxy group),

silyloxy groups (silyloxy groups having from 3 to 10, preferably from 3 to 6 carbon atoms, such as a tritnethyleilyloxy group and a t-butyldimethylsilyloxy group),

heterocyclic oxy groups (heterocyclic oxy groups having from 1 to 12, preferably from 2 to 6 carbon atoms, such as a 1-phenyltetrazol-5-oxy group and a 2-tetrahydropyranyloxy group),

alkylsulfonyloxy groups (linear, branched, or cyclic alkylsulfonyloxy groups having from 1 to 10, preferably from 1 to 6 carbon atoms, such as a methanesulfonyloxy group and an ethanesulfonyloxy group),

arylsulfonyloxy groups (arylsulfonyloxy groups having from 6 to 12, preferably from 6 to 10 carbon atoms, such as a phenylsulfonyloxy group),

heterocyclic sulfonyloxy groups (heterocyclic sulfonyloxy groups having from 1 to 12, preferably from 2 to 6 carbon atoms, such as a 2-pyridylsulfonyloxy group),

acyloxy groups (acyloxy groups having from 1 to 12, preferably from 1 to 8 carbon atoms, such as a formyloxy group, an acetyloxy group, a pivaloyloxy group, and a benzoyloxy group),

carbamoyloxy groups (carbamoyloxy groups having from 1 to 10, preferably from 1 to 6 carbon atoms, such as an N,N-dimethylcarbamoyloxy group, an N,N-diethylcarbamoyloxy group, and a morpholinocarbonyloxy group),

alkoxycarbonyloxy groups (alkoxycarbonyloxy groups having from 2 to 10, preferably from 2 to 8 carbon atoms, such as a methoxycarbonyloxy group, an ethoxycarbonyloxy group, a t-butoxycarbonyloxy group, and an n-octyloxycarbonyloxy group),

aryloxycarbonyloxy groups (aryloxycarbonyloxy groups having from 7 to 12, preferably from 7 to 10 carbon atoms, such as a phenoxycarbonyloxy group and a p-methoxyphenoxycarbonyloxy group), and

dialkylphosphinyloxy groups (phosphinyloxy groups having from 2 to 12, preferably from 2 to 6 carbon atoms, such as a dimethylphosphinyloxy group and a dibutylphosphinyloxy group).



[0025] Examples of the amino group having a substituent include:

alkylamino groups (alkylamino groups having from 1 to 20, preferably from 1 to 12 carbon atoms, such as a methylamino group, a dimethylamino group, a cyclohexylmethylamino group, and a 1-pyrrolidyl group),

arylamino groups (arylamino groups having from 6 to 16, preferably from 6 to 12 carbon atoms, such as an anilino group, an N-methylanilino group, and a diphenylamino group),

heterocyclic amino groups (heterocyclic amino groups having from 1 to 12, preferably from 2 to 6 carbon atoms, such as a 2-pyridylamino group, a pyrazol-4-ylamino group, a benzimidazol-2-ylamino group, a benzothiazol-2-ylamino group, a benzoxazol-2-ylamino group, a 2-oxazolylamino group, a 1,2,4-triazol-3-ylamino group, a 1,2,4-thiadiazol-2-ylamino group, a 1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-ylamino group, a 1,2,4-oxadiazol-2-ylamino group, and a 1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-ylamino group),

acylamino groups (alkylcarbonylamino groups having from 1 to 10, preferably from 1 to 6 carbon atoms, arylcarbonylamino groups having from 6 to 18, preferably from 6 to 12 carbon atoms, and heterocyclic carbonylamino groups having from 2 to 12, preferably from 2 to 6 carbon atoms, such as a formylamino group, an acetylamino group, an ethylcarbonylamino group, a pivaloylamino group, a benzoylamino group, and a 4-pyridylcarbonylamino group),

ureido groups (aminocarbonylamino groups having from 1 to 12, preferably from 1 to 8 carbon atoms, such as a carbamoylamino group, an N,N-dimethylaminocarbonylamino group, an N,N-diethylaminocarbonylamino group, and a morpholin-4-ylcarbonylamino group),

alkoxycarbonylamino groups (alkoxycarbonylamino groups having from 2 to 10, preferably from 2 to 6 carbon atoms, such as a methoxycarbonylamino group, an ethoxycarbonylamino group, and a t-butoxycarbonylamino group),

aryloxycarbonylamino groups (aryloxycarbonylamino groups having from 7 to 12, preferably from 7 to 9 carbon atoms, such as a phenoxycarbonylamino group),

heterocyclic oxycazbonylamino groups (heterocyclic oxycarbonylamino groups having from 1 to 12, preferably from 2 to 6 carbon atoms, such as a 2-pyridyloxycarbonylamino group),

sulfamoylamino groups (sulfamoylamino groups having from 0 to 10, preferably from 0 to 6 carbon atoms, such as a sulfamoylamino group and an N,N-dimethylaminosulfonylamino group),

alkylsulfonylamino groups (alkylsulfonylamino groups having from 1 to 10, preferably from 1 to 6 carbon atoms, such as a methylsulfonylamino group, an ethylsulfonylamino group, and an n-butylsulfonylamino group),

arylsulfonylamino groups (arylsulfonylamino groups having from 6 to 12, preferably from 6 to 8 carbon atoms, such as a phenylsulfonylamino group), and

phosphinylamino groups (phosphinylamino groups having from 2 to 12, preferably from 2 to 6 carbon atoms, such as a dimethoxyphosphinylamino group and a dimethylaminophosphinylamino group).



[0026] Examples of the mercapto group having a substituent include:

alkylthio groups (alkylthio groups having from 1 to 10, preferably from 1 to 6 carbon atoms, such as a methylthio group, an ethylthio group, and a butylthio group),

arylthio groups (arylthio groups having from 6 to 12, preferably from 6 to 8 carbon atoms, such as a phenylthio group), and

heterocyclic thio groups (heterocyclic thio groups having from 1 to 10, preferably from 1 to 6 carbon atoms, such as a 2-benzothiazolylthio group, and a 1-phenyltetrazol-5-ylthio group).



[0027] Examples of the carbamoyl group having a substituent include:

alkylcarbamoyl groups (carbamoyl groups having from 1 to 12, preferably from 1 to 8 carbon atoms, such as a methylcarbamoyl group, a dimethylcarbamoyl group, a diethylcarbamoyl group, and a 1-pyrrolidylcarbamoyl group), and

sulfamoylcarbamoyl groups (sulfamoylcarbamoyl groups having from 1 to 12, preferably from 1 to 8 carbon atoms, such as an N-(sulfamoyl)carbamoyl group, and an N-(N',N'-dimethylsulfamoyl)carbamoyl group).



[0028] Examples of the sulfamoyl group having a substituent include:

alkylsulfamoyl groups (alkylsulfamoyl groups having from 1 to 12, preferably from 1 to 6 carbon atoms, such as an ethylsulfamoyl group, a dimethylsulfamoyl group, a dibutylsulfamoyl group, an ethylmethylsulfamoyl group, a diethylsulfamoyl group, and an N-cyclohexyl-N-methylsulfamoyl group),

arylsulfamoyl groups (arylsulfamoyl groups having from 6 to 12, preferably from 6 to 8 carbon atoms, such as a phenylsulfamoyl group), and

carbamoylsulfamoyl groups (carbamoylsulfamoyl groups having from 1 to 12, preferably from 1 to 6 carbon atoms, such as an N-(carbamoyl)sulfamoyl group).



[0029] Examples of the phosphoryl group having a substituent include:

alkylphosphoryl groups (alkylphosphoryl groups having from 1 to 12, preferably from 1 to 6 carbon atoms, such as a methylphosphoryl group and an ethylphosphoryl group).



[0030] Examples of the substituent having a substituent, the latter substituent having a substituent further, include:

alkoxyalkyl groups (linear, branched, or cyclic alkoxyalkyl groups having from 1 to 32, preferably from 1 to 12 carbon atoms, such as a methoxymethyl group, a methoxyethyl group, an ethoxyethyl group, and a cyclohexyloxypropyl group),

alkoxyaryl groups (alkoxyaryl groups having from 7 to 18, preferably from 7 to 12 carbon atoms, such as a p-methoxyphenyl group and a 2,4-dimethoxyphenyl group),

alkoxycarbonylalkyl groups (alkoxycarbonylalkyl groups having from 2 to 15, preferably from 2 to 6 carbon atoms, such as a methoxycarbonylethyl group and a 3-ethoxycarbonylpropyl group),

alkylaminoalkyl groups (alkylamino alkyl groups having from 2 to 15, preferably from 2 to 6 carbon atoms, such as an N-methylaminomethyl group and a dimethylaminoethyl group),

alkylthioalkyl groups (alkylthioalkyl groups having from 2 to 15, preferably from 2 to 6 carbon atoms, such as a methylthiomethyl group, a methylthioethyl group, and an ethylthioethyl group),

haloalkoxyaryl groups (haloalkoxyaryl groups having from 7 to 18, preferably from 7 to 12 carbon atoms, such as a 2-chloro-4-methoxyphenyl group and a 2,5-dichloro-4-methoxyphenyl group),

alkoxycarbonyloxy groups (alkoxycarbonyloxy groups having from 2 to 15, preferably from 2 to 6 carbon atoms, such as a methoxycarbonyloxy group and an ethoxycarbonyloxy group),

aryloxycarbonyloxy groups (aryloxycarbonyloxy groups having from 7 to 18, preferably from 7 to 12 carbon atoms, such as a phenoxycarbonyloxy group),

alkoxycarbonylamino groups (alkoxycarbonylamino groups having from 2 to 10, preferably from 2 to 6 carbon atoms, such as a methoxycarbonylamino group, an ethoxycarbonylamino group, a t-butoxycarbonylamino group, and an isobutyloxycarbonylamino group), and

hydroxyalkylthio groups (hydroxyalkylthio groups having from 1 to 15, preferably from 1 to 6 carbon atoms, such as a hydroxyethylthio group and a 2-hydroxypropylthio group).



[0031] Preferred examples of R1 include a hydrogen atom, halogen atoms, alkyl groups, aryl groups, heterocyclic groups, a cyano group, a hydroxy group, a nitro group, alkoxy groups, aryloxy groups, silyloxy groups, heterocyclic oxy groups, acyloxy groups, carbamoyloxy groups, alkoxycarbonyloxy groups, aryloxycarbonyloxy groups, an amino group, acylamino groups, ureido groups, alkoxycarbonylamino groups, aryloxycarbonylamino groups, sulfamoylamino groups, alkylsulfonylamino groups, arylsulfonylamino groups, alkylthio groups, arylthio groups, heterocyclic thio groups, a sulfamoyl group, alkylsulfinyl groups, arylsulfinyl groups, alkylsulfonyl groups, arylsulfonyl groups, acyl groups, aryloxycarbonyl groups, alkoxycarbonyl groups, a carbamoyl group, and imido groups. Of these, alkyl groups, aryl groups, heterocyclic groups, and alkoxycarbonyl groups are more preferred as R1. As the alkyl group, a methyl group, an ethyl group, an isopropyl group, and a t-butyl group are more preferred, while as the aryl group, a phenyl group and a naphthyl group are more preferred.

[0032] In the formula (1), the monocyclic or bicyclic, aromatic heterocyclic residue of A preferably has, in the ring thereof, at least one hetero atom selected from an oxygen atom, a sulfur atom, and a nitrogen atom. The monocyclic aromatic heterocyclic residue is preferably a 5-membered ring group. The bicyclic aromatic heterocyclic residue is preferably a fused group of a 5- or 6-membered ring and a 5- or 6-membered ring. The aromatic heterocyclic residue has preferably from 2 to 20 carbon atoms, more preferably from 2 to 10 carbon atoms.

[0033] Preferred examples of the aromatic heterocyclic residue of A include residues of a pyrrole ring, furan ring, a thiazole ring, an isothiazole ring, an oxadiazole ring, a benzoxazole ring, a benzisoxazole ring, a benzothiazole ring, a benzisothiazole ring, and a benzimidazole ring. Of these, the residues of a benzoxazole ring, a thiazole ring, an isothiazole ring, a benzothiazole ring, and a benzisothiazole ring are preferred, of which the residues of a benzisothiazole ring, and an isothiazole ring are especially preferred.

[0034] As a substituent which the aromatic heterocyclic group may have, examples of the substituents described above as R1 can be used. When these substituents are adjacent to each other, they may be coupled to form a saturated or unsaturated, 5- or 6-membered ring structure. The ring structure thus formed may be a heterocyclic ring or a carbon ring, or may be a saturated ring or an unsaturated ring. The total number of the carbon atoms and hetero atoms of the cyclic structure thus formed is preferably from 3 to 6, more preferably from 5 or 6.

[0035] - The substituents which the aromatic heterocyclic group may have are more preferably halogen atoms, alkyl groups, aryl groups, heterocyclic groups, a cyano group, a hydroxy group, a nitro group, alkoxy groups, aryloxy groups, amino groups (including anilino group), acylamino groups, ureido groups, alkoxycarbonylamino groups, alkylsulfonylamino groups, arylsulfonylamino groups, alkylthio groups, arylthio groups, heterocyclic thio groups, a sulfamoyl group, alkylsulfonyl groups, arylsulfonyl groups, acyl groups, alkoxycarbonyl groups, and a carbamoyl group.

[0036] The substituent which the aromatic heterocyclic group may have has preferably from 1 to 10, more preferably from 1 to 8 carbon atoms.

[0037] When these substituents have an asymmetric carbon, either one of enantiomers or a mixture of both of them mixed at a desired ratio can be used freely for the dissociative azo dye to be used in the present invention. When these substituents have two or more asymmetric carbons, there exists a plurality of stereoisomers for one structure. For the dissociative azo dye to be used in the present invention, one or more of the stereoisomers may be used as a mixture.

[0038] In the formula (1), R1 and A each does not contain a carboxy group, a sulfo group, and a quaternary ammonium group. These carboxy groups and sulfo groups include, in addition to these acid type groups, neutral type groups such as -COONa and -SO3Na. This means that the dye to be used in the present invention contains none of the acid-type and neutral type carboxy groups and sulfo groups, and a quaternary ammonium group.

[0039] Examples of the group represented by A in the formula (1) include aromatic heterocyclic groups represented by the following formulas (A-1), (A-17) to (A-26), and (A-30) to (A-33). In the following formulas, symbol * means a position at which A is linked to the azo group in the formula (1), n stands for an integer from 0 to 4, and R11 to R68 each represents a substituent. Examples of the substituent include those described above as examples of R1. Two adjacent substituents may be coupled to form a saturated or unsaturated 5- or 6-membered ring structure.











[0040] As the group represented by A, the group represented by the formula (A-1), (A-21), (A-26), (A-31) or (A-32) is preferred, with the group represented by the formula (A-26), or (A-32) being more preferred.

[0041] The following are specific examples of the dissociative azo dye represented by the formula (1) but they are not limited to the following examples.





















[0042] The dissociative azo dye (1) to be used for the hair dye composition of the present invention may be used either singly or in combination of two or more thereof. Its (their) content in the whole composition is preferably from 0.0001 to 25 mass%, more preferably from 0.001 to 20 mass%, even more preferably from 0.05 to 15 mass%, even more preferably from 0.1 to 10 mass%.

[0043] The dissociative azo dye (1) to be used in the hair dye composition of the present invention has excellent storage stability within a wide pH range from 2 to 14 within which ordinary hair dyes are used. They can be used at a desired pH within the above-described range. From the standpoints of hair dyeing/bleaching effects and less skin irritation, the pH of the whole composition at the time of use (at the time of mixing) is preferably from 8 to 14 (25°C), more preferably from pH 8 to 13. When the hair dye composition of the present invention is a multi-part type, the first part before mixing has preferably a pH of from 8 to 14 and the second part before mixing has preferably a pH of from 2 to 5. Examples of the pH regulator which can be added include, in addition to the alkali agents described below, inorganic acids such as hydrochloric acid and phosphoric acid, organic acids such as citric acid, glycolic acid, and lactic acid, hydrochlorides such as monoethanolamine hydrochloride, and phosphates such as monopotassium dihydrogen phosphate and disodium monohydrogen phosphate.

Oxidizing agent



[0044] Since the dissociative azo dye (1) is remarkably stable against an oxidizing agent, it can be applied to the hair after mixed with an oxidizing agent. In other words, the hair dye composition of the present invention can be provided as a two part type composed of a first part containing the dissociative azo dye (1) and a second part containing an oxidizing agent. In this case, dyeing and bleaching occur simultaneously so that more vivid color can be produced.

[0045] Examples of the oxidizing agent include hydrogen peroxide, persulfates such as ammonium persulfate, potassium persulfate, and sodium persulfate, perborates such as sodium perborate, percarbonates such as sodium percarbonate, and bromates such as sodium bromate and potassium bromate. Of these, hydrogen peroxide is preferred from the viewpoint of hair bleaching property and stability and effectiveness as the oxidizing agent itself. Another oxidizing agent may be used as an oxidizing aid in combination with hydrogen peroxide. Use of hydrogen peroxide and a persulfate in combination is preferred.

[0046] When the oxidizing agents are used, they may be used either singly or in combination of two or more thereof. Its (their) content in the whole composition is preferably from 0.5 to 30 mass%, more preferably from 1 to 20 mass%. When hydrogen peroxide and a persulfate are used in combination, it is preferred that the content of hydrogen peroxide in the whole composition is from 0.5 to 10 mass%, the content of a persulfate in the whole composition is from 0.5 to 25 mass%, and the total content of them is from 1 to 30 mass%.

[0047] When the hair dye composition of the present invention is provided as a two-part type, the first part containing one or more of the dissociative azo dye (1) and the second part containing the oxidizing agent are mixed preferably at a volume ratio of from 2:1 to 1:3.

Other dyes



[0048] The hair dye composition of the present invention can have various color tones by incorporating therein another direct dye or oxidation dye.

[0049] As another direct dye, known direct dyes such as acid dyes, basic dyes, nitro dyes, disperse dyes, and cationic dyes can be used. Examples of the direct dye include Blue No. 1, Violet No. 401, Black No. 401, Orange No. 205, Red No. 227, Red No. 106, Yellow No. 203, Yellow No. 403(1), Acid Orange 3, 2-nitro-p-phenylenediamine, 2-amino-6-chloro-4-nitrophenol, 3-nitro-p-hydroxyethylaminophenol, 4-nitro-o-phenylenediamine, 4-amino-3-nitrophenol, 4-hydroxypropylamino-3-nitrophenol, HC Blue 2, HC Orange 1, HC Red 1, HC Yellow 2, HC Yellow 4, HC Yellow 5, HC Red 3, N,N-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-nitro-p-phenylenediamine, Disperse Violet 1, Disperse Blue 1, Disperse Black 9, Basic Blue 99, Basic Brown 16, Basic Brown 17, Basic Red 76, Basic Yellow 76, Basic Yellow 57, Basic Orange 31, Basic Red 51, and methine type cationic dyes having a cyanine structure represented by the following formulas:



[0050] Additional examples include direct dyes described in JP-A-2002-275040, JP-A-2003-107222, JP-A-2003-107223, JP-A-2003-113055. JP-A-2003-342139, JP-A-2004-107343, JP-A-2004-155746, and JP-A-2006-182653.

[0051] When another direct dye is used in combination, the total content of one or more of the dissociative azo dye (1) and another direct dye in the whole composition is preferably from 0.0001 to 20 mass%, more preferably from 0.001 to 20 mass%, even more preferably from 0.05 to 15 mass%, even more preferably from 0.1 to 10 mass%.

[0052] In the hair dye composition of the present invention, an oxidation dye may be used in combination with the dissociative azo dye (1). Such combined use achieves very vivid and strong dyeing which is not available by the single use of an oxidation dye. As the oxidation dye, known precursors and known couplers ordinarily employed for oxidation hair dyes are used.

[0053] Examples of the precursor include paraphenylenediamine, toluene-2,5-diamine, orthochloroparaphenylenediamine, N-phenylparaphenylenediamine, N,N-bis(hydroxyethyl)paraphenylenediamine, 3-methyl-4-aminophenol, 2-hydroxyethylparaphenylenediamine, paraaminophenol, paramethylaminophenol, 4-aminometacresol, and orthoaminophenol, and salts thereof.

[0054] Examples of the coupler include resorcin, 2-methylresorcin, 1-naphthol, 1,5-dihydroxynaphthalene, 5-aminoorthocresol, metaphenylenediamine, metaaminophenol, 2,4-diaminophenoxyethanol, 2,6-diaminopyridine, 2-methyl-5-hydroxyethylaminophenol, and 2-amino-3-hydroxypyridine, and salts thereof.

[0055] Two or more of these precursors or these couplers may be used in combination. A total content of them in the whole composition is preferably from 0.0005 to 20 mass%, more preferably from 0.001 to 15 mass%, even more preferably from 0.5 to 10 mass%.

[0056] The hair dye composition of the present invention may further contain an automatic oxidation dye typified by an indole or indoline.

[0057] The total content of one or more of the dissociative azo dye (1), another direct dye, an oxidation dye, and an automatic oxidation dye in the whole composition is preferably from 0.001 to 25 mass%, more preferably from 0.01 to 20 mass%, even more preferably from 0.1 to 15 mass%, even more preferably from 0.5 to 10 mass%.

Other components



[0058] When the hair dye composition of the present invention is a two part type or a three part type, the first part contains an alkali agent. Examples of the alkali agent include ammonia and salts thereof; alkanolamines such as monoethanolamine, isopropanolamine, 2-amino-2-methylpropanol, and 2-aminobutanol, and salts thereof; alkanediamines such as 1,3-propanediamine, and salts thereof; and carbonates such as guanidine carbonate, sodium carbonate, potassium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate and potassium bicarbonate. Of the alkali agents, ammonia and alkanolamines, and salts thereof are preferred. As the ammonium salt, ammonium carbonate and ammonium hydrogen carbonate are preferred, while as the alkanolamine and salts thereof, monoethanolamine and salts thereof are preferred.

[0059] Of the above-described alkali agents, ammonia and alkanolamines, and salts thereof are preferred. As the ammonium salt, ammonium carbonate and ammonium hydrogen carbonate are preferred, while as the alkanolamine and salts thereof, monoethanolamine and salts thereof are preferred. The content of the alkali agent preferably falls within the following range. The sum of the content (X), in terms of ammonia, of the ammonia and salts thereof and the content (Y), in terms of monoethanolamine, of the monoethanolamine and salts thereof is preferably from 0.05 to 15 mass%, more preferably from 0.1 to 10 mass%, even more preferably from 0.2 to 5 mass% in the whole composition in order to produce sufficient hair dyeing/bleaching effects and reduce the hair damage, scalp irritation and odor stimulus. A X:Y mass ratio is preferably from 0.01:1 to 2:1, more preferably from 0.02:1 to 1:1, even more preferably from 0.05:1 to 0.5:1.

[0060] The hair dye composition of the present invention may contain a conditioning component which can be suitably applied to the hair. The conditioning component is usually a polymer or an oil, such component may be soluble or dispersible in hair dye compositions, and it attaches to the hair during rinsing or when diluted with water or a shampoo.

[0061] When the conditioning component is used, its amount is from 0.01 to 30 mass%, preferably from 0.05 to 20 mass%, more preferably from 0.1 to 10 mass% in the whole composition.

[0062] The conditioning component suited for use in the hair dye composition of the present invention is usually a conditioning agent characterized as a cationic polymer, a silicone, or an organic conditioning oil (such as a hydrocarbon oil, a polyolef in, or a fatty acid ester), or a combination thereof. In addition, a conditioning agent which forms dispersion particles in an aqueous surfactant can also be used as the conditioning component.

[0063] The term "cationic polymer" means a polymer having a cationic group or a group which can be ionized into a cationic group. It embraces an amphoteric polymer which will be cationic as an entirety. Described specifically, examples of the cationic polymer include polymers in the form of an aqueous solution having, on the side chain of their polymer chain, an amino or ammonium group, or having a diallyl quaternary ammonium salt as a constituent unit, such as cationic cellulose derivatives, cationic starches, cationic guar gum derivatives, polymers or copolymers of a diallyl quaternary ammonium salt, and quaternized polyvinylpyrrolidone derivatives. Of these cationic polymers, polymers containing a diallyl quaternary ammonium salt as a constituent unit, quaternized polyvinylpyrrolidone derivatives, and cationic cellulose derivatives are preferred from the viewpoint of their effect on softness, smoothness and easy finger combing during shampooing, and manageability of hair and moisture retention during drying, and stability of the composition.

[0064] Specific examples of the polymer or copolymer of a diallyl quaternary ammonium salt include dimethyldiallyl ammonium chloride polymers ("polyquaternium-6, such as "Merquat 100", product of Nalco), dimethyldiallyl ammonium chloride/acrylic acid copolymers (polyquaternium-22 such as "Merquat 280" and "Merquat 295", each product of Nalco), and dimethyldiallyl ammonium chloride/acrylic acid amide copolymers (polyquaternium-7 such as "Merquat 550", product of Nalco).

[0065] Specific examples of the quaternized polyvinyl pyrrolidone derivatives include quaternary ammonium salts (polyquaternium-11, such as "Gafquat 734", "Gafquat 755" and "Gafquat 755N" (each, product of ISP, JAPAN)) available from a copolymer of vinylpyrrolidone (VP) and dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate and diethyl sulfate.

[0066] Specific examples of the cationic cellulose derivatives include polymers of a quaternary ammonium salt (polyquaternium-10 such as "Leogard G" and "Leogard GP" (each, product of Lion), "Polymer JR-125", "Polymer JR-400", "Polymer JR-30M". "Polymer LR-400" and "Polymer LR-30M" (each, product of Amerchol)) available by adding glycidyl trimethylammonium chloride to hydroxyethyl cellulose and hydroxyethylcellulose/dimethyl diallylammonium chloride copolymers (polyquaternium-4 such as "Celquat H-100" and "Celquat L-200" (each, product of National Starch and Chemical).

[0067] Two or more of these cationic polymers may be used in combination. When the content of the cationic polymer is higher, the effect brought by it is greater. An excessively high content may however cause poor stability and reduction in viscosity of the composition or viscosity during mixing thereof. In view of them and also improvement in hair feel, the content of the cationic polymer in the whole composition is preferably from 0.001 to 20 mass%, more preferably from 0.01 to 10 mass%, even more preferably from 0.05 to 5 mass%.

[0068] The hair dye composition of the present invention contains preferably a polysilicone in order to impart excellent feeling upon use to the composition. Examples of the polysilicone include polyalkoxysilanes, modified silicones (such as amino-modified silicones, fluorine-modified silicones, alcohol-modified silicones, polyether-modified silicones, epoxy-modified silicones, and alkyl-modified silicones). Of these, polyalkoxysilanes, polyether-modified silicones, and amino-modified silicones are preferred.

[0069] As the polyalkoxysilanes, cyclic or noncyclic dimethylsiloxane polymers are usable. Examples include "SH200 Series", "BY22-019", "BY22-020", "BY11-026", "BY22-029", "BY22-034", "BY22-050A", "BY22-055", "BY22-060", "BY22-083", and "FZ-4188" (each, product of Dow Corning Toray), and "KF-9008" "KM-900 Series", "MK-15H", and "MK-8a" (each, product of Shin-etsu Chemical).

[0070] As the polyether-modified silicones, silicones having a polyoxyalkylene group are usable. Examples of groups constituting the polyoxyalkylene group include an oxyethylene group and an oxypropylene group. Specific examples include "KF-6015", "KF-945A", "KF-6005", "KF-6009", "KF-6013", "KF-6019", "KF-6029", "KF-6017", "KF-6043", "KF-353A", "KF-354A", and "KP-355A (each, product of Shin-etsu Chemical), and "FZ-2404", "SS-2805", "FZ-2411", "FZ-2412", "SH3771M", "SH3772M", "SH3773M", "SH3775M", "SH3749", "SS-280X Series", "BY22-008M", "BY11-030", and "BY25-337" (each, product of Dow Corning Toray).

[0071]  As the amino-modified silicones, silicones having an amino or ammonium group are usable. Examples include amino-modified silicone oils having terminal hydroxy groups, some or all of which have been blocked with a methyl or the like group, and amodimethicone having an unblocked terminal group. Preferred examples of the amino-modified silicones include those represented by the following formula (S):



[wherein, R' represents a hydroxy group, a hydrogen atom, or Rx, Rx represents a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent hydrocarbon group having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, D represents Rx, a group - R"-(NHCH2CH2)dNH2, a group ORx, or a hydroxy group, R" represents a divalent hydrocarbon group having from 1 to 8 carbon atoms, d stands for a number from 0 to 3, p and q are numbers, the sum of which is, in number average, 10 or greater and less than 20000, preferably 20 or greater and less than 3000, more preferably 30 or greater and less than 1000, even more preferably 40 or greater and less than 800].

[0072] Specific preferred examples of the commercially available amino-modified silicone include amino-modified silicone oils such as "SF8452C" and "SS-3551" (each, product of Dow Corning Toray) and "KF8004", "KF-867S", and "KF-8015" (each, product of Shin-etsu Chemical) and amodimethicone emulsions such as "SM8704C", "SM8904", "BY22-079", "FZ-4671", and "FZ-4672" (each, product of Dow Corning Toray).

[0073] The total content of these silicones in the hair dye composition of the present invention is preferably from 0.02 to 40 mass%, more preferably from 0.1 to 20 mass%, even more preferably from 0.2 to 15 mass% in the whole composition from the standpoint of producing sufficient effects and preventing sticky feel.

[0074] When the hair dye composition of the present invention contains the silicone and the cationic polymer, a cationic polymer (active amount) : silicone mass ratio in the whole composition is preferably from 100:1 to 1:50, more preferably from 50:1 to 1:10.

[0075] The hair dye composition of the present invention preferably contains a higher alcohol in at least one of the first part, the second part, and the third part from the viewpoint of improving the feel and stability. Addition of the higher alcohol is effective for preventing the separation of the hair dye composition by forming a structure with a surfactant and at the same time improving the feel during rinsing.

[0076]  As the higher alcohol, those having from 8 to 22 carbon atoms are preferred, with those having from 16 to 22 carbon atoms being more preferred. Specific examples include cetyl alcohol, stearyl alcohol, and behenyl alcohol, and mixtures thereof.

[0077] Two or more of these higher alcohols may be used in combination. Its (their) content in the whole composition is preferably from 0.01 to 20 mass%, more preferably from 0.1 to 10 mass%.

[0078] The hair dye composition of the present invention may contain a surfactant. As the surfactant, any of cationic surfactants, nonionic surfactants, amphoteric surfactants and anionic surfactants can be used.

[0079] As the cationic surfactants, mono(long-chain alkyl) quaternary ammonium salts are preferred. Specific examples include cetyltrimethylammonium chloride, stearyltrimethylammonium chloride, arachyltrimethylammonium chloride, and behenyltrimethylammonium chloride. Of these, stearyltrimethylammonium chloride and behenyltrimethylammonium chloride are preferred.

[0080] Examples of the nonionic surfactants include polyoxyalkylene alkyl ethers, polyoxyalkylene alkenyl ethers, higher fatty acid sucrose esters, polyglycerin fatty acid esters, higher fatty acid mono- or di-ethanolamides, polyoxyethylene hydrogenated castor oils, polyoxyethylene sorbitan fatty acid esters, polyoxyethylene sorbitol fatty acid esters, alkyl saccharide surfactants, alkylamine oxides, and alkylamidoamine oxides. Of these, polyoxyalkylene alkyl ethers, and polyoxyethylene hydrogenated castor oils are preferred, with polyoxyethylene alkyl ethers being more preferred.

[0081] Examples of the amphoteric surfactants include imidazoline, carbobetaine, amidobetaine, sulfobetaine, hydroxysulfobetaine, and amidosulfobetaine.

[0082] Examples of the anionic surfactant include alkylbenzene sulfonates, alkyl or alkenyl ether sulfates, alkyl or alkenyl sulfates, olefin sulfonates, alkane sulfonates, saturated or unsaturated fatty acid salts, alkyl or alkenyl ether carboxylates, α-sulfone fatty acid salts, N-acylamino acid surfactants, mono- or di-phosphate surfactants and sulfosuccinates. Examples of the alkyl ether sulfates include polyoxyethylene alkyl ether sulfates. Examples of the counter ions of the anionic residue of the above-described surfactants include alkali metal ions such as sodium ion and potassium ion; alkaline earth metal ions such as calcium ion and magnesium ion, ammonium ions, alkanolamines having 1 to 3 alkanol groups with 2 or 3 carbon atoms (such as monoethanolamine, diethanolamine, triethanolamine and triisopropanolamine).

[0083] These surfactants may be used either singly or in combination of two or more. Its (their) content in the whole composition is not particularly limited, but it is preferably from 0.05 to 20 mass%, more preferably from 0.1 to 18mass%, even more preferably from 0.5 to 15 mass%.

[0084] For the hair dye composition of the present invention, water and, if necessary, an organic solvent are used as a medium. Examples of the organic solvent include lower aliphatic alcohols such as ethanol, propanol and isopropanol; aromatic alcohols such as benzyl alcohol and benzyloxyethanol; polyols such as propylene glycol, 1,3-butanediol, diethylene glycol and glycerin; cellosolves such as ethyl cellosolve and butyl cellosolve; and carbitols such as ethyl carbitol and butyl carbitol.

[0085] Although no particular limitation is imposed on the content of the organic solvent, it is preferably from 0.05 to 20 mass%, more preferably from 0.1 to 15 mass%, even more preferably from 0:5 to 10 mass% in the whole composition.

[0086] The hair dye composition of the present invention may contain, in addition to the above-described components, another component used ordinarily as cosmetic raw materials. Examples of such an optional component include hydrocarbons, plant or animal oils or fats, higher fatty acids, natural or synthetic polymers, ethers, protein derivatives, hydrolyzed proteins, amino acids, preservatives, chelating agents, stabilizers, antioxidants, plant extracts, crude drug extracts, vitamin preparations, fragrances, and ultraviolet absorbers.

[0087] The hair dye composition of the present invention is provided preferably as a one-part type; a two-part type composed of a first part containing one or more of the dissociative azo dye (1) and an alkali agent and a second part containing an oxidizing agent such as hydrogen peroxide; or a three-part type containing, in addition to the second-part type, a powdery oxidizing agent made of ground persulfate (ammonium persulfate, potassium persulfate, sodium persulfate or the like) as a third part for improving bleaching rapacity.

[0088] The one-part type can be provided, for example, as a liquid, an emulsion, a cream, a gel, a paste, or a mousse. It can also be provided as an aerosol. In the case of the two-part type (or three-part type), the first part and the second part can be provided, for example, as a liquid, an emulsion, a cream, a gel, a paste or a mousse. They can also be provided as an aerosol. It is preferred that a mixture of the first part and the second part (and also the third part in the three-part type) has a viscosity enough to prevent sagging when it is applied to the hair. In any of the one-part type, the two-part type, and the three-part type, the hair dye composition of the present invention has a viscosity of preferably from 2000 to 100000 mPa·s as measured at 25°C by a B type rotational viscometer equipped with a helical stand ("B8R viscometer", product of Tokimec). The viscosity is a value determined after rotation at 10 rpm for one minute by using a rotor T-C.

[0089] It is also possible to use a known two-part oxidation hair dye or three-part oxidation hair dye in combination with a solution containing one or more of the dissociative azo dye (1) as a booster solution for changing the color tone of the oxidation hair dye. Described specifically, a booster solution containing one or more of the dissociative azo dye (1) is used in combination with a known two-part oxidation hair dye composed of a first part containing an alkali agent (which may contain any oxidation dye intermediates or direct dyes) and a second part containing an oxidizing agent, or with a known three-part oxidation hair dye having, in addition to such first part and second part, a third part containing an oxidizing aid. It is also possible to use, for example, the two-part oxidation hair dye or the three-part oxidation hair dye as described above before or during use of the one-part hair dye composition containing one or more of the dissociative azo dye (1).

Hair dyeing method



[0090] The hair may be dyed with the composition of the present invention, for example, in the following manner. After mixing the first part and the second part (also the third part if the composition is a three-part type) are mixed just before use, the resulting mixture is applied to the hair. After being allowed to stand for a predetermined time within one hour, the hair may be rinsed and dried. The composition is applied to the hair at from 15 to 45°C for preferably from 3 to 50 minutes, more preferably from 5 to 40 minutes, even more preferably from 10 to 30 minutes. In this case, by washing off the hair dye lightly with water, shampooing the hair with a shampoo containing an anionic surfactant, and then washing the hair with water, the cationic polymer is washed away sufficiently, while an adequate amount of the silicone still remains on the hair and it produces good conditioning effects. As the shampoo, a typical aqueous shampoo containing from 50 to 20 mass% of an anionic surfactant such as sodium laureth-1 sulfate, sodium laureth-2 sulfate or sodium laureth-3 sulfate is suited.

[0091] The following examples further describe and demonstrate embodiments of the present invention. The examples are given solely for the purpose of illustration and are not to be construed as limitations of the present invention.

Examples


Reference Synthesis Example 1-1



[0092] A dissociative azo dye D1-31 is synthesized in accordance with the following reaction scheme:



[0093] Compound Z (6.4 g, 0.056 mol) is dissolved in 54 g of 85% phosphoric acid. While stirring, 4.2 g of sodium nitrite is added in portions in the form of a powder to the resulting solution at 0°C or less over about one hour. After completion of the addition, stirring is continued further for one hour at 0°C. While stirring, the reaction mixture is added to a solution of Compound Y in methanol (4 g/50 mL) at 0°C or less. After stirring is continued for one hour without changing the temperature, 100 mL of water is poured into the reaction mixture. Crystals thus precipitated are collected by filtration and then washed with water. The crystals are air dried overnight at room temperature, followed by recrystallization from methanol/water to yield 3 g of Isoxazolone dye D1-31. Yield: 38%.

[0094] The dye had a melting point of from 116 to 117°C and an absorption maximum λmax in DMF at 443 nm (ε: 23,000) and developed a good hue.

Fastness test



[0095] The hair dye composition having the following formulation is prepared using Dissociative azo dye D1-31 and is evaluated for its fastness.
Dye D1-31 0.2 g
Benzyl alcohol 5.0 g
Sodium lauryl sulfate 0.01 g
Ammonium hydroxide (25 mass%) 5.0 g
Hydrogen peroxide (50 mass%) 6.0 g
Water To provide a total of 100 g
pH 10.0  


[0096] The hair dye composition is applied at 50°C for 15 minutes to white goat hair damaged (by permanent waving). After completion of the dyeing procedure, the tress is washed and dried and the color of it is observed. Each tress is then subjected to a washing and fading protocol and fastness to shampooing is analyzed.

[0097] The washing protocol comprises applying 0.1 g of a shampoo per gram of hair, rubbing the shampoo into the hair over 30 seconds, and washing the tress with water of 40°C for 30 seconds. A series of this procedure is repeated 20 times.

[0098] As a result, it has been observed that the hair dye composition had good fastness to light or heat without undergoing concentration reduction and color change.

Reference Synthesis Examples 1-2 to 1-9



[0099] Dissociative azo dyes synthesized in a similar manner to that employed in Synthesis Example 1-1 are shown in Table 1.
[Table 1]
Reference Synthesis Examplesλmax (nm)εYield (%)Color of crystals
Ref. Synthesis Example1-1 D1-31 443 23000 38 Yellow
Ref. Synthesis Example1-2 D1-35 443 24300 47 Mellow
Ref. Synthesis Example1-3 D1-46 444 21800 38 Yellow
Ref. Synthesis Example1-4 D1-34 422 21800 51 Yellow
Ref. Synthesis Example1-5 D1-47 442 22000 41 Yellow
Ref. Synthesis Example1-6 D1-31 443 23000 38 Yellow
Ref. Synthesis Example1-7 D1-48 440 22300 33 Yellow
Ref. Synthesis Example1-8 D1-32 449 24800 53 Yellow
Ref. Synthesis Example1-9 D1-49 449 26300 42 Yellow


[0100] A fastness test is also made on the dissociative azo dyes in Table 1 in a similar manner to that employed for Azo dye D1-31 of Reference Synthesis Example 1-1. As a result, it has been observed that the hair dye compositions had good fastness to light or heat without undergoing concentration reduction and color change.

Reference Examples 1-1 to 1-7



[0101] The first part of each of the two-part hair dyes shown in Table 2 and 6 mass% aqueous hydrogen peroxide (second part) are prepared. The first part, the second part, and purified water are mixed at a 4:7:1 mass ratio to yield a hair dye composition. To 1 g of goat hair, 1 g of the hair dye composition is applied at 30°C. After being allowed to stand for 30 minutes, the hair is washed with water and a shampoo, and then dried.

[0102] After hair dyeing, the chromaticities of the tress are measured. The chromaticities of the tress before and after coloring treatment are measured using a colorimeter "CR-400" manufactured by Konica Minolta and expressed by a L*a*b* color system. A chromaticity change ΔE* is calculated by the following known equation. The results are also shown in Table 2.


[Table 2]
(Mass%)Reference Examples 1-1 to 1-7
1-11-21-31-41-51-61-7
Dye D1-31 D1-32 D1-34 D1-46 D1-47 D1-48 D1-49
1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Aqueous ammonia (28%) 9.0
Purified water Balance
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1000.0 100.0
ΔE* 78.0 60.6 75.6 79.1 70.1 61.2 75.7

Reference Examples 1-8 to 1-10



[0103] Foam-type one-part hair dyes shown in Table 3 are prepared. To 1 g of a tress made of human hair and containing 10% of gray hair, an equal amount of each of the hair dye compositions is applied. After being allowed to stand for 30 minutes, the tress is washed with water and a shampoo, and then dried.
[Table 3]
(Mass%)Ref. Example 1-8Ref. Example 1-9Ref. Example 1-10
D1-35 0.3 - 0.1
D1-46 - 0.3 -
D1-49 - - 0.2
Basic red 76 0.3 - 0.3
Basic blue 99 - 0.2 -
ammonia (28%) 8.0 8.0 8.0
Isopropyl alcohol 3.5 3.5 3.5
Polyoxyethylene lauryl ether (23E.O) 0.5 0.5 0.5
Benzyl alcohol - - 8.0
Oleic acid 7.5 7.5 7.5
LPG (4.0 kg/cm2) 10.0 10.0 10.0
Purified water Balance Balance Balance
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0

Reference Examples 1-11 to 1-14



[0104] The first part of each of the cream-type two-part hair dyes shown in Table 4 and the common second part shown in Table 5 are prepared. The first part and the common second part are mixed at a 1:1 mass ratio to yield a hair dye composition. To 1 g of a tress made of human hair and containing 10% of gray hair, an equal amount of the hair dye composition is applied. After being allowed to stand for 30 minutes, the tress is washed with water and a shampoo, and then dried.
[Table 4]
(Mass%)Ref. Example 1-11Ref. Example 1-12Ref. Example 1-13Ref. Example 1-14
D1-32 0.5 0.3 0.1 0.1
D1-34 - - - 0.2
D1-35 - 0.2 0.3 -
Toluene-2,5-diamine sulfate - 0.1 0.4 -
Para-aminophenol - 0.1 - 0.1
Meta-aminophenol - 0.2 0.2 -
5-Amino-ortho-cresol - - 0.2 0.1
Ammonia (28%) 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Stearyl alcohol 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0
Cocamide MEA 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5
Glyceryl stearate (SE) 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Ceteareth-30 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0
Na Lauryl sulfate 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Oleic acid 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Propylene glycol 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
PEG-9 Dimethicone *1 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Hydrolyzed keratin 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Panthenol 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
EDTA-4Na 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Ammonium chloride q.s.*2 q.s.*2 q.s.*2 q.s.*2
Purified water Balance Balance Balance Balance
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
*1: "KF-6005": product of Shin-etsu Chemical
*2: Amount to adjust pH to 10
[Table 5]
(Mass%)Common second agent
Cetanol 2.0
Sodium lauryl sulfate 1.0
Hydrogen peroxide (50%) 12.0
Methylparaben 0.1
Phosphoric acid q.s.*3
Purified water Balance
Total 100.0
*3:Amount to adjust pH to 3.5

Reference Examples 1-15 to 1-18



[0105] The first part of each of the two-part hair dyes shown in Table 6 is prepared and the first part and the common second part (Table 5) are mixed at a 1:1 mass ratio to yield a hair dye composition. To 1 g of a tress made of human hair and containing 10% of gray hair, an equal amount of the hair dye composition is applied. After being allowed to stand for 30 minutes, the tress is washed with water and a shampoo, and then dried.
[Table 6]
(Mass%)Ref. Example 1-15Ref. Example 1-16Ref. Example 1-17Ref. Example 1-18
D1-46 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.1
D1-47 - - 0.2 -
D1-49 - 0.2 - -
Direct dye X - - 0.3 -
Direct dye Y - - - 0.4
Direct dye Z - 0.3 - -
Toluene-2,5-diamine sulfate 0.2 0.3 - 0.2
Para-aminophenol - - 0.1 -
Meta-aminophenol 0.2 - 0.1 -
5-Amino-ortho-cresol - 0.3 - 0.2
Behentrimonium chloride 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Mineral oil 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Propylene glycol 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Cetearyl alcohol 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Aqueous ammonia (28%) 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Polyquatemium-10 *4 1.0 - - 1.0
Amodimethicone *5 1.5 1.5 1.5 -
Purified water Balance Balance Balance Balance
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0



*4: "Ucare Polymer JR-400", product of Amerchol
*5: "SM8704C": product of Dow Coming Toray

Reference Examples 1-19 to 1-22



[0106] The first part of each of the two-part hair dyes and each of the booster solutions shown in Table 7 are prepared and the first part, the booster solution, and the common second part (Table 5) are mixed at a 1:1:0.1 mass ratio to yield a hair dye composition. To 1 g of a tress made of human hair and containing 10% of gray hair, an equal amount of the hair dye composition is applied. After being allowed to stand for 30 minutes, the tress is washed with water and a shampoo, and then dried.
[Table 7]
(Mass%)Ref. Example 1-19Ref. Example 1-20Ref. Example 1-21Ref. Example 1-22
First part D1-31 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.1
D1-35 - 0.2 - 0.2
D1-48 - 0.2 - 0.2
HC red 3 1.0 - 0.3 -
Basic blue 99 - 1.0 - 0.1
Para-aminophenol - 0.2 0.2 0.1
Toluene-2,5-diamine sulfate 0.2 - 0.4 -
5-Amino-ortho-cresol - 0.2 0.2 0.1
Meta-aminophenol 0.2 - 0.2 -
Behentrimonium chloride 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Mineral oil 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Propylene glycol 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Cetearyl alcohol 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Aqueous ammonia (28%) 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Polyquatemium-10 *6 1.0 - 1.0 -
Amodimethicone *7 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Purified water Balance Balance Balance Balance
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Booster solution D1-46 1.0 0.6 - 0.4
Direct dye X - 0.4 1.5 -
Aqueous ammonia (28%) 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
  3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Purified water Balance Balance Balance Balance
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
*6: "Ucare Polymer JR-400", product of Amerchol
*7: "SM8704C", product of Dow Coming Toray

Reference Examples 1-23 to 1-25



[0107] In a manner known per se in the art, the first part and the third part of each of the cream type three-part hair dyes shown in Table 8 are prepared. The first part, the common second agent (Table 5) and the third part are mixed at a 1:1:0.3 mass ratio to yield a hair dye composition. To 1 g of a tress made of human hair and containing 10% of gray hair, an equal amount of the hair dye composition is applied. After being allowed to stand for 30 minutes, the tress is washed with water and a shampoo, and then dried.
[Table 8]
(Mass%)Ref. Example 1-23Ref. Example 1-24Ref. Example 1-25
First part D1-46 0.3 - 0.3
Toluene-2,5-diamine sulfate 0.2 0.4 -
Para-aminophenol 0.2 - 0.3
Meta-aminophenol 0.4 0.2 -
5-Amino-ortho-cresol - 0.2 0.3
Ammonia (28%) 8.0 8.0 8.0
Stearyl alcohol 8.0 8.0 8.0
Cocamide MEA 4.5 4.5 4.5
Glyceryl stearate (SE) 1.3 1.3 1.3
Ceteareth-30 4.0 4.0 4.0
Na Lauryl sulfate 1.0 1.0 1.0
Oleic acid 2.0 2.0 2.0
Propylene glycol 1.5 1.5 1.5
PEG-9 Dimethicone *8 1.5 - -
Hydrolyzed keratin 0.5 0.5 0.5
Panthenol 0.8 0.8 0.8
EDTA-4Na 0.5 0.5 0.5
Ammonium chloride q.s.*9 q.s.*9 q.s.*9
Purified water Balance Balance Balance
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
Third part D1-35 - 0.5 0.3
Ammonium persulfate (g)*10 5.0 5.0 5.0
*8: KF-6005 product of Shin-etsu Chemical
*9: Amount to adjust pH to 10
*10: Purity: 95% (in the form of powder)



Claims

1. A hair dye composition comprising an azo dye represented by the following formula (1):

wherein, R1 represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent selected from the group consisting of halogen atoms, alkyl groups, aryl groups, heterocyclic groups, a cyano group, a hydroxy group, a nitro group, alkoxy groups, aryloxy groups, silyloxy groups, heterocyclic oxy groups, acyloxy groups, carbamoyloxy groups, alkoxycarbonyloxy groups, aryloxycarbonyloxy groups, an amino group, acylamino groups, ureido groups, alkoxycarbonylamino groups, aryloxycarbonylamino groups, sulfamoylamino groups, alkylsulfonylamino groups, arylsulfonylamino groups, alkylthio groups, arylthio groups, heterocyclic thio groups, a sulfamoyl group, alkylsulfinyl groups, arylsulfinyl groups, alkylsulfonyl groups, arylsulfonyl groups, acyl groups, aryloxycarbonyl groups, alkoxycarbonyl groups, a carbamoyl group, and imido groups
and A is a residue of an aromatic heterocycle selected from the group consisting of a pyrrole ring, a furan ring, a thiazole ring, an isothiazole ring, an oxadiazole ring, a benzoxazole ring, a benzisoxazole ring, a benzothiazole ring, a benzisothiazole ring, and a benzimidazole ring which may have a substituent wherein the residue A is bound to the azo group via a carbon atom of the residue,
with the proviso that R1 and A each contains, in the structure thereof, none of a carboxy group, a sulfo group and a quaternary ammonium group.
 
2. The hair dye composition according to Claim 1, wherein in the azo dye represented by the formula (1), R1 represents an alkyl group, an aryl group, a heterocyclic group, or an alkoxycarbonyl group, and A represents a residue of a benzisothiazole ring, a pyrazole ring, or a isothiazole ring.
 
3. The hair dye composition according to any one of Claims 1 and 2, further comprising an oxidizing agent.
 
4. A hair dyeing method comprising applying a hair dye composition as claimed in any one of Claims 1 to 3 to hair.
 


Ansprüche

1. Haarfärbezusammensetzung, die einen Azo-Farbstoff der folgenden Formel (1) umfasst:

worin R1 ein Wasserstoffatom oder einen Substituenten ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus Halogenatomen, Alkylgruppen, Arylgruppen, heterocyclischen Gruppen, einer Cyanogruppe, einer Hydroxygruppe, einer Nitrogruppe, Alkoxygruppen, Aryloxygruppen, Silyloxygruppen, heterocyclischen Oxygruppen, Acyloxygruppen, Carbamoyloxygruppen, Alkoxycarbonyloxygruppen, Aryloxycarbonyloxygruppen, einer Aminogruppe, Acylaminogruppen, Ureidogruppen, Alkoxycarbonylaminogruppen, Aryloxycarbonylaminogruppen, Sulfamoylaminogruppen, Alkylsufonylaminogruppen, Arylsulfonylaminogruppen, Alkylthiogruppen, Arylthiogruppen, heterocyclischen Thiogruppen, einer Sulfamoylgruppe, Alkylsulfinylgruppen, Arylsulfinylgruppen, Alkylsulfonylgruppen, Arylsulfonylgruppen, Acylgruppen, Aryloxycarbonylgruppen, Alkoxycarbonylgruppen, einer Carbamoylgruppe und Imidogruppen darstellt,
und A ein Rest eines aromatischen Heterocyclus ist, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einem Pyrrolring, einem Furanring, einem Thiazolring, einem Isothiazolring, einem Oxadiazolring, einem Benzoxazolring, einem Benzisoxazolring, einem Benzthiazolring, einem Benzisothiazolring und einem Benzimidazolring, die einen Substituenten haben können, worin der Rest A an die Azo-Gruppe über ein Kohlenstoffatom des Rests gebunden ist,
vorausgesetzt, dass R1 und A jeweils in ihrer Struktur keines aus einer Carboxygruppe, Sulfogruppe und quaternären Ammoniumgruppe enthalten.
 
2. Haarfärbezusammensetzung gemäß Anspruch 1, worin im Azo-Farbstoff der Formel (1) R1 eine Alkylgruppe, eine Arylgruppe, eine heterocyclische Gruppe oder eine Alkoxycarbonylgruppe darstellt, und A einen Rest eines Benzisothiazolrings, eines Pyrazolrings, oder eines Isothiazolring darstellt.
 
3. Haarfärbezusammensetzung gemäß irgendeinem der Ansprüche 1 und 2, die weiterhin ein Oxidationsmittel umfasst.
 
4. Haarfärbeverfahren, das das Auftragen einer Haarfärbezusammensetzung gemäß irgendeinem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3 auf das Haar umfasst.
 


Revendications

1. Composition de teinture capillaire comprenant un colorant azoïque représenté par la formule (1) suivante :

dans laquelle, R1 représente un atome d'hydrogène ou un substituant choisi dans le groupe constitué par les atomes d'halogène, les groupes alkyle, les groupes aryle, les groupes hétérocycliques, un groupe cyano, un groupe hydroxy, un groupe nitro, les groupes alcoxy, les groupes aryloxy, les groupes silyloxy, les groupes oxy hétérocycliques, les groupes acyloxy, les groupes carbamoyloxy, les groupes alcoxycarbonyloxy, les groupes aryloxycarbonyloxy, un groupe amino, les groupes acylamino, les groupes uréido, les groupes alcoxycarbonylamino, les groupes aryloxycarbonylamino, les groupes sulfamoylamino, les groupes alkylsulfonylamino, les groupes arylsulfonylamino, les groupes alkylthio, les groupes arylthio, les groupes thio hétérocycliques, un groupe sulfamoyle, les groupes alkylsulfinyle, les groupes arylsulfinyle, les groupes alkylsulfonyle, les groupes arylsulfonyle, les groupes acyle, les groupes aryloxycarbonyle, les groupes alcoxycarbonyle, un groupe carbamoyle et les groupes imido
et A est un résidu d'un hétérocycle aromatique choisi dans le groupe constitué par un cycle pyrrole, un cycle furane, un cycle thiazole, un cycle isothiazole, un cycle oxadiazole, un cycle benzoxazole, un cycle benzisoxazole, un cycle benzothiazole, un cycle benzisothiazole et un cycle benzimidazole qui peut avoir un substituant dans lequel le résidu A est lié au groupe azo par l'intermédiaire d'un atome de carbone du résidu,
à condition que R1 et A contiennent chacun, dans leur structure, aucun parmi un groupe carboxy, un groupe sulfo et un groupe ammonium quaternaire.
 
2. Composition de teinture capillaire selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle, dans le colorant azoïque représenté par la formule (1), R1 représente un groupe alkyle, un groupe aryle, un groupe hétérocyclique ou un groupe alcoxycarbonyle, et A représente un résidu d'un cycle benzisothiazole, d'un cycle pyrazole ou d'un cycle isothiazole.
 
3. Composition de teinture capillaire selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 et 2, comprenant en outre un agent oxydant.
 
4. Procédé de teinture capillaire comprenant l'application d'une composition de teinture capillaire selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3 à des cheveux.
 




REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description