(19)
(11)EP 2 166 814 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
29.04.2020 Bulletin 2020/18

(21)Application number: 09168796.2

(22)Date of filing:  27.08.2009
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04W 48/10(2009.01)
H04W 48/16(2009.01)
H04W 84/04(2009.01)
H04W 60/04(2009.01)

(54)

Wireless communication system, wireless base station and communication method

Drahtloses Kommunikationssystem, Drahtlos-Basisstation und Kommunikationsverfahren

Système de communication sans fil, station de base sans fil, et procédé de communication


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 18.09.2008 JP 2008238894

(43)Date of publication of application:
24.03.2010 Bulletin 2010/12

(73)Proprietor: FUJITSU LIMITED
Kawasaki-shi, Kanagawa 211-8588 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • Isonuma, Yutaka
    Kawasaki-shi, Kanagawa 211-8588 (JP)
  • Hasegawa, Hajime
    Kawasaki-shi, Kanagawa 211-8588 (JP)

(74)Representative: Haseltine Lake Kempner LLP 
Lincoln House, 5th Floor 300 High Holborn
London WC1V 7JH
London WC1V 7JH (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-97/09834
  
  • MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC: "Dynamic Setup of HNBs", 3GPP DRAFT; R3-080064 (DYNAMIC SETUP HNBS, 3RD GENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT (3GPP), MOBILE COMPETENCE CENTRE ; 650, ROUTE DES LUCIOLES ; F-06921 SOPHIA-ANTIPOLIS CEDEX ; FRANCE, vol. RAN WG3, no. Sorrento, Italy; 20080205, 5 February 2008 (2008-02-05), XP050163298, [retrieved on 2008-02-05]
  • HUAWEI: "hNB Interference Reduction", 3GPP DRAFT; R2-080188, 3RD GENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT (3GPP), MOBILE COMPETENCE CENTRE ; 650, ROUTE DES LUCIOLES ; F-06921 SOPHIA-ANTIPOLIS CEDEX ; FRANCE, vol. RAN WG2, no. Sevilla, Spain; 20080108, 8 January 2008 (2008-01-08), XP050138063, [retrieved on 2008-01-08]
  • "A method for interference control and power saving for home access point", IP.COM JOURNAL, IP.COM INC., WEST HENRIETTA, NY, US, 13 December 2007 (2007-12-13), XP013122942, ISSN: 1533-0001
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description


[0001] The present invention relates to a wireless communication system which wirelessly connects a mobile station and a wireless base station, a mobile station, a wireless base station, and a communication method.

[0002] As next-generation mobile communication systems emerge, small wireless base stations (hereinafter, "Home eNB") which are installed in homes and offices and are used by specified subscribers are examined as a part of specifications of LTE (Long Term Evolution), which is discussed in 3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project).

[0003] Conventional wireless base stations are installed in roofs of buildings to which mobile communication providers subscribe, and the mobile communication providers prepare power sources for the wireless base stations, and connect lines from the wireless base stations to the mobile communication providers' networks. Cells which are provided by the wireless base stations can be generally used by all subscribers who subscribe to the mobile communication providers.

[0004] Subscribers of the mobile communication providers may install Home eNB in homes and further prepare power sources and networks. Contrary to the cells from the conventional wireless base stations, the cells provided by the Home eNB can only be used by the subscribers and others who are allowed by the subscribers, such as family members.

[0005] The mobile communication providers can more easily expand coverage of mobile communication services by using (or encouraging use of) the Home eNB in comparison to the conventional wireless base stations. Furthermore, communication via the Home eNB allows the mobile communication providers to reduce the costs of the communication charged to the subscribers to a price point that is roughly equivalent to the costs of communication via general fixed networks, thereby encouraging the substitution of fixed networks with mobile telephones networks. As a result, the mobile communication providers can provide new services such as the seamless provisioning of communication services with one home mobile station, in addition to the mobile station outside the home.

[0006] FIG. 1 illustrates one example of a cell configuration using the Home eNB. In the drawing, a wireless base station (hereinafter referred to as an "evolved Node B" or an "eNB") 1 is connected to a mobile communication provider network (mobile communication network) 2, and the wireless base station 1 forms macrocells 3 and 4 at its subordinate positions.

[0007] A Home eNB 5 is a compact wireless base station which is provided into the macrocell 4. The Home eNB 5 is connected to the mobile communication network 2 via a public IP (Internet Protocol) network 7, for example, and forms a home eNB cell 8 at its subordinate position.

[0008] The Home eNB 5 is connected to the public IP network 7 by a broadband line such as an optical cable or ADSL.

[0009] A technique which enables only a mobile station which is allowed to use a base station for communications is known. A technique which performs posting/setting from an ultra-compact base station to a portable network and uses a spread code/identification code which is different from codes of neighborhood base stations in order to avoid interference, and a technique which recognizes intrusion/pulling-out of an in-plant network by positional registration of a mobile station and starts/ends the service are known (for example, see Japanese Laid-Open Patent Publication Nos. 2005-109570 and 2006-261722, 2004-274767) .

[0010] Various operational forms of the Home eNB are present, one of them being a form of use in which, when the Home eNB is installed in a residential home, only family mobile stations are permitted to access the Home eNB. In such a Home eNB, where subscribers who can use it are limited, there may be cases where no subscriber is present in this coverage area for a long time.

[0011] In general, a wireless base station continuously transmits broadcast information even when a subscriber is not present in a coverage area of the base station. When a subscriber moves into the coverage area, the wireless base station instantly accepts a new call request or handover request and continues to provide a smooth and seamless connection to a mobile network.

[0012] A similar mechanism is applied to the Home eNB, but because no subscriber may be present in the Home eNB coverage area for a long time, the Home eNB may continue to transmit useless information for a time period in which no subscribers are in the coverage area. This is not efficient because electric power is needlessly consumed and peripheral cells may be unnecessarily interfered with.

[0013] Once the Home eNB stops transmitting broadcast information, the Home eNB may not detect the approach of a subscriber who can otherwise use the Home eNB. In this scenario, the Home eNB may not detect the approach of the subscriber and may not restart the transmission of the broadcast information to provide the subscriber with a smooth and seamless connection to the mobile network. Therefore, in the conventional setting, broadcast information is continuously transmitted otherwise the provision of a smooth and seamless connection environment is given up. If the broadcast information is not continuously transmitted, subscribers of the Home eNB or a family member of the subscriber must manually cut the connection before leaving the coverage area and must manually reconnect the Home eNB to the mobile network after returning home.

[0014] Further, when a Home eNB is installed in a school or a in a corporate setting, it is difficult to know when the last subscriber who has access to the Home eNB leaves the coverage area. For this reason, it is difficult for the subscriber to decide when to manually turn off the power.

[0015] MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC: "Dynamic Setup of HNBs", 3GPP DRAFT; R3-080064 (DYNAMICSETUP HNBS, 3RD GENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT (3GPP), MOBILE COMPETENCE CENTRE; 650, ROUTE DES LUCIOLES; F-06921 SOPHIA-ANTIPOLIS CEDEX; FRANCE, vol. RAN WG3, no. Sorrento, Italy; 20080205, 5 February 2008, XP0501 63298, discloses a discussion on dynamic setup of Home NodeBs (femto base stations in homes) including a recommendation to consider the standardisation of a procedure allowing a User Equipment to request a Core Network to activate such femto-base stations.

[0016] It is therefore desirable to provide a wireless communication system which automatically controls an operation of a wireless base station which can be used by a specified mobile station. In accordance with the present invention, a system, an apparatus and a method, as set forth in the independent claims 1, 5 and 6 respectively, are provided. Additional embodiments of the invention are described in the dependent claims.

[0017] The advantages of the invention will be realized and attained by means of the elements and combinations particularly pointed out in the claims.

[0018] It is to be understood that both the foregoing general description and the following detailed description are exemplary and explanatory and are not restrictive of the invention, as claimed.

[0019] Reference is made, by way of example only, to the accompanying drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is a diagram illustrating one example of a cell configuration using a Home eNB;

FIG. 2 is a diagram illustrating a cell configuration of a wireless communication system according to one embodiment;

FIG. 3 depicts an operation of a mobile station;

FIG. 4 depicts an operation of the mobile station;

FIG. 5 depicts an operation of MME;

FIG. 6 is a diagram of a configuration illustrating the mobile station according to one embodiment;

FIG. 7 is a diagram illustrating a transmission message management table;

FIG. 8 illustrates a format of a RRC message according to one embodiment;

FIG. 9 is a flowchart illustrating a process executed by the mobile station according to one embodiment;

FIG. 10 is a diagram of a configuration illustrating the Home eNB according to one embodiment;

FIG. 11 illustrates a format of a message transmitted from the MME to the Home eNB according to one embodiment;

FIG. 12 illustrates a format of a message transmitted from the eNB or the Home eNB to the MME according to one embodiment;

FIG. 13 is a flowchart illustrating a process executed by the Home eNB according to one embodiment;

FIG. 14 depicts a case where one vicinity specified area is present;

FIG. 15 depicts a case where a plurality of vicinity specified areas are present; and

FIG. 16 illustrates a sequence of message transmission/reception according to one embodiment.



[0020] An embodiment will be described below with reference to the drawings.

<System Configuration>



[0021] FIG. 2 illustrates a cell configuration of a wireless communication system according to one embodiment. In FIG. 2, a plurality of wireless base stations (eNB) 11a to 11g (only 11a is illustrated) are connected to a network of a mobile communication provider (mobile communication network) 12, and each of the wireless base stations 11a to 11b form macrocells 13a to 13g at its subordinate position (in its vicinity). That is, the wireless base station 11a forms the macrocell 13a, the wireless base station 11b forms the macrocell 13b, and similarly the wireless base station 11g forms the macrocell 13g at its subordinate position.

[0022] The mobile communication network 12 is provided with an MME (Mobility Management Entity) 14 as a control apparatus with overall control of the wireless communication system.

[0023] A Home eNB 15 is provided within the macrocell 13a forming a cell of its own at its subordinate position. The Home eNB 15 is connected to the mobile communication network 12 of the mobile communication provider via a public IP network 17, for example, and the Home eNB 15 forms a Home eNB cell 18 at its subordinate position. The Home eNB 15 is connected to the public IP network 17 via a broadband line such as an optical cable or ADSL. A mobile station (hereinafter sometimes referred to as a "user equipment" or a "UE") 19 can use the Home eNB 15.

[0024] In this case, the Home eNB cell 18 is called a Home eNB area, the macrocell 13a which surrounds the Home eNB cell 18 as well as an overlapped part of the Home eNB cell 18 is called a vicinity specified area, and the macrocells 13b to 13g other than the macrocell 13a are called peripheral areas. Further, since the wireless base stations 11a to 11g form the macrocells, they are also called macro eNB.

[0025] A cell identifier of the Home eNB 15 and (one or a plurality of) cell identifiers of macrocells which compose the vicinity specified area 13a of the home eNB 15, in one embodiment, are registered in the user equipment 19 in advance of transmitting or receiving wireless communications. User equipment 19 can use the Home eNB 15.

<Operation of the mobile station at the time of establishing a connection between the mobile station and the mobile communication network>



[0026] The user equipment 19, which can use the Home eNB 15, performs the following operation to establish a connection to the mobile communication network 12. Once a connection has been established, the user equipment 19 is considered to be in a connected state.

[0027] Each time a connection cell is changed, the user equipment 19 compares a cell identifier of a cell in which it is presently in a connected state and a cell identifier of a cell in which the user equipment 19 will be newly connected to with the cell identifier of the Home eNB 15 and the cell identifier of a macrocell in the vicinity of specified area 13a.

[0028] As illustrated in FIG. 3, when the cell identifier of the cell in which the user equipment 19 is presently in a connected state matches the cell identifier of the macrocell in the vicinity specified area 13a, and the cell identifier of the cell in which the user equipment 19 will be newly connected to does not match the cell identifier of the Home eNB 15 and the cell identifier of the macrocell in the vicinity specified area 13a, namely, the user equipment 19 moves from the vicinity specified area 13a to a peripheral area 13f, an "outing" message is transmitted to the MME 14 of the mobile communication network 12 by using the connection established via the macrocell of the peripheral area 13f. The "outing" message corresponds to first information.

[0029] As illustrated in FIG. 4, when the cell identifier of the cell in which the user equipment 19 is presently in a connected state does not match the cell identifier of the Home eNB 15 and the cell identifier of the macrocell in the vicinity of specified area 13a, and the cell identifier of the cell in which the user equipment 19 will be newly connected to matches the cell identifier of the macrocell in the vicinity specified area 13a, namely, the user equipment 19 moves from the peripheral area 13f to the vicinity of specified area 13a, a "return home" message is transmitted to the MME 14 by using the connection established via the macrocell in the vicinity specified area 13a. The "return home" message corresponds to second information in a particular embodiment.

[0030] When the user equipment 19 in a power ON state is changed into a power OFF state, the user equipment 19 compares the cell identifier of the cell connected at the time of the power ON state with the cell identifier of the Home eNB 15 and the cell identifier of the macrocell in the vicinity of specified area 13a.

[0031] When the cell identifier of the connected cell matches with the cell identifier of the Home eNB 15 or the cell identifier of the macrocell in the vicinity of specified area 13a, the "outing" message is transmitted to the MME 14 by using the established connection before the user equipment 19 is turned off.

<Operation of the mobile station at the time when the connection between the mobile station and the mobile communication network has not been established>



[0032] The user equipment 19, which can use the Home eNB 15, performs the following operation when the connection to the mobile communication network 12 has not been established. In this circumstance, the user equipment 19 is considered to be in the idle state.

[0033] The user equipment 19, in the idle state, compares a cell identifier of a cell monitored and a cell identifier of a cell to be newly monitored, with the cell identifier of the Home eNB 15 and the cell identifier of the macrocell in the vicinity of specified area 13a each time a monitor cell is changed.

[0034] When the cell identifier of the cell monitored matches the cell identifier of the macrocell in the vicinity of specified area 13a and the cell identifier of the cell to be newly monitored does not match the cell identifier of the Home eNB 15 and the cell identifier of the macrocell in the vicinity of specified area 13a, namely, the user equipment 19 moves from the vicinity of specified area 13a to the peripheral area 13f, the connection is established via the cell in the peripheral area 13f, and the "outing" message is transmitted to the MME 14 by using this connection.

[0035] When the cell identifier of the cell monitored does not match the cell identifier of the Home eNB 15 and the cell identifier of the macrocell in the vicinity of specified area 13a, and the cell identifier of the cell to be newly monitored matches the cell identifier of the macrocell in the vicinity of specified area 13a, namely, the user equipment moves from the peripheral area 13f to the vicinity of specified area 13a, the connection is established via the cell in the vicinity of specified area 13a, and the "return home" message is transmitted to the MME 14 by using the connection.

[0036] When the user equipment 19 is changed from the power OFF state into the power ON state, the user equipment 19 compares a cell identifier of a cell in which the position is registered with the cell identifier of the Home eNB 15 and the cell identifier of the macrocell in the vicinity of specified area 13a.

[0037] When the cell identifier of the cell whose position is registered matches the cell identifier of the Home eNB 15 or the cell identifier of the macrocell in the vicinity of specified area 13a, the "return home" message is transmitted to the MME 14 by using the connection established for the position registration.

[0038] When the user equipment 19 is changed from the power ON state into the power OFF state, the user equipment 19 compares the cell identifier of the cell monitored at the time of power ON with the cell identifier of the Home eNB 15 and the cell identifier of the macrocell in the vicinity of specified area 13a.

[0039] When the cell identifier of the monitored cell matches the cell identifier of the Home eNB 15 or the cell identifier of the macrocell in the vicinity of specified area 13a, the connection is established via the cell and the "outing" message is transmitted to the MME 14 by using the connection before the user equipment 19 is turned OFF.

<Operations of the MME and the Home eNB>



[0040] As illustrated in FIG. 5, the MME 14, which receives the "return home" message or the "outing" message, transmits the received message to the corresponding Home eNB 15.

[0041] The Home eNB 15 manages the states of all user equipment which can use the Home eNB 15. That is, for the case where the last message received is the "outing" message, the Home eNB 15 considers the user equipment 19 to be in an "outing" (absent) state. Similarly, for the case where the last message received is the "return home" message, the user equipment 19 is considered to be in a "return home" (present) state.

[0042] When all the user equipment which can use the Home eNB 15 are in the "outing" state, the Home eNB 15 reduces or turns off the output power so as to stop the transmission of related broadcast information.

[0043] When at least one of the user equipment which can use the Home eNB 15 is in the "return home" state with the transmission of the broadcast information being stopped, the Home eNB 15 restarts the transmission of the related broadcast information with the output power being ON or rated output.

<Configuration of the mobile station>



[0044] FIG. 6 is a diagram of a configuration illustrating the mobile station which can use the Home eNB according to one embodiment. In FIG. 6, the user equipment 19 has a power ON/OFF detecting part 31, a cell change detecting part 32, a call processing part 33, a transmission message management table 34 and a message transmitting part 35.

[0045] When the power ON/OFF detecting part 31 detects power ON and OFF of the user equipment, it posts a detected result to the call processing part 33.

[0046] When the cell change detecting part 32 detects that the cell where the user equipment 19 itself is presently in a connected state is changed, it posts the cell where the user equipment 19 is present as a detected result to the call processing part 33.

[0047] The call processing part 33 stores an unchanged state and a changed state in a built-in storage part 33a. When the call processing part 33 receives the posting of the detected result from the power ON/OFF detecting part 31 or the cell change detecting part 32, it transfers the changed state of the storage part 33a to the unchanged state and stores the posted detection state in the changed state of the storage part 33a. The call processing part 33 searches the transmission message management table 34 using the unchanged state and the changed state of the storage part 33a.

[0048] The cell identifier of the Home eNB which is usable by the user equipment itself and (one or a plurality of) cell identifiers of the macrocell(s) in the vicinity specified area are registered in the transmission message management table 34 in advance of transmitting or receiving wireless communications. In the case of a plurality of Home eNBs which are usable by the user equipment concerned, a plurality of transmission message management tables are provided.

[0049] As illustrated in FIG. 7, transmission messages are registered in the transmission message management table 34 in advance of transmitting or receiving wireless communications, according to the unchanged state and the changed state. That is, when the user equipment 19 is powered ON in an unchanged state and in an area under the Home eNB, and the changed state is powered OFF, the "outing" message is set (prepared for transmission). When the user equipment 19 is powered ON in an unchanged state and in the vicinity of specified an area and the changed state is powered ON and the user equipment 19 is relocated to a peripheral area or powered OFF, the "outing" message is set.

[0050] When the user equipment 19 is powered ON and in the unchanged state and in the peripheral area, and the changed state is in the vicinity specified area, the "return home" message is set. When the user equipment 19 is powered OFF and in the unchanged state, and the changed state is powered ON and in the area under the Home eNB or in the vicinity of specified an area, the "return home" message is set. No message is set when the search of the transmission message management table results in a "None".

[0051] When the call processing part 33 acquires the "outing" message or the "return home" message by searching the transmission message management table 34, it supplies the acquired "outing" message or "return home" message to the message transmitting part 35.

[0052] The message transmitting part 35 transmits the supplied "outing" message or "return home" message as an RRC (Radio Resource Control) message to the MME 14 via the eNB or the Home eNB.

[0053] FIG. 8 illustrates a format of the RRC message according to one embodiment. In FIG. 8, an RRC header is provided within the head of the message, and a "Home eNB" posting message (up link) is set within the subsequent message type field. The "return home" message or the "outing" messaging is set within the signal type field, and the identifier of the user equipment 19 of a transmission source is set within the user equipment identifier field. The identifier of the MME 14 is set within the MME identifier field, and the identifier of the Home eNB 15 to which the message is transmitted by the MME 14 is set within the Home eNB identifier field.

[0054] The RRC message is converted into a message of S1-AP protocol in FIG. 12 and described later by the eNB or the Home eNB so as to be transmitted to the MME 14. FIG. 12 illustrates a format of the message to be transmitted from the eNB or the Home NB to the MME according to one embodiment.

[0055] The flowchart of FIG. 9 illustrates a process to be executed by the call processing part of the user equipment according to one embodiment. In FIG. 9 at step S11, the call processing part 33 receives a detected result from the power ON/OFF detecting part 31 or the cell change detecting part 32.

[0056] The call processing part 33 determines whether the state is changed at step S12, and when the state is not changed, the process proceeds to step S11, and when the state is changed, the process proceeds to step S13. The call processing part 33 searches the transmission message management table 34 using the unchanged state and the changed state so as to determine a transmission message at step S13.

[0057] The call processing part 33 determines whether the transmission message is acquired at step S14. When the transmission message is not acquired, the process proceeds to step S11. When the transmission message is acquired, the call processing part 33 determines whether the user equipment containing that call processing part 33 is in an idle state at step S15. When its user equipment is in the idle state, the call processing part 33 establishes an RRC connection to the MME 14 in step S16, and the process proceeds to step S17.

[0058] When the user equipment concerned is not in the idle state but establishes a connection to the mobile communication network 12, the process proceeds to step S17. The call processing part 33 transmits the "outing" message or the "return home" message acquired from the transmission message management table 34 at step S17 to the MME 14 via the eNB or the Home eNB so that the process proceeds to step S11.

<Configuration of the Home eNB>



[0059] FIG. 10 is a diagram of a configuration illustrating the Home eNB according to one embodiment. In FIG. 10, the Home eNB 15 has an S1 message receiving part 41, a call processing part 42, a user equipment state management table 43, a wireless output control part 44, an RRC message receiving part 45, a message converting part 46 and an S1 message transmitting part 47.

[0060] The S1 message receiving part 41 receives a message of S1-AP protocol transmitted from the MME 14 via the mobile communication network 12 and the IP network 17 so as to supply it to the call processing part 42. For example, S1 is the name of the interface between the MME 14 and the eNB in LTE, and S1-AP is a control signal protocol on the S1 interface.

[0061] FIG. 11 illustrates a format of the message to be transmitted from the MME to the Home eNB according to one embodiment. In FIG. 11, an S1-AP header is provided within the head field, and "down link" (transmission from the MME 14 to the Home eNB) is set within the subsequent message type field. The type "Return home" or "outing" is set within the signal type field, and an identifier of a mobile station as transmitting destination is set within the mobile station identifier field.

[0062] When the message is supplied to the call processing part 42 from the S1 message receiving part 41, the call processing part 42 refers to the user equipment state management table 43 using the user equipment identifier of the message, and updates the state of the user equipment 19 in the user equipment state management table 43, based on "return home" or "outing" in the signal type of the message.

[0063] The names of all the user equipment which can connect to the Home eNB 15, and user equipment identifiers and states (for example, "return home" or "outing") are registered in the user equipment state management table 43.

[0064] The call processing part 42 controls the wireless output from the wireless output control part 44, according to whether the states of all of the user equipment 19 registered in the user equipment state management table 43 are "outing".

[0065] When the states of all of the user equipment 19 registered in the user equipment state management table 43 are "outing," the wireless output control part 44 sets the wireless output to OFF (or reduces it), and when the states of all the user equipments 19 are not "outing," the wireless output control part 44 sets the wireless output to ON (or rated output).

[0066] The RRC message receiving part 45 receives the RRC message transmitted from the user equipment 19 and supplies it to the message converting part 46. The message converting part 46 converts the RRC message into a message of S1-AP protocol, and transmits it to the MME 14 from the S1 message transmitting part 47 via the IP network 17 and the mobile communication network 12.

[0067] FIG. 12 illustrates a format of the message to be transmitted from the eNB or Home eNB to the MME according to one embodiment. In FIG. 12, an S1-AP header is provided within the head field, and "up link" (transmission from the Home eNB to the MME 14) is set within the subsequent message type field. The "Return home" or "outing" is set within the signal type field, and the identifier of the user equipment 19 as transmitting destination is set within the user equipment identifier field. The identifier of the MME 14 as transmitting destination is set within the MME identifier field, and the identifier of the Home eNB 15 as destination to which the MME 14 transmits the message is set within the Home eNB identifier field.

[0068] FIG. 13 is a flowchart illustrating a process to be executed by the call processing part 42 of the Home eNB according to one embodiment. In FIG. 13, the call processing part 42 receives a message transmitted to the Home eNB at step S21.

[0069] The call processing part 42 refers to the user equipment state management table 43 using the user equipment identifier of a received message, and updates the state of the user equipment in the user equipment state management table 43 based on "return home" or "outing" on the signal type of the message at step S22. Thereafter, the call processing part 42 determines at step S23 whether the states of all the user equipment registered in the user equipment state management table 43 are of the "outing" state.

[0070] When all the user equipment are in the "outing" state, the process proceeds to step S24, and when the wireless output control part 44 is performing wireless output, the wireless output control part 44 is turned off (or reduces output) at step S25, and the process proceeds to step S21.

[0071] When all the user equipment are not in the "outing" state, the process proceeds to step S26, and when the wireless output control part 44 is stopping wireless output, the wireless output control part 44 is turned on (or rated output) at step S27, and the process proceeds to step S21.

<Registered information about mobile station>



[0072] As illustrated in FIG. 14, one macrocell 13a which surrounds a Home eNB cell 18a as well as an overlapped portion of the Home eNB cell 18a is a vicinity specified area. In the following description, a cell identifier of the Home eNB cell 18a is 12, a cell identifier of the macrocell 13a as the vicinity specified area is 58, and only a user equipment A (identifier = 101), a user equipment B (identifier = 162) and a user equipment C (identifier = 16) can use the Home eNB cell 18.

[0073] In this case, the cell identifier 12 of the Home eNB cell 18a is usable by the user equipment and the cell identifier 58 of the macrocell in the vicinity specified area are registered in the user equipments A, B and C, in one embodiment, in advance of transmitting or receiving wireless communications.

[0074] As illustrated in FIG. 15, three macrocells 13a, 13b and 13c which surround a Home eNB cell 18b so as to overlap with or be adjacent to the Home eNB cell 18b are vicinity specified areas. In the following description, the cell identifier of the Home eNB cell 18b is 12, the cell identifier of the macrocell 13a in the vicinity specified area is 58, a cell identifier of the macrocell 13b is 261, the cell identifier of the macrocell 13c is 122, and only the user equipment A (identifier = 101), the user equipment B (identifier = 162) and the user equipment C (identifier = 16) can use the Home eNB cell 18b.

[0075] In this case, the cell identifier 12 of the Home eNB 18b is usable by the user equipment and the cell identifiers 58, 122 and 261 of the macrocells in the vicinity specified areas are registered in the user equipments A, B and C, in one embodiment, in advance of transmitting or receiving wireless communications.

[0076] FIG. 16 illustrates a sequence of the message transmission/reception according to one embodiment. In FIG. 16, transmission trigger of the "outing" or "return home" message is generated from the user equipment 19 (S31). When the user equipment 19 is in the idle state, after the RRC connection to the MME 14 is established (S32), the user equipment 19 transmits the "outing" or "return home" message to a macro eNB 11a (S33). The macro eNB 11a transmits the "outing" or "return home" message to the MME 14 (S34).

[0077] The MME 14 transmits the received "outing" or "return home" message to the Home eNB 15 (S35). As a result, the Home eNB 15 updates the user equipment state management table 43, and controls the wireless output control part 44 if necessary.

[0078] According to the above embodiment, the Home eNB 15 can manage in/out (present/absent) statuses of the user equipment 19 capable of using the Home eNB present under the Home eNB 15 or in the vicinity specified area. When the user equipment 19 is not present under the Home eNB 15 or in the vicinity specified area, the Home eNB 15 can stop transmission of broadcast information. As a result, useless interference and consumption of electric power can be prevented.

[0079] When the user equipment 19 is present in the vicinity specified area, the Home eNB 15 can transmit broadcast information. As a result, an environment can be provided in which the user equipment 19 is smoothly and seamlessly connected to the Home eNB 15.

[0080] According to the above embodiment, a smooth (seamless) connecting environment can be provided, and power-saving control of wireless base stations usable by only specified mobile stations can be realized.

[0081] All examples and conditional language recited herein are intended for pedagogical purposes to aid the reader in understanding the principles of the invention and the concepts contributed by the inventor to furthering the art, and are to be construed as being without limitation to such specifically recited examples and conditions, nor does the organization of such examples in the specification relate to a showing of the superiority and inferiority of the invention. Although the embodiment(s) of the present inventions have been described in detail, it should be understood that the various changes, substitutions, and alterations could be made hereto without departing from the scope of the claims.


Claims

1. A wireless communication system comprising:

a mobile station (19);

a first wireless base station (11) for forming a first cell; and

a second wireless base station (15) for forming a second cell, which is included in the first cell, and for being usable by the mobile station when the mobile station is one of at least one registered mobile station;

wherein the mobile station is configured to store, in case that the mobile station is one of at least one registered mobile station, a first identifier of the first wireless base station and a second identifier of the second wireless base station;

the mobile station is configured to transmit, in case that the mobile station is one of at least one registered mobile station, first information to the second wireless base station when a third identifier of a serving wireless base station is other than the first and second identifiers, and transmit second information to the second wireless base station when the third identifier is the first identifier or the second identifier; and

the second wireless base station is configured to reduce or stop transmitting power of the second wireless base station, when the second wireless base station detects all of the at least one registered mobile station being out of the first cell and the second cell based on the first information.


 
2. The wireless communication system according to claim 1, wherein the mobile station (19) is further configured to transmit the first information when the third identifier is the first identifier or the second identifier at the time when the mobile station is changed into a power OFF state, and transmit the second information when the third identifier is the first identifier or the second identifier at the time when the mobile station is changed into a power ON state.
 
3. The wireless communication system according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein the first information or the second information is transmitted to the first wireless base station (11a) via an IP network, and the IP network is coupled to a mobile communication provider network of the first wireless base station.
 
4. The wireless communication system according to any preceding claim, wherein the second wireless base station (15) is configured to update a mobile station state management table (34) operable to store the state of the registered mobile station based on the first information or the second information.
 
5. A wireless base station being usable by a mobile station when the mobile station is one of at least one registered mobile station, the wireless base station comprising:

a transmitter for forming a second cell which is included in a first cell formed by another wireless base station;

a receiver for receiving first information from the mobile station when the mobile station is one of at least one registered mobile station, the first information indicating that a third identifier of a serving wireless base station is other than a first identifier of the other wireless base station and a second identifier of the wireless base station, and for receiving second information from the mobile station when the mobile station is one of at least one registered mobile station, the second information indicating that the third identifier is the first identifier or the second identifier; and

a controller for reducing or stopping transmitting power of the wireless base station, when the wireless base station detects all of the at least one registered mobile station being out of the first cell and the second cell based on the first information.


 
6. A communication method for use in a wireless communication system including a mobile station, a first wireless base station for forming a first cell, and a second wireless base station for forming a second cell which is included in the first cell and being usable by the mobile station when the mobile station is one of at least one registered mobile station, the communication method comprising:

storing by the mobile station in case that the mobile station is one of at least one registered mobile station, a first identifier of the first wireless base station and a second identifier of the second wireless base station;

transmitting by the mobile station in case that the mobile station is one of at least one registered mobile station, first information to the second wireless base station when a third identifier of a serving wireless base station is other than the first identifier and the second identifier, and transmitting second information to the second wireless base station when the third identifier is the first identifier or the second identifier; and

reducing or stopping transmitting power by the second wireless base station, when the second wireless base station detects all of the at least one registered mobile station being out of the first cell and the second cell based on the first information.


 


Ansprüche

1. Drahtloses Kommunikationssystem, welches Folgendes umfasst:

eine Mobilstation (19);

eine erste Drahtlos-Basisstation (11) zum Bilden einer ersten Zelle; und

eine zweite Drahtlos-Basisstation (15) zum Bilden einer zweiten Zelle, welche in der ersten Zelle enthalten ist, und nutzbar durch die Mobilstation, wenn die Mobilstation eine von mindestens einer registrierten Mobilstation ist;

wobei die Mobilstation zum Speichern, falls die Mobilstation eine von mindestens einer registrierten Mobilstation ist, eines ersten Identifikators der ersten Drahtlos-Basisstation und eines zweiten Identifikators der zweiten Drahtlos-Basisstation konfiguriert ist;

die Mobilstation zum Senden, falls die Mobilstation eine von mindestens einer registrierten Mobilstation ist, einer ersten Information an die zweite Drahtlos-Basisstation, wenn sich ein dritter Identifikator einer bedienenden Drahtlos-Basisstation von dem ersten und zweiten Identifikator unterscheidet, und Senden einer zweiten Information an die zweite Drahtlos-Basisstation, wenn der dritte Identifikator der erste Identifikator oder der zweite Identifikator ist, konfiguriert ist; und

die zweite Drahtlos-Basisstation zum Reduzieren oder Stoppen einer Sendeleistung der zweiten Drahtlos-Basisstation konfiguriert ist, wenn die zweite Drahtlos-Basisstation basierend auf der ersten Information erkennt, dass sich alle der mindestens einen registrierten Mobilstation außerhalb der ersten Zelle und der zweiten Zelle befinden.


 
2. Drahtloses Kommunikationssystem nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Mobilstation (19) ferner zum Senden der ersten Information, wenn der dritte Identifikator der erste Identifikator oder der zweite Identifikator ist, zu der Zeit, wenn die Mobilstation ausgeschaltet wird, und zum Senden der zweiten Information, wenn der dritte Identifikator der erste Identifikator oder der zweite Identifikator ist, zu der Zeit, wenn die Mobilstation eingeschaltet wird, konfiguriert ist.
 
3. Drahtloses Kommunikationssystem nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei die erste Information oder die zweite Information über ein IP-Netzwerk an die erste Drahtlos-Basisstation (11a) gesendet wird, und das IP-Netzwerk an ein Mobilkommunikationsanbieter-Netzwerk der ersten Drahtlos-Basisstation gekoppelt ist.
 
4. Drahtloses Kommunikationssystem nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die zweite Drahtlos-Basisstation (15) zum Aktualisieren einer Mobilstationszustand-Managementtabelle (34), die zum Speichern des Zustands der registrierten Mobilstation geeignet ist, basierend auf der ersten Information oder der zweiten Information konfiguriert ist.
 
5. Drahtlos-Basisstation, die durch eine Mobilstation genutzt werden kann, wenn die Mobilstation eine von mindestens einer registrierten Mobilstation ist, wobei die Drahtlos-Basisstation Folgendes umfasst:

einen Sender zum Bilden einer zweiten Zelle, welche in einer ersten Zelle enthalten ist, die durch eine andere Drahtlos-Basisstation gebildet wird;

einen Empfänger zum Empfangen einer ersten Information von der Mobilstation, wenn die Mobilstation eine von mindestens einer registrierten Mobilstation ist, wobei die erste Information angibt, dass sich ein dritter Identifikator einer bedienenden Drahtlos-Basisstation von einem ersten Identifikator der anderen Drahtlos-Basisstation und einem zweiten Identifikator der Drahtlos-Basisstation unterscheidet, und zum Empfangen einer zweiten Information von der Mobilstation, wenn die Mobilstation eine von mindestens einer registrierten Mobilstation ist, wobei die zweite Information angibt, dass der dritte Identifikator der erste Identifikator oder der zweite Identifikator ist; und

einen Controller zum Reduzieren oder Stoppen einer Sendeleistung der Drahtlos-Basisstation, wenn die Drahtlos-Basisstation basierend auf der ersten Information erkennt, dass sich alle der mindestens einen registrierten Mobilstation außerhalb der ersten Zelle und der zweiten Zelle befinden.


 
6. Kommunikationsverfahren zur Verwendung in einem drahtlosen Kommunikationssystem, welches eine Mobilstation, eine erste Drahtlos-Basisstation zum Bilden einer ersten Zelle und eine zweite Drahtlos-Basisstation zum Bilden einer zweiten Zelle, welche in der ersten Zelle enthalten ist und durch die Mobilstation genutzt werden kann, wenn die Mobilstation eine von mindestens einer registrierten Mobilstation ist, beinhaltet, wobei das Kommunikationsverfahren Folgendes umfasst:

Speichern, durch die Mobilstation, falls die Mobilstation eine von mindestens einer registrierten Mobilstation ist, eines ersten Identifikators der ersten Drahtlos-Basisstation und eines zweiten Identifikators der zweiten Drahtlos-Basisstation;

Senden, durch die Mobilstation, falls die Mobilstation eine von mindestens einer registrierten Mobilstation ist, einer ersten Information an die zweite Drahtlos-Basisstation, wenn sich ein dritter Identifikator einer bedienenden Drahtlos-Basisstation von dem ersten Identifikator und dem zweiten Identifikator unterscheidet, und Senden einer zweiten Information an die zweite Drahtlos-Basisstation, wenn der dritte Identifikator der erste Identifikator oder der zweite Identifikator ist; und

Reduzieren oder Stoppen einer Sendeleistung durch die zweite Drahtlos-Basisstation, wenn die zweite Drahtlos-Basisstation basierend auf der ersten Information erkennt, dass sich alle der mindestens einen registrierten Mobilstation außerhalb der ersten Zelle und der zweiten Zelle befinden.


 


Revendications

1. Système de communication sans fil comprenant :

une station mobile (19) ;

une première station de base sans fil (11) pour former une première cellule ; et

une seconde station de base sans fil (15) pour former une seconde cellule, qui est incluse dans la première cellule, et pour être utilisable par la station mobile lorsque la station mobile est l'une d'au moins une station mobile enregistrée ;

dans lequel la station mobile est configurée pour stocker, dans le cas où la station mobile est l'une d'au moins une station mobile enregistrée, un premier identifiant de la première station de base sans fil et un deuxième identifiant de la seconde station de base sans fil ;

la station mobile est configurée pour transmettre, dans le cas où la station mobile est l'une d'au moins une station mobile enregistrée, des premières informations à la seconde station de base sans fil lorsqu'un troisième identifiant d'une station de base sans fil de desserte est différent des premier et deuxième identifiants, et transmettre des secondes informations à la seconde station de base sans fil lorsque le troisième identifiant est le premier identifiant ou le deuxième identifiant ; et

la seconde station de base sans fil est configurée pour réduire ou arrêter la puissance de transmission de la seconde station de base sans fil, lorsque la seconde station de base sans fil détecte que la totalité de la au moins une station mobile enregistrée est hors de la première cellule et la seconde cellule sur la base des premières informations.


 
2. Système de communication sans fil selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la station mobile (19) est en outre configurée pour transmettre les premières informations lorsque le troisième identifiant est le premier identifiant ou le deuxième identifiant au moment où la station mobile est changée dans un état de mise hors tension, et transmettre les secondes informations lorsque le troisième identifiant est le premier identifiant ou le deuxième identifiant au moment où la station mobile est changée dans un état de mise sous tension.
 
3. Système de communication sans fil selon la revendication 1 ou la revendication 2, dans lequel les premières informations ou les secondes informations sont transmises à la première station de base sans fil (11a) via un réseau IP, et le réseau IP est couplé à un réseau de fournisseur de communication mobile de la première station de base sans fil.
 
4. Système de communication sans fil selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la seconde station de base sans fil (15) est configurée pour mettre à jour une table de gestion d'état de station mobile (34) pouvant fonctionner pour stocker l'état de la station mobile enregistrée sur la base des premières informations ou des secondes informations.
 
5. Station de base sans fil pouvant être utilisée par une station mobile lorsque la station mobile est l'une d'au moins une station mobile enregistrée, la station de base sans fil comprenant :

un transmetteur pour former une seconde cellule qui est incluse dans une première cellule formée par une autre station de base sans fil ;

un récepteur pour recevoir des premières informations en provenance de la station mobile lorsque la station mobile est l'une d'au moins une station mobile enregistrée, les premières informations indiquant qu'un troisième identifiant d'une station de base sans fil de desserte est différent d'un premier identifiant de l'autre station de base sans fil et un deuxième identifiant de la station de base sans fil, et pour recevoir des secondes informations en provenance de la station mobile lorsque la station mobile est l'une d'au moins une station mobile enregistrée, les secondes informations indiquant que le troisième identifiant est le premier identifiant ou le deuxième identifiant ; et

un dispositif de commande pour réduire ou arrêter la puissance de transmission de la station de base sans fil, lorsque la station de base sans fil détecte que la au moins une station mobile enregistrée est hors de la première cellule et de la seconde cellule sur la base des premières informations.


 
6. Procédé de communication à utiliser dans un système de communication sans fil comprenant une station mobile, une première station de base sans fil pour former une première cellule et une seconde station de base sans fil pour former une seconde cellule qui est incluse dans la première cellule et utilisable par la station mobile lorsque la station mobile est l'une d'au moins une station mobile enregistrée, le procédé de communication comprenant les étapes consistant à :

stocker via la station mobile, dans un cas où la station mobile est l'une d'au moins une station mobile enregistrée, un premier identifiant de la première station de base sans fil et un second identifiant de la seconde station de base sans fil ;

transmettre via la station mobile, dans un cas où la station mobile est l'une d'au moins une station mobile enregistrée, des premières informations à la seconde station de base sans fil lorsqu'un troisième identifiant d'une station de base sans fil de desserte est différent du premier identifiant et du deuxième identifiant, et transmettre des secondes informations à la seconde station de base sans fil lorsque le troisième identifiant est le premier identifiant ou le deuxième identifiant ; et

réduire ou arrêter une puissance de transmission par la seconde station de base sans fil, lorsque la seconde station de base sans fil détecte que la au moins une station mobile enregistrée est hors de la première cellule et de la seconde cellule sur la base des premières informations.


 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description