(19)
(11)EP 2 175 926 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
13.05.2015 Bulletin 2015/20

(21)Application number: 07827623.5

(22)Date of filing:  30.07.2007
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A61N 1/32(2006.01)
A61B 17/00(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/IT2007/000545
(87)International publication number:
WO 2009/016662 (05.02.2009 Gazette  2009/06)

(54)

MEDICAL DEVICE FOR ELECTROPORATION TREATMENT

MEDIZINPRODUKT ZUR ELEKTROPORATIONS-BEHANDLUNG

DISPOSITIF MÉDICAL POUR UN TRAITEMENT PAR ÉLECTROPORATION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MT NL PL PT RO SE SI SK TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
21.04.2010 Bulletin 2010/16

(73)Proprietor: CITIEFFE S.r.l.
40012 Calderara di Reno (Bologna) (IT)

(72)Inventors:
  • MINGOZZI, Franco
    I-40012 Lippo di Calderara di Reno (IT)
  • DOVESI, Alan
    I-40138 Bologna (IT)
  • MAGNI, Marco
    I-44100 Ferrara (IT)
  • RONCHETTI, Mattia
    I-41012 Carpi (IT)
  • MARAZZI, Donata
    I-41012 Carpi (IT)

(74)Representative: Bergadano, Mirko et al
Studio Torta S.p.A. Via Viotti, 9
10121 Torino
10121 Torino (IT)


(56)References cited: : 
GB-A- 2 320 423
US-A- 5 925 064
US-A1- 2004 193 211
US-A- 5 079 629
US-A1- 2002 133 137
US-B1- 6 208 893
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to a medical device for electroporation treatment, which is normally a compulsory step in electrochemotherapy treatment in general.

    [0002] Herein, "electroporation" is intended to mean a physical phenomenon by which to enhance the permeability of cell membranes by means of short, intense electric pulses.

    [0003] As stated, the medical device according to the present invention may be used to particular advantage, though not exclusively, in electrochemotherapy, to which the following description refers purely by way of example.

    BACKGROUND ART



    [0004] As is known, cell penetration of antitumour drugs can be enhanced considerably by means of electric pulses applied using special needles.

    [0005] "Electrochemotherapy" is a new technique currently used to locally treat and control cutaneous or subcutaneous tumours.

    [0006] Electrochemotherapy combines two effects:
    • administration of small doses of drug (bleomycin or cisplatin); and
    • electroporation of cell membranes.


    [0007] Increasing permeability allows non- or poorly permeating drugs or other molecules to penetrate the cytoplasm of cancerous cells to achieve greater effectiveness.

    [0008] Electrochemotherapy is indicated for primary skin tumours (basal and squamous cell carcinomas), single or in-transit metastasis of melanomas, and cutaneous metastasis of other tumours, regardless of histology.

    [0009] The latest technology as applied to electrochemotherapy gives particularly good results using electric pulses of 1Hz or 5kHz frequency, which reduces the number of muscle contractions induced by electric stimulus, and improves patient treatment tolerance. Moreover, repetition of high-frequency pulses reduces treatment time.

    [0010] Electric pulses of over 1000 V have also been found to give excellent results in terms of drug absorption.

    [0011] Patient tolerance is also improved for the following reasons:
    • minimum side effects, so the treatment can be repeated;
    • no functional organ impairment and no effect on surrounding healthy tissue;
    • immediate recovery.


    [0012] "Electroporation" is normally induced using electrodes connected electrically to equipment for generating pulses of the above frequencies and voltages.

    [0013] Various types of electrodes have been designed to treat different skin areas, by precise distribution of the applied electric field.

    [0014] The types of electrodes currently used are :
    • a plate electrode for surface tumours;
    • an electrode with parallel rows of needles for small, deep-seated tumours;
    • an electrode with hexagonally arranged needles for large, deep-seated tumours.


    [0015] The electrodes are fixed to the distal end of rigid, oblong handsets gripped, in use, by the operator.

    [0016] Currently used rigid handsets are excellent for treating easily accessible skin tumours, but pose serious problems, substantially on account of their rigid structure, when treating less accessible parts of the body, such as the tongue, palate, gums, the first part of the respiratory system, and accessible cavities.

    [0017] It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide an alternative to rigid handsets, for use in electroporation treatment. The teachings of the present invention, however, also apply, with obvious variations within the scope of any average technician, to other fields, such as internal microcamera examination of the human body.

    [0018] A microcamera may also be applied to an electroporation device to permit real-time monitoring of the treatment in progress.

    [0019] The starting point of the present invention was the realization that an operator's finger, in particular the index finger of the right hand (assuming, of course, the operator is right-handed) represents an exceptional natural "handset", which is versatile, articulated, and sensitive enough for applications necessarily requiring a non-rigid instrument with five degrees of freedom.

    [0020] An inventive "thimble" was therefore devised, equipped with active means (e.g. needle electrodes), and designed to fit onto the end (tip) phalanx of the operator's finger.

    [0021] An extremely versatile "tool", comprising the operator's finger and the equipped thimble, is thus obtained, which is able to operate successfully in even the most inaccessible and hidden parts of the patient's body that are difficult, if not impossible, to operate on using conventional handsets.

    [0022] Similar devices are well known in the art.

    [0023] For instance, US-A1-2004/0193211 describes a minimally invasive surgical instrument that may be used in hand-assisted laparoscopic surgeries (e.g. scissors, tissue graspers etc.). Such a device is a multifunctional surgical instrument that may be mounted directly on a surgeon's fingertip and inserted through an incision to allow the surgeon to manipulate tissue during a surgical procedure.

    [0024] US-5 079 629 describes an optical viewing device comprising a housing including a focusing lens and an image sensor for receiving optical images from said focusing lens and for transforming the images to electrical signals.

    [0025] GB-A-2 320 423 describes a toothbrush comprising a thimble into which a finger may be inserted.

    [0026] US-B1-6 208 893 describes an electrode template apparatus including a three dimensional support member having opposite surfaces, a plurality of bores extending through the support member and through the opposite surfaces, a plurality of conductors on the member separately connected to the plurality of bores, a plurality of needle electrodes selectively extendable through the plurality of bores and into tissue to be electroporated.

    [0027] US 2002/0133137 A1 discloses a handheld electroporation device with straight-bodied electrodes or angled-head electrodes. This document discloses a device according to the first part of claim 1.

    DISCLOSURE OF INVENTION



    [0028] It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide a medical device designed to eliminate the aforementioned drawbacks, and which, at the same time, is cheap and easy to produce. The present invention is defined in claim 1. Particular embodiments are described hereinafter which are merely for illustrative purposes.

    [0029] Preferred embodiments of the present invention are defined in the dependent Claims.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0030] A non-limiting embodiment of the present invention will be described by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

    Figure 1 shows a medical device, in accordance with the present invention, fitted to an operator's hand;

    Figure 2 shows a first view in perspective of a first embodiment of a medical device in accordance with the present invention;

    Figure 3 shows a second view in perspective of the first embodiment in Figure 2;

    Figure 4 shows a view in perspective of a second embodiment of a medical device in accordance with the present invention;

    Figure 5 shows a longitudinal section of the second embodiment in Figure 4;

    Figure 6 shows a view in perspective of a third embodiment of a medical device in accordance with the present invention;

    Figure 7 shows a first exploded view of the medical device in Figure 6;

    Figure 8 shows a second exploded view of the medical device in Figure 6;

    Figure 9 shows one practical application of the medical device in Figures 6, 7, 8.


    BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION



    [0031] Number 10 in Figures 1, 2 and 3 indicates as a whole a first embodiment of a medical device in accordance with the present invention.

    [0032] Medical device 10 comprises a thimble-like main body 11, which is fitted, in use, to a gloved hand HD of an operator OP (not shown). More specifically, in use, main body 11 is worn by the operator OP on the distal (tip) phalanx FL of a finger FNG.

    [0033] Obviously, if the operator is right-handed, finger FNG is preferably, though not necessarily, the index finger of the right hand.

    [0034] Medical device 10 also comprises a projecting member 12 (Figures 2, 3) projecting from main body 11 and fitted with active means 13 for performing a given therapeutic treatment. In the example shown in Figures 1, 2 and 3, active means 13 in turn comprise a number of needles 14 for electroporation treatment.

    [0035] In the first embodiment shown in Figures 1, 2 and 3, needles 14 are substantially parallel to an axis (X) of substantial longitudinal symmetry of main body 11.

    [0036] Projecting member 12 may be either formed in one piece with or glued to main body 11.

    [0037] Projecting member 12 may also be fitted to main body 11 by a joint.

    [0038] In an embodiment not shown in the attached drawings, projecting member 12 is hinged to main body 11 to permit angular adjustment of projecting member 12 with respect to main body 11; in which case, fastening means, comprising, for example, a screw, are also provided to lock projecting member 12 in a given angular position with respect to main body 11 to perform a given medical operation.

    [0039] Both the main body and projecting member 12 are preferably, though not necessarily, made of strong, biocompatible polymer material suitable for manufacturing medical devices.

    [0040] In another embodiment which is not shown, main body 11 has means for adjusting its diameter D to adapt main body 11 to the size of the operator's finger. More specifically, in one particularly straightforward solution, main body 11 has at least one through cut dividing it into two, so that diameter D of main body 11 adapts to the diameter of the operator's finger by virtue of the elasticity of the plastic material.

    [0041] Both main body 11 and projecting member 12 have at least one duct DT for housing the power wires and/or cables of active means 13. More specifically, if active means 13 comprise electroporation needles 14, duct DT houses an electric power cable CBL (Figure 3). In another embodiment not shown, if active means 13 comprise a microcamera, duct DT houses optical fibres (not shown) for light and/or image transmission.

    [0042] A thread (not shown) may be attached to main body 11 to recover device 10 in the event of main body 11 slipping accidentally off the finger FNG of the operator OP.

    [0043] Though projecting member 12 projecting from main body 11 is useful, in an embodiment not shown, active means 13 are fitted directly to main body 11.

    [0044] Figures 4 and 4 show a second embodiment of the present invention.

    [0045] In this embodiment, a medical device 100 comprises a thimble-like main body 101 attached to a projecting member 102 fitted with active means 113 by which the operator OP performs a given therapeutic treatment.

    [0046] In this case, the needles 114 defining active means 113 are parallel to an axis (Y) perpendicular to an axis (X) of substantial longitudinal symmetry of main body 101.

    [0047] All the features described in connection with the Figure 1, 2, 3 embodiment also apply to medical device 100 in Figures 4 and 5.

    [0048] In an embodiment not shown, a first number of needles are parallel to axis (X), and a second number of needles are perpendicular to axis (X).

    [0049] Figures 6, 7, 8, 9 show a third embodiment.

    [0050] In this, as in the other embodiments described, a medical device 1000 comprises a thimble-like main body 1001, and a projecting member 1002 projecting from main body 1001. And projecting member 1002 is fitted with active means 1013 comprising needles 1014 parallel to an axis (X) of substantial longitudinal symmetry of main body 1001.

    [0051] In other words, in this embodiment, the spatial arrangement of main body 1001, projecting member 1002, and needles 1014 is the same as in the first embodiment in Figures 1, 2 and 3.

    [0052] As shown in Figures 6, 7, 8 and 9, device 1000 also comprises a slide 1015 having a central member 1016 substantially parallel to axis (X) and to which are attached two skids 1017 on opposite sides of axis (X). Slide 1015 also comprises a abutment member 1018 substantially perpendicular to axis (X) and having a number of holes 1020 aligned with needles 1014 projecting from projecting member 1002.

    [0053] In actual use, each skid 1017 engages a respective guide 1021 formed in main body 1001 (Figure 8). Both guides 1021 are parallel to axis (X), and allow slide 1015 to slide with respect to main body 1001, projecting member 1002, and needles 1014, in the direction of arrow AW (Figure 9). Moreover, for slide 1015 to slide smoothly, the inner surface SP1 of slide 1015 has substantially the same curvature as the outer surface SP2 of main body 1001 and projecting member 1002.

    [0054] In actual use, as shown in Figure 9, when treating an area ZN of particularly soft tissue, the area ZN is inserted between the tips of needles 1014 and an inner surface SP3 of abutment member 1018, which thus acts as an abutment surface for area ZN to assist penetration of area ZN by the tips of needles 1014.

    [0055] Slide 1015 may obviously be slid onto main body 1001 either manually by the operator OP or by other means not shown.

    [0056] All the additional features described in connection with the Figure 1, 2, 3 embodiment and the Figure 4, 5 embodiment also apply to medical device 1000 in Figures 6, 7, 8 and 9.

    [0057] The main advantage of the medical device described lies in it being extremely versatile, and being able to operate successfully in even the most inaccessible and hidden parts of the patient's body that are difficult, if not impossible, to operate on using conventional rigid handsets.


    Claims

    1. A medical device (10; 100; 1000) comprising:

    a main body (11; 101; 1001) adapted to be fitted, in use, to a hand (HD) of an operator (OP);

    active means (13; 113; 1013) attached to said main body (11; 101; 1001), and by which the operator (OP) performs a given therapeutic treatment;

    a projecting member (12; 102; 1002) attached to said main body (11; 101; 1001); said active means (13; 113; 1013) being attached to said projecting member (12; 102; 1002), whereby said active means (13; 113; 1013) comprises a number of needles (14; 114; 1014) for electroporation treatment;

    characterised in that at least one needle (14; 1014) extends substantially parallel to an axis (X) of substantial longitudinal symmetry of said main body, and at least one needle (114) extends substantially parallel to an axis (Y) perpendicular to axis (X).


     
    2. A device (10; 100; 1000) as claimed in Claim 1, characterized in that said main body (11; 101; 1001) is substantially thimble-like, and is worn by the operator (OP) on the distal end (tip phalanx) (FL) of a finger (FNG).
     
    3. A device (10; 100; 1000) as claimed in Claim 1, characterized in that said projecting member (12; 102; 1002) is formed in one piece with the main body (11; 101; 1001).
     
    4. A device (10; 100; 1000) as claimed in Claim 1, characterized in that said projecting member (12; 102; 1002) is glued to said main body (11; 101; 1001).
     
    5. A device (10; 10.0; 1000) as claimed in Claim 1, characterized in that said projecting member (12; 102; 1002) is connected by a joint to said main body (11; 101; 1001).
     
    6. A device (10; 100; 1000) as claimed in Claim 1, characterized in that said projecting member (12; 102; 1002) is hinged to the main body (11; 101; 1001) to permit angular adjustment of the projecting member (12; 102; 1002) with respect to the main body (11; 101; 1001).
     
    7. A device (10; 100; 1000) as claimed in Claim 6, characterized by also comprising fastening means for locking projecting member (12; 102; 1002) in a given angular position with respect to main body (11; 101; 1001).
     
    8. A device (10; 100; 1000) as claimed in Claim 1, characterized in that both main body (11; 101; 1001) and projecting member (12; 102; 1002) are made of strong polymer material.
     
    9. A device (10; 100; 1000) as claimed in any one of the foregoing Claims, characterized in that main body (11; 101; 1001) has means for adjusting its diameter (D) to adapt main body (11; 101; 1001) to the size of the operator's finger.
     
    10. A device (10; 100; 1000) as claimed in Claim 9, characterized in that main body (11; 101; 1001) has at least one through cut dividing main body (11; 101; 1001) into two.
     
    11. A device (10; 100; 1000) as claimed in Claim 1, characterized in that main body (11; 101; 1001) and projecting member (12; 102; 1002) have at least one duct (DT) for housing power wires and/or cables (CBL) of active means (13; 113; 1013).
     
    12. A device (10; 100; 1000) as claimed in any one of the foregoing Claims, characterized in that said active means (13; 113; 1013) comprise a microcamera.
     
    13. A device (10; 100; 1000) as claimed in Claims 11 and 12, characterized in that duct (DT) houses optical fibres for light and/or image transmission.
     
    14. A device. (10; 100; 1000) as claimed in Claim 1, characterized by also comprising a slide (1015) having a central member (1016) to which are attached two skids (1017); the slide (1015) also comprising an abutment member (1018).
     
    15. A device (10; 100; 1000) as claimed in Claim 14, characterized in that, in use, each skid (1017) engages a respective guide (1021) formed in main body (1001); two guides (1021) permitting translation of slide (1015) with respect to main body (1001).
     
    16. A device (10; 100; 1000) as claimed in Claim 15, characterized in that the inner surface (SPl) of slide (1015) has substantially the same curvature as the outer surface (SP2) of main body (1001).
     
    17. A device (10; 100; 1000) as claimed in any one of Claims 14, 15, 16, characterized in that said abutment member (1018) comprises a number of holes (1020) aligned with needles (1014).
     
    18. A device (10; 100; 1000) as claimed in any one of the foregoing Claims, characterized in that main body (11; 101; 1001) is attached to a thread to recover the device (10; 100; 1000) in the event of main body (11; 101; 1001) slipping accidentally off the finger (FNG) of the operator (OP).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Eine Medizinprodukt (10; 100; 1000), umfassend:

    - einen Hauptkorpus (11; 101; 1001), der dafür geeignet ist, während der Nutzung an einer Hand (HD) eines Anwenders (OP) aufgesetzt zu sein;

    - aktive Mittel (13; 113; 1013), welche am Hauptkorpus (11; 101; 1001) befestigt sind und mittels derer der Bediener (OP) eine bestimmte therapeutische Behandlung durchführt;

    - ein hervortretendes Teil (12; 102; 1002), welches am Hauptkorpus (11; 101; 1001) befestigt ist, wobei die aktiven Mittel (13; 113; 1013) an dem hervortretenden Teil (12; 102; 1002) befestigt sind und wobei die aktiven Mittel (13; 113; 1013) eine Anzahl von Nadeln (14; 114; 1014) zur Elektroporationsbehandlung umfassen;

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sich mindestens eine Nadel (14; 1014) im wesentlichen parallel zu einer Achse (X) erstreckt, welche im wesentlichen symmetrisch in der Längsrichtung des Hauptkorpus' verläuft, und dass sich mindestens eine Nadel (114) im wesentlichen parallel zu einer Achse (Y) erstreckt, welche senkrecht zur Achse (X) verläuft.
     
    2. Ein Medizinprodukt (10; 100; 1000) nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Hauptkorpus (11; 101; 1001) im Wesentlichen wie ein Fingerhut geformt ist und von einem Anwender am distalen Ende (Fingerspitze) (FL) eines Fingers (FNG) getragen wird.
     
    3. Ein Medizinprodukt (10; 100; 1000) nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das hervortretende Teil (12; 102; 1002) zusammen mit dem Hauptkorpus (11; 101; 1001) aus einem Stück hergestellt ist.
     
    4. Ein Medizinprodukt (10; 100; 1000) nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das hervortretende Teil (12; 102; 1002) an den Hauptkorpus (11; 101; 1001) geklebt ist.
     
    5. Ein Medizinprodukt (10; 100; 1000) nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das hervortretende Teil (12; 102; 1002) mit Hilfe eines Verbindungsstücks mit dem Hauptkorpus (11; 101; 1001) verbunden ist.
     
    6. Ein Medizinprodukt (10; 100; 1000) nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das hervortretende Teil (12; 102; 1002) gelenkig mit dem Hauptkorpus (11; 101; 1001) verbunden ist, um eine Winkeleinstellung des hervortretenden Teils (12; 102; 1002) in Bezug auf den Hauptkorpus (11; 101; 1001) zu ermöglichen.
     
    7. Ein Medizinprodukt (10; 100; 1000) nach Anspruch 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass es auch Befestigungsmittel zum Feststellen des hervortretenden Teils (12; 102; 1002) in einer bestimmten Winkelposition in Bezug auf den Hauptkorpus (11; 101; 1001) umfasst.
     
    8. Ein Medizinprodukt (10; 100; 1000) nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sowohl der Hauptkorpus (11; 101; 1001) als auch das hervortretende Teil (12; 102; 1002) aus widerstandsfähigem Polymermaterial hergestellt sind.
     
    9. Ein Medizinprodukt (10; 100; 1000) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Hauptkorpus (11; 101; 1001) über Mittel zum Einstellen seines Durchmessers (D) verfügt, um den Hauptkorpus (11; 101; 1001) an die Größe des Fingers des Anwenders anzupassen.
     
    10. Ein Medizinprodukt (10; 100; 1000) nach Anspruch 9, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Hauptkorpus (11; 101; 1001) mindestens einen durchgehenden Schnitt hat, der den Hauptkorpus (11; 101; 1001) in zwei Teile teilt.
     
    11. Ein Medizinprodukt (10; 100; 1000) nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Hauptkorpus (11; 101; 1001) und das hervortretende Teil (12; 102; 1002) über mindestens eine Leitungsröhre (DT) zum Aufnehmen von Stromkabeln und / oder Leitungen (CBL) der aktiven Mittel (13; 113; 1013) verfügen.
     
    12. Ein Medizinprodukt (10; 100; 1000) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die aktiven Mittel (13; 113; 1013) eine Mikrokamera umfassen.
     
    13. Ein Medizinprodukt (10; 100; 1000) nach den Ansprüchen 11 und 12, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Leitungsröhre (DT) optische Fasern zur Licht- und / oder Bildübertragung aufnimmt.
     
    14. Ein Medizinprodukt (10; 100; 1000) nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass es des weiteren einen Schlitten (1015) umfasst, der einen Hauptteil (1016) besitzt, an welchem zwei Gleitschienen (1017) angebracht sind; wobei der Schlitten (1015) außerdem ein Anschlagbauteil (1018) umfasst.
     
    15. Ein Medizinprodukt (10; 100; 1000) nach Anspruch 14, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass jede Gleitschiene (1017) während der Anwendung jeweils in eine entsprechende, im Hauptkorpus (1001) ausgeformte Führung (1021) eingreift; wobei zwei Führungen (1021) eine Translationsbewegung des Schlittens (1015) in Bezug auf den Hauptkorpus (1001) erlauben.
     
    16. Ein Medizinprodukt (10; 100; 1000) nach Anspruch 15, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die innere Oberfläche (SP1) des Schlittens (1015) im Wesentlichen die gleiche Krümmung wie die äußere Oberfläche (SP2) des Hauptkorpus' (1001) aufweist.
     
    17. Ein Medizinprodukt (10; 100; 1000) nach einem der Ansprüche 14, 15, 16, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Anschlagbauteil (1018) eine Anzahl von Löchern (1020) umfasst, die zu den Nadeln (1014) ausgerichtet sind.
     
    18. Ein Medizinprodukt (10; 100; 1000) nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Hauptkorpus (11; 101; 1001) mit einem Strang zur Rückholung des Hauptkorpus' (11; 101; 1001) verbunden ist, für den Fall, dass der Hauptkorpus (11; 101; 1001) aus Versehen vom Finger (FNG) des Anwenders (OP) gleitet.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif médical (10 ; 100 ; 1000) comprenant :

    un corps principal (11 ; 101 ; 1001) conçu pour être ajusté, durant l'utilisation, sur une main (HD) d'un opérateur (OP) ;

    un moyen actif (13 ; 113 ; 1013) fixé audit corps principal (11 ; 101 ; 1001), et par lequel l'opérateur (OP) réalise un traitement thérapeutique donné ;

    un élément en saillie (12 ; 102 ; 1002) fixé audit corps principal (11 ; 101 ; 1001) ; ledit moyen actif (13 ; 113 ; 1013) étant fixé audit élément en saillie (12 ; 102 ; 1002), ledit moyen actif (13 ; 113 ; 1013) comprenant ainsi un certain nombre d'aiguilles (14 ; 114 ; 1014) pour un traitement d'électroporation ;

    caractérisé en ce qu'au moins une aiguille (14 ; 1014) s'étend sensiblement parallèlement à un axe (X) d'une symétrie sensiblement longitudinale dudit corps principal, et au moins une aiguille (114) s'étend sensiblement parallèlement à un axe (Y) perpendiculaire à l'axe (X).


     
    2. Dispositif (10 ; 100 ; 1000) selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que ledit corps principal (11 ; 101 ; 1001) est sensiblement analogue à un dé à coudre, et est porté par l'opérateur (OP) sur l'extrémité distale (phalange d'extrémité) (FL) d'un doigt (FNG).
     
    3. Dispositif (10 ; 100 ; 1000) selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que ledit élément en saillie (12 ; 102 ; 1002) est formé en une seule pièce avec le corps principal (11 ; 101 ; 1001).
     
    4. Dispositif (10 ; 100 ; 1000) selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que ledit élément en saillie (12 ; 102 ; 1002) est collé audit corps principal (11 ; 101 ; 1001).
     
    5. Dispositif (10 ; 100 ; 1000) selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que ledit élément en saillie (12 ; 102 ; 1002) est raccordé par une articulation audit corps principal (11 ; 101 ; 1001).
     
    6. Dispositif (10 ; 100 ; 1000) selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que ledit élément en saillie (12 ; 102 ; 1002) est raccordé par charnière audit corps principal (11 ; 101 ; 1001) pour permettre un ajustement angulaire de l'élément en saillie (12 ; 102 ; 1002) relativement au corps principal (11 ; 101 ; 1001).
     
    7. Dispositif (10 ; 100 ; 1000) selon la revendication 6, caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend également un moyen de fixation pour bloquer l'élément en saillie (12 ; 102 ; 1002) dans une position angulaire donnée relativement au corps principal (11 ; 101 ; 1001).
     
    8. Dispositif (10 ; 100 ; 1000) selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que le corps principal (11 ; 101 ; 1001) et l'élément en saillie (12 ; 102 ; 1002) sont en un matériau polymère résistant.
     
    9. Dispositif (10 ; 100 ; 1000) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que le corps principal (11 ; 101 ; 1001) a un moyen d'ajustement de son diamètre (D) pour adapter le corps principal (11 ; 101 ; 1001) à la taille du doigt de l'opérateur.
     
    10. Dispositif (10 ; 100 ; 1000) selon la revendication 9, caractérisé en ce que le corps principal (11 ; 101 ; 1001) a au moins une découpe traversante divisant le corps principal (11 ; 101 ; 1001) en deux.
     
    11. Dispositif (10 ; 100 ; 1000) selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que le corps principal (11 ; 101 ; 1001) et l'élément en saillie (12 ; 102 ; 1002) ont au moins un conduit (DT) pour loger les fils et/ou les câbles (CBL) électriques du moyen actif (13 ; 113 ; 1013).
     
    12. Dispositif (10 ; 100 ; 1000) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que ledit moyen actif (13 ; 113 ; 1013) comprend une microcaméra.
     
    13. Dispositif (10 ; 100 ; 1000) selon les revendications 11 et 12, caractérisé en ce que le conduit (DT) loger des fibres optiques pour la transmission de lumière et/ou d'image.
     
    14. Dispositif (10 ; 100 ; 1000) selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend également une glissière (1015) ayant un élément central (1016) auquel sont fixés deux patins (1017) ; la glissière (1015) comprenant également un élément de butée (1018).
     
    15. Dispositif (10 ; 100 ; 1000) selon la revendication 14, caractérisé en ce que, durant l'utilisation, chaque patin (1017) se met en prise avec un guide respectif (1021) formé dans le corps principal (1001) ; deux guides (1021) permettant la translation de la glissière (1015) relativement au corps principal (1001).
     
    16. Dispositif (10 ; 100 ; 1000) selon la revendication 15, caractérisé en ce que la surface intérieure (SP1) de la glissière (1015) a sensiblement la même courbure que la surface extérieure (SP2) du corps principal (1001).
     
    17. Dispositif (10 ; 100 ; 1000) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 14, 15, 16, caractérisé en ce que ledit élément de butée (1018) comprend un nombre de trous (1020) alignés avec des aiguilles (1014).
     
    18. Dispositif (10 ; 100 ; 1000) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que le corps principal (11 ; 101 ; 1001) est fixé à un fil pour récupérer le dispositif (10 ; 100 ; 1000) dans le cas où le corps principal (11 ; 101 ; 1001) glisserait accidentellement du doigt (FNG) de l'opérateur (OP).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description