(19)
(11)EP 2 188 540 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
26.06.2019 Bulletin 2019/26

(21)Application number: 08828768.5

(22)Date of filing:  25.08.2008
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F16C 17/02  (2006.01)
F16C 33/20  (2006.01)
F16C 33/04  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2008/074254
(87)International publication number:
WO 2009/029593 (05.03.2009 Gazette  2009/10)

(54)

METAL-BACKED PLAIN BEARING

GLEITLAGER MIT METALLRÜCKSEITE

PALIER LISSE À SUPPORT MÉTALLIQUE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK TR

(30)Priority: 24.08.2007 US 935678 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
26.05.2010 Bulletin 2010/21

(73)Proprietor: GGB, Inc.
Thorofare, NJ 08086 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • ADRIAN, Hardgrave
    F-74009 Annecy Cedex (FR)
  • RAPHAEL, Chantossel
    F-74009 Annecy Cedex (FR)

(74)Representative: Bergenstråhle Group AB 
P.O. Box 17704
118 93 Stockholm
118 93 Stockholm (SE)


(56)References cited: : 
DE-A1- 1 575 362
GB-A- 1 415 100
US-A- 3 238 601
US-A- 5 229 198
US-A- 5 755 883
US-A1- 2004 058 828
US-A1- 2007 082 825
US-B1- 6 629 829
DE-A1- 2 129 256
US-A- 3 205 086
US-A- 5 056 937
US-A- 5 290 596
US-A1- 2003 095 729
US-A1- 2005 181 194
US-B1- 6 485 184
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS



    [0001] This application claims the priority benefit of U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 60/935,678, entitled "METAL-BACKED PLAIN BEARING," and filed on August 24, 2007.

    BACKGROUND OF INVENTION


    Field of Invention



    [0002] The present invention relates generally to the field of plain bearings and materials for use therein. More specifically, the present invention relates to a low friction resin-based surface applied to a metal backing to form a high performance, self lubricated plain bearing.

    Description of the Related Art



    [0003] Conventional metal polymer plain bearings with polymer based sliding surfaces are typically composed of two-layer or three-layer composite bearing structures. Both forms rely on a metal backing to provide rigidity and allow the material to be formed into the appropriate shape, more commonly a cylinder. The metal polymer two-layer bearing materials typically rely on directly-applied or adhered polymers. The design of the three-layered bearing typically rely on an adhesive or porous metallic interlayer to attach the polymer bearing lining to the metal backing. In the latter, the porous metallic interlayer is often a critical part of providing the appropriate load bearing and tribological characteristics as well as functioning as mechanical key.

    [0004] Document DE2129256 describes an anti-friction bearing comprises a running surface formed of a thermosetting resin matrix contg. anchored fibres of plastics, esp. PTFE, having low friction characteristics but capable of limited or no wetting by the resin of the matrix; the surfaces of these fibres are substantially coated with a fluoropolymer having low friction properties but capable of being wetted by the resin of the matrix. The preferred fluoropolymer coating is a copolymer of tetrafluoroethylene and hexafluoropropylene, in a 1:1 wt. ratio to the fibres.

    [0005] Document US3238601 describes a bearing element comprising a sheet metal backing bent to annular shape and having bonded thereto a low friction surface layer for bearing engagement with the surface of another member; said low friction surface layer comprising a uniform mixture of hardened thermosetting organic resin; a finely divided heat conductive material selected from the group consisting of carbon, copper, aluminum and silver; a finely divided heat resistant reinforcing material for said resin selected from the group consisting of asbestos, mica, fuller's earth, vermiculite and glass fibers; and finely divided polytetrafluoroethylene.

    [0006] US 5,290,596 discloses a composite laminate for sliding elements, relating to a two-layer or three-layer composite having a metallic sliding layer made of an aluminium alloy and a conforming layer on a free surface thereof engaging the surface which is to slide on the composite.

    [0007] Each of these bearings can be useful in dry applications where the use of externally supplied lubricants may be difficult or undesirable.

    [0008] FIG. 1A shows a cross-section of a conventionally formed three-layer bearing. A porous metallic layer 100 is filled with polymer bearing material 110 and applied to a backing material 120, such as steel. The polymer bearing material 110 has a base polymer, such as polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) and filler particles. The porous metallic layer 100 typically has bronze or copper particles sintered to the backing material.

    [0009] FIG. 1B shows a conventional process for impregnating a polymer bearing material into a porous metallic layer on a metal backing which typically includes spreading a paste or dry powder onto the porous metallic layer, and the paste or dry powder is compacted into the pores via rolling. The paste or dry powder may be made by mixing an aqueous dispersion of PTFE with a filler material, together with an organic lubricant, and coagulating the dispersion to form a "mush." Once the polymer bearing material is compacted into the porous layer, the backing material can be heated using a furnace to drive off any residual water and lubricant in the polymer bearing material.

    [0010] The conventional porous metal layer of the three-layer bearing material is typically necessary for attaching the polymer bearing material to the metal backing in such a way as to make the bearing useful in highly loaded, demanding and substantially dry, non-lubricated environments. Without the porous metallic layer, the polymer material will not directly fuse with the metal backing as to provide sufficient strength, adherence or provide the necessary tribological properties, such as wear resistance, fatigue resistance, erosion resistance, low friction and self lubricity for use in highly loaded dry environments. There is a need to reduce the reliance on bronze in this bearing type in order to increase its corrosion resistance and ensure a more constant wear rate and level of friction over the operating life. As a result, there is a need for a metal-free method of fastening or applying the polymer bearing material to the metal backing without compromising the exceptional tribological properties (e.g. wear resistance) normally attained from the bronze/polymer surface combination.

    SUMMARY



    [0011] Conventional plain bearing layers contain metals, such as copper, a strategic raw material that is required to provide a mechanical key and strengthened support to the polymer matrix of the bearing lining allowing extended operating in highly loaded, dry operating conditions. A bronze metallic interlayer and steel backing can be susceptible to corrosion upon contact with some chemicals and moisture, even when commercially available anti-corrosion coatings such as zinc-nickel or tin flash are applied to the metal backing. Accordingly, a bearing described herein has been developed to eliminate the need for a porous bronze interlayer whilst maintaining similar levels of bearing strength, lining adhesion and self lubricated sliding properties as is normally expected from the three layer bearing structures. This bearing design comprises a resin matrix filled with fluoropolymer, graphite, and other discrete particles of an additive material that is attached to a backing material.

    [0012] The specific selection and mix of fillers with the resin matrix provides the desired blend of bearing properties such as wear resistance, fatigue and erosion resistance and low friction whilst maintaining sufficient flexibility for being formed into flanged cylindrical geometries without detriment to the adherence of the lining to the backing.

    [0013] A method for manufacturing a bearing consists of depositing a fluid polymer bearing material composed of a resin matrix filled with fluoropolymer, various fillers, and discrete particles of an additive to form a continuous consolidated bearing material layer after curing.

    [0014] Additional features and advantages of the invention will be set forth in the description which follows, and in part will be apparent from the description. The objectives and other advantages of the invention will be realized and attained by the structure particularly pointed out in the written description and claims hereof as well as the appended drawings.

    [0015] It is to be understood that both the foregoing general description and the following detailed description are exemplary and explanatory and are intended to provide further explanation of the invention as claimed.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE FIGURES



    [0016] The present invention will be more clearly understood from a reading of the following description in conjunction with the accompanying exemplary figures wherein:

    Figure 1A shows a cross-section of a bearing made using a prior art method;

    Figure 1B shows a bearing manufacturing process according to an exemplary embodiment of a prior art method;

    Figure 2 shows a plain bearing according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

    Figures 3A and 3B show a bearing manufacturing process according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention; and

    Figure 4 shows a cross-section of a plain bearing according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0017] Reference will now be made in detail to embodiments of the invention, one or more examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying attachments. Each example is provided by way of explanation of the invention, not as a limitation of the invention. It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications and variations can be made in the present invention without departing from the scope of the invention. For example, features illustrated or described as part of one embodiment of the invention can be used on another embodiment to yield a still further embodiment. Thus, it is intended that the present invention cover such modifications and variations that come within the scope of the invention.

    [0018] FIG. 2 shows a plain bearing 200 having a metal backing layer 210 and a bearing material layer 220. The bearing material layer 220 is a continuous consolidated structure comprising a curable resin mixed with a combination of fillers and discrete particles of additive materials.

    [0019] The type of resin used is an epoxide thermoset resin.

    [0020] The fillers used include fluoropolymers, such as polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), mono fluoro alkoxy, and fluorinated ethylene propylene; and may additionally include themoplastics, such as polyetheretherketone, polyphenylenesulphide, and polyamide; graphites or carbons, diamond powder, irregular carbon black, and fullerenes; strengthening fillers, such as calcium fluoride, barium sulfate, micro glass spheres, and ceramic powder; lubricating minerals, such as molybdenum disulphide and tungsten disulphide; lubricating fluids, such as silicone oils; fibers, such as carbon, glass, polymer, and PTFE; and fabrics or meshes, such as carbon, glass, polymer, and PTFE.

    [0021] The additive material can comprise any material suitable for incorporation into the filled resin such that the resulting bearing material layer 220 is disposed upon the backing material and operable to withstand the processing temperatures used to consolidate the bearing material layer and the mechanical loadings of the application. The additive material includes amine-based curing agents, such as, but not limited to, amines, anhydrides, acrylic copolymers (e-g., Disperbyk 2070) and boric acid esters (e.g., Byk W909).

    [0022] The metal backing layer 210 can comprise any material operable to support the bearing material layer 220 and withstand the processes of sintering the bearing material layer 220. In an embodiment, the metal backing layer 210 of the bearing can comprise a metal strip, e.g. low carbon steel strip.

    [0023] FIGS. 3A and 3B show an exemplary method for manufacturing plain bearings. First, a metal substrate 300, such as a steel sheet in coil form, is leveled by a straightening machine 302 to form the backing material 304.

    [0024] According to the invention the viscous bearing lining 310 is prepared with a mixture of approximately 70 to 90% by volume of an expoxide thermoset resin, approximately 5 to 20% by volume of at least one fluoropolymer (e.g., approximately 12% by volume of PTFE), and approximately 1 to 8% of at least one other filler (e.g., 2% by volume of graphite), together with above-mentioned processing additive materials. The properties of the resulting bearing material layer can be tailored to suit different operating conditions by changing the amounts and types of fillers, as known to one of ordinary skill in the art.

    [0025] The leveled metal substrate 304 can be kept flat by placing it on a vacuum table 350. In this position, the bearing material 310 is deposited onto the metal substrate 304 by gravity and is spread using a doctor knife 350, which is accurately positioned to give a constant thickness. The leveled metal substrate 304, which is now coated by the bearing material layer 310, is carried by a conveyor belt 330 through an oven 320 in order to dry and cross-link the bearing material layer 310 and ensure a sufficient bonding of the layer onto the metal substrate 304. The bearing material layer 310 can be optimized by adjusting thickness and/or temperature during curing to achieve desired properties.

    [0026] FIG. 4 shows a cross-sectional view of a plain bearing. According to the exemplary process above, a viscous bearing layer 420 is formed by mixing an epoxide thermoset resin 400 with a bearing material 410 that includes appropriate fillers, and additive materials. The bearing layer 420 is cured to the metal backing layer 430, to form a plain bearing.

    [0027] The embodiments described above are intended to be exemplary. One skilled in the art recognizes that numerous alternative components and embodiments that may be substituted for the particular examples described herein and still fall within the scope of the invention.


    Claims

    1. A metal-backed plain bearing (200, 440), comprising:

    a metal backing layer (210, 430), wherein the metal backing layer is a single layer metal substrate; and

    a bearing material layer (220) formed directly on the metal backing layer, the bearing material layer formed of a continuous consolidated structure comprising a curable resin mixed with a combination of fillers and discrete particles of additive materials, wherein said bearing material layer comprises a mixture of approximately 70 to 90% by volume of an epoxide thermoset resin (400), approximately 5 to 20 % by volume of at least one fluoropolymer, and approximately 1 to 8% by volume of at least one other filler;

    said additive material comprises amine-based curing agents; and

    said bearing material layer (220) is cross-linked directly onto said metal backing layer (210, 430).


     
    2. The metal-backed plain bearing (200, 440), as claimed in claim 1, wherein the fillers comprise one or more fluoropolymer, themoplastic, graphite or carbon, and/or strengthening filler materials.
     
    3. The metal-backed plain bearing (200, 440), as claimed in claim 2, wherein the fillers comprise one or more fluoropolymers, selected from the group consisting of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), mono fluoro alkoxy, and fluorinated ethylene propylene.
     
    4. The metal-backed plain bearing (200, 440), as claimed in claim 2, wherein the fillers comprise one or more thermoplastics selected from the group consisting of polyetheretherketone, polyphenylenesulphide, and polyamide.
     
    5. The metal-backed plain bearing (200, 440), as claimed in claim 2, wherein the fillers comprise one or more of diamond powder, irregular carbon black, and fullerenes.
     
    6. The metal-backed plain bearing (200, 440), as claimed in claim 2, wherein the fillers comprise one or more strengthening fillers selected from the group consisting of; calcium fluoride, barium sulfate, micro glass spheres, and ceramic powder.
     
    7. The metal-backed plain bearing (200, 440), as claimed in claim 2, wherein the fillers comprise one or more lubricating minerals selected from the group consisting of molybdenum disulphide and tungsten disulphide.
     
    8. The metal-backed plain bearing (200, 440), as claimed in claim 2, wherein the fillers comprise one or more lubricating fluids.
     
    9. The metal-backed plain bearing (200, 440), as claimed in claim 2, wherein the fillers comprise one or more fibers, selected from the group consisting of carbon fibers, glass fibers, polymer fibers, and PTFE.
     
    10. The metal-backed plain bearing (200, 440), as claimed in claim 2, wherein the fillers comprise one or more fabrics selected from the group consisting of such as carbon fabric, glass fabric, polymer fabric, and PTFE fabric.
     
    11. The metal-backed plain bearing (200, 440), as claimed in claim 1, wherein the metal backing layer (210, 430) comprises a metal strip.
     
    12. The metal-backed plain bearing (200, 440), as claimed in claim 11, wherein the metal strip comprises a low carbon steel strip.
     
    13. A method for forming a plain bearing , comprising:

    providing a single layer metal substrate (300);

    leveling the single layer metal substrate (300) to form a backing material (120);

    preparing a bearing lining (310) material comprising a mixture of approximately 70 to 90% by volume of an epoxide thermoset resin (400), approximately 5 to 20% by volume of at least one fluoropolymer, and approximately 1 to 8% by volume of at least one other filler;

    depositing the bearing lining material (310) directly onto the single layer metal substrate (300, 304); and

    drying the bearing lining material to bond the bearing lining material (310) directly onto the single layer metal substrate (300, 304).


     
    14. The method of claim 13, wherein the metal substrate (300, 304) is a steel sheet in coil form, and wherein leveling comprises leveling by a straightening machine to form the backing material (120).
     
    15. The method of claim 13, wherein the fluoropolymer comprises approximately 12% by volume of PTFE.
     
    16. The method of claim 13, wherein the at least one other filler comprises approximately 2% by volume of graphite.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Gleitlager (200, 440) mit Metallrückseite, umfassend:

    eine Metallrückschicht (210, 430), wobei die Metallrückschicht ein einlagiges Metallsubstrat ist; und

    eine Lagermaterialschicht (220), die direkt auf der metallischen Rückschicht ausgebildet ist, wobei die Lagermaterialschicht aus einer kontinuierlichen konsolidierten Struktur ausgebildet ist, die ein aushärtbares Harz umfasst, das mit einer Kombination von Füllstoffen und diskreten Teilchen von Zusatzstoffen gemischt ist, wobei

    die Lagermaterialschicht eine Mischung aus ungefähr 70 bis 90 Vol.-% eines duroplastischen Epoxidharzes (400), ungefähr 5 bis 20 Vol.-% mindestens eines Fluorpolymers und ungefähr 1 bis 8 Vol.-% mindestens eines anderen Füllstoffs umfasst;

    der Zusatzstoff Härtungsmittel auf Aminbasis umfasst; und

    die Lagermaterialschicht (220) direkt auf der Metallrückschicht (210, 430) vernetzt ist.


     
    2. Gleitlager (200, 440) mit Metallrückseite nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Füllstoffe ein oder mehrere Fluorpolymer-, Themoplastik-, Grafit- oder Kohlenstoff- und/oder Verstärkungsfüllstoffe umfassen.
     
    3. Gleitlager (200, 440) mit Metallrückseite nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Füllstoffe ein oder mehrere Fluorpolymere, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus Polytetrafluorethylen (PTFE), Monofluoralkoxy und fluoriertem Ethylenpropylen, umfassen.
     
    4. Gleitlager (200, 440) mit Metallrückseite nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Füllstoffe einen oder mehrere Thermoplaste umfassen, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus Polyetheretherketon, Polyphenylensulfid und Polyamid.
     
    5. Gleitlager (200, 440) mit Metallrückseite nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Füllstoffe einen oder mehrere von einem Diamantpulver, unregelmäßiger Ruß und Fullerene umfassen.
     
    6. Gleitlager (200, 440) mit Metallrückseite nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Füllstoffe einen oder mehrere verstärkende Füllstoffe ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus; Calciumfluorid, Bariumsulfat, Mikroglaskugeln und Keramikpulver umfassen.
     
    7. Gleitlager (200, 440) mit Metallrückseite nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Füllstoffe ein oder mehrere Schmiermineralien ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus Molybdändisulfid und Wolframdisulfid umfassen.
     
    8. Gleitlager (200, 440) mit Metallrückseite nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Füllstoffe eine oder mehrere Schmierflüssigkeiten umfassen.
     
    9. Gleitlager (200, 440) mit Metallrückseite nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Füllstoffe eine oder mehrere Fasern ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus Kohlefasern, Glasfasern, Polymerfasern und PTFE umfassen.
     
    10. Gleitlager (200, 440) mit Metallrückseite nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Füllstoffe ein oder mehrere Gewebe ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus Kohlenstoffgewebe, Glasgewebe, Polymergewebe und PTFE-Gewebe umfassen.
     
    11. Gleitlager (200, 440) mit Metallrückseite nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Metallrückschicht (210, 430) einen Metallstreifen umfasst.
     
    12. Gleitlager (200, 440) mit Metallrückseite nach Anspruch 11, wobei der Metallstreifen einen kohlenstoffarmen Stahlstreifen umfasst.
     
    13. Verfahren zur Ausbildung eines Gleitlagers, umfassend:

    Bereitstellen eines einschichtigen Metallsubstrats (300);

    Nivellieren des einschichtigen Metallsubstrats (300), um ein Rückschichtmaterial (120) zu bilden;

    Herstellen einer Lagerbeschichtung (310), die eine Mischung aus ungefähr 70 bis 90 Vol.-% eines duroplastischen Epoxidharzes (400), ungefähr 5 bis 20 Vol.-% mindestens eines Fluorpolymers und ungefähr 1 bis 8 Vol.-% mindestens eines anderen Füllstoffs umfasst;

    Ablagern des Lagerbeschichtungsmaterials (310) direkt auf dem einschichtigen Metallsubstrat (300, 304); und

    Trocknen des Lagerbeschichtungsmaterials, um das Lagerbeschichtungsmaterial (310) direkt auf dem einschichtigen Metallsubstrat (300, 304) zu binden.


     
    14. Verfahren nach Anspruch 13, wobei das Metallsubstrat (300, 304) ein Stahlblech in Spulenform ist und wobei das Nivellieren das Nivellieren durch eine Richtmaschine zum Ausbilden des Rückschichtmaterials (120) umfasst.
     
    15. Verfahren nach Anspruch 13, wobei das Fluorpolymer ungefähr 12 Vol.-% PTFE umfasst.
     
    16. Verfahren nach Anspruch 13, wobei der mindestens eine andere Füllstoff ungefähr 2 Vol.-% Grafit umfasst.
     


    Revendications

    1. Palier lisse à support métallique (200, 440) comprenant :

    une couche de support métallique (210, 430), dans lequel la couche de support métallique est un substrat de métal à une couche, et

    une couche de matériau de palier (220) formée directement sur la couche de support métallique, la couche de matériau de palier étant formée d'une structure consolidée continue comprenant une résine durcissable mélangée avec une combinaison d'agents de remplissage et de particules discrètes de matériaux additifs, dans lequel ladite couche de matériau de palier comprend un mélange d'approximativement 70 à 90 % en volume d'une résine thermodurcissable époxy (400), d'approximativement 5 à 20% en volume d'au moins un fluoropolymère, et d'approximativement 1 à 8 % en volume d'au moins un autre agent de remplissage ;

    ledit matériau additif comprend des agents de durcissement à base d'amine ; et

    ladite couche de matériau de palier (220) est directement réticulée sur ladite couche de support métallique (210, 430).


     
    2. Palier lisse à support métallique (200, 440) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les agents de remplissage comprennent un ou plusieurs fluoropolymères, thermoplastiques, graphite ou carbone et/ou matériaux d'agents de remplissage de renforcement.
     
    3. Palier lisse à support métallique (200, 440) selon la revendication 2, dans lequel les agents de remplissage comprennent un ou plusieurs fluoropolymères sélectionnés dans le groupe composé de polytétrafluoroéthylène (PTFE), mono fluoro alkoxy, et éthylène-propylène fluoré.
     
    4. Palier lisse à support métallique (200, 440) selon la revendication 2, dans lequel les agents de remplissage comprennent un ou plusieurs thermoplastiques sélectionnés dans le groupe composé de polyétheréthercétone, sulfure de polyphénylène et polyamide.
     
    5. Palier lisse à support métallique (200, 440) selon la revendication 2, dans lequel les agents de remplissage comprennent une ou plusieurs de poudre de diamant, noir de carbone irrégulier et fullerènes.
     
    6. Palier lisse à support métallique (200, 440) selon la revendication 2, dans lequel les agents de remplissage comprennent un ou plusieurs agents de remplissage de renforcement sélectionnés dans le groupe composé de : fluorure de calcium, sulfate de baryum, sphères de microverre et poudre céramique.
     
    7. Palier lisse à support métallique (200, 440) selon la revendication 2, dans lequel les agents de remplissage comprennent un ou plusieurs minéraux lubrifiants sélectionnés dans le groupe composé de disulfure de molybdène et disulfure de tungstène.
     
    8. Palier lisse à support métallique (200, 440) selon la revendication 2, dans lequel les agents de remplissage comprennent un ou plusieurs fluides lubrifiants.
     
    9. Palier lisse à support métallique (200, 440) selon la revendication 2, dans lequel les agents de remplissage comprennent une ou plusieurs fibres sélectionnées dans le groupe composé de fibres de carbone, fibres de verre, fibres de polymère et PTFE.
     
    10. Palier lisse à support métallique (200, 440) selon la revendication 2, dans lequel les agents de remplissage comprennent un ou plusieurs tissus sélectionnés dans le groupe composé de tissu de carbone, tissu de verre, tissu de polymère, et tissu de PTFE.
     
    11. Palier lisse à support métallique (200, 440) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la couche de support métallique (210, 430) comprend une bande métallique.
     
    12. Palier lisse à support métallique (200, 440) selon la revendication 11, dans lequel la bande métallique comprend une bande d'acier à faible teneur en carbone.
     
    13. Procédé de formation d'un palier lisse comprenant :

    la fourniture d'un substrat de métal à une couche (300) ;

    le nivelage du substrat de métal à une couche (300) pour former un matériau de support (120) ;

    la préparation d'un matériau de revêtement de palier (310) comprenant un mélange d'approximativement 70 à 90% en volume d'une résine thermodurcissable époxy (400), d'approximativement 5 à 20 % en volume d'au moins un fluoropolymère, et d'approximativement 1 à 8 % en volume d'au moins un autre agent de remplissage,

    le dépôt du matériau de revêtement de palier (310) directement sur le substrat de métal à une couche (300, 304) ; et

    le séchage du matériau de revêtement de palier pour la liaison du matériau de revêtement de palier(310) directement sur le substrat de métal à une couche (300, 304).


     
    14. Procédé selon la revendication 13,
    dans lequel le substrat de métal (300, 304) est une feuille d'acier sous la forme de bobine, et dans lequel le nivelage comprend le nivelage par une machine à dresser pour former le matériau de support (120).
     
    15. Procédé selon la revendication 13,
    dans lequel le fluoropolymère comprend approximativement 12% en volume de PTFE.
     
    16. Procédé selon la revendication 13,
    dans lequel l'au moins un autre agent de remplissage comprend approximativement 2 % en volume de graphite.
     




    Drawing















    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description