(19)
(11)EP 2 213 095 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
20.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/21

(21)Application number: 08846116.5

(22)Date of filing:  27.10.2008
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H04N 7/08  (2006.01)
H04H 60/38  (2008.01)
H04H 60/73  (2008.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/KR2008/006330
(87)International publication number:
WO 2009/057920 (07.05.2009 Gazette  2009/19)

(54)

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR TRANSMITTING/RECEIVING CONTROL INFORMATION IN BROADCAST COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

VERFAHREN UND VORRICHTUNG ZUM SENDEN UND EMPFANGEN VON STEUERINFORMATIONEN IN EINEM RUNDFUNKKOMMUNIKATIONSSYSTEM

PROCÉDÉ ET APPAREIL DE TRANSMISSION/RÉCEPTION D'INFORMATIONS DE COMMANDE DANS UN SYSTÈME DE COMMUNICATION DE RADIODIFFUSION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK TR

(30)Priority: 30.10.2007 KR 20070109876
27.12.2007 KR 20070138647

(43)Date of publication of application:
04.08.2010 Bulletin 2010/31

(73)Proprietor: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
Suwon-si, Gyeonggi-do, 443-742 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • LIM, Yeon-Ju
    Gyeonggi-do (KR)
  • LEE, Hak-Ju
    Gyeonggi-do (KR)
  • KIM, Jae-Yoel
    Gyeonggi-do (KR)
  • KWON, Hwan-Joon
    Gyeonggi-do (KR)
  • LEE, Hyeon-Woo
    Gyeonggi-do (KR)

(74)Representative: Nederlandsch Octrooibureau 
P.O. Box 29720
2502 LS The Hague
2502 LS The Hague (NL)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 1 717 974
JP-A- 2004 134 931
KR-A- 20060 016 582
WO-A2-2006/061765
KR-A- 20050 008 440
  
  • DVB ORGANIZATION: "T2_0200 CfT response Teracom TFS_concept.pdf", DVB, DIGITAL VIDEO BROADCASTING, C/O EBU - 17A ANCIENNE ROUTE - CH-1218 GRAND SACONNEX, GENEVA - SWITZERLAND, 4 June 2007 (2007-06-04), XP017817443,
  • DVB ORGANIZATION: "T2_SSS_011_Robustness_L1L2_signalling_Nok iaTeracom.doc", DVB, DIGITAL VIDEO BROADCASTING, C/O EBU - 17A ANCIENNE ROUTE - CH-1218 GRAND SACONNEX, GENEVA - SWITZERLAND, 15 September 2007 (2007-09-15), XP017817496,
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


1. Field of the Invention



[0001] The present invention relates to a broadcast communication system in which one or Radio Frequencies (RFs) are used to carry multiple services, and more particularly to a method and apparatus for transmitting/receiving control information for a frame including multiple services.

2. Description of the Related Art



[0002] In the information society of the 21st century, the age of digital, multichannel, broadband, and high-quality broadcast communication services has begun in earnest. In particular, with the recent popularization of High Definition digital TeleVisions (HD digital TVs) and Portable Multimedia Players (PMPs), there is an increasing demand for digital broadcast services supporting various reception schemes.

[0003] In compliance with such a demand, the 2nd Generation European terrestrial digital broadcast standard, the DVB-T2 (Digital Video Broadcasting-Terrestrial), is currently under standardization for three reception schemes, that is, a reception scheme reutilizing the conventional digital receive antenna for home use (fixed-type), a reception scheme using a multi-antenna for capacity enhancement, and a reception scheme for a mobile terminal (mobile-type). In contrast with the 1st Generation European terrestrial digital broadcast standard, the DVB-T/H, which considers only two reception schemes, that is, the fixed-type and mobile-type reception schemes, the DVB-T2 adds the reception scheme using a multi-antenna to the two reception schemes, and is considering changes in a physical layer structure and control information according thereto.

[0004] In such a physical layer structure, a control message regarding a transmission scheme in each physical layer is transmitted over a control channel. For example, suppose that a signal is transmitted in units of frames, multiple services may constitute one frame, and the frame includes a service index, location information, a modulation scheme/code rate, a cell D for each service. Also, since service configuration information and its related information may vary from frame to frame, the control channel is transmitted separately from a data channel in each frame.

[0005] FIG. 1 illustrates a scheme of transmitting/receiving broadcast services in a Fixed Frequency (FF) mode, which represents the conventional 1st generation broadcast communication system.

[0006] Referring to FIG. 1, a transmitter transmits broadcast services through multiple RFs (RF 1 to RF 4) carrying different services (service 1 to service 10). A receiver receives a desired service by tuning to an RF carrying the desired service. For example, when the receiver is to receive service 1, the receiver acquires location information and a modulation/coding scheme for service 1 by tuning to RF 1, and then demodulates service 1.

[0007] FIG. 2A illustrates a scheme of transmitting/receiving broadcast services in the conventional 2nd generation broadcast communication system.

[0008] Referring to FIG. 2, a transmitter divides a service (each service in FIG. 1), which is in the form of a long packet, into a plurality of short sub-slots, and transmits the service in the form of the divided sub-slots through multiple RFs (RF 1 to RF 4) used to carry the service. A receiver tracks the location of the desired service in each RF containing the desired service through control information, and receives the corresponding service. As illustrated in FIG. 2A, when the receiver receives service 1, the receiver demodulates the corresponding service in the order of RF 1, RF 4, RF 3, and RF 2 according to the sequence in which sub-slots of the corresponding service can be received in the time domain. Thus, in the scheme of transmitting/receiving broadcast services in the conventional 2nd Generation broadcast communication system, even when the same amount of services are transmitted, a small amount of data is transmitted through multiple RFs, as compared to when a large amount of data is transmitted at a time using a fixed RF for each service, so that time and frequency diversity gains can be expected. Such a frame configuration scheme is called Time-Frequency Slicing (TFS).

[0009] FIG. 2B illustrates a transfer frame format of convention TFS.

[0010] In the transfer frame format illustrated in FIG. 2B, ten service packets are transmitted through multiple RFs (RF 1 to RF 4). This TFS frame may be configured by allocating all service packets to one RF and arranging all of the service packets in an adjacent RF in such a manner as to be cyclically shifted.

[0011] When four RFs are used as illustrated in FIG. 2B, each service basically uses four sub-slots because one service is transmitted through the four RFs, but may use five sub-slots due to cyclic shifting, as in the case of service 3.

[0012] Also, in FIG. 2B, signal P1 may be used as a preamble for time synchronization, and signal P2 carries control information for each service in the current or next frame. The control information includes location information regarding points of time at which each service begins and ends within a frame, and others. In particular, the location information for each service may be transmitted while being included not in signal P2 but in each service traffic. In such a case, it does not matter if signal P2 is not read during continuous reception of the same service.

[0013] The document "DVB-T2 Concept by BBC, Nokia & Teracom" (DVB Organization) on page 12, in figure 1, discloses a time-frequency slicing frame for four RF channels. The frame includes service traffic and, in P1 and P2 symbols, service control information.

[0014] However, when a receiver continues to receive a service, and then changes the current service channel to a different service channel, the receiver must acquire control information for a service corresponding to the different service channel in order to receive the service of the different service channel.

[0015] Therefore, there is a need for a method to efficiently transmit/receive control information for a target service of a service change so that the target service can be received when the service change occurs in a receiver.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



[0016] Accordingly, the present invention has been made to solve at least the above-mentioned problems occurring in the prior art, and the present invention provides a method and apparatus for efficiently transmitting/receiving control information for a target service of a service change so that the target service can be received when the service change occurs in a receiver.

[0017] In accordance with an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method of transmitting control information in a broadcast communication system according to claim 1.

[0018] In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method of receiving control information in a broadcast communication system according to claim 2.

[0019] In accordance with yet another aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus for transmitting control information in a broadcast communication system according to claim 3.

[0020] In accordance with still yet another aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus for receiving control information in a broadcast communication system according to claim 4.

[0021] In accordance with still yet another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method of transmitting control information in a broadcast communication system according to claim 6.

[0022] In accordance with still yet another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method of receiving control information in a broadcast communication system according to claim 7.

[0023] In accordance with still yet another aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus for transmitting control information in a broadcast communication system according to claim 8.

[0024] In accordance with still yet another aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus for receiving control information in a broadcast communication system according to claim 12.

[0025] The invention is defined by the subject-matter of the independent claims. Particular embodiments of the invention are set out in the dependent claims. Examples and technical descriptions of apparatuses, products and/or methods in the description and/or drawings which are not covered by the claims are presented not as embodiments of the invention but as background art or examples useful for understanding the invention.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0026] The above and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention will be more apparent from the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a diagram illustrating a scheme of transmitting/receiving broadcast services in a Fixed Frequency (FF) mode, which represents the conventional 1st Generation broadcast communication system;

FIG. 2A is a diagram illustrating a scheme of transmitting/receiving broadcast services in the conventional 2nd Generation broadcast communication system;

FIG. 2B is a diagram illustrating a transfer frame format of convention TFS;

FIG. 3 is a diagram illustrating a process of changing from an existing service to a target service when a service change occurs

FIG. 4 is a diagram illustrating service grouping and primary services for supporting a service change process in accordance with second and third exemplary embodiments of the present invention;

FIG. 5 is a diagram illustrating a process of changing from an existing service to a target service when a service change occurs in accordance with the second exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 6 is a diagram illustrating a process of changing from an existing service to a target service when a service change occurs in accordance with the third exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 7 is a flowchart illustrating an operation in a transmitter;

FIG. 8 is a flowchart illustrating an operation in a receiver;

FIG. 9 is a flowchart illustrating an operation in a transmitter in accordance with the second and third exemplary embodiments of the present invention;

FIG. 10 is a flowchart illustrating an operation in a receiver in accordance with the second and third exemplary embodiments of the present invention;

FIG. 11 is a block diagram illustrating a transmitter in accordance with an exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 12A is a block diagram illustrating a receiver

FIG. 12B is a block diagram illustrating a receiver in accordance with the second and third exemplary embodiments of the present invention.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EXEMPLARY EMBODIMENT



[0027] Hereinafter, exemplary embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings. It should be noted that the similar components are designated by similar reference numerals although they are illustrated in different drawings. Also, in the following description, a detailed description of known functions and configurations incorporated herein will be omitted when it may obscure the subject matter of the present invention. Further, it should be noted that only parts essential for understanding the operations according to the present invention will be described and a description of parts other than the essential parts will be omitted in order not to obscure the understanding of the present invention.

[0028] FIG. 3 illustrates a process of changing from an existing service to a target service when a service change occurs.

[0029] In FIG. 3, signal P2 is transmitted in each frame, and includes frame configuration information representing information on the current frame, the next frame, or an interval corresponding to one frame length from a point at a distance from signal P2.

[0030] When four RFs are used in one frame, as illustrated in FIG. 3, four sub-slots must be received in each frame.

[0031] Reference will now be made to a process of changing from an existing service to another service (i.e. a target service) when a service change occurs, on the assumption that signal P2 includes information on the current frame.

[0032] If a service change 301 occurs while the third sub-slot of a service is received in frame n-1, a receiver receives a target service by receiving signal P2 305 from a next frame (frame n), which is the closest to the frame (frame n-1) subjected to the service change and includes signal P2, to acquire control information for target service reception.

[0033] Also, if a service change 303 occurs at the first sub-slot in frame n, the receiver reads signal P2 307 from frame n+1 to receive a target service in frame n+1.

[0034] When the time required from a point in time of a service change to a point in time of target service reception is defined as a zapping time, the zapping time (zapping time 2 (311) for the service change 303 occurring immediately after reception of signal P2 is longer than the zapping time (zapping time 1 (309) for the service change 301 occurring immediately before reception of signal P2.

[0035] Since signal P2 that carries control information for services is particularly susceptible to interference, such as impulse noise, demodulating signal P2 in the current frame may be unsuccessful. Then, a receiver must attempt to demodulate signal P2 in the next frame, and cannot acquire control information for a target service until it successfully demodulates signal P2. Therefore, a way to transmit/receive control information independent of signal P2 is needed.

[0036] In second and third exemplary embodiments of the present invention, based on a method of transmitting/receiving control information independent of signal P2, a new frame configuration is proposed. In one transfer frame, signal P2 including control information, which is necessary to actually receive broadcast data, and at least one broadcast service are transmitted in a time division scheme. Each broadcast service is divided into a primary service and a non-primary service. Primary service traffic for a primary service includes not only location information for the primary service but also control information for all services that are being broadcast, together with actual broadcast data. A non-primary service refers to all services other than a primary service, and non-primary service traffic for each non-primary service includes location information for the non-primary service and control information for the primary service.

[0037] Additionally, when all services to be transmitted from a base station to a mobile station are grouped into at least one group (one group to groups corresponding to the total number of services), primary service traffic that is representative of each group includes control information for all services belonging to a corresponding group, as well as location information for a primary service of the corresponding group. Also, non-primary service traffic refers to all traffic within a group, other than the primary service traffic, and non-primary service traffic for non-primary services of each group include location information for a corresponding non-primary service and control information for the primary service of a group to which the corresponding non-primary service belongs. As previously mentioned, control information refers to a service index, location information, a modulation scheme/code rate, etc. With regard to this, control information for a service change in an FF mode includes RF information.

[0038] When the number of groups (i.e. the number of primary services) used in each frame is changed, signaling of the number of groups is included in control information. For example, this signaling may be performed using as many bits as the number of groups (e.g. 2 bits for four groups), or through 1 bit-signaling indicating an increase/decrease in the number of groups, as compared to the previous frame. If base and mobile stations use a fixed number of groups, and all transmittable services are mapped to respective groups in a predetermined pattern, no separate signaling is needed.

[0039] FIG. 4 illustrates service grouping and primary services for supporting a service change process according to the second and third exemplary embodiments of the present invention.

[0040] When there are 40 services in total, and two groups are used in one frame, as illustrated in FIG. 4, the first 20 services (service 0 to service 19) among the services lined up in order of service index may be mapped to group 1, and the next 20 services (service 20 to service 39) may be mapped to group 2. Here, a primary service may be serviced in each group, or a fixed service index may be used as a primary service.

[0041] In FIG. 4, when a service with the lowest service index (i.e. service 0 and service 20) is used as a primary service in each group, a corresponding primary service including control information for a target service to which the current service is changed can be known based on the service index of the target service. That is, when service 2 is received, and then a service change to service 30 occurs, control information for service 30 is acquired by demodulating the primary service with a higher service index (service with a service index of 20 in FIG. 4) among the two primary services.

[0042] In an extended example where services are grouped into four groups in units of 20 services, it is necessary to demodulate a primary service with the second lowest service index among four primary services when the same service change (service 2 → service 30) is made.

[0043] FIG. 5 illustrates a process of changing from an existing service to a target service when a service change occurs according to the second exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

[0044] In FIG. 5, a process of performing signaling by applying the above-mentioned primary service according to the second embodiment is illustrated. In this embodiment, primary service traffic additionally includes control information for other primary services. Thus, when a service change 501 occurs in frame n-1, first control information for primary service 0 of a group to which the existing service belongs is acquired from frame n-1. With regard to this, since control information for the target service cannot be acquired through primary service 0 when the target service belongs to a different group from that of the existing service, second control information for primary service 1 is acquired by demodulating primary service 0 in frame n. Thus, third control information for the target service is acquired by receiving primary service 1 in frame n+1, and then receiving the target service is started from frame n+2. That is, if the target service belongs to the same group as that of the existing service, it is possible to receive the target service from frame n+1. Otherwise, it is required to acquire second control information for primary service 1 of a group in which the target service is included, and thus receiving the target service is started from frame n+2. When the target service belongs to the same group as that of the existing service, control information for the target service is acquired in frame n because the control information for the target service can be acquired through primary service 0, and then receiving the target service is started from frame n+1.

[0045] FIG. 6 illustrates a process of changing from an existing service to a target service when a service change occurs according to the third exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

[0046] Referring to FIG. 6, when a service change 601 occurs in frame n-1, control information for a primary service to be received in frame n is acquired by continuing to receive corresponding service sub-slots. In this embodiment, non-primary service traffic additionally includes control information for primary services of other groups, as well as information on the primary service of a corresponding group. On account of this, in this embodiment, each primary service traffic does not need to include control information for other primary services. Thus, since non-primary service traffic includes control information for other primary services in this embodiment, it is possible to shorten a zapping time by one frame, as compared to when a primary service for a target service is demodulated always after the primary service of a group to which a corresponding non-primary service belongs is demodulated.

[0047] In other words, the signaling technique according to this embodiment makes it possible to immediately demodulate a primary service related to a target service and receive the target serviced in the next frame when a service change occurs. Thus, frame n-1 is received, a service index, a modulation scheme/code rate, and location information for a primary service to be demodulated in frame n are acquired, the primary service is demodulated using the control information for the primary service in frame n to acquire control information for a target service, and then the target service is received in frame n+1.

[0048] In the second and third embodiments of the present invention, as described above, control information signaling for a service change is performed in the same manner when the number of groups is one, that is, one primary service is used. Also, in the second and third embodiments of the present invention, insertion of signal P2 into each frame is not substantially needed because it is not necessary to read signal P2 for supporting a service change. Therefore, signal P2 may be transmitted in a cycle greater than one frame.

[0049] FIG. 7 illustrates an operation in a transmitter.

[0050] Referring to FIG. 7, when a receiver changes a currently received service to another service according to the first embodiment, a transmitter may transmit control information for a target service through signal P2 separate from a data channel so as to allow the receiver to acquire the control information.

[0051] Thereupon, in step 710, the transmitter inserts signal P2 into a frame in order to reduce a zapping time as much as possible. In step 720, the transmitter transmits the frame with signal P2 inserted therein to the receiver.

[0052] FIG. 8 illustrates an operation in a receiver.

[0053] Referring to FIG. 8, in step 810, a receiver receives service n from among frame indices. In step 830, the receiver determines if a service change occurs while service n is received. When the service change occurs, the receiver proceeds to step 850. Otherwise, the receiver proceeds to step 810, and continues to receive service n.

[0054] In step 850, the receiver receives and demodulates signal P2 in a next frame closest to a time point when the service change occurs. Also, in step 870, the receiver acquires control information for target service m from demodulated signal P2, and then receives target service m at a location where the target service is transmitted.

[0055] FIG. 9 illustrates an operation in a transmitter according to the second and third embodiments of the present invention.

[0056] Since a transmitter according to the second and third embodiments of the present invention uses a part of signal P2 as control information necessary for service demodulation, and transmits the part of signal P2 through a data channel, it is basically unnecessary to transmit signal P2 in each frame.

[0057] Referring to FIG. 9, in step 910, the transmitter determines a transmission cycle for signal P2, which is greater than the length of one frame, and then inserts signal P2 into a frame for transmission of signal P2 and transmits the frame in the determined transmission cycle.

[0058] In step 930, the transmitter determines a primary service including control information for non-primary services from among all services to be transmitted in each frame.

[0059] If the number of services used in each frame is changed, signaling thereof may be separately performed.

[0060] In step 950, the transmitter inserts control information into primary service traffic and non-primary service traffic that are assigned as primary and non-primary services according to the second and third embodiments of the present invention. That is, in step 950, the transmitter inserts control information for non-primary services of a group, to which a primary service belongs, and control information for primary services of other groups into primary service traffic, and inserts control information for the primary service of the group, to which the non-primary services belong, into each non-primary service traffic according to the second embodiment. Also, in step 950, the transmitter inserts information on non-primary services of a group, to which a primary service belongs, into primary service traffic, and inserts control information for the primary service of the group, to which the non-primary services belong, and control information of primary service of other groups into each non-primary service traffic according to the third embodiment.

[0061] In step 970, the transmitter inserts signaling information necessary for service change support into all service traffic, and then transmits a frame including all the service traffic.

[0062] FIG. 10 illustrates an operation in a receiver according to the second and third embodiments of the present invention.

[0063] Referring to FIG. 10, in step 1001, a receiver receives service n from among frame indices. In step 1003, the receiver determines if a service change occurs while service n is received. When the service change occurs, the receiver proceeds to step 1005. Otherwise, the receiver proceeds to step 1001, and continues to receive service n.

[0064] In step 1005, the receiver demodulates service n to the end in a frame in which the service change occurs, and thereby acquires control information for a primary service in step 1007.

[0065] In receiving a service in the TFS mode, when the receiver performs data interleaving in units of multiple sub-slots constituting one service, the receiver must receive all sub-slots in order to acquire the control information for the primary service, as described above. When the receiver performs data interleaving sub-slot by sub-slot, the receiver can acquire the control information for the primary service by only demodulating a sub-slot that is located at a time point when the service change occurs. In the present invention, it is assumed that data interleaving is performed in units of all sub-slots of each service.

[0066] In step 1009, the receiver demodulates the primary service according to the second and third embodiments of the present invention. That is, according to the second embodiment, the receiver demodulates two primary services in step 1009 when a target service for which the service change is made does not belong to the same group as that of the previous received service. According to the third embodiment, the receiver demodulates only one primary service.

[0067] Thus, in the second embodiment of the present invention, the receiver repeats steps 1007 and 1009 twice when the target service does not belong to the same group as that of the previous service.

[0068] In step 1011, the receiver acquires control information for target service m for which the service change is made. Then, in step 1013, the receiver demodulates target service m at its reception location in the next frame by using the control information for target service m.

[0069] FIG. 11 illustrates a transmitter according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

[0070] Referring to FIG. 11, a signal P2 transmission cycle controller 1101 determines a cycle in which signal P2 is transmitted. For example, signal P2 may be transmitted in a cycle of one frame, or may be transmitted in a cycle of five frames.

[0071] A signal P2 generator 1103 generates signal P2 indicating control information for a corresponding frame with a frame index for transmitting signal P2 in the determined transmission cycle.

[0072] A primary service determiner 1105 determines a primary service from among all services that are transmitted in each frame or in a certain cycle. When a plurality of primary services are used, all the services are grouped into several groups, and a scheme of mapping each service to a corresponding group may be predetermined between a transmitter and a receiver. Although not illustrated in FIG. 11, a unit is required for generating and inserting signaling information necessary to signal the number of primary services, that is, the number of groups.

[0073] A service control information generator 1107 generates control information for a primary service and non-primary services of each group.

[0074] A service traffic generator 1109 generates primary service traffic and non-primary service traffic for a primary service and non-primary services of each group.

[0075] A non-primary service control information inserter 1111 inserts control information for corresponding non-primary services into the generated primary service traffic of each group.

[0076] A primary service control information inserter 1113 inserts control information for a corresponding primary service into the generated non-primary service traffic of each group. Also, the primary service control information inserter 1113 inserts control information primary services of all groups into the generated primary service traffic of each group according to the second embodiment, or inserts control information for primary services of all groups into the generated non-primary service traffic.

[0077] An FF/TFS frame constructor 1115 constructs an FF or TFS frame by using all the service traffic (primary service traffic and non-primary service traffic), into which the control information is inserted, together with signal P2 according to the determined P2 transmission cycle, or without signal P2. A frame transmitter 1117 transmits the constructed FF or TFS frame to a receiver.

[0078] FIG. 12A illustrates a receiver Referring to FIG. 12A, a frame receiver 1207 receives a signal transmitted from a transmitter, transfers signal P2 to a signal P2 demodulator 1203, and transfers data of a service to a service demodulator 1205.

[0079] A service change determiner 1201 determines if service change request is made in the middle of receiving a service, thereby determining if a service change occurs.

[0080] When the service change determiner 1201 determines that a service change occurs, the signal P2 demodulator 1203 demodulates signal P2, transferred from the frame receiver 1207, at a point in time of the service change.

[0081] The service demodulator 1205 acquires control information for a target service from signal P2 demodulated by the signal P2 demodulator 1203, and receives the target service by demodulating the control information.

[0082] FIG. 12B illustrates a receiver according to the second and third embodiments of the present invention.

[0083] Referring to FIG. 12B, a frame receiver 1215 receives a signal transmitted from a transmitter, and transfers it to a service demodulator 1213.

[0084] A service change determiner 1211 determines if service change request is made in the middle of receiving a service, thereby determining if a service change occurs. The service demodulator 1213 demodulates a service in the current frame, and acquires control information for a primary service. The service demodulator 1213 demodulates the primary service by using the control information for the primary service, and then acquires control information for a target service. Also, the service demodulator 1213 receives the target service by demodulating the acquired control information for the target service. Although the service demodulator 1213 as described above corresponds to the third embodiment of the present invention, it has only to perform the above operation once more when two primary services must be demodulated in the second embodiment of the present invention.

[0085] According to the present invention as described above, one or multiple RFs are used to efficiently transmit/receive a frame including multiple services. Therefore, even when a service is changed to another service (i.e. the target service), the target service can be received.

[0086] While the invention has been shown and described with reference to a certain exemplary embodiment thereof, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes in form and details may be made therein without departing from the scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.


Claims

1. A method of transmitting control information in a broadcast communication system, the method comprising the steps of:

grouping services to be transmitted through multiple radio frequencies into a plurality of groups;

selecting one service as a primary service in each group;

inserting non-primary service control information, which includes information on locations of non-primary services within corresponding frame of corresponding group and information necessary to demodulate the non-primary services, and first primary service control information, which includes information on locations of primary services within other frames of other groups excluding the corresponding group among the plurality of groups and information necessary to demodulate the primary services of other groups, into primary service traffic for the primary service in each group;

wherein the primary service traffic for the primary service also comprises actual data;

inserting second primary service control information, which includes information on a location of the primary service within the corresponding frame for the corresponding group, into each non-primary service traffic for the non-primary services;

constructing a frame having a control part and a data part, and inserting the primary service traffic and each non-primary service traffic into the data part; and

transmitting the constructed frame.


 
2. A method of receiving control information in a broadcast communication system, the method comprising the steps of:

receiving a first frame transmitted by the method of claim 1, and receiving a service through the first frame;

determining if the service is changed to a target service, and determining if the target service is included in a different group from a group to which the service belongs;

when the target service is included in the different group from the group to which the service belongs, demodulating the service to acquire first control information including information on a location within a second frame of a first primary service of the group to which the service belongs and information necessary to demodulate the first primary service;

demodulating, from the second frame, the first primary service with the first control information to acquire second control information including information on a location within a third frame of a second primary service of the group in which the target service is included;

demodulating, from the third frame, the second primary service with the second control information to acquire third control information for the target service; and

demodulating, from a fourth frame, the target service with the third control information to receive the target service.


 
3. An apparatus for transmitting control information in a broadcast communication system, the apparatus comprising:

a primary service determiner for selecting one service, among services to be transmitted through multiple radio frequencies, as a primary service in each group grouped into at a plurality of groups;

a primary service control information inserter for inserting non-primary service control information, which includes information on locations of non-primary services within corresponding frame of corresponding group and information necessary to demodulate the non-primary services, and first primary service control information, which includes information on locations of primary services within other frames of other groups excluding the corresponding group among the plurality of groups and information necessary to demodulate the primary services of other groups, into primary service traffic for the primary service in each group;

wherein the primary service traffic for the primary service also comprises actual data,

a non-primary service control information inserter for inserting second primary service control information, which includes information on a location of the primary service within the corresponding frame for the corresponding group, into each non-primary service traffic for the non-primary services;

a frame constructor for constructing a frame having a control part and a data part, and inserting the primary service traffic and each non-primary service traffic into the data part; and

a transmitter for transmitting the constructed frame.


 
4. An apparatus for receiving control information in a broadcast communication system, the apparatus comprising:

a receiver for receiving a first frame transmitted by the apparatus of claim 3, and receiving a service through the first frame;

a service change determiner for, when the service is changed to a target service, determining if the target service is included in a different group from a group to which the service belongs; and

a demodulator for, when the target service is included in the different group from the group to which the service belongs, demodulating the service to acquire first control information including information on a location, within a second frame, of a first primary service of the group to which the service belongs and information necessary to demodulate the first primary service, demodulating, from the second frame, the first primary service with the first control information to acquire second control information including information on a location, within a third frame, of a second primary service of the group in which the target service is included, demodulating, from the third frame, the second primary service with the second control information to acquire third control information for the target service, and demodulating, from a fourth frame, the target service with the third control information to receive the target service.


 
5. The method as claimed in claim 2 or the apparatus as claimed in claim 4, wherein, when the target service is included in the same group as the group to which the service belongs, the demodulator demodulates the service to acquire first control information including information on a location, within a second frame, of a first primary service of the group to which the service belongs and information necessary to demodulate the first primary service, demodulates, from the second frame, the first primary service with the first control information to acquire third control information for the target service, and demodulates, from a third frame, the target service with the third control information to receive the target service.
 
6. A method of transmitting control information in a broadcast communication system, the method comprising the steps of:

grouping services to be transmitted through multiple radio frequencies into at a plurality of groups;

selecting one service as a primary service in each group;

inserting non-primary service control information that includes information on locations of non-primary services within corresponding frame of corresponding group and information necessary to demodulate the non-primary services, into primary service traffic for the primary service in each group;

wherein the primary service traffic for the primary service also comprises actual data;

inserting first primary service control information, which includes information on a location of the primary service within the corresponding frame for the corresponding group and information necessary to demodulate the primary service, and second primary service control information, which includes information on locations of primary services within other frames of other groups excluding the corresponding group among the plurality of groups, into each non-primary service traffic for the non-primary services in each group; and

constructing a frame having a control part and a data part, and inserting the primary service traffic and each non-primary service traffic into the data part, and

transmitting the constructed frame.


 
7. A method of receiving control information in a broadcast communication system, the method comprising the steps of:

receiving a first frame transmitted by the method of claim 6, and receiving a service through the first frame;

determining if the service is changed to a target service;

when the service is changed to the target service, demodulating the service to acquire first control information that includes information on a location, within a second frame, of a first primary service of a group in which the target service is included and information necessary to demodulate the first primary service;

demodulating, from the second frame, the first primary service with the first control information to acquire second control information for the target service; and

demodulating, from a third frame, the target service with the second control information to receive the target service.


 
8. An apparatus for transmitting control information in a broadcast communication system, the apparatus comprising:

a primary service determiner for selecting one service, among services to be transmitted through multiple radio frequencies, as a primary service in each group grouped into at a plurality of groups;

a primary service control information inserter for inserting non-primary service control information that includes information on locations of non-primary services within corresponding frame of corresponding group and information necessary to demodulate the non-primary services, into primary service traffic for the primary service in each group;

wherein the primary service traffic for the primary service also comprises actual data,

a non-primary service control information inserter for inserting first primary service control information, which includes information on a location of the primary service within the corresponding frame for the corresponding group and information necessary to demodulate the primary service, and second primary service control information, which includes information on locations of primary services within other frames of other groups excluding the corresponding group among the plurality of groups, into each non-primary service traffic for the non-primary services in each group;

a frame constructor for constructing a frame having a control part and a data part, and inserting the primary service traffic and each non-primary service traffic into the data part; and

a transmitter for transmitting the constructed frame.


 
9. The method as claimed in claim 1 or 6, the apparatus as claimed in claim 3 or 8, wherein the primary service traffic includes location information for the primary service and the non-primary service traffic includes location information for the non-primary services.
 
10. The apparatus as claimed in claim 3 or 8, further comprising a service control information generator for generating the primary service control information and the non-primary service control information.
 
11. The apparatus as claimed in claim 3 or 8, further comprising a service traffic generator for generating the primary service traffic and the non-primary service traffic.
 
12. An apparatus for receiving control information in a broadcast communication system, the apparatus comprising:

a receiver for receiving a first frame transmitted by the apparatus of claim 8, and receiving a service through the first frame;

a service change determiner for determining if the service is changed to a target service; and

a demodulator for, when the service is changed to the target service, demodulating the service to acquire first control information that includes information on a location, within a second frame, of a first primary service of a group in which the target service is included and information necessary to demodulate the first primary service, demodulating, from the second frame, the first primary service with the first control information to acquire second control information for the target service, and demodulating, from a third frame, the target service with the second control information to receive the target service.


 


Ansprüche

1. Verfahren zum Übertragen von Steuerungsinformationen in einem Broadcast-Kommunikationssystem, wobei das Verfahren folgende Schritte umfasst:

Anordnen von Diensten in mehrere Gruppen, die über mehrere Funkfrequenzen übertragen werden sollen;

Auswählen eines Dienstes als primärer Dienst in jeder Gruppe;

Einfügen von Steuerungsinformationen über den nicht-primären Dienst, welche Informationen über Orte nicht-primärer Dienste innerhalb entsprechenden Rahmens der entsprechenden Gruppe und Informationen, die notwendig sind,

um die nicht-primären Dienste zu demodulieren, und erste Steuerungsinformationen über den primären Dienst enthalten, welche Informationen über Orte primärer Dienste anderer Gruppen enthalten, mit Ausnahme der entsprechenden Gruppe unter der Vielzahl von Gruppen und

Informationen, die notwendig sind, um die primären Dienste anderer Gruppen, in primären Dienstverkehr für den primären Dienst in jeder Gruppe zu demodulieren;

wobei der primäre Dienstverkehr für den primären Dienst auch tatsächliche Daten umfasst;

Einfügen zweiter Steuerungsinformationen über den primären Dienst, die Informationen über einen Ort des primären Dienstes innerhalb des entsprechenden Rahmens für die entsprechende Gruppe enthalten, in jeden nicht-primären Dienstverkehr für die nicht-primären Dienste;

Konstruieren eines Rahmens, der ein Steuerteil und ein Datenteil umfasst, und

Einfügen des primären Dienstverkehrs und jedes nicht-primären Dienstverkehrs in das Datenteil; und

Übertragen des konstruierten Rahmens.


 
2. Verfahren zum Empfangen von Steuerungsinformationen in einem Broadcast-Kommunikationssystem, wobei das Verfahren folgende Schritte umfasst:

Empfangen eines ersten Rahmens, der durch das Verfahren nach Anspruch 1 übertragen wurde, und Empfangen eines Dienstes über den ersten Rahmen;

Bestimmen, ob der Dienst in einen Zieldienst geändert wurde, und Bestimmen,

ob der Zieldienst in einer anderen Gruppe als einer Gruppe eingeschlossen ist,

zu welcher der Dienst gehört;

wenn der Zieldienst in der anderen Gruppe als der Gruppe eingeschlossen ist,

zu welcher der Dienst gehört, Demodulieren des Dienstes, um erste Steuerungsinformationen einschließlich Informationen über einen Ort innerhalb eines zweiten Rahmens eines ersten primären Dienstes der Gruppe zu welcher der Dienst gehört, zu erhalten und Informationen, die notwendig sind, um den ersten primären Dienst zu demodulieren;

Demodulieren des ersten primären Dienstes mit den ersten Steuerungsinformationen aus dem zweiten Rahmen, um zweite Steuerungsinformationen einschließlich Informationen über einen Ort innerhalb eines dritten Rahmens eines zweiten primären Dienstes der Gruppe zu erhalten,

in welcher der Zieldienst eingeschlossen ist;

Demodulieren des zweiten primären Dienstes mit den zweiten Steuerungsinformationen aus dem dritten Rahmen, um dritte Steuerungsinformationen für den Zieldienst zu erhalten; und

Demodulieren des Zieldienstes mit den dritten Steuerungsinformationen aus einem vierten Rahmen, um den Zieldienst zu empfangen.


 
3. Vorrichtung zum Übertragen von Steuerungsinformationen in einem Broadcast-Kommunikationssystem, wobei die Vorrichtung Folgendes umfasst:

einen Bestimmer des primären Dienstes zum Auswählen eines Dienstes, unter Diensten, die über mehrere Funkfrequenzen übertragen werden sollen, als ein primärer Dienst in jeder Gruppe, die in mehrere Gruppen angeordnet wird;

einen Einfüger von Steuerungsinformationen über den primären Dienst zum Einfügen von Steuerungsinformationen über den nicht-primären Dienst, die Informationen über Orte nicht-primärer Dienste innerhalb des entsprechenden Rahmens der entsprechenden Gruppe und Informationen enthalten, die notwendig sind, um die nicht-primären Dienste zu demodulieren, und erste Steuerungsinformationen über den primären Dienst, die Informationen über Orte primärer Dienste innerhalb anderer Rahmen von anderen Gruppen enthalten, mit Ausnahme der entsprechenden Gruppe unter der Vielzahl von Gruppen und Informationen, die notwendig sind, um die primären Dienste anderer Gruppen in primären Dienstverkehr für den primären Dienst in jeder Gruppe zu demodulieren;

wobei der primäre Dienstverkehr für den primären Dienst auch tatsächliche Daten umfasst,

einen Einfüger von Steuerungsinformationen über den nicht-primären Dienst zum Einfügen zweiter Steuerungsinformationen über den primären Dienst, die Informationen über einen Ort des primären Dienstes innerhalb des entsprechenden Rahmens für die entsprechende Gruppe enthalten, in jeden nicht-primären Dienstverkehr für die nicht-primären Dienste;

einen Rahmenkonstruktor zum Konstruieren eines Rahmens mit einem Steuerungsteil und einem Datenteil, und zum Einfügen des primären Dienstverkehrs und jedes nicht-primären Dienstverkehrs in das Datenteil; und

einen Sender zum Übertragen des konstruierten Rahmens.


 
4. Vorrichtung zum Empfangen von Steuerungsinformationen in einem Broadcast-Kommunikationssystem, wobei die Vorrichtung Folgendes umfasst:

einen Empfänger zum Empfangen eines ersten Rahmens der durch die Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 3 übertragen wird, und Empfangen eines Dienstes über den ersten Rahmen;

einen Bestimmer der Dienstveränderung zum Bestimmen, wenn der Dienst in einen Zieldienst geändert wird, ob der Zieldienst in einer anderen Gruppe als der Gruppe zu welcher der Dienst gehört, eingeschlossen ist,; und

einen Demodulator zum, wenn der Zieldienst in der anderen Gruppe als der Gruppe zu welcher der Dienst gehört, eingeschlossen ist, Demodulieren des Dienstes, um erste Steuerungsinformationen einschließlich Informationen über einen Ort innerhalb eines zweiten Rahmens eines ersten primären Dienstes der Gruppe zu welcher der Dienst gehört, zu erhalten und Informationen, die notwendig sind, um den ersten primären Dienst zu demodulieren, Demodulieren des ersten primären Dienstes mit den ersten Steuerungsinformationen aus dem zweiten Rahmen, um zweite Steuerungsinformationen einschließlich Informationen über einen Ort innerhalb eines dritten Rahmens eines zweiten primären Dienstes der Gruppe zu erhalten, in welcher der Zieldienst eingeschlossen ist, Demodulieren des zweiten primären Dienstes mit den zweiten Steuerungsinformationen aus dem dritten Rahmen, um dritte Steuerungsinformationen für den Zieldienst zu erhalten; und Demodulieren des Zieldienstes mit den dritten Steuerungsinformationen aus einem vierten Rahmen,

um den Zieldienst zu empfangen.


 
5. Verfahren nach Anspruch 2 oder Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 4, wobei,
wenn der Zieldienst in derselben Gruppe, wie die Gruppe, zu welcher der Dienst gehört, eingeschlossen ist demoduliert der Demodulator den Dienst um erste Steuerungsinformationen einschließlich Informationen über einen Ort innerhalb eines zweiten Rahmens eines ersten primären Dienstes der Gruppe zu welcher der Dienst gehört, zu erhalten und Informationen, die notwendig sind, um den ersten primären Dienst zu demodulieren; er demoduliert den ersten primären Dienst mit den ersten Steuerungsinformationen aus dem zweiten Rahmen, um dritte Steuerungsinformation für den Zieldienst zu erhalten, und er demoduliert den Zieldienst mit den dritten Steuerungsinformation aus einem dritten Rahmen, um den Zieldienst zu empfangen.
 
6. Verfahren zum Übertragen von Steuerungsinformationen in einem Broadcast-Kommunikationssystem, wobei das Verfahren folgende Schritte umfasst:

Anordnen von Diensten in mehrere Gruppen, die über mehrere Funkfrequenzen übertragen werden sollen;

Auswählen eines Dienstes als primärer Dienst in jeder Gruppe;

Einfügen von Steuerungsinformationen über den nicht-primären Dienst, welche Informationen über Orte nicht-primärer Dienste innerhalb entsprechenden Rahmens der entsprechenden Gruppe und Informationen enthalten, die notwendig sind, um die nicht primären Dienste, in primären Dienstverkehr für den primären Dienst in jeder Gruppe zu demodulieren;

wobei der primäre Dienstverkehr für den primären Dienst auch tatsächliche Daten umfasst;

Einfügen erster Steuerungsinformationen über den primären Dienst, die Informationen über einen Ort des primären Dienstes innerhalb des entsprechenden Rahmens für die entsprechende Gruppe und Informationen enthalten, die notwendig sind, um den primären Dienst zu demodulieren, und

zweiter Steuerungsinformationen über den primären Dienst, die Informationen über Orte des primären Dienstes innerhalb anderer Rahmens der anderen Gruppen enthalten, mit Ausnahme der entsprechenden unter der Vielzahl von Gruppen, in jeden nicht-primären Dienstverkehr für die nicht-primären Dienste in jeder Gruppe; und

Konstruieren eines Rahmens, der ein Steuerteil und ein Datenteil umfasst, und

Einfügen des primären Dienstverkehrs und jeden nicht-primären Dienst-verkehrs in das Datenteil; und

Übertragen des konstruierten Rahmens.


 
7. Verfahren zum Empfangen von Steuerungsinformation in einem Broadcast-Kommunikationssystem, wobei das Verfahren folgende Schritte umfasst:

Empfangen eines ersten Rahmens, der durch das Verfahren nach Anspruch 6 übertragen wurde, und Empfangen eines Dienstes über den ersten Rahmen;

Bestimmen, ob der Dienst in einen Zieldienst geändert wurde;

wenn der Dienst in den Zieldienst geändert wurde, Demodulieren des Dienstes,

um erste Steuerungsinformationen zu erhalten, die Informationen über einen Ort innerhalb eines zweiten Rahmens eines ersten primären Dienstes einer Gruppe enthalten, in der der Zieldienst eingeschlossen ist, und Informationen, die notwendig sind, um den ersten primären Dienst zu demodulieren;

Demodulieren des ersten primären Dienstes aus dem zweiten Rahmen mit den ersten Steuerungsinformationen, um zweite Steuerungsinformationen für den Zieldienst zu erhalten; und

Demodulieren des Zieldienstes mit den zweiten Steuerungsinformationen aus einem dritten Rahmen, um den Zieldienst zu empfangen.


 
8. Vorrichtung zum Übertragen von Steuerungsinformationen in einem Broadcast-Kommunikationssystem, wobei die Vorrichtung Folgendes umfasst:

einen Bestimmer des primären Dienstes zur Auswahl eines Dienstes, unter Diensten, die über mehrere Funkfrequenzen übertragen werden sollen, als ein primärer Dienst in jeder Gruppe, die in mehrere Gruppen angeordnet werden;

einen Einfüger von Steuerungsinformationen über den primären Dienst zum Einfügen von Steuerungsinformationen über den nicht-primären Dienst, die Informationen über Orte nicht-primärer Dienste innerhalb des entsprechenden Rahmens der entsprechenden Gruppe und Informationen enthalten, die notwendig sind, um die nicht-primären Dienste in primären Dienstverkehr für den primären Dienst in jeder Gruppe zu demodulieren;

wobei der primäre Dienstverkehr für den primären Dienst auch tatsächliche Daten umfasst,

einen Einfüger von Steuerungsinformationen über den nicht-primären Dienst zum Einfügen von Steuerungsinformationen über den primären Dienst, die Informationen über einen Ort des primären Dienstes innerhalb des entsprechenden Rahmens für die entsprechende Gruppe enthalten und

Informationen, die notwendig sind, um den primären Dienst und zweite Steuerungsinformationen über den primären Dienst zu demodulieren, welche Informationen über Orte der primären Dienstes innerhalb anderer Rahmen anderer Gruppen enthalten, mit Ausnahme der entsprechenden unter der Vielzahl von Gruppen, in jeden nicht-primären Dienstverkehr für die nicht-primären Dienste in jeder Gruppe; und

Rahmenkonstruktor zum Konstruieren eines Rahmens, der ein Steuerteil und ein Datenteil umfasst, und Einfügen des primären Dienstverkehrs und jedes nicht-primären Dienstverkehrs in das Datenteil; und

einen Sender zum Übertragen des konstruierten Rahmens.


 
9. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1 oder 6, Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 3 oder 8, wobei der primäre Dienstverkehr Ortsinformationen für den primären Dienst enthält und der nicht-primäre Dienstverkehr Ortsinformationen für die nicht-primären Dienste enthält.
 
10. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 3 oder 8, ferner umfassend einen Erzeuger von Steuerungsinformationen über den Dienst zum Erzeugen der Steuerungsinformationen über den primären Dienst und Steuerungsinformationen über den nicht-primären Dienst.
 
11. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 3 oder 8, ferner umfassend einen Erzeuger von Dienstverkehr zum Erzeugen des primären Dienstverkehrs und des nicht-primären Dienstverkehrs.
 
12. Vorrichtung zum Empfangen von Steuerungsinformationen in einem Broadcast-Kommunikationssystem, wobei die Vorrichtung Folgendes umfasst:

einen Empfänger zum Empfangen eines ersten Rahmens, der durch die Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 8 übertragen wird, und Empfangen eines Dienstes über den ersten Rahmen;

einen Bestimmer der Dienstveränderung, zum Bestimmen, ob der Dienst in einen Zieldienst geändert wurde; und

einen Demodulator zum, wenn der Dienst in den Zieldienst geändert wird,

Demodulieren des Dienstes, um erste Steuerinformationen, die Informationen über einen Ort innerhalb eines zweiten Rahmens eines ersten primären Dienstes einer Gruppe enthalten, in der der Zieldienst eingeschlossen ist, zu erhalten und

Informationen, die notwendig sind, um den ersten primären Dienst zu demodulieren; Demodulieren des ersten primären Dienstes aus dem zweiten Rahmen mit den ersten Steuerungsinformationen, um zweite Steuerungsinformationen für den Zieldienst zu erhalten; und Demodulieren des Zieldienstes mit den zweiten Steuerungsinformationen aus einem dritten Rahmen, um den Zieldienst zu empfangen.


 


Revendications

1. Procédé de transmission d'information de commande dans un système de communication de radiodiffusion, le procédé comprenant les étapes de :

grouper des services à être transmis à travers de multiples fréquences radio en une pluralité de groupes ;

sélectionner un service en tant qu'un service primaire dans chaque groupe ;

insérer de l'information de commande de service non primaire, qui comprend de l'information sur des positions de services non primaires dans une trame correspondante d'un groupe correspondant et de l'information nécessaire pour démoduler les services non primaires, et une première information de commande de service primaire, qui comprend de l'information sur des positions de services primaires dans d'autres trames d'autres groupes à l'exception du groupe correspondant parmi la pluralité de groupes et de l'information nécessaire pour démoduler les services primaires d'autres groupes, dans du trafic de service primaire pour le service primaire dans chaque groupe ;

où le trafic de service primaire pour le service primaire comprend également des données réelles ;

insérer une deuxième information de commande de service primaire, qui comprend de l'information sur une position du service primaire dans la trame correspondante pour le groupe correspondant, dans chaque trafic de service non primaire pour les services non primaires ;

construire une trame ayant une partie de commande et une partie de données,

et insérer le trafic de service primaire et chaque trafic de service non primaire dans la partie de données ; et

transmettre la trame construite.


 
2. Procédé de réception d'information de commande dans un système de communication de radiodiffusion, le procédé comprenant les étapes de :

recevoir une première trame transmise par le procédé selon la revendication 1,

et recevoir un service à travers la première trame ;

déterminer si le service est changé en un service cible, et déterminer si le service cible est inclus dans un groupe différent d'un groupe auquel le service appartient ;

lorsque le service cible est inclus dans le groupe différent du groupe auquel le service appartient, démoduler le service pour acquérir une première information de commande incluant de l'information sur une position dans une deuxième trame d'un premier service primaire du groupe auquel le service appartient et de l'information nécessaire pour démoduler le premier service primaire ;

démoduler, à partir de la deuxième trame, le premier service primaire avec la première information de commande pour acquérir une deuxième information de commande incluant de l'information sur une position dans une troisième trame d'un deuxième service primaire du groupe où le service cible est inclus ;

démoduler, à partir de la troisième trame, le deuxième service primaire avec la deuxième information de commande pour acquérir une troisième information de commande pour le service cible ; et

démoduler, à partir d'une quatrième trame, le service cible avec la troisième information de commande pour recevoir le service cible.


 
3. Dispositif pour transmettre de l'information de commande dans un système de communication de radiodiffusion, le dispositif comprenant :

un élément de détermination de service primaire pour sélectionner un service,

parmi des services à être transmis à travers de multiples fréquences radio, en tant qu'un service primaire dans chaque groupe groupé en une pluralité de groupes ;

un élément d'insertion d'information de commande de service primaire pour insérer de l'information de commande de service non primaire, qui comprend de l'information sur des positions de services non primaires dans une trame correspondante d'un groupe correspondant et de l'information nécessaire pour démoduler les services non primaires, et une première information de commande de service primaire, qui comprend de l'information sur des positions de services primaires dans d'autres trames d'autres groupes à l'exception du groupe correspondant parmi la pluralité de groupes et de l'information nécessaire pour démoduler les services primaires d'autres groupes, dans du trafic de service primaire pour le service primaire dans chaque groupe ;

où le trafic de service primaire pour le service primaire comprend également des données réelles,

un élément d'insertion d'information de commande de service non primaire pour insérer une deuxième information de commande de service primaire, qui comprend de l'information sur une position du service primaire dans la trame correspondante pour le groupe correspondant, dans chaque trafic de service non primaire pour les services non primaires ;

un constructeur de trame pour construire une trame ayant une partie de commande et une partie de données, et insérer le trafic de service primaire et

chaque trafic de service non primaire dans la partie de données ; et

un émetteur pour transmettre la trame construite.


 
4. Dispositif pour recevoir de l'information de commande dans un système de communication de radiodiffusion, le dispositif comprenant :

un récepteur pour recevoir une première trame transmise par le dispositif selon la revendication 3, et recevoir un service à travers la première trame ;

un élément de détermination de changement de service pour, lorsque le service est changé en un service cible, déterminer si le service cible est inclus dans un groupe différent d'un groupe auquel le service appartient ; et

un démodulateur pour, lorsque le service cible est inclus dans le groupe différent du groupe auquel le service appartient, démoduler le service pour acquérir une première information de commande incluant de l'information sur une position,

dans une deuxième trame, d'un premier service primaire du groupe auquel le service appartient et de l'information nécessaire pour démoduler le premier service primaire, pour démoduler, à partir de la deuxième trame, le premier service primaire avec la première information de commande pour acquérir une deuxième information de commande incluant de l'information sur une position,

dans une troisième trame, d'un deuxième service primaire du groupe où le service cible est inclus, pour démoduler, à partir de la troisième trame, le deuxième service primaire avec la deuxième information de commande pour acquérir une troisième information de commande pour le service cible, et pour démoduler, à partir d'une quatrième trame, le service cible avec la troisième information de commande pour recevoir le service cible.


 
5. Procédé selon la revendication 2 ou dispositif selon la revendication 4, où, lorsque le service cible est inclus dans le même groupe que le groupe auquel le service appartient, le démodulateur démodule le service pour acquérir une première information de commande incluant de l'information sur une position, dans une deuxième trame, d'un premier service primaire du groupe auquel le service appartient et de l'information nécessaire pour démoduler le premier service primaire, démodule, à partir de la deuxième trame, le premier service primaire avec la première information de commande pour acquérir une troisième information de commande pour le service cible, et démodule, à partir d'une troisième trame, le service cible avec la troisième information de commande pour recevoir le service cible.
 
6. Procédé de transmission d'information de commande dans un système de communication de radiodiffusion, le procédé comprenant les étapes de :

grouper des services à être transmis à travers de multiples fréquences radio en une pluralité de groupes ;

sélectionner un service en tant qu'un service primaire dans chaque groupe ;

insérer de l'information de commande de service non primaire qui comprend de l'information sur des positions de services non primaires dans une trame correspondante d'un groupe correspondant et de l'information nécessaire pour démoduler les services non primaires, dans du trafic de service primaire pour le service primaire dans chaque groupe ;

où le trafic de service primaire pour le service primaire comprend également des données réelles ;

insérer une première information de commande de service primaire, qui comprend de l'information sur une position du service primaire dans la trame correspondante pour le groupe correspondant et de l'information nécessaire pour démoduler le service primaire, et une deuxième information de commande de service primaire, qui comprend de l'information sur des positions de services primaires dans d'autres trames d'autres groupes à l'exception du groupe correspondant parmi la pluralité de groupes, dans chaque trafic de service non primaire pour les services non primaires dans chaque groupe ; et

construire une trame ayant une partie de commande et une partie de données,

et insérer le trafic de service primaire et chaque trafic de service non primaire dans la partie de données, et

transmettre la trame construite.


 
7. Procédé de réception d'information de commande dans un système de communication de radiodiffusion, le procédé comprenant les étapes de :

recevoir une première trame transmise par le procédé selon la revendication 6,

et recevoir un service à travers la première trame ;

déterminer si le service est changé en un service cible ;

lorsque le service est changé en service cible, démoduler le service pour acquérir une première information de commande qui comprend de l'information sur une position, dans une deuxième trame, d'un premier service primaire d'un groupe où le service cible est inclus et de l'information nécessaire pour démoduler le premier service primaire ;

démoduler, à partir de la deuxième trame, le premier service primaire avec la première information de commande pour acquérir une deuxième information de commande pour le service cible ; et

démoduler, à partir d'une troisième trame, le service cible avec la deuxième information de commande pour recevoir le service cible.


 
8. Dispositif pour transmettre de l'information de commande dans un système de communication de radiodiffusion, le dispositif comprenant :

un élément de détermination de service primaire pour sélectionner un service,

parmi des services à être transmis à travers de multiples fréquences radio, en tant qu'un service primaire dans chaque groupe groupé en une pluralité de groupes ;

un élément d'insertion d'information de commande de service primaire pour insérer de l'information de commande de service non primaire qui comprend de l'information sur des positions de services non primaires dans une trame correspondante d'un groupe correspondant et de l'information nécessaire pour démoduler les services non primaires, dans du trafic de service primaire pour le service primaire dans chaque groupe ;

où le trafic de service primaire pour le service primaire comprend également des données réelles,

un élément d'insertion d'information de commande de service non primaire pour insérer une première information de commande de service primaire, qui comprend de l'information sur une position du service primaire dans la trame correspondante pour le groupe correspondant et de l'information nécessaire pour démoduler le service primaire, et une deuxième information de commande de service primaire, qui comprend de l'information sur des positions de services primaires dans d'autres trames d'autres groupes à l'exception du groupe correspondant parmi la pluralité de groupes, dans chaque trafic de service non primaire pour les services non primaires dans chaque groupe ;

un constructeur de trame pour construire une trame ayant une partie de commande et une partie de données, et insérer le trafic de service primaire et

chaque trafic de service non primaire dans la partie de données ; et

un émetteur pour transmettre la trame construite.


 
9. Procédé selon la revendication 1 ou 6, dispositif selon la revendication 3 ou 8, où le trafic de service primaire comprend de l'information de position pour le service primaire et le trafic de service non primaire comprend de l'information de position pour les services non primaires.
 
10. Dispositif selon la revendication 3 ou 8, comprenant en outre un générateur d'information de commande de service pour générer l'information de commande de service primaire et l'information de commande de service non primaire.
 
11. Dispositif selon la revendication 3 ou 8, comprenant en outre un générateur de trafic de service pour générer le trafic de service primaire et le trafic de service non primaire.
 
12. Dispositif pour recevoir de l'information de commande dans un système de communication de radiodiffusion, le dispositif comprenant :

un récepteur pour recevoir une première trame transmise par le dispositif selon la revendication 8, et recevoir un service à travers la première trame ;

un élément de détermination de changement de service pour déterminer si le service est changé en un service cible ; et

un démodulateur pour, lorsque le service est changé en service cible, démoduler le service pour acquérir une première information de commande qui comprend de l'information sur une position, dans une deuxième trame, d'un premier service primaire d'un groupe où le service cible est inclus et de l'information nécessaire pour démoduler le premier service primaire, démoduler, à partir de la deuxième trame, le premier service primaire avec la première information de commande pour acquérir une deuxième information de commande pour le service cible, et

démoduler, à partir d'une troisième trame, le service cible avec la deuxième information de commande pour recevoir le service cible.


 




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REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Non-patent literature cited in the description