(19)
(11)EP 2 219 437 B2

(12)NEW EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION
After opposition procedure

(45)Date of publication and mention of the opposition decision:
26.06.2019 Bulletin 2019/26

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
01.06.2011 Bulletin 2011/22

(21)Application number: 08870114.9

(22)Date of filing:  27.11.2008
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A01K 1/00(2006.01)
A01K 1/12(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/NL2008/000260
(87)International publication number:
WO 2009/088282 (16.07.2009 Gazette  2009/29)

(54)

IMPLEMENT FOR KEEPING DAIRY ANIMALS

EINRICHTUNG ZUM HALTEN VON SÄUGETIEREN

INSTALLATION POUR ELEVER DES ANIMAUX PRODUCTEURS DE LAIT


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK TR

(30)Priority: 06.12.2007 NL 1034796

(43)Date of publication of application:
25.08.2010 Bulletin 2010/34

(60)Divisional application:
10075715.2 / 2269445
15158999.1 / 2907378

(73)Proprietor: Lely Patent N.V.
3147 PB Maassluis (NL)

(72)Inventor:
  • PETERSEN, Gerth
    NL-3147 PA Maassluis (NL)

(74)Representative: Octrooibureau Van der Lely N.V. 
Cornelis van der Lelylaan 1
3147 PB Maassluis
3147 PB Maassluis (NL)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A-2004/068940
US-A- 2 039 562
DE-U- 8 702 216
US-A1- 2007 137 579
  
  • Midwest Plan Service: "Dairy Barn-200 Free Stalls" In: "Dairy Barn-200 Free Stalls", 1974, Midwest Plan Service, USA, XP055296954, pages 1-7,
  • Declaration of Mr Mats Johansson dated 15 August 2012
  


Description


[0001] The present invention relates to an implement for keeping dairy animals. In particular, the invention relates to such an implement intended for large numbers of dairy animals, in the order of a plurality of hundreds of dairy animals. However, it is not excluded to apply the invention to smaller numbers of dairy animals.

[0002] Such implements, having a plurality of production units, in which lactating dairy animals are kept, are known, see e.g. US-A-2 039 562.

[0003] A problem of such implements is that they soon become complex because of their size, it being very time-consuming for the manager to provide the care required.

[0004] An object of the invention is to provide an implement of the mentioned type which does not, or at least to a reduced extent, have the mentioned drawback, and in particular enabling an operation which is little time-consuming.

[0005] The invention achieves this object by means of an implement according to claim 1, in particular by means of an implement for keeping dairy animals, provided with a first and a second production unit and with a care unit having a plurality of subunits, wherein each production unit is provided with at least one accommodation area for a production group, which comprises a group of lactating dairy animals, and a milking robot for milking the production group, and wherein the subunits of the care unit at least comprise a calving unit for separately accommodating dairy animals in a calving period, and a milking implement for milking newly calved dairy animals, and an infirmary unit for separately accommodating sick animals, wherein the care unit forms a connection between the production units. Such an implement enables efficient management. The production dairy animals, which do not require individual attention, are lodged in production units, while the other groups, which require attention, such as in particular sick dairy animals and calving animals, are accommodated in the care unit. By sick animals are also meant animals that are healthy per se but are somewhat difficult to milk, such as cows having three teats or animals having a handicap, such as lameness. The care unit forms a connection between the production units, so that the attention can be concentrated on the care unit, which, as a result thereof, is to a greater or lesser extent located centrally, while the production units can be reached quickly, and preferably directly, from said care unit. Owing to this, the distances to be covered are very short, both for the manager or other operating person, and for the dairy animals.

[0006] The present application describes milk boxes comprising a milking implement. However, in some cases, by milking implement will also be meant the whole of a milk box comprising a milking implement proper. This will be determined by the context.

[0007] It is pointed out that the not published Dutch application NL-1032611 A discloses an implement having one or more production sheds and a calving shed. However, a separate unit for sick cows is not mentioned.

[0008] In the present invention, it holds that the connection is preferably a walkable connection, such as a walking path. However, it may also relate to a connection between buildings. Advantageously, the production units and the care unit are all accommodated in a separate building section, more advantageously in separate buildings. By a building section is meant a part of a building which comprises an external wall at three sides, such as a wing, and by a separate building is meant a building having an external wall at four sides. In this case, connecting elements, if any, such as whether or not covered and/or closed corridors, which occupy less than half of the relevant side, and in particular less than a quarter of said side, are not taken into consideration. The advantage of such separate building sections or buildings is that the, in particular natural, ventilation of the internal area can be sufficiently guaranteed.

[0009] As described in the foregoing, the care unit comprises a plurality of subunits. These may, advantageously, also be accommodated in separate buildings or building sections, but, of course, at least in separate areas. In particular, if the infirmary unit is accommodated in a separate building, possible danger of infection will be reduced.

[0010] The mentioned calving period refers, incidentally, to a somewhat adaptable period of time, which relates to the time just before, during and after the actual calving. This period of time comprises, for example, a spreading in the (calculated) moment of actual calving, a period of time which is used in preparation to calving, or as a period to recover from calving, etc. Each manager can previously select this calving period according to his/her wishes.

[0011] Further embodiments are defined in the dependent claims and in the now following description.

[0012] Advantageously, the milking robot(s) of at least one, and preferably each, production unit is (are) positioned at a side thereof which is contiguous to the care unit. This guarantees that those parts of the production units that, on average, will require most attention, maintenance and the like, will be positioned closest to the care unit. Also this contributes to, on average, shorter distances to be covered, and a greater efficiency.

[0013] In particular, the subunits of the care unit comprise a dry animal unit for separate accommodation of dry dairy animals. Dry dairy animals, i.e. non-lactating dairy animals, require less care and receive different feed than lactating dairy animals. The accommodation may be designed in a simpler manner and so as to give access to feed different from that of the production unit. Also in this case, it may be advantageous to accommodate the dry animal unit in a separate building, at least a separate building section. This may, also in this case, improve the ventilation.

[0014] In embodiments, the care unit comprises an area provided with a free cubicle. For particular animals, such as lame and heavily pregnant dairy animals, such an area in which a dairy animal can choose her own lying place is to be preferred to a cubicle area. A cubicle allows an animal only a limited lying space which, moreover, is accessible from only one side.

[0015] Advantageously, the production units are elongate and have their short side facing the care unit. Elongate production units offer a favourable possibility to achieve a, in particular natural, ventilation. The short side facing the care unit ensures a compact disposition. Moreover, it is very simple to enlarge the capacity of the implement by extending one or more production units, whilst maintaining the advantages of the invention.

[0016] The number of production units of the implement is not particularly limited, but comprises in particular at least three production units, the care unit connecting all at least three production units. In this case, there are preferably provided two production units which are in alignment. The entire configuration of the implement may then be in the form of a small letter "h". Other dispositions, such as those in which the care unit comprises an imaginary centre, and the implement comprises at least three elongate production units, and all production units have their short side facing the centre, preferably in a star-shaped manner, such as a three-armed star having a mutual angle of 120 degrees, are, of course, also possible.

[0017] In other embodiments, the implement comprises four production units, which are disposed in H-shape. In this case, two production units are each time disposed in alignment and parallel to the two other production units. In this embodiment, like in the above-mentioned embodiment comprising three production units, it is possible to combine two, or each time two, production units to form a large building. However, in this case there is a risk of insufficient ventilation, which either adversely affects the health of the dairy animals, or is the reason for often expensive additional ventilation measures. Therefore, in this case, the disposition having separate production units according to the invention offers certain advantages.

[0018] In embodiments, at least one of the subunits is provided at least in duplicate. In other words, the implement comprises at least two calving units, dry animal units and/or infirmary units. This may, for example, offer advantages in relation to the surveyability of the group of dairy animals to be accommodated therein, to the prevention of possible danger of infection caused by too large groups of segregated animals, or to the wish to provide separate subunits per production group, so that all animals of said production group and the associated subunits will, in each case, continue to form a group as a whole. This could not only promote the quiet among the animals, but, in this case, also counteract the transmission of contagious diseases to other production groups.

[0019] According to the invention, the milking implement of the production unit comprises a milking robot. Especially in the case of such an automated milking implement, the amount of work in the production group is strongly reduced, and the advantages of the invention reveal themselves clearly, because the "real" work can then practically be limited to the care unit. More precisely, it holds that in particular the supervision by experienced personnel, such as a veterinary surgeon, should preferably be limited to a central and limited area, namely the care unit. Insofar as the production units require supervision, this can usually be carried out by less experienced personnel, which makes the implement more efficient. All these things apply in particular if at least the production groups are provided with an automatic feeding device for feeding the dairy animals of the relevant production group. This results in a substantially autonomous unit, diseases and other unforeseen circumstances not being taken into account.

[0020] In a favourable embodiment according to the invention, each production unit comprises two accommodation areas for a matching production group and/or each accommodation area comprises at least two milking robots for milking dairy animals of the production group. Advantageously, an implement according to the invention comprises a passage provided with an identification device to identify a dairy animal and let it pass selectively, which passage forms a connection between two subunits or between a production unit and the care unit, and also comprises a controlling computer for controlling the passage. This provides the possibility of making a desirable split in two per production unit, for example in the case of two separate insemination periods. For, one sub-group can then remain segregated from the other, and can also be transferred separately to a calving unit, if desired. This is labour-saving.

[0021] In a favourable embodiment, at least one production unit comprises at least two milk boxes, one clean access area, separated from the accommodation area, for access to the milk boxes, and at least one segregation area, separated from the production area and the access area, for dairy animals to be segregated from the production group. In this case, in particular, but not necessarily, the number of milk boxes is larger than the number of segregation areas, at any rate for at least one access area the matching number of milk boxes is larger than the number of segregation areas, and, between the milk boxes, there is provided a controllable passage which is arranged to lead a to be segregated dairy animal from a first milk box, via a second milk box, to the segregation area. A separated clean access area comprises especially an area for access to the milking robots of the milk boxes, without the necessity of walking through an accommodation area, in particular over a shed floor. This has the advantage of cleaner working, reduced risk of contamination, infection, etc. However, if no segregation area per milk box is provided, and moreover more than two milk boxes per separate clean access area are provided, the mentioned embodiment will be favourable. For, otherwise, it is not simple to lead a dairy animal that, on the basis of the findings, should be segregated in the milking robot box, which is not directly located next to the segregation area, to the segregation area, of course without crossing the clean access area. By leading a dairy animal from such a more remote milk box, via that milk box that is located next to the segregation area, and if desired via one or more intermediate milk boxes, this problem can be solved.

[0022] In this case, the controllable passage may comprise one or more gates which are controllable by a control unit and which either release a passage from the milk box to the accommodation area (i.e. the normal exit), or form a passage to a next milk box. The person skilled in the art himself can perform this in a simple manner, whether or not with the aid of the accompanying drawing and the description thereof.

[0023] Incidentally, the advantage of the mentioned embodiments comprising the controllable passage also reveals itself in implements different from those according to the first aspect of the invention. Therefore, there is further provided but not according to the invention an implement for keeping dairy animals, provided with an accommodation area for a production group, which production group comprises a group of lactating dairy animals, at least two milk boxes and at least one segregation area, separated from the accommodation area, for dairy animals to be segregated from the production group, characterized in that, between the milk boxes, there is provided a controllable passage which is arranged to lead a to be segregated dairy animal from a first milk box, via a second milk box, to the segregation area.

[0024] By leading dairy animals to be segregated to the segregation area via an existing milk box, no separate access path from the first milk box to the segregation area is required. This saves labour and fencing. It is thus also possible to lead dairy animals from a plurality of milk boxes to a single segregation area.

[0025] The milk box comprises a milking robot for automatically connecting teat cups to the teats of a dairy animal. Such a milk box is capable of operating fully automatically and comprises an automatically controllable entrance and exit gate. It is thus possible to use these gates in an advantageous manner for automatically leading a dairy animal to a second milk box.

[0026] The implement may comprise a clean access area, separated from the accommodation area, for allowing an operator access to the milk boxes. This makes it possible for an operator to reach the milk boxes without walking over a surface which is contaminable by the dairy animals. Preferably, a milk box has a clean long side, provided with control and regulation means and contiguous to the clean access area, and a dirty long side provided with an entrance and exit gate for the dairy animal.

[0027] It is further advantageous if the number of milk boxes is larger than the number of segregation areas. In this manner, the same clean access can be used to have access to a plurality of milk boxes, which is space-saving. In the case of a clean access area, the possibilities of leading animals from a plurality of milk boxes to a segregation area are still somewhat more limited, so that in this case the advantage of this aspect comes out to a still greater extent.

[0028] The invention will be explained hereinafter with reference to the drawing, in which non-limiting exemplary embodiments are shown, and in which:

Figure 1 is a diagrammatic top view of an example of an implement 1 according to the invention;

Figure 2 is a diagrammatic top view of an alternative implement;

Figure 3 is a diagrammatic and enlarged view of a detail of an implement according to Figure 1 , and

Figure 4 is a diagrammatic top view of an alternative implement according to the invention.



[0029] Figure 1 is a diagrammatic top view of an example of an implement 1 according to the invention. Here, 2 designates a care unit, and A to D are production units.

[0030] The care unit 2 comprises two dry animal units 3, two calving units 4 and two infirmary units 7. The dry animal units 3 comprise not further designated boxes and feeding devices for the dairy animals. The calving units 4 comprise, besides a general area, also calving boxes 5, as well as a milk box 6. The infirmary units 7 comprise, for example, a cubicle 8 and also a milk box 6. The production units A to D comprise boxes 11, a partition 12, a first milk box 13 and a second milk box 13', a first segregation area 14 and a second segregation area 14', as well as a clean access area 15. Furthermore, there are optionally provided an office/storage area 9, as well as a milk storage in the form of tanks 10.

[0031] It should be noted that the dry animal units 3 do not necessarily constitute part of the care unit 2. For, dry dairy animals require only very little care, in practice hardly more than, preferably automated, feeding and from time to time a control visit. For this reason, the dry animal units 3 may be provided even most remotely from the rest of the care unit 2. Nevertheless, it may also offer advantages to provide the dry animal unit as shown in Figure 1, for example if groups of animals are treated as described in the above-mentioned not published Dutch patent application. The route to be covered then remains limited.

[0032] The calving unit 4 comprises calving boxes 5 for just calved animals, as well as a general area for animals that are about to calve. The milking implement provided in the milk box 6 serves to milk mother animals that have just calved. Firstly, colostrum can thus be collected and supplied to the calves, and secondly, by means of a specific milking regime, the milk production can have a good start. Besides, it is beyond dispute that the animals require extra attention and care in the calving period.

[0033] The infirmary units 7 comprise segregated dairy animals, for example sick animals, wounded animals, too nervous animals, or animals that require otherwise extra attention, for example dairy animals having a deviating number of teats, etc. Care specifically attuned to these animals may be provided in the form of special cubicles 8, etc. Isolated areas may be provided, if desired. The also provided milking implement in the milk box 6 could, for example, be provided with special, additional or more sensitive measuring equipment for monitoring health and/or milk quality.

[0034] The production units A to D accommodate large numbers of dairy animals. These may, if desired, be subdivided into two or more subgroups, such as with the aid of the only partially shown partition 12. Of course, there should be provided for each subgroup at least one milk box 13, 13' comprising a milking robot, and advantageously at least two, so that dairy animals have at least a chance of being milked, also in the case of a failure. Other components that are normally present, such as milk lines for conveying the collected milk to storage tanks 10, are not shown. Feeding devices, preferably automatic feeding devices, are neither depicted.

[0035] Each production unit A, B, C, D comprises two milk boxes 13 provided with a milking implement, as well as two segregation areas 14, for example for animals that could not be milked or whose milk or milking behaviour indicates that they are ill. If necessary, these animals can subsequently be transferred to the infirmary units 7. There may also be provided different numbers of milking robots, such as three or four per production unit. It should furthermore be noted that the production units are substantially elongate, in order thus to guarantee sufficient ventilation. The intermediate areas between the units A, B, C, D also serve this purpose.

[0036] In the embodiment shown, there is provided a segregation area 14, 14' per milk box 13, 13'. This makes it possible, by means of a simple selection device (not specifically shown), not to lead a to be segregated dairy animal back to the accommodation area, but to lead it to the segregation area 14, 14'. It is advantageous to provide this device at an outer side of the production unit. In the case of an infectious disease, it is not only possible thus to limit the danger of infection of healthy animals, but also the route to be covered if transfer to an infirmary unit or the like is necessary.

[0037] There is further shown a clean access area 15 which gives access to the milking robots without having to walk through the accommodation area of the production unit. Said access area may also serve as a further separation of the segregation area 14, 14'.

[0038] Figure 2 is a diagrammatic top view of an alternative implement. It comprises five production units A to E, provided with a centrally located care unit, also in this case comprising a dry animal unit 3, a calving unit 4 and an infirmary unit 7, surrounded by a passageway or corridor 16.

[0039] The units A to E need not be set up simultaneously, but may also be built successively, according to one's needs, starting from the central unit. In this case, the central unit has a pentagonal configuration, so that quadruple extension is possible. Incidentally, such a total pentagonal configuration is less efficient with regard to the total surface use than the embodiment shown in Figure 1. On the other hand, a central passageway 16, in particular a covered passageway, has advantages upon transferring animals, and in particular groups of animals, from one subunit 3, 4, 7 to another, or from or to a production unit A - E. Of course, triangular, quadrangular or hexagonal or polygonal dispositions are possible as well.

[0040] Figure 3 is a diagrammatic and enlarged view of a detail of an implement according to Figure 1, with regard to the disposition of milk boxes 13 at a clean access area 15. Incidentally, Figure 3 actually shows a larger number of milk boxes than the number in Figure 1, which, for reasons of clarity, is in each case limited to two. Here it holds, like in all the other figures, that similar components are designated by the same or corresponding reference numerals.

[0041] Besides the milk boxes 13-1 to 13-4, the first and second segregation areas 14 and 14' and the clean access area 15, the implement shown comprises in each case a first selection gate 18, 18', as well as in each case two second, third and fourth gates 19/19', 20/20' and 21/21', respectively.

[0042] In the position shown in Figure 3 on the left, the milk box 13-2 accommodates a dairy animal that should be segregated to the area 14. Of course, this is not permitted via the clean access area 15, and neither via the accommodation area, because, in that case, the animal is, of course, not led. By now bringing the gates 19 to 21 into the proper, shown position, the dairy animal will cover the route indicated by the dashed line, and arrive, via the milk box 13-1, in the segregation area 14. The condition is, of course, that said milk box 13-1 is not occupied, but this condition can, if need be with some waiting time, always be met. It is pointed out that, if there are provided per clean access area more milk boxes than segregation areas, it is advantageous to provide such a controllable passage from a milk box to a segregation area. However, also if no clean access area is provided at all, such a led disposition has advantages. Moreover, such a disposition has the mentioned advantages, both with conventional milking implements in the milk boxes and with milking robots. It is further pointed out that, instead of a single segregation area 14, there may also be provided a plurality of segregation areas at the place of the single area 14, for example to segregate sick animals from animals which were only not successfully milked. For this purpose, only the selection gate 18 should be arranged differently. The person skilled in the art is able to achieve all this in a simple manner. In particular the gates 20 may also be arranged in a different manner, such as a single shiftable fencing or the like.

[0043] In Figure 3 on the right, the "normal" position of milk boxes 13-3 and 13-4 is shown mirrorwise. In this case, dairy animals are each time milked without having to be segregated, so that they can return to the accommodation area. The gates 18' to 21 ' may then, for example, assume the shown position.

[0044] Figure 4 is a diagrammatic top view of an alternative implement according to the invention. It comprises six production units A - F and the already above mentioned subunits 3, 4 and 7, interconnected by means of corridors 16.

[0045] The disposition comprising six units is very favourable in relation to the number of production units to be connected to the care unit 2, although also for five units this still holds to a great extent. There are still extension possibilities, in the form of elongations A', B', etc.

[0046] Incidentally, the corridors shown are not necessary. Without them there is a better mutual separation of the units, while they per se better isolate the implement as a whole from the external world. Moreover, there may also be provided separate corridors, such as from a segregation area (not separately designated) in production units B and C to the infirmary unit 7.

[0047] The invention relates to implements for dairy animals, wherein the dairy animals may, for example, be cows, but also goats, sheep, buffalos, etc. The implement shown in Figure 1 accommodates, for example, more than 300 cows, but other dimensions are possible, of course. For the entire figure description it holds that a milking implement is a milking robot, so that the labour-saving advantages of the invention show up well. In the embodiment shown, there are provided freely accessible boxes as accommodations for the animals. Other accommodations may, of course, be used as well, for example in the form of tied-up stalls or the like. It further holds that favourable characteristics of all embodiments shown may be mutually combined, unless explicitly excluded in the description.


Claims

1. Implement (1) for keeping dairy animals,
provided with a first and a second production unit (A, B, ...) and a care unit (2) having a plurality of subunits (3, 4, 7),
wherein each production unit (A, B, ...) is provided with at least one accommodation area for a production group, which comprises a group of lactating dairy animals, and with a milking robot (6, 13) for milking the production group, and
wherein the subunits of the care unit (2) at least comprise a calving unit (4) for separate accommodation of dairy animals in a calving period and a milking implement (6) for milking just calved dairy animals, and an infirmary unit (7) for separate accommodation of sick animals, and wherein
the care unit (2) forms a connection between the production units (A, B, ...).
 
2. Implement (1) according to claim 1, characterized in that the milking robot (6, 13) or the milking robots of at least one, and preferably each, production unit (A, B, ...) is or are positioned at the side thereof which is contiguous to the care unit (2).
 
3. Implement (1) according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the subunits of the care unit (2) comprise a dry animal unit (3) for separate accommodation of dry dairy animals.
 
4. Implement (1) according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the care unit (2) comprises an area provided with a free cubicle (8).
 
5. Implement (1) according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the production units (A, B, ...) are elongate and have their short side facing the care unit (2).
 
6. Implement (1) according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the implement comprises at least three production units (A, B, ...), the care unit (2) connecting all at least three production units.
 
7. Implement (1) according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the implement comprises four production units (A, B, ...), which are disposed in H-shape.
 
8. Implement (1) according to any one of claims 1-6, characterized in that the care unit (2) comprises an imaginary centre, in that the implement comprises at least three elongate production units (A, B, ...), and in that all production units have their short side facing the centre, preferably in a star-shaped manner.
 
9. Implement (1) according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that at least one of the subunits (3, 4, 7) is provided at least in duplicate.
 
10. Implement (1) according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that each production unit (A, B, ...) comprises two accommodation areas for a matching production group and/or in that each accommodation area comprises at least two milking robots for milking dairy animals of the production group.
 
11. Implement (1) according to any one of the preceding claims, further comprising a passage, preferably provided with an identification device to identify a dairy animal and let it pass selectively, which passage forms a connection between two subunits (3, 4, 7) or between a production unit (A, B, ...) and the care unit (2), and comprising a controlling computer for controlling the passage.
 
12. Implement (1) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein at least one production unit (A, B, ...) comprises at least two milk boxes (13), one clean access area (15), separated from the accommodation area, for access to the milk boxes, and at least one segregation area (14), separated from the production area and the access area (15), for dairy animals to be segregated from the production group, in particular the number of milk boxes being larger than the number of segregation areas (14),
wherein, between milk boxes (13), there is provided a controllable passage (19, 20, 21) which is arranged to lead a to be segregated dairy animal from a first milk box (13-2, 13-3), via a second milk box (13-1, 13-4), to the segregation area (14, 14').
 


Ansprüche

1. Einrichtung (1) zum Halten von milchgebenden Tieren,
ausgestattet mit einer ersten und einer zweiten Produktionseinheit (A, B, ...) und einer Pflegeeinheit (2), welche eine Mehrzahl von Untereinheiten (3, 4, 7) aufweist,
wobei jede Produktionseinheit (A, B, ...) mit wenigstens einem Unterkunftsbereich für eine Produktionsgruppe, welche eine Gruppe von laktierenden milchgebenden Tieren umfasst, und mit einem Melkroboter (6, 13) zum Melken der Produktionsgruppe versehen ist, und
wobei die Untereinheiten der Pflegeeinheit (2) wenigstens eine Kalbungseinheit (4) für getrennte Unterkunft von milchgebenden Tieren in einer Kalbungsperiode und eine Melkeinrichtung (6) zum Melken gerade gekalbt habender milchgebender Tiere und eine Spitaleinheit (7) als getrennte Unterkunft für kranke Tiere umfasst und wobei
die Pflegeeinheit (2) eine Verbindung zwischen den Produktionseinheiten (A, B, ...) bildet.
 
2. Einrichtung (1) nach Anspruch 1,
dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Melkroboter (6, 13) oder die Melkroboter von wenigstens einer und vorzugsweise von jeder Produktionseinheit (A, B, ...) an der Seite positioniert ist oder sind, welche benachbart zur Pflegeeinheit (2) ist.
 
3. Einrichtung (1) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche,
dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Untereinheiten der Pflegeeinheit (2) eine Einheit (3) für trockenstehende Tiere zur getrennten Unterbringung von nicht milchgebenden Tieren umfasst.
 
4. Einrichtung (1) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche,
dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Pflegeeinheit (2) einen Bereich umfasst, welcher mit einem Stall (8) zur freien Bewegung ausgestattet ist.
 
5. Einrichtung (1) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche,
dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Produktionseinheiten (A, B, ...) länglich sind und ihre Schmalseite zur Pflegeeinheit (2) gerichtet ist.
 
6. Einrichtung (1) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche,
dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Einrichtung wenigstens drei Produktionseinheiten (A, B, ...) umfasst, wobei die Pflegeeinheit (2) wenigstens alle drei Produktionseinheiten verbindet.
 
7. Einrichtung (1) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche,
dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Einrichtung vier Produktionseinheiten (A, B, ...) umfasst, welche in H-Form angeordnet sind.
 
8. Einrichtung (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6,
dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Pflegeeinheit (2) ein ideelles Zentrum umfasst, wobei die Einrichtung wenigstens drei längliche Produktionseinheiten (A, B, ...) umfasst und wobei alle Produktionseinheiten mit ihren Schmalseiten dem Zentrum zugewandt sind, vorzugsweise in einer sternförmigen Anordnung.
 
9. Einrichtung (1) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche,
dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass wenigstens eine der Untereinheiten (3, 4, 7) zumindest doppelt vorgesehen ist.
 
10. Einrichtung (1) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche,
dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass jede Produktionseinheit (A, B, ...) zwei Unterkunftsbereiche für eine passende Produktionsgruppe umfasst und/oder dass jeder Unterkunftsbereich wenigstens zwei Melkroboter zum Melken der milchgebenden Tiere der Produktionsgruppe umfasst.
 
11. Einrichtung (1) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche,
des Weiteren umfassend einen Durchgang, der vorzugsweise mit einer Identifizierungsvorrichtung ausgestattet ist, um ein milchgebendes Tier zu identifizieren und es ausgewählt durchzulassen, wobei der Durchgang eine Verbindung zwischen zwei Untereinheiten (3, 4, 7) oder zwischen einer Produktionseinheit (A, B, ...) und der Pflegeeinheit (2) bildet, und mit einem Steuercomputer zum Steuern des Durchgangs.
 
12. Einrichtung (1) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche,
wobei wenigstens eine Produktionseinheit (A, B, ...) wenigstens zwei Melkboxen (13), einen vom Unterkunftsbereich separaten Reinzugangsbereich (15), für den Zugang zu den Melkboxen und wenigstens einen Absonderungsbereich (14), separat vom Produktionsbereich und dem Unterkunftsbereich (15) für milchgebende Tiere umfasst, welche von der Produktionsgruppe getrennt werden müssen, wobei insbesondere die Anzahl der Melkboxen größer ist als die Anzahl der Absonderungsbereiche (14),
wobei zwischen den Melkboxen (13) ein steuerbarer Durchgang (19, 20, 21) vorgesehen ist, welcher so angeordnet ist, um abzutrennende milchgebende Tiere von einer ersten Melkbox (13-2, 13-3) über eine zweite Melkbox (13-1, 13-4) zum Absonderungsbereich (14, 14') zu leiten.
 


Revendications

1. Installation (1) destinée à garder des animaux laitiers,
équipée d'une première et d'une deuxième unités de production (A, B, ...) et d'une unité de soin (2) ayant une pluralité d'unités secondaires (3, 4, 7),
dans laquelle chaque unité de production (A, B, ...) est équipée d'au moins une zone d'hébergement pour un groupe producteur, qui comprend un groupe d'animaux laitiers en lactation, et d' un robot de traite (6, 13) destinée à traire le groupe producteur, et
dans laquelle les unités secondaires de l'unité de soin (2) comprennent au moins une unité de vêlage (4) destinée à héberger de manière séparée les animaux laitiers en période de vêlage et une installation de traite (6) destinée à traire les animaux laitiers qui viennent de vêler, et une unité d'infirmerie (7) destinée à héberger de manière séparée les animaux malades, et dans laquelle
l'unité de soin (2) forme une jonction entre les unités de production (A, B, ...).
 
2. Installation (1) selon la revendication 1, caractérisée en ce que le robot de traite (6, 13) ou les robots de traite d'au moins une, et de préférence de chaque, unité de production (A, B, ...) est ou sont placées sur un de leurs côtés qui est contigu à l'unité de soin (2).
 
3. Installation (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce que les unités secondaires de l'unité de soin (2) comprennent une unité d'animaux taris (3) destinée à héberger de manière séparée les animaux laitiers taris.
 
4. Installation (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce que l'unité de soin (2) comprend une zone équipée d'un box libre (8).
 
5. Installation (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce que les unités de production (A, B, ...) sont de forme allongée et ont leur petit côté faisant face à l'unité de soin (2) .
 
6. Installation (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce que l'installation comprend au moins trois unités de production (A, B, ...), l'unité de soin (2) reliant l'ensemble des au moins trois unités de production.
 
7. Installation (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce que l'installation comprend quatre unités de production (A, B, ...), qui sont disposées en forme de H.
 
8. Installation (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, caractérisée en ce que l'unité de soin (2) comprend un centre imaginaire, en ce que l'installation comprend au moins trois unités de production de forme allongée (A, B, ...), et en ce que toutes les unités de production ont leur petit côté qui fait face au centre, de préférence à la façon d'une forme en étoile.
 
9. Installation (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce qu'au moins l'une des unités secondaires (3, 4, 7) est prévue au moins en double.
 
10. Installation (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce que chaque unité de production (A, B, ...) comprend deux zones d'hébergement pour un groupe producteur correspondant et/ou en ce que chaque zone d'hébergement comprend au moins deux robots de traite destinés à traire les animaux laitiers du groupe producteur.
 
11. Installation (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant en outre un passage, équipé de préférence d'un dispositif d'identification pour identifier un animal laitier et à le laisser passer de manière sélective, lequel passage forme une jonction entre deux unités secondaires (3, 4, 7) ou entre une unité de production (A, B, ...) et l'unité de soin (2), et comprenant un ordinateur de commande destiné à commander le passage.
 
12. Installation (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle au moins une unité de production (A, B, ...) comprend au moins deux box de traite (13), une zone d'accès propre (15), séparée de la zone d'hébergement, destinée à permettre l'accès aux box de traite, et au moins une zone de ségrégation (14), séparée de la zone de production et de la zone d'accès (15), pour que des animaux laitiers soient isolés du groupe producteur, le nombre de box de traite étant en particulier plus élevé que le nombre de zones de ségrégation (14),
dans laquelle, entre les box de traite (13), il est prévu un passage pouvant être commandé (19, 20, 21) qui est agencé de façon à mener un animal laitier à isoler, depuis un premier box de traite (13-2, 13-3), en passant par un deuxième box de traite (13-1, 13-4), jusqu'à la zone de ségrégation (14, 14').
 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description