(19)
(11)EP 2 233 703 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
04.12.2019 Bulletin 2019/49

(21)Application number: 10250277.0

(22)Date of filing:  17.02.2010
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F02C 9/18  (2006.01)
F02K 3/06  (2006.01)

(54)

Gas turbine engine with 2.5 bleed duct core case section

Gasturbinen-Triebwerk mit Zapfleitung im Kerngehäuse

Turbine à gaz avec conduite de purge d'air dans le carter central


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 26.03.2009 US 411452

(43)Date of publication of application:
29.09.2010 Bulletin 2010/39

(73)Proprietor: United Technologies Corporation
Farmington, CT 06032 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • Merry, Brian D.
    Andover, CT 06232 (US)
  • Suciu, Gabriel L.
    Glastonbury, CT 06033 (US)

(74)Representative: Dehns 
St. Bride's House 10 Salisbury Square
London EC4Y 8JD
London EC4Y 8JD (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 308 601
EP-A2- 1 544 415
US-A- 5 261 228
EP-A2- 0 298 015
GB-A- 2 259 328
  
  • Philip P. Walsh ET AL: "Gas Turbine Performance, Second Edition", , 11 February 2008 (2008-02-11), pages 617-630, XP055457960, ISBN: 978-0-470-77453-3 Retrieved from the Internet: URL:http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/book/10 .1002/9780470774533 [retrieved on 2018-03-09]
  • Otis: "Aircraft Gas Turbine Powerplants" In: "Aircraft Gas Turbine Powerplants", 31 December 1997 (1997-12-31), JEPPESEN Sanderson Training Products, XP055457934, page 111,
  • Michele Michele: "Thermocouples in Gas Turbines", , 31 August 2009 (2009-08-31), pages 1-3, XP055552307, Retrieved from the Internet: URL:https://www.msm.cam.ac.uk/utc/thermoco uple/pages/ThermocouplesInGasTurbines.html [retrieved on 2019-02-06]
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

BACKGROUND



[0001] The present disclosure relates to gas turbine engines; particularly bleed flow handling for gas turbine engines.

[0002] In gas turbine engines for use in powering aircraft, air is directed through multiple stage compressors. As the air passes through each successive compressor stage, the pressure of the air is increased. Under certain conditions, such as when the engine is operating at off design conditions, interstage bleed may be required to match the compressor stages.

[0003] To mitigate these conditions, gas turbine engines have incorporated bleed valves in the engine casing forward of the combustor which may open to rematch the compressor stages. These bleed valves have taken many forms from ports in the compressor casing which open via a movable valve element to devices which separate adjacent segments of the engine casing to thereby form an opening therebetween.

[0004] Although effective, direction of bleed flow into a secondary air flow may be relatively more complicated than a dump of the bleed flow overboard.

[0005] Gas turbine engines having bleed ducts are disclosed in EP-A-1544415, US 5,261,228 and EP-A-298015.

SUMMARY



[0006] The present invention provides a gas turbine engine as set forth in claim 1.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0007] Various features will become apparent to those skilled in the art from the following detailed description of the disclosed non-limiting embodiment. The drawings that accompany the detailed description can be briefly described as follows:

Figure 1A is a general sectional view through a gas turbine engine along the engine longitudinal axis;

Figure 1B is a general sectional view through a gas turbine engine along the engine longitudinal axis illustrating an engine static structure case arrangement on the lower half thereof;

Figure 2 is an expanded side sectional view through a gas turbine engine illustrating a 2.5 bleed duct structure integrated into a structural wall of a core case section;

Figure 3 is a face view of the 2.5 bleed duct structure integrated into the structural wall of the core case section;

Figure 4 is a perspective view of the core case section illustrating a service passage;

Figure 5A is an expanded side sectional view through the 2.5 bleed duct structure integrated into a structural wall of a core case section;

Figure 5B is a sectional view through the 2.5 bleed duct structure of Figure 5A taken along line 5B-5B; and

Figure 5C is a sectional view through the 2.5 bleed duct structure of Figure 5A taken along line 5C-5C.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0008] Figures 1A and 1B illustrate a general partial fragmentary schematic view of a gas turbofan engine 10 suspended from an engine pylon 12 within an engine nacelle assembly N as is typical of an aircraft designed for subsonic operation.

[0009] The turbofan engine 10 includes a core engine within a core nacelle C that houses a low spool 14 and high spool 24. The low spool 14 includes a low pressure compressor 16 and low pressure turbine 18. The low spool 14 drives a fan 20 connected to the low spool 14 either directly or through a gear train. The high spool 24 includes a high pressure compressor 26 and high pressure turbine 28. A combustor 30 is arranged between the high pressure compressor 26 and high pressure turbine 28. The low and high spools 14, 24 rotate about an engine axis of rotation A.

[0010] Airflow enters the fan nacelle F which at least partially surrounds the core nacelle C. The fan section 20 communicates airflow into the core nacelle C to the low pressure compressor 16 and the high pressure compressor 26. Core airflow compressed by the low pressure compressor 16 and the high pressure compressor 26 is mixed with the fuel in the combustor 30 where is ignited, and burned. The resultant high pressure combustor products are expanded through the high pressure turbine 28 and low pressure turbine 18. The turbines 28, 18 are rotationally coupled to the compressors 26, 16 respectively to drive the compressors 26, 16 in response to the expansion of the combustor product. The low pressure turbine 18 also drives the fan section 20 to communicate a bypass flow. A core engine exhaust exits the core nacelle C through a core nozzle 43 defined between the core nacelle C and a tail cone 33.

[0011] The engine static structure 44 generally has sub-structures which may include a case structure often referred to as the engine backbone. The engine static structure 44 generally includes a fan case 46, an intermediate case (IMC) 48, a high pressure compressor case 50, a diffuser / turbine case 52, a low pressure turbine case 54, and a turbine exhaust case 56 (Figure 1B). In the disclosed, non-limiting embodiment, the IMC 48 is mounted between the fan case 46 and the high pressure compressor case 50.

[0012] The fan section 20 includes a fan rotor 32 with a plurality of circumferentially spaced radially outwardly extending fan blades 34. The fan blades 34 are surrounded by the fan case 46. The core engine case structure is secured to the fan case 46 at the IMC 48 which includes a multiple of circumferentially spaced radially extending fan exit guide vanes (FEGVs) 40 which radially span a core case section 48C and a fan case section 48F defined about the engine axis A.

[0013] The IMC 48 may include an accessory gearbox case section 60 mounted thereto. The accessory gearbox case section 60 may be integral with or attachable to the IMC 48 or alternatively other engine static structure 44. The integrated accessory gearbox case section 60 provides significant radial area within the core nacelle C aft of the FEGVs 40 to support an engine accessory system (not shown).

[0014] Referring to Figure 2, a 2.5 bleed duct structure 62 is integrated into a rear structural wall 64 of the core case section 48C to direct core airflow compressed by the low pressure compressor 16 to selectively exit out into the bypass flow stream through a bleed valve B (illustrated schematically) or other control. Location of the bleed valve B outside of the LPC cavity facilitates maintenance of the bleed valve B and an actuator system therefore. Location of the 2.5 bleed duct structure 62 just aft of the FEGVs 40 also facilitates an optimal distance between the fan blades 34 and the FEGVs 40.

[0015] The rear structural wall 64 is located radially inward of the FEGVs 40 to at least partially provide support therefore. It should be understood that the shape and configuration of the rear structural wall 64 may be of various forms.

[0016] The bleed duct structure 62 includes a multitude of discreet radially extending 2.5 bleed ducts 66 (Figure 3). At least one service port 68 is located through the rear structural wall 64 generally parallel to the engine axis A (Figure 3) and between the 2.5 bleed ducts 66. The service port 68 facilitates passage of a pushrod 70 as illustrated. Additional service ports 68 (Figure 4) may alternatively or additionally provide pass-through service for other flows and members such as conduits.

[0017] Referring to Figure 5A, the multitude of discreet radial extending 2.5 bleed ducts 66 extend around the engine axis A (Figures 5B and 5C). The multitude of discreet radial extending 2.5 bleed ducts 66 in one disclosed embodiment are raked generally forward to exit just aft of the FEGVs 40 (Figure 2).

[0018] It should be understood that relative positional terms such as "forward," "aft," "upper," "lower," "above," "below," and the like are with reference to the normal operational attitude of the vehicle and should not be considered otherwise limiting.

[0019] The foregoing description is exemplary rather than defined by the limitations within. Many modifications and variations of the present invention are possible in light of the above teachings. The disclosed embodiments of this invention have been disclosed, however, one of ordinary skill in the art would recognize that certain modifications would come within the scope of this invention. It is, therefore, to be understood that within the scope of the appended claims, the invention may be practiced otherwise than as specifically described. For that reason the following claims should be studied to determine the true scope and content of this invention.


Claims

1. A gas turbine engine (10) comprising:

a core engine within a core nacelle (C) that houses a low spool (14) and high spool (24) which rotate about an engine axis of rotation (A), the low spool (14) including a low pressure compressor (16) and low pressure turbine (18), the high spool 24 including a high pressure compressor (26) and high pressure turbine (28), a combustor (30) being arranged between the high pressure compressor (26) and high pressure turbine (28);

a fan (20) connected to and driven by the low spool (14);

a fan case section (48F) defined about the engine axis of rotation (A); and

a core case section (48C) defined about said axis of rotation (A) and having a rear structural wall (64) which at least partially supports a multiple of fan exit guide vanes (40);

said multiple of fan exit guide vanes (40) being mounted to said fan case section (48F) and said core case section (48C); characterized by further comprising:
a multitude of discreet radial extending 2.5 bleed ducts (66) located between the low pressure compressor (16) and the high pressure compressor (26) and defined at least in part by said rear structural wall (64), wherein said multitude of discreet radial extending 2.5 bleed ducts (66) are raked generally forward to define a respective multitude of exits just aft of said multiple of fan exit guide vanes (40).


 
2. The gas turbine engine as recited in claim 1, further comprising at least one service passage (68) through said rear structural wall (64), said service passage (68) generally parallel to an engine axis of rotation (A).
 
3. The gas turbine engine as recited in any preceding claim, further comprising an accessory gearbox case section (60) mounted to said core case section (48C).
 
4. The gas turbine engine as recited in claim 3, wherein said core case section (48C) is mounted between a fan case (46) and a high pressure turbine case (50).
 
5. The gas turbine engine as recited in any preceding claim, wherein said multitude of discreet radial extending 2.5 bleed ducts (66) are defined in a radial outward direction relative to said engine axis of rotation (A).
 
6. The gas turbine engine as recited in claim 5, wherein said multitude of discreet radial extending 2.5 bleed ducts (66) are defined for at least a 90 degree circumferential arc about said engine axis of rotation (A).
 
7. The gas turbine engine as recited in claim 6, wherein said multitude of discreet radial extending 2.5 bleed ducts (66) are defined for a 360 degree circumference about said engine axis of rotation (A).
 
8. The gas turbine engine as recited in any preceding claim, wherein said core case section (48C) forms a portion of an intermediate case (48).
 


Ansprüche

1. Gasturbinentriebwerk (10), umfassend:

ein Kerntriebwerk innerhalb einer Kerngondel (C), die eine Niederdruckwelle (14) und eine Hochdruckwelle (24) aufnimmt, die sich um eine Triebwerksdrehachse (A) drehen, wobei die Niederdruckwelle (14) einen Niederdruckverdichter (16) und eine Niederdruckturbine (18) einschließt, wobei die Hochdruckwelle 24 einen Hochdruckverdichter (26) und eine Hochdruckturbine (28) einschließt, wobei ein Verdichter (30) zwischen dem Hochdruckverdichter (26) und der Hochdruckturbine (28) angeordnet ist;

Fan (20), der mit der Niederdruckwelle (14) verbunden ist und davon angetrieben wird;

einen Fangehäuseabschnitt (48F), der um die Triebwerksdrehachse (A) definiert ist; und

einen Kerngehäuseabschnitt (48C), der um die Drehachse (A) definiert ist und eine hintere tragende Wand (64) aufweist, die zumindest teilweise eine Vielzahl von Fanaustrittsleitschaufeln (40) trägt;

wobei die Vielzahl von Fanaustrittsleitschaufeln (40) an dem Fangehäuseabschnitt (48F) und dem Kerngehäuseabschnitt (48C) montiert ist; dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass es ferner Folgendes umfasst:
eine Vielzahl von separaten sich radial erstreckenden 2.5 Zapfleitungen (66), die sich zwischen dem Niederdruckverdichter (16) und dem Hochdruckverdichter (26) befinden und zumindest teilweise durch die hintere tragende Wand (64) definiert sind, wobei die Vielzahl von sich radial erstreckenden 2.5 Zapfleitungen (66) im Allgemeinen nach vorn geneigt ist, um eine entsprechende Vielzahl von Auslässen genau hinter der Vielzahl von Fanaustrittsleitschaufeln (40) zu definieren.


 
2. Gasturbinentriebwerk nach Anspruch 1, ferner umfassend mindestens einen Versorgungsdurchlass (68) durch die hintere tragende Wand (64), wobei der Versorgungsdurchlass (68) im Allgemeinen zu einer Triebwerksdrehachse (A) parallel verläuft.
 
3. Gasturbinentriebwerk nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, ferner umfassend einen Zusatzgetriebegehäuseabschnitt (60), der an dem Kerngehäuseabschnitt (48C) montiert ist.
 
4. Gasturbinentriebwerk nach Anspruch 3, wobei der Kerngehäuseabschnitt (48C) zwischen einem Fangehäuse (46) und einem Hochdruckturbinengehäuse (50) montiert ist.
 
5. Gasturbinentriebwerk nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Vielzahl von separaten sich radial erstreckenden 2.5 Zapfleitungen (66) in Bezug auf die Triebwerksdrehachse (A) in einer radialen Richtung nach außen definiert ist.
 
6. Gasturbinentriebwerk nach Anspruch 5, wobei die Vielzahl von separaten sich radial erstreckenden 2.5 Zapfleitungen (66) zumindest für einen Umfangsbogen von 90 Grad um die Triebwerksdrehachse (A) definiert ist.
 
7. Gasturbinentriebwerk nach Anspruch 6, wobei die Vielzahl von separaten sich radial erstreckenden 2.5 Zapfleitungen (66) für einen Umfang von 360 Grad um die Triebwerksdrehachse (A) definiert ist.
 
8. Gasturbinentriebwerk nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Kerngehäuseabschnitt (48C) einen Teil eines dazwischenliegenden Gehäuses (48) bildet.
 


Revendications

1. Turbine à gaz (10) comprenant :

un moteur central dans une nacelle centrale (C) qui renferme un corps inférieur (14) et un corps supérieur (24) qui tournent autour d'un axe de rotation de moteur (A), le corps inférieur (14) incluant un compresseur à basse pression (16) et une turbine à basse pression (18), le corps supérieur 24 incluant un compresseur à haute pression (26) et une turbine à haute pression (28), une chambre de combustion (30) étant agencée entre le compresseur à haute pression (26) et la turbine à haute pression (28) ;

une soufflante (20) reliée à et entraînée par le corps inférieur (14) ;

une section de carter de soufflante (48F) définie autour de l'axe de rotation de moteur (A) ; et

une section de carter central (48C) définie autour dudit axe de rotation (A) et ayant une paroi structurelle arrière (64) qui soutient au moins partiellement une pluralité d'aubes de guidage de sortie de soufflante (40) ;

ladite pluralité d'aubes de guidage de sortie de soufflante (40) étant montée sur ladite section de carter de soufflante (48F) et ladite section de carter central (48C) ; caractérisée en ce qu'elle comprend en outre :
une pluralité de conduites de purge d'air discrètes 2.5 s'étendant radialement (66) située entre le compresseur à basse pression (16) et le compresseur à haute pression (26) et définie au moins en partie par ladite paroi structurelle arrière (64), dans laquelle ladite pluralité de conduites de purge d'air discrètes 2.5 s'étendant radialement (66) est inclinée globalement vers l'avant pour définir une pluralité de sorties respectives juste à l'arrière de ladite pluralité d'aubes de guidage de sortie de soufflante (40).


 
2. Turbine à gaz selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre au moins un passage de service (68) à travers ladite paroi structurelle arrière (64), ledit passage de service (68) étant globalement parallèle à un axe de rotation de moteur (A).
 
3. Turbine à gaz selon une quelconque revendication précédente, comprenant en outre une section de carter de boîtier d'entraînement des accessoires (60) montée sur ladite section de carter central (48C).
 
4. Turbine à gaz selon la revendication 3, dans laquelle ladite section de carter central (48C) est montée entre un carter de soufflante (46) et un carter de turbine à haute pression (50).
 
5. Turbine à gaz selon une quelconque revendication précédente, dans laquelle ladite pluralité de conduites de purge d'air discrètes s'étendant radialement (66) est définie dans une direction radiale vers l'extérieur par rapport audit axe de rotation de moteur (A).
 
6. Turbine à gaz selon la revendication 5, dans laquelle ladite pluralité de conduites de purge d'air discrètes s'étendant radialement (66) est définie sur au moins un arc circonférentiel de 90 degrés autour dudit axe de rotation de moteur (A).
 
7. Turbine à gaz selon la revendication 6, dans laquelle ladite pluralité de conduites de purge d'air discrètes s'étendant radialement (66) est définie sur une circonférence de 360 degrés autour dudit axe de rotation de moteur (A).
 
8. Turbine à gaz selon une quelconque revendication précédente, dans laquelle ladite section de carter central (48C) forme une partie d'un carter intermédiaire (48).
 




Drawing





















REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description