(19)
(11)EP 2 250 824 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
26.06.2019 Bulletin 2019/26

(21)Application number: 08867191.2

(22)Date of filing:  06.11.2008
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04W 72/00(2009.01)
H04W 72/04(2009.01)
H04W 4/10(2009.01)
H04W 84/08(2009.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2008/082568
(87)International publication number:
WO 2009/085405 (09.07.2009 Gazette  2009/28)

(54)

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ALLOCATING CHANNEL RESOURCES IN A WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

VERFAHREN UND VORRICHTUNG ZUR VERGABE VON KANALRESSOURCEN IN EINEM DRAHTLOSEN KOMMUNIKATIONSSYSTEM

PROCÉDÉ ET APPAREIL D'ATTRIBUTION DE RESSOURCES DE CANAL DANS UN SYSTÈME DE COMMUNICATION SANS FIL


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK TR

(30)Priority: 28.12.2007 US 965875

(43)Date of publication of application:
17.11.2010 Bulletin 2010/46

(73)Proprietor: Motorola Solutions, Inc.
Chicago IL 60661 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • WIATROWSKI, David, G.
    Woodstock Illinois 60098 (US)
  • NEWBERG, Donald, G.
    Hoffman Estates Illinois 60192 (US)

(74)Representative: Boult Wade Tennant LLP 
5th Floor, Salisbury Square House 8, Salisbury Square
London EC4Y 8AP
London EC4Y 8AP (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A-2007/146476
US-A1- 2004 005 904
US-B1- 6 944 137
WO-A-2008/032042
US-A1- 2005 277 383
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Field of the Invention



    [0001] The present invention generally relates to wireless communication systems and more particularly to allocating channel resources in a wireless communication system.

    Background



    [0002] A wireless communication system may generally comprise a group of subscribers and a set of stationary "base radios" (also known as "repeaters"). The subscribers are typically endpoints of a communication path taking place on a channel resource, e.g. a voice channel, of the wireless communication system and repeaters are typically the intermediaries by which the communication path to a subscriber may be established or maintained. There may be a number of communications taking place in the wireless communication system. One type of communication, called a talkgroup call, allows a user of one subscriber to speak while other subscribers listen. The group of subscribers participating in the talkgroup call are called the talkgroup. Because of the number of communications taking place in the wireless communication system, a user may wish to participate in one talkgroup call while monitoring other communications.

    [0003] As is known, one way to participate in one talkgroup call while monitoring a second talkgroup is to use embedded signaling to indicate priority talkgroups. Because embedded signaling is used to implement this approach, the performance of the wireless communication system may degrade. To avoid performance degradation and to facilitate the ability to participate in one talkgroup call while monitoring other communications requires that the channel resources in the wireless communication system be allocated in such a way to facilitate the ability.

    [0004] Accordingly, there is a need for a new way of allocating channel resources in a wireless communication system.

    [0005] US2004005904 (A1) discloses the features of the preamble of claim 1.

    [0006] US2005277383 (A1) discloses a system and method for operating a trunking radio system by a console for a conventional radio system. The method comprises the steps of defining a system/group table in a trunking tone remote adapter, receiving at the trunking tone remote adapter a tone sequence from at least one of the console, local desk-set or a remote desk-set, and decoding a function tone at the trunking tone remote adapter from the tone sequence.

    Summary of the Invention



    [0007] According to the present invention, there is provided a method for dynamically allocating channel resources in a wireless communication system as set out in claim 1.

    Brief Description of the Figures



    [0008] The accompanying figures where like reference numerals refer to identical or functionally similar elements throughout the separate views and which together with the detailed description below are incorporated in and form part of the specification, serve to further illustrate various embodiments and to explain various principles and advantages all in accordance with the present invention.

    FIG. 1 illustrates a system diagram of a wireless communication system configured in accordance with one example of the invention;

    FIG. 2 illustrates a flow diagram of an operation of a system controller configured in accordance with one example of the invention; and

    FIG. 3 illustrates a flow diagram of the determining and allocating operations of a system controller configured in accordance with one example of the invention.



    [0009] Skilled artisans will appreciate that elements in the figures are illustrated for simplicity and clarity and have not necessarily been drawn to scale. For example, the dimensions of some of the elements in the figures may be exaggerated relative to other elements to aid in the understanding of the embodiments of the present invention.

    Detailed Description



    [0010] Before describing in detail examples that are in accordance with the present invention, it should be observed that the examples reside primarily in allocating channel resources in a wireless communication system. Accordingly, the apparatus and method components have been represented where appropriate by conventional symbols in the drawings, showing only those specific details that are pertinent to understanding the examples of the present invention so as not to obscure the disclosure with details that will be readily apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art having the benefit of the description herein.

    [0011] In this document, relational terms such as first and second, top and bottom, and the like may be used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. The terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus. An element proceeded by "comprises ...a" does not, without more constraints, preclude the existence of additional identical elements in the process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises the element. It will be appreciated that for simplicity and clarity of illustration, elements shown in the figures have not necessarily been drawn to scale. For example, the dimensions of some of the elements are exaggerated relative to each other. Further, where considered appropriate, reference numerals have been repeated among the figures to indicate identical elements.

    [0012] FIG. 1 illustrates a system diagram of a wireless communication system 100, which comprises a plurality of subscribers 102-114, at least one repeater 116, and a system controller 118. The subscribers which are a part of the wireless
    communication system 100 communicate with the system controller 118 over channel resources in order to use the wireless communication system 100 for communications. The repeater 116 facilitates the communications in the wireless communication system 100 by retransmitting received communications to the system controller 118 and subscribers in the wireless communication system 100.

    [0013] As used herein, communications means voice, data, and control signaling sent between the subscribers, repeater, and system controller. One example of a communication in the wireless communication system 100 is a talkgroup call. A talkgroup call is voice information on a channel resource generally termed a traffic channel. Another example of a communication in the wireless communication system 100 is a text message. A text message is data information on a channel resource generally termed a data channel. As is known, other examples of communications exist and would generally fall within the definition of voice, data, and control signaling.

    [0014] The wireless communication system 100 facilitates talkgroup calls. As is known, a talkgroup call is a communication that is initiated by a subscriber whereby the subscriber communicates with other subscribers that are members of the talkgroup. Each talkgroup call is assigned a channel resource of the wireless communication system by the system controller. At the end of the talkgroup call, the assigned channel resource may be reassigned to another talkgroup call. As such, the assignment of channel resources to talkgroup calls is dynamic and based upon availability of channel resources at the time of the talkgroup call.

    [0015] A subscriber may be a mobile or a portable device capable of communicating with a repeater 116 and/or another subscriber. Examples of a mobile or a portable device include an in-car or a handheld radio, a radio telephone and a push-to-talk (PTT) device. Subscribers may be organized in a number of ways so as
    to facilitate communications. A talkgroup represents one type of organization. As used herein, a talkgroup is a group of subscribers who share common characteristics. Examples of common characteristics include a common functional responsibility, a geographical area, and a working shift. Further, another example of a common characteristic is that a system operator of the wireless communication system 100 set up the talkgroup with certain subscribers and such a talkgroup is defined by the system operator.

    [0016] For example, referring to FIG. 1, subscribers 102-104 may form a talkgroup termed "A" if the subscribers are all used by a group that shares common characteristics, e.g. they are all fire fighters. As such, at the time of a talkgroup call, subscribers in talkgroup A utilize a specific channel resource that is different than the channel resource used by other talkgroup calls. Another example, subscribers 106-112 may form another talkgroup termed "B" if the subscribers are all used by a group that shares a common geography, e.g. the west side of Chicago. As such, at the time of a talkgroup call, subscribers in talkgroup B communicate on a channel resource that is dedicated for the subscribers in talkgroup B. In any case, the subscribers in talkgroup A are separate and independent from the subscribers in talkgroup B.

    [0017] The repeater 116 is an electronic device that receives a radio frequency (RF) signal and retransmits the RF signal to facilitate transmissions among the subscribers in the wireless communication system 100. As is known to one of ordinary skill in the art, a repeater 116 may also be referred to as a base radio, a base station, or a tower. The repeater 116 is generally fixed and provides for communicating data, control, and voice. In any case, a repeater 116 repeats information transmitted by one subscriber of the talkgroup to the other subscribers listening to the talkgroup. In addition, the repeater 116 repeats information transmitted between the system controller 118 and the subscribers in the wireless communication system.

    [0018] The system controller 118 acts as the system coordinator and is responsible for allocating subscribers 102-114 to channel resources so that the subscribers may communicate amongst each other. The system controller 118 is also responsible for knowing to which channel resource each of the subscriber units are assigned(e.g. a specific channel, a channel resource, and/or a repeater 116) and for controlling other features typically found in a modern wireless communication system 100 (e.g. handling phone patches, coordinating groups of radios in emergency situations, etc.).

    [0019] Further, the system controller 118 may have a database for maintaining a list of communications and operational relationships for each of the communications. As used herein, operational relationship means information identifying associations between communications and whether a specific communication is related to another communication. Specifically, if the communications in the wireless communication system comprise of talkgroup calls, then this database may maintain a list of talkgroups (in addition to other types of communications) and operational relationships of the talkgroups. In one embodiment, the operational relationship conveys whether a user of the subscriber participating in one talkgroup is interested in monitoring another communication. In any case, the operational relationship may be classified as either a "required" association or an "optional" association. A required association means that a user needs to participate in and monitor another communication. An optional association means that a user desires, but does not require, to participate and monitor another communication.

    [0020] A required association means that a communication is necessarily related to another communication in the wireless communication system. For example, a subscriber for fire personnel at an incident scene may participate in a talkgroup with other subscribers for fire personnel at the incident scene while requiring the ability to monitor a talkgroup for police personnel at the same incident

    [0021] scene. Participating in a police personnel talkgroup at the same incident scene may be necessary and/or critical for the fire personnel at the same incident scene. In contrast, an optional association means that a talkgroup call is related to another talkgroup call but the relationship is desirable, but not required. For example, a subscriber for fire personnel at an incident scene may participate in a talkgroup with other subscribers for fire personnel at the incident scene while desiring to monitor a data channel having text messages for fire personnel in an adjacent geographical area. Participating in a communication about an adjacent geographical area talkgroup may not be necessary for the fire personnel at an incident scene.

    [0022] To facilitate the ability to maintain operational relationships, the system controller 118 may maintain a table identifying the associations for each communication in the wireless communication system. For example, the table may list that a first talkgroup, e.g. talkgroup A, has a required relationship to a second talkgroup, e.g. talkgroup B, and that the first talkgroup has an optional relationship to a third talkgroup, e.g. talkgroup C. In another example, the table may list that a first talkgroup, e.g. talkgroup A, has a required relationship to a data channel, e.g. text messaging, and that the first talkgroup has an optional relationship to a control channel. In one example, there is a limit to the number of associations that may be maintained by the system controller 118. In another example, there is a limit to the number of communications that a specific subscriber can be associated with. In any case, the operational relationships may be provisioned in the system controller or may be received by the system controller in a request from a subscriber.

    [0023] To facilitate the ability to allocate channel resources, the system controller 118 may maintain a table of channel resources. The table may identify whether a channel resource is available. As used herein, available means that the channel resource is idle, open, vacant, reserved, or is otherwise free to be assigned to a communication, e.g. a talkgroup call. The table may further indicate associations
    between channel resources. For example, the table may list that a first channel resource is being used for a first communication and that a second channel resource, which is associated with the first channel resource, is available. The table may further identify whether a channel resource has been reserved for future use.

    [0024] The channel resources of the wireless communications system carry the communications of the wireless communication system, e.g. on a channel of the wireless communication system. Where the wireless communication system 100 is a Frequency Division Multiple Access (FDMA) wireless communication system, the channel resource is a specific frequency range of an RF spectrum and a channel is a number of channel resources, e.g. multiple frequency ranges. Where the wireless communication system 100 is a Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) wireless communication system, the channel resource is a timeslot and a channel is a number of channel resources, e.g. timeslots. In one example, in a 2 slot TDMA wireless communication system, a channel resource identifies a timeslot and a channel identifies a frequency range carrying multiple time slots. In any case, a timeslot or a channel resource in a TDMA wireless communication system is a period of time on a specific radio frequency of the wireless communication system. Whether a channel resource is defined as a timeslot or a frequency range, a channel resource is a basic unit of a channel and a channel is a number of channel resources. Specifically, a channel is defined as multiple channel resources that are able to be monitored by one receiver, e.g. at a subscriber. Even though an embodiment of the present invention is generally described with reference to TDMA, alternatively, the wireless communication system 100 may adhere to other wireless protocols. For example, the wireless communication system 100 may adhere to a Frequency Division Multiple Access (FDMA) wireless communication system. Similarly, the wireless communication system 100 may adhere to a Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) system or a Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) system.

    [0025] FIG. 2 illustrates a flow diagram of an operation of the system controller 118 of the wireless communication system 100 in accordance with one example of the invention. The system controller 118 receives a request for a channel resource when a subscriber begins a transmission, e.g. by pressing PTT. As is known, pressing PTT sends a request for a channel resource to the system controller 118 (Block 202). In an example, the request includes information about which talkgroup the subscriber unit has selected, e.g. for subscriber 102, talkgroup A has been selected, and is called a request for a talkgroup call. In one embodiment, the request also contains information about the operational relationship of the talkgroup call, e.g. whether the talkgroup call is associated with other communications in the wireless communication system. In such an embodiment, if the request is associated with other communications, the request may include information identifying the operational relationships of the associated communications.

    [0026] Once the request is received by the system controller 118, the system controller 118 determines that the new talkgroup call is associated to an associated communication based upon the operational relationship of the new talkgroup call to the associated communication (Block 204). As mentioned, the operational relationship identifies associations and whether the associations are required or optional. In one embodiment, this determination is made by utilizing a table in the system controller 118 (as mentioned previously) which maintains the operational relationship information for the wireless communication system.

    [0027] In any case, the system controller 118 of the wireless communication system 100 allocates the channel resource for the new talkgroup call based upon the operational relationship (Block 206), if a channel resource is available. In one example, allocating a channel resource for the new talkgroup call based upon the operational relationship means to assign the new talkgroup call to a channel resource

    [0028] that is available and associated with a channel resource of the associated communication. For example, if the associated communication is active, e.g. a talkgroup call, in the wireless communication system 100 on a channel on a first channel resource, then the new talkgroup call is allocated to a second channel resource on the same channel. If the associated communication is not active in the wireless communication system, then the new talkgroup call is allocated to a channel that has two channel resources available, one for the new talkgroup call and one reserved for the associated communication. Regardless of whether the associated communication is active in the system or not, if a channel resource is available, the new talkgroup call is allocated to a channel resource that is associated to the channel resource for the associated communication ("associated channel resource").

    [0029] By allocating channel resources so that associated communications are assigned to associated channel resources, participating in one talkgroup call and monitoring other communications is facilitated. By keeping the associated communications on associated channel resources, a user of a subscriber can participate in the new talkgroup call while monitoring associated communications, and vice versa. As used herein, monitoring means to detect presence of activity, e.g. by deciphering signaling. If a channel resource is idle, then there is no activity.

    [0030] FIG. 3 illustrates a flow diagram of the determining and allocating operations of a system controller 118 configured in accordance with one example of the invention. In one example, the step of determining that the new talkgroup call is associated with the associated communication is based upon an operational relationship, as described above, further comprises the decision steps (e.g. steps in diamond-shaped boxes) in FIG. 3. In one example, the step of allocating the channel resource for the new talkgroup call based upon the operational relationship, as described above, further comprises the action steps (e.g. steps in rectangular-shaped boxes) in FIG. 3.

    [0031] Referring to FIG. 3, when the system controller 118 has received a new talkgroup call (Block 302) and determined that the new talkgroup call is associated to an associated communication (Block 304), the system controller 118 determines whether the associated communication is active on a channel (Block 306). If the associated communication is active on a channel (Block 306), then the system controller 118 determines whether there is an available channel resource on the channel (Block 308). If there is an available channel resource on the channel (Block 308), then the new talkgroup call is assigned to the available channel resource (Block 310). If the associated communication is active, but there is not an available channel resource (Block 308), then the system controller determines whether the associated communication is required (Block 312). If the associated communication is required (Block 312), then the new talkgroup call is queued until a channel becomes available (Block 314). If the associated communication is not required (e.g. is optional) (Block 312), then the system controller 118 determines whether the new talkgroup call can be assigned based upon associations of active communications in the wireless communication system, e.g. via Block 324.

    [0032] If the system controller 118 determines that the new talkgroup call is associated with an associated communication (Block 304), but the associated communication is not active (Block 306), then the system controller 118 determines whether there is an available channel (Block 316). If there is an available channel (Block 316), then the new talkgroup call is assigned a channel resource on the channel and the associated communication is assigned another channel resource on the channel (Block 318). Thus, a channel resource becomes reserved for the associated communication which is not presently active. If there is not an available channel (Block 316), then the system controller determines whether the associated communication is required (Block 320). If the associated communication is required (Block 320), then the new talkgroup call is queued (Block 322) until a channel (not just a channel resource) becomes available. If the associated communication is not

    [0033] required (Block 320), then the system controller determines whether there is a single active communication (e.g. there is a channel already carrying a communication that does not have an association) or an optional active communication (e.g. there is a channel already carrying a communication that has an optional association) with an available channel resource (Blocks 324, 328). If there is, then the system controller assigns the new talkgroup call to the available channel resource (Blocks 326, 330) by first assigning channel resources that are associated with single active communications (Block 324) before assigning channel resources that are associated with optional active communications (Block 326). Otherwise, the new talkgroup call is queued until a channel resource becomes available (Block 332). Thus, talkgroup calls with required associations to other communications are assigned channel resources of an available channel, even if the associated communications are not active in the wireless communication system, and if this is not possible, then the new talkgroup call is queued.

    [0034] If the system controller 118 has received a new talkgroup call (Block 302) and determined that the new talkgroup call is not associated to an associated communication (Block 304), then the system controller 118 determines whether there is an available channel resource (Blocks 336, 340, 344) to assign the new talkgroup call. If there is a single active communication (e.g. there is a channel already carrying a communication with does not have an association) with an available channel resource, then the new talkgroup call is assigned the available channel resource (Block 338). If this is not possible, an attempt is made to assign the new talkgroup call to a channel resource of an available channel (Block 342). If there are no available channels (Block 340), then the system controller 118 determines whether there are any available channel resources associated with associated communications that have an optional relationship (e.g. there is a channel already carrying a communication that has an optional association) (Block 344). If so, the new talkgroup call is assigned to the available channel resource (Block 346). If there are

    [0035] no "optional" channel resources that are available (Block 344), the new talkgroup call is queued (Block 348) until a channel resource becomes available. In such a manner, assigning channel resources where the new talkgroup call is not associated to an associated communication occurs by assigning a channel resource associated with a single active communication before assigning a channel resource associated with an available channel or a channel resource associated with an optional active communication.

    [0036] In one example, the system controller 118 receives a request for a channel resource by a new talkgroup call and determines that the new talkgroup call is associated to an associated talkgroup call based upon operational relationships of the new talkgroup call to the associated talkgroup call, e.g. by maintaining a table of operational relationships of talkgroup calls in the system controller. In such a case, the system controller 118 allocates the channel resource for the new talkgroup call based upon the operational relationship. Similar to the decision steps shown in FIG. 3, the system controller determines whether an associated talkgroup call exists in the wireless communication system, whether the associated talkgroup call is active on a channel, whether the channel has an available channel resource, whether the associated talkgroup call is required, etc. in order to allocate the channel resources in the wireless communication system for the new talkgroup call.

    [0037] In another example, the system controller 118 receives a request for a timeslot by a new talkgroup call and determines that the new talkgroup call is associated to an associated communication based upon operational relationships of the new talkgroup call to the associated communication. In such a case, the system controller 118 allocates timeslots in a TDMA wireless communication system for the new talkgroup call based upon the operational relationship. Similar to FIG. 3, the system controller allocates timeslots after determining whether an associated communication exists in the wireless communication system, whether the associated

    [0038] communication is active on a channel, whether the channel has an available timeslot, whether the associated communication is required, etc. in order to allocate the timeslots in the TDMA wireless communication system for the new talkgroup call. Thus, with reference to FIG. 3, the terms channel resources and timeslots may be used interchangeably.

    [0039] In any case, by allocating channel resources so that associated communications are assigned to associated channel resources, participating in a talkgroup call and monitoring another communication is facilitated. For example, a subscriber may monitor one talkgroup call while participating in a second talkgroup call.

    [0040] In the foregoing specification, specific examples of the present invention have been described. However, one of ordinary skill in the art appreciates that various modifications and changes can be made without departing from the scope of the present invention as set forth in the claims below. Accordingly, the specification and figures are to be regarded in an illustrative rather than a restrictive sense, and all such modifications are intended to be included within the scope of present invention. The benefits, advantages, solutions to problems, and any element(s) that may cause any benefit, advantage, or solution to occur or become more pronounced are not to be construed as a critical, required, or essential features or elements of any or all the claims. The invention is defined solely by the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. A method for dynamically allocating channel resources by a system controller (118) in a wireless communication system (100), the method comprising:

    receiving a request for a channel resource by a new talkgroup call (202);

    determining that the new talkgroup call is associated to an associated communication based upon an operational relationship of the new talkgroup call to the associated communication (204), wherein the operational relationship identifies whether the relationship of the new talkgroup call to the associated communication is required; and

    allocating the new talkgroup call (206) to a channel resource;

    characterized in that:

    said channel resource is associated to a second channel resource associated to the associated communication; and

    the allocating is based upon whether the operational relationship is required or optional, wherein

    if the operational relationship is required, the allocating comprises queuing the new talkgroup call (314) until said channel resource associated to said second channel resource becomes available.


     
    2. The method of claim 1, wherein the channel resource is a unit of a channel in the wireless communication system.
     
    3. The method of claim 1, further comprising:
    at a subscriber:

    participating in the new talkgroup call on the channel resource; and

    monitoring the associated communication.


     
    4. The method of claim 1, wherein allocating further comprises assigning the new talkgroup call to the channel resource and reserving the associated channel resource for the associated communication, if the operational relationship of the new talkgroup call is required and the associated communication is not active in the wireless communication system.
     
    5. The method as recited in claim 1, wherein the wireless communication system is either a Time Division Multiple Access wireless communication system or a Frequency Division Multiple Access wireless communication system.
     
    6. The method of claim 1, wherein the talkgroup call comprises subscribers in a talkgroup that share a common characteristic.
     
    7. The method of claim 1, wherein allocating further comprises assigning the new talkgroup call to the channel resource on an available channel so that the channel resource is assigned to the new talkgroup call even though the associated channel resource is assigned to a communication not associated with the new talkgroup call.
     
    8. The method of claim 1, wherein assigning the new talkgroup call to the channel resource occurs by assigning a channel resource associated with a single active communication before assigning a channel resource associated with an available channel.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verfahren zum dynamischen Zuordnen von Kanalressourcen durch einen Systemcontroller (118) in einem drahtlosen Kommunikationssystem (100), wobei das Verfahren umfasst:

    Empfangen einer Anfrage nach einer Kanalressource durch einen neuen Sprechgruppenanruf (202);

    Bestimmen, dass der neue Sprechgruppenanruf mit einer assoziierten Kommunikation assoziiert ist, basierend auf einer Betriebsbeziehung des neuen Sprechgruppenanrufs mit der assoziierten Kommunikation (204), wobei die Betriebsbeziehung identifiziert, ob die Beziehung des neuen Sprechgruppenanrufs mit der assoziierten Kommunikation erforderlich ist; und

    Zuordnen des neuen Sprechgruppenanrufs (206) zu einer Kanalressource; dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    die Kanalressource mit einer zweiten Kanalressource assoziiert ist, die mit der assoziierten Kommunikation assoziiert ist; und

    die Zuordnung darauf basiert, ob die Betriebsbeziehung erforderlich oder optional ist, wobei

    wenn die Betriebsbeziehung erforderlich ist, die Zuordnung eine Warteschlangeneinreihung des neuen Sprechgruppenanrufs (314) umfasst, bis die Kanalressource, die mit der zweiten Kanalressource assoziiert ist, verfügbar wird.


     
    2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Kanalressource eine Einheit eines Kanals in dem drahtlosen Kommunikationssystem ist.
     
    3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, weiterhin umfassend:
    bei einem Teilnehmer:

    Teilnehmen an dem neuen Sprechgruppenanruf auf der Kanalressource; und

    Überwachen der assoziierten Kommunikation.


     
    4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Zuordnen weiterhin ein Zuweisen des neuen Sprechgruppenanrufs zu der Kanalressource und ein Reservieren der assoziierten Kanalressource für die assoziierte Kommunikation umfasst, wenn die Betriebsbeziehung des neuen Sprechgruppenanrufs erforderlich ist und die assoziierte Kommunikation in dem drahtlosen Kommunikationssystem nicht aktiv ist.
     
    5. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das drahtlose Kommunikationssystem entweder ein drahtloses TDMA-Kommunikationssystem ("Time Division Multiple Access"; Mehrfachzugriff im Zeitmultiplex) oder ein drahtloses FDMA-Kommunikationssystem ("Frequency Division Multiple Acces"; Mehrfachzugriff im Frequenzmultiplex) ist.
     
    6. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Sprechgruppenanruf Teilnehmer in einer Sprechgruppe umfasst, die eine gemeinsame Charakteristik teilen.
     
    7. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Zuordnen weiterhin ein Zuweisen des neuen Sprechgruppenanrufs zu der Kanalressource auf einem verfügbaren Kanal umfasst, so dass die Kanalressource der neuen Sprechgruppe selbst dann zugewiesen wird, wenn die assoziierte Kanalressource zu einer Kommunikation zugewiesen ist, die mit dem neuen Sprechgruppenanruf nicht assoziiert ist.
     
    8. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Zuweisen des neuen Sprechgruppenanrufs zu der Kanalressource durch Zuweisen einer Kanalressource auftritt, die mit einer einzigen aktiven Kommunikation assoziiert ist, vor dem Zuweisen einer Kanalressource, die mit einem verfügbaren Kanal assoziiert ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé pour allouer dynamiquement des ressources de canal par un contrôleur de système (118) dans un système de communication sans fil (100), le procédé comprenant :

    la réception d'une demande pour une ressource de canal par un nouvel appel de groupe de conversation (202) ;

    la détermination que le nouvel appel de groupe de conversation est associé à une communication associée sur la base d'une relation opérationnelle du nouvel appel de groupe de conversation avec la communication associée (204), où la relation opérationnelle identifie si la relation du nouvel appel de groupe de conversation avec la communication associée est requise ; et

    l'allocation du nouvel appel de groupe de conversation (206) à une ressource de canal ;

    caractérisé en ce que :

    ladite ressource de canal est associée à une seconde ressource de canal associée à la communication associée ; et

    l'allocation est basée sur le fait de savoir si la relation opérationnelle est requise ou optionnelle, où

    si la relation opérationnelle est requise, l'allocation comprend la mise en file d'attente du nouvel appel de groupe de conversation (314) jusqu'à ce que ladite ressource de canal associée à ladite seconde ressource de canal devienne disponible.


     
    2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la ressource de canal est une unité d'un canal dans le système de communication sans fil.
     
    3. Procédé selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre :
    au niveau d'un abonné :

    la participation au nouvel appel de groupe de conversation sur la ressource de canal ; et

    la surveillance de la communication associée.


     
    4. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'allocation comprend en outre l'assignation du nouvel appel de groupe de conversation à la ressource de canal et la réservation de la ressource de canal associée pour la communication associée, si la relation opérationnelle du nouvel appel de groupe de conversation est requise et que la communication associée n'est pas active dans le système de communication sans fil.
     
    5. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le système de communication sans fil est soit un système de communication sans fil à Accès Multiple par Répartition dans le Temps soit un système de communication sans fil à Accès Multiple par Répartition en Fréquence.
     
    6. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'appel de groupe de conversation comprend des abonnés dans un groupe de conversation qui partagent une caractéristique commune.
     
    7. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'allocation comprend en outre l'assignation du nouvel appel de groupe de conversation à la ressource de canal sur un canal disponible de sorte que la ressource de canal soit assignée au nouvel appel de groupe de conversation même si la ressource de canal associée est assignée à une communication non associée au nouvel appel de groupe de conversation.
     
    8. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'assignation du nouvel appel de groupe de conversation à la ressource de canal se produit en assignant une ressource de canal associée à une seule communication active avant l'assignation d'une ressource de canal associée à un canal disponible.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description