(19)
(11)EP 2 275 316 A2

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
19.01.2011 Bulletin 2011/03

(21)Application number: 10186129.2

(22)Date of filing:  19.04.2005
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B60W 10/08  (2006.01)
B60W 10/26  (2006.01)
B60W 20/00  (2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU MC NL PL PT RO SE SI SK TR

(30)Priority: 19.04.2004 US 826392
24.05.2004 US 851207
16.08.2004 US 918487

(62)Application number of the earlier application in accordance with Art. 76 EPC:
05252437.8 / 1588885

(71)Applicant: Tai-Her, Yang
Si-Hu Town Dzan-Hwa (TW)

(72)Inventor:
  • Tai-Her, Yang
    Si-Hu Town Dzan-Hwa (TW)

(74)Representative: Wright, Howard Hugh Burnby 
Withers & Rogers LLP Goldings House 2 Hays Lane
London SE1 2HW
London SE1 2HW (GB)

 
Remarks:
This application was filed on 01-10-2010 as a divisional application to the application mentioned under INID code 62.
 


(54)Series & Parallel Combined Dual Power Drive System


(57) A series and parallel combined dual power system operates as a series combined power system, or as a parallel combined power system; the power from an engine directly drive the load; the system engages in the operation as the series combined power system incase of a light load; the load is driven by the engine in case of a normal load; an optional rechargeable device is adapted to the system; either or both of a primary and a secondary dynamo-electric units functions as a motor on the power from the rechargeable device to jointly drive the load with the power from the engine; and functions to provide power drive in case of a light load.




Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


(a) Field of the Invention



[0001] The present invention is related to a series and parallel combined dual power drive system for the engine functioning as the active rotation power source to directly drive a load, the system provides the following functions:
  • Operating as a series combined power system, wherein, the engine drives a primary dynamo-electric unit to function as a generator with the power generated to drive a secondary dynamo-electric unit to output mechanical rotation kinetics to drive the load and regulate the engine to operate at a constant speed yielding higher energy efficiency; the constant speed operation is defined as the range of operation speed wherein the engine is running at lower fuel consumption but paid the operation region with comparatively higher fuel saving of comparatively higher output power so to reach the brake specific fuel consumption; or when an optional rechargeable device is added to the system, the power generated by the primary dynamo-electric unit as driven by the engine charges the rechargeable device, or the power from the rechargeable device and that from the primary dynamo-electric unit jointly drive the secondary dynamo-electric unit to function as a motor to output to regulate the engine operating in a constant speed of comparatively higher energy efficiency; again, the constant speed operation is defined as the range of operation speed wherein the engine is running at lower fuel consumption but paid the operation region with comparatively higher fuel saving of comparatively higher output power so to reach the brake specific fuel consumption;
  • The load is driven by the rotation kinetics from the engine power;
  • When adapted with the optional rechargeable device, the system provides the operation of the parallel combined power system for the power from the rechargeable device to drive either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units to function as a motor to jointly drive the load with the power from the engine, or in case of a light load, the kinetics form the engine is used to drive either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units to function as a generator to charge the rechargeable device or supply power to another load;
  • The power from the rechargeable device drives either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units to function as a motor for driving a load;
  • The power from the engine drives either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units to function as a generator to charge the rechargeable device or to supply power to another load;
  • The load is used to inversely drive either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units to function as a generator to charge the rechargeable device or supply power to another load;
  • Mechanical damper of the engine functions as the brake, or if the rechargeable device is adapted, either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units operates at the same time as a generator to charge the rechargeable device or to supply power to another load for creating the braking function by regeneration;
  • The rechargeable device drives either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units to function as a motor to start the engine; and
  • The system provides all or any part of those functions described above.


[0002] The system by providing all or any part of those functions described above corrects the defectives of the lower efficiency and higher pollution found with the engine when operating at low power output and low speed.

(b) Description of the Prior Art:



[0003] Conventional land, surface or air carriers are usually provided with a single power system. In recent years, as demanded by energy saving and pollution control appeals, major efforts have been put into the research and development of dual power drive system. Wherein, significant progress has been down in the combined dual power system containing rotation kinetics outputted form a combustion engine and that outputted from a power driven motor. Looking back those combined dual power systems already having been developed, they include:
  1. 1. Series combined power system: the engine is used to drive the motor, in turn, the power from the generator drives the motor to create rotation kinetics to drive the load; this system has its flaw in a wild difference in the efficiency of the system under various load rate; large dynamo-electric rated capacity, consuming too much space, heavier and higher cost since the motor and the generator bear all the powers;
  2. 2. Energy storage series drive system: with normal load, the engine is used to drive the generator, in turn, the power from the generator drives the motor to output rotation kinetics to drive the load; in case of a light load, the power from generator while driving the motor, is partially inputted into the rechargeable device for storing energy so that if the engine stops running, the power from the rechargeable device drives the motor to output rotation kinetics to drive the load for reducing pollution and upgrading energy efficiency; in case of a heavy load, the power from the generator as driven the engine and that from the rechargeable device are jointly outputted to the motor to output rotation kinetics for driving the load;
  3. 3. Parallel combined power system: with a normal load, the rotation kinetics outputted from the engine directly drive the load; in case of a light load, the motor drawn by the engine is switched to function as a generator to charge the rechargeable device or to supply power to another load; or if the engine stops running, the power from the rechargeable device drives the motor to output rotation kinetics for driving the load to upgrade energy efficiency and reduce pollution; and in case of a heavy load, the rotation kinetics outputted from the engine and that from the motor as driven by the rechargeable device jointly drive the load; the flaw of the system rests in that it requires the rechargeable device with sufficient capacity.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



[0004] The primary purpose of the present invention is to provide a series and parallel combined dual power system. While providing the power form the engine to directly drive the load; the series combined power system operates and the engine drives in case of a normal load; when the optional rechargeable device is adapted to the system, either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units operates as a motor on the power supplied from the rechargeable device so to jointly drive the load with the power from the engine; and in case of a light load, the system executes the power drive.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0005] 

Fig. 1 is a system block chart of a preferred embodiment of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is another system block chart comprised of the primary power unit taken from the preferred embodiment as illustrated in Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is a schematic view showing that a rechargeable device is adapted to the system of the preferred embodiment to engage in the operation as the series combined power system with controllable engine speed.

Fig. 4 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 adapted with the rechargeable device is operating as the series combined power system with the engine running at a constant speed.

Fig. 5 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 not adapted with the rechargeable device is engaged in the operation as the series combined power system with controllable engine speed.

Fig. 6 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 not adapted with the rechargeable device is operating as the series combined power system with the engine running at a constant speed.

Fig. 7 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 operates to drive a load by the power from the engine.

Fig. 8 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 jointly drive the load using the engine power and both of a primary and a secondary dynamo-electric units driven by the rechargeable device.

Fig. 9 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 jointly drive the load using the engine power and the primary dynamo-electric units driven by the rechargeable device.

Fig. 10 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 jointly drive the load using the engine power and the secondary dynamo-electric units driven by the rechargeable device.

Fig. 11 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 operates to drive the load by the power of engine, and the primary dynamo-electric unit is driven to function as a generator to charge the rechargeable device or to supply power to another load.

Fig. 12 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 operates to drive the load by the power of engine, and the secondary dynamo-electric unit is driven to function as a generator to charge the rechargeable device or to supply power to another load.

Fig. 13 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 operates to drive the load by the power of engine, and both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units function as a generator to charge the rechargeable device or to supply power to another load.

Fig. 14 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 operates to drive the primary dynamo-electric unit by the power from the rechargeable unit for driving the load.

Fig. 15 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 operates to drive the secondary dynamo-electric unit by the power from the rechargeable unit for driving the load.

Fig. 16 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 operates to drive both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units by the power from the rechargeable unit for driving the load.

Fig. 17 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 operates on the power from the engine running at a constant speed to drive the primary dynamo-electric unit to function as a generator to charge the rechargeable device and to supply power to another load.

Fig. 18 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 operates on the power from the engine running at a constant speed to drive the secondary dynamo-electric unit to function as a generator to charge the rechargeable device and to supply power to another load.

Fig. 19 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 operates on the power from the engine running at a constant speed to drive both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units to function as a generator to charge the rechargeable device or to supply power to another load.

Fig. 20 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 has the load the draw the primary dynamo-electric unit to regenerate by reclaiming the kinetics so to charge the rechargeable device or to supply power to another load.

Fig. 21 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 has the load the draw the secondary dynamo-electric unit to regenerate by reclaiming the kinetics so to charge the rechargeable device or to supply power to another load.

Fig. 22 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 has the load the draw both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units to regenerate for reclaiming the kinetics so to charge the rechargeable device or to supply power to another load.

Fig. 23 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 exercises a braking on the load by means of a mechanical damper of the engine.

Fig. 24 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 exercises a braking on the load by means of the mechanical damper of the engine and drives the primary dynamo-electric unit to regenerate for charging the rechargeable device or supplying power to another load.

Fig. 25 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 exercises a braking on the load by means of the mechanical damper of the engine and drives the secondary dynamo-electric unit to regenerate for charging the rechargeable device or supplying power to another load.

Fig. 26 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 exercises a braking on the load by means of the mechanical damper of the engine and drives both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units to regenerate for charging the rechargeable device or supplying power to another load.

Fig. 27 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 uses the power from the rechargeable device to drive the primary dynamo-electric unit to start the engine.

Fig. 28 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 uses the power from the rechargeable device to drive the secondary dynamo-electric unit to start the engine.

Fig. 29 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 uses the power from the rechargeable device to drive both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units to start the engine.

Fig. 30 is a block chart showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 1 has different layouts of spatial configuration among the constituent units without changing the mechanism of the system.

Fig. 31 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 1 engages in the distribution of power by a variable transmission unit driven by the active power source to drive in sequent two or more than two primary dynamo-electric units, clutches, and the secondary dynamo-electric units for driving the load.

Fig. 32 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 1 engages in the distribution of power by the variable transmission unit driven by an output end from the primary dynamo-electric unit to drive in sequent two or more than two clutches, and the secondary dynamo-electric units for respectively driving the load.

Fig. 33 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 1 has the clutch driven by the primary dynamo-electric unit to drive the variable transmission unit for power distribution so to drive two or more than two secondary dynamo-electric units.

Fig. 34 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 1 has the variable unit at the output end of the system driven by the secondary dynamo-electric unit to engage in power distribution for driving two or more than two units of load.

Fig. 35 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 1 has the individual output end of the variable transmission unit further driven by the clutch driven by the primary dynamo-electric unit to be respectively coupled to the rotation part of the secondary dynamo-electric unit and to the load end.

Fig. 36 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 1 has the output from the active rotation power source to be respectively coupled to the primary dynamo-electric unit through the variable transmission unit driven by the active rotation power source, and coupled to the secondary dynamo-electric unit through the clutch.

Fig. 37 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 1 has the output from the active rotation power source respectively coupled through the variable transmission unit driven by the active rotation power source to the primary dynamo-electric unit, and through the clutch to the individual output end of the variable transmission unit driven by the clutch for respectively driving two or more than two units of the secondary dynamo-electric units and loads.

Fig. 38 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 1 has two output ends with one end coupled to the first primary dynamo-electric unit and the other end coupled to the variable transmission unit comprised of clutch and differential gear set to respectively drive the load through the clutch and the secondary dynamo-electric unit.

Fig. 39 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 1 has the rotary part of the primary dynamo-electric unit to be coupled to the secondary dynamo-electric unit, and that optionally the variable transmission unit is adapted to the secondary dynamo-electric unit to drive the load and another variable transmission unit is provided between the output of the active rotation power source and the rotary part of the primary dynamo-electric unit.

Fig. 40 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 12 has the rotary part of the active rotation power source and where between the rotary part and the clutch of the primary dynamo-electric unit coupled by means of the variable transmission unit, and that the output end of the clutch is provided for copulation to the rotary part of the secondary dynamo-electric unit while a variable transmission unit is optionally provided at where between the rotary part of the secondary dynamo-electric unit and the load.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS



[0006] The present invention of a series and parallel combined dual power system operates as a series combined power system, or as a parallel combined power system. Wherein, when an internal combustion engine is used as an active rotation power source, the rotation kinetics outputted form the engine is used to directly drive a load in case of a normal load; the system is switched to operate as the series combined power system as required with the power from the engine to drive a primary dynamo-electric unit for functioning as a generator to drive a secondary dynamo-electric unit for functioning as a motor to output rotation kinetics to drive the load in case of a light load.

[0007] The series and parallel dual power system may be adapted with an operation rechargeable device. If the rechargeable device is adapted and in case of a heavy load, the power from the rechargeable device drives either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units to function as a motor, and to jointly drive the load with the power from the engine for operating as a parallel combined power system. In case of a normal load, the rotation kinetics outputted from the engine directly drives the load. In case of a light load, while the rotation kinetics outputted form the engine directly drives the load, either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units functions as a generator to charge the rechargeable device or to supply power to another load. If the system is converted to operate in the mode of the series combined power system, the power from the engine drives the primary dynamo-electric unit to function as a generator to further drive the secondary dynamo-electric unit for functioning as a motor, and may charge the rechargeable device or supply power to another load at random for regulating the engine to operate at a constant speed with higher energy efficiency, the constant speed operation is defined as the range of operation speed wherein the engine is running at lower fuel consumption but paid the operation region with comparatively higher fuel saving of comparatively higher output power so to reach the optimal brake specific fuel consumption. Furthermore, as required, the power from the rechargeable device is used to drive either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units to function as a motor to further output rotation kinetics to drive the load in correcting the defectives of the lower efficiency and higher pollution found with the engine when operating at low power output and low speed.

[0008] The system by providing all or any part of those functions described above corrects the defectives of the lower efficiency and higher pollution found with the engine when operating at low power output and low speed.

[0009] Fig. 1 is a system block chart of a series and parallel combined dual power system of the present invention. Wherein, the active rotation power source and both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units, an operation clutch and an optional variable transmission unit constituting a systematic incorporation is essentially comprised of:
  • An active rotation power source: comprised of one or multiple internal combustion engines, external combustion engine or other rotation kinetics power sources of the prior art, an rotary part of the active power source 100 is directly or through either or both of an optional clutch 102 and an optional variable transmission unit 109, coupled to a primary dynamo-electric unit 101;
  • The primary dynamo-electric unit 101: comprised of one or multiple AC, DC, brushless, brush, synchronous or asynchronous rotation dynamo-electric device providing functions as a generator, or switched functions between those of a generator and a motor; a rotary part of the primary dynamo-electric unit 101 is coupled to a secondary dynamo-electric unit 103 through a clutch 112, or as required through the clutch 112 and the variable transmission unit 109;
  • Clutches 102, 112, 122: related to a single way clutch or a clutch controlled by manual, mechanical force, eccentric force, air pressure, hydraulic flow, or electro-magnetic force used to transmit or interrupt the transmission of the mechanical rotation kinetics; one or multiple clutches 112 is required while one or multiple clutches 102 and clutches 122 may be provided or not; or idling shaft function provided at random by a clutch disposed to the input end of the load or by a variable transmission device is used to replace that of the clutch 122;
  • The secondary dynamo-electric unit 103: comprised of one or multiple AC, DC, brushless, brush, synchronous or asynchronous rotation dynamo-electric device providing functions as a generator, or switched functions between those of a generator and a motor; a rotary part of the secondary dynamo-electric unit 103 is coupled to a secondary dynamo-electric unit 103 through a clutch 112, or as required through the clutch 112 and the variable transmission unit 109;
  • A drive control unit 104: an optional item, comprised of electro-mechanical or solid-status circuit to control the power generated by the primary dynamo-electric unit 101 functioning as a generator when the system operates as the series combined power system so to drive the secondary dynamo-electric unit 103 and charge a rechargeable device 106, or control either of the generation output functions, or control the power from the rechargeable device 106 to drive either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units 101, 103 functioning as a motor, the drive control unit 104 controls voltage, amperage, polarity (in case of a DC), torque and phase (in case of an AC) to manipulate revolving direction, speed, torque and abnormality protection of the dynamo-electric unit; or when either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units are inversely driven by the load to function as a generator, the driven control unit 104 controls the charging power transmitted to the rechargeable device 106 or to another load thus to manipulate the dynamo-electric unit to function as a brake by regeneration;
  • A central control unit: an optional item, comprised of a solid-status, or an electro-mechanical device, or chip and related working software, subject to the control by a control interface 107 to further control functions provided by the series and parallel dual power system, particularly in achieving the optimal fuel consumption and pollution control; controls the relative functions provided among the first dynamo-electric unit 101, the secondary dynamo-electric unit 103 and the rechargeable device 106 by manipulating the drive control unit 104; and controls the monitor and interaction of the feedback among all units in the system;
  • The rechargeable device 106: an optional item, related to a rechargeable battery, super capacitor, or any other rechargeable device;
  • The control interface 107: an optional item, related to a solid-state, or electro-mechanical device, or chip and related software, subject to the manual input or input of control signal to control the operation of the series and parallel combined dual power system;
  • The variable transmission unit 109: comprised of a variable transmission device of fixed speed ration, or automatic, semi-automatic, or manual variable transmission device, or a differential gear set, epicyclical gear set, or other variable transmission device; is provided at where between the active rotation power source 100 and the clutch 102, or between the clutch 102 and the rotary part of the primary dynamo-electric unit 101, or between the rotary part primary dynamo-electric unit 101 and that of the clutch 112, or between the rotary part of the clutch 112 and that of the secondary dynamo-electric unit 103, or between the rotary part of the secondary dynamo-electric unit 103 and that of the clutch 122, or between the rotary part of the clutch 122 and that of the load; and
  • A redundant rechargeable device 110: comprised of a rechargeable battery, super capacitor, a flywheel for energy storage, or other rechargeable battery device with the power controlled by a start switch 111 to drive a start motor 121 of the engine set of the active rotation power source 100, thus to directly or through a transmission device start the engine set, or supply power to the peripheral equipment or another power driven load 130; all the redundant rechargeable device 110, the start switch 111 and the start motor 121 are optional items.


[0010] The rotation kinetics outputted from the system may be provided to drive a load of an air, land, or surface craft and other industrial equipment that is required to receive the input of the rotation mechanical kinetics.

[0011] With the engine as the active rotation power source, the series and parallel combined dual power system provides all or part of the following functions:
  • When the system operates as the series combined power system, the engine is controlled to run from low speed to high speed or run at a constant speed for driving the primary dynamo-electric unit to function as a generator; if the rechargeable device 106 is not adapted, the power generated drives the secondary dynamo-electric unit 103 to function as a motor to output rotation kinetics for driving the load 120; if the system is adapted with the rechargeable device 106 and in case of a light load, the power generated from the primary dynamo-electric unit drives the secondary dynamo-electric unit 103 while charging the rechargeable device 106; or in case of a heavy load, the power generated form the primary dynamo-electric unit 101 and that from the rechargeable device 106 jointly drive the secondary dynamo-electric unit 103 to output rotation kinetics for driving the load 120 and regulate the engine to operate at a constant speed yielding higher energy efficiency; the constant speed operation is defined as the range of operation speed wherein the engine is running at lower fuel consumption but paid the operation region with comparatively higher fuel saving of comparatively higher output power so to reach the optimal brake specific fuel consumption; or when an optional rechargeable device is added to the system, the power generated by the primary dynamo-electric unit as driven by the engine charges the rechargeable device, or the power from the rechargeable device and that from the primary dynamo-electric unit jointly drive the secondary dynamo-electric unit to function as a motor to output to regulate the engine operating in a constant speed of comparatively higher energy efficiency; again, the constant speed operation is defined as the range of operation speed wherein the engine is running at lower fuel consumption but paid the operation region with comparatively higher fuel saving of comparatively higher output power so to reach the brake specific fuel consumption;
  • The load 102 is driven by the rotation kinetics from the engine power;
  • When adapted with the optional rechargeable device 106, the system provides the operation of the parallel combined power system for the power from the rechargeable device 106 to drive either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units 101, 103 to function as a motor to jointly drive the load 120 with the power from the engine, or in case of a light load, while driving the load 120, the power form the engine is used to drive either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units 101, 103 to charge the rechargeable device 106 or supply power to another load 130; in case of a heavy load, the power from the rechargeable device 106 drives either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units 101, 103 for jointly driving the load with the power from the engine;
  • The power from the rechargeable device 106 drives either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units 101, 103 to function as a motor for driving the load 120;
  • The power from the engine drives either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units 101, 103 to function as a generator to charge the rechargeable device 106 or to supply power to another load 130;
  • The load 102 is used to inversely drive either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units 101, 103 to function as a generator to charge the rechargeable device 106 or supply power to another load 130;
  • Mechanical damper of the engine functions as the brake, or if the rechargeable device 106 is adapted, either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units 101, 103 operates at the same time as a generator to charge the rechargeable device 106 or to supply power to another load 130 for creating the braking function by regeneration;
  • The rechargeable device 106 drives either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units 101, 103 to function as a motor to start the engine; and
  • The system provides all or any part of those functions described above.


[0012] For a summary description, the variable transmission unit 109, the redundant rechargeable device 110, the start switch 111, the start motor 121, the central control unit 105, and the control interface 107 are omitted from the system illustrated in Fig. 1 while the engine functions as the active rotation power source 100 and the primary dynamo-electric unit 101, the secondary dynamo-electric unit 103, the clutches 102, 112, 122, the drive control unit 104, and the optional rechargeable device 106 and the power driven load 130 are reserved to drive the load 120.

[0013] As illustrated in Fig. 2 for another system block chart comprised of the primary power unit taken from the preferred embodiment as illustrated in Fig. 1; wherein, the functions of the system provided by the interaction among all key power units include:
  • System functions 1, 2: related to that the rechargeable device 106 is adapted for the system to function as the series combined power system for driving the load;
  • System functions 3, 4: related to that the rechargeable device 106 is not adapted to the system, and the system functions as the series combined power system for driving the load;
  • System function 5: related to that the power from the engine as the active power source 100 drives the load 120;
  • System functions 6, 7, and 8: related to that the power from the engine as the active power source 100 and the power from the rechargeable device 106 jointly drive either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units 101, 103 to function as a generator so to jointly drive the load 120;
  • System functions 9, 10, and 11: related to that the power from the engine as the active power source 100 drives the load 120 and drives at the same time either or both of the primary and secondary dynamo-electric units 101, 103 to function as a generator so to charge the rechargeable device 106 or supply power to another power driven load 130 (including any external load not specified);
  • System functions 12, 13, and 14: related to that the power from the rechargeable device 106 drives either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units 101, 103 to function as a motor for driving the load 120;
  • System functions 15, 16, and 17: related to that the power from the engine as the active power source 100 drives either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units 101, 103 to function as a generator so to charge the rechargeable device 106 or supply power to another power driven load 130 (including any external load not specified);
  • System functions 18, 19, and 20: related to that the load 120 inversely draws either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units 101, 103 to function as a generator so to charge the rechargeable device 106 or supply power to another power driven load 130 (including any external load not specified) for achieving the purpose of regenerating by reclaiming the kinetics to exercise the brake;
  • System function 21: related to that the mechanical damper of the engine as the active power source 100 exercises the brake on the load 120;
  • System functions 22, 23, and 24: related to that the mechanical damper of the engine as the active power source 100 exercises the brake on the load 120, and either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units 101,103 simultaneously functions as the regeneration to charge the rechargeable device 106 or another load 130 driven by power, and further to exercise the brake on the load 120;
  • System functions 25, 26, and 27: related to that the power from the rechargeable device 106 drives either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units 101, 103 to function as a motor for starting the engine.


[0014] Fig. 3 through Fig. 29 show those common functions of the system listed in Table A: Provided, however, that the functions of the system are not limited to those common functions. Fig. 3 through Fig. 29 are schematic views showing those system functions listed in Table A. Wherein,

Fig. 3 shows that a rechargeable device is adapted to the system of the preferred embodiment illustrated in Fig. 2 to engage in the operation as the series combined power system with controllable engine speed. Fig. 3 shows the system function 1 of the preferred embodiment illustrated in Fig. 2, wherein, the system is adapted with the rechargeable device to provide the series combined power operation to drive the load.

Fig. 4 shows that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 is adapted with the rechargeable device is operating as the series combined power system with the engine running at a constant speed. Fig. 4 shows system function 2 provided by the preferred embodiment illustrated in Fig. 2, wherein, the system is adapted with the rechargeable device while the engine is running at a constant speed to drive the system to provide series combined power operation for driving the load.

Fig. 5 is shows that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 is not adapted with the rechargeable device and is providing the operation as the series combined power system with controllable engine speed. Fig. 5 shows system function 3 provided by the preferred embodiment illustrated in Fig. 2, wherein, the system without the adaptation of the rechargeable device provides the series combine power operation to drive the load.

Fig. 6 shows that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 is not adapted with the rechargeable device and is operating as the series combined power system with the engine running at a constant speed. Fig. 6 shows system function 4 of the preferred embodiment illustrated in Fig. 6, wherein, the system without the adaptation of the rechargeable device has the engine running at a constant speed to drive the system to provide the series combine power operation to drive the load.

Fig. 7 shows that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 operates to drive a load by the power from the engine. Fig. 7 shows system function 5 provided by the preferred embodiment illustrated in Fig. 2, wherein, the system drives the load by the power from the engine.

Fig. 8 shows that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 jointly drives the load using the engine power and both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units driven by the rechargeable device. Fig. 8 shows system function 6 provided by the preferred embodiment illustrated in Fig. 2, wherein, the system has the power from the engine and both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units functioning a s a motor in case of a heavy load to jointly drive the load.

Fig. 9 shows that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 drives the load using the engine power and the primary dynamo-electric units driven by the rechargeable device. Fig. 9 shows system function 7 provided by the preferred embodiment illustrated in Fig. 2, wherein, the system has the power from the engine and the primary dynamo-electric unit functioning as a motor driven by the rechargeable device in case of a heavy load to jointly drive the load.

Fig. 10 is shows that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 drives the load using the engine power and the secondary dynamo-electric units driven by the rechargeable device. Fig. 10 shows system function 8 provided by the preferred embodiment illustrated in Fig. 2, wherein, the system has the power from the engine and the secondary dynamo-electric unit functioning as a motor driven by the rechargeable device in case of a heavy load to jointly drive the load.

Fig. 11 shows that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 operates to drive the load by the power of engine, and the primary dynamo-electric unit is driven to function as a generator to charge the rechargeable device or to supply power to another load. Fig. 11 shows system function 9, wherein; the power from the engine drives the load, and the primary dynamo-electric unit to function as a generator for charging the rechargeable device or supplying power to another load.

Fig. 12 shows that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 operates to drive the load by the power of engine, and the secondary dynamo-electric unit is driven to function as a generator to charge the rechargeable device or to supply power to another load. Fig. 12 shows system function 10 provided by the preferred embodiment illustrated in Fig. 2, wherein, the power from the engine drives the load, and the secondary dynamo-electric unit to function as a generator to charge the rechargeable device or to supply power to another load.

Fig. 13 shows that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 operates to drive the load by the power of engine, and both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units function as a generator to charge the rechargeable device or to supply power to another load. Fig. 13 shows system function 11 provided by the preferred embodiment illustrated in Fig. 2, wherein, the power from the engine drives the load and both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units to function as a generator for charging the rechargeable device or supplying power to another load.

Fig. 14 shows that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 operates to drive the primary dynamo-electric unit by the power from the rechargeable unit for driving the load. Fig. 14 shows system function 12 provided by the preferred embodiment illustrated in Fig. 2, wherein, the power form the rechargeable device drives the primary dynamo-electric unit to function as a motor for driving the load.

Fig. 15 shows that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 operates to drive the secondary dynamo-electric unit by the power from the rechargeable unit for driving the load. Fig. 15 shows system function 13 provided by the preferred embodiment illustrated in Fig. 2, wherein, the power from the rechargeable device drives the secondary dynamo-electric unit to function as a motor for driving the load.

Fig. 16 shows that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 operates to drive both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units by the power from the rechargeable unit for driving the load. Fig. 16 shows system function 14 provided by the preferred embodiment illustrated in Fig. 2, wherein, the power form the rechargeable device drives both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units to function as a motor for driving the load.

Fig. 17 shows that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 operates on the power from the engine running at a constant speed to drive the primary dynamo-electric unit to function as a generator to charge the rechargeable device and to supply power to another load. Fig. 17 shows system function 15 provided by the preferred embodiment illustrated in Fig. 2, wherein, the engine runs at a constant speed to drive the primary dynamo-electric unit to function as a generator for charging the rechargeable device or supplying power to another load.

Fig. 18 shows that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 operates on the power from the engine running at a constant speed to drive the secondary dynamo-electric unit to function as a generator to charge the rechargeable device and to supply power to another load. Fig. 18 shows system function 16 provided by the preferred embodiment illustrated in Fig. 2, wherein, the engine runs at a constant speed to drive the secondary dynamo-electric unit to function as a generator for charging the rechargeable device or supplying power to another load

Fig. 19 shows that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 operates on the power from the engine running at a constant speed to drive both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units to function as a generator to charge the rechargeable device or to supply power to another load. Fig. 19 shows system function 17 provided by the preferred embodiment illustrated in Fig. 2, wherein, the engine runs at a constant speed to drive both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units to function as a generator for charging the rechargeable device or supplying power to another load

Fig. 20 shows that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 has the load the draw the primary dynamo-electric unit to regenerate by reclaiming the kinetics so to charge the rechargeable device or to supply power to another load. Fig. 20 shows system function 18 provided by the preferred embodiment illustrated in Fig. 2, wherein, the system has the load to operate as the brake to draw the primary dynamo-electric unit for functioning as a generator to charge the rechargeable device or to supply power to another load.

Fig. 21 shows that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 has the load the draw the secondary dynamo-electric unit to regenerate by reclaiming the kinetics so to charge the rechargeable device or to supply power to another load. Fig. 21 shows system function 19 provided by the preferred embodiment illustrated in Fig. 2, wherein, the system has the load to exercise the operation of a brake so to draw the secondary dynamo-electric unit to function as a generator for charging the rechargeable device or supplying power to another load.

Fig. 22 shows that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 has the load the draw both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units to regenerate by reclaiming the kinetics so to charge the rechargeable device or to supply power to another load. Fig. 22 shows system function 20 provided by the preferred embodiment illustrated in Fig. 2, wherein, the system has the load to exercise the operation of a brake to draw both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units to function as a generator for charging the rechargeable device or supplying power to another load.

Fig. 23 shows that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 exercises a braking on the load by means of a mechanical damper of the engine. Fig. 23 shows system function 21 provided by the preferred embodiment illustrated in Fig. 2, wherein, the engine has the damper to exercise the operation of brake on the load.

Fig. 24 shows that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 exercises a braking on the load by means of the mechanical damper of the engine and drives the primary dynamo-electric unit to regenerate for charging the rechargeable device or supplying power to another load. Fig. 24 shows system function 22 provided by the preferred embodiment illustrated in Fig. 2, wherein, the engine is used as the damper to exercise brake on the load while the primary dynamo-electric functions as a generator to regenerate by reclaiming the kinetics for regenerating so to charge the rechargeable device or to supply power to another load.

Fig. 25 shows that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 exercises a braking on the load by means of the mechanical damper of the engine and drives the secondary dynamo-electric unit to regenerate for charging the rechargeable device or supplying power to another load. Fig. 25 shows system function 23 provided by the preferred embodiment illustrated in Fig. 2, wherein, the secondary dynamo-electric unit functions as a generator to regenerate by reclaiming the kinetics for regenerating so to charge the rechargeable device or to supply power to another load.

Fig. 26 shows that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 exercises a braking on the load by means of the mechanical damper of the engine and drives both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units to regenerate for charging the rechargeable device or supplying power to another load. Fig. 26 shows system function 24 provided by the preferred embodiment illustrated in Fig. 2, wherein, both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units functioning as a generator to regenerate by reclaiming the kinetics so to charge the rechargeable device or to supply power to another load.

Fig. 27 shows that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 uses the power from the rechargeable device to drive the primary dynamo-electric unit to start the engine. Fig. 27 shows system function 25 provided by the preferred embodiment illustrated in Fig. 2, wherein, the power from the rechargeable device drives the primary dynamo-electric unit to function as a motor to start the engine.

Fig. 28 shows that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 uses the power from the rechargeable device to drive the secondary dynamo-electric unit to start the engine. Fig. 28 shows system function 26 provided by the preferred embodiment illustrated in Fig. 2, wherein, the power from the rechargeable device drives the secondary dynamo-electric unit to function as a motor to start the engine.

Fig. 29 shows that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 2 uses the power from the rechargeable device to drive both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units to start the engine. Fig. 29 shows system function 27 provided by the preferred embodiment illustrated in Fig. 2, wherein, the power from the rechargeable device drives both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units to function as a motor to start the engine.



[0015] The constant speed of the engine among those system functions described above is defined as the range of operation speed wherein the engine is running at lower fuel consumption but paid the operation region with comparatively higher fuel saving of comparatively higher output power so to reach the optimal brake specific fuel consumption.

[0016] In general, the series and parallel combined dual power system of the present invention has the engine as the active power with its essential structure and functions described as follows:
  • The rotary part of the engine serving as the active rotation power source 100 is directly couple to that of the primary dynamo-electric unit 101; or alternatively, an optional clutch 102 or a variable transmission unit 109 may or may not be provided between the active rotation power source 100 and the primary dynamo-electric unit 101;
  • The rotation kinetics outputted from the engine serving as the active rotation power source 100 drives the rotary part of the primary dynamo-electric unit 101 to function as a generator; the clutch 112 is provided between the rotary part of the primary dynamo-electric unit 101 and that of the secondary dynamo-electric unit 103; when the system is converted into the operation as the series combined power system, the clutch 112 is not coupled; instead, the engine serving as the active rotation power source 100 drives the primary dynamo-electric unit to function as a generator with the outputted power to further drive the secondary dynamo-electric unit to function as a motor for driving the load; if as required, the system is adapted with the rechargeable device 106 and other power driven load, the power generated by the primary dynamo-electric unit charges the rechargeable device 106 or supplies power to another load in case of a light load or no-load;
  • In the normal load, the clutch 112 located between both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units is closed; the optional clutch 102 may or may not be provided between the rotary part of the engine serving as the active rotation power source 100 and that of the primary dynamo-electric unit 101; if the clutch 102 is provided, it is also closed; the optional clutch 122 may or may not be provided between the secondary dynamo-electric unit 103 and the load; and if the clutch 1122 is provided, it is also closed so that the rotation kinetics outputted form the engine serving as the active rotation power source 100 drives the load through the rotary part of the primary dynamo-electric unit 101 and that of the secondary dynamo-electric unit 103. If as required, the optional rechargeable device 106 is provided and in case of a heavy load, the clutch 112 is closed and the system indicates operation of the parallel combined power system. The optional clutches 102 and 122 may or may not be provided to the system. If the clutch 102 is provide, it is also closed; if the clutch 122 is provided, it is also closed; instead, the power from the rechargeable device 106 drives either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units 101, 103 to function as a motor with the rotation kinetics outputted and that from the engine to jointly drive the load. In case of a light load, either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units 101, 103 is converted to function as a generator for charging the rechargeable device 106 or supplying power to another load;
  • If the rechargeable device 106 and the clutch 102 are provided to the system, the clutch 102 is disengaged and the clutch 112 is closed, then the power from the rechargeable device drives either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units 101, 103 to output rotation kinetics for driving the load; if the clutch 112 is disengaged, then the rechargeable device 106 drives the secondary unit 103 to output rotation kinetics for driving the load; and including but not limited to those secondary functions with or without the optional items as the case may be:
  • The clutch 112 is disengaged (if the optional clutch 102 is adapted, it is also closed), and the power from the rechargeable device 106 drives the primary dynamo-electric unit 101 to function as a motor for starting the engine serving as the active rotation power source 100;
  • The power from the rechargeable device 106, or that from the redundant rechargeable device 110 drives the optional start motor 124 through the optional start switch 111 to start the engine serving as the active rotation power source 100 through the variable transmission unit 109;
  • The clutch 112 is controlled to indicate disengaged status while the power from the rechargeable device 106 controls the speed, torque, and orientation of the secondary dynamo-electric unit 104 to function as a motor through the drive control unit 104 for outputting to drive the load; and
  • The clutch 112 is controlled to indicate closed status for the engine serving as the active rotation power source 100 to revolve in positive or negative orientation through the optional variable transmission unit 109 to output kinetics to drive the load.


[0017] For environmental consideration, the demands of the driving power in case that the engine fails, and the energy storage demands when the regenerated power exercises a brake, the series and parallel combined dual power drive system of the present invention may be adapted with the optional rechargeable device 106, so to control the generation power when the rotation kinetics from the engine serving as the active rotation power source 100 drives the primary dynamo-electric unit 101 to serve as a generator, and further to charge the rechargeable device 106 in case of no-load, light load or at other proper time, or to supply power to another power driven load 130. Functions provided by the system include:
  • When the system operates as the series combined power system, it controls the clutch 112 to indicate disengaged status (as required, the clutch 102 and the clutch 122 may or may not be provided to the system; if the clutch 102 is provided, it is closed; if the clutch 122 is provided, it is also closed). As the system operates as the series combined power system, the rotation kinetics from the engine serving as the active rotation power source 100 drives the primary dynamo-electric unit 101 to function as a generator with the power generated while directly driving the secondary dynamo-electric unit to function as a motor for driving the load 120, further charges at random the rechargeable device 106 when adapted, or supplies power to another load 130 for the engine serving as the active rotation power source 100 to operate in a range featuring higher energy efficiency;
  • When the system operates as the parallel combined power system, the clutch 112 is closed (as required, the clutch 102 and the clutch 122 may or may not be provided to the system; if the clutch 102 is provided, it is closed; if the clutch 122 is provided, it is also closed), and the rotation kinetics fro the engine serving as the active rotation power source 100 directly drives the load 120; if the rechargeable device 106 is adapted and in case of a light load 120, the engine drives either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units 101, 103 to function as a generator to charge the rechargeable device 106 or to supply power to another power driven load 130 for the active rotation power source 100 to operate in a range feature higher energy efficiency;
  • When the system operates as the parallel combined power system, the clutch 112 is controlled to indicate closed status (as required, the clutch 102 and the clutch 122 may or may not be provided to the system; if the clutch 102 is provided, it is closed; if the clutch 122 is provided, it is also closed), the power from the rechargeable device 106 drives either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units 101, 103 to operate as a motor to output rotation kinetics together with that outputted from the engine serving as the active rotation power source to jointly drive the load;
  • When the system controls the clutch 112 to indicate disengaged status on the drive power outputted from the rechargeable device 106, the power from the rechargeable device 106 also drives the secondary dynamo-electric unit 103 to drive the load 120, or controls the clutch 112 to indicate closed status (if the optional clutch 102 is adapted, it is also controlled to indicate closed status), and the power from the rechargeable device 106 drives either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units 101, 103 to function as a motor for driving the load 120; and if the clutch 122 is adapted to the system, the clutch 122 also indicates closed status;
  • If the system operates as a generator to control the clutch 112 to indicate disengaged status (if the optional clutch 102 is adapted, it indicates closed status), and the engine serving as the active rotation power source 100 drives the primary dynamo-electric unit 101 to function as a generator to output power, or when the optional clutch 122 is adapted to the system and the clutch 122 indicates disengaged status (if the optional clutch 102 is adapted, it is also controlled to indicate closed status), the engine serving as the active rotation power source 100 drives either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units 101, 103 to function as a generator to output power to charge the rechargeable device 106 or to supply power to another power driven load 13o;
  • Both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units to regenerate by reclaiming the kinetics for exercising the brake, the clutch 112 indicates disengaged status, and the secondary dynamo-electric unit 103 is converted to function as a generator to charge the rechargeable device 106 or to supply power to another power driven load 130; if the optimal clutch 122 is adapted to the system, both clutches 10, 112 indicate closed status; or when the optimal clutch 102 is adapted to the system with the clutch 102 indicating disengaged status and the clutch 112 indicating closed status, then either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units 101, 103 is converted to function as a generator for charging the rechargeable device 106 or supplying power to another power driven load 130 to exercise the brake by the regenerated power, and if the optional clutch 122 is adapted to the system, the clutch 122 indicates closed status;
  • The mechanical damper of the engine is directly used to exercise the brake, or if the rechargeable device 106 is adapted, either or both of he primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units 101, 103 functions at the same time as a generator to charge the rechargeable device 106 or to supply power to another power driven load 130 for providing the brake by the regenerated power;
  • When the power from the rechargeable device 106 drives the dynamo-electric unit to start the engine, the clutch 112 is controlled to indicate disengaged status, the power from the rechargeable device 106 drives the primary dynamo-electric unit 101 to function as the start motor to start the engine serving as the active rotation power source 100; or when the optional clutch 122 is adapted to the system, the clutch indicates disengaged status and the clutch 112 indicates closed status, and the power from the rechargeable device 106 drives either or both of he primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units 101, 103 to function as a start motor to start the engine serving as the active rotation power source 100; and
  • The system provides all or any of those functions described above.


[0018] Under the same operation mechanism of the system, the spatial location of each of all the units may be arranged as required. Each unit may be made into a standing alone unit as required before being coupled to another unit; or as required, two or more than two units of the system may be made by sharing the same structure in various arrangements depending on the spatial conditions and other factors including heat dissipation, noise, manageability, and service.

[0019] Fig. 30 is a block chart showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 1 has different layouts of spatial configuration among the constituent units without changing the mechanism of the system. Wherein, the shaft of the engine and that of the secondary dynamo-electric unit are arranged in parallel. The structure illustrated is just for reference purpose while based on the mechanical principles illustrated in Fig. 1, the number of the secondary dynamo-electric unit 103 may be less than, greater than or equal to that of the primary dynamo-electric unit 101 coupled to the same number of the clutch or the variable transmission unit for transmission. Wherein, those multiple secondary dynamo-electric units 103 may individually or jointly drive the load.

[0020] Fig. 31 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 1 engages in the distribution of power by a variable transmission unit driven by the active power source to drive in sequent two or more than two primary dynamo-electric units, clutches, and the secondary dynamo-electric units for driving the load. Wherein, the variable transmission unit 109 adapted to the output end of the active rotation power source 100 is driven by the active rotation power source 100, the individual output end of the variable transmission unit 109 is provided to respectively drive two or more than two rear end loads same as those provided by the preferred embodiment illustrated in Fig. 1 including multiple primary dynamo-electric units, clutches 112, secondary dynamo-electric units 103 and related transmission units. The variable transmission 109 for power distribution may be provided in the form of semi-automatic, or manual variable transmission device, or one with fixed speed ratio, or a differential gear set, epicyclical gear set, or other variable transmission device of the prior art.

[0021] Fig. 32 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 1 engages in the distribution of power by the variable transmission unit driven by an output end from the primary dynamo-electric unit to drive in sequent two or more than two clutches, and the secondary dynamo-electric units for respectively driving the load. Wherein, the primary dynamo-electric unit 101 drives the variable transmission unit 109 adapted to the output end of the primary dynamo-electric unit 101. The individual output end of the variable transmission unit 109 is provided to respectively drive two or more than two rear end loads same as those provided by the preferred embodiment illustrated in Fig. 1 including multiple secondary dynamo-electric units, clutches 112, secondary dynamo-electric units 103 and related transmission units. The variable transmission 109 for power distribution may be provided in the form of semi-automatic, or manual variable transmission device, or one with fixed speed ratio, or a differential gear set, epicyclical gear set, or other variable transmission device of the prior art.

[0022] Fig. 33 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 1 has the clutch driven by the primary dynamo-electric unit to drive the variable transmission unit for power distribution so to drive two or more than two secondary dynamo-electric units. Wherein, the individual output end of the variable transmission unit 109 further driven by the clutch 112 driven by the primary dynamo-electric unit 101 is provided respectively to drive multiple rear end loads same as those provided by the preferred embodiment illustrated in Fig. 1 including multiple secondary dynamo-electric unit 103 and related transmission device. The variable transmission 109 for power distribution may be provided in the form of semi-automatic, or manual variable transmission device, or one with fixed speed ratio, or a differential gear set, epicyclical gear set, or other variable transmission device of the prior art.

[0023] Fig. 34 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 1 has the variable unit at the output end of the system driven by the secondary dynamo-electric unit to engage in power distribution for driving two or more than two units of load. Wherein, the individual output end of the system driven by the secondary dynamo-electric unit 103 is provided respectively to drive multiple rear end loads same as those provided by the preferred embodiment illustrated in Fig. 1 including multiple loads and related transmission device. The variable transmission 109 for power distribution may be provided in the form of semi-automatic, or manual variable transmission device, or one with fixed speed ratio, or a differential gear set, epicyclical gear set, or other variable transmission device of the prior art.

[0024] Fig. 35 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 1 has the individual output end of the variable transmission unit further driven by the clutch driven by the primary dynamo-electric unit to be respectively coupled to the rotary part of the secondary dynamo-electric unit and to the load end. Wherein, the output end of the clutch 112 driven by the primary dynamo-electric unit 101, the output end and the load end of the secondary dynamo-electric unit 103 are incorporated together by the variable transmission unit 109. The variable transmission 109 for power distribution may be provided in the form of semi-automatic, or manual variable transmission device, or one with fixed speed ratio, or a differential gear set, epicyclical gear set, or other variable transmission device of the prior art.

[0025] Fig. 36 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 1 has the output from the active rotation power source to be respectively coupled to the primary dynamo-electric unit through the variable transmission unit driven by the active rotation power source, and coupled to the secondary dynamo-electric unit through the clutch.

[0026] Wherein, the rotation kinetics outputted by the active rotation power source 100 is directly or through the clutch 102 coupled to the primary dynamo-electric unit 101, and to the secondary dynamo-electric unit 103 through the clutch 112. The variable transmission 109 for power distribution may be provided in the form of semi-automatic, or manual variable transmission device, or one with fixed speed ratio, or a differential gear set, epicyclical gear set, or other variable transmission device of the prior art.

[0027] Fig. 37 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 1 has the output from the active rotation power source respectively coupled through the variable transmission unit driven by the active rotation power source to the primary dynamo-electric unit, and through the clutch to the individual output end of the variable transmission unit driven by the clutch for respectively driving two or more than two units of the secondary dynamo-electric units and loads. Wherein, the rotation kinetics outputted by the active rotation power source 100 may be directly coupled from the variable transmission unit 109 or through the clutch 102 to the primary dynamo-electric unit 101 and coupled to the variable transmission unit 109 through the clutch 112, together with the individual output end of the variable transmission unit 109 coupled through the clutch 112 to respectively drive multiple secondary dynamo-electric units 103 and loads. The variable transmission 109 for power distribution may be provided in the form of semi-automatic, or manual variable transmission device, or one with fixed speed ratio, or a differential gear set, epicyclical gear set, or other variable transmission device of the prior art.

[0028] Fig. 38 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 1 has two output ends with one end coupled to the first primary dynamo-electric unit and the other end coupled to the variable transmission unit comprised of clutch and differential gear set to respectively drive the load through the clutch and the secondary dynamo-electric unit.

[0029] As illustrated, one output end from the active rotation power source 100 is optionally provided with the clutch 102 and the variable transmission unit 109 to drive the primary dynamo-electric unit 101 while another output end of the active rotation power source 100 is optionally provided with the clutch 112 to respectively through the variable transmission unit 109 comprised of the differential gear set drive the individual secondary dynamo-electric unit 102 via the optionally provided clutch 1120, and to respectively directly or indirectly through the optionally provided variable transmission unit 109 to respectively drive the load 120. One or multiple primary dynamo-electric unit 101 may be driven by the active rotation power source 100; and one or multiple variable transmission unit 109 comprised of the clutch 112 and the differential gear set, the clutch 1120 adapted to the variable transmission unit 109, the secondary dynamo-electric unit 103, the variable transmission unit 109, and the load may be provided; and either or both of the clutch 112 and the clutch 1120 may be optionally provided.

[0030] When the preferred embodiment executes various functions related to the series combined power drive system, the clutch 112 or the clutch 1120 is disengaged while the active rotation power source 100 drives the primary dynamo-electric unit 101 to operate as a generator; the power so generated drives the secondary dynamo-electric unit 103 to operate as a motor for driving the load; and the clutch 112 or the clutch 1120 is closed up when the preferred embodiment executes various functions related to parallel combined power drive system.

[0031] Fig. 39 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 1 has the rotary part of the primary dynamo-electric unit to be coupled to the secondary dynamo-electric unit, and that optionally the variable transmission unit is adapted to the secondary dynamo-electric unit to drive the load and another variable transmission unit is provided between the output of the active rotation power source and the rotary part of the primary dynamo-electric unit.

[0032] As illustrated, the clutch 112 is provided between the rotary part of the primary dynamo-electric unit 101 and that of the secondary dynamo-electric unit 103; the variable transmission unit 109 is optionally provided between the rotary part of the secondary dynamo-electric unit 103 and the load 120; and the variable transmission unit 109 is provided between the rotary part of the active rotation power source 100 and that of the primary dynamo-electric unit 101.

[0033] When the preferred embodiment executes various functions related to the series combined power drive system, the clutch 112 is disengaged while the active rotation power source 100 drives the primary dynamo-electric unit 101 to operate as a generator; the power so generated drives the secondary dynamo-electric unit 103 to operate as a motor for driving the load; and the clutch 112 is closed up when the preferred embodiment executes various functions related to parallel combined power drive system.

[0034] Fig. 40 is a schematic view showing that the preferred embodiment of the system illustrated in Fig. 12 has the rotary part of the active rotation power source and where between the rotary part and the clutch of the primary dynamo-electric unit coupled by means of the variable transmission unit, and that the output end of the clutch is provided for copulation to the rotary part of the secondary dynamo-electric unit while a variable transmission unit is optionally provided at where between the rotary part of the secondary dynamo-electric unit and the load.

[0035] As illustrated, the rotary part of the active rotation power source 100, the rotary part of the primary dynamo-electric unit 101, and the input end of the clutch 112 jointly engage in coupled transmission by means of the variable transmission unit 109; the output end of the clutch is provided for copulation to the rotary part of the secondary dynamo-electric unit 103; and the variable transmission unit 109 is optionally provided between the rotary part of the secondary dynamo-electric unit 103 and the load 120.

[0036] When the preferred embodiment executes various functions related to the series combined power drive system, the clutch 112 is disengaged while the active rotation power source 100 drives the primary dynamo-electric unit 101 to operate as a generator; the power so generated drives the secondary dynamo-electric unit 103 to operate as a motor for driving the load; and the clutch 112 is closed up when the preferred embodiment executes various functions related to parallel combined power drive system.

[0037] To sum up, the series and parallel combined dual power drive system provides the operation as the series combined power system or as the parallel combined power system. While operating as the parallel combined power system for the rotation kinetics from the engine to drive the load at high power and high efficiency, the system can be switched to operate as the series combined power system with the engine unit to drive the primary dynamo-electric unit to function as generator with the power outputted to drive the secondary dynamo-electric unit to function as a motor for driving the load. Furthermore, the optional rechargeable device may or may not be provided; if provided, the power from the rechargeable device drives either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units for driving the load or jointly driving the load with the power from the active rotation power source; or the load inversely drives either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units to exercise the brake by regenerated power thus to correct the flaws of lower efficiency and high pollution found with the conventional engine running at low speed. Therefore, this application for a patent is duly filed accordingly.
































ADVANTAGEOUS FEATURES



[0038] 
  1. 1. A series and parallel combined dual power system operates as a series combined power system, or as a parallel combined power system; the power from an engine directly drive the load; the system engages in the operation as the series combined power system incase of a light load; the load is driven by the engine in case of a normal load; an optional rechargeable device is adapted to the system; either or both of a primary and a secondary dynamo-electric units functions as a motor on the power from the rechargeable device to jointly drive the load with the power from the engine; and functions to provide power drive in case of a light load.
  2. 2. A series and parallel combined dual power system as claimed in feature 1, wherein, the engine functions as the active rotation power source to directly drive a load, the system provides the following functions:

    Operating as a series combined power system, wherein, the engine drives a primary dynamo-electric unit to function as a generator with the power generated to drive a secondary dynamo-electric unit to output mechanical rotation kinetics to drive the load and regulate the engine to operate at a constant speed yielding higher energy efficiency; the constant speed operation is defined as the range of operation speed wherein the engine is running at lower fuel consumption but paid the operation region with comparatively higher fuel saving of comparatively higher output power so to reach the brake specific fuel consumption; or when an optional rechargeable device is added to the system, the power generated by the primary dynamo-electric unit as driven by the engine charges the rechargeable device, or the power from the rechargeable device and that from the primary dynamo-electric unit jointly drive the secondary dynamo-electric unit to function as a motor to output to regulate the engine operating in a constant speed of comparatively higher energy efficiency; again, the constant speed operation is defined as the range of operation speed wherein the engine is running at lower fuel consumption but paid the operation region with comparatively higher fuel saving of comparatively higher output power so to reach the brake specific fuel consumption;

    The load is driven by the rotation kinetics from the engine power;

    When adapted with the optional rechargeable device, the system provides the operation of the parallel combined power system for the power from the rechargeable device to drive either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units to function as a motor to Jointly drive the load with the power from the engine, or in case of a light load, the kinetics form the engine is used to drive either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units to function as a generator to charge the rechargeable device or supply power to another load;

    The power from the rechargeable device drives either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units to function as a motor for driving a load;

    The power from the engine drives either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units to function as a generator to charge the rechargeable device or to supply power to another load;

    The load is used to inversely drive either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units to function as a generator to charge the rechargeable device or supply power to another load;

    Mechanical damper of the engine functions as the brake, or if the rechargeable device is adapted, either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units operates at the same time as a generator to charge the rechargeable device or to supply power to another load for creating the braking function by regeneration;

    The rechargeable device drives either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units to function as a motor to start the engine; and The system provides all or any part of those functions described above.

    The system by providing all or any part of those functions described above corrects the defectives of the lower efficiency and higher pollution found with the engine when operating at low power output and low speed.

  3. 3. A series and parallel combined dual power system as claimed in feature 1 is essentially comprised of:

    An active rotation power source (100): comprised of one or multiple internal combustion engines, external combustion engine or other rotation kinetics power sources of the prior art, an rotary part of the active power source (100) is directly or through either or both of an optional clutch (102) and an optional variable transmission unit (109), coupled to a primary dynamo-electric unit (101);

    The primary dynamo-electric unit (101): comprised of one or multiple AC, DC, brushless, brush, synchronous or asynchronous rotation dynamo-electric device providing functions as a generator, or switched functions between those of a generator and a motor; a rotary part of the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) is coupled to a secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) through a clutch (112), or as required through the clutch (112) and the variable transmission unit (109);

    Clutches (102), (112), (122): related to a single way clutch or a clutch controlled by manual, mechanical force, eccentric force, air pressure, hydraulic flow, or electro-magnetic force used to transmit or interrupt the transmission of the mechanical rotation kinetics; one or multiple clutches (112) is required while one or multiple clutches (102) and clutches (122) may be provided or not; or idling shaft function provided at random by a clutch disposed to the input end of the load or by a variable transmission device is used to replace that of the clutch (122);

    The secondary dynamo-electric unit (103): comprised of one or multiple AC, DC, brushless, brush, synchronous or asynchronous rotation dynamo-electric device providing functions as a generator, or switched functions between those of a generator and a motor; a rotary part of the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) is coupled to a secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) through a clutch (112), or as required through the clutch (112) and the variable transmission unit (109);

    A drive control unit (104): an optional item, comprised of electro-mechanical or solid-status circuit to control the power generated by the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) functioning as a generator when the system operates as the series combined power system so to drive the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) and charge a rechargeable device (106), or control either of the generation output functions, or control the power from the rechargeable device (106) to drive either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units (101), (103) functioning as a motor, the drive control unit (104) controls voltage, amperage, polarity (in case of a DC), torque and phase (in case of an AC) to manipulate revolving direction, speed, torque and abnormality protection of the dynamo-electric unit; or when either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units are inversely driven by the load to function as a generator, the driven control unit (104) controls the charging power transmitted to the rechargeable device (106) or to another load thus to manipulate the dynamo-electric unit to function as a brake by regeneration;

    A central control unit: an optional item, comprised of a solid-status, or an electro-mechanical device, or chip and related working software, subject to the control by a control interface (107) to further control functions provided by the series and parallel dual power system, particularly in achieving the optimal is fuel consumption and pollution control; controls the relative functions provided among the first dynamo-electric unit (101), the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) and the rechargeable device (106) by manipulating the drive control unit (104); and controls the monitor and interaction of the feedback among all units in the system;

    The rechargeable device (106): an optional item, related to a rechargeable battery, super capacitor, or any other rechargeable device;

    The control interface (107): an optional item, related to a solid-state, or electro-mechanical device, or chip and related software, subject to the manual input or input of control signal to control the operation of the series and parallel combined dual power system;

    The variable transmission unit (109): comprised of a variable transmission device of fixed speed ration, or automatic, semi-automatic, or manual variable transmission device, or a differential gear set, epicyclical gear set, or other variable transmission device; is provided at where between the active rotation power source (100) and the clutch (102), or between the clutch (102) and the rotary part of the primary dynamo-electric unit (101), or between the rotary part primary dynamo-electric unit (101) and that of the clutch (112), or between the rotary part of the clutch (112) and that of the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103), or between the rotary part of the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) and that of the clutch (122), or between the rotary part of the clutch (122) and that of the load; and

    A redundant rechargeable device (110): comprised of a rechargeable battery, super capacitor, a flywheel for energy storage, or other rechargeable battery device with the power controlled by a start switch (111) to drive a start motor (121) of the engine set of the active rotation power source (100), thus to directly or through a transmission device start the engine set, or supply power to the peripheral equipment or another power driven load (130); all the redundant rechargeable device (110), the start switch (111) and the start motor (121) are optional items.

    The rotation kinetics outputted from the system may be provided to drive a load of an air, land, or surface craft and other industrial equipment that is required to receive the input of the rotation mechanical kinetics.

  4. 4. A series and parallel combined dual power system as claimed in feature 3, wherein, the system provides all or part of the following functions:

    When the system operates as the series combined power system, the engine is controlled to run from low speed to high speed or run at a constant speed for driving the primary dynamo-electric unit to function as a generator; if the rechargeable device (106) is not adapted, the power generated drives the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) to function as a motor to output rotation kinetics for driving the load (120); if the system is adapted with the rechargeable device (106) and in case of a light load, the power generated from the primary dynamo-electric unit drives the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) while charging the rechargeable device (106); or in case of a heavy load, the power generated form the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) and that from the rechargeable device (106) jointly drive the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) to output rotation kinetics for driving the load (120) and regulate the engine to operate at a constant speed yielding higher energy efficiency; the constant speed operation is defined as the range of operation speed wherein the engine is running at lower fuel consumption but paid the operation region with comparatively higher fuel saving of comparatively higher output power so to reach the optimal brake specific fuel consumption; or when an optional rechargeable device is added to the system, the power generated by the primary dynamo-electric unit as driven by the engine charges the rechargeable device, or the power from the rechargeable device and that from the primary dynamo-electric unit jointly drive the secondary dynamo-electric unit to function as a motor to output to regulate the engine operating in a constant speed of comparatively higher energy efficiency; again, the constant speed operation is defined as the range of operation speed wherein the engine is running at lower fuel consumption but paid the operation region with comparatively higher fuel saving of comparatively higher output power so to reach the brake specific fuel consumption;

    The load (102) is driven by the rotation kinetics from the engine power;

    When adapted with the optional rechargeable device (106), the system provides the operation of the parallel combined power system for the power from the rechargeable device (106) to drive either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units (101), (103) to function as a motor to jointly drive the load (120) with the power from the engine, or in case of a light load, while driving the load (120), the power form the engine is used to drive either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units (101), (103) to charge the rechargeable device (106) or supply power to another load (130); in case of a heavy load, the power from the rechargeable device (106) drives either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units (101), (103) for jointly driving the load with the power from the engine;

    The power from the rechargeable device (106) drives either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units (101), (103) to function as a motor for driving the load (120);

    The power from the engine drives either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units (101), (103) to function as a generator to charge the rechargeable device (106) or to supply power to another load (130);

    The load (102) is used to inversely drive either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units (101), (103) to function as a generator to charge the rechargeable device (106) or supply power to another load (130); Mechanical damper of the engine functions as the brake, or if the rechargeable device (106) is adapted, either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units (101), (103) operates at the same time as a generator to charge the rechargeable device (106) or to supply power to another load (130) for creating the braking function by regeneration;

    The rechargeable device (106) drives either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units (101), (103) to function as a motor to start the engine; and

    The system provides all or any part of those functions described above.

  5. 5. A series and parallel combined dual power system as claimed in feature 3, wherein, the functions of the system provided by the interaction among all key power units include:

    System functions 1, 2: related to that the rechargeable device (106) is adapted for the system to function as the series combined power system for driving the load;

    System functions 3, 4: related to that the rechargeable device (106) is not adapted to the system, and the system functions as the series combined power system for driving the load;

    System function 5: related to that the power from the engine as the active power source (100) drives the load (120);

    System functions 6, 7, and 8: related to that the power from the engine as the active power source (100) and the power from the rechargeable device (106) jointly drive either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units (101), (103) to function as a generator so to jointly drive the load (120);

    System functions 9, 10, and 11: related to that the power from the engine as the active power source (100) drives the load (120) and drives at the same time either or both of the primary and secondary dynamo-electric units (101), (103) to function as a generator so to charge the rechargeable device (106) or supply power to another power driven load (130) (including any external load not specified);

    System functions 12, 13, and 14: related to that the power from the rechargeable device (106) drives either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units (101), (103) to function as a motor for driving the load (120); System functions 15, 16, and 17: related to that the power from the engine as the active power source (100) drives either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units (101),(103) to function as a generator so to charge the rechargeable device (106) or supply power to another power driven load (130) (including any external load not specified);

    System functions 18, 19, and 20: related to that the load (120) inversely draws either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units (101), (103) to function as a generator so to charge the rechargeable device (106) or supply power to another power driven load (130) (including any external load not specified) for achieving the purpose of regenerating by reclaiming the kinetics to exercise the brake;

    System function 21: related to that the mechanical damper of the engine as the active power source (100) exercises the brake on the load (120);

    System functions 22, 23, and 24: related to that the mechanical damper of the engine as the active power source (100) exercises the brake on the load (120), and either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units (101), (103) simultaneously functions as the regeneration to charge the rechargeable device (106) or another load (130) driven by power, and further to exercise the brake on the load (120);

    System functions 25, 26, and 27: related to that the power from the rechargeable device (106) drives either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units (101), (103) to function as a motor for starting the engine.

  6. 6. A series and parallel combined dual power system as claimed in feature 3, wherein, the system provides all or any part of those functions listed in Table A:

    System function 1: a rechargeable device is adapted to the system to drive the load;

    System function 2: the system is adapted with the rechargeable device while the engine is running at a constant speed to drive the system to provide series combined power operation for driving the load;

    System function 3: the system without the adaptation of the rechargeable device provides the series combine power operation to drive the load;

    System function 4: the system without the adaptation of the rechargeable device has the engine running at a constant speed to drive the system to provide the series combine power operation to drive the load;

    System function 5: the system drives the load by the power from the engine.

    System function 6: the system has the power from the engine and both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units functioning a s a motor in case of a heavy load to jointly drives the load;

    System function 7: the system has the power from the engine and the primary dynamo-electric unit functioning as a motor driven by the rechargeable device in case of a heavy load to jointly drive the load;

    System function 8: the system has the power from the engine and the secondary dynamo-electric unit functioning as a motor driven by the rechargeable device in case of a heavy load to jointly drive the load.

    System function 9: the power from the engine drives the load, and the primary dynamo-electric unit to function as a generator for charging the rechargeable device or supplying power to another load;

    System function 10: the power from the engine drives the load, and the secondary dynamo-electric unit to function as a generator to charge the rechargeable device or to supply power to another load;

    System function 11: the power from the engine drives the load and both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units to function as a generator for charging the rechargeable device or supplying power to another load.

    System function 12: the power form the rechargeable device drives the primary dynamo-electric unit to function as a motor for driving the load;

    System function 13: the power from the rechargeable device drives the secondary dynamo-electric unit to function as a motor for driving the load;

    System function: the power form the rechargeable device drives both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units to function as a motor for driving the load;

    System function 15: the engine runs at a constant speed to drive the primary dynamo-electric unit to function as a generator for charging the rechargeable device or supplying power to another load;

    System function 16: the engine runs at a constant speed to drive the secondary dynamo-electric unit to function as a generator for charging the rechargeable device or supplying power to another load;

    System function 17: the engine runs at a constant speed to drive both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units to function as a generator for charging the rechargeable device or supplying power to another load;

    System function 18: the system has the load to operate as the brake to draw the primary dynamo-electric unit for functioning as a generator to charge the rechargeable device or to supply power to another load;

    System function 19: the system has the load to exercise the operation of a brake so to draw the secondary dynamo-electric unit to function as a generator for charging the rechargeable device or supplying power to another load;

    System function 20: the system has the load to exercise the operation of a brake to draw both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units to function as a generator for charging the rechargeable device or supplying power to another load;

    System function 21: the engine has the damper to exercise the operation of brake on the load;

    System function 22, the engine is used as the damper to exercise brake on the load while the primary dynamo-electric functions as a generator to regenerate by reclaiming the kinetics for regenerating so to charge the rechargeable device or to supply power to another load;

    System function 23: the secondary dynamo-electric unit functions as a generator to regenerate by reclaiming the kinetics for regenerating so to charge the rechargeable device or to supply power to another load;

    System function 24: both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units functioning as a generator to regenerate by reclaiming the kinetics so to charge the rechargeable device or to supply power to another load;

    System function 25: the power from the rechargeable device drives the primary dynamo-electric unit to function as a motor to start the engine;

    System function 26: the power from the rechargeable device drives the secondary dynamo-electric unit to function as a motor to start the engine; and

    System function 27: the power from the rechargeable device drives both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units to function as a motor to start the engine. The constant speed of the engine among those system functions described above is defined as the range of operation speed wherein the engine is running at lower fuel consumption but paid the operation region with comparatively higher fuel saving of comparatively higher output power so to reach the optimal brake specific fuel consumption.

  7. 7. A series and parallel combined dual power system as claimed in feature 3, wherein, the series and parallel combined dual power system of the present invention has the engine as the active power with its essential structure and functions described as follows:

    The rotary part of the engine serving as the active rotation power source (100) is directly couple to that of the primary dynamo-electric unit (101); or alternatively,

    an optional clutch (102) or a variable transmission unit (109) may or may not be provided between the active rotation power source (100) and the primary dynamo-electric unit (101);

    The rotation kinetics outputted from the engine serving as the active rotation power source (100) drives the rotary part of the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) to function as a generator; the clutch (112) is provided between the rotary part of the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) and that of the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103); when the system is converted into the operation as the series combined power system, the clutch (112) is not coupled; instead, the engine serving as the active rotation power source (100) drives the primary dynamo-electric unit to function as a generator with the outputted power to further drive the secondary dynamo-electric unit to function as a motor for driving the load; if as required, the system is adapted with the rechargeable device (106) and other power driven load, the power generated by the primary dynamo-electric unit charges the rechargeable device (106) or supplies power to another load in case of a light load or no-load;

    In the normal load, the clutch (112) located between both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units is closed; the optional clutch (102) may or may not be provided between the rotary part of the engine serving as the active rotation power source (100) and that of the primary dynamo-electric unit (101); if the clutch (102) is provided, it is also closed; the optional clutch (122) may or may not be provided between the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) and the load; and if the clutch (1122) is provided, it is also closed so that the rotation kinetics outputted form the engine serving as the active rotation power source (100) drives the load through the rotary part of the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) and that of the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103). If as required, the optional rechargeable device (106) is provided and in case of a heavy load, the clutch (112) is closed and the system indicates operation of the parallel combined power system. The optional clutches (102) and (122) may or may not be provided to the system. If the clutch (102) is provide, it is also closed; if the clutch (122) is provided, it is also closed; instead, the power from the rechargeable device (106) drives either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units (101), (103) to function as a motor with the rotation kinetics outputted and that from the engine to jointly drive the load. In case of a light load, either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units (101), (103) is converted to function as a generator for charging the rechargeable device (106) or supplying power to another load;

    If the rechargeable device (106) and the clutch (102) are provided to the system, the clutch (102) is disengaged and the clutch (112) is closed, then the power from the rechargeable device drives either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units (101), (103) to output rotation kinetics for driving the load; if the clutch (112) is disengaged, then the rechargeable device (106) drives the secondary unit (103) to output rotation kinetics for driving the load; and including but not limited to those secondary functions with or without the optional items as the case may be:

    The clutch (112) is disengaged (if the optional clutch (102) is adapted, it is also closed), and the power from the rechargeable device (106) drives the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) to function as a motor for starting the engine serving as the active rotation power source (100);

    The power from the rechargeable device (106), or that from the redundant rechargeable device (110) drives the optional start motor (124) through the optional start switch (111) to start the engine serving as the active rotation power source (100) through the variable transmission unit (109);

    The clutch (112) is controlled to indicate disengaged status while the power from the rechargeable device (106) controls the speed, torque, and orientation of the secondary dynamo-electric unit (104) to function as a motor through the drive control unit (104) for outputting to drive the load; and

    The clutch (112) is controlled to indicate closed status for the engine serving as the active rotation power source (100) to revolve in positive or negative orientation through the optional variable transmission unit (109) to output kinetics to drive the load.

    For environmental consideration, the demands of the driving power is in case that the engine fails, and the energy storage demands when the regenerated power exercises a brake, the series and parallel combined dual power drive system of the present invention may be adapted with the optional rechargeable device (106), so to control the generation power when the rotation kinetics from the engine serving as the active rotation power source (100) drives the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) to serve as a generator, and further to charge the rechargeable device (106) in case of no-load, light load or at other proper time, or to supply power to another power driven load (130). Functions provided by the system include:

    When the system operates as the series combined power system, it controls the clutch (112) to indicate disengaged status (as required, the clutch (102) and the clutch (122) may or may not be provided to the system; if the clutch (102) is provided, it is closed; if the clutch (122) is provided, it is also closed). As the system operates as the series combined power system, the rotation kinetics from the engine serving as the active rotation power source (100) drives the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) to function as a generator with the power generated while directly driving the secondary dynamo-electric unit to function as a motor for driving the load (120), further charges at random the rechargeable device (106) when adapted, or supplies power to another load (130) for the engine serving as the active rotation power source (100) to operate in a range featuring higher energy efficiency;

    When the system operates as the parallel combined power system, the clutch (112) is closed (as required, the clutch (102) and the clutch (122) may or may not be provided to the system; if the clutch (102) is provided, it is closed; if the clutch (122) is provided, it is also closed), and the rotation kinetics fro the engine serving as the active rotation power source (100) directly drives the load (120); if the rechargeable device (106) is adapted and in case of a light load (120), the engine drives either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units (101),(103) to function as a generator to charge the rechargeable device (106) or to supply power to another power driven load (130) for the active rotation power source (100) to operate in a range feature higher energy efficiency; When the system operates as the parallel combined power system, the clutch (112) is controlled to indicate closed status (as required, the clutch (102) and the clutch (122) may or may not be provided to the system; if the clutch (102) is provided, it is closed; if the clutch (122) is provided, it is also closed), the power from the rechargeable device (106) drives either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units (101), (103) to operate as a motor to output rotation kinetics together with that outputted from the engine serving as the active rotation power source to jointly drive the load;

    When the system controls the clutch (112) to indicate disengaged status on the drive power outputted from the rechargeable device (106), the power from the rechargeable device (106) also drives the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) to drive the load (120), or controls the clutch (112) to indicate closed status (if the optional clutch (102) is adapted, it is also controlled to indicate closed status), and the power from the rechargeable device (106) drives either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units (101), (103) to function as a motor for driving the load (120); and if the clutch (122) is adapted to the system, the clutch (122) also indicates closed status;

    If the system operates as a generator to control the clutch (112) to indicate disengaged status (if the optional clutch (102) is adapted, it indicates closed status), and the engine serving as the active rotation power source (100) drives the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) to function as a generator to output power, or when the optional clutch (122) is adapted to the system and the clutch (122) indicates disengaged status (if the optional clutch (102) is adapted, it is also controlled to indicate closed status), the engine serving as the active rotation power source (100) drives either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units (101), (103) to function as a generator to output power to charge the rechargeable device (106) or to supply power to another power driven load (130);

    Both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units to regenerate by reclaiming the kinetics for exercising the brake, the clutch (112) indicates disengaged status, and the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) is converted to function as a generator to charge the rechargeable device (106) or to supply power to another power driven load (130); if the optimal clutch (122) is adapted to the system, both clutches (10), (112) indicate closed status; or when the optimal clutch (102) is adapted to the system with the clutch (102) indicating disengaged status and the clutch (112) indicating closed status, then either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units (101), (103) is converted to function as a generator for charging the rechargeable device (106) or supplying power to another power driven load (130) to exercise the brake by the regenerated power, and if the optional clutch (122) is adapted to the system, the clutch (122) indicates closed status;

    The mechanical damper of the engine is directly used to exercise the brake, or if the rechargeable device (106) is adapted, either or both of he primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units (101), (103) functions at the same time as a generator to charge the rechargeable device (106) or to supply power to another power driven load (130) for providing the brake by the regenerated power;

    When the power from the rechargeable device (106) drives the dynamo-electric unit to start the engine, the clutch (112) is controlled to indicate disengaged status, the power from the rechargeable device (106) drives the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) to function as the start motor to start the engine serving as the active rotation power source (100); or when the optional clutch (122) is adapted to the system, the clutch indicates disengaged status and the clutch (112) indicates closed status, and the power from the rechargeable device (106) drives either or both of he primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units (101), (103) to function as a start motor to start the engine serving as the active rotation power source (100); and

    The system provides all or any of those functions described above.

  8. 8. A series and parallel combined dual power system as claimed in feature 3, wherein; the system is not adapted with a clutch between the output end and the load. As illustrated in Fig. 30, the clutch (112) is not adapted to where between the output end and the load side of the system. If the input end of the load is adapted with a clutch, the variable transmission dose not provide idling shift function, and the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) fails to function as a generator driven by the engine serving as the active power source (100) of the system, nor as a motor to start the engine claimed in Claim 6; and the system may be selected to provide system functions 1-15, and all or any part of system functions 18-15 listed in Table B.
  9. 9. A series and parallel combined dual power system as claimed in feature 3, wherein, no optional clutch (102) is provided at where between the engine serving as the active rotation power source (100) and the primary dynamo-electric unit (101); therefore, the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) does not function as a motor to drive the load as claimed in Claim 5, nor regenerates by reclaiming the kinetics to exercise the brake; instead, the system as selected provides all or any part of those system functions 1-11, 13, 15-17,19, 21-27 as listed in Table C.
  10. 10. A series and parallel combined dual power system as claimed in feature 3, wherein, there is no clutch (102) provided between the engine serving as the active rotation power source (100) and the primary dynamo-electric unit (101); nor the clutch (122) provided between the output end and the load side of the system; if the input end of the load is not adapted with a clutch, the variable transmission device does not provide idling function, then the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) fails to provide the function as a generator for the engine driven by the active power source (100) or as a start motor to start the engine among the system functions as claimed in Claim 6; nor the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) to function as a motor to drive the load or regenerate by reclaiming the kinetics for exercising the brake among those functions as claimed in Claim 6. The system may provide all or any part of system functions 1-11, 13, 15, 19, and 21-25 of those functions listed in Table D.
  11. 11. A series and parallel combined dual power system as claimed in feature 1, wherein, the system has the engine serving as the active rotation power source (100) directly driven by the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) alone or through the transmission (119) or the clutch (102); the output end of the active rotation power source (100) is directly or through a transmission unit (109) and the clutch (112) coupled to the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103); thereby, the output end of the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) is coupled to the load (120) through the clutch (122). The primary dynamo-electric unit (101) may function as a generator and a motor as required, or only as a generator. Accordingly, the primary dynamo-electric fails to function as the motor to drive the load (120) or to function alone to regenerate by reclaiming kinetics to exercise brake on the load (120) within the configuration as claimed in Claim 6. Alternatively, the system may provide all or any part of those system functions 1-11, 13, 15-17, 19 and 21-27 as listed in Table E.
  12. 12. A series and parallel combined dual power system as claimed in feature 1, wherein, the number of the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) may be less than, greater than or equal to that of the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) coupled to the same number of the clutch or the variable transmission unit for transmission; and those multiple secondary dynamo-electric units (103) may individually or jointly drive the load; and different layouts of spatial configuration among the constituent units are allowed without changing the mechanism of the system.
  13. 13. A series and parallel combined dual power system as claimed in feature 3, wherein, the variable transmission unit (109) adapted to the output end of the active rotation power source (100) is driven by the active rotation power source (100), the individual output end of the variable transmission unit (109) is provided to respectively drive two or more than two rear end loads same as those claimed in Claim 3 including multiple primary dynamo-electric units, clutches (112), secondary dynamo-electric units (103) and related transmission units; and the variable transmission (109) for power distribution may be provided in the form of semi-automatic, or manual variable transmission device, or one with fixed speed ratio, or a differential gear set, epicyclical gear set, or other variable transmission device of the prior art
  14. 14. A series and parallel combined dual power system as claimed in feature 3, wherein, the variable transmission unit (109) adapted to the output end of the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) is driven by the primary dynamo-electric unit (101). The individual output end of the variable transmission unit (109) is provided to respectively drive two or more than two rear end loads same as those claimed in Claim 3 including multiple secondary dynamo-electric units, clutches (112), secondary dynamo-electric units (103) and related transmission units; and the variable transmission (109) for power distribution may be provided in the form of semi-automatic, or manual variable transmission device, or one with fixed speed ratio, or a differential gear set, epicyclical gear set, or other variable transmission device of the prior art.
  15. 15. A series and parallel combined dual power system as claimed in feature 3, wherein, the individual output end of the variable transmission unit (109) further driven by the clutch (112) driven by the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) is provided respectively to drive multiple rear end loads same as those claimed in Claim 3 including multiple secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) and related transmission device; and the variable transmission (109) for power distribution may be provided in the form of semi-automatic, or manual variable transmission device, or one with fixed speed ratio, or a differential gear set, epicyclical gear set, or other variable transmission device of the prior art.
  16. 16. A series and parallel combined dual power system as claimed in feature 3, wherein, the individual output end of the system driven by the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) is provided respectively to drive multiple rear end loads same as those claimed in Claim 3 including multiple loads and related transmission device; and the variable transmission (109) for power distribution may be provided in the form of semi-automatic, or manual variable transmission device, or one with fixed speed ratio, or a differential gear set, epicyclical gear set, or other variable transmission device of the prior art.
  17. 17. A series and parallel combined dual power system as claimed in feature 1, wherein, the output end of the clutch (112) driven by the primary dynamo-electric unit (101), the output end and the load end of the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) are incorporated together by the variable transmission unit (109); and the variable transmission (109) for power distribution may be provided in the form of semi-automatic, or manual variable transmission device, or one with fixed speed ratio, or a differential gear set, epicyclical gear set, or other variable transmission device of the prior art.
  18. 18. A series and parallel combined dual power system as claimed in feature 1, wherein, the rotation kinetics outputted by the active rotation power source 100 is directly or through the clutch (102) coupled to the primary dynamo-electric unit (101), and to the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) through the clutch (112); and the variable transmission (109) for power distribution may be provided in the form of semi-automatic, or manual variable transmission device, or one with fixed speed ratio, or a differential gear set, epicyclical gear set, or other variable transmission device of the prior art.
  19. 19. A series and parallel combined dual power system as claimed in feature 1, wherein, the rotation kinetics outputted by the active rotation power source (100) may be directly coupled from the variable transmission unit (109) or through the clutch (102) to the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) and coupled to the variable transmission unit (109) through the clutch (112), together with the individual output end of the variable transmission unit (109) coupled through the clutch (112) to respectively drive multiple secondary dynamo-electric units (103) and loads; and the variable transmission (109) for power distribution may be provided in the form of semi-automatic, or manual variable transmission device, or one with fixed speed ratio, or a differential gear set, epicyclical gear set, or other variable transmission device of the prior art.
  20. 20. A series and parallel combined dual power system as claimed in feature 1, wherein, the system has two output ends with one end coupled to the first primary dynamo-electric unit (101) and the other end coupled to the variable transmission unit (109) comprised of clutch (112) and differential gear set to respectively drive the load (120) through the clutch (1120) and the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103); one output end from the active rotation power source (100) is optionally provided with the clutch (102) and the variable transmission unit (109) to drive the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) while another output end of the active rotation power source (100) is optionally provided with the clutch (112) to respectively through the variable transmission unit (109) comprised of the differential gear set drive the individual secondary dynamo-electric unit (102) via the optionally provided clutch (1120), and to respectively directly or indirectly through the optionally provided variable transmission unit (109) to respectively drive the load (120); one or multiple primary dynamo-electric unit (101) may be driven by the active rotation power source (100); and one or multiple variable is transmission unit (109) comprised of the clutch (112) and the differential gear set, the clutch (1120) adapted to the variable transmission unit (109), the secondary dynamo-electric unit 103, the variable transmission unit (109), and the load may be provided; and either or both of the clutch (112) and the clutch (1120) may be optionally provided; when the preferred embodiment executes various functions related to the series combined power drive system, the clutch (112) or the clutch (1120) is disengaged while the active rotation power source (100) drives the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) to operate as a generator; the power so generated drives the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) to operate as a motor for driving the load; and the clutch (112) or the clutch (1120) is closed up when the preferred embodiment executes various functions related to parallel combined power drive system.
  21. 21. A series and parallel combined dual power system as claimed in feature 1, wherein, the system has the rotary part of the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) to be coupled to the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103), and that optionally the variable transmission unit (109) is adapted to the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) to drive the load (120) and another variable transmission unit is provided between the output of the active rotation power source (100) and the rotary part of the primary dynamo-electric unit (101); the clutch (112) is provided between the rotary part of the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) and that of the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103); the variable transmission unit (109) is optionally provided between the rotary part of the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) and the load (120); and the variable transmission unit (109) is provided between the rotary part of the active rotation power source (100) and that of the primary dynamo-electric unit (101); when the preferred embodiment executes various functions related to the series combined power drive system, the clutch (112) is disengaged while the active rotation power source (100) drives the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) to operate as a generator; the power so generated drives the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) to operate as a motor for driving the load; and the clutch (112) is closed up when the preferred embodiment executes various functions related to parallel combined power drive system.
  22. 22. A series and parallel combined dual power system as claimed in feature 1, wherein, the system has the rotary part of the active rotation power source (100) and where between the rotary part and the clutch (112) of the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) coupled by means of the variable transmission unit (109), and that the output end of the clutch (112) is provided for copulation to the rotary part of the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) while a variable transmission unit (109) is optionally provided at where between the rotary part of the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) and the load (120); the rotary part of the active rotation power source (100), the rotary part of the primary dynamo-electric unit (101), and the input end of the clutch (112) jointly engage in coupled transmission by means of the variable transmission unit (109); the output end of the clutch is provided for copulation to the rotary part of the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103); and the variable transmission unit (109) is optionally provided between the rotary part of the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) and the load (120); when the preferred embodiment executes various functions related to the series combined power drive system, the clutch (112) is disengaged while the active rotation power source (100) drives the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) to operate as a generator; the power so generated drives the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) to operate as a motor for driving the load; and the clutch (112) is closed up when the preferred embodiment executes various functions related to parallel combined power drive system.
  23. 23. A series and parallel combined dual power system as claimed in feature 1, wherein; that has the active rotation power source (100) respectively coupled to the primary and secondary dynamo-electric units (101), (103) via epicyclical gear (803), clutch (112) and brake 901; and the output from the variable transmission unit is used to drive the load; the output shaft of the active rotation power source is coupled to an epicyclical gear (803) of an epicyclical gear set (801) while the rotary part of the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) coupled to a sun gear (802) of the epicyclical gear set (801); at where between the rotary part and the static part of the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) optionally functions as a motor to output rotation kinetics, or as a generator to create damper while outputting the power, so to allow the rotation kinetics from the active rotation power source (100) to be outputted from an external gear (804); alternatively, at where between the rotary part and the static part of the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) provides the operation of electromechanical lockup by manipulating the drive control unit (104), and the lockup function is optionally replaced by the brake (902) while the rotary part of the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) is coupled to the rotary side of the brake (902) and the static side of the brake (902) is locked to the casing of the system or to the static part of the primary dynamo-electric unit (101). Accordingly, when the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) is in lockup status, the rotation kinetics from the active rotation power source (100) is outputted through the external gear (804).
  24. 24. A series and parallel combined dual power system as claimed in feature 23, wherein; when the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) as driven by the active rotation power source 100 functions as a generator, the brake (901) must be installed and the external gear 804 of the epicyclical gear set (801) is coupled to the input end of the clutch (112) and to the rotary side of the brake (901), the static side of the brake (901) is locked to the casing of the system. Another end of the clutch (112) may be directly coupled to the rotary part of the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) or through the optionally installed variable transmission (109). Both of the clutch (112) and the brake (901) may be separately provided or share the same structure. When the brake (901) is closed and the clutch (112) is disengaged, the external gear (804) is locked up, the active rotation power source (100) independently drive the sun gear of the epicyclical gear (803) thus further to drive the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) to function as a generate for driving the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) to engage in series combined power output and/or charge the rechargeable device (106). Alternatively, the power respectively supplied from the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) and the rechargeable device (106) jointly drives the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) to function as a motor; the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) is capable of jointly driving the load (120) with the rotation kinetics from the active rotation power source (100) when the clutch (112) is closed, and independently functioning as a motor or as a brake for regeneration when the clutch (112) is disengaged; optionally, the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) directly drives from its rotary part, or indirectly through the optional variable transmission unit (109) or other transmission device, one or multiple load (120); alternatively, the rotary part of the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) is coupled to the input end of the differential variable transmission unit (109) for both output ends of the differential variable transmission unit (109) to drive the adapted load (120); When the preferred embodiment exercises various functions related to the series combination power drive system, the clutch (112) may be disengaged and the brake (901) is in its braking status to lock up the external gear (804) of the epicyclical gear set (801) and the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) is engaged in rotation drive as a generator or a motor. If the brake (902) is installed to the system, the brake (902) may be controlled to stay in disengaged status for the active rotation power source (100) to drive the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) for functioning as a generator, the power so generated is used to drive the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) for functioning as a motor to drive the load; when the preferred embodiment is engaged in the operation for various functions related to the parallel combined power drive system, the clutch (112) is closed and the brake (901) is disengaged, the rotary part and the static part of the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) provides electromagnetic lockup, or when the brake (902) is installed, the brake (902) is in closed status.
  25. 25. A series and parallel combined dual power system as claimed in feature 1, wherein, the active rotation power source (100) is respectively coupled to the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) and to the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) through the revolving gear set (1030) and the brake (901); and the output from the variable transmission unit (109) is used to drive the load (120); the output end of the active rotation power source (100) is coupled to a first I/O end (501) of a revolving gear set while the rotary part of the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) is coupled to a second input end 502 of the revolving gear set (1030). By manipulating with the drive control unit (104), the operation between the rotary part and the static part of the primary dynamo-electric unit optionally functions as a motor to output the rotation kinetics or as a generator to produce damper during the output of power; the damper so created allows the rotation kinetics from the active rotation power source (100) to be outputted from an external gear (804); alternatively, at where between the rotary part and the static part of the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) provides the operation of electromechanical lockup by manipulating the drive control unit (104), and the lockup function is optionally replaced by the brake (902) while the rotary part of the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) is coupled to the rotary side of the brake (902) and the static side of the brake (902) is locked to the casing of the system or to the static part of the primary dynamo-electric unit (101); accordingly, when the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) is in lockup status, the rotation kinetics from the active rotation power source (100) is outputted through a third I/O end (503) of the revolving gear set (1030).
  26. 26. A series and parallel combined dual power system as claimed in feature 25, wherein; when the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) as driven by the active rotation power source (100) functions as a generator, the brake (901) must be installed and the third I/O end of the revolving gear set (1030) is coupled to the input end of the clutch (112) and to the rotary side of the brake (901), the static side of the brake (901) is locked to the casing of the system. Another end of the clutch (112) may be directly coupled to the rotary part of the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) or through the optionally installed variable transmission (109). Both of the clutch (112) and the brake (901) may be separately provided or share the same structure; when the brake (901) is closed and the clutch (112) is disengaged, the third I/O end of the revolving gear set (1030) is locked up, the active rotation power source (100) independently is drive through a first I/O end (501) to further drive a second I/O end (502) for pushing forward the primary dynamo-electric unit 101 to function as a generator; the power so generated drives the secondary dynamo-unit (103) to execute series combined power output and/or recharge the rechargeable device (106); alternatively, the power respectively supplied from the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) and the rechargeable device (106) jointly drives the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) to function as a motor; the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) is capable of jointly driving the load (120) with the rotation kinetics from the active rotation power source (100) when the clutch (112) is closed, and independently functioning as a motor or as a brake for regeneration when the clutch (112) is disengaged. Optionally, the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) directly drives from its rotary part, or indirectly through the optional variable transmission unit (109) or other transmission device, one or multiple load (120); alternatively, the rotary part of the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) is coupled to the input end of the differential variable transmission unit (109) for both output ends of the differential variable transmission unit (109) to drive the adapted load (120); when the preferred embodiment executes various functions related to the series combined power drive system, the clutch (112) is disengaged while the active rotation power source (100) drives the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) to lock up the third I/O end (503); the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) executes the rotation drive as a generator or a motor; if the brake (902) is installed for the system, the brake (902) can be manipulated to stay in disengaged status while the active rotation power source (100) drives the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) to function as a generator, and the power so generated is used to drive the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) for functioning as a generator to drive the load; when the system is engaging in the operation of various functions related to the parallel combined power drive system, the clutch (112) is closed and the brake (901) is in disengaged status, and the rotary part and the static part of the primary dynamo-electric unit provides electromagnetic lockup function; or when the brake (902) is installed, the brake (902) is closed, and the rotation kinetics from the active rotation power source (100) is outputted from the first I/O end (501), the third I/O end of the revolving gear set 1030 and the clutch (112), or alternatively, the rotation kinetics from the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) driven by the power supplied from the rechargeable device (106) and that outputted from the active rotation power source (100) jointly drive the load (120).
  27. 27. A series and parallel combined dual power system as claimed in feature 1, wherein; the active rotation power source (100) is coupled to the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) and the combined dual power dynamo-electric unit (1040) via the clutch (102) and the output from the variable transmission unit (109) is used to drive the load; the output end of the active rotation power source (100) is coupled to the rotary part of the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) through the optionally provided clutch (102) and the variable transmission unit (109), and coupled to a first rotary part (1041) of the dual power dynamo-electric unit (1040) through the clutch (112) and the rotary part of the brake (901); the first rotary part (1041) and the second rotary part (1042) of the dual power dynamo-electric unit (1040) as manipulated by the drive control unit (104) functions as a motor to output the rotation kinetics, or functions as a generator to output the power so to produce damper during the output; and the damper so produced is used to transmit the rotation kinetics from the active rotation power source (100) for driving the load (120); alternatively, through the manipulation of the drive control unit (104), the first and the second rotary parts (1041), (1042) of the dual power drive dynamo-electric unit (1040) provides electromagnetic lockup for transmission of the rotation kinetics; wherein, alternatively, the clutch (122) may provide the lockup instead; the clutch (122) is provided at where between the first and the second rotary parts (1041), (1042) of the dual power drive dynamo-electric unit (1040) and subject to the manipulation of the control unit (104) so to transmit the rotation kinetics when the clutch (122) is closed, and when disengaged to cause the first rotary part (1041) and/or the second rotary part (1042) of the dual power drive to engage in rotary operation for the functions as provided by the dual power drive dynamo-electric unit (1040).
  28. 28. A series and parallel combined dual power system as claimed in feature 1, wherein; the clutch (112) is provided at where between the rotary part of the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) and the first rotary parts of the dual power drive dynamo-electric unit (1040); the first rotary part of the dual power drive dynamo-electric unit (1040) is coupled to the rotary side of the brake (901), and the static part of the brake (901) is locked to the casing of the system. The second rotary part (1042) of the dual power drive dynamo-electric unit (1040) directly or indirectly through the variable transmission unit (109) outputs to drives the load (120); members including the clutch (112), the brake (901), the clutch (122) and the dual power drive dynamo-electric unit (1040) may be separately provided, or share the same structure by two or more than two members thereof; with the clutch (112) closed and the brake (901) and the clutch (122) disengaged, the active rotation power source (100) drives the primary dynamo-electric (101) to function as a generator, and the power so generated is used to drive the dual power drive dynamo-electric unit (1040) to function as a motor and/or to is recharge the rechargeable device (106) for the system to engage in series combined power drive operation; when both of the clutches (102), (112) are closed and both of the brake (901) and the clutch (122) are disengaged, the power generated by the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) and/or that from the rechargeable device (106) drive the dual power drive dynamo-electric unit (1040) for the rotation kinetics of the dual power drive dynamo-electric unit (1040) and those from the active rotation power source (100) to provide output of summarized speed; or alternatively, the differential generation effects produced by the differential motion between the first and the second rotary parts (1041), (1042) of the dual power drive dynamo-electric unit (1040) recharges the rechargeable device (106), or both functions of the rotation kinetics from the dual power drive dynamo-electric unit (1040), the summarized speed output from the active rotation power source (100) as well as the differential generation effects operate at the same time; with the brake (901) disengaged, and all clutches (102), (112), (122) closed, the dual power drive dynamo-electric unit (1040) transmits the rotation kinetics from the active rotation power source (100) to drive the load (120); or independently functions as a motor or as a brake for power regeneration with the clutch (122) disengaged and the brake (901) closed. With both clutches (112), (122) disengaged and the brake (901) locked up, either or both of the power generated form the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) and that from the rechargeable device (106) jointly drive the dual power drive dynamo-electric unit (1040) to function as a motor. Optionally, the second rotary part (1042) of the dual power drive dynamo-electric unit (1040) directly or indirectly through the variable transmission (109) or other transmission device drives one or multiple load (120); or the second rotary part (1042) of the dual power drive is dynamo-electric unit (1040) is coupled to the input end of the variable transmission unit (109) that provides differential motion for both output ends capable of providing differential motion of the differential variable transmission unit (109) to drive the adapted load (120); in providing the operation of various functions related to the series combined power drive system by the preferred embodiment, the clutch (112) and the brake (901) are manipulated to stay in disengaged status while the active rotation power source (100) drives the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) to function as a generator. The power so generated drives the dual power drive dynamo-electric unit (1040) to function as a generator to drive the load. In the operation of various functions related to the series and parallel combined power drive system, the clutch (112) is closed and the brake (901) is disengaged.
  29. 29. A series and parallel combined dual power system as claimed in feature 1, wherein; the system has installation of various shafts by having the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) and the active rotary power source (100) coupled to a multi-shaft transmission variable unit (109); and the output end of the active rotation power source (100) drives the load (120) as driven by the dual power dynamo-electric unit (1040) through the clutch (112); the output end of the active rotation power source (100) is coupled to a multi-shaft variable transmission unit (109), and one of the output ends of the variable transmission unit (109) drives the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) through the optional clutch (102) while other selected output ends of the multi-shaft variable transmission unit (109) is coupled to the first rotary part (1041) of the dual power drive dynamo-electric unit (1040) through the clutch (112) and the rotary part of the brake (901); as manipulated by the driver control unit (104), the first and the second rotary parts (1041), (1042) of the dual is power drive dynamo-electric unit (1040) function as a motor to output rotation kinetics, or as a generator to output power so to produce damper during the output of power to transmit the rotation kinetics from the active rotation power source (100) to drive the load (120), or by the manipulation of the drive control unit (104), the electromagnetic lockup operation is provided at where between the first and the second rotary parts (1041), (1042) of the dual power drive dynamo-electric unit (1040) to transmit the rotation kinetics; the clutch (122) may optionally provide the electromagnetic lockup function instead; the clutch (122) is provided between the first and the second rotary parts (1041), (1042) of the dual power drive dynamo-electric unit (1040) and subject to the manipulation by the control unit (104) to transmit the rotation kinetics when the clutch (122) is closed; and to cause the first rotary part (1041) and/or the second rotary part (1042) of the dual power drive dynamo-electric unit )(1040) to engage in rotation for providing the dynamo-electric functions as expected from the dual power drive dynamo-electric unit when the clutch (122) is disengaged.
  30. 30. A series and parallel combined dual power system as claimed in feature 29, wherein; the first rotary part (1041) of the dual power drive dynamo-electric unit (1040) is coupled to the rotary side of the brake (901), and the static side of the brake (901) is locked to the casing of the system; the second rotary part (1042) of the dual power drive dynamo-electric unit (1040) directly or indirectly through the optionally provided variable transmission (109) outputs to drive the load (120); members including the clutch (112), the brake (901), the clutch (122) and the dual power drive dynamo-electric unit (1040) may be separately provided, or share the same structure by two or more than two members thereof; with the clutch (112) closed and the brake (901) and the clutch (122) disengaged, the active rotation power source (100) drives the primary dynamo-electric (101) to function as a generator, and the power so generated is used to drive the dual power drive dynamo-electric unit (1040) to function as a motor and/or to recharge the rechargeable device (106) for the system to engage in series combined power drive operation; when both of the clutches (102), (112) are closed and both of the brake (901) and the clutch (122) are disengaged, the power generated by the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) and/or that from the rechargeable device (106) drive the dual power drive dynamo-electric unit (1040) for the rotation kinetics of the dual power drive dynamo-electric unit (1040) and those from the active rotation power source (100) to provide output of summarized speed; or alternatively, the differential generation effects produced by the differential motion between the first and the second rotary parts (1041), (1042) of the dual power drive dynamo-electric unit (1040) recharges the rechargeable device (106), or both functions of the rotation kinetics from the dual power drive dynamo-electric unit (1040), the summarized speed output from the active rotation power source (100) as well as the differential generation effects operate at the same time. With the brake (901) disengaged, and all clutches (102), (112), (122) closed, the dual power drive dynamo-electric unit (1040) transmits the rotation kinetics from the active rotation power source (100) to drive the load (120); or independently functions as a motor or as a brake for power regeneration with the clutch (122) disengaged and the brake (901) closed; with both clutches (112), (122) disengaged and the brake (901) locked up, either or both of the power generated form the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) and that from the rechargeable device (106) jointly drive the dual power drive dynamo-electric unit (1040) to function as a motor. Optionally, the second rotary part (1042) of the dual power drive is dynamo-electric unit (1040) directly or indirectly through the variable transmission (109) or other transmission device drives one or multiple load (120); or the second rotary part (1042) of the dual power drive dynamo-electric unit (1040) is coupled to the input end of the variable transmission unit (109) that provides differential motion for both output ends capable of providing differential motion of the differential variable transmission unit (109) to drive the adapted load (120); in providing the operation of various functions related to the series combined power drive system by the preferred embodiment, the clutch (112) and the brake (901) are manipulated to stay in disengaged status while the active rotation power source (100) drives the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) to function as a generator; the power so generated drives the dual power drive dynamo-electric unit (1040) to function as a generator to drive the load; in the operation of various functions related to the series and parallel combined power drive system, the clutch (112) is closed and the brake 901 is disengaged.
  31. 31. A series and parallel combined dual power system as claimed in feature 1, wherein; both the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units (101), (103) share the same structure; the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units (101), (103) are comprised of an external dynamo-electric structure (1011), a central dynamo-electric structure (1012) and an internal dynamo-electric structure (1013) in a co-axial construction of three circles. Wherein, the external dynamo-electric structure (1011) and the exterior part of the central dynamo-electric structure (1012) coupled to the external dynamo-electric structure (1011) by way of dynamo-electric effects provide the functions otherwise provided by the primary dynamo-electric unit (101); while the internal dynamo-electric structure (1013) and the interior part of the central dynamo-electric structure (1012) coupled to the internal dynamo-electric structure (1013) by way of dynamo-electric effects provide the functions otherwise provided by the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103); the central dynamo-electric structure (1012) providing the dynamo-electric effects and sharing the same structure is fixed to the casing of the system without engaging in rotation; the external dynamo-electric structure (1011) is directly or indirectly coupled to the active rotation power source (109) through the optionally provided clutch (102) or the variable transmission unit (109); the clutch (112) is provided at where between the external and the internal dynamo-electric structures (1011), (1013); the internal dynamo-electric structure (1013) is directly coupled to the load (120) driven by it, or drives the load (120) through the optionally provided clutch (122) or the variable transmission unit (109); and the load coupled to the rotary part of the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) is optionally coupled from the rotary part of the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) to the input end of the variable transmission unit (109) capable of exercising differential motion for both output ends capable of exercising differential motion of the differential variable transmission unit (109) to drive the load adapted thereto.
  32. 32. A series and parallel combined dual power system as claimed in feature 1, wherein; both the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units (101), (103) share the same structure; the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units (101), (103) are comprised of an external dynamo-electric structure (1011), a central dynamo-electric structure (1012) and an internal dynamo-electric structure (1013) in a co-axial construction of three circles; the external dynamo- electric structure (1011) and the exterior part of the central dynamo-electric structure (1012) coupled to the external dynamo-electric structure (1011) by way of dynamo-electric effects provide the functions otherwise provided by the primary dynamo-electric unit (101); while the internal dynamo-electric structure (1013) and the interior part of the central dynamo-electric structure (1012) coupled to the internal dynamo-electric structure (1013) by way of dynamo-electric effects provide the functions otherwise provided by the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103); the central dynamo-electric structure (1012) providing the dynamo-electric effects and sharing the same structure is fixed to the casing of the system without engaging in rotation; the central dynamo-electric structure (1012) is directly or indirectly coupled to the active rotation power source (109) through the optionally provided clutch (102) or the variable transmission unit (109); the clutch (112) is provided at where between the central and the internal dynamo-electric structures (1012), (1013); the internal dynamo-electric structure (1013) is directly coupled to the load (120) driven by it, or drives the load (120) through the optionally provided clutch (122) or the variable transmission unit (109); and the load coupled to the rotary part of the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) is optionally coupled from the rotary part of the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) to the input end of the variable transmission unit (109) capable of exercising differential motion for both output ends capable of exercising differential motion of the differential variable transmission unit (109) to drive the load adapted thereto.



Claims

1. A series and parallel combined dual power system has the individual output end of the variable transmission unit 109 further driven by the clutch 112 driven by the primary dynamo-electric unit 101 to be respectively coupled to the rotary part of the secondary dynamo-electric unit 103 and to the load end, wherein the output end of the clutch 112 driven by the primary dynamo-electric unit 101, the output end and the load end of the secondary dynamo-electric unit 103 are incorporated together by the variable transmission unit 109. The variable transmission 109 for power distribution may be provided in the form of automatic, semi-automatic, or manual variable transmission device, or one with fixed speed ratio, or a differential gear set, epicyclical gear set, or other variable transmission device of the prior art, comprising:

a first electrical unit (101) having input and output rotary ends, the rotary power output end of the engine being coupled to the input rotary end of the first electrical unit;

a second electrical unit (103) having input and output rotary ends, the output rotary end of the second electrical unit being coupled to the load;

a clutch (112) having input and output rotary ends, the input rotary end of the clutch being coupled to the output rotary end of the first electrical unit and the output rotary end of the clutch being coupled to the input rotary end of the second electrical unit; and

control means (104) for selectively engaging or disengaging the clutch for selectively coupling the rotary power output end of the engine to the load or for isolating the notary power output end of the engine from the load, and for selectively connecting electrically to the first and second electrical units, to permit the system to be operated in a plurality of operating modes, including:

a first mode in which the engine is operated in its high-efficiency, low speed range with the clutch disengaged to derive the load and regulate the engine to operate at a constant speed, the constant speed operation being the range of operation speed in which the engine runs with a lower fuel consumption and a higher output power so as to provide the brake specific fuel consumption, and with the second electrical unit operated as a motor and the first electrical unit operated as a generator that supplies electrical power to the second electrical unit in said first mode; and

a second mode in which the clutch is engaged so that the load is driven by the engine, white the engine is operating in its high speed range.


 
2. A series and parallel combined dual power system has the individual output end of the variable transmission unit 109 further driven by the clutch 112 driven by the primary dynamo-electric unit 101 to be respectively coupled to the rotary part of the secondary dynamo-electric unit 103 and to the load end, wherein the output end of the clutch 112 driven by the primary dynamo-electric unit 101, the output end and the load end of the secondary dynamo-electric unit 103 are incorporated together by the variable transmission unit 109. The variable transmission 109 for power distribution may be provided in the form of automatic, semi-automatic, or manual variable transmission device, or one with fixed speed ratio, or a differential gear set, epicyclical gear set, or other variable transmission device of the prior art, comprising:

an internal combustion engine (100) having a rotary power output end, the engine being operable in a plurality of rotation speed ranges, including a high-efficiency, low speed range and a high speed range;

drive train means for selectively coupling the engine to the load, the drive train means including:

a first electrical unit (101) having input and output rotary ends, the rotary power output end of the engine being coupled to the input rotary end of the first electrical unit;

a second electrical unit (103) having input and output rotary ends, the output rotary end of the second electrical unit being coupled to the load, and

a clutch (112) having input and output rotary ends, the input rotary end of the clutch being coupled to the output rotary end of the first electrical unit and the output rotary end of the clutch being coupled to the input rotary end of the second electrical unit;

an electric storage device (106); and

control means (104) for selectively engaging or disengaging the clutch for selectively coupling the rotary power output end of the engine to the load or for isolating the rotary power output end of the engine from the load, and for selectively connecting the electric storage device electrically to one, both or neither of the first and second electrical units, to permit the system to be operated in a plurality of operating modes, including:

a first mode in which the engine is operated in its high-efficiency, low speed range with the clutch disengaged to drive the load and regulate the engine to operate at a constant speed, the constant speed operation being the range of operation speed in which the engine runs with a lower fuel consumption and a higher output power so as to provide the brake specie fuel consumption, and with the second electrical unit operated as a motor and the first electrical unit operated as a generator that supplies electrical power to the second electrical unit, the electric storage device being isolated from the second electrical unit in said first mode; and

a second mode in which the clutch is engaged so that the load is driven by the engine while the engine is operating in its high speed range.


 
3. A system as claimed in claim 2, wherein the plurality of operating modes includes a third mode in which the engine (100) is operated in its high-efficiency, low speed range with the clutch (112) disengaged, to drive the load and regulate the engine to operate at a constant speed, the constant speed operation being the range of operation speed in which the engine runs with a lower fuel consumption and a higher output power so as to provide the brake specific fuel consumption, and with the second electrical unit (103) operated as a motor that receives power from the electric storage device (106) and simultaneously receives power from the first electrical unit (101) operating as a generator, and a fourth mode in which the clutch is disengaged and the second electrical unit is operated as a motor to drive the load using electricity supplied by the electric storage device.
 
4. A system as claimed in claim 2 or claim 3, wherein the drive train means further comprises at least one transmission unit (109).
 
5. A system as claimed in claim 4, wherein the output end of the clutch (112) driven by the first electrical unit (101), and the output end of the second electrical unit (103) are incorporated in the transmission unit (109).
 
6. A system as claimed in any one of claims 2 to 5, further comprising a battery (110) for starting the engine (100).
 
7. A system as claimed in any one of claims 2 to 6, wherein the operating modes further include a mode in which the engine (100) is started with electricity supplied by the electric storage device (106).
 
8. A system as claimed in any one of claims 2 to 7, wherein the operating modes further include a mode in which the clutch (112) is engaged and the electric storage device (106) supplies electricity to at least one of the first and second electrical units (101, 103) to help the engine (100) drive the load 120).
 
9. A system as claimed in any one of claims 2 to 8, wherein the operating modes further include a mode in which at least one of the electrical units (101, 103) is operated by the power of the engine (100) as a generator to charge the electric storage device (106).
 
10. A system as claimed in any one of claims 2 to 9, wherein the system is installed in a vehicle, and wherein the operating modes further include a regenerative braking mode in which the clutch (112) is disengaged during braking of the vehicle, and the second electrical unit (103) is operated as a generator to charge the electric storage device (106).
 
11. A system as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 10, wherein the control means (104) further comprises means for engaging the clutch (112) for coupling the rotary power of the engine (100) to the load (120).
 
12. A system as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 11. wherein the engine (100) is equipped with a starter motor (121) and a battery (110) which provides electricity to the starter motor.
 
13. A system as claimed in claim 12, wherein the engine (100) operates the first electrical unlit (101) as a generator directly-driven or transmitted via a transmission unit (109) for charging the battery (110) with engine power.
 
14. A system as claimed in claim 12, wherein the control means (104) further comprises means for disengaging the clutch (112), for supplying energy from the battery (110) to the first electrical unit (101), and for operating the first electrical unit as a motor to start the engine.
 
15. A system as claimed in claim 12, wherein the control means (104) further comprises means for disengaging the clutch (112) and for operating the first electrical unit (101) as a generator to charge the battery (110).
 
16. A system as claimed in claim 12, wherein the control means (104) further comprises means for engaging the clutch (112) during braking of a vehicle, and for operating the second electrical unlit (103) as a generator to charge the battery (110) by converting kinetic energy into electric energy during deceleration or braking of the load (120).
 
17. A system as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 16, wherein the system is installed in a vehicle.
 
18. A system as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 16, wherein the system is installed in industrial machinery.
 
19. A system as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 16, wherein the system is installed in industrial equipment.
 
20. A series and parallel combined dual power system operates as a series combined power system, or as a parallel combined power system; the power from an engine directly drive the load; the system engages in the operation as the series combined power system incase of a light load; the load is driven by the engine in case of a normal load; an optional rechargeable device is adapted to the system; either or both of a primary and a secondary dynamo-electric units functions as a motor on the power from the rechargeable device to jointly drive the load with the power from the engine; and functions to provide power drive in case of a light load the system comprising:

An active rotation power source (100): comprised of one or multiple internal combustion engines, external combustion engine or other rotation kinetics power sources of the prior art,

an rotary part of the active power source (100) is directly or through either or both of an optional clutch (102) and an optional variable transmission unit (109), coupled to a primary dynamo-electric unit (101);

The primary dynamo-electric unit (101): comprised of one or multiple AC, DC, brushless, brush, synchronous or asynchronous rotation dynamo-electric device providing functions as a generator, or switched functions between those of a generator and a motor; a rotary part of the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) is coupled to a secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) through a clutch and the variable transmission unit (109);

Clutches (102), (112), (122): related to a single way clutch or a clutch controlled by manual, mechanical force, eccentric force, air pressure, hydraulic flow, or electro-magnetic force used to transmit or interrupt the transmission of the mechanical rotation kinetics; one or multiple clutches (112) is required while one or multiple clutches (102) and clutches (122) may be provided or not; or idling shaft function provided at random by a clutch disposed to the input end of the load or by a variable transmission device is used to replace that of the clutch (122);

The secondary dynamo-electric unit (103): comprised of one or multiple AC, DC, brushless, brush, synchronous or asynchronous rotation dynamo-electric device providing functions as a generator, or switched functions between those of a generator and a motor; a rotary part of the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) is coupled to a secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) through a clutch (112), or as required through the clutch (112) and the variable transmission unit (109);

A drive control unit (104): an optional item, comprised of electro-mechanical or solid-status circuit to control the power generated by the primary dynamo-electric unit (101) functioning as a generator when the system operates as the series combined power system so to drive the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) or control either of the generation output functions, to drive either or both of the primary and the secondary dynamo-electric units (101), (103) functioning as a motor, the drive control unit (104) controls voltage, amperage, polarity (in case of a DC), torque and phase (in case of an AC) to manipulate revolving direction, speed, torque and abnormality protection of the dynamo-electric unit;

A central control unit: an optional item, comprised of a solid-status, or an electro-mechanical device, or chip and related working software, subject to the control by a control interface (107) to further control functions provided by the series and parallel dual power system, particularly in achieving the optimal is fuel consumption and pollution control; controls the relative functions provided among the first dynamo-electric unit (101), the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) and the rechargeable device (106) by manipulating the drive control unit (104); and controls the monitor and interaction of the feedback among all units in the system;

The control interface (107): an optional item, related to a solid-state, or electro-mechanical device, or chip and related software, subject to the manual input or input of control signal to control the operation of the series and parallel combined dual power system;

The variable transmission unit (109): comprised of a variable transmission device of fixed speed ration, or automatic, semi-automatic, or manual variable transmission device, or a differential gear set, epicyclical gear set, or other variable transmission device; is provided at where between the active rotation power source (100) and the clutch (102), or between the clutch (102) and the rotary part of the primary dynamo-electric unit (101), or between the rotary part primary dynamo-electric unit (101) and that of the clutch (112), or between the rotary part of the clutch (112) and that of the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103), or between the rotary part of the secondary dynamo-electric unit (103) and that of the clutch (122), or between the rotary part of the clutch (122) and that of the load; and

A redundant rechargeable device (110): comprised of a rechargeable battery, super capacitor, a flywheel for energy storage, or other rechargeable battery device with the power controlled by a start switch (111) to drive a start motor (121) of the engine set of the active rotation power source (100), thus to directly or through a transmission device start the engine set, or supply power to the peripheral equipment or another power driven load (130); all the redundant rechargeable device (110), the start switch (111) and the start motor (121) are optional items.


 
21. A system according to claim 20, wherein the output end of the clutch 112 driven by the primary dynamo-electric unit 101 and the load end of the second dynamo-electric unit 103 are connected together by the variable transmission unit 109.
 




Drawing