(19)
(11)EP 2 283 297 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
22.07.2020 Bulletin 2020/30

(21)Application number: 09735910.3

(22)Date of filing:  20.04.2009
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F28F 13/08(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2009/002432
(87)International publication number:
WO 2009/131646 (29.10.2009 Gazette  2009/44)

(54)

HEAT EXCHANGER

WÄRMETAUSCHER

ECHANGEUR DE CHALEUR


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK TR

(30)Priority: 21.04.2008 US 148655

(43)Date of publication of application:
16.02.2011 Bulletin 2011/07

(73)Proprietor: Mikutay Corporation
Upland, CA 91785 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • NITTA, Minoru
    Upland. CA 91784 (US)
  • NITTA, Takeyoshi
    Upland CA 91784 (US)

(74)Representative: Kenrick, Mark Lloyd et al
Marks & Clerk LLP 1 New York Street
Manchester M1 4HD
Manchester M1 4HD (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2008/139651
DE-A1- 3 300 929
JP-A- 11 287 571
US-A- 838 966
US-A- 1 946 234
DE-A1- 2 249 117
FR-A1- 2 898 405
JP-A- 56 154 275
US-A- 1 844 308
US-A1- 2007 215 330
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


    Field of the Invention



    [0001] The present invention relates generally to heat exchangers and, more specifically, to a tube and chamber apparatus for transporting heat exchange media.

    Discussion of the Related Art



    [0002] Heat exchangers are commonly utilized in systems where it is desired for heat to be removed. Typical basic heat exchangers are made of pipes, which channel heat exchanging media. Headers or manifolds are attached to each end of the pipes. These headers and manifolds act as receptacles for the heat exchanging media. The efficiency of the pipe heat exchangers is limited by the amount of surface area available for the transfer of heat.

    [0003] To add more surface area, some heat exchangers, such as condensers, incorporate a "tube-and-fin" design. This type of heat exchanger typically includes flattened tubes having a fluid passing therethrough and a plurality of fins extending between the tubes. The fins are attached to the tubes to effectively increase the surface area of the tubes, thereby enhancing heat transfer capability of the tubes. A number of tubes and fins may be stacked on top of each other, which leaves a small opening to allow passage of air in between them. In another tube-and-fin design, the tube can be of a serpentine design, therefore eliminating the need for headers or manifolds, as the tube is bent back and forth in an "S" shape to create a similar effect. Typical applications of this type of heat exchanger, besides condensers, are evaporators, oil coolers, and heater cores. This tube-and-fin design is also utilized in radiators for automobiles. Outside of the automotive field, the tube and fin design is implemented by industrial oil coolers, compressor oil coolers, and in other similar applications requiring a higher efficiency heat exchanger.

    [0004] In another effort to create a greater exchange of heat by increasing surface area, very thin flat tubes with intricate inner rib structures are utilized. This type of heat exchanger is similar to the tube-and-fin design, in that fins are combined with the flat tubes, but in this particular type of heat exchanger, the flat tubes contain intricate internal chambers formed by the inner rib structures. These inner rib structures help to increase the heat exchanging performance of the heat exchanger. To further improve heat transfer efficiency, the tube thickness is made thinner. As a result, the parts are lighter in weight, which in turn makes the overall heat exchanger lighter in weight. However, the pressure resistance is reduced, and the thinner tubes are more prone to damage. Also, the assembly process is complicated because of the fragile nature of the parts. In addition, the internal chambers are prone to plugging during the manufacturing process, particularly if a brazing process is utilized. The complexity of the extruding process potentially results in higher costs and higher defect rates. Also, by utilizing internal chambers within the flat tubes to help disperse heat, the overall cost for the heat exchanging system will be higher because a higher powered compressor may be necessary to move the heat exchanging medium through the smaller openings of the tubes. Conversely, if a higher powered compressor is not utilized, then additional tubes will be necessary to obtain the desired heat exchanging performance because the smaller tubes reduce the flow of the heat exchange media significantly. The additional tubes will increase the overall cost for the heat exchanging system. Currently, this type of heat exchanger is used in applications requiring high heat exchanging capabilities, such as automotive air conditioner condensers.

    [0005] A variation on the tube-based heat exchanger involves stacking flat ribbed plates. When stacked upon each other, these ribbed plates create chambers for transferring heat exchanging media. In essence, this type of heat exchanger performs substantially the same function as tube-and-fin type heat exchangers, but is fabricated differently. This type of heat exchanger is commonly implemented by contemporary evaporators.

    [0006] US 838,966 discloses a furnace or stove radiator-type heat exchanger comprising a series of heating drums interconnected by pipes. Each drum includes a diaphragm having a number of vanes arranged to direct gas passing therethrough into rotating eddy-currents. This causes the gas into thorough contact with the walls of the drum so as to maximize the transfer of heat from the gas to the drum walls and therefore to the air outside of the drum. The document discloses a heat exchanger according to the preamble of claim 1.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0007] The present invention relates to a heat exchanger as defined by claim 1. Also disclosed herein is an enhanced tube for heat exchanging applications including a flow tube and a chamber. The flow tube connects to the chamber. One end of the flow tube may connect to a header or a manifold. Heat exchange media flows from the header or the manifold into the flow tube. The heat exchange media then flows into the chamber. The heat exchange media then flows from the chamber into another flow tube, which is connected to another header or manifold.

    [0008] The flow tube and the chamber for a heat exchanger are provided, for example, for a condenser, evaporator, radiator, etc. The heat exchanger may also be a heater core, intercooler, or an oil cooler for an automotive application (i.e., steering, transmission, engine, etc.) as well as for non-automotive applications. An advantage is that the heat exchange media contact surface area for radiating heat is greater over a shorter distance than that of a conventional heat exchanger. Therefore, the efficiency of the heat exchanger is increased. Another advantage is that the overall length and weight of the enhanced tube for heat exchanging applications may be less compared to a conventional heat exchanger, which in turn provides for a lower overall cost as less raw material and less packaging is necessary. Furthermore, the smaller footprint lends itself to be used in applications where space is limited. Yet another advantage over a conventional heat exchanger is that the manufacturing process may be simpler because the heat exchanger requires less fragile components and less manufacturing steps. The entire unit may be brazed together, or any portion of the unit can be brazed first, and then additional components may be brazed or soldered together.

    [0009] More than one chamber may be used, which will further increase the surface area of the enhanced tube for the heat exchanger. Also, a first chamber may be connected directly to another chamber.

    [0010] The tube size may vary
    between the chambers, and if more than one chamber is used, the chamber size may vary from one chamber to the next.

    [0011] Each chamber may disperse heat exchanging media throughout the chamber, which further enhances the heat exchanging capabilities of the present invention. Also, each chamber may also mix heat exchanging media.

    [0012] Each chamber may include
    redirection members that redirect heat exchanging media in a particular direction through the chamber.

    [0013] The tube and chamber combination
    may be repeated, and based on a particular application, there may be multiple tube and chamber assembly rows. Several of the tube and chamber units may be attached to a header or a manifold. There may be a plurality of tube and chamber units arranged in a row that are attached to a header or a manifold to enhance the overall performance of the heat exchanger.

    [0014] The tube and the chamber may be made of aluminum, either with cladding or without cladding. The tube and chamber may also be made of stainless steel, copper or other ferrous or non-ferrous materials. The tube and chamber may also be a plastic material or other composite materials.

    [0015] The tube and chamber may be manufactured by stamping. The tube and chamber may be manufactured as one piece or may be manufactured as two separate pieces.

    [0016] Other features and advantages will be readily appreciated,
    as the same becomes better understood after reading the subsequent description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0017] 

    FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a tube and a chamber illustrated in operational relationship with manifolds to provide a heat exchanger;

    FIGS. 2A through 2B illustrate two examples of heat exchangers;

    FIG. 2C is a perspective view of a tube and chamber with a medium-directing insert;

    FIG. 3 is a view of a redirect chamber with redirection members;

    FIGS. 4A through 4E illustrate various examples of tubes;

    FIGS. 5A through 5D illustrate various examples of redirect chambers;

    FIG. 6A and 6B are different views of a heat exchanger formed by stacked plates in accordance with the present invention;

    FIG. 7 is a cross-section of a heat exchanger surrounded by a compartment;

    FIG. 8A and 8B illustrate a type of medium redirection member;

    FIGS. 9A and 9B illustrate another heat exchanger;

    FIGS. 10A and 10B illustrate yet another heat exchanger;

    FIGS. 11A and 11B illustrate a further example of a heat exchanger;

    FIG. 12 illustrates another example of a redirection chamber; and

    FIGS. 13A and 13B illustrate a heat exchanger using unsecured redirection members in the redirection chamber.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0018] Referring to the drawings and in particular FIG. 1, a heat exchanger 100 is shown. The heat exchanger 100 includes a manifold 200 matingly engaged to free ends of tubes 10 that are brazed together to redirect chambers 20. As shown in FIG. 1, the redirect chambers 20 have a greater fluid capacity than the tubes 10. Heat exchange media 50 flows from the outlet 210 of the manifold 200 into the inlet 11 of the tube 10. The heat exchange medium 50 passes through the outlet 19 of the tube 10 into the inlet 21 of the redirect chamber 20. The heat exchange media 50 then flows out an outlet 29 of the redirect chamber 20. The process of going from a tube 10 to a redirect chamber 20 may repeat several times until the heat exchange media 50 is received by another manifold 202. There may also be several rows of the tube 10 and redirect chamber 20 combinations. Also, one example may allow for just one tube 10 and one redirect chamber 20. Throughout the transport of the heat exchange media 50 through the heat exchanger 100, the heat from the heat exchange media 50 is transferred to the environment outside of the heat exchanger 100. Although not meant to be limiting, common heat exchange media known in the art includes various refrigerants (i.e., R-134A), carbon dioxide, butane, oils, gases (e.g., air), water, and mixtures of water and other coolants.

    [0019] In another heat exchanger 100, the heat exchanger 100 may be used in a reversed method. Instead of the heat exchanger 100 being used in an environment where heat is transferred from the heat exchange media 50 to the surrounding environment of the heat exchanger 100, the heat exchanger 100 may be used to increase the temperature of the heat exchange media 50 flowing inside. For example, water of an ambient temperature may flow through the tube 10 and the chamber 20 of the heat exchanger 100, where the environment surrounding the heat exchanger 100 is of a higher temperature than that of the water. Continuing with this example, the heat from the environment surrounding the heat exchanger 100 is transferred to the water, thereby increasing the temperature of the water. An example of this embodiment, which is not intended to be limiting, would be a water heater.

    [0020] Referring to FIG. 2A, the inside of tube 10 is hollow, which allows for the flowing of the heat exchange medium 50. The tube 10 is mated to the redirect chamber 20. The redirect chamber 20 houses a medium-directing insert 30. The medium-directing insert 30 is positioned within the intersecting space between the tube 10 and the redirect chamber 20. The heat exchanging medium 50 flows through the tube 10 until the heat exchanging medium 50 flows into contact with the medium-directing insert 30. The medium-directing insert 30 directs the heat exchanging medium 50 into the inside of the redirect chamber 20. The heat exchange medium 50 disperses throughout the redirect chamber 20 and heat is transferred from the heat exchange medium 50 to the redirect chamber 20.

    [0021] Referring to FIG. 3, a redirect chamber 20 is shown. Redirection members 28 are attached to the redirect chamber 20. The redirection members 28 are attached to the inner wall of the redirect chamber 20. In FIG. 3, the redirection members 28 are secured at an angle. In addition, other examples may secure the redirection members 28 perpendicularly to the inside of the redirect chamber 20, that is, the redirection members 28 are at 90 degree angles.

    [0022] Referring to FIG. 2B, the inside of tube 10 is hollow, which allows for the flowing of a heat exchange medium 50. The tube 10 is mated to the redirect chamber 20. The redirect chamber 20 houses a medium-directing insert 30. The medium-directing insert 30 is fixed within the intersecting space between the tube 10 and the redirect chamber 20. The heat exchanging medium 50 flows through the tube 10 until the heat exchanging medium 50 flows into contact with the medium-directing insert 30. The medium-directing insert 30 directs the heat exchanging medium 50 into the inside of the redirect chamber 20. According to FIG. 2B, redirection members 28 direct the heat exchange medium 50 in a particular direction within the redirect chamber 20 and heat is transferred from the heat exchange medium 50 to the redirect chamber 20.

    [0023] Referring to FIG. 2C, a perspective view of tube 10 and chamber 20 is shown. The inside of tube 10 is hollow, which allows for the flowing of the heat exchange medium 50, the flow direction is illustrated by the arrows. The tube 10 is mated to the redirect chamber 20. The redirect chamber 20 houses a medium-directing insert 30. The medium-directing insert 30 is fixed within the intersecting space between the tube 10 and the redirect chamber 20. The heat exchanging medium 50 flows through the tube 10 until the heat exchanging medium 50 flows into contact with the medium-directing insert 30. The medium-directing insert 30 directs the heat exchanging medium 50 into the inside of the redirect chamber 20. The heat exchange medium 50 disperses throughout the redirect chamber 20 and heat is transferred from the heat exchange medium 50 to the redirect chamber 20.

    [0024] Referring to FIG. 4A, the tube 10 is hollow and circular. In FIG. 4B, the tube 10 is hollow and a non-circle shape. In FIG. 4C, ribs 18, which divide the area inside the tube 10 into smaller compartments for transferring the heat exchange media 50, are placed inside the tube 10 to increase heat exchange performance. FIG. 4D illustrates an example of the tube 10 in which the tube wall 12 includes extensions 14. FIG. 4E illustrates a further example of the tube 10 with tube fins 16 shrouding the outer surface of the tube 10.

    [0025] Referring to FIG. 5A, redirect chamber 20 is hollow and circular. In FIG. 5B, the redirect chamber 20 is hollow and a non-circular shape. FIG. 5C illustrates an example of the redirect chamber 20 with inward indentations 22 and outward indentations 24. FIG. 5D illustrates a further example of the redirect chamber 20 with chamber fins 26 shrouding the outer surface of the redirect chamber 20. Although not meant to be limiting, the diameter of the inlet 21 of the redirect chamber 20 will be smaller than the overall diameter of the redirect chamber 20. Also, the diameter of the outlet 29 of the redirect chamber 20 will be smaller than the overall diameter of the redirect chamber 20.

    [0026] The tube 10 examples shown in FIGS. 4A - 4E may be mated in various combinations with the redirect chamber 20 examples shown in FIGS. 5A - 5D. Additional tube fins 16 and chamber fins 26 or other materials can be attached to the outside surface of the tube 10 or the redirect chamber 20, and the additional material does not have to be attached for the full length of the tube 10. Tubes 10 and redirect chambers 20 near the inlet side of the heat exchanger may feature additional material.

    [0027] Referring to FIGS. 6A and 6B, an embodiment of a heat exchanger according to the present invention is shown. A plate 600 contains at least one hole 610 that goes through the thickness of the plate 600. On one side of the plate 600, and centered on the hole 610, a cavity 620, which is of a larger diameter than the diameter of the hole 610, is created in the plate 600 without going completely through the plate 600. One end of a medium-directing insert 30 is connected to an outer edge of the cavity 620, and the opposite end of the medium-directing insert 30 is connected to the inner edge of the cavity 620. When a plate 600a is stacked onto another plate 600b, and the respective holes 610 are aligned, the holes 610 create a tube-like segment and the cavities 620 create a chamber. Heat exchange media 50 may flow through the hole 610 into the cavity 620 where the heat exchange media 50 encounters the medium-directing insert 30 that redirects the heat exchange media 50 into the cavity 620, the flow direction is illustrated by the arrows.

    [0028] Referring to FIG. 7, another heat exchanger is shown. A compartment 700 surrounds a tube and chamber combination 710. The compartment 700 has an inlet 701 and an outlet 702. The compartment 700 directs an air flow 750 around a tube and chamber combination 710 while a heat exchange medium 50 flows through the tube and chamber combination 710. The transfer of heat is further facilitated by the movement of the air flow 750 across the tube and chamber combination 710.

    [0029] Referring to FIGS. 8A and 8B, a chamber 20 is directly connected to another chamber 20, each of which house a redirection member 28. In each chamber 20, the redirection member 28 redirects heat exchange media 50 throughout the chamber 20. The arrows illustrate how the heat exchange media 50 may be redirected.

    [0030] Referring to FIG. 9A, a cross-section of another heat exchanger is shown. A chamber 20 is connected to a tube 10 that is connected to another chamber 20. Each chamber 20 houses a redirection member 28, which attaches to the inner surface of the chamber 20. The redirection member 28 allows passage of the heat exchange media through multiple holes 90 in the redirection member 28. The arrows illustrate how the heat exchange media 50 may be redirected. Referring to FIG. 9B, a redirection member 28 is shown. The redirection member 28 contains openings 90 that allow for the passage of heat exchange media 50.

    [0031] Referring to FIG. 10A, a cross-section of yet another heat exchanger is shown. A chamber 20 is connected to a tube 10 that is connected to another chamber 20. Each chamber 20 may house a redirection member 28, which attaches at certain points to the inner surface of the chamber 20, which leaves openings 91 along the inner surface of the chamber 20. The redirection member 28 allows passage of the heat exchange media 50 through these openings 91 in the redirection member 28. The arrows illustrate how the heat exchange media 50 may be redirected Referring to FIG. 10B, a redirection member 28 is shown. The redirection member 28 contains openings 91 that allow for the passage of heat exchange media 50 through the redirection member 28.

    [0032] Referring to FIG. 11A, a cross-section of yet another heat exchanger is shown. The tube 10 is mated to the redirect chamber 20. The redirect chamber 20 houses a medium-directing insert 30. The medium-directing insert 30 is fixed within the intersecting space between the tube 10 and the redirect chamber 20. A chamber 20 is connected to a tube 10 that is connected to another chamber 20. Each chamber 20 in the present embodiment have indentations 92 in the chamber walls. The arrows illustrate how the heat exchange media 50 may be directed. Referring to FIG. 11B, a wall of a chamber 20 is shown. The wall of the chamber 20 contains indentations 92 that redirect and mix the passage of heat exchange media 50 as it flows through the chamber 20.

    [0033] Referring to FIG. 12, the redirect chamber 20, in combination with any of the above examples, does not have to be cylinder-shaped, other redirect chambers may be shaped like a cube (with various ratios of height, length, and width dimensions), or other geometric shapes.

    [0034] FIGS. 13A and 13B illustrate a heat exchanger where the redirection members 28 are not secured to an inside surface of the chamber 20. The arrows illustrate how the heat exchange media 50 may be directed. By way of example, the redirection members 28 could be a ball bearing or combination of multiple ball bearings that participate in a mixing and churning process within the chamber 20, as shown by the arrows in FIG. 13, which aids in the heat exchange process. Other unsecured redirection members may be used alone or in combination with one another for achieving greater heat exchange efficiency, such as a redirection member that is moved into a particular position by contact from heat exchange media.

    [0035] The chamber generally has at least one greater dimension than the tube. For instance, the chamber may have a greater fluid capacity, circumference, or surface area. The ratio of a particular dimension between the tube and the chamber may be 1:1.1, 1:1.5, or any other ratio.

    [0036] The tube and the chamber may be made of aluminum, either with cladding or without cladding. The tube and chamber may also be made of stainless steel, copper or other ferrous or non-ferrous materials. The tube and chamber may also be a plastic material or other composite materials. Likewise, the redirect member may be made of aluminum, either with cladding or without cladding. The redirect member may also be made of stainless steel, copper or other ferrous or non-ferrous materials. The redirect member may also be a plastic material or other composite materials. The tube may be made of a different material than the material used for the chamber, and the redirect members may be made of a different material than the material used for the chamber and tube. If more than one redirect member is used in a heat exchanger, one redirect member may be made of a different material than another redirect member. The redirect members may also be of different shapes than one another. Also, in heat exchangers that use more than one redirect member, one or more of the redirect members may be secured to the inside wall of the chamber and the other redirect members may be free to move around inside the redirect chamber.

    [0037] The tube and chamber may be manufactured by stamping, cold forging, or machining. The tube and chamber may be manufactured as one piece or may be manufactured as two separate pieces.

    [0038] The present invention has been described in an illustrative manner. The term "redirect" means to change the direction or course of, or impede the progress of, the heat exchange media, even if by the smallest difference in angle or velocity. It is to be understood that the terminology which has been used is intended to be in the nature of words of description rather than of limitation.

    [0039] Many modifications and variations of the present invention are possible in light of the above teachings. Therefore, within the scope of the appended claims, the present invention may be practiced other than as specifically described.


    Claims

    1. A heat exchanger (100) comprising:

    a first reservoir (200) having an outlet (210) for discharging a heat exchange medium (50);

    a second reservoir (202) having an inlet for receiving the heat exchange medium (50);

    a heat exchange chamber (20) for receiving the heat exchange medium (50) travelling in an overall flow direction from the first reservoir (200) toward the second reservoir (202), the heat exchange chamber having an interior formed by a cavity (620) within a plate (600) and comprising a medium-directing insert (30) positioned within the chamber interior,

    characterised in that the cavity (620) is formed within the plate (600) without going completely through the plate (600);

    and in that the plate (600) further comprises a hole (610) that goes through the thickness of the plate (600) to create a tube-like segment, the cavity (620) being centered on the hole (610) and having a diameter larger than that of the hole (610); and

    with first and second ends of the medium directing insert (30) being respectively connected between opposite edges of the cavity whereby the plate (600) is stacked onto another plate (600) and the medium directing insert (30) between the adjoining plates (600) having aligned holes (610) causes heat exchange medium (50) entering the chamber interior in the overall flow direction to be redirected transverse to the overall flow direction in two opposing directions to disperse the heat exchange medium (50) throughout the chamber interior and to be discharged from the chamber interior in the overall flow direction.


     
    2. A heat exchanger (100) according to claim 1 wherein the chamber interior has a cylindrical shape such that heat exchange medium (50) is caused to be directed into the chamber interior in a direction transverse to its overall flow direction in two opposing, generally semicircular directions.
     
    3. A heat exchanger (100) according to claim 1 or claim 2 wherein: the cavity (620) is stamped within the plate (600).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Wärmetauscher (100) umfassend :

    einen ersten Behälter (200) mit einem Auslass (210) zum Abführen eines Wärmetauschermediums (50);

    einen zweiten Behätler (202) mit einem Einlass zum Aufnehmen des Wärmetauschermediums (50);

    eine Wärmetauscherkammer (20) zum Aufnehmen des Wärmetauschermediums (50) das in einer Gesamtströmungsrichtung vom ersten Behälter (200) zum zweiten Behälter (202) strömt, wobei die Wärmetauscherkammer einen Innenraum aufweist, der durch einen Hohlraum (620) innerhalb einer Platte (600) gebildet wird, und einen Mediumleitenden Einsatz (30) umfasst, der in dem Kammerinnenraum positionniert ist;

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Hohlraum (620) innerhalb der Platte (600) gebildet wird, ohne die Platte (600) vollständig zu durchqueren;

    und dadurch, dass die Platte (600) ferner ein Loch (610) umfasst, das durch die Dicke der Platte (600) hindurchgeht, um ein röhrenförmiges Segment zu bilden, wobei der Hohlraum (620) auf dem Loch (610) zentriert ist, und einen Durchmesser aufweist, der größer als der des Lochs (610) ist;

    mit einem ersten und zweiten Ende des Mediumleitenden Einsatzes (30) die jeweils zwischen gegenüberliegenden Kanten des Hohlraums verbunden sind, wobei die Platte (600) auf eine andere Platte (600) gestapelt wird, und der Mediumleitende Einsatz (30) zwischen den aneinandergrenzenden Platten (600) mit ausgerichteten Löchern (610), bewirkt, dass das in den Kammerinnenraum eintretende, in Gesamtströmungsrichtung fließende Wärmetauschermedium (50) quer zur Gesamtströmungsrichtung, in zwei entgegengesetzte Richtungen umgeleitet wird, um das Wärmetauschermedium (50) durch den Kammerinnneraum zu verteilen und dass es von dem Kammerinnenraum in Gesamtströmungsrichtung abgeführt wird.


     
    2. Wärmertauscher (100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Kammerinnenraum eine derartige zylindrische Form aufweist, die bewirkt, dass das Wärmetauschermedium (50) in den Kammerinnenraum in einer Richtung quer zu seiner Gesamtströmungsrichtung, in zwei entgegegesetzte, im allgemeinen halbrunde Richtungen geleitet wird.
     
    3. Wärmetauscher (100) nach Anspruch 1 oder Anspruch 2, wobei: der Hohlraum (620) innerhalb der Platte (600) gestanzt wird.
     


    Revendications

    1. Échangeur de chaleur (100) comprenant:

    un premier réservoir (200) ayant une sortie (210) pour évacuer un milieu d'échange thermique (50);

    un deuxième réservoir (202) ayant une entrée pour recevoir le milieu d'échange thermique (50);

    une chambre d'échange thermique (20) pour recevoir le milieu d'échange thermique (50) se déplaçant dans une direction générale d'écoulement depuis le premier réservoir (200) vers le second réservoir (202), la chambre d'échange thermique ayant un intérieur formé par une cavité (620) à l'intérieur d'une plaque (600) et comprenant un insert de direction du milieu (30) positionné à l'intérieur de la chambre,

    caractérisé en ce que la cavité (620) est formée à l'intérieur de la plaque (600) sans traverser complètement la plaque (600);

    et en ce que la plaque (600) comprend en outre un trou (610) qui traverse l'épaisseur de la plaque (600) pour créer un segment en forme de tube, la cavité (620) étant centrée sur le trou (610) et ayant un diamètre supérieur à celui du trou (610); et

    les première et seconde extrémités de l'insert de direction du milieu (30) étant respectivement connectées entre les bords opposés de la cavité, la plaque (600) étant empilée sur une autre plaque (600) et l'insert de direction du milieu (30) entre les plaques adjacentes (600) ayant des trous alignés (610) amène le milieu d'échange thermique (50) pénétrant à l'intérieur de la chambre dans la direction d'écoulement générale à être redirigé transversalement à la direction d'écoulement générale dans deux directions opposées pour disperser le milieu d'échange thermique (50) dans tout l'intérieur de la chambre et être évacué de l'intérieur de la chambre dans la direction générale d'écoulement.


     
    2. Echangeur de chaleur (100) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'intérieur de la chambre a une forme cylindrique telle que le milieu d'échange de chaleur (50) est amené à être dirigé vers l'intérieur de la chambre dans une direction transversale à sa direction d'écoulement générale dans deux directions opposées généralement semi-circulaires.
     
    3. Echangeur de chaleur (100) selon la revendication 1 ou la revendication 2, dans lequel: la cavité (620) est estampée à l'intérieur de la plaque (600).
     




    Drawing









































    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description