(19)
(11)EP 2 305 909 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
29.10.2014 Bulletin 2014/44

(21)Application number: 08748638.7

(22)Date of filing:  21.05.2008
(51)Int. Cl.: 
E04B 1/24  (2006.01)
E04H 9/02  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2008/071032
(87)International publication number:
WO 2009/132490 (05.11.2009 Gazette  2009/45)

(54)

HALF-BUTTERFLY TYPE CONNECTING CARD AND CONSTRUCTION STEEL FRAME NODE STRUCTURE

EINFLÜGELIGE VERBINDUNGSSCHEIBE UND BAUSTAHLRAHMENKNOTENSTRUKTUR

PLAQUE DE LIAISON À UNE OREILLE ET NOEUD DE CONNECTION POUR STRUCTURE EN ACIER DE CONSTRUCTION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK TR

(30)Priority: 29.04.2008 CN 200810105377

(43)Date of publication of application:
06.04.2011 Bulletin 2011/14

(73)Proprietor: Beijing Deli New Technology of Steel Structure Co. Ltd
Beijing 100191 (CN)

(72)Inventor:
  • GAN, Xiuming
    Beijing 100021 (CN)

(74)Representative: Gulde & Partner 
Patent- und Rechtsanwaltskanzlei mbB Wallstraße 58/59
10179 Berlin
10179 Berlin (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2007/022691
CN-A- 1 786 362
CN-Y- 2 856 221
CN-A- 1 737 280
CN-Y- 2 554 250
JP-A- 2004 084 342
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION



    [0001] The present invention relates to a building structure connecting member, and more particularly, relates to a semi-butterfly connecting clamp and a building steel framework joint structure.

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



    [0002] In building steel framework structures, the connection quality between the vertical column and the cross beam is the key to structural-load-bearing capacity and seismic resistant capability. The connection of conventional steel structure joint is generally formed by butt welding or welding connection combined with bolts. However, these methods have disadvantages in that there may be bad stress transmitting, stress concentration, greater probability of partial damage, mechanical property dependent on the material quality and wall thickness of the column, and low economical performance.

    [0003] Chinese patent application No. 200510103007.7 and the international patent No.WO2007/022691 claiming priority to the same, disclose a butterfly-type self-locking connecting clamp with friction shear resisting plate and a building steel framework joint structure. As shown in figs. 1A and 1B, which showing a schematic view of an existing butterfly self-locking connecting clamp structure and an isometric view of a building steel framework joint structure, Said building steel framework joint structure includes a vertical column 1', a cross beam 2', four connecting clamps 3' and four friction shear resistant plates 11'.As shown in fig. 1A, the connecting clamp 3' comprises a clamp main body 4', clamp wings 5' are provided on both ends of the main body 4'.The clamp wing 5' includes a connecting bearing plate 7' connected to the clamp main body 4', pre-tightening plates 6' opposite thereto, and self-locking fastening plates 6' of the connecting bearing plate 7' and the pre-tightening plate 6', in which, the pre-tightening plate 6' and the self-locking fastening plate 9' are integrally formed. The self-locking fastening plate 9' is placed with two through holes, the pre-tightening plate 6' is provided with one through hole, the end of the self-locking fastening plate 9' near the clamp main body 4' has a projecting self-locking shoulder 8' which has an arc recess facing toward the self-locking fastening plate 9' at the joint of the self-locking shoulder 8'and the clamp main body 4', and the joint plane between the other end of the same and the pre-tightening plate 6' is an incline surface. As shown in fig. 1B, the clamp main body 4' is located on the side of the vertical column 1', the pre-tightening plates 6' are positioned opposite to each other, the web plate of the cross beam 2' is inserted between two pre-tightening plates 6' opposite to each other, the upper and lower flange plates of the cross beam 2' are arranged above and below the self-locking fastening plates, respectively. Two pre-tightening plates 6' are firstly fixed and connected to the web plate of the cross beam 2' by screws, and then the self-locking fastening plates 9' are connected with the upper and lower flange plates of the cross beam 2' by screws. Four friction shear resistant plates 11' are distributed evenly between the vertical column 1' and the cross beam 2'. The friction shear resistant plate 11' is formed by a V-shaped friction plate 111' and a shear resistant plate 112', in which the friction plate 111' thereof is attached to an external surface of the vertical column 1', the shear resistant plates 112' of adjacent friction shear resistant plates 11' and the web plate of the cross beam 2' therebetween are fixed together by bolts, and each shear resistant plate 112' is located below the cross beam 2'. The space between the external surfaces of the two parallel upper and lower self-locking fastening plates 9' of the connecting clamp 3' may be determined according to the height of the cross beam 2' to be mounted, and the space between the self-locking shoulder 8' at one end of the clamp main body 4' and that at the other end thereof in the same plane is determined according to the width of the vertical column 1' to be assembled. However, the connection structure of this building steel framework joint has its disadvantages in that: the space between the parallel upper and lower self-locking fastening plates 9' must be fitted with the height of the web plate of the connected cross beam 2'for the connecting clamp's integrally design, otherwise, they will be hard to be connected together. As a result, there is need to measure accurately their position at design time, and the designed connecting clamp only can be suitable to a single height cross beam 2'. Therefore, it is inconvenient to adjust the connection joint of the building steel framework joint. When the two self-locking shoulders 8' of the connecting clamp retains the friction shear resistant plates 11' on the outside surface of the vertical column 1' of the building steel framework, since the self-locking shoulder 8' is designed in a fixed form, the space between its friction shear resistant plates 11' for retaining the outside surface of the vertical column 1' can not be adjusted. Hence, retaining width of the self-locking shoulder 8' of the connection clamp must have been precisely calculated when producing, otherwise it is difficult to connect them to the friction shear resistant plates 11' of the vertical column 1'; On the other hand, when strong outside force is applied on the building steel framework structure, for example, earthquake etc, the action between the prior connecting clamps 3' and the friction shear resistant plates 11' outside of the vertical column is a rigid action, all of the energy produced in this condition will be applied onto the vertical column 1', and thus it is easily to break the building steel framework joint structure. In order to overcome the above disadvantages in the prior art, the present applicant had made various improvements, and successively filed a series of patent applications. The present application is a continuation application of the above applications.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0004] The purpose of the present invention is to provide a semi-butterfly connecting clamp and a building steel framework joint structure, wherein the connection of the connecting clamp and the cross beam can be easily adjusted, the retaining space of the connecting clamp can be conveniently adjusted according to the size of the friction shear resistant plate retained outside of the vertical column, and it can reduce the destruction action upon the building steel framework joint structure due to the applied outside force when the outside force is acting on the connecting clamp.

    [0005] In order to attain the above solution, the technical solution of the present invention is that: a semi-butterfly connecting clamp, wherein the connecting clamp comprises a bearing plate, two L-shaped clamp wings are provided on both left and right ends of the bearing plate, the clamp wings and the bearing plate are formed into two U-shaped clamp grooves, the clamp wing is integrally formed by a pre-tightening plate opposite to the bearing plate and a self-locking fastening plate for connecting the bearing plate with the pre-tightening plate, the self-locking fastening plate has at least two through holes, the pre-tightening plate has at least one through hole, the end of the self-locking fastening plate near the bearing plate has a groove, a wedge-shaped piece with an inclining upper surface inclined toward the middle of the connecting clamp is placed on the upper surface of said self-locking fastening plate at the position near the groove, and the wedge-shaped piece is provided with a locking bolt hole perpendicular to the upper surface thereof, the surface of the groove facing to the groove opening is perpendicular to the upper surface of the wedge-shaped piece, the connecting clamp further includes a L-shaped self-locking block, a bolt and a spring, in which, a transverse rod on the upper part of the self-locking block is placed with a through hole, a lower end of a vertical rod under the transverse rod is inserted into said groove and fitted with the surface of the groove, the bolt is fastened with the locking bolt hole together through the through hole and the spring located above or below the self-locking block.

    [0006] According to the semi-butterfly connecting clamp of the present invention, the pre-tightening plate is parallel or inclined to the bearing plate.

    [0007] According to the semi-butterfly connecting clamp of the present invention, a circular arc recess facing toward the self-locking fastening plate is placed at the joint of the groove and the bearing plate, and the joint surface between the groove and the pre-tightening plate is a cambered surface or an inclined plane.

    [0008] According to the semi-butterfly connecting clamp of the present invention, the spring is positioned between the self-locking block and the wedge-shaped piece when the upper surface of the wedge-shaped piece is an oblique plane inclined toward the middle lower part of the connecting clamp, or the spring is positioned above the self-locking block when the upper surface of the wedge-shaped piece is an oblique plane inclined toward the middle upper part of the connecting clamp.

    [0009] A building steel framework joint structure, comprising a vertical column, a cross beam and four friction shear resistant plates which are located between the vertical column and the cross beam and distributed evenly on the outer surfaces of four corners of the vertical column, wherein the friction shear resistant plate is formed by friction plate with V-shaped or C-shaped cross section and shear resistant plates connected with the middle parts of both sides of the friction plate, the shear resistant plates of the adjacent friction shear resistant plates and the web plate of the cross beam between this two shear resistant plates are fixed together by bolts, in which, the building steel framework joint structure further comprises at least four connecting clamps, wherein the connecting clamp comprises a bearing plate, a L-shaped self-locking block, a bolt and a spring, a clamp wing with L-shaped section provided on both left and right ends of the bearing plate, the clamp wings and the bearing plate are formed into a U-shaped clamp groove, the clamp wing is integrally formed by a pre-tightening plate opposite to the bearing plate and a self-locking fastening plate for connecting the bearing plate with the pre-tightening plate, the self-locking fastening plate has at least two through holes, the end of the self-locking fastening plate near the bearing plate has a groove, a wedge-shaped piece with an inclining upper surface inclined toward the middle of the connecting clamp is placed on the upper surface of said self-locking fastening plate at the position near the groove, the surface of the groove facing to the groove opening is perpendicular to the upper surface of the wedge-shaped piece, and the wedge-shaped piece is provided with a locking bolt hole perpendicular to the upper surface thereof, a transverse rod on the upper part of the self-locking block is placed with a through hole, a lower end of a vertical rod under the transverse rod is inserted into said groove and fitted with the surface of the groove, the bolt is fastened with the locking bolt hole together through the through hole and the spring located above or below the self-locking block, every the two connecting clamps are formed into a pair, each pair of the connecting clamps are respectively located on two opposite sides of the vertical column, the pre-tightening plates of each pair of the connecting clamps are placed opposite to each other, the flange plate of the cross beam is arranged above or below the self-locking fastening plates bolted with the upper or lower flange plates, the pre-tightening plate has at least one through hole, the pre-tightening plates of each pair connecting clamp are fastened opposite to each other by bolts.

    [0010] According to the building steel framework joint structure of the prevent invention, the number of the cross beams comprises two, three or four, and the cross beams are arranged between the vertical columns in line, or in a V-shaped fashion, in a T-shaped fashion or in a crisscross fashion.

    [0011] By using the above solution, the semi-butterfly connecting clamp is designed as a semi-type connecting clamp on the basis of the design of the prior connecting clamp, which enables the connection with the cross beam being adjustable conveniently; The connecting clamp is provided with a self-locking shoulder, the self-locking block will move in the direction of the movement of the spring while the spring being compressed or released, since the direction of the bolt shank being inserted into the through hole and the locking bolt hole is arranged at an angle relative to the vertical direction, the self-locking block will move along the left and right direction in a horizontal plane, thus the space between the friction shear resistant plates outside of the vertical column retained by the self-locking block is adjustable, thereby the requirement of the processing accuracy of the connecting clamp is lowered. When the connecting clamp is applied with an outside force, the self-locking block thereon will compress the spring, and thus the rigid action produced between the connecting clamps and the friction shear resistant plates outside of the vertical column can be weakened as a result of dissipating energy of the spring, therefore the damaging force will be greatly reduced during a force is applied onto the vertical column by the friction shear resistant plates, thereby the whole building steel framework joint structure is protected.

    [0012] The invention will now be described in connection with the accompanying drawings and the embodiments in which:

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0013] 

    Figure 1A is an isometric view of a prior butterfly self-locking connecting clamp;

    Figure 1B is an isometric view of a prior building steel framework joint structure;

    Figure 2A is an isometric exploded view of a semi-butterfly connecting clamp according to the present invention;

    Figure 2B is an isometric assembled view of the semi-butterfly connecting clamp according to the present invention;

    Figure 2C is an isometric partially cutaway view of the semi-butterfly connecting clamp according to the present invention;

    Figure 3 is an isometric exploded view of a semi-butterfly connecting clamp according to another embodiment of the present invention;

    Figure 4 is a schematic view of a building steel framework joint structure according the present invention;

    Figure 4A is a schematic drawing of partial structure of the building steel framework joint structure according to the present invention.


    DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS



    [0014] As shown in figs. 2A and 2B, which illustrate an isometric exploded view and an isometric assembled view of a semi-butterfly connecting clamp according the present invention, respectively. The connecting clamp comprises a bearing plate 1, a L-shaped self-locking block 5, a bolt 6 and a spring 7,a clamp wing 2 with L-shaped section provided on both left and right ends of the bearing plate 1, the clamp wings 2 and the bearing plate 1 are formed into two U-shaped clamp grooves, the clamp wing is integrally formed by a pre-tightening plate 3 opposite to the bearing plate 1 and a self-locking fastening plate 4 for connecting the bearing plate 1 with the pre-tightening plate 3, the self-locking fastening plate 4 has at least two through holes, the end of the self-locking fastening plate 4 near the bearing plate 1 has a groove 41, a wedge-shaped piece 42 is placed on the upper surface of said self-locking fastening plate 4 at the position near the groove 41, the upper surface of the wedge-shaped piece 42 is an inclined surface inclined toward the middle lower part of the connecting clamp, which is arranged with respect to the upper surface of the connecting clamp at an angle beta of about 73 degrees (as shown in fig. 4A), the wedge-shaped piece 42 is provided with a locking bolt hole 421 perpendicular to the upper surface thereof, and the surface of the groove 41 facing to the groove opening is perpendicular to the upper surface of the wedge-shaped piece 42, the upper part of the self-locking block 5 is a transverse rod 51 placed with a through hole 511 in the central, and the lower part thereof is a vertical rod 52 with the lower end thereof being inserted into the groove 41 and fitted with the internal surface of the groove 41. As shown in fig. 2C, the bolt 6 is fastened with the locking bolt hole 421 together through the through hole 511 and the spring 7. The pre-tightening plate 3 is parallel to the bearing plate 1, a circular arc recess facing toward the self-locking fastening plate 4 is placed at the joint of the groove 41 and the bearing plate1, the joint surface between the groove 41 and the pre-tightening plate 3 is a cambered surface, and the pre-tightening plate 3 has two through holes.

    [0015] Referring to fig. 3, illustrating an isometric exploded view of a semi-butterfly connecting clamp according to another embodiment of the present invention. The connecting clamp has the same structure with that in fig.2A: bearing plate 1, clamp wing 2, the clamp wing is integrally formed by a pre-tightening plate 3 opposite to the bearing plate 1 and a self-locking fastening plate 4 for connecting the bearing plate 1 with the pre-tightening plate 3, the self-locking fastening plate 4 has at least two through holes, the end of the self-locking fastening plate 4 near the bearing plate 1 has a groove 41, the difference therebetween is that: the upper surface of the wedge-shaped piece 13 near the groove 41 is an inclined surface inclined toward the middle upper part of the connecting clamp, the wedge-shaped piece 13 has a locking bolt hole (not shown) perpendicular to the upper surface thereof, the surface of the groove 41 facing to the groove opening is perpendicular to the upper surface of the wedge-shaped piece 13, the upper part of the self-locking block 14 is a transverse rod 141 placed with a through hole 1411 in the central, and the lower part thereof is a vertical rod 142 with the lower end thereof being inserted into the groove 41 and fitted with the internal surface of the groove 41. The bolt 15 is fastened with the locking bolt hole together through the spring 7 and the through hole 1411.

    [0016] Turning now to fig. 4, it illustrates a schematic view of a building steel framework joint structure according the present invention. The building steel framework joint structure comprises a vertical column 8, four I-shaped cross beams 9 arranged in the form of a crisscross intersection, eight semi-butterfly connecting clamps and four friction shear resistant plates 11, wherein the friction shear resistant plate 11 is formed by friction plate 111 with V-shaped cross section and shear resistant plates 112 connected with the middle parts of both sides of the friction plate 111, the friction plates 111 of the four friction shear resistant plates 11 which are located between the vertical column 8 and the connecting clamp are evenly distributed and fitted on the outer surfaces of four corners of the vertical column 8, the shear resistant plates 112 of the adjacent friction shear resistant plates 11 and the web plate of the cross beam 9 between this two shear resistant plates 112 are fixed together by bolts, every the two connecting clamps are formed into a pair, each pair of the connecting clamps are respectively located on two opposite sides of the vertical column, every two pairs of the connecting clamp pairs are formed into a group for fixing two cross beams 9 in line, one pair of a group of the connecting clamps are located above the upper flange plates of the two longitudinal cross beams of four cross beams arranged in a crisscross fashion, and the other pair of connecting clamps are located below the lower flange plates of the two longitudinal cross beams 9, and the self-locking fastening plate 4 of the connecting clamps in this group and the upper and lower flange plates of the two longitudinal cross beams 9 are bolted and fastened together. The connecting clamps in the other group are used for fixing the two transversal cross beams 9 of the four cross beams arranged in a crisscross fashion, wherein one pair of the connecting clamps in this group are located below the upper flange plates of the two transversal cross beams, and the other pair of connecting clamps are located above the lower flange plates of the two transversal cross beams 9, the self-locking fastening plate 4 of the connecting clamps in this group and the upper and lower flange plates of the two transversal cross beams 9 are bolted and fastened together, and the pre-tightening plates 3 of the connecting clamps in the group and the web plates of the two transversal cross beams 9 are bolted and fastened together. The pre-tightening plates 3 of each pair of the connecting clamps are fastened opposite to each other by bolts.

    [0017] The semi-butterfly connecting clamp and the building steel framework joint structure according to the present invention are designed as a semi-type connecting clamp on the basis of the design of the prior connecting clamp, thus there is no need for a pre-designed accurate dimension of the connecting clamp when the connecting clamps are connected with the cross beams, which enables the connection with the cross beam being adjustable conveniently in different ways without any unfitting problems. The prior self-locking shoulder of the connecting clamp is replaced with a self-locking block, the self-locking block will move in the direction of the movement of the spring while the spring being compressed or released, since the direction of the bolt shank being inserted into the through hole and the locking bolt hole is arranged at an angle relative to the vertical direction, the self-locking block will move along the left and right direction in a horizontal plane, thus the space between two self-locking blocks on the connecting clamp can be adjusted, i.e. the space between the friction shear resistant plates outside of the vertical column retained by the self-locking block is adjusted. In this way, the requirement of the processing accuracy of the connecting clamp is lowered, thereby there is no any hidden troubles about waste product due to error process. Furthermore, when the semi-butterfly connecting clamp is applied with an outside force such as the action of earthquake, the strong force firstly acts on the self-locking blocks, then a force is applied onto the spring by the self-locking block, and thus a majority of energy produced by the rigid action produced between the semi-butterfly connecting clamps and the friction shear resistant plates on the outer surfaces of the vertical column will be dissipated due to dissipating energy of the spring therebetween, therefore the damaging force will be greatly reduced during the force is applied onto the vertical column by the friction shear resistant plates, thereby the whole building steel framework joint structure is protected.

    Industrial applicability



    [0018] The semi-butterfly connecting clamp and the building steel framework joint structure according to the present invention are mainly used for connecting and fixing the steel frame in construction engineering, and especially used for the fixing and connection between the load-bearing vertical column and the cross beams connected thereto of building. The connection structure according to the present invention has the advantages of strong load-bearing capacity, firmness and safety.


    Claims

    1. A semi-butterfly connecting clamp, comprising a bearing plate (1), two L-shaped clamp wings (2) are provided on both left and right ends of the bearing plate (1), the clamp wings (2) and the bearing plate (1) are formed into two U-shaped clamp grooves, the clamp wing is integrally formed by a pre-tightening plate (3) opposite to the bearing plate (1) and a self-locking fastening plate (4) for connecting the bearing plate (1) with the pre-tightening plate (3), the self-locking fastening plate (4) has at least two through holes, the pre-tightening plate (3) has at least one through hole, the end of the self-locking fastening plate (4) near the bearing plate (1) has a groove (41), characterized in that a wedge-shaped piece (42) with an inclining upper surface inclined toward the middle of the connecting clamp is placed on the upper surface of said self-locking fastening plate (4) at the position near the groove (41), and the wedge-shaped piece (42) is provided with a locking bolt hole (421) perpendicular to the upper surface thereof, the surface of the groove (41) facing to the groove opening is perpendicular to the upper surface of the wedge-shaped piece (42), the connecting clamp further includes a L-shaped self-locking block (5), a bolt (6) and a spring (7), in which, a transverse rod (51) on the upper part of the self-locking block (5) is placed with a through hole (511), a lower end of a vertical rod (52) under the transverse rod (51) is inserted into said groove (41) and fitted with the surface of the groove (41), the bolt (6) is fastened with the locking bolt hole (421) together through the through hole (511) and the spring (7) located above or below the self-locking block (5).
     
    2. The semi-butterfly connecting clamp according to claim 1, characterized in that the pre-tightening plate (3) is parallel or inclined to the bearing plate (1).
     
    3. The semi-butterfly connecting clamp according to claim 2, characterized in that a circular arc recess facing toward the self-locking fastening plate (4) is placed at the joint of the groove (41) and the bearing plate (1), and the joint surface between the groove (41) and the pre-tightening plate (3) is a cambered surface or an inclined plane.
     
    4. The semi-butterfly connecting clamp according to claim 3, characterized in that the spring (7) is positioned between the self-locking block (5) and the wedge-shaped piece (42) when the upper surface of the wedge-shaped piece (42) is an oblique plane inclined toward the middle lower part of the connecting clamp, or the spring (7) is positioned above the self-locking block(5) when the upper surface of the wedge-shaped piece (42) is an oblique plane inclined toward the middle upper part of the connecting clamp.
     
    5. A building steel framework joint structure, comprising a vertical column (8), a cross beam (9) and four friction shear resistant plates (11) which are located between the vertical column (8) and the cross beam (9) and distributed evenly on the outer surfaces of four corners of the vertical column (8), wherein the friction shear resistant plate (11) is formed by friction plate (111) with V-shaped or C-shaped cross section and shear resistant plates (112) connected with the middle parts of both sides of the friction plate (111), the shear resistant plates (112) of the adjacent friction shear resistant plates (11) and the web plate of the cross beam (9) between this two shear resistant plates (112) are fixed together by bolts, and further comprising at least four semi-butterfly connecting clamps according to any of the claims 1-4, characterized in that every two connecting clamps are formed into a pair, each pair of the connecting clamps are respectively located on two opposite sides of the vertical column (8), the pre-tightening plates (3) of each pair of the connecting clamps are placed opposite to each other, the flange plate of the cross beam (9) is arranged above or below the self-locking fastening plates (4) bolted with the upper or lower flange plates, the pre-tightening plate (3) has at least one through hole, the pre-tightening plates (3) of each pair connecting clamp are fastened opposite to each other by bolts.
     
    6. The building steel framework joint structure according to claim 5, characterized in that the number of the cross beams (9) comprises two, three or four, and the cross beams are arranged between the vertical columns (8) in line, or in a V-shaped fashion, in a T-shaped fashion or in a crisscross fashion.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Einflügelige Verbindungsklammer, aufweisend eine Lagerplatte (1), wobei zwei L-förmige Klemmflügel (2) sowohl am linken als auch am rechten Ende der Lagerplatte (1) bereitgestellt werden, wobei die Klemmflügel (2) und die Lagerplatte (1) als zwei U-förmigen Klemmnuten ausgebildet sind, wobei der Klemmflügel einstückig durch eine Vorspannplatte (3) gegenüber der Lagerplatte (1) und eine selbstverriegelnde Befestigungsplatte (4) zum Verbinden der Lagerplatte (1) mit der Vorspannplatte (3) ausgebildet ist, wobei die selbstverriegelnde Befestigungsplatte (4) zumindest zwei Durchlöcher aufweist, wobei die Vorspannplatte (3) zumindest ein Durchloch aufweist, wobei das Ende der selbstverriegelnden Befestigungsplatte (4) nahe der Lagerplatte (1) eine Nut (41) aufweist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass ein Keilstück (42) mit einer schrägen Oberseite, die zur Mitte der Verbindungsklammer geneigt ist, auf der Oberseite der besagten selbstverriegelnden Befestigungsplatte (4) in der Position nahe der Nut (41) platziert ist, und dass das Keilstück (42) mit einem Verriegelungsbolzenloch (421) senkrecht zur Oberseite davon bereitgestellt wird, wobei die Oberfläche der Nut (41), die der Nutöffnung zugewandt ist, senkrecht zur Oberseite des Keilstücks (42) ist, wobei die Verbindungsklammer weiterhin einen L-förmigen selbstverriegelnden Block (5), einen Bolzen (6) und eine Feder (7) aufweist, wobei eine Querstange (51) auf dem oberen Teil des selbstverriegelnden Blocks (5) mit einem Durchloch (511) platziert ist, wobei ein unteres Ende einer vertikalen Stange (52) unter der Querstange (51) in die besagte Nut (41) eingesetzt ist und mit der Oberfläche der Nut (41) zusammenpasst, wobei der Bolzen (6) durch das Durchloch (511) und die über oder unter dem selbstverriegelnden Block (5) befindliche Feder am Verriegelungsbolzenloch (421) befestigt ist.
     
    2. Einflügelige Verbindungsklammer nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Vorspannplatte (3) parallel oder schräg zur Lagerplatte (1) ist.
     
    3. Einflügelige Verbindungsklammer nach Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass eine kreisbogenförmige Ausnehmung, die der selbstverriegelnden Befestigungsplatte (4) zugewandt ist, an der Verbindungsstelle der Nut (41) und der Lagerplatte (1) platziert ist, und die Verbindungsfläche zwischen der Nut (41) und der Vorspannplatte (3) eine gewölbte Oberfläche oder eine schräge Ebene ist.
     
    4. Einflügelige Verbindungsklammer nach Anspruch 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Feder (7) zwischen dem selbstverriegelnden Block (5) und dem Keilstück (42) positioniert ist, wenn die Oberseite des Keilstücks (42) eine schiefe Ebene ist, die zum mittleren unteren Teil der Verbindungsklammer geneigt ist, oder dass die Feder (7) über dem selbstverriegelnden Block (5) positioniert ist, wenn die Oberseite des Keilstücks (42) eine schiefe Ebene ist, die zum mittleren oberen Teil der Verbindungsklammer geneigt ist.
     
    5. Baustahlrahmenverbindungsstruktur, aufweisend eine vertikale Säule (8), einen Querbalken (9) und vier schubsteife Reibungsplatten (11), die zwischen der vertikalen Säule (8) und dem Querbalken (9) angeordnet sind und gleichmäßig auf den Außenflächen von vier Ecken der vertikalen Säule (8) verteilt sind, wobei die schubsteife Reibungsplatte (11) durch eine Reibungsplatte (111) mit V-förmigem oder C-förmigem Querschnitt und schubsteifen Platten (112), die mit den mittleren Teilen beider Seiten der Reibungsplatte (111) verbunden sind, ausgebildet ist, wobei die schubsteifen Platten (112) der benachbarten schubsteifen Reibungsplatten (11) und das Stegblech des Querbalkens (9) zwischen diesen zwei schubsteifen Platten (112) durch Bolzen aneinander befestigt sind, und weiterhin aufweisend zumindest vier einflügelige Verbindungsklammern nach einem der Ansprüche 1-4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass jeweils zwei Verbindungsklammern als Paar ausgebildet sind, wobei jedes Paar der Verbindungsklammem jeweils auf zwei gegenüberliegenden Seiten der vertikalen Säule (8) angeordnet ist, wobei die Vorspannplatten (3) jedes Paars der Verbindungsklammem einander gegenüberliegend platziert sind, wobei die Flanschplatte des Querbalkens (9) über oder unter den selbstverriegelnden Befestigungsplatten (4) angeordnet ist, die mit den oberen oder unteren Flanschplatten geschraubt sind, wobei die Vorspannplatte (3) zumindest ein Durchloch aufweist, wobei die Vorspannplatten (3) jedes Paars von Verbindungsklammem durch Bolzen einander gegenüberliegend befestigt sind.
     
    6. Baustahlrahmenverbindungsstruktur nach Anspruch 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Anzahl der Querbalken (9) zwei, drei oder vier aufweist und die Querbalken zwischen den vertikalen Säulen (8) linear oder V-förmig, T-förmig oder kreuzweise angeordnet sind.
     


    Revendications

    1. Pince de liaison à une oreille, comprenant une plaque (1) d'appui, deux ailes (2) de serrage en forme de L étant prévues sur les deux extrémités gauche et droite de la plaque (1) d'appui, les ailes (2) de serrage et la plaque (1) d'appui étant formées en deux rainures de serrage en forme de U, l'aile de serrage étant formée d'un seul tenant à partir d'une plaque (3) de pré-serrage opposée à la plaque (1) d'appui et une plaque (4) de fixation auto-verrouillante pour relier la plaque (1) d'appui à la plaque (3) de pré-serrage, la plaque (4) de fixation auto-verrouillante ayant au moins deux trous de passage, la plaque (3) de pré-serrage ayant au moins un trou de passage, l'extrémité de la plaque (4) de fixation auto-verrouillante proche de la plaque (1) d'appui ayant une rainure (41), caractérisée en ce qu'une pièce (42) en forme de coin ayant une surface supérieure oblique inclinée vers le centre de la pince de liaison est placée sur la surface supérieure de ladite plaque (4) de fixation auto-verrouillante dans la position proche de la rainure (41), et que la pièce (42) en forme de coin est prévue avec un trou (421) de boulon de verrouillage perpendiculaire à la surface supérieure de celle-ci, la surface de la rainure (41) faisant face à l'ouverture de la rainure étant perpendiculaire à la surface supérieure de la pièce (42) en forme de coin, la pince de liaison comprenant en outre un bloc (5) auto-verrouillant en forme de L, un boulon (6), et un ressort (7), dans lequel une barre (51) transversale sur la partie supérieure du block (5) auto-verrouillant est placée avec un trou (511) de passage, une extrémité inférieure d'une barre (52) verticale située sous la barre (51) transversale étant insérée dans ladite rainure (41) et s'accordant avec la surface de la rainure (41), le boulon (6) étant attaché au trou (421) de boulon de verrouillage par le trou (511) de passage et le ressort (7) se trouvant au-dessus ou au-dessous du bloc (5) auto-verrouillant.
     
    2. Pince de liaison à une oreille selon la revendication 1, caractérisée en ce que la plaque (3) de pré-serrage est parallèle à ou inclinée vers la plaque (1) d'appui.
     
    3. Pince de liaison à une oreille selon la revendication 2, caractérisée en ce qu'un évidement en arc circulaire faisant face vers la plaque (4) de fixation auto-verrouillante est placé à la jointure de la rainure (41) et de la plaque (1) d'appui, et que la surface de jointure entre la rainure (41) et la plaque (3) de pré-serrage est une surface cambrée ou une plaine inclinée.
     
    4. Pince de liaison à une oreille selon la revendication 3, caractérisée en ce que le ressort (7) est positionné entre le bloc (5) auto-verrouillant et la pièce (42) en forme de coin si la surface supérieure de la pièce (42) en forme de coin est une plaine oblique inclinée vers la partie centrale inférieure de la pince de liaison, ou que le ressort (7) est positionné au-dessus du bloc (5) auto-verrouillant si la surface supérieure de la pièce (42) en forme de coin est une plaine oblique inclinée vers la partie centrale supérieure de la pince de liaison.
     
    5. Structure de jointure en acier de construction, comprenant une colonne (8) verticale, une barre transversale (9) et quatre plaques (11) de friction résistantes au cisaillement qui sont disposées entre la colonne (8) verticale et la barre (9) transversale et distribuées régulièrement sur les surfaces externes de quatre coins de la colonne (8) verticale, la plaque (11) de friction résistante au cisaillement étant formée par une plaque (111) de friction ayant une coupe transversale en forme de V ou en forme de C et des plaques (112) résistantes au cisaillement reliées aux parties centrales des deux côtés de la plaque (111) de friction, les plaques (112) résistantes au cisaillement des plaques (11) de friction résistantes au cisaillement adjacentes et l'âme de la barre (9) transversale entre ces deux plaques (112) résistantes au cisaillement étant fixées les unes à l'autre par des boulons, et comprenant en outre au moins quatre pinces de liaison à une oreille selon l'une des revendications 1-4, caractérisée en ce que respectivement deux pinces de liaison sont formées en une paire, chaque paire des pinces de liaison étant respectivement disposée sur deux côtés opposés de la colonne (8) verticale, les plaques (3) de pré-serrage de chaque paire des pinces de liaison étant placées à l'opposé l'une de l'autre, la plaque de bride de la barre (9) transversale étant disposée au-dessus ou au-dessous des plaques (4) de fixation auto-verrouillantes boulonnées avec les plaques de bride supérieures ou inférieures, la plaque (3) de pré-serrage ayant au moins un trou de passage, les plaques (3) de pré-serrage de chaque paire de pinces de liaison étant attachées à l'opposé l'une de l'autre par des boulons.
     
    6. Structure de jointure en acier de construction selon la revendication 5, caractérisée en ce que le nombre des barres (9) transversales comprend deux, trois ou quatre, et que les barres transversales sont disposées entre les colonnes (8) verticales de manière linéaire, ou en forme de V, en forme de T, ou d'une façon entrecroisée.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description