(19)
(11)EP 2 311 028 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
13.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/20

(21)Application number: 09732429.7

(22)Date of filing:  10.04.2009
(51)Int. Cl.: 
G10K 11/16  (2006.01)
B32B 27/12  (2006.01)
G10K 11/168  (2006.01)
B32B 7/00  (2019.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2009/040192
(87)International publication number:
WO 2009/129139 (22.10.2009 Gazette  2009/43)

(54)

MULTILAYER SOUND ABSORBING SHEET AND METHOD OF ABSORBING SOUND

MEHRSCHICHTIGE SCHALLDÄMPFPLATTE UND VERFAHREN ZUM ABSORBIEREN VON SCHALL

FEUILLE D'INSONORISATION MULTICOUCHE ET METHODE D'ABSORPTION DU SON


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK TR

(30)Priority: 14.04.2008 US 44538

(43)Date of publication of application:
20.04.2011 Bulletin 2011/16

(73)Proprietor: 3M Innovative Properties Company
St. Paul, MN 55133-3427 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • NONOGI, Mari
    Tokyo 158-8583 (JP)
  • SASAKI, Makoto
    Tokyo 158-8583 (JP)
  • HANAMAKI, Chiaki
    Tokyo 158-8583 (JP)

(74)Representative: Mathys & Squire 
Mathys & Squire Europe LLP Theatinerstraße 7
80333 München
80333 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-01/12470
US-A- 5 512 715
US-A1- 2004 069 564
US-B2- 7 279 214
KR-A- 20060 056 384
US-A1- 2004 020 712
US-B2- 6 983 822
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Field of the Disclosure



    [0001] The present disclosure generally relates to a multilayer sound absorbing sheet that includes a film layer and a fibrous material layer disposed on the film layer. Further the present disclosure generally relates to a method of absorbing sound including providing the multilayer sound absorbing sheet and positioning the multilayer sound absorbing sheet between an acoustic source and a sound-reflecting surface.

    Background



    [0002] Various kinds of sound absorbers are used in a number of different disciplines for absorbing sound. Known sound absorbers include open-cell materials such as glass wool, rock wool, sponge, felt or urethane form; porous materials such as porous sintered board, metallic fiber board or foam metal board; open-cell chalk board; a combination of sheet material and nonwoven sound absorbers; or certain films.

    [0003] Glass wool or felt has been used for absorbing sounds from engine compartments of automobiles. In this case, the sound absorbing coefficient may increase in proportion to the thickness of the sound absorber. The weight and cost of the sound absorber is larger as the thickness is increased.

    [0004] A variety of sound absorbers are used for electric and electronic equipment. With the continuing emphasis on size reduction and cost reduction of such equipment, thin and flexible sound absorbers are desirable.

    [0005] A variety of nonwoven sound absorbers have found use. But, the capability of some nonwoven fabrics is relatively low at low frequencies such as 3000 Hz or lower, and tends to be higher at higher frequencies. The sound absorption at low frequencies may be improved if the absorber is thicker. However, the sound absorbing capability at high frequencies may decrease.

    [0006] It is known that the sound absorbing capability at low frequencies can sometimes be improved by using a combination of a porous material and a film. In this case, the sound absorber can be relatively thin, but a minimum amount of backing airspace (e.g. about 10 mm) may be necessary for best low frequency performance. In addition, the sound absorbing ability at high frequencies may be low.

    [0007] US 2004/020712 discloses an acoustical insulation laminate having a porous polyolefin layer and a process for making the laminate, where the laminate preferably includes a porous multiple density polyolefin film, a sound absorbing material and may include a face cloth on one or both sides of the laminate.

    [0008] WO 01/12470 discloses a covering element or molded element for means of transport that comprises at least one micro-perforated film absorber, at least one absorber that consists of a foamed or nonwoven material and/or a clearance at a distance to a reverberant wall.

    [0009] It is desirable to provide sound absorbers or methods of absorbing sound which are capable of absorbing sounds in wide range of frequency, thin (even including a backing airspace), and have flexibility.

    Summary



    [0010] The present invention provides in one aspect a multilayer sound absorbing sheet which includes a film layer having both through-micro bores and apertures, and a fibrous material disposed on the film layer. Another aspect of the present invention provides a method of absorbing sound which includes providing the multilayer sound absorbing sheet and positioning the multilayer sound absorbing sheet between an acoustic source and a sound-reflecting surface.

    [0011] Thus, herein is disclosed in one aspect a multilayer sound absorbing sheet according to claim 1 comprising: a film layer comprising through-micro bores and apertures comprising a diameter of at least 1 mm, and a fibrous material layer disposed on the film layer.

    [0012] Herein is also disclosed a method of absorbing sound according to claim 8 comprising the steps of:
    providing a multilayer sound absorbing sheet comprising a film layer comprising through-micro bores and apertures comprising a diameter of at least 1 mm, and a fibrous material layer disposed on the film layer; and, positioning the multilayer sound absorbing sheet between an acoustic source and a sound-reflecting surface, with a backing airspace between the multilayer sound absorbing sheet and the sound-reflecting surface.

    [0013] Herein is also disclosed a sound absorber, comprising: a sound-reflecting surface and a multilayer sound absorbing sheet comprising a film layer comprising through-micro bores and apertures comprising a diameter of at least 1 mm, and a fibrous material layer disposed on the film layer, disposed near the sound-reflecting surface with a backing airspace between the multilayer sound absorbing sheet and the sound-reflecting surface.

    [0014] The above summary of the present invention is not intended to describe each illustrated embodiment or every implementation of the present invention. The Figures and the detailed description which follow more particularly exemplify these embodiments.

    Brief Description of the Drawings



    [0015] 

    Fig. 1 is a cross-sectional view of one example not part of the invention of the multilayer sound absorbing sheet of the present disclosure.

    Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view of another embodiment of the multilayer sound absorbing sheet of the present disclosure.

    Fig. 3 is an elevational view of one example not part of the invention of the film layer of the present disclosure.

    Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view of another embodiment of the multilayer sound absorbing sheet of the present disclosure.

    Fig. 5 is a graph of sound absorption of multilayer sound absorbing sheets with various aperture ratios.

    Fig. 6 is a graph of sound absorption of a multilayer sound absorbing sheet with a single film layer, and a multilayer sound absorbing sheet with a double film layer.

    Fig. 7 is a graph Gurley air-permeability of various films having through-microbores.

    Fig. 8 is a graph of sound absorption of a multilayer sound absorbing sheet with various backing airspace thicknesses.

    Fig. 9 is a graph of sound absorption of a double film layer with and without through-micro bores.



    [0016] While the invention is amenable to various modifications and alternative forms, specifics thereof have been shown by way of example in the drawings and will be described in detail. It should be understood, however, that the intention is not to limit the invention to the particular embodiments described. The invention is limited by the appended claims.

    Detailed Description



    [0017] The film layer of the present disclosure may include a single layer, double layers or more layers. The multilayer sound absorbing sheet, in accordance with one embodiment, may include double layers of films having different elastic modulus. Further, the multilayer sound absorbing sheet, in one embodiment, may be relatively thin (for example, having a thickness of about 510 µm to about 2500 µm). Such multilayer sound absorbing sheets can allow the use of a backing airspace that is relatively thin (for example, about 1 mm to about 20 mm, about 1 mm to about 10 mm or about 1 mm to about 5 mm).

    [0018] The method of absorbing sound of the present disclosure includes providing the multilayer sound absorbing sheet of the present disclosure. The method also includes providing the multilayer sound absorbing sheet between an acoustic source and a sound-reflecting surface. The sound reflecting surface may include, but is not limited to, internal surfaces of electric and electronic equipment such as computers, audio instruments, copiers, washing machines or air conditioners; or internal surfaces of automobiles. The distance between the multilayer sound absorbing sheet and the sound-reflecting surface (i.e., the thickness of the backing airspace) can be relatively small (for example, about 1 mm to about 20 mm, about 1 mm to about 10 mm or about 1 mm to about 5 mm).

    [0019] The multilayer sound absorbing sheets and the method of absorbing sound may provide effective sound absorption in various frequencies.

    [0020] Fig. 1 is a cross-sectional view of one embodiment of the multilayer sound absorbing sheet of the present disclosure. The multilayer sound absorbing sheet 100 includes a film layer 104 and a fibrous material layer 102. In one example not part of the invention, film layer 104 includes a single film layer which includes through-micro bores 108 collectively having an air permeability of about 0.1 seconds per 100 cc to about 300 seconds per 100 cc (in the absence of apertures, and as measured in accordance with JIS-L-1906). In According to the invention, the through-micro bores comprise a diameter range of about 10 µm to about 200 µm. In various embodiments, the through-microbores are present at a density of from about 77,500 holes/m2 to about 6,100,000 holes/m2, or from about 620,000 holes/m2 to about 1,240,000 holes/m2. Further, film layer 104 also includes apertures 110 having a diameter of at least about 1 mm. In various embodiments, the apertures can have a maximum diameter of about 25 mm, about 10 mm, about 5 mm, or about 2 mm. In certain embodiments, the apertures can comprise a larger diameter (e.g., up to 100 mm), if the aperture spacing is such that a suitable aperture ratio is maintained. In various embodiments, the film layer has an aperture ratio of about 3 % to about 50 %, or about 10 % to about 40 %.

    [0021] As used herein, the term "through-micro bores" represents micro holes passing completely through the film layer, the term "apertures" represents holes passing completely through the film layer and larger than the through-micro bores, and the term "aperture ratio" represents a percentage of aperture area in unit area of the film layer. The through microbores, and/or the apertures, may be circular or noncircular (as explained in further detail later herein), and may be regular or irregular. In the case of noncircular or irregularly shaped microbores or apertures, the term "diameter" refers to the diameter of a circular opening having the same area as the opening of the non-circular shaped micro-bore or aperture. The microbores and/or apertures may also vary in size. In such a case, the diameter refers to the average diameter of the total population of microbores or apertures.

    [0022] By having the combination of the through-microbores and the apertures, the sound absorbing effect of the multilayer sound absorbing sheet of the present disclosure is improved (for example, in comparison to a fibrous layer with an unperforated film), especially at relatively high-frequencies. While not wishing to be limited by theory or mechanism, the multilayer sound absorbing sheets disclosed herein may absorb sound, for example, by membrane oscillation of the film layer, by friction of air in the through-micro bores, by friction of air in the fibrous layer, or by a combination of these mechanisms.

    [0023] The film layer can include, but is not limited to, a resin film having flexibility. Exemplary polymeric materials that can be used for the resin film include, but are not limited to, polyesters such as polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) or polyethylene naphthalate (PEN); polycarbonate; polyolefins such as polyethylene, polypropylene or polybutylene; polyvinyl resins such as polyvinyl chloride, polyvinylidene chloride or polyvinyl acetals; cellulose ester resins such as cellulose triacetate or cellulose acetate. In various embodiments, the thickness of the film layer is about 10 µm to about 500 µm or is about 10 µm to about 250 µm. In one embodiment, the weight per square meter of the film layer is from about 5 grams to about 500 grams.

    [0024] The fibrous material layer 102 can comprise, but is not limited to, woven fabric, nonwoven fabric, foams such as polyurethane foam or cellulose foam, or felt. The nonwoven fabric may be made by known melt blown methods. In one embodiment, the thickness of fibrous material layer 102 is about 500 µm to about 2000 µm. In one embodiment, nonwoven layers of this thickness range can be formed by taking an existing nonwoven layer of, for example, 3-4 mm in thickness, and compressing or densifying the nonwoven to the desired thickness range.

    [0025] The total thickness of the multilayer sound absorbing sheet of Fig. 1 may be relatively thin, for example, about 510 µm to about 2500 µm.

    [0026] To generate a sound absorbing effect, the multilayer sound absorbing sheet can be placed at or near a sound-reflecting surface. In one embodiment, the film layer is placed facing the acoustic source (e.g., the incoming airborne sound). Further, the multilayer sound absorbing sheet may have a backing air space (gap) between the fibrous material layer 102 and the sound-reflecting surface. The multilayer sound absorbing sheet of the present disclosure may exhibit a good sound absorbing effect even if the backing air space is relatively thin (such as, for example, about 1 mm to about 20 mm, about 1 mm to about 10 mm or about 1 mm to about 5 mm).

    [0027] The film layer comprising through-micro bores may be prepared by any known method. For example, a resin film can be micro-perforated by needle punching with a roll having needles to form through-micro bores, with a separate operation (e.g., mechanical punching) then used to form apertures. Various shapes of the through-micro bores or apertures may be used. Exemplary shapes of apertures include, but are not limited to, round, oval, triangle, square, rectangle, polygon or star. The round, oval or rounded off shape may be preferable. The obtained film layer 104 having both through-micro bores and apertures, and fibrous material layer 102, may be laminated together by known lamination methods such as adhesion, stapling or stitching, to form multilayer sound absorbing sheet 100. For the adhesion, an adhesive, a hot melt adhesive, a bond or a bonding tape may be used. Or, the fibrous material and the film layer can be heat-laminated to each other. The resulting multilayer sheet product can be stored in a roll.

    [0028] Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view according to the invention of the multilayer sound absorbing sheet of the present disclosure. In this embodiment, multilayer sound absorbing sheet 200 includes a fibrous material layer 202, a first film layer 204 (which contacts fibrous material layer 202), and a second film layer 206 (which faces the acoustic source). In this embodiment, the first and second film layers 204 and 206 may have a different elastic modulus from each other or the same elastic modulus. The elastic modulus of the first film layer 204 includes, but is not limited to, about 5 MPa to about 3000 Mpa, or about 1000 MPa to about 3000 MPa. The elastic modulus of the second film layer 206 includes, but is not limited to, about 5 MPa to about 3000 MPa. The first film layer includes a thickness of about 10 µm to about 250 µm, and the second layer includes a thickness of about 10 µm to about 250 µm. The thickness of the second layer may be the same as the first layer or different from the first layer. The first and the second layers 204 and 206 have through-micro bores and apertures. The air permeability of the through-micro bores and aperture ratio of the apertures are the same as noted above. The weight per square meter of the first and second film layers may be the same as noted above.

    [0029] The double film layer can be prepared by any known method such as, for example, laminating the first and second film layers by heat lamination, dry lamination or adhesion. When the layers are laminated by adhesion, in one embodiment a suitable adhesive may be partially applied to the surface of the first or second film layer. To apply the adhesive partially, for example, the adhesive may be applied in discrete locations, dotted, applied by spray, etc. Such partial application of the adhesive over the film layer area can result in having air present between the laminated film layers. This may lead to membrane oscillation of one or both layers which may improve the sound absorption of the multilayer sheet. In an alternative embodiment, the double film layer can be prepared by extrusion. For example, a molten resin of the second film material may be extruded onto the first film layer by known extrusion methods.

    [0030] After laminating the first and second film layers together, the double film layer are micro-perforated to provide through-micro bores, and perforated to form apertures, by the methods mentioned above. Then, the double film layer having through-micro bores and apertures can be laminated to a fibrous material layer 202 by known methods such as those mentioned above. The obtained sheet can be stored in roll.

    [0031] The total thickness of the multilayer sound absorbing sheet of Fig. 2 (comprising a multilayer film) may be relatively thin such as about 520 µm to about 2500 µm, or about 900 µm to about 2000 µm.

    [0032] Fig. 3 is an elevational view of one example not part of the invention of a film layer of the present disclosure. The film layer 300 includes a film layer 304 which has both through-micro bores 308 and apertures 310. The through-micro bores can be applied so as to provide air permeability of from about 0.1 seconds per 100 cc to about 300 seconds per 100 cc. A diameter of apertures and aperture ratio may be the same as mentioned above.

    [0033] Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view of another embodiment of the multilayer sound absorbing sheet of the present disclosure. The multilayer sound absorbing sheet 400 may be cut and formed in a shape such as shown in Fig. 4. Sheet 400 may have flanges 403 that allow the sheet to be attached to surface 420 such that a portion of sheet 400 does not contact surface 420 (that is, so that a backing airspace 402 is present). The sheet may be positioned against sound-reflective surface 420 such that the fibrous material layer of the sheet is inside (facing surface 420), and the film layer is on the outside (e.g., facing the incoming sound). In this shape, backing airspace 402 may be made between the multilayer sound absorbing sheet 400 and a surface 420. The distance between the portion of multilayer acoustic absorbing sheet 400 that is spaced apart from surface 420, and surface 420, may be, but is not limited to, for example, about 1 mm to about 20 mm, about 1 mm to about 10 mm or about 1 mm to about 5 mm. The multilayer sound absorption sheet of the present disclosure is relatively thin and flexible, so it may be formed in various shapes, not limited to the shape denoted in Fig. 4. For example, sheet 400 can be formed to match the shape of a particular surface 420.

    [0034] Fig. 5 is a graph illustrating the relation between aperture ratio and sound absorption coefficient. (For comparison, spectrum 500 shows the sound absorption coefficient for a nonwoven sheet of about 10 mm thickness. In this and in other examples, the 10 mm nonwoven sheet comprised a melt-blown polypropylene web of about 200 grams/m2 density, with a spun-bonded scrim). The spectrums 502, 504, 506 and 508 show the sound absorption coefficient of a multilayer sound absorbing sheet including a nonwoven fabric having a thickness of about 0.9 mm and a weight per square meter of about 84 grams (a melt-blown nonwoven sheet having a thickness of about 3 mm to about 4 mm can be pressed to furnish such a nonwoven sheet), a polyethylene terephthalate (PET) film having a thickness of 38 µm and a polyethylene (PE) film having a thickness of 10 µm. The elastic modulus of the PET film was about 2700 Mpa, and that of the PE film was about 6 Mpa.. The PE resin was extruded and solidified to form the PE film on the PET film, then the laminated PE-PET layer was micro-perforated and perforated. The laminated double film layers had through-micro bores having a diameter of about 100 µm and a density of about 1,240,000 holes/m2 and apertures having a diameter of about 4.5 mm, with the aperture ratio as noted in Fig. 5. A backing airspace (gap) of 10 mm was used for each spectrum. All sound-absorption spectrums (in this and all other examples) were generated in accordance with ASTM E 1050, using well-known impedance tube testing. For multilayer sound absorbing sheet samples, the sample was positioned in the impedance tube by spanning a 29 mm diameter section of the sample across the opening of the impedance tube, with the edges of the sample adhered to the flange of the impedance tube opening using double-sided adhesive, so that the sheet was disposed normal to the incident sound (typically, in these experiments, the sound absorbing sheet was positioned so that the acoustic source faced the film layer of the multilayer sheet). The reflective surface of the impedance tube (behind the sample from the acoustic source) was adjusted to provide the desired backing airgap. For the nonwoven samples, the nonwoven was placed directly against the reflective surface of the impedance tube with no airgap.

    [0035] Fig. 6 is a graph illustrating the sound absorption coefficient of a multilayer sound absorbing sheet including a single film layer, and a sound absorbing sheet including a double film layer. Fig. 6 depicts sound absorption coefficient spectrums 602a-c and 604. The spectrums 602a-c shows a sound absorption coefficient for the multilayer sound absorbing sheet including a nonwoven fabric having a thickness of about 0.9 mm (the 0.9 mm nonwoven web of Fig. 5), and a PET film having through-micro bores and apertures. The thickness of the PET film was 12 µm for 602a, 38 µm for 602b and 50 µm for 602c. The spectrum 604 shows a sound absorption coefficient for the multilayer sound absorbing sheet including a nonwoven fabric having a thickness of about 0.9 mm, a PET film having a thickness of 38 µm and a polyethylene (PE) film having a thickness of 10 µm. The elastic modulus of the PET film was about 2700 Mpa, and that of the PE film was about 6 Mpa. The PE film and the PET film were formed by extruding PE resin onto the PET film and solidifying it to form a multilayer film structure. The multilayer film structure was then processed by methods described above to provide through-micro bores having an average diameter of about 100 µm and a density of about 1,240,000 holes/m2, and apertures having a diameter of about 4.5 mm and an aperture ratio of 22.7 %.

    [0036] The spectrums 602a-c and 604 were generated in the same manner as those described with reference to Fig. 5.

    [0037] Fig. 7 is a graph illustrating the relation between film thickness and air permeability. Film layers having about 1,240,000 holes/m2 of through-micro bores (and not having apertures) were characterized in accordance with JIS-L-1906, with the air permeability value shown in Fig. 7 in accordance with the Gurley method. The air permeability value in the Gurley method shows the time it takes 100 cc of air to pass through a film (seconds per 100 cc). Various film layers were measured, including a PET film having a variety of thickness of 12 µm, 25 µm, 38 µm and 50 µm, and a PE film having a variety of thickness of 10 µm, 20 µm, 30 µm, 40 µm and 50 µm. Preferred air permeability value may be from about 0.1 seconds per 100 cc to about 300 seconds per 100 cc. To obtain this range of air permeability, a variety of sizes and densities of through-micro bores can be used. Exemplary size and density of through-micro bores includes, but are not limited to, for example, a diameter range of about 10 µm to 200µm and a density of from about 620,000 holes/m2 to about 1,240,000 holes/m2.

    [0038] Fig. 8 is a graph illustrating the relation between the sound absorbing property and the backing airspace (gap). The spectrum 800 shows a sound absorption coefficient for a melt-blown nonwoven sheet having 10 mm of thickness. The spectrums 802, 804, 806, 808 and 810 show a sound absorption coefficient for a multilayer sound absorbing sheet of the present disclosure which includes 38 µm thickness of PET film (the first film layer), 12 µm thickness of PE film (the second film layer), about 0.9 mm of the thickness of melt-blown nonwoven sheet. The film layer (PET film and PE film) had about 1,240,000 holes/m2 of through-micro bores (of average diameter about 100 µm) and 25 % area ratio of apertures (aperture diameter was about 7.3 mm). The air permeability of the sheet was 1.2 seconds per 100 cc. The elastic modulus of the PET film was about 2700 Mpa, and that of the PE film was about 6 Mpa. The spectrums 800, 802, 804, 806, 808 and 810 were generated in the same manner to those described with reference to Fig. 5, with the backing airspace as noted in Fig. 8.

    [0039] Fig. 9 is a graph of sound absorption of a double film layer with and without through-micro bores. The spectrum 900 shows a sound absorption coefficient for a melt-blown nonwoven sheet having 10 mm of thickness. The spectrums 902 and 904 show a sound absorption coefficient for a double layered film comprising a 38 µm thick PET film and a 10 µm thick PE film (with no nonwoven present). The elastic modulus of the PET film was about 2700 Mpa, and that of the PE film was about 6 Mpa. The double layered film for the spectrum 902 had about 1,240,000 holes/m2 of through-micro bores and no apertures and the film for 904 had no through-micro bores or apertures. The air permeability of the double layered film for 902 was 1.2 seconds per 100 cc and the average diameter of the through-micro bores of the film for 902 was about 100 µm.

    [0040] The spectrums 900, 902 and 904 were generated in the same manner to those described with reference to Fig. 5.


    Claims

    1. A multilayer sound absorbing sheet (200,400) comprising:

    a film layer comprising through-micro bores having a diameter in the range of from 10µm to 200µm and apertures (210) having a diameter of at least 1 mm, and

    a fibrous material layer (202) disposed on the film layer, characterized in that the apertures have an aperture ratio of 3 % to 50 % and wherein the through-micro bores have an air permeability of 0.1 seconds per 100 cc to 300 seconds per 100 cc, as measured in accordance with JIS-L-1906, and wherein the film layer comprises a multilayer film having a first film layer (204) and a second film layer (206) disposed on the first film layer.


     
    2. The multilayer sound absorbing sheet (200,400) according to claim 1, wherein the apertures (210) have an aperture ratio of 10 % to 40 %.
     
    3. The multilayer sound absorbing sheet (200,400) according to any one of claims 1 to 2, wherein the fibrous material layer (202) is from about 500 µm to 2000 µm in thickness.
     
    4. The multilayer sound absorbing sheet (200,400) according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the film layer (204,206) is from about 10 µm to 500 µm in thickness.
     
    5. The multilayer sound absorbing sheet (200,400) according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the fibrous material (202) is selected from woven fabric, nonwoven fabric, polyurethane foam, cellulose foam and felt.
     
    6. The multilayer sound absorbing sheet (200,400) according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the first film layer (204) and the second film layer (206) each are from about 10 µm to 250 µm in thickness.
     
    7. The multilayer sound absorbing sheet (200,400) according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the elastic modulus of the first film layer (204) is from about 1000 to 3000 Mpa and the elastic modulus of the second film layer (206) is from about 5 Mpa to 3000 Mpa.
     
    8. A method of absorbing sound comprising the steps of:

    providing the multilayer sound absorbing sheet (200,400) of any one of claims 1 to 7;

    and,

    positioning the multilayer sound absorbing sheet between an acoustic source and a sound-reflecting surface (420), with a backing airspace (402) between the multilayer sound absorbing sheet and the sound-reflecting surface.


     
    9. The method of absorbing sound according to claim 8, wherein the backing airspace (402) between the multilayer sound absorbing sheet (200,400) and the sound-reflecting surface (420) is from about 1 mm to 20 mm in thickness.
     
    10. The method of absorbing sound according to claim 8, wherein the backing airspace (402) between the multilayer sound absorbing sheet (200,400) and the sound-reflecting surface (420) is from about 1 mm to 5 mm in thickness.
     
    11. A sound absorber, comprising:

    a sound-reflecting surface (420);

    the multilayer sound absorbing sheet (200,400) of any one of claims 1 to 7 disposed near the sound-reflecting surface with a backing airspace (402) between the multilayer sound absorbing sheet and the sound-reflecting surface.


     
    12. The sound absorber of claim 11, wherein the backing airspace (402) between the multilayer sound absorbing sheet (200,400) and the sound-reflecting surface (420) is from about 1 mm to 10 mm in thickness.
     
    13. The sound absorber of claim 11, wherein the backing airspace (402) between the multilayer sound absorbing sheet (200,400) and the sound-reflecting surface (420) is from about 1 mm to 5 mm in thickness.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Mehrschichtige Schalldämpfplatte (200, 400), umfassend:

    eine Folienschicht, umfassend Mikrodurchbohrungen mit einem Durchmesser im Bereich von 10 µm bis 200 µm und Öffnungen (210) mit einem Durchmesser von mindestens 1 mm, und

    eine Fasermaterialschicht (202), die auf der Folienschicht angeordnet ist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Öffnungen ein Öffnungsverhältnis von 3 % bis 50 % aufweisen und wobei die Mikrodurchbohrungen eine Luftdurchlässigkeit von 0,1 Sekunden pro 100 cm3 bis 300 Sekunden pro 100 cm3 aufweisen, gemessen gemäß JIS-L-1906, und wobei die Folienschicht eine mehrschichtige Folie mit einer ersten Folienschicht (204) und einer zweiten Folienschicht (206), die auf der ersten Folienschicht angeordnet ist, umfasst.


     
    2. Mehrschichtige Schalldämpfplatte (200, 400) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Öffnungen (210) ein Öffnungsverhältnis von 10 % bis 40 % aufweisen.
     
    3. Mehrschichtige Schalldämpfplatte (200, 400) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 2, wobei die Fasermaterialschicht (202) eine Dicke von etwa 500 µm bis 2000 um aufweist.
     
    4. Mehrschichtige Schalldämpfplatte (200, 400) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei die Folienschicht (204, 206) eine Dicke von etwa 10 µm bis 500 um aufweist.
     
    5. Mehrschichtige Schalldämpfplatte (200, 400) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei das Fasermaterial (202) ausgewählt ist aus Gewebe, Vlies, Polyurethanschaumstoff, Zelluloseschaumstoff und Filz.
     
    6. Mehrschichtige Schalldämpfplatte (200, 400) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei die erste Folienschicht (204) und die zweite Folienschicht (206) jeweils eine Dicke von etwa 10 µm bis 250 µm aufweisen.
     
    7. Mehrschichtige Schalldämpfplatte (200, 400) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, wobei der Elastizitätsmodul der ersten Folienschicht (204) etwa 1000 bis 3000 Mpa beträgt und der Elastizitätsmodul der zweiten Folienschicht (206) etwa 5 Mpa bis 3000 Mpa beträgt.
     
    8. Verfahren zum Absorbieren von Schall, umfassend die Schritte:

    Bereitstellen der mehrschichtigen Schalldämpfplatte (200, 400) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7;

    und

    Positionieren der mehrschichtigen Schalldämpfplatte zwischen einer Schallquelle und einer schallreflektierenden Oberfläche (420), wobei zwischen der mehrschichtigen Schalldämpfplatte und der schallreflektierenden Oberfläche ein Rückseitenluftraum (402) vorhanden ist.


     
    9. Verfahren zum Absorbieren von Schall nach Anspruch 8, wobei der Rückseitenluftraum (402) zwischen der mehrschichtigen Schalldämpfplatte (200, 400) und der schallreflektierenden Oberfläche (420) eine Dicke von etwa 1 mm bis 20 mm aufweist.
     
    10. Verfahren zum Absorbieren von Schall nach Anspruch 8, wobei der Rückseitenluftraum (402) zwischen der mehrschichtigen Schalldämpfplatte (200, 400) und der schallreflektierenden Oberfläche (420) eine Dicke von etwa 1 mm bis 5 mm aufweist.
     
    11. Schallabsorber, umfassend:

    eine schallreflektierende Oberfläche (420);

    die mehrschichtige Schalldämpfplatte (200, 400) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, die nahe der schallreflektierenden Oberfläche mit einem Rückseitenluftraum (402) zwischen der mehrschichtigen Schalldämpfplatte und der schallreflektierenden Oberfläche angeordnet ist.


     
    12. Schallabsorber nach Anspruch 11, wobei der Rückseitenluftraum (402) zwischen der mehrschichtigen Schalldämpfplatte (200, 400) und der schallreflektierenden Oberfläche (420) eine Dicke von etwa 1 bis 10 mm aufweist.
     
    13. Schallabsorber nach Anspruch 11, wobei der Rückseitenluftraum (402) zwischen der mehrschichtigen Schalldämpfplatte (200, 400) und der schallreflektierenden Oberfläche (420) eine Dicke von etwa 1 mm bis 5 mm aufweist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Feuille multicouche d'absorption acoustique (200, 400) comprenant :

    une couche de film comprenant des micro-alésages traversants ayant un diamètre dans la plage de 10 µm à 200 µm et des ouvertures (210) ayant un diamètre d'au moins 1 mm, et

    une couche d'un matériau fibreux (202) disposée sur la couche de film, caractérisée en ce que les ouvertures ont un rapport d'ouverture de 3 % à 50 % et dans laquelle les micro-alésages traversants ont une perméabilité à l'air de 0,1 seconde par 100 cc à 300 secondes par 100 cc, tel que mesuré conformément à la norme JIS-L-1906, et dans laquelle la couche de film comprend un film multicouche ayant une première couche de film (204) et une seconde couche de film (206) disposée sur la première couche de film.


     
    2. Feuille multicouche d'absorption acoustique (200, 400) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle les ouvertures (210) ont un rapport d'ouverture de 10% à 40 %.
     
    3. Feuille multicouche d'absorption acoustique (200, 400) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 2, dans laquelle la couche de matériau fibreux (202) a une épaisseur d'environ 500 µm à 2000 µm.
     
    4. Feuille multicouche d'absorption acoustique (200, 400) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans laquelle la couche de film (204, 206) a une épaisseur d'environ 10 µm à 500 µm.
     
    5. Feuille multicouche d'absorption acoustique (200, 400) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans laquelle le matériau fibreux (202) est choisi parmi un tissu tissé, un non-tissé, une mousse de polyuréthane, une mousse de cellulose et un feutre.
     
    6. Feuille multicouche d'absorption acoustique (200, 400) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dans laquelle la première couche de film (204) et la seconde couche de film (206) ont chacune une épaisseur d'environ 10 µm à 250 µm.
     
    7. Feuille multicouche d'absorption acoustique (200, 400) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, dans laquelle le module élastique de la première couche de film (204) est d'environ 1000 à 3000 MPa et le module élastique de la seconde couche de film (206) est d'environ 5 MPa à 3000 MPa.
     
    8. Procédé d'absorption acoustique comprenant les étapes consistant à :

    fournir la feuille multicouche d'absorption acoustique (200, 400) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7 ;

    et,

    positionner la feuille multicouche d'absorption acoustique entre une source acoustique et une surface de réflexion acoustique (420), avec un espace d'air de support (402) entre la feuille multicouche d'absorption acoustique et la surface de réflexion acoustique.


     
    9. Procédé d'absorption acoustique selon la revendication 8, dans lequel l'espace d'air de support (402) entre la feuille multicouche d'absorption acoustique (200, 400) et la surface de réflexion acoustique (420) a une épaisseur d'environ 1 mm à 20 mm.
     
    10. Procédé d'absorption acoustique selon la revendication 8, dans lequel l'espace d'air de support (402) entre la feuille multicouche d'absorption acoustique (200, 400) et la surface de réflexion acoustique (420) a une épaisseur d'environ 1 mm à 5 mm.
     
    11. Absorbeur acoustique, comprenant :

    une surface de réflexion acoustique (420) ;

    la feuille multicouche d'absorption acoustique (200, 400) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7 disposée près de la surface de réflexion acoustique avec un espace d'air de support (402) entre la feuille multicouche d'absorption acoustique et la surface de réflexion acoustique.


     
    12. Absorbeur acoustique selon la revendication 11, dans lequel l'espace d'air de support (402) entre la feuille multicouche d'absorption acoustique (200, 400) et la surface de réflexion acoustique (420) a une épaisseur d'environ 1 mm à 10 mm.
     
    13. Absorbeur acoustique selon la revendication 11, dans lequel l'espace d'air de support (402) entre la feuille multicouche d'absorption acoustique (200, 400) et la surface de réflexion acoustique (420) a une épaisseur d'environ 1 mm à 5 mm.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description