(19)
(11)EP 2 319 254 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
21.10.2015 Bulletin 2015/43

(21)Application number: 09809764.5

(22)Date of filing:  04.08.2009
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04W 48/20(2009.01)
H04W 76/00(2009.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2009/064078
(87)International publication number:
WO 2010/024111 (04.03.2010 Gazette  2010/09)

(54)

COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM

KOMMUNIKATIONSSYSTEM

SYSTÈME DE COMMUNICATIONS


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 28.08.2008 GB 0815679

(43)Date of publication of application:
11.05.2011 Bulletin 2011/19

(73)Proprietor: Lenovo Innovations Limited (Hong Kong)
Quarry Bay, Hong Kong (HK)

(72)Inventor:
  • ROSIK, Christophe
    Reading Berkshire RG2 0TD (GB)

(74)Representative: MacDougall, Alan John Shaw et al
Mathys & Squire LLP The Shard 32 London Bridge Street
London SE1 9SG
London SE1 9SG (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A2-2007/035736
US-A1- 2002 197 992
WO-A2-2007/103055
US-A1- 2008 102 784
  
  • '3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Radio Access Network; Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access(E-UTRA); User Equipment (UE) procedures in idle mode (Release 8)' 3GPP TS 36.304, V8.2.0 May 2008, page 15, XP050377594
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

TECHNICAL FIELD:



[0001] The present invention relates to cellular communication devices that operate in accordance with the Long Term Evolution (LTE) of UTRAN (called Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network (E-UTRAN)) as well as to the operation of communication nodes within E-UTRAN. The invention has particular relevance to the provisioning of emergency call services to such cellular devices when operating in a limited service operating state.

BACKGROUND ART:



[0002] In mobile telecommunications networks, there is a requirement for User Equipment (UE), that is under radio coverage, always to be able to make emergency calls, even when the UE has no (U)SIM card or when registration of the UE to a network has failed. Provision must, therefore, be made within the mobile communications networks to allow UEs to make such emergency calls.

[0003] The 3GPP has specified that the E-UTRA network will be a packet switched (PS) network only, so no circuit switched (CS) services will be implemented. This means that voice traffic has to be performed using Voice over IP (VoIP). However, due to the costs involved in implementing VoIP, 3GPP has considered that E-UTRAN may not support VoIP in Release-8 and envisages making it optional in subsequent releases. Therefore, to provide voice call services to UEs camped on an LTE cell, 3GPP has defined a mechanism that redirects the voice call request to a cell that supports CS calls. This mechanism is called CS Fallback and is described in 3GPP standards document TS 23.272. In essence this mechanism allows the UE to request a change of cell to one that supports voice services - typically to a GSM cell or a UTRA cell which support the CS domain.

[0004] As an emergency call is a voice call, it is envisaged that this CS Fallback mechanism will be used to establish the emergency call. However, the inventor has realized that this will cause a number of problems. Firstly, the current CS Fallback procedure requires the UE to be registered in NORMAL SERVICE before it can be used. This is because it requires the UE to send a "Serving Request" to the E-UTRA network and when the UE is registered with the cell in LIMITED SERVICE, the network is configured to reject such requests. Therefore, with the current CS Fallback procedure, emergency calls cannot be made when the UE is in LIMITED SERVICE mode. Further, even if the CS Fallback procedure were to be amended to allow the cell to accept the request, other technical problems remain. In particular, CS Fallback requires the implementation of inter-RAT mobility procedures which require the exchange of additional messages between the UE and the network and, in some cases, some UE measurements to be made. These additional procedures require additional signalling overhead, can increase the likelihood of emergency call failure and introduce a significant delay for emergency call establishment.

[0005] US2008/102784 discloses techniques for handling emergency calls in a wireless communication system. The techniques are executed in a wireless communication device (WCD) that is interoperable between radio access technologies (RATs). For example, the WCD may support interoperability between the Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) and the Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network (UTRAN). Typically, the emergency call is redirected to another RAT or frequency following an unsuccessful emergency call. However, instead of searching only suitable cells on which to place the emergency call, a WCD that implements the described techniques searches acceptable cells of any public land mobile network and attempts to place the emergency call on the cell with the highest power.

[0006] US2002/197992 discloses a mobile wireless telecommunications system, which includes base stations of a first type operating over a first air interface, and base stations of a second type operating over a second air interface, a method for reselection by a mobile station camped on a cell associated with a first base station, which is of the first type, of a second base station, which is of the second type. The method includes receiving signals over the second air interface from the second base station and evaluating a characteristic of the signals. Responsive to the characteristic, the second base station is selected in place of the first base station, and the mobile station camps on a cell associated with the second base station.

DISCLOSURE OF INVENTION:



[0007] The present invention aims to provide an alternative way of ensuring that emergency calls can be made from UEs when operating in their LIMITED SERVICE mode, under E-UTRA coverage. The present invention therefore provides a communications device, a communications method performed by the communications device a communications system and a computer implementable instructions product as set out in the appended claims.

[0008] In one embodiment, this is achieved by ensuring that when the UE is registering with a cell when in its LIMITED SERVICE mode, that it does so with a cell that can provide voice call services The UE can either infer this from existing information within the system information broadcast by the cells or the cells may be configured to include new parameters within their broadcast information which specify whether or not the cell can provide an emergency call service.

[0009] According to one aspect, the present invention provides a communications device comprising: means for identifying an acceptable cell; means for determining the Radio Access Technology, RAT, supported by the cell; means for selecting the cell if the determined RAT indicates that the cell can provide a circuit switched (CS) emergency call service; and means for rejecting the cell if the determined RAT indicates that the cell cannot provide a CS or packet switched (PS) emergency call service, wherein if said determining means determines that the radio access technology is E-UTRA, then the determining means is operable to obtain cell system information output by the cell and to process the cell system information to determine if the cell can perform and emergency call service without redirection.

[0010] Also provided is a mobile communications device comprising: means for identifying an acceptable cell; means for determining if the acceptable cell can provide an emergency call service without redirecting the device to another cell; means for rejecting the acceptable cell if the cell is not able to provide an emergency call service without redirection; and means for selecting the cell if the cell is able to provide an emergency call service without redirection.

[0011] The identification of an acceptable cell may include a scan of available frequencies or it may include the use of previous scan information.

[0012] The determination if the acceptable cell can provide an emergency call service without redirecting the device to another cell may include determining the radio access technology supported by the acceptable cell. If the radio access technology of the cell is E-UTRA, then the determining means may obtain cell system information output by the cell and may process the cell system information to determine if the cell can perform an emergency call service without redirection. This processing may include identifying the value of a parameter of the cell indicating whether or not an emergency call service is available without redirection. If the radio access technology of the cell is not E-UTRA, then the determining means may infer that the cell is capable of providing an emergency call service.

[0013] If the cell is used by a plurality of Public Land Mobile Networks (PLMNs), the cell system information may include a parameter for each PLMN indicating if the PLMN provides an emergency call service and the selecting means may register the mobile telephone with a PLMN that provides an emergency call service without redirection.

[0014] The information in the cell system information may identify indirectly if the cell is capable of performing an emergency call service without redirection. For example, the parameter may identify whether or not the cell can support a VoIP service and if it does then the determining means can infer that the cell can provide an emergency call service without redirecting the device to another cell if the cell can support the VoIP service. Alternatively, the parameter may identify whether or not the cell can support CS Fallback. If it can, then the determining means can infer that the cell can not provide an emergency call service without redirecting the device to another cell. If it can not support CS Fallback, then the determining means can infer that emergency call service may be supported (although further information may be needed in the system information to confirm this).

[0015] The above operation of the mobile communications device may be performed when the device enters a limited service mode of operation. Such a limited service mode of operation may occur when the device is switched on, if the SIM is not available, when registration of the device with a network has been rejected or when no suitable cells have been found.

[0016] The invention also provides a method performed by a communications device, the method comprising identifying an acceptable cell; determining the Radio Access Technology, RAT, supported by the cell; selecting the cell if the determined RAT indicates that the cell can provide a circuit switched (CS) emergency call service; and rejecting the cell if the determined RAT indicates that the cell cannot provide a CS or packet switched (PS) emergency call service; wherein if said determining step determines that the radio access technology is E-UTRA, the communication method then comprises obtaining cell system information output by the cell and processing the cell system information to determine if the cell can perform an emergency call service without redirection.

[0017] In a preferred embodiment, an E-UTRA communications node is adapted to support the cell selection procedure described above. It does this by outputting (for example on a broadcast channel of the cell) at least one parameter identifying whether or not the cell of the communications node provides an emergency service to a registered mobile communications device without redirecting the mobile communications device to another cell. This information makes it easier for the mobile communications device to be able to make the determination described above. In one embodiment, where multiple Public Land Mobile Networks (PLMNs) share the cell, the communications node may output a parameter associated with each PLMN identifying if that PLMN can provide an emergency call service without redirection.

[0018] The present invention also provides a computer implementable instructions product comprising computer implementable instructions for causing a programmable computer device to become configured as the above communications device or as the above E-UTRA communications node. The product may include a computer readable medium or a signal that carries the instructions.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS:



[0019] These and various other aspects of the invention will become apparent from the following detailed description of embodiments which are described, by way of example only, with reference to the accompanying Figures in which:

Figure.1 schematically illustrates a mobile telecommunication system of a type to which the embodiment is applicable;

Figure 2 is a block diagram illustrating components of a E-UTRA Radio Access Network and Core network forming part of the system shown in Figure 1;

Figure 3 is a block diagram illustrating components of a mobile communication device forming part of the system shown in Figure 1;

Figure 4 is a state transition diagram illustrating a number of different states of the mobile communications device shown in Figure 3 and how transitions may be effected between the states; and

Figure 5 is a flow chart illustrating the steps performed by the mobile communication device shown in Figure 3 when selecting a cell with which it will register.


MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION:


Overview



[0020] Figure 1 schematically illustrates part of a mobile (cellular) telecommunications system 1 having a mobile telephone 3, three radio access networks 5-1, 5-2 and 5-3 and corresponding core networks 7-1, 7-2 and 7-3. Each of the radio access networks 5 operates to communicate with mobile telephones 3 within a respective cell, which are illustrated in Figure 1 by the dashed circles labeled C1, C2 and C3 respectively. In the illustrated Figure, the mobile telephone 3 is within the all of the cells and so can therefore register with any of the three radio access networks 5 to be able to communicate with other users (not shown) via the selected radio access network 5, its associated core network 7 and the telephone network 9. In this embodiment, radio access networks 5-1 and 5-2 are E-UTRA access networks and radio access network 5-3 is a GSM access network. If the mobile telephone 3 is LTE compliant, then it will normally register with E-UTRA radio access network 5-1 or 5-2. However, as will be described in more detail below, in this embodiment, this will depend on the service state of the mobile telephone 3 and on the voice call capabilities of the E-UTRA core networks 7-1 and 7-2.

[0021] In accordance with the 3GPP standard, emergency calls are voice calls that are established in priority within the network and should be available at any moment:
  1. 1) When a UE (eg a mobile telephone 3) is successfully attached on a Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN). In this case the UE will be camped on a "suitable" cell and is registered to the network in NORMAL SERVICE.
  2. 2) When a UE is not yet attached on a PLMN, when the attach procedure has been rejected or when the (U)SIM is not available. In this case, the UE will be camped on an "acceptable" cell and is registered in LIMITED SERVICE. In this state only emergency calls are authorized.


[0022] The present embodiment is concerned with the second scenario discussed above and proposes a modification to the cell selection procedure performed by the mobile telephone 3 when selecting the cell with which to register, so that the mobile telephone 3 only registers with a cell that can provide voice call services.

Radio Access Network & Core Network



[0023] Although each radio access network 5 may operate a number of different cells, each providing different services to the mobile telephone 3, in this embodiment it will be assumed that each radio access network 5 operates a single cell. It is also assumed that E-UTRA core network 7-1 does not provide voice call services and that E-UTRA core network 7-2 and GSM core network 7-3 do provide voice call services. Figure 2 is a block diagram illustrating the main components of radio access network 5-2 and core network 7-2 used in this embodiment. As shown, radio access network 5-2 includes a transceiver circuit 21 which is operable to transmit signals to and to receive signals from the mobile telephone 3 via one or more antennae 22 and which is operable to transmit signals to and to receive signals from the core network 7-2 via a core network interface 23. The radio access network 5-2 will also include a controller which controls the operation of the radio access network 5-2 in accordance with software stored in memory, although these have not been shown for simplicity.

[0024] The core network 7-2 includes a controller 25 which. controls the operation of the core network 7-2 and which is operable to transmit data to and to receive data from the radio access network 5-2 via a RAN interface 27; and which is operable to transmit data to and to receive data from the telephone network 9 via a telephone network interface 28. As shown, the controller 25 controls the operation of the core network 7-2 in accordance with software stored in memory 29. The software includes, among other things, an operating system 31, a registration module 33 and a VoIP-module 34. The registration module 33 maintains records of the mobile telephones 3 that are registered with the radio access network 5-2 and their service state (e.g. NORMAL SERVICE or LIMITED SERVICE) and VoIP module 34 provides voice call services to registered mobile telephones 3. Core network 7-1 will be similar to core network 7-2 except that it will not have the VoIP module 34 and so can not provide voice call services.

Mobile Telephone



[0025] Figure 3 schematically illustrates the main components of the mobile telephone 3 shown in Figure 1. As shown, the mobile telephone 3 includes a transceiver circuit 71 that is operable to transmit signals to and to receive signals from the selected radio access network 5 via one or more antennae 73. As shown, the mobile telephone 3 also includes a controller 75 which controls the operation of the mobile telephone 3 and which is connected to the transceiver circuit 71 and to a loudspeaker 77, a microphone 79, a display 81, and a keypad 83. The controller 75 operates in accordance with software modules stored within memory 85. As shown, these software modules include, among other things, an operating system 87, a cell selection module 89 and an emergency call module 91. The cell selection module 89 operates to control the cell selection process (described in more detail below) when the mobile telephone 3 is choosing the radio access network 5 with which to register and the emergency call module 91 operates to allow the user of the mobile telephone 3 to be able to request and make emergency voice calls.

[0026] In the above description, both the core network 7 and the mobile telephone 3 are described, for ease of understanding, as having various discrete software modules. Whilst these software modules may be provided in this way for certain applications, for example where an existing system has been modified to implement the invention, in other applications, for example in systems designed with the inventive features in mind from the outset, these modules may be built into the overall operating system or code and so these modules may not be discernible as discrete entities.

Cell Selection



[0027] According to the current 3GPP standard documentation, the mobile telephone 3 has to perform an "any cell selection" when the mobile telephone 3 is turned on; if the (U)SIM is not available; when registration has been rejected; and when no "suitable" cells have been found. This any cell selection procedure involves the mobile telephone 3 scanning all RF channels in the E-UTRAN, UTRAN and GSM frequency bands according to the mobile telephone's capabilities to identify and camp on an "acceptable" cell, irrespective of the cell's PLMN identity. This embodiment proposes a modification in which the cell selection process requires the mobile telephone 3 to determine if the found acceptable cell can provide an emergency call service (without redirection) so that the mobile telephone 3 does not camp on a cell that does not provide an emergency call service. This process is illustrated in Figures 4 and 5 and is controlled by the cell selection module 89.

[0028] Figure 4 is a state transition diagram illustrating the operation of the mobile telephone 3 when the mobile telephone 3 is turned on; if the (U)SIM is not available; when registration has been rejected; or when no suitable cells have been found (Transition 1). As shown, the mobile telephone 3 enters step s1 in which the mobile telephone 3 performs the "any cell selection" process by scanning for all RF channels to find any "acceptable" cells (ie those on which the mobile telephone 3 is allowed to camp to obtain limited service). If at least one acceptable cell is found, regardless of the PLMN associated with the cell, then the mobile telephone 3 transitions (Transition 2) to step s3, where the mobile telephone 3 determines (directly or indirectly) if the found cell provides an emergency call service. If it does not (as would be the case for cell C1 shown in Figure 1), then the acceptable cell is rejected and the mobile telephone 3 transitions (Transition 4) back to step s1 where the mobile telephone 3 selects another acceptable cell. Once an acceptable cell is found that does provide an emergency call service (such as cell C2 or cell C3 in Figure 1), then the mobile telephone 3 transitions (Transition 3) from step s3 to step s5, where the mobile telephone 3 registers with the Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN) associated with the cell in LIMITED SERVICE and camps on this cell in an Idle mode.

[0029] If the user requests an emergency call, then the mobile telephone 3 leaves its current Idle mode and enters step s7 where the mobile telephone 3 enters its Connected mode in which Emergency calls can be made using the emergency call module 91. Once the call has been made or if the user cancels the action, the mobile telephone 3 enters a "cell selection when leaving connected mode" processing step s9, where the mobile telephone 3 initially tries to find (from the results of a previous RF scan) the previous or an alternative acceptable cell. If an acceptable cell is not found, then the processing returns to step s1, where a full RF scan is performed again to find an acceptable cell. If an acceptable cell is found in step s9, then the mobile telephone 3 transitions (Transition 5) back to processing step s3 where it determines if the found acceptable cell provides emergency call services.

[0030] When in its Idle mode in step s5, the mobile telephone 3 may be triggered to enter a cell Re-selection process in step s11. This may be triggered, for example, periodically or if the signal power of the current cell is not strong enough. The cell re-selection process may start looking for another acceptable cell from cell data obtained the last time the "any cell selection process" (s1) was performed. If no acceptable cell is found, then the processing returns to step s1 where a full scan of available RF channels is performed again. If an acceptable cell is found, then the mobile telephone 3 transitions (Transition 6) to step s3, where the mobile telephone 3 determines if the acceptable cell that has been found can provide an emergency call service.

[0031] Figure 5 illustrates the processing steps performed by the mobile telephone 3 in step s3 shown in Figure 4. As discussed above, step s3 is initiated from Transition 2, 5 or 6 when an acceptable cell is found. At step s15, the mobile telephone 3 determines the radio access technology (RAT) supported by the found acceptable cell. If the RAT is E-UTRA, then the processing proceeds to step s17, where the mobile telephone 3 reads the cell's broadcast control channel (BCCH) and decodes the broadcast system information for the cell. Then, in step s19, the mobile telephone 3 verifies if the decoded system information includes information that indicates directly or indirectly if the cell is able to perform an emergency call without redirection. If the information is not present or if it is present but set as not supported, then the cell is rejected and the processing returns to step s1 (Transition 4) shown in Figure 4. If the information is present and set to supported, then the cell is selected and the processing proceeds to step s5 (Transition 3) shown in Figure 4. If at step s15, the mobile telephone 3 determines that the RAT is GSM or UTRA, then because voice services are always available in these types of cells, the cell is selected and the processing proceeds to step s5 (Transition 3) shown in Figure 4.

Cell System Information



[0032] As those skilled in the art will appreciate, to perform the cell selection process discussed above, the mobile telephone 3 determines if the acceptable cell is capable of providing emergency call services without redirection. To support this determination, the E-UTRA radio access networks 5-1 and 5-2 are preferably arranged to include a specific parameter embedded within its system information ("SystemInformation-BlockType1" message) that they broadcast over their broadcast control channels and that identifies whether or not call services are supported. Where the cell is used by more than one PLMN, a respective parameter may be provided for each PLMN that uses the cell. In case it is necessary to indicate to the mobile telephone 3 the PLMN identity of the network 7 that supports the emergency call, the parameter may be included as follows:



[0033] The mobile telephone 3 then uses this information to determine if at least one PLMN is able to provide an emergency call service without redirection. If so, then the cell can be selected for registration in LIMITED SERVICE.

[0034] Alternatively, the parameter may be directly linked to the cell irrespective of the PLMN identity such as:



[0035] If a specific parameter is not included in the system information broadcast by the cell, then the UE may make the determination from other broadcast information. For example, if the broadcast system information indicates that the cell can or cannot support the VoIP service, then the mobile telephone 3 can use this information to determine if an emergency call can be established through this cell. In particular, if VoIP is supported, then the UE can infer that Emergency calls are supported without redirection and if VoIP is not supported then the mobile telephone 3 can infer that the emergency call would have to be redirected through a different cell (such as a GERAN or UTRAN cell). Similarly, if the broadcast system information indicates that the cell can or cannot support CS fallback, then the mobile telephone 3 can use this information to determine if an emergency call can be established through this cell. In particular, if CS fallback is supported, then the mobile telephone 3 can infer that Emergency calls are not supported without redirection and if CS fallback is not supported then the mobile telephone 3 can infer that the emergency call service is supported.

Modifications and Alternatives



[0036] A detailed embodiment has been described above. As those skilled in the art will appreciate, a number of modifications and alternatives can be made to the above embodiment whilst still benefiting from the invention embodied therein. By way of illustration only a number of these alternatives and modifications will now be described.

[0037] In the above embodiments, a number of software modules were described. As those skilled will appreciate, the software modules may be provided in compiled or un-compiled form and may be supplied to the core network, radio access network or to the mobile telephone as a signal over a computer network, or on a recording medium. Further, the functionality performed by part or all of this software may be performed using one or more dedicated hardware circuits. However, the use of software modules is preferred as it facilitates the updating of radio access network 5 and the mobile telephone 3 in order to update their functionalities.

[0038] In the above embodiment, a mobile telephone was provided that communicated with a number of radio access networks. As those skilled in the art will appreciate, the invention is applicable to other types of user equipment (UE) such as laptop computers, Personal Digital Assistants or other hand held portable computer devices.

[0039] In the above embodiment, each radio access network was connected to their own core network 7. As those skilled in the art will appreciate, a cell can be part of a network sharing architecture in which there may be several core networks 7 that use the same cell and only some of those networks may support the Emergency call service without redirection.

[0040] Figure 4 illustrates a specific way in which the cell selection process is performed taking into account whether or not the cell can perform Emergency call services. As those skilled in the art will appreciate, the cell selection process does not have to conform exactly to that shown in Figure 4. For example, when the mobile telephone is triggered to perform a cell re-selection, the processing may jump directly to step s1, so that a full RF scan is performed.


Claims

1. A communications device (3) comprising:

means for identifying an acceptable cell;

means for determining a Radio Access Technology, RAT, supported by the cell;

means for selecting the cell if the determined RAT indicates that the cell can provide a circuit switched, CS, emergency call service; and

means for rejecting the cell if the determined RAT indicates that the cell cannot provide a CS or packet switched, PS, emergency call service;

wherein if said determining means determines that the radio access technology is E-UTRA, then the determining means is operable to obtain cell system information output by the cell and to process the cell system information to determine if the cell can perform an emergency call service without redirection.


 
2. The communications device (3) according claim 1, wherein said means for identifying, said means for determining, said means for rejecting and said means for selecting are responsive to the device (3) being in a limited service mode of operation.
 
3. The communications device (3) according to claim 2, operable to be in said limited service mode of operation when the device (3) is switched on, if a SIM is not available, when registration of the device (3) with a network has been rejected or when no suitable cells have been found.
 
4. The communications device (3) according to any of claims 1 to 3, wherein the device (3) is an LTE device and wherein if the determined RAT of the identified cell is E-UTRA, the rejecting means is operable to reject the cell if the cell cannot provide an emergency call service without redirecting the device (3) to another cell.
 
5. The communications device (3) according to claim 4, wherein said determining means is operable to process said cell system information to identify the value of a parameter of the cell indicating whether or not an emergency call service is available without redirection.
 
6. The communications device (3) according to claim 5, wherein said cell is used by a plurality of Public Land Mobile Networks, PLMNs, wherein said cell system information includes a parameter for each PLMN indicating if the PLMN provides an emergency call service and wherein said selecting means is operable to register the device (3) with a PLMN that provides an emergency call service without redirection.
 
7. The communications device (3) according to claim 5 or 6, wherein said parameter identifies whether or not the cell can support a VoIP service and wherein said determining means is operable to determine that the cell can provide an emergency call service without redirecting the device (3) to another cell if the cell can support the VoIP service.
 
8. The communications device (3) according to claim 5 or 6, wherein said parameter identifies whether or not the cell can support CS fallback and wherein said determining means is operable to determine that the cell can provide an emergency call service without redirecting the device (3) to another cell if the cell does not support CS fallback.
 
9. The communications device (3) according to any of claims 1 to 8, wherein said rejecting means is operable to reject the cell in dependence upon if it is an E-UTRA cell.
 
10. A communications method performed by a communications device (3) comprising:

identifying an acceptable cell;

determining a Radio Access Technology, RAT, supported by the cell;

selecting the cell if the determined RAT indicates that the cell can provide a circuit switched, CS, emergency call service; and

rejecting the cell if the determined RAT indicates that the cell cannot provide a CS or packet switched, PS, emergency call service;

wherein if said determining step determines that the radio access technology is E-UTRA, the communication method then comprises obtaining cell system information output by the cell and processing the cell system information to determine if the cell can perform an emergency call service without redirection.


 
11. The communications method according to claim 10, wherein said identifying, said determining, said rejecting and said selecting are responsive to the device (3) being in a limited service mode of operation.
 
12. The communications method according to claim 11, performed when the device (3) is switched on, if a SIM is not available, when registration of the device (3) with a network has been rejected or when no suitable cells have been found.
 
13. The communications method according to any of claims 10 to 12, wherein the device (3) is an LTE device and wherein if the determined RAT of the identified cell is E-UTRA, the rejecting step rejects the cell if the cell cannot provide an emergency call service without redirecting the device (3) to another cell.
 
14. The communications method according to claim 13, wherein said processing step processes said cell system information to identify the value of a parameter of the cell indicating whether or not an emergency call service is available without redirection.
 
15. The communications method according to claim 14, wherein said cell is used by a plurality of Public Land Mobile Networks, PLMNs, wherein said cell system information includes a parameter for each PLMN indicating if the PLMN provides an emergency call service and wherein said selecting step registers the device (3) with a PLMN that provides an emergency call service without redirection.
 
16. The communications method according to claim 14 or 15, wherein said parameter identifies whether or not the cell can support a VoIP service and wherein said determining step determines that the cell can provide an emergency call service without redirecting the device (3) to another cell if the cell can support the VoIP service.
 
17. The communications method according to claim 14 or 15, wherein said parameter identifies whether or not the cell can support CS fallback and wherein said determining step determines that the cell can provide an emergency call service without redirecting the device (3) to another cell if the cell does not support CS fallback.
 
18. The communications method according to any of claims 10 to 17, wherein said rejecting step rejects the cell in dependence upon if the cell is an E-UTRA cell.
 
19. A communications system (1) comprising a communications device (3) according to any of claims 1 to 9 and a communications node operable to communicate with each communication device (3), the communications node comprising:

an output operable to output system cell information relating to the operation of a cell of the communications node for use by the cellular communication devices (3); and

a registration device, responsive to the cellular communications device (3), for registering the cellular communication devices (3) with the cell of the communications node.


 
20. A computer implementable instructions product comprising computer implementable instructions for causing a programmable computer device to perform the method of any of claims 10 to 18.
 
21. A communications device (3) comprising a cell selection module (89) operable to:

identify an acceptable cell on which the communications device (3) may camp;

determine a Radio Access Technology, RAT, supported by the cell with reference to a specific parameter included in a system information block, SIB, the specific parameter being indicative of whether or not the RAT supports a circuit switched, CS, emergency call service;

when the determined RAT is a RAT that supports cells that can provide the circuit switched, CS, emergency call service, select the cell, as a cell on which to camp; and

when the determined RAT is a RAT that supports cells that cannot provide the CS or packet switched, PS, emergency call service, reject the cell, as a cell on which to camp, wherein when the determined RAT is E-UTRA, the selection module is operable to obtain cell system information output by the cell and to process the cell system information to determine if the cell can perform an emergency call service without redirection.


 


Ansprüche

1. Kommunikationsgerät (3), das Folgendes umfasst:

Mittel zum Identifizieren einer akzeptablen Zelle;

Mittel zum Ermitteln einer von der Zelle unterstützten Funkzugangstechnologie RAT;

Mittel zum Auswählen der Zelle, wenn die ermittelte RAT anzeigt, dass die Zelle einen leitungsgeschalteten (CS) Notrufdienst bereitstellen kann; und

Mittel zum Zurückweisen der Zelle, wenn die ermittelte RAT anzeigt, dass die Zelle keinen CS oder paketgeschalteten (PS) Notrufdienst bereitstellen kann;

wobei das Ermittlungsmittel, wenn es feststellt, dass die Funkzugangstechnologie E-UTRA ist, die Aufgabe hat, von der Zelle ausgegebene Zellsysteminformationen einzuholen und die Zellsysteminformationen zu bearbeiten, um zu ermitteln, ob die Zelle einen Notrufdienst ohne Umleitung ausführen kann.


 
2. Kommunikationsgerät (3) nach Anspruch 1, wobei das genannte Identifikationsmittel, das genannte Ermittlungsmittel, das genannte Rückweisungsmittel und das genannte Auswahlmittel darauf ansprechen, dass das Gerät (3) in einer Betriebsart mit begrenzter Serviceleistung ist.
 
3. Kommunikationsgerät (3) nach Anspruch 2 mit der Aufgabe, in der genannten Betriebsart mit begrenzter Serviceleistung zu sein, wenn das Gerät (3) eingeschaltet ist, wenn keine SIM-Karte vorhanden ist, wenn die Registrierung des Geräts (3) bei einem Netzwerk zurückgewiesen wurde oder wenn keine geeigneten Zellen gefunden wurden.
 
4. Kommunikationsgerät (3) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei das Gerät (3) ein LTE-Gerät ist und wobei das Rückweisungsmittel, wenn die ermittelte RAT der identifizierten Zelle E-UTRA ist, die Aufgabe hat, die Zelle zurückzuweisen, wenn die Zelle keinen Notrufdienst bereitstellen kann, ohne das Gerät (3) auf eine andere Zelle umzuleiten.
 
5. Kommunikationsgerät (3) nach Anspruch 4, wobei das genannte Ermittlungsmittel die Aufgabe hat, die genannten Zellsysteminformationen zu verarbeiten, um den Wert eines Parameters der Zelle zu identifizieren, der anzeigt, ob ein Notrufdienst ohne Umleitung zur Verfügung steht oder nicht.
 
6. Kommunikationsgerät (3) nach Anspruch 5, wobei die genannte Zelle von mehreren PLMNs (Public Land Mobile Networks) benutzt wird, wobei die genannten Zellsysteminformationen einen Parameter für jedes PLMN beinhalten, der anzeigt, ob das PLMN einen Notrufdienst bereitstellt, und wobei das genannte Auswahlmittel die Aufgabe hat, das Gerät (3) bei einem PLMN zu registrieren, das einen Notrufdienst ohne Umleitung bereitstellt.
 
7. Kommunikationsgerät (3) nach Anspruch 5 oder 6, wobei der genannte Parameter identifiziert, ob die Zelle einen VoIP-Dienst unterstützen kann oder nicht, und wobei das genannte Ermittlungsmittel die Aufgabe hat festzustellen, dass die Zelle einen Notrufdienst bereitstellen kann, ohne das Gerät (3) auf eine andere Zelle umzuleiten, wenn die Zelle den VoIP-Dienst unterstützen kann.
 
8. Kommunikationsgerät (3) nach Anspruch 5 oder 6, wobei der genannte Parameter identifiziert, ob die Zelle CS-Fallback unterstützen kann oder nicht, und wobei das genannte Ermittlungsmittel die Aufgabe hat festzustellen, dass die Zelle einen Notrufdienst bereitstellen kann, ohne das Gerät (3) auf eine andere Zelle umzuleiten, wenn die Zelle kein CS-Fallback unterstützt.
 
9. Kommunikationsgerät (3) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 8, wobei das genannte Rückweisungsmittel die Aufgabe hat, die Zelle je nachdem zurückzuweisen, ob es sich um eine E-UTRA-Zelle handelt.
 
10. Kommunikationsverfahren, ausgeführt von einem Kommunikationsgerät (3), das Folgendes beinhaltet:

Identifizieren einer akzeptablen Zelle;

Ermitteln einer von der Zelle unterstützten Funkzugangstechnologie RAT;

Auswählen der Zelle, wenn die ermittelte RAT anzeigt, dass die Zelle einen leitungsgeschalteten (CS) Notrufdienst bereitstellen kann; und

Zurückweisen der Zelle, wenn die ermittelte RAT anzeigt, dass die Zelle keinen CS oder paketgeschalteten (PS) Notrufdienst bereitstellen kann;

wobei das Kommunikationsverfahren, wenn in dem genannten Ermittlungsschritt festgestellt wird, dass die Funkzugangstechnologie E-UTRA ist, dann das Einholen von von der Zelle ausgegebenen Zellsysteminformationen und das Verarbeiten der Zellsysteminformationen beinhaltet, um zu ermitteln, ob die Zelle einen Notrufdienst ohne Umleitung ausführen kann.


 
11. Kommunikationsverfahren nach Anspruch 10, wobei das genannte Identifizieren, das genannte Ermitteln, das genannte Zurückweisen und das genannte Auswählen darauf ansprechen, dass das Gerät (3) in einer Betriebsart mit begrenzter Serviceleistung ist.
 
12. Kommunikationsverfahren nach Anspruch 11, das ausgeführt wird, wenn das Gerät (3) eingeschaltet ist, wenn keine SIM-Karte vorhanden ist, wenn eine Registrierung des Geräts (3) bei einem Netzwerk zurückgewiesen wurde oder wenn keine geeigneten Zellen gefunden wurden.
 
13. Kommunikationsverfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 10 bis 12, wobei das Gerät (3) ein LTE-Gerät ist und wobei in dem Rückweisungsschritt, wenn die ermittelte RAT der identifizierten Zelle E-UTRA ist, die Zelle zurückgewiesen wird, wenn die Zelle keinen Notrufdienst ohne Umleiten des Gerätes (3) zu einer anderen Zelle bereitstellen kann.
 
14. Kommunikationsverfahren nach Anspruch 13, wobei in dem genannten Verarbeitungsschritt die genannten Zellsysteminformationen verarbeitet werden, um den Wert eines Parameters der Zelle zu identifizieren, der anzeigt, ob ein Notrufdienst ohne Umleitung zur Verfügung steht oder nicht.
 
15. Kommunikationsverfahren nach Anspruch 14, wobei die genannte Zelle von mehreren PLMNs (Public Land Mobile Networks) benutzt wird, wobei die genannten Zellsysteminformationen einen Parameter für jedes PLMN beinhalten, der anzeigt, ob das PLMN einen Notrufdienst bereitstellt, und wobei in dem genannten Auswahlschritt das Gerät (3) bei einem PLMN registriert wird, das einen Notrufdienst ohne Umleitung bereitstellt.
 
16. Kommunikationsverfahren nach Anspruch 14 oder 15, wobei der genannte Parameter identifiziert, ob die Zelle einen VoIP-Dienst unterstützen kann oder nicht, und wobei in dem genannten Ermittlungsschritt festgestellt wird, dass die Zelle einen Notrufdienst ohne Umleiten des Geräts (3) zu einer anderen Zelle bereitstellen kann, wenn die Zelle den VoIP-Dienst unterstützen kann.
 
17. Kommunikationsverfahren nach Anspruch 14 oder 15, wobei der genannte Parameter identifiziert, ob die Zelle CS-Fallback unterstützen kann oder nicht, und wobei in dem genannten Ermittlungsschritt festgestellt wird, dass die Zelle einen Notrufdienst ohne Umleiten des Geräts (3) zu einer anderen Zelle bereitstellen kann, wenn die Zelle kein CS-Fallback unterstützt.
 
18. Kommunikationsverfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 10 bis 17, wobei in dem genannten Rückweisungsschritt die Zelle je nachdem zurückgewiesen wird, ob die Zelle eine E-UTRA-Zelle ist.
 
19. Kommunikationssystem (1), das ein Kommunikationsgerät (3) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 9 und einen Kommunikationsknoten zum Kommunizieren mit jedem Kommunikationsgerät (3) umfasst, wobei der Kommunikationsknoten Folgendes umfasst:

einen Ausgang zum Ausgeben von Systemzellinformationen über den Betrieb einer Zelle des Kommunikationsknotens zum Benutzen durch die zellulären Kommunikationsgeräte (3); und

ein Registrierungsgerät, das auf das zelluläre Kommunikationsgerät (3) anspricht, zum Registrieren der zellulären Kommunikationsgeräte (3) bei der Zelle des Kommunikationsknotens.


 
20. Computerimplementierbares Befehlsprodukt, das computerimplementierbare Befehle beinhaltet, um zu bewirken, dass ein programmierbares Computergerät das Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 10 bis 18 ausführt.
 
21. Kommunikationsgerät (3), das ein Zellenauswahlmodul (89) mit den folgenden Aufgaben umfasst:

Identifizieren einer akzeptablen Zelle, auf der das Kommunikationsgerät (3) kampieren kann;

Ermitteln einer von der Zelle unterstützten Funkzugangstechnologie (RAT) mit Bezug auf einen bestimmten Parameter, der in einem Systeminformationsblock (SIB) enthalten ist, wobei der spezifische Parameter anzeigt, ob die RAT einen leitungsgeschalteten (CS) Notrufdienst unterstützt oder nicht;

Auswählen der Zelle, wenn die ermittelte RAT eine RAT ist, die Zellen unterstützt, die den leitungsgeschalteten (CS) Notrufdienst bereitstellen können, als eine Zelle, auf der kampiert werden kann; und

Zurückweisen der Zelle, wenn die ermittelte RAT eine RAT ist, die Zellen unterstützt, die den CS oder paketgeschalteten (PS) Notrufdienst nicht bereitstellen können, als eine Zelle, auf der zu kampieren ist, wobei das Auswahlmodul, wenn die ermittelte RAT E-UTRA ist, die Aufgabe hat, von der Zelle ausgegebene Zellsysteminformationen einzuholen und die Zellsysteminformationen zu verarbeiten, um zu ermitteln, ob die Zelle einen Notrufdienst ohne Umleiten ausführen kann.


 


Revendications

1. Dispositif de communications (3), comprenant :

des moyens pour identifier une cellule acceptable ;

des moyens pour déterminer une technologie d'accès radio, RAT, prise en charge par la cellule ;

des moyens pour sélectionner la cellule si la RAT ayant été déterminée indique que la cellule peut fournir un service d'appels d'urgence à commutation de circuits, CS ; et

des moyens pour rejeter la cellule si la RAT ayant été déterminée indique que la cellule ne peut pas fournir un service d'appels d'urgence CS ou à commutation par paquets, PS ;

cas dans lequel si lesdits moyens de détermination déterminent que la technologie d'accès radio est E-UTRA, alors les moyens de détermination sont exploitables de façon à obtenir des informations de système de cellule produites par la cellule, et à traiter les informations de système de cellule afin de déterminer si la cellule peut réaliser un service d'appels d'urgence sans réacheminement.


 
2. Dispositif de communications (3) selon la revendication 1, lesdits moyens servant à l'identification, lesdits moyens servant à la détermination, lesdits moyens servant au rejet et lesdits moyens servant à la sélection étant sensibles au fait que le dispositif (3) se trouve dans un mode d'exploitation à service limité.
 
3. Dispositif de communications (3) selon la revendication 2, exploitable de façon à être dans ledit mode d'exploitation à service limité lorsque le dispositif (3) est activé, si une SIM n'est pas disponible, quand l'enregistrement du dispositif (3) auprès d'un réseau a été rejeté ou quand aucune cellule adéquate n'a été trouvée.
 
4. Dispositif de communications (3) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, le dispositif (3) étant un dispositif LTE, et cas dans lequel si la RAT ayant été déterminée pour la cellule identifiée est E-UTRA, les moyens de rejet sont exploitables de façon à rejeter la cellule au cas où la cellule ne peut pas fournir un service d'appels d'urgence sans rediriger le dispositif (3) vers une autre cellule.
 
5. Dispositif de communications (3) selon la revendication 4, lesdits moyens de détermination étant exploitables de façon à traiter lesdites informations de système de cellule afin d'identifier la valeur d'un paramètre de la cellule qui indique si oui ou non un service d'appels d'urgence est disponible sans réacheminement.
 
6. Dispositif de communications (3) selon la revendication 5, ladite cellule étant utilisée par une pluralité de réseaux mobiles terrestres publics, PLMN, cas dans lequel lesdites informations de système de cellule incluent un paramètre pour chaque PLMN indiquant si le PLMN fournit un service d'appels d'urgence, et cas dans lequel lesdits moyens de sélection sont exploitables de façon à enregistrer le dispositif (3) auprès d'un PLMN qui fournit un service d'appels d'urgence sans réacheminement.
 
7. Dispositif de communications (3) selon la revendication 5 ou 6, ledit paramètre permettant d'identifier si oui ou non la cellule peut prendre en charge un service VoIP, et cas dans lequel lesdits moyens de détermination sont exploitables de façon à déterminer que la cellule peut fournir un service d'appels d'urgence sans rediriger le dispositif (3) vers une autre cellule si la cellule peut prendre en charge le service VoIP.
 
8. Dispositif de communications (3) selon la revendication 5 ou 6, ledit paramètre permettant d'identifier si oui ou non la cellule peut prendre en charge le repli vers la CS, et cas dans lequel lesdits moyens de détermination sont exploitables de façon à déterminer que la cellule peut fournir un service d'appels d'urgence sans rediriger le dispositif (3) vers une autre cellule si la cellule ne peut pas prendre en charge le repli vers la CS.
 
9. Dispositif de communications (3) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 8, lesdits moyens de rejet étant exploitables de façon à rejeter la cellule selon qu'il s'agit d'une cellule E-UTRA.
 
10. Procédé de communications réalisé par un dispositif de communications (3) comprenant les opérations consistant à :

identifier une cellule acceptable ;

déterminer une technologie d'accès radio, RAT, prise en charge par la cellule ;

sélectionner la cellule si la RAT ayant été déterminée indique que la cellule peut fournir un service d'appels d'urgence à commutation de circuits, CS ; et

rejeter la cellule si la RAT ayant été déterminée indique que la cellule ne peut pas fournir un service d'appels d'urgence CS ou à commutation par paquets, PS ;

cas dans lequel si ladite étape de détermination détermine que la technologie d'accès radio est E-UTRA, le procédé de communication comprend alors l'opération consistant à obtenir des informations de système de cellule produites par la cellule, et à traiter les informations de système de cellule afin de déterminer si la cellule peut réaliser un service d'appels d'urgence sans réacheminement.


 
11. Procédé de communications selon la revendication 10, ladite identification, ladite détermination, ledit rejet et ladite sélection étant sensibles au fait que le dispositif (3) se trouve dans un mode d'exploitation à service limité.
 
12. Procédé de communications selon la revendication 11, réalisé lorsque le dispositif (3) est activé, si une SIM n'est pas disponible, quand l'enregistrement du dispositif (3) auprès d'un réseau a été rejeté ou quand aucune cellule adéquate n'a été trouvée.
 
13. Procédé de communications selon l'une quelconque des revendications 10 à 12, le dispositif (3) étant un dispositif LTE, et cas dans lequel si la RAT ayant été déterminée pour la cellule identifiée est E-UTRA, l'étape de rejet rejette la cellule au cas où la cellule ne peut pas fournir un service d'appels d'urgence sans rediriger le dispositif (3) vers une autre cellule.
 
14. Procédé de communications selon la revendication 13, ladite étape de traitement traitant lesdites informations de système de cellule afin d'identifier la valeur d'un paramètre de la cellule qui indique si oui ou non un service d'appels d'urgence est disponible sans réacheminement.
 
15. Procédé de communications selon la revendication 14, ladite cellule étant utilisée par une pluralité de réseaux mobiles terrestres publics, PLMN, cas dans lequel lesdites informations de système de cellule incluent un paramètre pour chaque PLMN indiquant si le PLMN fournit un service d'appels d'urgence, et cas dans lequel ladite étape de sélection enregistre le dispositif (3) auprès d'un PLMN qui fournit un service d'appels d'urgence sans réacheminement.
 
16. Procédé de communications selon la revendication 14 ou 15, ledit paramètre permettant d'identifier si oui ou non la cellule peut prendre en charge un service VoIP, et cas dans lequel ladite étape de détermination détermine que la cellule peut fournir un service d'appels d'urgence sans rediriger le dispositif (3) vers une autre cellule si la cellule peut prendre en charge le service VoIP.
 
17. Procédé de communications selon la revendication 14 ou 15, ledit paramètre permettant d'identifier si oui ou non la cellule peut prendre en charge le repli vers la CS, et cas dans lequel ladite étape de détermination détermine que la cellule peut fournir un service d'appels d'urgence sans rediriger le dispositif (3) vers une autre cellule si la cellule ne peut pas prendre en charge le repli vers la CS.
 
18. Procédé de communications selon l'une quelconque des revendications 10 à 17, ladite étape de rejet effectuant le rejet de la cellule selon que la cellule est une cellule E-UTRA.
 
19. Système de communications (1) comprenant un dispositif de communications (3) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 9, et un noeud de communications exploitable de façon à communiquer avec chaque dispositif de communications (3), le noeud de communications comprenant :

une sortie exploitable de façon à produire des informations de cellule du système relatives au fonctionnement d'une cellule du noeud de communications destinées à être utilisées par les dispositifs de communications cellulaires (3) ; et

un dispositif d'enregistrement, réagissant au dispositif de communications cellulaires (3), pour enregistrer les dispositifs de communications cellulaires (3) auprès de la cellule du noeud de communications.


 
20. Produit à instructions aptes à être mises en oeuvre par ordinateur comprenant des instructions aptes à être mises en oeuvre par ordinateur pour obliger un dispositif informatique programmable à réaliser le procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 10 à 18.
 
21. Dispositif de communications (3) comprenant un module de sélection de cellule (89) exploitable de façon à :

identifier une cellule acceptable sur laquelle le dispositif de communications (3) est autorisé à camper ;

déterminer une technologie d'accès radio, RAT, prise en charge par la cellule en rapport à un paramètre spécifique inclus dans un bloc d'informations de système, SIB, le paramètre spécifique indiquant si oui ou non la RAT prend en charge un service d'appels d'urgence à commutation de circuits, CS ;

lorsque la RAT ayant été déterminée est une RAT qui prend en charge des cellules qui peuvent fournir le service d'appels d'urgence à commutation de circuits, CS, sélectionner la cellule en tant que cellule sur laquelle on peut camper ; et

lorsque la RAT ayant été déterminée est une RAT qui prend en charge des cellules qui ne peuvent pas fournir le service d'appels d'urgence à commutation de circuits, CS, ou à commutation par paquets, PS, rejeter la cellule en tant que cellule sur laquelle on peut camper,

cas dans lequel lorsque la RAT ayant été déterminée est E-UTRA, le module de sélection est exploitable de façon à obtenir des informations de système de cellule produites par la cellule, et à traiter les informations de système de cellule afin de déterminer si la cellule peut réaliser un service d'appels d'urgence sans réacheminement.


 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description