(19)
(11)EP 2 320 696 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
17.04.2019 Bulletin 2019/16

(21)Application number: 09806355.5

(22)Date of filing:  07.08.2009
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H04W 36/00  (2009.01)
H04W 36/18  (2009.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2009/073141
(87)International publication number:
WO 2010/017752 (18.02.2010 Gazette  2010/07)

(54)

COMMUNICATION SEAMLESS SWITCHING METHOD AND MOBILE TERMINAL

NAHTLOSES KOMMUNIKATIONSUMSCHALTVERFAHREN UND MOBILES ENDGERÄT

PROCÉDÉ DE COMMUTATION CONTINUE D'UNE COMMUNICATION ET TERMINAL


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 12.08.2008 CN 200810118275

(43)Date of publication of application:
11.05.2011 Bulletin 2011/19

(73)Proprietor: ZTE Corporation
Shenzhen, Guangdong 518057 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • LIU, Haijun
    Guangdong 518057 (CN)
  • HONG, Ling
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518057 (CN)

(74)Representative: Novagraaf Technologies 
Bâtiment O2 2, rue Sarah Bernhardt CS90017
92665 Asnières-sur-Seine Cedex
92665 Asnières-sur-Seine Cedex (FR)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A2-2006/076694
CN-A- 1 784 864
CN-A- 101 340 722
WO-A2-2008/093046
CN-A- 1 817 007
US-A1- 2007 047 516
  
  • CHOONG K N ET AL: "SIP-based IEEE802.21 media independent handover - a BT Intel collaboration", BT TECHNOLOGY JOURNAL, KLUWER ACADEMIC PUBLISHERS, DO, vol. 25, no. 2, 1 April 2007 (2007-04-01), pages 219-230, XP019498620, ISSN: 1573-1995, DOI: 10.1007/S10550-007-0047-Z
  • JIE ZHANG ET AL: "A SIP-Based Seamless-Handoff (S-SIP) Scheme for Heterogeneous Mobile Networks", IEEE WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS AND NETWORKING CONFERENCE, 2007, WCNC 2007, 11 - 15 MARCH 2007, HONG KONG, IEEE OPERATIONS CENTER, PISCATAWAY, NJ, 1 March 2007 (2007-03-01), pages 3946-3950, XP031097859, ISBN: 978-1-4244-0658-6
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

Field of the Invention



[0001] The present invention generally relates to communication field, in particular to a seamless switching method in a VOIP session and a mobile terminal.

Background of the Invention



[0002] Voice Over Internet Protocol (VOIP) is a packetized and digitized transmission technology based on the Internet protocol (IP) technology. The basic principle of VOIP is as follows: compressing and encoding the voice by voice compression algorithm, then packaging the compressed voice data according to relevant protocol(s) (e.g., IP protocol), then transmitting the packages to a destination via the IP network, then connecting these voice data packets in series, and restoring these voice data packets to the original voice signal after decoding and decompressing process, so as to achieve the purpose of transmitting voice over IP network.

[0003] An IP Phone System transforms analog signals of an ordinary phone into IP packets which can be transmitted by a computer through accessing the Internet; meanwhile, it also transforms the received IP packets into analog electronic signals of the voice. The application of voice communication between a computer network and the fixed network by using VOIP software in a personal computer (PC) has been well developed.

[0004] With the rapid development of mobile communications, due to the increase of equipment capacity and the network bandwidth of a mobile terminal, it is possible to realize a real-time voice data intercommunication between a computer network terminal and a mobile communication network terminal and between mobile communication network terminals. By using VOIP technology, IP phone applications can be carried out on an IP-based data communication network, such as the enterprise Local Area Network (LAN), Wide Area Network (WAN), Worldwide Internet and so on. Making the international and domestic long-distance call by IP phone has low cost, which reduces communication costs, and ensures a good voice quality at the same time. With the development of the network communication and wireless technology, a mobile phone can simultaneously support multiple wireless technologies for accessing a telephone service network. With the support of the multiple wireless technologies, a mobile phone can support VOIP session function, for example, a mobile phone supports General Packet Radio Service (GPRS), Enhanced Data Charge for GSM Evolution (EDGE), Wireless LAN based on the IEEE 802.11b standard (Wireless Fidelity, abbreviated as WIFI), Worldwide Interoperability Network for Microwave Access (WIMAX), and it accesses an IP link of the core network via these networks, so as to provide VOIP services. As the coverage construction, charges and quality of service (QOS) differ in different wireless networks, during communicating via a wireless network, if a user departs from the current wireless network coverage, or wants to switch to another wireless network, it leads to a session interruption. Therefore, there is a need for a seamless switching method which can ensure that the originally initiated session will not be interrupted when the user switches among different wireless networks, and that the switch can be freely realized.

[0005] The related document US 2007/047516 A1 concerns IP telephony, the related document "SIP-based IEEE802.21 media independent handover-a BT Intel collaboration" by Choong K N et al, 1 April 2007, pages 219-230, concerns a BT Intel collaboration; and the related document "A SIP-Based Seamless-Handoff (S-SIP) Scheme for Heterogeneous Mobile Networks" by Jie Zhang et al., 1 March 2007, pages 3946-3950, describes a S-SIP Scheme for Heterogeneous Mobile Networks. However, the above mentioned problem still remains unsolved by these documents.

Summary of the Invention



[0006] In view of the above, the object of the embodiments of the present invention is to provide a seamless switching method that a mobile terminal which supports multiple wireless networks realizes un-interrupted VOIP session.

[0007] To achieve the above-mentioned purpose, in accordance with one aspect of the invention, a seamless session switching method as claimed in claim 1 is provided.

[0008] The seamless session switching method in accordance with the present invention, which is used in a VOIP session, comprises:

a first mobile terminal establishing a first VOIP session with a second terminal via an initial wireless network;

the first mobile terminal acquiring a target wireless network when the first mobile terminal detects that a switching event occurs;

the first terminal transmitting a second session request to the second terminal via the target wireless network, and keeping the first VOIP session continued; and

the first mobile terminal establishing a second VOIP session with the second terminal via the target wireless network after receiving an acknowledge message for the second session request from the second terminal, and terminating the first VOIP session after the second VOIP session is established.



[0009] The above-mentioned method further comprises:

the first mobile terminal transmitting test information to wireless networks, determining and recording status information of the wireless networks supported by the first mobile terminal according to feedback information, and updating a network list; and

the first mobile terminal acquiring the target wireless network according to the status information of the wireless networks in the network list.



[0010] Preferably, the wireless networks establish priority levels according to preset parameters, and the target wireless network acquired by the first mobile terminal is the wireless network with the highest priority level in the network list.

[0011] Preferably, the preset parameters comprise network quality of the wireless networks, charge of the wireless networks, quality of service (QOS) of the wireless networks, session requirements of a user.

[0012] Preferably, the above-mentioned method comprises: presetting a time threshold, every other time threshold the first mobile terminal transmitting the test information to the wireless networks to acquire the feedback information of each of the wireless networks, and updating the network list of the first mobile terminal according to the feedback information.

[0013] Preferably, the switching event comprises: current wireless network quality being lower than a preset threshold, a switching request of a user, and departure from the coverage of the wireless network.

[0014] Preferably, the wireless network comprises:
WIFI network, WIMAX network, LTE network, and EDGE network.

[0015] To achieve the above-mentioned purposes, in accordance with another aspect of the invention, a mobile terminal as claimed in claim 7 is provided.

[0016] In accordance with the present invention, the mobile terminal comprises:

a detection unit, configured to detect whether a switching event occurs;

a selection unit, configured to select a target wireless network;

a VOIP session unit, configured to transmit/receive a VOIP session request, to establish a first VIOP session with a second terminal via an initial wireless network and an IP core network, and establish a second VOIP session with the second terminal via the target wireless network selected by the selection unit and the IP core network, after the detection unit detects that a switching event occurs; and

a switching unit, configured to terminate the first VOIP session after the second VOIP session is established, and perform a switching from the initial wireless network to the target wireless network.



[0017] The above-mentioned mobile terminal further comprises:

a management unit, configured to transmit test information to wireless networks, and determine and record status information of the wireless networks supported by the first mobile terminal according to feedback information, and update a network list; and

a storage unit, configured to store the network list which comprises wireless networks supported by the mobile terminal and the status information thereof, wherein the selection unit selects the target wireless network from the network list of the storage unit.



[0018] Preferably, the wireless networks in the network list establish priority levels according to preset parameters; and the target wireless network is the wireless network with the highest priority level in the network list.

[0019] Preferably, the switching event comprises: current wireless network quality being lower than a preset parameter, a switching request of a user, departure from the coverage of the wireless network.

[0020] Preferably, the wireless network comprises: WIFI network, WIMAX network, LTE network, and EDGE network.

[0021] According to the technical solution provided by the present invention, when the current wireless network quality is declined which leads to the decline of session quality of the user, or when departing from the current wireless network, or when other switching event occurs, the session of the user will not be interrupted, seamless free switching can be realized, and a better wireless network can be used for the session, so as to increase the session quality of the user, through selecting a wireless network with better quality as a target wireless network, transmitting a second session request on the target wireless network to establish a second VOIP session, and switching from the initial wireless network to the target wireless network after the second VOIP session is established.

Brief Description of the Drawings



[0022] The drawings illustrated here provide a further understanding of the present invention and form a part of the present application. The exemplary embodiments and the description thereof are used to explain the present invention without unduly limiting the scope of the present invention, wherein:

Fig.1 is a flowchart of the seamless session switching method according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention;

Fig.2 is a flowchart of the seamless session switching method according to Embodiment 2 of the present invention;

Fig.3 is a schematic diagram of the SIP signaling flow according to an embodiment of the present invention;

Fig.4 is a schematic diagram of the composite structure of a mobile terminal according to Embodiment 3 of the present invention; and

Fig.5 is a schematic diagram of the composite structure of a mobile terminal according to Embodiment 4 of the present invention.


Detailed Description of the Embodiments


Functionality Overview



[0023] In the technical solution provided in accordance with the embodiments of the present invention, when a mobile terminal detects a switching event, the mobile terminal obtains a target wireless network through which a second session request is initiated, and establishes a second VOIP session and afterwards switches from the initial wireless network to the target wireless network, so that the session of the user is not interrupted and seamless free switching can be realized.

[0024] A detailed description will be given in connection with drawings and embodiments. It is to be noted that, the embodiments of the application and the features in the embodiments can be combined with each other if there is no conflicts.

Method Embodiments



[0025] Fig.1 is a flowchart of the a seamless session switching method according to preferable Embodiment 1 of the present invention, and as shown in Fig.1, the above-mentioned method comprises Step 101 to Step 107:
Step 101, establishing, by a first mobile terminal, a first VOIP session with a second terminal via an initial wireless network, and then entering Step 102.

[0026] The seamless session switching method described in the embodiments of the present invention is implemented in a mobile terminal, which can be a mobile phone. In prior art, a VOIP session can be established between mobile phones, between a mobile phone and a fixed phone, and between a mobile phone and a computer via a wireless network and an IP core network. For the purpose of conciseness, the principle of a VOIP session establishment process is not described in detail herein. From the above description, it can be known that the second terminal may be a fixed phone, a mobile phone, or a computer. In the embodiment of the present invention, the second terminal is preferably a mobile phone which supports the VOIP session.

[0027] Step 102, determining whether the session is terminated, wherein if yes, the flow is ended, and otherwise, it enters Step 103.

[0028] Step 103, determining whether a switching event occurs, wherein if yes, it enters Step 104, and otherwise, it goes back to Step 102.

[0029] Those skilled in the art can understand that the switching event described in the embodiment of the present invention comprises, but is not limited to, the current wireless network quality being lower than a preset threshold, the switching request of the user, departure from the coverage of the wireless network, in which the preset threshold can be configured according to practical requirement; such as the user can not make a phone call, the quality of the session has a substantial decline or the like.

[0030] Step 104, determining whether there is an available target wireless network, wherein if yes, it enters Step 105, and otherwise, the present step is repeated.

[0031] It can be easily understood that the network quality or other parameters of the target wireless network are better than those of the current wireless network, and better session quality can be achieved.

[0032] Step 105, transmitting a second session request to the second terminal via the target wireless network.

[0033] The first mobile terminal (i.e., the mobile phone) transmits to the second terminal the second session request via the target wireless network and IP core network, to request for establishing a second VOIP session, and then waits for the feedback of the second terminal, wherein the second session request carries the information used in a switching, such as an IP address or the like.

[0034] Step 106, entering Step 107 after receiving an acknowledge message for the second session request from the second terminal,.

[0035] The mobile terminal transmits a session request to the second terminal. Before receiving the acknowledge message from the second terminal and establishing a second VOIP session, the first VOIP session is kept uninterrupted, and the first mobile terminal continues the session with the second terminal via the first VOIP session.

[0036] Step 107, establishing a second VOIP session with the second terminal via the target wireless network, and switching from the initial wireless network to the target wireless network.

[0037] After the first mobile terminal receives the acknowledge message from the second terminal, it represents that the VOIP session can be established. The first mobile terminal establishes the second VOIP session with the second terminal via the target wireless network and the IP core network, and after the second VOIP session is established, the first mobile terminal terminates the first VOIP session and switches from the initial wireless network to the target wireless network.

[0038] Those skilled in the art can understand that the wireless network described in the embodiments of the present invention comprises, but is not limited to, WIFI network, WIMAX network, LTE network, and EDGE network.

[0039] In the technical solution provided by the embodiments of the present invention, when the current wireless network quality is declined which leads to the decline of session quality of the user, or when departing from the current wireless network, or when other switching event occurs, the session of the user will not be interrupted, seamless free switching can be realized, and a better wireless network can be used for the session, so as to increase the session quality of the user, through selecting a wireless network with better quality as a target wireless network, transmitting a second session request on the target wireless network, establishing a second VOIP session, and switching from the initial wireless network to the target wireless network after the second VOIP session is established.

[0040] Fig. 2 is a flowchart of a seamless session switching method according to Embodiment 2 of the present invention, and the above method comprises Step 201 to Step 208:
Step 201, establishing, by a first mobile terminal, a first VOIP session with a second terminal via an initial wireless network, and entering Step 202.

[0041] The seamless session switching method described in the embodiments of the present invention is implemented in a mobile terminal, which may be a mobile phone. In prior art, a VOIP session can be established between mobile phones, between a mobile phone and a fixed phone, and between a mobile phone and a computer via a wireless network and an IP core network. For the purpose of conciseness, the principle of a VOIP session establishment process is not described in detail herein. From the above description, it can be known that the second terminal may be a fixed phone, a mobile phone, or a computer, and the second terminal is preferably a mobile phone which supports the VOIP session in the embodiments of the present invention.

[0042] Step 202, determining whether the session is ended, wherein if yes, the flow is ended, and otherwise, it enters Step 203.

[0043] Step 203, testing the wireless network.

[0044] The first mobile terminal transmits test information to each wireless network, and determines the wireless networks supported by the first mobile terminal and the status information of these wireless networks according to feedback information from each wireless network. When discovering a new available wireless network, the first mobile terminal registers to the core network via the new wireless network, establishes a network list on the first mobile terminal and obtains a target wireless network from the network list.

[0045] Those skilled in the art can understand that, it is not necessary to limit Step 203 to be performed after Step 202 and before Step 204. Step 203 can be carried out at any time, and it will not affect the realization of the technical solution of the embodiments of the present invention, if Step 203 is carried out when there is not any session made on the mobile phone. There should not be any limitations imposed to the sequence of the steps according its serial number.

[0046] Each of the wireless networks in the network list establishes priority level according to preset parameters. The target wireless network acquired by the first mobile terminal is the wireless network which has the highest priority level in the network list.

[0047] The preset parameters comprise, but are not limited to: the network quality of the wireless network, the charge of the wireless network, the quality of service of the wireless network, and the session requirement of the user.

[0048] A mobile phone tests each of the wireless networks, and preferably presets a time threshold. The first mobile terminal transmits test information to the wireless network every other time threshold, obtains the feedback information from each of the wireless networks, and updates the network list of the first mobile terminal according to the above feedback information. The practical network condition and the requirement of the user can be used for setting the time threshold which can be Is, 10s, 100s,... (which is not limited in the embodiments of the present invention), so that the network list of the mobile terminal can be updated according to the practical condition.

[0049] In the present step, when the mobile terminal discovers a new available wireless network, it registers to the core network through the newly discovered wireless network, and maintains the network list on the mobile terminal, i.e., records the newly discovered wireless network parameter in the network list.

[0050] Step 204, determining whether a switching event occurs, wherein if yes, it enters Step 205, and otherwise, it goes back to Step 202.

[0051] Those skilled in the art can understand that the switching event described in the embodiment of the present invention comprises, but is not limited to, the current wireless network quality being lower than a preset threshold, the switching request of the user, and departure from the coverage of the wireless network, in which the preset threshold can be configured according to practical requirement; such as the user can not make a phone call, the quality of the session has a substantial decline or the like.

[0052] Step 205, determining whether there is an available target wireless network in the network list, wherein if yes, it enters Step 206, and otherwise, the current step is repeated.

[0053] It is easy to understand that when there is a plurality of available target wireless networks in the network list, the first mobile terminal selects the wireless network with the highest priority level as the target wireless network; wherein the priority level can be arranged according to different parameters set by different requirements. For example, it may be arranged according to the charges of the wireless networks, the current network quality, the network coverage, and be arranged comprehensively according to all these parameters.

[0054] Step 206, transmitting a second session request to the second terminal via the target wireless network.

[0055] The first mobile terminal (i.e., the mobile phone) transmits to the second terminal the second session request via the target wireless network and IP core network, to request for establishing a second VOIP session, and then waits for the feedback of the second terminal, wherein the second session request carries the information used in a switching, such as an IP address or the like.

[0056] Step 207, entering Step 208, after receiving an acknowledge message for the second session request from the second terminal,.

[0057] The mobile terminal transmits a session request to the second terminal. Before receiving the acknowledge message from the second terminal and establishing a second VOIP session, the first VOIP session is kept uninterrupted, and the first mobile terminal continues the session with the second terminal via the first VOIP session.

[0058] Step 208, establishing a second VOIP session with the second terminal via the target wireless network, and switching from the initial wireless network to the target wireless network.

[0059] After the first mobile terminal receives the acknowledge message from the second terminal, it represents that the VOIP session can be established. The first mobile terminal establishes the second VOIP session with the second terminal via the target wireless network and the IP core network. After the second VOIP session is established, the first mobile terminal terminates the first VOIP session and switches from the initial wireless network to the target wireless network, and the session between users can be continued in the new network.

[0060] Those skilled in the art can understand that the wireless network described in the embodiments of the present invention comprises, but is not limited to, WIFI network, WIMAX network, LTE network, and EDGE network.

[0061] In the technical solution provided by the embodiment of the present invention, when the current wireless network quality is declined which leads to the decline of session quality of the user, or when departing from the current wireless network, or when other switching event occurs, the session of the user will not be interrupted, and seamless free switching can be realized, through selecting the wireless network with highest priority level as the target wireless network, and initiating a second session request in the target wireless network to establish a second VOIP session, and switching from the initial wireless network to the target wireless network after the second VOIP session is established. Besides, the mobile terminal can updates the network list in time via testing each of the wireless networks continuously, so as to find a currently optimal wireless network, and switch to the wireless network with a higher priority in time.

[0062] Fig.3 is a flowchart of the SIP signaling flow according to the embodiment of the present invention. As shown in Fig.3, it comprises the following Step 301 to Step 306:
Step 301, terminal A and terminal B establish a VOIP session by the SIP signaling, and after the session is established successfully, media messages are transmitted for communication.

[0063] Step 302, when an event of requiring switching occurs to terminal A, such as, the current network signal is weakened and/or the signal of another wireless network is better, terminal A transmits an SIP REFER message which carries the information used in switching, such as an IP address or the like.

[0064] Step 303, terminal B replies an SIP 202 message to accept the request.

[0065] Step 304, the terminal B transmits an SIP NOTIFY message to the terminal B.

[0066] Step 305, the terminal A replies an SIP 200 OK message to the terminal B.

[0067] Step 306, the two parties then establish a new session, and after the establishment is successful, the original session is terminated, media messages are transmitted in the new session, and the two parties keep on the communication.

[0068] The technical solution described in the embodiments of the present invention is applicable to 3GPP IMS domain, and 3GPP2 MMD domain.

[0069] From the above description, it can be seen that the seamless session switching method provided in the embodiments of the present invention can realize the seamless free switching, and use a better wireless network for communication, so as to increase the session quality of user.

[0070] According to the embodiments of the present invention, a kind of computer readable medium is provided for storing computer executable instructions. When the instructions are executed by a computer or a processor, the computer or processor can execute each of the steps as shown in Fig.1, Fig.2, and Fig.3, and preferably, it can execute one or more of the above-mentioned embodiments.

Device Embodiments



[0071] Fig.4 is a schematic diagram of the composite structure of a mobile terminal according to preferable Embodiment 3 of the present invention, and as shown in Fig.4, the mobile terminal comprises:

a detection unit 401, configured to detect whether a switching event occurs;

a VOIP session unit 402, configured to transmit/receive a VOIP session request, to establish a first VIOP session with a second terminal via an initial wireless network and an IP core network, and establish a second VOIP session with the second terminal via the target wireless network and the IP core network after the detection unit detects that a switching event occurs;

a switching unit 403, configured to terminate the first VOIP session after the second VOIP session is established, and perform a switching from the initial wireless network to the target wireless network; and

a selection unit 404, configured to select the target wireless network.



[0072] Those skilled in the art can easily understand that, the mobile terminal described in the embodiments of the present invention further comprises universal units in a mobile terminal, such as a central processing unit, a display unit, an antenna unit, a button unit, and so on. For the purpose of conciseness, the detailed description of the universal composition of the mobile terminal and the work principle and the work process of each part is omitted herein.

[0073] The work process and work principle of the above-mentioned mobile terminal will be detailed hereinafter.

[0074] The mobile terminal first transmits a session request to the second terminal via the VOIP session unit. The first VOIP session is established after the acknowledgement of the second terminal. During the communication between the first mobile terminal and the second terminal, the detection unit of the mobile terminal detects whether a switching event occurs. If a switching event occurs, the selection unit selects one target wireless network, and transmits a second session request to the second terminal via the target wireless network, to request for establishing a second VOIP session. After receiving the acknowledge message from the second terminal, the mobile terminal establishes a second VOIP session with the second terminal. After the second VOIP session is established, the switching unit performs the switching from the initial wireless network to the target wireless network. The session between the users continues in the new network, so as to realize the seamless switching of the VOIP session.

[0075] Those skilled in the art can understand that the switching event described in the embodiment of the present invention comprises, but is not limited to, the current wireless network quality being lower than a preset threshold, the switching request of the user, and departure from the coverage of the wireless network, in which the preset threshold can be configured according to practical requirement; such as the user can not make a phone call, the quality of the session has a substantial decline or the like.

[0076] The above-mentioned wireless network comprises, but is not limited to, WIFI network, WIMAX network, LTE network, and EDGE network.

[0077] In the technical solution provided by the embodiments of the present invention, when the current wireless network quality is declined which leads to the decline of session quality of the user, or when departing from the current wireless network, or when other switching event occurs, the session of the user will not be interrupted, seamless free switching can be realized, and a better wireless network can be used for the session, so as to increase the session quality of the user, through selecting a wireless network with better quality as a target wireless network, transmitting a second session request on the target wireless network, establishing a second VOIP session, and switching from the initial wireless network to the target wireless network after the second VOIP session is established.

[0078] Fig.5 is a schematic diagram of the composite structure of a mobile terminal according to preferable Embodiment 4 of the present invention, and as shown in Fig.5, the mobile terminal comprises:

a detection unit 401, configured to detect whether a switching event occurs;

a VOIP session unit 402, configured to transmit/receive a VOIP session request, to establish a first VIOP session with a second terminal via an initial wireless network and an IP core network, and establish a second VOIP session with the second terminal via the target wireless network and the IP core network after the detection unit detects that a switching event occurs;

a switching unit 403, configured to terminate the first VOIP session after the second VOIP session is established, and perform a switching from the initial wireless network to the target wireless network;

a selection unit 404, configured to select a target wireless network from a network list;

a management unit 501, configured to transmit test information to wireless networks, and determine the wireless networks supported by the mobile terminal and the status information of each of the wireless networks according to feedback information, wherein when discovering a new available wireless network, it registers to the core network via the new wireless network;

a storage unit 502, configured to store the network list, wherein the above-mentioned network list comprises the wireless networks supported by the mobile terminal and the status information of each wireless network.



[0079] The above-mentioned selection unit selects the target wireless network from the network list of the storage unit.

[0080] Those skilled in the art can easily understand that, the mobile terminal described in the embodiments of the present invention further comprises universal units in a mobile terminal, such as a central processing unit, a display unit, an antenna unit, a button unit, and so on. For the purpose of conciseness, the detailed description of the universal composition of the mobile terminal and the work principle and the work process of each part is omitted herein.

[0081] The differences between the technical solution of the present embodiment and the technical solution of the preferable Embodiment 3 lies in that: the mobile terminal transmits test information to the wireless network via the management unit, and determines the wireless networks supported by the mobile terminal and the status information of each of wireless networks according to the feedback information. When discovering a new available wireless network, it registers to the core network via the new wireless network. In addition, the mobile terminal stores the network list in the storage unit with the network list comprising the wireless networks supported by the mobile terminal and the status information of each of the wireless networks. Such that the wireless networks supported by the mobile terminal and the status information of each of wireless networks can be updated in real time, and a better target wireless network can be provided for the switching of the mobile terminal.

[0082] Each of the wireless networks in the above-mentioned network list establishes the priority level according to the preset parameter. The target wireless network obtained by the first mobile terminal is the wireless network with the highest priority level in the network list.

[0083] The above preset parameters comprise, but are not limited to: the network quality of the wireless network, the charge of the wireless network, the quality of service of the wireless network, and the session requirement of user.

[0084] A mobile phone tests each of the wireless networks, and preferably presets a time threshold. The first mobile terminal transmits test information to the wireless network every other time threshold, obtains the feedback information from each of the wireless networks, and updates the network list of the first mobile terminal according to the above feedback information. The practical network condition and the requirement of the user can be used for setting the time threshold which can be 1s, 10s, 100s,..., and is not limited in the embodiments of the present invention, so that the network list of the mobile terminal can be updated according to the practical condition.

[0085] It is easy to understand that when there is a plurality of available target wireless networks in the network list, the first mobile terminal selects the wireless network with the highest priority level as the target wireless network, and the priority level can be arranged according to different parameters set by different requirements. For example, it may be arranged according to the charges of the wireless networks, the current network quality, the network coverage, and be arranged comprehensively according to all these parameters.

[0086] Those skilled in the art can understand that the switching event described in the embodiment of the present invention comprises, but is not limited to, the current wireless network quality being lower than a preset threshold, the switching request of the user, and departure from the coverage of the wireless network, in which, the above preset threshold can be configured according to practical requirement; such as the user can not make a phone call, the quality of the session has a substantial decline or the like.

[0087] The above-mentioned wireless network comprises, but is not limited to, WIFI network, WIMAX network, LTE network, and EDGE network.

[0088] In the technical solution provided by the embodiment of the present invention, when the current wireless network quality is declined which leads to the decline of session quality of the user, or when departing from the current wireless network, or when other switching event occurs, the session of the user will not be interrupted, seamless free switching can be realized, through selecting the wireless network with highest priority level as the target wireless network, and transmitting a second session request in the target wireless network to establish a second VOIP session, and switching from the initial wireless network to the target wireless network after the second VOIP session is established. Besides, the mobile terminal can updates the network list in time by testing each of the wireless networks continuously, so as to find a currently optimal wireless network, and switch to the wireless network with a higher priority in time.

[0089] The technical solution described in the embodiments of the present invention is applicable to 3GPP IMS domain, and 3GPP2 MMD domain.

[0090] In addition, the system architecture and the current processing flow are not modified during the realization of the present invention, thus it is easy to be realized, and convenient to be popularized in the technical field, therefore the present invention has a strong industrial applicability.

[0091] Obviously, those skilled in the art shall understand that the above-mentioned modules and steps of the present invention can be realized by using general purpose calculating device, can be integrated in one calculating device or distributed on a network which consists of a plurality of calculating devices. Alternatively, the modules and the steps of the present invention can be realized by using the executable program code of the calculating device. Consequently, they can be stored in the storing device and executed by the calculating device, or they are made into integrated circuit module respectively, or a plurality of modules or steps thereof are made into one integrated circuit module. In this way, the present invention is not restricted to any particular hardware and software combination.

[0092] Above description is only to illustrate the preferred embodiments but not to limit the present invention. Various alterations and changes to the present invention are apparent to those skilled in the art. The invention is defined by the independent claims.

[0093] Preferred embodiments are set out in the dependent claims.


Claims

1. A seamless session switching method used in a VOIP session, comprising:

a first mobile terminal transmitting test information to wireless networks, determining and recording status information of the wireless networks supported by the first mobile terminal according to feedback information, and updating a network list;

the first mobile terminal establishing a first VOIP session with a second terminal via an initial wireless network;

the first mobile terminal acquiring a target wireless network according to the status information of the wireless networks in the network list when the first mobile terminal detects that a switching event occurs;

the first terminal transmitting a second session request to the second terminal via the target wireless network, and keeping the first VOIP session continued; and

the first mobile terminal establishing a second VOIP session with the second terminal via the target wireless network after receiving an acknowledge message for the second session request from the second terminal, and terminating the first VOIP session after the second VOIP session is established.


 
2. The method according to Claim 1, characterized in that:
the wireless networks establish priority levels according to preset parameters, and the target wireless network acquired by the first mobile terminal is the wireless network with the highest priority level in the network list.
 
3. The method according to Claim 2, characterized in that the preset parameters comprise:
network quality of the wireless networks, charge of the wireless networks, quality of service, QOS, of the wireless networks, session requirements of a user.
 
4. The method according to Claim 1, characterized by further comprising:
presetting a time threshold, every other time threshold the first mobile terminal transmitting the test information to the wireless networks to acquire the feedback information of each of the wireless networks, and updating the network list of the first mobile terminal according to the feedback information.
 
5. The method according to Claim 1, characterized in that the switching event comprises:
current wireless network quality being lower than a preset threshold, a switching request of a user, and departure from the coverage of the wireless network.
 
6. The method according to any one of Claims 1 to 5, characterized in that the wireless network comprises:
WIFI network, WIMAX network, LTE network, and EDGE network.
 
7. A mobile terminal, comprising:

a management unit (501), configured to transmit test information to wireless networks, and determine and record status information of the wireless networks supported by a first mobile terminal according to feedback information, and update a network list;

a storage unit (502), configured to store the network list which comprises wireless networks supported by the first mobile terminal and the status information thereof;

a detection unit (401), configured to detect whether a switching event occurs;

a selection unit (404), configured to select a target wireless network from the network list of the storage unit (502);

a VOIP session unit (402), configured to transmit/receive a VOIP session request, to establish a first VIOP session with a second terminal via an initial wireless network and an IP core network, and establish a second VOIP session with the second terminal via the target wireless network selected by the selection unit (404) and the IP core network, after the detection unit (401) detects that a switching event occurs; and

a switching unit (403), configured to terminate the first VOIP session after the second VOIP session is established, and perform a switching from the initial wireless network to the target wireless network.


 
8. The mobile terminal according to Claim 7, characterized in that:
the wireless networks in the network list establish priority levels according to preset parameters; and the target wireless network is the wireless network with the highest priority level in the network list.
 
9. The mobile terminal according to Claim 7, characterized in that the switching event comprises:
current wireless network quality being lower than a preset parameter, a switching request of a user, departure from the coverage of the wireless network.
 
10. The mobile terminal according to any one of Claims 7 to 9, characterized in that the wireless network comprises:
WIFI network, WIMAX network, LTE network, and EDGE network.
 


Ansprüche

1. Nahtloses Sitzungsumschaltverfahren, das in einer VOIP-Sitzung verwendet wird, umfassend:

Senden, durch ein erstes mobiles Endgerät, von Testinformationen an drahtlose Netzwerke, Bestimmen und Aufzeichnen von Statusinformationen der drahtlosen Netzwerke, die vom ersten mobilen Endgerät unterstützt werden, gemäß Feedback-Informationen, und Aktualisieren einer Netzwerkliste;

Aufbauen, durch das erste mobile Endgerät, einer ersten VOIP-Sitzung mit einem zweiten Endgerät über ein ursprüngliches drahtloses Netzwerk;

Erfassen, durch das erste mobile Endgerät, eines drahtlosen Ziel-Netzwerks gemäß den Statusinformationen der drahtlosen Netzwerke in der Netzwerkliste, wenn das erste mobile Endgerät erkennt, dass ein Umschaltereignis auftritt;

Senden, durch das erste Endgerät, einer zweiten Sitzungsanfrage an das zweite Endgerät über das drahtlose Ziel-Netzwerk, und Fortsetzen der ersten VOIP-Sitzung; und

Aufbauen, durch das erste mobile Endgerät, einer zweiten VOIP-Sitzung mit dem zweiten Endgerät über das drahtlose Ziel-Netzwerk nach Empfangen einer Bestätigungsnachricht für die zweite Sitzungsanfrage vom zweiten Endgerät, und Beenden der ersten VOIP-Sitzung, nachdem die zweite VOIP-Sitzung aufgebaut ist.


 
2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass:
die drahtlosen Netzwerke gemäß voreingestellten Parametern Prioritätsstufen festlegen, und das vom ersten mobilen Endgerät erfasste drahtlose Ziel-Netzwerk das drahtlose Netzwerk mit der höchsten Prioritätsstufe in der Netzwerkliste ist.
 
3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die voreingestellten Parameter umfassen:
Netzwerkqualität der drahtlosen Netzwerke, Gebühr der drahtlosen Netzwerke, Dienstgüte, QOS, der drahtlosen Netzwerke, Sitzungsanforderungen eines Benutzers.
 
4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass es weiter umfasst:
Voreinstellen einer Zeitschwelle, Senden der Testinformationen durch das erste mobile Endgerät bei jeder zweiten Zeitschwelle an die drahtlosen Netzwerke, um die Feedback-Informationen von jedem der drahtlosen Netzwerke zu erfassen, und Aktualisieren der Netzwerkliste des ersten mobilen Endgeräts gemäß den Feedback-Informationen.
 
5. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Umschaltereignis umfasst:
Niedrigersein der Qualität eines aktuellen drahtlosen Netzwerks als eine voreingestellte Schwelle, eine Umschaltanfrage eines Benutzers, und Verlassen der Abdeckung des drahtlosen Netzwerks.
 
6. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das drahtlose Netzwerk umfasst:
WIFI-Netzwerk, WIMAX-Netzwerk, LTE-Netzwerk, und EDGE-Netzwerk.
 
7. Mobiles Endgerät, umfassend:

eine Verwaltungseinheit (501), die dazu konfiguriert ist, Testinformationen an drahtlose Netzwerke zu senden und Statusinformationen der drahtlosen Netzwerke, die von einem ersten mobilen Endgerät unterstützt werden, gemäß Feedback-Informationen zu bestimmen und aufzuzeichnen, und eine Netzwerkliste zu aktualisieren;

eine Speichereinheit (502), die dazu konfiguriert ist, die Netzwerkliste zu speichern, die drahtlose Netzwerke, welche vom ersten mobilen Endgerät unterstützt werden, und die Statusinformationen derselben umfasst;

eine Erkennungseinheit (401), die dazu konfiguriert ist, zu erkennen, ob ein Umschaltereignis auftritt;

eine Auswahleinheit (404), die dazu konfiguriert ist aus der Netzwerkliste der Speichereinheit (502) ein drahtloses Ziel-Netzwerk auszuwählen;

eine VOIP-Sitzungseinheit (402), die dazu konfiguriert ist, eine VOIP-Sitzungsanfrage zu senden/empfangen, über ein ursprüngliches drahtloses Netzwerk und ein IP-Kernnetzwerk eine erste VOIP-Sitzung mit einem zweiten Endgerät aufzubauen, und über das von der Auswahleinheit (404) ausgewählte drahtlose Ziel-Netzwerk und das IP-Kernnetzwerk eine zweite VOIP-Sitzung mit dem zweiten Endgerät aufzubauen, nachdem die Erkennungseinheit (401) erkennt, dass ein Umschaltereignis auftritt; und

eine Umschalteinheit (403), die dazu konfiguriert ist, die erste VOIP-Sitzung zu beenden, nachdem die zweite VOIP-Sitzung aufgebaut ist, und ein Umschalten vom ursprünglichen drahtlosen Netzwerk zum drahtlosen Ziel-Netzwerk durchzuführen.


 
8. Mobiles Endgerät nach Anspruch 7, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass:

die drahtlosen Netzwerke in der Netzwerkliste gemäß voreingestellten Parametern Prioritätsstufen festlegen;

und das drahtlose Ziel-Netzwerk das drahtlose Netzwerk mit der höchsten Prioritätsstufe in der Netzwerkliste ist.


 
9. Mobiles Endgerät nach Anspruch 7, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Umschaltereignis umfasst:
Niedrigersein der Qualität eines aktuellen drahtlosen Netzwerks als ein voreingestellter Parameter, eine Umschaltanfrage eines Benutzers, Verlassen der Abdeckung des drahtlosen Netzwerks.
 
10. Mobiles Endgerät nach einem der Ansprüche 7 bis 9, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das drahtlose Netzwerk umfasst:
WIFI-Netzwerk, WIMAX-Netzwerk, LTE-Netzwerk, und EDGE-Netzwerk.
 


Revendications

1. Procédé de commutation de session continue utilisé dans une session VOIP, comprenant :

par un premier terminal mobile, la transmission d'informations de test à des réseaux sans fil, la détermination et l'enregistrement d'informations de statut des réseaux sans fil pris en charge par le premier terminal mobile en fonction d'informations de rétroaction, et la mise à jour d'une liste de réseaux ;

par le premier terminal mobile, l'établissement d'une première session VOIP avec un deuxième terminal par l'intermédiaire d'un réseau sans fil initial ;

par le premier terminal mobile, l'acquisition d'un réseau sans fil cible en fonction des informations de statut des réseaux sans fil dans la liste de réseaux lorsque le premier terminal mobile détecte qu'un événement de commutation survient ;

par le premier terminal, la transmission d'une deuxième demande de session au deuxième terminal par l'intermédiaire du réseau sans fil cible, et le maintien de la première session VOIP continue ; et

par le premier terminal mobile, l'établissement d'une deuxième session VOIP avec le deuxième terminal par l'intermédiaire du réseau sans fil cible après la réception d'un message d'accusé de réception pour la deuxième demande de session du deuxième terminal, et la terminaison de la première session VOIP après l'établissement de la deuxième session VOIP.


 
2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que :
les réseaux sans fil établissent des niveaux de priorité en fonction de paramètres préréglés, et le réseau sans fil cible acquis par le premier terminal mobile est le réseau sans fil avec le plus haut niveau de priorité dans la liste de réseaux.
 
3. Procédé selon la revendication 2, caractérisé en ce que les paramètres préréglés comprennent :
une qualité de réseau des réseaux sans fil, une charge des réseaux sans fil, une qualité de service, QOS, des réseaux sans fil, des exigences de session d'un utilisateur.
 
4. Procédé selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend en outre :
le préréglage d'un seuil de temps, par le premier terminal mobile, la transmission, un seuil de temps sur deux, des informations de test aux réseaux sans fil pour acquérir les informations de rétroaction de chacun des réseaux sans fil, et la mise à jour de la liste de réseaux du premier terminal mobile en fonction des informations de rétroaction.
 
5. Procédé selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que l'événement de commutation comprend :
le fait qu'une qualité de réseau sans fil actuel soit inférieure à un seuil préréglé, une demande de commutation d'un utilisateur, et un départ de la couverture du réseau sans fil.
 
6. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, caractérisé en ce que le réseau sans fil comprend :
un réseau WIFI, un réseau WIMAX, un réseau LTE et un réseau EDGE.
 
7. Terminal mobile comprenant :

une unité de gestion (501) configurée pour la transmission d'informations de test à des réseaux sans fil, et la détermination et l'enregistrement d'informations de statut des réseaux sans fil pris en charge par un premier terminal mobile en fonction d'informations de rétroaction, et la mise à jour d'une liste de réseaux ;

une unité de stockage (502) configurée pour le stockage de la liste de réseaux comprenant des réseaux sans fil pris en charge par le premier terminal mobile et leurs informations de statut ;

une unité de détection (401) configurée pour la détection si un événement de commutation survient ;

une unité de sélection (404) configurée pour la sélection d'un réseau sans fil cible dans la liste de réseaux de l'unité de stockage (502) ;

une unité de session VOIP (402) configurée pour l'émission-réception d'une demande de session VOIP, l'établissement d'une première session VOIP avec un deuxième terminal par l'intermédiaire d'un réseau sans fil initial et un réseau central IP, et l'établissement d'une deuxième session VOIP avec le deuxième terminal par l'intermédiaire du réseau sans fil cible sélectionné par l'unité de sélection (404) et le réseau central IP, après la détection, par l'unité de détection (401), de la survenance d'un événement de commutation ; et

une unité de commutation (403) configurée pour la terminaison de la première session VOIP après l'établissement de la deuxième session VOIP et l'exécution d'une commutation du réseau sans fil initial au réseau sans fil cible.


 
8. Terminal mobile selon la revendication 7, caractérisé en ce que :
les réseaux sans fil dans la liste de réseaux établissent des niveaux de priorité en fonction de paramètres préréglés ; et le réseau sans fil cible est le réseau sans fil avec le plus haut niveau de priorité dans la liste de réseaux.
 
9. Terminal mobile selon la revendication 7, caractérisé en ce que l'événement de commutation comprend :
le fait qu'une qualité de réseau sans fil actuel soit inférieure à un paramètre préréglé, une demande de commutation d'un utilisateur, un départ de la couverture du réseau sans fil.
 
10. Terminal mobile selon l'une quelconque des revendications 7 à 9, caractérisé en ce que le réseau sans fil comprend :
un réseau WIFI, un réseau WIMAX, un réseau LTE et un réseau EDGE.
 




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REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description