(19)
(11)EP 2 320 983 B2

(12)NEW EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION
After opposition procedure

(45)Date of publication and mention of the opposition decision:
27.11.2019 Bulletin 2019/48

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
04.11.2015 Bulletin 2015/45

(21)Application number: 09755647.6

(22)Date of filing:  20.05.2009
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A61M 25/10(2013.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2009/044692
(87)International publication number:
WO 2009/146285 (03.12.2009 Gazette  2009/49)

(54)

BALLOON DESIGN AND WELD DESIGN TO INCREASE EASE OF RE-WRAPPING AND DECREASE WITHDRAWAL FORCE

BALLON- UND SCHWEISSENTWURF ZUR ERLEICHTERUNG DES WIEDER AUFWICKELNS UND ZUR VERMINDERUNG DER RÜCKZIEHKRAFT

MISE AU POINT DE BALLONNET ET MISE AU POINT DE SOUDURE POUR AUGMENTER UNE FACILITÉ DE RÉ-ENROULEMENT ET DIMINUER UNE FORCE DE RETRAIT


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK TR

(30)Priority: 29.05.2008 US 129380

(43)Date of publication of application:
18.05.2011 Bulletin 2011/20

(73)Proprietor: Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.
Maple Grove, MN 55311 (US)

(72)Inventor:
  • FLANAGAN, Aiden
    Galway (IE)

(74)Representative: Vossius & Partner Patentanwälte Rechtsanwälte mbB 
Siebertstrasse 3
81675 München
81675 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A- 0 730 879
EP-A1- 1 867 358
WO-A-2004/101059
WO-A1-97/26040
WO-A1-2005/113058
WO-A1-2007/040659
US-A- 4 941 877
US-A- 5 053 007
US-A- 5 853 389
US-A1- 2001 047 149
US-A1- 2005 251 194
US-A1- 2006 112 536
EP-A1- 1 611 917
EP-A1- 1 897 584
WO-A1-97/25093
WO-A1-2005/032641
WO-A1-2007/020087
WO-A2-2005/076833
US-A- 5 041 125
US-A- 5 304 197
US-A- 6 013 055
US-A1- 2003 163 157
US-A1- 2006 004 399
  
      


    Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION



    [0001] In some embodiments this invention relates to a balloon catheter with a balloon having folds or pleats that has been welded to at least one shaft, outer and/or inner, of the balloon catheter.

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



    [0002] Medical catheters having a balloon mounted thereon are useful in a variety of medical procedures. Balloon catheters may be used to widen a vessel into which the catheter is inserted by dilating the blocked vessel, such as in an angioplasty procedure. Balloon catheters may also be used to expand and/or seat a medical device such as a stent or graft at a desired position within a body lumen. In all of these applications, fluid under pressure may be supplied to the balloon through an inflation lumen in the catheter, thereby expanding the balloon.

    [0003] It is essential in the manufacture of balloon catheters to properly seal the balloon to the catheter, e.g. by welding. The seal must be able to withstand the high pressures to which it is subjected on inflation of the balloon. A poor seal may result in leakage of inflation fluid and inability to achieve the desired pressure or even rapid loss of pressure and deflation of the balloon. In addition, it is desirable to shape the outside surface of the weld region to provide a smooth transition from the outer shaft to the balloon.

    [0004] FIG. 1 is an end view of a PRIOR ART balloon catheter 22. Known balloon catheters 22, such as the example shown in FIG. 1, have a preformed balloon 10 which has a center region 26, proximal and distal cones 4, and proximal and distal waists. The waists of the balloon are welded 20 onto the shafts of the catheter 22. The cone 4 of the balloon 10 has a smooth surface and a large outer diameter at one end and a smaller outer diameter at the other end with increasing thickness as the outer diameter of the cone 4 is reduced. As shown in FIG. 1, the center region of the balloon 10 is folded to a small outer diameter but the proximal and distal cones 4 are not folded. This is due to the fact that the balloon 10 is folded after it has been welded onto the shafts 18 of the balloon catheter 22. Thus, there is a relatively bulky transition region between the center region 26 of the balloon 10 and the cone 4 that has an increased outer diameter. This relatively bulky transition region is caused by several factors which include bunching due to the fact that the folding does not end sharply and the increased thickness as the outer diameter of the cone 4 is reduced, as shown in FIG. 1.

    [0005] US 4 941 877 A and US 5 041 125 A disclose a balloon catheter having a balloon portion, transition zones at the respective end, in which the balloon tapers inwardly to the reduced diameters of proximal and distal portions. The transition zones comprise a plurality of flutes which are evenly distributed about the circumference of each transition zone.

    [0006] EP 0 730 879 A discloses a balloon catheter according to the preamble of claim 1 having a central section with on either side transition sections turning into end sections. During the manufacture of the balloon, ridges of material are formed in the transition sections. The ridges of material are thicker than the material in between.

    [0007] WO 2004/101059 A discloses a balloon catheter comprising folds. The folds are limited to the central portion of the balloon.

    [0008] Without limiting the scope of the invention a brief summary of some of the claimed embodiments of the invention is set forth below. Additional details of the summarized embodiments of the invention and/or additional embodiments of the invention may be found in the Detailed Description of the Invention below.

    BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0009] In at least one embodiment, the invention is directed to a balloon catheter where a balloon cylinder is folded to form pleats and then is welded directly to the catheter. The proximal portion of the balloon is welded to the outer shaft of the balloon catheter and the distal portion of the balloon is welded to the inner shaft of the balloon catheter.

    [0010] These and other embodiments which characterize the invention are pointed out with particularity in the claims annexed hereto and forming a part hereof. However, for further understanding of the invention, its advantages and objectives obtained by its use, reference can be made to the drawings which form a further part hereof and the accompanying descriptive matter, in which there is illustrated and described an embodiments of the invention.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE SEVERAL VIEWS OF THE DRAWING(S)



    [0011] A detailed description of the invention is hereafter described with specific reference being made to the drawings.

    FIG. 1 is an end view of a PRIOR ART balloon catheter.

    FIG. 2 is a side view of a balloon cylinder.

    FIG. 3 is the balloon cylinder of FIG. 2 folded.

    FIG. 4 is a side view of the folded balloon cylinder of FIG. 3 disposed about a catheter shaft which is disposed about a mandrel.

    FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 4 taken at line 5-5 showing a fold overlap embodiment.

    FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 4 taken at line 5-5 with another fold overlap embodiment.

    FIG. 7 is the cross-sectional view of FIG. 5 with heatshrink surrounding the folded balloon at the weld region.

    FIG. 8 is the cross-sectional view of FIG. 7 after the weld has been formed.

    FIG. 9 is a side view of the balloon catheter after the balloon has been welded to the catheter, with the balloon in a deflated state.

    FIG. 10 is a side view of the balloon catheter after the balloon has been welded to the catheter with a larger diameter proximal shaft, with the balloon in a deflated state.

    FIG. 11 is a side view of the balloon catheter in FIG. 9 with the balloon in an inflated state.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION



    [0012] While this invention may be embodied in many different forms, there are described in detail herein specific embodiments of the invention. This description is an exemplification of the principles of the invention and is not intended to limit the invention to the particular embodiments illustrated.

    [0013] For the purposes of this disclosure, like reference numerals in the figures shall refer to like features unless otherwise indicated.

    [0014] The invention is directed to a balloon catheter 122 with a balloon 100 that has folds or pleats 112 extending from a first end of the balloon 100 to a second end of the balloon, and that has been welded to at least one shaft 118, outer and/or inner, of the balloon catheter 122. The disclosure is also directed to methods of making a balloon catheter 122 with a balloon 100 having folds or pleats 112 that has been welded to at least one shaft 118, outer and/or inner, of the balloon catheter 122. As used in this application, shaft 118 includes both the outer shaft 118a and/or the inner shaft 118b of a balloon catheter 122. In at least one embodiment, the proximal end region 106 of a balloon 100 with pleats 112 is engaged to the outer shaft 118a of a balloon catheter 122 and the distal end region 108 of the balloon 100 is engaged to the inner shaft 118b of the balloon catheter 122, where the inner shaft 118b extends distally from the distal end of the outer shaft 118a, as is known in the art.

    [0015] The manufacture of the inventive balloon catheter 122 begins with a balloon cylinder 100, as shown in FIG. 2. The balloon cylinder 100 has a proximal end region 106, a middle region 126 and a distal end region 108. The proximal end region 106 includes a weld region 120 and a cone region 124, as shown in FIG. 11. Similarly, the distal end region 108 includes a weld region 120 and a cone region 124. Each of the regions 106,124,108,120,126 has any longitudinal length.

    [0016] The balloon cylinder 100 is folded to form folds or pleats 112. In some embodiments, the folds 112 extend along the entire longitudinal length of the balloon cylinder 100, i.e. from a first end of the balloon cylinder 100 to a second end of the balloon cylinder 100, as shown in FIG. 3. In other embodiments, the folds 112 are incorporated into the proximal and distal end regions 106,108 of the balloon cylinder 100 while the middle region 126 of the balloon cylinder 100 has no folds 112. In at least one embodiment, the folds 112 are parallel to the longitudinal axis of the balloon cylinder 100. In other embodiments, the folds 112 are at an oblique angle to the longitudinal axis of the balloon cylinder 100. An oblique angle, as used in this application, is an angle between 0 and 180 degrees and includes 90 degrees.

    [0017] In some embodiments, the balloon cylinder 100 is disposed about the catheter shaft(s) 118 of the balloon catheter 122, which is disposed about a mandrel 114, then folds 112 are incorporated into the balloon cylinder 100 and then the folded balloon cylinder 100 is welded to the catheter shaft(s) 118. In other embodiments, the balloon cylinder 100 is disposed about a mandrel 114, folds 112 are incorporated into the balloon cylinder 100, the mandrel 114 is removed and replaced with the catheter shaft(s) 118 of the balloon catheter 122 so that the folded balloon cylinder 100 is disposed about the catheter shaft(s) 118 and then the folded balloon cylinder 100 is welded to the catheter shaft(s) 118. FIG. 4 shows the folded balloon cylinder 100 disposed about a catheter shaft(s) 118 which is disposed about a mandrel 114.

    [0018] Any method can be used to fold the balloon cylinder 100, even methods used to fold the balloon 100 after it has been welded to the catheter shaft(s) 118 of the balloon catheter 122. As used in this application, the term "fold" includes pleats, wings, and any similar structure. Non-limiting examples of methods of balloon folding are discussed in commonly Assigned U.S. Patent Application Publication No. 2003/0163157, entitled Balloon Folding Apparatus, Methods and Products and U.S. Patent Application Publication No. 2005/0251194, entitled Curved Wing Balloon and Manufacture thereof.

    [0019] FIGS. 5 and 6 are cross-sectional views taken at line 5-5 of FIG. 4 of the proximal end region 106 of the balloon cylinder 100 after it has been folded. Note that a cross-sectional view of the distal end region 108 of the balloon cylinder 100 after it has been folded would have the same configuration. The balloon cylinder 100 is disposed about the shaft(s) 118 of the balloon catheter 122 which is disposed about mandrel 114. FIGS. 5 and 6 show two non-limiting examples of the placement of the folds 112 formed in the balloon cylinder 100. In at least one embodiment, the ends 113 of radially adjacent folds 112 are overlapping, as indicated by the box in FIG. 5 that surrounds one set of overlapping ends 113. It is within the scope of the invention for there to be any amount of overlap of the ends 113. In some embodiments, the ends 113 overlap one another for the same distance. In other embodiments, the ends 113 overlap one another for different distances. In at least one embodiment, the ends 113 of radially adjacent folds 112 do not overlap, as shown by the box in FIG. 6 which is between the ends 113. It is within the scope of the invention for any distance to separate the ends 113 of the folds 112. In some embodiments, the ends 113 are separated from one another by the same distance. In other embodiments, the ends 113 are separated from one another by different distances.

    [0020] In some embodiments, at least one section of heat shrink material 116 is disposed about the balloon cylinder 100 after the balloon cylinder 100 is folded. In other embodiments, at least one section of heat shrink material 116 is placed about the balloon cylinder 100 before the balloon cylinder 100 is folded. FIG. 7 shows a section of heat shrink material 116 disposed about the folded balloon cylinder 100, which is disposed about catheter shaft(s) 118 that is disposed about mandrel 114. In some embodiments, the section(s) of heat shrink material 116 is heated so that the heat shrink material 116 shrinks and provides a force against the weld region 120 that presses the folds 112 of the folded balloon cylinder 100 radially inward, which eliminates air pockets in the folds 112 of the balloon 100.

    [0021] The heat shrink material 116 has any length. In some embodiments, one section of heat shrink material 116 that has a length equal to the length of the balloon cylinder 100 is used. In other embodiments, two sections of heat shrink material 116 are used, with one section of heat shrink material 116 being placed over the proximal weld region 120 and the second section of heat shrink material 116 being disposed about the distal weld region 120. Any suitable heat shrink material 116 maybe used. Examples of suitable heat shrink material 116 which maybe used, include but are not limited to, polyethylene (e.g. polyolefin), RNF-100 which is a heat shrink tubing available from Raychem Corporation, Kynar™, nylon, polyvinalchloride, polytetrafluoroethylene and fluorinated ethylene polymer (FEP).

    [0022] The folded balloon cylinder 100 is welded to the catheter shaft(s) 118 of a catheter to form a balloon catheter 122. Thus, in at least one embodiment, there are two weld regions 120, a proximal weld region 120 at the proximal end region 106 of the balloon cylinder 100 and a distal weld region 120 at the distal end region 108 of the balloon cylinder 100. In each weld region 120, the folds 112 of the balloon cylinder 100, are welded directly to shaft(s) 118 of the balloon catheter 122 so that the balloon 100 does not have a waist. In some embodiments, the balloon 100 has a low profile.

    [0023] Welds 120 are formed by any mechanism desired, for example, but not limited to, through transmission laser welding and direct or indirect application of heat to the weld site by any conventional method. In some embodiments, welds are formed using a laser, e.g. a CO2 laser or a diode laser. Examples of different weld 120 configurations and methods which may be used to weld the balloon wings 112 to the shaft(s) 118 are discussed in commonly assigned U.S. Application No. 11/526,322 entitled Designs for Balloon Welds.

    [0024] If at least one section of heat shrink material 116 has been disposed about the balloon cylinder 100, the heat from the laser further shrinks the heat shrink material 116, thereby squeezing the molten polymer layers together, as shown in FIG. 8. In some embodiments, the at least one section of heat shrink material 116 is removed from the balloon cylinder 100 after the balloon cylinder 100 has been welded to catheter shaft(s) 118. In at least one embodiment, the weld 120 has even material thickness. In one embodiment, even material thickness of the weld 120 is obtained when the ends of the folds/pleats 112 do not overlap but have minimal separation, as shown for example, in FIG. 6. As discussed in U.S. Application No. 11/526,322, flexibility of the weld 120 can vary. In some embodiments, welding the balloon wings 100 to shaft(s) 118 increases the flexibility of the weld 120.

    [0025] FIGS. 9-11 are side views of the balloon catheter 122 with the balloon 100 in different states of expansion. The balloon 100 is in an unexpanded state in FIGS. 9 and 10, and in an inflated or expanded state in FIG. 11. FIG. 10 shows a balloon 100 that has been welded to an outer shaft 118a of the balloon catheter 122 that has a larger diameter than the inner shaft 118b of the balloon catheter 122 (note that the inner shaft 118b is not shown in FIG. 10). The
    balloon 100 has a smooth middle region 126 and pleated cone regions 124 when the balloon 100 is inflated, as shown in FIG. 11. In some embodiments, the folds 112 of the pleated cone regions 124 facilitate re-wrapping along the original folds 112. In at least one embodiment, the balloon 100 can be "cone puffed." Cone puffing is the slight inflation of the balloon 100 after a stent has been crimped onto the balloon 100 while the stent is restrained to prevent expansion of the stent and is used to prevent slippage or movement of the stent.

    [0026] Polymeric materials that may be used for the shafts of balloon catheters include, but are not limited to, high density polyethylene (HDPE), polyamides, the polyetheramide copolymer family, HDPE with and without compatibilizers, low density polyethylene (LDPE), LDPE with and without compatibilizers, linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE), LLDPE with and without compatibilizers, polyethylene copolymers such as ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer (EVA) and other vinyl acetates, urethanes, polybutylene terephthalate (PBT), thermoplastic elastomers, isonomers, ethylene acrylic acid polymers, polyether block amide, and ethylene acrylic acid copolymer (EAA), polyurethane, polyesters such as polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polybutylene terephthalate (PBT), copolyesters such as Hytrel, other thermoplastic elastomers such as thermoplastic polyolefin (TPO), styrenic thermoplastic elastomers such as C-Flex, and ionomers such as Surlyn and any combination thereof.

    [0027] Polymer materials that can be used for balloons 10 include, but are not limited to, ethylene-vinyl acetate, polyvinyl chloride(PVC), olefin copolymers or homopolymers, polyethylenes, polyurethanes, crosslinked low density polyethylenes (PETs), highly irradiated linear low density polyethylene (LDPE), acrylonitrile polymers and copolymers, acrylonitrile blends and ionomer resins, polyethylene terephthalates, polyacrylenesulfide, and copolyesters, nylon, and polyamines. Other balloon materials may also be used.

    [0028] In some embodiments the balloon catheter may include one or more areas, bands, coatings, members, etc. that is (are) detectable by imaging modalities such as X-Ray, MRI, ultrasound, etc. In some embodiments at least a portion of the balloon catheter is at least partially radiopaque.

    [0029] The above disclosure is intended to be illustrative and not exhaustive. This description will suggest many variations and alternatives to one of ordinary skill in this art. The various elements shown in the individual figures and described above may be combined or modified for combination as desired. All these alternatives and variations are intended to be included within the scope of the claims where the term "comprising" means "including, but not limited to".

    [0030] Further, the particular features presented in the dependent claims can be combined with each other in other manners within the scope of the invention such that the invention should be recognized as also specifically directed to other embodiments having any other possible combination of the features of the dependent claims. For instance, for purposes of claim publication, any dependent claim which follows should be taken as alternatively written in a multiple dependent form from all prior claims which possess all antecedents referenced in such dependent claim if such multiple dependent format is an accepted format within the jurisdiction (e.g. each claim depending directly from claim 1 should be alternatively taken as depending from all previous claims). In jurisdictions where multiple dependent claim formats are restricted, the following dependent claims should each be also taken as alternatively written in each singly dependent claim format which creates a dependency from a prior antecedent-possessing claim other than the specific claim listed in such dependent claim below.

    [0031] This completes the description of the invention. Those skilled in the art may recognize other equivalents to the specific embodiment described herein which equivalents are intended to be encompassed by the claims attached hereto.


    Claims

    1. A balloon catheter, the balloon catheter comprising:

    at least one shaft (118); and

    a balloon (100), the balloon (100) comprising a first weld region (120), a first cone region (124), a middle region (126), a second cone region (124) and a second weld region (120), the first weld region (120) engaging the balloon (100) to the at least one shaft (118), the first cone region (124) adjacent to the first weld region (120), the middle region (126) between the first cone region (124) and the second cone region (124), the second cone region (124) adjacent to the second weld region (120), the second weld region (120) engaging the balloon (100) to the at least one shaft (118), the balloon (100) having an uninflated state and an inflated state, characterized in that the balloon (100) has at least one fold (112) extending from the first weld region (120) to the second weld region (120) in the uninflated state and the first and second cone regions (124) of the balloon (100) have at least one fold (112) and are pleated in the inflated state, wherein the middle region (126) is smooth when the balloon (100) is inflated.


     
    2. The balloon catheter of claim 1, the at least one shaft (118) comprising an outer shaft (118a) and an inner shaft (118b), the first weld region (120) engaging the balloon (100) to a portion of the outer shaft (118a) and the second weld region (120) engaging the balloon to a portion of the inner shaft (118b).
     
    3. The balloon catheter of claim 1, the at least one fold (112) being a plurality of folds, each of the plurality of folds (112) having a first end and a second end, radially adjacent ends being overlapping.
     
    4. The balloon catheter of claim 1, the at least one fold (112) being a plurality of folds, the plurality of folds (112) having even material thickness.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Ballonkatheter, wobei der Ballonkatheter aufweist:

    mindestens einen Schaft (118); und

    einen Ballon (100), wobei der Ballon (100) einen ersten Schweißbereich (120), einen ersten Kegelbereich (124), einen Mittelbereich (126), einen zweiten Kegelbereich (124) und einen zweiten Schweißbereich (120) aufweist, wobei der erste Schweißbereich (120) den Ballon (100) mit dem mindestens einen Schaft (118) in Eingriff bringt, der erste Kegelbereich (124) zum ersten Schweißbereich (120) benachbart ist, der Mittelbereich (126) zwischen dem ersten Kegelbereich (124) und dem zweiten Kegelbereich (124) angeordnet ist und der zweite Kegelbereich (124) zum zweiten Schweißbereich (120) benachbart ist, wobei der zweite Schweißbereich (120) den Ballon (100) mit dem mindestens einen Schaft (118) in Eingriff bringt, wobei der Ballon (100) einen nicht aufgeblasenen Zustand und einen aufgeblasenen Zustand aufweist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Ballon (100) mindestens eine Falte (112) aufweist, die sich im nicht aufgeblasenen Zustand vom ersten Schweißbereich (120) zum zweiten Schweißbereich (120) erstreckt, und im aufgeblasenen Zustand der erste und zweite Kegelbereich (124) des Ballons (100) mindestens eine Falte (112) aufweisen und gefaltet sind, wobei der Mittelbereich (126) glatt ist, wenn der Ballon (100) aufgeblasen ist.


     
    2. Ballonkatheter nach Anspruch 1, wobei der mindestens eine Schaft (118) einen äußeren Schaft (118a) und einen inneren Schaft (118b) aufweist, wobei der erste Schweißbereich (120) den Ballon (100) mit einem Abschnitt des äußeren Schafts (118a) in Eingriff bringt und der zweite Schweißbereich (120) den Ballon mit einem Abschnitt des inneren Schafts (118b) in Eingriff bringt.
     
    3. Ballonkatheter nach Anspruch 1, wobei die mindestens eine Falte (112) aus mehreren Falten besteht, wobei jede der mehreren Falten (112) ein erstes Ende und ein zweites Ende aufweist, wobei sich radial benachbarte Enden überlappen.
     
    4. Ballonkatheter nach Anspruch 1, wobei die mindestens eine Falte (112) aus mehreren Falten besteht, wobei die mehreren Falten (112) eine gleichmäßige Materialdicke aufweisen.
     


    Revendications

    1. Cathéter à ballonnet, ledit cathéter à ballonnet comprenant :

    au moins une tige (118) ; et

    un ballonnet (100), ledit ballonnet (100) présentant une première zone de soudure (120), une première zone conique (124), une zone centrale (126), une deuxième zone conique (124) et une deuxième zone de soudure (120), la première zone de soudure (120) raccordant le ballonnet (100) à la ou aux tiges (118), la première zone conique (124) étant adjacente à la première zone de soudure (120), la zone centrale (126) étant comprise entre la première zone conique (124) et la deuxième zone conique (124), la deuxième zone conique (124) étant adjacente à la deuxième zone de soudure (120), la deuxième zone de soudure (120) raccordant le ballonnet (100) à la ou aux tiges (118), le ballonnet (100) présentant un état gonflé et un état non gonflé, caractérisé en ce que le ballonnet (100) présente au moins un pli (112) s'étendant de la première zone de soudure (120) à la deuxième zone de soudure (120) en état non gonflé, et en ce que la première et la deuxième zones coniques (124) du ballonnet (100) présentent au moins un pli (112) et sont plissées en état gonflé, la zone central (126) étant lisse lorsque le ballonnet (100) est gonflé.


     
    2. Cathéter à ballonnet selon la revendication 1, où la ou les tiges (118) comprennent une tige extérieure (118a) et une tige intérieure (118b), la première zone de soudure (120) raccordant le ballonnet (100) à une partie de la tige extérieure (118a) et la deuxième zone de soudure (120) raccordant le ballonnet à une partie de la tige intérieure (118b).
     
    3. Cathéter à ballonnet selon la revendication 1, où le ou les plis (112) sont une pluralité de plis, chaque pli de la pluralité de plis (112) ayant une première extrémité et une deuxième extrémité, les extrémités radialement adjacentes se chevauchant l'une l'autre.
     
    4. Cathéter à ballonnet selon la revendication 1, où le ou les plis (112) sont une pluralité de plis, ladite pluralité de plis (112) présentant une épaisseur de matériau uniforme.
     




    Drawing



































    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description